OCR Interpretation

The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, February 17, 1898, Image 6

Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1898-02-17/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 6

ff i
f? iubeerlptlea bj Hall, ro(.PU.
JP f PAII.T. pr Uonlh 080
W DAILY, per Year. oo
W SUHDAY. per Year
6. DAILY AND SUKDAY, per Month 0
K restate to foreign countries added.
F Tine Six, New York City.
M. fatus Ktosque No. IS, near Grand Hotel, and
tyf Klosque No. 10, Bonlevard dm Caouclnes.
VnrA'"l' trnoistor ui icftft riantacrJpli or
J publication irtsfc (o now rejected article returned,
M. nm( all oases tnd stamps for that purpoee.
if Tho Nation's Dead.
. Tho men of tho Mulno who lost their
X, lives In Havana harhor nro not less tho
! nation's dead, and not tho leas died thoy
for tho flag, than If they had died In battle
5 Tho honors of war to them, to their faml
f lies and dependents tho abundant provision
6 which a nation's gratitude will promptly
if t Bake, and o er their graves Old Glory 1
W IiUtlo anil Ulg.
Is It Is well that Mr. TJr Lour, being caught
In tho perpetration of Insult to tho coun
ty try, should bo drl en from his post aa tho
Spanish Minister hi Washington. It will
be well when Spain disavows tho act of
her representative, In accordanco with tho
v requirements of courtesy ludlspcnsablo bo
h tween two couutrles not at war. De Lome.
v though, Is a small potato. And assurances
5$ conveyed diplomatically that Spain holds
tho United States on tho lovol of esteem
fi occupied by tho most favored nations.
3? itlll looking upon tho President as a Great
g and Good rriend, aro gratifying, but not
' vital, as aro tho relation of tho United
States to tho belligerents In Cuba.
jV Tho Cubnus nro fighting llko heroes
m against a foo from whose Inhumanity tho
sf wretched people of Armenia would have
1Q prayed for dcllveranco to tho Turk. Tho
if atrocities in Armenia, against which tho
groat powers of Europo woro compelled
3 by irrcslstlbla public sentiment to mako a
t concerted protest, wcro scarcely as ono to a
fk thousand compart J with tho awful volumo
f of human destruction that has occurred In
(M Cuba. And tbo United States, tho scat
of tho greatest strugglo for liberty over
W known, occupies tho revolting position
,1g of standing as a barrier against such
, & European sj mpathy for Cuba as was given
'fit to Armenia, for tho reason that wo, as
j ' the guardians of tho western hemisphere,
aro expected to satisfy tho obligations of
civilization thcro unaided.
A: Tbo forco of tho Republican platform ro
ll solving upon practical help to the Cuban
fp revolutionists grows greater every day.
M Japan and tho Chinese Imbroglio.
tiffin Although wo have still to wait for author-
f' ltattvo statements In tho House of Com-
' mons concerning bat has actually occurred
g at Fckin during tbo last few weeks, thcro
w seems to be no doubt that Japan has given
.S' notlco that she purposes to retain tho naval
'L stronghold of Wci-bai-'Wcl, and that, con
r"S " scquently, China is reliovcd from paying
"W tho outstanding portion of tho war indem-
'S nlty. If this bo true, tho situation in tho
S far East is clarified to a certain extent, but
igr It remains to note how the Incident affects
K tho interests of the socral European pow-
s? era concerned.
0 In tho first place, it Is evident that, if
& China is in no '.liimcdiato need of a loan,
.;S' tho influence of England on tho ono band
vv and of Russia on tho other Is minimized.
W Russia may perhaps bo content with what
tjf she has already acquired, namely, tho right
rfjk to keep her licet at I'ort Arthur during the
& winter, and to extend to thut point a branch
T&. of herTrans-Slberian railway. It isGcrmany
M that Is most tempted to protest, since, if
an ne 'nPauc'H, ,m' t0 remain permanently
lSr at Wci-bal-'Wel, they will oppose her as-
'llj' sertion of an exclusive sphere of Influ-
(ijjf ence over tho populous and prospectively
j rich protinco of Shan-Tung. Moreover,
v the tnluo of Port Arthur to Russia
Is considerably diminished, since, with tho
permanent establishment of tho Japanese
at WuMmi-Wel, tho former naval station
H'V Is no longer tho nbsoluto master of tho cn-
m trance to the Gulf of Pe-chl-ll. The main
jjM point, however, to keep In mind Is this
! that. If tho Japancso aro to keep Wel-hal-
Wei, tho Russians Port Arthur, and the
m Germans Klao Chou, tho partition of tho
Sr" Chinese seacoast has been actually nccom-
iJf plfshcd. That which Sir Michael Hices-
Dacu and Mr. A. J. Baifour publicly
A declared should novcr bo brought about,
docs, as a matlor of fact, exist.
Jul Nor, from our point of view, Is this tho
3fc worst. Three points of strategic and com-
Q mcrclul Importanco on the Chincso sea-
coast haing nlready passed uudor the
soycreignty of European powers, It Is al-
g. most certain that England and Trance will
to demand equivalents. Should this demand
'0 bo made by tho two powers last named, and
S? should they divide between themselves the
W littoral south of tho Yang-tse-Kiang, it is
,j obvious that our trado with China would
be regulated not by tho treaty concluded
l by us with the Government of the Celestial
M Empire, but by such temporary concessions
jL as tho pow ers pui ticipat lug hi tho partition
fffe may seo fit to mako to 119. AVhat Is given
S one day may bu w ithdruwn the noxt ; and
pj It Is, therefore, entirely possible that our
!p trado with tho Middle Kingdom, already
! important and capable of Indefinite In-
if crease, may be, at an early date, cut off.
h It Is extremely Improbable that harbors
if occupied by Germany, Russia, and Trance
At will long remain free ports, even though
yr they may bo declared such for tho time bo-
iVir Ing. It is well known that the policy of
S tho three countries mentioned with regard
If' to their colonial possessions has been hlth-
$L erto ono of rigorous protection. It Is
$7 scarcely credible that any of them would
L longadhiro to tho waiver of that policy In
S tbu case of coigns of vantage occupied by
S? them In tho Middlo Kingdom. If wo de-
1 sired to make lastingly valid the rights
of secured to us under our treaties with China,
f It behooved us to combine betimes with
it England and Japan, and protest against
that partition of Chinese- scacoasts, which
S seems to have been accomplished. If we
have not done It, this Is, apparently, be-
3jf cause, as the Secretary of State is reported
. to havo said, the traditional policy
f' transmitted from President Washington
ri prohibits us from engaging In entangling al-
;" lionets with foreign powers. It seems manl-
3 fest, however, that this traditional policy
i ' might bo pushed too far. Under our protec-
, tlonlst system wo have so for developed our
j manufactures that, & regards certain arI-
cles.weare enabled to undersell our compet
I tors in Meveral markets, of which China is
( arie.Quhton Government toconstrlcttbe
output of onr manufactures hjr submitting1
to a disbarment from a promising foreign
market! That is a question which may
become a burning ono In the twentieth cen
tury, and, therefore, men deserving tho
namo of statesmen should foresee Its immi
nence and act beforehand.
By the retention of Wel-hal-Wel.theTokio
Government has practically torn to atoms
tho revision of tho Shlmonosekl treaty, to
which she was coerced by the combination
of Russia, France, and Germany. Tho pur
pose of that revision was to condemn Ja
pan to remain an Insular, and novor to be
como a Continental power. From tho
moment, howovcr, that sho retain Wei-lml-Wel
sho bocomes a mainland power In
tho teeth of the protests of Russia, France,
ond Germany. In other words, henceforth
bIio must be reckoned with, when tho hour
comes for proceeding from tho partition of
tho Chincso seacoast to the distribution of
the vast Interior of tho Middlo Kingdom.
Tho Trlplo Attack.
Tho throo manifestoes put forward simul
taneously by tho Democrats, the Populists
and tho Sllvor Republicans, show that
among silver politicians tho fervor to
establish tho silver standard has given
way to determination to destroy tho gold
standard. They aro less of advocates for
frco silver and moro of opponents of tho
regime that cxlsts.thelrapparentconcluslon
being that It will bo better to dull a little
tho sharp points of tho silver canvass and
try to gather In all tho wavering and Irreg
ular elements of discontent and opposition
for a concentrated assault upon tho Repub
lican party. This may mean, of course, the
setting osldo of such a crystulllzed apostle
of sllvor as William Jennings Dhyan, and
tho solectlon of a candidate less positive,
less well defined In his relation to tho
cause, and, thcrcforo, moro harmonizing
of tho heterogeneous mass of voters who,
it Is hoped, will follow.
On tho Republican side of the contest
thcro will be, also, no lack of contra
diction as to tho precise Interpretation of
tho party's platform. Tho campaign of
1800 was full of It, and tho campaigns of
1808 and 1000 will not be free from It.
But abovo all doubt or mystification will
stand tho Idea that tho gold standard, which
Is inseparably bound up with the national
good faith and credit, shall bo preserved.
On the Republican side, no matter what
schemes may bo heard of for cosing trouble,
public or private, financial or social, tho
central purpose of the canvass will bo to
protect tbo American dollar against de
preciation, tho good namo of the United
States from obliteration by tho fraud of
frco silver, and our political system from
tho revolution of tho Chicago platform.
Honest-money men must stand together 1
Inarlcqnato Ilovenuo and Inadequate
Perhaps It is well to state plainly somo
facts which concern tho people of the United
States as nearly as any other quostlon now
before them, and In which tho honor and
reputation of the Republican party are di
rectly Involved.
Wo aro getting Incidentally now and
then an illustration of what the sudden
outbreak of war might mean to tho great
cities of our coists in tho present condition
of harbor defences. These Illustrations
are not tho less Instructive because
thoy aro potential rather than actual.
Heaven grant that they maycontlnuo to be
potential ; but any day in the present year
of tho world may mako tho potential condi
tion a real condition, and sharply and per
haps unexpectedly will tho transition cornel
Theorizing as to the Immediate results of
invasion by hostile armed vessels, tho dam
age foreign ships could Inflict, tho value of
such defensive armament as already exists,
and the extent of tho unpublished resources
available to the Government in an emer
gency, is generally a matter of tempera
ment rather than of special prophetic abil
ity. Perhaps wo shouldgetout of tboscrape
better than somo people think. Possibly
we should astonish our assailant and all the
onlookers In cose New York, Boston or
San Francisco were attacked by a foreign
fleet. Predictions as to what might happen
to us or to our enemy are worth Just as little
as tho imaginative magazlnoartlcles which
narrate the fictitious events of a supposi
titious war. The fact remains that both tho
authoritativo opinion of expert military
knowlcdgo and tho ordinary common sense
of tho country agreo as to tho Imperative
need of completing the American system of
coast defcuco for the reasons pointed out by
Mr. TiLDtN in his memorable letter of
warning in 1885, and on tho lines then
Indicated by blm. The fact remains that
If war camo to-morrow, und It were possi
ble for Congress, by appropriating one hun
dred million dollars for coast defences, to
atone for the delays and hesitations and
haggllngs of tho past twelve years and to
perfect In twenty-four hours the whole sys
tem of fortlllcation, the money would bo
voted outright without a single nay.
But ono hundred millions would not do
It. Ten times that sum would not do It
under thoso circumstances. Money cannot
buy back tho weeks and months and years
that have been lost.
Tho Fortifications bill of tho present year,
aspossod by tbo House, carries only $4,144,
012. The Senate Committee has reported a
bill which more than doubles the House
appropriation. What the size of the bill
will be after It has bcon debated lu tho Sen
ate and has passed through tho inevitable
conference with tbo House, remains to bo
seen. That its appropriation will bo grossly,
shamefully, perilously Inadequate Is as
certain as anything can bo. And tho reason
Is plain.
On March 4 of last year President Mo
Kinlky notified tho Fifty-fifth Congress
tbatiUmo.it Imperative duty was to pro
vide a revenue adequato to the needs of the
Government. To use his own words, "be
tween moro loans and moro revenue there
ought to be but ono opinion. Wo should
have more revenue, and that without delay,
hindrance, or postponement."
A revenuo bill was framed by the Com
mittee on Ways and Means In accordanco
with the President's recommendations.
The new schemo of revenuo was devised
with the most patrlotlo Intentions and
the most conscientious care as to details.
Tho best Intelligence was applied to tho
task, but tho best human intelligence Is
defective. Tbo bill went Into effect last
July, and as a revenue producer it has failed
to justify the predictions of Its authors
and the expectations of the country. In
stead of producing a surplus It has piled up
a deficit. This deficit Is partly ooncealod
by the method of bookkeeping adopted
In the Treasury statements, but it exist
all the same. The expedients of the able
maker of balance sheets can produce
figures, but they cannot provide Income.
Since the bealnnlng of the fiscal year the
total of recfBts from customs had been
opyt 84,38y,fia;uik .lH?s4ax-o,.ths
present week. Tho total 'of receipts from
I Internal rwrenuo had been $ 10i,87oV47.
From the two sources the total of receipts
had been $180,208,012. To this the Treas
ury statement adds an item of $71,130,010,
mode up principally, notof revenue proper,
but of receipts from the Paelflo Railroad
payments. During tho samo period tho
total of expenditures by the Government
had been $208,740,070; but part of this Is
likewise duo to tho Paelflo Railroad trans
actions. Tho apparent deficit for tho eight
months and a half , as shown by tbo Treasury
statement, Is $8,307,037. Tho real deficit
for tho eight months and a half Is almost
exactly $03,000,000.
With this doflclt impending, two
courses were open to tho statesmen respon
sible for tho Dlngloy act when Congress
mot again In December. Ono was to ox
plain tho growing deficit as best thoy
could and to treat It as a merely temporary
condition; to cose things along by predict
ing and promising a greatly increased
rovenuo from customs duties In tho
indefinite future, and to provide as
far as possible against a second fiscal
year of heavy deficit under tho new tariff
by cutting down tho appropriations for tho
next fiscal year wherever thoy thought
that oxpendlturo could bo spared or post
poned. Tho other courso was to meet tho
deficit frankly; to admit that tho rove
nuo was not coming up to expectations,
and to supplement the act of lost July by
simple and effective provisions yielding
" moro rovenue, without delay, hindrance,
or postponement.''
Without criticising specifically tho course
adopted by Mr. Dinolsy and his fellow
statesmen In tho Houso, and certainly
without questioning tho conscientiousness
of their motives, wo nevertheless regret that
tho first plan, and not the second, seemed
to them tho moro judicious. Tho general
regimen of economy which It Involves In
the present year's appropriations Is no doubt
salutary, and where It affects such matters
as the dredging of Cheesequake Creek or tho
erection of tho proposed $100,000 Federal
building at Potomkln Plains, the result Is
eminently satisfactory. But when It with
holds tho money that would otherwise havo
been devoted to tho Increase of our navy
and to the speedy completion of our coast
defences, tho broadest and most urgent
national Interests aro made to suffer for
political reasons.
With tho possibilities now confronting
us, parsimony in expenditures for either of
these great purposes Is a folly scarcely less
than a crime. No consideration of per
sonal pride of legislative authorship, no plc
ayuno apprehensions of the political effect
of further revenuo legislation, ought for
a moment to endanger the great cities of
our seaboard, or to weaken tho naval arm
of power on which our country depends In
tlmo of need. It is shameful that the
Houso should be hesitating between an ap
propriation of $4,144,012 and an appropri
ation of $5,000,000, when It may become
apparent any day that ton times the
greater sum would not havo been too
much to pay out for tho protection
of our harbors. It Is shameful that tho
adequato enlargement of our navy should
bo arrested because tho DInglcy act is pro
ducing a deficit and not a surplus. The
unforeseen may bring about in a month a
state of affairs which would make a now
navy seem cheap, if wo could get it, at two
hundred millions.
If there were to-day a surplus Instead of
a deficit, a revenuo equal to tbo absoluto
needs of Government instead of a rovenue
falling far short of our actual expenditures,
who doubts that every dollar needed to
complcto tho coast defences as fast as
money and energy can do tho work would
bo voted by a patriotic Congress? Let
Gen. Hawley and Senator MoBridk and
Senator Proctor stick to their guns, or
rather to the guns which our flag needs and
does not yet possess. Let the Senate's
$0,000,000 for this urgent purposo be
doubled rather than diminished one
cent. And when tho bill goes back to
the House, let the Houso act with regard
to this appropriation, of all appropriations,
precisely as If tho Dlngloy act were pouring
moro revenuo than wo can spend Into an
already overflowing Treasury.
Such is wisdom.
Latest Aspects of the Dreyfus Cnso.
The Paris correspondents of foreign news
papers, who doubtless may be regarded as
Impartial onlookers, seem to have reached
the conclusion that the position taken by
M. Clemenoeau in L'Aurore is a sound
one, and must eventually commend itself
to the sober second thought of France. M.
Clemen ck An does not aver that Drkyftjs
Is guilty or Innocent of tbo crime imputed.
He has formed, he says, no opinion on the
Bubject. He does insist, however, that
Dreyfus was not fairly tried, and conse
quently was deprived of a citizen's most sa
cred rights. Under tho circumstances, M.
Clemenckau contends, tho punishment
inflicted upon Diilyfus was an abomina
tion, and justice will never be satisfied un
til a new and fair trial shall take place.
Tho upholders of thescntenco reply that
tho forms of procedure followed In martial
law differ materially from thoso prescribed
for tbo ordinary tribunals. Civil justice,
they say, is not army justice. This Is a
dangerous distinction to draw In a country
where military scrvlco Is not voluntary,
but compulsory and universal. It docs not
tend to endear conscription to Frenchmen,
or to enhance their respect for military
authority, to proclaim that, so long as they
serve under tho colors, they must submit to
a suspension of the most vital guarantees
of equity, and to the loss of the most
precious safeguards of honor, liberty and
life. It Is a grievous misfortune for Franco
that the facts brought out in the Zola trial
are calculated to mako many Intelligent
civilians look upon tho nation's military
system with indignation and disgust, and
to pit against tho cry "Long live the army 1 "
another cry, "Long live the republic I"
For the first time since October, 1877, when
tho champions of a gonulno democratio
reglmo gained definite control of the Trench
Chamber of Deputies, thero aro omens of
antagonism between the army and the com
munity at largo. Such a state of things Is
big with peril; for, let a standing army
once feel itself unpopular, and it Is apt to
become unpatriotic. Henceforth tho In
strument of coups d'etat Is ready, and any
bold and ambitious man may selzo It. Nor
would thero bo lacking specious pleas bo
hind which an unscrupulous reactionist
might mask his designs; It mlghtbe plausi
bly argued that to defame the army, which
Is the buckler of France against the for
eigner, Is treason to the Stato.
It was an Irremediable blunder that was
committed when the court-martial convict
ed Dueyfub, as there seems to be no doubt
that it did convict him, on the strength of
a document which he and his counsel were
not permitted to oee. Should the officers of
the general staff ultimately yield to tho
pressure of publlg opinion and grant Dust
tds a new trial, they will acknowledge that
hitherto they havo been grossly In tho
wrong, and by such a confession will forfeit
their lnfluonce over tho rank and file.
Should they, on the other hand, persist In
refusing a retrial, on the ground that the
Drey fus affair la res adjudicate they will
continue to exposo themsolves to scathing
censure, and n feeling of antipathy between
the army and tho people is likely to super
sede the sympathy which hitherto has been
tho pledgo of the republic's safety.
Jostah and Harmony.
Tho Hon. Josiau Qotnoy, Mayor of Bos
ton, conceals beneath a calm and even
clamlike exterior a soul that vibrates to
tho muslo of tho sphores. When a youth
he performed energetically upon tho comb-and-papcr
and tho squash-vine pipe ; and
thoro aro old men about Wollaston who
still recall with regret tho vigor of his
attack upon tho side-drum. Serious con
tinued thoughts and the cores of stato
have long kept him from executing any
moro muslo, but ho loves It; ho loves It in
his heart.
A recont communication of his to the
Board of Aldormon shows that tho stern
and rock-bound coast of statesmanship Is
still swept by the waves of melody. "I
havo como to tho conclusion," tho Mayor
writes, " that, in order to ralso freo public
muslo to a proper plane In dignity and
importanco, It should bo placed under the
direction, ovon If tho appropriation Is no
larger than in tho past, of an unpaid board,
composed of persons of musical taste, who
would appreciate tho social and educational
valuo of free music, and the opportunity of
rendering a useful scrvlco to our people by
Its judicious development."
For which judicious development ho
recommends an ordlnanco establishing a
Department of Public Music, composed of
flvo unpaid members. Tho ordinance
should pass, and tho Mnyor should bo an
ex officio advising If not executing member.
By way of encouraging Mr. Quincy's
musical programme, Mr. Alderman Conry
has Introduced this order:
"Ordered, That the Committee, on Ordinances be
requeeted to cooitder the wltdom of eitabllihlnf
municipal bran band, for the purposo ot proTldlng
tree oonoerta during the eumraer montha."
If a municipal brass band Is established,
perhaps Mr. Quinoy can bo Induced to re
numo his performances upon tho side
drum. Whether ho con or can't, Boston
needs brass bands by tho hundreds. Give
her suffering citizens a chance to drown
themselves In tho seas ot sound and
thereby to forgot tho Attucks memorial
and the Cass monument.
It would bo unjust to the Hon. Josiah
Quinoy to supposo that in bis zeal for the
improvement of public muslo ho is inspired
by merely rosthctlo motives, however al
truistic Ho bos a higher purpose. Ho Is
resolved that the concord of sweet sounds
shall brcatho an Irenlo spirit Into the
dissevered fragments of the Massachusetts
Democracy. Ho hopes that the Boston
bonds will Incite to harmony the war
ring Callahanites and Cookies, and stir,
even In tho rocky heart ot the Immortal
Williams, the lata remorse of love.
Up to midnight last night noither the
official reports to the Government at Washing
ton nor the despatches to the newspapers
from Havana, had supplied a definite ac
count of tho origin of tho explosion which
destroyed the battleship Maine and killed
nearly 260 of her men in the harbor
of Havana on Tuesday night. From Madrid
It was easy enough to obtain posi
tive assurances that It was an accident,
assurances, however, that were not supported
by convincing details. In the circumstances,
the advice of Capt. SiosnEK that the judgment
of the people ot the United Btates be suspended
is still advice to bo heeded.
Two well-known participants In the great
financial debate happen to have emitted some
surprising tall: on almost tho samo day. The
Hon. J. Stkrlinq Morton, who from the quar
ters of the Secretary ot Agriculture at Washing
ton has gone to live In Arbor Lodge in Nebraska
City, thinks that one condition of prosperity is
the stoppage by the banks of the custom of pay
ing Interest on deposits. "If all the banks In
tho United States would cease paying interest
on deposits," snys Mr. Morton, "now enter
prises and vast Improvements would develop In
every 8tato and Territory of the country." If
tho banks ceaso to mako depositing attractive,
tho money will paBs by their vaults, and press
forward to tho promotion of Industry.
If Mr. Morton will visit a vault ho will find
that the money which ought to be thore, accord
ing to his calculation, has already Bono out and
on Into business.
Then the Richmond Times thinks that the
great necessity Is banks to make currency.
"Free silver conld boot no use." says our con
temporary, "for tho reason that tho people who
now demand financial relief could no moro get
ono of tho fifty-cent dollars under tho present
law thnn they can now get tho hundred-cent
gold dollar." Somo devlco Is needed to make It
easier to got money. Banks, currency-making
banks, are the thing that will make it easier.
Lot us havo such banks.
Such aro tbo wonders of thought.
If, however, pcoplo who can't get money now
will bo ablo to get It from banks, let ns have
enough banks by all means. A bank for every
man, a bank apiece, would bo nono too much.
It Is satisfactory to find the baseball situ
ation perfectly understood In so important a
city with a idaguo club as Philadelphia. This
Is from tbo Philadelphia l'rcsa ;
"Tho demand for leglilatlon bjr the League to pre
vent rowdjlira on the ball field bu been so Tlf oroos
that the magnates muit at the spring meeting, a
fortnight hence, Ukeiorae action on the greatest erll
which oonfronts the game. The bettermeut of the
pastime In this retpect reits almost entirely with the
club owners. Let them giro the order to their play
ers that rowdyism, either by action or words, will
sot be tolerated, and the players will not be so eager
to take part In scenes which aro a disgrace to the
game and which are drl'lng awayjthe respectable
element from tho ball parks
"Until the club owners, howeTer, become a unit ob
this question, little good, we fear, caa'comeof the eg
Ititlon. Even now, while some magnates hare oome
out flat footed for a reform In this respect, others
hsTO dons so In a half hearted way, and a few,
judging by their actions, are not arena to their
players acting In a disorderly manner, prorlded they
w In a game by such methods "
For tho good of tho gamo and for the credit of
common sonso It Is to bo hoped that tho obstruc
tionists will reform themsolves before tho
Leaguo meeting comes round, and help In giving
tho national gamo an uraplro such as presides
over all other great sports.
Indianapolis holds her rank as the first
American city for literary clubs and the only
American olty that has a Quo Vadls Euchre
Club. Even a partial record of tbo activity in
the Indianapolis literary clubs for a week Is
amazing. The Indianapolis Literary Club
bears a paper on "Bomo Popular Falla
cies." The Phllomathlan Club listens to dis
courses on "Age" and "Madame de Stael."
Tho Katharine Morrill Club is entertained by
original articles called "A Sketch" and "An
Impersonation." The Parlor Club considers
"Other Characters" and "Women of the
Play." Tho Aftermath Club li treated to
essays on "Eubrson the Poet," "The Poet,"
"IPoetry and the Imagination," and a poem on
"The Post" The Woman's Club discusses
"Breixet's Lyrics " and Personality la Press
1 .til t. J..- .lft, .....'! .J...... .. '..t
and Poetry." The subject ot the Afternoon
Olnb Is "Victor Huoa" The MaryK. Denny
OoUrie devotes itself to "Locke and His Philos
ophy," "Life of John Bcnyan," and "History
ot the East India Company," a solid diet Tho
Fortnightly Literary Club investigates "The
Humane Idea in Municipal Government" and,
"Current Events."
Less grave societies are not unknown In Indian
apolis. The Clematis Pleasuro Club will give a
Calico Hop Friday evening. The MUpah Cinch
Club was entertained last Thursday. Fashion
and literature combine In the Hoosler Poet Chap
ter ot tbo Round 'lable, which "entortalnod
with a shoddy aristocracy party Tuesday even
ing." But. after all, literature Is tho absorbing
pursuit In Indianapolis, as this question, ad
dressed to the Journal ot that town, shows:
"IsRcstud Kn-uxa the author and editor of the
Cambridge Codex Desaa'r"
Doubtless somo light will be thrown upon this
question at tho approaohtng meeting of the
Indiana Union ot Literary Clubs.
rabllo Ttark Advocate for These Whs Are
Obliged t nee.
To the Editor of The Son Sir: "The poor
you havo always with you" (Mark xiv., 7).
Hence, no matter how wo may legislate, so long
as men will be thriftless or deficient in ability
some will bo driven to tho wall and bo
como a burden to tho thrifty and to the more
able. According to paganism, tho proper thing
to do with tho weak is to put them In an old
hulk and scuttle it ouUldo of Bandy Hook, as we
do with tho worthless dogs found in tho streets.
If we take a purely utilitarian view of tho mat
ter, this would bo tho wisest thing to do and the
cheapest and most conveulent way for the rest
of us, since there is no hopoor prospect ot im
provement In many ot thoso poople. But,
as we are Christians, and so acknowledge
all men, no matter how fallen, as our brothers,
we may not rid ourselves ot them In this sum
mary fashion. No doubt thcro aro thoso who
call themsolves Christians who would not heal
tato to treat them In that style; those, for In
stance, who approvo of suicide In the ease of a
man who Is no longor nblo to support himself.
That we haro such Christians among us Is clear
from a discussion which took placo not very
long alnco in ono of the yellow newspapers.
Assuming that tho Immense majority are not
utilitarians but real Christians, what are wo to
do with tho large and ever Increasing numbors
ot peoplo who bavo boon reduced or have most
likely reduced themselves to beggary I
First of all, we cannot, as Christians, refuse to
help a man bocauso he Is poor by his own fault.
If we were to draw the line there. It Is probablo
that a few horse cars would carry nil tho poor of
Now York, and It would not only bo easy, but
ploasurcablo, to come to their assistance. Sec
ondly, we may divide the largo class which Is
poor by Its own fault, or through unfitness. Into
the sick and tho well. The first must bo sup
ported by charity; but thoy, too, nro compara
tively few, and tho task Is also comparatively
oasy. It Is the groat army of thoso who. being
in good health, allege with truth that they want
to work, but can get nothing to do, which causos
all tho trouble. Tbcso accost you dally
on the streets. When you help them you feel
that you arc Injuring their mornl character;
when you don't your conscience disturbs you, as
you fear that your want of generosity may have
caused your fellow man to starvo or to drown
himself In despair. You have no way of Inves
tigating his case, and, oven if you rcfor him to
somo society which nlll satisfy you of his
willingness to work, whero nro you to get him
work! It Is easier, as a rule, to gtvo him sJflO
than It Is to get him work which he Is ablo to
do satisfactorily to the employer, or Indeed any
work at all.
Now. let us suppose that ono of theso knights
of the sidewalk has been Investigated nmltbat
he can get no work, what is ho to dot There
are only three wajj of making a living tho
first Is to work, the second to stoal, and tho
third to beg. Dismissing the first two as out of
tho question, even wo ourelro3 must odvlo
this brother of ours to continue bis occupation
of begging, once wo say that ho is obllgod to
continue livlcg till God summons him into an
other world.
Here Is where, as It seems to me, a moderato
amount of socialism might come in uso
fully. Wo must rouirmber that thero
Is such a thing as Christian socialism.
Lot this Christian community provldo cub
Ho work of some kind, which shall bo always
open to tbo poor, deserving: or undeserving,
without depriving them of their liberty; for
this Is to mnko them slaves. Even the poor
man should not bo punished unluso guilty of a
crime. In Cincinnati, where I lived In my child
hood (IB-ID), such provision una made, and It
setmed to work well. Tho growth of that city
waslmpodod by a steep hill in tho rear of it. tbo
Ohio Hirer being In front, and It was resolved
that It should be grnduollr removed at tho ex
pense of tho lnuiilcipnlll). They fixed the wages
tor laborers at half tho regular rates, and any
ono who could not do hotter wrb freo to tnko
his sbovol there and work at any time.
When a poor man In good health asked any
cltlscn for hfh) ho could always answor
"Goto tho hill !" so that onlr tbo Hick were In
need of almsgiving. Let us bopo that tho wis
dom of our legislators will bit upon somo such
expedient here, as tho ovil has become Intolera
ble. They should. howeer, not allow them
solves to be bulldozed " bj demagogues into
giving the regular wages, for. If they do thoso
who aro not wouk brothers of ours will immedi
ately rush In. and tho latter will bo walking the
streets as before. I would ho tholast man to
call for low wages, but hero it Is a question of a
oharlty which will not dourado and demoralize
tho man who must clthor beg or dlo. Tho de
mand for work cannot be called unreasonable,
and when a man Is ablo to work and willing to
work there must bo something out ot joint In
society If ho is forced to beg.
As to tho causes of this new Amorlcan way of
making a living, It Is clearly not lo bo found In
want of schooling, ns most ot tho stroet btggnrs
can read und write and know much more. In
fact. It often happens thut they are children of
men w ho could not road or write and et earned
their living nt an honest and useful occupation,
which their sons aro ashamed or too weak to
follow. Tho falhor would have been ashamed
to beg; bo that education of that kind, nt loust,
will not eliminate this class, "'lhoy will be
olways with us " Isaac
New Yomi, Feb 14.
The Illblo and tbo Church.
To TnE Editob OF Tni Sun Sir: In your
remarks about lnfldollty In tho Church, from
time to tlmo, havo you not boen confounding
two very dlHorout attitudes I In today's Sun
you nut Dr. McQiffort and Dr. Brlggs in the
same class. Tho attitude of tbeformor Is doubt
lebs destructive of Christianity In theCathollo
sonso, as no weight Is given tothovolroof the
Church as a witness to Christian teaching. But
to say the same of the former Is to make tho
Church depend upon tho Scriptures. Now, tho
Scriptures were not tho cause of tho Church,
either In the Old Dispensation or tho New. Tho
Jowisb Church eae to tho world tho Old Tosta
nient; thn Christian Church gnvo to tho world
tho New Testament. For yeartbefuro tho canon
was Bettlod tho Church appealed to Its unbroken
tradition, that is, ItshUlorj. The xacramemal
teaching of tho Holy Euthnrlst, tho fundamental
of the Catholic faith wero bollut rd. Irrespective
of bcrlptural exegesis, and had nu bearing upon
dates and authorship of Old Testament Scrip
tures Dr. Brlggs's special field of study. Now,
there are thoso who are even more radical than
Dr. Brlggs, who, nevertheless, hold strongly to
the Nlcene faith tho priesthood of tho ministry,
the sacrificial nature of tho Eucharist, ns wit
nessed to In all tho liturgies of the Church and
they would resent bolng classified with Dr. Mc
Glffert thrologicnllj . Angmcav
New Yobic, Fob. 15.
Ilnd Klcutli Arinin Car Service.
To the Editor or The sbi sin The present
service on the Eighth Avenue Haul, above Fifty ninth
strict. Is so abominably poor that publlo attention
should tw called to It. There Is only halt the former
number of cars employed, ana an utti r Indifference
shown to the comfort of the uubllc A fow evening
ago t saw six cars turned back at sixtieth street and
the through pauengers compelled to wait lu the rala
and mud for tn minutes. Ceciiul 1'jhk West.
All Over.
To the Fditor of The Suk Sir: Syntax Shsw was
arrested to-day for calling names after some school
teachers. John Satan was a witness before the Excise
Hoard In a Sunday selling eaae last Friday, Frank
Ityewhlskey Is an undertaker. Ho furuierly kept a
saloon. Have you neier heard of Jed Perm. Less
J'enn. and Cal Bunnell, all Oihermen on liarnegat
KtrT V.
PiMilO, N. J.
E-tnalev Murray.
To tbx Editor or The Sen Sir; Who Is n, B. 's
" on who wrote better English than the Hoa. William
Shakespeare," who " lived at Uolgate " ?
W. II. KCTunT.
Wmtxinia, W. Vs., Feb. 10.
Hew the Hlselsslpsl rtlver draws.
rrm IA A"t Or!an Ttntt-Democrat.
A remark made use of to one of the members of
the Senate sub-oommlttee while the oommlttee was
InvestlgaUog the river and the passes showed very
clearly how far the work of building up Is carded on
by the river.
The Mississippi Hirer U to-day," said one of those
who wstined before the committee, "oa hundred
raUtsJfrrgtrthaoitwM when Dt Soto first gated oa
Its muddy rash. Just give her tuni enough sad b
wlUbaUahsrulfelMiroaaercaJtaeaalL" nt
Kiklkttlea r the aaa Celleetlosi ef Oriental
Ceramics) Plrtarea The Wllllasa B.
Falter CelleetUn or Barly KaslUk a
Barblioa Falatlacr.
An exhibition of surpassing interest opens to
day at the American Art Galleries, 0 East
Twenty-third street, and will continue to Thurs
day, Feb, 24. It consists ot the largo and splen
did collection ot Eastern coratnlos and other
objocts ot art belonging, to tbo estate of
the late Charles A. Dana, soven pictures by
Corot, Millet, Rousseau, Daublgny, Zlem,
Jacquo, and Courbot belonging to the tame
estate, and the noted collodion of pictures
by early English and Barblion masters owned
by Mr. William II. Fuller. Both collections
will bo sold at auction, tho salo ot tho ceramics
beginning in tbe galleries on the afternoon of
Fob. 24 and continuing Friday and Saturday,
Feb. S3 and SO. The pictures atChlckerlng
nail on tho evening of Friday, Fob. 25. Tho
Dana pictures will be sold immediately aftor
the conclusion of tho salo of tho Fullor collec
tion Tbo famous Dana collection of Oriental cera
mics, including among Its CBS numbers many
pieces that are known to collectors both In
Europe and at homo as unique, and embracing In
its wldo variety specimens of all tbe most cele
brated Chlneso porcelains of tho Ming and the
Tslng dynasties, is arranged in cases and cabi
nets In the main gallery on tbo first floor and in
tho two smaller galleries upstairs. On tho west
wall of tbe main gallery tho Dana pictures aro
hung, and on a pedostal near tho centre of this
room Is placed a fino bronzo group by Baryo,
"Jaguar Dsvourlng a Hare." The Fuller
pictures, thirty-seven in number, aro hung
In tho large gallery upstairs. In tbe centre ot
tbo wall at tho wost end hangs "The Bluo Boy,"
by Gainsborough, a colobratod canvas about
which much has been written, as "The Bine
Boy" in the Duke of Westminster's collection
has long- boon a famous work, and bas beon sev
eral times publicly exhibited, and tho plcturo in
Mr. Fuller's collection has not been so well
known. Ho purchased it last year only from
Mr. Martin H. Colnaghl in London. It was ex
hibited by tho Mossrs. Hoearth in 1870, and
slnco that tlmo, at least, tho exlstenco of a sec
ond "Blue Boy" by Gainsborough has been gen
erally known to amateurs and critics in both
hemispheres. In tho contre of tho south wall
aro tho ltoussoau masterpiece, "Tho Charcoal
Burners' Hut," and the fine Troyon, "Cows
in Pasture." Others of tbe most noted pictures
aro "Tho Lock," by Constable; "Portrait of
Lady Inncss of Norfolk," by Gainsborough)
"Portrait of Mrs. Knapp," by Sir Joshua Rey
nolds; " Apple Blossoms" nnd "Tho Cliff at Vll
lervlllo," by Daublgny; "The Open Sea," by
Jules Dupri; "Pool at Fontolnebleau," by Diaz,
and "Yarmouth Boaeh," by John Cromo (Old
Crome). Thero are six Constables, eight Gains
boroughs, three Sir Joshuas, threo Jules DuprtSs,
threo Daublgnys, flvo Mlchols, and two Rous
seaus in tho collection, and examples of Richard
Wilson, John Soil Cotman, and Thomas Barker.
Tho Corot In tho Dana collection Is the cele
brated and beautiful "La Danso des Amours."
which attracted so much attention at the Baryo
exhibition In 1800, and the Millet is "The
Turkoy Herder," well known as one of the
finest works of the great poet painter of Barbl
ion. It was also shown at the Barye exhibition,
and was considered one of the stars in that
famous assemblage of masterpieces. Tho cata
logue of the ceramics gives a doscriptlvo notion
under each number, and tho Dana pictures in
tho samo book are described in a catalogue
ralsonnd. The catalogue of the Fuller collec
tion Includes an introductory note and
description of the pictures by the well-known
artist Francis D. Millet, and an edition de luxe
limited to 290 copies is Issued with fine photo
gravuro reproductions of all of the pictures. A
monograph by Mr. Fuller on "Gainsborough's
Blue Boy" gives an exhaustive and convincing
history ot tho picture and the facts conneoted
with its ownership at various times. The ex
hibit of these Bplondld collections constitutes an
event of the groatest Importanco in the world
of art, and the beauty and rarity of
tho ceramics, combined with the very
high quality of the pictures, quite a
number being well known as belonging In the
lists o' masterpieces of tholr famous painters,
will no doubt call out as much Interest as the
exhibition of the Stow art collection last month.
It will appeal to n wider rango of taste among
amateurs of the line arts, and tbe fact that two
such events of extraordinary interest follow
each other in a single season attest the over
increasing Importanco of New York as a great
exhibition centre and market for the fine arts.
Iteveratble Sentences.
From London Trvth,
Scandalous society and Ilfo make oessipa
This reads backward:
Frantic gossips mako llfo and society soanda
lous, A pply tho samo rulo to tho others given belovrt
Dies slowly fAdlng day. winds mournful slghi
Urlght stars are waking.
Files owlet, houtlng. holding revel high,
Hlght silence holding
Solomon had nxt trcasuros silver and gold
thlnirs precious. Happy and rich and wise was
he Faithful served no God.
Sho alts lamenting sadly, often too much
Doar Harry Dovotedly yours remain L Have
you forgotten $20 check f Reply immediately
Vleaso, nnd hand to joura Grnco Darling.
Man Is noblo nnd generous often, but some
times vain nnd louardl.
Carefully Lolled cirtrs aro good and palatable.
Lot o Is beaten and hcacn Is love, youth says.
All beware! ta)s age. trying Is poverty and
fleeting is love,
Badly governed and foarfull) troubled now is
Exercise take: excess beware,
Ktse early and breathe free atri
I at slowly, troublu drive awayi
Feet warmish keep, blend work with ploy.
Adlou, darling! Time files fast; sails are set,
boats aro read). Farewell!
Matter nnd mind nro m etcrles. Never mind.
What Is matter! Matter Is noer mind. What
Is mind! Mind Is noer matter.
Honesty nnd truth nro good and admirable
qualities, as sympathy and lovo aro endoarlnn
traits. Politics nnd religion at old arguing In, Her
is good and sound odvlco.
Partralt of an Unknown Speaker In the Cay
FYom the Waehington Pott,
Tho pastel portrait of cx-Sponker IColfer, which
bangs In tho rear lobby of the House, with the
gallery of portraits of former Spoakore. lsslowly
fading out. 'I ho collar In tho portrait retains
Its prlstlno whiteness, but thn shirt front has
turned to a dull yellow. Kx Spoukor Kelfor's
portrait hangs on ono Bido of tho portrait of the
Into Judgo Crisp, which now occupies tho
position of honor oor tho mantol half
way across the lobby. On tho other side
of Jutiuo Crisp's portrait is tho portrait
of Mr, Blaine, which Isnlsoln pastel and amng.
nlflcaiit work of Its kind. It Is not generally
known that tho portrait of Speaker Iliod whs
nctcr hung in tho position of honor over tbe
nmntcl referrod to, ns the light thcro was not
tilting, On the other sidoof tho square projec
tion in tbolohh) nn whit lithe present Speaker's
iiortralt lungs there Is die portrait of nn tin
.nown. 'Ihcrnnro twoor three ox Speakers of
whom thtronrnno portraits In the lobby, nnd
no one knows. Uiuiuiinuof this one His dress
stums that ho was a statesman of tbo early
Bchonl and thnt tin must have flourished durlns
the first years of tho republic.
Boston Jealousy or Kenlucki'a Art Museum.
from the lloe'on AdiertUer,
Itislnterostinir to loarii that tbo bones of
Gtorgo N likes. Kcntuclo'n Into Inmonted trot
ting horse and father of, many trotting horses,
will bo dug up and nhicLd in the imiBeurn of tho
State Unherslty. In tho courso of Dine that
museum will hcromo celebrated throughout tho
country. Indeed, thero nro but throo uioro
objects of locnl historical Interest that
aro urgently needed to mako tbo collec
tion reasonably complete. Tho first Is tho
skeleton of thoso twelve or thirteen Indians
wl'.,m P"1'0' Noono Induced, as they w ore about
to kill him, to place tholr hands In tho crack of
tho lour which ho was splitting Into fenco rails
and hell) him finish tho Job by pulling both ways
ns hard as they could, on his promise Hint when
tho log had boon split ho would surrondor with
out any resistance, which no doubt be would
have done but for tbo sad accident by which the
iron weilgo slipped out and fastened all their
fingers In tho track. '1 he second is Capt, Scott'a
coon. '1 ho third is tho Htar-Eyi d (loddoss of
Reform, to be preserved In Kentucky tour masb
The Dislsnlsr and tba Bad,
From the Chicago ffeue.
Judge Did you see the beginning- of this
Witness I did, your Honor) it occurred five
years ago. '
Judge -Why, how Is that I
Witness It began when the minister nro.
nounocdUieminanandwlfs, "
The Traa lata Which the Etter tVould Hat I
tied Basay de Iiense.
From th SU Louie Qlobe-Demoerat. H
WAsntUOTOi. Fob. 1L The lato Fenntof H
Plumb of Kansas once described diplomacy ni H
"gilded lying." Truth lnvadod the realm of l
diplomacy at one point in the Dupuy letter In I
eldeat. Tho Spanish Minister hold his own I
counsel until lato in the afternoon of tho day I
his lettor to Canalejas appoarod In print. It Is I
yet a question whothor diplomacy mixta rot II
have helped him out of the scrapo. When the II
letter was first read. in Washington thcro was II
general skepticism. Several papers coupled fl
publication with the assertion that It was a M
forgery, and oven quotod tho Minister as si H
branding it. But tho surpr.oo to Mr. Dupuy dt M
Lomo camo when the telegraph bo) brought to
the legation a cablegram from Canalejas read- H
ing to this effect: "1 havo scon tho letter w ha a I
you are reportod to have wrltton to me. it is H
a base forgery." Mr. Dupuy was iimarcd lit fl
cabled back; "Is It possible you did not re.
celve such a lcttorl" Canalejas replied I
never received such a letter from jou or heard H
you express such sentiments. Ihen was pro- H
sented to Dupuy the possibility of denying thn
bo had written tho lettor and declaring that H
anything which might bo presented purport nit H
to be tho original was n forgery. I i to tlmi
time the Mlnistor had refused lo ndmlt lo ids
frlonds that he had written the letter. Ho had
no knowlcdgo ot tho nborcabouts of tho orlg- H
lnal. Should bo put n bold face on tho malti r, B
and, aided by tho proof that no Mich letter had
reached Canalejas, deny tho autlientliltyl
What passed in tho diplomat's mind thai
afternoon would bo Interesting. Late, after
the office hours wero over, tbo Assistant Hire. H
tnry of Stato called at tho Spanish l.eKotl n.
Tho tall, blond Anglo-Saxon of tho purest l pe
sat down facing tho small, swarthy l.'itln of as
pure type. Tho duel of diplomat begin. B
'You havo seen in tho papers, Mr. Minion r,''
said tbo Assistant Secretary, "a letter iirort B
ing to have been written by you to .Mr. t aimlo- B
jasl" Diplomacy would nnvo admitted ih
seeing and would have fenced for tho nnii B
point. To tho credit of tho Spaniard It imi-ths B
said that hr was a man moro than a dlplom it in B
the emergency. "Yes," he said, "1 Imtohcen It, fl
I wrote It." A momont Inter ho hail ncenilon fl
toreallie that truth Is bolter than diplomacy,
Tho Assistant Secretary, concealing any Mir- fl
prise that ho may bavo felt at tho quick tubals- M
elon of the point for which ha bad como, lm.
mediately put bis hand in an lnsldo pocket of M
bis coat, and drew forth thr original latter,
asking, "Is this It!" Tho Minister glanced over
tho sheets, and at once Idontlflod tho copy as ja
tho original. As ho did so thcro was a uhot of U
a smllo In the cornors ot his mouth. Ho must B
bavo been thinking of tho trap Into which fl
diplomacy would have len him but from which B
truth telling bad saved blm.
xrnixjs house blacklist. H
aamee or Uninvited Persons Who Crowd Into V
BeeeptlonaProcnred Congressmen lllnmed. n
From the St. Louie Qlobe-Demoerut. 11
Washington. Feb. 13. Tho White House his II
a blacklist. It is an interesting souvenir of m
this season's roccptlons. It coos to prove that
there are persons who own fine clothes nnd who
arenotsothln-sklnnod as to remain away from
places to which thoy aro not invited. The Invi
tations given this year to the White Houso ro
ccptlons wero prepared with unustnl care.
Lists of tho invited wore kept nnd cards
were issued to individuals by namo. The
heretoforo indefinite and Indiscriminate "and
ladles" was not employed. That theio might
be no misunderstandings, tho secretary to the
President, Mr. Porter, and the gentleman uitio
clatcd with htm in the managoniont of details I
let it be known through tho nowspaicrs tint
steps would be taken to detect any w ho cams
without invitations. But tho mothod to be out.
ployed was not explained.
Tho trap was Bot and It did Its duty. At on
reception 213 porsons who bad not been lm ited
eamo to the White Houeo and participated. At
another affair the number of uninvited present
was ISO. The manner in which tho Intruders
wero dotceted is interesting. As usual, each
fruest on advancing to theentrancoof thcrcceit
ugroom was told by an official to"gitoour
name to the officers, who will present you." '1 In
name of each guest was callod out twice, first by
tho officer Introducing to tho President and
again br the officer who made tbo prcsenta- I
tlon to Mrs. MoKlnley. Tho announcing was i
dono with distinctness. But this jour an at
tncheof tbo Whlto Houso stood Inn soclmlrd
nook nnd took down e cry name that was called
our. Comparison with tbe roster ot tholnvitei
was mado subsequently, and in this way tho
namoaof the uninvited were singled out and
the blacklist was created.
This was not all. Doorkeepers from the '-en-ate
and House were present to add their know I
edge of faces to that of the White Houso ushers.
Alphabetical lists of tho invited wore in the
possession of the offlolals. When there wss
donbt about anyone the lists were consulted.
Borne of the uninvited were asked for their ad
dresses. Subsequently litters were addressed
to several of those who had oome without In
vitations, asking; explanations of the breach.
Most of the letters were ignored. Several re
plied, laying the blame on Congressmen from
whom they claimed to have received verbal In
ltations. Holt a dozen department people
were caught, and their cases were referred to
superior otllolals.
sTlra righting la the Seath Br fa re the War.
From the Savannah Ketce.
Old citizens are commenting on the change the
Savannah Fire Deportment has undergone sine
the ante-bellum days. The recent fires have
given rise to many recollections of former
methods ot cheoklng flames.
The eyes ot one man, who was posted In n
glass house in the City Exchange dome, con
stltuted the alarm system. He was a sort ot
sentlnol, and while keeping watch oer the city
cried out the hours and whether things were
well or no. There are a few members of tho
Eollce force to-day who served in tho old cli t
ouse and recall the days when litre ahinni
wore sounded by ringing tbe old bolt.
Hand pumps formed tbo apparatus to drHa
water, and the effective work they did Is well
remembered. All firemen before too war w ere
volunteers and with the exception of tho chiefs
of divisions, were composed entirely ot colore 1
men. They were strong, hardy, and to get to a
flro was a sort of pastime which was thoroughly
enjoyed by tbem. While working the pum;u
they would strike up a tune, keeping time with
the movements of the pump handle nnd ring
ing out tholr song In such harmony und f ulne is
as to catch even tbo ear of tho critic. lh n.
too, thero was fun for the negroes getting to t he I r
respeotlve station houses. It was a stamlln r
rule that tbo first man to place hie band on 'I o
look at the station received a dollar, and dl
were wild to earn It. It was as much an honor
as a gain a sort of trophy held until tho next
fire. The station bouses wero built ot brick
and located la the squares at different parts of
the city.
Bvea with Her CrsuM-Biamlner.
From the Cleveland Leader
"Now," said tho lawyer who was conducting
the cross-examination, "will you please stale
how and where sou first met this man! '
"I think," Bald tho lady with the sharp nose,
"hat it was "
"Never mind what you think," interrupted
the lawyer. "Wo want facta hero. We doa I
care what you think, and we haven't any lluu
to waste In listening lo what) on think. Now,
please tell us where and when It was that you
first met this man,"
The witness mado no rcnlr.
"Come, como." urged the lawyer. "I domsna
an answer to my question.
Still no response from the witness.
"Your Honor," said tho law yur, turning to toe
Court, "I think I am entitled to an answer to
tbo question I havo nut."
"The witness will please nnswer the ques
tion." said tho Court In Improsslvu tones.
"Can't," Bald tho lad),
" Why not I"
"Tho Court doesn't care to hear what I
think, docs It I"
" lben there s no use questioning me anv fur
ther. I uin not a luwj or. 1 c.in'l talk wiihjui
So they callod tbo noxt witness.
Vnuna Mr. Unrs's Menolrs Took.
From the Jlangor JittUv etm
Late In January a Hangar Ixi) named Vrs
tonic a boat from Jtuiksmit fot 'iiifuiM e,
whero hu soon (ell ulek with tin luiiii'" a
easo which has not lbitod tho eastern Miujei ot
Hancock county for some )earn.
Immediately aftor oung Waro w i i ken
sick measles hocumu popular, Mrondiiig u
Sargcnttlllu to Door Isle, they lin.mfi i
school district, causing tlio aehuuli to - 1 fl
kuplng tho doctors bus) or weeks M (f J
nut In wldtrcircles, tho disease) Mept th J
Sedgwick and llrnoggi ille, ami ro.-n u o
BagadiKollivndod Castillo. Ilio Kasletn V '
.Normal Hi hnol was in session, and mai v f
student elthoiwunu down with ilio nn - 'r
hurried home to haio the disease where t. '1
nursing was bandy,
Up to date moro thnn 400 persons hato! 1
tho measles, and two lmo dlul from the .
Ilyvoollslna a Hen,
xVom the Toledo HI i It
.."Did you ever hypnotize a thicken! nsl.i 1
Police Commissioner Kind the nthei i i-h'.
" lis dead eas). Just entcli jour tun pis ij
on tbo Moor In front of you with Its tin! twn-l
you. Take a pinto of chalk ami drtw a mrn J 5
line, beginning at a point just undi r tin I
luaclnna uxteudlnL'ii fuut and n hall nrinon
Tbo bird will fistoi its cicii on tho
and In a twlnklir.i? uluict she- h in '
anything but that Unit. You inn mil a 1 1
her about as inueli as ou pie i, bui It, a
will Immediutul) return lo Hid mik .
When I was tlliiiir befuro the uiiist It )
an unusual thing on ti calm da) tWu u i
was no work In sight, to too a dorrn or lm re
sailors, each Mlth a lion In his hands, drawing J
chalk murkt. It Is the most perfect cuso of coin. , J
plet hypnotism 1 evor saw, Just try it s0 " (
time Uou don't boiler U.'! t A

xml | txt