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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, July 18, 1898, Image 3

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I,. -uiim
IL Ja gnxx most tjie riuiasmv
to ymr rona.
0,gmoVe Mirt Olnre ns On After Another
of th Spnnlih fililpt Wm Bent Aahorr
tj, Sew York's '.mi. Clinae nnd the
Mngnincent Spectacle nr Officers nnd
,Ifn Snw-Tho Great Mistakes of the
ipanlarila In Tlielr Kffort to Ktenpe
onm ol the Iifinni Noted Immediately
p srlns o' Some or Them on the Malno
plMtr-Actloni of the Spanish Ballon.
On bsim or Cum. July A. It will ro
)n t(,o task of a historian whoso nonius Is
Tettoblovelot101 gather toeother tho va
rious accounts of participants In yesterdays
rivsl action, when Corvcrn'B fleet waa de
rtro, and to construct from them an account
Sit which will bring out all tho Incidents nnd
Lt to cadi Its duo Importance. No Utornl do
Srlrtinn .f H all will ever bo wrltton. Noab.
Jolutcl)-correct pk'turo of Itwlllovor bo drawn.
Konncman will cvor grasp or npproclnto all
ilmt happened In tho forenoon watch of Bun
Juv July n.lWW. off tho harbor of Hantlago do
Cut. W thothousnmU of men who witnessed
tiaru'oftho action nnd took part In them.no
two entirely ngroo a to nil tho dotalls. Tho
whole truth will probably novor bo broucht
tofetlier In ono complete Btory. and oven what
will come to be recognized In tlmo as the host
! account ot It must noeds bo gathered as tha
result of continued labor and InQnlto pains In
B vi.trint methods of research.
Tho dories repented to-day arc fragments.
I Fragments nro speeding to Washington as
I effl'lnl despatches. Fragments nro supplying
I thonowcrnpersof tho woild. Fragments will
1. al.e up the contents of thousands upon thou
' i finds of letters homo. Tho story has resolved
' Itwlt Into tho collection of flying fragments.
who errand was death and destruction on tho
' tM fuvnd and life and Inspiration on tho other,
fflth the odor of tho powder bumed yestor
daystlll In tho air. ono gropes In his memory
for something with which to compare tho re
iultsot the day and falls to find It In naval his
tory Only Manila seems to rank with It. and
yet. beside bnntlaso. Manila drops to second
place. There the American fleet rushed against
I and demolished a second-rate fleot, whllo here
the flowerof tho 8panlsh Navy hurled Itself upon
the waiting ships of tho Americans, which sent
them ashoro. six burning wrecks. Compari
sons with the long ago are not satisfactory.
With the quick changes of modern naval
science, the fleets which met here yesterday
differed vastly from any which ever mot be
fore. The situation conld not have been bettor
calculated to test the uses for which the differ
ent classes of ships wero designed. In the mad
rush from tho harbor wero tho lean orulsors.
with the untried torpedo-boat destroyers, of
Which so much has been expected. 'Waiting
for them wero tho theoretically slower moving
1 battleships, four battleships to the four arm
wl cred cruisers, and one armored cruiser and
M two hastily converted yachts to tho two torpedo
y boat destroyors.
I rnisT sunnuaxa or toe sat.
i There wore plenty of surprises In theout-
9 come. First, perhaps, should be mentioned
Br tho unexpected utility of the Gloucester and
W next, the unparalleled activity of the Oregon.
EJ, On the other aide, tha utter Incapacity of tho
Furor and Fluton was equally surprising.
One naturally wonders how the American floet
would have fared had It tried to force tho har
bor. It would have boon at far greater disad
vantage than the Spaniards woro in coming
out, for not only would tho Are of tho entlro
Hpanlsh fleet havo been concentrated on each
ahlp of tho American lino, but tho harbor mines
and tho Bhoro batteries would also havo been
In use. It may be assumod that the mines
would havo been exploded prematurely, but
the battorles nt that rango would surely havo
been effective. Yet tho American plana already
contemplated an nttempt to force tho entrance.
It had long been suspected that the glorious
daring of Assistant Naval Constructor llobson
In running tho collier Morrimao In under tho
flro of tho batteries and In sinking her there
had not completely blocked tho channel. Tho
Captain who was sont out under the flag of
truce the aftomoon following the sinking of
tho collier Intimated that any of tho American
(hips might still entor tho harbor. Ho said the
channel was difficult, and had been made moro
I I difficult by Hobson's act. but plainly loft It to
U I be Inferred that it was not Impassable Tho
J careful watch kept on tho harbor entrance Is
W. evldenco that tho channel was regarded as pos
V slbly open, and thoro had boon for some time
'i an eager hope throughout tho American fleot
that tho enemy would make the attempt ho did
I mako yesterday.
! Tha hour ehoson by Admiral Cerrera was a
complote surprlso. however. Before the patrol
by launches and tho lighting ot the ontranco
j by aearclillght wero established the night
seemed by all moans tho most feasible time
for the attempt. Tho Spaniards may have ob
served that tho night watch was moro strict
than that ot the day, for such was the fact. To
the Americans, however, tho hour finally
chosen seems to havo ottered tho fowest possi
ble ohances of success. Thoro wero nlno hours
of daylight for tho chase. If strategy consists
in fooling tho enemy tho forenoon watch was a
strategic time, but it was suicidal.
Tohosuro. tho surprlso caused a little dolay
In getting tho American ships under full head
wuy, but In tho cool ot the morning, with nil
hands fresh from the night's rest, a llttlohnrd
work soon made up for that. The momont was
also opiortinio for the Spaniards In vlow of tho
fact that tho Massachusetts wnsatGuantann
mo and tho Now York at Slbonoy. Neverthe
less, the second dog watch, from 0 to 8 o'clock
In tho oeniug, with tho fleet In tlio mhlstof
Preparations for thr fast coming night, would
seem to hno been i far bettertimo tochooio.
That tho Spaniard should "como out shoot
ing" was another unexpected detail. Tho
Americans had lieen looking for nn nttompt by
A tticm to slip out unobberved, nnd tho open dash
yi wns another surprise. It seems now to havo
l been a piece of reckless folly, too. The smoko
,'t of her own guns was. to be suro. a mnntlo un
der wliieh each ship's precise outlines wero
hidden, but tlin hank of Kinoko was Itsolf a suf
ficient turget for tho American gunners. It tho
y bpaiiMi ships could havo kept closer together
ni nnd could havo made bettor speed, tho smoko
-4 creen might havo been moro effective but as
It vnscnh ship offered a fair mark.
It would seem, too, that tho Spaniards might
hau'inmlo more out of tho situation aftor thoy
II were out df tho harbor. Thoy took n course to
the wostvsaid through tho gap In thnblookad-
1 lne lino Mui'im tho llrooklyn und the shoro,
I Eoi'igoutsldo of tho Vixen. Thoro was nearly
I as large a gap to tho bouthcast through tho
& atutlon left vacant by tho New York. Hero was
f, tl10 Hcsnliito four miles out nnd beyond
her half a doxen transports,' practically
! dufetici'icag ships and easy proy, IJoyond
' them was the open m-a, Jutting out across
the enurw actually taken lay Capo Cruz, and In
I'ftitinii to houilnffn flight toward tho sou tho
DruuUni, the only fast cruiser on station. It
wauot, nppaiontly, u part of the Spanish plan
to owrnhclni this hIiIp particularly, for when
the leaded In for ft moment to meet tlm sus
lri.Mi laniiiilng of tho Infanta Maria Teresa
Hint hlup turned tmlilo to avoid her. It may
l.u i.e it that tho lack of foresight which left
dim en? out of tho Spanish plans also mis
took tit,, hiiijistotheeastwnrdfornrincil vessels.
Vilint .npi'uimohato been tho next greatest
l''U:dci,f the Kpaulurds after their choico of
Mini Uttslnutteiiiptlngtn run their ships out
B alli.n tlii'Huiiir, rournc. It gavo tho Amorlcnn
)Wk fleet c-hiifiPo to concentrate In Its pursuit and
I VJ w"l,alarso factor in tho good marksmanship
i VJ (lm,,;) mi j,j. t, Americans, a tho rango wns
rw tlw ,itne or Pllc, sllccvMilioKpanlsh ship. Hud
',' l tho four cni'sers taken fourilllTcrer.t directions
h ju "'', American fleet must of necessity havo been
j dlvl'leii, and h.td such u ficntterlng run beon nt-
i ltuptoa at ulgbt. or juat before night. It to
Jf ....
almost certain that some ot tha ahlp would
hays escaped.
The torpedo-boat destroyers mlaht.lt would
seem, havo been used to greater advantage.
Trnlllng out as thoy did bohtnd the orulsors.
they bocame nn Immediate mark for tho slower,
lionvler American ships, as they lagged behind
In tho chano after tho cruisers. Had thoy orept
along In tho wake of n couple of tho cruisers
thoy might well hnvo had n ehanoo to dart out
nt ono of the American battleships under tho
protecting cover of tho smoke from the dis
charges of tho cruisers' suns. Under such cir
cumstances they would have fought as It has
always beon expected such Irnft would fight,
nnd be most effective. In tho position assigned
to them, however, each was na fair n mark as
any ono of tho cruisers, and thoy were ovon
moro quickly disabled,
Considerations llko these have already been
tho toplo of much discussion by naval expert),
nnd will continue to bo for a long tlmo. It Is
for tho purpose ot making such criticisms and
hazarding such guessos that naval men of all
nations have been following tho operations of
tho war. Theposslbllltlcsof tho modern navies
of the world nnd thelrtnctlcal evolutions nro tho
product ot discussion rather than tho result of
practical oxperlonce, nnd It la not Impossible
that thoro will bo many changos In naval
Bcience as a result of the observations
of tho phenomena of yesterday's notion. Hun
dreds of possibilities woro thought ot nnd
scores woro nientlonod durlngthocngagement
Thoy wero, however, of llttlo uso nt tho tlmo.
Tho orders for tho contingency had been given
long boforo. nnd consisted ot general directions
to destroy. Tho strategic and tactical talk was
a sldo Issue while the enemy's flags floated
abovo their flying ship). Tho onlyslgnnl flown
from tho flagship during tho action wns:
"Close in to tho harbor entraneo nnd attack
tho enemy."
Tho great half clrclo of blockading ships of
tho American fleot had been assembled off
Santiago for n month nnd a week, and slnco
tho arrival of Admiral Sampson on Juno 1 had
boon drawing in Its linos steadily. In tho last
two weeks a hopo had arisen that tho Span
lards would attompt an eseapo. Tho hopo had
grown to n flerco deslro on tho part of tho
Americans, though tho probability of Its real
ization hnd dwindled steadily Binco the arrival
and landing of tho army. It had long boon tho
Intention ot Admiral Sampson to send In two
torpedo boats, but thoro had not beon
two ot tho four such craft with tho
fleet In perfect condition at a suit
able tlmo. Thon. finally. It was decided to
attompt to force the harbor with two battle
ships at tho head of the American lino. Tho
ships were actually preparing for this manoeu
vre. The Massachusetts was coaling and fitting
at Guantannmo and the other ships wero
cleaning up boilers on their stations. Admiral
Sampson nnd a few officers had left tho lino on
tho flagship Now York, which was about to tum
In at tho Ensenada do los Altares. whenco a
rldo on mules would bring tho naval offleora to
tho army headquarters In front ot Santiago.
Morning quarters had sounded on tho flag
ship at half past 0. The executive officer had
received his reports on tho Btnrboard quarter
deck and was orderinr tho retreat to bo sounded.
Suddenly, without a hall from the signal bridge
or tho lookout, without a premonitory sound In
any part of tho ship, all hands turned as though
by some occult forco toward tho Monro, eight
miles aBtorn. A low muttering, llko tho awod
comments of a party of Blghtseers In a great
building, began to be heard throughout tho
ship. Thoro was a hurrying of officers and
men. a quick hall from the bridge, and then a
udden silence as the young officer on duty
there saluted and replied:
"There Is firing from the eastern and west
ern batteries, sir. The ships are returning It.
There Is a bank ot smoke outstdo tho entrance.
I can't make out whether it Is a ship or not. I
think It Is a ship, sir."
For one short moment there was confusion.
Then tho precision of routine dlsclpllne'over
came It. Orderlies and messengers raced ono
another In tho carrying of orders and reports.
Thoro was a jangle of bells from tho engine
room, nnd the New York careened slightly as
slio felt the holm hard-a port, and her head
camo round In a grand nro to star
board. Only two boilers were In com
mission, nnd the forward engines were
not coupled. About eight knots was tho
limit of speed under these conditions, but
fi full force was already laying more Arcs, and
It was decided that tho four or flvo minutes re
quired to couplo on tho forward engines should
not be wastod until there was moro steam. In
n fow momenta general quarters wore sounded
nnd all hands rushed to tholr stntlons. Awn
ings, wlndsalls, rail stanchions, and standing
rigging came down nnd were stowed away,
Flro hose was laid out. SurgeonB' appliances
woro nt hand. Guns were manned nnd breeches
opened to close again on charges passod up
from the magazines by tho powder division.
Seven miles ahead two moro pillars of tire and
smoke had emerged from tho narrow harbor
entrance. One of them was somewhat less
opaque than tho othors, nnd the faint outlines
of n dark-colored wnrehlp could bo mado out
within It. As the flagship churned along, gain
ing speod slowly, another ship appeared. Tho
fourswung into line, forming n great wall of
smoke, from under which nasty spits ot flro
shot out toward tho American floet. Abovo and
bohlnd was a second wall of smoke, from
which tho shoro batteries sont shot after shot.
Opposite thoso wero great rolling heaps of nn
sworing smoke, returning shot for shot. Across
tho wholo thero nroso n lattlco work of water
columns ralsod by splashing shells. Innumer
able, they sprang up and fell again, slowly.
whllo moro Blowly still thoro drifted away from
each a llttlo spurt of smoko. Gradually this
Bmoko accumulated, forming a hazo on tho
water In which tho flashOB of tho guns assumed
n reddish glow, whllo tho location of tho ships
boeamo moro and moro Indistinct,
It was distinctively later tha tho destroyers
appenred. Tho smoke they produced camo
In smnllerstrenms. and their low black forms
woro moro distinct than thoso of the cruisers
ahead of them. Moro distinct, too, woro tho
columns of water mado by rIioIIh landing near
them. Nearer and nearer enmo tho shells, and
within a fow moments of tho appearanco of
these destroyers thoro could bo distinguished,
from tho miniature, flashes of their own guns,
tho dcepor glare of shells exploding right In
them. Shot nfter shot could bo seen to land,
each followed by n darkcnlncof tho ovorhang
ing canopy of smoko.
Tho llttlo craft stopped and seemed to wnvor.
Thoy appeared for n moment to contemplate an
oaBtwnrd courso. In that hesitation thoy wero
lost. The withering flro of tho American bat
tlcshlpA caught thorn, and then the destroyors
wero loft to tho nnxlllnry yacht GlouccBter.
This Intrepid craft pushed her way Insldotho
cruisers' course, nnd hor guns could bo seen to
iliiBh as tho 0-pound missiles wero sent in quick
Bucccsslon on tho ono bUIo townrd tho last ot
thoerulsorH nnd on tho other toward tho do
HtroyerM. Hor lire was answored from both
bides, too. and thoro wus little thought that her
reply to tho signal "Itoport casualties" nt tho
undof tho day would bo "None."
Meantlmo tho llcr.oluto, which had been
within hall of tho flagship as she left hor sta
tion, nnd had then gone out to four miles dis
tance, steamed to tho east and met tho flagship
again. A megaphono hall sent her hurrying to
Slbonoy to cablo from thero to Gunntnnamo
that tho Spanish lloet had left tho harbor, and
to order tho Massachusetts to return imme
dlutoly, and tho other vossols nt that point to
hurry up as reinforcements. Tho torpedo
bout Ericsson, which wus lying to nt
Slbonoy, also camo out on signal from
tho flagship nnd stood to the wost
with her. Thoso two hurrying vessols drew
within rango of tho SpnntBh shoro bnttorlos
just ns tho ships to tho westward drew out.
Tho battery ut tho extreme west of tho cn
tianeo to tho port, tho best mannoil of tho do
fonccsof Snntlago.sont half a dozen shelluvloso
to tho flagship. Nnnnswor was made, although
tho shells camo near tholr mark, Thero wns
morn Important gamo ahead, and while tho
guns' ciows stood silent at tholr stotlons tho
euclnoors' forco Ulow workod with a will.
Boiler aftor boiler was fired, ahd u
tha slow hands ot the pressure- Indicators
roaohod marks corresponding with ihoso on
the boilers in uso, qulok turnings of big vnlves
threw them into circuit with tho throbbing en
gines. There was no dlfferenco In speed ap
parent it one gazed continuously at tho water
that seemed to slip by so slowly : but when one
turned away, thon looked again, ho saw the
gain, Tha sound, too, of the bow surges grow
loudor and heavlor as tho ship hurried on.
Two mllos beyond the Morro tho flagship
flred hor only shots. They wero four, nil from
forward 4-Inch guns. Tho first soomed to
strike the upper works of tho last destroyer,
tho socond landed near by and tho othor two
went beyond, to tho left. In tho direction ot tho
ships. Tho last two woro useless shots, but
they gavo tho Now York a plnoo In tho engage
ment. Hor big turret guns did not spnnk.
The shots at tho destroyors woro taken be
cause tho Gloucester, which was oloso aboard
of thorn nnd had hemmed them In almost on
shore, two miles ahead, had suddenly censed
firing, though tho two destroyers were still en
veloped In smoke, and wero steaming nlowlv to
tho westward. An tho flagship drew nearer,
however, It could bo seen easily that tho de
stroyers were not firing. Tho whlto smoko
about them camo from tiros which had started
In a dozen plnces on each. As tho shell from
tho Now York reachod Its mark on the first of
tho destroyers, tho llttlecrnft launched forward,
hor tow settling ominously.
At a mllo's dlstanco both destroyors could bo
seon to bo total wrecks, ltough-cdgcd wounds
ot all sizes, through tho largest ot whloh an
occasional glint of daylight beyond was visible,
had punctured tho low, dark hulls and super
structures In every part. Thero had been no
tlmo to nolo tho flight of minutes, but hero
were two of tho six most powerful torpedo-boat
destroyers In tho world, of supposedly twenty
eight nnd thirty knots speed, cut down, rid
dled and wholly disabled In a run of nliout threo
mllos. Tho firing upon them had boon from
seven vessels which were nt tho samo tlmo en
gaged with fourarmored cruisers. As tho Now
York was passing tho Gloucester lowered a
boat, which put for tho nearer dostroyor, al
ready foundering in deop wntor. Tho othur
was grounded halt a mllo boyond. Both hnd
stmck their colons, and thoso of tho Pluton
wore secured by Capt. Wnlnwrlght of tho
Beyond the noxt point. In n, cove called Nlmn
Nima, flvo and a halt miles from Santiago, tho
Spanish flagship Infanta Maria Toresa was
beaohod, flying n whlto flag. This ship hnd led
tho lino out of the harbor. Tho vory llret Bhot
directed against hor had cut off hor main wator
supply pi io. Tho second shell that landed on
hor had set her aflro astern. Hor crow could
not keep tho flames In control. Several lS-lneh
shells swept through hor, nnd countless ones
of smallbr cnltbro also lodged and burst In her.
Loss than n mllo beyond, at Juan Gonzales,
tho Almlranto Oquendo won beached. Sho wns
tho Inst of tho cruisers to leave Santiago, nnd
In tho interval before the destroyors had ap
peared all the surplus flro ot the American fleet
had boon concentrated on her. Her injuries
were oven moro vital than thoso ot the Infanta
Maria Teresa, and tho loss ot llfo greater. One
of the first shots that reached her exploded In
tho aftor torpedo compartment, setting a hot
lire. The guns' crews were driven from sta
tions by tho sheila, that swept everything be
fore them. She was beached a llttlo higher out
of water than tho first cruiser, and the fire,
which Is still burning In her, has done more
dnmago. Early this morning a terrlflo ox
ploslon occurred on board, and tho vessel is a
complete wreck.
These two vessels carried complements of
nearly 1,000 men. Cebreco. the Cuban leador
at that point, has burled something over 100
bodlos that havo washed ashore from them,
and another 100 remain on board. As the
Spanish flagship struck her colors the crew was
gathered In the forecastle. Men Icapod over
board as fast as their desperation led them to
it, and swam ashore, or perished In tho surf.
The Vlzcayn was tho next Spanish ship to
succumb. She was benched at Aserradero, 15
miles from Santiago. Opposite) hertho Ameri
can line had separated, according to the speeds
of tho different vessels. It was long-range
shooting and a difficult targetbut when their
undivided attention wns turned to the Vlzcayo,
tho American gunners mado an end of her ca
reer In about six minutes. Tho Vlzcayn was
run ashoro with a Spanish flag still flying from
tho gaff. It wns not hauled down until almost
burned nway by tho flames climbing up from
tho riven hull. A detachment of Cubans on
shoro could be seon firing on the boat that sho
had lowered and on the long lino of men swim
ming In from tho ship. The Iowa picked up
thirty-eight officers and 238 men from her later.
Before rcaohlng tho VIzenya tho Now York
passed two nnked men in tho wator. Tho first
was a magntllceut fellow, physically, nnd an
expert swimmer. Ho was heading, apparently,
for Snntlago. As tho Now York approached
him ho stood up in the wator wating both arms
above his head, shouted some unintelligible
words, and grinned. A life preserver was
hurlod toward him, for which ho stmck
out In long, powerful strokes. Tho seo
ond man was passod a few minutes
later, heading for the boach. Ho was nenrly
exhausted, nnd wasted much of his remaining
strength In shouting at tho ship. Ho was evi
dently afraid. Llfo preservers wero nlso thrown
to him, but it could not be scon whether ho
reached thorn. The Indiana and Iowa dropped
out of tho American line nt this tlmo und re
mained near tho disabled Spanimds, picking
un nrlcinnr.
During tho concentration of flro on tho Viz
enjatho Cristobal Colon hnd increased her lead,
nnd wns pushing westward under u forced
draught that mado her look as though sho was
on flro. so dense wns tho smoko Issuing from
her funnels. leading thoehnsewerotho llrook
lyn, well out : tho Oregon, fiirthor In : tho Toxus,
a llttlo astern, and tho Vixen. outHldo tho
Texas. Tho Now York by this time hud In
creased hor speed to over ninety involutions,
nnd began to pick up tho Cristobal Colon, which
hnd gotten hull down.
Thn American BhlpB formed a quarter of an
ellpse, nnd tho Spaniard wus gradually slip
ping back townrd ono of tho foci of it. Far
ahead tho dim hluo outlines of Capo Cru;; wero
growing moro distinct on the horizon, nnd tho
end was In sight by noon. Hull nn hour later
the Oregon and Brooklyn drew abreast of their
quarry. Tho Spaniard drew In toward shore
nnd seemed to bo seeUIng a cononlont plnco
to beach. Twice tho big guns of tho Oregon
spoko. Ono shell overreached Its mark, nnd
tho other landed near thn Colon's bows. Tho
ship wenkened. Sho flred one Bhot to cast
ward, hauled down her flag, then turned In nnd
ran aground at lllo Tmquino, forty-eight miles
from Sunt logo.
Thn AmerlenuH turned In toward her. As
they approached tho Spaniards must hue
workod hard, for their object now wns no deed
of bravery, butu ircneliorous pleco of wnnton
destruction. Tho breechblocks of their guns
woro torn out nnd oust oorbonrd. Tho sea
cocks nud tho Kingston valve wero opened.
I'oits and torpedo tubes wero cleared,
and every imsslblo Inlot for water was
opened. When n boat from tho Brook
lyn reached hor, tho only request mado
by her dnBtnnlly crow was that they
might retain tholr pemonal effects. Thoy had
dbnoovorythlng within tholr power to wreck
tho lungnlllcunt ship they manned, though not
over half n dozen shots had Htruck her. Hor
losses under tho American lire woro ono man
killed nnd less than twenty wounded, No flro
hail started in tho ship, Tho dirty work was
well done, 'no, though Its effects wero not at
first apparent.
Tho Cristobal Colon had como out of tho bur
bor nt 0:4.' A. M. anil wns beached at 1:15
T. 31., having travelled tho forty-eight mllos at
un average siood of l'J.7 knots. It Is ust ertod
that she mado oor 17 knots at times, but
this could not bn maintained because ot
tho weakness of the engineers' force,
many of whom had been on shoro at San
tiago and had lacked sufficient !oo4 As
' ...
rapidly as possible- a rrt orow for the
Colon was detailed from tho flagship
nnd from the Oregon. nd wa sent
on board. Tho prisoners nt tho samo tlmo wore
transferred to tho Besolutei. which had come
up, reporting that a man-of-war, flying what
appeared to bo a Bpanlsh flag, had boon sighted
to tho southward. Tho Brooklyn went In pur-'
suit, though It was thought probable, ns af tor
ward proved to be tho caso,that it was tho Aus
trian Knlsorln Maria Teresa.
LUutenant-Commnnder James K. Cogswoll,
oxecutlvo officer of the Oregon, was placed In
command of tho prlzo. Tho American ensign
was not to bo raised until tho last of hor old
crew had been removed. Tho transfer of tho
men was slow wprk. It was not completed
when, at half past 7, tho Colon slipped off tho
reef on which sho had been run and began to
settle qulokly In dcop water. F.very available
small boat belonging to tho Bhlps In sight was
sent In to assist In removing all hands.
An anchor was let go on board, nnd. with tho
ship sottlod until the water was lovel with tho
gun ports, sho rested easy for n time. Tho
Vixen wns nskod If Bho could not tow tho
Colon Inshore, but reported that she could not.
The Now York was run in slowly with a, hugo
rope fondor across hor bows. By tho glare
from her foretop soarchllght hor noso was
placed gontly against tho starboard quarter
of tho Colon. Tho two big ships gritted
tngetbor for a momont as tho Now York's on
glncs wont ahead powerfully. Tho Colon
dlppod. swayed, and swung around heavily
toward tho beach. A line was sent ashore In a
whnloboat and made fast. Tho Now York
swung off. backed out and came In again bo
sldo tho Colon's starboard bow, n hawser was
passed to tho Colon, nnd tho New York surged
against It until tho Colon stnrtod astern Into
four fathoms of wator. It was thought torn
tlmo that tho prlzo could bo saved, but sud
denly sho swayod. toppled nnd rolled ovor on
her port beam ends, her starboard guns point
ing straight for tho zonlth.
Itwastholastot tho six ships that hnd Bpcd
out of tho beleagured harbor of Santiago twelvo
nours before. They had been destroyed utter
ly. Tho American loss was Chlof Yeoman
George H. Ellis of tho Brooklyn, kilted, nnd ono
mnn of tho samo ship woundod. It was tho
most comploto nnd overwhelming rout of an
enemy which had threatonod tho onttro east
ern seaboard of the United States at ono tlmo,
and tho wave of Its moral effect has not yet
rolled back from tho othor sldo ot tho waters ot
tho earth.
Amorooutllnoof tho engagomentasviewod
from the flagship has been hero set down. That
viewpoint was chosen becauso It was a moving
ono and covered tho entire field ot action, al
though not porhaps at all of tho most interest
ing momenta. As already intimated, tho gath
ering togethor of tho wholo story Is an impossi
bility and Its approximation Is a thing of the
distant future. Already tho Individual stories
of dlfforent men become conflicting. Thoy
overlap In tlmo nnd describe the samo events
from dlfforent vlowpolnts.
Tho Oregon is credited with the first alarm of
tho movement ot tho Spanish ships. Her signal
was hoisted:
"Think ships are preparing to leave harbor."
AO-poundorgun was flred to draw attention
to this signal and the ship mado record tlmo In
going to general quarters. Bho was the first
battleship cleared for action, and eho engaged
every Spanish ship In ordor. Hor l.'l-lnch guns
did the most execution among tho enemy's
ships, and tho handling ot tho ship herself was
a proot ol her excellence in every partic
ular. Her station was south of the Morro. woll
to tho eastward of tha Vixen. Brooklyn, Texas
and Iowa. In the long chase after the Cristobal
Colon she passed all these ships, one after an
other, except tho Brooklyn, and did It with
less apparent effort at speed thon was shown
by any other ship. The Cristobal Colon's
funnels, especially, belched out Immense
columns of dark smoko. The pomr of hor
forced draught carried even flames at
times from tho stacks. Npno of the American
vessols mado so much smoke; and from none
were tho columns so continuous. Tho Oregon's
smoko was not heavy at any tlmo. and thoro
wero minutes at a tlmo when only tho faintest
hazo floated from her funnels. Tho great ship
piled up a big foam-crested billow across her
bows, and rushed on as though dragged by a
hidden force of Incalculable powor.
Tho Gloucester, formerly tho yacht Corsair,
achieved a name for horself that will long bo
remembered. Sho hnd tho slight advantagoot
a harmless appearance, and may not havo been
attacked very fiercely. Hor own advances wero
straight, quick, and foarlcssly undertaken. Sho
was tho only American vessel that fired from
both broadsides. She was not hit during tho
action, nnd this Btatomcntnlono is convincing
proof of tho Incomparably poor marksmanship
ot tho Spaniards. Tho little vessel was
a target for every gun mounted ou
shoro nnd for tho broadsides of tho
Colon, Oquendo, Furor, nnd Pluton, all nt
easy range. Tho shells flew around her, land
ing on nil sides. They wero close, some of
them. After the two destroyors hnd Bhown tho
whlto flag tho Gloucester lowered her boats
and gathered In ns many prisoners as camo her
way. Somo sho rescued as they swain, a fow
sho took directly off the burning Huton with
that vessel's surrendered colors, nnd some sho
took from tho beach, where thoy wore glad
enough to fall Into her hnnds rather than thoso
of the Cubans. Nenrly all tho prisoners taken In
tho water or on tho beach wero stripped naked
or only In underclothes.
Among such was Admiral Corvora. Ho nnd
a small party hnd reachod tho beach near tho
stranded Teresa and wero surrounded by a
hand of exultant Cubans. Tho Admiral did not
haveaswoid to surrender to the bent's crew
from the Gloucester that enmo In opportunely
through tho surf. Ho wns not distinguishable
by any bndge of rank, cither, but stopping for
ward, towel draped, he otplnlnod the situation
nud tendered his surrender, no was trans
ferred to the Iowa, where ho wns received with
tlio honors customary to his rank nnd accom
modated in tho flag officer's quarters witli
which the Iowa Is fitted.
Tho Brooklyn lay In her usual plaoo at tho
western mid outer end of tlio Ameilcnii linn
when tho ships camo out. Her first sight of
the escaping enemy was when tho Spanish
flagship Teresa rounded tlio head of land at
tho western sldo of tho harbor and pointed for
her, llrlng as who camo. There was a dlstanco
of at least threo miles between tho ships, but
from tho direction taken by tho Colon tho
Brooklyn oxpeeted to bo rammed at any mo
ment und turned her own strong bow to meet
tho enemy. When tho wholo Spanish lino had
cleared the hnrlmr entraneo and bended to tho
west, tho llrooklyn turned off, too, and started
to head oft tho escaping Bhl. Sho blared
nway with her starboard brondsldo as she gnth
orcd headway, and kept up an Intermittent flro
until hor guns crow hot and Bovornl of them
wero put out of commission. Her turret guns,
eonsldorlng tho range, wero hor most useful
nrmn. Only two of tlio Brooklyn's bollors woro
In commission at tho nppearauco of tho onemy
nnd It was somo tlmo before flro could bo
placed under tho othors. I.lko tho New York,
howover, sho hurried on. Increasing her speod
by coupling on fresh boilers as fast ns steam
was up In them. Boforo 1 o'clock sho had nix
nnd her uuxlliu -s In circuit. Tho Brooklyn
was Bllghtly In advance of tha Oregon during
tho greater part of tho long chaso of the Colon,
but when tho Colon finally ran ashore tho
Brooklyn turnod In astern of tho bnttloshlp.
Tho Vixen, formerly the yacht Josephine,
wns on tho oxtromo western station. The
courso of tho Spanish ships was outside her.
Tho weroaoNornl reasons why the llttlo ves
sel should movo, Sho was In rango of tho
American ships for one thing, and hor presence
might Interfere with tholr flro nt the onemy.
So tho Vixen hustled out to the southward as
fast as sho could, iopperlng away valiantly nt
the big black cruisers as sho went, Hho fol-
1 lowed tho chaso to tho westward and was sont
back from lllo Tarquluo with dcsiwttchos. Bhe
returned thlthor with word of the strange ves
ael to tho southward, and then assisted In tho
iiiiiniiiBiiTiiiii liiiriiiiririi iifirm'nriniMiHrwB
trnnsfor of prisoners from tho Colon. Bh was
not hlt
ThoToinsdld ns steady duty as any ot the
ships, nnd according to hor wont was In tho
thick ot tho firing nnd pursuit from start to An
lsh. A Spanish shell burst In hor smokestack,
nnd Its fragments woro shovelled Into tho fur
naces with tho coal. The Toxas had no casual
Mrs. Bho was left lost night to remain by tho
Aftor the sinking of tho destroyors, by whloh
tlmo tho outcome of tho action was already
pretty evident, tho Indiana was ordered back
to the harbor ontrnnco to keep watch thero. On
thewayslio lowered boats ahd joined In tho
roscuo work, picking up seven officers nnd 20.1
Tho Iowa was ordered back aftor tho sinking
of tho Vlzcaya, nnd also took part In tho roecue
of tho Spaniards. Bho picked up thirty-eight
officers and 1238 men. Tho Iowa was struck by
threo shells, but no ono on board was hurt,
Tho Massachusetts and Buwanoc, which left
their coaling nt Guantanamo, arrived early, as
did also tho Marblehoad and Hist. Word was
received nt Guantanamo before they left that tho
wholo Bpnnlsh fleet had escaped, nnd tholr re
joicing ntjoarnlnir the real outcome of thoovont
was correspondingly enthusiastic.
Various rumors from tho prisoners nro al
ready current In tho fleot. Tho Oquondo cer
tainly suffered mont under tho Amorlcnn flro.
Her mon say that It was absolutely beyond tho
powor ot men to hold out further. Evory shell
swept a clean courso through tho ship, and It
Is said thnt parts ot men's bodlos lined tho
odgos ot tholr tracks. Hor engineer foroo Is
said to havo beon unablo to opon the battlo
gratings, lolow which thoy were at work, and
nono escaped.
ThoVlzenyn's mon report that ono 13-inoh
sholl killed sixty ot them. It oxploded amid
Bhlps, tearing out half the ship's sldo. Tho
Teresa was destroyod almost by ono shell,
which exploded In tho wnrd room, Betting flro
totho woodwork It had splintered. Tho Colon
escaped with tho least Injury, bolng scarcely
damaged at nil. Soino of hor mon told storlos
hard to bcllovo. They said tho fleot hod beon
lltorally driven out of Santiago, nnd that if It
had not loft It would havo beon flred 'on. The
samo men nro responsible for tho statement
that It was tho impression among tho Spaniards
that tho flagship " Sampson" wns the only
vessel to bo feared In the Amortcan fleot, and
that tho Spanish ships had had steam up slnco
4 o'clock In tho morning and had thought tholr
way was clear when tlio flagship sailed totho
cast. It was the Impression among the
crows, these mon snld, that tho rest of tho fleet
was composod of auxiliaries and converted
yachts hastily and poorly armed. Tho Colon,
thoy continued, had no intention of surrender
ing until tho flagBhlp was seen behind It, but
thon when a big shot (from tho Oregon) hit
them they gavo up.
Tho stories ot tho destitution In Santiago
savored moro ot truth, and woro vouched for
by tho officers. All tho orulsers carried live
cattlo on board, and It Is probable that this was
tho only form In which moat could bo obtained.
Tho cattlo were undersized and poorly fed, ap
parently. Ot tho 140 men comprising the orews ot the
Furor and Fluton, twelvo men from one nnd
six from tho other wore saved. This propor
tion tells their story sufficiently.
Tho lost Spanish vessels were all magnificent
vessols of tholr typo. Tho armaraont, protec
tion and motive powor ot the Infanta Marls
Teresa. Almlranto Oquendo. and Vlzcaya
ranked them as almost second-class battle
ships rathor than cruisers. Tho Cristobal
Colon's 11-Inch guns hnd nevor beenmountod,
nnd thoy woro mlssod. Her crew, howover. wos
tho best ono ot tho four, and had had ohargo of
the guns of tho western battery at Santlngo,
which has done tlio most effective work
against tho blockading fleet. Tho Furor nnd
Fluton wero of the latest typo of tho torpodo
boat destroyer class, and had been much
feared, though, as It happens, not by Admiral
Sampson. Tho destruction ot tho entlro fleot,
with marvellously small loss to the Amorlcans.
Is a marvel which may lead to wonderfully
changed axioms In naval science. The engage
ment of Santiago Is without precodent In tho
past, and may long remain unequalled in tho
Theso are a fow fragments of tho history of
yosterday. Tho result may bo summed up as
follows: Spain's six vessols all destroyod; of
tholr complements. 2.125 mon, two-thirds pris
oners nnd ono-thlrd dead. Tho United States'
eight vessels wore only damaged slightly In tho
fow times they woro hit. One man was killed.
July 5. Additional dotalls ot the damage to
tho Infanta Maria Teresa and the Almlranto
Oquendo wore obtalnod by an examination of
tho hulls of theso vessels mado to-day by
parties from tho flagship New York. Theso
vessels were burning fiercely ns they went
ashoro on Sunday. Tho flro seemed to havo
started near tho base of tho mainmasts and
spread slowly. Tho entire structure of tho
ships was enveloped before longand at times
the great yellow nnd red flames could almost
bo mistaken for tho Spanish colors, still float
ing. s Thero wore frequent explosions on board,
most ot them ot smaller calibre ammunition,
tho powdor cases being hurled Into the air In
huge bunches that loftdlvorglng trails of whlto
smoke in tho air that looked llko set fireworks.
About 2 o'clock yesterday morning thero was a
tremendous explosion In tho hull of tho
Oquendo. This was probably a magazine or
torpedo compartment forward.
At any rate there was evidence to-dny of such
an explosion, too big to bo accounted for by tho
statement that a torpedo was exploded in ono
of tho tubes by a shell from tho Indiana.
The mutn evidence, of this riven Spanish hull
Is tho last proof conclusive that tho battleship
Malno was not destroyed by an Internal ex
plosion. The explosion In tho forwnrd hold of
tho Oquendo tore out the rivets of her sldo
plntes half-way to tho stern. It bulged out tho
starboard bow nearly four feot. It raised tho
steel deck abovo It for over two feet. All theso
distortions and ovcry break In tho Interior
bulkheads and braces showed great torn edges,
nil pointing outwaid, with n clear Indication of
tho direction In which tho forco that produced
them wns acting.
Tho llro had consumed noarlythn Inst ves
tlgo of woodwork throughout the ship. Only
when there wns woodwork In Immediate con
tiguity to Iron plates were n few ends of tim
bers still smouldering, with occasional fitful
flnshes of Hamo. Tho Interiors of tho ships wero
burned clean, and thn shot holes, with torn
odgos, turned nway from tlio direct Ion in which
tlio missiles had come. Tho great scars all fur
nish valuablo dnta to the men who examined
thorn. Charred liumun bodies lying nliout
nlso told a silent story of lives lost at
posts of duty. Tliodend crow of tho forwnrd
turret guns caught In thnt Iron cngo by tho
sholl-jammed door told nlo of tho frenr.y
which must hnvo possessed tho rcBt of tho
crow thnt stood nbout that very turret and
never rescued their comrades.
Thoro wan a loHson.too, though not n silent
one, In tho suddon dlschnrgo of tlio after 5 fl
inch guti nftor withstanding for forty-eight
hours tho hcatof tho conflagration that had
raged around It, Tho reooil cylinder fluid was
gone and the gun wns thrown from Kb trunnions.
She Is tho Ship That Win Clom lly When
tho Maine Win Illuwn Up lit Ilnvnnn.
Tho transport City ot Washington, which
brought 250 wounded men from Blboney nnd
landed them nt Fort 3Ionroo on tho liith, reached
the Ward lino pier In this city nt 1 o'clock yes
terday afternoon. Nono ot Iho wounded camo
up In her, and there wero on board only Copt.
Btcovens, IiIb officers, tho crow, nnd eight men
of tho Sixteenth und Twonty-fourth Infantry,
who had been assigned to special duty on tho
ship In charge of United States military equip
ments put on board atTninpa and still between
decks. Tho wounded men whom tho City of
Washington transited wero from various
regiments. Including tha rough riders, the Sev-onty-flrst
of this city, the Secoud Massachu
setts, tho Thirty-third Mlohlgsn. tho Twenty
fourth, Twenty-first, and Thirteenth regular
Infantry and tho Ninth and Tenth regular
In hcrposltlonoffBantlagotho City of Wash
ington had what might bo designated an or
chestra seat for the great naval performance
which Admiral Corvora failed to mako continu
ous. Originally tho ship had gone from thin
const with troops aboard, and aftor landing
them sho lay off Santiago harbor with the fleet,
a llttlo dlstanco boyond tho lighting ships. Tho
scone when tho Spanish ships came out Is thus
described by ono ot tho offlcors ot tho hospital
ship who wns seen on board yesterday:
" Wo lay castol tho harbor ontranco, and that
was a fortunate thing for ub, for had wo boon
lying wost ot the point of exit of tho Spanish
floet I'vo no doubt we would havo boon blown
out of tho wator. By thnt I do not moan that
Corvern would havo fired on the Bod Cross flag,
but the Spanish gunnery was so wild and so
florco thnt anything within tho half of tho com
pass toward which they woro shooting was In
danger. As tho four big ships enmo out ot the
harborand turned westward thoyseomod fairly
to shoot through tho wator. and thoybelohed
flamo from cvory sldo as thoy enmo. I can only
compare thorn to theso Japanoso parlor fire
works which sputter sparks In evory direction.
It soomed to mo that tho speed ot the ships as
thoy camo out was tho greatest I had ovor soon.
Thon camo tho chaso and firing ot our fleot, a
sight such as I novor expect to seo equalled.
" It seemod to me not moro than ton minutes
aftor tho firing boeamo genoral that the Maria
Teresa and tho Oquendo went ashore. Tho
Vlzcaya ran on for about sixteen miles, and the
Colon kept up hor flight until sho was out ot
Sonoardld the City of Washington pass to
the stmndod Spanish ahlpsthathormen had an
exccllont view of them, Tho Vlzcaya, thoy
say. Is well up on n reef, nor after guns soera
to bo all right and hor turrets aro Intaot. The
Teresa is badly wrecked. An offloor of tho
City ot Washington, who was aboard ot hor In
Havana harbor when the Maine blow up, saw
tho Maria Teresa blow up. and says that he Is
convinced from the difference of the two explo
sions that tho Maine was blown up from tho
ForU Fired on ITcr When Ccirvern Carat Ont
Going Hack With Supplies nnd Nnrtei.
Tho auxiliary cruiser Besolute, formerly tho
Old Dominion liner Yorktown, arrived In port
yesterday afternoon and droppod anchor off
Tompklnsvlllo. Bhe comes boro to take on a
cargo ot supplies for tho sick and woundod in
Cuba, as woll as a corps of trained lmmuno
nurses and doctors, in chargo of Major Thomas
O. Bummers. Burgeon, U. S. V. Tho crulsor
will start for Santiago to-morrow noon.
Tho Bosoluto is commandod by Commander
J. D. Eaton. This Is tho first time sho has been
in tho harbor slnco sho sallod out of it on May
24 an auxiliary cruiser Instead ot a merchant
man. Bhe went from hero to Newport News
and theneo to Norfolk for stores, ammunition,
and mon for Sampson's fleot. Tho crulsor thon
ran down to Guantanamo, and was off shore
when tho marines Iandod and established Camp
Tho Bosoluto was lying next to the Indiana
nnd further to the east whon Corvern's float
ran out of Santiago. She was mado a target by
the forts, as sho was closest in shore, when our
floet opened on Corvora.
Somo of tho shots from tho shore batteries
came uncomfortably close and tho men on tho
orulser got a bit uneasy, for they had aboard
300 tons ot ammunition, 40 tons of wet guncot
ton. 200 pounds of dry guncotton, and a lot ot
fulminate; of marcury detonators.. Commander
Eaton ordered her out of range, and thereafter
those on board watched tho show.
After tho fight tho Bcsoluto received 515
prisoners from tho Cristobal Colon and thon
transferred 210 of theBO to tho Bt. Louis. Then
she took on about 100 moro and on the Gth
transferred all tho prisoners sho had to the
Harvard, und on tho 8th was ordered to
Charleston, theneo to Newport News for coal
and thon sho was ordered hore.
Soon after tho Besolute dropped anchor yes
terday afternoon a navy yard tug ran alongsldo
and put two now G-poundors and some mo
cbanlcs aboard. Tho guns will be mounted be
fore she leaves port, making her armament
four 0-pounders forward. Her technical class
is an nrmod naval transport.
Besides the othor passengers to go on tho
Besoluto. thero will be twenty-two lmmuno
nurses, who arrived from New Orleans yestor
CAuanr ckrvbka, flukiko.
Newark Boy ou the Iowa First to OIvo tho
Alarm Gets 910 llewnril.
From Ou Xtwark Sunday Call.
The credit for bolng tho first to discover Ad
miral Ccrvura making his eseapo from Santlngo
harbor Is claimed by threo CaptalnB, Evans,
Clurk and Philip. In making tho claim the
Captain docs not mean to imply that ho per
sonally was tho first, but that it was ono
on his ship who did. A Nowark boy claims
to be tho first to liao given warning that
Corvora was making his eseapo. As he
has been rewarded by his superior officer for
it, that will go a long way to establish his
claim for any subsequent honors or rewards
that may bo bestowed for this highly sorvlcoa
ble discovery. Tho Nowark boy In question Is
Joseph T. Goskln, who formerly lived In War
ren street, where ho wns born and lived until
ho went to sea. Ho is signal boy on board tho
Iown, which Ib commanded by Capt. Ilobley 1).
Evans, who Is better known na"Flghtlng Bob."
Young Gaskln was on duty on the morning of
July 3 and ho was closely watching tho opening
In Santiago harbor, whon ho noticed smoke go
ing up on tho Inside, and suspecting that tho
Bpanlsh floet was attempting to eseapo ho re
ported to tho oflleorot tho deck and Immediate
ly the ship was cleared for action.
Tho Btory Is best told by young Gaskln him
self in n letter written to his sister. Sirs. M. H.
Smith of 102 Littleton avonuo. half an hour
after tho engagement. Tlio sailor lad writes:
" I talco tho grcatostof pleasure In telling you
of tho greatest nnvnl cngagomont thnt oor
took placo. Wo havo destroyed tho Spanish
crack fleet, and wo nro now sending lioata to
the rescue of tho Spanish sailors who deserted
tholr shlpH. Tho tlmo of tlio writing of this
letter is Immediately nltor "All secure' was
sounded. 12:15 I'. 31., Sunday. July 3.
"At Ho'clocU this morning I went on deck ns
usual for signal watch, I mado up my inlnd to
keep a good lookout ontho mouthof tlio harbor,
ns It wus only on Saturday night that I had re
torted to tho oflleor of tho deck that there wero
threo distinct linos of Bmoko totho left of tho en
traneo to the harbor, nnd I did not sleep vory
well during tho night thinking of It. I thought
they hail steam up, nud were going to make a
bieak In tlio night, So, naturally, that only
Increased my anxiety to be the first one to
seo them, us the navigator su Id ho would glo
$10 to tho signal boy who gao tlio alarm,
and I am proud to Bay that he stuck to his
word, nnd I am 10 richer to-day than I
was jcbtorday. At ft A. 31. this morning I re
ported that the uraoko I snwliad moved towaid
tin) ontranco. At 11:15 I reported It moving
moro so, Then, of my own accord. I bent on
tnc Bicunl 2-5-0, which menus 'The enemy's
ships escaping.' ntul laid it on tho bridge ready
to hoist. At !:3, just as tl.o naylgntor was
taking tho deck, I reported a laige black ship,
with two stacks and two military musts, in the
ontronca Thn navigator, without looking,
says "Bend on the emergency slKiiul.' ltliHint
I rnn It un to tlionrdarin. ii aId.'hoijinl
tlm alarm, famler: round general quartois.' I
was patiently waiting to sound tho nlnrm,
and in two minutes after, oral llMJo clock,
tlio uhlp was reported irutlyfar action. At
UiH." tin- Vlzi-aaoHUiiil lire, und was promptly
answered by our ship, with a l'.'.liich kuij.
which went dangerously e o for I'm llrst.
Then thoro eaine n st renin of fire from thn forts
nnd ships and they woro all directed at tho
Iown, but Bho scorned to be charmed, for not a,
shell struck her t'upt. Evans sang out ahead.
Full sliced, both engines.' and ixn wo were
closing up on the lender of the Dagoes. Talk
about a tilp pumping steel I )n iy.ni at the
Vlzcayn when the flagship Mnrlu Teresa goton
oiirslnrlxmrd bide, and C.ipt Lvuim smiled
and said. ' Now. men. take , accurate aim,
and inuko every shot tell.' Hi wo wero
putting broadside lifter bnadsldo Into both
ships, when suddenly tho .narln 'A eresa turned
around and headed fo. tho beach. Our Captain
manoeuvred the ship n little, and got between
Watch Bomo man who wears :'Jl
a tail evening coat as ho eita -11
down. 'Sm
A Tuxedo has no tail; $15, 91
$18 and $25. vH
Tail coats of course, if voii W
think you're an expert in their j
management ; suits $27 to $44. -JI
Everything for day dress,
evening dress or night dress for ufcl
man and boy. &
Rogers, Pbkt & Co. 'fj
Prince and Brosdwsy. tyj
Warren and Broadway. y
T&lrtr-aecond and D roadway. JH
On Wednesday, July 20th, and until IPJ
the electrical construction thereon Is
completed, the horse-car lines of tho ' .,. j
Metropolitan Street Railway Com- t, a
pany on Sixth and Eighth avenues, jj
south of Fifty-ninth street, will ba - i
discontinued. Meanwhile upper west 1
side patrons via Eighth, Columbus, I
and Amsterdam avenues will be car- i
rled over the electric line through ,'
Fifty-ninth street to and from trans- m
fer points at Seventh avenue, Madl- v 1
son avenue, Lexington avenue, and JH
Second avenue. ') a
Until the Sixth and Eighth avenut
lines are again in operation, extra M
facilities for the accommodation of
the public, including East and West
transfers, will be furnished on the 'ij
Seventh and Ninth avenues horse-
car lines. Ijjj
Metropolitan Street Railway Company. m
y B. II. YREELAKD, Preaident. M
them ncaln, but this tlmo with tho Vizcnya on fl
our starboard nnd tlio fluashlpon our port sldo. ilj
Moro Bholls hit tho llatc ship, and sho ran on that u
bench, with her crow dropping; from nil parts ot H
her. Soon tho Bmoko oozed from hor and A 'Ij
terrible explosion rent tho air, and thon the Ij
crack crulsur of tho Dagoes' floet struck hor ,H
colors and run up a pulrof whlto pants as a Had fj
of truce. ''8
" We then manoeuvred around tho Vlzenyn bo B
as to Bet tho Almirante Oquendo on our loft. ,K
nnd sueceeded. In ten minutes tho Onuondo sfi
was In tho samo position ns tho Maria Toresa. H
laid hitch nud dry on the beach. Ore pourlns -;
from nil Fides and parts ot her. Still tlio lzoaya .5
kept up tho fight and wo saw that sho waa ' H,
doomed. Hut then things chanced. She "f
let drbio hor two 11-Inch guns nnd struck us Jii
plump on tho wator line, causlni; a tiro to start
on the berth deck. Hut discipline showed ltsolt 1
hore, for tlio flro was hardly started boforo It
was put out, but wo wore leakluB badly. Ihls i.
In tlmo was also stopped..
" Suddenly, as If it wero part of n proerammo.
Capt. Bob Bane out from tho connlnB towor:
Como, boys; flvo mlnutos more of this work ' ,
and sho'U be dono for.' Then you should have
seen tlio lire come from thoBoeruns. It seemed A
as If all the .uns In the ship wore discharged at ..j
once. When tho smoko clearod nway a littlo tha J
Captain Bane out: 'Man tliosecondnrbattoryt 2
busier Bound tho torpedo attack.' Thero, sur
enough, was Hiialn'B two dreaded torpedo boat Jj
destroyers. Tlio secondary battery inndo tha ,S
sholls fairly rain on them. Thoy did not last
flvo minutes. Bo I should think that that ought ,;
to teach the toniodo oxports n lesson nnd Rlvo -j
up thoso things as a bad job In modern war-
faro. Then tlio Vlzcaya. after a llerco btnigglo.
headed toward thn beaoh and with n fow moro ,
sholls ran up a white flag and hauled down her
CO 1 0 19
"Thon the work of burying tho dead and
rescuing tho wounded prisoners was com-
mencod. Tho New York left ono hour before
tlio battle started and missed tho fight. The v
Indlann wns nway at tho. eastern end while It ;
was going on. but got a few shells at tho Colon.
Tho Oregon did trood work, closing In tho samo
ns wo dill, but Capt. Clark wanted tho Colon,
nnd between him nnd tho Brooklyn nnd tho r
Texas they got her after a long chose.
"After the battlo tho newspaper boats camo .,'
around and inquired what woro tho casualties. Ir
Cart. Bob answered: ...
"Nono killed, nono wounded.' Ttio news
paper men then asked the Captain. Vi hat ship
did you concentrate your flro pn ?' to whloh th
Cnptaln replied: 'No particular ono: wo only i
started on tho lendor and finished the whnla ',
damn lot of them.' Ho also Bald: I loft the
Colon for Commodoro Henley."' .
Thowrltorof tho nbovols 21 years of age.
He enlisted In the navy .two yoars ago as an ap
prentice, and aftor a brief period pn the train-
Ing ship Esbox ho was transferred to tho Iown, h
Ho was educated In Bt. Joseph's Parochial 5
Bchool and is a bright, intelligent and manly 4
young man. His family Is woll known and 5
highly respected hero, and his three sisters nro 1
iery proud of him. An elder brother Is dotalloa j
on tho PortHinoiith. a
One of the Vesaolaof Watson's Fleet Said ta
He Destined There. ;'
NonFOUt, Vn., July 17. It was said to-day ,
that nt loast ono of tho Governmont colllora 'A
which havo beon roportod ns attachod to tlio
squadron of Commodoro Watson would not go
to Hpaln, but would sail for tho Canary Islands. 'j
, Tho stutement was mado that tho purpose of
tho Government wns to acquire a coaling; Bt- j
tlon thoro, and the man who mado tho etnto- f
ment expressed himself as having Information 1,
which satisfied him that tho Wntxon squadron
would go first to tho Canaries. He said that ho f
thought that these Islands wero tho ultimata
destination of tho Wntbon squadron, and that ,
It would not attack tho cities ontho Spanish '
Ho said, moreover, that should the Govern- t
ment rcallymeun to bombardtlioHpanlsh coast
cities It must first acquire a coaling station
whore sufllcloi't coal could bo accumulated to
enable the warships to return homo after tha
bombardment. It boeamo known to-day that
tho Governmont nt ono tlmo contemplated
sending the KpanlHh troops who surrendered
lit Hautlngo to Himln aboard its own colliers. .
InqulilOH wero mado as to tho feasibility
of this project, but It appearod imprhctleabla
forth" jenson that many of tho uolllort hava
no fiicllltle for tho cnrrlago of paBsengors,
nnd could not bo used without great changes j
In tholr Interior, which would require tho ex
penditure of much money nnd tlmo. j
Half the Country I '
at Your Elbow I
on your desk gives you the g
luxury of Telephoning-. 1
The Rate for an Extension a
Station, to a Message Kate 1
Subscriber, has been Re- 1
duced to I
IS a Month
R With Installation Oharoo. I
I rawTORKmEFHoireco. 1
1 llCortlandtSt., IID.7SL. Klllroadmr, 1
B 1V WmtMUi St., it Warlmrtoa Ate., Yonaera.

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