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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, June 19, 1898, 1, Image 6

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I ifl ' THE SUN SUNDAY, JUNE 19, 1808 ' """'' 1
i -
SUNDAY. JUNE 10. 1898.
i '
h nkecrlsllaaa J Mall, reet-raleU
(, pltLT, par Month... 00 SO
1 DAILY, par Year. o
I eTDTrDAY, per Tear o OB
i DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Month. 70
J, postage to forelga eountrlet added.
Tn So, New York Oltr.
Tiaja Kloio.ua No. IB, near Orand Hotel, aad
I tQotQst X. 10, Donlevant dai CapuciD.ee.
.. Xftvrfrhndi tea Savor s trffAmanutertriaor
K frvllfeailon tcli to have rijteted articles returned,
i8 Uay must n all easts emat stamps or (not jurposa.
iTlio Democrat and Hawaii.
"Wo have waited for the oftlclal record In
Order to give exact credit to the patrlotlo
Dtmocrats, BilTerltcs and Populists who
voted for tho Ncwlands resolutions annex
ing Hawaii. Thoro wero thirty of them.
Here oro tlioir uamoa:
Hr, Dakib ot Illlnoli, Mr. Kkowies f Sooth De
Br. Bcaxmof fennsylva- kota,
nla, Mr. Lewis of neergta,
Mr. Herat if Kentucky, Mr. Lewis or Washington,
if Mr. BOtsin of Kansas, Mr. t.ivivoeros ot Oeorfta,
fr Ur, Dhocxkh of Michigan. Mr. VlcCoiuiicg of Kansas,
f Mr. CocnkAKof MUiuurt, IMr. JUbsiull of Ohio,
uf Mr. Ouxunot of Naw,sir. MrxMsosof Ohio,
' York. Mr. XswLixns of Nevada(
j? Mr. Da Vatti of Caltrop Mr. Nonros of South Caro
r ale, Una,
Uf Ur. Daiaoa of New York, Mr Oitoaxa of Wyoming,
fU Ur. KaaiKTROOT or l'onn- Mr. l'grsas of Kansas,
A lylvaala, Mr. SiMrao of Kansas,
ft Ur.aiurriTn of Indiana, Mr, Busier of North Care-
S Ur. Joiikioh ot North Us- Una,
R kola, Ur. bCLlaa ot New York,
,1 Ur. Josasof Washlsgton. Mr. TirLon of Alabama.
Ur. KrutT of South Da- Mr. Viimlaoi cf New
W kota. York.
H. The Democrats In thin list of honor are
lift tho Democrats who remembered tbo teach-
I; tag of tho great original annexationist,
' Thomas Jekterson. Theso are the Demo
crats Yvbo restated and defeated the at
tempt to bind tbelr votes by caucus action,
and at the roll call refused to follow leaders
like Dai let of Texas and McMillin of
Tennessee Into a position hatoful to Demo
cratic Impulses and menacing disaster to
the futbre of their party.
There Is no sectional color In the list
' printed above. The annexationist Demo-
crsts and Populists hail from North, South,
East, and AVeat. It will bo observed that
one of the two Democratic Congressmen
from California, Senator White's State,
YOted for annexation. It will be observed,
further, that both of the Representatives
from South Dakota, Fettighew's State,
Voted for annexation.
The record of the Democratlo Congress
men from New York is particularly fine.
Of tho six New York Democrats In tho
present House, four voted for Hawaiian
annexation, one did not vote, and only one
U recorded against the Newlands resolu
tions. Honor to Cuuuinqs, to DrttOGS, to
Vkhslaob and to Sclzeii 1 They do
not misconstrue national nentlment. They
do not read falsely Democratlo doctrine.
No more earnest, sincerely patrlotlo and
oratorlcally effective argument for raising
the flap; at Honolulu was beard In the House
than that which the Hon. William Sul
SXn of our Eleventh district pronounced.
As It was In tho House, so Is it In the
Senate, where many ot the earliest ad
vocates and warmest friends of Hawaiian
annexation ore to be found In the ranks of
the Democracy.
Men and. Not Machine.
The London Truth draws this lesson
from " tho operations of the Spanish and
American navies:"
"Quality rather than qoantlty or ehlpi moil win
' the day In a naval encounter. The whole naral art le
reduced to a (juration of having tbo beat aolentlflo
anaoblnea of attack and aeteuce."
Very true, except that as the present war
lias shown, more particularly at Manila,
- there Is a still more important quality. It
Is tho quail ty of the men who tight the ships.
Your "machines ot attack and defence"
may bo "the best scientific," but if your
men manipulating their guns and manoeu
vring them are not also tho "best sciett
tlflo" tho superior quality of tho machines
will not avail against greater Judgment
and exportness.
H As the engineer on tho Baltimore said In
j' the letter describing the Manila engage
J xnent, quoted by us recently, "had we
Hr manned the Spanish ships and the Span
Jj lords manned our fleet, tbo American sido
HJ' would have been as victorious as it was"
Hr In the actual encounter. A great naval
HJ lesson taught by this war Is the necessity
H ot target practlco fitting tho men aboard
M the ships to inuko tho best possible uso of
tbelr fighting abilities.
HJ', The quality of the man behind tho gun is
HJ,' "till a matter of us much importance as
HJ eycr In war. No machinery, no advanco In
HJ. science, has gono far enough to eliminate
HJ; the prime requisite of personal courage and
HJ' skill In tho sailor nnd tho soldier. Wars
HJ are still won by men und not by machines.
H- A Baa IIIU.
HJ The Senate Committee on Education nnd
H, Ijtbor bos been giving hearings on the bill
HJ; which provides for tho extension of the
Hv eight-hour law to Government contractors.
HK This bill Is understood to bo the production
HI of somoof thoseremarkablo "labor lenders"
HM who wont to restrict a man's right to work
HK as many hours as he pleases. Foolish nt
B- any time, this eight-hour bill Is more than
H. foolish now. Ships, munitions of war.sup
HM piles ot all kinds, arc furnished to tlio
HK Government by contract. Tills bill would
Hi - tamper the contractors and Injure tho Gov
Hk ernment In many ways.
HI, Take coal and steel, for example. Mr.
HB- Champ, the Philadelphia shipbuilder, as
HJ sured tho committee that If the proposed
HJ measure became a law the coal used by his
HVy company on work for the United States
HB would have to bo mined by men working
HI" only eight hours a day. The President of
HI-' Jhe Bethlehem Iron Workt said that under
HB' the projected statute his Arm could not get
HB" any coal. Coal operators had written to
Hi him that they could not furnish coal if the
HB. ' bill m passed. Tlio superintendent of tho
H Bethlehem company told the committee
Hi that " In heating steel It often requires ten
HB or twelve hours for the process to bo com
HB pitted, and it Is absolutely necessary that
HB' the entire work should bo done under
HH' the supervision of a single man, who would
HH have the process under bis control from
HH beginning to end,"
HH aAt this time when American steel rules
HJ tbo world and American shipyards are
H building and getting contracts to build
HHi ships of war for forclgu countries, the ex
HH tension of the eight -hour folly would he
HVj most unfortunate. Wo quoto from tho
HH Philadelphia Vrfti tho testimony of Mr,
HH CuAKi.rsH. Ciuxif:
HJ "Mr. Ciuur axVl ttat la his ahlpyard If eueh a law
HB " B la'.o txrect, It would tx Decxiary to orcta-
H& j. fc..it.ia'i.,,, a.e.aieaVli.Wei'Malilwitl
HBfcBnBtanv',''uu' jt,.miuti rW i !
aaaaaavaaVaiaavaai - - -- - t-
Uetwoforoee laaaparate p1aata,oaa lods Qevana
maal work for the United Iwteiaad the other to da
work for IsdltlduaU and for forflja (overnmenta.
rtaaald that hlacotnpanr waa building men-of-war
for Ruttlaaad Japan. la the eaaaof lbs oontract
oecnredfrom iheOoTernuent otnuaaia,theeonpany
had bid la competition with F.nttleh, Frtnoh, and
Oarman abtpbulldere, and were the working under
aa eight-hour law It would ba Impoeelble for them
to have eecured alich enntraota, which then would
have gone to foreign ablbulldere. Mr. Cnaur aald
thai ooaalderable work la doae bj the hour In hie
ehepe, aid II bad frequently happaned that men, la
rderta provide better for their famtllre, dealre nol
enlr lo work ten houre a daj, but to work extra
time. He aald that the men In hie emptor were per
fectlr aatlafled with the eondltloae under which tbej
labor, and hare made no deinaud for the paaiage ot
Ike blllundrroonalderalloa."
Of course, the workmen are not asking
for tho passage of such a bill. But the emi
nent " labor leaders " must do something to
justify their wages. Moreover, they have
a furthor purpose. They want to drive pri
vate enterprise out of Government employ,
and set the Government up In as many
branches of business as possible, and so
speed the Socialist millennium.
Wo notice with considerable satisfaction
that the Hon. Boies Pisxnosn of Pennsyl
vania is a member of the sub-committee In
chargo of the bill. Great Interests In
Pennsylvania and Delaware would be In
jured by it. It Is a bill lo iujure all ths
United States.
Tlio llcsults of tioril Salisbury's
Policy In tho Far Bast.
It Is well known that In England widely
different cstimatos are mado of tho results
of British diplomacy at Pekln. Tho Aa
ft'onuf Review, although on most occasions
a sturdy supporter of the Conservative Gov
ernment, declares that their policy In China
"has consisted In publlo bluster, futile
paper protests, and tho acquisition of a
second Cyprus." Sir William dls Vokux,
writing In tho Contemporary Review,
malntulns that by tbo acquisition of Wei
Hal Wei the British Foreign Offlco has
simply performed the feat much favored In
China, and described In "pidgin-English"
as "saving the face." Mr. Hknuy
M. Stanley, In the Nineteenth Cen
tury, expresses tho opinion that, by set
tling down at Wei Uai Wol. the English
have gained nothing permanent, but have
only doferrcd the evil day for a few years.
He regards Russia's ultimate absorption of
the muin bulk of China as beyond ths
power of England, in her present state of
Isolation, to provent. " Wo may batter
dswn," be says, "the walls of Port Arthur,
Talienwan nnd Vladlvostock, but until we
devise some means of floating our Ironclads
In front of the railhead, it passes my com
prehension bow our fleet can put a limit to
Russia's advance."
On the other hand, Mr. W. T. Stead, who
contributes tho leading article to the Con
ttmporary Review for Juno, takes a mora
favorablo view of recent events In tho Far
East. Ho considers. Indeed, that English
men have some reason to feel aggrieved by
the way In which they have been served
by their Ambassadors at Pekln and St.
Petersburg. Sir Claude MacDonald Is
accused of blundering in trying to snatch
Talienwan out of the hands of the Rus
sians, and Sir N. O'Connor Is alleged to
deserve the fool's cap for his Inane attempt
to exact assurances from Russia that she
would nchieve tho Impossible, and con
vert Port Arthur, which is a mere naval
base, Into a treaty port. At the samo tlmo
be holds that If the core of the business be
regarded, bis countrymen have little rea
son to complain, and none whatever to
Justify the charges of Ill-faith that have
been levelled against the St. Petersburg
Government. He can see no reason why
Lord Salisbury, on a comprehensive re
view of the situation, should survey the
net outcome with discontent.
To much tho same effect, but In a more
cogent fashion, writes Mr. Holt S. Hal
lett in the current number of the Nine
teenth Century. Ho contends that Lord
Salisbury has scored heavily In the diplo
matic contest. An attempt is made to
prove this by pointing out that while, at
the outset of the struggle, the head of tho
British Foreign Oillcu was seriously ham
pered and did not stand on equal ground
with bis antagonist, he yet in the end
obtained concessions of superlative value.
It Is worth while to note how Mr. Hal
lett, who Is a recognized expert touching
the affairs of the Middle Kingdom, arrives
at these conclusions.
Tho following facts aro pressed upon
our attention in order that we may un
derstand the situation with which Lord
SALiaiiunv had to copo. It is to be borne
in mind, in tho first place, that three
powers, Portugal, England, and Germany,
had succeeded at ono time or another
In obtaining leases of ports and adjoining
territory. As three powers had already ob
tained Buch privileges from Chins, it was
Impossible to maintain that China must
not grant an equivalent to RuHsla.
In the second plnce, the points that Rus
sia would select for a naval base nnd com
mercial port would naturally bo In tho
vicinity of the Paciile terminus of tho
Siberian system of railways. Port Arthur
and Talienwan wero the only ports that an
swered tho requirements. At Talienwan
Russia needed u large space for railway,
residential, storage and other purposes,
and It was reasonable that sho Bhould wish
to have tho important terminus of her rail
way system In her own handB and fortified
against posslblo stuck. The security of
the railway terminus Involved tho acqui
sition of Port Arthur, because, otherwise,
It would be liable to attack from its land
ward side.
In the third place, as soon as It was known
that Germany intended to keep ICiao Chou
Bay as a cmnmeiclul port and naval base, it
was morally certain that Russia would In
sist upon obtaining leasei of Port Arthur
and Talienwan. For two or three years
she hod been permitted by tho Pekln Gov
eminent to uso Klao Chou Bay as a winter
anchorage for her fleet, and, upon Ger
many's seizing that harbor without Its
owner's consent, China had granted Rus
sia leave to use Port Arthur as a winter
anchorage. What guarantee, asks Mr.
Hai.lett, had Russia that Homoother power
might not selzrt Port Arthur, as Germany
had seized lvlao Chou! It Is true that
tireat urltaln, tor Iter part, had promised
not to do so, but that would not prevent
Japan or Germany from doing so at some
future time.
In tho fourth place, China not being a Brit
ish protectorate, the British Foreign Olllce
was unablu to pievent her from taking any
action which should not positively In
fringe the most favored nation clause. If
she chose to lease ports to other powers,
Lord Salisbury could not stuy her, and
had to restrict his claims to equality of
treatment In such ports, 60 far as tho
open door was concerned. As Port Arthur
and Talienwan are within a few miles of
each other, and servo the same narrow trade
area, it would be,, unreasonable to expect
that both places should be opened as treaty J
eufctt;, ni.. ., a.-,.iu.e r-j-Am,-.rCv.M.ji
- TTllTT'TlirileaTOMeWI
ports. In no other port ot China would
I such a demand bo pressed.
Such was ths situation with which Lord
Salisbury hod to deal. Now, let us sea
, what measures ho has taken to safeguard
i British Interests, and, with them, those of
the United States and those of such other
maritime powers as h'ave nothing to ask
from China except freedom of trade and an
equal right to cooperate In the commercial
and Industrial development of the Mlddlo
Kingdom. The concessions which tho
British Foreign Oflloo has gained from
China are ranged by Mr. Hallktt under
Ave heads. First, all the rtvora and navi
gable streams and canals In China are
opened to steam navigation. This will bo an
enormous benefit to foreign trade, becauso
tbo cargoes carried by steam vcssols will not
be subject to vexatious delays at tho Llkln or
Inland duty harriers which are dotted
along tho banks ot rivers, streams, nnd
canals at Intervals of two miles. Sec
ondly, England has received the assurance
that China will never alienate any part of
the provinces adjoining the Yaug-tse-Klang
to any other power. It Is pointed
out by Mr. Uallett that the acceptance
of this assurance virtually binds tbo Brit
ish Foreign Oflluo to protect these terri
tories from foreign encroachment and gives
It tho right to provent such an aggres
sive act as that committed by Ger
many at Klao Cbou being repeated
In the basin of the Ynng-tso. Thirdly,
the Inspoctor-Guncral of tho Imperial Mar
itime Customs Is to bo an Englishman as
long as British trade with China Is larger
than that of any other nation. This stipu
lation cuts off Russia and Franco from re
newing their endeavors to havo this post
filled by a Russian subject or Fronch citi
zen. In tho fourth placo, the opening of
several treaty ports at important centres of
trade in the Yung-lso basin and on tbo sea
coast will tend greatly to develop foreign
commcrco, and also European manufactur
ing: establishments, which, under tho Jana-
ncso treaty, ore allowed to bo erected In
such places.
It should be observed that one of these
new treaty ports, Cbiu-Wang-Tao, which
Is situated on or close to the opened sec
tion of the Tlentsln-Klrin Railway, Is
about ono hundred miles further north
than the Russiau port of Talienwan, and
on the western side of the Gulf of Pechill,
and la thus far more advantageously situ
ated to draw tho trade of Manchuria, with
the exception of that of the Liau-Tung
Peninsula, than is any port leased by or be
longing to Russia. Thus It matters little
to England or Great Britain whether tho
Russian assurances with respect to Talien
wan are broken or not. The hopes, too,
built by Germany on the possession of
Klao Chou will be greatly lessened by tho
opening of Chln-Wang-Tao as a treaty
port, Inasmuch as the last-named place Is
barely half the distance that Klao Chou Is
from Pekln.
Wo remark, Anally, that tho lease of Wei
Hal Wei to Great Britain, on terms identi
cal with those on which Port Arthur is
leased to Russia, cannot fall to put back
bone into the cowed Chinese Government,
and, from this point of view, may be ac
cepted as a pledge that tho other conces
sions to England will be carried out.
This seems to be, upon the whole, a Just
estimate of the results of Lord Salisbury's
policy in the Far East. There is no doubt
that Mr. Hali.ktt Is right in affirming that
this policy has already had the effect of
modifying the attitude of France toward
the Middle Kingdom, and that It has chal
lenged the good will of Japan and the
United States, and of every commercial
nation whoso Interests would bo Injured by
the destruction of the Chinese Empire and
by Its extensive partltlonment among pro
tectionist powers.
Tho English of the English Blblo.
The Influence exerted by the Authorized,
or King James's, version of the Blblo, in
shaping the English language, Is uni
versally acknowledged to be very great.
In England, especially, where the Bible Is
read through, in course, once every year, to
the attendants upon the services of tho
Established Church, and whore an accurato
knowledgo of its contents Is a requisite for
the granting of a degree at the Universities
of Oxford and of Cambridgo, Its style and
phraseology pervade the speech and writ
ing, both of educated men, and of what
its translators called "the common peo
ple." Outside of the Establishment, In
England, Scotland, the United States, and
everywhere else in the world, where tho
English languago prevails, an acquaint
ance with tho contents of the Bible Is
equally general. Moreover, all English
speaking and writing peoples have accepted
the book ns a classic, and their scholars and
critics, without exception, agreo In extol
ling Its literary merits.
Tho latest expression of this universal
esteem of tho English Bible, Is found in an
address delivered to tho Bodley Literary
Society of Oxford, by the distinguished es
sayist, Mr. KitKDtiuo Hakiiison, and pub
lished in the June numberof the Nineteenth
Century. Mr. Haiikison'b theme was
"Style In English Prose," nnd after an ex
tended discussion of what a good Btylo Is,
and of tho authors to bo rend in order to
attain it, he concluded by saying:
'I ned harrilr tll yon to read another and a
, greater nook The Book which bogot Rnjllah proje
till remains Ha supreme type. The Knellah I'Iblela
the true achool of F.ntllili literature. II poiseaiee
ererj quality of our language In lie blgbett form
except for aclentlflo prei lalon, prrollcal atTalra, and
phlioanphlc analyala. It would be ridiculous to write
anesaayoa nielaphyetce. a political article, or a novel
In the language of the Illble, Imlrrd, It would he
rldlculoua lo write anything at all In Die language of
i the nihle But If you care to know the belt that our
literature can give In etniple noble prone ntnrk, ,
learn and Inwardly dlgeat the Hoi ScrljJtuira In the
Englleh tongue."
This is all true, and we do not quoto It
because ot Its truth, but because It does not
express the whole truth. Mr. Harrison,
like all his predecessors, falls to point out
tho very Importunt fact, that tho English of
the English Bible Is not puro English, but
Hebrew in EiikIIhIi words, and the charac
teristics which give It powt'rnml iiiiliieuro
are Hebrew characteristics, derived, not In
the least from English thoughtand English
modes of expression, but from a much mora
ancient and remote source.
The parts of the Blblo most familiar to
English reudeis aro the Old Testament und
the four Gospels, The original text of tho
Old Testament Is all Hohruw, excepting a
few Chaldalo chapters in Daniel and In
Erra. The Gospels, although they have
come down to us only in Greek, ore so He
brew In construction and stylo that many
ctltlcs coutend that they were originally
written in the Hebrew dialect of the period,
and were afterward translated into Greek.
When, therefore, wo read tiie English ver
sion of tho books of Moses, the Histories,
the Psalms, and the Gospels, we substan
tially read Hebrew In an English dress.
i Hebrew, being one of the oldest languages
I ot which any extensive literature has
i t.Vi.-HaMMhi'" ' . -...!,... .u -. .etwxw, ifc.da.
i riiniirrrfrt'- , i - .-.-'-
survived, embodies tho Ideas ot a peoplo
only recently emorged from the primitive
childhood of tho race. When the Hebrew
Scriptures recount historical facts they re
count them In the plainest and fowest pos
sible words, as do our modern story books
written for children, and when they de
scribe affections nnd operations of tho mind
they employ an equally slmplo vocabulary.
Consequently, the narratives In tho Old
Testament of the Creation, of the Flood,
of Joseph's adventures In Egypt, of
David's victory over Goliato, and sim
ilar events, as well as tbo record of
tho sayings and doings of Jesus re
corded In tho New Testament, are as
Intelligible and as Interesting to children
as they are to adults. They are only ono
step In advance of the picture writings of
tbo Egyptians, In which words ore Indi
cated by emblems. This simplicity and
objcctlvencsshavo bccnrctalned IntheEng
llsh translation ot tho Bible, not from de
sign, but from necessity. It would not
only be ridiculous, rs Mr. IlAnnisoN says,
to wrlto an essay on MetapbyBlrs, a politi
cal article, or a novel, In tlio language of
the Blblo; It would bo Impossible. Tho
Hebrew has no words to exprcKS our mod
ern abstract ideas. Even the book of Job,
philosophical as It is, Is not metaphysical,
and the Psalms and the prophecies aro
poetical only because of their Imugory.
The quality of tho Hebrew language,
therefore, which makes Its Incorporation
Into tho English of so muoh worth and
power. Is precisely that which all critics
agree in pronouncing most desirable In
works of art, and which all moralists ex
tol as the highest type of spiritual char
acter, namely, childlike simplicity. Want
ing It, tho (lucst spooch and writing be
como wearisome, the loftiest Integrity of
fensive, and the most rigid piety Inofllci
clous to salvation. That thoEngllsh Blblo
has embodied this precious element per
manently In our Instrument of expressing
thought, Is a boon for which we cannot be
uOlcleutly thankful.
Our Soldiers and Sailors.
Certain writers wholly incompetent to
render judgment on the condition of troops
or to express any opinion on tho details of
military administration deserving of re
spect, have attracted attention to them
selves by criticising savagely our mili
tary camps at the South. They have
represented them as shamefully deficient
In supplies essential to tho health of
tho soldiers, and their administration as
disgraceful to the military authorities.
Complaints of unappetizing or Insufll
dent fare and undue severity ot dis
cipline havo come from a few of tho
soldiers themselves; but they are only nat
ural and Inevitable expressions of dis
taste and discontent from men not yet In
ured to the hardships of military Bervlce in
the field. Even r. here there has been any
justification for them, It has been due to
tho unavoidable delays and complications
incident to tho rapid mobilization of un
trained troops, and It has been remedied
as Bpeedily as posslblo.
The first test of tbo value of all such re
ports and criticisms is furnished, of course,
by the sanitary condition of these troops,
as Indicated accurately In tbo prevailing
rat lo of sickness among them. Gen. Miles,
who has just returned to Washington from
a curcful inspection of these camps, reports
that the health of tho troops Is ex
ceptionally good. At Tampa, whore tho
conditions havo been assailed espe
cially and most unfavorably by tho lay
critics, ho found that the sick list was
less than 1 per cent., a surprisingly low
record ; and this most gratifying indication
as to health appeared among both the
troops who embarked for Santiago with
Gen. Suapter and those still remaining
on shore In the camp.
This experience is far more encouraging
than that through which both sides to tbo
civil war were compelled to pass at its be
ginning; and no incident of the present con
flict, apart from Its uninterrupted suc
cession of victorious progress, lias af
forded reason for so much national
rejoicing as this remarkable, even aston
ishing, exemption of our forces from
the suffering usually allllctlng military
camps suddenly filled with collections
of untrained and unbardened volunteers
and militia not yet Inured to campaigning.
Of course, such an exceptionally high stand
ard of health could not prevail In them if
there was any Justification for the animad
versions on our military administration
which lrivo been made si) loudly by igno
rant, inconsiderate, sensational and sedi
tious newspaper writers.
It Is also exceedingly gratifying to know
that the standard of health prevailing
among the crews of the navy is equally high,
though the most of them are rompolled to
endure tropical heat under peculiarly try
lngclrcunibtunces. It is relieving war of one
' of the most distressing Incidents usual to
I It; and, moreover, thus protected from tho
disability and debilitating disease, both
our sailorsand our troops arc in prime phys
ical condition for the even more arduous
lubors tho progress of the war will now Im
pose on them. As Gen. Miles says of the
troops who left Tampa for Santiago, " the
Rplrit of tbo men is of tlio best;" they are
eager to got at the enemy.
Novor lu history was there a better army
and a better navy morally; and, after some
unavoidable delays, never wero troops bet-
, ter equipped for their work than are those
who are now fighting under our Hag.
French Munitions for Spain.
The announcement fiom Cadiz that the
French are supplying arms and munitions
to Spain is probably true, but It furnishes
no ground of complaint against France.
Our country has ulwayslaken the ground
that Its merchants could sell munitions of
war to belligerents, lu the ordinary rourus
of trade, without any violation of neutral
obligations. The mutter becomes differ
ent whenever tho Government ia concerned,
because there a quention of good faith
may be raUei, although cases have oc
curred when oven the Gov eminent was hold
to bn in the posh Ion of a merchant. Hut as
to Individuals, the view of our country has
always been tbut bostllitiosof othcrnutlons
ought not to restrict the invaitH of liveli
hood of our citizens, This view was an
nounced by Jkbtkiison generations ago:
"Our cltlzene liare alwayt bern frae to make, read
and eiport arma. It la the constant eounpatlon and
llTellhoodof aoineof tlialu. To auppicaa thnlr call-
I Ian. the only meaua, parbape, ur tbelr existence,
beraueeawar exiale In foreign and distant countries
J In which we have no concern, could scarcely be ex-
I peeted. II would be bad la principle and Impoeslble
I la practice."
What, then, Is the belligerent's remedy I
It is to capture and confiscate the contra
j band of war, If he can, when on the way to
I his enemy's potts. This la an undoubted
rlnht, and we aro exercising It to-day
j around Cuba. In the case of France, how
' ever, we cannot capture arms and muni
i tlons sent by land to tbo terrltotv ot her
.. .a. .. j taki .."'eiSmMLV.?aaV.-.,il.i -
neighbor, nor havo wa thus far placed
cruisers In Spanish waters to Intercept
contraband goods by soa.
What France would have no right to do
Is to allow a ship to bo fitted out In her
ports to prey on our commerce or otherwise
commit hostilities. In such a caso tho ship
becomes essentially a warllko expedition,
which cannot lawfully uso tho port of a
neutral as I ts base. So strict aro nations
on this point that they will not permit a
warship under construction In any of their
ports to bo removed therefrom after the !
declaration of hostilities, even If sold
to ono of the belligerents In tlmo of
peace. They place cortaln restrictions, as
we now see, upon the visits of belligerent
ships to neutral ports for coaling. But
there Is a broad distinction between theso '
acta relating to ships and the ordinary
trade in guns and cartridges. This can go
on to any extent between France nnd Spain
without our protest. We ourselves are ah
much at liberty as Spain to huy arms of
the French or of any other people.
Wo offer a few remarks upon this article,
not with tho purpose of analyzing Its na
ture, but In order to relievo from unfavor
able prejudice certain gentlemanly habits
which, from bclug associated with the ge
nus dude, havo been frequently regard
ed with a sentiment smacking of con
tempt. Wisdom would not sooner think ot
sneering at well-kept head, face and hands,
a cleanly coat, a polished Bboe and ever
conscious caie In all adjustments of the
dress, because of tholr being characteristic
of dudlshncss, than It would think of con
demning roast beef and tobacco because
dudes eat and smoke.
The roost distinguished naval commander
of this war, Dewky, is privately noted as a
peculiar stickler for tho elegant trivialities
of personal get-up. Throughout the navy,
always a natural homo for dudlsm, there
are certainly hundreds of dudes awaiting
occasions for the cold self-sacrifice that
crises of war continually call for. If Rich
mond Pearson Honsox, Lieutenant In
the navy. Is not n Rear Admiral In Dudt
ana, then photographic portraiture has
no valuo as a record. The perform
ance of the Now York naval reserve
craft, Yankee, which, out of all order,
has been skiving around the bombard
ments recently, In spite of her gossamer
skin and naked guns, makes It proper to
name as a member of this particular
fraternity the Yankee's Captain, Lieutenant-Commander
Buownson. Probably
In the navy there Is no man better valeted
as to coat, boots, and top-knot, or In
his ways more expressive of the unbending
rigidity In discipline that brands men as
martinets; but probably also none is
more bent than he upon getting into the
troublo of war when his country Is In It,
and of carrying bis men with him.
Perhaps tho most famous ot modern dudes
was tho most brilliant military figure of
recent times, tbo Russian General, Skoue
lefp. Whenever his army was preparing
for battlo it know that Its commander waa
at tbo same time waxing his mustaches,
and seeingthattho lastspotof imperfection
was being obliterated from his uniform.
The effect of that knowledgo upon the
troops must have been to give to each man
on extra impulse to see that all was right
with himself, and to pnttern after Skouk
lkff later In the reckless daring with
which he went to the front In his assaults.
The fact Is that combinations of tho
harsher qualities of bravery and certain
others usually known in men as effeminate
are frequent enough to suggest that ambi
tion to be a hero would begin well with
cultivating tho niceties ot the dude.
It seems to be a fact, If many impartial
wltncises can be bellavod, that many of the
Philadelphia bicyclers pay no attention to the
law against fast riillnir. One staid ubaerver
writes to the Philadelphia Ledger that "300
riders passed him in twenty minutes, and most
of them wero rldlnp fifteen miles an hour."
Tho law says seven. Philadelphia Is becoming;
tho capital of scorchers. What fatal Impulse or
wblruuy of ths mind makes these Phlladclphlans
eacor lo scorch t Are they weary of tho antique
fleers, at the slowness of their town and bound
to show that It whirls with rapidity t Aro they
naturally lovers of swift und violent motion I
Or Is seven mllos an hour such a snail's pace
that they are roused to mutiny I
The Intellectuals of tho Hon. Henry
Unalaska Johnson. Representative In Con
groat from the Sixth Indiana district, seem to
bo even more foguy than his favorite route by
way of Unalueka.
Tho Hon. Gammon Bradford's Boston
powwow for tho purpose of protesting against
"imperialism" was ono of those numerous
meetings where " ths audience mad up In en
thusiasm for what it lackod In numbers." Tbo
mere announcement that the Hon. Oammos
IliuDKOrU) was to make a speech drove thou
sands of sufferers Into the country. The Hon.
Alaouin Atkinson, the nUtlntlcal rook, had a
seat on tho platform, but magnanimously rr
frnlnod from making a speech, thereby aavliiL"
several lives. On the samo day an Amcrloan
flag with forty-eltrht stars was unfurled In Dos
ton. The Hon. U ammon Iliuwoitn Is a prophet
Id his own country.
Both the chutes and tho Pops Music Hall con
certs! are taking ou a tremendous access of popular
ity. Uoston IU ord.
Giddy, giddy Jioston, the Paris of Suffolk
The Art ur Writing Sea Seass.
To Tna F.niTOa or Tub Sui. Sir: I am a bit green
at bookmaklng, and don't know If It Is t'.ia proper
thing to thauk an tditnr for i. good notice as It I to
damn lilrn lor a bad one, but I was delljhied with
your rtmarka upen iny Terse In laat Saturday's issue,
ana mate hold tn tbsnk yo'i for the same. Tile sirs
tJevaralohbera over tnok wrltera, and this nukta Its
opinion or value,
I agree with your critic In what be has tu aay about
those barda who atand wrapped lu aomLreaolltude
upuo a lofty prumontory aud dellrer addresses to the
are as though It waa a prlvatf pauorama whose
motion of creation they sanctioned and Indoraed,
and whose mooda and movement they condescended
toovrsHe aud direct. If thry would come down off
their lofty porcbee and tumble about a bit oa the
ocean when lu multou, tbey would realise how little
Is man. whether baril or beggar, wheu once tlio sea
has made up Us mind lo bare fun with lilin
Tna only fault I hare to II ud with the poets who
write about the sea and Ita life, la that they do not
pay tho allghtest attention to the lana of nature or to
the t"ChuUalttee of aea language and the rules f-ir
handling vctsela. If a man described a horae In the
aamo way lu which many of our poets dmrlbe a
ship, even a child would lauthi tor he would not only
put the tall where the head ought to be, hut would
have to mage the aulmai climb a tree in older to
duplicate the absurd antics that vetii la In verse are
pictured to perform.
Ibatenut atery exalted opinion uf my own verse
as verse, but the language la aa technically perfect ts
It le possible to make It without epolllt-g the Hue,
and It la to be hoped that the reading of my book by
other and better barda may Uad to a reform in ttm
manner of vtrltlng sea songs, so that such ballads
will ao loager b, as they have bees for generations,
a souroa of ridicule to the unsentimental sailor. If It
atarts tula reform, I ahall be able to forgive myself for
having publlahed It. Tuoata I'l.iimu Oil.
Ntw You, June 17,
Tbo Champion eT Uenlusvlllr.
YeMine Sprinnflild 0)iun.
alias Anna Iturr aaeuu to be tho ohamploa gat
killer near llowtujiula, t
a JtoovuEST ton niBTOBI.
Omelet Teit ef the rblllpolae Caverner-Gen-rat'a
Froelamatlaii Oalr Seven Irata He.
far Dawej'e shies Appeared at Manila,
tt-om le Wong Kong Day A'M-
BrANlATtns: llstween Bpain and the United
8tates of North America hoitlllttca bve broken
out. Tho moment has arrived to prove lo ths
world that wo potsoit thosuirlt to conquer thoa
who. pretending to bo loyal friends, take advan
tage of our misfortunes and abuss our hoipl- ,
talltr. using moans whloa civilized nation! i
count unworthy and disreputable, I
Tho North American people, constituted of j
all ths sootal eicreicencoe. have exhausted our
patience and provoked war with their perfid
ious machinations, with tholr nots of treachery,
with their outrages against the law ot nations
and International conventions.
Thtntrugalt tvdl le short and decisive. The
God of Victories will glva us one as brlllUnt as .
the Justlco of our cause demands. Spain, which
eounts upon the sympathies of nil tho nations,
will cmorge triumphantly from this new test,
humiliating and blasting tho adventurers from
thoae States that, without cohoslon and with
out a history, offer to humanity only infamous
traditions aud tho migntoful apoctacle of
Chumbers In which appear united Insolence aud
dofamation, cowardice and cynicism.
A squadron manned by foreigners, possessing
neither instruction nor discipline, Is preparing
to come to this archipelago with tho rulllanly
Intention of robbing us of all that mc-ins lite,
honor, and llburty. Pretending to bo Inspired
by a courage of whleh tbey arc Incapable, the
North American aenmen undertake as an enter
prise capable ot realisation tho substitution of
l'rotestanliin for the Catholic religion you pro
fess, to treat j ou as tribes refractory to civilisa
tion, to take possession of your riches as If they
were unnrqualnted with the rights of property,
and to kidnap thoso persons whom they consider
useful to man their ships or to be exploited In
agricultural or Industrial labor.
Vain designs I Ridiculous boastings I
Your Indomitable bravery will sullies to frus
trate the attempt to carry them Into realization.
You will not allow tho fnlth ou profoss to be
made a mock of impious hands to be placed In
ths temple of tho true God, tho Images you
adors to ho thrown down by unbelief. Tho ag
gressors shall not profane tho tombs of ycur
fathers, tbey shall not gratify their lustful pas
sions at ths cost of your wies' nnd daughters'
honor, or appropriate tho property that your In
dustry has accumulated as a provision for your
old age. No, they shall not perpetrate any of
tho crimes Inspired by their wickedness and
covetousness, because your valor aud patriotism
will suffice to punish nnd abase ths peoplo that,
claiming to be civilized and cultivated, havo ex
terminated the natives of North America in
stead of bringing to them the 11 to ot civilization
and of progress.
Phlllpmos. prepare for the struggle, and,
united under ths glorious Spanish flag, which Is
ever covered with laurels, lot us tight with the
conviction that victory will crown our efforts,
and to the callsof our enemies lot us oppose with
the decision of the Christian and the patriot the
cry of "VlvaEspanal" Your General,
Uanila, 23d April, 18J9.
xan ir.v .vj its minima.
A lfaw Saeolinens T tha letters Prompted by
Same CmbuuI Itemarba sroars.
To Till r.DUoa or Tin 80S Sir: The editorial ar
ticle In this morning's Issue of your paper entitled
" The Bun" ts certainly a departure for auoh a model
publication, but it ooatalna ao much truth that It can
not be mistaken for an Imitation of your neighbors,
who are always singing their own pratsrs. There
never was a paper published the equal of TmSoi.
and the manuer la which It gathers and prints news
of the present war deaerves the admiration and sup
port of the people. bTixisLAUg Davt.
New Yciu:, June 17.
To the Editor or TueSss Sir: Truel Peoplo see
at a distance the great eenaatlosal display beads In
the yellow papers and then buy The Sua to see
whether It la true or not. Your conatant reader.
New York. June 17. J. D. Posd.
To the Editor of The Sen Sir: I have Juat finished
reading the editorial article on "TueSun" In tbla
morning's edition, and while I do nol. as a rule, be
lieve In the aendtng of letters of commendation to
the press for performing what should be only their
duty that la, f urnlahlng the news I cannei refrain
f roin expreaslng to Tur SrK my admit atlon at the
way In which Its staff has carried out the object of
Ita exlstenoe.
At the breaking out et war I waa a subscriber to
Tux Sua and a Drooklyn newspaper. The Bus I
ueually read on the way to my otllce. lly family,
wtahlug to follow the war. requested me to subscribe
for auoltier paper to leave at home for them to read.
Accordingly another New York paper was taken.
This morning ray vi If e asked me to bring Tun Bus
home with me, as she wanted to read Ita aooount,
which waa ao much more Intcreatlng than thoae In
elthir of the other papera. She made tbla request
prior to my reading your editorial, whloh eo well ex
preaaed my vlewa upon your accurate and interesting
paper that I really felt myself called upon lo let you
know of my appreciation, Auruca J. Haurj.,o.
IIrookltk, June 17.
To the Editor of Tuu Sua Sir: As a reader ot
The Sun X desire to congratulate you upon the anlole
published today under the title, "Tnz Bu.i." Every
word of It le true. Without doubt Tub Sue la the
best newspaper In the country, and It Is a eredtt
to the country.
It Is entitled to the highest oommendatloa for the
reliability of Ita news, and Ita editorials are evidence
f superior Intelligence.
In the language of A, Ward, "Oo en and soar,"
New YonK, Juns 17, J. II. Tivloi,
To the Eprron of The Suk Sir; Your hosts of
friends aud readera will hare pleasure la reading
your editorial, "The bus," ta to-day's Issue.
What you aay of other papera Is quite trua What
you say of The Hun la alsr, true. Your readers have
not been slow to notice the absence of anything like
brag or bluster lu their favorite paper. They note
these qualltlea In about every other norrspaper pub
1 lied lu New York city or outside.
You are mahlog frleuds every day, dear 6tnf. Keep
It up. We read you becaauo you are well worth
readlug. J. 11. 0.
New Yonx, June 17.
To the Ep.tor of The sui sir: navlog read the
article, "The bu.i," In to-day'a ltaue, your corre
spondent dealrea to aay that bo believes The Suit
habitually sets brfure Its readers truthful news, that
la to aay, newa as truthful m count and diligent
effort oau flud It, Deeming an ounce or truth to
be of more value than a too of oliafr, with a grain of
truth aprlnkled In now and thn by acold nt, he
therefore reada The bun dally, Just aa he lias done for
the last thirty years, and Just as he means to doae
long ai be Is able to read It, With very high regard,
IlK0og.TK, June 17. B. It. O,
To the Eoitok or The hunSir: You don't need to
toot your horn ou your war news. How can "any of
'em " beat you, v. hrn you are the sisr ? Alwaya waa
and always will be wbllo you shins. B. E. Uilcna.
lll'.oocLYN, Juue 17.
A Ouealleai or Allralaaoe.
To the F.ditorof The Sum tlr.' You know mora
about Larry O idfcln'e twists and turns than any
other Hung being. Would you kindly toll mi- If he la
an American cttlaen, an 1 wheu ha became auchi and.
If an Amerlcau altlzcn, what was his motive In seek
ing the cltlai nahip of thla degenerate country t
WitiiisoTDN, D. O., June 17. J. r, O.
We are not Informed nether Mr, E. Lawrence
OoilUIn over liecamo ,t citizen of the United
I States. What we do know Is that bo never bo
cauio an American,
Varaait emir Ter the Velunteer Classmate.
Iromthe f, i'auf Olote.
The claas day eaarcla-s of the senior clasa of the
Cleveland High bchool were held leu night In the
Ouatavaa idolphus Sereduh Kraiiifeltcal i huroh to
fore an audit nee of the relators aud frlouds of the
membeiskf the olta that Oiled r cry scat lu the au
ditorium of the ihurch lu the middle of the upper
tier of seals in the rostrum was oue vacant chair
draped with a hIII.su nag. the members of the class
bad chosen that iur.ti.od of shoe, log their love aud re
gard for the oun member of the claas, Joseph Alfred
Lrsanjer, who eould not he present as ho bad ten.
dertd his services to his country as a member of the
navy aud hail brcu accepted.
-to ajpaclnv.
ttom the Albany Argt,
A pair on a sofa
Enjoyed lots of bllssi
Der youug brother saw them
it.Lvsmiova oblxh. (El-'
A Proteet anal Somei Knple fr-ana the Oisello IHkL
oirtr of IWw YorU. laaaBiS
To Tnr. KniTon of TnK SUff Sfpf Nothing (!Bf
could be more misleading than tho statement of IHm
"K. It. M." In your Issue of Wednesday last, that jHl
with the exception uf O'Connell, the men who IsHi
bavesbod lustre on lrol.uidns tholr blrlhplaca aHf
v-tthln ths last two hundred years bav nol Bo
been pure Celts. Ho bssentlrely Ignored Moore, ffVi
Lover, Grltlln, Khlel, Sheridan, Carlston, Sir VIiVbV
Charles Havan Duffy, D'Arcy McOeo, and hosts rlB
of others, to say nothing of such men as Macllea, ITssbbk!
artist; Ilogan ntid Foley, sculptors; Wallace, tHB
Iinlfe. nnd Sullivan, composers, &c, nil of whom jH
were puro Gaels. And In his aelertlon of names JiHtvl
of Irishmen who wero not Irish, so to speak, bus IVPS
Anglo-Irish, lis has been aintt Infelicitous. jKfi
Every schoolboy In InOind knows that ths gHirJ
FItzgerAhls. I'lttnkcts, nnd Ihirtrs (Do Durgbs) fK-E
arsot S'orman-Krench dcsient. not English, as IHk
are -Iso the Tiiaffos. whom "H. II. M." gener- tHi'
ously but mistakenly credits t tho (ladle raco. liHa'
In any event, seven him irud )nri' residence lo laK&
Ireland, with continued liitnrinurriiiKo with the) LaaWyl
native Gaels. 1ms tnndu tho ilc-vi'inlnuls of these) IsKViv
families "more Irixli than tho lrlrli iln-msel et." HulV,
as was said e ti cent lug the Fltzgeralds In ths aVJtjII
seventeenth century. vbaafr
Thon.ae Divls was a pure felt, being Welsh rHnl
on the internal side ami Irish on (lie maternal, LaaKs&
a fact which he olten relleiateil nllli pride, as saw Tl
can be sesii from Duftt's "Memoir of that laHl T
r:reat Irishman. Kltioil was also .i t'olt. b'lnng- TsaHj
ng to thu ancient Ulster family of 0'Ilmthiilla, !! '
the latter part of the imnic ((uic n flood) having lUv
formed ths basl fnr the Anglicized form, as kHir
U'Sensnain as for Hoxlon. It Is Inoxplichle to Mr
mo why "1C. II. M." Bhould denv to the Gaella jWl'
race Smith O'Uilen, the lineal ilosiuudant of the H
famous house of Thoinond, or John Martin, IM
wlioae name Is Identical in origin with Gil- m ,',
martin, lCilinartln, &o.. which urn a branch nt K-
the Tyrone housn of O'N'cll. Tho "tunst tin- m L
klndost cut uf nil," however. Is to iluh Mr. JvBi
Ili-nly an Anitlo-Trlshman, Tho Ilcnly sent nns A Hi
founded by Elln ltigli Dhcarg lltc.l Kin Kile) of tf.
the illustrious house of tho Kly-U'Cal rolls, the) A Mi'
mine that gave f'arroll of Currolllnii tu ths W
United States, and Ilia English form nt Ilia fj i
nnmo Is, hut tint It la ks the O. simply a R W
phonotlu rendering nf the Irish O'h-Eihy'i, H' H
Then- Is but ono name in tho list furnlsliod by E av .
"K. II. M." that Is unquestionably English, ntirt. ijl
that Is the euphonious one of Iltitt, Kiehofths (J 'firi
other ntnics mentioned hy your correspondent) ff l
is of doubtful origin, Mitchol, for I nit mice, ho- 1 t Il
Inu supposed hy ninny goo I authorities lo ba Jj
from Itin Krpnth Mlrhnl and by others from tho if J "V
Irish O'M.inlmlehill, which has been Anglicized; I '4
Michel .tnd O'Mltchel. fj i
In conclusion let me sny that It Is hard to tin- 11 ?
doratand the process of reasoning that regards tt t
the lately appointed Supremo Court Justice ns a ft i
solitary Instance nf a mun of the (ladle race B i
whonttained prominent o In this country, and a HI
overlooks the present President of the I'nitod B H
States, tho recently defeated candidate-for that 1 Un
nlllcf, tlio Carroll iiiniitiuno'l nliOVi', Chnrles ' 4H
O'Conor. Daniel rioiicliettv, Edgar Allon I'oo. HA
Doyle n'ltcllly nnd u long list of others, who ars 1 Pwkm
so well known that It Is unnecessary to rocounl 3
them. Give honor to whom honor ia duel i4aBBsae1
William J ItAi.ru. I'HHsi
Secretary Sew York Gaulle Society. Hf
Ct MimaoN Avknuu, New York, Juue 17. JH
Tho Peraonnlltj nf God. aBJ
To me KniTon or The Bon Sir: Somo IB)
two wooks since Dr. Lrniui Abbott said In a Hi
sormon, while contrasting his present roligloiis 'wt.
viows with thoso of his past, that his child- 8) '
hood's ltloa of the Deity was of ono who "sat t,
on a great white throno," Ice. Replying ta !
this, in hlsdlscourso tho following Sahbitb, a ;
distinguished Episcopal divino ot Ilrooklyn re- yK, V.
marked that Dr. A Obott was greatly mistakes ' '"
It he supposed that such a view of the Deity '
was held by ortholox churches. "Indeed,"
said that divine, "wonhviys. on thoeontrary,
teach our Sabbath school pupllsth.it Qod Is a
spirit," &c.
Now. if this la true, all that can bo said Is
that the good Episcopal tliine does not then
accept the idea of the atrktly anthropomornlilo
conception of the ancient llabrows regarding
their Ond, as shown throughout allot tho Old
Testament Scriptures, especially that portion
contained in Genesi. In other words no :
Ignores allot tho Scriptural teachings on Mis .
personality of God. Hence, according to his '
own admission, he is teaching doctrines the
very opposite of thosa tauirht in the Illble.
For example, in tho hook of Genesis wo read
that God "created man in lUa own imnne." Seo- j
nnil. It Is said that "In tho cool of the nay " H I
wnlkod In the Oinlen of Eden; bonce He must I
h ivs had the muscles of is man's logs to .lo this. " I
Third. Artsm heard Ills fnntntepi; hence tha I
muscles of His feet must have been of a mato- 1 .
rial physical east. Fourth, we read that lie, I '
also, at tbls tlmo talked to Adam; therefore Ha 'U
must hara had vocal chords. Fifth, a little fur- M
ther on, it Is said that Grid "emellertn swoee A
savor "arising from tho fumes of the burnt ' IbbsI
offerlnes; henco this God must havo had JssT
olfactory nerves ; and, last not to refer to i
very many numerous Instnnres of a similar 1,1,
character which will at once occur to nil thosa All
fa lllar with "Holy Writ." ve have the hook i Kfl
of tlevelatlnn, one of tlie chief hooks of the In- I Htffl
spired canon, whero God Is represented In tin I Hfi'
most materialistic manner as sitting "on a 5 Bm"
great white throne," the snmn ns was presented I Hh
to ths Imagination of Dr. Abbott's hovhoo II I
Henco, to sum no. if our Ilrooklyn divine f
teaches (as he aays ha does In his Sunder J HH'
school) that Got is a spirit, all that we can IBM
luff ria that his teachings are entirely contrary aBsm
to the teachings of tlinBihlr.
William Ij. Stone. bUHI
it oo nt Vr.usos, June IS. !
The Price or Molls Down Asala. H
To Tns EniTim of Tub Son Sir: I foiin U fBfl
this morning at the baker's that rolls for which Hfl
I have been paying 12 cents a dozen hava iwfl
droDpod in price, with the drop in wheat, to 10 1 tasHl
cents. It wag like finding money. lliiEin. BI
Just Catching Pleh. VI K
from the LrvHtton Fxtntng Journal. j
Ono day this week a Iloston pal ty on a fishing flj j
trip to Moosehead came acrosi one of the old- t HI
school fishermen, lie was up off tho mouth ot 1
Tomhegan stream and was Oshlng out of alum- I
berman's bateau. It developed Inter that lis ,
was the cook for a crew of river drivers. On ; I
the bank near at band stood the cookee, or his . 1
helper. Tho cook had thrown shout a pock ot I
table refuse Into the lake in order to Mole" tha 1
fish, and over that hole lie was having great ' I
lurk. Ilia pole was of tho Jlhhoom tarloty, and
when fish bit ho would derrick it over his
head Into the bushes where tho cookoo was sta- ?,
tioned. ;l
Tha Iloston men from their cations wlchad .1
the operations with all ths disgust of til! trua II
sportsmen. jjl
"Gut enough for sunner yotl" shouted the j!U
fisherman over bis shoulder as ho tent another L'
great trout flumping Into the hushes. "
"No; bettur catch six or eight more," shrilled .f
back the lunitce,
"Say, how msny fish do you two follows usu
ally eat for supper I ' shouted a Ilea ton man,
who didn't understknd tho sltuntlon.
"When you've cooked for twenty-two river
drivers as long ue I have," yelled tho cook, der
ricking another tlsh. "you'll know more about
empty null krgs,"
Hardly whs thla enlgmntlo utterance on I
when there CHiiiu.i tugiithia llnetliatv.au notU- I
lug elinrt of treiiifli"'ou8. Ho twitched, Tha fl
fish didn't come. Ho braced, set his Jaws, nnd fl
pried. His lino only iirwoJ tlio hlsslnir water. B
"I'lnyblml I'layhlml" screamed tho excited R
spnrlsinou from the city. m
"I'lay your grandmother!" bellowed back the) a
cook. "1 a n't hsre to play. I'm hero toflih." J
Ai.it as he spoke he hooste.l ovor his hoad a lit- jfi
teeu pound lukor. Any innn In tbo ll,jdtoncroi J S
moii i hiivHghcn $10 to have plajed lilin an B
hour at I he end of itu eight ounce rod. 'Twas Q8
too much for their nor es. '1 hey came away, 9
llew lllddy Catohea Itats. 'iJ
rrom the Wilmington iteming Srvt. f
John Hamilton, near Eleventh end Church ,
stre.ils, has a I'lymouih Hock lion n hlrh has de
veloped Into )iiite a rat killer. Tho trait first
manifested Itself some weoka ago when one of B
tho mun about the stable found a rat's nest and '
threw the little rodents Into I ho yard 'I ho boa ,!
spoken bo ul was noticcil uatlng the joung rats, ':TaL
apjiaienlly with a irimt do .1 u icllsli. (JsJM
Hiiiie thin she lins been mun on sever il onca- "
slons under s. manger, a hern there was a great ' Xw
rotholc. hhu won. I htay there for liotira at a im
time. Home nf the luon about the plaio thought
the hen whs "brouiy." bill oneof the drlvnrs In- ill
slated upon It that alio waa watching for rati, Hfl
rhla statement was laughed at, but yesterday nm
morning it was pruvad borond a doubt. B
Mr. II million was standing at the back, door fsaal
of tho oill. .-, mid hi'Hid n great sinia 'king In Urn VMM
stable, lie out 'o the dour uinl juet then tho !
I'lymuiitii Itrikk lieu rame from ii'irlrr the man-
gerwherotbe rnttiole is, and In her bill was a
rot eaHlly otiH'thlrd gronn, m
Thefuwllieldthorodeiitlnherbesksuspoiidot IV
bra tilnl too', lho rat was stiiiirniliig and H
twisting ut n greit rile, Nomu of tun jtlmr
fowls tried lo get at tho rapttyn, but the rat H
catcher wis ,ttui quicL .for them. Mun lan a fast
as ilia loulil, all ihe time ihakliig her lieinl from M
side to side. 1 ho rat was trjlng to lilts and M
would probably havo done lo If the) ben had not El
innken It so vio ently Finally, wiiiieof tlio men Hi
drove the othor diLkeni y, and tha H
Plymouth Itock w a allowed to do as she -W
pleased. Hie roleuiod her huld on tho r.it. und tm)
when it tried to get awn j- pounced upon it nnd II
poked out Its ayes. Aflor that a fow hard II
blows with tho beak und tho rat was an dead as JB
could bu. CH
A Determination ut the Amerlcau People. 1
riomlhr Vu. Olfeutia Timtt rifu ucrrit ' ) I
It baa heiopiaor appeared l. bn unit anlamov- vZ 1
able determination of the Ainlcu people never 1
again to seud back under Hpalu's hateful cpurieeloa , V
aay nationality that this country lug auUtsd lasM? I
i ateeatlrc.
" Ji ' ' -'"--g;WV,f.iaVi1li1- , -Vev

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