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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, July 18, 1898, Image 6

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It MONDAY, JOLT 18, 1808.
mt Subscription by Moll, rostpnld.
R DAILY, pur Month BO SO
V DAII.T. per Tear 0 CO
m bpkdat. vt Year oo
W IH1LY AND SUNDAY, per Year a 00
Mr DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Month 70
;Et Fosters la foreign countries added,
fg Tits Buy, Now York City.
Hi ?hu KIoiti No. 13, near Grand llotsl, and
iS B1oio.q Ho. 10, Boulevard des Capuclne.
; It cur friends who favor us setts manusoripts for
h fmlUcattonuHihtonavs rrjttttd artleUs rilurtud, IA
ET Mail t all com send stamps for Uiat purposs.
8' Mausers and Common Seme,
The Spanish proposal that tho surren-
d' derion forces should bo allowed to carry
J homo to Spain the rules with which thoy
J hate been shooting Americans and Cubans,
'', appears to have gained moro advocates at
tho front than In Washington.
It In easy to understand how brave and
Rtnerous men, In tho flush of victory and
t) in the emotional frame of mind produced
h by the knowledgo that tho main object of
the campaign wan already accomplished,
might bo Inclined to listen favorably to tho
,( appeal of a conquered foo to be permitted
to prcservo his military honor In the tan
gible form of twenty thousand Mauser
rifles, or thereabouts.
. Yet If Sampson's fleet had captured Cm-
Veha's ships. Instead of destroying them,
I tlicro would have been just as good reason
for allowing tho Spaniards to carry homo
f their cruisers and torpedo boats. Nobody,
wo think, would have encouraged a chlval
rlc policy toward a defeated enemy to that
I extent of generous concession.
( What was needed ut tho time of the
negotiations for surrender was tho unemo
tional, practical sort of common sense
which disconnects Mauser rifles altogether
from abstract Ideas of military honor, and
! regards tho twenty thousand guns, moro
or less, not only as captured property and
i legitimate spoils of war, but also as Instru-
J dents likely to bo more useful to American
Interests In tho hands of twenty thousand
-' American soldiers than as consolatory
(, relics over Spanish mantelpieces, suppos-
ing even that tho parole could bo made to
! extend to tho Mausers.
$ This common scnRo view of tho question,
I according to various accounts, was promptly
: supplied and rigidly maintained by tho
lion. Itussci.T. A. Alger, President Mc
Ij Kinley's Secretary of War.
, And that Is what Secretary Alger Is
I there for.
. The New London University.
!' It looks as If tho British metropolis
would toon have, what it has never yet
i possessed, a teaching university on a scale
jr. commensurate with Its place of primacy
!- among tho world's great capitals. A bill
appointing a commission to framo statutes
j for the purpose has passed Its second read-
lr ing In tho Housoot Commons, and wo may,
I therefore, tako It for granted that the
C project will be carried out.
It Is a fact not generally known that the
. fflp present University of London was started
f L as a teachiug institution. It was not until
"J, Y 1835 that tho power of granting degrees
' was bestowed on It, and then degrees wero
l ' only to bo conferred on students who could
I fri show that they had attended a two years'
I course at King's College, London, at Unl-
J t verslty College, London.orntsomoothcraf-
i. filiated college. It was In 1808 thatthenew
; j- charter was grnnted under which tho Lon-
l l don University has developed Into a mere
I J examining board. It has for a. long time
K been felt that tho British capital required
3 B rot merely a degree-conferring board, but
I a great teaching university, and, for at
ft least twenty years, systematic efforts have
B f been made to creato such an institution.
fa Two Itoyal Commissions havo been np-
S'bK P'Inted to consider the subject, and
RS" boUl navo rcPortci1 against the foun-
jj datlon of a separate university, and
j havo recommended such modifications in
C tho existing University of London as
J It Should enable It to discharge, teaching
5 Sll functions of the scope and character re
J jljF quired. To give effect to tho views ex
'J pressed In those reports Is tho aim of tho
t J schema embodied In tho bill, which has
ell- Pftl586d its second reading. It Is worth
J If noting by how many educational bodlis
this scheme has been already considered
J and approved. It has, In tho first place,
i r been accepted by tho Senate of tho Unl
; h verslty of London by a majority of 22 to 2 ;
i J an accoptauco in which the convoca-
i , g tlon of the Rame university has con-
i' f curreel by a majority of 40O to 230.
J, Tho scheme has ulso been sanctioned
1 "' ,ll lto?al College of Physicians, by tho
jS I Royal Collego of Surgeons, by tho Society
I, ot Apothecaries, by University College,
fe London, by King's College, London, by the
6 Bedford Collego for Women, by tho twelve
I t medical schools which exist In the British
& t metropolis, by six theological colleges,
I ft. bythoSoclety for tho Extension of Unl
I K verslty Teaching, by tho Technical Kduca
f. tlon Committee of the London County Coun-
ell, by tho corporation of tho city of Lon
S k don, by tho City and Guilds' Institute, by
- the Polytechnic Council, by the Itoyal So
$ 'ety and all tho other learned societies In
5 i London. The number and variety of theso
f p Instltutlops Indicate the range of subjects
'K concerning which tho now university and
k V- its ponstltuent establishments will boex-
t I pected to give Instruction.
6 Somo objections to the project havo been
,f raised by friends of the present Loudon
,1, t University, although It Is admitted that,
f, I If these were pressed to their logical con.
ji g elusion, they would compel tho formation
i. of a second university, the rivalry of which
I 3 would ho fatal to that which now exists,
- It Is said, for instance, that If those
I! lr wn0 nra to tal;e ',,rt 'n tho 'each-
. fe Ing functions shall sain control of
Bf the new university, thoy will assumo
TIE U' rljl11 to eniiie student, and will
If' lower tho standard of the degrees. It Is
5 K. also alleged that the teachers will giro the
j J picfcrciico to the stiulenU under their
j K chargu over external students, Duo pre-
! I cautions seem, however, to have been taken
l f. against such results. The teachers, Indeed,
! g 'will constitute a large majority of tho
1 F Academlo Council, bnt they will always
& h bo a minority in thn Stnatc, which
j ft, Is to hao uhsoluto control over tho
1 examinations and the standards for ile-
j W grees, Kwu from tho viewpoint of cam-
'f illations and degrees It Is Just as well that
If 1 the teachow uhoiilcl hutcbome repiesentn-
lr I t'onjn tho Senate, for tho questions relnt-
'I r Ing to science, which tho Senate has
" hitherto formulated without any roferenco
to teachers, havo been uurevised sluce
1870, notwithstanding the great advances
made meanwhile In chemistry and phyal-1
ology. A to the rights of external students,
there Is to be a council appointed by tho
Senate to supervise their work, and tho
Sonate Is forbidden to lower tho standard
of degrees or the conditions of examination
for Internal students without the concur
rence of tho council representing externnl
students. Mr. HnYCB, discussing the mat
tor In tho dobato on the second reading,
pointed out that It is the tendency of a de
greo always to rise In value, and, If this wns
observed to be the cose at Oxford and Cam
bridge, where the teachers are, virtually,
dictators. It could hardly bo expected to be
otherwlso In the new London University,
where they will constltuto only a mi
nority of the governing body, and could
not, therefore, If thoy would, provo a ret
rogressive force. Mr. Diner, for his part,
could not see In what posslblo way any
body connected with the present London
University wouldsufferfrom thoonoctmrijt
of the bill. What men prim In their uni
versities Is tho teachiug obtained, the men
tal stlmnliiH Imparted and the high Intel
lectual pleasure of association with friends
who havo drunk In the ssmo draughts ot
knowledge from tho lips of tho same elo
quent teachers. That Is what tho authors
of tho hill now before Parliament want to
glvo to tho Inhabitants of tho British
metropolis, and thero can bo but little
doubt that the London graduate of the
future will be able to look back to some
thing better and more Inspiriting than the
recollection of tho examination hall.
The annual Income ot the present London
University Is only $8B,000. Nothing Is
said In tho bill concerning the groat addi
tion to Its pecuniary resources which tho
assumption of the teaching function on a
vast scale will render Indispensable. There
Is no doubt, however, that when the new
Institution has been organized tho funds
requisite for Its support will bo provided
by Parliament. If the relatively poor
German Government could appropriate
$3,500,000 to the University of Strasburg,
a much moro munificent sum should bo
forthcoming for an Institution worthy ot
tho British metropolis.
This Is American.
From the lion. Hoke Smith's Atlanta
Journal we derlvo these satisfactory and
stimulating sentiments:
"Wa of conns undertake now retponslbtlltlM ind
mr Incur iome new dangers, bat the filth la our
country In wr&k Indeed which donbU tht we can
cope succeeirullr with theae.
" It la 'a condition and not s theory' that confront
in. Terrltorbl extension on a lanze ecale Is for us fore
ordained. WhateTer we mar have thought of the
wlsdohi of this policy, the pracUcal and patriotic
thins now ia to accept it cheerfully and to arrive to
make the beat of It.
"Objections to territorial extension which hfid
force some years ago hare been overcome by chansed
This Is the Americanism ot the new
South ; not tho political now South which
the Hon. Gnovcn Cleveland tried to cre
ate, somo years ago, with the help of tho
Hon. Hoke Smith, but tho nntlonal new
South which events nro now creating, with
the help of tho Hon. Hoke Smith and
other Southern patriots, and In spite of
tho last struggles of dying Clevclandlsm.
Contrast this patriotic teaching with tho
dismal utterances of the Hon. Hoki:
Smith's former principal In his address
two or thrco weeks ago to the boys at Law
rencovllle, New Jersey.
Mr. Cleveland apparently has as little
Influence with tho former members of his
Cabinet as with tho young Americans at
Wo present to the Hon. Hoke Smitii tho
assurance of our most distinguished consid
eration. Ho Is no death mask. He Is in
partnership with no death mask. He knows
a condition from a theory.
Tho Bicycle In China.
Statistics of the exportation of American
bicycles In tho past few years make very
little referenco to the demand for wheels
In China, and probably nowhere has cycling
been less popular than in that country.
Chinamen seem to havo regarded the bicy
cle with as much superstition as they re
gard everything new; until recently thoy
preferred to walk rather than risk that
novelty's Invasion. Within tho past few
months, according to a report of the United
States Consul at Shanghai, cycling in the
Flowery Kingdom has become so populnr
that the spectacle of a wheel-mounted Chi
naman Is by no means uncommon.
As may bo suspected, however, credit for
tho bicycle's introduction in China Is not
due to the Mongolians there. It dawned
upon the foreign residents ot tho Empire
that outdoor exercise, was as essential to
good health In that part ot the world as
elsewhere, and the wheel was unanimously
recommended as a means ot securing It.
Two or three things wero difficult for the
Chlneso wheelman to overcome. Ills na
tive dress wns long and clumsy and ill
suited to pedalling, And his queue, wan apt
to make trouble by catching in tho spokes.
The former obstacle was removed either by
abandoning tho awkward garment alto
gether or by turning it up and fastening It
at tho waist, while the queue was brought
forwHrd over tbe shoulder and likewise
mndo fast. Those, precautions taken, the
rider's freedom was assured.
Doubtless tho wheel's worst enemies in
China are tho public highways. Throughout
a large part of the Empire these are said to
resemble, cow paths moro closely than
roads, and tholr improvement depends en
tirely upon the disposition of tho persons
whose property they adjoin. Only In tho
larger towns and In the cities are to bo
found roads that really deserve tho nnmc.
Most of tho paths are too narrow to accom
modate four-wheeled vehicles, and. when
not clouded with dust, deep mud generally
renders them unsuitable for cycling. Tho
Inhabitants give little thought to tho con
dition of their highways, which, when left
to look after themselves, naturully grow
worse Instead ot better,
Now, a very Interesting query Is sug
gested. If the wheel's popularity In China
Increases at anything like the rata of Its
Increases in other countries, may wo not
In n few years witness a mnrked change in
the habits of tho Chinese rare! Certainly
the probability In not remote. To bo con
vinced of this, It Is only necessary to re
view the bicycle's career !u our own coun
try. Consider the deplorable condition of
many of our highways before tho advent
of the wheel. While, after a fashion, they
answered their purpose, flvo times as much
power v.n& often required to haul n load
over them as Is needed to-day. Many
roads that were not narrow und rough
were loose uud sandy, or covered with
stones, or so muddy thnt travelling oter
them was extremely dlfllcult or utterly Im
possible. Distances which nre now covered
In two hours It then took u whole day to
complete, aud tho value of property which
had to be reached by way of such wretched
I road way s was steadily depreciating.
How did the bicycle improve things t
Its riders quickly discovered that, In order
for the wheel to become generally servlco
ablo, it must first of all have smooth roods.
To seen re them, a " good roads" movement
was Inaugurated, millions of printed pam
phlets and magaxtnes upon tho subject
wero circulated, Legislatures were appealed
to, prizes were offered for the best literary
contributions upon road making and for
photographs of disgraceful highways, and
the public .was led to see tho advantages
that would arise from having tho highways
Improved, To that end largo appropria
tions wero made, and tho work of building
and rebuilding the roads was put In charge
of competent men. Town officials were In
structed how to construct their roads and
maintain them In good repair, and the en
hanced valuation of their property In con
sequence ot hnrlug hotter thoroughfares
inspired them to make tho effort.
Axldo from giving Americans splendid
roads, the wheel must also bo credited with
enlivening numerous branches ot trade,
furnishing employment for thousands of
workmen, arousing tho mechanical and In
ventive powers of tho people, and, best of
all, dispelling their cares and grontly pro
moting their Individual health. AH this
has been accomplished In somowhat less
thun a score of years.
Whether our Oriental brethren will fol
low tho example, ot Undo Sam and placo
the whcol In the front rank of their manu
factures, ot course, remains to bo seen. This
much, though, Is certain: An Sin's coun
trymen are, In no senso, despicable me
chanics, and tholr ability to Improve on
tho mechanical workmanship of others
has been shown. Who knows that tho
"heathen Chinee" may not contrive a
bicycle, that will roll along without either
chain or gear, and that will never scorch,
wabble, or puncture- Its periphery!
At present the Chlneso pedalters'favorlto
steeds are the American light roadsters,
and even If our distant friends are entirely
satisfied with those wheels as they find
them, no one can criticise their judgment.
Indeed, It may bo that the American wheel
maker would prefer to have them contlnuo
Indefinitely to Import their mounts from
tho United States.
At any rate, tho Celestial monkey-back
has mado his appearance, and another
species of bicycle face Is presented for tho
contemplation of science.
Hrupp Armor at Indian Head.
It would be strange If, after having for
years led tho world in tho manufacture of
ship plates, beating all records of Amager
or Ochta, Portsmouth or Spezzla, and see
ing our Harvey process adopted alike for
English and Russian battleships, wo should
now voluntarily renounce our title to su
periority and confess that our past methods
have elsewhere been outdone.
And yet just this attitude seems In pros
pect' for us, after tho revelations of the
trials nt Indian Head during the past week.
The 0-Inch Krupp plate made by the Carne
gie Company and attacked by 0-Inch pro
jectiles, with successive striking velocities
of 2,021, 2,237 and 2,350 feet per
second, and then by on 8-inch projcctll
with n velocity of 1,084 feet, showed not
a single crack an a result of any of tho
firing. Standard Carponter shells were
used. Tho first went less than half way
through the plato and thero was broken
up; the second, also, could not get Its
point through ; portions of the third, under
tho highest velocity used, 2,350 feet,
succeeded In passing through. tho plate, but
remained, It would appear, in the twelve
feet of oak backing, which was covered by
thin steel plato behind It. The big 8-inch
armor-piercing projectile of course went
clear through both plate and hacking, but
the plato was still not crocked, and It
was perfectly good as a defence, save for
the clean-cut cylindrical holes.
Tho high hopes entertained of the Krupp
process seem likely, therefore, to be ful
filled. In Europe It has achieved triumphs,
and in arranging to use it hero our
American armor makera havo kept up
with tho front rank of progress, as
they have always done. Of course, the
conclusion to adopt this method ot manu
facture will not bo definitely reached by
tho Government until after a successful
trial ot a plato twice as thick as the ono
jUBt tested. Such u plato, however. Is to
bo tried before long. Whatever tho ad
vances mad In ship armor, tho best that
can be made will be supplied for our ships.
Tho Fidelity of Our Postal Service.
A minor feature ot the bond salo for the
war loan of tho Government Is set forth by
Assistant Secretary Vanderlip. Mr.VAN
dkrlip declares thut, in the courso of
business connected with this Issue of bonds,
the Treasury has already handled $700,000
In currency, while there has not been a
solitary complaint of error or deficiency In
the matter ot a single remittance by mall.
Such cash remittances, made in "one thou
sand dollar bills, In ordinary, unregistered
letters, havu not been uncommon." Not
one appears to havo gone astray, to have'
been lust, purloined, remained undelivered,
sent to the wrong address, or failed to
reach tho Treasury.
This assuredly Is most striking ovldence
of the extent to which the postal service ot
the United States has been perfettod, and
ot the popular confidence In Its efllcleucy.
The business of the Post Ofllce Department
Is usually computed on the basis of Its re
ceipts, which run In a year from $80,000,.
000 to $85,000,000, while tho expenbes run
from $00,000,000 to $05,000,000. The
gross weight of letters, newspapers, pack
ages and postnl cards amounts In a year to
about 550,000,000 pounds. Some time ugo
It was computed that the scaled letters
carried in thn United States mull in a year
number about 2,400,000,000, excluding
postal cards, circulars and notices, Tho
number of letters hnndled In Great Britain
last year was 1,803,000,000, exclusive of
280,000,0110 postal cards, or post cards, as
they are called In England. Tho number
of postals Issued In a year In this country
Is fifty per cent, greater thnn In Great
Britain, nnd the disparity between tho
revenues from newspapers In even greater
In favor of the United States,
Though the number of letters handled by
the United States Pot Office In a year,
with tho addition of foreign letters re
celved, approximates 3,000,000,000, tho
complaints of erroneous, belated or im
perfect delivery, or of non-delivery,
amount In a year to only about 30,000,
or one complaint In a hundred thousand of
letters posted, A scrutiny of these coin,
plulutn by the Post Ofllie Department
shows that somo of tho cases are duo to un
avoidable accidents, such as the burning of
Post Olllcc8, tho wreck of railroad tr.In
carrjlng malls, collisions In transit, and
similar difficulties; some aro chargeable to
acts of persons not connected with the de
partment ; in some there was no valid
cause of complaint, nnd In a larger number
the errors wero due to the senders, who
mailed letter with Inaccurate or- India-
' '
tlnck addresses, without Kultabla or suuV
clent stamps, in Insecure envelopes, at the
wrong places, or In violation of the regula
tions of tho Post Ofllce Department.
Some of tho cases, of course, a consider
able number Indeed, wore due to the dere
liction of the Post Offlco employees through
pilfering by them of tho content of sealed
letters and to nets of carelessness or neglect
not compatible with o high standard of ef
ficiency. But when contrasted with the
volumo of all mall matter handled, tho
number of complaints filed, and the fewer
number of complaints substantiated, cer
tainly afford remarkable proof of tho suc
cessful management of tho United States
PostOfTlcc, tho operations ot which are now
again largely on tho Incrcaso as compared
with a year ago, Indicating, It is said In
Washington, a total postal revenue this
year of $100,000,000, tho lnrgcst In tho
history of the department.
The Great Two.
Mr. Hiiiam K. CuDnr.wbonow describes
himself as" Presidentof tho Sodua Richard
Harding Davis Literary and Historical
War Memorial Sodality," again spends a
two-cent stamp upon his enthusiasm. Ho
Is honest, but a little, troublesome
"Wednesday night," Mr. Cuddy writes,
"wo are going to debate the question,
'Which Is tho greater man, RtoiiAnD
lUnDiNo Davis or the Emperor William r
Which do you think T
Both. Thoy aro much alike In the quali
ties of youth, modesty, reticence, self
distrust, love of military glory, familiarity
with potentates, love of travel, capacity and
fondness for Instructing tho world. Prob
ably Mr. Davis would not change, places
with anybody In the world, but If ho had
to change, wo dare say ho would feel that
ho would loso the least by becoming tho
Emperor William. And there Is a rlpo
wisdom, a seasoned sagacity, a depth of
observation In ond about Mr. Davis that
must recommend him to the Emperor
whenever ho feels hipped and pines for an
As n soldier the Emperor, in spite of his
training, must be pronounced Inferior to
his rival. When did the Emperor seo and
share in tho horrors and the hardships of a
war where hot and cold baths cannot be had
at all hours, and no manicure establish
ments are to be found In the trenehest It
was reservod for Mr. Davis to study war In
Its nethermost abyss of woe.
On the other hand, William's familiarity
with tho English languago would give him
nn advautago over Hiciiaud In Sodus or
anywhere else in the United States.
Once more docs tho Hon. John WLekdt,
Ooornor of Knnsas. splash In tho sea of clory.
The other day ho tcloKraplied to tho Becretary
of War thnt tho recruiting of two battalions of
Kansns colored men was completed. "I be
lies." continued tho Govornor, "that it would
brffor the good ot tlio service nnd n just rcooc
nitlon of their rights to gho them a full reel
mont. I therefore ask for authority to re
cruit another battalion." Tho Adjutant-General
replied for Gen. ALGKit that the
75.000 voluntoers under tho President's second
call wore apportioned, nnd thnt authority to re
ceive another battalion could not bo clvon.
Gov. Leedt cheerfully odmits that "he knew
thero was no room fornnothcr battalion," and
says that ho merely wished to show his "friend
liness for the colored brethren." Can they re
fuse to voto forso amlobloa statesman?
A Democrat of the ambiguous name of
Divilulibs is trying to bo nominated for Con
gress from tho Third Missouri district. It Is
doubtful if tho Missouri Democrats will follow
any man, lion over creat his talent, whose name
reminds thorn of tholr foroclous onomy the
Money Dcsll. Tho political principles of Mr.
Divii.iii.ibs may be sound, but ho suseesta
monopolies, trusts, and money changers.
The Hon. Annie L. Dions, now the fore
most Kansas ntntcswoman, is Presldont of tho
Kansas Commonwealth Club, which has toen
founded for tho purposo of bringing nbout
"Industrial omiinelDatlon," Tho members of
tho Commonwealth Club believe thnt " it is
PosiiblotoBO systematize tho Industries and so
adjust tho BOernmcntnl functions ns to fur
nish oery willing worker with employ
ment," nnd thoy ask tho women of Kan
sas to form commonwealth clubs and to
study "tho economic questions Involved
in tho present evolution of tho industries of tho
nation." Tho study for tho August meeting is
" What Is Boclallsm ?" for tho Septembor meet
Inc. "Stato Insurance j" for tho October meet
ing. "Btato Ownership of Stockyards." At the
midwinter mooting nt Topeka "somoemlncnt
expounder of tho 'Glad Gospel of tho Now
Tlmo'" will bo present, nnd "tho meeting will
also partake of the nnturo of an educational
Institute." Tho club lemons will presene "a
strictly non-partisan attitude." If thoy can.
Our esteemed contemporary, tho Iilch
mond Dispatch, sniffs another crisis nnd colo
brates it with a really ablo lit and shriek:
"Tho continuance of tho Itenntiliran party In
power at thl Juncture may mean the death of the
republic aa we hat e known and lot ed it."
Too quick dospalrcr. wherefore wilt thou
wall? Think of "BnTAN'ioitrsurerblender.
leodlnn BUpcrbly In his now costumo. Ho will
noteonsoto expand his chost naralnst expan
sion. Can tho republic die while he is left to
How l)r, Howey Sated the Summer Girl.
from the Ftrtntlt Companion,
Aa tbii aummer approacliod. It aecined aa If we
wero to hare the Hummer Olrl no more. Popular
fancy dcjilctod tho Hpanlih fleets Balling up and
down our coiata, bombarding our ciUea and towns,
sh llliis our aealtle hotel and Ulaa, and drirlna ui
far Into the Interior for safety. Durlnic what was
once the racrry month of May, the rain poured almoat
lnceeaantly, es If terrified nature were wecplnu over
thla innalllne picture. Btorukuepcraand ilreiainakcra
atood about disconsolate. IToprietMa of aeaalde re
aorta and anitmementa conaultod their latryera aa to
the raaleat road tliroiuth tlio bunkmplcycourU. No
Buianiirftlrl.iio aiuunierdrraaei, no aummer aeaaon.
Hut when June rame matters changed for the bet
ter Theeunahone out and brluhtcned eterythlnu
aidctcrybody. Dewey had proted thataBpanlah
fleet could be amaahed aa eaaily as a baaket of
runs, 'Ihe phantom rruUcra that had been hover
lnu along our roaats wero bottled up In BantUro de
Cuba. Then tho Summer Olrl plmked up heart and
ordered her araalde coatumea, atopplng Inherahop
plmi to wave a fond adieu to tbe brat e bnjawho
tnarcbod or sailed on to the front. Preaently the
railway atatlona were blockaded nltuexpreaawacons,
laden with thoie huirn. aipiare trunks that mean so
much to the women who packthemandtheraen who
pay fur their content The Bummer Olrl had aur
vlved tho outbreak of tbe war, and was atartlnit for
her accuatoined bauitU fully equipped and eager for
tho fray,
One Dny Ahead.
Frnt tt Carolina Spartan.
The Ancate I Prtaa eudratorcd to choke, throttle
and utterly sinlhlUto TiilXew Yoxx Bum andlU
nev,aaervlrelai.tear. Dutlt U quite evident that
Tun Bus Ii generally nbout one day ahead In the
nea from Cuba and Manila. Then, too, The Sen's
deajmtchei nre alwu) n truatworth).
Mrs. Amern'a Welcome Home.
From anAirtrliHMtnt in it Glimcftttr Times.
Thla la to Kite notice that my wife, who left' my
honao without aufiklent wiuae, has returned and la
glad to L back again and will nut leave again In s
hurry, Jiaiti Aaiuo.
All nt Sen.
Fn rilegtndi BlatUer,
Abaent-MiQded rrofeaaor (in tha bthtab)-WeU.
vtU, now I lure forgotten what I got la hue fo.
111 ' ' , ' i '
J rna msronio aotnmr hod,
And the Koble find Illtntriona Jntnet Gor
don llennctt nnd the Frightful Kx
' prnan lie It nt for Newt.
From Tiir. Rvraisn Bex Saturday.
That distinguished nnd excellent contleman,
Mr. James Gordon Ilennett, prints a picture In
his Herald this morning showing n terrlflu nn
tal engagement In progress with i inehtln tho
forewRtcr. Ho says it depicts thodestructlon
of Corvora's fleot and thnt th yacht Is tho
Golden Hod, which, moreover. "was the only
newspaper boat prosont durlnic the cnungo
ment" Aealn It Is our painful duty to rcprovo this
worthy but erring gentleman. In his desporn
tlon over tho horrible news famine prevailing
In his journalistic ltnls holms been printing
In his nowspapern all sorts ot Imnclnnry hap
penings at tho seat ot war, taking the thousand-to-one
chance that they would turn tint to havo
really occurred. Luck was ngnlnst him ; nnd to
a degree nothing short of ratal I Tho things
didn't hnrpou I Not ono enmo to pass!
We dwolt tho other day with a solicitude we
could not repress upon tho iiulinppy circum
stances In whlchthlslnvolvodthonohlo-mlnded
gentleman In question. Wo showed how ono
detected Ho hnd to ho rePnforeod by a whole
escarpment of now mcndnelty. and how each
new averment. In turn, hnd t,o bo buttressed up
and sandbagged Into tho external somblnnco
of the truth. Wo deplored thon his shortcom
ings as nn engineer and topographer ot Invent
ed fact, and set forth tho melancholy failure ot
his defences. It has boon nit to no purposo.
To-dar ho Is worso thnn oter.
His picture this morning Is a most moving
spoctaolo. It discloses warships discharging
their functions without n deviation from estab
lished ruin. It Is a lesson, ns tho large-minded
Mr. Bennett gravely assorts, a lesson "for tho
student of naval warfare," a "study for tho his
torian," and "an Inspiration for tho senti
mental reader." Tho main thing In It, how
over. Is tho jacht Golden Ilod, "the only nows
paper boat present during tho engagement."
Now this Isnmostunfortunnto thing for him
to say. Of courso he had to say something, but
why not think a little first, so ns to say what
would stick, hold water, dovetail and fit. In
stead ot firing off tho first nlleged Idon thnt
enmo Into his evacuated head. And whnt an
Ideal Togoandoterlookthefact that ho had
nlroady proved In tho Herald thnt tho Golden
Ilod was elsowhoro on tho occasion I To for
get utterly thnt ho had already had tho un
lucky bont as busy as a nailer at the satno
tlmo In nn entirely different placo, occupied. It
must bo admitted, with tho details of a lot of
lies of another nature altogether I For awk
wardness I For Infelicity 1 Surely tho like of
it was novorknown.
"Tho public." snys this misguided but most
desoning gentlcinnn In his Evening Telegram
to-dny, " the public," says ho, " must havo tho
news. and. cost what It may, nllte nowspnper
muit furnish It." "Tho Herald's graphic no
count of the destruction of Corvora's floot cost
more In cablo tolls than its memorable descrip
tion ot Dowcy's victory wired from Hong Kong."
This Is a most astounding statement. It takes
mathomatlcs to deal with It. A lot of prepos
terous lies, ridiculous nnd grotesquo inten
tions and conjectures, pretending to bo an ac
count of tho greatest evont In the naval history
of our time. Is written ut tho comer of Urond
way nnd Thirty-sixth street, nnd ho saj-B It
costs moro than a despatch from Ilong Kong,
which wo nctuolly believe did como by cable I
Now, how can that bo so? How enn a lot of
fnntastle and semi-lunatic rubbish nbout Samp
eon nnd Schley and Corvera havo cost anything
but reputation nnd tho disgust and contempt of
sensible, pcoplo?
What a vulgar imposture I Even Pulitzer
would blush to bo thought cullty of such thing I
The following Ststca hare elected State officers thla
year: Kentucky and Teiaa In January, Ilhodo Ialnud
In April. Oregon in June.
The next State election thla year will be that of Ala
bama, Aug. 8, for Oovernor and other Suite officers.
The second will be that of Arkanaas, Sept. 6, for
Oovernor and other State officers.
Vermont will vote on Sept. 0 and Maine on Sept. 12.
Elections for Gov ernor nnd other State officers will
bo held In November In the following States: Cali
fornia, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Idaho, Kan
aaa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, New
nampahlre. New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania,
North Dakota, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Wyo
ming, and Wlcontdn.
States that will hold no Rtate elections until the
PresldenUal year, 1H00, are Illinois, Montana, North
Carolina, Utah, Washington and Weat Virginia.
The next State election of Virginia will bo in 1001 .
The only Btat a adhering to annual Legislatures
are Massachusetts, Now Jersey, New York, Ilhodo
Island and South Carolina.
Pennsylvania electa its Governor for four years.
New Jersey for three and New York for two. Utah
alone elects a Oovernor for five years. Louisiana
elects members of the Legislature for four years.
Two States, MaasachuaetU and Ithode Island, elect
Governors annually.
Our ring nnd Liberia's.
To thk Enrron or Tub Bu:(-.Vir- Your editorial
article, The Stars In the Flig." Is timely, and your
solution of the problem la the only one.
Beaides, what could be moro appropriate and sym
bolic, for aa our States go to make up tho Untied
Suites, so the stars would make one big star rcprcecnt
Ing tho United States. " E pluribus unura," and the
atranger, as ho gets within a range of a few hundred
feet and tees the Individual stars, will understand the
symbol. It would mean aomcthlng more than the
way In which the stars are now placed an added
symbolism. Evtn run Old Globt.
New Yonx, July 16.
Nevertheless, there Is this to bosnld: Tho
plnn of grouping th stars Into u single shir in
the bluo field would mnku our flag look tory
much liko thnt ot tho llttlo republic of Liberia.
Tho Liborlnn flag was copied nftcr that of the
United States. Is oxactly liko It, except that
tho flold contains ono largo whlto star, nnd
thero are cloven stripes Instead of thirteen.
Tho problem Is not solved yet.
The Manse Tree.
To Tit EoiTOn or Tue Box Sir: Will not th8
military authorities in Cuba see to it that the historic
mango tree, under whoae spreading branches Oen.
Shatter, Oen. Mllea, Oen. Wheeler, and Oen. Toral
held a conference which resulted In tho Spanish sur
render, Is idenUfled and promptly guarded and pre
served J Won't Tnr. Bun help to thla result I
Asdurt Pans, July Id. M. n. D.
Not thn Spirit of tho Agreement.
To thk EotTon or Tux SvsSIr: The Spanish
Canary Islands aro TOO miles marer Santiago ile
Cuba than Cadli, Bpoins ond if our Government
transports Its prisoners of war to Spanish terTitorr
why should not a port In these islands, Laa Palmos
for example, be a suitable landing plaro for our
transport T
Vie should not onlv sat e transportation, but lessen
the chances of trouble with unruly mobs at Cadli or
other Peninsular ports. ULMia E. CUn.NuKi.
New Yoke, July 10,
Our Splendid Reigulnrs.
To the Entron or The Sux-Air- Permit one who
Is anxiously siting for aomo word of " our boj a" to
Indorse hoartll the letter of "C. F." In to-day's Bust
In behalf of our regulsr troops at the front, aud as
sure hint of tho gratitude of a
New Youe, July HI. Smtrn or x ItEouuB.
A Pride of Populism.
To the Enrron or The Bex Sir- 11m Hugg of
Chemung la the Popocratto candidate for Cougrrss
In the Elrst New Jersey district.
GiMDKX, July If. Cbixlu L. McKeose.
In Grent Luck.
niggs-IIello, where have vou been thla long time?
D!ggi-Up in the Klondike.
Ulcus Have any luckt
Dlggs You bet.
lliglts-What was Itt
Dlggs-Got back again.
To Vt'iitson,
They tell ns, Watson,
That your bit
Win likely Uke you
To Cadli.
And if It does to.
Do not pause
Until you nuke
'i i i ' iii'1 ' ' '
Acinltitlon of Nnn-Conttgnoo Territory
Alwnys Icmoerntlo Doctrine.
To Tnie. Eniron or Tn Bun Sir.- Having
for many years, day by day. read with great
care nnd intorest the editorial nrtlelos In Tnu
Bun on nil the (.'runt Questions which havo
arisen for discussion before tho American
public I have boon especially Interested In fol
lowlnp; you tit your splendid ndvocnorof tho
annexation ot llavnll. supplemented by your
stroiiK American arguments In defonoo of our
Constitutional right, an well as duty, to fortify
tho strength of tho poodIo ot the United States
as emorsenolos domund. whether In Torto
ltleo, Cuba, Hawaii, or tho Philippines.
I hnvo also been greatly Interested In the
position and arguments of our Demooratlo
friends In opposition to such n policy. Tiik Buk
has left them no ground to stand on. by bring
ing forward tho writings of the early Domo
crntla stJitcsmon. nnd they find themselves In
opposition to the tmdltionnl and offlolal history
of their party.
Tho old ltiglmo of .treat Demooratlo states
men wont out ot power with tholr party in 18J0.
and thoso who wero still alive w hen Cleveland
came Into power wero unable to mako them
selves felt under tho ordorof tho new political
dynasty. Therefore it may not bo Inappropriate
to recall tlio last political notion of tho Domo
emtio party, undor tho leadership ot Its most
trusted statesmen, upon the subject of annexa
tion, only two years before Its fine went down In
defeat. It was tho climax of continuous Domo
crntlo notion showing tho unanimous ad
herence and advocacy ot that policy which had
guided It from the days ot Jefferson down to
tho tlmo of Cloveland.
Lying before me is the United States Demo
cratia .ferine of April, 1850. published In the
oltyof Now York, and bearing tho Imprint of
Its forty-fourth year. All tho old Democrat
know thnt In Its panes could always bo found
tho most porfoct exemplification of national
Democratlo sontlmont to be f6und In the col
umns of any periodical In thoso days.
In this number I find thnt tho first thirty
nine pages nro taken up with an article en
titled tho " Continental Tollcy of tho United
States; The Acquisition of Cuba." The artlclo
opens us follows:
At no former period since the foundation of the
Ootcrnmentof the United States has tho public mind
been ao pointedly awakened to a comprehensive
sense of the mission and duty of the American re
public In extending our Democratlo system over thla
entire continent. It teems to have been reserved for
President Buchanan to call Into being this active
publlo sentiment, and to mark ont a new epoch in
the history of the government of eit lllicd man. In
his last annual mesaaice he foreshadowed the true
national policy of the Government of the United
States In regard to the future political condition of thla
continent, and by the logical power of this authorita
tive State paper, the public opinion of both hemi
spheres is to be concentrated and centralized.
Continuing, it says:
Put this review, having from its birth nntll the
present moment advocated the "manifest destiny"
of the American republic, It ia proper In thla article
to consider practically and somewhat In detail the
question Involved in the acquisition of Cuba as one
additional step toward the accomplishment of that
great end.
After embracing In tho first twenty-two
pases tho political and commercial reasons
which demanded tho inclusion of Cuba within
tho area of our jurisdiction. It proceeds to say:
Keeping In view these important truths, the Presi
dent places the acquisition of Cuba upon Just and
patriotic grounds, and is sustained In thla great
measure of his Administration by the wise statesmen
who hate gone beforo htm. Among them are Thomas
JcfTerson, James Madison, James Monroe, John
Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, Martin Van Dureu,
James K. Polk, Edward Everett, Franklin Pierce, and
William L. Marcy.
It thon proceeds to justify Its assertion by
publishing, flrst. tho letters of Mr. Jofferson to
Mr. Mndlson. April 27, 1800. and to Mr. Mon
roo, Juno "2.1, 1B23, and Oct. 24. 1823; secondly.
It sots forth tho letter of John Quincy Adams
while Secretary ot Htnto under Mr. Monroe to
our Minister at Madrid. April 28, 1823. follow
ing It with tho tlows of Mr. Clay whilo Secre
tary of Stato undor Mr. Adams to our Minister.
Mr. Everett, nt Madrid, undor date of April 27,
1825. After stating tho fact thnt Mr. Buchanan
in 1848, then Secretary of Stato under Mr.
Polk, authorized our Minister at Madrid, Mr.
Sanders, to offer Spain $100,000,000 for tho
transfer of Cuba to the United States, it follows
with tho Icttor of Mr. Everett to Count do
Bartiges. In which he rejoetstho joint proposi
tion of the French and British Governments for
a trlpartlto convention with tho United States
dlsclalmlncsovorally nnd collectively nil Inten
tion to obtain possession of tho Island of Cuba,
nnd respectively binding themselves to discon
tinue nil attempts to that effect. This Is sup
plemented by a letter from Mr. Marcy. Secretary
of Stnto under Mr. Pierce, to Mr. Sould, our
Mlnisternt Madrid, sustaining tho position of
Mr. Everett and urging tho Importance of
closely wntchlng tho raovomontsof Franco and
England In reennl to Cuba.
Coming back to tho proposition Involved In Its
openlnc paragraph, tho iJemocratic Iteciew pro
ceeds to says:
We bellote a great duty devolves on the American
peoplo in connection with tho spread of freo inati
tuttons, and that every barrier erected by foreign
powers against the extension of our theory of gov
ernment will speedily disappear. It cannot be other
wise. Despotism cannot long continue to chain
down and crush out freedom, especially within sight
of our republic. Tho children of Cuba, Central
America, and Mexico must fraternize with thoae of
the United Mates. They can look to no other quarter
for protection or eafety. They have felt the iron
grasp of foreign power, and they aro falling away
under the oppressor's hand,
It is time they should repose under the panoply of
this free and prosperous country, and reap the fruits
of their own labor. But, unfortunately, they are
met ami repulsed by those who should welcome
thrm among us, thus imposing upon the Demooratlo
party tho double task of preparing the way at home
for their reception, and of holding at bay tholr ene.
rules abroad, This vre are prepared to do, and tbo
fact that the recent measure of Prftidnt lluehsnsn
was not carried Into effi ct during the last session of
the Thirty-fifth Congress argues nothing to the con
trary, The bills Introduced In the Senate and Hoius
of Representatives, In conformity to tho recommen
dations of tbe President, looking to tho acquisition
of Cuba, would have lwcome a law before the ad
journment, except for the factious coarse of the op
ponents of the measure.
In n foot noto tho contest In tho Senate Is
thus described:
On Friday noon. Jan. 28, Mr. Slldell's bill was
taken up by the Benato with a arm determination to
ascertain the sense of that body on tbo proposition;
and one hourafter midnight Mr. Brown moved, as a
test vote, to lay the bill on the tatilo, announcing at
the same Urns that lie should vote against his own
motion. Tho test vote was then taken and tho mo
tion was lost by yeas, 18; nays, BO; majority in
fator of tho bill, 13. The lists wore as follows:
Mcusrs. Allen, Payurd, Benjamin, Bigler, Prawn,
Chestnut, Clay, Cllngman, Donglts, ritch, FlUps trick,
Green, Gwln, Hunter, Ivernon, Johnson of Ar
kansas, Johnson of Tennessee, Lane, Msllor,,
Mason, l'olk. Push, Held, nice, Sebastian,
Shields, Blldell, Smith, Toombs and Woro.
It will bo een that the Democrat sustained the bill
with the single exception of Senator Broderiek of
California. On Saturday morning Mr, Slldell, hat Ing
obtained tbo objeot of a test rote in support of the
Presldi nt's foreign policy, withdrew the bill, after a
few remarks, showing that the factious courso
adopted b the ltepubllcans was merely for tbe pur
pose of wasting the time of the Senate in tie hope
thus to defeat the appropriation bills, aud render an
extra session of Congnse necessary. In doing so he
aunoumed that lie would bring It up on the flrst day
of tho next acaslon. Explanations wero msde by
Beuatora Thompson of New Jersey, Jones, Bright and
Davis, who were absent when the vote was taken all
of whom wished It to lw understood that they would
have voted with the majority.
This was tho oiidlng of tho history of tho
Democracy wliloh to that ditto had dominated
tho destinies of tho American republic. Under
Its notion and tho impulses which made It Illus
trious, our country had expanded until lis west
ern shore wns llmlto.l by tho waves of tho Pa
cific, and boond which It oould not bo but
wossueking extension on the south-and pre
parlnn the way for the Queen of tho Antlllos.
How different was the action of tho party after
Its resurrection under Mr, Cleveland, by whoso
order the American flag was hauled down at
Honolulu after It had been voluntarily ralsod H
by a people who sought Incorporation Into H
our splendid Oovomment, Tho recent conflict H
In, both houses of Congress ovor the Nowlandi H
resolutions to restore that flag to remain for- W
overover tho Islands In the Pacific shows by 9&
comparison how tar It has abandoned tho poll-
cles and statesmanship of thoso groat Amorlcnn
statesmen of the nnto-liellum days, whoso great
deeds ond thoughts thoy contlnunlly offer us as
tho most potent reason why thoy are entitled to
It was tho inspiration of those groat Ideas
which led Senator Pugh, In spouting to the
Blldell bill for the acquisition of Cuba, to say t
The expansion of our Fedsrsl system, aa on anus
gsney after another shall require, I the law of our
development: It Is the sign of our national vitality)
the pledge ot our national endurance, This proud
sentiment, although Imperfectly revealed, and per
haps never expressed, animate the heart of th
humblest pioneer now braving the wrath ot th
savage or th hardship ot the wilderness on our
northwestern border: tt Is a theme of glory to boy
hood, to youth treading th paths of tempta
tion, to men In every pursuit the capitalist
and the laborer, the merchant, th artisan,
the scholar, the soldier, the ullnr to all
who reverence their country and their coun
try's renown. Indeed, sir, I can Imagtn no spec
tacle, more grateful to an American citizen, at home
or abroad, than the contemplaUnn of that splendid
procession ooroes nnr continent within the lost sixty
year. Commencing with feeble settlement on the
bay, inlets, and tributaries of the Atlantic Ocean,
thence to the summit deemed almost Impassable,
and beyond these to the banks of a river extending
from the Gulf of Mexico northward to th
region of the lake, and swollen at every
degree by th floods gathered, a well ta
the Alleghanles as In the Itocky Mountains
Itself, therefore, a complete emblem of union to all
thence over prairie of marvellous mogntfloence ta
the futnesss and th desert: turning from which,
at length, to seek more hospitable and shorter paths
by the Isthmus, wo hveenidourname,ourwateh
words and our ensign to the Golden Gate, where Cali
fornia, with her snow-capped diadem, alts virgin em
press of the seas.
The emergency spoken of by Senator Pugh
has come to us again with-Irresistible force.
Tho lines of Government havo dropped from
the feoble hands ot a Clevolnndlr.ed Domoo
rneyto be controlled by a party which, tsiclna:
counsel from tho sages ot tho republic. Is goinp;
forward to fulfil tho dosttny which we cannot
avoid. James H, Binca.
Plattsbobo, Mo.. July 15.
Fatrtotlo Speech by Ex-Gov. Flower at a
Fine liaising.
Ex-Gov. Eoswell r. Flowor spoke In vToter
town tho othor day at a flag raising. Ills
spoech Is reported In tho Watortown Times as
follows: H
"It Is a pleasure for me, follow citizens, to H
join with you In raisins this tho largest flag In 1
YVatertown. 1
" Tho two great principles symbolized by this 1
floe; axe religious and civil Hborty. After seven 1
years of bloody war wo achieved our lndepend- 1
ence of Great Britain, and then wo laid down 1
tho sword and tho musket and took up the axe
and the plough. We foiled tho forest, we built 1
bridges, wo chained the lightning, we carried r
thought under tho ocean, wo mado electricity a
motor forco. We smote thoearth ond It brought ,
forth Iron. Wo compressed stonm nnd har
nessed it to our uses. From thoso have como
nearly all of our grent Inventions, the steam
boat, tho railroad that spans the continent, the
cotton gin, tho loom, tho lathe, tho forge, tho l
mower and reaper, ond all our labor-savins
machines: so that through patents Issued to i.
inventive geniuses thoy hnvo become million
aires. Our forests being dopleted, wo smoto
tho earth acnln. and 300.000 square miles ot
coal wore discovered. We smote acnln the
earth nnd rivers of salt spranK forth.
"Ourwhalo fisheries giving out, wo smoto
again and oil flowed out to illuminate tho
world. Vve emoto ngnln and seas wns tho result,
to warm our houses, feed thn forgo and light
our dwellings. We smoto tho ltoeky nnd Storra
Nevada Mountains with tho result thnt wo un
nunlly dig one-half of tho gold and sllvorof tho
world. Wo havo a wonderful country and a
wonderful people. Wo havo increased In popu
lation from 3.000.000 to 70.000.000. and our
population In but twenty-two to the snunre
mile, whereas tho lowest population of nnr
European country, that of Franco, Is lbO to tho
square mllo.
" Ho, no man enn foretell what the population
of this country will bo If wo will stand by this
nag that you havo raised to-day as a symbol ot
pur republic and rightly understand its mean
ing To-dny our flag is on Cubnn soil and our
bravo countrymen uro maintaining It nnd
dying for It. It will ho carried to v Iclory. It la
planted there, not for conquest, but for hu
manity. The Mouroo doctrine will not brook
foreign interference with tho territories con
tiguous to us Wo will not let them es
tablish now forms of government there,
and wo Insist thnt thoy shall give
to Cuba and to Torto ltleo a government
of. for nnd by the people. Thoy cannot bo per-
mitred to breed there tho yellow h'tor nnd the
smallpox nnd bring tho contagion Into ths J
United States: wo ennnot permit them to starve i
to denth 400.0(H) Cubnns or butcher them tho
way tho Turks havo butehorod tho Christians
In Armenia. Tho civilisation of thn nineteenth
century In America ciies out ngainst such out
rages, nnd when we hnvo won our hnttiestha
titlo of Ainericau citizen will ho n prouder title
thnn any othor on earth.
'Tho question is nsked. whnt will wo do
with theso Islands? We have not finished this
war. nnd no man can toll what will ovontually
bocoino of thoso Islands, but ono thing I ven
ture, that the American nation will Riinranten
toenchonoof them u, government of. for and
by the people. And If It requires the strong
arm of Uncle Sam to teach tho people tho truo
meaning of liberty regulated by law. they will
bn taught tho lesson und then tho soldlera can
come home."
rroof or It Quality.
From tAe lliiladilpXia Call.
"I'von grent story to tell you. boys." said a
man to n group at tho City null. " I don't think
anv ot you oter hoard mo tell It beforo."
"Is It a really uood ono?"askod ono of th
party doubtfully,
"It certainly Is."
' Then you novor told It beforo." echoed the
Preierlblnr n Motto.
From We Dttrott Journal.
Invalid I would rathor bo dead than aa I
Attenjling Physician Ah, madame, you
should llvo und er lot live.
Democratlo Ilcvolt Against lli-ynn, WblU(
Jours S. Co.
front the Atlanta Comtttutton.
Borne of Ihe brethren in fongn es have ao far fallen
Into th trip sot for them aa to prepare th pot
In which the Democratic gooso Is to be cooked In th
fall elections. There was an eflrrt to anay the party
agalLS' Ihv annexation of Hawaii, and It was ro far
ucieiful that (ss o havo said) tho pot in which
the Demo, ratio gooo I till fall to bo stewed may
bs cunsldtred to be on. Nothing remains but to kin
dle the Are and pluck the affable bird.
Seymour Eeyser, Postmaster at Manhelm, N. T u
has an apple tree which was brought from Holland P
In the seventeenth century. It atlll bears fruit.
A hemlock tree recently cut down in Apploton,
Me., showed two grains, and this was taken a an In
dication that the tree wo nearly fourreuturle old,
A man who was sentenced to ten day in th
county Jail by a Tenneavee Judge presented a pardon
from the Governor, which tbe Court refused to recog
nize. Mrs. B. C. Dond of Cato, N. Y., 00 year old, has
kept a diary for more than sixty year. A sho la an
intelligent woman the record is historically complete
and of v aluo.
In proportion to population Texas ba furnished
more troops for the war than any other State. Texa
lie) a each enlisted man $7 a mouth in addition to hi
Go. eminent pay,
Willow wood Is the moat available for tbe uae ot
powdur tuanufai hirers, and for that reason war speo
ulitors are buylug all thoy con. Tree ore moat thick
ly found In l'liiusjlraiiia,
Itoinano and Lost Spring are town in Kan.
The imputation of eui b Is about 200 people. Neither
town ha au Idle mau or boy or unoccupied bouae.
Neither has a saloon and dogs aie unknown.
An alliuator, tho rirnt of Its spicle found In the
Colorado Hirer, meaurcd eleven feet In length and
thirty-eight inches uround. It wa Usooid recently
by a cowboj , who, having landed it, tied It to a treo,
In IBM J. r Btearo of Raco, Me., lent tlootoa
young man who had an offer In th far West. Th
understanding wa that th money wa to be repaid
quarterly. A few day ago Mr. Btunu neslvta a
chci lor 110, oath first lutallmtsj.
rntii'iiw mi'i - - - &. j

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