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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, February 11, 1898, Image 6

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H FIIIDAT, FKHUUAUY 11, 180S.
If
(ML akeerlpllon by Mall. Poit.rld.
SMf PAILY, per Month "
.)K . DAILY, per Year
1S" nUKDAY. per Yr o o
&B DAILY ASP BUNDAY, per Yer "O
ftft DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Month o
j Postage to foreign countries added.
fft Tnic Sex, Sew York City.
5W
H, Psus Klosqno No. IS, near Grand Hotel, and
S sjoeque No. 10, Boulevard des Capuotnes.
B V our frltndt wtto favor v sella manuicrtptt for
X jmMical'on rUh to have rejected articles returned,
S they mutt in all tatet eind stampstor that pvrpott.
m New York In 1808.
JR On the 8th of next November the citizens
m- of this State will ho called upon to elect
S n Governor In plnco of Fiiamc S. Black
m for tho term of two years, a Lieutenant-
W Governor In place of Timothy L. Wood-
K ItUFr for a like period, n Secretary of State,
Mfc a Comptroller, a Stato Engineer, a State
JK Treasurer, an Attorney-General, a Congress
, delegation of thirty-four, and a complete
legislature In both branches, fifty Senators
L and one hundred and fifty Assemblymen.
IF. No such election for State officers, using
that phraso In Its broadest senso, has been
held In Now York for fifty years. Its Im-
jf. portance Is still further enhanced by the
St clrcumstanco that tho Legislature to bo
W elected In Novcmbor Is to chooso In Janu-
II "7n United States Senator. Moreover,
m never before In tho history of our Stato
Of' politics for half a century has a Congress
ft delegation and a Stato Legislature, In both
Jm branches, been elected on tho samo day.
mt Tho Issues of this momentous election,
A fortunately, will not ho obscured or per-
M verted by the Introduction of any purely
M local and municipal questions. Under tho
M Constitution and by legislative act munlci-
f pal elections occurred last November In
X Now York and Brooklyn and In other cities
wL of tho State.
M Tho field Is clear, therefore, for a cam-
M ' palgn In which largo national Issues will
absorb tho attention of tho people, and
Wt when all petty questions raised by local
' factional disputes will bo burled out of
2L sight. Such grave questions will compol a
Jr dignity of discussion, making Intolerable
tho paltry efforts of mean spirits to turn
SE the campaign Into bickering over purely
?H personal matters wholly foreign to It.
Uf It will be a campaign to determine no
if, question of personal supremacy, but to
'M, establish New York's position In tho poll-
m tics of this republic for many years to
come; to detcrmlno whether tho Empire
Mt State shall continue to bo at tho head of
Wi. - the column of enlightened and progressive
'ffl States, or shall bo turned over as tho ally
W of tho political forces which are seeking to
sS strike down our national credit and conse-
,jj quently our prosperity.
rat Tho voters, therefore, will bo called upon
4 next November to detcrmlno tho whole
fjM political character of tho Empire State,
lrE as it is represented at both Albany and
I'-fS1 Washington.
kM - English Nonconformists and Irish
'M ' Nationalists.
i ' Tho progress of events has shown that
the Judgment in the O'Shea dlvorco case
placed tho Irish Nationalists between tho
devil and the deep sea. Tho English Non
conformists at once protested against polit
ical affiliation with a party, tho leader of
which had been proved guilty of adultery.
Mr. Gladstone felt constrained to heed
tho protest of men who constituted an In
dispensable part of his following in Eng
land. On the other hand, it was certain
that tho Nonconformists would equally op
poso affiliation with a party controlled by
the Irish-Catholic hierarchy. There was no
via media, no way of cscapo from the al
ternative, for, although Mr. Paiinixx, was
a Protestant, no other Protestant was
known to be capablo of governing the Cath
olic masses of tho Irish party.
Under tho circumstances, Mr. Gladstone
and n majority of tho Nationalist members
of Parliament adopted tho course of parry
ing the Immediate danger and risking tho
more distant peril which, perhaps, they
hoped to postpone, If not avert. They may
have Imagined that another Protestant
qualified for leadership could be discov
ered, or they may havo believed that they
could continue to carry three-fourths of
I'M Ireland without invoking the open and ac-
Pj tlvo aid of the Catholic Episcopate and
wit priesthood. If thoy cherished such expec-
$f tatlons theso wcro speedily dispelled. In
B order to copo with Mr. Pauxell and his
Sff?' adherents, whoso devotion to their chief
jarf"",' ' survived his death, the anti-Parnollltcs
$M were forced to Invito tho public and
J" zealous cooperation of tho Catholic bier-
! ' nrchy, and thereby put It out of their
ifc ' own power to accept n second Prot-
K estant leader, even if one had been forth-
M coming. In tho eyes of English Noncou-
SB formlsts, tho anti-Parncllltcs havo now
far, become undisgulscdry a Catholic party, and
(-, tho transformation has had tho effect,
which might have been anticipated, on tho
Im descendants of the men who, two hundred
$W years ago, threw over the Catholic James
m . II., whose private life in his later years had
UK' becomo austere, for tho Protestant Wil-
ylfc- mam III., the Immorality of whoe rela-
SB, tions to women was notorious. Tho English
rM Nonconformists do not hesitate now to say
!;S?L that they will have nothing more to do with
;uf the antl-Parnellltcs, and they give their
yir reasons with the utmost frankness.
X Oncof the most Influential persons In tho
jSPj Nonconformist wmld, Mr, li, AV. Pehks, a
M lladical member for Lincolnshire, made a
w speech the other day, in which ho declared
that tho Liberals would iwer recover
lfi ascendancy at Westminster until the Homo
M Itulo plank had been knocked nut of their
tB platform, or, at least, hidden out
W, of sluht. 1'or tho wilco of maintain-
f. lug a show of consistency, ha asserted, In-
5 deed, that he still held iik stiongly us ho
?k did in 1880, in 181)2, nnd in 181)5 that tho
at' only permanent remedy for tho political
'S grievances of Ireland was to confer on the
JK Irish nation a measure of home rifle or
M local self-government. Ho added, lion ever,
(ft the significant qualification that it must bo
SL , such u men mi re "ns Great Ilrltnlu could
S safely giant nnd as tho ivusonnhle ilglit.i
of religious and coiuiiierrial ininuritli'H in
m Inland would allow." What hu evidently
' wished was to postpone llio homo rule
j question to the Greek knleiuK l'rufcbfcing
jjfc to bo a practical politician, luwiwmcd Hint
4t ho did not want to spoaul tlio be ! jcars of
W his parliamentary III.: in bt'uilng tho nil-
W or whistling to tho vtliul. It wan umic-
! ulable, he said, Ihut there Avas no longer in
England the popular iiuliiiblc.sin for homo
L nllu which existed when Mr. I'ah.vi:i.i,wu4
WtK leader of tho Irish Natioiuillst jmi ty, IWbh
i spealfpnc wero then eagerly sought In the
' i '
English constituencies; now.no one ever
asked for fhem. It was true, he admitted,
that, In response to a peremptory demand
from the Homo Itulo Association, some Lib
eral candidates for vacant scats had lately
mado declarations In favor ot homo rule.
I3ut what, ho asked, was tho use of thoso
declarations, " If tho Nonconformist elec
tors told thn Literal leaders, as thoy wcro
very plainly doing, that thoy would not go
into tho next electoral strugglo In alllanco
with an Irish-Catholic party f In fine, Mr.
Perks expressed the conviction that, If the
Ilrltish Liberal party entered upon thonoxt
election with home rulo cmblaroncd on tholr
banner, thoy would be smitten hip and
thigh.
It must now ho ovldcnt to the antl-Parnellltcs
that they did not permanently
gain tho good will of tho English Noncon
formists by throwing over Mr. Paiinei.l.
They will havo to renounce, as their loader,
Mr. Dillon, Is understood to havo re
nounced, tho hope ot keeping up an alllanco
with them any longer. They will havo to
pursue a course entirely independent of
both the political parties, and this course
should Impol them to fusion with tho Par
ncllltcs, thus putting an end to tho schism
In tho Irish Nationalist party.
Mr. Do Lome's Predecessors Down
tho Spanish Walk. ,
Tho first caso In which tho representative
of a friendly foreign nation so miscon
ducted himself at Washington that bis
preaenco becamo Intolerable, occurred In
Washington's tlmo. Tho offender was
Citizen Genet. This French Minister's at
tempts to lnflucnco publlo sentiment In
this country against tho policy of Wash
ington's Administration, with a vlow to
Involving us in war with England, led to
his recall in 170i at tho request of tho
United States Government. Hamilton
and Knox, and perhaps others of Wash
ington's Cabinet, had been in favor of or
dering Genet peremptorily out of tho
country. JEFffEnsoN and Randolph: op
posed this extreme courso for political rea
sons; and Genet was finally recalled by his
own Government. His successor, Mr.
Fauciiet, upon arriving hero, asked In tho
namoof tho French Itepubllo for the ar
rest of Genet for misconduct. Our Gov
ernment declined tho request, " for reasons
of law and magnanimity."
Twelve years later Mr. Yncjo, the Span
ish Minister, was summarily dismissed for
abundant causo. The original offence, of
Yrujo had been an attempt to brlbo n
Philadelphia nowspapcr to print an article
criticising tho Administration nnd taking
tho Spanish sido of a boundary question
then in dlsputo between our Government
and Spain. Mr. Madison, as Mr. Jeffer
son's Sccrotnry of State, demanded tho re
call ot the Spanish Minister; and upon n
direct appeal from Madrid It was arranged
that Yrujo should be allowed to depart
quietly, ns If ho wcro going homo
on leave. But this diplomatic offender
took advantago of the lenity of our
Government to remain in Washington
while the Spanish question was still being
considered by Congress. Mr. Madison
notified him that his presence, was dis
pleasing to tho President. Yrujo there
upon published two Impudent replies, de
claring thnt ho would stay in Washington
as lone as ho pleased. He did stay, but as
a prlvato Individual.
During Madison's first terra tho British
Minister, Mr. Jackson, wroto to the Secre
tary of Stato a note indirectly accusing our
Government of duplicity. Ho was promptly
notified that no further communications
would bo received from him by this Gov
ernment, and his own Government was
subsequently informed of his misconduct.
Jackson withdrew from Washington to
Now York. Tho Foreign Offico nt
London showed some disposition to
question tho propriety of thecourso adopted
by Mr. Madison In cutting off official
communication without first asking for
tho Minister's recall. And whon It did re
call him, thrco months later, It indicated
no displeosuro with him.
Tho nearest parallel to De Lome's per
emptory dismissal Is afforded by tho case
of Monsieur Gdillaume Tell Lavallee
Poussin, French Minister In Zachary
Taylor's time, Poussin had on a previous
occasion tested tho forbearance of our De
partment of Stato by writing to Secretary
Clayton a letter concerning somo French
claim, In which he used this language:
"The Government of tho Untied BtRtes mutt ha
convinced thnt It Is more honorable to acqttlt f&lrlv a
debt contracted during wr, under the prcuuro ot
ueceultr, then to cvede lie payment by endeavoring
to brand the character of an honest man."
The Minister was summoned at once to
tho State Department and Informed that
his letter was offensive, but that ho should
havo an opportunity to wlthdrawor modify
It. Poussin offered to arguo tho question
of propriety. Clayton told him sharply
that the President did not deem the point
a matter for argument. Poussin .there
upon withdrow the letter and erased its
offensive expressions.
This experience, however, did not teach
him wisdom. Tho offenco which led to his
dismissal occurred soveral months later.
Commander Caiuendeii of the United
States war vessel Iris had saved a French
ship in a gale off tho Mexican coast, Thore
was somo question of salvage, and Com
mandcrCARPENDEii's course In that respect
was fully approved by tho Navy Depart
ment, and afterward sustained In an
claborato opinion by tho Attornoy-Gen-oral,
the Hon. Heverdy Johnson. But
Poussin wroto a letter on May 11!, 18 JO,
to tho Stato Department, declaring that
tho French Hag had been insulted grossly
by Commander Caiu'ender, and demanding
the dismissal of that officer. Secretary
Clayton had tho affair investigated and
sent to Poussin a full statement of the
facts, together with all tho documents,
showing that no offence against tho French
flag had been committed. Ho expressed
the hopo that this statement would prove
satisfactory to the French Government.
Instead of transmitting the documents to
Paris, Mlulbtcr Poussin again avo vent
to his prlvato opinion concerning American
methods and motives. In a letter of May
00, 18-11), to Secretary Clayton, he said:
' I colled on tto Cal Inet at Waihlngtcu, Mr. Si ere
tarv nf fitate, In the namu of the French Oovrrnment,
tn address a ieere nrroof In that uftlnr of Ilia
Am-rlun Navjr, In order that lie i-rnir ulilch lie lua
fun. milted, on a Kjlut IiitoIiIiik tho il'snlty of our
untlunal marine, might io(U reiuttfl hweafter,
"Fnm oi.r cnsnrr, Mr, 8crctar. of Mae, I nm
unfortunately Induced to tellrtr that jour Uovern
mrnt minorities tii the strange itoetrlnei giruft's-ed by
0mmaul-r Cim-KM'tli of me it nculner liU, und
I lm ny to i-r lt,t In the tumour mytiuwrumcut
agaaiht llifite doctrines.'
To llils I'xtrnoidliinry Insult no direct
ply mbs made h our Government, Tlin en.
tifu coriespniul' nco wiisforwutdcd to ltli'H
ni) Ui'Hii, tliuii iho American Mlnlhtir nt
Pads with liistruitltiis to bring It to tlio
attention of M. in: Tocquf.vii.i.e, tlio
Flench Milliliter of I-'otelgii Affairs, with
out, liowcvir, w!iig of Ihv' Fundi Govins
liieiit tin rVjirul ion orayolpcj fort hn wnriW
ASAf.i'ftft-gcirAy:?-?-
, r . '
of it representative In Washington. A
month later M. dk Tocqukville informed
Mr. Itnsu that his Government saw no oc
casion for doing nnythlng, and nt tho samo
tlmo intlmntcd that tbero might bo fault
on both sides at Washington.,
This reply stirred to honest wrath tho,
boiiI of " Vlcux Zacii," as the French news
papers called Gen. Taylor. Mr. Husit was
instructed to Inform M. de Tocqunvii.Ln
that his opinion of tho conduct of the
United States had not been solicited. At
tho samo tlmo, by President TAYf.on's
orders, the Secretary of State prepared tho
passports of Monsieur Guillaumk Tell
Lavali.ee Poussin, nnd forwarded tho
samo to that diplomat with n noto which
may woll servo as a model for futuro occa
sions ot the samo kind :
"PsMK'nitrrorSTATK. 1
"Wiintionvi, Bept. 14, 18. J
"Sin: Tho President has derolvod upon me the
duty of announcing to yon that the Government of
the United States will hold no further Intercourse
with you as tho Mlulitsr ot France, and that the
necessity which has Impelled him to take this step at
tho present time hra been mado known to your Gov
ernnvnt. In communicating tho PrJildent'a determi
nation Inrogard toyourself personally, I avallmyself
of tho oocailon to add that due attention will 1
cheerfully given to any communications from the
Government ot France, affecting the Interests ot our
respective republics, which may reach this depart
ment through any other channel.
"The President has Instrueted me furthsr tossy
that every proper facility for quitting the United
States will be promptly given at any moment when
you may be pleased to signify that It la your desire to
return to Franoe.
"I am, air, very respectfully, your obedient ser
vant, J0Ht H. CUTTOK.
"Mr. Wauu Txll Poussin, &a"
The caso of Mr. Catacazy, dismissed In
1871, was of a somewhat different nature.,
while the Sackville-West Incident Is too
recent to require, description.
In one respect Da Low? stands alono
among all tho foreign Ministers who havo
sought to enliven their dlplomatlo careers
In Washington by Insulting grossly and
wantonly tho Government whoso hospi
tality they wero enjoying. Tho others
have had at least tho courago to address
their Insults openly to the faco of tho per
sons for whom they wero intended. De
Lome convoys his In a confidential letter,
never designod for publication; nnd his
offence, therefore, Involves an element of
coward Ico and duplicity from which even
Yrujo's caso nnd Poussin's wcro free.
Those dead and almost forgotten diplo
mats, the predecessors of ScUor Enrique
Dupuy dk Lome In tho procession along tho
Spanish walk, seem like comparatively re
spectablo characters beside tho man whose
first arrival In America was signalized by
an Insult to American womanhood, and
whose ignoble departure Is hastened by an
Insult to the American President.
Mr. Brookflold's View.
It is interesting to hear from one of the
most intenso and implacable opponents of
tho Republican organization a rule of ac
tion which no man seriously In politics can
reasonably refuso to oboy, and which no
regular Republican would think of contro
verting. For somo tlmo post antt-Platt
Republicans havo carried on hostilities on
tho theory that as patriots of deep learning
In public affairs thoy wero constrained to
fight for a new primary law. At tho
first suggestion from tho organization
that a new primary law was n prac
tical possibility the irreconcilables of
tho'Committeo of Fifty-three drew back to
an attitude of general and lnappcasablo
enmity to their party on any terms. Not
so, however, Mr. William Biiookfiuld.
His platform, as conveyed to The Sun, rtos
published last Tuesday. Presupposing a
satisfactory primary law, it is this:
As a Republican X am and always have been ready
to bow to the will of the majority."
Spoken liko an honest man 1 Who of his
friends differs from Mr. Brookfield?
Romer Shoal.
Tho grounding of tho Kaiser William II.
and tho Brctngne on Romer Shoal tho other
day had Its uses In enforcing tho arguments
for tho bill to deopen and widen tho chan
nels of New York harbor, now pending in
Congress.
For this particular shoal, too, nn Im
portant rOlo Is contemplated in tho defence
of tho harbor. Tho military authorities
look upon it as tho possible, slto of a
metallic turret fort, to bo armed with
10-lnch rillcs. Tho first of theso monster
guns, by far tho biggest over undertaken In
this country, Is now building at Water
vllct, and when mounted In tho lower har
bor will make that entrance to tho metropo
lis reasonably secure.
Homer Shoal, on a lino with and midway
between Sandy Hook and Coney Island,
has attracted attention as a promising slto
for such a battery, since it would command
all tho southern approaches. Whether It
will actually he so selected remains to bo
seen; but if it is, a long process of building
foundations for the turret will be necessary.
Soveral years, too, must clapso before tlio
first or typo 10-Inch gun Is ready for trial;
but it will bo ready beforo tho emplace
ment, so that the work of preparing tho
latter might properly go on with tho de
sired deepening of the harbor at an early
date for commercial purposes. Bulkheads
would doubtless bo laid on tho shoal, to
contain the material deposited there for a
foundation, and it has been suggested that
a part of this material might bo contrib
uted by the city from Its own gathorlngs
without cost to tho Government,
A summary made up from tho Treasury
figures of tho lost forty years Indicates
that in that period over two-thirds of tho
Import duties of tho country havo been col
lected at Now York alone. On the other
hand, tho amount expended by tho Gov
ernment In Improving this port Is a very
small fraction ot Its total outlays for
rivers and harbors. Viewed simply as tho
main sourco of the revenues by which tho
Government Is carried on, It is of the high
est public concern that tho hurbor should
bo as easy of entrance in pence und as for
bidding to attempts In war as It can bo
uiiuU',
Gtintcinnla anil Unrrlos.
Although no public outbreak seems to
have lollo'.wd tho assassination of Gen,
Jo.t!'. Mauia Kl'iNA U Minion, the Presi
dent anil virtually the dictator of Guate
mala, it is still doubtful wlit'tiicr the re
public 1ms u-nclitd, with that event, the
end of lis doubles.
.Niiuihln- C.Milti.ltA, who, as First Vice
I'u'iiiU'iU, bus taken the vacant place, Is
uu ablu m.,11, and, though u member of the
Cabinet nf liAjuiiin, is rcpoittd lo liao
dls:ippro el cf tho hitter's nt hitrary tourM .
lilH tcmporaiy ucccbilim to power muy,
thr-icft.iv, jtiovo a K"in lor popular j;o era
mint Mid lor the dt.iiiiulou of law over In.
dividual will. Hut It Is now said that
Gin, Mokai J', thu leailcr cf Um unsuc
cchsful icbfllloii against llAltltlos, is 011 J
hit, vtny from Mexico to Guatemala, assert- 1
in,; that lie h.13 been declared Piesldent.
.in ir-.ir,.ua, Guatemala's neighbor, aj
'Tt'Wv'yrj'f.-,'"lli ( j
revolution is going- on. Guatemala itself,
tho largest and most populous Stato of
Central America, has had Its full share In
tho turbnlcnco which has marked tho his
tory of tho wholo region for tho last half
century. A dozen years ago tho uncle of
DAttnios, a tyrannous dictator, fell on tho
battlefield in an attempt to forco Salvador
Into a union of flvo Central Ameri
can republics which ho had projected.
Dariiillas, who succeeded him, on
one occasion proclaimed that ho had
assumed control ot tho country und
suspended the Constitution. Then enmo
tho ruler who has Just been murdered. Ills
term would havo expired this year; but
last year a decree of tho National Assembly
prolonged It to 1002.
It was a stormy nnd anxious dictatorship
that has ended so tragically. Only as a
constitutionally governed republic can
Guatemala obtain that pence and prosper
ity which wo cordially wish hor.
Rates or Interest Under Wild-Cat
Banking.
Tho advocatcsof a currency reform which
shall permit banks to Issue currency upon
tho security of tholr own assets nlono, havo
abandoned tholr efforts to persuade tho
public that such a reform will not be for
tho benefit of tho banks. Thoy now concede
that It will greatly Incrcaso tho profits of
thoso institutions, but they also Insist that
theso increased profits will bo shared with
borrowers by aliowlng a reduction In the
rat8 of interest on their borrowings. Thus
tho Times, of this city, satd yesterday :
' In tho money centre, where money Is cheap, the
Issue of notrs nn the basis ot niscts would yield
small returns, but In the country districts, where high
rates prevail, tho margin of profit would bo so good
that tho honker coWr! ire ttfforil to makt fair df
tUtonttith batTOtrertt rrdtietno tht interttt ratti
on loans. It Is perfectly ssfo to assume that any
privileges which the law might confer on bankers cr
banking Institutions tt-oul t be fvllu tharrd by cus
tomrrcfirani.A. Nobody would or could have a
monopoly ot tho banking business In any locality,
and competition would reduce the profits of bonking
to a minimum. As a rule, tn fact, tho prompt solvent
borrower would obtain ourvttns 0 the profit of
bank note Issues."
The assumption which tho Times hero
makes, Is tho revcrso ot safe. It will bo a
new thing In tho history of banking for
bankers to lend money at less than the
highest rates they can squcezo out of tho
borrower. Besides, It four-fifths of the
profits of Issuing currency are to bo sur
rendered to borrowers tho remaining fifth
will not pay for the troublo and risk of
tho issue. Nevertheless, the Times proceeds
to say. In support of Its argument:
"Prior tothe war, before the Government went Into
thn banking business, and when alt paper money was
Issued by tho banks, loant teere obtatnable at 0 per
cent, in almost anyrurtof the country, hovtier re
mote from the money centre, and thla was dlrectlr
due to the fact that bankers found a profit In note
Issues and shared It generously with thelrcustomers."
This assertion Is not only untrue, but so
contrary to the truth that nobody would
venture to inalto It who was not completely
Ignorant of tho country's financial history,
and who did not assume that other peoplo
were as Ignorant as himself. In this Stato
tho legal rate of interest was 7 per cent, per
annum not only prior to tho beginning of
tho war, but for nine years afterward.
The usual rates of discount for mercantile
paper wcro from 8 to 10 percent., and In
terest on bond and mortgage on real estate
was 7 per cent. In Chicago, Cincinnati, St.
Louis, and other Western cities tho rate of
discount was usually 10 per cent, and fre
quently more. Loans on bond and mort
gage nt 8 per cent, wcro thought to bo
cheap. In California money lent at 1 per
cent, n month and often for more. In tho
country districts of tho West and the South
a borrower was lucky it ho did not havo to
pay more than 12 percent, and a commis
sion besides. To say, therefore, that "prior
to tho war loans were obtainable at fl per
cent. In almost any part of tho country,
however remote from tho money centres,"
nnd to promiso a recurrence, of tho same
blessing If banks shall again bo allowed to
Issuo currency on their own assets alone, is
trading upon public credulity.
For the credit of party politics it is to bo
hoped that tlio strlko on tho railroads Involved
In tho McQrnw bill "ill not bo attributed to
cither tlio Hrpublicans or Democrats.
The Hon. Tom Waller of Connecticut is
In n very accommodating and benevolent frnmo
of mind. IIo is full of Democratic linrmony nnd
reunion. "Tlio norld." bo lolls a Now Havon
reporter, "whirls nround a Brent deal in mo
years, nnd sontlmcnt chancct rnpidly, I do not
bcllovo silver will bo tho dominant Issuo of tho
Democratic party In tho next national election.
That Is tho only question dividing tho Demo
cratic party, nnd with thnt Question elimi
nate.!, of course, tuu party would come to
Rcthor." It Is beautiful to Beo n hope
ful spirit. It is touching to sco n wan
dcrlnir Dcmocint cnetlnp net-cyed Rlnnccs
into tho fold. Air, 'Ai.i.i:n says that if Iho
Hon. A u:-ANnnit Tnour, tho lilchcst-liowlliiK
silver Democrat in Connecticut, wcro nomi
nated for Governor, ho would voto for him.
What doos Tom Waller think will be the Isuo
in tho next national eloction t Wo wonder if bo
lias not boon whirling; round a frrcnt deal, as well
as tho world, in tho Inst two years.
Tho Minneapolis Times, which is not a
Hermhlican paper, takes tho troublo to favor
tbo Minnesota Republicans with this advice:
"Therelsh-.it one means or sslvatlon for the Re
publican party, Thnt Is for It to select somo man of
unsnervlug Integrity, undaunted courage, and great
ability forGovernor. He must be a man something
like riKOREE ot Ulcblgan."
Thcro Is no man "something: liko" the Hon.
Totato I'lNonrn. That crcnt statesman and
philosopher Is unapproncbnblo nnd unique.
Jtidgo HA7.EN ot the Kansas Stato Dis
trict Court linscndoarcil hlmsnlt to all Iho slaves
of tho wheel by slllnff n decision In which ho
holds Hint a blcyclo Isr. nctessnry tool of trade,
nnd ns such not subject to bo levied upon in nn
execution for debt. Ho declares that tho blcy
clo is not n luxury and ciipi-riltif ty, hut nn essen
tial possession. TIiu Hon. Jkiiiiy Bi.mi-son
should lie of better chuor. No matter what tlio
money chancorsdo to hlin nnd tho rest of tho
country, his blcyclo will nlw-nyn bo safe.
lAdlllkn Trulls r Ilrllliu Illaliopa,
from lleunolitn't ,Vrit,i;fiirr.
Tho Illshop of Loudon distributed on Wednesday,
at houthnll, tl.e prlres gelned l.y the scholars of the
Mar) h'l one Union hi-hnols. In tlioeourjo uf thn pro.
leptllugs It m inentlonrn that tho prrsent A roll
blthup nf Canterbury, ni-tlng In a similar capacity
wiillo lilil.op of London, took great Int rest In the
darning pilzo and explained that be was formerly
regarded as an expert flumcr, The Illshop said that
heL-oiild not Jay claim t the samo aecoujplUhiiicnls
as his prrdicessor, but wis hsudy with his needle
and tillable of sow Jug on buttons. Quite ruututly a
lady MHltur, who hud the mlsfoiluiin to loie ukIoo
buttou w-hllu leaving his residence, rominelided him
for the neat manner in which ho was nolo to so It nn
avatn fur her, Iho best knitter he had knuwu was a
cl'-i.iwutin, ind t-teuthe bo;s among tl.e audlent-a
rould uu urrio than make themselves trxpett with
tlulr Uirdlrt,
7 tin flnmea flailed On,
Vow the Chtciga Tribune.
Kervcnt (ristilcgln) Ma'flm, tbeboiuejson fire!
Ura-on 91 Istrfs, (who Is gllng 3 o'clock lea) Sum
I mon the lire department. Ilonoita, and do uol dls
tut bus again. We aro discussing the "trloie of Hie
I stilt lutlnlllYa."
I
yir rditU'a Finnx 'on TiiAtic.
Thn Central Pussenarr Association Decides te
tlrant Reduced It n Irs.
The threat ot tho Merchants' Association to
wage a vigorous war ncnlnst railroads which
discriminate nfrnlnst New York has borne, fruit
nlrendr. Yesterday theTfollowInff mcssoRO wns
received from tho Central I'assennor Associa
tion: "ltoferrlnjt to Merchants' Association Con
vention In Now York on Fob. 21 to U7 nnd
March 11 to SO, this association nt to-dny's ses
sion reconsidered previous action nnd unani
mously concurred In fare nnd one-third nnd cer
tificate plan as ntithorlrcd by Trunk Lino Asso
ciation." This is a reconsideration of thn voto of tho
Control Passenger Association, whlrh was
taken In Chicago last week on this enmo propo
sition, the result ot which was a denlnl of the
application. When tho Trunk Lino Association
had passed upon tho lliml nmended application
of tho Merchants' Association for reduced rates
notice of this favornblo action wns sent by wlro
to tho Central Passenger Association, the Soul h
eastern Association, tho Western Passenger
Association, and tho Southwestern Passenger
Association. This was on .Inn, 127. Thoso differ
ont pnssongernssociatloiiswcroMskod tocoon r
nto In itrAiitlni; tho snino ratts ns hail been
granted by tlio Trunk Line Association.
Tho territory nf the Ccntml Passengor Asso
ciation ov.tonds from the western connection of
tho trunk lines nt DulTnln, Pittsburg. Wbcol
lng. Washington, und llnltimorc, und points in
tcrmodlnto between thoso places west to Chi
cago and rJt. Louis, south to the Ohio Hirer, and
north Into Canada. This torrltciry. thcrofom.
wns tho Intermediary botweon tho Knst nnd nil
the country west nnd southwest of the Missis
sippi Hirer as woll ns of a largo portion of the
South itself. Unless rntos wcro granted by tho
Central Psssongcr Association concessions from
territory boyond tho territory of thn Central
Passengor Association would not bu of nny uso.
In round mnnbors tho population of tho Stales
within tho jurisdiction of tlio roads of tho Con
trol Passenger Association is 11,784,1)60. Thus
it will bo scon nt n glance bow cry important
this territory was to Now-York for iho spring
trade. The othor passenger associations nro ox
pcrtpd to grant tho concessions.
Mcnmvhlla nothing will hoieltundonoby tho
Merchants' Association for tho purposo of doing
nw-ny with discriminations against New- York in
freight rates. Subscriptions nro bcingnsked for
for tho purpose of creating a fund whlrh can bo
lined In this light to save thn export Irndo of
New York. Money Is coming In freolv, but tho
nsocintlon wants ntlcnst if 100,000 cash, or n
guarantee of that ninntint. Yesterday tho ns
snclntion mailed to l'J.000 merchants In tho city
of New York requests for subscriptions.
run i.roExn of jcixo o'leakt.
The Irish Klnr Who Consulted the Oracle to
Mud Out Truth, ami llin Ilrsllll.
To THK KoiTOn of-Tiik SUN Sir: Tho closuro
of tho debate In your columns on tho question
of "futuro Ilfo" was wise nnd propor. It recalls
nn old Oaclto legend, which may serve to consolo
somo of your correspondents, bcrauso it puts
them In right royal company.
In tho good old days when Christianity first
dawned upon tho Itrltlsh Isles thcro wns nn
Irish King named O'Lcary. IIo doubted tho
soundness and sanity of his pagan religion, nnd
became oven inoro skeptical in regard to tho
truth of tho now Christian faith. Hut, liko ail
doubtors, ho wns superstitious.
In his kingdom, in tho South ot Ireland, thcro
was a mountain that was remarkable for its ex
traordinary echoes. At tho foot of this peak his
ancestors for ages used to consult tho oracles
beforo going to battle. IIo resolved to question
them in regard to the origin of man and to
tuturo existence.
So, Into ono stormy nlzht, ho set out from his
frowning old castle in tho lorost, nnd wandered
in tho wilds until ho ranched tho foot of the
marvellous mountain, Kviricntly tbo stormy
southwest winuhnd put all tho crags In a bml
humor, for thoy were ready to glo short an
swers oven to royalty. Standing upon a rocky
plnttorm, tho King spoko in stentorian tones,
nuttinghis questions In old tiaellc, which, when
translated into Old Iiowery, wcro about theo:
"What ho, tlioret O mountain o' tho Thou
sandTongues! Tis your King w ho callsl In tho
troublo of my mind. In theo nlono now havo I
faith. Awako yourcrogs nndictthem answer
mel Must I forget tbo old tcaclilnirs of mv foro
fatbors nnd follow- tho faith of tho strnngor I"
As if in mockery nf tho monarch, or in n rngo
at holng disturbed at such an unseasonable
hour, tho crags protested in a wild and long
rolling chorus of confusion, until at. Inst, clear
nnd distinct, canio back tho answer: "Slrnngorl"
Anger is catching. Tho King beennio furious.
"Insolent nnd rascally rebol rocksl" ho ex
claimed. "Yo nnked slates, how daroyotosn
my word to tho windsl Answ cr my questions, I
command ye, bay plainly the things your King
should know- !"
Tho crags nil answered "No!"
"Unco more t command ye," continued his
3Iaosty. "Te'i mc. nnd toll mo quick, whenco
are wo mortals and whit her must wo go I"
'I ho crags shouted ' Go!"
Tho anger in tho monarch's cyos turned to
sadness. "Then am lit 'stronger' in niy own
kingdom," ho murmured, "and tho oracles bid
mo '(Sol'"
In tho darkness of agnosticism ho returned to
bis castle, where shortly afterward ho died. IIo
was hurled pagiu Lishinu, clnil in mall, nnd
Btnndlng erect In his grave, with Ills faco to ills
enemies, the Christians of Lolnslcr.
Ono inn scarcely hnpo that n tuoro satisfactory
onswerto tho monarch's llnnl question In tho
Mountnin o tlio '1 linusund Tonzucs can o cr I o
gli en by any ono of your learned correspondents.
Richmond.
A llitslinnd Considers Ills Wirei nnd llepnnla.
To Titn EntTon of Tmt Son Sir: They tell
mo that it Is nn old question, which lias tho
buder tlmo in lire, tho man or tbo woman,
bnt it is now to me, and it IntorosU inc. As
far na I nm concernod I think tho woman hns
tho harder time. Tho man docs tho lighting,
nnd takes tho responsibility nnd tho risk. Tho
woman stays home, amid tho surroundings of n
Ccnccrul household, and whero sho Is hcrnwu
oss. Hut hero, It seems tome, is tho point: Tho
uinnhns nlwny3 somo vnrlety mills llfo, if It Is
only such ns he gets going to ami from his work.
Tho woman has week In nnd week out, year in
mill ear out.thosnme deadly routine. I should
think sho would got so sick and tired of it sho
wouldn't know whut to do. I'm going totnl.o
my wife to tho thontro oftencr. HutsiiAND.
Thn Moving or the Old Juinrl Mansion.
To Titn EniTon of Thr HvsStr: The nrticlo
published In The Sun of this dnte. in rcgnrdto
tho moving of tho old Juuicl mansion, Is incor
rect In this particular. Tho ground on which
tho mansion stands has not been sold, I havo
had two oilers from prominent clllrons for resi
dential purposes, but will not negotiate with
nny one, mill! pcrmlsilnn has been granted by
tho llulldlnsr Depnrtiuunt lomovo tlio old man
sion lo tho hliilT, which is part ot tbo old estate,
but now being dividod by tho building of EJgo
combs nicntio. Yours truly.
., , 1'KItUI.VANn P. EAItl.E.
New Yonrc, Fob. 10, IHUtJ.
Col. Abr Blupski'a rnnm In nrlllib Columbia
nnd India.
To TiisEniTOR or Iiik Sex sir,- In your edition
ot Jan. 2H you break a loiu conspiracy of stlcnos on
tho part of the American press to cloud tho name and
oliscuro tho fame or Col. Abraham Slupsky of the
United States.
Duo recognition of this eminent Apostle of School
Reform, It not given In the later editions ot M. Four
nlfr's -'I.-E-prlt dans Hlttolre," Is suro toappnr In
the forthcoming "Auatomy of Amork-nuClrraturss,"
by Mr, Flddlan Raffles Munk, sometime uf HI, lire's
Grammar School, Cheswlek, but for the past two and
twenty tears examiner to her Majeily at tho Dili-
erstly cf Lahore, lud'a. ALrntn I'. Hum.
r.ossl.tvD. II. 0., Fob. s,
lithnii Allen's Daughter.
To rns Fmron or Tub nviMr: Your correspon
dent "O, W"lu refcrcLOituntlian AIlcir marriage,
Is right. Ethan Alliu married Mr. lliKhai anon Icb,
lil,I?H4, Fanny was horn un Nov 1 Jortlioamoji ur,
(IVraont (acetteei. Vol. I p 670.) Ktlinil Allen
dlod at Ilurllnglon, VI . Feb. IV, I'm). Mrs. F. Allen
was married In Janvz I'omitti.an lu October, 17U.,,
Fanny Allen came in iiimirciil In Iho;, h,n-wa
admitted tn lb- euiivrnt sUinuluf the htMtrrsuf tlio
CoiiKregallon, hliewaj rt,oUt,d aianiwle at tim
llolul bleu uu Sept. L-ll, lKUri, and died Dec. Ill, lnlll.
This Is from the records uf the Hlnrinf Vani
Uameaiid IIui.l pirn Jttv. K, L. T. Amn, 1' r.
M3STKLSI, Canada, Feb. u,
Uejpnmr. Hoop I
To Tlia F.oitor or Tn Rtwstr: Hoop catch h
President of tho Camden Liquor Dealers' Aocla
tlon. C. I.. MiKlom;.
t'ASSi, N, J., Feb. I),
Mnkr, This Harbor Itlalit.
rrom the .Veu- London ZNsiy.
The largest port In tlio Unltrd States oucht to bo
made ai easy nf acrrai anJ egress as a Iionio door,
slid Ills wlthlu the scope of tnlneirlng science lo
insko It so.
Ibe .scndarn I'ulplt.
rriroi Life,
Tho nev, Mr, Bopo My deer l rotter, don't you
tbluk you ought to attend my ebunu. moio rrgularl) ?
Yon lllumsr My dear it, you forget that in are
aotf the same political t l ih.
aoar.n to onrt.
Oral Dlirnsslen or Itaald Transit Plana la Su
persede Carrrapondence.
Tho negotiations between tho Manhattan
Hallway Cjmpany and tho' Itipld Transit Kail
road Commission regarding tho pending appli
cation of tho elevntod railroad for permission
to mako tho ncciloi. Improvements to giro this
city real rapid transit were forwarded yestor
day by an nnwor sent by President Qeorw J.
Gould of tho Manhattan Company to Presldont
Orr of tho commission, accenting tho suggested
conference of committees. Mr. Gould ssys In
his letter:
Deaii Sin: Hrplrlng to vour letter of Pcb. 4,
and In answer to your invitation for a c-jnfor-enco
hot ween your board nnd this company rel
nttvo'to tho pending application tit tlio Man
hattan Hnllwny Company I lmo the honor to
stato that Messrs. ltnhort M, tlnllawnv, Husscll
Sago, Mnrcellus Hartley, nnd myself fmvo boon
nppolntcit a i-onititlllro with full power to net in
thi;niiittnr.rand tint It will glvo us much pleas
ure to meet tho committee of your board,
Messrs. Slarlu, Hives, nnd yourself, nt Hitch
tlmo nnd plnco ns will bo mutually convenient
and ngrecnblo. This louunlllcn will also fur
nish your board such liirthcr dcflntto and epo
clllo information as may bo nosslblo. nnd as
speedily ns It can bo prepared by our engineers,
on tlicjfollowingninltcrs referred to in your let
ter: (II A detuiled dcserlplinn of tlio sir irturo
tn bo located on tho iroposed routes; WI tho
tlt.io within which tho connecting ntti extend
ed railways and additional tracks and facilities
will ho constructed; CD the grado of tho pro
posed crossings, and (4) dcflntto Information
on nil other points which may npnear to your
board and tills company to tio pertinent lo Iho
matters under consideration, or which can In
nny manner facilitate your bonrd nnd cxpcdl'.o
action on tbo application now pending.
It Is tho opinion of this company and its com
mittee, expressed with much deference, that tho
apparent dlltlcultlos in tho present rapid transit
situation enn bo solved mnro speedily by oral
discussion than by correspondence. Tho com
mittco of this company will npproach this dis
cussion in a spirit of fairness nnd concession,
and with nn earnest desire to co-operato with
your board In furnishing tho most improved
rapid trnnslt facilities to tho travelling publlo
of thla city and nt tho earliest posiiblo (Into,
I havo tbo honor to remain, v?ry truly yours,
GitnnoK.l. Gould.
President Manhattan Hallway Company,
Secretary Lewis L. Dolalleld ot tho Rapid
Transit Rnllroad Hoard said yesterday that
there was no reason that ho knew why tho two
eommlttnca should not get togother to-dny. Tho
results nt the conferenco will ptobnbly not bo
mado pu, lie until thoy nro ready to como up
beforo tho Hapld Transit Hnllroad Commis
sion In the form of amendments nnd additions
to tbo ponding application,
ntssussr.n l'liovnsson sues.
Dr.Uetseyflnya tlio fist-f:rndunte)ctionl Director-it
Unlnw fully Uemoved Him.
Charles 11. Kclsey, professor of surgery,
moved beforo Justlco Prjor of tho Supremo
Court yesterday for n mandamus to compel
tho Post-Graduato Medical School and Hos
pital to rclnstntc him as a member of tho
faculty of that institution. IIo was dis
missed on Jar. 27 last. He says that ho
was dismissed without n boaring, and that tho
action ot tho Hoard of Directors was tllogal. bo
causo tho by-laws rcqulro n voto of three
fourths of tho board. At tbo meeting nt which
ho was expelled thcro wcro only eevon of twelve
directors present; six voted for his dismissal,
and tho othor, himself, voted against tho motion.
He snj 8 that ho could bo removed only by a voto
of nlno members and on charges,
Jordan J. Holllns. counsel for tho plaintiff,
said that tbo hospital, under an act of tho Legis
lature, recehes nn annual appropriation from
tho city of 38 cents a day for each Infant cared
for by the institution. Tho plaintiH ascertained,
or thought ho bad ascertained, that tho annual
report of tho institution for 1800 showed that a
number of infants who had not been in tho in
stitution had been charged for. Tho report ot
18110 showed charges for 40,232 days' caroof
Infants, which wns about, tho plaintiff
thought, 10,000 days nioro than should
havo been charged for. For foar tho city
would bo culled upon to pay n wrong bill tho
plaintiff had visited tho Corporation Counsel
nnd Informed him that tho annual report of tho
Institution was "misleading." When Dr. Kcl
sey found ho wns nt variance with tho manage
ment of tho hospital, counsel said, ho wroto to
tlio President disclaiming responsibility for its
management. Last December ho was notlllod
thnt charges of Improper and disloyal conduct
toward tho institution had been mado ngalnst
blm. but tho chnrges wcro not heard.
John K. Parsons, counsel for tho hospital, said
that the charges had nothing to do with tho
motion beforo tho court, nnd thnt the directors
could rcinovo without charges. Ho said that It
was the duty of Dr. Kolsey to havo explained
tho false report, if it was false, to tho board be
foro tailing tho Corporation Counsel, as tho
board would havo corrected any on or.
Justice Pryorsaidnt this point thnt it scorned
to blm, from thn statements ho bad so far hoard,
that Dr. Kclscy's conduct was commendable.
Mr. Parsons nrgucd that tho bv-law-a mo-int
that a thrie-fourllis voto of tho directors pres
ent at a meeting could expel. Decision wns reserved.
PltOSVKltlTT ADTAXCISG.
Tlie Optnlona ofa Prominent Ilnllrond nan or
thr Smith.
From the A thin tu ConntUulioi.
Sir. Samuel ?I. in man, Just returned from an ex
tended tr'p la the West en1 Southwest, aild yesterday:
"I believe tho Government will socn havo money
enough to pay Its tunulng expinsi-e, as tho revenues
seem to bo Improving from month to month as busi
ness i xpauds. Thu sslsof lionds under the Clcvc
Ian I Administration was for the ptirpore largely ot
securing money to pay the nuvrrument's expenses,
although the nominal reason wss to maintain tho
gold resorro. This brougk dlstrosilrg condition of
aflatrs. This has (hat.ged, and I do not hcllcvo wo
will see another bond Issue for a long ttine.
"During tho past few disastrous yean, although
the vls'hlg traJo bslance with tbo bnlaio; of the
wuihl was Inour faor. It wns neutralized by the
enormous luvUIMe stream of American securities
coniluir homo on ac.-ount of the luck of confidence In
our Government policy. In tho rnd this will be a
blessing Indlsgjise, as we now Lold a greater part of
the debt we owed live years ngo to nurope. although
It created grrnt dljtrrss at tho time, because tho real
bslsucowa- largely ngalnst us at the end of erery
year, Ily reason of nur Immense trado balance, ow
ing lo what the v.-orld has hail to pay us for wheat
nud other proilucti during tie psst uar,wo hae a
very larporrnllt In our favor now, and having, as I
think, broi-ght back the most ot tho securities thnt
were for tale on tne other side and our own people
owning tlu-m, from now on 1I19 trade balance wltl be
a real 011c an 1 we will get lu bo moro aad mote credit,
ors of thu worlJ Instead of Its debtors.
"From now on I think we will si-U larg-ly more
secur.tlcs in the outside world than we will have to
buy from lliom. This Is belngshonu already lu the
largo ne-umulatlous or mony In tho easy money
market In America, while mom-) Is dear eliewhcre. I
do not belle-,0 wo aro going to lis-a any ninn panics
or prot convulsions In the mono? market for a
long time, and I think that Ibe poll y of the Go em
inent wilt be less dhturblng to business than It has
been for several jeers. I llud evidence of gnat
Improvement In the West and In port'onsnf the EaX,
Tlieio aro some dUturbed la'jorcoudltlous In the Fast,
but they amount lolru tittle lu comparison In the
K?nernl lirsli.eis fiitt-rests of that section. Kven In the
Mouth, althuugh cotton Is at n very low price, I believe
the country Is tn letl-rshapo than when we had the
low prl -e nf t hn n years go. Thern hnv e ben d cldrd
advance.! In the oilier stoplo prrducts of the South
Tho northern b-lt of the fontaorn Mules roceivid
n btter prke for wheat this yecr and msde a
lur;ecrop. liar" Is a laro area son n fcr the next
crop, and on account uf lis comln Into nmrk.t very
easy compared with Western wheat, I b, Hero we
w III rt alle good prlci s this ear.
"I liavnjnst rt-turiiol from a trip ti Texas. I flud
thesnsar Interests of Loulstuiia are pruaptrous ana
tliosiif,ar ,1 iMom Jri-o nijile money this year. Tlaro
has been a ver larmi idvanco tn cut e, and thlsli
u.io of the leading intertstsnf tho R-tithivest. Lum
bermen tell me Uhm have ha I a niaiLe-1 sdv-ance In
their products, and tin re Is an n-llve demand. Iain
not fninlllar with rli-e and tobacu, but I assume
these stsples have glv en goad results this ) car,"
Hnwnll Alreuds Aliierlennlsed,
Itom the trVti'iinsfon Eventry Slur, llunotulu Letter,
These Irlnnds are 10 deeply aid thoroughly Ameri
canized that I'm no-v American ImmlgrJllon will linJ
itsi II completely ut home here. All Anirrcnii now
nnd themsrlvesat home, 'I hey hsbltuull rud wn
taneoutly sjieak of " tblsrnuiilry," when they mean
In America, One constantly meets this pi eiiomennu
tn thoroaverss.tlo-1 of newcomers! th'y forget that
they arj nut of America We old settlers uro more
seuslbleof a d.rfeieme, which Is every jear growing
Iras Hut the Amrrlcanlsallou of hoth town and
country here Is griming very complete, und no great
or raOlcalrhuncrs will follow snn.-xatiou.
I'nrnlir )!erli4iilnl.
from the Chtiaga ,Wtr.
A msn aits hi. wlfu whst alio has hren drlug all
day, and then reads his ue-j,ajr while she Is try.
lot to tell blm.
MtIt.AKTIinOrTXt.1 TO MEET IlEJlK,
Arranging far the Katlanal Cenrereae f
tharlllra nad Cor reel Ion,
A meeting wns held yesterday afternoon In I
tho rooms of tho Cliombcrof Commerce of the
local Commlttcoot Onollundrod to prrpuro for
tbo twenly-tlfth national lonfcrenco of Chari
ties nnd Conrctlnn. to bo hold In Carnegie Hull
from Miy 18 to !2. Their committee, nppnlnti d
by William It. Stewart, President of tho con
ference, la mado v.pof representative men prctn
Inent In nil linos of activity who are Interested
In charitable work and In tho developments cf
practical sociology. With tho delegates ot other
cities they will tako up tho work ot tho confer
ence when It meets.
This conference, which first orgnnlzod In Ibis
city tw-cntyflro years ago, hns not slnco met
here. It now has n membership ot moro than
500, nnd nt its tncollng in Toronto lost year del
egates wero present from twenty-seven dllTtrcnt
Slates. Tho members nnd oftlcors of Stato
Hoards of Charities form ono of the chief 0I9
mentsof Its membership. For sears tho Hon.
William P. I.otchwmthot Hiiltnlo, and the Hon.
Oscar Uinlg or Rochester, who died recently,
worn its loaders. Tho conferenco lias dnns
much town id creating Mtntu Homds of Charltiut
in tbo central and Western States. Twenty,
live Stnto (lovcrnors havo been among Its mem
bers. When it was moved nt Toronto Inst year thai
New-York bo mado tho next place of meeting,
(onsldcrablo hesitation was inuiiltcstcd beforo
Iho invitation of this city was accepted. It was
said that tho conforcucn would bo lost In the
groat metropolis, would mako no Improsslon on
Its peoplo, cugrossod with their on 11 affairs and
unsympathetic towart such a movement: and
thnt tbo press would not dovoto sulllciunt space
to it to emphaslzo its ronl importsneo as nn edu
cational lnnuoneo. Theso objections wero met,
nnd It w us shown that many men of wide lnflu
cnco could bo induced to connect themselves
with tho work of tho conferenco if held hero.
For prncticnl work tho contorenco is divided
Into ten sections, holding saparnte meetings,
withstanding committees which consider Buch
questions as immigration, insanity, abuse of
mcdicnl charities, municipal and lounty chari
ties, and other tuples.
At yosterdny'e meeting tho local committee,
was organlzod nnd Josoph 11. Choato was made
Its permanent Chairman. Judge Joseph 1-'. Daly
w ns elected VIcc-Chalrmnn nnd Jacob II. Schltf
Treasurer. An oxecutlve committee of three
will be appointed liter, and will havo quarters
in room 2I,r of tho United Charities huilding,
with WnltorS. Ufford as local Secretary. Kv
Mayors William L. Strong and AbroiuS.lIow lit,
with Judgo M)cr S.Isaacs, wcro nppnlntcd a
committee of thrco to Invito tho following gen
tlemen to bo nrceont nt tho conferenco: Presi
dent McKinioy, VIco-Prcsldcnl Ilobnrt, (iov.
Hlnck, SInynr van Wyck, Archbishop Corrlgan,
nnd Hlshop Poltor.
Tlio following is tho Commit tco ot Ono Hun
dred: Stophen linker, Frcderlo Hronson, Josoph II,
Choato, Hobert W. do forest, Carl 1 It. Do Sllvor,
William Karlo Dodgo, Jnmes E. Dougherty,
Jeremiah Fltxpatrlck. James H. Flojd, Theo
dore Knno tilbbs, John Urccnough, Abram.H.
Hewitt, Hubert J. Hoguet, Henry 1;. How land,
Mycr 3. Isaacs, Augustus I). Jullliard, John
Keller. Edward II. Klddor, Loomls L. Langdon,
Woodbury Q. Langdon, Charlton T, Lewis,
Edward II. Lltchlleld, Qoorgu Mnccullneh
Miller. Levi P. Morton, Alexnnder E. Orr. Wil
liam Church Osborn, Ucorgo Foster Peabody.
Ueorgo K Hives. II. Aymnr Sands, William 1'.
Scherinerborn. Charles A. Schleren, Jacob II,
SchllY, IsaaoN. Soligmnn, W. Watts Shonnaa,
Stephen Smith, Llspennrd Stownrt, William L.
Strong. Georgo O. Whceloek, Moruay Williams,
Andrew C Zabrlskic, William 11. Stewart,
Otto T. Hannard, David A. Hoody, Edward C,
Hrldgman, John Clallin, Edward Conner, .Monro
li. Cornell, Hobert C. Cornell, Archbishop Cor
rlgan. John 1). Crimmins. lb Fulton Cutting,
Josoph P. Daly. Charles S. Foirchild, John P.
Fauro. William Hildrcth Field, Hoswcll P.
Flowor. KIbrldgo T. Gerry, Franklin H. Gld
dings, Richard Wntson Glider. William (I.
Hamilton, Henry Hcnt, Darwin It James. I),
Willis James, Morris K, Jcsup. Hugh Kelly,
John S. Kenni dv, Seth Low, Alfred K. Marling,
Darius Ogdcn Mills. Itobort Shaw Minium. .1.
Pierpont Morgan, Thomas M, Mulry, John Not
man. John K. Parsons, Charles E. Pollen, Illshop
Potter, Whltclnvv Iteiil. I'rederlck W. Hhlne
landor, John Hnrson Hhondes, Houry Kito,
Geurge II. Hobluson, J. Hampden Hobh, John I).
Rockefeller. James A. Roosevelt. Archibald I).
Russoll. Charles How land Russell, William .1.
Hcbleffciln, Carl Schurz, GuBtnv II. Schwab,
William D. Sloane, James Spoyer, Isldor Straus.
Myles Tlorney, J. Kennedy Tod. Isaac Wal
lach. William T. Wardwoll. H. Walter Wchh,
Evert Janson Wendell, Everett P. Wheolor, Al
fred T, White, and Horace White.
SECURITIES JIT OCEAN MAIL.
Large Shipments or Union Pacific Tbo Postage
Stamps Used Ara Sold tn Collectors.
Tho mall steamships for Europe have carried
this week serorcl millions of dollars' worth of tho
new securities of tho Union Pacific Railroad
Company sont abroad to take tho plaro of the
old securities. Tho shipments havo been mads
by tho Mcrcantllo Trust Company, represent
ing tho Union Pacific Reorganization Couunltteo,
to tho Hank of Holland nnd tlio Hank of Mon
treal, London, Tho securities hao gono by
registered mail In packages containing l!.',0
bonds or certificates of stock. Each pnekngo
has weighed about twcnty-llvo pounds, tho
postago upon it being nbnut 50.
Nearly everv largo railroad reorganization
transaction Is accompanied by similar shipments I
of securities both from and to this country. Homo- if)
times tho securities aro expressed, but gcn-rallv J
tho registered mall is used and tho tecurltlcs &
urn Insured against loss. 9
Postago stamps of large denominations ara f!
placed upen the packages. In tbo case of 3
tdiiptuents from this country, fl, $". nnd
stamps uro used, or Homctitiins stumps of tin) 1
o'd stylo Columbian issue, which, hosldes 1, 1
$!!, nnd ?.r stamps, also included ij-.l nnd rl
stamps Tho Columbian Mumps nro still oh I
tairahlo at their fnro value. Wnon n hhlp
mont is made from England n shilling, 10 slitl
lJug, 1, nnd f stamps nro usod. These lilgn
valuo stumps arc much prized bv collector.', and
though cnuccllcd, havo a marketable valuo
that bomol hues equal.! .10 por cent, nf llielr
original postal value. This marketable value
is well known to thu leading Wall street bank
ln' bouses, and in tlio enso of several recent
reorganizations, careful arrangements were
made to lmvo the cancelled stamps prcfcnel
nnd sold to stamp dealers, tho proceeds l lug
turned in ns part of tho Reorganization Com
mittee's receipts.
Then tho ;irl PJril.
rrom the Wnshtnoton Time.
Jt Is nmuslnj to peoplo fninlllar with Iho Cap
itol to watch stiangc-ra cx.imino It. and nowhere
nro theso strancers so mousing ns when they
nro lu r-'iilua'-y Hall, where thcro nro a doin
or moro "echo stones, each of which crciti a
dllli-ront sort of echo uw lng to tho peculiarities
of tlio acoustics created by tho formation nl llo
coiling. Men and women, old and joiing, fu
quently afford tho most amusing epertniln
when tho solomn guldo exhibits thowondcrsof
tlieso "echo" stones. Thcro nro also two pil
lars, one on either sido of tho room, uhiih are
called tho tclophono columns, nnd a per-ou
speaking in a very low tone noar ono nun 'e
distinctly heard by any ono standing neir the
opposlto Pillar. Yesterday , meiiiliei'n stire
larj wns leaning niralnst tlio pillar on the hi ith
sido of tho hull when tio heard a voire, h.i)
"Oh. rio.ir. what shall I do J Jy skirt is fall
lt'c oif and 1 lias, on'l got n pin,"
Tho young follow glHiieu., around, biw- no nn
noar hlin. but observed two joung woinrn ne-r
the lolcphonn pillar opposile. Instantly gr"'!1"
lng the situation, he grulily (iMd a low- voice
"Sow it on or uso a hatpin."
Ho heard n slight srrentn, ssw two vounf
women look nbout tho hall in a stnrtlod fish of,
nnd, nhBcn Jng that no ono was nc ir, tho one In
distress etchiimod:
"Did you out I"
" No, I imv.ir," replied the Secretary ns grufPf
ns before; "I use buttons."
'1 lils was loo much for tho joungwoin 11 ana
I hey precipitately lied.
Wnnleil 11 llrlnh una Mlouped I lie ship.
from the Florida Tlite I'mon ami Clliifn
Cnpl. Piatt of tbo C'lyilo steamer .MgonnulB
told a hiory tin other da, whii h oriiiiei 1 -
it-tent Irlii from New York to ibis port
Oneiho when mcrjthliig was moling oi '7 m
and thn stunner was inuKiiig good profit-,-, -v m
a smonlli sou, two bells wt-iu hoard tliuli'u t H
down in Iho depths of tbo vis-el, and '"' '" H
deroiih englnet, slopped, lleing ut I b I me ' H
his loom Lchluil Iho whrrlliouse, nnd not '''
lug of any reason for slopping way on' in 'I, a
ocean, hosturtcd to Investigate. It look 11 i'(
tlmo to llud nut Iho i.iuse. but w lieu In- ''
Cupt. Piatt didn't know-JtiFt what to n iv to,o m
tbo subject jllsllre, and so Jin walked qu e T
bc!t In hin ijua rtero w II limit savlntr iiiijii n-'
'llieinuso was nn innocent Englishman ") V
was sitting on u rear detk of tho vc-cl " ' (
,who happriieil 10 want 11 drill!,. '"" "-'
loillld. bo dbcovcrod a Inindlo thai looki-' i
It might connect with u signal bell sniin vvli , IE
and so hegrahu-d itnnd gain twiiblioiig n" - K
rufortiliintoly tlio bell was down ijosein ' "
onglneer's car, und hen ho got tlio hUiibI '"
cnglnos wcro slopjitd Tho wires dldn 1 '" H
licit with tho wltio room, us tbo passctio'i r ",)'
posed.
As Iteporlrit III a 3li,illrnl Journal, H
rrom the Autttn Mateitnan H
Pr Panlel uf the 7V4-iis iledlrul Journal, ref-rrwi
tu a r utut editorial lu tbo .Stursmiinnn t,"Jr"ll"
csl errors, gives an ninuklng experience In tliut " H
lie ssys he wrote: "Pi. Jno. nail) ba-be ai t " 'esr
born July 2'.', IH'.'J aud died " Imajtiie Ins d .
gust when It appeared In the Journal, "Pr lelJ "
ate 71 yiarsof ixirn July !i'.', 1SJL-, and died " H
Ttvo Ordere. fl
from the Chicago fjatly ''" 9
tills Wabwh (of Onlcao)-Walter, you roar brim M
mesoniedovlhedcraus. ,j, fll
Miss Kmeraou (of Uostos) I'll have some satasltM JH
erustaoeans also. HflJ

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