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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, February 10, 1898, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1898-02-10/ed-1/seq-6/

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SK- thtjbsday, febhuabt io, lees.
gejBflBJKk Oaftssatiatlm sr sWatl. "Tast-rata.
wVHH PA1XT, pe l(Mitk.MMM ..- CO BO
KjHVHct, DAJI.T, per Tear ,
gKannnnBF sTOinUT. pot Tear
HflHB Postage to foreign countries added.
HHB , Tbi Sen. New Tnk City.
H)VYs ' run ITtrt-piT He. It, near Orand Betel, and
BBBBKBaVweT BotaaRalO,BnilTtddMCpoetBM.
IKlfl' '
BBBsff 1 VowWnAvktAimuitttkMmMrliiir
Hi ? ?c trasliaaifcm sets (a Asm reJtHtd artteias returned.
gKjr tArymuKiiattxuMMiui Or (MljwrjNW.
BBK i W' &
m m JS
H '-' m' :'J Tbo Inne
B 7lsnfi ft week tbo RePubllcnns of tho Sixth
B jf ' Illinois Congress district renominated tho
B All Hon' IlEhnT SliimMAK Boutell as their
H; !BVf representative and adopted a platform
K 'jUJv which expresses simply and strongly tho
geV :ffJ '"'' ,MUe nPn "bleb tu Congress elections ot
IV' ' 1808 vrlll depend :
Ej Bf K -Th.. Republicans of the Sixth Congressional dls-
B ?!' V t1'01 congratulate the country opon the restoration
Hlf IB or business confidence, throngh pablla faith In an Ad-
BK 'JMi . tnlaUtrslon pledged to protect tbe nauboal credit,
BK 'Bit i yet Indorse th Administration of President McKn-
H IsnV 1 ur and commend to th f aror ot a patriotic and an-
H W';' i lightened cltltenehlp hU recent publlo address In
N! pB; C which ha declared tbat th conntry"s obllfatlont
Bfi 'B? v' nut be paid In the best money on earth.
HU iHh S We congratulate the country upon thevlndleatlon
gS! kB:, 'i ot the national honor by tbe popular brsneh of Con-
B ,' V greas, under ths leadership of Speaker nun. In lu
K !rtB I'' defeat of tbe Teller resolution.
HJ& flf '.' "We reaffirm our steadfast adherence to the prln-
-. jHrKf dpl'i enunciated In the p'atform adopted at St.
HrJ iBjH&e Louie and declare ourselves unequivocally and ua-
HM ;BBi reservedly In favor of the maintenance of the tingle
HE BlJC told standard."
R fsS The Sixth Illinois Congress district Is ona
H 'RB-f, of tho seven Congress districts o( Chicago.
Bt 'BB$' Its Republicans haro pledged themselTcs to
BJ iflBj that square and uncqulTOcatlng Itepubl!
; Hf canism which, In tho continuing strugglo
) V r ' against tho repudiation coalition, has bo
H Hi Sf- come Identical with patriotism. The cour-
H' ;H f age that won In 1806 Is still stronccrln
K 'H f 18'JS. It deserves to win and It will win.
Bt B a
B' 'H '-S
B K -t A Campalfcn or Bad Education.
H rK r1'" Since President McKinlet's tnaugura-
Hi'lBJ $ tlon on March 4 there has been carried on
Hft'lBJ ,' sTstcmatlcallj- a campaign of education of
wBj c, an extremely pernicious sort. It is found
bXHK if ed on tho gospel that, from the Mugwump
HT Bx K, point of view, tho parties of the St. Louis
H'iBf. Y' platform and tho Chicago platform nro
B BkI & about on a par ot political badness, unless
Ej? Bpi tt be that the Republican party Is worse
V'BP' tbM tho Democracy. When the Mug-
KBk'' wumps have an end to serve, the questions
ftj;BKBj: of honest money and social security, upon
B?flKK which the Republicans and Democrats aro
H'BrSl really divided, are suppressed by them so
E? Bk '& far as they aro able, or even laughed at.
B'BJ l This vicious preaching was worked with
HBk extremely lamentable results against tho
B; BS '.- Republican organization which last fall
Bj BM undertook to hold the ground It had gained
BBk Ig lu New York city. It has culminated up to
B'BK M, date In an anti-harmony circular sent out
Hfv Bx l by the Committee of Fifty-three, a body of
E' Bf $.- factious politicians, pretending to bo Re
BljBk?, jK publicans, who have recently reinforced
Hp VS? M Mugwumps in spreading tho Idea
K HW r that thero isn't so much difference
HBts' ' between Democrats and Republicans,
Bp'BJ after all. The Tlfty-thrco hare re-
Hf Bm 'jr piled to a request emanating from cer-
K.BJ k tain previously discordant Republicans
B Bftl fg who now deslm to get the party solidified
K , Bk for the approaching Congress election, that
j; ' BjS --: they will not confer with the Republican
Br' HF organization on any terms. They would
Bf HM 'X' rather stand out and see it smashed, the
K-l BJf ? beneficiary being, of course, Ilryauisin.
K' Bf iV; "All movements to reorganlye the party in
pi HM jj- cooperation with tho machine," sajs one of
Bi BM K the Fifty-three, "are bound to fail." To In-
Bre.-Bfe' fi; euro failure the FHty-threo will not confer.
h Bs R" While this persistent and wantondefama-
Rj, BJt tlon of Republican politics has been going
K' HM B' oo. the party of Brynnlsm, practically Ig-
2" Bk. ?' norcd by the malcontents, and shielded by
jf Hk their anti-Republican tire, has been greatly
T' Blw helped in building itself up again.
BV' BJi'Bp fhc difference lctwccn Republicans and
tt" BJ Democrats was what won the national elcc-
afl Bt i tl0Q f 180 for ""' St' I,0"is PIatform-
B'' B ' "'1C bamc difference dlstinguilies the two
RL B? parties to-day, and will continue so to dls-
Kr Ba -" tingulsh them until the Democratic party
B-' Ba $1 flatly repudiates theChicngo platform. AVc
f- iBr ,',v warn any honest-money dupes of (ioi)KlK
BiVr.BK.'Bfc; on Rwd that their campaign of anti-
Bj; Republican education is n piece of Mug-
j-,.,rj!; wump pettiness and co.'d personal malig-
HglsBK -r' nity, and that the public must weigh the
B jHf- iV radical distinction between Democracy and
Rr BP A' Republicanism, or tho victory of IMH1 will
BtBJ p he turned into a defeat surpassing in ca-
B Bw :f' lamlty any vision of Rryanism that shocked
B-' Bt the public mind tvo years ago.
: mm f
MP lis if Our Marines nt Sail Juan.
Br mS 'I Once more our navy has landed armed
b m? B2i' forces on tho Central American isthmus, in
Br lBr conlormity with a policy sanctioned by
Er &&?& long usazc and established by treaty.
B ! Unas under the treaty requirements of
WV Wis wKti 1S48. compelling us to keep open the com
'' WBti mercial route from Colon to I'anauia, that,
KK, nearly thlrteeu yuirs ago. our naval forces
'. BiBH' landed at hot Ii these points, and patrolled
bWBx'' the railroad. At that time insurgents had
V BwlBr' clobed tho route and were burning and
VvJbP plllagtti;; nt Colon. In the present In-
1 BuB? stance, too, an insurrectiou has been the
" vJ? BJ cauo of Commander I.t:i'T7.hV landing of
,EcBJ,. rocriucs from the Alert at San Juan del
f--IBpj Jff Sur, to protect our consular agency and
Bf "Si I American interests in general during a
mB? g battle delivered there.
? B S t 'e 'cst "0vs President Zclava's
8 B& : f force wero victorious, and were about to
f. Wf reoccupy San Juan del Sur, from which tho
B7' ' Insurgents had been driven, so that our
WLjjL forces could then bo withdrawn, nut the
"i Kl & revolt may not end with a single battle,
t IMF 'tl and the presence of the Alert is still needed
4 sp tUtrrv, Sho was ordered, we lelleve, to
KJ M make surtcys in the harbor of Rrlto, the
EL Ki j Pacific terminus of the Nicaragua Canal,
l$" Kfc- ' ucar "'I'll' "''a Sail Juan. At the Grey.
lav ffff. I?7 town eud of the cauul is, or lately was, the
B Bk fe gunboat Newport; but the rival forces
B B 'IS seem to havo concentrated on the Pacific
lr Bt' -m coast, near the Costa Itlcau frontier.
B Bti w "While the protection ot our consulate
j B (' was ground sufficient for Commander
Wfe- W LECTZE'sactlon, yet It may be well to point
BTKBfe-' v-' out ln T'0VT possible renewals of the
B"V&B? 'li conflict, tbat thirty years ago we made a
Wkf B" 'm compact regarding the protection of the
BKfBlr ,ti' Nicaragua Canal route analogous to the
Bf BO'll! one of fifty years ago with New Granada
K-. W i& relating to tbo Panama route.
BtiMBJMdBk The Dlcklnsou-Ayon treaty, ratified June
BBJBBBBBV SO, 1808, declares In Article XV. that
BBBBBBB "the Uulted States hereby agree to ex.
BflBBBfBa tend their protection to all such routes of
BBBBBjAWr communication as aforesaid, and to guar.
BJIdkBB aintea go neutrality and Innocent use of.
tho aaaie." Ajraln. after provision for
establishing free ports at each end of the
line. It Is added that "the United Statca
shall also be at liberty, on giving notlco to
the Government or authorities of Nica
ragua, to carry troops and munitions of
war ln their own vessels, or otherwise, to
either of said frco porta," provided they
aro not to be employed against Central
American nations friendly to Nicaragua.
In tho next article provision is made for
tho employment of our forces to protect
persons and property along: the canal route.
In case Nicaragua for any reason should
not so protect them, and even for so acting
without obtaining previous consent In the
exceptional case of unforeseen or Imminent
danger to tho Uvea or property of citizens
of the United States.
As a fact, in tho recent instance. Presi
dent Zelata notified Commander Lkdtzb
of tho approach of the Government troops,
and thereupon our marines wero landed.
President Zeulta's Government is also tho
only authority wo rccognlzo there, so that
our movements wero doubtless fully in
accord with his plans. But It has been well
to recall our treaty rights, since, tho canal
route Is well enough established to require
protection, which will grow more and more
Xioadcd ?
Referring to tho attitude of the Hon.
RicnAnn Franklin Pettiorkw of South
Dakota, upon the question of annexing
Hawaii, the Courier-Journal remarks :
"There It eome reason for the peculiar tenderness
about Mr. rrmiuw, He Is supposed to be loaded.
He has been to Hawaii, and has taken the opinion ot
the natlTes at to annexation. It It feared that some
of the reflations that he "III make may hare an
Impression on the mlidsof the people not farorable
to the Job which Ur. IUli anl his associates are try
leg to put through,"
Yes, Pettiobew has been to Hawaii.
That is beyond dispute.
Yet wo think that the Courier-Journal
docs not quite understand the Hawaiian
situation, so far as the great Pettigrew Is
concerned. He may bo loaded, but wc have
not heard that ln any well-Informed quar
ter there Is much apprehension concerning
any revelations that Ac may make.
Pettiorew Is on enterprising statesman.
He enjoys a personal acquaintance with tho
members of President Dole's administra
tion. Pettiqrew knows them, and they
know him.
Perhaps it Is not Pettiqrew that is
loaded, after all.
Lord Salisbury' Speech.
It Is evident from the speech mado by
Lord Salishury In the House ot Lords on
Tuesday, that England has retreated from
the position which she originally took
when sho named the conditions on which
sho would guarantee a loan to China. It
is also a fair inference from his words that
tho retreat was made because the British
Government feared to provoke a hostile
combination too strong to bo resisted. As
for the optimistic assurance that England's
Interests arc not threatened, but that all
which has been done by Russia and Ger
many will be for her advantage In the end,
we doubt If this will bo accepted by well
informed and far-seeing men, or even by
the bulk of the Premier's own followers.
Lord Salishuut admits that, in return
for guaranteeing a loan to China, he insist
ed upon the opening of certain new treaty
ports, Including Tallenwan. The motive
for designating Tallenwan is unmistaka
ble. That port, at present, has no trade,
and will not have until tho Russians shall
havo completed a branch railway from the
main Siberian line to Port Arthur. Rut, if
it were made a treaty port ln advance, it
would remain perpetually In Chinese hands
under the guarantee of the treaty powers,
and would thus constitute a serious ob
struction to Russia's design of acquiring
control of the Liao-Tungpeninsula. Tallen
wan would command the railway to Port
Arthur; a British fleet stationed at that
strategic coign of vantage would render
the railway useless to Russia in time of
war, und would isolate the naval fortress
of Port Arthur. Lord Salisbury and his
colleagues must have known, when they
made the demand at Pekln, with reference
to Tallenwan, that they were endeavoring
to thwart what has been ono of the main
objects of Russia's diplomacy in the far
East ever since the revision of the Shimo
nosekl treaty. They must havo contem
plated the possibility that Russia would
fight sooner than renounce her hope of
ftcnnirlnir the Liao-Trmir neninuln. nnrl. nt
tho time when Sir Michael Hicks-Beach
made his high-spirited declaration, they
must havo intended to oppose force by force.
It may, indeed, be said, and bos been said,
that the Rritish diplomatists asked for
more than they hoped to get, and that they
meant, from the first to withdraw the de
mand touching Tallenwan. as soon as China
should consent to the other conditions of a
loan prescribed by them. It is Impossible
to reconcile this view of the caso with the
assertion made by Sir Michael and also by
A. J. Dai.iour, that England would not al
low China to be pillaged, for the Llao-Tung
peninsula, bounding, as it does, the Gulf
of Pe-chl-li on one side. Is of vital mo
ment to the Chinese Empire. Moreover, It
docs not appear that In return for tho with
drawal of the demand concerning Tallen
wan, the Pekln Government has agreed to
the other conditions attached by England
to a loan. On the contrary, according to
the latest telegrams from China, the whole
plan ot accepting a loan from England has
fallen through. That Is to say, In spite of
the bold words uttered by Sir Michael
Hicks-Beach, the Salisbury Cabinet has
done nothing to frustrate the acquisitive
Intentions of Russia or of Germany,
May it not be said, however, that Eng
laud has obtained some compensatory ad
vantages for the territorial acquisitions
made by other powers f Lord Salisbdrt
tried to convince his hearers that she has
by declaring that Russia has promised
that, after arquirlng Tallenwan, sho
nill make it a free port, and that
Germany has given the same assur
ance with regard to Kiao Chou. Does
any one believe tbat the promise would be
kept after the completion of a railway had
enabled Russia to maintain a large army
In Liao-Tung, and after Port Arthur hod
been converted Into an impregnable naval
stronghold I Rnssla once bound herself
never to maintain vessels of war In the
Black Sea, but when, some fourteen years
later, a favorable conjuncture arrived, she
coolly informed the British Government
that she repudiated the obligation.
To any one who is capable ot judging
the future by the past, it must be patent
tbat, if the pillage of China Is to be
averted and the treaty rights of England
are to be preserved In their Integrity, the
work of prevention must be done tonday,
while Russia Is weak in the far East, and
while England and Japan, united, might
he roasters on both land and sea. Lord
Salisbury himself, in one part of his
speech, points ont how easy and common It
Is for what begins with a protectorate to
lapse Into annexation; We havelately seen
tho process accomplished In Tunis and
Madagascar. How, then, can Lord Balis
Dtmr doubt that the regions which will be
at first euphemistically described by Ger
many and Russia as spheres of Influenco
will ho eventually annoxed by those pow
ers! What, then, will beeomo of Eng
land's treaty rights with Chins, so far as
the territories thus annoxed are concerned I
On tho face ot Lord Salisbury's admis
sions, it seems clear that England has
backed down. Sho has backed down bo
cause she was afraid to face a combination
ot Russia, Germany, and France. That this
fear was operative may Iks deduced from
another passage of tho Premier's speech.
We refer to the significant words : "Thero
Is a much moro serious danger of overtax
ing our strength. However strong wo may
be, there Is a point beyond which our
strength does not go. It Is courage and
wisdom to exert tbat strength to Its attain
able limit, but madness and ruin to pass
it." Stress is laid, also, on the "extreme
Importance" of avoiding "tho rashness
which, more than onco in history, has been
the ruin ot nations as great and as power
ful as ourselves."
Caution Is a virtue, no doubt, in states
men, but it may bo carried to excess. An
American onlooker Is prompted to recall to
Lord Salisbury tho words ot Patrick
Henry: "They tell us, sir, that wo are
weak; but when shall wo be stronger I"
Will England be stronger in Chinese waters
when a railway shall have permitted Russia
to place a great land force In Manchuria,
when the Russian war fleet nt Port Arthur
shall have been doubled, and when Japan,
falling to receive the rest of tho Indemnity
due her from China, shall havo had to dis
band a great part ot her army and renounce
her plans for tho enlargement of her fleet!
Two Things Left Undone.
The Tammany administration has been
dilatory in the performance of two duties
laid down in the charter with a clearness
that forbids their being bundled with the
alleged uncertainties with which the char
ter Is charged on other points. Wo refer to
the appointment of an Art Commission, for
tho city at large, and a Landscape Archi
tect for tho Park Department. The ma
terial, we believe, from which tho Art
Commission Is to be made has been fur
nished to the Mayor ln tho manner pre
scribed, and still there is no commission.
Big as New York Is, it is, in tbo char
acter of its public monuments of all sorts,
ln the main crude. Inferior, laughable to
cities of earlier enlightenment, and unsat
isfactory, if not mortifying, to the mass
of Its inhabitants.
A similar, and, on the whole, more Im
portant duty imposed upon the Park Com
mission has been substantially neglected
also. In order to create In tho Park De
partment a bulwark ot real and permanent
strength for its peculinr and delicate prop
erty against the accidents of ignorance,
and of politics, there was put into the
charter a direction to the Park Board
to appoint a Landscape Architect, who
should be clothed with the right of de
ciding negatively upon any schemo of
park reconstruction or design. The intent
was to furnish to the city the guarantee
ot a professional reputation against the
misuse of park property, for which hith
erto the powers of reckless Commission
ers have been absolute and without re
straint. Yet, among the Park Board's
first moves was tho dismissal of the
only man In the department worthy
ot consideration for the place, Mr. Sam
rEL Parsons, the Superintendent, and a
somewhat shady appointment ns "land
scape gardener" of a member of the park
force whose credentials for such a post aro
scarcely more than a shadow. Mr. Rose,
who was appointed originally as a garden
er, wo believe, through the agency of tho
late Commissioner Stiles, has been asso
ciated mainly with flowers, which, how
ever beautiful, arc the last added and least
significant element of a park. Judged by a
letter which he wrote upon his appoint
ment, of the fundamental Ideas of park
making he is wholly ignorant. He bos no
professional reputation to lose. He is prob
ably wholly without the power or tho im
pulse of resistance to ignorance's nrbitrary
mal-adminlstratlon of the parks which the
charter intended that he should have.
And yet, what better guarantee of Inten
tion to follow the law in pood faith, and to
respect the public interest in all its vari
eties, could Tammany havo offered than the
address delivered by Mr. RicnARD CnoKEH
to the important members of the organiza
tion assembled on Jan. 21 :
"Let no man be unfaithful to his trust,
for should he be. he will not find a more
unrelenting and vigorous prosecutor than
will be the Tammany Hall organization.
Should any man attempt to Induce you by
threats or otherwise to disregard your
oaths of office and the interests of the
people, report the matter to the organiza
tion, and be he ever so Influential he will
bo punished. The organization is on trial."
More Ilevenuo Cutters Needed.
A bill pending in Congress authorizes
the construction of eight new revenue cut
ters. The proposed addition is large, but
seven out of tbecight are to be substitutes
for existing craft which, according toSecre
tary G aoe, should be "condemned and sold
as soon as it Is possible to replace them."
The Seward Is an old wooden side-wheeler,
" practically worn out, unseaworthy, and
not worth extenslvo repairs." The Mc.
Lane, which served as a gunboat in the
civil war, cost originally $30,000, while on
her repairs the sum of $113,278 has been
expended, and she Is ot obsoleto type. The
Colfax Is a side-wheeler of iron, wood,
sheathed, twenty-six years old, and not
worth a large repair outlay. The Bout
well, " owing to bad design, Is not now
and never was a seaworthy vessel." The
Washington and the Chandler are small
wooden tugs, acquired from the navy In
18GS. The Hamlin Is also a wooden tug
" past repairing," after an active service of
thirty-one years.
THie first cost of these seven vessels was
$233,100, and $300,018 has been expended
on repairing them. They are still used
because no others are available, rather than
because it Is true economy to patch them
up. The eighth vessel desired Is one of
special construction for the Columbia River
bar and the neighborhood. For the Yukon
a small craft Is to be furnished under a
different bill.
The period ot reconstruction has now
come for the revenue marine, as It came for
the navy fifteen years ago. Indeed, a few
modern Teasels have already been provided.
Bat when we see the great importance and
variety of the duties Imposed on the
revenue cutters, from sealing patrol work
in Behrlng Sea to the execution of the
quarantine and neutrality laws among the
Florida Keys, and of the customs and nart-
gatlon statutes along thousands of miles
of ocean and lake coast, there should be no
laek ot competent Teasels for these tasks.
As built and armed hereafter, they can also
become useful gunboats in case ot war.
The Senate In the Fifty-fourth Congress
passed bills for tho construction ot revenue
cutters for the Pacific and Gulf coasts, but
those blltsdld not reach a vote ln the House.
Tlio South and Brynnlsm.
Tho PopullsUof Georgia have called their
Stato Convention for March 10. This Is
three months In advance of tho time when
such conventions aro held usually In Geor
gia, and the haste is Interpreted by the
Atlanta Constitution as simply an attempt
of tho Populist leaders to magnify their
office, which will bo futile so far as concerns
tho votes of the rank and file ot the Georgia
Populists. These citizens, it says, "oppos
ing every phase of Republicanism," are un
willing " to throw any obstoclo In tho way
ot Democratic doctrine, provided only that
the doctrine be genuine," that is, strictly
according to the Chicago platform.
Tho ndvico ot tho Coruttffuf ton, however,
Is that the Democrats also shall start their
campaign as soon as practicable and nomi
nate a ticket so " genuinely Democratic"
that even the " irreconcilablcs among the
Populists" will havo no ground on which
to oppose It. Such a nomination will ac
tually be mode, says the Atlanta paper,
and "tbo Democrats confidently expect to
roll up a majority of 100,000" in tho cam
paign, " which, it Isconceded, will be one ot
the most enthusiastic, so faros the Demo
crats are concerned, that has taken place
slnco tho memorable campaign in the
The situation in Georgia, as thus de
scribed, seems to be similar to that in the
Southern States generally. Tho Middie-of-t
he-Road Populist leaders are seeking to
keep up their separate party organization
for their personal profit, but the great Pop
ulist voto is now in hearty accord with
"genuine Democratic doctrine" and In op
position to the Republican party. These
voters are ready to turn in eagerly to help
along. Brynnlsm by arraying tho solid
South behind It. Tho present "genuine"
Democracy suits them, their resistance
having been only to the sort In vogue be
fore the Chicago platform.
This means that political expediency will
dictate the running of the Democratic cam
paign of this year In every Stato of the
South on the Chicago platform strictly and
emphatically, and the sending of delega
tions to the National Democratic Conven
tion In 1000 which will be solidly and un
compromisingly for stralghtout Bryanlsm.
What a Spanish Minister may say of this
country is of small account comDsred to tho
fiendish atrocities of Spain's rale ln Cuba.
They ought to be stopped before even an Insult
!ng foreign Minister can boaent home.
Thn cold standard mused the $262,000,000
Clevelan 1 bond itsne. ..unH THorni.
This vigorous Hryanlto of Tennessee states
vi hut is not true, but one must acquit It of de
liberate misrepresentation. For tho ridiculous
falsehood, and miln prop of Repudiation, which
It has here adopted, it has the authority of prac
tically tho solid Cuckoo-MucwumD canp, which,
in order to force through their scheme for bank
currency, havo not hesitated to slander tho
national currency to the crave peril of the
cause of honest money itself.
The Cleveland bonds were caused mainly by
deficiency of revenue. If at the bejrlnnine of
Cletvel vxd'9 term tho revenue had equalled
the Kcdor.il expenses there would bavo been no
need of bonds. If Cleveland had bad a really
honest mind the unfortunato burdening ot tho
sound honest money with a load of a grossly
false accusation would have been prevented.
Major Roe. who yesterday became Major
Gen. Hoc to command tho troops of the Hmpiro
State, is a graduate of West Point, k good sol
dier, nnd possessed of the tense which perceives
the difference between tbo regnlar army and the
militia, and which, therefore, will alnaya tend
to raise the militia to Ibo regulars' level.
The aeronaut Si'encer has just passed
In a balloon from England to France, aieendlnc
at the I-ondon Crystal Palace, and ln a few
hours reaching lioulogne. This recalls tho first
balloon Journey over the Channel, an Ameri
can, Dr. Je Fines, bulug one of the two pioneer
voyagers ho attemptcJ It.
Dr. JkFPitiES and the professional BLANCllAnD
accomplished the feat ns long ago as January,
1785, only a year and a half after the first bal
loon was sent up to a height of 1,500 feet by the
Montooli'ikrs, the paper inaLera of Annonay.
nnd a littlo more than a year after Pilatre des
ItosiElis and the Marqnls D Amlandes made
the first aerial voyage of a balloon with passen
gers over tho roofs of Paris.
It eeems strango that, while in other depart
ments of human Invention the modern strides
havo been so prodigious, aeronautics have ac
complished comparatively little advance. Eren
tho journey across the Ilritish Channel has not
often been performed ln the last century, al
though much longer ones havo been achieved,
such as that of the balloon called the Touring
Club, from I'.wis !o Afen.adlstnnceof 375mlles,
tbat of the Ville d'Orleans which started from
Paris during tlio Franco-German war nnd was
carried to Nomny, and tbat of tho Gen. Cbanzy,
which brought up at a ton a in Bavaria. In
July, 1690, tho Torpllleur. with the famous
aeronaut. L'IIoste. and M. Maxoot, excited
much talk by starting from Cherbourg and
landing at London, tbe very point intended,
while only last year the Channel was again sue
cessfully crossed. Still, tho very fact thatoach
new performance of tho feat arouses public
Interest suggests tbe comparatively small ad
vance effected since the famous Channel Journey
ot 113 years ago.
Treatment GUes ( the Slarlie4 Ceslee er
Newspaper Seat to lllm.
Lixcolw, Neb., Feb. J9, Every mall brings
copies ot newspapers to W. J. Bryan. Most of
these papers contain complimentary notices
of Mr. Bryan or editorials about his speeches,
and tbe articles are Invariably marked with a
blue pencil fo that Mr. Bryan shall have no
difficulty In finding tbem. It nil! pain some ot
tbe senders tn learn that the newspaper mall Is
rot tken to Mr, Bryan's house, but is dumped
on tbe Moor of a vacant room ln Ibe rear of his
o 111 co dountoun. When to or three bueheia
of the papers havo aciumulated they are sold
to a dealer In old paper, tho wrappers not being
remote! and Sir. Ilrjan not taking tbe trouble
even to have the matter looked oter Mcond
hand. It ould appear that though Mr. Bryan
Is ery anxious to receive all the newspaper
advertising bo can get and thoroughly appre
ciates tbe value of pre,s notices, be does not
caro to spend any time In examining tho compli
mentary matter.
Mexican Manilla Crowere Have m CrieTaaee.
Tampico. Mexico, Feb. 9. Tbe vanilla growers
of Moxlco have Issued a statement to the public.
In which they allege that the New York vanilla
dealers have entered Into a conspiracy against
tbem. Tbe growers say tbat the vanilla crop In
Mexico will not reach 3VQO0 pounds. Including
damaged pods, and thai t.s reduced crop will
occur for several years to come. They also al
leles tbat several of tbe New York vanilla specu
la! ore adulterate the Mexican vanilla and pass
It off as genuine Mexican vanilla: also tbat these
speculators eren utlllie the empty ease in
which tho Mexican vanilla is packed, refilling
tbem with Inferior vanilla from other countries.
A Men Hia4 l rarlr.
m Ut4 JLIloMtm Contlituttou.
The ereklaole party siren by Xlas Mary XcOaogaey
on Triday evening at ber home oa Whitehall street tn
boner ot Ifiw llatUe Moore was aa ootnloa ot ns-
asaal platssia.
Beastxralle Blterceaelea Which attract At
(entlesk Auiaxt, Feb. 0. There aro fourteen Demo
crats In the present State Senate, and not one of
them comes from a district north ot the boun
dary line between the city ot New York and the
city of Yonkera. There are sixty-nine Demo
crats in the Assembly, and tho overwhelming
majority ot them come from what is known as
"down the river" districts. Several Demo
crats were chosen because ot Republican divis
ion or disaffection In districts hardly ever car
ried by the Democrats. There is. for instance, a
Democratic representative ot Cortland county,
the first almost In the memory cf tho oldest Cap
itol statesman. Cortland Is ono of thn solid Ro
publican counties. but, with two Republicans in
the field for Assemblyman, this year it went Dem
ocratic Another strong Republican county
which has a Democratic Assemblyman Is Clin
ten, which gaveOov. Black more than 2,800 ma
jority in 1890. Thero Is a Democratic repre
sentative, too, from Schenectady, which Black
carried by nearly 1,000. and hlch went repub
lican on tho State ticket this year. Niagara
county gave a Republican majority last year of
1.600. but this year, through party divisions. It
has two Democratic Assemblymen.
Ono vlslblo result of the Brynnlte canvass
and of tbe identification of tho Democratic party
In New York with tho Populists, tho Farmers'
Alliance men. the Greonbackers. and the "Ad
vanccd Prohlbltlonlsta," has been to diminish it
not demolish tho Democratic lend In the laree
cities, and to bring to tho Democratic column
many voters in tho farming districts, former
Oreenbackers or Populists, for whom the 10-to-l
fallacy has many of tbe rbarms which formerly
attended the attractive issue ot "Inflation"
cheap money and dobts easily paid. Tlio success
ot tbo Democrats In somo isolated districts ot
the forming sections of tho State at last year's
election, ln constituencies herotoforo Republican,
led these Democratic representatives to believe
that tho preference of tbo voters for them and
for the Democratic party mnr be mado perma
nent. They resisted, therefore, tho selection of a
New York city man as Democratic leader, have
withheld their support from inanr Democratic
measures, nnd seem Inclined to Insist that tho
policy of tho party in tho State should bo shaped
with some reference to tholr views and should
not bo wholly subordinated tn tho demand of
New York city Democrats. Thcso "up State"
Democrats naturally ralso objections to the
leadership of Grady In tho Scnito nnd Don
nelly ln tho Assembly.
The hold of the Democracy has been rudely
shaken In all the largo cities of the Stale, nnd
In tboeof them which bavo not become lteoub
llc.in tho former Democratic majorities baro
been greatly reduced. To offset such testes,
which seem tn be one of the inevitable political
pcnnltiea of the support of Bryau ln lSUtt. gnlhs
must bo made and recruits ercurcd ln districts
such ns thoe now represented by tho coterie of
"up Stato" Democrats, who aro to bo found
criticising tho leadership In no uneertnln Inn
gunge and in no mild terms of Senator tlradv and
Assemblyman Donnelly. Tho latter is not yet
23 years of age. Tho post of Assemblyman Is
bis first office. Ho has little acqualntanco up
tho State, except such as has been derived from
fntcrcourso with member during two previous
sessions. In both of which tho "up State" Demo
crats were practically unrepresented.
The Democrats of the "down the river" dis
tricts who are for rolling up b'.g majorities in
tho cities In disregard of the noed of "doing
something for silver," and who wish to talk
about tho Excise law nnd tho gitomo tiustsand
the Iniquities of rural Kcpublicans. aro at odds
with tbo "upstate" Democrats who nro moro
intcrestel in tho canals than in thu aioois, in
the rovt question than in tlio prutended war
fare against trusts, nnd In tho sllor question
ns n solution of ills than In any other, nnd to
reconcile tho difficulties now growing greater
between the two groups will require moro or
less tact and diplomacy.
ovn I'onr.icx thade.
Lartre Increase In the Value nr.Biports or a
rlcnltuial Produeta.
Washington-, Feb. t. The Department of
Agriculture Issued jestcrday bulletin No. 10.
It treats ot the nation's foreign trade in agri
cultural products. The report shows total ex
ports for the fiscal year 1S97 amounting in
value to l.O32.O07.G03. This outstrip all pre
vious records. Of the total 00.1 per cent., or
06!,7M.103. had its origin in agriculture, a
gain over lS'.ld ot Sllo.O-'iii.'Ji'.t. or nbout 20
per cent. Tho'total imports for the year were
in value S7U4.730.-11-2. ot which -IO0.71,46?,
or 52.42 per cent., was represented by agricul
tural products This is an increase ol nearly
t10.C00.ot0 over the record of liH, and U ex
plained, the bulletin saj s, by extraordinary im
portations of raw sugar nnd of wool in anticipa
tion of the new tariff. Wool imports showed
an Increase of $20,000,000 o er l?si(i. and sugar
of 10,000.000 over that year. There was n
falling off in all other agricultural imports, be
causo of tho successful prorogation here of cer
tain products wo were formerly obliged to pur
chase elsewhere.
Of the articles exported which show tho great
est increase cotton Is mentioned first. In lp(!
the total export of cotton was 2,33.",2'-i,35
pounds. In lbl)7 It was 3.103,75l.M!t pounds,
an increase of 7i.."2.5t pounds. Wheat
comes next. The record is 7!i,SU2,020 bushels,
agnlnst GO.G50.0-0 for l-9i!. The price also
was better. The neracc ln lfJG was 05.5
cents. I-nt yeir it was 75.3 centf. Thero was
a slight filling off In the eports of wheat Hour,
but tho prlco obtained for It advanced froai
?3.50 a barrel to J3.-.4 n. barrel, nnd tho tots! re
ceipts ahow on mcrcaoof nearlr s3.!i00.000
The total eNrort of Indian corn amounted to
17tl.010.3il5 buhhels. an increase of mon- than
75.0O0.0O0 oer 1-1)0, and despite a decline in
price from 37.8 cents to 30,tl cent, the amount
received for tbe product showed an Increase of
about $17,000,000. At thn same time tbo ex
port of cornnien! was nearlr doubled, the rec
ord bing 475.2t:3 barrels In 1U117. ags-lnst 27U.
895 In l-flO. Of other cereals, the shii ment of
oats show an incrcaa of22.000.00o bushels,
of barley nn increase of ncrl 13.000.000 hush
els, and of ryo an increase of nearly 8.000,000
bushels. The total export of breadstuff
amounted ln value to el!J7. -157,210, r.gainit
S141.350,att3 In 1S90. an Increaao of $50,
900,2211. Too exports of flaxseed Increased from 80.453
bushels, valued nt 73,207, to 4,713,747 bushels,
valued at W.850.35.
Tho bulletin shows Important ;ralns In tho
export of cattle, horses, fresh l-ecf, bams, bacon,
butter, and cheese. In lp'JI! the export of cattlo
amounted to 372,401 head. Last year it amount
ed to 3!2.1IK). Horses, l0(i. 25,120; 1S07.
30.532. Tho exportation of fresh beef incn-a-cil
from 224.7b3.225 to 2!0,3!5,1I3(. The exports
of bacon increased from 425,352,1 S7 pounds io
500.390.448 pounds. Tho Increase ln tbe ex
ports of bultcr and cheeso was in about the
tamo proportion.
Tbo record of fruit exportation shows nn
Increase In values from j5,535,783 to 7,013..
The bulletin shows reduction In exports of
canned beef, salted and pickled beef, pickled
pork, bides, skin, nnd sheep.
ma ij?.v5 for tub mani.ASDs.
The Tnla Ltchla ta Dp Replaced br aa Elec
tric Deaeoa Visible ririy Mile at Sea.
WasniNOTOM, Feb. 9. The Lighthouse Board
has finally decided what It will do with the
great French lens with which experiments bavo
been made at the Staten Island depot. It is to
be placed In one of the big lighthouses at tho
Highlands, where its rays can sparklo far out
on tbe ocean without danger of blinding the
, skippers approaching tbo Sandy Hook channel.
It was agreed by tbe board some time ago that
this powerful lens should be placed in tbo light
house at Barnrgat, which has always been re
garded as the most important station on the
coast next to Fire Island, but further considera
tion has led to the new conclusion.
Mariners generally protested against placing
thx light anywhere In the lower harbor of New
York, nnd experiments with the lens at Suten
Island demonstrated that It was too powerful
for such use. nnd would he a detriment rather
thn an aid to commerce if so employed. The
onlv place where Its full power can be used
profitably Is some point on the coast where
thero Is a great extent ot water for the light to
play over. Foryearstbo twin HIghlandsTlghts
hare been notable to mariners approaching New
York. The LUbtbbouse Board believes that
with the great electric light at the High
lands there can be no possibility of error
by skippers, who hare sometimes mistaken
tbe Highlands lights for either tbo light ves
sels or some other light station, Tho board
says tbat with the light ln operation the en
trance to New York harbor can be noted by
captains fifty miles away. It will be necessary
to construct electric apparatus for working the
light. No other lighthouse on the coast displays
an electric light. If this Is a success and can be
molntalneo economically, other first-class light
stations will be equipped with electrical power.
Artaer far the Battleship.
WajmrOTO!r, Feb. 0. In accordance with tbe
decision ot the Naval Affairs Committee yester
day, an amendment to the Naval Appropriation
bill was to-day reported to the Senate author
ising the purchase of armor for the battleships
Illinois. Alabama and Wisconsin, now building,
at (Hpo per ton. Tbe price fixed by the present
law was 300 per ton.
Th Fasaans Dentist rretJdrs far a Dental In.
stltnte la rhltaelelnhla.
PniLAnBtrntA, Feb. 0. The provisions of the
will of tho late Dr. Thonlaa W. Evans the
American dentist who died tn Paris, were made
public in this city to-day by Mayor Warwick,
who obtained a copy ot tho instrument from
Morgan, Ilarjcs & Co. Under tho terms of a
bequest for tbe erection and endowment of a
building In 1'hlladclphla to bo known as "The
Thomas W. Evans Museum and Dental Insti
tute," a certificate of Incorporation was filed
to-day for an association to carry out tho ob
jects of the bequest. The Incorporators are
Charles F. Warwick, Edward Morrol), Dr. Wil
liam Pepper, W. W. Frailer. John II, Converse,
Daniel Baugb. Justus C. Strawbridge. Peter A.
B. Wldener. Wlllltm L. Klkln. W. W. Foulk
rod, George C. Thomas, Samuel Dickson and J.
Levering Jones.
Tlio copr of the will In Mayor Warwick's
possession is dnted at Davos-Platr. Switzerland,
Aug. 20, 1390. It appoints us executors Cnarles
F. Mtiller, William Hrberton-Wilson of Phlla.
dolphin, Horace S. Kly of New York nnd Ed
ward A. Crano and Arthur E. Valols of Paris.
France. ... ...
Tho will directs that tlio testator a body shall
be interred in Woodlands Cemetery, this city,
and that a monument not to exceed $200,000
In cost, be erected over bis grave. A consider
able amount ot property and $500,000 in cash
or bonds Is bequeathed to his widow, Agnes
Doylo Evans, There are a score ot minor be
quests. Tho will gives to his nephew, Theodore W.
Evans, bis professional business of dentistry
nnd cllentole attachod to It In Paris. It cuts oft
another nephew. John Henry Evans, "after ma
ture reflection and for reasons as well known to
the said John Henry Evans ns to mo."
After mentioning the treat desire of his life
to found a memorial institution In his native
Stato in which to deposit bis collection of man
uscrlpts, letters, books, royal Insignia, and
other personal possessions, tho win says tho
residuary estate is given to tho Thomas .
Evans Museum and Institute Society. Tbe will
"I direct that said corporation shall continue
to caro on under the same" regbno aa estab
lished by mo any museum und Institute which
may hot o been founded by me at tbe city of
Philadelphia, ln the State of Pennsylvania
aforesaid. ,
"In caso no such museum or institute shall
havo been founded by mo before my death. 1
direct the said corporation to use tho property
situated at tho corner of Sprueoand Fortieth
street, in West Philadelphia, city of Philadel
phia, nnd Statn of Pennsylvania aforesaid.
which is the properly where my dear father and
raothir lived and died, nnd where I myself was
reared as a boy, and mv sister and husband
dim!, together with all grounds touching or
adjoining said property which I may havo
bought during my llf-. or of which 1 may bo
possessed nt the tlmo of my death.
"And for tho purpose of such musum and In
stitute I direct that upon said property and said
touchlmr or adjoining additions wild corpora
tion shall erect sufficient and suitable buildings,
fireproof nnd burglar-proof, of artistic nnd re
fined beauty, to bo called Tho Thomns W.
Kwinn Museum and Dental Institute.'
After nutklnir certain directions for the man
ngement of the museum, the will provides that
ln tho event of any legal obstruction which
would render tho purpose of his public bequest
told, tho residue of his estate shall go instead
to tho following persons absolutely:
'Charloi F. Sluller. my nepnew, Philadel
phia; Horace S. Ely, my agent. New York; Dr.
Edward A. Crone. Paris; Arthur E. Valols,
Paris: William Ilebcrton. my nephew by mar
riago, Philadelphia; ThomaB Wilson, architect,
Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, tbe survivors
or survivor of them, their heirs, executors, ad
ministrators ur assigns, absolutely and for
eer." subject to certain reservations mentioned
in tbe body ot the instrument. It is provided
that In the event of a contest raised by any
legatco under the will, tho inheritance of such
legatco shull bo forfeited. The last clause in
the will reads:
"In the ct ent that tho decorations I have
lieen honored with during my life, the royal
presents I bavo received and all tho original
correspondence 1 have with royal and other
distinguished person, all autographs of same,
all objects of art. all my manuscripts, memoirs.
Jewels, books and otnor works referred to in
section primo. Article XVI.. of my will, all not
Slaccl and kept in the Thomas W. Evans
luseuui and Dental Institute" at Philadelphia,
for any reason whatsoever. I desire the same
to be placed .rod kept in the Smithsonian Insti
tution at Washington. D. C. U. S. A."
Its Opponents Meet ana Deride ta Dentf a
Comtnlttre ta Albany.
Imrsuant to a recent call thero met ln the
rooms of the Transportation Club, Hotel Man
hattan, last .night, representatives of a number
of free dispensaries in New York, to take action
on the Sullivan bill, now pending at Albany,
which places free dispensaries under thj direct
control of tho StateJJoard of Charities. The bill
was introduced in tho Legislature at the In
stanco of a large number of physicians, with a
view to preventing the alleged abuse of free
J. G. Cannon was elected permanent Presi
dent at tbe meeting last evening, and Charles
M. Earlo Secretary. It was agreed that tho
organization should bo maintained until the
fate ol tho bill bad been decided, and that
every means should be used to secure Its de
teat. The general tenor of the discussion was
tn the effect that under the provisions of tho
bill the dispensaries would be deprived of tbo
right of self -got crnnient and that licenses,
after having been granted by the State Board
of Charities, could be revoked at any time tho
board deemed it advisable.
After suggestions were mado as to amend
ments. Dr. D. li. St. John Hoosa, President of
tho Post-Craduato Medical School and Hospi
tal, argued for an unequivocal opposition to
the measure. Ho characterized it as an im
pudent effort to ta.o charge of tbe free dis
Iwtisarics and dictate to men of extended ex
perience tho manner in which these dispen
s.iries thould br conducted.
Dr. Wickcs Washburn, who, as a representa
tive of tho County Sledlcnl Society, hod much
to do with the formulation of the act, was
called upon to defend tbe measure. He read
retorts of Investigations which showed tbat
fully 55 per cent, of tho people treated nt the
free dispensaries were able to pay. Dr. Wash
burn's arguments and figures were laugbed at.
One gentleman, who refused to give bis name,
said that he would not trust the state Board of
Charities, although ho was well acquainted
with all of its members.
"Oh. that bill will never pass." said Dr. ,. B.
Mcding, "for it is In tbe hands of Dr. ltoosa,
nnd he can kill it If he wanti to. Why, Dr.
ltoosa has tho Legislature under his thumb."
A motion to appoint n committee of five to
appear nt Albanv at .i hearing before the As
sembly committee on Feb. Ill was carried with
only two dissenting otes. The dissenters were
Dr. Julius Weiss, representing the cast side dis
pensaries, and Dr. Alexander Hodden, repre
senting tho northeastern dispensaries.
"If ou gentlemen ieprcent dispensaries
that are guilty of abuses, why don't you correct
them I" asked ono physician.
"Wo do not believe wo are guilty of abuses,"
6p!c1 Dr. Weiss, "but wo are perfectly willing
to stand tho tesl'cf investigation, and if we are
In the wrong to be closed out of business. We
bellco thero arc abuses and we want them cor
reeled, no mutter who suffers."
Funds will bo raised to fight the bill, and a
largo de'egat Ion will accompany the committee
to Albany.
Two Mound, ta Vtblrb 3an Canaal Become
1 rezi thr Atlanta Constitution.
When Joseph Henry Lumpkin was Chief Jus
tlce of Ibo Mate n case was brought up from
Columbus in which a wealthy citizen asked for
an injunction to prevent the eonstruct'on of a
planing mill across tbe street, very near his
palatial residence. His grounds for complaint
consisted chiefly ln tbe proposition that tho
noise of the mill would wake him too early in
the morning
" Let tho mill bo built," said tho Chief Justice
in rendering his decision; "let Haw heels be put
In motion. The progress of machinery must not
bo stopped Insult the whims or the fears of any
man. Complainant's fears are Imaginary. The
sound of tbe nncblnery will not be a nuisance.
On tbo contrary, It will prove a lullaby. In.
deed, I know of but two sounds In all nature
tbat a man cannot become reconciled to, and
they are the bra) ng of an ass and tbe tongue of
a scolding woman!"
Kind friend,.
Jrput tht lit Prre AVirs
When Mrs. Kittle Ppafford of Green Bay
opened a boarding bonso In new quarters a
short timo ago bhe remarked: "All I need now is
a cow." I.asi night ber doorb:ll rang. On open
ingthe door she found n large number of her
friend outside. One of the party placed in her
hand a rote, nt the other cud of which was the
best con in the tourket. A, C. Hathaway made
tbo presentation speech. Introducing tbe "new
boarder, . load of bay and other fodder fol
lowed; and cten a milking stool was not forgot
ten. Mrs. Spifford was well-nigh overcome)
with astonishment. The party was admitted
and sat down to a picnic supper. Among those
present were Messrs. and Mesdamea Hathaway,
llerties, I pp, shewmon, iloertell. M. Joannes.
Thomas Joannes, Barclay, btokes, and Dous
man, tbe latter from De Pere,
Keen Ceal I
To rut Eorroa or Tnr Ret Sir Americans are all
cooked to death superheated partmeau. super
heated rsll and rati ears, superheated theatres, sa
perbeated opera bouse. What a tblo-Wooded race I
doomed to aa early extinction. Let Tax Bra's rays so
shtae oa all snea aad women that tbey may fcaow
their cad It this paxbotlUc etatlaaes.
Medical Analysis at the Spirit ar Jealoasj by
a Marlled British Doctar.
from te Lanctt.
Among the multitudinous nnd multifarious
cases of disease reported year after year In tbe
columns of tho Xaneef I havo not seen a caso ot
that very old and commonplaco complaint, Jenl
ousy or "spirit of jealousy," as It Is named In
tbo Scriptures, where tt Is fully described nnd
treated. I would therefore ask permission to
mention a caso that has come under my care.
Somo years ago I was requested to visit a lady
who It was represented to mo was very 111, and
who consequently required Immediate attention. '
On entering tho houe I was shown into tbo so
called sick room. In which there were throe per
sons, all of whom seemed to mo to be In good
health. There wro present an old lady (the
owner ot tbo house) and her daughter, who had
arrived a few days previously from a neighbor
ing county to spend two or three weeks wim
her mother, nnd the daughter's husband, whose
visit was onlv to be for a day or two.
Tho man was about 35 years of axe, small
in stature, swarthy In comploxlon, and plain
looking. The wife was a striking contrast to
her husband. Sho was rather toll, remarkably
fair and, handsome, and was n few years young
cr than her good man. After taking a seat I
asked which ot thorn was tho patient, but no
answer having been given to my Iniulrv I
asked again. Then tho joungcr lady with
pome hesitation said: "I am the not lent and my
complaint is Icalousr. 1 am jealous of my
husband, and If you do not giro mo something
to relieve me I shall go out of my mind" This ac
cusation against the little man seemed to me to
be most ridiculous: Indeed. I could not help
thinking that If tho accuser had been tbe ac
cused It would havo been more in the nature of
things. I assured tho lady I was cxtrcmclv sor
ry for her, the more so that I was quite Incom
petent to treat such a voe. However, I ml
vised that a wise mutual friend should be con
sulted who would make thlnga pleasant be
tween husband and wife, for that ln all proba
bility thero wore no grounds for her suspicion-!.
Tbo husband protested his innocence nnd do- I
clarcd thero was no cause whatever for her ac
cusations. The wife persisted ln rcltcratlnj j
them, nnd so tho wrangle went on till suddcnlr I
sho fell from her chair on the fioor In a lit, the I
spasmodic movements of which were mi strange 1
and varied that it would tie almost Impossible '
to describe them. At one moment the patient
was extended at full length with her liodr
arched forwanl In n state of opisthotonos. Tho
next minute she was in a sitting position with
the legs drawn up. making whiiu her hands
clutched her throat n guttural noise. Then
sno wouui nrow nerscii on ncr uacKnnu inrust
her arms nnd legs about to tho no small danger
of thoso around her. Then becoming comnara
tlvcly quet and supine she would quiver all
over, while her eyelids trembled with great ra
pidity. This state perhaps would bo followed
by general convulsive movements In which she
would put herself into the most grotesque pos
tures nnd mnko the most unlovely grimaces.
At last the fit ended, nnd exhausted and ln
tears she was put to bed. Tbo patient was a
lithe, muscular woman, and to restrain her
movements during tbe attack witn the assist
ance at band was a matter ot impossibility, so
all that could be dono was to prevent her Injur
ing herself and to sprinkle her freely with cold
water. The after treatment was more geo
grtphlcal than medical. The husband ceased
do.'ng business in a certain town where the ob
ject of bis wife's suspicions Urcd. He was
enabled to do so by the kindness of a friend
who exchanged part ot his district with him.
This was not a case of epilepsy, for the mus
cular spasms ot tbe patient were not exactly
similar to those of that disease. Besides, there
was no foaming at the mouth, or biting ot the
tongue, and consciousness was not, I think, at
any time fully at abeyance, as is tbe case la
epilepsy. The attack was a well-developed hys
terical fit, with a good deal of cataleptic rigidi
ty of the muscles. The fit was not the disease,
but It was the symptom or manifestation of a
mind diseased or deranged, the state of the
mind being the result of the woman's broodings
over ber real or imaginary wrongs. When the
mind of a sensitive person is fixed on an all
absorbing subject like that ot jealousy, it may
became unhinged, and when this Is the case the
brain may. I think, occasionally relieve itself
by explosions ot more or less uncontrollable and
misdirected muscular energy. It lets oft steam,
and perhaps ptevents the boiler from bursting.
But jealousy frequently assumes a violent anl
destructive character, for as the wisest of the
sons of men says: "Jealousy Is cruel as the
grave: the cools thereof are coals of fire which
hath a most vehement flame," Not long after
the above case caroo under my notice I read ln
the Standard newspaper an account of three
murders, each attributed to jealousy.
Again. Jealousy In an unobtrusive form may
be found influencing tho course of many dis
eases, nnd sometimes it may take such a deep
hold on the mind of a patient that it mar ba
considered the disease itself. It Is not often,
howe er, that a female patient will reveal to a
third person tho cause of her mental deprcs-
slon. loss of sleep and appetite, and her un- 1
willingness to leave her room and resume out- j
door exercise. A husband may throw soma 1
light on n case that is making little or no prog- 1
ress toward recovery. I have had cases tllus- I
trative of this kind of jealousy, and have had 1
one lately, and this I know, that ln treating ij
them a man requires to be a diplomatist as well 3
as a physician. 2
riratee er tbe Pyramids. I
Ftom tht SpXinx.
In taking the visitor to tbe top the rascals 'i
wait till they get him about bait way up on some 3
particularly "skecry" portion of the ascent. A
obviously what the latter-day novelists call the I
psychological moment, and maki a unanimous I
demand for baksheesh. One does not feel like H
begrudging n few piastres at such a momeut. M
Your glance strays uneasily down tho appalling
length nnd breadth of that huge, steep stairway
ot Jagged boulders, and you sbudderlngly won-
der bow many piastres it would take for re-
pairs to your anatomy if you vero to take
an impromptu toboggan slide to the bottom.
To keep up their enthusiasm and give them H
an object in getting you back alive you promise
them something. ou find tho whole village
waiting for you with open palms at the bottom.
They swarm over j ou Hko Siberian wolves on a
belated traveller, whine and bully you out of
all your change, your last cigarette, everything
you've get, and then nearly mob you for nor,
having more. You shake off the last of your
pursuers at the door of the hotel, pull yourself
together with a sigh of relief, and Journey home-
ward, vowing that things will be largely other- "
wise and better managed before you appear m
amul tbe pyramids again.
t'arelsn Xotaa or Real Interest. H
An abandoned railroad tannel runntnc for a mile ffl
nnder tbe streets of Edinburgh hss teen used for U
some yean as amuthroom farm. It turns out nearlr H
5,000 pounds of mushrooms a month, and has put aa H
end to tbe Importation ot fcre'ga mushrooms to H
Edinburgh. B
Berlin boasts of 2,0V millionaires, reckoned on the H
basis of Incomes that would represent a capital ct H
1.000,000 marks, Ihst b, (9,030 a year. Only 1,103
of these, bow ever, actually bare tbe $230,000 of csp- H
Its!: seventy-eight hare 2,000,000 marks or oier, ni H
only nro bare tbe 20,000,000 marks tbat would H
make tbem mlllloi.alrcs Ib England. H
An experiment lu coaling the new battleship at H
Portsmouth, using their own crews only, was not H
trj suecestful. Tboujh tbe Mars shipped Its full H
complement of 1,000 tons In nine hours anl ta H
Prince George Its 830 tons In six, tbe )IsJrt!c took
twelre hours to put tn S73 of tbe 1,020 tons It " H
quired, and tbe Resolution eleven hours for 700 loos H
out of l,zC3 needed. H
ParU Is thinking of cutting down tbe trees on tbe H
strip of lilanl projecting down stream from tbe HJ
Pont Keuf behind the statue or Henry IV , and set H
t'.ng up a monument iDstead In the shspeof a ttoas H
construction repretentlug tbe "vessel of Lulftls -a H
tbe city arms. Astberl'er often overflows tbo point H
of land, tbe city motto on the vessel, -fiueluol
meroffwr," seems Inappropriate. H
Egypt's population, aceordlug to thseenius tasea H
last June, Is P.730.C00. more tban double the pou,a- H
tlon la lb4S. Tbe foreign residents are 112 JO' of
these SS.OciO are Greeks, 24,300 IialUni. lk3 9
Britisher. Including tbe army of uceupitton, set H
14,000 French subjects. Including Aljerlsrs sal
Tunisians. Twelve per cent of tbe cailre ms.c cm
read and writes Ibe otter Ezyptlsos are Illiterate. H
Cairo has 370,000 Inhabitants, Alezsnlru 'A
Port bald 42,000, and hues 17,000 H
This year's crop of centennial celebrsttoci In 1 dea M
observations of tbe four hundredth annlierstrl') of
VaecodeUania's discovery cf the wy lolnd al'j H
of theCspeof flood Hope, at Lisbon Id Ms ' I
burning of bavonarola at Florence, also In U sl
of tbeLlrtbof Holbstn at nasi), InSwIiierlsnJ ' jfl
pelller will celebrate tbe hundred th hirtbl.T ''' H
philosopher Augusts Comte, Ancons thst Mr "
Leopariil, who was torn at Ke-tnstl, clss r "-1 JM
Parts that of Michel tt. tbe historian H
Cleraeneo Iiaurt, tbe Provencal poetesi sod f'-J '"' H
of the Jm durum- tbat are still Ibe prtle I ' ' H
louse, has been wiped out of exutsuce i y an f " U
tire German named Itoschscb. After examtnici 9
arrtlses ot southern France, be declares (cat ttr J
aevrrwas a person named CMiuencu Issure "t HJ
tbensme first became generally known ibn-ut a 1
poem of Piortin's a hundred years ago ttat l'e H
Jtiu toraur, of wblctt tbe earliest taeord be 'S3 flu 1 JH
was In I4H. were originally In honor of itvirg!a
Mary, rirpo rlnwas, dniaa Clanrmio, and tbst Ibe MJ
nam Issure was flrst added la the following ceo- HJ
tary, Tbe original of tbe latter U a Dame Dertrande JH
TsaLguler, wtoee arms were appropriated by tae HJ
tnagUtratas ot Tactions became tary bon a culrta BJ
fin, BJ
- lli&Xai&rM aCaaaWl

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