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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, July 23, 1898, Image 6

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vM .I. i i i- , 1 1 i i T - .i '- ' v i ' MIMIM jhJ
DATtmDAT, JULY 23, 1B03.
obscrlpUon by Mall, Postpaid.
DAIXT, VT Month - - OO SO
DAILY, Tt Tear 0 00
BUHDAT, psr Tmt 00
DAILY Utt BOTTDAT, pT Tsar -... 00
DAILY AMD BTJHDAY, per llenta..... 70
Fostac ie fallen eountrlas addsd,
Tbs Bra, Wnr York CBtr.
PAso-Xlon Wo. la, nsar Crrand Hot, ana
Kleosos V. 10, BcmlsTsrd 1h Oapudnsa.
Xf mr frimti U fanr u srCTA staKartie Sr
prtWssff i i t Uw rMa rla rrttMOa
IThe Paolo on Bpaln'a Seaboard.
We could ask no more striking tribute to
the progress of American ships than the
terror which has spread all along the
Bpanlih coasts orer the expected visit ot
Watson's fleet. From the Day ot Biscay
to ths Strait of Gibraltar, and across the
Straits In Spanish Africa, as well as In the
Dalearlo Islands and In the Canaries, there
are frenzied preparations against Watson.
Around Gibraltar, at the Ponta Camero
works and the San Boque and Rota forts
there has been building of new defences or
strengthening ot old ones; at Cadiz, big
artillery Is mounted on the Cortadena bat
tery ; at Las Pal mas, In the Canaries, there
la great bustle ot preparation, and garrisons
hare also been placed on less Important
Islands. But the point of chief Interest Is
the prematura panto among tho non-com-batanta.
The etampede from La Corufia to
the Interior, a stream of bullook carta tak
ing the household goods of people far In
land, Is as If the guns of the Indiana and
the Oregon were already booming. At
some porta flBhlng boats are already for
bidden to go out at night, while across the
straits the people of Melllla and Ceuta are
already flocking for refuge Into the Moorish
city of Tangier.
The truth Is that American promptness
and fighting capacity hare struck terror
Into the Spanish people, so that they are
tumbling over each other In haste to get
out ot Watsok'b way long before he has
started. It should be said, howerer, that
their wild rumors make him already on
the way, and close to their coasts. Recall,
lag the uneasiness ot some of our own
ooast Tillages a few months ago, we can
Imagine how It would be with them to-day
If Sampson's fleet had been sunk, and a
Spanish armada more powerful than Its
victim were known to bo preparing to
ravage our coasts.
To a certain extent, then, the mere prepa
ration of Watson's forces has already done
its Intended work of scaring Spain. But
there Is something more serious than a
fright In store for her. The steady Increase
In the forces allotted to this squadron, with
each week of delay, Is ominous for Spain ;
and. In fact, while the flight of her sea-
K board population Is ludicrously premature,
jf Watson's ships promise to be, In fact, a
scourge to her coasts.
I Green Mountain Bourbons.
The Vermont Democrats suffer from that
acute Bonrbontsm and blindness to events
that Is not uncommon among hopeless
minorities struggling sullenly against
progress and public opinion. What they
hare to say In their platform this year Is
of no Importance save In so far as it shows
that the most Inert and hunkerish part of
the Democracy Is most bitter in its opposi
tion to the necessary development of the
United States In the rrgloni opened to It
by the war. The Vermont Democrats
make a futile protest against tho annexa
tion ot Hawaii, which annexation they
style, with an absolute forgetfulness of the
policy and practice of the United States
and of the Democratic party, " an unwise
departure from our traditional policy."
Equally futllo, no doubt, will be their
opposition to " the proposed Imperialistic
policy of the Republican party In the an
nexation or colonization ot any territory
won from Spain by our arms." The plat
form expresses an "undiminished admira
tion and confidence In William J. Bur ax,"
who has tried to make the Democratic
party an anti-expansion party, but has only
partially succeeded. Somo of the Southern
and Western Democratic conventions are
Z, able to pass the customary formal resolu
tion of praise for the "superb leader" of
the sliver battalion and yet to call, In the
same platform, for the expulsion ot tho
Spaniards from all their possessions In this
hemisphere. The leaven of expansion Is
working In the Democratlo party.
The Vermont Democracy is a mere Im
potent, unreasoning opposition. The Na
tional Democracy oan learn how to become
a hopeless minority by following the Ver
. mont lesson.
I i Calumny In Georgia.
1r' The pastor of a Baptist church at At-
HmW ' lanta, In Georgia, the Rev. Dr. Bbououton,
ii' ft1'- aroused great resentment In that town and
I W- throughout that State by assailing the
$ society of Atlanta as sordid and Immoral
t J In a recent sermon. Tho character ot his
I Invective Is Indicated In this remark made
S by him last Sunday in a sermon In defence
of his previous calumniatory utterances:
"Society, as I conceive It, does not consist
. In powder and paint and upholstered wo-
' j men, who flirt about in the revelry of tho
dance, and go arm in arm with men loaded
jp with whiskey." He also talked ahout
" licentious dances," and plainly charged
i. that the more elegant society of Atlanta is
r permeated with vulgar Immorality.
It Is not surprising, therefore, that decent
newspapers of Atlanta and of Georgia gen
3 erally have, expressed their sense of out
t rage at such slanders against one ot the
' most enterprising and cultivated of tho
I Southern communities. Thuy do not need
to resent the assault, however, In any fear
that it will bring Atlanta society Into
any unjust reproach among intelligent peo
ple elsewhere. The evil this preacher
thinks he sees exists In his own mind
chiefly. The corruption he describes In tho
: , society of that cultivated Southern com
W munlty Is not outside ot himself, but In his
j own prurient imagination. Such accusa
ls tlons are usually nothing more than self.
W revelations ot moral morbidity. At best,
they are tho suggestions of Ignorance of the
conditions of the social intercourse as
JE sailed. Oftentimes evil Inferences drawn
ft.. from given circumstances are only lndlca
m tlons of what the censors themselves would
ar be disposed to do In such a situation,
H Ilero In Now York 1'AitKHUliHT sue
Jf ceeded in discovering social filth by hunt
fcjjf' Inglor it methodically as a disguised de
W&M teotlve. It was no new discovery. The
H& possible degradation of human nature has
no limit In the descent to which It may go ;
and the shapes It assumes are protean.
Thoy are morbid manifestations with
which medicine and penology must
deal, and with which exports in
alienism are obliged to become fa
miliar; but their study, their minute
examination, Is obnoxious to all healthy
minds not professionally compelled to
pursuo It. Decency draws a veil to hide
the depth to whloh human depravity or de
generacy can go. PAnxnonsT tore It asun
der, and exhibited the frightful abyss to all
Christian society, making it a current
theme ot conversation and investigation.
It was an Inconceivably repulsive occu
pation, but by reason of it PAHKHunsT
gained a notoriety which incited other
preachers here and there to Imitate his
example. Very likely, they all thought
themselves Impelled by the purest motives
only, but really their animating Impulse
was a prurient imagination. The very
subject Is provocative; It Is pitch which
cannot be handled without defilement.
The United Confederate Veterans have
just been holding their annual meeting at
Atlanta, so that the Georgia town has been
crowded with representatives of the highest
and healthiest moral characterof the South.
They can see for themselves If the assaults
on Atlantasoclety have Justification. They
can seehow gracious hospitality and tho con
ventions of refined social Intercourse hare
been transformed and perverted by Ignor
ance or an evil Imagination Into evidence
ot shameful dissoluteness. So also, when
years ago the Christian Endeavor societies
poured vast multitudes ot their young men
and young women into New York from all
parts of the Union, they discovered by ac
tual observation and personal experience
that nowhere else In the world aro the
Christian virtues of purity, temperance,
charity, and brotherly klndneai manifested
more beautifully than In this great com
munity; that the good abounds, and that
the evil must hide Its head In dark places.
The manifestations ot this spirit of calum
niation touching both our soolal and politi
cal life have been tolerated too long without
the crushing rebuke they deserve ; hence we
applaud all the more the Georgia Journals
which have administered condign punish
ment to this slanderous preacher at Atlanta.
Our Vlotory at Manzanlllo.
Compared with the great sea battles at
Manila and Santiago, the fight of Com
mander Todd's flotilla in the harbor of
Manzanlllo must be reokoned among our
minor triumphs: yet earlier In tho war it
would have thrilled the country, while Its
clean-cut record of six Spanish vessels de
stroyed and two others driven ashore by a
force of soven vessels on our side, and
without our suffering a single casualty,
stamps it as of the brand of victories
that made Dbwxy famous.
It Is worth noting that the first news of the
battle came from Havana, and indicated a
defeat of the Spaniards as overwhelming
as Commander Todd now records In his
official report. Manzanlllo Is the first
port of consequence west of Santi
ago, from which it Is distant about
eighty-five miles. Our blockading forces
there consisted of the light-draught
gunboats Wilmington and Helena, and
the auxiliary vessels Scorpion. Hist,
Hornet, Wompatucb, and Osceola, The
gunboats are sister ships ot 1,892 tons dis
placement, each mounting eight e-lnoh
rapid-fire guns, four 6-pounders, four 1
pounders, and two Gatllngs;the auxiliaries
carry various batteries, none, of course,
being of very heavy calibres.
On the morning of July IS Commander
Todd's forces entered Manzanlllo harbor.
When they arrived within range of the ship
ping they opened Are. Several Spanish gun
boats promptly appeared to defend the har
bor, but after a deliberate flro on our part,
lasting two hours and a holt, three of those
gunboats were destroyed by shells, together
with tho transports La Gloria, 1,200 tons;
Jose Garcia, 1,180, and La Furlslma Con
cepclon, 062, which had belonged to the
Menendez Steamship line. In addition
Commander Todd mentions theblowlngup
and destruction of " the pontoon, which was
the harbor guard, and a storeshlp, probably
for ammunition," and a gunboat that was
driven ashore and another that was driven
ashore and disabled.
An expedition which made such havoc
among the enemy, without loss to our
selves, certainly deserves a page of its own
in naval annals. Tho purpose of Admiral
Sampson, who ordered the expedition,
was not to have the shore batteries
engaged, but to smash tho Spanish
shipping, which was most effectively
done. There is something suggestive,
however, In this attack on a port not far
from Santiago, and, regarded merely as a
reconnoissance, it indicates thatManzanlllo
is ours It wo choose to take the trouble to
occupy It. But however that may bo, on
the score of results achieved, the battle ot
Manzanlllo must have a place next after
Manila and Santiago in our naval fights
of this war.
Disturbed China.
The simultaneous outbreak of Insurrec
tions In China In districts so far apart as
Dungarla on the far western frontier. In
Kansuh on the upper Hoang-ho, and in tho
southern provinces of Kwang-sl and
Kwang-tung, would seem to Imply a gen
eral discontent with the existing regime.
While tho rising In the south is the
work of the Black Flag and the
ddbrls of the old Talplng rebellion
acting apparently under the influence of
Chinese reformers ot the new school trained
in American and European Ideas, the move
ments In Kansuh and Dungarla are of Mo
hammedan origin. Kansuh lies In the ex
treme northwestern corner of China proper
and Is traversed by the great hjghway lead
ing into Chinese Turkestan, whoso inhabi
tants, like those of Kansuh, are mostly Mo
hammedans. Tho population Is partly Chi
nese, partly Mongols, tho former settled on
the land In farmhouses and villages, and the
latter dwelling In tents and moving about
tho country according to the seasons. The
climate runs to extremes of heat and cold,
with clear skies, but tho people do not
suffer much from the cold, coal being found
all over the province.
The main road from Pekln to tho Itus
slan frontier runs through the whole length
of tho province, and Is said by a recent
traveller to bo In fairly nood order. From
I.an-chau, the capital, roads branch out In
all directions into the province, and, being
free from brigands, aro safe for travellers,
and Inns are found at convenient in
torvals. The population, which Is esti
mated at four rallllonB, Is, generally speak.
Ing, poor, and subsists mostly on a
kliul of macaroni ot wheat flour and
porridge ot millet and coarse cakes made
of pea, barley, or wheat meal. Physically
tho people are very hardy and appear to
onjoy their life, such as It Is. By the con
struction ot the Russian railways through
Manchuria the road through Kansuh will
1
lose much of Its Importance, bub the build
lng ot the railways from the coast to the
neighboring province ot Shensl, now In
contemplation, will considerably abridge
the tlmo required to reach Pekln, which Is
now thirty days.
The occurrence of a rising In Kansuh at
the same moment, with one In the province
ot III, of which Kuldja Is the capital, Is
Important from the fact that Russia retro
ceded that province to China some years
ago. Situated at the far western extremity
of the empire and In close proximity to
the Russian settlements on Lake Balkaah
and to VlernoS, an important city ot
Russian Turkestan, the Influenco of
Pekln In III Is of the Tory smallest,
and In caso of a serious outbreak
Russian troops would very probably re
enter tho country to restore order and
establish Russian authority. It Is not
likely that with serious troubles so much
nearer home the Chinese Government would
bo able, even It It were disposed, to deal
with disturbances so far away, so that,
whether with friendly Intentions or others,
the Intervention of Russia In Kuldja majr
be regarded as a certainty.
Tho real danger point is on the Sl-klang,
Foreign Interests are so Involved and com
plicated In that quarter that failure to re
store tranquillity and keep the river open
to trado may Involve foreign Intervention,
and perhaps Indefinite occupation of Chi
nese territory, whloh would be disastrous
for Chlneso authority and might embroil
some of the countries striving for com
mercial supremacy In tho far East. In the
Interest ot American trade, the speedy oc
cupation of Manila and the Philippines 1
desirable.
War Slaps.
If there was a good map of the Interior
of Cuba It would have been possible to
Illustrate TnE Sun's graphic description of
the recent two days' battle with a map
that would have shown every valley
through which our troops marched and
every eminence they stormod. Minutely
detailed survey maps like the topographic
sheets Issued by our Government would not
be necessary. Maps as excellent as Russia
made for military purposes ot a part of the
Balkans, or as the Austrian staff map of
Thessaly, the scene ot the latest war In
Europe, would have served every purpose.
A map of a battlefield showing at a
glance the physical features that Influ
enced the plan or course ot hostilities
would be Instructive and Interesting. But
there are no data for such a map of any
battle scene a few miles Inland In Cuba.
Spain has not mapped her home domain,
to say nothing of her former colonies. Her
school atlases are made In Germany with
Spanish nomenclature. Her topographlo
survey of Spain has hardly begun, while
the surveys of most countries ot Europe are
completed. The British and Dutch have
made the charts that Spanish sailors have
used along the coasts of the Philippines;
and British Admiralty and American Hy
dro graphic Office charts have long been
the chief dependence ot mariners sailing to
Cuban and Porto RIcan porta.
No wonder, therefore, that the topog
raphy shown on our Government military
map, even on the comparatively large scale
of eight miles to the Inch, Is almost worth
less. The map shows that mountains are
numerous in the neighborhood of San
tiago, bub no Idea of the part which the
hill features and valleys played in Gen.
SrtATTxn's plan of campaign can be de
rived from It. Tho mop Is more valuable
than the ordinary maps of Cuba simply be
cause It shows the approximate position of
a far larger number of towns and hamlets
and the paths that connect them. We are
Indebted for this Information to Spanish
assiduity In the rougher sort of mapping
during the three years the Spaniards have
played the pursuer or the pursued up and
down the island.
In the fighting ot our naval reserves at
Guantanamo Bay, however, It was possi
ble, to follow the operations with a good
map. The sceno was among the moun
tains bordering tho sea, and they are
sharply defined, with the Intervening val
leys, on the chart ot the bay. The Sun
correspondents based their graphic de
scription of those stirring days upon the
topographic features of the region of
conflict; and as the chart gives an ex
cellent and well-detailed Idea of these
features, It was easy to find the hill
on which Camp McCalla stood, the val
leys and mountain sides by which the
enemy approached the camp, the ridge
where the Spaniards were hemmed In, the
bluff across the bay where their Infantry
fired at our warships, tho hill up tho bay
whore the fort stood, and other details of
the land that helped to make tho history
of our first land battlo In Cuba. When
such material 1st at hand It Is possible to
mako even a small and hastily prepared
nawspapor map very serviceable In Illus
trating tho ovonts ot war.
Good mops will be among the manifold
blessings that will come to Cuba In the'
era now dawning. No part of the Interior
will continue to be pathless and unknown,
as many large districts have remained dur
ing three centuries of Spain's Bcandalous
misrule.
Happy Craokers.
The Georgia editors have been seeing
this town, which they find to be a very
comfortable sort of place in spite of tho
prevalence ot plutocrats. Georgia and Its
editors aro pretty plutocratic themselves
nowadays, and If they oontlnuo to make
criticisms of the Money Devil, these must
be regarded as largely conventional. When
you are prosperous, what Is the use of
drawing apoor raouthf
In an interview published by our es
teemed contemporary, the Commercial,
Mr. J. A. Morrow of the Atlanta Contti
iution admits without a murmur that tho
Crackers haro noth Ing to complain of :
"When TJtTUf tu defeated forth Presidency
thtre to scarcely an editor In the State who did not
balleve In hit heart that tho country was doomed.
Tliejr began tbe past two years uiatil fiar and trem
Mint:. nut finally thoy found thjt 1807 had hern a
great deal more prosperous thsn 180(3, and they en
tered upon the present year with atroruier heart.
BU11 they could not see how they were to prosper un
der a Republican Admlnlatratlon. Tha farmers dur
ing 18U7 had planted some wheat, and reaped a moit
abundant crop. It was almost an experiment during
that year, for wheat had never been railed la
neortfA. This spring they planted double the acre
age and harvested a crop that almost quadrupled the
one of the preceding season. They Lire demon,
atrated that the cereal can be railed In our State and
mad money eyen on tha experiment. Hereafter I
expect to aee It one of our principal product!.
"Every other crop haa bean most plentiful In
Georgia thla aeaaon. There are more watermelons
than were ever known before, and peachea and other
fnilta in tuch abundance that wa scarcely know what
to do with them all. The cotton, too, is in first-class
condition, and will yield an enormous crop, Thees
aro a fw of the rouoiis why the Qeorgls Kdltorial
Auoclatlon ran afford to make a trip to the metropo
lis this summer, whereas, In former yean, they were
content with a little eacuralon about the Bute, This
year tbe farmen are paying their ubtoriptious, not
in cabbage and pumpkins, but in good ooint they an
paying off their indebtadosas to tha merchants, who,
M-aiaaiaasaMafaMiBaai H
In OTn, are spending money more liberally far sd
rosing. The war, too, has been benanojel to lh
hnalrieas interest of our Btats."
Like the rest of the Democratlo States,
Georgia has learned how to be happy under
an honest-money Administration and with
out the supposed magical effects and grand
transformation scenes that were to be pro
duced by white money and plenty of It.
The Georgia crops have shown the most
heartless Indlfforence to the fate of 10 to
1, although they can have had no right to
grow without the aid ot that sublime
ratio; and the Georgia editor frequently
has to pause In his spirited pursuit of tho
Octopus and the Money Changer and cut
off a large, fat coupon.
Instead ot the ruin they expected, the
Georgians have got good times, Tho
awaited wolf turned out to be a particu
larly good porterhouse steak. Allegiance
to the Democratlo platform may compel
the Democratlo editors of Georgia to take a
doleful view of things until the fall elec
tions are over, but their mournfulness will
be professional, not personal.
Tho Denver Evening Post, which, If we
remember, supported Bbtan In 1800, arrays
an ImpresstTo numbor of Denver Democrats as
advocates of a polioy of national oxpanslon, " I
do not ogres with Mr. BnTAN," said GoTCrnor
Aoams. "Our flag will do for the Philippines
and West Indies what it has done for Cali
fornia." The sentiment among the Colorado
Democrats suggests that In 1000 the Srranite
Faithfuls will floak together behind a Ucket
llko this:
For President William Jsmmras Bbtah.
For Vloo-Prssldentr-OnanLxs Eliot Nomoh
rLATTOBIC.
Be satisfied with us; we are satisfied with
ourselves.
QaoTKB GzxTELass may be snbstitaisd.
It a man, after turning his home Into a hell
for years, finally turned it into a ahamble. would ha
deserra death r If so, Mrs. aOxraa Puoa desenes
it. Atu Ttrk Tivut.
All tho same, men, tho sons ot women, do not
relish the thought of men's tying up a woman
and proceeding to kill her. It goes against the
masculine grain.
ItEFEREE'S CHAIiaES CUT DOWJT.
Jnstlo) Pryor nints That tho Reference Sys
tem Is In Danger of ' l'nbllo Execration."
A fling at referees' oharges was made by Jus
tice Pryor of the Supreme Court yesterday In
making large reductions In tho bill of Referee
Franols P. Lowrey and his stenographer in an
action between Abraham 0. and Raphael Flnkel
as plaintiffs and Arnold Eohn and the Btate
Bank as defendants growing out ot the pur
ohoso of the property 233 Madison Btreet In
foreclosure. There were flvo hearings before
tho referee at whloh evldenoe was taken, and
tho evidence covered 150 typewritten pages.
The referee's bill was $375 and the stenog
rapher's $130.65. In cutting down these bills
Justice Pryor says:
"An excess of $30 In the stenographer's
ohorqe and of $15 In the referee's fees is con
ceded. But the bill must be reduced by other
deductions. No oliargo la allowable for exam
ining; testimony and exhibits In addition to
compensation for general study of the oose.
The chargo for the flvo adjournments Is Inad
missible. A charso of $10 a day Is made for
the seventeen days on whloh the referee was
engaged in the determination of the caso. But
he is to be accorded only a reasonable time In
his quest after a conclusion, else It would be In
the power of a refereo to prolong his Investiga
tion or deliberation to any length of time to en
hance his compensation.
' I am of the opinion that tho referee should
have mastered tho caso within ten days. The
notion is for specific performance, and tho tes
timony but 150 typewrlttPn pages. A full
chargo ig made for nine different days, during
which the rofereo was engesed In preparing
his opinion and report. Mavlngalreadycharged
for the time consumed In the consideration ot
the law and the eyldenoe and reaching a con
clusion. I should suppose $80 for the mere
preparation of report and opinion to be unite
an extravagant estimate. These documents
flight surely have been completed In Ave days.
t should be added that probably in somo In
stances a full chargo is made for a fraction of a
day. Upon tho whole. I conolude that $100 ref
eree's fees and $100 for the stenographer Is a
fair and adequate allowance.
" Undoubtedly, a referee is not to be urged to
a preclpltnto nnd perfunctory decision: neither,
on tho other hand, should parties bo oppressed
by excessive emotions for a dawdling and dlla
&yJ1!9r?is.1fl9n of tfil ""' A referee Is en
titled to '$10 for each day spent in the business
of the reference' (Code, section 3,200). but this
menns necessarily so spent: otherwise there
would bo no limit to the amount of his com
pensation. If the system of references is to
escape publio execration, there must be some
proportion between tho work and the reward
of the referee."
TUB CAVADIAlf C0UMIS8IOX.
American Members Meet and Choose Sensv
ator Fnlrbanks Chairman.
Washington. July 22. The American mem
bers ot the Joint commission to Bottle ques
tions In dispute between tho United States and
Canada hold tliclr first meetlnir at tho State
Department this morning. The discussion was
entirely informal. Senator Fairbanks was
chosen Chairman nnd Chandler T. Andoreon of
New lork Secretary.
At the attornoon session the Commissioners
talked over their plans nnd then adjourned to
meet the British-Canadian Commissioners at
Uuebco on Ang. 10. William Allen Butlor. Jr.,
of New lork was appointed expert examiner of
the commission.
XBBJIARKA OrriCIALS DEFIANT.
They Say They Won't Obey a Court Order,
Even If They Have to Go to Jail.
Lincoln, Neb.. July 22. Attorney-General
Smyth and three secretaries of the State Board
of Transportation were sorvod to-day with
pnpora charging them with contempt of court
In dlsolieylnir an ordor enjoining them from
proceeding with a hearing of a complaint that
telephone and express rates In Nebraska wore
cxcssslve. These ofUclals. who aro 1'opullst.
say they have become tlrod of having corpora
tions hold up their laws. They declare that
they will no nhend with tho hearing, which Is
set for next Monday, nnd If thtiy are sent to
mil will so willingly for the sako of tho polit
ical effect In tho antl-corporatlon fight.
What Advice Shall Ho riavsT
Totbc Editor or Tux Ben Sir: 1 appeal to you
for advice. Being by nature and early training of an
easy dlapoiltlon, one who dlellkes to aay no to a
friend when req.utited to do him a fayor, the result
li, I presume, that I am "a good thing" to be
"worked for all I'm worth."
There la not a week paeaea but one or more of such
acquaintances (they tall themselves friends) come
to me Tf 1th reqiiente to borrow sume of money from
2r. cents to fi, all making excuaea that "I'e forgot
my pocketbook," " I'm going uptown and find I am
short of chaiive," Ac.
They ln ariably promise to refund In a day or two,
and that'a the laat I aee of them. Sooner than run
tho chance of refusing an honnt man I let them
haro what they aak, yet, atrange to say, of all to
whoralhavo loaned money but one, and one only,
haa had the honcity to repay me, and I hive lota of
money standing out which I loaned in the goodneis
of my heart under circumstances auch a I have
named. What am I to think! Is man ao depraved
that ho la bound to repudiate his solemn promise
even for a paltry sum of money f
Would you sdrlse me to refuse these so-called
friends, to whom 1 am under no obligation of any
kind or nature t I abide by your declalon.
UnooaXTN, July 21. PiuirLKUD.
The Critic at the Front.
Dick Davis to the wars haa gone.
You'll know blra with the beat, O,
By the good long bow he's girded on.
And the medals on his chest, 01 -
Of miscellaneous martial gear
lie haa a wondroue kit, O,
And when he draws In splendor near,
The Generals have to git, O!
lis shows bow battles should be fought,
Ue shows thatShaftera callow,
And feeda his military thought
By munching of marshmaUow,
O, sweetly Dicky pens the tale.
And how he lovea to pen it.
And sends it off by wire or mall
To Jimmy Gordon Bennett.
Dicky, ever fresh and yonng,
Long may you atand your ground, 0,
And only on the Kngllsh tongue
Infliot a daily wound, 01
Dlcoory, Dlcoory Dick,
Uellona'a favorite chlckl
A terrible slaughter of sugar-and watar
Aeoosspanlss Discory Diokt
"Si. . .av.t. ega.'ejwu' a. tiwii i Men1 M"aB
A BOLXD DEUOatATXa TltAZUltX.
Tbe Democratic Minority In VermontNelth or
Inereasos nor Diminishes,
BCBLtKOTON, "Vt.. July 21. Ono of the earliest
arrivals for Wednesday's Democratlo State Con
vention was a Franklin county delegate from
the Canadian border, who brought with him
two roosters. Burlington at midday In mid
summer Is a sultry town, und tho speotaclo ot a
visiting statesman with a rooster under each
arm soemed to justify tho Inquiry madoof him:
"Why did you bring two?" The answoroftho
Franklin county Domoorat was philosophical
and characterlstlo. Ho wanted to have a crow
ing rooster, and for fear that one might fail to
crow ho brought two, so that there would bo
no mistake about It; honco at yostorday's con
vention the proceedings wore Interrupted by
tho outcries not of one rooster, but ot two.
The Democrats ot Vormont havo maintained
unbroken for more than forty years their reo
ord ot never winning an election. From 1850
to 1807, without a solitary break, tho Demo
orats of Vermont havo "gone down In defeat,"
as they express It, But they have always oome
up again and corns up again with almost the
Identical vote they had before, thus affording
an Illustration ot the steady political habits ot
tho Democratlo remnant In tho Groon Moun
tain Stato. Whoevor looks over tho election
record of Vermont must bo struck with ad
miration at tho obstinato steadfastness ot the
llttlo Democratlo minority! It neither dlos nor
urrendors. and apparently novor loses any
warriors nor gains any roorults,
Whon James Buchanan ran for Presldont in
1866 he polled 10,5K) votes in Vormont Forty
years later, William J. Bryan polled there 10.
037 votos-a difference of only 178 votes in
forty years. Moreover, this uniformity has
been continuous from election to election. The
Democratlo vote In the election ot 1872 was
10.07; tho Republican plurality In 1850 was
88.447: In 1804 It was 28,521. However, the
noimalDemooratlovoteot Vermont nover runs
below 10.000, and hardly ever runs above
10.000.
Another Interesting peculiarity of Vermont
politics Is that the Democrats have never car
ried a single county within Its borders at a
general election. Elsewhere thoro aro Demo
cratlo counties In Republican Btatos and lie
publican counties In Democratlo Btatos. In
New Hampshire, for instance, Vermont's
neighbor, with a population olosely akin In
general ohanwter, Coos county. In the region
of the lakes and forests, the extreme northern
county, has always Inclined toward the Dem
ocratlo party and usually has been carried by tho
Democrats. Whatever changes there may have
been In the olosely contested politics ot Con
necticut, Windham county In the eastern part
ot the State, on tha Rhode Island bordor line,
never wavered In Its allegiance to the Republi
can party. But Vermont Is not only solidly
Republican, but also uniformly Republican: It
Is everywhere Republican. The Democrats of
the State, however, are not swerved from their
allegiance by reason of this. What the Ver
mont Democrats lack In numbers they mako
up In enthusiasm, good spirits, fortitude, and
roosters. They glory in being In a hopeless
minority. Predestined defeat only lnaltes them
to the conflict.
The serenity of the Vermont Democrats has,
however, this month been put to the most seri
ous tests. On the night preceding the day ot
the convention thero was a mass meeting at the
Howard Opera House presided over by Mr.
Fltzpatrlok. The hall was crowded, and the
gaiety of the Vermont Democrats was unre
strained. The first speaker declared that the
Spaniards in their palmiest days were not com
parable as despots to the Republicans of Ver
mont. He was followed by whom f It was a
supreme and crucial tost ot patience and for
bearance on a hot midsummer night, for
George Fred Williams was ths orator. He de
livered an impassioned 10 to 1 speech, of
course, and told the Vermont Democrats, who
had been voting the tlcget meanwhile with ob
stinate regularity, that until 1806 there bad
been no real Democratlo National Convention
with veritable Democratlo principles since the
days ot Buchanan. The Green Mountain Dem
ocrats had really been faithless to Democracy
when they prided themselves most on their
fidelity I For forty years they had gone
astray, though they thought themselves in the
absolutely true Democratic faith 1
On Wednesday they nominated for Governor
Thomas W. Maloney ot Rutland on a platform
out-and-out and unconditionally for free
silver. Of course, they go into tho fight with
no expectation of winning, for they nover
have the glimmering of such a hopo ; they have
no droam of making any political converts, of
wresting any offlco from tho Republicans ; thoy
arc simply resolved to bear aloft " the unstained
banner of Vermont Democracy," and tho 16 to
1 device does not disfigure it in their eyes.
Contemporary events concern them but llttlo.
Thoy support tho war against Spain, but want
It " promptly ended." They are opposed to any
addition to the national territory, though suoh
annexation was tho old Domooratlo doctrino by
which thoy had onoo stood so manfully. Among
their declarations Is this somewhat ambiguous
plaint: "Wo omphaslzeourunswervlngloyalty
to the money of the Constitution, tho money
of Washington, Jefferson, and Jackson: the
money that brought prosperity and contont
nibnt to this country for eighty years Is the
money that will restore prosperity to business
and tho suffering people."
The explanation of this is, probably, that tho
candidate for Treasurer on the Bryan ticket In
the campaign of 1800 refused to run and tho
Vermont Democrats had to sudor tho humilia
tion of carrying on tholr canvass in support of
Constitutional money with no candidate to
handle the money. This yeor, therefore, they
ore all the more determined in their adhesion
to 10 to 1. There Is good reason to expect that
Maloney will poll tho usual 10,000 votes.
OTBK WAZL STItEBTt
Travel Blocked by the Fruit Venders and
Push Carts.
To tub Editor or Tnx Sun Sir: Messrs.
Tappen, Stewart end othor officers of Institu
tions and bankers doing business in tho finan
cial dlstrlot havo certainly dono a commendn
blo thing In requesting tho city authorities to
prohibit fruit vendors from standing In Wall
streot, but I am surprised that they did not
take a more comprohonslvo vlow of tho situa
tion and strengthen tliclr protest with similar
ones from truck drhers, cab drivers and the
offlcors of tho City Hospital and Fire Depart
ment Tho block between Nassau street
and Broadway is ono of tho few blocks
downtown that Is not covored with asphalt
pavement, and for tho very good reason that
tho grado Is steep and there Is nn Immonso
amount of teaming through tlia block. Prac
tically all day long tho south side of Wall street,
between Broad street nnd Broadway, In lined
with fruit venders' carts, and occasionally a
number otthcin are located on tho north sldo
of tho stroot. This reduces tho spaeo for vehi
cles fully ono-third and frequently blocks tra flic
I have more than once won tennis drawing
heavy loads eompalloil toenmu to u halt on thhi
KrndH until they rnuld find a way through to
Broadway, und I have, nlso seen amlmlnnees
nnd vehlclfdof tho lire Department halted In
thesnmo manner. In addition e.ibx earning
people, to catch boats or trains lire fre'iucntlj
compelled to tako circuitous routes or nro
blocked within the distance dnserllM-d
No public Interest Is served by permitting
these, vendors to woupy the street us (hey dot
In fact, it Is nn oittrnce upon tnxnajerHtunl
uiion many poor truck liorr.en thnt lnno to
strain to start their lods lxcauioof the) con
ditions referred to. Moreover, life and property
ore endangered by the obstacles thrown In thn
waypf the froc movement of ambulances and
flro department equipment. I feel sure thut a
firtBenbltlon of those facts through such an iu
uentinl medium as The Hun Will imof ma
terial assistance In abating this long-standing
nuisance, whleh Is continued in violation of
corporation ordinances. O. A.
Saw York, JtilylH.
Harper'$ Magaiina for August might be called
a "world's number," its articles dlacusa and de
scribe eventa iu ao many different countries, Stephen
llonsal tells of the convict aystem of Hlberla; Dr.
lTurtden describes the spell that the (lraud Canon
eierUi Mr. II, B. Marriott Wataon tolls of the ex.
plolts of an English highwayman; an anonymous
writer tells why "The Queen" couldn't abdicate,
and Mr. Oeorge W, Smslley gives the first of soiuu
ramlnlsoenoes of Oladstonc. The other contents of
the Bomber us varied aaa iateresUag, as usual.
txAXPjen mrrsLorn oostbact,
roitmaster-General Smith Sets Aside the
Award to the rnroell Company.
WAsniwoixw. July 22.-Fostmater-aonorat
Smith to-day set aside the award made by
Fostmaeter-aonoral Gary to tho Purcoll En
velope Company of Holyoko. Mass., for the con
tract of furnishing to the Govornment Btamped
euvolopes for the coming four yoors. Mr.
Smith has determined to advertlso for now
bids, and It Is posslblo that the Furcell Com
pany will continue to fight for the oontrnot.
An application was inado In the Dlstrlot
courts to-day for an Injunction to prevent the
Postmaster-General from setting asldo or an
nulling tho contract with the Purcoll Company
for furnishing the Fost Office Dopartmont with
cnvolops and nowspspor wrappers. Tho ap
plication for tho Injunction glvosn brlof history
of tho caso from tho standpoint of the Purcell
Company, and represents thnt tho company Is
In all respects nblo and willing to perform tho
contract, and that It has sufficient machinery
to do all tho work expooted of It. Justice nag
ner Issued a ruling requiring tho Postmaster
General to show causo on or before Aug. 2 why
the Injunction should not be granted,
Tha action of Postmaster-lioueral Smith In
regard to the Btnmpod envelopo coutract was
expected by all parties conoornod. Tho fnot
that ho held up for n period of throo months
tho contract which had been drawn up and exe
cuted by the Purcell Company, but not by tho
Post Onico Department, and that ho permitted
tho tlmo In which tho company was oxpoctcd to
prepare Itself to dellvor to tho department tho
largo quantities of stamped envelopes noces
eary to the business of tho department was
taken as on ovldenco thnt In the end he pro
posed to sot asldo tho award made by Post-SBster-Uonoral
Gary and thus enable tho
organ Plympton and other paper companies
to nave another trial at the contract. Conse
quently the Purcell Company prepared Itself,
and Its application for the Injunction was ready
to be filed tho Instant that the decision ot tho
Postmaster-General wag given out- ,.
Vi hilo the representatives of tho Purcell Com
pany arc very discreet in their utterances and
decline to criticise Mr. Smith's action. It Is ap
parent that they believe themselves to have
been unjustly treated, and that It Is praotlcally
Impossible for them to secure the contraot. and
consequently It Is doubtful If they will submit
another bid. One ot them said this afternoon
thatoven If the same period of tlmo was given
between the opening of tho new bids and tho
time when the delivery of envelopes must be
commenced, as wa3 given under tho old. pro
posalsnamely, six months thoy could not
see how they could hn in better shape to fur
nish the envelopes six months from now than
they are at the present time, or would bo on the
1st of October, the dato originally set.
Postmaster-General Smith. In setting asldo
the award, gavo no reason for his action, al
though It Is understood that he does not be
lieve the Purcell Company to be properly
equipped for the furnlslilng of tbe large quan
tities ot envelopes used throughout tho United
States. Tho Puroell people, however, olatm
that thoy oro thoroughly equipped, and several
pursons who have inspected their factory and
who have a knowledge of the envelope business
say that thoy are perfectly oapablo ot supplying
all the envelopes needed. It has been esti
mated by the dopartment that tho contract for
tho next four years, as originally given to the
Purcoll Gompany.would saveln comparison with
tho rates paid the Morgan Plympton Company
until four years ago f 1,090,000. Until (our
years ago tho Morgan Plympton Company, by
arrancemont with othor bidders, held the con
tract at practically Its own figures. Mr. Puroell,
knowing the enormous profit made by the con
tractors, entered a bid four years ago at about
S2.000.000 less than the Morgan Plympton bid.
Although a bitter fight was mado to prevent
him from securing the contract. It was awarded
to htm. The Morgan Plympton Company
claimed that he would not be able to furnish
the envelopes, but Mr. Purcoll procured
n vacant faotory. set up envelopo making
machines nnd furnished about 60.000.000
envelopes to the department. This convinced
the department and his rivals that he was able
to furnish the envelopes agreed to In the con
tract, and rather than allow it to slip out ot
their hands tho Morgan Plympton Company
agreed to give him a royalty of V2H cents per
thousand onvelopes and take tho contract off
his hands. For four years Mr. Puroell received
a bonus ot about (80.000 por annum from the
Morgan Plympton Company. This money he
Invested In equipping his factory, and when
the time cams around for new bids he had a
factory equipped with the latest machinery,
and was fully capable of handling the contract
on his own account.
The Morgan Plympton Company, desirous ot
securing tho contract, made a bid several thou
sand dollars lower than the bid four years ago.
but Mr. Purcell again underbid them. The
Morgan Plympton Company's bid was $482,000.
and his was $400,0007but notwithstanding tho
favorable showing of tha Purcell Company it
lost the contract, Politics was said to have
figured largely in the deal, and the Morgan
Plympton Company claimed that tbe contraot
was awarded to the Purcell Company on ac
count of the connection ot Louts F. Payn with
the company.Mr. Payn's claim s being supported
by Senator Piatt. Although the Purcell Com
pany's works are located at Holyoke, Mass., the
company was opposed strongly by Senators
Hoar and Lodge and members ot the Massa
chusetts delegation.
TO OAItB FOR OUB FORESTS.
Appointments of Forest Superintendents,
Forest Rangers and Forest Agents.
WAsniKOTON. July 22. Tho following were
to-day appointed by the Becretary of the In
terior as Forest Superintendents nt $2,000 a
year: J. Blatchford Collins of Miles Clty.Mont.;
Cameron W. Garbutt of Sheridan, Wyo. ; James
Glonding of Salt Lake City, Utah; George L.
ltobb ot Iowa ; Eugeno B. Hydo of Spokane,
Wash., and John D. Benedict of Danvlllo. III.
Tho following were appointed Forest Super
visors at $5 a day: J. B. Wilhoyt of Grayson,
Ky.: John B. Webber of Osage City, Kan.; W.
II. Odom of McFarlan. N. C: W. C. Bartlett of
California: Charles Delonoyof Evanston. Wyo. ;
N. Langcll of Jncksonvlllo, Ore.: Warren D.
Bobbins ot Grangevllle, Idaho, and W. If. Dur
fur of Oregon.
Thi following wore appointed Forest Rangers
nt$50a month: Lovl It. Dsvls of Rotchford.
8. D.; Sidney Kcott of Eagene. Or.: M.D. Mark
ham of Forest Grove. Or.: Max SchulDlus of
Oregon City. Or.: Z. A. Davis of Eugone, Or,;
Alfred A. Uula of North Carolina: George Petrl
nulnof ItoMdmrg, Or.: Frank Allen of Cali
fornia: Bon Huntington of Oregon: William
Isaao Lacey of Independence, Or.; Charles M.
Paine of California: Howard Fronoh of Dome
1-ako, Wy.; Peter Enders of Shell. Wy.; Roy J.
Peck ot Buffalo. Wy.: Glen 0. BhoDOrti of Los
Angoles, Cal.
Assistant Special Torcst Agents for the Cali
fornia National l'nrkj- were appointed as fol
lows: Archie C. LeoiiHrd. Goorgn Bydo and
Honry A. Hkelton, of Wowona. Cal.; Joel J.
Vi cattail, Charles T. Lelalg and Arthur L.
Thurman.ofYosenilte.Cnl.: Geo. G. Mackenzie.
Thomas b. Carter. Darwin B. Lewis and David
Lockton, of Raymond. Cal., und Joseph It.
Bordon of Borden. Cal.
nociuiFEt.LER lriifs ma case.
Referee Docldes That the Assessment on
Ills Tarrytonn Home Is Too High.
TouoiiKEicrgiE. N. Y July 22. William
Rockefeller's suit to have the assessment on
his country seat near Tarrytown reducod has
been decided by tho rcforoe. Willett E. Hoys
rndt of this city, hi favor of Mr. Rockefeller,
Tho assessment placod on the property In 1807
was $2,500,000. nnd the referee has reducod
tho valuation to $:m,775.
Mr. Ituukofcller bought tho property In 1887
for $150,000, and sinco that time has eroctod
his niaiihlon nnd mado many Improvemonts.
W-i assessment was Incrensod In 1800 to
$1,000,000, and, although ho then brought pro
ceedings aguiust tho assossors, thoy more than
doubled tho valuation In 18117. The caso hus
boeii going on before tho ruforco for about Uvo
months und thuru havo tKien oor thirty hear
ings. The caso was closed about throo weeks
iiko. und the reiwrt was bent to-day to JI. t
Jitkinaii of White Plains, counsel for Mr!
Rockefeller.
JVi'Si'! W ,hui ?Ir I,00k,,fl!er has spent over
JJ,.Vhj.()(kjuii Ms property und tho ussesaors
Place the vuliiutlon uwordliigly. The relereo
ilfi'idi'H ihut this Ih not a pi nper method of vnlit
mtiMi ilo huldHthat the market alnu in this
case is tin. lull Miluo ! iiulied liy law. A num.
her of real cstuto nxpurlH tustlilod before the
refereo that tho market valuu ot tho piotiortv
was between W0O.0OO ami ,'MuJXX). Tho two
experts culled by the ussphhon, wore of tho
opinion that tlioiuurket vuluu did not control
and thu refereo hus thurcloio oxcludod their
estliuattt,
An effort was .made to chargo thofthsessors
with rests, but tho referee I nils thut only iim
ol them. Alicliael J Martin, acted 'with malice"
and that the board Unotehurgu'ihlu with vostN
A xlmllar proceeding brought by John j.
Rockefeller Is now pending before tho saiuo
Will Tight tho Kiprrsi Companies to n Finish.
It was reported yesterday that tho Merchants'
Association had nbundonod tho Unlit ugnliist
tho express companies oor tho stnmiitnx of
ono cent on each express receipt proudedfor
In the Wur I(ecnuo bill, which tho expreia
wmipanles are foicliig tho merchant to pay.
Thut report Is not truu. Tim Mitvuumh' Ahm
cation is iiushliig tills matter as fast as ros.
aiblu and nill continue to push it until it linn
placed the responsibility for tho paymem of
thut tux v, hero it MoiigH. Tho cguiimjI for tho
ussoclatlpii i are Dill, beymour A Kellogg and
Joseph If, Choutehas beeu retained a special
TUB TAX OS TltBATItlVAtB. jB
Tenders of Patent Nostrums Who o I vr. rcn. HK
tertalnments Will Ilnve to Vny It, lH
WAsniMOTOtr, July 22. Tho following lettt llH
from Commissioner Scott to A. 1) uite, Col- iWwl
lector of Internal Rovonuo at Parkershurc, JM
Va., will bo Interesting to people engaged In ,n&9
giving entertulnmonts In aid ot patent 1109. wH
trums or other objoote nnd to tho managers 0( JH
companies doing ono night stnnds in ths H
"legitimate." Tho letter, If rigidly conii mod, flflR
will havo a tendoncy to dlsoourago porforra. flB
ancosln the month of July: llaf
" Wasiiinoton, D. 0.. July 22. 1 808. HSi
"I havo rocolvod your lettor concerning np. H0
plications whloh you havo received from vend- HT
ore of patent medicines, who glvo musical yKfl
entcrtalnmonts and concorts In tents, some ot jH
whloh aro variety performances, nnd to which iB
at times admission Is freo, hut nt other times a laB
nominal admission Is charged for soats inside tB
tho tent. IH
"When theso shows oonslst, as you state, UH
morely ot f oats of marksmanship, songs and vs. IB
rloty performances (liko ordinary minstrel H
performances) ths special tax required to be H
paid by those modlolne vendors, whother they taH
charge an admission too or not. is $10 for any raH
Htnto In which suoh porformanoes nro given In taH
the month ot July. Whon thoy move to another Hi
Stato, beginning performances therein in uny Hi
other month than July, tho special tax is to bo Hi
reckoned from tho first day of that month to Hal
the first day of July following. But If they HI
Klvo any performances whloh como under ths HI
nod ot 'norobatlo sports.' or performances HI
whloh are theatrical ' performances' within ths HI
meaning ot the seventh paragraph of section 2 HI
of tho act, thoy must bo required to pay the HI
special taxt $100 for tho year beginning July Hi
1 of any calendar year, or at that rate whon ths
liability begins In any othor month than July, H
"OonoornTng a 'travelling company playing b
"TenNlghtslnaBarroom'randotberBtandard Ml
dramas ot that character In a regular opera 3
house in small towns,' I have to say. that If (as H
it Is undorstood) the proprietor of the opera ,M ,
house is not required to pay the $100 spools! Ht
tax. by reason of the fact that the town has but !
23,000 people or less, the manager of the com-
pany exhibiting such theatrical performances
must be required to pay a special tax of $100. if HI
tho porformanoes nro given In tho month et iHl
July, and at that rate if ths liability begins In M
any other month than July." Hf
BEXDEB MUBT AFFIX TUB STAMr. H
Justice Btover Refuses a Bequest to Ifaw B
damns tho Western Union Compauty. B
Justice Stovor In the Supreme Court la H.
Brooklyn, yesterday, refused to Issue aiwrttof H
mandamus compelling the Western Union H
Telegraph Company to transmit a telegram, H
without making the sender affix a one-cent In- H
tornal revenue stamp. The application was H
made by P. J. MInlter ot the Clarendon Hotel. H
He visited the office ot the telegraph com- HJ
pany, at 371 Fulton street, Brooklyn, on Thurs- H
day, and presented a message to bo sont to Vm
Qroenport, L. L H
The clerk asked Mr. MInlter to affix a one H
cent stomp to the message, and he declined to H
do so. As the message was refused he began, H
the proceedings. His counsel said It was a' H
question whother Mr. MInlter must buy and H
affix the stamp or not. (
"That Is something," said Justloe Stover. IH
with which this court has nothing to do. A M
mandamus can only Issue when the right of the ,9
party asking for It Is clearly established. Suoh W
a right Is not established here. Motion denied IM
with costs."
According to the ruling of Internal Revenue
Commissioner Soott, "a telegraphies despatch Bf
or message Is required to be stamped by the V
person who makes, signs, or Issues it." H
IXTEItSAI. BETElfUB BECISIOX. 1 I
Free Samples of Fatent Medicines Do If ot jK
Seqnlro a Stamp. 1
WAsnnroTON. July 22. In oonsonance with 1
the opinion of Assistant Attorney-General ' I
Boyd, received at the Internal Revenue Bureau 1
last week. Commissioner Scott to-day Issued 1
the following ruling:
Samples ot medlolnal preparations and per- I
turnery and cosmetics taxable under Sohedule I
B may be removed from the place ot manufao- 1
ture for free distribution without stamp or
payment ot tax. Every sample so removed, t'
however, must havo legibly printed thereon y
the following notioe:
"This Is a free sample removed from the too- I
tory for gratuitous distribution. Any person J
selling or exposing for salo this sample, at any I
time, will be liable to all the pains and penalties
of the law, denounced against persons selling vJf
or exposing for sale unstamped articles taxable "
under Schedulo B. War Revenue bill."
It was shown to tho satisfaction of the depart. H
ment that to require the stamping of these free mk
samples would lead to the discontinuance of H
their use. and tho almost Inevitable falling off H
ot the business and tho consequent diminution HI
ot Government revenue. HJ
IfEJT TUBEEB AT 104 B-B. H
Profit ot 931.87 Already on Every Accepted 1HJ
Subscription for 0000. U
Transactions In the new 3 per cent. Govern- fl
ment bonds were mado In the unlisted depart- Kf
ment of the New York Stock Exchange yester- W
day for the first tlmo. All contracts, of course, jli
wore for "delivery whon Issued." The sales (V
aggregated $732,500. tho opening price being Jk
104K and the dosing 104K. On a boats ot HJ
a period of ten yoors to run tbe last-named wj
price represents a yield of about 2K per H
cent, to the purchaser of tho new bonds. H
The advance In the premium since H
the subscriptions dosed on Thursday Hi
of last week has been quicker than was antiol- '
fiuted. The closing price yesterday means that HI
he subscriber for 600 ot the bonashSsal- M
r?a.d.F, LI?flt?d Y hu subscription to the extent H
ot $21.87. at whloh profit he can dispose ot his HI
bonds at once, evon though he has not yet re H
celved them from tho Treasury Department.
BELATED SZOIfDIKE 3ZAXLB. fil
A Protest Concerning tho Follnre of a Con H
tractor to Perform Ills Duty. H
Saw Fbahcisoo, July 22. The failure ol H
friends and relatives of Klondike miners to re- H
ccive any letters from them has led the San H
Francisco Chamber ot Commorce to appeal to H
Washington for relief. It seems that the mall H
contract between St. Michael and Seattle woo H
let to one Richardson of Soattlo. who agreed to H
dospatch two vessels from Seattle every month. H
beginning with June, and to have them return 9
promptly with the mall from St. Michael. He
despnichfd thseo vessels In June, but not a sin.
glo ono has returned, probably becnuso thor
havo tound more lucrative work In towing
bK2?,!rh!il Du,oh Harbor to St. MIchaelT
o.afluwnlle P ?J ma" havo accumulated at
St. Mlchaol which the steamers of the commer
cial companies cannot handle. In this mall are
advices about tho shipment of money? and
large sums nro thus tied up and linyo fai odto
roach people who aro sufforlng for want of
funds, Tho Goyornmrnt has talon measures
for the prompt delivery of this belated Klondike
KLOXnilCE TAZ.EB OF OOZD.
A Seattle Han Back from a Tear's Trip,
with 8,000 in Gold Dust. ll
Seattle. Wash.. July 22.-The steamer. . (
Utopia and Fnmllou arrived to-day from Bkag- " 1
way with thirty Klondike miners and $100)00 1
In gold duBt. A. J. Bourgott. who left Seattle a f
year ago last May. was tho most fortunate '
$2f?fi5?)f out four BIU!ks of BoW Vlllu8d
T'iio lircatost part of tho dust now eomlnir
hero goes directly to the Government Assay
Ofllco In this city, where It lias broiiirKt J
average of $15.50 an ounce. T 10 totS amount
received at the Assay Oflle.i for tho weekTend.
iiijnc this evening is $2,000,000. ena I
1 here oro now fourteen steamers and a num.
her of Hailing vessels lit Ht. Michael, which are
expected to bring down more or 1c"h golu
U.m,iW,m..fo? aU0 XPeCt01 dal ?
. Two thMiaiid men nro ongnged In eonstnixf '
lug tho railroad from Hkagway to Lake Bentt 'v
Oerinuns to Mnke Steel at Ohtcngo. i
Chicaoo. July 22.-A company of German A
capitalists and steel manufacturers has begun 1
tho construction of nn linmcnso stoel plant
upon ground purchased from the Ful man J
tympany, just outside, the limits of Piin.., t
und will undertake thu product on o? steel EiS n 1
a large scale within n short tlmo Tw..?R3 1
acres of ground urn to by covered" with HZ
buildings, and if tin results wurrant H.i iS" J
croaso thn capacity of tho works will hirti ?i ilnJ 1
upon add tlnnnl ground alreadv.i.!i??i1,,le1 4
option from the ftlimun &mpanyroa by aa
Court Order. Merrltf. Iteln.t.tement.
John Morrltt of 704 Bedford avenue, Brook
lyn. secured a writ of mandamus yosSy
commanding Commissioner Keating of tho Do!
partment of Highways to reinstate ,1 j,""
rjtt is a votoran and n civil n.i. .. , "
llo wus discharged last ; Ai?fi $ "''.""fo. ,
contulim mi order or 'the Jmin. " w't.v'm J
rltt's pay-roll from the tlin?l u h'."".0' '
ift
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