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It MONDAY, JOLT 18, 1808.
mt Subscription by Moll, rostpnld. R DAILY, pur Month BO SO V DAII.T. per Tear 0 CO m bpkdat. vt Year oo W IH1LY AND SUNDAY, per Year a 00 Mr DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Month 70 ;Et Fosters la foreign countries added, fg Tits Buy, Now York City. Hi ?hu KIoiti No. 13, near Grand llotsl, and iS B1oio.q Ho. 10, Boulevard des Capuclne. ; It cur friends who favor us setts manusoripts for h fmlUcattonuHihtonavs rrjttttd artleUs rilurtud, IA ET Mail t all com send stamps for Uiat purposs. f 8' Mausers and Common Seme, The Spanish proposal that tho surren- d' derion forces should bo allowed to carry J homo to Spain the rules with which thoy J hate been shooting Americans and Cubans, '', appears to have gained moro advocates at tho front than In Washington. It In easy to understand how brave and Rtnerous men, In tho flush of victory and t) in the emotional frame of mind produced h by the knowledgo that tho main object of the campaign wan already accomplished, might bo Inclined to listen favorably to tho ,( appeal of a conquered foo to be permitted to prcservo his military honor In the tan gible form of twenty thousand Mauser rifles, or thereabouts. . Yet If Sampson's fleet had captured Cm- Veha's ships. Instead of destroying them, I tlicro would have been just as good reason for allowing tho Spaniards to carry homo f their cruisers and torpedo boats. Nobody, wo think, would have encouraged a chlval rlc policy toward a defeated enemy to that I extent of generous concession. ( What was needed ut tho time of the negotiations for surrender was tho unemo tional, practical sort of common sense which disconnects Mauser rifles altogether from abstract Ideas of military honor, and ! regards tho twenty thousand guns, moro or less, not only as captured property and i legitimate spoils of war, but also as Instru- J dents likely to bo more useful to American Interests In tho hands of twenty thousand -' American soldiers than as consolatory (, relics over Spanish mantelpieces, suppos- ing even that tho parole could bo made to ! extend to tho Mausers. $ This common scnRo view of tho question, I according to various accounts, was promptly : supplied and rigidly maintained by tho lion. Itussci.T. A. Alger, President Mc Ij Kinley's Secretary of War. , And that Is what Secretary Alger Is I there for. . The New London University. !' It looks as If tho British metropolis would toon have, what it has never yet i possessed, a teaching university on a scale jr. commensurate with Its place of primacy !- among tho world's great capitals. A bill appointing a commission to framo statutes j for the purpose has passed Its second read- lr ing In tho Housoot Commons, and wo may, I therefore, tako It for granted that the C project will be carried out. It Is a fact not generally known that the . fflp present University of London was started f L as a teachiug institution. It was not until "J, Y 1835 that tho power of granting degrees ' was bestowed on It, and then degrees wero l ' only to bo conferred on students who could I fri show that they had attended a two years' I course at King's College, London, at Unl- J t verslty College, London.orntsomoothcraf- i. filiated college. It was In 1808 thatthenew ; j- charter was grnnted under which tho Lon- l l don University has developed Into a mere I J examining board. It has for a. long time K been felt that tho British capital required 3 B rot merely a degree-conferring board, but I a great teaching university, and, for at ft least twenty years, systematic efforts have B f been made to creato such an institution. fa Two Itoyal Commissions havo been np- S'bK P'Inted to consider the subject, and RS" boUl navo rcPortci1 against the foun- jj datlon of a separate university, and j havo recommended such modifications in C tho existing University of London as J It Should enable It to discharge, teaching 5 Sll functions of the scope and character re J jljF quired. To give effect to tho views ex 'J pressed In those reports Is tho aim of tho t J schema embodied In tho bill, which has ell- Pftl586d its second reading. It Is worth J If noting by how many educational bodlis this scheme has been already considered J and approved. It has, In tho first place, i r been accepted by tho Senate of tho Unl ; h verslty of London by a majority of 22 to 2 ; i J an accoptauco in which the convoca- i , g tlon of the Rame university has con- i' f curreel by a majority of 40O to 230. J, Tho scheme has ulso been sanctioned 1 "' ,ll lto?al College of Physicians, by tho jS I Royal Collego of Surgeons, by tho Society I, ot Apothecaries, by University College, fe London, by King's College, London, by the 6 Bedford Collego for Women, by tho twelve I t medical schools which exist In the British & t metropolis, by six theological colleges, I ft. bythoSoclety for tho Extension of Unl I K verslty Teaching, by tho Technical Kduca f. tlon Committee of the London County Coun- ell, by tho corporation of tho city of Lon S k don, by tho City and Guilds' Institute, by - the Polytechnic Council, by the Itoyal So $ 'ety and all tho other learned societies In 5 i London. The number and variety of theso f p Instltutlops Indicate the range of subjects 'K concerning which tho now university and k V- its ponstltuent establishments will boex- t I pected to give Instruction. 6 Somo objections to the project havo been ,f raised by friends of the present Loudon ,1, t University, although It Is admitted that, f, I If these were pressed to their logical con. ji g elusion, they would compel tho formation i. of a second university, the rivalry of which I 3 would ho fatal to that which now exists, - It Is said, for instance, that If those I! lr wn0 nra to tal;e ',,rt 'n tho 'each- . fe Ing functions shall sain control of Bf the new university, thoy will assumo TIE U' rljl11 to eniiie student, and will If' lower tho standard of the degrees. It Is 5 K. also alleged that the teachers will giro the j J picfcrciico to the stiulenU under their j K chargu over external students, Duo pre- ! I cautions seem, however, to have been taken l f. against such results. The teachers, Indeed, ! g 'will constitute a large majority of tho 1 F Academlo Council, bnt they will always & h bo a minority in thn Stnatc, which j ft, Is to hao uhsoluto control over tho 1 examinations and the standards for ile- j W grees, Kwu from tho viewpoint of cam- 'f illations and degrees It Is Just as well that If 1 the teachow uhoiilcl hutcbome repiesentn- lr I t'onjn tho Senate, for tho questions relnt- 'I r Ing to science, which tho Senate has " hitherto formulated without any roferenco to teachers, havo been uurevised sluce 1870, notwithstanding the great advances made meanwhile In chemistry and phyal-1 ology. A to the rights of external students, there Is to be a council appointed by tho Senate to supervise their work, and tho Sonate Is forbidden to lower tho standard of degrees or the conditions of examination for Internal students without the concur rence of tho council representing externnl students. Mr. HnYCB, discussing the mat tor In tho dobato on the second reading, pointed out that It is the tendency of a de greo always to rise In value, and, If this wns observed to be the cose at Oxford and Cam bridge, where the teachers are, virtually, dictators. It could hardly bo expected to be otherwlso In the new London University, where they will constltuto only a mi nority of the governing body, and could not, therefore, If thoy would, provo a ret rogressive force. Mr. Diner, for his part, could not see In what posslblo way any body connected with the present London University wouldsufferfrom thoonoctmrijt of the bill. What men prim In their uni versities Is tho teachiug obtained, the men tal stlmnliiH Imparted and the high Intel lectual pleasure of association with friends who havo drunk In the ssmo draughts ot knowledge from tho lips of tho same elo quent teachers. That Is what tho authors of tho hill now before Parliament want to glvo to tho Inhabitants of tho British metropolis, and thero can bo but little doubt that the London graduate of the future will be able to look back to some thing better and more Inspiriting than the recollection of tho examination hall. The annual Income ot the present London University Is only $8B,000. Nothing Is said In tho bill concerning the groat addi tion to Its pecuniary resources which tho assumption of the teaching function on a vast scale will render Indispensable. There Is no doubt, however, that when the new Institution has been organized tho funds requisite for Its support will bo provided by Parliament. If the relatively poor German Government could appropriate $3,500,000 to the University of Strasburg, a much moro munificent sum should bo forthcoming for an Institution worthy ot tho British metropolis. This Is American. From the lion. Hoke Smith's Atlanta Journal we derlvo these satisfactory and stimulating sentiments: "Wa of conns undertake now retponslbtlltlM ind mr Incur iome new dangers, bat the filth la our country In wr&k Indeed which donbU tht we can cope succeeirullr with theae. " It la 'a condition and not s theory' that confront in. Terrltorbl extension on a lanze ecale Is for us fore ordained. WhateTer we mar have thought of the wlsdohi of this policy, the pracUcal and patriotic thins now ia to accept it cheerfully and to arrive to make the beat of It. "Objections to territorial extension which hfid force some years ago hare been overcome by chansed condltlona." This Is the Americanism ot the new South ; not tho political now South which the Hon. Gnovcn Cleveland tried to cre ate, somo years ago, with the help of tho Hon. Hoke Smith, but tho nntlonal new South which events nro now creating, with the help of tho Hon. Hoke Smith and other Southern patriots, and In spite of tho last struggles of dying Clevclandlsm. Contrast this patriotic teaching with tho dismal utterances of the Hon. Hoki: Smith's former principal In his address two or thrco weeks ago to the boys at Law rencovllle, New Jersey. Mr. Cleveland apparently has as little Influence with tho former members of his Cabinet as with tho young Americans at Lawrencevllle. Wo present to the Hon. Hoke Smitii tho assurance of our most distinguished consid eration. Ho Is no death mask. He Is in partnership with no death mask. He knows a condition from a theory. Tho Bicycle In China. Statistics of the exportation of American bicycles In tho past few years make very little referenco to the demand for wheels In China, and probably nowhere has cycling been less popular than in that country. Chinamen seem to havo regarded the bicy cle with as much superstition as they re gard everything new; until recently thoy preferred to walk rather than risk that novelty's Invasion. Within tho past few months, according to a report of the United States Consul at Shanghai, cycling in the Flowery Kingdom has become so populnr that the spectacle of a wheel-mounted Chi naman Is by no means uncommon. As may bo suspected, however, credit for tho bicycle's introduction in China Is not due to the Mongolians there. It dawned upon the foreign residents ot tho Empire that outdoor exercise, was as essential to good health In that part ot the world as elsewhere, and the wheel was unanimously recommended as a means ot securing It. Two or three things wero difficult for the Chlneso wheelman to overcome. Ills na tive dress wns long and clumsy and ill suited to pedalling, And his queue, wan apt to make trouble by catching in tho spokes. The former obstacle was removed either by abandoning tho awkward garment alto gether or by turning it up and fastening It at tho waist, while the queue was brought forwHrd over tbe shoulder and likewise mndo fast. Those, precautions taken, the rider's freedom was assured. Doubtless tho wheel's worst enemies in China are tho public highways. Throughout a large part of the Empire these are said to resemble, cow paths moro closely than roads, and tholr improvement depends en tirely upon the disposition of tho persons whose property they adjoin. Only In tho larger towns and In the cities are to bo found roads that really deserve tho nnmc. Most of tho paths are too narrow to accom modate four-wheeled vehicles, and. when not clouded with dust, deep mud generally renders them unsuitable for cycling. Tho Inhabitants give little thought to tho con dition of their highways, which, when left to look after themselves, naturully grow worse Instead ot better, Now, a very Interesting query Is sug gested. If the wheel's popularity In China Increases at anything like the rata of Its Increases in other countries, may wo not In n few years witness a mnrked change in the habits of tho Chinese rare! Certainly the probability In not remote. To bo con vinced of this, It Is only necessary to re view the bicycle's career !u our own coun try. Consider the deplorable condition of many of our highways before tho advent of the wheel. While, after a fashion, they answered their purpose, flvo times as much power v.n& often required to haul n load over them as Is needed to-day. Many roads that were not narrow und rough were loose uud sandy, or covered with stones, or so muddy thnt travelling oter them was extremely dlfllcult or utterly Im possible. Distances which nre now covered In two hours It then took u whole day to complete, aud tho value of property which had to be reached by way of such wretched I road way s was steadily depreciating. How did the bicycle improve things t Its riders quickly discovered that, In order for the wheel to become generally servlco ablo, it must first of all have smooth roods. To seen re them, a " good roads" movement was Inaugurated, millions of printed pam phlets and magaxtnes upon tho subject wero circulated, Legislatures were appealed to, prizes were offered for the best literary contributions upon road making and for photographs of disgraceful highways, and the public .was led to see tho advantages that would arise from having tho highways Improved, To that end largo appropria tions wero made, and tho work of building and rebuilding the roads was put In charge of competent men. Town officials were In structed how to construct their roads and maintain them In good repair, and the en hanced valuation of their property In con sequence ot hnrlug hotter thoroughfares inspired them to make tho effort. Axldo from giving Americans splendid roads, the wheel must also bo credited with enlivening numerous branches ot trade, furnishing employment for thousands of workmen, arousing tho mechanical and In ventive powers of tho people, and, best of all, dispelling their cares and grontly pro moting their Individual health. AH this has been accomplished In somowhat less thun a score of years. Whether our Oriental brethren will fol low tho example, ot Undo Sam and placo the whcol In the front rank of their manu factures, ot course, remains to bo seen. This much, though, Is certain: An Sin's coun trymen are, In no senso, despicable me chanics, and tholr ability to Improve on tho mechanical workmanship of others has been shown. Who knows that tho "heathen Chinee" may not contrive a bicycle, that will roll along without either chain or gear, and that will never scorch, wabble, or puncture- Its periphery! At present the Chlneso pedalters'favorlto steeds are the American light roadsters, and even If our distant friends are entirely satisfied with those wheels as they find them, no one can criticise their judgment. Indeed, It may bo that the American wheel maker would prefer to have them contlnuo Indefinitely to Import their mounts from tho United States. At any rate, tho Celestial monkey-back has mado his appearance, and another species of bicycle face Is presented for tho contemplation of science. Hrupp Armor at Indian Head. It would be strange If, after having for years led tho world in tho manufacture of ship plates, beating all records of Amager or Ochta, Portsmouth or Spezzla, and see ing our Harvey process adopted alike for English and Russian battleships, wo should now voluntarily renounce our title to su periority and confess that our past methods have elsewhere been outdone. And yet just this attitude seems In pros pect' for us, after tho revelations of the trials nt Indian Head during the past week. The 0-Inch Krupp plate made by the Carne gie Company and attacked by 0-Inch pro jectiles, with successive striking velocities of 2,021, 2,237 and 2,350 feet per second, and then by on 8-inch projcctll with n velocity of 1,084 feet, showed not a single crack an a result of any of tho firing. Standard Carponter shells were used. Tho first went less than half way through the plato and thero was broken up; the second, also, could not get Its point through ; portions of the third, under tho highest velocity used, 2,350 feet, succeeded In passing through. tho plate, but remained, It would appear, in the twelve feet of oak backing, which was covered by thin steel plato behind It. The big 8-inch armor-piercing projectile of course went clear through both plate and hacking, but the plato was still not crocked, and It was perfectly good as a defence, save for the clean-cut cylindrical holes. Tho high hopes entertained of the Krupp process seem likely, therefore, to be ful filled. In Europe It has achieved triumphs, and in arranging to use it hero our American armor makera havo kept up with tho front rank of progress, as they have always done. Of course, the conclusion to adopt this method ot manu facture will not bo definitely reached by tho Government until after a successful trial ot a plato twice as thick as the ono jUBt tested. Such u plato, however. Is to bo tried before long. Whatever tho ad vances mad In ship armor, tho best that can be made will be supplied for our ships. Tho Fidelity of Our Postal Service. A minor feature ot the bond salo for the war loan of tho Government Is set forth by Assistant Secretary Vanderlip. Mr.VAN dkrlip declares thut, in the courso of business connected with this Issue of bonds, the Treasury has already handled $700,000 In currency, while there has not been a solitary complaint of error or deficiency In the matter ot a single remittance by mall. Such cash remittances, made in "one thou sand dollar bills, In ordinary, unregistered letters, havu not been uncommon." Not one appears to havo gone astray, to have' been lust, purloined, remained undelivered, sent to the wrong address, or failed to reach tho Treasury. This assuredly Is most striking ovldence of the extent to which the postal service ot the United States has been perfettod, and ot the popular confidence In Its efllcleucy. The business of the Post Ofllce Department Is usually computed on the basis of Its re ceipts, which run In a year from $80,000,. 000 to $85,000,000, while tho expenbes run from $00,000,000 to $05,000,000. The gross weight of letters, newspapers, pack ages and postnl cards amounts In a year to about 550,000,000 pounds. Some time ugo It was computed that the scaled letters carried in thn United States mull in a year number about 2,400,000,000, excluding postal cards, circulars and notices, Tho number of letters hnndled In Great Britain last year was 1,803,000,000, exclusive of 280,000,0110 postal cards, or post cards, as they are called In England. Tho number of postals Issued In a year In this country Is fifty per cent, greater thnn In Great Britain, nnd the disparity between tho revenues from newspapers In even greater In favor of the United States, Though the number of letters handled by the United States Pot Office In a year, with tho addition of foreign letters re celved, approximates 3,000,000,000, tho complaints of erroneous, belated or im perfect delivery, or of non-delivery, amount In a year to only about 30,000, or one complaint In a hundred thousand of letters posted, A scrutiny of these coin, plulutn by the Post Ofllie Department shows that somo of tho cases are duo to un avoidable accidents, such as the burning of Post Olllcc8, tho wreck of railroad tr.In carrjlng malls, collisions In transit, and similar difficulties; some aro chargeable to acts of persons not connected with the de partment ; in some there was no valid cause of complaint, nnd In a larger number the errors wero due to the senders, who mailed letter with Inaccurate or- India- ' ' tlnck addresses, without Kultabla or suuV clent stamps, in Insecure envelopes, at the wrong places, or In violation of the regula tions of tho Post Ofllce Department. Some of tho cases, of course, a consider able number Indeed, wore due to the dere liction of the Post Offlco employees through pilfering by them of tho content of sealed letters and to nets of carelessness or neglect not compatible with o high standard of ef ficiency. But when contrasted with the volumo of all mall matter handled, tho number of complaints filed, and the fewer number of complaints substantiated, cer tainly afford remarkable proof of tho suc cessful management of tho United States PostOfTlcc, tho operations ot which are now again largely on tho Incrcaso as compared with a year ago, Indicating, It is said In Washington, a total postal revenue this year of $100,000,000, tho lnrgcst In tho history of the department. The Great Two. Mr. Hiiiam K. CuDnr.wbonow describes himself as" Presidentof tho Sodua Richard Harding Davis Literary and Historical War Memorial Sodality," again spends a two-cent stamp upon his enthusiasm. Ho Is honest, but a little, troublesome "Wednesday night," Mr. Cuddy writes, "wo are going to debate the question, 'Which Is tho greater man, RtoiiAnD lUnDiNo Davis or the Emperor William r Which do you think T Both. Thoy aro much alike In the quali ties of youth, modesty, reticence, self distrust, love of military glory, familiarity with potentates, love of travel, capacity and fondness for Instructing tho world. Prob ably Mr. Davis would not change, places with anybody In the world, but If ho had to change, wo dare say ho would feel that ho would loso the least by becoming tho Emperor William. And there Is a rlpo wisdom, a seasoned sagacity, a depth of observation In ond about Mr. Davis that must recommend him to the Emperor whenever ho feels hipped and pines for an understudy. As n soldier the Emperor, in spite of his training, must be pronounced Inferior to his rival. When did the Emperor seo and share in tho horrors and the hardships of a war where hot and cold baths cannot be had at all hours, and no manicure establish ments are to be found In the trenehest It was reservod for Mr. Davis to study war In Its nethermost abyss of woe. On the other hand, William's familiarity with tho English languago would give him nn advautago over Hiciiaud In Sodus or anywhere else in the United States. Once more docs tho Hon. John WLekdt, Ooornor of Knnsas. splash In tho sea of clory. The other day ho tcloKraplied to tho Becretary of War thnt tho recruiting of two battalions of Kansns colored men was completed. "I be lies." continued tho Govornor, "that it would brffor the good ot tlio service nnd n just rcooc nitlon of their rights to gho them a full reel mont. I therefore ask for authority to re cruit another battalion." Tho Adjutant-General replied for Gen. ALGKit that the 75.000 voluntoers under tho President's second call wore apportioned, nnd thnt authority to re ceive another battalion could not bo clvon. Gov. Leedt cheerfully odmits that "he knew thero was no room fornnothcr battalion," and says that ho merely wished to show his "friend liness for the colored brethren." Can they re fuse to voto forso amlobloa statesman? A Democrat of the ambiguous name of Divilulibs is trying to bo nominated for Con gress from tho Third Missouri district. It Is doubtful if tho Missouri Democrats will follow any man, lion over creat his talent, whose name reminds thorn of tholr foroclous onomy the Money Dcsll. Tho political principles of Mr. Divii.iii.ibs may be sound, but ho suseesta monopolies, trusts, and money changers. The Hon. Annie L. Dions, now the fore most Kansas ntntcswoman, is Presldont of tho Kansas Commonwealth Club, which has toen founded for tho purposo of bringing nbout "Industrial omiinelDatlon," Tho members of tho Commonwealth Club believe thnt " it is PosiiblotoBO systematize tho Industries and so adjust tho BOernmcntnl functions ns to fur nish oery willing worker with employ ment," nnd thoy ask tho women of Kan sas to form commonwealth clubs and to study "tho economic questions Involved in tho present evolution of tho industries of tho nation." Tho study for tho August meeting is " What Is Boclallsm ?" for tho Septembor meet Inc. "Stato Insurance j" for tho October meet ing. "Btato Ownership of Stockyards." At the midwinter mooting nt Topeka "somoemlncnt expounder of tho 'Glad Gospel of tho Now Tlmo'" will bo present, nnd "tho meeting will also partake of the nnturo of an educational Institute." Tho club lemons will presene "a strictly non-partisan attitude." If thoy can. Our esteemed contemporary, tho Iilch mond Dispatch, sniffs another crisis nnd colo brates it with a really ablo lit and shriek: "Tho continuance of tho Itenntiliran party In power at thl Juncture may mean the death of the republic aa we hat e known and lot ed it." Too quick dospalrcr. wherefore wilt thou wall? Think of "BnTAN'ioitrsurerblender. leodlnn BUpcrbly In his now costumo. Ho will noteonsoto expand his chost naralnst expan sion. Can tho republic die while he is left to lead? How l)r, Howey Sated the Summer Girl. from the Ftrtntlt Companion, Aa tbii aummer approacliod. It aecined aa If we wero to hare the Hummer Olrl no more. Popular fancy dcjilctod tho Hpanlih fleets Balling up and down our coiata, bombarding our ciUea and towns, sh llliis our aealtle hotel and Ulaa, and drirlna ui far Into the Interior for safety. Durlnic what was once the racrry month of May, the rain poured almoat lnceeaantly, es If terrified nature were wecplnu over thla innalllne picture. Btorukuepcraand ilreiainakcra atood about disconsolate. IToprietMa of aeaalde re aorta and anitmementa conaultod their latryera aa to the raaleat road tliroiuth tlio bunkmplcycourU. No Buianiirftlrl.iio aiuunierdrraaei, no aummer aeaaon. Hut when June rame matters changed for the bet ter Theeunahone out and brluhtcned eterythlnu aidctcrybody. Dewey had proted thataBpanlah fleet could be amaahed aa eaaily as a baaket of runs, 'Ihe phantom rruUcra that had been hover lnu along our roaats wero bottled up In BantUro de Cuba. Then tho Summer Olrl plmked up heart and ordered her araalde coatumea, atopplng Inherahop plmi to wave a fond adieu to tbe brat e bnjawho tnarcbod or sailed on to the front. Preaently the railway atatlona were blockaded nltuexpreaawacons, laden with thoie huirn. aipiare trunks that mean so much to the women who packthemandtheraen who pay fur their content The Bummer Olrl had aur vlved tho outbreak of tbe war, and was atartlnit for her accuatoined bauitU fully equipped and eager for tho fray, One Dny Ahead. Frnt tt Carolina Spartan. The Ancate I Prtaa eudratorcd to choke, throttle and utterly sinlhlUto TiilXew Yoxx Bum andlU nev,aaervlrelai.tear. Dutlt U quite evident that Tun Bus Ii generally nbout one day ahead In the nea from Cuba and Manila. Then, too, The Sen's deajmtchei nre alwu) n truatworth). Mrs. Amern'a Welcome Home. From anAirtrliHMtnt in it Glimcftttr Times. Thla la to Kite notice that my wife, who left' my honao without aufiklent wiuae, has returned and la glad to L back again and will nut leave again In s hurry, Jiaiti Aaiuo. All nt Sen. Fn rilegtndi BlatUer, Abaent-MiQded rrofeaaor (in tha bthtab)-WeU. vtU, now I lure forgotten what I got la hue fo. 111 ' ' , ' i ' J rna msronio aotnmr hod, And the Koble find Illtntriona Jntnet Gor don llennctt nnd the Frightful Kx ' prnan lie It nt for Newt. From Tiir. Rvraisn Bex Saturday. That distinguished nnd excellent contleman, Mr. James Gordon Ilennett, prints a picture In his Herald this morning showing n terrlflu nn tal engagement In progress with i inehtln tho forewRtcr. Ho says it depicts thodestructlon of Corvora's fleot and thnt th yacht Is tho Golden Hod, which, moreover. "was the only newspaper boat prosont durlnic the cnungo ment" Aealn It Is our painful duty to rcprovo this worthy but erring gentleman. In his desporn tlon over tho horrible news famine prevailing In his journalistic ltnls holms been printing In his nowspapern all sorts ot Imnclnnry hap penings at tho seat ot war, taking the thousand-to-one chance that they would turn tint to havo really occurred. Luck was ngnlnst him ; nnd to a degree nothing short of ratal I Tho things didn't hnrpou I Not ono enmo to pass! We dwolt tho other day with a solicitude we could not repress upon tho iiulinppy circum stances In whlchthlslnvolvodthonohlo-mlnded gentleman In question. Wo showed how ono detected Ho hnd to ho rePnforeod by a whole escarpment of now mcndnelty. and how each new averment. In turn, hnd t,o bo buttressed up and sandbagged Into tho external somblnnco of the truth. Wo deplored thon his shortcom ings as nn engineer and topographer ot Invent ed fact, and set forth tho melancholy failure ot his defences. It has boon nit to no purposo. To-dar ho Is worso thnn oter. His picture this morning Is a most moving spoctaolo. It discloses warships discharging their functions without n deviation from estab lished ruin. It Is a lesson, ns tho large-minded Mr. Bennett gravely assorts, a lesson "for tho student of naval warfare," a "study for tho his torian," and "an Inspiration for tho senti mental reader." Tho main thing In It, how over. Is tho jacht Golden Ilod, "the only nows paper boat present during tho engagement." Now this Isnmostunfortunnto thing for him to say. Of courso he had to say something, but why not think a little first, so ns to say what would stick, hold water, dovetail and fit. In stead ot firing off tho first nlleged Idon thnt enmo Into his evacuated head. And whnt an Ideal Togoandoterlookthefact that ho had nlroady proved In tho Herald thnt tho Golden Ilod was elsowhoro on tho occasion I To for get utterly thnt ho had already had tho un lucky bont as busy as a nailer at the satno tlmo In nn entirely different placo, occupied. It must bo admitted, with tho details of a lot of lies of another nature altogether I For awk wardness I For Infelicity 1 Surely tho like of it was novorknown. "Tho public." snys this misguided but most desoning gentlcinnn In his Evening Telegram to-dny, " the public," says ho, " must havo tho news. and. cost what It may, nllte nowspnper muit furnish It." "Tho Herald's graphic no count of the destruction of Corvora's floot cost more In cablo tolls than its memorable descrip tion ot Dowcy's victory wired from Hong Kong." This Is a most astounding statement. It takes mathomatlcs to deal with It. A lot of prepos terous lies, ridiculous nnd grotesquo inten tions and conjectures, pretending to bo an ac count of tho greatest evont In the naval history of our time. Is written ut tho comer of Urond way nnd Thirty-sixth street, nnd ho saj-B It costs moro than a despatch from Ilong Kong, which wo nctuolly believe did como by cable I Now, how can that bo so? How enn a lot of fnntastle and semi-lunatic rubbish nbout Samp eon nnd Schley and Corvera havo cost anything but reputation nnd tho disgust and contempt of sensible, pcoplo? What a vulgar imposture I Even Pulitzer would blush to bo thought cullty of such thing I FACTS ABOUT STATE EnKCTIOSS. The following Ststca hare elected State officers thla year: Kentucky and Teiaa In January, Ilhodo Ialnud In April. Oregon in June. The next State election thla year will be that of Ala bama, Aug. 8, for Oovernor and other Suite officers. The second will be that of Arkanaas, Sept. 6, for Oovernor and other State officers. Vermont will vote on Sept. 0 and Maine on Sept. 12. Elections for Gov ernor nnd other State officers will bo held In November In the following States: Cali fornia, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Idaho, Kan aaa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, New nampahlre. New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, North Dakota, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Wyo ming, and Wlcontdn. States that will hold no Rtate elections until the PresldenUal year, 1H00, are Illinois, Montana, North Carolina, Utah, Washington and Weat Virginia. The next State election of Virginia will bo in 1001 . The only Btat a adhering to annual Legislatures are Massachusetts, Now Jersey, New York, Ilhodo Island and South Carolina. Pennsylvania electa its Governor for four years. New Jersey for three and New York for two. Utah alone elects a Oovernor for five years. Louisiana elects members of the Legislature for four years. Two States, MaasachuaetU and Ithode Island, elect Governors annually. Our ring nnd Liberia's. To thk Enrron or Tub Bu:(-.Vir- Your editorial article, The Stars In the Flig." Is timely, and your solution of the problem la the only one. Beaides, what could be moro appropriate and sym bolic, for aa our States go to make up tho Untied Suites, so the stars would make one big star rcprcecnt Ing tho United States. " E pluribus unura," and the atranger, as ho gets within a range of a few hundred feet and tees the Individual stars, will understand the symbol. It would mean aomcthlng more than the way In which the stars are now placed an added symbolism. Evtn run Old Globt. New Yonx, July 16. Nevertheless, there Is this to bosnld: Tho plnn of grouping th stars Into u single shir in the bluo field would mnku our flag look tory much liko thnt ot tho llttlo republic of Liberia. Tho Liborlnn flag was copied nftcr that of the United States. Is oxactly liko It, except that tho flold contains ono largo whlto star, nnd thero are cloven stripes Instead of thirteen. Tho problem Is not solved yet. The Manse Tree. To Tit EoiTOn or Tue Box Sir: Will not th8 military authorities in Cuba see to it that the historic mango tree, under whoae spreading branches Oen. Shatter, Oen. Mllea, Oen. Wheeler, and Oen. Toral held a conference which resulted In tho Spanish sur render, Is idenUfled and promptly guarded and pre served J Won't Tnr. Bun help to thla result I Asdurt Pans, July Id. M. n. D. Not thn Spirit of tho Agreement. To thk EotTon or Tux SvsSIr: The Spanish Canary Islands aro TOO miles marer Santiago ile Cuba than Cadli, Bpoins ond if our Government transports Its prisoners of war to Spanish terTitorr why should not a port In these islands, Laa Palmos for example, be a suitable landing plaro for our transport T Vie should not onlv sat e transportation, but lessen the chances of trouble with unruly mobs at Cadli or other Peninsular ports. ULMia E. CUn.NuKi. New Yoke, July 10, Our Splendid Reigulnrs. To the Entron or The Sux-Air- Permit one who Is anxiously siting for aomo word of " our boj a" to Indorse hoartll the letter of "C. F." In to-day's Bust In behalf of our regulsr troops at the front, aud as sure hint of tho gratitude of a New Youe, July HI. Smtrn or x ItEouuB. A Pride of Populism. To the Enrron or The Bex Sir- 11m Hugg of Chemung la the Popocratto candidate for Cougrrss In the Elrst New Jersey district. GiMDKX, July If. Cbixlu L. McKeose. In Grent Luck. niggs-IIello, where have vou been thla long time? D!ggi-Up in the Klondike. Ulcus Have any luckt Dlggs You bet. lliglts-What was Itt Dlggs-Got back again. To Vt'iitson, They tell ns, Watson, That your bit Win likely Uke you To Cadli. And if It does to. Do not pause Until you nuke UdliUdvul V.J.L. 'i i i ' iii'1 ' ' ' nVCItAXAXS CUJ1AX FOKIOY. Acinltitlon of Nnn-Conttgnoo Territory Alwnys Icmoerntlo Doctrine. To Tnie. Eniron or Tn Bun Sir.- Having for many years, day by day. read with great care nnd intorest the editorial nrtlelos In Tnu Bun on nil the (.'runt Questions which havo arisen for discussion before tho American public I have boon especially Interested In fol lowlnp; you tit your splendid ndvocnorof tho annexation ot llavnll. supplemented by your stroiiK American arguments In defonoo of our Constitutional right, an well as duty, to fortify tho strength of tho poodIo ot the United States as emorsenolos domund. whether In Torto ltleo, Cuba, Hawaii, or tho Philippines. I hnvo also been greatly Interested In the position and arguments of our Demooratlo friends In opposition to such n policy. Tiik Buk has left them no ground to stand on. by bring ing forward tho writings of the early Domo crntla stJitcsmon. nnd they find themselves In opposition to the tmdltionnl and offlolal history of their party. Tho old ltiglmo of .treat Demooratlo states men wont out ot power with tholr party in 18J0. and thoso who wero still alive w hen Cleveland came Into power wero unable to mako them selves felt under tho ordorof tho new political dynasty. Therefore it may not bo Inappropriate to recall tlio last political notion of tho Domo emtio party, undor tho leadership ot Its most trusted statesmen, upon the subject of annexa tion, only two years before Its fine went down In defeat. It was tho climax of continuous Domo crntlo notion showing tho unanimous ad herence and advocacy ot that policy which had guided It from the days ot Jefferson down to tho tlmo of Cloveland. Lying before me is the United States Demo cratia .ferine of April, 1850. published In the oltyof Now York, and bearing tho Imprint of Its forty-fourth year. All tho old Democrat know thnt In Its panes could always bo found tho most porfoct exemplification of national Democratlo sontlmont to be f6und In the col umns of any periodical In thoso days. In this number I find thnt tho first thirty nine pages nro taken up with an article en titled tho " Continental Tollcy of tho United States; The Acquisition of Cuba." The artlclo opens us follows: At no former period since the foundation of the Ootcrnmentof the United States has tho public mind been ao pointedly awakened to a comprehensive sense of the mission and duty of the American re public In extending our Democratlo system over thla entire continent. It teems to have been reserved for President Buchanan to call Into being this active publlo sentiment, and to mark ont a new epoch in the history of the government of eit lllicd man. In his last annual mesaaice he foreshadowed the true national policy of the Government of the United States In regard to the future political condition of thla continent, and by the logical power of this authorita tive State paper, the public opinion of both hemi spheres is to be concentrated and centralized. Continuing, it says: Put this review, having from its birth nntll the present moment advocated the "manifest destiny" of the American republic, It ia proper In thla article to consider practically and somewhat In detail the question Involved in the acquisition of Cuba as one additional step toward the accomplishment of that great end. After embracing In tho first twenty-two pases tho political and commercial reasons which demanded tho inclusion of Cuba within tho area of our jurisdiction. It proceeds to say: Keeping In view these important truths, the Presi dent places the acquisition of Cuba upon Just and patriotic grounds, and is sustained In thla great measure of his Administration by the wise statesmen who hate gone beforo htm. Among them are Thomas JcfTerson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, Martin Van Dureu, James K. Polk, Edward Everett, Franklin Pierce, and William L. Marcy. It thon proceeds to justify Its assertion by publishing, flrst. tho letters of Mr. Jofferson to Mr. Mndlson. April 27, 1800. and to Mr. Mon roo, Juno "2.1, 1B23, and Oct. 24. 1823; secondly. It sots forth tho letter of John Quincy Adams while Secretary ot Htnto under Mr. Monroe to our Minister at Madrid. April 28, 1823. follow ing It with tho tlows of Mr. Clay whilo Secre tary of Stato undor Mr. Adams to our Minister. Mr. Everett, nt Madrid, undor date of April 27, 1825. After stating tho fact thnt Mr. Buchanan in 1848, then Secretary of Stato under Mr. Polk, authorized our Minister at Madrid, Mr. Sanders, to offer Spain $100,000,000 for tho transfer of Cuba to the United States, it follows with tho Icttor of Mr. Everett to Count do Bartiges. In which he rejoetstho joint proposi tion of the French and British Governments for a trlpartlto convention with tho United States dlsclalmlncsovorally nnd collectively nil Inten tion to obtain possession of tho Island of Cuba, nnd respectively binding themselves to discon tinue nil attempts to that effect. This Is sup plemented by a letter from Mr. Marcy. Secretary of Stnto under Mr. Pierce, to Mr. Sould, our Mlnisternt Madrid, sustaining tho position of Mr. Everett and urging tho Importance of closely wntchlng tho raovomontsof Franco and England In reennl to Cuba. Coming back to tho proposition Involved In Its openlnc paragraph, tho iJemocratic Iteciew pro ceeds to says: We bellote a great duty devolves on the American peoplo in connection with tho spread of freo inati tuttons, and that every barrier erected by foreign powers against the extension of our theory of gov ernment will speedily disappear. It cannot be other wise. Despotism cannot long continue to chain down and crush out freedom, especially within sight of our republic. Tho children of Cuba, Central America, and Mexico must fraternize with thoae of the United Mates. They can look to no other quarter for protection or eafety. They have felt the iron grasp of foreign power, and they aro falling away under the oppressor's hand, It is time they should repose under the panoply of this free and prosperous country, and reap the fruits of their own labor. But, unfortunately, they are met ami repulsed by those who should welcome thrm among us, thus imposing upon the Demooratlo party tho double task of preparing the way at home for their reception, and of holding at bay tholr ene. rules abroad, This vre are prepared to do, and tbo fact that the recent measure of Prftidnt lluehsnsn was not carried Into effi ct during the last session of the Thirty-fifth Congress argues nothing to the con trary, The bills Introduced In the Senate and Hoius of Representatives, In conformity to tho recommen dations of tbe President, looking to tho acquisition of Cuba, would have lwcome a law before the ad journment, except for the factious coarse of the op ponents of the measure. In n foot noto tho contest In tho Senate Is thus described: On Friday noon. Jan. 28, Mr. Slldell's bill was taken up by the Benato with a arm determination to ascertain the sense of that body on tbo proposition; and one hourafter midnight Mr. Brown moved, as a test vote, to lay the bill on the tatilo, announcing at the same Urns that lie should vote against his own motion. Tho test vote was then taken and tho mo tion was lost by yeas, 18; nays, BO; majority in fator of tho bill, 13. The lists wore as follows: Mcusrs. Allen, Payurd, Benjamin, Bigler, Prawn, Chestnut, Clay, Cllngman, Donglts, ritch, FlUps trick, Green, Gwln, Hunter, Ivernon, Johnson of Ar kansas, Johnson of Tennessee, Lane, Msllor,, Mason, l'olk. Push, Held, nice, Sebastian, Shields, Blldell, Smith, Toombs and Woro. It will bo een that the Democrat sustained the bill with the single exception of Senator Broderiek of California. On Saturday morning Mr, Slldell, hat Ing obtained tbo objeot of a test rote in support of the Presldi nt's foreign policy, withdrew the bill, after a few remarks, showing that the factious courso adopted b the ltepubllcans was merely for tbe pur pose of wasting the time of the Senate in tie hope thus to defeat the appropriation bills, aud render an extra session of Congnse necessary. In doing so he aunoumed that lie would bring It up on the flrst day of tho next acaslon. Explanations wero msde by Beuatora Thompson of New Jersey, Jones, Bright and Davis, who were absent when the vote was taken all of whom wished It to lw understood that they would have voted with the majority. This was tho oiidlng of tho history of tho Democracy wliloh to that ditto had dominated tho destinies of tho American republic. Under Its notion and tho impulses which made It Illus trious, our country had expanded until lis west ern shore wns llmlto.l by tho waves of tho Pa cific, and boond which It oould not bo but wossueking extension on the south-and pre parlnn the way for the Queen of tho Antlllos. How different was the action of tho party after Its resurrection under Mr, Cleveland, by whoso order the American flag was hauled down at Honolulu after It had been voluntarily ralsod H by a people who sought Incorporation Into H our splendid Oovomment, Tho recent conflict H In, both houses of Congress ovor the Nowlandi H resolutions to restore that flag to remain for- W overover tho Islands In the Pacific shows by 9& comparison how tar It has abandoned tho poll- cles and statesmanship of thoso groat Amorlcnn statesmen of the nnto-liellum days, whoso great deeds ond thoughts thoy contlnunlly offer us as tho most potent reason why thoy are entitled to aurvlvo. It was tho inspiration of those groat Ideas which led Senator Pugh, In spouting to the Blldell bill for the acquisition of Cuba, to say t The expansion of our Fedsrsl system, aa on anus gsney after another shall require, I the law of our development: It Is the sign of our national vitality) the pledge ot our national endurance, This proud sentiment, although Imperfectly revealed, and per haps never expressed, animate the heart of th humblest pioneer now braving the wrath ot th savage or th hardship ot the wilderness on our northwestern border: tt Is a theme of glory to boy hood, to youth treading th paths of tempta tion, to men In every pursuit the capitalist and the laborer, the merchant, th artisan, the scholar, the soldier, the ullnr to all who reverence their country and their coun try's renown. Indeed, sir, I can Imagtn no spec tacle, more grateful to an American citizen, at home or abroad, than the contemplaUnn of that splendid procession ooroes nnr continent within the lost sixty year. Commencing with feeble settlement on the bay, inlets, and tributaries of the Atlantic Ocean, thence to the summit deemed almost Impassable, and beyond these to the banks of a river extending from the Gulf of Mexico northward to th region of the lake, and swollen at every degree by th floods gathered, a well ta the Alleghanles as In the Itocky Mountains Itself, therefore, a complete emblem of union to all thence over prairie of marvellous mogntfloence ta the futnesss and th desert: turning from which, at length, to seek more hospitable and shorter paths by the Isthmus, wo hveenidourname,ourwateh words and our ensign to the Golden Gate, where Cali fornia, with her snow-capped diadem, alts virgin em press of the seas. The emergency spoken of by Senator Pugh has come to us again with-Irresistible force. Tho lines of Government havo dropped from the feoble hands ot a Clevolnndlr.ed Domoo rneyto be controlled by a party which, tsiclna: counsel from tho sages ot tho republic. Is goinp; forward to fulfil tho dosttny which we cannot avoid. James H, Binca. Plattsbobo, Mo.. July 15. BTAXD BY TUB FLAOl Fatrtotlo Speech by Ex-Gov. Flower at a Fine liaising. Ex-Gov. Eoswell r. Flowor spoke In vToter town tho othor day at a flag raising. Ills spoech Is reported In tho Watortown Times as follows: H "It Is a pleasure for me, follow citizens, to H join with you In raisins this tho largest flag In 1 YVatertown. 1 " Tho two great principles symbolized by this 1 floe; axe religious and civil Hborty. After seven 1 years of bloody war wo achieved our lndepend- 1 ence of Great Britain, and then wo laid down 1 tho sword and tho musket and took up the axe and the plough. We foiled tho forest, we built 1 bridges, wo chained the lightning, we carried r thought under tho ocean, wo mado electricity a motor forco. We smote thoearth ond It brought , forth Iron. Wo compressed stonm nnd har nessed it to our uses. From thoso have como nearly all of our grent Inventions, the steam boat, tho railroad that spans the continent, the cotton gin, tho loom, tho lathe, tho forge, tho l mower and reaper, ond all our labor-savins machines: so that through patents Issued to i. inventive geniuses thoy hnvo become million aires. Our forests being dopleted, wo smoto tho earth acnln. and 300.000 square miles ot coal wore discovered. We smote acnln the earth nnd rivers of salt spranK forth. "Ourwhalo fisheries giving out, wo smoto again and oil flowed out to illuminate tho world. Vve emoto ngnln and seas wns tho result, to warm our houses, feed thn forgo and light our dwellings. We smoto tho ltoeky nnd Storra Nevada Mountains with tho result thnt wo un nunlly dig one-half of tho gold and sllvorof tho world. Wo havo a wonderful country and a wonderful people. Wo havo increased In popu lation from 3.000.000 to 70.000.000. and our population In but twenty-two to the snunre mile, whereas tho lowest population of nnr European country, that of Franco, Is lbO to tho square mllo. " Ho, no man enn foretell what the population of this country will bo If wo will stand by this nag that you havo raised to-day as a symbol ot pur republic and rightly understand its mean ing To-dny our flag is on Cubnn soil and our bravo countrymen uro maintaining It nnd dying for It. It will ho carried to v Iclory. It la planted there, not for conquest, but for hu manity. The Mouroo doctrine will not brook foreign interference with tho territories con tiguous to us Wo will not let them es tablish now forms of government there, and wo Insist thnt thoy shall give to Cuba and to Torto ltleo a government of. for nnd by the people. Thoy cannot bo per- mitred to breed there tho yellow h'tor nnd the smallpox nnd bring tho contagion Into ths J United States: wo ennnot permit them to starve i to denth 400.0(H) Cubnns or butcher them tho way tho Turks havo butehorod tho Christians In Armenia. Tho civilisation of thn nineteenth century In America ciies out ngainst such out rages, nnd when we hnvo won our hnttiestha titlo of Ainericau citizen will ho n prouder title thnn any othor on earth. 'Tho question is nsked. whnt will wo do with theso Islands? We have not finished this war. nnd no man can toll what will ovontually bocoino of thoso Islands, but ono thing I ven ture, that the American nation will Riinranten toenchonoof them u, government of. for and by the people. And If It requires the strong arm of Uncle Sam to teach tho people tho truo meaning of liberty regulated by law. they will bn taught tho lesson und then tho soldlera can come home." rroof or It Quality. From tAe lliiladilpXia Call. "I'von grent story to tell you. boys." said a man to n group at tho City null. " I don't think anv ot you oter hoard mo tell It beforo." "Is It a really uood ono?"askod ono of th party doubtfully, "It certainly Is." ' Then you novor told It beforo." echoed the crowd. Preierlblnr n Motto. From We Dttrott Journal. Invalid I would rathor bo dead than aa I ami Attenjling Physician Ah, madame, you should llvo und er lot live. Democratlo Ilcvolt Against lli-ynn, WblU( Jours S. Co. front the Atlanta Comtttutton. Borne of Ihe brethren in fongn es have ao far fallen Into th trip sot for them aa to prepare th pot In which the Democratic gooso Is to be cooked In th fall elections. There was an eflrrt to anay the party agalLS' Ihv annexation of Hawaii, and It was ro far ucieiful that (ss o havo said) tho pot in which the Demo, ratio gooo I till fall to bo stewed may bs cunsldtred to be on. Nothing remains but to kin dle the Are and pluck the affable bird. SUXJIEA3I3. Seymour Eeyser, Postmaster at Manhelm, N. T u has an apple tree which was brought from Holland P In the seventeenth century. It atlll bears fruit. A hemlock tree recently cut down in Apploton, Me., showed two grains, and this was taken a an In dication that the tree wo nearly fourreuturle old, A man who was sentenced to ten day in th county Jail by a Tenneavee Judge presented a pardon from the Governor, which tbe Court refused to recog nize. Mrs. B. C. Dond of Cato, N. Y., 00 year old, has kept a diary for more than sixty year. A sho la an intelligent woman the record is historically complete and of v aluo. In proportion to population Texas ba furnished more troops for the war than any other State. Texa lie) a each enlisted man $7 a mouth in addition to hi Go. eminent pay, Willow wood Is the moat available for tbe uae ot powdur tuanufai hirers, and for that reason war speo ulitors are buylug all thoy con. Tree ore moat thick ly found In l'liiusjlraiiia, Itoinano and Lost Spring are town in Kan. The imputation of eui b Is about 200 people. Neither town ha au Idle mau or boy or unoccupied bouae. Neither has a saloon and dogs aie unknown. An alliuator, tho rirnt of Its spicle found In the Colorado Hirer, meaurcd eleven feet In length and thirty-eight inches uround. It wa Usooid recently by a cowboj , who, having landed it, tied It to a treo, In IBM J. r Btearo of Raco, Me., lent tlootoa young man who had an offer In th far West. Th understanding wa that th money wa to be repaid quarterly. A few day ago Mr. Btunu neslvta a chci lor 110, oath first lutallmtsj. 1 rntii'iiw mi'i - - - &. j