m" vo rate sw, monday, jraftr s, 1808. , , fl
Mi MONDAY, JULY 28, 1808.
HK- Subscriptions by Mali, rostpatd.
Kfe.' DAILY, ptr Month 80 BO
KM, DAILY rr Yer 000
BK bunday, par rear. a oo
ft DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Year 8 00
B DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Month 70
B.- Postage to foreign countrtre added.
'!' Tat 8a, New York City.
B riant Kloio.ut No. 12, near Grand not, and
If'r Xlotqnt Ho. 10, Boulevard des Oapueinet,
y tt our friendi favor w vrftt mamucrlfts for
K iwUfctNM sell f Aaee rejteUi articUt return, Itesf
K, mvttin all aiu tint ttamp$ for tatjmrru.
K The Jattioet of the United State
V' Supreme Court.
C" Tbe widely publlsbod interview with
M Assoc I n to Justice Brewer of the United
Ki States Supremo Court, on the general quel
K, tlon ot territorial expansion, violates none
of the proprieties of tho bench. Justice
! Brewer Is within his rights aa an Amerl
1 can eltlzen with views ot his own on ques
jf tlons ot national policy. We are not aware
that he has expressed directly an opinion
JR Indicating prejudice as to any legal or Con
Si stltutlonal Issue likely to come before him
W In the future In his capacity as a Judge of
8 the court of last resort.
m. Nevertheless, out of this war and from
g& the consequences of the war will arise
ft questions euro to engage, sooner or later,
B the attention of the tribunal which is the
J? ultimate Interpreter of the Constitution
Ii and laws. Particularly will this be tho
1 caso with regard to such questions as must
ft spring In a multltudo from tho new rela
W tlonB and new responsibilities involved In
y an extension of United States territory.
& TVo presume that It is from a perception
W of this fact thattheJustlccsof tho Supremo
? Court of tho United States are so generally
ft, refraining from communicating to tho
K newspapers their personal opinions con-B-
cernlng tho main question of national
M policy. They undoubtedly perceive that
W while a published expression of bias or
5 preference might not necessarily Impair
M their Impiirtlallty or destroy their useful
M ness as Judges later on, It Is quite as well
jf. aa not for them to remain silent at present.
ft. Did England Help Cs at the Outset of
W We have repeatedly advised those who
Br". desiro to learn something about the real
BL Intentions of tho British Government to
; "rend carefully the leading article entitled
K, "Episodes of the Month," which is a regu-
JR lar feature ot tho London Rational Review.
jfe Wo have done, this because we know that
ft the editor has access to official sources of
M Information which are closed to the public.
jfc Wo now invite attention to a disclosure of
H particular Importance made in the July
m number concerning the service rendered to
:. us Just before the outbreak of tbe war with
Spain, when the Madrid Government
' spared no effort to Induce the great marl
time powers of Europe to make the dls-
position of Cuba a matter ot International
( concern. Such, It will be remembered,
had previously been the status ot the
Cuban question, both England and France
having firmly refused to acquiesce in tho
J American assertion that only the United
J States and Spain had a right to determine
' the fate of the island.
' Tho editor of tbe National Review begins
. t with the remark that he considers himself
!' at liberty to divulge a certain chapter of re-
' cent diplomatic history, for the reason that
misrepresentations of tho facts are. now
J ' circulated by the agents of certain Contl-
; nentnl powers whose antl-American designs
J I were foiled by England's opposition. The
j revelation of the truth Is regarded as the
f moro necessary because the attempt to
form a combination against tho United
States, which England was once able to
f- defeat, may be at any time renewed.
He goes on to say that, when tho Cuban
' crisis came to a head and it at last be-
eame manifest to the statesmen ot Con-
tinental Europe that a war between this
il country and Spain was Imminent, they re-
: solved to make a European question of
., Cuba; that Is, to deal with It as they dealt
'? with Crete, and to treat tho United States
I f as they had treated Greece. Had tho powers
i ? carried out this resolution, we ourselves
f should have been subjected to profound
; humiliation, and the Cubans would have
ffi; been as far from gaining peace, order, and
3K civil liberty as are tho Cretan Christians
Iff, from achieving their Independence.
E For a time, the nuccess of the anti-Ameri-
jK can league was believed to be assured. In
If the preliminary parleys Franco took tho
jl lead, eagerly seconded by Austria, and, ac-
w cording to the National Ilevitw, followed
jL In this Instance by her Russian ally. The
M French Foreign Office was Impelled not
W only by a feeling of racial sympathy for the
K Spanish people and by the close political
1. relations existing between the Paris and
K Madrid Governments, but also by the
jK fact that Spanish securities were held
fe In France to the extent of 9800,000,000,
m or four-fifths of the huge Indemnity paid to
B Germany after the Franco-German war.
B It must also be borne in mind that the
S Madrid Government could exercise pressure
M upon the French Foreign Office, for If
S Spain were to Join the Triple Alliance, a
. step she has been Invited to take, she
X would compel the French Republic to keep
f aeveral army corps strung along the
Pyrenees, as it does along the Italian
! frontier. Italy, It Is pleasant' for Amerl-
K cans to hear, remained outside of the
V "Cuban concert;" at all events she had
'M made no overt move In the matter up to
fft- the time when It collapsed.
K The accession ot Germany to the pro-
'Wl posed antl-Amerlcan coalition was made
IE contingent on the cooperation of Great
m Britain, a condition which the promoters
W" of the concert took for granted would not
3fi endanger the project. They recalled Eng-
m land's traditional attltucfb with regard to
ar Cuba, and they assumed that the relations
rflf between the British and American Govern-
W' meuts must be more or less strained
, by the Venezuela business and by tbe de-
M aire for the annexation of Canada openly
K expressed in the United States. Not only
jSr did they deem it reasonable to demand
SW British concurrence, but they held such
r concurrence of vital moment, inasmuch as
, John Bull, by reason of his irresistible
M"t navy and atrategio coigns ot vantage at
'X' Halifax, Bermuda, St. Lucia and Esqui
X . malt, would be the very man to bell the cat.
m Now letusseehowtheplot failed. We are
t told by the editor of the National Jleview
Mr, that at the time when the antl-Amerlcan
IK, combination was first mooted in London,
Wp Lord Salisbury was abroad and tbe act-
W, ing Secretary for Foreign Affairs was Mr,
9 v'A. J. Balvoob, whose cordial liking for
B the United State reinforced a far-eeelng
KBfc-:.. ,' ... ,
solicitude for British Interett. Aalde from
his personal unwillingness to see the great
American republic subjected to humll
latlon, he recognized that the new
situation In tbe far East, which was
drawing the United States and England
together, rendered It advisable that an
English-speaking people should acquire
control of the Island of Cuba, which, strate
gically, would dominate the proposed '
Nicaragua Canal. He accordingly assumed, I
and Instructed Sir Julian Pauncktotb to
assume toward the engineers of the "Cuban
concert," an attitude which distinctly Indi
cated that under no circumstances would
Great Britain be a party to anything that
might be even construed as unfriendly to
the Washington Government.
It Is possible that the pretended pro
moters of International peace would bare
persisted in their antl-Amerlcan scheme,
could they have secured a promise that
England would remain neutral, but even
this assurance was soon seen to be out of
the question. With the discovery that
England would holp tho United States to
resist Continental coercion, tho hopo of
securing Germany's accession to the com
bination vanished, and bo the "Cuban con
cert" melted away, leaving so few traces
behind that Its very organizers now circu
late semi-official denials of Its existence,
and treat It as "a malignant Invention of
the British," who are accused of wishing to
embroil the Continental powers with their
dear friend, tbe United States.
Such is tho important statement made by
the editor ot the London National Review.
If It Is 111 founded, an official contradiction
should have come from the head of tho
French Foreign Office, who Is charged with
being tbe prime mover In the Intrigue
against the United States. No such con
tradiction has appeared. In the absence of
any disclaimer on the part ot M. HaKO
taux, or of his successor, we must assume
that the National Review's assertions are
true, and that the American peoplo are in
debted to Great Britain for an Inestimable
service at a most critical conjuncture.
The avowed object of the war will be at
tained when Cuba baa been torn from
Spain. An unavowed but still most power
ful object, the punishment of Spain for the
destruction of the Maine, has been attained
to a considerable extent already by the dis
comfiture ot the Spanish forces at Manila
and Santiago, but it will not be attained
completely until the Philippines and Porto
Rico have passed from Spanish to Ameri
The annexation of the Philippines and
Porto Rico interferes in no degree with the
accomplishment of Cuban independence.
In Increasing the humiliation of Spain It
does mako mora ample fulfilment of the
Annexation was not an object, but almost
immediately became a result of the war.
The Philippines are part of the fortune of
the war, a possession not sought but not to
be parted wltb. In setting out to free
the Cubans from the oppressive rule of
Spain we were unconsciously setting out
to free the Philippines and Porto Rico.
Incidentally wo secure great commercial
advantages ; In the case of the Philippines
almost Incalculable advantages for tb
trade with China for which the powers of
Europe are contending. Unexpectedly
wo have had to accept a grave respon
sibility as well as a great advantage. No
body in this country will pretend that It
Is not better for the Inhabitants ot Porto
Rico and tbe Philippines to belong to the
United States than to belong to Spain. We
Bhall benefit as well as be benefited.
The Philippines are our station on the
road to China. Porto Rico must belong to
us because It cannot continue to belong to
Spain. Even tho Democratic conventions
are Insisting that Spain shall be driven
out of this hemisphere.
Tho American blood shed and yet to be
shed In securing tho independence of Cuba
is proof enough, if proof were needed, of
the generous and humane spirit In which
tho war was undertaken by the United
States ; but war Is a business as well as a
heroism, and that we are helping others
Is no reason why we should refuse to help
ourselves. Va Victis has been the rule of
wur slnco war began.
But more than penalty to Spain and
necessary power to the United fjtates has
to be considered in this matter, we cannot
yield to sentimental and unbalanced Quix
otic Impulses If we would. In driving out
Spanish corruption, cruelty, and Incom
petency from Cuba, we cannot leave the
same evils in the Philippines, which have
come into our hands, or In Porto Rico,
which muBt not be allowed to be a nursery
of Spanish Intrigues in Cuba.
The results of a war are not to be com
puted exactly when It is declared.
The Cockney Spaniard.
Mr. R. B. Cunninoiiame Graiiam, who
asserted that Dewey's gunners were enticed
from the English fleet at Hong Kong by
tbe promise of $S0O a month, hvt been ac
curately described as a crank. He Is that
andsomethtngmore. II is letters and articles
in the Westminster Gazette denote him
truly as a member of the decadent or de
cayed school, a literary sword-awallower.
Style and substance bewray him. He seeks
to make himself notorious by the singu
larity and violence of his published opin
ions and his language. The five-legged
calf Is his model.
Thus he writes to tho Westminster Ga
zette that " the newspaper agitation (after
all. only Ink deep) In favour of America sure
ly has gone to such lengths that It seems
the London press has become but tbe Jackal
of the Chicago sweater." It seems that the
Chicago sweater, whatever that la, Is at
the bottom of the American Invasion ot
Cuba. Mr. Cunninoiiame Graham says
that something or other "will but
encourage Linares to burn Santiago,
If he cannot hold It. and Blanco
to make a bloody dunghill of the Havnnas
before tho Chicago pork butchers can enter
It and triumphantly establish the sweating
system In tho name of God," In default ot
Santiago, Mr. Cunninoiiame Graham's
language burns. It would be a mistake to
lmaglno that he Is averse to Chicago or
pork. Ho Is simply carrying out his theory
that people will stop for a moment to look
at the five-legged calf,
"Minorities are always right," cries the
refined Hiberophlllst performer, grinning
through his horse collar. A moth-eaten
paradox Is not too old for him. "What may
not be done," he continues, "amongst the
troops of tho Republic, which, In one cen
tury, has run the gamut ot commercial
corruption and political venality, which It
has taken the Old World a thousand years
to compassf Not merely pork and Chicago,
but the whole United States are food for
the wrath of the dauntless Grauau. He
raises his voice louder and louder, and
whets his dagger of lath with more hor-
iiiimi '"mi limit IPS!iLJAi'ia.
rendous gesture. Mr. Punch himself, In
his most sanguinary momenta, has not a
mora Impressive squeak.
But It is In an article called "Victory,"
printed by the Wtstminster Gasette, which
prudently disowns the opinions expressed
In It by Mr. Cunninohaub GnAtt am, that ho
appears at his loudest. The brassiest man
In the school which, a witty Frenchman has
called tho "Cymbalists "could not surpass
this production. It is a curiosity and an
enormity. Tho scene described Is lu tho
Grand Hotel, Paris:
" Ltdlu from Ronton, Chlctso and New York, their
hf li too high, their ptticoaU too much beUoed,
their Umpire combs bedUmonded io to look al
most like cut-Elans chandeliers, as In their chairs
ther 'at and read the Uteat mwx (rem Tampa,
Santiago, and how Ciuviiu'i mnadron met th fate
which ther (the ladles) reckoned Ood prepares for
those who dare to flght agalnit superior odds.
"That cararaiwair when the dulcet Suffolk whlna,
made sharper hj the alt of MueaohueetU, sounds!
" emus-faced, black-costed cttlnns from Buffalo
and Albanr, and from placee like Detroit and Council
Bluffa, to whloli the breath of fashion has cot pene
trated read the glorious news and, taking;
off their hats, deigned publlclr to recosniie the ex
litenoa of the Deltr and, after standing rererentlr
silent, masticating their green clgara In contempla
tion of GoD'a wondrous wars, to take a drink."
Evidently this wholo fanciful picture,
painted at a time when Americans were
very scarce In Paris, was Inspired by the
London sign ; " Green cigars for American
visitors." The sweaters and pork butch
ers, not content with running the gamut
of commercial corruption, object to running
the gamut of dry cigars. Green cigars and
a dulcet Suffolk whine I Massachusetts,
as most ot our readers are aware, Is the
rural part of Suffolk. But let us hear our
cockney Cld at the flood of his voice:
"Yankees themselves read and remarked with
sneers that England's turn was coming next, and
after 'Kewbr,' that ther reckoned to drag the Drlt
lah nag through ererr dunghill in New York; then
one winked furUrelr and said, ' We need them now,
but afterward we'll show Victoria In a cage for a
picayune a peep.'
"And aa I sat. musing on things and others think
ing, for instance, that when rou scratch a man aad
see his blood rou knew his nature br the war he
bears his wound, and that the Spaniards, wounded to
the death, were drtng game, after tho faahlon ot ths
Kngllahln times gone br, before Imperialism, before
the Nonconformist Snuffle, the sweating srstem, and
the rest had changed our nature, and that ths Yankees
at the first touch cried out like curs, though ther had
moner, numbers and everything upon their tide I
(ell a-thlnktng on the Spain ot old."
Here we retire, softly and with reverent
steps. Mr. Cunninoiiame Graham, Social
ist and cymbalist, Is thinking. Probably
thinking how con he still further promote
the truth and depress pork and green cigars
and advertise the five-legged calf.
The Bicycle of Next Year.
Bicycle manufacturers have already be
gun to discuss the construction of wheels
for 1800; and some of their propositions
have come to the ears ot riders. It is re
ported that a few makers have arranged to
turn out thirty-Inch wheels next year, and
that the price of those machines will prob
ably be somewhat more than Is charged
for this year's models with wheels of less
diameter. Modifications are also promised
In bearings, adjustments, sprockets, cranks
and enamel; and the '00 models are likely
to be prettier than those ot '08. But one
thing about the wheels ot 1807 and 1808
which has caused much dissatisfaction
among a great many bicyclists, women par
ticularly, seems likely to be as objection
able In the coming wheels as In those of the
past. It is alleged that the new wheels
will be heavier, if anything, than those of
the present year.
The chief reasons advanced in support of
this statement are that the cost of making
a light wheel is greater than the cost of
making a heavy one, and that tho former
Is much more likely to break down and
cause additional expense to the manufac
turer who guarantees It. The low price at
which wheels are expected to sell next
year discourages manufacturers from tak
ing any unnecessary risks, and tbey aver
that their profits are likely to be too small
to warrant much of an Increase In the cost
of production. It Is not known exactly
what the machines of tbe '00 pattern will
weigh, but, if accounts are true, they will be
one pound, andperbapstwo pounds, heavier
than the wheels of to-day.
At first thought a difference of one or
two pounds in tho weight of a bicycle may
seem too trivial a matter for serious con
sideration ; and, indeed, to riders of mus
cular build it Is. But many cyclists are not
Sandotts. They look upon a thirty-pound
bicycle to-day as they did seven years ago
upon one ot almost twice that weight ; but
their aversion to heavy wheels at the
present time is stronger than It was then,
for the reason that time has demon
strated tbe possibility of making wheels
extremely light. As it happens, the
maker'n side of the case seldom receives
very much attention from wheelmen. If
the latter, for example, desire twenty-two-pound
wheels, they will buy where they
think they can got the best machines of
that weight for their money, and It matters
little to them whether the manufacturer
nets more or less on those machines than
he would on others that weigh thirty
pounds. Lightweight bicycles are admit
ted by all to be less stanch and rigid for
ordinary road use than are thoseot medium
weight, but, nevertheless, tho tests with
stood by the former have been sufficiently
creditable to make light wheels acceptable
to a large part of the cycling fraternity.
Numerous reasons were ascribed for the
rapid Increase In the popularity of cycling
during the year 1800, and at that time the
reason most generally given was that peo
plo had not before appreciated tbe benefits
of the exercise. Many riders venture an
explanation quite different from that.
Tbey say that, prior to threo years ago,
bicycles were altogether too heavy to com
mend themselves thoroughly to tho public;
they were cluaiBy, and, unless used on
smooth roads, quickly tired Inexperienced
riders. As a result of using heavy wheels,
many beginners lost heart in cycling and
spoke disparagingly of It to their friends.
Tho appearance ot twenty and twenty-two
pound bicycles soon overcamo the objec
tions, and about that time wheeling re
ceived a surprising Impetus.
Tho greatest demand for lightweight
wheels in 1800 was In the cities rather
than in the country, and It Is easy to un
derstand why such was the case. In the
metropolitan districts accommodations for
housing a wheel are fewer than they are on
the outskirts, and the city rider who Is
spared tho task ot carrying his bicycle up
two or three flights of stairs regards him
self as more fortunate than most of his
comrades. Besides, the thoroughfares of
cities, being better suited for cycling than
those of the country, Impose less wear and
tear on a machine than do the latter.
Hence, a wheel that is too light and frail
for everyday use on rough roads will do
splendid service on highways ot asphalt
Tbe cyclists, however, to whom a twenty
eight or a thirty pound wheel appears well
nigh as awkward to handle aa a motor
;B1bjssjg3teaeBgaaaBaaajMj.j i u .. L. !..: ji.1... .' ': t
as ' -swwewsBBsgwysBwswssss
wagon, are the wheel women, many of whom
assert that if manufacturers turn out heav
ier machines next year they will be thwart
ing their own Interests. Women of that
belief declare that the ranks of female
riders aro much thinner this year than they
were last, and that the falling off Is due.
In a largo measure, to the Increased weight
of the new wheels.
Opportunity Follows tho Flag.
This letter from Albany expresses a doubt
and a desire that must be working In hun
dreds of thousands of enterprising young
American minds to-day:
"WillTHnStrx faTorlts readers with an opinion
aa to the proepect for young men of this counter
engaging in mercantile pursuits In Santiago de Cnbat
The changed conditions resulting from American
Ttctorr on the Island of Cuba should, it teems to ths
writer, require capital and energy, which tn ths
courts of a few rears would largely develop Indus
trial pursuits there. What, In your opinion, are ths
protpecta, and would you ad rise persona doing fairly
well here to undertake a fresh etart down there t
" Albany, July 2S. 11. O. 0."
It is safe to assume as a principle that
wherever the flag of the United States re
places that ot Spain, and wherever freedom
and honest government supplant Spanish
Institutions, there will be enlarged oppor
tunities for American busluesa energy and
This prlnclplo applies to all Islands of
It Is likewise safe to assume as a princi
ple that American energy and Intelligence
which have won a fair measure of sucoeas
at homo would be likely to prosper under
tho changed conditions in Cuba or Porto
Rico, or Hawaii or tho Philippines.
In any individual case we must decline
to give advice.
For tho sluggish, tho foolish and the
Inept there Is nowhere an Eldorado, on
Island or on mainland.
If the 80,000,000 In gold transferred to
tho Sub-Treasury on Saturday by the New
Tork banks had been $0,000,000 in silver,
coined at the ratio of 10 to 1, It would have
weighed 205 tons and would have made not
less than 130 two-horse truck loads. Being In
gold. It weighed less than sevonteen tons, and
made only about eight loads. The tpeclflo
gravity ot silver ooln, or Us weight In propor
tion to its bulk, being, also, less than two-thirds
that ot cold coin, the tO.000.000 tn silver would
have occupied more than one-half more room
In the Treasury vaults in proportion to Its
value, so that twenty-four times the ipooo oc
cupied by the $0,000,000 in gold would have
been required for S9.000.000 in silver. The
superior convenience ot gold ooln for settling
money balances, thus demonstrated, cannot be
It seems strange, but the Populist candi
dates for Congress from Kansas are said to
hove learned something. Aooordlng to the
Toptka State Journal " they have agreed with
the State Central Committee that the war will
furnish the principal toplo of dlsousslon
by them and tholr speakers in tho
coming campaign. The silver question
and everything elso Is to be crowded
into tho background, and every speaker In tho
campaign will talk patriotism." As the Hon.
Jerby Simpson is known by himself and his
Populist constituents to have brought on ths
war, this martial direction ot Populist elo
quence will be a new triumph for him. But the
initiative and referendum should not bo forgot
ten by him In the press of war matter.
A night scene In Chicago painted by the
Tribune of that town:
'Dressed all in black, elutchlng a great bunoh of
roaea in each hand, and bending lowoverthe handle
bars of his bicycle, a figure wildlr acorched down
one of the driTeware of Lincoln Park on Thursday
night. A long black pennant fluttered behind it.
" ' Did rou aee it?' relied the park policemen to
each other. ' Did rou seo its tollf
" Ther had. Borne of the policemen grew pale and
commenced swearing off things.
" Policeman Bland sprinted across a short cut to
head off the black rider aa he rounded a ourre.
' Devil or man, I command rou to stop,' shouted he,
as he caught the wheel and stopped it."
The blaok rider was arrested. He was a man
In evening dross, and hurrying to a wedding.
Bo was fined. As evening olothes become
more common in Chicago ths present fear ot
thorn there will die away.
It Is saddening to see the Springfield News,
which has had the honor of being "the one
daily nowspapor supporter of Gxoboe Fbxd
Williamb In western Massachusetts," declin
ing to rally around htm longer. "Mr. Wil
liams," says tho backslldor, "fares worse
overy succeeding year ho runs. If ho Is nom
inated for the fourth time, his vote will
fall at least 33 per cent, under tbo phe
nomenally low vote ho polled last year." What
of It? Is that any reason for abandoning the
Immortal Williams? It Is his aim to Illus
trate, by means of the dopreolatlon ot his vote
for Qovcrnor. the results of the financial policy
for which he has not ceased to cry since 1800.
To thk Eorron or Thx Suk Sir: I beg leave to
tubmlt the following examples ot Dottoneae aa she is
printed, culled from one day's lasues of the news
paper prena of the Bub. The salt of true literary
culture still Incruats the Sacred Codflshi
Sees Day and Long.
Ei So Herbert.
Surg den Van Beypea.
Our N E boys.
D S Ben IIoiT.
God the father almighty.
I most eapeclally recommend "EmpWm" to your
gracloua faTor; and I desire to call to your attention
the fact that in lloeton all the namee and titles of the
Supreme Being are not " kept down" to tho lower
case. Let rude cavilling be auiledl
Boston, July 2B. As "Ex N B-deb."
I.o, the Wonders of the Scientific) Hindi
To tdx Esrroa or Tn Ben Sir; In your Issue of
July 14 I see some statistics relative to con tagtoua
dlariaei, In which It la claimed that antltoiln is re
sponalble for the Improvement. With rour permis
sion I should like to make some comments on this
In the first place, nothing la so susceptible of mis
representation. intenUonal or otherwise, aa statistics.
Ther mean something or nothing, according
to the will of the compiler. "Woree than that,
tbey have often been found to mean exactly whathe
doea not Intend them to mean. Back of tbe number
of caaet treated, It it quite lmpostlblo to go. Many
of them were doubtless mere tonallltla, when re
ported as diphtheria; or other disorders resembling
the one head under which they found place. Then
again, It should be remembered that the same dlaeaae
differs In virulence from year to year, and that In the
years when most recoveries are recorded it may, not
unfairly, be claimed that large majority of rates
would have cured themaelvea without recount to
medical treatment of any kind.
But even allowing much for antitoxin, which I do
not myself believe It deserves, why should ws retort
to animal terurot with tht almost certainty that
therewith we ahall Inject other than tht induoed dla
eaae into the paUent t There are many simple reme
dies constantly offered fornur acceptance.
If wt seek one which recognizee the germ theory of
dlaeaae. wt have It In the method employed to sue
ceaafully In caaet of diphtheria, tmall-pox, tcarlet
ferer. and other contagfotit diaeaaea. Tola euro it
effected by wrapplnic the ptUrut in aheeft dipped In
warm milk and allowing him to remain thus wrapped
for an hour at a time. In thia way the polaonoua
genua are absorbed by the milk and the disorder U
eliminated from the arttein.
If, on the other hand, wo teek a cure whloh doet
not recognize the germ theory of dlaeaae, and wbloh
la also perfectly simple and of known efficacy, then
the therapeutic uaea nf water In bathing and taken In
definite dowa through tht mouth, to tht extent of
one-twelfth tbe weight of the body, dally, it right
before ua, aa a method, advocated in our medical
journals, and practiced by ourtboughtfulpbytlclana.
Let ua lay niJetuo crude and at tht same time
complicated troatmentt, lnvolTlng filth and til man
ner of disgusting ayatema. and aeek in almplt and
cleanly methods that which we to muoh need.
Joint Vjcdoul M. D..
President Ktw Tork State AnU-VlrUieUoii Bootttr.
, flaoaaanxj, July 31,
. l i i ) V . -t "yii ' ' i j
xnn study or xaroatat anAuxjuc.
Th SchoolmatUr at noma lias Had an
Evil Effect What It Good English.
To tti EDtTon o Tn Btm Sift Theedl.
torlal in Tub Bun ot Wednesday concerning
Mr. Mark II. Llddell's views on English gram,
tions. The truo function ot the teaohlng ot
English grammar ought evidently to be the
training of eohool children to speak and write
good Idiom stlo English. Considered merely as
a mode of mental training. English grammar
must give place to geometry and logic It Is
very deplorabls that betweon tho Illiterate
pedantry of the averago schoolmaster and the
plcturesquo slang In ordinary vernacular use
the growing generation ot American boys and
girls seem to bo losing tho via media ot Eng
lish that Is at onco idiomatic and correct.
We can understand easily how tho school
master's share of the evil has como to exist.
The passion of schoolmasters below the rank
of university teachers for symmetrical systems
ot instruction, for sweeping and Incorrect gen
eralizations In the form of rules quickly loarnod
by rote, for easily stated half truths whloh
avoid the difficulty of radical explanations. Is a
common attribute of their class In all countries.
Unfortunately, tho comparatively large propor
tion of children In our public, schools who havo
not learned English as tholr mother tongue
makes tho task of teaching ldlomatlo
English almost hopoloss. The schoolmaster
apparently does not see or will not see
that English Is not a logical language
like French or Latin. It cannot be repeated
too often that the solo authority for good Eng
lish Is either the works of the great masters ot
English prose, when it is written, or the ous
tom ot ths best and most corroot speakers.
when it Is spoken. When Macaulay or Lowell,
Thackeray or Hawthorne. Lincoln or Bright.
Emerson or Newman. Daniel Webster or
Maine, uses a word, a phrase, or an Idiom In
sober earnest, wo may put aside such paltry
authorities as dictionary makors or gram
marians, because those mon ana many others
like them are the truo mints which stamp
ourront English as precious metal of full
wolght and flnoness. I havo mentioned writers
of the present century rathorthan thoseot tho
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, becauso
for elementary odueationnl purposes the former
preserve the spirit and lottor of tho lattor whllo
discarding words or forms of construction
which might now appear quaint or obsolete.
But those who profess to teach tho English
language must be pronounced incompetent If
they havo not read and studied critically such
great masters as Shakespeare. Defoe. Drydon.
wift. Addison, Johnson, tloldsmlth and llurko
not neglecting the greatest of all English
Prose wprkB, namely the King James version
of the Biblo. Macaulay is particularly valuable
as a prose writer, because the construction of
Ms sentenoos Is based always on tho amnio au
thority of previous great writers, while ho uses
no word which has boon long in vernacular
una not found In Dryden.
It Is somewhat unfortunate that there has
arlson a divergence between tho generally ac
cepted standards of current English proso. as
written In England and the United Stales dur
ing tho last forty years. Tho Now England
school ot writers, of whom Hawthorne may bo
consldored the tnie, nnd tho New York school,
as represented by Washington Irving, aro in
complete harmony with the British writers of
their day. Hut the custom of using, for exam
ple, nouns of multitude and all collective nouns
with a verb In the singular, now prevails gen
erally hero, while tho opposite Is usually tho
case In England. The word "none1' Is used
here nearly always with a singular verb,
whllo all great writers in England, from
Gibbon to Frpudo. uso it with a plural
vg?b. Making tho posslvo voloe take a direct
object tbo famous and abominable "was
given "solecism, so justly nnd powerfully nt
taoked by The Suk Is much moro common In
this country than in England. This last men
tioned grammatical bluudor is found habitually
In tho editorial columns of the Evening Post,
and occasionally In those of the London Spec
tator, though there Is no warrant whatever for
Its use In tho pages of all the great masters of
English prose. Tho rrovnlencoof tho error In
this country Is aided largely by tho preposter
ous notion which somo ot our nahooluiasters
havo got It Into their wooden heads, thnt tho
verb get" Is vulgar and should not bo used
e.0.. he was Riven a book." Instead of "hu
8ot a book." What confidence can we place In
le judgment of such professed literary critics
when they thomsolves fall Into such errors?
Wo may as well confess that we labor under
great disadvantages In our endeavors to write
good English prose as compared with our fore
fathers. They had time to read and re-road the
! treat masters until their ear becamo thorough
y attuned to tho euphony of good writing. Wo
ive to jump from the hastily written nowspa
por article to tho unedited grammatical tor
tures of our latest popular writer. To neglect
either would be to confess ourselves behind
thongesyet who besides his daily duties can
find time for both ourrant topics and good lit
erature? In our conversation wp use without
pausing tho slang of the day business
slang, professional slanir. Bportlnjr slang, so
ciety Blang, mnsic-hall slang. If, therefore, we
dosire to cultivate In the rising gonoration a
taste for sound ldlomatlo English we should be
careful to use it in our own homes, to see that
our schoolmasters are competent to teach it
and to condemn unceasingly tho uso of slip
shod, slangy, or slovenly English in newspa
pers, periodicals and all writings Intondod for
I dp not know that I quite catch tho reason
for Mr. Llddell a Inslstance on tho Importance
of sounds. It is n truism that tho received pro
nunciation of Encllxh has altered grcntly.
even since Pope's day as may bo easily seen
from his rhymes let alone Hhakespeare's. But
tho ouphony of Hhnkespeare. or Milton, or
Burke is still as apparent, spoken in our modern
pronunciation, as that of Buskin, or Tennyson,
or Pater. It Is much to bo regretted that tho
extravagances of the modorn elocutionist have
brought the nrt of readlug nloud into more or
less disrepute, because It is only by this means
that the ear can bo cultivated todiscrimlnnto be
tweon good and bad English without any attempt
to mako a critical analysis of the passage under
consideration. We havo now, also, an English
grammar, by John Earle, founded ou tho his
torical method of which Mr. Liddell eneuks. So
far as I am aware it is the only English gram
mar at once concise nnd adequate which Is
written from the English and not from tho
Latin point of view and which meets the diffi
culties to be overoomo by appeals to the au
thority of tho great .masters of English proso
with nmplo quotations from tholr writings.
Yours. Ac. E. H. M.
Don't Swear In Public
To Tin Eoitoh or Tnr BvxSir: It it very grati
fying to the friends of decencrand good order, not
to speak ot religion, to aee that the Municipal assem
bly of this city has taken In hand the suppression of
profane ewearlng. At that vlco la an indictable
offenco at common law, perhaps a special ordinance
on the aubject waa hardly neceaatry, except for the
purpose of pretcriblng a suitable penalty, It la not
to be inferred becanae the legislature aomo yean
ago repealed the expreaa statute on tble aubject that
the common law waa thereby abrogated in thia State:
auch 1 apprehend la not a view which lawyers would
take of the quoaUon. The extent to which profanity
it practiced In this city appala and dlairuats evcrr
decent mam it constltutea tho web and woof of a
large part of the apeech of our male population. In
mr observation It prevails, chiefly, among draymen,
with whom the vain uae of the name of the Deity
teema almost aa natural aa for them to breathe. The
vice in qneaUon la also altogether too common
among the employees of the public offices, especially
the County Clerk'e office, and among attached nf tbe
rourte, who, especially, aa they are connected with
the administration of justice, should strictly observe
the lawa of tbe State.
I beg to suggest to those who are guilty of this vice
that they are alao guilty of a crime; that it ia no more
lawful to awear than it la to tetUt. Vimdix.
Nxw Yobk, July 23,
Not Time Tet for Oaab.
JVom tht Cincinnati Enquirer.
There It no oocatlon for any compassion for Spain
until ahe atopt fighting, tuet for peace, and une
quivocally accepts the terms grantod by the United
Statet. The wretched belngt who have borne tbe
heavy yoke ot her rule aa Spanish colonists are en
titled to all the compassion of which we are capable.
To return them to tht barbarous rule from which we
have taken them would be like throwing children be
fore tigers, Spain it incapable of pity or remorse,
Weyler It ltt beat representative to-day, and he la
worthy to be a countryman of Torquemada. There
should be no unnecessary iauaet In tbe war, and no
time given for tht enemy to atrengthen his post or
sharpen hit tword. Whenever peace It restored it
will be when Spain it brought to the alternative ot
destruction or peace upon termt proscribed by tho
United Statu. Negotiations for peace with her will,
of courts, be necessary, but tbey will be matters of
form only. They will never terminate uutll Spain
yields to avoid further punishment.
An Overworked Ooddeat.
Dram Uu CMojgo Dally AV.
Since tht Deweyt and the Uobaona
And tht Sampsons and tho Schleya
Have been doing things to make ua
Cheer and laud tliem to tht aklea;
Since thia war agalnat the Spaniarda
lias been going on, there's out
That it weary every evening.
One wboae work is never done.
'Tit the goddeaa that's presiding
O'er the shining tcroll of f amt.
Who It charged to do tht writing
Down of each new hero's nainat
From tht tunriat till tht tunatt
Bbt It busy tvtry day.
Working overtime, without a
BlagU en of titra pay.
1 " '
AlOrtbtgtnntngef tht prarat rtar, twtatHva
it tht fortr-flvt Statet had Btpabtlcao Owtrnora,
sixteen had Democratic Oovernors, four had Irovtintt
Oovarnort tnd one (Nevada) had aFnt Silver! t Gov
ernor. With two exception-Utah, which elects its
Governor for Art yean, and Ktw Jersey, where tht
term Is three yean-all tht Stales fix tht tenure of
their Governor at either two or four years. There art
twenty-two States which will elect Oovtrnon thlt
year, and, tiolualvtot Rhode bland. In which tht
election hat already been held and tht office filled
by the cholotot a Republican, In eleven Btatet (one
hlt of tht whole number) ancoeiton to Republican
Oovernnn are to be chosen) la seven, ruooeeeore to
Demoontlo Governors, and In ftur, tuooetton to
Populist or BUverltt Governors.
Any advent erltldtm upon tht State's financial
management Is Improbable In thlt year! contest for
tht Governorship of New York. Tht tax rate It ma
terially lest than It hat been for a number of years i
then wen 132 fewtr lawa passed by tht last Legis
lature than by Its predeoeatori there waa a cash bal
ance In tht Statt treasury at tht beginning of tht
fiscal year of 7,000.000, with a total outstanding
bonded debt smaller than that ot any Incorporated
American city, and tht Increase In publle nvtnutt
ot tht State waa shown to be going on rapidly with
out tht necessity of any additional legislation.
The Prohibition candidate for State Engineer la a
retident of Niagara Falls.
New York dty't receipt from concert Uotnaesfer
1ST exceeded tht city's receipt from theatrical
lloentes in tht stmt year by ta,000.
A veteran Democrat In rttptct to OosgntttoBtl tar
vioe, Denton McMlllln, hat be nominated by tht
Democrat of Tennessee for Governor thlt year. Ha
was a member ot tht Forty-sixth Oongreat, aad has
been a member of every Oengnst slnot, having rt
oently completed bit tenth conaecutiva term. Btnot
tht adjournment of Congress Mr. MoUllun hat re
turned to hi home In Carthage, aad Is preparing to
enter on a vigorous campaign. Oarthag It a typical
Tennessee town, and It tt one of tht crurioua mani
festations ot Tennetaet politics that while usually
the United States Senators an ohoaen from tht two
leading clttet, Mtmpblt and Naahville, Governor
more often come from very email places. Tht tenlor
DemocnUo Benator from Ttnnttaee, Mr. Bate, it a
resident of Nashville, and the junior Senator, Mr,
Turley, tt a resident of Memphis. The dlttrlot whloh
Mr. McMlllln hu long represented In Oongrtts It
made up of thirteen oountiea on tht Kenrookx bor
der, whloh give uniformly a itrong Samocntlo ma
jority. Mr. lloilllUni a nativt of Kentucky.
Then will be an tltctltn In Illinois this year for
tht offlot of Statt Treasurer. Though tht term tf
Governor and of Statt offleert generally In niinolt It
four yean, tht term of Stat Treasurer It only two.
Tht Treasurer reoetvet IS, BOO ftr hit terviott, and is
of little political lmportanot. Tht present Stat
Treasurer, a Republican, was elected In lets by a
plurality cf 110,000. Halt a resident of Cook county.
When tht present Legislator mat, dor. Black
made tht prediction that It would get away from
Albany before April 1. It dtdi tht aeealen adjourned
on March 81. At tht tune of calling tht recent special
aeatlon Gov. Blaok made tht prediction that "It
would flplth Its work and go home before a o'olook
Saturday," after a single week's tesalon. It dld It
adjourned on Saturday at 2:00.
Nevada elects a Oongretaman thlt year, ltt tollboy
member In the House of nepreeenUHvea. Hit dis
trict it a variegated one geographically, politically,
and otherwise. Itlncludtta land area of 110,000
square miles. The dlatriot It 485 mllet long and 810
tnllet wide. It hat a lake 0,000 feet abort tht level
of tht tea, and a mountain peak 18,000 feet high.
Tht wholt voting population of th dlttrlot it let
than 10,000, made up, roughly speaking, of 700
Democrats, 1,300 Republicans, 2,000 Populists, and
0,000 Silver men, Nevada it one of tho Btatet in
which a bl-paruaan division of Election Inspector
between the Democrat and tht ReputiUoant would
be repreaentaUvo of not tht two chief, but
the two minor, partle. Mr. Newlind, tht
present Representative ot Nevada, is a nativt of
Mississippi, wat educated at Yale College, and, ad
mitted to the bar at Waahlngton. entend npon tht
duties of hit profeaslon In Ban Franoitoo, Cal., and
moved into Nevada ten yean ago. One distinction
which Nevada enjoys It by no mean an enviable ont
for an American conaUtuency. Ther an twlct as
many men at women in Nevada. Nevada hat a
smaller population than any other State.
Th recent special tesalon ef tht Albanr legisla
ture furnished renewed evidence of the superior dls
cipllns and cohealon of the Republican majority In
the Assembly compared with tht Democretio minor
ity. The Assembly it composed of 77 organlraUon
Republicans, 87 Democrat and S Independents,
with ont district unrepresented. To carry any meat
ure through the Ataembly an affirmative vote of 74
membere actually In attendanoo ia required, and
one of tht Republican! at ths reoent session
waa disqualified through having accepted a
Federal appointment tlnot tht adjournment
of tht Legislature. This reduced tht Re
publican organisation membership to 76, or
exactly the vote required to carry through any meaa
ure, but by judicious management and, it la atsnmed,
fair coaceaalon, the Republican secured 78 votea,
while tbe DemocnUo vote fell half a doxen thort of
the full complement of Democratic, members. It was
observed, too, that the moat serious objections to tht
special election leglalaUon came from New York city
Democrats, the up-State Democrats apparently hav
ing little concern and urging few objocuont.
The MJddle-of-the-Road Popnllat have made nomi
nation In Illinois, Michigan and Minnesota, and
avow their determination to defy tht Fnalonlat,
adopting a like courts in the State of Maine, where
the hostility of local Populists seems to be far great
er to tht Democrat than to tbe Republicans. It
was in Ignorance of this local condition that tht
Chicago Convention of 1800 nominated Arthur Bew
ail for Vice-President. Tht Mlddle-of-the-Road
Populists ot Maine art numerous and active.
The Board of Publio Improvement, the business of
which ha been greatly retarded by the debt-limit
scare and tht failure of tht city to authorize the
issuance of bonds for publio works, ha not been
slow In supplying Itself wltb a ataff of officers. One
of tbe last to be appointed 1 a typewriter, W. II.
Iieaton, whose salary has been fixed at 84 a day.
The standard rate of pay for typewriter ia consider
ably leas than this.
A census of the United States in regard to Its popu
laUon, material rceourcea, producte, manufacturing
industries, and agriculture will, under federal au
thority, be taken tbe year after next, and the recent
Congress in providing meaaures for limiting ltn tcope
appean to hare liken Into consideration the fact
that in respect to auditions to territory and popula
tion It would be, by all odda, the moat remarkable
census taken In thia country. Between 1880 and
1840 the populaUonof the United Statet increatcd
K.OOO.OOO; from 1840 to ISSOlt increased 6,000,000)
from 18S0 to 18U0 It Increased 8,000,000. From 1800
to 1870, oovering the period of the civil war, the ln
creaae waa 7,000,000. Prom 1870to 1880-populaUon
alwayt Increases rapidly after a naUcnal war the In
crease was 12,000,000, and from 1880 to 1800, 12,.
000,000, Tho Bureau of BtatlaUct of the Treaaury
Department put the present population of the
United Statet at 74,000,000, and the total population
of the country and annexed territory will aaauredly
not be leaa than 80,000,000, and may exceed 00,
000,000 In 1000, a greater lncreaae In a decade than
haa ever before been marled In the country'! history.
At the time of the first national ceuauaMaaaachuaetU
had more population than New York.
Three Cheert for Senator IToar.
To Till Rd.to or Tnr Btm Sir i Let ut give
tbret cheers through tbe oolumnaof Tni Bute for the
Hon. Benator Hoar, While we havo auch men among
ua we need not fear all the Norton. Qodkins or Ben
netts that ever happened. B, A. F,
New Yonx, July 28,
To the EniTon or Tnx Hun-Sir.- Wa Shelley
prophet as well a poett In "Tho Revolt of Islam,"
written 1817, 1 find these venet:
" There ia a people mighty In ltt youth,
A land beyond the oeoant of the weat,
Where tho' with rudest ritea freedom and truth
Are worshipped; from a glorioua mother"! breast.
Who, tlnce high Athene fall, among the rest
Sate like the queen of nations, but In woe
Turn to her chalnleaa child for auccor now,
And drawt tht milk of power in wltdom't fullest
"Thlt land la lite an eagle whoat young gaxe
Feedaontht noonUde beam, whot golden plumo
Float movelea on the storm, and In tht blaxe
Of tunrlte gleams when earth It wrtpt in gloomi
Great peoplel At the sands thalt tbost be ooiat.
Thy growth 1 twlf t as morn, when night mu.t fade.
Tht mulUtudlnout earth ahall sleep beneath thr
"Nay I start not at to name Amerlcal"
. Canto XL. I3VB.
to scorn jl rowjr ot tvwo jrararaA I
ThtrVi Valuable Or) tTnder Eveltth.BUnxv 11
sind Ttetldentt nnd Houses Hurt Oo, A
Dunmt, Minn, Julr 33.-The removal of a '
town of 2,600 people by wholesale, and setting 1
the entire population, with dwellings, stores,
hotels, and all other buildings, in another looa- 1
tlon several thousand feet distant and on top i
of a lofty hill, aro something of a novelty. Buoh, . I
however, is tho situation at Eveleth, a mining L g
town on the Mesaba range, fifty miles from tht I
olty. Contractors from here are now ranking 1
estimates on doing the work, so that Eveleth
may go to sleep in one place and, as it wore, H
wako up the next morning In another, muoh 1
tho samo as the way in whloh honooops are B
moved about. t I
Evoleth Is surrounded by mines. On the 1
west lies tho Cloquet: adjoining tho town on 1
the north is the great Adams, probahly the big- B
gost all besae'mor mtno In tho world, and olose 0
by on the south Is tho magntficont Fayal. on I
ot the model mines ot Amorioa. and ono ot tho a
greatest as well. The town was opened to fur 1
nleh a site for homes for tho miners at those '
properties, and It was not for ono raomont sup
posed that under tho town alto lay a doposlt
probably as groat and ns vnlunblo na
any ot tho othors. Still, oxporlenco ia
other parts ot tho Mesaba range had taught
tho town-stto proprietors that it would bo aa
well if thoy rosorved the mineral rights when
thoy sold tholr town lots, and they did so. As a
result when the miners found their deposit
trending toward the vlllago there was some in
ducemont to drill and uncover ore In tho town)
streots and vacant lota. It was prospected
anough to And that it was a very large, and. rich
eposlt, and for tho past year no one has been
abjo topurohotoalot or build a houso in the (
Nowtlie owners of Ihe.town site ofTer to ex- . t
change property in the village tor a good prop. x
erty on tho hillside adjoining and to bear. the W
chief share ot moving tho buildings, grading J;
ths streets and otherwise putting a new village W
Into shape for occupanoy. Eyeleth with ono T
more aotlvo and important mine will be a dlf. I
ferent sort of plaoe than before, and thore will r i I
be very few who will offer serious objection to V
the removal. It will probably take plaoe tbhatatt V .
and the winter will see the village, snugly tn-
sconocd In Its now location, ovorlooking. the old, I
where the opening of a mine will bo under way, .1
TTZLB BEX UP A. DUAIi GOTJSBBMBJI'XL I
Throo of Alabama PopuUsta tt Allege! E
Eleotlon Frauds Continue. 1
BnumtonaJki, Ala. July 24. Dr. O. B. Orowe, K
Chairman of tho State Populist Executive and Q
and Campaign committees, has Issued aolrou- 1
lar In whloh he asks all Populists to Jceopo i
tally sheet at the State election on Aug. 1 and ' '
If the returns show that they have eleoted their A
ticket and the Democrats attempt to defraud H
them he will load a movement to set up a dual jj
government, ezpeotlne; assistance from Presl- I
dent HoKlnley. Crowe among other things
lays in his otrcnlar:
"I will promise that It from the returns, ea
you send them in. I am satisfied that thia elec
tion has been carried by us, I will Inaugurate a
course of notion whloh will result in ths asatins )
of your entire Btatetloketlf it Is eleoted. and the j
stopping ot election frauds for all time to oome In
Alabama. I make you this promise, knowing full
well what is Involved in it for me and knowlnc J
what the probable cost to myself will be. But U
I have oome to the conclusion in my own mind m
that the late lamented CoL Troy ot Montgomery r I
was right when, shortly before his death, he jA
gave utterance to the words that it would be kx
better for the State ot Alabama to have a dead
man at every polling place than to have these I
frauds perpetrated. ;
I would dislike very muoh to see any of our t '
people Involved In trouble, but I have oome to ';
the conclusion deliberately and after muoh
thought and study that It we do not not now we
will not again for the next quarter of a century
have an opportunity."
A leading Republican to-night said that If ths
Populists got the returns and sot up a dual
government tn Alabama. President McKinley
would oertalnly be looked to for assistance. ,
The Democrats anticipate trouble.
TUB CXTBAN FIUSONERS AX CEXTTA,
A Oltxaen of Albany Suggests That TT En
change Spaniards for Them.
J"ren Ou jlltmnu Tirut-Unifn.
Jit. Ouyler Reynolds of this city has written tt)
President MoKlnley a letter containing th following
"American may ralst funds for a monument to ,'.
tht unfortunat dead of the llalne i may start an
other fund to commemorate the fall of that nobl
Cuban patriot. Antonio ataceo, about Deo. 7, 1880 1
but more important than these most proper obaer
vanot la the care for living Cuban patriot, pritonert
for political reasons (tn the cause ot liberty), now
suffering confinement at Gent. i
"I humbly tubmlt the suggestion that while ther
la so excellent an opportunity presented at at pres
ent to exchange th prisoners of war, the Adminis
tration should not forget the unfortunate person
and include them in negotiations before It is too late.
"The Dreyfus oase, which so many Americans
would like to aee righted Of ther be an error), can
not be considered by thlt Government; but let ut do '
all we can la the ont question of humanity before
us, and other nations will applaud this proposed sot S
and more highly respect our intention if wt do not S
forget th deported Cuban. In my eye, they ax I
more worthy of consideration than Cuban living oa ' .
the island, for they are tht heroea ot tht straggle to
No Standing Boom on Croat-Seated Cora!
To nra Edxtob ot Turn BmtSiri Regarding the
proposed ordinance by tht dry legislature of New
York, purporting to obviat the crowding of street
passenger care, permit me to point out that a dis
tinction should be made between th open cart,
which have no centre aiele, and are not intended for
ttandlng paaaenjers, and th open summer and win
ter cart both with centre aisle and overhead strsps, to
which standing pattengert can hold on. The crowd
ing of the all-teat tummtr oars has become so dlt- it
graceful and Indecent that I know of families who H
have prohibited their daughters from riding on them. I
It Is doubtful whether any such outrageous dlsre- I
gsrd of propriety as ha been Introduced with these I
open cars In the last few years 1 witneaed in any I
other civillxed country, and It it aitonlthlng that th .
public submit to It, and that tho management of th fi
street cart tolerate. 1L Every day can bo aeenth h
epectacle of men and women ttandlng up and crowd- !
ing in between the legs of sitting pataengers. where 1
the attitude and contact of person are of vulgar I
suggestion. It la a subjeot which should b taken uj I
by the different women's organisations of this city,
on grounds of publio morality, to protect our un- i
polluted young agalnat acquiring that callousness
and Indifference to tbe proprletiet tnd decencies of
life which clvillied beings have a right to expect.
That these open cars, with cross seat extending from
Ide to aide, are not intended for standing paxencert a i
la vcp- plain from their conatructlon. Thira aro no S.1
overhead atrapa tohold on. andtho cars a?o"nt.ml?d -
to accommodate fifty aeated paeaengora. which ? ,1 'I
ble enough number, without forty to fifty additional
PMaenger. atandlnir up. The gftting in an In u ?of
lheecanilemadoalmoat Impossible Vlthoii Ii vol. l
untary and gross nideneea to fellow nailing" re t
Any ono will rf adily admit the f reiueiit uc .ally
f,R?,"en.lfer7t,""nt "P. hut the cars ehouMbt
k !, i J." " "'."' T?,r." 'lesnd streps. E??ry oilier
lions should takeadtcidcd and leading at "ud
I urthennore, there ehould bo enough "ura T to eat
passengers during hour, which are not ruh hours
It seems the eetablinhed pracUce of our 2Si r'.r
I'f'.tS1. eljrt...l retlroala to run o fe"a a It '
J Ight that paaaenitere are comix-lied to latin" up und I ,
pack tho caia. the .amo ua during rush hour, here 1
is certainly no necewlty for thia. aid theliw luir V
lie (lult the Ctreus. ''T
Vout IA iVrimoutA IVtwi, I
'Crummy Jack" Zome 1. with the Harlin .how, I
whlrh la atranded at Chlllicothe. Once before ba
wentoutwlthaclrcUB. After working for a mouth
h leaked for hit talary and tht manager said to himi
Why you fool, haven't you seen the country and I
heard th band play? Alu't that enough? Get out." 1 1
and Crummy" got, too. What 1. more, be counted II
tie all tht way home. Clrcutet do not teem to he In
hi lint, 1
At Home at th Front.
Fnm Uu liullanapolit Journal, i
The Boldler1. Mothcr-I got a letter from George J
to-day, and he it grumbling about tht vlctualt In tht 1
TheBMdler-i Wlfe-I am glad to hear that he la
making blmeelf at home. ,
Admiral Camara't Bervlcet to Bciencn.
From thttCamat City Journal, ' 7i
onstrattd that th Sues Canal I navigable. Ala '
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