Newspaper Page Text
r v Bo ' .,..-...., ... T ,,. -,,, -i i i i ii. - - i I.. i - ,T
R 1 TgNNEL SCHEIE HOPELESS. K JTJUE XUBXBB TELLS OF A MAC M? ' XIOABLB BAP1D XBAXBtT PLAX. mf m K fif H Was tha. Viaduct mrfaet That Was BravpM V f; la Uttl-The Tnaacl Waald Cart Ynles Br lit atBllmatr. Waal Wat Pa . A Km; an Weald Snara tka CUT la Barneses. H Kgi AtaoiiB the taxpayers of Now York who haTo Rf Wi tekoti a more than ordinary interett In Increased Br $fc npld transit for tho cltr l Jaroos Turner of 708 Wk & iTtui 138lh street. For many years Mr. Turner Ky Eft' mi tbo senior member of the banking; Arm ot BV If "Turner Brothers, whoso banliiwr houso was In Bi' W xba bnlldlnir now occupied by tha Fourth K B National' Dank, at 1 Nassau street, which R IR building Turnor Hrothors built. Uptothetlmo Bf R r. Turner rotlred from Wall street ho was Bp m- sarsely Interested in railroads, lis built tha B$ law -fir,t surface road that tho city ot Buffalo had, B, Wi' vk was interested in tho Central Paclflo, tho Mt: M ' Southern l'nclflt, and other Western roads, and sssaw. Mv he was alto ono of those to furnish tho money sssaP Bl- for bulldlnir tho first olovatcd road in Now York. Hk Brj That road ran up Oraeuwich strcot, from tho Bf Bf BatlerytoCortlRndtstroct.andupNinthavenuo TrS to Thirtieth street. RL avS Ir. Turner, bcllevlnu that no ssne porson can B frlf question the city's need for increased rapid B& transit. Is unable to understand bow any sana BS "--' psnwn who has Riven tho subject any nttentlon K'tt a npprovo tho undororound schemo proposed ; j, 'by the Rapid Transit Commissioners. llavlne Be -1 P t"n lntorosted In tho bulldlnir of soTcrnl rail- K ' 8jf toads, Mr. Turner belleros that when he talks K; ' about rapid transit ho ia discussing a subject Bs' Ffi about which ho knows soroothlnir. In conversa- Br W Hon w,tl reporter of TnE BUS on Friday ho i n- Bald: tj "Before I slve my views on rapid transit, let Bf u understand each othor clearly. Such an un- Blj IP-- 'erstandlDtr may prevont a misunderstanding K'S & piHtar on. It is many years slnco I was In active WAV Iffr ''Imsbiess. I am an old man now, and I don't caro m'w ' n ttfowjaeo In any controversy with anyone. To b?"'H H Attend to my own alTalrs keeps mo quite as WW ' Jfi. j UIjr " I car0 t0 nowe,rer tnke an ln" WW" & tbkvTest'ln all that affects tho city, because I lovo fc'JF vP I eel that what is good for tho city Is good Wff- fP for a11 lta citizens, and I also bellove In tho con- jp? '.fcV rerso ot that proposition. Because I hold thoso SI J,', I), two beliefs la the reason that I am unalterably Hci- mmfr -K opposed to the underground system of rapid M ,B transit proposed by the Rapid Transit Commls- K, JBK sdoners. My opposition Is not based on tho fact K-" M '" that I have an axo to grind for myself or for any H& B 0D e18- x do not own ,tock ttUcl I a,n not lntcr Ef' H sted, directly or Indirectly, in anyot the com- Hi-i H& panics, derated or surface, now furntshlntfwunt Kl Bf U commonly called rapid transit to the citizens Bg B y.rf-Now York. F Hi; "Having thus prefaced what I am about to k PJR Mr, let mo add that lam opposed to tho under- sBB Bfev'' -atround system of rapid transit for three reasons. K. Kr 'Tint, the proposed road cannot bo built tor any- B IsPa thing: like the proposod estimate ot $.1.1,000,- Bl aB'& j.000, and It cannot be built lnanythlnir like II vo Bf flp Jears, ibo time estimated by the engineer ot tho sV B. 'Rapid Transit Commissioners for thoconitruc- S-J KF tlonof thuroad. Second, the rond will not pny aPi ?Vben constructed, and, third, the damupes to Mt Kr abattlUB property owners will bo so screat that Bf, Mr' the city a treasury would bo swamped in paylim BBBB. SBBBB tbem. Kx sam .11 "Now, I havo no finely spun letral anmment bBk ' 't to mako In support of these rossons for my op- ' K! J'tiosltlon to the scheme. I have, thouch. some LbK.'i aHV. vlaln borsc-sanso notions. The Commissioners K P "-Fay that Ihelr road can be built for &3B.00O.00O, B Bswf and. perhaps, for less. The work is to be almost ar- BsW altogether underground. That, ot course, is fci' K! more expensive than work on tbo surface. It Sf'v ; you don't bellovo it. ask any railroad man who R'? K etna over had to do any tunnelling which is tho V n. tuoro expensive, to lay rails on the surfaco or fcfj' Hfer 'vindenrround. That fact havlne been estab- ft'i Kr jlshcd to my satisfaction, at any rate. WS; 1KM let mo nsk you to point to any irrcat Wk;; life work, oxtendlne over a period ot years, Pfe'i' lm which has benn undertaken by tho city, Si'' IT& that didn't cost mor than tho original contract 25'. IJ-'Jf t-called for. Don't ask mo why this is so. Aik Wh IS?! some contractor. Any ono of tbem can tell you WEi W&v how to pet a bill of extras through. Look at JE-:'' jha'Uariciu River Speedway and look at the K3 aV- Aqueduct. Both of theso works were to be ?;:, W- done by a certain tlmo and at a certain cost. Mw -W! " Tha time limit on both has expired and tho con- E& mba A' 'tract price has been croatly exceeded ln each FT P; esse. Tbetearo surface norks. What may wo jM IVf expect with reference td the tunnel I aW 1 rV. i I'm not much given to prophecies, but I ven- HtPi I l"-J-- , tun tho prediction that, if the proposed rood is BL- I IM Ttt built, it will cost tbo city more than twice ! I I'iC ..the amount of tho highest estimate made by tbo aW 0 arfS; " engineer of the Commissioners. It seems obvious at'?' 10 v'to mo that tho road won't pay tbo operating ex- H& am Wnses, no matter whot the cost of construction jp W'K riay be. If men of sound business sense thought BaW1 WA the road would would pay, do you supposo teero :. WSt would be all this twcklng and filling and court ;.'' 'WW proceedings before work on the Job could com- mm, ,t tnencot Why, roung man, if this scheme & ''" promised any sort of proSt. when completed, JfJv In-'' 'enough money from private sources would bo am"-,V tMl: subscribed In a week to build and equip it. BF k" Thirty-five million dollars, or twice that V JK.' amount, would be a mere bagatelle to twenty- HS. K- five men I could name, could they see any Bot'f m4& proflt Inputting It in a bole lnthoground. K' lsi?i "If you know anything about the plans of the K'' aBlf propoeed road, you know that the plan Is to run &. $ Ba and water pipes through the tunnel. Did mv afaKr fu 0Ter stand near or within ten blocks of a A'"'- I m street that bad been opened as far down aa tbo By B & Ras pipes I It you did, were you pleased with Wh 1 f 'bo odor that camo to you I If you were, then Vv I '? yon'ra Just the fellow to patronize that under- l,v I tit ground railroad it it's over built. No matter W;- I u now carefully exposed gas mains are Jointed, 15 . 1 t' there's bound to bo some leakage. Let that wX 1 Si leakago permeate a tunnel, no matter bow well Br I m It la ventilated, and see what sort of air those tiH- I f who ride through it will have to breathe. Either I?;: B & people would not patronize It or Illness through- ' I put tbo city would Increase ln a manner calcu- i- H $5' latid to make the doctors tho only thoroughly ft p k. satlsfled class ln the city. i E v5 .Furthermore, this proposed road will end at '? I t tn City Hall, and will run under the east side ''" BR. of the city until it reaches Forty-socond street. . BVJ Then it swings around to and under Broadway K HliH and up the west side until It reaches Harlem be- 'i smWff' foH It branches to the oast and west. During BsmIs thoirush hours the line of rapid transit that will & 3 : popular must cover both sides of tho kt. .V, city. In the morning the great majority fe ot people want to go below Forty-second I ;-iV street. The majority of them, however, do J sr cot have their places of business on the east 7 ' aide of town. But It they were to travel under- '?, ground, those whoso businesses are on tbo west J J -th sldo would have to go clear across town to get ;( j)ji where they wanted to. Does It strike you that :. Vi a road that dumps Its downtown passengers a h Si dotsn blocks or more from their places or busl- tit tiesa woula be popular enough to attract a mad- f. V. ding throng of passengers I '. 7,!, "The Rapid Transit Commissioners seem to ;-, ' havo touched lightly on tho damage salts that I ri may be brought by persons under whose prop- I 7 crty the tunnel wfll run or Upon which the tun- 'X fa neVwlll abut. It Is, perhaps, well that they St I iT' have done so far tho success of tnelr schemo. Jtt. i' Hod this question been very much agitated I Vv f fancy w would not now bo bearing mucb about .'i W' underground roads. Tbev may say that all that f " natter Una been arranged, or that they havo S .provided for damago sulta ln contlngont ex- S venscs, or that so many property owncrx along Ufa S ihelineof tho proposed road favor it that tho & .4; damago sulta will bo fow. Or they may say thai r M- the plans which bavo been approved will not f' ft damngo abutting property. i tc "Tbat'aall very well. That sort ot talk may y '- f oo for lawyers, and It may havo weight with 'i. J' courtstbut, I lellyou.lt won't go down with men '& )' rWhdknow tho ways of folks who own property ,f ' obuttlng op a new railroad, undornround, on )t, ' the ground, or overground. Damage suits, in Bffi j-Aw such instances, are things upon wnlchnowlse v '1 man will attempt to figure. Why, young man, Af MSf damage suits can spring from the Lord knows ;' MF' -where. Let that road be built and then see '' M;' whether any such suits will be brought. Why. f& IBof tho city won't have stopped ngbting ana paring r: MS ven Gabriel blows his trump 1 The Rapid '', myl Transit Commissioners may suy to this: 7 ll!; I'oohl That's all talk, mere assertion, and A3i W'ft' j.doesn't count for anything. S' Jfv " lilt niero assertion, but I mak It again, and ffi thry may ask any railroait mn whether the as- v wf serlon amounts to anything or whether it J ) (locsu't. But somebody may say that I'm only a v imi tirpaker, n obstructionist, whocan pulldown, A ImM but cannot suggest anything to take tha plato '- M ofwhnt 1 wouhi destroy. To some extent that jf.. HK. Miay to true. I'm not a Rapid Transit Conimls- t'S isVt aloner. Thorcforo. there's a lot 1 don't know. taw,'- J ben. Loo. aa I salii ln the beginning, I'm not .ti booming uny particular Bchemu of rapid transit. X HK -However, I recall thutu scheme for rupld Iran- n W sl for tho cltr was proposod iilittlo uioro than JPK'i twunty-slx years ago, which wus practicable and ;- giism feasible thin and. ai I remember It. Ib etitlroly V fl3K pracllcable und feasible now, A (.onipany was ,V wVrl iormod tobnlblandoperalotlioroad, and tolbo K' onipny tho Leuitlaturo granted h charter, ou W Atirft o, 1871. Iter is tho iharter:" i'lv IS Mr. Turner pulled out of a drawer In his book. i Wrf w casta bundlound from the bunJlo took a vol- i V tune eniltlod: "Ai'ts of tho lieglslature tutor- W'l porating tho New-ork Railway Company, and i mS tho illiiuteH of Proceedings of the Hoard of Ui- MXf .rectors." Tho act of iucuroratioii is entitled: 1 Wp. ' An act to Imorporute tho Now York Ralltvay Wi Company for the purpose of providing rapid ' mil transit ibrousn the city ind county of New ,, Hv Ynrk and Wostthister county, and to provide ' If- t tut tho construction and operation af rallwuys K, tliereof." Nv 1st Among the i Incorporators named in the net A. K1!. 'Vere Uenrj' Hilton, Wllliom lUTravcw, 1'etor V Ml, tMoOPer, Aluxandcr T, Htowari. James Uordon 'J 'ljmnett, Jr., August llelmoiit. Wilson a. llubt. i kK ' lloruoo Under, Charles A. Imuo, Johu T, Ag l, ,iior, WIllUiii llullrr Duiicmii. John Jacob Astor, fH , Xevl l, Morton. JaiiiosTurncr, Nelson J. Water- ij bB'.' 1'i'lerll. Swucn), Wllllnni M.Twoeil, Jr.. Rich' i K.' nrit II. Connoiiy .Hid Joiin MiDndn Dulon. 'i "Pr Aii-ordlng lu bi-t of liKorpm.il on, ilio road A' '! VW W by 1 )Iadi)ft,lo ty Luf.t nr9ugh thy BBBsalssiBSaialaaMaaai'irr1,rr'i' -4-jfaw a -.-,. ,-...- in ;. --i a - i" atrset bloatw, -Ttltirfasi el tfa4ftfcf aaak block might be purchased or taken by tha com pany. The viaduct was to ba bull t on columns or pillars. Theroutaof the road was to be sub stantially as follows I Beginning at or star Chambers street, between Broadway and Chat ham street: north through tba blocks and across streets between Broadway. Chatham street, and the Bowery, to Houston street or Bleecker street thence with ons branch of said railroad or viaduct diverging easterly through blocks and across streets to and across the Bowery ln tbo vicinity of Bond atreot or Great Jones street, and passing northeasterly between Third avenue and the Kast River to the Harlem River. Another branch of said railway or viaduct shall diverge westerly from the first mentioned lino at Houston or Bleecker street, between blocks and across streets to and across Broadway, to and across Carmine street or tho Sixth avenue, and from thence north, between blocks and across streets, west ot Sixth avenue and west of Central Park to the Harlem River or Spuyten Duyvil Creek, noar to Klngsbrldae." Kx.Judge Henry Hilton, who was really tho father ot the scheme, was elected tbo President of the company, and Hugh Bmlth was chosen Vice-President. William-Butler Duncan Treas urer, ond Edward P. Barker Secretary. At tho first meeting of the Board of Directors more than a million dollars was subscribed tor stock. Tho cost of the road was estimated at f 10,000, 000, and It was to be completed within two years. After the Incorporators had raised (11,000,000 tho Legislature empowered the city to subscribe to the capital stock of the company. Bo profitable, however, did tho schemo appear to those Interested In it that II was decided to ask for no aid from the city. Just as work was about to be begun tho exposure of the Tweed ring took placo and tho whole thing was aban doned. "It Is quite as possible." continued Mr. Tur ner, "to build that road now as it was In 1871. I believe it could bo built for 9CO.000.000, nnd tho road would own the property, which would at least be worth what It cost. Revive tho charter and private capital suRlclent to build tho road would be subscribed In no time. Tho construc tion would bo easy, there would be an east and west lino, nnd tho whole thing could bo com pleted In two years. I don't suppose, however, there's any uso of thinking about anything but holes In tho ground so long ns the present Rapid Transit Commission exists. This commission has already spent nearly $400,000 of tho cltv'H mono? and the city has no rapid transit. If the Tamn.any members of tho now Legislature real ly want to do n good thing for Die city, thoy will do their best to legislate the Commissioners out of office." jvurr jjsnsEr legislature. Programme or the nrpubllrans far the Coming session. TncNToy, Jau, 2. The Republican Senators will bold a conference in this city on Friday evening of this week to select tho officers of tho next Senate and discuss their policy concerning legislation. The legislative session will begin on Tuesday afternoon, Jan. 11. Gov. Griggs will not resign before the following week, and If there are any complications at Washington over tho confirmation of Attorney-General Mc Kenna as Justice ot tbo Supromo Court, tbo Governor's resignation will bn delayed until they are removed. His nomination ond con firmation as Attorney-General of tho United States are expected to immediately follow Mc Kenna's confirmation, and the Governor will at onco tako chargo ot the department. 8onator Foster M. Voorhecs of Union county will be formally chosen President of tho Senate, and will vacate that office to become Acting Governor as soon as Gov. Griggs resigns. A movement is on foot to glvo a dinnor to the Governor and Senator Voorhees early in tho session, and there will nlso be a public reception in the Executive Chamber to mark the change ln administration. Senator William II, Skirm of Mercer county will bo chosen Piesldent pro tern, of thu Henato and will prcsldo after Presi dent Voorhees moves into tbo Executive de partment. Those arrangements have been Informally agreed upon by the Republican Sen ators and formal ratification will be made at Friday ovening's conference. There will be but few changes in the Senate's clerical staff. Henry B. Rollinson of Itahway has been Secretary for three years, and will givo war. Frank Froy, a Camden nowspaper man. Is tho only prominent candidate for tho place, but he la being opposed almost unanlmuusly by bis co-workers on the Camden nowspapcrs. If they succeed In downing him. Augustus S. Barber of Woodbury will probably bo selected. Other places will become vacant by reason of the failure of the Republicans to elect Senators ln a few counties. It is unwritten law in Jorsey that no man can retain ofUoo if his county goes back on the party ln power, David O. Watklns of Qloocester county will be speaker of tbo House. Essex coanty might bavo secured the honor tor George W. Porter, but preferred a number ot tha salaried places. Tho indications are that the county will de mand more than she will receive. Ex-Assemblyman Thomaa IL Jones of Essex is slated for tbo clerkship, lie is tho man made locally fa mous in a nominating convention three years ago bra delegate wno urged hla nomination by exclaiming: "Why he kisses his own wife. This took with the convention and Jones has since been popular. Theodore Gaddls of Essex will be Assistant Engrossing Clerk, and tho county also asks for the places of Sergcant-at-Arm, eight doorkeep ers and a dozen pages. Charles 11. Folw-ell ot Burlington county will be engrossing clerk. The disposal of the minor Houso places will be made at the caucus to be held on the evening of the organization. Ex-Asbemblyman Charles F. Hopkins of Morris county will be Heading Clerk. United States Senator Sowell, the Republican State leader, has sat upon the proposition for a constitutional convention, the main object of which would be to dlvido tho State Into Senato rial districts based upon population, to super sede the present system of Senatorial repre sentation by counties. Tho Senators and Assem blymen from all the smaller counties will oppose tho proposition, wbicb is favored by Hudson nnd Essex, and would glvo to them, with tho aid of ono or two more counties, entire control o both Senate and House. Tho smaller counties now control the Senate. A matter that excites groat interest concerns the probability of Assrmblyman-eleit Simpson of Hudson county presenting himself to bo sworn in at the organization of tbo Houso. Ho is under indictment Jointly with Assistant Prosecutor Noonan for conspiracy to dofeat Justice ln Hudson county. His friends believe 10 will remain away until after hln trial, but othera bellova that he will be on hand and de mand to be sworn with the other members. Tbo Republicans will consider tbo Simpson case at their caucus during the session. Half a dozen Commissioner! appointed to re vise and codify as many different subjects in tbo State laws will report. Senator Johnson of Bergen county will reintroduce his bill pro viding for railroad commissioners, to secure tho abolition of grade crossings, and to settle matters now controlled by the various municipalities through which the railroads pass, it will bo opposed by tho compdnles. as ia evidenced by a recent interview with Gen. Hcwoll. who says that on arbitrary law ot the kind proposed and executed by the men who would fill the positions of Com missioners could be made tu bankrupt the nil roads and the municipalities and townships. He says tho proposition Is unwarranted by any experience of a railroad commission that the Pennsylvania Company has looked Into, as In other States they havo been by no means a suc cess. ' Before resigning Gov, Griggs w 111 mako nearly all the appointments that aro to bo uiado during the session. These will include a Judga and prosecutor in Hudson county to succeed Judgo Hudspeth and Prosecutor Wluflcld, n chief of tho Bureau ot Labor Statistics to succeed Charles 11. Slmmennan, Judges and prosecutors in sovcral counties and a number of members of State boards, Iho Governor nnd Senator Voorhees have conferred on the subject. Ap pointments not requiring Scualarial confirma tion, and to places likely to bo afToctod by legis lation during the session, will bo loft to Acting Governor Voorhees. Hair minded Ilia wire. John Murray of 325 Tenth nvenuo, a ear driver, wos hold In 9600 bail in tho West Fifty fourth Street Court yesterday for destroying the sight ot hla wife, Catherine's, eye while beating her on Christmas duy. Ho was arrested on New Year's day, while beating her again. Tke IVeatbsr. The cold wave was felt yesterday over the New England aud middle Atlantic Htates. Thecreitwas oiertboSt. Lawrence Valley, inorlnf rapidly east ward. In Canada the temperature was from E' to SO helowisro. The coldest In the United States was 13' below, at KorthBrld, Vt.; Alluoy had S' below. It wu itrowlug- warmer very rapidly orcrallthe country went of Sen Vori and Peuniylvaulii It will be much warmer here after this morning. In this cltr yeiterday It was fair and coMi lowcit oltlclal temperature DO', llnlirt V2'i aterago hu midity 73 per cent.; wind nutlliwe it, average velocity 10 miles an boari barometer, corrected to read to tea lerel, at H A. I 30.10, U 1'. !. tltl.OH, Tho thermometer at the United Ktstei Weather I)u- rtsu registered the temperature yesterday .ufollonsi 18UH. 1SU7.1 IBllB. I8U7 HA. M.,,. I.V II' II',)! 8l 4p 1 M 17 IIJ. M 10- 40 a I'. IL tti- 44lS mid tv 40 WASuisaTox roari'AiT roa moxoav, ForUahiicbuMtu, Hnode Inland, and Connecticut, light snow In the early mornlcg, followed by falri warmer) louthwcit winds, high on thetoaat, rut ruiftrn AVw I'ur, u(r, prtttded In light ihqw (arftnorlArn;orlfm; irnrwrfout7nt irfitdi. For tbo District ot Columbia, eastern fennsyl. rials, New Jersey, Delaware, Msrylsud, and Virginia, threatening weather, followed by falri warmer; southerly to southwesterly winds. For western I'rnniylranla, wesitru Sew York, and Ohio, partly cloudy, with I ght snow on the lskcs, fol lowed by falri warmer) high soutbwtst winds, becooi 'SsfIi f CURRENCY REFORM PUN. i THE 8C11BKE MOPOSED JIT TUB MOSBTAJtY CUHMUB1UX. . i It netalas Ik Kalsllag ! aartl and I'raie lo Withdraw Ihr Slreenbaeks ana rut tka Burden and (expense or Maintain lag a raper Currency t'psn tha nanus. Wabhinoto.v, Jan, 2. The report of tho Monetary Commission appointed under author ty ot tho convention ot business men held in Indianapolis last January, has just been mado public. This synopsis is supplied by the Com mission; "It rotnins practically unchanged tho ex isting metallic monoy. Tho existing gold standard on which business has been done since 1870 is, of courso, maintained, on tho ground that Industrial Interests demand certainty as to what tho standard shall bo. For tho steady employment of labor, factories and mines must bo constantly operated; nnd constant operation, ln Iho judgment ot business men, is lmnossible so long ns thoro Is uncertainty as to tho stand ard on which prices ot goods and orders aro based. And to this end it is urged that the United States should remove all uncertainty as to tho meaning of "coin" in Its obligations, thereby saving tho taxpayer by tho ability to borrow at a lower rato of interest. "No attempt is mado to reinova tbo existing silver dollars, nor to change their legal tender auallty; on tho contrary, a place Is provided for them in tho circulation by forbidding the issuo of any paper money othor than sliver certifi cates ln denominations below $10. The stiver currency, which will bo In tho hands of tho poo plo, must bo kept on a parity with gold, as is now provided by law, and this should bo done by requiring tho Treasury to glvo gold for a silver dollar on demand. Consequently when it is known that a stiver dollar can bo exchanged for gold it will circulate freely (In tbo form of certificates), and our metallic money, without being diminished, will be unified on a certain basis. And, as all this silver currency will bo needed to moct tho demands for largo change (when other paper below $10 Is retired). It will not bo presented for redemption at the Treas ury, and It will creato no strain on the gold re Borves, But no tuoro silver dollars should bo colnod. "Tho Commission contend that tho ten differ ent kinds of money now In uso creato an anom alous and confusing situation. Moreover, tho wholo fabric rests on too Blender a reserve of gold. It Is urged that the demand obligations f tho Government should not bo used as money, becauso tbey may be, and havo been, prcsonted for gold to the Injury of the nation's credit. This causes grave doubts as to tho standard on which the business oporations ot the country rest. Everything which, by experience, creatos uncertainty nnd hurts trade, binders prosperity and should bo renioved.UHcnco the fiscal af fairs of tbo Treasury minting to the recolpt and disbursement of public rovonue should do en tirely topnrated from tho monetary functions dealing w ith the oxchangc and redemption ot tho currency. By establishing a soparato division of issue und redemption in the Treasury, it will be impossiblo to tako away funds set apart for the protection of our monetary system and uso them for current expenditures. "Above all, It Is regarded as dangerous to main tain the present practice of using Gov rnment demand obligations as money. Our fathers never mado anything full legal-tender monoy except gold and silver, but ln the stress of civil war. confusing tbo fiscal and monetary func tions of tho State, forms of debt due on de mand wcro lived as money, not as the result of deliberation, but of emergency conditlonsCThoy wcro Issued exactly because there were no re sources In tho Treasury, and so they depre ciated, drovo out gold, furnished a fluctuating standard, increased the national debt enor mously, caused a change ln prices whenovcr tho credit of tho paper standard fluctuated, re duced tlio purchasing power of wages, and by causing unexpected changes in tho loycl of prices, gavo rlso to extraordinary speculation, increased the severity of commercial crises, and placed tho small producer at a disadvan tage with tho large operator. For seventeen years (1H6SJ 1878) tho Government paper was a falsified promise, and our standard was based on this lie. Trade and industry becaiuo specu lative. Men of largo wealth can take care of themselves, but men ot small means should bo protected from tho evils arising from such uncertainty of tho standard. "It tba demand obligations of the Government aro used as money, reserves must always bo kept on hand to redeem them. They are not, therefore, a loan without Interest; and the ex pense of keeping up these reserves has mado the paper monoy a very great burden to the taxpa)er by an increase of the public dobt. j Theso gold reserves are necessary, unless tho Government permits Its notes to go to protest. Tho mere credit ot tho United States behind its notes is too vaguo a thing, its power to tax is too remote, to provide cosh on hand for instant use. So far as expense is concerned, this debt could have boen moro easily borno by changing it into lnw-lntcrcst-bearing oonds. For theso and other reasons the Commission strongly urges the Government to withdraw its demand obligations now used as money, de clino to provido gold lor exporters, and put tho bunlen and cxpenso of maintaining a redeem able paper circulation upon the banks. In or der to meet tho demand obligations, the present reserves ot gold in the Treasury furnish n be ginning to be set asldo ln the Division of Issue and Itcdcmutlon;andtomcetpos8lble contingen cies the Secretary of tho Treasury Is authorized to sell bonds whenever tho reserves need replen ishment. In this way, or from surplus reve nue, tho demand obligations (that Is, United btates notes and TreuBury notes of 1H0) can bo gradually removed, and the cost to the country can bo reduced; whllo this process will also give the inestimable advantage of ceasing to use do niand debts as money, of simplifying our cur rency, and of adding to confidence in the cer tainty ot our standard. By the plan of tbo com mission. Government paper is withdrawn in tbo first five 5 cars only so fast as tho banking currency expands, bo that contraction cannot possibly take place; if United Statos notes aro cancelled their place will bo taken by the gold paid out for them, or by tho expansion of hank notes, under the now system proposod; and in the following five years all the remaining United Stales notei aro to be retired. "'ill!! demand obligations of the Unitod States were put forth solely bctuuso there wero no funds In the Treasury to redeem them. The notes wero onlv evidence that property had been received and used up for services or supplies or public buildings (no longer available amots). Tho Government by the iiuturo of the operation did not retain, as the notes went out, any prop erty immediately lomerliblu into coin with which to redeem Its demand issues. They wero not a money based on property; they woro only a debt. On the other hand, a bank note la notes Issued (fraud, of course, excluded) except for a consideration in negotiable property ot oqunl or greater laluo, 'iho bnnk nolo comes forlh as the sequel of a business transaction, nnd Is based on the active property ot tbo coun try which Is passing between producers and consumers. This property is always negoti able and always equal to the duty of meeting the noto liability. Bank notes aro as sound as the business transactions of the country. Tho currency of tho country, moreover, should In create its tho transactions of tbo country In crcasn; hence tbo rigid unchanging issues of tho (internment mukn them an inelastic part of tho circulation, whllo by tho vory process ot their issuo bank notes alono can be automati cally adjusted to tho changing transactions ot tho business community. "In vie w of the scarcity of United States bonds thoy cannot long be regarded as a basis for circu lation. Moreover, any bond security of a high er character yields a low rato ot Interest, and In a tlmo of stringency, when borrowers need loans and tho market rato of interest Is blgb, thcro is no inducement to buy theso bands to incrraso circulation. Hence under tbo praaent system, whon notes would bo most needed. It is least proniubla to Issue them. While provid ing for a partial use of bonds for securing notes CIS per cent, of tho capital), the commission proposed that notes beyond this should bo Issued on all instead ot a part of the resources of a bank, and after ton years that no special bond security should be required. Banks may issue notes up to 00 per cent, of their capital without restraint; for issues beyond CO per cent, ana up to 80 per cent, they pay a tax of S per cent.; for those beyond 80 per cent, und up to 100 per i-cnt. tho pay a tax of 0 per cent. These notes would be a prior lien upon all tbo resources of tho hunk, and in addition, upon tho stock holders' liability. Moreover, all hanks issuing notes contrlbuto 0 per cent, of their circulation as a pcrmat.ent guurantee fund. For daily re demptions banks should keep n S per cent, re demption fund in the bands of the Comutrollor of tho Currency. Bunks of W'.'A.OOO capital may ho established ln places of 4,000 Inhabitants, nnd brunches of banks are also permitted, "It is apparent that the security to tho note holder under the proposed plun is greater than usually supposed, if no ton snould to Issued by all national banks lo the amount of 80 per cent, of their present capital, tho security ln tho form of total assets (omitting consideration of stock holders' liability or a guarantee fund) is moro than $7 to fl. In the 3,'J7tl hanks outside tbo rvsorvo cities, tbo protection would bo 80.10 to &1 of notes. The greatest number of failures of banks occurred in 1BIK); and yet Iho notoa ot thoso fulled banks which did not realize at loust 80 per cent, of their capital out ot their re sources formed only i, 01 1 tier cent, of the pro posed circulation. Had 80 per cent, of tho capital of ull national banks boon issued In notes upon the proposed nlan, since tho begin ning ot tbo national banking system in 1803. an assessment upon tbo banks annually of only 1--10 of 1 percent, would havu been necessary. More over, instead of a tax ou circulation, a tux of Mi of 1 per cout. on rapltal and surplus is pro posed to cover tho expenses ot the system. Huch a plan lu general would furuUu u safe, elastic, uniform aud expanding currency babca pu a Ujteu and certain stoudurU," , nmxx Jtsnexxk KAtcaxsir. Ea-rllcMne AwntUnia Held In tUfoe UKcap I be rent. Thomas McGrath of 177 East Be vent y-thlrd street and John Rooney, who lives at 147 West Slxtr-sevcnth street, watchmen in the employ ot the Holmes Klectrlo Protective Company, wero held in $900 ball each in the Yorkvllle Court yosterdsy to keep the peace for three months. Michael Ward, a retired pollcsman, formerly a wrestler, who it now employed as a private watchman to guard the houses of Henry G. Mnrquand. William C. Whitney, John D. Crlm rains, President Frederick I). Tarpon of tho Gnllattn National Bank, and ot other residents ln tho neighborhood ot Madison nvenuo aun Sixty-eighth atreot, charged tho two men with assaulting him shortly boloro midnight Satur day night. Ward, who lives at S18 Kast Seventy-fourth street, had his brad in bandngos covering four Bcnlp wounds, which required . fifteen stitches to close. Rooney'a bend was nlso dono up in bandages, which con coaled tbo marks of n club fight between tho three men. The Holmes watchmen were In uniform, that of Rconey's being stained with blood. Two clubs similar to Solice nightsticks, covorod with blood, were on Ingistrnto Pool's bench as evidence of tho battle Tho three men patrol In front of houses in tho same neighborhood nnd there has beon ill feel ing between them slnco ono night a week ago, whon Ward discovered a basement door on Rooney's post open und callod n policeman to go Into the house to see If there were any burglars there ...... Ward told Magistrate Pool that tho two Holmes watchmen nssaulted him at Madison avenuo and Sixty-ninth street on Saturday night with their clubs. Ho retaliated with bis club until knockod down by McGrath. Both then ran away. Ho arrested the last-named later, nnd Rooney was arrested whon he went to tho Presbyterian Hospital to get treated. II It A SI Ell' 8 HT.ATEIt FLEES. According- ta Ibe Pollen Frank Young Was Acting In neir-Derrnce. Frank Youngof 281 Bloeckor strcot, Williams burg, w ho, It Is alleged, throw a stono tnatchsafo at Philip Kramer in Marquardt's saloon at Irving avenuo nnd Hlmrod street, early on the morning of Now Year's Uny, Inflicting injuries which resulted ln Kramor's death, has not been arrested. Young is n brassmouldcr and boarded w ith Mrs. Carolina Schwarzmuller. Ho boars a good reputation. According to a statement made yesterday by Police Captain Early of tho Hamburg avenue station, Kramer was in a ?unrrc!some mood when be, with three or four rlends, went Into tho saloon. It is ullegcd that, without provocation, Kramer nnd the young men with htm set upon oung nnd dragged him around tho saloon. Young seized the mnlcbsafoand hurled It at his tormontors. Tho weapon struck Kramer on tho head. Ills skull was fractured, and ho died at 12:30 A. M. yesterday In the houso of his uncle. Henry Fiedler, at 281 Hlmrod street. Eight hours after Kramor received his injuries I)r. Burr, who was In attendance, reported the assault to the police. Whon Cnpt. Early went to Young's house he was Informed that Young had gone away half an hour before. Jt. FKVIXLESS IIOLO-UT. Sehnnbel's Kew Year's Kvs Attempt at Bab berjr Did Not Set II Ira On Cent. Richard Schnabel, 31 years old, a painter, ot S10 Liberty stroot. Union Hill, was arrested last nlgbt charged with attempting to rob Jos6 Tus can o of 508 John street. West Hoboken, on New Year's eve. Tuscano alleges that whllo he was drinking with two frlonds. James Henry and John Topalao. ln his home on Friday night, Schnable entered, drew a rovolvcr, and coin polled them to hold up their bands. He then soarchod their pot kets, Tuscano says, but found no money. He left the house after warning the party that he would shoot the first man who attempted to follow him. Schnabel said that ho was drunk and did not remember tho Incident. Ho was released ln $200 bail to appear for examination before Re corder Schelton. Justice Weodward Succeeds Justice Bradley, Retired. Justice John Woodward has been assigned by Gov. Black to succeed Justice George B. Brad ley as a member of tbo Appellate Division of the Supreme Court in Brooklyn. Justico Brad ley retired from the bench oq Friday under tho age limit of 70 years. Tho AppclUo Division will now consist of Presiding Justico William W. Goodrich, Justico Edgar M. Cullen, Justice Wlllard Bartlett, Justice Edward W. natch, and Justice John Woodward. The Appellate Division will hold its first session for tho now year to-morrow. Justice William D. Dickey will preside ln Part L of the Supremo Court during thlsmontb. Tho other assignments ore: Pan II., Justice Jesse Johnson; Part. III.. Jus tice Martin J. Keogb; Part IV., Justico Wilmot M. Smith; Part V., Justice Augustus Van WycU; Special Term for tho hearingof motions. Justico Samuel J. Moddox: Special Term (or the trial ot issues, Justice William J. Guynor. Bartender Juebter'a assailant Captured. Otto Glcges was arraigned before Police Jus tico Brlstow in the Butler Street Court In Brooklyn yesterday charged with buvlngfolo niouBly assaulted Honry Jucbter by striking him on tbo head with a paving stono ln the saloon at 470 Seventh avenuo on tho evening of Dec. 24. He pleaded guilty and was held for tho action of the Grand Jury. Whon Juchter opened his father's saloon on Dec 21, Glcges, who carried ln his hand a handkerchief con taining u paving stone, entered the saloon and called tor a drink. Young Juchter turned hla back upon Gtegos to KCt tbo liquor. Glegcs leaned over the bar and struck Juchter on tbo bead with the paving stone, stunning him, Gieges then leaped over tbo bar and stole $0.00 from tbo cash drawer. Gieges was arrested early yesterday morning. embolics Buy Ibe Peterson Country Meat. Reading, Pa., Jan. 2. Tbo Polish Catholics of Reading have bought the country seat of the Peterson family of Philadelphia, situated just below this city at Flying Hill and known as " RIdgowood." Tbo purchase was mado by the Franciscan order and tho seat Is to bo usrd for tho education of Polish women for tho Sister hood and for a Polish orphanage. The Peotr sons spent $100,000 in fitting up the house and grounds, XTAMXE IXTELLlQBtiOE. 1HSIATVBK ALMANAC TBIS DAT. SuarlMS.... 7 21 1 Sunsets.. 4 40 1 Moon sets.. 8 47 uiou WATsa this pay. Sandy Hook. 4 16 I Oov.Isl'd. 4 47 1 Hell Gate.. 0 40 Arrived Suxdat, Jan, 3. fis St. Louis, Handle. Southampton Deo. 10. ft Yuniurl. Doyes. Haxana. Bs Htrathalrly, Coulthurst, Hamburg, be htrathatlan. Macoubmy, Campecna, Bs Mount Repbar. Hendry. .St. Vincent, ha Chicago city. Sandoll. Ilrtttol. 8a Elsie Marie. lUluers, llolterdaai. bs Washington, Dlueklage. Hottprdara. Bs Oulf Ktreani, Bwalu. rhlladelphla. Ba Richmond, Olorer. KlcUniond. hs Princes Anue, Hulnhera, Norfolk, Brig U, I). Lockturl, Sheridan, Curacao. For later arrivals see First Pais. SAtLiD mou noxrsrio roan. Bs Iroquois, from Savannah for New York. outoouu sTSAttsmrs. Sail To-Jorroui. . w2'ic'l," rinl satin. Normannla. Genoa hooam loon a It Caracas. La Ouayra 11 ou A U 1 00 ! M Hetnlnole, Charleston boo i M El Bud, New Orleans 1)00 I'M Sufi IrVdncittuy, Jan. 0. St. Louis, Bouthampton,, ,, 700 A t jnoOA.il Germanic, Liverpool H 00 a M is on M Wcaternland, Antwerp 10 00 A Jt it 00 M Comal, Galveston. u on 1 M Concho, Havana 1 00 I' XI a 00 I'M ixcowxo sTiiinunra. Charlton Olbraltar Deo 11 Ilalsby , Anlwnrp i)M u Vulcan t-hieMs U00SI Alsatla Olbraltar ijM 14 I'ecoiilo Gibraltar Deo 13 (lute Cltr Bavannah Im -.'u La nretague Havre IieoVS Klltlo New Orleans , Deo as Seminole.., ,, Jacksonville Deo SO Vendm HotterUam lino 23 Auranla , Liverpool Deo 93 Doric Liverpool Dec 34 Vlgllauola Havana DeollO Colorado, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.Hul! Deo 20 Louisiana Nw Orleans Drottu Madlaua ,,.M. Thomas ,.Pea2U Tallahassee Savanoab pea 31 Du4 Tuiidiiv, Jan. 4. Southwark Antwerp DooSB Drltamila..,, Hhlelda. Deo 31 Lampasas Galveston Deo 3D El liar ,, New Orleans Lea 30 . Iroquois Savannah, Jan 1 Due U'edndituy, Jan. 0, Teutonic, Liverpool , Deo 33 Mohawk Iyonoon Deo at Bedouin London Dro33 Poeanot , Gibraltar. ,..,.... Deo K'J Trinidad , Bermuda ,,,, Jon 3 ' hobralome Para Dealt Dut Thursday, Jan. 6. Karlsruhe.,. ..Bremen , Deo3a 1'atrla ., Hamburg Deo Ha Hohican ,.,.6wiuuea .,,.,,. ..Deo ills Christiana Hamburg ,..,., Deo 33 Queeu Margaret. ....... Shields , Deo 3 J Addlngtou ,."ar y i"011 I Yvuesusla ...Lauuayra Deo 31 dOPS AT TnE WRONG CLUB. I Lobktxo von bamblixg-tohcb COMZtlSSlOXBRll MBMBRftH. The Bessll of Capt. abeekaa's BaaslelUarr Visit ta Ibe Building Trndea Clab Was a Private laviatlgatlan entered fcr Fa ilea CommUateasr Mmttb anal Andrews. Now that Mayor Strong's Pollco Commission ers are no longer in power, tho story ot a roocnt pollco raid has leaked out. It it particularly interesting becauso two ot thoso Pollco Commit lioncrs are members of tbo club which Iho pollcs honored by their presence Tho Building Trades Club Is tho cub and Col. George Moore Smith and Major Avery D. Andrews are loading members ot It. The club oooupies tho top floor of the Townsend building, oh the northwest corner ot Broadway and Twenty-fifth street. Tha raid was mado two woekt ago by Police Captain Sbeohnn of the Tenderloin proetnet. Capt. Sheehan visited tho club on tbo strength of nn anonymous letter be had received. The writer of tfau letter complained that gambling was going on on tho ton floor ot tho Townsend building. Capt. Sheehan summoned three ot his dotoctlvot and set out for tbo alleged gambling place. The four policemen, dressed in plain clothe, reached tho Townsond building late ln tho after noon of Dec. 14 and thoy lost no tlmo in getting to tho top floor. Bwinglng doors from tho main hall on the top floor load Into tho reception room of tho club. Capt. Sheehan and hit men pushed through the swinging doors and were looking about tho reception room when an attendant entored. He asked what was wanted. Capt. Sheehan said he wished to soo an officer of the olub, cither tho President or tho steward. Pretty soon F. Lineman, the steward, appeared. Tho Police Captain told him ho had visited tho club to sea It gambling wot going on on tho premises. "You're at perfect liberty to go wherever you pleaso," said tho steward. "Thcro is no gambling here to my knowledge." Followed by his men Bhccban mado a tour of tho roomB. While the pollcenion were to en gaged ln walked Henry M.Tostevln.tho President of tho club. Steward LlnemniClntroduccd the visitors. President Tostuvln Indorsed tho steward's Invitation and accompanied the visi tors about the premises. Eventually the po licemen departed without finding any evidence of rambling. Nothing more was heard of the raid until early lost week, whon Capt Sheehan was or dered to report at once to Chief McCullagh at Pollco Headquarters. The Chief naked Sheo ban to explain why ho bod forced hla way into a prlvato club. Sheohon told why. Chief Mo Cullagh promptly reported the Captain's story to CommlssloncrSmlth and Andrews, who had demanded that the Captain be called to ac count, Later somo of the members of tho olub de manded that the policemen concerned be pun ished. Col. Smith and Major Andrews ad vised their fellow members to forget tho visit ot the pollco llko a bad dream. But the indignant members wouldn't forget. "What would our wives and daughters say," they eald, "if they knew wo wcro members of a supposed gambling club!" They finally woa tho two Police Commissioners to their war of thinking, and then tho wheels wero set going to make trouble for tho policemen concerned. The club members demanded a hearing and Chief McCullagh was ordcre to arrange It so that both Bides could be board and tho story kept from the newspapers. Tho Chiof delegated Inspector Brooks to tako tho testimony and he sot las', Thursday for the hear ing. Tho officers of the club wero on hand at the appointed time, and so wcro Capt. Sheehan and his throe detectives. Tho bearing took place in Inspector Brooks's private office at Police Headquarters behind closed doors. The ste nographer was sworn to secrecy. Tho club men recited tholr grievance snd Capt. Shoehan and his men told their story. Whon the bearing adjourned Inspector Brooks said ho would present a copy of too tes timony to his superiors. Chief McCullagh got tho evidence, and on Friday he laid It before the two interested members ot tho old Police Board. Tbo board's term of Ufa Was Umitod, and the case wan allowed to die with the board. But the clubmen are not satisfied with tho result of the Firlvato bearing, and when thoy learned that so arasthcl' two follow members were concerned, tho mutter was dead, several ot them threat ened to lirljg tho raid before the new Board ot Police Couvnlssionur. Tbo Building Trades Club' was organized in 1RS0 and incorporated in 1802. Most of the big builders and contractors in Greater Now York are members. Some of the members be sides tho two ex-Commlesloners, are John D. Crlmmlns, Francis bengrlst, Jr., John IL Peeves, and Thomaa E. Crlmmlns. gUfflUfgg gCoUccg. renrls and all kinds or Preclona fftones, f thi best qusllty only. Prices low as anywhere, hers or abroad. HOWARD & C0 804 Fifth avenue. New York. ACTOV. At Norwalk, Conn . on Saturday, Jan. 1. 180.1, Charles A. Acton, In his 03th year. Funerat services at hla late residence. West av on Tuesday, Jan. 4, 189", at 0:30 P.M. Carriage will meet tram leaving Grand Central Station at 2 P.M. BtltLOW. On Sunday, Jan. 2, 1808, at his real denoe, 400 Clermont av., Brooklyn, N. Y., George Barlow, In his 68th year. Notlco of funeral hereafter. FltAMBB. On Saturday, Jan. 1, 189B, John A.Frtser, aged 01) years. Relatives and friends are Invited to attend tha funeral aerrleea at the Church of the Belored Disciple, 89th St., near Madison av on Tuesday, Jan. 4, 1 898, at 1 1 o'clock A. M. Canadian papers please copy. HeliDLTr. At her residence. 334 Nott av Long Island City, Margaret McNnlty, wife of the late Robert MoNulty, on Sunday, Jan. 3, 1838. Funeral on Wednesday morning from St. Mary'a Church. 6th at. and Vernon av., at 0:30 o'clock. NICUOLSOX.-On Saturday, Jan. 1, 1838, Robert Nicholson, In his 88th year. Funeral services on Monday, Jan, 8, at b P. Hi at his lata residence, 677 Elton av. ORII. At her residence, 813 Adelpht St., Brooklyn, on Dec. 31, Mary, widow of Edward Orr, late ot Williamsburg. Funeral services will be held at St, John's Chapel. Clermont and Greene avs., on Monday, Jan, 3, at 10 o'clock In the morning. Kindly oinlt flowars. rilllSKK. At her residence, 37 West 11th St., on Friday, Dec. 31, 1897, Prlsellla S., widow of George II, Purser, aied 77 yoars. Relatives and friends are respectfully invited to attend tho funeral service at her lata rest deoca on Mond sy, Jan, 3, at 1 1 A. II. It Is kindly requested that no flowers be sent. Interment at Greenwood. QltlllU. On Deo. 31, Charles F. Quirk, la his 83d year. Funeral from the residence of his late brother, John N. Quirk, 141 Willow street, Urooaiyn, Mon day, Jan. 3, at 1 P. M. Friends are cordially In vited to attend. Omit flowers. New Orleans and Rock llapld) papers pleas copy, nOACII. At Liberty, N. Y. on Dec. 31, Julia, be loved daughter of John T, and the late Annie Roach, and granddaughter of tha late Alex Mc Coy. Funeral from the residence of her father, 180 Kast 88th at. Funeral services at the Church of Our Lady of Oood Counsel, East VUlh St., on Tuesday, Jan. 4, at 10 A.M. WOOUItUFK On Friday morning. Dee. fll, 1897, Morrla Woodruff, Jr., aied 37 ears. Funeral services at his late residence, 7 East Sid st , on Monday, Jan. 3, at 10 A. M. TIIK EI.KCTIIIC MnVBLTV COMPAWV Is prepared to furnish Graphopbones, musical and talking records, and supplies of all kinds. Send for cetaloeiH a Orders promptly fllld. oniiM an 1 store 203 Broadway, New York. Take tho elevator. iltiiQ.OUfl gottCtg. fVlIE WEEK OF PltAYKR, Jan. 3-9. 1 BOB.-Meetings X will be held lu New York under the auspld-s of the Evangelical Alllanca each afteruoou at 4 o'clock during toe week ut the Marble Collegiate t'hurcb, 3Vlb St. and 6th av. Programme: Mon-iay, Coufes slou and Thanksgiving. Supplementary Local Tuple, Confession of Lack of Consecration, Thanksgiving for tha Christian Privileges of tha City, Dr. Cornelius U. smith, rrolor St. James Church; TueaJay, the Church Universal. Local Topic, the Promotion of In terdruouilnatloual Life In Greater New York, Dr. Stephen P. Cad man, pastor Uetropolllau Ternplei Wrdno-day. Nations and Their Rulers. Local Topic, the Authorities or our City, Dr. John Balt-oiu bbaw, Paator West End Presbyterian Churelu Thursday, amines and Schools, Loo. I Topic, Our Ynuug Poop's and for Deeper Person! Devotion to Sunday Srhoot Work, Dr. II. A. Htlnison. pastor Manhattan Congre gational CliurchiFrlrtay.ForvIijuMUaloua. Local Tuple. That Onr Churchea May Ue KHlod with the Missionary Spirit, Dr. W. II. P Faunor. pastor Fifth Avenue Bap tut Churcbinaturday. Howe Mixlous. Local Topic, I That More Converts Among Our Foreign People May Be Constrained ta Seek the Salvation of Ihelr Own . Nationality. Dr. F. 8 Schenck, pastor University Ltctf hts Reformed Church. j'JhllSEpSMEUP-! if BO i.l ii ! waami.. , i . lih a. , , ,maaamMsaaaaaaaaaaaaaw.a.aaaaalasatvi McQibbon & Co. I During February, 1898, 1 SrarXXjrJLa XUSSAttZO'VES J To the New Building, cor. Broadway & 19th St. f Beginning January 3rd we will offer at old store, 913 in Broadway, our entire stock at SPECIAL PRICES. M This will be a good time for housekeepers to supply ML themselves with FIRST-CLASS GOODS at exceptionally low M prices. j 9 LINENS. LACE CURTAINS. 1 UPHOLSTERY MATERIALS. I 5!!LlH?5i?5 gtip guWcntions. I I TRUTH I I 1 1 The Best Colored Pictures , I E r S$ I The Best Black and Whites 1 LJ 1 y 1 e es Humorists 1 LJ 1 Sg I The Best Short Story Tellers 1 1 gl aJ I The Best Versifiers ' 1 S Ll 1 1 The Best Printed 1 Ro ill 3 1 The Best Made Up i 1i 1 The Best and Cleanest Family 1 1 w Ja 1 Journal of To-day. 1 pJ H ras 1 fssTm iiif Every week four beautiful colored I UC 8 erf&jf ffl jflHs pictures, twenty black and white pages Wi il H I QLM T IkJT" if W 35 CENTS The Forum JANUARY, 1898. Our Coast Uefenci-s, MAJ.-OEN. NELSON A. MILES, Commanding V. S. Army. The Future of Illinetalllim. SENATOIt OEOROB O. VEST. Klectrlcal Advance In the Post Ten Yeurn, ELIIIU TI1051&ON, Cxnort nnd Wnges, JACOB RCHOENIIOP. The Itcconncat of New York by Tuinmnny. 8IS10S HTF.ltNK. The Political Outlook. WATTEn80!,t The Incorporation or the Worklup; Clasa, IIUClll McOUKUOU China, uiul Chineso Itnllwnv ('onctoslmia. CLAUE.NCE CAIIY. 'Is It Worth Willie to Taki- Out 11 1'iit.iitV HAUWOOD IIUNTI.NQIOM. Education In Ilaxrall. m;Miy R T0WNSKN Jnnjirctor'Otnerat of Schooll. Uavcait. AincrlrnnEsinvullonntbjarlaiiilCorlnlh J. MLSNADIUH. The lti'latlon oftlic Itrniun ! I.ltt-rittiire, I'rof. H1UNDKH MATTHKWH, Ni:W VOIIKl THE FORUM PUBLISHING CO., ill Fifth Avvntii-, 35 cts. a copy. S3. 00 a year. Land and Water FOR JANUARY. The authority on American Amateur Sports. FOR SALE AT BRENTANO'S. I 0 cents a copy $1.00 a year. APPLETONS' 9 POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY. jf JAXUAKY. 1808. ll Tun Aryan cnotlaii. (Uncial aeoKra1iy of Ra. W rojx), XII.) I'rof. Willi ax . Hiii.kv. lllim. J A blstory ot this Int rrstliu coutnivcry. anil m 1 statement of tlio theories at prtsvut most faTOrt.il by I anthropologists. I Carl I.unwla- nnd f'arl Thiersch. Prof, Wilhelm 1 His. Illustrated, I A memorial address dellvrri-il at Lclpslc University A I shortly ufler the dratliB of these two piiilmnl w leu T Usta. Thollvi'S ami wtirl: of Ujtli form an iMjiiuimut w9 i.artnf the history of phy.lolorfy and medklnn Our- EL nif the past tlfty)cars. H The Kilolua-y assail lil.trlliullan nr liirfrtlona H lilai-ii.iw. Dr. (Jtoitua M. hTMUBKiiu, mri.'ooa. H General U. H Army, Tlio subject is In alrd In a historical u n iiud la- H eludes a brief oullluu of tho moro tcrluut. i plileiolos 4 or tho past century. AborUliica or the West Indies. I.nl) Emm -J Hung. B. A tlioiiKhtfulanthropologl'al Mud)' of tin. Inhnblt IV snt of tucso Islauds at the time of Hull illMutcry by Columbua. Va Hrlrnce and Mornls. M. I' i:. IlriiTiirtiT. ?3U I'rof. Ilerllielot contends Ibat nmruN haw been da. IM rlvod from se.cuie, und that iiMtibd or I-Iuk bjsed H on rrllKlun, the lait. rlsriull) Iho usulluf tbuitbt. M cal aTeratfii of tho portod Fret null llnniU. I. Jl. Ilf li ll.n. Illustrated. ,H The author traeea tlio BiiiMlnrfiil I m . f nolo- Mr tlon as they arc anon u In Ibo iltlTcroutl itlou of tbe.a lev appendaiitn, vthioli were uiltflually cltrnl) relatid In ' 1 function. If nut in atruuuie. it Other orlh'lrai Tho Culnaua of 1'ant.uay. tlin Kln S or tho WmiIm I lie KorclBii hluniuit In Aim reun Ulv y Ulralloiti 1'rliii'lplcsof 'IuxjIIoii, XIV , imubl.. laiv J T tloui and Kkilcti (with I'onnilt) of IuikI. l.nbcr, ', j Kdltor'a Tablet bileutlOo Literature! FraijiuonU of f' BcleuiBj Notes. Vl BO cent a tmmbtri $.1,00 a year, rV D.APPLETON AND COMPANY X wrih Areuur, Jnr York. , . TVTEW method for learning French t sparlrnen, 88a, fa)' JN (half prl ). Apily FHhMJH ACADfcMY, 63 ilroailwur, Freucli (ens ons. J Cn 5. KAMI. "Candida," Crokert "Irish Bonis." . OU Burke's Spwhes. llerrick "UeaMrlcUa" Vol. rtdsa's "Table Talk," Plata." FUATT, 101 OU sW.