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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, July 18, 1898, Image 1

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1 tloirTxY.--NO. 321. NEW YORK, MONDAY, JULY 18, 1898. -COPYRIGHT, 1898, BY THE SUN PRINTING AND PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION. PRICE TWO CENTS Ilk
UP GOES THE FLAG
I 014 Glory Floats Over the Gov
I ernor's Palace in Santiago.
I GANNON THUNDER A SALUTE
I 7,000 Rifles and 600,000 Cartridges
I Turned In Ytsterday,
IlUjor-Oen. Shntter Reports the Surrender
of Santiago Our Flag nolsted at Moon
Teiterday In the Pretence of a Great
Concourse of People A Squadron of
Cavalry and n Regiment of Infantry Pre
, teot Arms as Uie Fine Ooei tip Perfect
Order Maintained Battalion of Spanish
Troops Deposit Their Arms In the Ar
mory, Which Is Guarded by Our Troops
A Onnboat and 00 Seamen Surrender
te Oen, Shatter Removing ailnea from
the Month of the Harbor Little Sickness
In Santiago and Scarcely any Yellow Fever
WflSBtNQios, July 17. Major-Gen. Shatter
hud the satisfaction to-day of sending an
official despatch to the Secretary of War
direct bom the city of Santiago. It told
!that ho hod entered the conquered city
and taken possession in the name of tho
United States. Gen. Shatter is not Given
to striving after dramatic effect, but he
must have been carried away by tho
spirit ot the occasion, for in his message
be shows that it was written as the
Stars and Stripes were being raised
over the civil Governor's palace, while
American cannon wore bellowing a
salute, an American band was play
ing "The Star Bpongled Banner" and
American troops were presenting arms.
I Itwns-the most stirring and satisfactory
despatch that Gen. Shatter has forwarded
since ho landed in Cuba, and the officials
of tho War Department who read it at tho
time of its receipt quite caught the at
mosphere of the stirring occurrence and
had difficulty in restraining a desire to
cheer. This is the despatch :
"SAirmao b Cuba, July 17,
" Te Adjutant-General, Cnilii Statu Army, XTaiMna
Urn. D. C:
"I have the honor to announce that the
American flag has been this Instant, 12
noon, hoisted over tho house ot the civil
government in the city of Santiago. An
Immense concourse of people was pres-
ient, a squadron of cavalry and a regiment
S of infantry presenting arms and a band
playing national airs. A light battery
flred a salute of twenty-one guns.
"Perfect order is being maintained by
the municipal government. The distress
Jo very great, but there is little sickness
la town, scarcely any yellow fever.
"A small gunboat and about 200 sea
men le"tt by Cervera have surrendered to
me. Obstructions are being removed
from the mouth of the harbor.
" Upon coming into the city I discovered
a perfect entanglement of defenees.
Fighting as the Spaniards did the first
day, it would have cost 6,000 lives to
have taken it.
"Battalions of 8panish troops have been
depositing arms since daylight In the
armory over which I have guard. Gen.
Tornl formally surrendered the plaza and
all stores nt 0 A. SI.
"W. 11. Suaiteb, Major-Genexal."
JR The followingdespatch was made publio
to-night:
" " Plata dm, Estb, July 1 7.
" Hftant-Ctntral, Waikinttou: t
"Heuxjuahters, SAwmao, July 17. My
ordnance officers report about 7,000 rifles
turned in to-day and 000,000 cartridges.
At the mouth of the harbor there nro quite
number of fine modern guns, about fl
inch; also two butteries of mountain guns,
together with n saluting buttery of fifteen
eld bronze guns. Disnrming and turning
in will go on tomorrow. List of prisoners
nt yet taken.
& "HnAnen, Mojor-General."
I This report did not reach the War De-
I partment until nearly five hours after the
ceremonies described took place, but
within mi hour after the Stars and Stripes
""1 replaced tho Spanish flag the Govern
ment lmw that Old Glory had been flung
to the broeie through a telegram from
Lieut.-Col. Allen, Chief Signal Officer ot
Tluyu del Kte, to Brig-Gen. Greely, Chief
' the Signal Service here, saying thot the
Iterator in Santiago wired tliut tho flog
Vr. bemg raised.
TB "promptness with which Gen. Shot-
Jl '" took u mil possession of Suntingo
W c"y iinrl iihHci ted iioiriliml control over a
M ''"'"'Miitln;;,, province bus pleased tho
f V 'r,,,"'l".f .uid tin- military authorities
t liiii,,,.,,,,. ,. Ttv ww fellUo tllIlt t)l(l
I Cu!"ln.,;ii In that portion f 'Culm Is over,
BB fHlTM . ' J - Jfc- - jAtftiU-
tnklng it for granted that tho Spuntsh
troops in outlying places surrendered by
Gen. Toral before they had an opportunity
ot firing a shot at the invaders will be
only too glad to make their submission.
Despatches from Gen. Shatter on Friday
indicated that there was haggling in the
negotiations for Santiago's surrender over
a disposition ot these troops to resent
laying down their arms without a fight.
Under tho terms of the agreement mado
by the American and Spanish commission
ers, however, tho troops under Qon. To
rsi's command that did not engage in tho
fighting must submit to tho United States,
or render thomselvos liable to punish
ment tor disobedience of orders.
Now that Santiago is in the possession
of tho American forces, tho War Depart
ment will loso no tlmo in ameliorating
the condition of Gen. Shaffer's soldiers
and tho peoplo of Bantiago city and prov
ince. Ships loaded with supplies havo al
ready left Tampa tor Santiago, under or
ders to proceed with tho least possible
delay. They ore taking cots for tho sick
and wounded, and new clothing, blankets,
medicines, food, and hospital and shelter
tents. The troops will be moved to
high points, whilo the sufferers from
yellow fever will be isolated. Encourag
ing information about the yellow fever
outbreak was received to-day from Col.
Greenleat, tho United Btates surgeon in
charge at Blboney, His telegram was
dated yesterday and received this morn
ing. It said that there had boen only
three, new cases reported In tho pre
vious twenty-tour hours and only
ono death. Tho Administration also
finds comfort in Gen. Shatter's state
ment that, while the distress is very
great, there is llttlo sickness in Santiago
and scarcely any yellow fever. Under the
improved conditions of healthful camp
sites, good wator, new clothing, and tents
to keep out the heavy night dews, with a
host of experienced yellow fover surgeons
and Immune nurses, the officials here be
lieve that there will be no extensive
spread of tho disease.
An advertisement will be published in
newspapers to-morrow calling for bids
for transporting tho Spanish captives,
from Santiago to Spain. The advertise
ment does not specify any port of delivery
except Cadiz, and even that with the pro
vision "or such other port of Spain as
may hereafter be designated." It is prob
able that Cadis will be definitely selected,
but the "War Department prefers to
leave the matter open, so that bid
ders may have the preference. Whilo
it is hoped by the departmont
that enough vessels of foreign register
can bo secured, the advertisement does
not so state, and American ship owners
are free to submit proposals. The pris
oners are to be well treated and well fed
on the voyage. Spanish officers are
to have cabin accommodations, and
the living nnd sleoping quarters for
the enlisted men must conform to
the requirements of this Government
regarding space and ventilation. Tho
bidders ore also to furnish subsistence to
the prisoners on tho voyage. The United
Btates Army garrison ration is to be the
standard prescribed, so that the captives
will fare plainly but substantially, nnd
certainly much better than they have at
any time since they have been in Cuba.
Good results are expected to follow this
humane treatment after tho prisoners
aro landed in Spain and tell the people
how well they were served by the Amer
ican "pigs." Each prisoner will receive
rations amounting to about 3 pounds
a day, consisting of pork, bacon, tinned
roast beef, baked bread or hardtack, benns
or rice, fresh potatoes, onions, coffee, su
gar, vinegar, salt and pepper. The ration
also includes soap, with which tho enlist
ed men will be obliged to clean themselves
every day. This is the only hordship that
will bo Imposed. The officers will have
the option of using the soap or not.
MADRID IS SATISFIED.
The Terms of Surrender Regarded as Hon
orable to the Spanish Arms.
Special CatU Deipatch to Tnr, Bex.
Madbip, July 17. The terms for the sur
render of Bantiago to whioh Gen. Toral
agreed ore regarded as honorablo to tho
Spanish arms. Tho troops will proba
bly bo sent to tho Canaries or tho Balearic
Islands if thoy aro found to bo tainted
with yellow fever.
Captain-General Blanco still has 100,000
regular troop's nnd 40,000 volunteers un
dor his command.
military governor of Santiago.
As Gen. Shatter Won't Aerept (he Post,
Gen. McKltibln Mny lie Appointed.
Washington, July 17. Geu. Shatter's ex
pressed determination not to accept tho post of
Military Governor of Santiago, which has boon
made known to the department, has oponod die
cussiouas to who will bo appointed to tho Im
portant place, It neemtt to bo tho general opin
ion of officials of the War Department that tho
man most likely to bo selected is Uric-Gen.
Chambers MoKlbbln, who has boon prominent
in tho military operations beforo Santiago. Ho
was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Twenty-first
United States Infantry when mode n Brigadier
General of volunteers, and Is a member of tho
famous fighting McKtbbln family of Pennsyl
vania. .
mors is. hpain,
"Give Us Cheap Ureadl" Is the Cry in
Iluelvsv-Private Houses Pillaged.
Specie! CatU Veipattlt to Tbk 3ux.
London, July 17. A despatch from Madrid to
tho J)alu Wrgratih says that riots huve oc
curred In Huelva. Crowds gathered In front of
tho publio buildings cryluK "Glu1 us choap
blond!" Four thousand rlntors gutted ii num
lcr of private houses befoio the military could
dlsiHjrne them. It Is ton red that tla'ra will bo a
renuwnl of iho trouble
,'i. , . '',lMM..MinmiBBSsasssTs
SHAFTER TELLS HIS PLANS.
im rrrxK keep the akjit o.v inn
HAir jvAif itinaa.
No Moro Salabrions Spot, He Detleres,
Could, lie Found The Men VI11 Live In
TenU and He Ileady for Gen. I.uqne It
He Tries to Hake Trouble with Uls 10,
000 3Ien at Uolgnln'-No Troops nt the
Front Will Go to Porto Illco, bnt Those
on the Transports Slay Join Gcn.Mlles's
Expedition nf usees lleturn to Santiago.
Sfrcitl Cablt Dupattk te TBS BOX.
Binoxxr, July 10. Gen. Shatter called
the newspaper correHpondentn around
him this morning and announced to thorn
that the Madrid Government had ratified
by enblo Gen. Toral's agreement to sur
render Santiago. lie also talked about
Uio general situation. Tho interview took
placo under tho trees in front of tho Gen
eral's tenjt, tho newspaper men, in a
circle, putting questions to him. Gon.
Shatter was in unconventional attire,
wearing old trousers, a woollen shirt, and
no hat. His gouty foot is now so much
improved that ho is nblo to wear a shoe
on it.
Gen. Shatter said he wanted it to be un
derstood that Gen. Toral surrendered to
him two days ago. Tho sanction ot tho
Government at Madrid was merely for
mal. It was not necessary to the con
summation ot the agreement. Captain
General Blanco, Gen. Shatter said, had had
full power in tho premises, and hnd ap
proved the action of Gen. Toral.
Gen. Shatter continued : "TheBpaniards
hod no alternative but to surrender. We
had them hemmed in and surrounded by
a greatly superior force, equipped with
ten batteries of artillery. If they hnd not
submitted they would havo been anni
hilated." Gen. Shatter intimated that he might
allow tho correspondents to enter Santi
ago later, but for the present neither
soldiers nor civilians would bo permitted
to go into the city. lie expected the Span
iards to give up their arms this afternoon.
He believed that tho arrangements for
their transportation to Spain would not
bo completed for two weeks or more. He
explained that tho only nction of the
Spanish Government really bearing on
tbo surrender was to consent to allow
American transports to land the First
Division of the Spanish Army, Gen. Toral's
command, at a seaport in Spain. None of
the transports that brought tho American
troops to Cuba would be'used .in convey
ing the Spaniards to their own country,
the danger of infection being too great.
Gen. Shatter thought that the vessels to
boused for this purpose would be tramp
steamers that would bo picked up in tho
West Indies.
Tho Spanish troops at Guantanamo and
all those in tho surrendered part of tho
province, which comprises all the country
eust of a lino from Aserradero on the
south to Bagua de Tamano on tho north,
ore included in the surrender. Altogether
24,000 men lay down their urms.
The troops in Santiago are short of ra
tions, and the American Government,
Gen. Shatter said, would feed them. Tho
refugees from Santiago would roturn to
the city, nnd tho Government would thus
be relieved of tho responsibility of sup
plying them with food.
The tide of humnnlty has begun to flow
back to tho city from El Cnney. At the
samo time tho refugees hnvo entire free
dom of action, nnd no coercion will bo
employed to get them to return to San
tiago. Gen. Bhnf ter said that the present civil
government of the city would remain in
office pending the embarkation of the
Spanish troops. He cited custom to sup
port this course,, which is said to bo re
pugnant to tho Cubans. Ho added that it
must be understood that ho wns tho hu
promo authority to whom nil mooted
questions of government must bo re
ferred. He was virtually military gov
ernor of the city.
The General further said thot tho army
would now cunip on the Sun Juun ridge,
which they hud taken from the enemy.
No more salubrious spot, in his opinion,
could bo found. Tents would be put up
and n military camp established. It must
not bo forgotten, ho added, that the ser
vices of tho soldlcrx might yet be required,
for nn army of 1OJO0O men under Gen.
Luqun was still at Holgutn.
Referring to tho Torto Rico expedition,
Gen. Shutter said that ho had little infor
mation concerning it. He understood that
Gen. Miles wns to command it. He vn
able to say that none of tho troops now nt
the front would go to l'orto Rico, forthore
would be an unnecessary rick of their
conveying sickness. The rogiments now
on shipboard at Biboney would remain on
the transports. They wero above suspi
cion of infection, and could Join the main
Forto Rico contingent at Guatitnnnmo,
Gen, Shatter to-duy moved his head
quarters from two miles east of El l'ozo
to the hill whero Gen. Wheeler has set up
his establishment. This is tho hill the
capture of which cost Col. Hamilton of the
Ninth Cavalry his Ufa in the battle of
July 1. Col. Hamilton carried tho hill In
gullunt style, but was shot drud as he
reached tho crest,
See Kxeurslon Column.
Vem I t-icut route to ltociswty Dcacli. Ait.
mil flebt is rnosi of Monno.
It I Sleltlng Away Now That Santiago Is
Onrs-Gottlng Beady for Forto Illco.
Sftetal CatU DupakS to Tat Ron.
Orr BA?rmno, July 10. Tho ospeet of
things beforo Morro Castle is beginning to
bo moro peaceful. Thcro are only a fow
warships hero now, and theso are getting
back to their normal appearance. For
somo time the vessels have been stripped
for nction day and night, and tho signal
for " general action " found everything
rendy for instant fighting. Now tho ships
aro looking moro peaceful, and it would
require a quarter of on hour to get them
ready for battle.
The station of tho Now York, Admiral
Sampson's flagship, is now well inshore
near Aguadores, whore tho ship is in sig
nal communication with Gen. Shatter's
men ashore there.
Admiral Sampson's command has boen
divided into threo squadrons, nnd a fourth
is likely still further to disperso tho war
ships. When tho vessels that are coaling
and repairing at Guuntanamo have com
pleted their work ono squadron will make
an early move on Forto Rico.
ricicsD vp inn Santiago cabzb.
The Indiana Did It with Her Anchor No
Need to Cut It Now.
Special Cablt Deipalch to Tbe Stm.
Orr Sahtiaoo, July 10. On Thursday
night tho Indiana while raising her an
chor found that it had fouled something,
which, on examination, proved to be tho
much-hunted-aftcr cable running from
Santiago to Kingston, Jamaica. Tho aux
iliary cruiser St. Louis and tho cable
stcamor Adrla had mado many attempts
to grapple this cable and cut it, as it was
the only remaining lino ennbling Captain
General Blanco to communicnto with Ma
drid, but their efforts wore futilo nnd they
finally abandoned the undertaking.
Owing to tho surrender of Bantiago Gen.
Blanco will not bo able to use this line
and. the cable was therefore not severed,
nnd when tho city is occupied by tho
Americans tho lino will be rendy for their
use.
ouit nisuoxoiiEO draft.
It Was for Coal Consul Van Home Had Pur
chased Without Orders.
Wabihnoton, July 17. No official informa
tion has been rocelvcd at the Htuto or Navy De
partmont to confirm tho reKrt from St. Thomas
that tho Colonial Bank there declined to ad
vance money to the Paymaster of the United
States cruiser Yosemlto because a United
States Consular draft for 530.000. presented to.
the bank, had not beeaho'nored by tills Govern
ment. The trouble, grows out of a commercial trans
action of Mahlon Van Homo, the United States
Consul at St. Thomas. At tho beginning of tho
war he informed the State Department that he
could secure a quantity of coal there to be used
by tho American warships. The Navy Depart
ment found that the coal was ot standard qual
ity, and, authorized tho purchase. Later on
Van Horno telegraphed tho Stato Department
that a large quantity ot coal which the Spanlbh
Government was trying to get. and would got
unlesB tho United States bought It at once, had
boen offered him. The Naval Bureau of Equip
ment found that this coal could be pur-clia-JL'd
at the wharf ut Philadelphia for
$1.25 a ton, whilo It had been offered to
tho Consul at a price that was high for tho
finest grade ot fuel. When this was reported to
tho State Department a despatch was sent to
tho Consul acknowledging the receipt of his
telegram, but not giving permission to pur
oliaso. Van Homo, howavor, went ahead and
bought tho coal and sent a draft for $30,000 to
'Washington, which the Navy Department re
fused to honor. It was said by an official to-day
that this Government hnd not deoidod whether
It would honor the draft.
Nawil officers Bay that Vnn Home was mado
tho victim of u commercial trick. Thoy think tho
Spunish Government would not tako the coal
at any price. Tho transaction, particularly the
action ot tho Consul In contracting such a large
dobt without authority, has displeased the
State Departmont officials, and a change in the
Consular representation at St. Thomas may
follow. Vau Homo Is said to be a'colored man.
He was appointed to the Consular service from '
Rhode Island.
spa is hask't enmn for peace.
Nn Overtures Made to This Government,
Directly or Indtreotly.
WAsntNoroK, July 17. Inquiry among of
ficials of the Government to-dny failed to bring
to light any knowlcdgo on their part that over
tures toward poaco had been made to tho United
States, directly or indirectly. While tho offloors
of the Administration would not bo surprised
to receive at any tlmo a petition from Spain, or
from representatives of other nations acting In
beliulf of Spain, to arrango a treaty for ending
tho war. thuy do not put nny faith In the news
pupor statements that arrangements aro being
mado by tho Spanish Ministry for nppronohlnc
this Government on tho subjoct. Nothing to
confirm theso report has como from tho diplo
matic nnd other representatives of tho United
States ubroad, and It Is believed that the first
definite nows of prospootlvo peace overtures
will come In that way.
The statement telegraphed to the London
Sunday Timet from Madrid that reaee pro.
poials havo been mado to this Government
through tho Mexican Mlnistor 'hero ore denied
at tho Stuto Department, Senor Romero, Mex
ico's representative, has boen out of town for
ten days, Tho Hymputhtos of the Mexican
authorities nre apparently so heaitlly with tho
United States In tho present struggle, nnd
Sefior Romero has lived here so long nnd Is m
ardent an Amorlcan In his porsonul feelings,
that It Is not likely that he would be selected
for tho duty. Secretary Day had a conforenco
with the President at tho White House this
afternoon In accordance with his custom.
CKItVEUA O OKU TO CUURCU.
Spuulsh Offlccrs Take a Walk Through tbe
Streets of Annnpnlli,
ANturoLU, Mil., July 17. Admiral Oervara
and officers attended tho Catholic church hore
to-day and attracted much attention going
through the streets. They returned to tho
Academy for dinner. In tho afternoon some ot
tho Spaniards took a stroll through the city,
Betor.il of the Spanish offloors are 111 with ma
laria und uro being treated at the Academy
hospital. Tho Admiral declines to bo Inter
viewed because, he snys, H would not bo proper
to discuss tho conflict whilo a prisoner of war.
Ho is entirely satisfied with tbe treatment ac
corded him.
WEYLER VISITS CRISTIM.
TBE OVERS nEQEST HAS A I.OKQ
TALK VTITU TUB BUTCHER.
Spain Sends 83,000,000 to Blanco for HU
War Chest Captain-General Marias
Loses I0O Casks of Powder by an Ex
plosion at San Joan, Torto Bleo On
Saturday Night Sagasta'i Cabinet Still
Pleaded Ignorance of Toral's Surrender
It IsSald Spain Is Not Wtlllngto Concede
More Than tbe Abandonment of Cnba.
Special Cable Dupatciii to Tin Buy.
Mabbib, July 17. The correspondent of
Tin Bnt learns that tho Quoen Regent lias
had a long nnd significant conference with
Gon. Weylor.
Two million dollars has been sent to
Captain-General Blanco to meet his war
expenses. Ex-Cnptaln-Generol Polnvieja
has cut short his vacation and is hasten
ing bock to Madrid.
Captain-General Macias cables from San
Juan, Torto Rico, that 100 casksof powder
havo exploded in that city, killing .ten
artillerymen and wounding a number of
others.
Gen. Correa, Mlnistor ot War, to-day as
sorted that tho Spanish flag was still fly
ing over Bantiago. Tho newspapers are
attacking tho Government for suspending
the constitution.
Gon. Correa has issued an official denial
that M. Cambon, tho French Ambassador
at Washington, has sent a long telegram
to tho Spanish Foreign Minister relative
to sounding tho American Government as
to its views regarding peace.
M. Patcnotro, tho French Ambassador at
Madrid, visited Duke Almodovar de Bio,
the Minister of Foreign Affairs, last night.
The Government is mute as to pence ne
gotiations. Admiral Mnntorola, tho Spanish naval
commander in the Antilles, cabled under
date of July 10 to Sefior Auuon, Minister
of Marino, that the negotiations for the
capitulation of Santiago wore proceeding.
Ho added that the Americans in front of
Santiago number 50,000 men, and that
they luwe sixty guns. He further says
that thore nre thirty-two ships off the port.
A member of tho Cabinet, spealdng of
the conditions of peace that would be ac
ceptable, to Spain, says that the utmost
she would be willlug to concede would bo
the abandonment of Cuba. To expect her
to grant more would be asking her to
commit suicido as a nation.
Another Minister saysx " It is to Spain's
interest to have the war brought to nn
end, but the end must be reached with
dignity. We shall make peace, but not so
quickly as people think."
Elsewhere there arc evidences that the
most moderate claims of the Americans
are still considered excessive. Publio
opinion on the matter does not exist.
Many papers nppenr with blank col
umns, objectionublo articles liaving been
cut out by the censor nnd the editors hav
ing been Imprisoned under the decree ab
rogating Individual rights. The censor,
however, permits the publication of de
scriptions of Admiral Camara's squadron.
According to these the Pclayo nnd Emper
ador Carlos V. are in good condition, but
tho other six vessels nre utterly useless.
The Nacionai proposes that all the Span
ish newspapers suspend publication until
the censorship is abolished.
El lAbrral reminds Prime Minister Sa
gaata that tho Inst time the newspapers
appeared with blank spaces was on the
evo of the September revolution. Then
the revolutionists were headed bySngnsta
as the implacable enemy of tho Spanish
Queen Isabel.
The Impartial says that closing the safety
valve will not hinder steam from form
ing. Public opinion will And nn issue.
The danger is that the Government will
remain ignorant of the trend and force of
this opinion.
Loxpon, July 17. A despatch to the
Ceutral News from Madrid says it was
declared at tho conclusion of the Cabinet
meeting yesterday that the Government
was ignorant of the capitulation of Sun
tingo. Gen. Correa, Minister of War, said
that the Spanish troops wero still defend
ing the city, adding:
" It must be so. You will soon see
which way tho Amorlcnns are going,"
The Madrid correspondent of t ho Standard
thinks that efforts pencoward would be
much promoted if the United States prop
erly controlled the impatienco of tho
Cuban und Philippine insurgents.
He says that slnco tho proclamation of
martial law the attacks cm the Govern
ment hayo been much subdued. The
Governor-Generul of Madrid has in
formed the louding editors that
ho will tolorato moderate polemics,
but no attack upon national in
stitutions or the form of government or
tho acts of tho military or naval authori
ties, He will not permit comment that is
likely to harm efforts in the direction of
securing an honorable peace.
On the first day of the proclamation of
mn,rtlal law the nowspupers caused u sen
sation by appearing with entire blank
columns. Tho nuthoritien linvo sinco for
bidden tho papers to come out with these
blank spaces.
The censorship enables the papers to in
sinuate that they know much moro than
they dare insert. Hence the people are at
the mercy of political and financial ru
mors. Tho Standard In a leader says that the
apathy of tho Spaniards over tholr do
feat nt Bantiago is because they have
become habituated to tho idoa ot losing
Cuba, but the cession ot Cuba will not
fill tho measure of the Spanish
losses. As Copt. Malmn has cogently
shown, American naval and mil
itary men strongly desire Porto Bico for
strate'gie reasons. That, with a slico of tho
Philippines for a navnl base, is a heavy
sacrifice but what is the alternative ? A
power possessing scattorcd colonics,
Which has lost its navy, is at tho mercy
of an enemy holding absolute command
of tho sou-
Tho Timet agrees with tho Standard in
declaring that Spain must not bo misled
by the belief that tho question of peace
enn now bo reducod to tho abandonment
ot Cuba. It says:
" If Spain refuses reasonable terms now
sho will hove to discuss more stringent
terms hereafter. It is the old story ot tho
Sibylline books."
Bkiilik, July 17. Attention hero is di
rected to the internal affairs of
Spain. Tho Cologne Gautte thinks they
aro of momentous importance to
tho present dynasty. Don Carlos
is undoubtedly prepared for nnd will
attempt a coup d'etat in tho event of Spain
ceding ony of her colonies to tho United
States.
Thcro is considerable speculation as to
how the Vatican will act in the event of a
CarUst rising.
Most of the German papers nro waiting
for official inspiration on tho Ireno inci
dent. When mentioning tho matter, they
refer to tho "alleged interference " of tho
warship.
Pabis, July 17. Tho 7imms says it is the
consensus of opinion among diplomats in
Paris that peace is certain, but in some
quarters it is thought that the generous
treatment of tho garrison at Bantiago,
especially tho sending of them homo nt
America's expense, will encourage Captain-General
Blanco to muko further resistance.
8PAIS NOT A GREAT POWER.
She Will Probably Be nedneed from the
Status to Which She Was liaised In 1883.
Special Cable Deepatch to Tai anr.
London, July 17. Tlie Chronicle snys that
after tho war Spain will probably bo re
duced from her technical status of a great
power, to which she was raised in 1883,
when her Legations abroad were con
verted into Embassies.
GAS FOR WAR BALLOONS.
A Plant for Malting the Gas Constructed ot
Tampa for the Porto Illco Expedition.
WisBiHOTOM, July 17. An indication of tho
speed and energy that are being omploycd by
tho military and naval arms of the Government
to hasten completion of the arrangements for
the expedition to Porto Rico Is found In the
construction ot a plant at Tampa for the manu
facture of gas wherewith to Inflate the war
balloons.
"This has just beon finished," said Gon.
Greoly. speaking of the work last night, "and
it has been accomplished under trying and
adverse conditions. The gas is conveyed from
tho plant to tho eceno ot operations ot tho
balloon In specially constructed cylinders,
similar to thoso in which gas Is furnished for
tho oporatlon of tho ordinary soda fountain.
Theso would not qnlto answer tho purposo; so
we had some made in this country, and some
we Imported, until now we have about 500 or
000 of them. This number will carry gas
enough to Inflate the balloon three and a half
times, and the plant will fill tho entirc number
once In thirty-six hours. A portable apparatus
which accompanies tho balloon wherever
It goes Is used for supplementing tho supply
carried in tho oyllnders. and by uniting tho
two wo can expect to keep a balloon going
most of the time. Wo lost a balloon In front of
Bantiago, because some person, whoso Identity
1 havo not yet succeeded In placing, ordered It
to be sent up on tho skirmish line, In a few
minutes the Spanish troops got the range of It
with their Mauser rifles, and tho balloon was
perforated in a score of places. Fortunately,
the machine settled down slowly and without
danger to the occupants of tho car, and within
our linos."
OERWAST AND VSCLB SAM.
Frtntlon with Us Would Be Very Disagree
nble to the Ministry.
fipecial Cablt DeipatcS to Tat Ban.
London, July 17. A despatch from Berlin to
the Daily .Vrtcs says that tho Ireno Incident In
Bublg Bay was possibly duo to differences be
tween the Gorman Navy Department and the
Foreign Omce. Tho former has been very solf
confldont slnco tho seizure of Klao Chou Day,
and possibly tho Philippine squadron was In
strueted to betray military dash and not diplo
matic caution. Nothing at present could bo
more Inconvenient aud moro dlsagrccablo to
thn Cabinet than friction with the United States.
The despatch adds that n letter from a Gor
man resident of Manila to IiIb family in Coburg
bus l.eon widely published. Tho writer snys:
"The Amorlcans are anxious nlove every
thing to provn thomselvos gentlemen, They
huvo promised to protect tho commercial cen
tre, oftho town. They wish thus to heap coals of
flro on tho hood ofthn Spanish Governor, who,
in a proclamation, described tho Americans as
tho scum of mankind, who were capable of any
cruelty."
Two More Spnnlsh Prisouers Die,
Portsmouth, N. II, July 17. There were two
moro deaths among the Spanish prisoners hero
to-day. One of those v as at tho Mock ado hos
pital and tho other on board the Harvard. Tho
Harvard has been taking on coal, supplios and
medicines all day. Sho will land horslx prison
ers some tlmo to-morrow and will boabloto
sail to-morrow or Tuosduy morning. The
health of the Americans remains excellent.
at. Louis Outside.
A large steamship, probably tho auxiliary
cruiser fit. Louis, anchored near tho Sandy
Hook lightship at 10:() o'clock last night. Sho
came from tho southward, The St. Louis Is
expected hero, Shu. landed Admiral Cervera
npd his officers, prlioners ot war, at Annapolis
on Saturday afternoon and then steamed down
the Chesapeake,
- MM -- ----tl-l
PORTO BICO EXPEDITION.
TUB WAR BOARD DISCUSSES PLANS '. Si
WITH THE PRESIDENT, ' l
. : tMu
Simultaneous Attack to Be Made by the " 9
Army and Navy on the Defences of San j -9
Juan-Most of the Troops to Be Km- S
barked at New York end Newport New. j fl
Wi.snwoTOK, July 17.-Boveral oonfercneeg " B
were held to-day by loading members ot tho Bf
War Administration, with tho objoct ot em- II
barking tho joint military and naval expedition VI
to Porto Rico at tho earliest posslbla data. In flf
tho afternoon tho members ot tho Naval War -; H
Board, consisting of Admiral Slcard. Copt. JM2
Crownlnshteld, and Cnpt Mahon, went to tho " iM
Whlto House to consult with the President. fisff
Seorotarles Algor and Long also being present. !i
Enrllorlntho day an extended conference was 'uj&
held at tho War Department between Beoretary WF;
Alger, Major-Gen. Brooke, and Col. Becker, tho S'i
officer In charge of negotiations to soouro at;-
transport ships. The meeting of tho War h
Secretaries and the 8trotgy Board, whloh was i i
begun In tho afternoon, was continued at 8 3 i
o'clock to-night and lasted for about an hour. J M
Tho series of Sunday conferences was in it- 2 it
self Indlcatlvo of tho deslro of the Government ,' ft
to push tho operations of tho army and navy in ji m
tho West Indlos as rapidly as possible, and it I j W
beoamo known after tho meetings woro ad- w 1
journed that tho plans for tho Porto Rico expo- '$f,
dltlon were discussed In great detail. What lira
those details are the members wore unwilling flf
to say. Tho statement was made, however. pHS
that tho attack on Porto Bico will bo made by a ''Isj
joint movomont of the army and navy, and that jjajj
each branch of tho servloo will have an tmpor- Kffl
tant part to play In tho offensive operations. IFU
Thoconforonoe between Bocrotary Alger, Gen, jjpB
Brooko and Col. Heokcr was devoted almost en- -$p
tlroly to the question of transportation. Col. Hf 1
Hecker supplied Information in his possession $jvj
regarding the number and kind of ships avail- UV
able and In prospoct for tho transportation of Sfi
troops to Porto Bleo, and tho question of places ) it
of omharkatlon was discussed to come extent. ft
Tho opinion still prevails that tho principal I m
places of sailing will bo New York and Newport 1
Nows, the troops from Cblokamauga nnd Camp s
Algor, Va., being dostinod to embark from thoso H
places. I If
Tho discussions of tho War Board at tho K
Whlto House wero of a more comprehensive M
kind. Although tho exact plan of attack on jm
Porto Rico cannot bo glvon. It is known that !;E
the plan provides for a simultaneous attack by lju
tho land nnd naval forces on the city of San If
Juan, tho most strongly defended town In tho M
Island. Tho experience of Admiral Sampson In Sf
attacking the shore batteries several weeks ago fff
will be valuablo to tho navy In carrying out tho ill
projected campaign, and tho Information ob- ml
talned from tho Admiral was mado uso ot to- gu
day In planning tho attack. Some facts in ro- ljt
gard to Porto Rico and Its defences, obtainod . 5pl
from Insurgents from tho Island who arc now Ijigjf
In Washington, was also brought before tho line' j
war council. IBS
Trom tho bost sources at tho command of tho WL
Government, thcro aro only about 10,000 ;IJE
Spanish troops, inoludlng regulars and volun- IB
teem. In Snn Juan and other parts ot tho 'jE'
Island. The volunteors are described as half- ml
heartod In tholr loyalty to tho Government. Sir
and the War Department does not expect a J3I
stubborn resistance in tho coming campaign. iK
INFANTItr TO BE HURRIED OFF. jSl
Six Transports at Tnmpa Will Carry Them Jfflf
as Well as Artillery. Isi
Tampa. Fla., July 17. Tho order received by ; M
Gen. Coppingor last evening regarding tho 'ufi
movomont of troops from thlB city Is far moro '1 SI
comprehensive than ho allowed to be known at J 3
first. To-day it has developed that Instead ot -f
only tho remnant of artlllory which Is now fe)
here being rushed to the front the ordor In- Sf
eluded infantry to tho number of about 5.000. jc
Six transports havo been designated to tako 8
over expeditions, which in the ordor has Ban- jig
tlago its objective point, but which, on arriving Jm
thoro, may find orders to proceed further. Tho f
transports destgnatod are tho Mohawk, Gussle,
Morgan. Iroquois. Tanlta and Florida. jjjf
Tho movement of artlllory from Camp Rogers, &
a short dlstanco from this city, was begun this E
morning, and a considerable part of tho sup- (Sl
plies and ammunition has already been loaded Mm
on the transports. To-morrow all of the heavy 'ma
guns will bo placed aboard and tnen tho movo-
mentof tho infantry will begin. jl
It has not'yet bcn announced definitely, but I
it Is behoved by thoso In position to know that
the Third UnltedStntes Cavalrynndfourtroops 1 1
of tho Roosevelt rough riders will bo among 3
the troops sent ovor. Tho infantry which is to M
bo sent has not been designated, but the fact r M
that four or flvo regiments nre to ' gH
be sent has become generally known, and in Bjl
consequence tho officers and men of the regU jjt
monts encamped here aro on the alert, expect- ; Mft
ing ordors to movo at once. From tho most w
trustworthy Information obtalnablo It is safe to - Kg
say nono of Gen. Carpenter's division will go, ' WM
but tho chances are largely In favor ot 1
tho Third Pennsylvania. First Ohio, 157th vMj
Indiana, Second Xew York, and Fifth Mary- fl
land roglmonts, which constitute tho remnant jkh
of Gen. Snyder's division. Tho six transports ffl&
can tako ovor all of theso regiments with tho "W&
artillery and supplies, and thoro is scarcely a jsff
doubt that this outfit will constitute tho men jM
who are to leave here under command ot Geo, fflm
Bchwan within the next fow days. 'jfej1 1
Port Tampa, the Place of embarkation, hag jL' f
again assumed tho great activity which charaa. JL I
terized It previous to tho sailing of an oxpedU " jjg, '(
tlon of largo proportions. The railroad ha
tween this city and that placo Is now con- ' I J
tlnually crowded with trains carrying S' (
stores nnd wagons to tho latter point. Jt' -
However much tho work of loading Is rushed Wk
It will be Impossible to get the fleet In readl- ,6'Ijj
ncss for depnrturo before Thursday or Friday. 'l,j
Am fast as tho transports nro loaded they will ,SJ
proceed to Kuy West, where convoys are now -urn
awaiting tholr arrival. vim
It Is practically certnln to-night that when ,HJM
this expedition Is gotten off that Gen. Cop. .'
plnger. with the remnant ot his oorr, will ; .
movo from Tampa. Information has been re. ; 'j
celvodfrom tho War Department that faor- i; ,
ablo consideration has boon given his reeom- ' - ,
mendatlon In this regard, but the site of tho f
now camp has not yet been located. Strong 6
pressure has been brought to bear on tho See- f
retury of War by tho political friends of the voU s- i
unteer regiments now hore to move tho camp,
and, unless It develops that tho corps Is to bo j
sent to the front within tho noxt month, tho t -
change will Ij made. J' ;
The sick In the sovcrol camps are all doing B
well, and no new uuses of fever, elthor malarial
or typhoid, have beon reported to-day. Tho gjj
ruin, which has beon pouring for the last week, H
has ceased, und the camps ara again In a com a,
paratlvely good condition. ft
Tho typhoid fovor with which some of tho 'M
men uro III Is of a very mild tyxi and tho mor 'ft
tallty Is low. Tho city Is doing everything pos- Jff
slblntoput itself In a healthful condition, and
a lamo force of muu nro at uork draining U
the camp so that future mlus will result luonly Mi
temporary Inconvenience. 3lw
Pier llaUders for Ilalqulrl. jV
The last of tho Santiago plor-buildlug expedU In
tlongotawnyfromheroyestordayafternoon. It IM
was mado up of tho steam tugs Do Witt 0. Iviag (ra
und Glndlsftin, tho former with two scows and lit
ti lighter In tow, and the latter with tho floating 1
derrick Monarch, tho small tug Hnhard lashed , (
to Its deck, and two lighters In tow. The rest b
ot the expedition, consisting of the steamor S
Panama, with 100 skilled moclianios. 250 labors I
era, and a cargo ot lumber, tools, and supplies. fc
was at Newport Mews yesUrday, i, iM
lffflrjfffiriir a a a a wir'W'nimtMitu;, k.j -1 ' '-K

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