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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, February 17, 1898, Image 3

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HP ' VMv- ' - ??-f p1' 'jfi jli THURSDAY EBRlJAltT j M98, ' ' ' 3 M
I oSiiS riiBss comment.
,' . loot, xlixl'i-''' "
F""1 " ,, Uny Mtrr He Solved-
T""s"' ''" '"""'"'', '" TIUC Su,('
" r.h IT -'llio morning nowspnpors
v iSlM. Hj.,UMlllt.tlc editorial, dwelling
" P .h w.ill ns .ondltloii under which
TlWn "r "CO"0', Md. thu
,b ? ,1,0 urciimstanccs. which. It
k0tL.,red I-!" exceeded those
,,, dtf '" ' , th0 Mediterranean.
Te concensus m " si(!.bco's advice and
gSTASS -to .ho cause of the ox-
" ,h t pLui, ns not tbo result
8"le'.d 1 no to carelessness. It says that
? EsTan examination of the facta doe, not
"J to mnt tl deduction. It earnestly
W .t the allulrwlll ho proved toluueboen
' ' ih. Pos-lUillty of doubt.
tCC' Tu- "Hen if Investigation should
M .l.'. It was not due to an nccldont from
"S I nd not necessarily .train the Amcrl
"'lis Ion with bimln to tho breaking point,
Siin tbo public mind It would at least bo a
Sfu.eiplMt'-n to attribute the outran to
ttXlro of Iho Insurgents to Involve Spain In
Kw Am r! "Su'l'lc'ons naturally
w the minds of many American., but they
Si be entirlalne.1 only on absolute cotnpul
C Tbe altitude of Spain at this agon zing
nmt will cither wlpo out tho memory of tho
EoTncWentforcverorrevlvoitwIthadde.1
iErumstanccs of bltt.rucs and oxasperatlon
St wnnot be contemplated without a shud-
dTh. Horning Vot also thinks It not unnat
,l that the people of tho United State.. In
their first eJiitemcnt, belle cd that tho ex
plosion was due to maliciousness. It doubts
whether the cnuso will crcr bo known.
The Clroniclt regards the nffalr a. without
iirsllcl. belnff extraordinary be ond jnlcula
Son owing to the clement of mystory surround
tar It. It was only too natural. It says, that
outrage w tlrst feared, but now It seems clear
that such a shocking explanation may bo Ig
sored. Tho paper submits a theory thatsorno
hllh eiploiivc, manufactured without a suf
ficient trial, was slilped on tho Mnino with tho
Tieir to trying It should occasion arise, and that
Itnndernent inrchnnlcal decomposition nnd ex
ploded spontaneously. It adds that tholdoaof
OTerbauling torpodoos at such an hour Is pre
posterous, and tho suggestions that experiment
wire being niado itb a liquid explosive Is
norely foolish.
Tho Da"V Ttltgraph says that tho mystory
may possibly never bo cleared, nnd that tho bal
ance of phuslblo surmise hitherto has been in
faror of a puro accident.
Tbs rimes says: "No better proof of Judg
ment and self-possession can be imagined than
the character of tho first hurried telegram in
which Copt. Blgsboe Informed Secretary Long of
the disaster." Alluding to the expressions of
opinion ascribed to Senator Cullom and others,
the paper says: "Fortunately for America and
theorld the United States is not governed by
persons of this type."
The Times adds that, so far, not only tho
OoTemments, but the pooples of tho United
Etates and Spain, seem to have acted
with goad sense and good feeling. There
is every reason to trust that Investi
gation will prove that the calamity was
Sue to one of those curious accidents to which
modem warships are liable, although tho cir
cumstances which could have led to such on
accident under such conditions are not a llttlo
jbecure.
SPANISH ACCOUNT OF IT.
ttf assart Tbat the First Exploit. TTsta
CaMfd by n nnllr Darstlna.
' Sfwtet Ctblt Dtipmiih lm Trk an.
JIiDruc, Feb. 16. A despatch from Ilavana
to the Impamtil says that tho explosion on the
Milne was first caused by the bursting of a
holler. The flro spread to tho magazine, and in
a few seconds the vessel was wrapped in flames.
A huge crowd was attracted by the explosion.
Boon the Maine began to sink. The vessel was
ties, burning furiously.
tfhortly afterward there was another explo
sion, and the Spanish warship Alfonso XIL,
which was anchored In closo proximity to tho
burning ship, was driven from her moorings.
Ibeoseof searchlights by tho Alfonso XII. re
vealed a siene of wild confusion. Explosions
Were taking place nt intervals.
A later telegram says that the latest version
J that the cxp oslon wus caused by the crew
cleaning torpedoes.
BE LOJIB HAIT.S AWAY.
8 DMllits to Eiprra. III. view, or the Mala.
DUattrr.
Ex-MInlsterdeLoraosalled at noon yesterday
a the steamship Jiritannlc. With him were
Beiorade Lome, their two sons, and tho family
Itmnts. The ex-MInlster positively doclined
to "press an opinion as to tho Maine disaster,
and declared that he would inako no statement
M any nature to the American press.
BeSor de Lomo remained In bis npartmonts at
the notel St. Hare in the morning until tho
cms came to set out for the steamship pier.
y In the morning his friend and host. J.
Jordan, proprietor of the hotel, heard of the
Wowing-op et the Maine, and Immediately in
formed Seftorde Lome of the disaster. Without
waiting to dress, the ex-MInlster ordered all of
"SBornlng papers to bo brought to bis apart
Bts.,nd he read every line in them relativo
to the catastrophe In II nana harbor.
I'or ng the entire morning the hotol was be
sieged by reporters, butthevwero Informed by
MUordat, and Detective Servants Vallcly and
"Mnnell, who relle ed Central Ofllco Detectives
Barrett and Campbell, tbat no notes or com-
t &tl0"' would b nt to tho De Lome npart
batni rhlcb,.,rociue0' statement of any
"tare for publication.
tloabrt1, " n"ltary ftlclSf the legs-
eeii V. hlcl aai w"9 l'"modlateIr ro-
Vhlo8fCVll0,'"tVlcftl" ca"""" forth.
Iwcdtu 1 "UT- The '" detectives fol
UVWi, "". k'ei'lng a few yards
wit ouUH VM U!St"'9 c',rrl- T. trip ..
ituluf"-' "L'"i'cognlZngSenor
t Tt ' b7'"r" cached. Tho party
PPea on , . i""""" nt "C(! "nd airt "' "
Um Lr,,l,'t'1 ll -'Hock. In tho mean
Sdbr., r'Ut'1' J"'bml """ "P adas
ed'and afler";,"1"'1 """t"'r0't BrMtIjr "
clorLd vol.umnt ccstlculation do-
Mh!hJcrT.?11W'"l Y" ",U """"I The
greatl'" "elS ,ho lu-"lcl to tho Maine
"rM.IUnlrr" '!10 .",'1" "'lle.1 S-nor and
tob.dlhCI,V?"r" w ,7 "" "ilo:uU "hoc "me
on the npn. rV ''.'""""'"'"'""nnUaloou
te"'ih.uon! :,,1Xm,"""',l'"-,liihof tlio
0rti. Ft.,ilt?) M , '" ",!f V"t wcru: Joso
iTI'o .! ,,; " ""anUArlur..rid An
!"u"'l i.imn II,,.,' ' '."..'"illiuien con
.A?"""'" m i ,".",VM "I." """ling of
rhch " '!., ',?,'', .J',1!'1 "" Kal.inlay. at
'"'Ions .v.V , ' 'i' n.'iin'ti T0 ri'.o
''fin! 'rs'llfVi1 "' " lb'.m
llUiaioi,(ll ,M, , '' ' "! ?,!l11,"l,rc"l., Nrly
lin ' 1"" M' - I 'v! . . f "'. I"",.'r"' 'I"'1 "mo"B
I'ILU.A" ''-' ui.' " "iiiiglilur.if tho
&' P..ken is o ? 'M",,' "'"ouhrnor. ilS
Vfcjlc. '"' M.c i, vliiing fntiiiU in New
ffi"tf'!V'''l !. ','! .Hrltam.1. wns nrpid
fa"1" ' ri oi i :;'""" ""r ""d upon
loffi ?' ' .s..i 1 li , 'f'""'""'!.!!" Pier
om'.1' '""' i i V"." fu'"''tjimriii.y.
it 5 Uu" i , ,r'"lr" '" Madrid for
dmi ' ""' b'rr"1 eo"t "
8? Jj " tl l!',' V.Jvi ll""s,V' In nnsn t r In nn in-
SS wb'l lo ihun 'J ""! M,,ll"u '" 0? b."d
I Slir'nud tCai nrftc'vt;'1 Vtru meagre ho
Mlliutai, l IU 011Ploslon must Lave
Hct
Z.OHB or TBH OLAKA XETAOA.
Rer Owner. Kara at tt 3lv.n Vp mf f
tan Knroty r Their Vemel.
Skattle. Wash., r.U. 10. At tho ofllce of the
steamer Clara Nevada alt hopes of her safety
hnvo been abandoned, and ISO passengors who
had engaired passago for her return trip north
havo received their passage money.
George Pock of Soword'CIty, Alaska, was an
eyewitness of the explosion. He was standing
on tho beach wben he saw tho steamer battling
with the iralo. There was a sudden flash, a
bnrat'of flamo with a loud report, and the dis
appearance of the vessel.
The owners of the vossel say there wero
twonty-flvo passengors and n crow of twenty
eight men. The names cannot bo ascertained
until they are received from the agent nt
Skngway.
Tho steamer Rustler of Juneau has been out
In search of survivors.
HALT! OF X1IF. KANSAS PACIFIC.
Kn.eli.i Darrnto the ItrorcnnlMtlen Com.
mliteo ror sjo.aon.ooo.
TorEKA, Knn., Fob. 10. Tho Government's
Hen on tho Union Paclilo railroads in Kansas
was wiped out this morning In this city. Tho
Kansas 1'nclflo road was bought in by Alvln
W. Krech. representing tho ltoorganlxation
Com m It too, for 0,303.000. There was no com
petition at tho solo. Mr. Krccl. was tho only
blddor. He waited until Judgo W. D. Cornish
of St, Paul finished reading the long decroo of
foreclosure and then quietly stepped up to the
special master and said:
"On the part of tho Reorganization Commit
tee I bid $0,303,000 for tho road."
Thcro wero no other btddora. The road was
knocked down to Mr. Krech, and the first step
was taken in tho formal crtablishment of the
reorganized railroad.
FVSSX I.IKES HEIt DOPB.
Cot the Uablt rr.ni Iter master, an Now ah.
1. n lleanlar Opium Fiend.
lYom th ."St. Louit Republic.
In ono of tho most foul-smclllng and lonst
ventllatod of the dnns called living rooms In
tho Chinese quarter thoro has livod for years
an animal which, whtlo it has long been a slavo
to that habit which holds its master and so many
of his race captive, apparently enjoys tho best
of health nnd comfort. This animal, a fat,
sleek tabby cat, is to many ono of tho most in
teresting sights of Chinatown.
It would nt first thought scom Imposslblo
that a cat could smoko oulum. But this cat
has learned to crave as madly for tho drug as
over a human being did. and apparently galnB
as much pleasure from its effect as do hor mas
ter and his fellows.
Every night kitty can bo seen curled up
in happy slumber in her master's lap or with
her head resting on his knee. Wong Sing is
tho oommonplaco name exploited by the owner
of this remarkable feline. Sing lives on tho
lower floor, if floor it can bo called, of a Chinese
lodging houso at 710 Jackson streot. Ho has
had hlB dumb friend over since its earliest klt
tnnhood, and, as kitty Is now five years old, n
very strong attachment has sprung up and
grown stronger between tho two.
Sing Is BouT-confessdly tho worst kind of an
opium fiend. Moreover, ho will tell you can
didly that ho is positively incurable, although
he would givo everything he has In tho world,
which is certainly all ho could be expected to
glvo. If he could free himself from "tho habit."
"Mo smoko thirty-two year now," Sing ad
mits with a Blgh whon questioned upon his ex
perience ivlth tho drug. "Mo vclly bad boy.
Mo likeo vclly much to stopoo, but Sing no can
do now. Two, tlee, fo' timo me tly velly hard
stopee smokoo pipe. No good tly, no can stopee.
Me begin smokeo whun sllxteen year old.
Catcheo; habby vclly quick. Catchce habby in
tlee months. Vos, mo velly bad boy."
And Sing's narrow silts of eyes turn upward
with a look of resignation to his awful fate,
which seems rather out of keoplng with his
plaintive and self-accusing statements.
"Cat, ho catcnum habby long time," said
Sing, as be stroked the head of bis pet. "You
sabbe catchum habby! Ho likoe smokeo opi
um velly much, alloc samee me, but ho no want
to stopee. You no sabbe him smoke! You
come aomo timo cat catchum habby Then you
soo. Then you sabby." And but a short wait
in tho foul air is usually sufficient for one to seo
a sight which, to say the least. Is seldom to bo
found, no matter whero ono may search for it.
In an Instant kitty's nnturo changes. She is
no longer calmly stretched in lazy slumber.
Bho starts np nervouMy, anion about hurriedly.
First nlio ascertains whether or cot her master
is indulging in a f ov draws of his own master,
tho pipe. As Sing sees tho cat's movements ho
Bays with a smile: "Habby, he como now.
Yon watchco, see. He lookee find somebody
smokeo. You sabby I Cat velly much llkeo
find smokeo now."
And Sing knows. Should puss discover that
Sing is not smoking tor tbat worthy does not
smoke all of tho time she springs to the ground.
Tho cat then runs rapidly around tho close
quarters which constitute the abode of ten or
more Chinese. As sbo throws her head to ono
sldo and looks eagerly into the faces of tho Mon
golians In search of one who is smoking
opium, she appears to bo n different animal ifrom
tho ono which lay so quietly sleeping a few mo
menta before. If puss docs not And a pipe In
nse which seldom occurs she makes her wants
known by cries and frantic rushlngs to and fro
until her cravings are understood by tboso
familiar with ber ways, and until they have sat
isfied hor appetite for tho soothing fumes which
come from tho poison of the poppy.
When the pill of opium is neatly cooked and
the little ball has been plncod In ltsTproper place
on the pipe, kitty's cmjoyinont commences. As
the smoker is compelled to omit from his mouth
or nostrils that portion of tho smoko which ho
is unable to swallow, the cat stands on his
breast or shoulder, thrusting her head forward,
and drinks in tho poisonous fumes will, closod
eyes and open mouth. No vivid imagination
is required to seo a smile of contentment como
over iter feline features as the smoke floats
around her.
covldx't nv.v run qahe.
Basband and Poker Paxrr Dud Coffee Benn.
ror Chip, and Ills Wire Ale Ttirm.
From the Washington roil.
There is a certain well-known young gentle
man In Washington whose predilections for the
great American gamo of pokor nro known to
his bettor half and seriously objected to. So
strenuous has been her opposition to this some
what exciting form of nmusenlcnt that sho ex
acted a promise not long ago from her husband
that ho would not succumb to tho seductive
wiles of tho game except for fun. Sho did not
object to his having fun thnt way If he wan tod
to, but real gambling didn't go. So ho promised
and kept the promise until one warm night n
week ago. Then the wife bad an engagement
to go with a llttlo tbeatro party, nnd he took
advantugo of the occasion to invite half a dozen
friends up to the houso. ......
"Hut you mustn't bring any chips." ho in
sisted. "My wife is susplclousfot chips. I'll
havo o lot of coffee berries luhtoad."
II agreed to accept colTee berries ns n substi
tute for the hories, and all turned up nt the
houso as Boon as tbo wife had Joined her party.
Tho chips, or coffee grains, wore ilolod out by
the banker and tho game started. Owing to th 3
wnrmthof the room, a window near tho hosts
sent had been raUed, Luck was with the host.
The gamo progressed qulotly, und nearly oyery
pot round its way evontnally to tho stack of
berries at his slrfo, until ho had enough to make
bovorngo for the crowd. Uy 11 o clock two or
throe hud dropped out mid gone home, nnd thoo
who remained had given ull their coffee beans
to tholr entertainer. Then the wlfo returned.
Sho noted with evident eatisfctlon Hint the
game wnHdetold of anything ns suspicious as
chips, nnd greeted nil plensnntly. Then sho
stood leaning on hor husband's clmlr, chatting
nbout the play. As sho chatted sho carelessly
fingered the little pile of coffco benns.and at
everj other word would carelessly flip one or
two of them out of tho window, or absent
mindedly put one in her mouth and bite
It In pieces. Tho banker saw and grinned
with fiendish glee. Kvery grain of cofTeo
which she cast to tho winds Qr ground
up between her pretty tooth represented
(.quarter. At every frosli flip her husband s
ryes opened widp; his stare became more manl
ncsl. Ily thetlm.the pile bail dwindled ilovui
io half Its original slzo ho was on the vergoof
Imbecility, hut lie sived hliiihclf and tho rest of
his pile. Springing up In the nildrtloof a story
his wlfo was tolling he said:
"Mary, for heat en's ko stopchowlng thnt
coffee. You make mo nervous."
.Mary looked i.nd wondered, nnd there was sus
picion In hi royr-sits she bade them good night
and retired, '1 no husband sadly cashed In hid
diminished pile, und tho gumo broke up.
FJlirXDSllIFS THAT OOOI..
A Jerser lty Man'. Kiprrl.nr nnd It. I.
sou.
" In the course of my hard-working life," said
tho Jersey City man, "I have notlcod thnt it is
nover well to try to anako a hutliiesu friend out
of n social friend. In nino cat.es out of ton ho
expocts favors on account of tho previous ac
iiualntnncu, and nftcr n while loth the business
imrt social friendships cool. On tho other hand,
soma of my best triencls socially are persons
whose acquaintance I made In business, llie
friendship that grows up tbat wnjr seldom cools.
TbU U a ruio that does not work both ways."
PARIS DOUBLY GUARDED.
, I,,,
TIM OorHRXMBXT BBADT TO DBAZ,
OUT Itr.ATll TO 11IOTMIH.
It ar lb. Ksla Trial Will rraduc. func
tion In ruhllo nnllmeat More levere Be
prrnlT. roller reward tola. I.awx.r
Yeitrrdai. Irnl.n Fnll or Drnmullo Inter-rsl-rvltlM.i,
Ncanart nnd Bstrrhnsy Will
Fneo Bach Other en the ftinnd To-Dnr.
Special Cable Df patch to Til. 80s.
Paius, Feb. 10,-It is to bo hoped that the
French people will profit by tho period of reflec
tion in which thoy nro rtlll indulging. Tho calm
of Sunday continues, nnd as thcro is no lack of
Intorcst In the proceedings at tho Palace of
Justice tho Government nnd also the army
officials arc becoming seriously apprehenslvo
lest a great roaction Is at hand. This Is apparent
in various ways, especially In to-dny's conduct
of tho trial.
ThoProsldontot tho court adopted a severe,
repressive almost petulant policy toward the
defendant's lawyers and witnesses. Gen. Pel
llenx, who is, perbnps, tho most popular and
eloquent officer of tho army, was sontbackto
tho witness stand to deliver what can only bo
described as a patrlotio oration. Every point
raised by the defence was ruthlessly overruled,
almost without consultation between tho Judges.
Meantime tho Government's almost theatrical
preparations to deal with riots continue. Paris
has been doubly garrisoned, the entire police
forco is kept on call, small mountains of gravel
have beon piled on tho principal boulevards for
uso In case cavalry charges shnll be necessary,
and It is gravely announced that tho mob will
bo ridden down without mercy If It assembles.
To-day's session of the trial was full of drama
tic touches.
At the Zola trial to-day nearly two hours wore
devoted to confronting witnesses whoso testi
mony disagreed or whose evidence on ono side
or tho other It was desired to conf uto.
Tho moU striking feature was tho reappear,
nnce of Gen. Pellteux, whom M. Labor! described
as tho orator of tho army. Ho mado an elab
orate and eloquent address to the Jury, his speech
being ovldontly designed to offset Deputy
Jaures's speech for tho defence lost week. tSc.n.
P.llleux argued the whole case, submitting that
It was Impossible that Count Esterhazy could
bo tho author of tho bordereau because the doc
ument bore internal evldenco that it was tho
work of nn artillery officer, while Ksterhazy be
longed to tho Infantry and was not acquainted
with the Information specified therein. It
would have been ridiculous, he said, to have
convicted Esterhazy on the strength of the torn
telegram, and tho witness considered that the
authorities had doalt most leniently with Col.
PlcquarL
Tho witness concluded with an eloquent ap
peal to the Jury to vindicate the army, the flag,
the country, &c.
M. Laborl triod to interrupt Gen. Pellteux, but
the President refused to permit him to do so.
There were sovoral sharp passages botween tho
Court and M. Laborl, tho latter declaring that
the President for tbo first time was showing his
gross hostility to tho defence, and that he (La
bor!) was determined to insist upon his rights.
Furthermore, he said, tho defendants would
maintain their struggle for light If the trial
should bo prolonged for six months. The audi
ence again indulgod in a demonstration of senti
ment on both sides. Before quiet was restored
Gen. Pellleux disappeared from tho courtroom,
and tho defence was unable to confront him
with Col. Plcquart, as M. Laborl desired.
M. Scheuror-Ecstner came to tho bar to deny
that ho had over spoken of tho Esterbary case
to M. Teyssonnibres, and tho latter was com
pelled to admit that ho had testified falsely in
this regard. Teyssonnleres also contradicted
x-MinisterTrarloux upon other points, where
upon the latter denounced him as dishonest, and
letters from Teyssonnleres to Trarieux were
read upon tho letter's demand, in order to provo
Teyssonieres's bad faith.
Gen. Pollleux returned to the court and tho
stand, and M. Labor! cross-questioned his asser
tion of ast week that the foc-slmile published in
the Afaft'n did not resemble the original bonle
reau, adding: "Wo want facts and reasons, not
declarations of patriotism."
Gen. Pellleux replied: "I maintain that some
of the pretended fac-slmlles which appaared
seemed to be composed alternately of tho writing
of the bordereau and that of Esterhazy."
M. Meyor, who was recalled to confront Gen.
Pellleux, retorted: "How could that bo pos
sible in 1890, when there was no quottlon of
Esterhazy t Gen. Pcllleux's words are tricky."
Gen. Pellleux replied: "The rac-slmilo pub
lished In the Matin was tho best reproduction.
I regret more than I can say that the official ox
ports cannot testify here. I am not ono of the
defenders of closed sosslons."
M. Labor! (Ironically): " In a few days we
shall all be In accord as brave Frcnchmon. No
body hero refuses light, so I call upon the Advocate-General,
on the recommendation of Gon.
Pellleux, to produce tho documents nnd permit
tho oxperts to testify."
Gen. Pellleux But there has beon a closed ses
sion; I cannot make tbem speak.
Gon. Pellleux then admitted freely the close
similitude of tho Matin foc-slmile to the bor
dereau:. M. Moyer (interrupting) And the writing re
sembles Esterhazy's I
Gen. Pellleux I havo not to say that,
M. Morinot, tho Geneva expert In chlrograpby,
spent more than on hour In explaining tech
nlcally why ho was certain thnt Esterhazy wroto
tho bordereau. "Nover In tho world," he con
cluded, "was shown such absoluto Identity of
handwriting."
Several other experts wero called to the wit
ness stand and then tho court adjourned.
To-morrow Gen. Pellleux, Col. Plcquart and
Major Esterhazy will confront each other, and
an exciting day Is anticipated. Tho caso may
possibly go to tbo jury on Saturday, but it Is not
unlikely that It will go over to next oek.
Tho expectation of Zola's conviction Is still
general. Nevertheless, tbo number of those
who denounced him at tho outset, but-w-Vi are
beginning to have misgivings, is certXlaijr Increasing.
IIlBT.AXn IX '08.
A Mas. slArtlak In I,ond.n to Olobrate the
Krent. of That rnm.us Vr.r.
Special C7iM Dupatch lo Tilt Hui.
London, Fob, 10. A crowdod mass meeting of
Irishmen was held here to-night to colcbrato tho
events of 17118. Mr. James O'IColly, M. P. for
North Itoscommon, presided. Among those
present were Messrs. John Dillon. T. P. O'Con
nor, and Michael Davitt, nil members of tho
Houso of Commons, nnd Mr, William O'Brien,
an ox-member of tho House. Mr. Dsvltt paid an
eloquent tribute to Wolfe Tone, ono of the lead
era of the Irish rebellion, and Mr. Dillon pro
posed a resolution appealing for a free and in
dependent Irish nation.
CABLE TO ir.il AXA.
Th. Spanish Ministry Approve. Itaylna O.e
Between Spain nnd Cuba.
.Special Cable Ceipatch to Tnx Sot.
Madrid, Fob. 10. The Ministry of tho Inte
rior has approved the laying of a submarine
tolegraphlo cablo between Spain and Havana.
Tho scheme has been referred lo tho Ministry of
tbo Colonies.
iixnxuAimT vxitnic tiik kxff.
The Aelrrn Moreri.rullr I'n.ersoro m Sur.lrnl
Operation.
Special Cable Tteijialch loTuz Bus.
Paius, Feb, 10. Mine Sarah Bernhardt to
day underwent a surgical operation for the re
moval of a llbrold growth, which has for some
tjma past caused her great pain. The operation
was entirely successful.
Tb. aindent r.rllan. In Rom.
Speclul Cubit Veiiratck to Tils fie.
Rome, Fob. 10. A crowd of U.000 antl-olerlcnl
students madu a demonstration this morning
against the clerical students who on Sunday at
St. Peter's acclaimed Pope Lo XZIL "1'opo and
men."
XIQHXX-BKTBX rSRX9HBJ.
-. . .J-
Wreck of Iho Vroneh Sto.ntrr plnebat In th.
Canary I.landa,
Special CabU Dttpatch In Tna Heir.
Santa Cntie Dr. TicNBiurrr, Feb. -lo. The
French steamer Flachat, bound from Manolllos
for Colon, was wr.oked at 1 o'clock this morning
on the Island of Anago, ono of the Canary
group.
There was a thick fog at tho time the steamer
struck. The vessol and her cargo are a total
loss. Forty-nlno passengers and thlrty-olght of
the crew wore drowned. The Captain, second
mato, eleven of tho crew, and one passenger
were saved.
TUB CZA11IXA AXD DTI. BCUBXK.
lie Denies a Report Connecting Him with Hor
Mnjr.li'. Cralnc Aecauchemrnt.
Special CabU Petpatch to Tux kv.
Vikjwa, Feb. 10. numors havo beon In cir
culation hero for tho last fowdays regarding
tho coming aocouchement of the Czarina, Rb
port had It that Dr. Schonk, who claims to
havo discovered tho secret of determining sex,
bad been requested to employ his method in or
der that her Majesty might glvo birth to a son.
Wben questioned on the subject Dr. Schenk ox
cltedly declarod that he knew nothing of tho
matter. He bollovod that tho Czarina was ex
pecting to bo accouched, but bo had no private
information.
Ho then declarod that his life was being mado
n burden to htm. His colleagues were all hos
tile, and the publlo had tried to forco him upon
a caroor that was distasteful to him. He had
never undertaken tho professional treatmontof
patients to dotcrrolne tho sox of their offspring,
and he nover would do so.
GLADSTONE STABIS FOIt BXOLAXD.
II. I. Still utTerlnc, but III. rain I. Ita In
tense.
Spettal Cable Detpatch to Tnx Son.
Cannes, Feb. 10. Mr. Gladstone and tho
members of his family who accompanied him
hero started for England this evening. The
party will stay at Calais, If necessary, to watt
for favorablo weather for crossing tho Channel.
Thoy will go from Calais to Bournemouth.
Mr. Gladstone is still sufforlng, but his pain is
less intense. He walked steadily to tho train,
leaning on tho arm of his friend, Sir Stuart
Rondel, whom Mr. Gladstone has beon visiting
here. Ho was pale, but lively and self-possessed,
and acknowledged tho farewells of his numer
ous frlonds. Ho appears to have aged consider
ably during his two months' visit here.
sALisnunvs XAitnoir bscapf.
HI. Carriace Cnt In Tna by n Sate That Sniins
lialnit II.
Special Cable Detpatch to Tnx Sck.
London, Fob, 10. Lord Salisbury and his son
had a narrow escape from sorious and perhaps
fatal Injury last evening whllo driving to Hat
field House from the station, returning from
London.
The Premier and his son were seated In a vic
toria drawn by two horses. As thoy wero enter
ing Hatfield Park a gust of wind suddenly
swung ono of tho massive gates, which struck
tho vehicle and literally cut it In two. The
horses wont ahead with the front part of tho
carriage, but tho occupants remained behind,
entangled in the wreckage of the vohlcle. They
were both considerably shaken, but escaped seri
ous Injury, nnd wero able to walk to the house.
junoE Korzn dismissed.
lie Warn President or tbe Supreme Court .rthe
South ATrlenn Repnbllc.
Special Cable Despatch to Tnx Sex.
PnnTOHtA. Feb. 10. Judge J. G. Kotze, Presi
dent of tho Supremo Court, has been dismissed,
and Judgo P. Grcgorowskl. a Ju-tico of tho crim
inal branch of that court, has been appointed to
succeed him.
Tho removal of Judgo Kotze arises from his
protesting against tho relations bctwren the
Executive and Judiciary in connection with a
law pa-wed a year ago.
ELECTED TO PA11L1AMEXT.
Mr. Phillip. Cboseti by Largely Increased
Liberal Majority.
Special Cable Detpatch In Tux Sun.
London. Feb. 10. Mr. Wynford Phillips, Lib
eral, was elected yesterday to Ull the seat in tho
Houso of Commons for Pembrokeshire, mado
vacant by the appointment of tho former mem
ber, W. Ilecs Davis, Liberal, to tho Attorney
Generalship of the Bahamas. Mr. Phillips re
ceived 6,070 votes to 3,10(1 cast for Mr. Hugh
Campbell, Conscrvntivo, Tho polling shows a
largoly Increased Liberal majority over tho last
election.
1IUODE ISLAND'S UELPLESS CLAMS.
Unlet. The Aro Protecteil by Law Tbey Will
Uecomt- Ratlnet.
From the Provlilence Xetct.
Under the charter grantod tho colony of
Rhode iBland by King Charlos II. In 1003. cer
tain specified rights and privileges wore grantod
tbo individual citizen. This charter remained
in full forco and Io or until superseded by our
present Constitution In 184V. Among the othor
rights namod In tho charter was one stating
that the restdonts "ahnll have full and free
power and liberty to continue and use the trade
of fishing upon tho said coast. In any of the etas
thereunto adjoining, or any arm of the seas, or
bait water rivers and creeks, whero thoy have
been accustomed to llsh."
Tho trainers of the Constitution deemod it
necossary to forever protect thoso rights, and
thercforo Artlclo I., section 17, hays: "Tho pco
plo shall contlnuo to enjoy nnd freely exercise
all the rights of fishery and tho privileges of tho
Bhoro to which thoy have been heretofore en
titled under the charter nnd usages of this State.
But no new right Is Intended to bo granted, nor
any existing right Impaired by this declaration."
Under thoso provisions two rights have by prc
codonco and long usagn been secured, first, tho
undisputed right to dig clams on any Loast of
the tea, or uruis thereof, on bait water ri ens or
;roeks, and second, tho right of passing over any
private land adjoining said shores to accom
plish the purpose nforrsnld.
Tho prlvllego was evldontly intended for the
bcqeflt of tho families In the colony and State
to furnish them with food, nnd now that the
danger Is Imminent that our Rhode Island
clam is rapidly disappearing something ought
to como to the rescuo. It tho actual v, ordlng of
the Constitution can ho literally adhered to,
tho means for tholr preservation Is easily found.
Tint says: "But no now right Is Intondod to lie
granted." What, then, wuagrnnlcdl Simply the
right that Indh (duals nr families mUbt procure
tbem for food. Now, a host of men are giving
their entire timo. digging at all proper tldos and
securing e cry clam In sight, not f or.our Individ
uals and families, but lor tho thousands nnd
thousands who como from afnr after our clams,
well knowing that their equals do not any whero
exist.
Another new right is also introduced,
agalhdt which wo here record our solemn pro
tests, and that Is tho present barbarous, nicked
modo of digging clams. Tho spado or hcuvy
shovel Is now grnrrnlljr usod becuuso It turns
up so much uiori) dirt, and hrlngs to tho i uruco"
many more clnius, but every incision of that
snadu or shot el Into tboillr. Imnlubly criuhus
and utterly ruins a large number of olnms. It
Is maintained by samo thnt the more tliu clam
grounds are dug orr tho mora rapidly thoy
will uruw. Thnt Is true to limited extent, hut
when tho small ones are used up, where is tho
now seed to como fromf
The question then urUcs, does the clnui need
protection! Let tho unsHorcomo from those
who attended clambakes tho past season, nnd
they will invariably reply that in almost every
Instance tbey were sencd with clums no small
In sire that thoy did not havn tho requisite time
to mako a meal, nnd the persons serving thu
nn leu would inform ynu that. It you want natlvo
clams you must have small ones or none. The
idea nf Imposing (,'npo Coil ciams may do to trj
on Btrimgciv, but thoy will not russ muster
among our people, who kiiowwlmtls whnt.
Wo nsk then protection for theclmn, either
a i (instruction of our Stmo Constitution speci
fying poncr to prevent their nasto, legltlntlon,
or by general consent, to givo tho clnms ono
season nf rest.
our State hits ever hcou famous for certain
products, Providence Illvor ojhtcrs, Rhode Isl
and turkeys, Rhode lilnnd swo' t corn, ithodo
Island clams, und Ithodo Island greenings, mid
whllo it Is truo that thu latter, owiiig to ihe ab
sence of somu elemont In the soil nr a chango In
our climate, hau lost lis llavor and kcepiug qual
ities. It Is more our bounden duty to seo that
thu reputation of tho others Is carefullv guard
ed ana forever preserved and proteolod.
Dlsllnxul.hrd ssnii In Kansas.
Voin the Kantat City Timet,
Zacbary Taylor Is running a feed alore at Marlon, J,
K. folk is a bartender t ISTrnworlt., William
Henry Harrison bas a paint shop at Caldwell, Andy
Jackson Is a constable In Wllaou county, and James
Uadlwa 1 a coal ulacr at fltubunx.
TWO DROWNED IN THE BAY.
- ' . , r , ..
TOBOALB CAPSIZES TJIB TVOBOAT
' FItANKIE OFF THE BJIIB II AS IN.
Iter Sblpprr Went Down with Her Iter E
aineer. Who tVn Ala. Her Owner, At..
Lwt other Tan nnd Small Crnrt Met wllh
Mishap. .1. Lonl Cam. Xe.r (Ironndlna.
" Tho harbor was lashed Into turmoil yeater
dny by n gnlo that tore out of tho frosty west
at tlfnoa nt a fifty-mile rate, Hpoondrtft flow
along tho crested waves, drenching the dosks of
all tow-lying craft. Few small boats ventured
out, nnd most of thoso that did got Into trouble
Tbo Weight nnd persistency of the blg3lowUtept
down Urn high tides and ble.v tho low tides a
fow feet lower than Usual. Tho llttlo tugboat
Frankio was capsized in tho hay off Erlo Basin
anil her pilot, CapU Nicholas Frank of ISO
President street, Brooklyn, and hor engineer,
Frank Crocker, who was also her owner, of 103
Third placo, Brooklyn, wore drowned.
Tho Frankio left Jcrsoy City for Carteret,
N. J., with tho threo-masted schoonor May in
i tow. Just after passing Governor's Island
tho Finnklo began making leeway. Hor en
gines were not powerful enough to keep her on
her course Sho drifted hroadsldo to tho blast
nnd heeled away over to port. 'Iho swoll of a
big tramp steamship, outward bound, nddod to
tho heavy sea, which swept clear across tho
llttlo boat. CupU Frank Bratsted of the Statin
Island ferryboat Castlcton, which was on her
way to the city, saw tho plight of tho Frankio
and headed fur her. She was ITthon almost
on htr beam ends. Before the Castlcton could
got alongside her tho Frankio went over and
sank. Her Bklpper had not timo to leave the
pilothouse nnd he vanished with ber. Capt,
Crockor and Dockhands James O'Brien and Ar
nold Petersen were 'seen struggling in tho
water. Capt. Bratstod lowered a lifeboat,
which picked up O'Brien. Tho boat was
swamped by tho high waves and the three men
who had been in It were rescued by lines low
ered 'from tho deck of the Castlcton. Petersen
drifted noar the Castleton nnd was hauled
aboard at tCo end of a Hfo lino. Engineer
Crocker sank bofore another lifeboat could be
launched. He was last seen swimming toward
a lot of Hfo preservers which tho passengers and
deck hands of the'forryboat had thrown iiChls
direction. Crocker was 40 years old. Capt.
Frank, who was a vetoran harbor navigator,
was 00 years old.
Tho Battery boatmen, who know rough wea
ther when they see it, kept their Btanch and
buoyant craft tied uo in tho basin. That is,
most of them did. Billy Quiglcy decided to
brave tbo harbor tempest in tbo best boat of
his fleet. He got mixed up with wind and sea
in a Jiffy, and then he had a sensation that be
bail nover felt before and does not want to feel
again. IOvna tho shock of plunging head first
into tho ley water of the East River. Ho says
that ho folt as if he had bad tho current of a
powerful clectrlo battery turned into him. He
was so bonumbod thatsnlmming was Impossible.
Ho clung to tho keel or his boat until a tug that
chanced to bo near picked htm up. He dried
himself In the boiler room nnd went on shore
duty a few hours later.
Throe tugs, tho Ivlns. tho R. J. Moran, and
the P. II, Wise, each with two dumping scows in
tow. started back from tbe dumping grounds
off Rockanay before daylight yesterday. When
about three miles off Coney Island Point the
torn dumper of the 1 vlns broko adrlf LTTho Ivlns
continued on her course and anchored tho first
scow lu Uruvoscnd Bay. Then sho went out
after tho otber dumper, which hud anchored.
Meanwhllo tho Morun had broken her rudder
stock and with hpr tows was drifting eastward.
Tbo Ilns picked up tbo dumDers of tno Moran
and brought tbem in. The Wise, which took
her tows to Staton Island, went cruising for
ha Moran, found hcr.and towed her Into harbor.
Tho tug John A. Bowkor picked up the scow that
had anchored and brought hor up the bay,
Tho American liner St. Paul left her pier at tho
foot of Fulton street, North River, Douad for
Southampton, at 10 o'clock in the morning.
Sho stopped off tho Battery with her hroadsldo
to tho gale to let four tugs turn her bend bay
ivard. Sho might havo brought up on the shoals
of Governor's 1 aland if bho had not bad the tugs
along to straighten her out.
Transfer tug No.7 of tho Nn w Haven line, towing
two loaded enrrflonts, one on each sldo, whllo
coming down the East Rh cr from Mott Haven,
was dricn by wind nnd current over to tho
Blackw ell's Island shore and grounded on the
south end of tho Island. Tho car float on tho
starboard side of the tug was far ln.ruid it Is
Bald her bottom was stovo. The tugs Com
mtutdcr, Wallace B. Flint, and Three Brothers,
assisted by tho steamer Express, hauled the
outer tlnnt otT at high tide. It was feared thnt
an attempt to haul off tho tug would capsize
her, and it was decided to leavo her and tho
Inner float until tho tldo served.
Capt. WlUon of tho British bark Cbippcrkylo
was pleased with the big blow. Some of his
friends told him ho was foolish In leaving port,
predicting thnt ho would carry away something
before hejiot out of sight of land. He said he
did not care a damn. He wanted n westerly
gale to help him along on his voyage to Now
South Wales. Four tugs got the bark out of her
bertb,at Pier ll.East River.and helped ber down
to tho loner bay, wlieneo she scooted for tbo
open nt tramp stcniushtD spcod.
Tho little brig Robert IMolon, Just In from
Brunswick, Go., dragged her anchors and
grounded at Red Hook.
Tho llshlng sloop Elizabeth L. Roosevelt part
ed her cnblo while anchored In tho lower b.iy
nnd drifted In near the Sandy Hook Ufa saving
station. Her bklpper and two men took refuge
at the station. Tho vessel will bo hauled off a:
blgh tide.
OVEIITCRXED IX THE UALE.
A Unttlmorfi Packet Cnp.laed by the Wind on
tbe Delaware Itlrer.
Wilmington, Dol Feb. 10. In tho northwest
gale, which swept with terrific violence across
tho Delaware River this morning, the steam
packet Ericsson of the Baltimore and Philadel
phia Stoamshlp Company, Capt. John W. Grace,
from Baltimore for Philadelphia, was blown
ovor in the river nenr tho mouth of Christiana
Creek, and is lying in shallow water partially
submerged. She cnrrled sixty passengors, and
tbeso and tbo vejsel's ofllcers and crew were
all rescued by the tug Laura I), oxcept ono
man, who Is reported to hnvo bocn drowned.
'Ihe roicued passengers were taken to Wil
mington, Del.
Tbe Ericsson Lino packots ply dally lietwocn
Philadelphia and llaltlmore through tho Chesa
peake i.nd Delaware Cunul. Whon the Ericsson
entered tho river nt Delaware City tho water
was very rough and tho steamer pitched around
in lively fashion. On account of this sho kept
closo to shore nnd ran on a bar near the mouth
of the Christiana. As soon as sho grounded tho
force of tbo gale capsized her. Tho passengers
and crew clambered over thu sldo and held on
until tbe tug took them off.
Tbe Ericsson Is a new packet built of steel at
Neafle & Levy's shipyard In this city. Sho went
Into Bcrvtco last August. She Is 1DR feet long,
with 'J3 feet breadth of oeam, and has a stato
room capacity for mo passengers. The rescued
pnsHcnsers nere brought tn this cllv by the tug
Laura II. this afternoon. Tho tug is owned by
tho Wilmington and Northern Railroad.
A-JJir EXGLAXD sxoir IIOUXD.
Another Snowstorm urepa llrrr Tbat Terri
toryLow Temperature,
Boston, Mass., Feb. 10. New England was in
tho grasp of nnothor storm tu-day. Snow fell
very fast, with n thlrty-mlle-an-hour wind from
the wost. Tho mcrciir) fell rapidly on 111. coast.
Thochuwru In tempcrnturo followed upon tbo
hoeW of l he heavy thunder shower of last night.
Talograph linos In all directions out of Boston
w orkod poorly, and In many places trains were
delayed nnd electric ears pmrtlcally stalled.
The storm was especially bo cm In Vermont.
Nbwiiiiit. R. I.. Feb. 10. lhoro Is a snow
storm raging horo to-day of unusual severity,
the wind being from I ho northwest and reach
ing a velocity of forly-lho miles nn hour. Tho
thermometer Is rapidly falling. Ships In the
harbor uie dragging their anchors, but as ot
nolhlirc bcrloiis has hnjipencd. There is some
unenKinuss as to tho Buret of tho United States
tug Luydf u, Cruising otl Montauk Point, as sho
Is nn old craft. She has nbout twenty-flvo men
on Ixir.rd,
Chatham, N. Feb. 10. Tho worst snow
storm of tho ecienn struck hole today. The
weather is iutoiibuly cold.
An Vunul.brd II. nse In Jersey Cllj lll.wn
How n.
Trees, signs, and awnings In Jersey City were
blown down jCHtcfdny, and a three-story frame
houso In course of erection In Williams avenue,
neBr Westeldo avenue, wns wrecked. Ono sldo
of the houso as Mist blown out and then tbe
wholn building collapsed. There wnB no ono in
tbo building at tho time. Tho bouse was owned
by James Vencn of WeBtslda avenue.
Wind Took ILrnrrutb Awnynud Nbr fainted.
Miss F A, Richards of 01H Macon street,
Brooklyn, whllo walking lu Rroadvwiy, neur
Pine struct, yesterday uftcrnoou, with her sis
ter. Miss M. K. Richards, became unable to
breatho because) of tho strong wind, and fainted.
Shu was carried into a nearby drugstore, where
Ambulance buruvon Rodman of Hudson Street
Hospital revived bar,
sowxira clvehovsx WnzortKD,
Tha Hm. or th. Xewa'rk lB Bleira lata th.
Paaonle River,
The entire clubhouso of the Kownrk Rowing
Club, at tho foot of Proyldenco street, was
blown into the Paasnlo River lata yesterday,
afternoon. First tho wind caught tbo root nt
tbo houso and tore it off. Thon It took the rost
.of the building. Tho houso was bnllt on nn olo
v'ollon and extended out over the river. It wns
strongly constructed, and had withstood the
offocts' of many a still gale previous to that of
yesterday. Thoro wero about twonty boats In
tho houso, most of them valuable racing shells.
All went Into tho river with the building nnd
wero crushed with it. The loss is n honvy ono
to tho club.
Ton small brick houses In Aquc t'lc t street,
known ns Railroad Row, wero unroofed by tbo
njhd late yesterday afternoon. The tin which
covorod tbem was ottrlod np nnd torn and hurled
into tho streot somo dlstanco away.
An unfinished three-story framo houso nt
South Orango avenuo nnd Grove street
was twisted two fcot out of plumb by tho
high wind yesterday. Pronint work by a Inrgo
forco of men prevented Its complete rollnpto,
With ropes and chains, tbo houso wns hnulod
back Into shape nnd Btrongly bracod on nil sides.
Tho roof of William Trout's house, nt Spring
and Division streets, was torn oft by the wind.
COXET IST.AXIt IX THE OA1.E.
A lllsb Tide Aids tbo TVI.cl In PlailnK Ilavoe
AloHlr tbn Shore.
Coney Island nnd lis '.neighborhood suffered
' from tho effects of the high wind nnd a high tide
yesterday. At Cdnov Island the supports of tho
pavilions wero so woakencd thnt It looked ns If
with tho incoming tldo at night tho structures
would give way. Along tho Grnvesond Ray
shore, at tho Fnlrhaven pavilion south of Ulmer
Park, ovor 000 fcot of tho plor was swept away.
A number of yachts that are wintering On tho
shorn have been damaged. Tho sloop yacht
Violet, owned by Charles Schenck, was torn
from her anchorage and her bowsprit was
broken. The tblrty-flve-foot sloop yacht ownod
by Robert Dillon also broke from Its fostcntngB
nnd was pounded to pieces against the Rlvor
View ptor. At Gravosend Beach a houso ownod
by William Murphy, and built upon piles, was
lifted completely from Its supports and thrown
upon tho beach.
Communication with the Fort Hamilton pre
cinct was sbut oft cstorday morning by tho
wires being blown don n. Up to dnrk last night
n fleet ot scows was anchored oft Grnvesond
Beach, fearing to Ventura out.
IILBIT FOJITT MILES AN 1IOVU.
Like Yonnc Lochlnvar, the Cole Cam. Out or
tbe West Worst Wind 'or (be winter.
Aralo waltzed out of tho frigid West hoforo
daylight yesterday and sot tho shutters and
hanging signs of tho town slam-banglng nnd tbo
windows rattling. It came In gusts tbat some
times approached the forco of a hurricane, and
tho official anemometer showed that it had a
steady forco for hours of moro than forty miles.
It was sharp enough to paint the noses or tho
man red and tho cheeks of tha women llkuwlse.
which ctrcumstanco mado the women like It
hotter than the mon.
Thcro were many architectural downfalls,
and tho air was at times dotted with hats and
veils and nawspapors. Altogetbcr it vas tho
worst wind ot the winter. At midnight it
showed no signs of abating. It was then whis
tling throngn he oaves ot the towering ofllce
buildings almost at a forty-knot rate.
A large wooden cross that crowned tbo peak
of St. Teresa's Church, at Rutgers nnd Henry
streets, was blown down by tho wind yesterday
at noon. It broko a telegraph wire, but hurt no
one.
Joseph Cenyecl nioWu from III. Home Itoof.
Joseph Gcayccl, an Italian cobblor, wns blown
from tho roof of his bouse at 233 North Sixth
street, Williamsburg, jestorday and received
injuries which may cause his do.ith. Tho houso
is tbroo stories high and Is separated from an
adjoining houso by an alley. Gcayccl has rooms
on tbo second floor. A portion of the tin roof ot
tho houso was loose and when thu wind blow It
made anannojlng noise. Gcnyccl went to tho
roof to repair it. Whllo ho wns working lit a
stooping position near the allay a sudden gust
of wind blew him over. In Ills descent liu turned
a somersault and landed in tho alley on his face.
Ho was rendered unconscious. He was carried
to his rooms und Dr. Ashley Webber was sum
moned. Rediscovered that Gcayccl's head was
badly cut and that he had received internal in
juries. A Dun Destr.T.d at Staten l.laad.
An old bargo broke looso from Fort Johnson,
N. J., In the gale of yesterday end went nshore
at the foot of Franklin nvenuc. Now Brighton,
S. I. At 7 o'clock Inst night she wns found to be
on fire. Her burning blocked t raffle on the
Stntcn Island Rupid Transit road nnd upon the
trolley lino running along the shore for half an
hour. Neither tbe nuuio of tho barge nor that
of ber owner could bo learned last night. Sho is
thought to havo been condemned as, worthless.
DAXOEKS IN NAVAL LIFE.
Close Call ror n Wnrahlp In Time or Tar.rt
Practloo Jack Tnr. llrarery.
From the Electrical ncvieic.
Thoso who bellovo that a naval oMIcor's lifo In
times of peace is ono of caso will undoubtedly
change tholr views after reading tho following
experience as told by a well-known ofllcer In tho
United States Navy:
"Icnmovery near going up Into the air In
small bits on this last squadron cruise. Wo
wero at heavy gun practlco at sen, nnd but for
tho quickness of a gunner's mato would never
havo returned. As you probably know, tho
heavy guns In tho turrets aro tired by electricity,
tho gun being discharged simply by pressing a
button. Tho ofllcer In commuml of tho forward
turret on our ship during rapid-firing practlco
was Juot about to press tha button to tiro ono of
our big guns when a gunner's mato wns seen to
grabnlBomotbingon tho wall of tho turret and
then fall In n heap on tho floor. Tbo attlcer
pressed tho button, but tho gun wa not discharg
ed. Wben tho mate came to ho was asked whnt
had happened, and he informed thoolllcor that tha
breech of the gun had not beon locked and thut
what ho grabbed at on the wall was Ihe wires
forming tho olectrio firing circuit. When bo saw
tbat tbe officer was prepared to lire tbo gun and
at the same time oWrvcd that tho breech of
tho gun was not locked, thu only thing
that occurred to him to nrevont tho
gun being discharged wns to destroy tho
circuit, which ho did promptly and ouVctlvely.
Whon nil this occurred there waBachurgo of
1!S0 pounds of powder In the gun, another
charge of tho snmo Biro In tho turret ready to
beecried, nnd the passageway lending to tho
powder magazine was wide npon. But for tho
quickness ot tho gunner's mate tho gun would
havo been discharged, tho breech block would
have blown out Inside the turrcr, tho gaseB
from tho burning powder would proba
bly have ignited tho charge hlng In
tbe turrot, this explosion would hno Ig
nited tho powder in thu magnzlno, und tha
chances are that tlio whole ship, crow nnd all,
would havo gone up In tho air. A thought thnt
has occurred to me Is thisi Suppose the acci
dent had occurred, what do you imagine tho
verdict of a board of Inquiry ns to the cause ot
tho loss of tho ship would hno been! Slnco
this nxperlence the department hns adopted
electrical means to provont the discharge nf any
ot the large guns until thu breech is locked,"
e
A rn Nprrle. or Ited Hunpprr.
Tho first now species found at tho Now York
Aquarium has been discovered in tho red snap
per of Bermuda, called there thu silk snapper.
This fish, which Is common In tho waters of
Bermuda, has heretofore been coiikldeieil Identi
cal with the familiar red snapper of thu Gulf
nnd of West Indian wntcrs, It Is now found tn
bu smaller in sUe, smallor scaled, anil of differ
ent markings and ccilorinrn; n different species.
It has been named by Ur. llonn Niovumi
Jtaetingsi, In honor of Gen. Russoll IluMing,
formerly of Iho United States, but nown rul
dent ot Bermuda, who has materially assisted
the Aquarium lu the collecting ot specimens In
Ileriuiuli.il waters.
Merrill- ur llurd Wood In Ihn Wr.t
Fioii the lrtlanJ OrcaanltiH.
Largo quantities of inaplo und ash lumber are
arriving here from various parts of tliaStnto,
Much of this lumber comes rroui near St, Paul,
Marion county, bomo from Benton loiintj. suuiv
from tho Cowlitz Itiwir. nnd soma arrives by tho
Northern 1'aeilic. Whllo It cannot be said
that the supply of inaplo nnd uh timber in
thu blnto n iirarh exhausted. It Is n fact
thut no large bodies nt such Umber remain
Intact, and ihu pinpnrliou of huidwiiod tim
ber In this Slnte li so small, compared with
the spruce, tlr, and ldue, that it will not
btund fornmnv 5 euro the draughts being nuuio
on it, A few )curs bine alder lumber wns In
much favor fur linking furniture, but it is unt
Him I. Devil now.liilng considered too sofl. It
mnkcsA very prc.lv inside llnUh for houses. A
homo In this clH. built u few ii-nro Mine. Has
purliully llm.hril inside nlth nlder lumber from
lurgu trees cut our 'llllainuok waj. tho boards
being 18 tin lies lo 'J feet lu width, nud thu effort
wub cr. liL-iiutllul. The ink timber of this
State is being thlppidawiiy to Cilifuriil.i.wlicio
it is lu mucli favor fut oar llnlMilim, ice, und
uuu Uisrc will b practically ugua left,
c'M1..,. t- ' . . Mh i(-t-wsnu.j. c
aJatHaWaaaalMattMHMHIM
I" ' ' 'I tl
KrcadT.ond cafce raised vrUhBayml '.H
8rovrftoleonio ivJuenitot. Vfl
POWDER I
Absolutely Puro
.oral bmiii Krtrctn eo., rtw voan. V&H
ItO.VA.WKS MIMtllS TELL. J9
Omens Tbat Home tbn Supor.111 Ion. or Miner. Wl
Ilc.lct TnlnlrU Out by n Cnnillo llanir. 7lM
Los Anoki.ki, Cnl., Fob. la. -Tho signs and j&jjl
omens thnt havo led to tho lludlng of rich $
bodies of gold nnd Bllvcr ores constituted ono -r?
topic dlsou'scd by miners at tho recent golden 't
Jubilee In San Francisco. Col. Kdwnrd W. .!
Potter of Stanislaus county, Cal told the fol- J, fl
lowing story of how Nat C. Crecdc, who ills.ov 4'S
jrod tho marvellous silver mines at Crcade, Col., ?m
came to And tho ore which led to his Becoming -9
several times a millionaire In two years. M
"I know Creodo for flflcon years." sn!d Col. 9
Potter. "Ho wis a perfect prospoclor-pa- $9
Kent, hopeful, nnd resiles, and eager when he Jm
got on tiro scent of a plcco of pay float rock. :
Ho was a very Ignorant man, as the recent rove- M
latlons hit to hlj business nnd family affairs In 'cj
tbe Los Angeles courts have shown. For suv- "f$"lB
tontocn yonrs ho prospected without finding "V3H
enough gold or silver lo buy a cheap suit ol feV
clothes. Ho worked over tho lloi.kv Moiin- ftl
tains from Las Vegas, N. M to ladville, f'M
climbed through canons und scaled tocky walls. ?
He lived it lilo so grim and hard that i doubt 'Sjfl
It I would endure it all, even lr 1 knew what .Vol
a prl7o awaited me. In tho sming of, lxtio '
L'reedo Bald ho wfts going to prospect through fm
tho San Juan district. A lot of prospector who ftm
w.ro sitting about nn adubo saloon when Creed YM
announced this intention Just laughed at him. I'M
"Why, don't you know, man," said they, .?J
'that hundeds of fellows have tried for ore in ?
thut district. Thoro ain't, enough mutal lhoro &W
to coin a dollar.' i;
"But Crsedo was stubborn, und ho'd nevor M
let on that ho know less about prospecting in 9
Colorado than any one else. Ho tried lo gut a .!
euloon keeper at Rock Rip to grubnuKc him iJl
for tbe Bummer with nbont 910 worth of licans, -iM
pork, and such like, but tho saloon koeper was 'Vm
too cuto to put bis money into such n wild- I'M
fnoso chase among tbo San Juan .Mountains. Sim
t wns two weeks later. In May, 1HH0, thnt syl
Crcedo was going to glvo the hunt up nnd go "fei
down Into tho Cochitl gold district, mar Santa. &
b't, N. M. In fact, he told a prospector who Til
was on h)a way southward to Suntn Fo that ho TM
would bo along In a few week. That very pi
day Crcede wunt to hunt game on what wa. jtf
known as.Mammoth,Mountnln. He often told Vi
ot tha circumstances. He was looking up th Kf
mountain allies for wild doves, having about W
abandoned his tedious, lonely Bonrcli for par y,';
rock In tbat locality.' Ho saw n chunk of dark &
rock tho slro ot a man's head, lying about .ten , 1'
feet above him among a muss ot drift stones. mS
He looked the chunk over, nnd saw it was rich iV
silver ore. liu tied his burro, hid his gun, nnd rWi
began climbing the mountain sldo to Unci the i
parent rock fiom- which it had been broken. -jM
"it was a very warm day, and tho sun beat Kt
down fiercely on his head and back. Ho per- K",
spired, .limbed, and searched ull day long, tj
neer stopping for a bite at noon. At sunset "V
he was about to stop tho search for tho day, Ifi?
whon ho looked up to see how much further ho ?w
would havo to climb lo the top, and there. ft?
closo nt hand, was a hugo boulder ot project- i
Ing silicate, it wus tho parent bf tho float ho JEr
had sought all day long. Creodo could scarce- a,'
ly keep from idling like a boy. Ho knew his SK
fortune had been lound. In tho subsequent Si
week ho searched over and over tho Mammoth "
Mountain, nover lotting a soul know that ho i
had found even float. When ho had located tS
tho dimensions of tho vein ot silver ore, bo S;
located the Mammoth and the Ethol mines. By
July the actlvo work of developing these minos .
began, and by August tho mining world was &
crazy. There were .0,000 peoplo in Crocde in ui
eix months. From July, 1800, to September. -W..
1801, Crecdo's profits wero tr.1,300,000. But SJS
buccoss killed htm. Ho would have lived to 5Syl
be an old man had ho remained a poor, half ife'i
ttarved prospector. Ho lost his reason and shot 'Sj
himself in Los Angeles." frJt
"I was modt skeptical of miners' supcrstl- s
lions for the first few years 1 wus cnaged In gold
mining tn Inyo county, California," said Kor- I&i
ton Cole, one of tho wealthy miners ot this Sv'1
btute. "But I know of u circumstance that MfM
long ago destroyed my skepticism of signs nnd K
omens among miners. Tho body of ore taut a
made the Mary mlno In Inyo county tho wealth ;''"
maker It has been was located by a very ab- Jo
surd omen. Tho Mary had boon running lor vm
several ears In fros milling ere worth about 5s
J'J'J n ton. It was pinching out, and tho com- U
puny of Salt Lake men had tholr feolcrs out w:i
for buyers before tho wholo thing pinched out S
entire)-. That was about 188:!. Half tho J?
gang in tbo mine was discharged. Among the li
hall dozen men kept employed In the mlno was ri
a Gorrunri, and German miners know- all tho '"
superstitions of American miners, besides a 'VM
big volume of tholr own. 1 hrco men were re- Ji
pairing the track of tho scantling railroad that Sf
led out of tho tunnel to tho dumps. It was -4;
dnrk In where thoy were, nnd each man had a s.
candle on a board nenr his huiid. Suddenly 'Si
Iho German stoppod and gazed earnestly at the OK
three candles. iflS
" 'What's up,' said one of the mon. Jft
" 'lookout lit doio cnndlos. Iley vas speuk- Sfc
lng boiiicdins,' replied tho (icnimn witn his
oos on tho tiny tiamo-c. t
'Thu men saw that the wick In each candle 'vi
had become bent like n II ih hook, nnd tho tlamos 'Si;
wero shooting slightly all lu ono direction. Not
ono person in twenty would bav u noticed It. $$
" "If nno candle shoutb ftnnic like as dot it
means soincdings sure pop. I'll bet. by Jliulny. .
It means Mimcrtinga rich In derc now. fe
'Tho German Insisted that at the point In th -iU
sldu of the tunnel toward which Iho candle Wi
Ih.iiio shot thcro was gold. Day after day he &
talkod It over. At last ho BOt permission lodo 'egi
somo excavating in the hard quartz on his S
own uciount. Ho had not blasted three feet b
before color ore was found. Ho was wild at "fi
his success, and In u day or two more ho camo 'iu
upon whltu quartz in which golden specks tho Jfr
Mzo of pin heads could bo seen. Tho Mnry IT.
Mining Company had tho spec imons nssuyed. m
Tliey ran 100 to tho ton. Well, tho company -St
put on a new Milft of men, and began working M
into tbe ledgo the German had found fur tlioin. W
'Ihey mndo over s1.0()0 a month clear profit iff
there for soornl;ycnfs. The German wus puld '4
li u shiir. of tho company's btoek. The last I 'ji
heard from that German ho was broke again
and wus being hlied h tho mine owners over 2-
lu tho Calico region, ucai Burstow, to curry ftj
caudles thrn-itth their mlno, mid watch tho
UauiCb. To ibis iluy, ull Iho gold miners in my 2A
part of California wutch how caiicllcc tluro f.
when they hne occasion to uso than In th $f
tunnels and shafts."
"There nro minus without number that have fir
been located bj spirit guidance." said Senator Sti
li. B. Wusliott of Virginia City, Nov. "Tho .!
greatest arid richest minors in California to- &
day, Aidii'u Iluywurd nnd Charles 1). Lane, 'li
who own iho big Utica mlno and supported tho 'v.:
Rryau ruuinaigu so liberally, air both bollovcis j
lu spiritualism. They hnvo Invested in now
mining properties by spirit guidance almost en- K
tlroly for sen ernl yoari". There aro fow miners w
who profcai belief lu spiritualism, butthcranro jr
mnnv, so far as my experience goe who do bo- Js
llovo in dreams, especially lr Ihn dream is re- 4
peutod soveral times. Tho Glinting mine near
l'locho, New, wus located by a little boy's wt
dream. Hknovv tho pooplu who located th 3L
mine, and hae heard tbem toll about It. -jr
"Christopher Nowllns and his brother Daniel (fii
hail beuu mining in Nevada for Ion or twelve i
years. They were laborers in the Ophlr mill. K.
lor bovernl yourb. 'then they went out pros- fe
liectliig. 1 belie. o Ihey went all oior tha fl
l'locho Muuntiilns, whllo their wives and i.hll- Q
ilren lived In sl.antlis In Carbon City. The ,3j
men found nothing, nnd w hen they could get no 'M
.mo to griib.tuko tli.'iii further Ihey were about .
to go to work on the I'nlou 1'ncliic Railroad A
ns track laborers. (Inn day whon things wcr Ji
bluest and Chris Nowllns wu telling hU wife ft
nbout how hn had looked everywhere for a gold .31
or Miter mine of somo surt hU 10-jenr-old boy ft'.
heard his talk. The nutt morning tho child -J
told that he hud dreamed his papa had; found S'
gold rock under a livo oak tree near where a
iiiw Mood, nuiornl dns Inter the boy suld ho du
hnd dreamed Ihn i-i.mn thing ngiln, Chris and S
Ills brother, who hcllutcd in dreams, kept quiet y
nud waited for the child to dream tho samo "i
thing n third tluio. -uro enough, it wns not a JK,
week latrr before tlio boy reported having
In lined about the gold rock under tho live nan f.
treo near whero n cow stood, ifx
"l.lvo ouk trees grow lu southern Nevada 9
only along the mounl'ii't hldex, but rowi nr ?
niiiiiion thcie. Daniel New Hns was sure he J?,
l.now where there wdb u Ihe oik trie lu a cow 9k
ranch, mill hn had prospe.led tnroii.-li that re- JK
glon for gold. After weeks he nnd Chili found JY
thu treo, but tlierC.were no envvsnenr It .'t that A-
lime, Tlioj looked tliu protruding rock ovor jf
and found not u tr.uraf gold In It Porn short W
time the inliii'is caniprd them In u nuundury, if
'Ihey went over tho ledge of tho 1'lochoMoun VA
tulns to the wunt foi curiosity. The) had no dr,
Soulier irocd tliu backbone of the mountain A
than they saw down Hi n vulle) a stray steer ri
'rum n c att'.o inngu standing beneath u ill ennU :
tree, Tho men guu a look at each other and '-
ilo.M. the) ran with tholr IcnliuniTK hi hand.
"In make u long iton short. Hit y found an i
outirupplnguf pal gold ore lint half u mllonwnj CJ
fi.iin thai iitccr, mid II e,v niiin -d it the diluting J,
mini. I'hi property wi.n worked out n half a,
dozen jnars nsonnd was nlinndiinnl, li paid
nbout if.'ii.ocio over und nboie ll- lust woiking,
The boy who dreamed the lulu, fur hU r,it icr ff
and undo isu young lunn id .' mid ' would
bu cry ulad to. drcun at u lulu'j lot hiajkullV :l
J
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