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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, July 04, 1898, Image 2

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Hiif wipptpuw" u-vmmmFmwwwmmmmmmyA k mwmwm.".w . 'Monday, july 4, isSir"17'77? ywy
Hfc talgftti by tho reception of the following
Ik confirmatory despatch:
W Plata Dit, Estx, July 3. All the Spanish
Mf fleet destroyed but one, and they are clone
BKv after her. Spanish ran their ships close
Bf to shore, set them on fire, and then they
B exploded. Au.iH, Signal Ofllcor."
m The following is in response to atelo-
jtt' gram sent by tho Becretary of War asking
Gen. Shatter why ho did not communlcato
1 With tho Department more frequently:
t "Plata del Esrr, Hiadqoabtibs Finn
I , Axrnr Conrs, Cbba, July a. Did not tole-
I ' graph as I was too busy looking after
f things that hnd to bo attended to at
I !' once, and did not wish to send any nows
b that was not fully confirmed. Tho Spanish
I t' fleet loft the harbor this morning and is re-
I ' ported practically destroyed. Idomanded
irorronder of tho city at 10 o'clock to-day,
I but at this hour, 4:30 P. M., no reply had
been received. Perfect quiet along the
line. Situation has been precarious on ao
count of difficulties of supplying the com
mand with food and tho tremendous
lighting qualities shown by tho enemy
from his almost Impregnable position.
"KiiArTEit, Mnjor-acneral."
Just before midnight a despatch was re
ceived by Gen. lilies from Licut.-Col.
v Arthur Wngner of tho Military Infor-
Bnation Bureau, who is now with Shatter's
nrmy. Tho despnt eh stilted that Gen.Fnndo,
i who was believed to hnvo reached Santi-
L ogo with reinforcements for tho Spanish,
B bad not yet formed a junction with Linn-
Bfc rcs's forces. Tho message also gave the
RC gratifying information thatPando's force
W cpnslsts of only r,000 inen.instcad of 0,000
p to 10,000 as heretofore believed. Lieut.-
fe Col. Wagner says that Gen. Garcia was
L between Pando and tho city and that he
H tras successfully preventing tho further
9' approach of tho Spanish reinforcements.
The Flno ATor Vessels Admiral Sampson
fe Destroyed at Santiago.
W Admiral Correra'a squadron of armored
erulsors and torpedo boot destroyers the
f most formidable squadron Spain oould
jf ussemblo beloro tlie outbreak of war.
If comprising the finest ships ot the Spnn-
5 llh navy sailed from tho mother country
6 n tew days beloro President McKlnloy cabled to
r Minister Woodford at Madrid his Cuban
f, ultimatum. Correra sailed ostensibly on
a peaceful mission, but tlioro was no
- doubt thatthe intention of the Spanish Gov orn-
zaent was to mako a naval demonstration to
K Impress upon tho American Government
W Spain's preparedness for war, and, at the same
H time, to have all tho available naval Dentins
9L force of tho monarchy as near as possible to
S, Cuba when war was declared.
" Cervera's squadron was made up of four ar
mored erulsors, three torpedo boat destroyers,
and several other vessels when ho left Spain.
The most formidable vessels were tho four
t armored cruisers, fine examples of the armored
t cruiser type. They were the Almlrante,
?f Oquendo, tho Infnnta Maria Teresa, the Vlz-
? caya, and tho Cristobal Colon. The first throe
were sister Bhips, built at Bllboa. Spain, and
i launched In 1800 and 1801. Their cost was
Riven as 53.000,000 oaeh .
i,' Theso cruisers woro 7,000 ton ships, sorae-
What larger than the battleship Maine. Their
?V water-line length was 340 feet, beam 05 feet,
maximum draught 21 feet 0 Inches, Indicated
horse powor 13.000, and speed 20 knots. This
S N speed they attained in their trial speeds, but
S When inefllclent Spanish engineers took hold
; of them they could not develop any such speed
as this. Their normal coal supply was 12,000
tons and their coninlenient 600 men each.
Heavy armor protected tho machinery of tho
' , cruisers. Thoy had steel water-line belts 315
I,': feet loner, 5X foot broad and from 10 to 12
fe Inches thick. The two turrets on each ship
MS were constructed of 0-lnch steel. The gun po
le sltlons of the broadsides guns woro protected
M by armor 10X inches thick, and tho deck plat
f lng was 3 inches thick. In armor, these ships
mm were far sunorior to our armored cruisers Now
B'f York and Brooklyn, Tho Brooklyn's thickest
If belt armor Is seven inches thick, and on the
l gun positions tho thickest is eight Inches.
H? This trio of cruisers carried heavy arma
Bl ments. In turrets, forward and aft, each ehlp
Hv mounted 11-inch breoch.loadlng rifles. In
Hit-, addition, each mounted ten 5)-lnoh
I ' "$" trans. Tho Oquondo and Maria Teresa
H 6K-lnch guns wero Hontorla guns, but
I- tho Vbcaya had rapid-lire guns. Each
BE ship carried a number of small guns, and was
equipped with six torpedo tubos. Bpaln had
Ik trouble- in buying torpedoes before the war
Bif' oponod tho country has no facilities for mak
Bip lng torpedoes and it Is doubtful It the ships in
H? Santiago de Cuba harbor were adequately
B i equipped with torpedoes.
K'i The Cristobal Colon was one of the newest
Bl ships In tho Spanish Navy. Slio was built at
If fiestrl Potento by the Italian Government and
H launched In 1800. Her name, was then the
B'. 'V Gluseppo Garibaldi II., replacing a previous
H$l ship by that namo. Spain paid several
Hffj million dollars for her and named her
Hx the Cristobal Colon, In memory of the
Hf; cruiser by that name, lost near Cape San An-
if tonlo, Cuba. In October, 1805. She was a 0,840
m'f ton ship, 388 feet on the water line, 50 feet 8
Hju Inches beam, and 24 feet draught. Herlndl
If j eatod horse-power was 14,000. her trial speed
B?.' ' 20 knots, maximum coal supply 1,000 tons, and
S complement 450 men.
Bjp Tho Cristobal Colon's armament consisted of
If two 10-Inch turretted guns, ten 6-inch rapid-
B-f fire guns, and six 4.7-lnch, ten 2.2-inoh. ten 1.4-
flnohandtwo machine guns. She also carried
four torpedo tubes. Her armor consisted of a
1 elx-lnoh water-lino belt, six Inches on the gun
BIT,. positions and a lK-Iueh deck. Tho hoavy
In armor was of Uarveylzed steol.
The torpedo boat destroyers were flno Olyda-
ITV bank boats the Furor and Terror, launched In
11800, and the Pluton, launchod last year. The
S first two woro capable of developing the ro
v markubls speed of 28 knots an hour,
and tho Pluton was credited with 30
knots. No boats In the American Navy
now in commission approaohod them
In Bpoed. Tho Furor's and Terror's principal
dimensions were: Length, 220 feet;, beam, 22
feet; draught, 5.0 feet; displacement, 300 tons;
coal capacity. 100 tons; complement, 07 men;
armament, two 12.pounders, two Bix-poundern,
and two 1-pouuders. The Pluton was a larger
boat, registering 400 tons and having an In
dicated horsepower ot 7,500, 1.600 greater
than the others.
Oerrora sailed straight for the Cape Verde
Islands, putting In at St. Vincent. On the way
B& the little destroyers had a rough time of It
1 TheT bad to be ooaled at sea f rora the erulsors.
V When they reached the Cape Verde Islands
Hfi repairs had to be made. While Cervoru was
BY thoro ho was In cable communication with
BH Madrid, and learned of tho declaration ot war.
- On April 20 he sailed from Bt. Vincent,
BJ What his purpose was no one in this country
HB knew, and opinion was divided as to whether
HflL .A had oJ home or had started for ArrJo.
A fow days after his sailing from St. Vincent
a despatch came from tho American Embasby
in London that Cervera had returned to Cadiz ;
two days later came word from the Frenoh
island of Martinique. In tho West Indies,
of tho arrival there of Cervera. Unltod Btatos
Consul Darte at St. Pierre notlfled tho State
Department of Cervera's arrival there, and
mado a protest against allowing the enemy's
ships to coal thero. The French Government
assured the United States that neutrality
would be observed.
The Harvard and St. Louis had been scouting
about tho Leeward and Windward islands for
days, on tho lookout for Cervera. It was
thought for awhile that Cervera had gono
In search of the battleship Oregon, which
was making a record-breaking trip from
San Francisco to Koy West The Har
vard dropped In at St Pierre, just In
time to hear that Cevera had sallod to tho
westward, leaving the Terror behind for re
pairs. The destroyers' English engineers had
deserted her, leaving her delicate machinery to
be looked after by Inefficient Spaniards.
Cervera was badly in need of coal ; his ma
chinery needed repairs. Ho ran across the
Caribbean Bea and put in at tho Dutch port ot
Willenstad, in the island of Curacoa. Our
Consul kept the fleet from entering tho
harbor, and all the coal Corvcra could
get thoro was 300 tons of slack coal, condemned
by tho Dutch Government and so poor that It
had been thero two years without n purchaser.
Cervera spent $10,000 for coal and provisions.
All the ships' bottoms wore very foul, and the
Vlrcaya was in a bad way,
Cervera was expected to make a dash for Ha
vana or somo southorn Cuban port Commo
dore Schley's flying squadron was ordered to
meot tho onomy. Scout ships scoured the
southorn coast of Cuba. Tho St. Louis cut
cables at Santiago do Cuba the day before
Corvcra arrived thoro. He sllppod Into the
woll-dof ended harbor without belngsoen by any
of the American ships. A few dnys later Com
modore Schloy appeared off the harbor and
"bottlod up" tho enemy. Bain pson joined him a
short time after, and the collier Mcrrlraao was
taken Into tho channel by Ensign nobson, a
staff offlcer, and a picked crew, and blown up
and Bunk in the narrowest part of the channel.
Corvora was caught like a rat In a trap.
Admiral Vlllailm commanded tho torpedo di
vision of the squadron. The Terror sallod
from Fort de Franco for Ran Juan, arriving at
the latter port a few days after tho bombard
ment by Sampson's fleet.
Sho ventured out with tho Isabella II. the
other day and engaged the St Paul, The Amer
ican Bcout drove the Spaniards baok into
tho harbor. Gunner Hartman sent a 5-inch
shell Into the englno room of the Terror, killing
several men and disabling tho boat She was
beached in a sinking condition.
How tho Newsjjgtho Destruction of Cervera's
blllps Was JCecelved In the White House,
WAsniNOfow, July 3. The gloom that hung
over Washington to-day, and particularly that
clrclo of notablos known as official Washing
ton.,, was dispelled late this evening by the
rfcempt ot Information that made those who
heard It first fairly jump and clap their hands
forj6y. This morning don. Shatter had telo
graphed that ho needed relnforcoments and
could not take Santiago until thoy camo.
To-night ho sent word that he had demanded
tho surrender ot tho elty and expected thut the
enemy would comply with the demand. As If
this wore not enough good nows for one night,
tho glorious tidings came over the wires from
Playadel Este that tho Spanish fleet whose
destruction was the motive of sending an army
corps to the Cuban city, had boon annihilated.
For several hours President MoRinley kept
this unexpected news from the public, but just
at midnight when tho Fourth of July patriots
wero oelebratlng tho National anniversary,
the President guo permission that th
despatches should bo furnished to the
Up to 3 o'clock this afternoon tho officials of
the Administration were a very blue lot indeed.
They admitted to-night when the cheering
nows came from Playa del Este that Cervera's
ships had beon destroyed and Shatter appar
ently had Santiago at his mercy, that the early
despatches from Shatter wore more discourag
ing than was generally suppgsod.
At 8 o'clook an encouraging despatch from
Gen. Shatter oanio to the War Department All
tho officials cheered up wonderfully when they
read It To-night it Is Impossible to ascertain
what that message contained, or whether It
was included In the statements furnished the
newspapers. Other despatches from tho front
Along about 0 o'olock tho oxpectant officers
at tho War Department and the group of per
sonal friends of thePresIdont who wero gath
ered at the White House were gratified in their
deslro to hear some authentio news of the sit
uation. They got more and better news than
they expocted. A tolcgraph operator rushed from
tho Govornmont telegraph office In tho War
Department and aped down tho long corridor
at full speed into the office of tho Seoretary of
War. Ho handed a despatch to Victor L.
Mason, Secretary Alger's private seoretary, who
was working at his desk In his shirt slcevos.
Tho way Mr. Mason got into his coat was a
caution to lazy pooplo. Then, with tho de
spatch In his hand, ho sped over to
' the Whlto House. A few minutes later
Frosldent McKlnloy nnd his friends wero
reading a despatch from Lieut-Col. James
Allen, tho Chief Signal Offlcer with Shatter's
I army nt Playa del Este. saying that he had
heard from the branch telegraph station at
Hlbonoythat Corvora'a ships had attempted to
run out of the harbor and, being overhauled,
had put ba'k, boon dostroyed with one excep
tion by their crows on tho beach, and that tho
remaining vessel was making a wild dash tor
liberty, but would soon be overhauled.
This nows was gratifying, but Col. Allen had
sent It merely as a ruort recoivod by him at
second hand, nnd President MeKlnley declined
to allow It to be made public until absolute con
firmation was rocehod. The telegraph opera
tors nt the War Department sent meBiagos to
Col. Allen to hurry up any further advices.
When tho second mossago from Col. Allen
and those from Oen. Shatter oamo nt midnight
tho I'rosidont wns satisflod that a great Ameri
can victory had been won, and ho directed that
tho text of tho despatches be mudo public.
In n few minutes Assistant Secretary Allen
appenred from tho lusldo with a sheet of paper
in his hand. He said that It contained all tho
nows that was to be furnished the newspapers
and started for the State, War, nnd Navy build
ing, followed by a crowd of newspaper men.
At 12:15 tho sheet of paper was uostod on tho
War Department bulletin board. It was hoadod
"Executive Mansion," nnd tho typewritten
messages on it told tho brief story of Cervera's
destruction and Santiago's anticipated fall.
It Is pn-Uy clear to those officials who took
time to compare tho despatches how the stirring
incidents of tho day w ero brought alraut Thoy
believe Oervura, convinced that Shatter would
soon take the city, determined to mako a.
dash for liberty. With nil his ships ho
passed the mouth of tho harbor.probablyabout
dawn, and found that Sampson was not nap
ping, Convinced that ho could not get post tho
American fleet without probability of destruc
tion, lie turned his ships toward tho boauh, and,
under the llro ot Urn American guns, ran them
ashore and blew them up.
Thon Shatter, encouraged at tho tremendous
fcotbaek the enemy had received In the loss of
Cervera's shl iw. and Impatient at the prospect
nt u long wait for ro-luforcements, brought up
his slego guns and demanded the surrender ot
Suntlaico. This, he says in the dospatoh. was
at 10 o'clock A. M At 4:30, when his message
on the subject was received, no uuswer had
coniii from the Spanish commander.
It is fully believed here to-night that Shatter
hus kept his word and that Santiago Is being
shulled unmercifully by the American batteries.
tlauipson can now enter the harbor, and when
to sucuoedu In doing that the enemy will
ie obliged to surrender or capitulate. That
Buttuwoii will. If necessary, proceed to co
operate with Shatter by forcing his way past
tlio watersldo batteries ami through the mine
fluids naval officers do not doubt. Everybody
ut the War and Nuvy departments oxpects to
bear great news before this anniversary of
American Independence has passed into his
tory No ohange In the plans ot the Administration
for rolntorolng Shatter will be made as a result
of the nun a from Santiago. It was learned late
to-night that the situation had been dlsoussed
fully at the White House during the ovenlug,
?nd a decision reached that tho preparations
or augmenting tho foroo now under Shatter's
command should go on.
It is supiKued. however, that Shatter will not
need as many men as tho War Department
intended to send him, and advioes to that
effect are exiectd. The news from Lieut-Col.
Wagner that Pando hnd not reached Santiago
surprised tho administration officials exceed
ingly, and in view of Wagner's statement the
opinion was expressed by officials that Gen.
Shatter would send word that be had a large
enough force to cope with the situation.
His Force Too Small to Complete
the Capture of Santiago.
Shafter Is One of Them, and Gen.
Miles Will Go to Take Command,
Our Forces Hold Their Own and nave Diet
No Reverses Thus Far-Some of the
Troops Mny De Obliged to Fall Back to
Better Fosltlons to Awnit Reinforce
ments, and Titers 'Will Be No Further
Advance Until Fresh Troops Arrive Rein
forcements to Be Hurried to the Front
Until the Invading Army Numbers 00,000
Men-Gen. Miles to Sail on Thursday.
WAsnnwrqw, July 3. Tho following cable
xnessago from Gen. Shatter was given to
tho press this afternoon :
"Camp jteab Bkviixa, Coia, July 8.
StcTltcirii of War, Waihin gton :
" Wo huvo tho town well invested on
tho north and east, but with a very thin
line. Upon approaching it wo And it of
euch a character and tho dofenco is so
strong it will bo Impossible to carry it by
storm with my present force. Our losses
up to dato will aggregate a thousand,
but list has not yet been made. But llttlo
sickness outsido of exhaustion from tho
intense heat nnd exertion of tho battle of
tho day before yesterday and tho almost
constant llro which is kept up on the
trenches. Wagon road to tho roar is kept
up with some difficulty on account of rain,
but I will bo able to uso it for tho present.
" Gen. Wheeler is seriously ill and will
probably havo to go to tho rear to-day.
Gen. Young ia also very iU and confined to
his bed. Gen. Hawkins was slightly
wounded in the foot during tho sortio of
the enemy made last night, which was
handsomely repulsed. Tho behavior of
the troops was mngnlncont.
" Gen. Garcia reports that he holds tho
railroad from Santiago to San Luis twenty
miles directly north of Santiago and has
burned a bridge and removed some rails ;
also that Gen. Pando has arrived at Palma
twenty miles northwest of Santiago, and
that the Trench Consul, with about 400
French citizens, came into his lino yester
day from Suntingo. Huvo directed 1dm to
treat them with every courtesy possible.
" Shatteh, Major-General."
Tho following reply was sent by Secre
tary Alger :
"The President directs me to say that
you have tho gratitude and thanks of tho
nation for the brilliant and eflective work
of your noble army on Friday, July 1. The
steady valor and horoisra of officers and
men thrill tho American people with pride.
The country mourns the bnwo men who
fell in battle. They have added new
names to our roll of heroes.
"B. A. Aioxn, Becretary of War."
The despatches received hero to-day from
Major-Gen. Bhafter show that he Is hold
ing his own at Santiago. That Is all that
can bo said for the American Army at
this time, and the conditions aro not likely
to change until the army has been rein
forced. Thoro has beon no reverse to the Amer
ican arms; In fact, Gen. Bhafter has had a series
of successes, and while It is true that somo of
his troops may be obliged to fall back to bettor
positions, tho wait will not be long, and San
tiago will bo In possession ot tho United States
forces within a very short time. In tho oxpros
Blve words of Major-Gen. Miles to The Sun re
porter: "Gon. Shafter has dono well, but tho
situation has developed conditions which pro
vent us from taking tho city."
Tho failure to make public the full text of
Gen. Shatter's telegram of this morning has
oausodsome thoughtless criticism. Secretary
Alger frankly said, in explanation of giving out
an expurgated oopy ot tho message, that it
would not bo policy to make publio all it con
tained, as Gon. Shatter Included mention of his
plans. It la known that Gen. Shatter said
tho despatch that he might And It necessary to
fall back to a stronger position while awaiting
the arrival of reinforcements, and that
he also reported his illness. Ofllclals ad
mit that they are worrlod over the delay
that must onauo, but are apparently honest In
tho stntomont that thoy seo no causo for alarm.
Gon. Shaftor Is holding his own after driving
back the enomy Into the Inner line of intrench
ments, and It is not llkolythnt ho will bo at
tacked, ne will throw up earthworks that the
Spaniards, after tholr experience with the
American troops under reversed conditions,
will hardly dare assault, even with a force much
superior to Shatter's.
Gen. Mllos's advices Indicate that 14.000
Spanish troops were in Santiago before the
United States torcos landed, and that 18,000
additional troops ot the enomy wore available
(or rendering assistance through their prox
mlty to the town. Tho Govornmont learned
to-day. to Its regret, that Pando with his
8,000 regulars had ontered Santiago, thus
Insuring Gen. Linares, the commanding
ofllcor thoro, a forco ot at least 22,
000 men. It Is believed here, however,
that all or nearly all of tho 18,000
men mentioned have managed to join Llnaros
in Santiago, making his army 32,000 strong, or
nearly 10,000 more than Gen. Shatter's corps.
But even with this superior forco to contend
with, Gen. Shafter appears to havo confldonco
In his ability to copo with tho Spaniards, and
the military authorities are confident that he
will hold his present position or one of greater
strategic advantage not far In his roar.
Through nearly the whole of the long, hot,
anxious night tho President aud the Secretary
ot War waited for advices from Gen, Shatter,
When tho President retired, shortly after 4
o'olock this morning, and Becretary Alger left
the White House for his residence, nothing had
come to throw any light on tho situation, It
was not until somo time this forenoon that the
long-expeoted report from Gen, Shattor was re
ceived at the War Department. Becretary Alger
was notlfled immediately, and when he had
road the message be went to the White House
to lay it before the President. Several hours
later an expurgated copy of Gen, Shatter's
message, printed above, was siren to the press.
Tho President and his advisers in mil
itary matter found only words of praise
for what had been dono by tho troops.' com
paratively Interior body of mon In point' ot
numbers, fighting desperately against great
odds, doprcssod and exhausted by etlmato con
ditions, and advancing steadily in tho open on
a strongly Intrenched onomy. It was gratify
ing to the Administration to know that Gen,
Shatter had tho moral courage to say that ho
could not take the Cuban city without mora
men, nnd many compliments woro passed on
his discretion and military judgment.
As a result ot oonforencos it was dooidod that
Gen. Mtios will go to Santiago without any
delay nnd assume command ot the Unltod
States forces now undor Gen. Bhafter, by vlrtuo
of his position as tho Commanding General ot
tho army. This arrangement has not beon
mado on account of any dissatisfaction with
Gen. Shaftor, and Gen. Miles himself says has
nothing to do with tho result of Gon. Shatter's
campaign. Evory confidence Is folt In Gon.
Shatter's military ability. Gen. Miles bolloves
that tho place of tho Commanding Genoral of
tho army should bo at tho front, and It Is In ac
cordance with that Idea that ho is going
with tho permission and by direction of tho
President and Secretary of War. Ho has want
ed to bo at tho scono ot action for somo tlmo.
It may bo that tho decision to allow him to pro
coed to Santiago camo as n result ot tho nows
that Gon. Shaftor Is ill. At any rate tho matter
was arranged this morning at a eonforonco
with Becretary Algor. Oon. Mlloi renewed his
request for permission to proceed to Santiago,
and the Secretary ot War gavo his assent
When Oou. Miles was seen by Tub Bun re
porter this ovonlng, ho said:
" Yes, I am going to Santiago, but I won't say
how, when or whonco."
Ho docllnod to ontor into particulars as to tho
reason for his Intended departure, oxcopt that
tho place ot tho Commanding Gonoral was at
tho front. He also docllnod to say whother
Gen. Shafter was sorlously 111, or even that he
know Gon. Bhafter was 111. In answer to a
question as to his opinion of tho situation at
Santiago, Gon. Mtlostsald:
"Gon. Shatter has dono woll, but tho situ
ation has developed conditions whloh prevent
ns from taking tho city."
Tho hard tight mado by tho Spaniards was
attributed by Gon. Miles to tho encouragomont
they received from tho knowlodge, whloh ho
bellovod should not havo beon allowed to be
come public, that Gon. Shatter's expedition
consisted of such a small number ot men.
At the conference at tho War Department to
day It was arrangod that Gon. Miles should
loavo tor Santiago on tho auxiliary crutsor Yalo
this week. Tho Yale Is now on hor way back
from Santiago, after having taken tho entire
Third Michigan Beglment and a battalion ot
the Thirty-fourth Michigan thoro. Sho Is ex
pected at Newport News. Vo., on Tuesday
and will probably sail thonce on tho
following Thursday with Gen. Miles on
board. On hor second trip the Yale will carry
halt of Gon. Gorrottson's brigade, now at
Camp Alger. Ya. Gon. Mllos will be accom
panied by tho members ot his staff who are
now In Washington. Thoy aro Brlg.-Gon. Gil
more, United States Volunteers, and Lieu-
tennnt-Colonol and Assistant Adjutant-General
ot the regular army ; Llout.-Col. Maus and
Major Davis. Gen. Gllmore may be placed in
command ot a brigade later on. but for tho
present ho will servo as Adjutant-General and
chief ot staff to Gen. Miles.
Soon after Gen. Shatter's long despatch was
received Socrotary Algor and Adjt.-Gon. Corbin
had a conference with tho President. Then
Gen. Miles camo to tho White Uouso carrying
some maps. Thoso werofollowod by othor con
ferences nt tho War Department, in whloh Seo
retary Algor, Gon. Miles. Adjt.-Gon. Corbin,
Assistant Secretary of War Melklojohn, Assist
ant Secretary of tho Navy Allen, and Col.
Hooker of Detroit participated. Assistant Sec
retary Melklojohn and Col. Heckor havo oharge
of tho chartering and purchase of transports
and were ablo to furnish Secretary Alger
with even' detail connected with the
ability ot tho Government to send troops to
Santiago. Assistant Secretary Allen was called
in to tell what tho navy would do to help tho
army In getting relnforooments to Shatter. It
did not take the conferonoo lone to arrange
what will be dono. Twenty-two thousand
troops will bo sent to Shafter aB fast as thoy
can bo transported. If Shafter wants more he
can get them for tho asking. Tho only diffi
culty Ilos in tho lack of vessels available for
transport purposos, but tho military authorities
nru not discouraged at tho outlook, and hope. to
do somo quick work.
The upshot of tho Bevernl conferences was
that order wero sent to expedite tho departure
of tho reinforcements. Elovon transports, capa
ble of carrying 5.500 men, aro now nt Tampa,
or have loft that port within tho past few days
for Santiago with troops on board. The First
Illinois Beglment is already on Its way. and
other regiments and detachments of regiments
havo embarked in preparation for sailing.
Two transports ut New York woie or
dered to Icavo thero to-day for Tampa.
A doapatch was sent to Gen. Shaftor di
recting him to send back to Tampa all the fast
transports of his original expedition and to
have them proceed nt full speod. It Is expocted
that twenty-Ilvo or thirty troopships will loavo
Santiago to-day or to-morrow In response to thU
order. The navy has promised to furnish a
oonvoy, and Admiral Sampson was so In
structed. In uddltton to tho Harvard and tho
Yalo the Navy Department has agreed to per
mit tho uso of the St. Paul and tho St Louis for
transporting soldiers.
Tho transports at Tampa, or which left that
port lost week, aro tlio Arcadia, Cantanla, City
ot Macon, Comanoho, Oato City, Hudson, Lam
pasas, Louisiana. Nuocos. Specialist and Union
ist. Six ot them have already dropped down
into Tampa Bay with troops on board, but it is
notknown whether any except the one carry
ing the First Illinois Beglment havo fairly
started for Santiago. The othor Ave will bo
loaded as fast as possible. All the 18,000 troops
now nt Tampa will go to Santiago under com
mand of Major-Gen. J, J. Copplngor. They
constitute two divisions ot tho Fourth Army
Corps and consist ot tho following regiments
nnd detachments:
Fourth Army Corps, Boeoud Division First
Brigade, Brlg.-Gon. Blmon Snyder, Eleventh
United States Infantry, Nineteenth United
States Infantry; Second Brigade, Brlg.-Gon. L.
II. Carpenter, First District of Columbia, Beo
ond New York, Fifth Maryland; Third Brigade,
UrlK.-Ocn. It. II. Hill, Third Pennsylvania. 157th
Indiana, First Ohio.
Third Division, Brlg.-Gen, Jacob Klino-First
Brigade, Col. Kenna, Fittli Ohio, First Florida.
Thirty-second Michigan ; Second Brigade,
Brlg.-Gon. J. N. Anthony. Slxty-nlnth Now
York, Third Ohio, Second Georgia.
Provisional Cavalry Brlgodo Fifth United
States Cavalry and detachments of the First,
Boeond. Third. Sixth and Tenth United States
Cavalry and tho Flnt United States Volunteer
Artillery Brigade, Brlg.-Gen. W. T, Randolph
Six light batteries and two heavy batteries of
United States Artillery,
At Camp Algor, Va., Gen. Garretson's brigade
Is ready to movo to Santiago. It numbers
about 4,000 men. These troops will Ball from
Newport Nows on the Harvard and tho Yale,
and tho llrst section will leave on tho latter
vessel this week with Gen, Mllos. The brigado
consists of the Sixth Massachusetts, Sixth Illi
nois and Eighth Ohio Volunteers, These, with
the 18,000 tnoiw at Tampa, aro all that will bo
sent to Gen. Shaftor unless ho expresses a de
sire for more. Fifteen thousand men aro
equipped and prepared to movo fromChleka
mauga at short notice. Thoy aro now under
orders to hold themselves In readiness to pro
ceed south.
With 23.000 men now at Santiago (Including
tho Cubans), 18.000 at Tampa. -1.000 at Cami
Alger and 15,000 at Chlckamauga, tho United
States forces at present under Shafter and that
will and may be sent to his usslatunce number
00,000 men, a magnlllceut army, twice as largo
as the force tho onomy can gathor to resist tho
1 American troops. With the reinforcements
that will surely be sent Gen. Miles will hto
tinder his command 40.000 men to take tho
city, '
Tho Mohawk and tho Mississippi, ordered to
proceed to Tampa to-day, will, on their arrival,
Increase tho numbor of transports thoro to
thirtoon. If they loft Now York this ovonlng
thoy will surely be at Tampa on Wednesday.
The Bt Paul, Bt Louis, Harvard and Yalo ndd
four more flno fast ships to tho list Tho Yale
will reach Newport Nows In a day or two, tho
8t Paul Is at Now York, tho narvard has by
this tlmo probably reaehod Santiago, dis
charged tho troops that woro oarriod on her,
nnd is now running back to Nowport Nows,
and tho St Louts Is supposed to bo off Ban
Juan, Porto Rico.
Tho transports ordered back from Santiago
twonty-flvo or thirty of them ought to bo at
Tampa by Thursday. This will glvo a fleet of
more than forty troopships, capablo of carrying
all tho reinforcements, animals for the cavalry,
artllloryand supply departments. At the best
howover, tho entire 22,000 mon cannot bo
landed at Santiago undor twolro days, and It
the delays whloh havo been oxporlencod in tho
past continue. It will bo longor than that before
Bhafter has beon sufficiently reinforced.
They Seem to Think That Shafter Was Too
Hosty in Attacking.
Sptciat Cablt DupatA l Inn Ben.
Londox, July 3. Tho consensus of opin
ion among London critic la that Gen.
Shafter was over-hasty in attacking San
tiago without roinforcoments. His notion
is ascribed to tho heat and anxiety for tho
health of his troops.
It is hold incrcdlblo to suppose that a
desire to effect n, Fourth of July victory
would influenco an experienced soldier to
mako such an attack. The strength of
Santiago's fortifications and the excellence
of tholr cannon wero known beforehand.
Tho fall of the city is inevitable, hut it
is asserted here that it could bo eflooted
with fower sacrifices if the attack was
scientifically conduoted.
The Daily Graphic thinks that tho cost of
capturing tho city will bo out of all pro
portion to its value as a point gained in
tho war.
Tho paper pays a tribute to the gallan
try of the troops and tho splendid rush ot
tho rough riders.lwhich, it says, was in
stinct with the indomitable spirit of Bala
The Daily Xeic$ says if tho Americana
havo underestimated tho Spaniards the
Spanish peoplo have far mora egreglously
underestimated the Americans.
The heavy price the capture of tho spoils
may now entail is likely to influence the
United States to retain them.
The Standard says Gen. Shafter and his
gallant troops have done excellent work
in seizing all tho outlying positions,
but to take Santiago itself with
15,000 men before any slego guns
wero brought up would bo unUko
anything that has hitherto occurred in
warfare. The boldest efforts of tho kind
wero Wellington's captures of Ciudad
Rodrlgo and Badajos in 1812, but in both
cases ha had slego guns.
Tho Daily Telegraph says that oH branches
of tho service have displayed tho dash
nnd valor expected of thorn. Though
tho United States has deep causo
to mourn tho many gallant lives
that havo been lost they have reason
to bo proud of tho fighting qualities of
their troops. All the papers remind Bpain
that the greater tho losses the Americana
Bustnin the heavier will bo the bill of in
demnity that sho will have to pay.
The Timer, commenting on the news
from Santiago, says that the Ameri
cans appear to have underestimated
tho difficulties of their task. It is
hard to sny whether the splendid
bravery nnd dash of the American advance
across difficult ground in tho teeth of a
galling fire or the stubborn tenacity of
the Spanish defence was tho more admirn
bio, yet sensiblo Spaniards must recognize
that tho longer the final settlement is de
ferred tho mora disastrous it must be for
They should offer terms to their oppo
nents, which, if reasonable, would cer
tainly bo discussed in a generous spirit.
On the other hand, such allusions as that
made by the Berlin Kalirmal Zeitung to the
surprises that the "conclusion of peaco
and a Congress will have in store " may
well afford the Americans a matter for
A Partial 1,1st Forwarded by Oea. Shatter
Shows 8 Killed and 10 Wounded.
Wabihhotok, July 3. The first official list of
dead and wounded In the Santiago fighting was
received at 8 o'clook to-night in a despatch
from Gon. Shatter, The despatch follows :
"Playa dei, Estx, July 3, 1808.
" Ailulant-amtral, U.S.A., WMngtm.
"Camp Neab Saktiaoo, July 3, Tho follow
ing Isa partial list of officers killed: Col. Wl
koff. Twenty-second Infantry; Lieut-Col.
Hamilton, Ninth Cavalry; Llout W. H. Smith.
Tenth Cavalry; Major Forso, First Cavalry;
Capt. O'Neill, First Volunteer Cavalry; Lieut
Mlchlo, son of Prof. Mlchlo; Lieut Ord, Sixth
Infantry: Lieut, Bhlpp. Tenth Cavalry,
" Tho following Is a partial list of tho officers
wounded: Llout. -Col. Patterson, Twenty-soo-ond
Infantry: Llout.-Col. Carroll, commanding
First Brigado, Cavalry Division ; Major Wessols.
Third Cavalry; Capt Blocksom, Sixth Cavalry;
Capt. Kerr, Sixth Cavalry; Capt. Hunter, Third
Canlry ; Rapt Dodd, Thlnl Cavalry; Capt Tay
lor, Ninth Cavalry; Lieut McCoy, Tenth Cav
alry; Lieut Wood, Adjutant Ninth Cavalry;
Lieut Huskcll, First Volunteer Cavalry; Lieut
A. L. Mills, First Cavalry; Llout Myors, Third
Cavalry; Lieut Thayer, Third Cavalry; Llout
Short, Sixth Cavalry: Cnpt Rodman, Twentieth
Infantry Shajtkii, Mnjor-Gcnernl."
The full names and former State residences
ot several of the officers mentioned In Gon.
Shutter's despatch are; Lieut -Col. John M,
Hamilton, Now York ; Lieut. William II. Smith,
Missouri: Major Allert G. Forso, Ohio; Llout
William E. Shlpp, North Carolina; Llout.-Col.
John H. Patterson, New York ; Major Henry W.
WohsoIs, Now York; Capt. Augustus P, lllouk
Bom, Ohio; Capt. John B. Kerr, Kentucky; Capt.
Georgu K. Hunter, Ohlo;Cnpt. Goorgo A. Dodd,
Pennsylvania; Capt. Charles W. Taylor, New
York; Lieut WinthropH. Wood, Maine; Lieut,
Allien S, Mills. New York; Llout. Oren Ii,
Mo)or, Ohio; Llout. Arthur Thayer, Indiana,
and Lieut Walter C. Short, Ohio. Tho list of
casualties reported by Gen. Shatter shows
plainly that the most serious losses were suf
fered by the Third aud Sixth Caralrr.
ona on tub field. Hm
Col. Downs nnd Adjutants Abeel and Fliher I
Who Aro rrnlsed In The Sun's l)r spatrh PtkM
for Cool Brnvery-Cnpt. Rafferty Lea a Tsfffl
Fnrlous Charge with n llnndtid ot Men. WlM
Among thoso who displayed conspicuous. gi. m !1!
lantry In the successful nssnult by the Seventy. I
first Now York Volunteers upon a fortified hill A 'i
In tho odvanco upon El Canoy wero ChnplMa M N
Georgo R. Van De Water, rector of 8t Androw'i H 1
Church, 127th street nnd Fifth avenua; Col n
WallacoA. Downs. Regimental Adjutant Alfred I
II. Abeel, Battalion Adjutant Harris B. Fisher I
and Capt M. A. RafTorty. '
Tho Rev. Mr. Van Do Water has been th fl
chaplain of the Bovcnty.flrst Regiment for H
nearly sovon years. Ho was for ten years the H
roetor of Bt. Luko's Church, Brooklyn, before 91
coming to Now York, Dr. Van Do Water Is a I
graduate of tho Gonoral Theological Somlimry I
ofthoEplsoopol Church, nnd has publhhod a H
book ot sermons. Ho Is tho chaplain of Colum- I
bla University. H
About 100 mombors ot tho Seventy-first are H
young mombors of Dr. Van De Water's church, H
and have been Intrusted to his caro by their H
parents. Dr. Van Do Water was commlwlonod H
Chaplain of tho Twonty-thlrd lleglmont, N. Y H
N. G on May 24, 181. He resigned his com-
mission July 11. 1888. His commission as H
Chaplain ot tho Soventy-flrst dates from April H
Col. Wallace A. Downs bocamo commander ot H
tho Soventy-flrst Now York Volunteers when H
Col. F. V, Greono, ltscommandcr when the reg. H
lment was mustered in, was mndo a Brlgadlor- H
General nnd ordered to Manila. Col. Downs flj
entered tho Now York National Guard as Ad-
jutant of tho Slxteonth Battalion on Deo. H
15, 1874, and was mndo Major on May H
18. 1870. Ho was honorably discharged H
from tho sorvlco on April 28, 1880, ffl
no entered It again on Sept 28, 1880. FA
ns Adjutant of tho Soventy-flrst and was made
Major in tho following year. Ho received his
commission as Lieutenant-Colonel on May 11, H
1803. Ho Is marrtod and his homo is at 52 East H
Thlrty-flrst strcot Mrs. Downs Is living at H
Larchmont during her husband's absence at H
the front H
Adjt Alfred Havens Abeel began his military H
experience as a private of Company K ot the H
Bovonth Regiment on May 30, 1800, and was H
made a corporal two years and n halt later. On H
March 27, 1800, ho went ovor to tho Slxty-nlnth H
Regiment as Battalion Adjutant. A year ago H
his mother, with whom ho lived at 130 Central H
Park West movod to Shelter Island. Mr. H
Abeel went with her. Hi
On tho first coll for volunteers he came to this H '
city and enlisted In tho Sovonty-flrst On May
10 he was made First Lloutenant ot Company H
M. When Regimental Adjutant William O. H
Bates resigned to go to Manila on the staff of H j
Oon. Greene, Lieut Abeel was appointed to fill H -
tho vacancy. B)
Adjt Harris B. Fisher entered servles In H
Company K of the Seventh Regiment on Jons H
7, 1601. Ho came over to tho Soventy-flrst Beg- Hj '
lmont as Ordnance Bergeant on Aug. 20.JL8Q2. Hj
and was mado a battalion Adjutant on-June 0, H
1883. He Is a dealer in real estate at 50 Pine H
street His homo is at 42 West Forty-fifth Hj
street Sm
Capt M. A. RafTorty, who led a company of (fl
the Seventy-first in the gallant assault on the H
southwest of El Canoy, Is a resident of Astoria, HJ
whore he reoeutly lived at 73 EemBon streot (m
Ho is Captain of Company F. im
The First ot Oen. Menitt's Expeditions H
Beached There on the 30th of Jan. f
WAsniNQTOH. July 3. Notts was received br I
the Navy Department hero late this evening ot
the safe arrival at Manila of the first of the ex- U,
pedluons sent to Dewey's relief. H
The Charleston with the transports that au- H
computed her reached there on the 80th ot H
June. Bj
All were well and the voyage was uneventful. H
The despatch added that the Charleston H
topped at and oaptured ths Lodrone Islands. H
and took the Governor and some of the Spanish H
soldiers there prisoners and took then to) H
Manila. H
The Papers Ask Why Belnf orosmsats TTfeo Hj
Not Sent to Santiago.
Sptetol Cablt DapakX to Tbs Btnf,
Mae wd, July 3 The Gorommentnaaset
ceived cipher despatches from Santiago
which have not been published, but It 14
declared that Saturday's fightlne ynA
Tho Spaniards heroically roshrted, the.
attacks of tho Americans. Santiago la
still in their hands and they aro dotax
mined to hold out to tha last.
The beginning of tho fighting; so known
here was on Wednesday afternoon, when,
the Spaniards noticed a balloon rise- serf
eral times at La, Bedonno, a place In
tho hills midway between Baiquiri and
Santiago. Concurrently troops advanced
toward El Foxo, Then separate adranoes
on El Caney and Aguadores were observable.
With tho exception of Captain-General
Blanco's bare official despatches, aU ths
news published in Madrid is from Ameri
can sources. r
Captain-General Blanco's latest pub
lished despotch respecting the situation
at Santiago has caused a painful sensa
tion here. The Spanish General explains
Gen. Linarcs's plans ns follows:
With only 6,000 regulars, one mountain
battery, several guns from Santiago and a
few qulclc-ilrlng guns from Admiral Cor
vera's vessels, ho attempted to hold
long line of positions from Santiago to
He expected to be able to hold out until
relief reached him, but tho Americans
were able to turn tho Spanish right at
Aguadores, while concurrently they at
tacked the centro with a superior nrtillory
It Is supposed that Oen. Toral took ad
vantugo of the night to fall back to the
positions nearest Hantlugo, thus saving
his artillery, Muny Americans wero
wounded and abundonnd in thesucressivo
onslaughts on the Spanish trendies.
It is said that Admiral Cervera effec
tively axsisted tho land forces by shelling
the Americnns. Tho lutter lost heavily
because thuy attacked entrenched posl.
tions in close formation, offering a splen
did mark for tho Spaniards.
Tho press lb unanimous hi oppressing
anger boeuuse no meuhures have been ij
tuken to reinforce Oen. Linares. The k
Queen Regent is deeply moved by the j
ports reaching here from Cuba.
f ' ' ' "-.i- ti , i

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