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H 1 A BLOCKADE RUNKER ONCE.
IBU Mm mxctmn nj.TnnttOATT.nn nr a oat k THr tFonxiA nAsmiUAtf. EH Mil FrodU Made Dnrlng Hie Civil War by Car- IIHp iH rjrlng Supplies t the Cnnf(lmln and MHi fam. Taking Awny Cotton-Trick Plnyed an iSt an Admiral -An Unlucky Recognition. Kir HI Sitta Mamuiu, Cl July 10. The Cuban 5 flip Hi blockade has had a good deal of Interest for a HT& wealthy sheopraiiihinan in the OJal Vnlloy, In ti at fi this part of California. He Is Frank A. Glllntt. ' fa Pi Iiurlng the civil war lie m one of the iuo Tl r if eessful blockade runners, and earned a fortnne il vf fft In tho business. llwas&boiit no ytarsoldat i'W I tho tlmo and, having been n Bailor for ton lilf ' Tearsboforothn war, ho gntnplaoeosmotoon I, .f J crnf t which ran tho blockado of Mobile Bar I I t ' three times Then ho cot command of n ves- 11 ' I' , set built purposely In Kngland for running tho ti'JS iff blockade, no na a blockado runnor In 1H03 j ' and lhU't. ; E "There never was bo groat a naval blockade ill S as that of t lie Southern ports by the Idernls I ffi during the civil war." said Capt. Glllott tho lift A othordaf. "Whop the war broko out In April. & ? 1801. Uncle Pain's few eliips wore scattered all I w J ovorthe world. Durintrtho first two roar of 'i & at. tho wqr tho naval resources of tho North wore iff . ( taxod to tho utmost to maintain a blockade 4g j Jf along nbout H.OOQ miles of senconst. Bueli a il' ot naal patrol has nover been duplicated. Undo B , Jjji Bam had to use, craftof all kinds and conditions to do tho work. Tho two largest equndrons ( 4i wero thnso nbout tho mouth of Chea- poako liar and In the Gull of .Mexico. At i j , ono time fhero wero nbout 100 bontB engaged JR ' exclusively In running tho Union blockades ( ; W " on tho Atlantloand flnlf coasts. First and last V f '." thoro wero 2WI boats engaged In blockado nin- I K ; 4 nlng. I havo seen twnty craft In tho harbor It '" at Nassau at one tltnn loading up with English bK j goods for tho Routhern ports. HylrW the I'od- $1 m '' eral nnvy hid boon so largely Increasod and the H ' ll cordon hid been so strengthened that blockado Hj (' ft- , . runnlnc became extra hazardons. Beveral of I Br V '10 'le8' Doa'fl nai been punk by Fedoral Runs. I-S T i v '"d " do7n of tho most skilful blockade rnn- i " ' Bers had ben raptured, Rl j "The greater part of the blockade runolnic Li jg i was done by craft from England. Romo of the t S. ' boats wero manned by Knitllsh ornws but i ''ft f ofTlcered byRouthoniers AsthowarproKressed r ' i laatstenmers wero built In Kncland purposely ' v 'or run,nc t'' bloekndo The Southerners !, 8 . W had prcyi-ed ths best men (or golnit throimh tho R r Federal blockade, and they wore omptoyod by f" i ft tho Encllsh ship owners ns far as possible. ( If Thcso Enelieh steamers were tho fastost in ' ' K J' their day. Thcv were painted nn ashen eolor ' 'V r and nothlnsr In tho way rif spars or deck houses ; m f' vessel Inconspicuous To this end tho sailors . rjL I. dressed In dull-colo-ed sarb, and whito or ; L blackpultswerenever worn When tho blockadn is jli runner ncared tho Confeilerntn coast no ouo ' W K was nllowed to smoko on dock, and a thousand 'B C and ono tricks were employed to make steam j, ft f aud nttho same time not i'iid spirks from tho ; i to sraokpstack. Tho funnels could bo lowered t J closo to the deck, and tho lioatsworo huncfrom ; 9 the dnilts squaro with tho cunwalcs. The ' ft hteam, in caso of a sodden stop, could bo blown f Jr oiT underwater. I ne or allowed nny fowls on i C ff board my boats beeauo their crowlnc mleht JS. nttrnct attention. Tho steamer rtlehmond I f Hi from Jamaica was captured In tho fall I J M of 1WJ3 nnd about 9400,000 worth of ' ( ff, Koods conneatod beeauhO ons of hor ! i St men foolishly used pine wood in the fuel. Of cour-,0 tho bloekadu-runiilng craft had to IK chance their namw often, and mnnystrance W names for tho craft wero adopted. There were B no end of Ynnkeo .linis.Ynnkeo Hens and llrave IE Yankees anionc rimllsh lwjats. Amoni; tho W blocknde runners was a line of thren boats be- & lonclnRto a Iflndon Arm. Thco boats wero W christened Letter II. I,ettir Oo, nnd Letter Itln. ft. Tho finest essel In the business only mide one Ji voynsoi sho was clirlstened Col. Lamb, and Ef was built to carry 15,M0 bales of cotton. Tho ii war ended soon after sho was built andput an K Snd to her careor as a bloekatlo runner. ,' "Tho craft enlaced in runnlnc tho Foderal ' blou-kade ;invisated botweon tho liahamaand Ilormucla Islands. Cuba ami Jamaica and tho J Boutlinru ports. Nassau was tho port from P which the lamest iiumbor of blockade runners , Ballnd fortbo Confedornto Rtates. Tho Ensllsh ffi? mado that their In adqmrtors for brenklnc u R" tbrouRh tho blockade. Xnssau Is about threo w f dnys' run from Charleston or Wilmington, ffi lit Until 18)1 It was a lary, tumblo-down seaport a & on i tiny island belonRlnc; to Orcat llrltain. jBcjS ffil I'ow Americans had oor henidof it. When tho Hff- K, Encllshhad to have Routhern cotton for their Klf mills nnd tho Confederates had tohao L'nRllsh Me mi mnrchandlso.Nas'sausiiddenlybeeaniotlieprln- M m cipal depot for contraband coods. No mining inl Si" campoiorRrewmuchfasterthanNassaudldln M It 1801. In six months tho seaport lllaco crow jR W t n Population of H.O00. The harbor was alive af. kc with craft. Adventurers, men of piratical l tastes, and schemers who would tako risks for jHE'Kr creat italn. flocked to Nassau from Europo, IB' R. especially from Enaland ami Franco. The Her HS. It- inuda Islands, a little further awny from the I' Confederate coast, had nn almost slmilai leap ' laK' mi lntn iniportanco. Thu slmplo pf lirow on tho RW m& jlahnmnsand llormudas looked on tho sudden Mr Wt prospi'dty that came to their Nlnnds with as- vBti it touisliment. 1 havo never seen money so tree W I, In nny Western mlnlnc camp een In Its HI palmiest days as I saw itln Nassau in the first Hk'h' tnoicamof tho war Ht 9t' "Tlio principal objectho points of tho Moek- 9H B., Ede runners wero Charleston and OeorKOtown, EK' W H. C ; Wilmington nnd Hmithilllp. N. V. : Havan- Hil, nah, Ga. nnd (iaUeston, Tex. Occasional runs MB m wertv mado Into Sfoblle. Ala. Fcrnandina. 11a., rngt Hs 9,ni5 Heaufort, N. C... but as tho blockade by tho . MS W Jedenil warships was tightened, and as tho Hk' ft) fonlco became mote and more ha7ardous. the m bloekndo runners gradually confined their tff t! operations to i uns to Charleston and Wllminc- ton-ntl(1 during the last at tho war Wilmington Mb H done was accessible. Charleston was entored m I ".y 'IT Wrop on tho very day of Its evacuation, B. t the bloekndo runner being captured : but for all K I that blockade runiierH had pruoticallyglvon up R I Charleston ns nn objeetlin point ever siuoo the (J I beginning of tho year 1H05 lfj " Tho enormous rrolltii of successful bloek- fft 1 ode running incited men to takf. tho risks. Tho t . 1 eicltemontWKslIko nothing else I havo over f, I known on thu sen. Wo used to tako chances I 5 i Br that I shudder now to relate. Ashotihrcd from ( '. the blockade runner In solf-defence was, no- ', cording to the maritime laws, cause for trcat- t f lng tho blockado runner as a pirate. Sevoral S men wero hanged In the Oulf In 1WI1 because P H they bad acted llko.plratos while trying to run f tho blockado to Galveston and Mobllo. For a B , run front Nassau to Wilmington or Charleston . I and back, htotnl distance ofabont 1,100 miles, , II, aCaptaln usually got 1.000, or tri.OOO: the i t pilot 7tK), and the crew and Uremon about : p L 50. Thuro was always abundant mn- '.ii- terlal from which to select a crew, anil the ng ' LlsJ men-of-war in the Bahamas and Bermudas ' K. ' had difficulty!;! rcatrainlng their sailors from i deaortingand joining in blockado runnlnc. Ho , K r much money wa-s mude,ln the contrnbanifbusl 1 f i ness that some blockade-running vossols paid E for themselves In one round trip. That Is, a p big profit vim made on the calicoes, woollons, V hnrdware, leather, and general merchandlso ; F carried into the Confederacy, but a still greater E profit was made on the ootton and sugar mo- B ;v lasses that was taken out. Calicoes that cost i K ttliput 10 cents a yard then in England brought S J, Ulty and more cants In Wilmington or Charles- X ' on. Cotton was bought In the Bouth for 25 Sn pound In gold and sold like hot cakes at $1.00 u to'Wd..Xonc carried a eargo of oottpn I fci. $37,000 at Wilmington and sold for I faOO.OOO In Nassau. Here Is a copy of a bill of r purchases at Charleston by a company engaged j In running Undo Barn's blockades in 1803. Jt c shows the pricss of ruerclmodlsew carried In S, those dayB; IIP ? Oct. 15 For lbox(K)eonUlnlnc400lo. V A CoMm's ool cnttrtii t !'-' or iloi .. 5,OO0 00 1(. Tor 17 rollt ol laatlier, U. , W'c, 3.204 f $ lbs. at(Miwrlb . ...... JB.err 00 B j For r. roli tola lthcr, II fff) C. Wg, a t M6Xlbs ttflH irSb B,o:s BT 2 '$ For 4 ewes fnolieap rPr ll W) C, r,0 ! it rf m, eel - 500 riiuii t 7a , 14.400 00 I S. I 'or s ctL" yellow nvelope (II f No. 4a, 5 9 f 100 MmitsIovm t 140 ... 4,000 00 f Ti : fill .1 eo' steel pens II (V) C. No. 40(1. ,' 9 i 407,C(iOKrnMfsch 1,500 KrOM, t 8 BO 13.7W) 00 t, rordrnit, inrMe, 18 iisndlfi, t $36.. (ISO 00 I J Vor40ilot. tpnAm (W) t 18Upr do... 7.V00 00 ' f Total .178 940 9T 6 I i ' " iK-caslqnnlly there was some humor in run- f nlng the blockade. In 1803. when the Confed- i 4 HM''? Wfre lrd up for salt, Capt. McMillan of 5 i : Charleston purchased at Nnssan a large cen- r t $ trtmoard schooner ami loaded her with salt, t I h clearing hnr from, Nassau to Baltimore He I 1 L i.upt two log- false log and a tnie loci his - i falsi) log slioTved that ho was between Cape u, i ,V Jlatwras and Capo Henry, when he was really X t r, o:t Cnarleston II drorred both his anchor ovai board, damaged his sails, and appeared H i i very much, surprised hsn ho sighted k tho Federal fleet oft Charleston. Ho ap- K ", pealed to the Fodeml Admiral for assist- R unco. The Admiral, bclntn klncl-heartodman, H ! , impplled nlm with anchors and sent a sail- k ci maker ,M. crew aboard to repair his bsIIs. ', Oapt. McMillan spont two days with tho Fed- S i eral fleet.. When he went aboard tho flagship j be bade the Admiral good-brand thanked him I for hU kindness. TliS Admiral offered him a I t j , ij. ' . tonboatto tow him to the windward. This was what the Captniu didn't want, bnt he couldn't refuse It. no ho was towed n short distance.. When ho got rid of the tug. he hoisted his centre boa nl and begati drifting back into the fleet. As soon as he drifted as far as ko thoaght safe, lie dropixd Ms centreboard and ran tho block ade Ai'er loading up with cotton he At tempted to run the blockade out, but was captured. The Admiral sntd: ,r I hm got you new, m y boy. You played mo a sharp trick, but I will treat you well. I will send you to how York ' Ada he did. ,, "1 bhliove I om correct in saying that the blockade at Wilmington. N. 0., was run In the daytime only three times during the touryeara of warfare. The Olbrnltar got through one morning in the summer of lwl'2. Tho fact la memorable, beoauso she had aboard munitions. Tho veesel had a narrow cseapo. Her sraoke- Iitack was shot away, her pilot was killed, and f sho had been on the water ten minutes ongor sho would have sunk, with several ioIos In hor hull. Hhe fooled tho Federal fleet for a snort while by . hoisting tho United Htates Dug, Tho Federals thought she was a now transport from tho Chesapeake. Tho A III o' tho WIsn. Cnpt Cspor ownor and commander, succeeded on another occasion in running thn bloekndo In thedaytlrao Tho Cap tain was a Heotehnian. and ono day some of the blockade runners on the Board of Trado wore guying him on tho Insignificant appearance of his vossol, which was small, but one of the best I or speed In tho port Hho could make olghteen inots They offered to hot him 11)0.000 against 50.000 that ho could not run thu blookad In thn daytime. Ho took them up. It was customary for blockade runners to load and run down and anchor off Smithvillo, at tho mouth of Gape) Fear lllvnr. under protection of our forts, anil then make tho lilockadA at night Tho l'cderal fleet saw the Will o' tho Wisp coming down the river and sup posed, of courso, that sho would anchor, but In stead she shapod her courvo right through tuo flyot They had nothing that could catch her, Tlioy fired two shots at Iter, one passing through her cabin above tho water line atidtno other carrying away her flagstaff Capt. Caper won his 100.00( "Oh, yes, I'vo had somo lively times In block ado running myself. I was oneo In command of tho Jonathan n neat little sohooner former ly tho Belle. I ran hor through the cordon at Charleston on a very dark, rainy nig lit, April, 1802. Tho stringent blockading was just bo- ! Inning. Wo wont oor to Jamaica nud un OJdeil Then tno sailed with a general oargo. t was a warm, lazy day In erring. Wo were somewhere off Fcrnandina. As wo wero lying thorn with hardly a breath of wind blowing.blacx twioko showed up on tho horlron. and it -was not very long before I saw the familiar spars of tho United Stntes revonuo steamer Harriet Lane romo out In bold relief. I Bnld notlUng. but it looked as If tho game with mo was up. Down tho I.ins earao. and out flew from hor eaff tho British colors. I smiled to myself as I Fieard somo of the crew declare sho was a Brit ish gunboat. My supercargo wa-j a Spaniard, Francisco Silas by name. and. as the Harriot l,nno run up to w (thin easy speaking distance. I hoisted hpanlsli colors and told Francisco to reply In Spanish as I dlrcetod him As for ray telf. I f treteht d mysolf out as unconcernedly ns I could, leaving IrauclHooto stalk about and plu fuptnln. ' What schooner Ib that?' was called out from tho Lano In Bpanlsh Fortunately we had no namo planted on the stem, so that Frftn, elsco supplied a tlotitlous ono In Spanish To tho question where we wero from and whero we were bound, Francisco replied, at my prompting, that wo wore from Hnnnn. bound to Rt John, N B. As the Lano was coming up my suporcargo remarked to me that ho was sure the strangor was British. 'Dont fool yonrself, rrancisco,' I sld 'Look up at hor gn(T end. Do you see that snug little roll thoro all ready for breaking out? Just wals a few minutes And, sure enough, the roll broke nnd out fluttered tho Btnrs nnd Stripes. As thoy fluttered In the air the BrftLsh colors 6lowiy descended. 'There, rrancisco.' I said In an undertone 'is your British gunboat. Now. don't make a botclrof yonr replies ' "The Captain asked sovcral auoBtjons, and wo thought ho was satisfied with Our Spanish character Ho rang to go nhead, when I obsened an officer go and speak to him In a moment ho and the officer loellcd their glasses nt us. I know something was up. but what could we do with a schooner against a steamer In that calm ? Presently a boat was lot down from tho davits and tho etenmerftorpod Tho cannon were trained on us, and wo know the Jig was up. When tho boat reachod our side ayoung Lieutenant whom I had known In my anto-bcllum sailor days camo climbing up the sides of tho schooner, followed by several sillors. 'Well. Cant. Olllott.' he said as he camo toward, me, ' I'm clad to soe you ' "I recognized lilm and replied: 'I'm not bo glad to sen you ' " He told mo that he had reoocnlzed mo through his glass, and that he had informed the Captain of his recognition. While myself and crow wero takon as prisoners on board tho Harriet Lane, the schooner was takon pos session of by theLioutenont." wor.rns o.v tuf. stock jianges. Cnttle nnlsers Again Tlltterly Complaining of Their Costly Rnvngrs. From thr St. Paul Globe. DEAnwoon. B. D., July 18 Unless somo method Is discovered very soon to oxtormlnato tho wolves on tho Blaok Hills ranges, stoek mon will be compelled to either go out of the business or mo their hords to a country whero wolves do not exist. Tho samo condi tion exNts in tho western part of North Da kota, eastern Wonring and Montana, In parts of Colorado and in Now Mexico and Texas. Stockmen estimate that each wolf during tho year will do $100 damage to a herd of eattlo, and this loss is tho greatest that befalls tho stockmon. Ono onttle ownor In Butto county reports Iravlng lost forty head of stoors lost soa eon by wolves. Old oattlemen are of th'o opin ion that there is but ono way to oxtormlnato them, and that Is by concerted notion of tho Btatcs and counties In making wolf hunting a profltablo business. By placing a bounty of $10 upon every wolf and paying tho amount In cash ana not in long-tlmo warrants, and by having every county In all of the States join in the business. It is thought thore would be Quick, work made of tho animals. The samo bounty should bo placed on old nml young, male and female allko. When a discrimination Is made In the age. wolf hunters are apt to rear tho young pups, by hand until thoy bto old. enough to reoeivo full bounty. More earo should be taken Ait tho offlaors whose duty it Is to check up the scalps and see that no fraud Is perpetrated. Often coyoto bealps are palmed off for wolf. There aro poveral methods used by professional wolf hunters to capture tho animals. Tho nso (if hounds Is becoming common, but it e expensive, and dogs can only be used In an open country, A good pack of fifteen hounds Would eat a beef every tuowoeks for food. Using poison Is another common meth od, and In a new country It is considered tho cheapest and most effective but tho wolves S9P t,omo suspicious and avoid the dootored bait, Thoro arc thoe who believe that wolves have an antidote, somo kind of a weed whloh they ent when thoy are poisoned. When using poison thoro Is groat risk that dogs, cattle, horses and other domestlo animals may eat of the polsonod bait with serious results. Dig ging out tho young is praotloed by many hunt ers. When a don can be located It meanB a food sum for tho hunter In bounty money, rapping Is used as commonly as any mothod. and is probably a successful as any. An old liuntormnkes the statement that when tho bounty la made large onough professional wolf hunters will find a way of exterminating the animals. Coyotes do not do much damago exeoptto sheep and barn fowls. The ububI bounty for them is from 50 cents to $1. Ab a rule stockmen would prefer not to have the coyotes entirely killed off. It has been tho his tory of other countries tlmtas soon as thoy are exterminated Jack rabbits, gophers and prairie dogs increase at an astonishing rate and be come creator nuisances and do more real dam age thun the coyotes. Cattlemen are becoming serious in the matter of exterminating tho wolies, and mcotlngs are being called all ovor the country to consider the question. Pets of n Learned Man. From Ai Youth' i Ccmpmdn. Blr Henry Ilawllnson, the groat authority on Persian Inscriptions, wrote his "Memoir" In a Bummer house overhanging the Tigris, whero the outside boat of 120 was reduced to 00 by tho action of a water wheol whloh poured a continuous stream of water ovor tho rool For recreation while writing his book, Ilaw llnson Indulged in petting wild animals, no hud a tamo leopard named Fahad which he brought to England and presented to tho Zoo logical Oardans at Clifton, near Bristol, When ever Ilawllnson was In England he would visit Fahad. As Boon as the beast heard his ory, "Iahadl rahadl" It would rlso from the floor of iut cage, arproaeh thn bars, and thenrolling on tho floor, extend Its head u bo scratched. Once the keoper, who did not know blr Henry, 0Ii.t.?0,'nB him. patting the leopard, oxelajmed: 'Take your hand out of the cage I Tho ani mal's very sa age and will bite vou I" V WK thinl B0 K.S d 8lr H,"T " I dont think ho'll bite me. A ill you. Fahad r and the beast answered br s purr, and would hardly let (tin hand be withdrawn. lie also had at Bagdad a pot Hon, which had been found when a kitten on tho bank of the TJgrlB-lta mother haling been shqt-and brought to Blr Henry IJ alone fed It, and the lion when grown would follow hliu about IIKeadog. One hot day the Hon mopd uuil rejected its food. lt paced about the master's room, and ho, being very busy, called two ser vants to take tho lion away. Tho lion would not go with them, but drew Rearer iu inaster. and, at last sat down under is chair with Ita .head between his knees. "Oh," said he, "If he won't go let him bide " The pen anw went out. and Blr Heniywrote pn. The lion sank from a sitting position Into that of a "Hon eouohant " AlTwasoulet for several hours save the scrstohlng ot a pen. When his work was over the mastor put down hla hand to put the pet. Theilion was dead. THE BEACHED APOTHECARY FIKlSn OF A UAIT WIIO LOST HIS JlATIlfO IK TltE NAVY. XThr Men tTno Are "BroVo" In the Army or "Dnsted" In the Nnvy Are Apt to Desert-Tragedies That Itve Followed Redaction In Bank "Way at Smooth Chap from the East TTho KnMtted. WiBHtwoToir, July 23. Corporal Mulvaney's manner ot freauontly dwelling upon the time When he was last " rejooosd " probably recelvos toll understanding from only such of KIplloc'n readers as havo been In a military service. A reduced non-coin, nevor porcetios any humor In his redaction. It Is usually a rather sod and blrtor business for him. Men rod need from tho . rank ot non-commlsaloned offloers In tho American Army, or from he rnto of petty or ohlef petty officers in the American Navy, do not desert their servioo anymore frequently than do moo In foreign military and naval ser vices who undergo tho same humiliation, but thoy desert in numbers, neverthe less. In trulh, a good many ot them are expectod to desert when thoy are reduced " broke." It Is called in the army, and " busted " In tho navy. Commanding officers, of courso, do not reduce enlisted men for the sake of having tjiom dosort, but when reduced men do dosert commanding officers are not surprised. "Busted "petty officers In the navy aro rather exported by their mates up forward to "jump ship " at tho first opportunity, and tho soldiers In the outfit of a " broke " non-com. look upon the reduced man as a fellow of little, spirit If he does not forthwith turn himself loose from military Borvlce. Reduced men occasionally stay on In both services when they receive a tip from the right source that they aro soon to be reinstated In their former ranks. These aro men who havo been reluctantly reduced by commanding offl oers, for the purposo of setting tho right ex ample to bluejackets and private soldiers, and after awbllo they aro "mado" again. Tho "made" soldier or sailor Is tho man who. after reduction. gets back the billot ho formerly held. Thoro are not many such nowadays. Both services have too many good men In lino watting for berths Involuntarily vacated by men ot unsteady conduct. The fact Is not generally known, by the way, that, undor tho law, any naval officer may bo reduced, by a general court-martial, "to tho rate of an or dinary seaman." Tills law wae mado early In tho progress of tho civil war. when some wild blades got Into tho navy through tho hawse plpe to the quarter deck. The law was made for deterrent purposes, and It still appears In the Revised Statutes, although It Is not In cluded among the regulations governing the conduct of officers and men in the Amorloan Navy. It has never been abrogated, however. Not itfany yoars after tho elvil war a Lieutenant serving on the China station was "busted" to tho rate of ordinary seaman for tumultuous mlseonduct.nnd ho had to go forward and work alongside tho bluejackets, too. The Navy De partment permitted him to get out of the ser vice not long after his humiliation. Nowadays, misbehaving army nnd navy officers are simply dismissed tho service by general oourt-martlal. If their misconduct has been sufficiently serious to warrant this, or suspended for varying pe riods if their offoneos ore not of a nature to call for cashiering, Both In the army and In the navy it takes a oourt-martlal to "break" or "bust" a non commissioned or o, potty offloor, unlesB the offender holds simply an acting appointment. In which case his chevrons or his rating badgo may be taken from blra at nny time by order ot his commanding officer. It should be said that neither in tho army nor In tho navy do commanding offlcors like, the job of reducing non-commlssloned or petty ofllcors. Officers don't like thus to exhibit tholr disappoint ment iuonllstod men who have shown them selves sufficiently clever and worthy to be promoted from the ranks. A non-oom. or a petty officer who goes to pieces after being singled out for promotion costs his officers a good deal of worrlmone. Tho officers are In clined to. give the man nil sorts of ohanccs be fore they finally deoide to smash him to the ranks. The reduced man who stays on in the Borvlco is nenrly always an eye sorrow to the officer or officers who recommended his eleva tion, because he is a proof ot bad judgment. There havo bocn many tragic outcomes of re ductions In the American Army and Navy. Tho finish of a case of this sort happened less than a year ago In San Francisco. The apothecary otone of tho cruisers on the Pnclflo station was the man chlofly eoneornod. He was a member ot a good family of New Orleans, and had been a wild let from his boyhood, no figured. In spite of his wildness. at tho top of his clnss upon his graduation from the University ot Virginia, and ho also captured tho honors ot his class when he waa graduated In medicine in Philadelphia. Bum got hold of him, and he joinod the Texas Rangers as Surgeon. Then be entered tho regular army as a hospital steward. Ills record In tho army was not creditable, but he kept quiet about it after ho entered the navy as an apothecary. In spite ot his wildness and reoklcssnoBS on frequent occasions ashore, ho made an almost unequalled reputation for himself as a naval apothecary. It was his luok to get' assigned to ships that glided accidentally Into Infected ports, and he was utterly fearloss In handling men brought low with yellow fover, Aslatio cholora, smallpox, and other highly In fectious diseases that worked their way over tho side of the ships on which he was serving. Ho passed through many bad doses of this sort without ever being 111 himself, and he gained the regard of his commanding officers In aplte of his frequent lapses when ho went on tho beach. The surgoons. his immediate superior officers, uven refrained from baling him pun ished when thoy found, aid several of them did, that there was nothing left among thn medical stores In tho w ay of liquors and wines, such as aro carried on board American mou-of-war for convalescing men. Dunbar was not tho namo of this apothecary, but it will do. Dunbar nibbled at any kind of fluid aboard ship, and It was this sort ot business that brought him to his naval finish. Apothecary Dunbar's ship wason a surveying expedition off tho west coast of Central Amer ica, and one day. while the apothecary wae ashore, tho 6nrgeon, with whom Dunbar nadn't got along so well as he had with former sur geons, hod occasion to use somo alcohol, lis went to tho rnodlool storeroom and took down one of the gallon alcohol jars. It didn't smell like alcohol and the surgeon wns surprised. He tried to light It but It didn't light, It was water. There were flfteeu other gallon Jars supposed to befllled with alcohol on the shelves and the surgeon tried all of thcso. There was nothing but wator in any of them. Tho Bur geon went to the cabin and reported those tacts to the commanding offlcor. When Dunbar returned on board he was taken to tho mast, and the commanding offlcor, a man who Is not notublo for overdoing geuor oslty to enlisted men, questioned him, ."What became of that alcohol?" he asked the apothecary. "I drank It, sir," replied Dunbar. "All of It?'' "Yes. sir." " N hat was your ldoa In doing this t" No Idea, except to drink It, sir." "Thoft. was it not?" "Not, meant as theft, precisely; but If you call It theft, theft It was. sir." My man." said tho commanding offloer, "we, aro In foreign waters, and I am not permitted ip put you on tho beach In a foreign country. Jut I intend to beach you s soon as wo return to Bau rrancisco, Meantime, you aro not to oome abaft the mainmast of this ship while you are aboard of her." As the sick bay of this ship won situated awny pit. next to the wardroom, tho skipper's pro hibition of tho after part of the ship praetlcnlly meant tho apotheoary's dlsr.itement. Now, an apothecary Is a chief petty offloer, a brass buttoned man who stands only after the eoni mlssioned officers in the respeot exacted of the bluejackets. This apothecary was mado to swab decks, clean splttooiw. sorub gratings, coal ship alongsldo of the blue jackets, and per form all mannor of dirty work lie was not Eiermltted to do any of the medical work called or by his rate. Ho was a pretty game man a i had often proved himself to be, but tills was oharo. doss, and It got him down for fair. Ho did all of his roustabout work up to the handlo, buthle head went a bit wrong under tho Btraln. When the ship loft southern waters and start ed on the return trip to Ban Franclsoo, the npotheoarywassummarllyoourt-martlallsdand sentenced to dishonorable discharge. It can not bs, reasonably said thatthoman woeabused by hrs oommandlng offlcor, but for several years ho had been brave, faithful, and unselfish In handling tho sick on the vessels to which ho was attached, and this war of getting htm out of the service eeemed a rather dlsmalbuelncss to the men of the orew. Dunbar wont over the side at Ban Francisco with onlv the clothes hs had on his back his ohief petty officer's uni form for he declined to take any of hie gear otojig. He sntd he wouldn't noed It. Before starting on his last orulee he nod married a voir beautiful woman, a teacher In a private school In Ban rmnoltco,. Dunbar had had her Initials tattooed In small letters on hie shoulder for several years before ho married hor. and it had been the woman's Idea to re form an unmistakably brilliant and accom plished roan. The ox-apothecary paid a short visit to hie wife when he was beached In Ban Franolsoo. and thon he walked out to Golden Oato Park and shot himself. Thoro was a frag ment of. paper found In tils blouso with this pencilled Hue: " Thoy may beach mo, but they can't make mostayontho beach. I have succooded ad mirably in making a colossal hash of my life. Damn all hands, fore and aft." A young, Brooklyn man. the eon of wealthy fiarente. Bhlpped In tho navy as a landsman a ew.yoars ago. for the purposo of getting nn engineer's, yeoman's billet that was promised him .He shipped with tho approialot his peo ple, who wanted hlnito tako a fowhsrd knocks. Ho got, his yeoman's billet threo days after he shlppod as n bluejacket, and went to sea with a chief engineer who. although he did not come In through the hawse-pipe. Is known to most naval black gangs as a bucko of a somewhat ferocious tyno. Thlsiohlet engineer, the imme diate superior of tho yooman. made It warm for tho young man from the first dayot the cruise, and finally wound up by having the young follow disrated by a court-martial for alleged Incompetency. The young fellow may have been incompetent, for Iho engineer's yoomau'a billot, whloh Is a clerical job re quiring a superior order of ability as an no countnnt. Is not one that many men In the navy can fill even acceptably. This yeo man was reduoed to the rate of a coal possor, and was fired Into the bunkers with a suit of dungarees on his back to shovel ooal In a tern- Scrature of 130 degrees. Ho had never done a ay s manual labor In tils life. During his Itrst four-hour watch in a bunkor the Are register ing bell outside of tho cabin door that gives tho alarm when thoro is fire In the bunkers began to ring and registered tho number of the bunker Iu which the disrated yeoman was working-. Tho man was found dying from poison He had held a couple of lighted matches beneath the flro alarm apparatus to set It going and to notify those on deck thathls bunker would bo worth looking Into. The Skipper had, ot course, no means ot knowing that tho young fellow would take his reduction so much to heart, and ho felt badly enough over the business. A man who put In fifteen years In Indian cam paigning In tbo cavalry arm ot the regular urniy. having bean a Borgeantmost of tho tlmo. Is now serving a life sonteuco in a Western prison for having klllednls FlrstSorgeant. The orlroe came about through the cavalryman's suspicion that his First Sergeant had been In strumental In ha lng him reduced to the ranks. At the time tho crlmo was committed It was a custom in tho regular army tor ono of tho duty (Sergeants of each troop or company to take what Is oalled a "cheok roll call" about mid night every night, tp see that all tho men wore In their beds. Tho First Sergeant got It into his head that this especial Sergeant was not per forming his duty when he took oheok roll can. and was not reporting men absent from their bunks Ho reported this to the troop command er, and. ntter an Investigation, tho Sergeant was court-mnrtialltd and reduced to tho ranks, llischevrons were cut from his arm and the stripes from his trousers whllo his troop wae drann up In formation, and It happened that tho Sergeant's sweotheurt, on a visit at the post from tho near-by town, was an acoldental witness of this performance. Tho "broko" Sergeant caught sight ot hor while the opera tion was going on, nnd it made him desperate. He mado a rush for the orderly room of his troop, grabbed a pistol that had boen turned In by ono of tho supernumerary guards, and ruRhlngout to whero the "top Sergeant who had got him Into (roublo stood, put a bullet straight through his heart. Ho recetvod allfo sentence nt tho hands of tho civil authorities, to whom ho was turnotl over. There was a Bergeant of artillery out at Al catra?; Island, Cal , the military prison, who killed himself when hn saw that he was in not only for a reduction, but also tor more sorious punishment Among tho military prisoners confined In Alcatrar. was a young eoldlerwho had attracted tho attention of an elderly and wealthy woman of Ban Francisco on aoeount of his cleverness ns n musician, and this soldier was captured when he deserted from his bat tery In order to marry tho mn Francisco woman. Tho woman bad a number of tho Ser geants stationed at Alcatroz sounded as to tho prospects of getting tho young prisoner oft tho Island", and Anally gained tho enrof one of them, Who, for a largo consideration In cash, agreed to let tho prisoner slip ono evening when ho was Sergeant of the guard. Tho scheme was discovered, and the Bergeant blew his head oil in the guardhouse office, knowing that ho was about to be arrested A great many non-commlssloncd and petty offlcors havo reason to dread reduction on ac count of their relationship to tho men undor them A pttT officer who Is known to his In ferior bluejackets as n bucko and a bulldozer Is perfectly well aware that If he got himself reduced the men up forward who disllko him will mako his lot so wretched that he will havo to desert, and a non-commisloned officer who makes tyrannical use of his modicum of author ity knows that he might as well light out as attempt to get nlongwlth the monlnquartors whom he has Ill-treated, if he should got into a sorape that Is liable to cause him to bo "brqko." At Fort D. A. Russell. Wyo.. a few days ago a Fmooth chap from thn East enlisted and was Immediately mado a company clerk. As com pany elerk. ho didn't have to do any fatigue work or actual soldiering, but attended to the clerical duties of the company commander. He was promoted Corporal and then hergeant. and tho result was that he had not been compelled to do a lick of the work such as recruits In tho army have to worry through. Homadoniory bulldozing sort of non-commlsaloned offloor, and the men of his outfit used to express the longing they folttoseo him "broko" and put to work shoielllng brush and whitewashing and flushing sewers and that sort of thing. Tho Sergeant who had escaped all such work know tbo men said thojo things, und so when ho wns discovored In some fancy lying and was reduced to the ranks ho was ready for his departure. Ho did not toll any of tho men that hs was going, but ho went on the very night that his chevrons were takon from his blouso sleeves He was rather a clovor free-hand artist, was this smooth soldier, and he left In his chest a woll-drawn picture of him self encaged In piling up oordwood. Under neath the pencil picture was the title lino: "Me. engaged in the act of working as a buck private You'll nover see me doing It In the flesh, and so I thought I'd loavo yon a little fanciful illustration of it. to sort of assuage yourgnef." nsnixo in SLEEPY Bovxn STjumr. The Game Kxpected to Do Part of the Work of the Angler on Bunday, A man who went to a certain plor on South street last Sunday to meet some frlonds ex pectod on an incoming steamship found that ho had reaohed thn placo some hours too soon, and was provided with a chair by the watch man, who was tho only person visible around tho place. No region of the city Is more som nolent on a warm Sunday nfternoon than a covered plor on South street. There ts no near-by trafllo to disturb tho hearing, the long shoremen nnd roustabouts aro either abnent or dozing, and the whiffs ot breeze from off the rivor boar a pleasing coolness, Tho watchman himself had boen napping, and Immediately re turned to his slumbers. For a time the visitor road his Sunday paper, loaning comfortably back, but presently his eyes bocamo heavy and he succumbed to the Influence of tho place. Ills first contused thought upon coming back to the realm of actuality was that he most have slept clear through Into the next morn ing, for was It not tho breakfast bell that had summoned him from his dreams? Tes. there itsounded again, a short. Imperative tinkling. "Hey? What? What's the matter?" he muttered, straightening up In his chair. Bilenco ensued and tho awakened man looked around him In an attempt to locate the bell, but couldn't find It. Just as ho was about to decide that ho had been fooled by a distant horse car, the tinkling Bounded out again very distinct and near, and this tlmo the visitor de cided that It oamo from an oponlng in tha plor shed which fronted on tho wator. "Wako up," he callod to tho slumbrous watchman: somebody ringing to get In." "Didn't hoar nothing." saloTtho watchman drowsily, ' Whore aro they ? What do " The ringing of tho bull again cut short his query. He leaped to his feet, ran over to tho opening und stepped out on tho strlngplece, whore Ills subsequout movements could not bo Seen by the visitor. Presently ho returned with n sour faco, saving: "Didn't get him that time. Would you please watch aftfer thn Hue for a minute, while I go up to tho end of tho pier ?" Beforo the other had tlmo to explain that he didn't know what the line was tho watchmnn was gone, Tho temporary guardian ot affairs walked over to the opening as tbo ringing be gan again, and was rewarded with thosiglitof a large sleigh bull jiggling on tho and oti llm berwlreepiko, which was firmly stuck in tho Btringploco, To this spike was fastenod a cord which disappeared Iu tho water below. Obvi ously tho communication, whateier it might mean, wns from tho other end of tho line. The visitor pulled in thu line ami pulled out, to his great surprise, a fut und very lively eel, willed upon being safely landed proceeded totiinglo up tho cord In the lnextrlcsble manner that Is u hereditary trult of Its species, Ho left the eel to tho tender mercies of the watchman, who presently returned and while struggling with the tangle explained that that mode ot fishing was the regulur Sunday nftnrnoon patimo of the watchmen during the summer "That's the first cvtch to-day." ho said: "but soma days they'll bite on lively, and tunny's the time I've caught the makings of a good dinner that way Tho watchman on the next pier, he's got an American flag fixed bo that It raises up when he gets a bite, but the bell's better In case a fellow gets sleepy, and you don't have to. be watching It all the time. AH you need is a . few sandworms for bait bad you're fixed," MjMjiMMtffflBgiaBaKaaflaafflgjaje EDITOR PO MUffS SCOOP. A CttUTBIIB PAPHIl FlItBT TO TliLT, OF Dewey's ricxonr. Ko TThlte People In Ban Fraaclico TTonld Itelleve lilt News, Though, nnd Bo Ho Won't Fnbllih Any Store War Cnble Despatches Making a Chinese Pnner Bin Fbancibco. July 17. Mun Ket. the load ing Chtneso paper ot Ban Francisco, announces with commondablo frankness that it will print no more war cable despatches. Po Mun, the editor, points with pride to the record his paper has made and proves that he has scored a beat of tho greatest Importance. Men who write funny paragraphs for tho Amorloan newspapers have montloned Mun Keenn tho least onter prising nowspapor In tho world; It has now shown what It Is capable of. Just beforo the war began Po Mun sat In his offleo on Dupont streetovery night, paintbrush in hand, writing editorials telling his sub scribers that war wns Imminent. China had had a war, and Po Mun know of no reason why America could not havo one also. So, whllo tho editors of tho big papers downtown wore lntl mnting that the conflict was a long way off, Po Mun was preparing his readers to expect an other conn let like the battloof tho Yalti. PoMun comes from Canton, but ho has a friend who works on a Chineso nowspapor published In Hong Kong. A long letter full of queer Chi nese characters was sent across tho Paolflo to the Hong Kong nowspapor man. Instructing him to cablo to Mun lte ten words of cipher about the first battlo. When Admiral Dewoy left Hong Kong to find and destroy the Spanish floet many rumors were circulated among tho Inhabitants ot that metropolis of the Orient. Chineso aro in veterate gossips. Ono who Is not acquainted .with their character cannot undorstand how quickly they transform an unsubstantial rumor Into what purports to be an absolute faot sur rounded with Interesting dotalls. On the Sunday on which tho battlo of Manila took plaoo rumors of a naval conflict were plentiful in Hong Kong. They finally orystol llzod to such an extent that Po Mun's Hong Kong correspondent believed himsolf justified In sending a despatch to tho San Francisco nowspapor. When Po Mun got tho cablegram ho had no doubt ot its truth. Tho Chineso editor had no moans of ascertaining Its truth or falsity even It he had been suspicious that It might not bo true. As soon us ho roooived It ho began tho wort of printing It. and being something of a patriot ho added that tho Americans had won tho greatest victory of modern times. After bis paper had been printed he went downtown to the American newspapor offices, exjieetlng. of course, to get nil the dotalls of the battle. Po Mun reads English very well, and It did not tako him long to ascertain that tho American newspapers nod no news from Manila. His commercial instincts at onco assorted them selves and he wentinto tbo business office otone of the dallies. When tho voungman bohindtho counter recovered from his amazement at tho offor of tho Chineso editor to sell his paper somo news ho explained to Po Slun that no newspaper would consldorthemntterserlously. Po Mun wont home. All that day whtto men who visited Chinatown saw the Mongolians standing around In llWe crowds nud heard them talking about the war. They smiled as thoy oommenteJ on the credulity of the Chinks. Of course Ho ow. the Vlee-Consul, nnd other Educated Chinamen did not implicitly beliove fun Aee r cablegram, but tho rnsk and flle of tho Mongolians wero sure It was true, especially whon Po Mun personally vouched for the ac curacy of tho assertions his papor had mads Taking n losson from his white brethren. Po Mun in each succeeding Issue of Mun Ktt pro claimed tho fact that thorn had boon n battlo on Bunday at Manila, and that tho Amorleans bad won a wonderful victory. Ho reiterated this so persistently that Ho Yow. tho Vlee-Consul, expressed his belief that it might bo true. The American nowepapars heard ot this and promptly sent reporters to Interview him. When Ho low frankly confessed that his only soureoof Information was Jfun Kee tho re porters smiled charitably, and politely said that It was qulto natural that ho should placo cre denco In tho paper published by his country man. After assuring him that thoy would let him know all about tho fight when It actually took placo they went back to their offices, and no further attention wns paid to tho mattor. Meanwhile Po Mun, through the medium of h s oratory and Ids nowspnier. kept telling tho Chinamen about the battlo. Bo when tho American papers finally camo nlongwlth tho account ot Dowoy's victory tho Chineso sub scribers to Afrm Kee wore the only persons in San Tnineteco who wero not surprised. In thoaffalrsof tho Chinese everything seems to go by contraries. Such a stroke of luck and enterprise would have boon of Immonso valuo to an American newpapor. but It noarly caused Jinn her to susjiend publication. Tho editor received so many congratulations and had so inueh faith In tho far-sightedness of his Hong Kong correspondent, that ho instructed him to cublo somo more nows like that of Dowey's victory. Manifestly It was impossible for tho correspondent to comply, and Po Mun's telo graph tolls so dej)leted the treasury of his pa per that ho was oompolled to announce that he would print no mora wnr eablo despatches. The staff of a Chineso nowspapor consists of the managing editor nnd news editor, who is necessarily a trnnslatorof English, and an many roiorters as aro needed to gathor such local news and gossip as tho paper has room to print. The mechanical department In its entirety is the pressroom, presided over by tho pressman, who is Invariably the only skilled workman employod. There are no typo oosos. no ma chines, no imposing stones, no nd. alloys, au J So printers In tho ofllo of even the most up-to-ato ChtneNo journal. Several hours before the tlmo the, paper Is to nppoaron tho street the managing editor takes a sheet ot paporof the required sire and rules It into columns with a common steel pen, using a pocnllar kind of luk, the socrotof making which Is ono of the accomplishment which a Chfnaman must ac quire liefnre ho can hope to assume the re sponsibilities of a managing editor. After ruling his paper, he carefully printfl by hand the, title of the shoot, using n Chinese writing brush Instead of the pen. Then he tacks this finished form to a slanting board, somowhat resembling an architect's table, nnd retires to his desk to await coming queries from his assistants. Tho nows editor, having read nil tho telegraphlo news In tho latest editions of tho English papers, translates tho chief Items of Interest, putting each Into the briefest possible form. These ho lays be fore his chief, who again takes up his brush and pinkos a note at the head of each article, tolling his BUbordlnato just how much to make of It. The news editor thengoos to the form and with a brush draws, in Chinese eharnotere, each article as ho comes to It, carefully following tho instructions of the managing editor ns to tho spaco and display ho Is to give. In tho mean while tho reiwrters of the paper are scouring the Chinese quarter for nows, and as each ono finishes his particular assignment he returns to the offleo. By this tlmo tho news editer has llnlshed his task, and tho reporters tako tholr turn at filling tho form with autogrnphlo ao pounts of tho happenings of the day as they have heard them. Two reporters usually worlt on tho paper at tho same time ono at each of tho only two pages which tho finished papor will have. Aftor all tho nows Is written in the managing editor looks It over, and If tho space Is npt all taken up he fills it, probably with what by white pe6ple would bo terxnod edi torial mattor. Hero the pressman takes charge of opera tions He removes the form to his department, it It does not happen to bo In the samo room, and lays It. facq down, on a stone similar to those used by American lithographers. Then with a soft spongo he wets tho back of It thor oughly, at the same time gently patting it with his hand and pressing It. Whon tho paper Is completely soaked through ho takes It by ono corner and carefully pulls itawny from the sur face of tho stono. The papor Is now a blank, all tho written characters having beeomo loosened, and adhered, face down, to the stone. This is then laid in a wator nath, and being porous It becomes thoroughly saturated. It ft carried from the bath to Iho press and laid on the bed. In the samo manner ns a white printer lays a form of type on the bed of the samo kind of press. The press Is thon started, and as the stone shoots under tho rollers the ink does not adhere to the wetstone. but takes perfectly on the characters which have boon transferred. Tho paper Is fed to tho cylinder, and as tho stone runs under it a perfect impression is taken. nil Tfrad Swells Annnally. Froti IKe Toia State Journal. Osorgo Lugden, the little old-fashioned man who has superi Islon of the elevator In tho Tost Office building, is tho victim of a peculiar physi cal phpuomonon, Eighteen yeare ago to-day ho suffered a sunstroke in Jjinrenco, nnd on this date every ysarslnco that tlmo ho has felt tho effects of the sunstroke When he wakos up In the morning It is with a feellnggf drowsi ness, and when he puts on his list ho llnds that his head Is larger than when betook it off the night before. .In walklng.at Intervals his vision falls him. and ho stnggors nliout as If Intoxi cated II also Invariably has a dull, beating puln at tho base of the brain Tho symptoms continue during the day of July IB, but disap pear in thu night, nnd on the following day he Is Iii his usuatgood state of health Mr. Lugdon la having all thu symptoms to day that ho has had without intermission on tho 18th day of July each year for tho past sev enteen yoars. Whllo in charge of tho elevator at the rertornl building ho wears a small black Ikull cap, which usually fits comfortably, but o-diiy ho says it fits bo tightly thnt ho can lardly l;ar to keep It on Ho Issufforlnga dull pain in the back af his head, and complains that objects become obscured as by a mist, A number ot physicians have boon consulted by Mr. Lugden, but bo far no one has been able to explain this remarkable phenomenon, i AFItO-AUEniCAlT SOTXS. Illinois and North Carolina have each an Afro Amerloan regiment with offloers of its own raoe, from Colonel down. Company h ef the Birth Mmu chtiittta Ilegtment was the flnt of Afro-American volunteers to rweiCube. The effort to raise Afro American companies and regtmenta to be officered hy white men baa been a failure. The Afro-Americans would accept so inch arrangement. Kx-Oongreeiman John P, Lynch of Wesinippi, who resides In Washington and was reoently ap pointed a Paymaster In the army with the rank ef Major by the President, hsa had presented to him by admiring friends a gold-mounted ewor with tor-tolte-ehrll handle, and a Major's uniform. The Rev. ntchard Oerroll of flouth Caroline, the nev. 0. T. Welker of Oeonria and the Rev, IJ. W. Arnett, Jr., of Ohio have been appointed chaplains InthevotBnteutervioe. II is a singular faet that none of the four Afro-American cheplelnt of the regular army was allowed to go to Onba with Me regiment. Therare all doing the peculiar work of recruiting officers. Itr. Arnett It a son of Blsbop Arnett. A convention was called to meet at Parle, Ky July 4, to eonelder the matter of I.lbcrlan emigra tion." The prejudice dliplayed In accepting offloers and recruit for the pending war and the hareh end cruel things that have brn aald by such newipapera as the Weehtngton Art and the New Orleans Timn Dtwuxrat are likely to Intensify the deelre of many Afro-Am erica ae to go to Africa or eo-newhere else. The Afro-American schools of higher education have been busy during the past few weeks conferring degrees of one sert or another upon men who have no claim to them. This degree bnslneee has become a scandal and nuisance among Afro-Amerlcane, and especially among the preachers, most of whom are doctors of divinity by the grace of some raoe sohool er by bold and unblushing appropriation of It. The Afro-American agne of California will meet at Pasadena Aug. 2, and will be attended by about SOO delegates. It la expected that the National Afro American League will meet in September. The Ormnd Lodge of Knights of Pythias of Massa chusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut convened In New Bedford Julr B. The next eeml-enmial conven tion will be held at Hartford Jan. 10, 1800. The Florida EnxnoiHit does not like the war status of Afro-Americans a Wt. Itsarsi " Race prejudice and race hatred have dominated everybody, from the President down to the army scullion, when deal ing with the negro eoldler. The black soldiers, who have always been true to the Stars and Stripes, havo been alighted, sent to out-of-the-way plsoee, shifted from pillar to post, insulted, proscribed, forced to ride to camp In Jim Crow cars, and denied the rights and privileges of loyal and brave soldiers, simply to please and natter those who, only recently, did all In their power to destroy the TJnlon." But the fact Is that some of the Southern Governors have gone a great deal farther In accepting Afro-American soldiers and giving them eommlnioas than the President or tho Governors of some of the Northern States. At the battle of Santiago the Ninth and Tenth cavalry regiments, under Major-Gen. Joseph Wheeler of Alabama, had the post of greatest honor and danger, and glortouslr sustained It along with Wood's rough riders. In the main, many of the Southern Governors have acted with more generosity and fairness than the Washington authorities, J. If. Jackson has been elected President of Lin coln Institute at Jefferson City, the Afro-American State institution of Missouri, of which Inman A, Page was long President. Mr. Page resigned recently to accept tho Presidency of anew echoolinOklahoma, The Populist Governor of Kansas offered a Lleuten-ant-Colonelcy to Major Charles B. Toung of the Ninth Ohio Battalion, who is a West Point graduate and a Lieutenant In the regular army, bnt he declined It, because, It Is said, he expects to be appointed a Colo nel by Gov. Bnshnell of Ohio. Gov. Leedy has com- 'missioned John M. Brown of Topeka and James Beck of Manhattan to be Majors and John M. Waller of Kannas City to bo a Captain. Mr. Waller la the ex- I Consnl to Madagascar who got into trouble with the French Government and had so muoh trouble to got out. Ills claim for $1,500,000 against the French Government for the lose of a concession of rubber landrls still hauglng fire, Mr. William L. Reed of Boston, an ex-member of the General Court of Massachusetts, has been ap pointed a Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue. The Rev. E. B. Love, one of the volranlo elements of the Baptist faith In the South, who is a ehronlo oontrovenlallst, has begun the publication of the Baptitt TruOt at Savannah, Ga. At the recent meeting of the Republican State Com mittee of Alabama, the Rev. A. J. Warner and W. J, Stevens were read out of the party. These men be came dissatisfied with the decision of tho Republican State Committee not to nominate a State ticket, and held a convention which placed a full. Afro-American ticket In the field, with Warner for Governor. The State Committee has recommended Republicans to vote for the Populist candidates, who aro pledged against the Democratic programme to restrict the miffrase by constitutional enactment, as haa been done In Mississippi, South Carolina and Louisiana. It Is estimated that there are 80,000 Afro-American members of the Maaonlo fraternity. The amount of money that Afro-Americans raise for church purposes Is bewildering. The Baltimore Afro-Anuruan ears that In Baltimore the Sharp Street M.K Church Is building a church to cost $70,000; St. John's Church haa contracted to purchase a par sonage for 12,000, and the North Street Baptist Church Is collecting funds to build a $10,000 church, tE.OOOofwhichlthM in bank. The Afro-Amtnam adds: "We wonder, considering the poverty of many of the members, where the money comes from to meet their heavy expenditures." Tho same paper announces that the Colored Toung Men's Christian Association has boen compelled to close up ahop be cause of lack of funds, while " the Colored Toung Women's Christian Asaociatlon, In strong contrast, is not only doing a good work, but thinking of get ting larger quarters." The Atlantlo City rubHc Rtcord say that during the paet six months over one hundred conoerta, re ceptions, balls, parties, picnics, and other entertain ments have been given by the Afro-Americans of that resort. And so it Is all over. The Afro-Amerloan manses everywhere manage to (ret a lot of solid fnn out of the serious business of living. The Norfolk Batlv Rtooritr, an Afro-American newspaper which does a great deal of kicking, sirs I "Why negroes will persist m visiting Ocean View, Virginia Beach, and like plaoes la simply a mystery. No self-respecting negro will go down to the seaelde, stand up In the sunshine, or wander along the burn ing asnds of the shore in order that he may aee the white people feasting and enjoying themselves. To be dodging around among a crowd of white people, afraid to crass the pavilion, denied even the privilege of a drink of water, afraid to alt down, afraid to stand still, liable to be lnsalted every minute by the first white ruffian that come along, is a privflegs which many negroes seem so muoh to enjoy that they must deck themselves in their best Sunday clethes and hie themselves Just where their good clothe is cause for offenoe." The Rev, A. M. Newman, one of the most popular preachers in Louisiana, ha Just died. He waa born In Fairfax county, V., June T, 18B. In 1880 he en tered Wayland Seminary and remained there three terms; in lftse he entered Madison University, New York, graduating In 187A. He entered the Baptist ministry and held many inlluentlal pastorate and other church dignities during his life. A call haa been leaned for a meeting of the Inter national Industrial AasodaUon of the World at Chica go Aug. 1, Dr. Oeorge Halt is Chairman. The ob ject of tho association la "to devise way and mean to promote the industrial, moral, financial, educa tional, and political Interest of the colored people of America." Why " International " wa put in the title, except to elongate it, does not appear In the ob ject of the meeting a set forth. The Western Negro Press Association, of which Ed win n. Hockley of the Denver (almon Is President, will meet at Omaha Aug. 22, The Savannah Wttkly Tribunt says: "The city is Infested with several money brokers' office, Theee placo only rtch the poorer oltssea of cltlreni, and they have to pay dear for what they get. It wis re. cently published that a colored man borrowed B from one of these ooncems and paid back In Interest over S0." The man got tired of paying Interest and appealud to the law, and the broker ws compelled to refund tho money. A lot of that sort of swindling I practiced all over the South. Daniel n Johnson, who died in Philadelphia June 2B, was born a slave in Wsrren county, N Cln 184ft but by bard study he obtained a fair education sfter the civil war and became prominent in North Caro lina, serving three terras In the Legislature, When be wa 7 years old hla mother, who la still Jiving, wa left a widow with nine children. He had fourteen chll area, nine ef whom survive aim. TITOMTTSWAlllUlvTlUNl: xt xa. tub oirx.Y oits to wmaa iar- X.IBTED UBV MAX BIBB. Gunner, Boatswain, Sallmnker ana Ctx penters Constitute This Grnde-Thelr Ufa Is Lonesome, for They Are) Between OO cers and Men nnd Belong to Neither. The announcement that tho men who no oompanled Llout. Hobson Into Santiago harbor on board the Morrlmao aro to be mado warrant offlcors calls fresh attention to a peculiar urnda In tho naval Borvloo, tho only grndo to which enlisted mon oan rlso. There ore two nnd a halt dogroos in the social ecnlo ef tho navy. First como Iho commissioned ofllcors ot tha lino and staff tho Admirals, Captains. Lleu tonnnts, ensigns, surgoons. paymasters, on Btnoorfl. marluo officers and chaplains, who constitute ono degreo) then next In tho eeola are the warrant officers tho boatewolns. trun nere. carpontersandsallmakors who, by virtue of tholr email complement nnd tholr hnlf-war position, can be counted only as half nunltj and last In order Is the great mass of enlisted men, who rango from tho ohlef petty oftloors to tho apprentices. The gunners, boatswains, snllmnkors and onrpentors of tiro navy aro neither commis sioned offlcors nor onllsted men,. They wear a uniform similar to that worn by tho former ' but have no share In their social arauscmonta afloat or ashore, no familiar intercourse with them on board, and aro barred by tholr own pride ot olass from seeking companions among tho enlisted part ot tho crew. They moss In a room set apart for their common nso, havo aoparato state rooms, woar swords on duty nnd nt muster, but with it all thoy are neither "fleh, flesh, nor fowl." That this Btato of affairs Is unpleasant to them and antagonists to their duty is evident It Is a relloof tho old nnvy. whon ships wore wooden and canvas tho only motive power: whon tho carpenter's adre and the Ballraakor's needle wore badges of authority , and their use a dally and important task. Of the tour erodes, the gunner nnd boatswain are still valuable In the servioa, tho latter as t so-btweon with offloers and mon, and tho formor In dlreot oharge of the ordnanco. In fact, tho Importance of thocunnor as a factor in tho new navy 1b sneh that a spocial school tor the solontiflo training ot naval gunners has been maintained by the Qovommont at Wash lngton for fifteen years. Warrant rank Is the highest rung In the lad der of promotion for enllstod mon. Beyond that they cannot go.no matter what oducatlon they have or what political lnfluonco they can bring to boar. In tho army commissions are open to competent non-commlssloned offloers, Sut In the navy the only door to the Quartor eck la the Annapolis Naval Acadomy. In tho Borvloe to-day nro men principally among the boatswains, carpenters, and sail makers who wore tha rolling collar and the ' jaunty cap ot tho seaman for yoars and yearn beforo somo act of bravery or stroke of good , fortune sentthelr names to Washington for re- I word. Thoy wero men pickled in the brine of t tho harness cask and redolent with tho salty , oaths of tho fo'c's'le. Thoy csred more for a j " swipe" ot salt homo than all the pato do foto 1 Bra, ever served In the whole of Paris, and tho I f cutty pipe with Its load of navy plug was I S swoetor than tho best porfeoto over turnod out a ot a Havana factory. g To theso men camo In the fulness of tlmo f word from the department that "as a reward i for n distinguished act of bravory" or "In pur- suanco of your application and In consideration ' ot long and faithful servioo" thoy had been mado I) boatswains or acting carpenters, or noting r I something else, as the caso may bo. and that thoy would servo as such until oxperlenco hnd ', proved their enpabilltlos. With tho acting rank came tho privilege of wearing a uniform differ- , lng from that of the commissioned officer only j by tho Insignia worn on coat lapel nnd cap front. n Tho promotion also brought now quartors. n, ' new field nnd new dignity. Tho quarters nnl v thn field of action did not weigh heavily, but tho uniform and dignity wero liko tho golden. i sandals to the child of tho dosert. TheseJ ' men. who wero accustomed to tho freedom of i the forward deck and tho reckless dovll-may- I! caro charms ot comradeship, found thcmsolvns f j . perched upon an eminence where resting wni hard nnd moving awkwardness itself. rrom i their placo amldshlp thoy looked aft with u sonseot awe thoy could not overcome, and for ward with a yearning hard to stifle. if thoy mado bold to assume familiar nir with a commissioned offlcor icu ono ns low I as nn instgn thoy were given whatlsknown In tho parlance of the confidence man as tho ' frozen face." If they turned back to an old J ; shipmate who was still wearing tho bluo jacket, . thoy wero reminded brusquely by tho exocu- ' tlvoofllcer that discipline In tho eorvloe would f' not permit ot association botweon tho enlisted man and tho ofllcer. Thoy wore then driven. f perforce to seek confidence nnd tho pleasure rjf ( gossip among their own setthe solitary quar- I t of tho ship. An exact simile can ha found B In tho caso of the poor minor who finds wealth in a sudden turn of tho shovel, and who Is com- ft polled to forsake tho accustomed joys of thi I mining camp for tho painful atmosphere of K Eastern civilization. Theso carpenters and snllmakors and boot- j( ewalns remain In tho servioo beenuse thoy havo J spent the best years of tholr llfo In It. They do not caro to relinquish tho Increased pay nor Incur tho I told you so'a" of tholr former ' mates by resigning tholr warrants, but thov would bo inuoJi happlor swinging in tho old S fourteen-lnch spaco on tho berth dock and n mossing with Jack and Bill nnd tho rest ot tha fellows. Tho samo can hardly bo said of tho majority ' of gunners In service. This class of warrant officers Is composed mainly of young men who are graduates of tho Ounnory Sohoolat Wash ington, and aro fitted by education and I taste for tho position. The curriculum of the i school and the scientific naturo of tho studies tend toward refinement, and as a rula g there is less hesitancy nbout fratomizlns; 8 with them by the hlghor offlcors than I with tho older sallmakern and carpentors. V T,. i.01?.?0 of. ..Bunnor Is eagerly sought i after by tho ambitious apprentices of thoeor- I vice. Tho attention paid to the apprentice sys- 1 tcm of recent years has rosultod in tho infusion S of now nnd youthful Amorlcan blood into tha 1 nayv. Warrant rank being tho only ono opon ? tothp enlisted, men, thuro Is therefore avust i nunibor pf applications on fllo In ttie Navy Do- 1 pnrtment for promotion. Tho groat majority 1 of these nro for tho rank of gunner, as that bil V lot li considered the most desirable. I Vi Ith rare exceptions, the presont gunners of j tho Bervlco were formerly apprentices, and not I u few of thorn won tholr promotion by dlstln- ? fulshnd and gallant conduct. Qunnor Henry I A. tilers, one of the brightest and moat prom- i lslng ofllcors in thn grude. gained his warrant 1 by an net of daring that woufd havo won llm VX A1 iftfl Cro,-H, ?,' England tf ho had been a l inm2rtiiJ.lit7,n'i 'i? f0"", n board the, ) Philadelphia In Ifata he coolly enterod tho magazine into whloh had fallenlho burninir J f ragments of an exploded chargo and stamped them out with his foet. In the opinion "nils t superior officers this formor npprontlce boy's 8 "Gimnni S..plina orew 'rom destraotlom t viUDFry."arlos Morttan, -who was appointed I In 1B0O after serving aa nn approntico for a. I number of years, won famo nii3 commendation 1 for his services in charge of the dlvere engaged t IV.nV'S ,iQlno '"vcstlgatlon. Ills professional skill find conscientious abors assisted mute rial y In the finding of tho Investigating cSntl m iTn2,'Ylllc'1 Admiral Hampson was the heai k liy law the service Is allowed forty-flvo eua. ) SfiB,??li;?no toa.W". fortr-three carpet"! I ft'l''ha,ld.lilftflen sallmakers. The members of J the first three grades are scattered about afloat v A and asliore, but the latter nre all assigned i to - ' nav Kl stations and special duty with the oxnin t tL0eUMOafrloWn? dBt"18 to ' ""StSr aiR -A 'rrrant,9ffleer'a pay ranges from $1,200 a ?Y fr JPiVKf0? ray f lls nn' throe years. i to l.HO0. which he receives after twelve yoara l ?m.ida,a ot "PPOIntment. Considerably lower f salaries aro paid for shore duty or on waltliiir 5 orders. This does not Inoludo tho uSu 3 ' monthly ration of til.) allowed. 8 USUia j In tho Navy Porsonnel bill now before Con gress provision Is mado for tho creation of 1 new warrant rank to bo Icnown aS warrant machinist. Tho members of tho oliss wlfTbo Placed on duty In the englno rooms of our bat- nnS'l'K 5,1.1 c.I2"BerJ- a," w'11 havo equal nn and pay with tho other warrant offlcors In Oil connection it may bo m?nt ned that a nurnbe? o'Nnvol Constructor Hobson's gallant Tcrow will bo mode warrant machinists As n .reward f!,i'il.r.Pori'0.us ,,e.ll'n Si"itHigo harbor. eiidM SCliroYnon f"'teJ teTN'AvVa: Itosebery Pronounces Ileaconsfield," Lord llosebery in delivering an oration on Edmund Ilurko at Uoaconeflold the other day wit corrected for mispronouncing the name of the place, but justified himself as follows ao cording to tho Times report: "As I have boen romlndedbymy friend thi rector. I Bpokeof Iloaconsflold. not'IleoonsfleloV I well knew what I was doing. Iwaa hmiK.iT ?i i. V:1 nve 'l'.' Pronunciation waMooua! Held' until on the creat on of thotltlsnfrn.fi lteaeonstleld. nnd still moro of IxiVd ileLt i' IJiMsM aM III 111101 "' -W-- ,.u. j MMMMBBMMBsMMBMsaaMM ni U. fjt-ih yaadHl