Newspaper Page Text
fflf ,0 .". TftE SUN, siltURDAY, JtJIilT'80, 1808. "
1 1 - lje hbp JsStw ft K" I r V L- SATURDAY, JULY 30, 1808. B X Bnbierlptlons by Mull, Postpaid. 91 W DAItT.pT Month 00 60 K K DAILY, par Yf 0 00 R. B BUirDAT, psr Tear. a 00 P DAILY AND SUNDAY, psr Year (100 ifffe PAIXY AND SUNDAY, par Month 70 !l'I5, Votft to forslun countries sddad. k! Ms ' Tnt Ocm, New Tort City. ; B Vi9 Xlotqn No. IS, nar Orand Rotal, ana W ('IK ttiosin No. 10, Booltvard dM Capuolns. ; s m f Jfw frim&i was r tt w(A uwcWp Ar ML p&lUatim tHth U hat rtlteUd artMu ntenud, y K urt in alt Mitt lend ilampicr that purpon. W ? Nobody Objects to rorto Rico. 15 It Is ft circumstance worth noting that jE , there Is no protest whatever against thoac K ' . qulsltlon of Porto Itlco. Nowhere Is a volco raised against tho annexation of that IbI S and. It Is taken for granted that In tho ; settlement with Spain Porto Rico will S W ,. become American territory, and that wo f shall take possession of It and proceed to administer Its affairs perpetually In tho 16 manner which tho best judgment of Con $ V gres shall hereafter determine. Wo nro tj tf not aware that oven the most violent '1 (g opponents of tho general poller of national ft. expansion are filing any objections In tho K " case of Porto Rico. S 'Yet every alleged Constitutional dif- i r Acuity, every practical problem of admln. I C Istration, every supposed danger to our js m system and to the future of our lnstltu H & tlons, that enters Into tho question of the II jf- Philippines, applies likewise to Porto Rico. K K The differences are all of detail and of non- essential circumstances, not of principle V This Is on encouraging evldenco of the ; rapid education of publlo sentiment by re cent eventa. If the whole country has already arrived at the conclusion that wo are able to undertake tho ownership and management of Porto Rico without going ". ? topleccs as a republic, or even straining i our Institutions, a universal and cheerful I fe acquiescence In the Philippine enterprise I If i not 'ar " If II! Democracy and Expansion. lb jgr In a little speech which he made at y Nashville, last week, Col. William Jen- u lir Hiwos Bryan made this admission : BflnC "w ao not know what may both reroll of this j U vsr. War often brine result which wen not lm- f ? ajtned In the beginning." 1 1 ;. There Is a modesty In these words which H.'i k has been too often absent from the decla- I )i matlons of this young silver warrior. Per- H Mr haps he Is trying to break himself of the v( " habit of foretelling and settling things. When he hurled himself against the pol It! ' Icy of expansion at Omaha a fow weeks H'i , ago he was entirely indisposed to accept ft ' such results of tho war as were not fore B I j seen at its beginning. The purposo of tho H: I war being the freedom and Independence H. of Cuba, he was not willing that tho H' j' . United States should keep such incidental Hj i js advantages as the prosecution of that pur H. V pose might bring. His language at Nash H vllle may Indicate that ho is no longer in Hk : . ollned to kick against the bounty of fate, H 4 Or the prizes and surprises of war. Ht '' t. A Democratic leader who opposes the ex- HjV tension of American civilization either in J' Porto Rico or in the Pacific puts himself In Hr k an anomalous and untenable position. Ac- Hj cording to Its platforms and professions Hli and the boasts of Its orators, the Demo- HJ; ' cratlo party Is peculiarly the party of tho Hj ',' people, and Its leaders have or should havo Jl ; an absolute faith In the wisdom of tho J! people and their ability to rulo well. Yet Hli ', Mr. Bryan and those Democrats who HJ '.;'' agree with him In opposing tho enlarge- Hjl l' meat of tho United States show thereby Hi' , that they distrust the people. They don't , believe that the people are able to govern Hi ni new dependencies successfully. Theydon't Hi JEi bcllevo that the Unlted.States havo as HlW? vigorous and versatile a genius for gov- HE. ernment as Great Britain has. They HIn believe that the people nro unablo to HJff ) stand vastly Increased power and prosper- f lty; that the peoplo will lose their heads, Hjl ' and that corruption and the other usual ac- HH'' componiments of decline and fall aresnro HB; to como In consequence. A scarecrow HHh Cjbsar is hung up by tho very men who HHB pretend to he most convinced of the Intcl- HHJj'd llgence and Integrity of the peoplo. HH? The friends of the policy of expansion HHJL believe that Americanism will be just as HHfr good for tho Philippines and as competent HK there as It Is In Maine or Texas. It is un- HHft fortunato for Mr. BrtYAN that he has put HB himself Into an ettltudo of distrust of tho HHE people and of tho potency of Americanism. HHj' which doesn't suffer a sea-change after HjK voyage In tho Pacific. There Is still tlmo HK for him to show that bo really docs trust In HHk the peoplo and accepts tho result. HB ; Porto Rico and tho Philippines. HHJI It will not be an undervaluing of tho lit- HHjl'' tlo Island of Porto Rico, which Is to como HBl ' Into our Union, if wo make some compari- HHft' v eons between It and tho Philippines, of HHJJV'' which we became virtual masters by tho HHH V" first great blow delivered In this war. HWr Porto Rico has an area of 3,tift0 square B,r miles; the Philippines an area of 114,(120 B square miles, or over thirty-two times as HHJj great. Porto Rico has a population, In HHJj round numbers, of 81)0,000, the Philippines HHJj r a population of 7,000,000, or about nine. HHJj times as many. Manila Is about fourtimes HHl , as largo as Ponce, tho most populous city HHJ '-. of Porto Rico, and Incomparably hotter HHl I known. Porto Rico's foreign trado in HHJ 1800, Including exports and Imports, was HHJ over $30,000,000, tho largest In her HHJ . ' history, hut tho foreign trado of HHJ - the Philippines for tho year 1804 HHl ' wan over $00,000,000. And while the HH t, existing markets opened to us or to be HHJ :' controlled by us In tho Philippines nro HHl . greater than In Porto Rico, the posRlblo HH , (lovelopment of tho former group seems far HHl - . greater. Roth, being tropical countries, jHl '. raise sugar, coffee and tobacco, tho tobacco HHl ) of iManlla being as well known as that HHJ ' of Porto Rico, whllo In addition tho Phil- HHl f - Ipplnes nro the great hemp producing Isl- HHl ends of the world, the raluo of the hemp HHl export even surpassing that of tho sugar. HHl i 'Porto Rico will bo wclcomo to us, and HHl ; will immensely improve under our flag, her HHl 'p resources being greatly developed. But HHl i'- while shp Is almost at our doors, and one HHl t of a group of Islands that apparently must HHl '; sooner or later gravitate to'us, the Philip- HHl f pines, on tho opposlto side of the globe, HHl ' open wholly novel opportunities to us, HH , They give us for tho first tlmo a foothold HbT? I off the groat coast of Asia, with Immeasur- HHM Jt able prospects In tho Pacific trade of the HH ?- twentieth century. HHb i; If the chance to acqulri Porto Rico had HHh I not come to us now it would probably havo HHl t come, a few years hence. But tho easels mk KlWWHIWB WWW''"WI I' ia,Bllllgl1Mrtllllfl otherwise with tbo Philippines, whore the alternative, so far as we can forecast, seems to bo now or nover. A singular good for tuno has put tho Islands Into our hands at a most propitious moment for holding' them. Or, If wo cannot call that a gift of fortune which was won by skill and courage, at least we can speak of the favor ing moment which makes it Impossible now for the Islands to go to anybody else. Surely there would be no consent to havo them go to Great Britain, or to Russia, or to France, or to Germany, or to Japan. Not one of these nations, to begin with, has tho remotest claim upon them, whereas they are ours already by tho right of conquest, and we have laid out hundreds of millions In acquiring both them and Porto Rico. That Spain could not keep the Philippines Is clear from the history of the past two years. Only a first-class power could pre vent them from falling into anarchy ; and to what first-class power except the United States could they go, without a quarrel among tho rest, not to mention our humil iation? Wo hold both tho Philippines and Porto Rico In our hands to-day as the result of a war which Spain might have averted, but which sho brought on at enormous cost to us. Wo are justified, also, now that the hour of reckoning has come, In considering tho great sums lost by Americans during the long Insurrection In Cuba, which Spain sought to subduo by devastating and bar barous methods. With Porto Rico and the Philippines both In our grasp, we roust not commit tho folly of .dropping the greater portion of what wo have gained In war. The Last of a Long Scries. President McKinley will observe with amusoment tho Evening Post's anxloty to persuade him that Its, the Godkinlan, Ideas on tho subject of tho Philippines represent tho sentiment of tho American people This anxiety Is manifesting Itself In an extraordinary fashion. Wo quoto from a Washington despatch to tho Evening Post of Thursday : "ThU U the time when the moil Intelligent work hould be dono among the preee and people with a view to conrlnclne the Administration of what It conetltuenti actually want. "However little disposition there may b on the part ot any 'patrlotlo American to embarrass the President at this Juncture by too sharp an analysis of his motlres, a little plain speech seem necessary In Tiew of the overwhelming Importance of the situa tion. If the President has one mental Quality mora highly developed than another. It la a horror of ex treme In anything. Ho Is a moderatlst, a mtddle course man, by nature. lie also believes In sticking close to the people, and to his mind the most Im portant part of tbo peopl Jnst now Is the party In control ot the Government. "Illsownnamo for this fealty would be his sense of responsibility a a publlo servant; the name his critics would glvo It Is politic.' Whatever it may be. It Is Ingrained In his composition and must be reckoned with. This Is so broadly true that If we knew to-day just what the laroor part of the Repub lican party wanted done with the Phlllppinea, w ahould be able to prophesy with ubstantlal acenracy the policy the President would pursue In shaping this one feature of the term of peace. "All this Is rehearsed hero for a purpose. Let the erious, thoughtful, responsible part of the American people, through their representative newspapers end by means of mall and telegraphy. Inform the Presi dent at once aa to their wishes, rtepreeentatlon have been made to him already that the Republican party In the East and the bulk of the people of all parties in the West demsnd the retention of the Philippines a a colonial possession of the United States. Fqr himself, he Is by no means convinced on the subject, and this la the tlmo to set him right." It appears that the flag-hating journal's conception of "tho most Intelligent work to be done with a view to convincing tho Administration" is to Insult the President deliberately. As a method of preparing his mind for argument, supposing that tho mind of Mr. McKinley could, under any circumstances, be influenced by what tho Evening Post has to offer, this' would bo decidedly original. If Seflor Dhpuy de Lome had not already copyrighted tho Ho and tho insult. Raving consecutively described tho offi cers of our army as brutes and murderers of tbo Innocent, tho officers ot our navy as rascals and perjurers, the majority of our Senators and Representatives as ignora muses and knaves, and tho great mass of the American peoplo as congenital fools, tho newspaper without a country completes its gallery ot portraits by picturing Presi dent McKinley as a moro weathercock, a weak and conscienceless tlmescrver in office. And this as "Intelligent work" preliminary to bringing tho President to its own alien way of thinking"! Mr. McKinley will not be swerved ono way or tho other from tho course which his sense of patriotic duty proscribes by this outrageous misrepresentation of his per sonal character and motives. But tho "serious, thoughtful, responsible part of tho American people" havo learned by this tlmo to know tho man who Is In tho White House, and they will bo quick to resent tho Insult, just as they resented the similar Insult by that other foreigner and hater of the American flag and people, tho former Spanish Minister at Washington, whoso particular form of affront tho Post has bor rowed for4 this important occasion. The Decline of Club Runs. Veteran cyclists who recall tho enthu siasm with which they greeted club runs, long before many wheelmen of the present day mounted their first light roadsters, will bo surprised to learn that their onco favorlto pastime. Is being abandoned. Judging from tho disposition of sdmo of tho large cyclo organizations, It may bo but a short tlmo before "runs" will be made only when tho clubs' other forms of amusement havo failed. This summer many of the weekly runs, which for several years past have been planned with much care, havo been omitted. A largo number of those undertaken failed to create as much interest as formerly among tho riders, who manifested little deilro to repeat them. In tho tlmo of tho old "ordinary" wheels tho strength and prosperity of a blcyclo club were supposed to bo Indicated by tho number and succchh of Its runs. Tho club In which prldo and harmony existed among tho members made theso runs Its principal feature, and took the lead over other cycling associations whoso members wero less vivacious nnd showed signs of half hcartcdncss In their sport. Tho captain of a run, and also the bugler, if he tooted like a good fellow, were great men, and tho annual election ot these officers was attended with great earnestness aud some times with excitement. Tho desirability of having the wholo club tako part In the runs was thoroughly Impressed upon each member, and tho average paco agreed upon was that which was likely to please the majority. The original purposo ot club runs was, first, to make wheelmen familiar with tho highways' of their own part of the country, and, secondly, to increase and cement good fellowship In the club. And to-day they should be more full ot benefit and enjoy ment than they were years ago. Tho Im provements In wheel construction and In roads which have been witnessed in the ftm ) iaw iin , ' wwwwm IflStotMlWI l I I'iMiiiI I ' ' ' ' ' '' nl-iigiiiB-imtTl I past ten years must Increase) materially the pleasure ot a twenty-mile or fifty mile spin. Besides, wheelmen And places for refreshments more numerous now than formerly, and the rider Isn't obliged to tako his lunch along with hint. To-day tt Is ex tremely uncommon for suburban residents to appear with a rako or a pitchfork and order "that pesky bloycle rider" to "get oft the sidewalk." Eten dog seem to have learned that cyclists; havo tight which canine Intelligence ought to respect. One causo of the present unpopularity of the club run Is not difficult to understand. With lighter wheels and smooth roads there has arisen a feverish desire on the part of some wheelmen to convert that comfort able and exhilarating recreation Into a raco against time. Such riders are not satisfied to jog along at the elght-mllo or twelve-mllo paco which the captain of the run Is pledged to maintain ; they are disposed to break and malt a a record, and they pedal regardless ot tho rate ot speed previously agreed npon. That sort of run may suit those who practise It, but the less experienced and less powerful riders are left behind. It Is curious that tho most noticeable sentiment against club runs arose at about the time they began to bo shared by women; but no one hosbeon foolish enough to blamo tho .pycllng sisterhood for the do cllnoof Interests On the contrary. It is safe to say that, it tho wheelmen's former sport could bo brought back to Its former stand ard, tho. cooperation of tho women would be certain. But, whether or not olub runs are ever to bo restored to their old-time ex cellence, It Is certain that their history furnishes pleasant recollections. Rather an Bxpenslvo Way to Win Compliments. Whether tho terms offered to Spain shall soem " reasonable" to the rest of tho world is a question over which the Administra tion needn't worry of nights. It Is easy to be obfuscated by phrases which, upon close examination, prove to bo meaningless. If the nations which are likely to bo tho principal critics of what we may do or not do were disinterested critics, the case might be different. The good opinion ot tho absolutely disinterested Is sometimes worth having. As to tho Philippines, for Instance: The reasonableness or unreasonableness ot our terms concerning tbo Philippines will bo judged by Interested parties solely In rela tion to their own ulterior designs. It would bo easy to gain a European repu tation for reasonable and magnanimous conduct by restoring tho Philippines to Spain. Wo should read our praises oven In tho Berlin newspapers. All the same, our Continental admirers and eulogists would proceed, when tho tlmo came, to take over these Islands unto themselves without tho slightest regard for our opinion of tho rea sonableness or unreasonableness of their conduct. The Administration has only to consider tho Interests ot the United States in tho far East, and the opportunity which tho fortune of war has made legitimately our own. That Is what Is reasonable. Spain's Pictures. ' A fount ot Inferior thought In Minne sota, tho St. Paul Pioneer Press, thus con siders the question of Spain's indemnity: "Tni Sen proposition that Spain put np the Madrid gallery a collateral for the war Indemnity borders on the barbarous. Somebody will be asking for the Alhambra next." Our contemporary Is less sophisticated than we had supposed. Tho Alhambra, a building, cannot be moved, and, as a monu ment ot local history, It belongs forever ou Its own foundations. ThoSpanlshjilctures, though, are. things ot joy that are easily transported, and that go equally well with any eyes capable of appreciating their beauty. Of theso the United States can supply millions. In view of thotimo that Spain has car ried on the war since tho demonstration of her hopelessness. It her Indemnity Is to consist of her art treasures, tho gallery at Seville will havo to bo added to that of Madrid. To-day Spain has the unique dis tinction of being tho only country whero two of tho world's greatest painters, one of them, In the judgment ot many experts, tho very greatest, can bo seen in the force that gives a full Idea of how great they were. The man who has not been to tho gallery of tho Prado does not know Velasquez. Ho who has not been to Seville has a very faulty comprehension ot Munii.LO. Yet the works of Velasquhz and Mn nn.i.o would adorn an American gallery as fittingly as the Venus of Mllo adorns tho Louvre, or tho Elgin marbles tho British Museum. The fact that military operations are pro (jrosslnc in Porto Rico provides the Sursoon Genoral of tho Army and the Commlssarr-Clon-ornl of tho Army with a melnncholy opportunity to ntono, so far as is possible, for the slckcnlns failure, of their departments at flnntl&KO. whother those. oDlcers woro personally respon sible or not. In ono particular respect tho numerous official reports upon tho naval battle of Han Unco show tho groat chanco cnusod upon the soa by tho substitution of steam for sails. Of a Hear Admiral, a Commodore, and olevon Cap tains who described tho ovont only ono used a phraso with salt in it. "Tho Colon." wroto Curtain Tayixhi of tho Indiana, "was closely pursuod by tho Brooklyn, Orcgdn. and Toxas. off-shore of her." This Is, we bollovo, tho only expression In the lonit list of reports that smacks ot tho old-tlmo marlnor. WoiiTn Baoi.ky, tho first member of tho regular United Rtatos servlco to bo klllort In Cuba, anil Hamilton Fish, tho first ot the vol untoors to moot tho same fato. will always llvo In tho memory of a eratolul country. . . " For tbreo years," says our erring con temporary, tho Sprinafleld AVtM, still almlnc cruol blows at a lovely head, "tho Domocratlo party of Massachusetts has been broken, llko a ship driven upon tho rocks by an unskilful helmsman." JCamo of helmsman, tho Ron. Oeowik Finn Wilmajib. Tho nontlcal nllo eory Is painful to .tho just mind. Tho Massa chusetts nomocracy Is not a ship but a tub, and If Mr. Williams enjoys paddling It. why ehouUThls amusement bo Intorferod with? The Hon. Wim.iam I.i.oyd Gahiubon of Boston Is waiting mournfully for tho hour " whon our masters complete tho Impending subversion of our Institutions." Until tho moment of subversion Mr, Oahmbox will coup in Ills customary Ink spout every half hour of tho day and evonlnir, A Very Toll, Thick Oak Story, frost 11 Mil DUpakK. In the yard of the late Loldy Paulk la a red oak tree which earn up the year the Drat olutrincwaa mad there, now forty-four year o. The tree measures, two feet from the ground, six feet two and a half Inches throuf b, or tlbte feet seven and a bait Ineho In circumference It Spread of limbs Is ever fifty feet. Ka says this tre hurt hi crop clear to the other aide of a bra Slid. "MwweiMMsiiiiiaisiiniiinliawsaaJsBasasssMi XATIOXAI. EXPANSION. Th Governor of Colorado Bees the New Vlatet Opening to the United State. From Ikt Courtcr-Jcumal. Among tho Governors ot tho States ot tho Union tho Hon. Alva Adams of Colorado Is ono of tho most scholarly and thoushtful. A Dem ocrat to tho core, ho Is nolthor n reactionist nor a provincial, but, on tho contrary, a procrcsslvo American, In a recent address he spoko as fol lows upon tho now issues which tho war with Spain is likely to call to the front: " I preach a new political uospel a creed to which I am In part a recent convert. I believe that duty and destiny demand that tho United States retain control of evory Island captured from Bpaln In tho West Indies or In the Pacific Our Quixotic friend proclaims that wo are en eased In a war of humanity, not of conquest that we must ctvo up every acre we gain at the cost of our treasure and thorloh blood ot 'our sons. Ifow can wo bettor meet tho demands of humanity than to placo our flag ovor lands that havo boon rlvon with revolution or dobasod by tyranny and ralsrulo ? "Tho war with Bpaln mskostheUnltedBtates a world power. She Is no longer a solf-ccntrod provincial country, but an Imperial nation. Our flat: will do for tho Philippines and tho Indies what It has dono for California. Texas for every Spanish possession that has como to u. Against these now extensions of territory thoro como tho samo protests that mot Joffcrson whon be purchased Louisiana in 1803, against tho admission ot Texas, against all Moxlcan cessions and against California andOrocon's admission as States, against Alaska In 1807. and yet to-day tho American peoplo look upon these additions as tho proudest triumphs of statesmanship. "Our factories and farms domand wider markots. Every laborer, every producer, will gain by tho now Molds that tho Paclflo will opon to our commerce. Glvo us control of tho Philip pines and a now morchant navy will be bom and wo will sco Amorlcan products In Ameri can slitpB, carried under tho American flag to ovory foreign shoro. Do wo rcallzo tho possi bilities of tho Pacific? Half ot tho population of tho slobo look out upon Its waters. In 185'.! Bowardsafd ot tho Paclflo: "nonceforth Euro pean commerce, politics, thoucht, aotlvlty, will relatively sink In Importance, whilo tho Paclflo Ocean, Its shores. Its Islnnds nnd tho vast re gion boyond will bocomo tho chief theatre of events in tho world's great hereafter.' " This prophecy is about to burst Into flower. American ideas, American clvllzatton can bring Into llfo tho unmeasured possi bilities that havo bocn dormant undor tho vnm plro rulo of Bpaln. A reciprocal commorco can bo dovclopcd that will carry happiness to ovory Paclflo shoro nnd Increasing powor and greatness to tho American flac Humanity, civilization, demand that tho Stars nnd Stripes should novor como down when onco planted on Spanish soil. " Thoro was novcr a moral call moro Impera tive., nover a mission more holy than to glvo Amorlcan liberty, prosporlty nnd a pure Chris tian faith to tho millions whoso lives havo so long been darkened by Spanish Iniquity and oppression. Pate has mado th United States the acont of retribution. It is tho command of destiny and must bo obeyed." Onr National Isolation I Over. To the Euitou or The Hun Sir: Dead men rulo tho world. Particularly is this true of burled statesmen. Not only do their doctrines and precodents determine to a largo extent tho subsequent poller of party nnd nation for years to come, but thoy havo acquired through continued usaco and doferenco a sovereignty bordorlne on infallibility such as thoy novcr had when first defined its tho moro pronuncla montos of living men. Never yot has a de parture In policy boon suggested or a now Idea in the theory of administration of govern ment been Introduced but instantly appeals wero mado to tho trlod nnd tho traditional and tho shades of tho departed Invokod to protest against such an invasion of tbolr right to dlc tato to tho living. .Nor does It innkoabltot difference that tho contemplnted change is oc casioned and oven necessitated by conditions impossible for tho most penetrative forceastor of events to hnvo anticipated a hundred or eten fifty years ago. Perhaps tho most striking exhibition of this tendency nt tho present tlmo Is to bo seen In tho frequent nnd repeated appeals now made to tho "FutherB of tho Republic" as tho primal and ultlmato authorities on tho question of ter ritorial expansion. I hnvo no deslro to dispar age or in tho least reflect upon tho wisdom nnd judgment ot tho "Fnthors." Thoy woro emi nently sensible and patriotic statesmen, but they laid no claim to omniscience nnd had no wish to dwarf the, growth of their country by defining it permanent limits or imposing arbitrary rules for tho administration of Ha fu ture affairs. Thoy novor uttered n serious warning against tho acquisition of territory, liven if any of them was disposed to dp so. his wnrnlnc was disregarded in tholr day nnd by ono of tho "inthers" In a famous hut somewhat Irregular transaction in real astato, lilitorlcnlly known as the Louisiana pnrelmso. 'However It may havo been then, tho Unitml States is no longer mi Infant (o bf confined In Its own front yard, jealously guarded from tho contaminating Influences or tho public hlgh wny Wo nro not to bo lound by tho rmjoln ments or recommendations of anybody, no mnttor who ho Is or how long ngo ho llvod. If our own interests dictate otherwise, any moro thnn wo nro to bo constrained by tho Mosaic Injunction to refrain from eating ham and bacon, wholesome and snnltary as that regula tion may havo been and highly distinguished no was lt author. No. If our national pnlato craves tho tld-btts of tho Paclflo nnd tho Carlblienn wo aro going to havo them, nnd mtrdlgcstivn nnd assimila tive powors will not And themselves stumped In tho doing. Wo must remember that our nntlonal founders nro not to bo worshipped as national deities or oxnlted and followed as In fallible guides. To tako that attitude Is to deny the possibility of nil progress, for It Is a tacit admission that wn know no moro to-day and will know no moro to-morrow than did our an cestors n hundred years ago, This war does not mean that we nro to un dergo n regressive metamorphlsm from tho In dustrial to the militant typo. But it does mean that tho iorlod of onr national Isolation Is ovor, and that by means of a larger, freer Intercourso with the children of men wo aro to pormcoto the world with thosplritand fruits of true re publicanism. If, then, it should bo adjudged the wise nnd expedient course to annex nil tho islands which wo hnll wrest from Bpaln, Ictus fneo tho issue unflinchingly, strong in tho con viction of our world mission, and relying on the ftnblllty of ournntlonnl ehnractor to prosorvo the genius of our institutions. That is sound senso as woll as sound Ameri canism. L. 0. P. Gaslibuc. Fa., July 23. Disciplining n Drunken lTusband, To Tnr Emtok or Tils BvxSir: Th Inolosed Is an actus 1 fact, which happened at my summer home this week, A. O. Nexddau. Boston, July 28. A Mass acbusotts woman whose bnsband bad taken a Bimday spin on bis new wheel and bad come home considerably " elevated," during his absence atwork the next clay took the axo and reduced the wheel to fragments and arranged the remains In a tableau in front of the house. What her husband saw on his return was bis new wheel In small pieces, piled on a box, surrounded by barrels on which wero plsred llfllitfd rsndle stuck tu bottles, and over all a large placard on which, In crude IHterlnv, was Inscribed) " Hell bath no fury like woman scorned." Keep the Philippines. To Tn Editor orTnit flex Sir: Thanks for your article on " Peice " In to-dsy' Buji. Don't let the fruit of victory be frittered away, Newton, Mass. Buval IIhbest. Admiral Dewoy Now Claimed by the Swedes. From the Chicago Journal. "Admiral Dewey," said 0. A. Oustafaon, "Is of Swedish descent, and hiM ancestors wero thorough bred Vikings, and used to bavo their home In 8ms land, a province of Sweden, Admiral Sampaon and IJeut. Ilobaon are of the tame stock," Tho contents ot tho Century for August ore Influenced strongly by the war, Oustiv Kobbi at fonts an article ou the "Trumpet In Oamp and Battle") Frederick A. Ober descr.lies the Irland of Porto R'ro, frank A. Yanderllp gives " Fart About the Philippines" aud Wallace C.unrolng describe "Life In Manila") Walter Itusstll contributes pic tures mado wh I j with Admiral Simpson's fleet; Burgeon-General Sternberg, U,S.A..deeoriti the "Sani tary Keiienerallsn of Havana" aud Oscood Wilcb wriUa ci "fjuba aa Seen from th Inalde." Other subject are not neglectwl, however, and the table ot coateat otter a varied cbett) of reading. aptsmnjMMMiiiiiiiii i i i " ' 'i.'l ' ' ', TfB BtXVATlOS IX fOBTO TtlCO. A Secret Society In the Islnnd fledged to Annexation or Independence. WAsutNOTOK, July 20. A lottor from Oon. Antonio Mnttol Lluvoras, chief of tho Porto ltlean Commission recently appointed by tho War Department to Join Oon. lilies at tho port of Quanlco, written on board ot tho auxiliary cruiser St. Louis, was received In Washington to-day. Boforothodoparture ot tho Bt. Louis from Nowport News Oon. Llavoras received a number ot letters from friends ot the annexa tion party In Portolllcodescriblngtho situation in tho island before tho landing of Gen. Miles, which was then eagorly anticipated by them, and his lottor Included the Information thus reeolved, " Gon. Miles will not havo a difficult task In subduing tho Island," Gen. Lluvoras says, "oven If Cnptaln-Ooneral Maclas had deter mined to mako a strong stand against him, which Is not tho enso. He has reeolved orders to shed nsllttle unnecessary blood aspoeslblo, and tho fact that ho has ordered tho soldiery from all over tho island to tho capital, Ban Juan, Indicates that ho does not contemplate serious resistance Tho fow skirmishes which havo bcon roportod so far havo been with gar risons of a few men, and cannot be counted, "Tho Porto Illcan annexationists havo formed a socrot organization, similar to tho eolobrated 'Carblnnlors' which oxlstod in Franco In tho timo of Napoleon, and in nearly ovory city and vlllago In tho Island they havo established a branch. Every membor of tho secret society has been pledged to uso his utmost endeavors to bring ono or moro frlondsor acquaintances Into tho society, which has annexation or Inde pendence for Its objoct. nnd In this way a thor ough canvass of tho Island has boen mado. re sulting In tho mustering of a groat many volun teers who will fight for tho causo of freedom. " A circular Issued by tho socloty, whloh has adopted for Its namo Justlcla (Justice), explains to tho native nnd Ignorant population ot tho i island tho Injustice and tyranny ot tho Spanish Government, nnd calls attention to tho treat ment which has beon accorded n number of Porto Itleans who havo fallen Into tho hands of tho Spaniards after openly favoring annexa tion. Theso prisoners wore tried by court martial and shot without ceremony. At tholr trials thoy woro tortured to reveal tho names of tholr fellow conspirators, but tho organisa tion ot La Justlcla Is so excellent that no ono man knows tho nnmoot another membor ex cept by signs. All ot tho members ot tho so cloty aro not In favor of annexation to tho United States, but their main objoct Is to drlvo tho Spaniards from the island. After thnt has been accomplished thoy aro willing to tako tho best they can get from tho United States Oovornmcnt, knowing that it will bo fair and cquttablo. What thoy want is a radi cal change, which will enablo them to forgot tho present situation. Tho Idols of tho Porto mean revolutionists to-day nro Dr. Betnnzes, now tho Cuban dolegato In Paris, and Dr. Hostos, the comrndo of tho great revolutionary loader, who Is at present in Washington, rcpre scntlng tho South Americans from Cuba and Porto Hlco. "Porto Illcans opposed to Spanish ralsrulo ore flrmly convinced that tho United States, onco tho Island hns been rescued from Span ish control, will glvo them Independence to some extent. Even if tho island is annoxed they bcllevo thnt tho United States will allow them tho samo home rulo which is now ac corded every Stato in tho Union, nnd will not, by military or moral forco, placo Americans only nt tho head of affairs In tho Island. "Tho Bpanish clement, mostly tho soldlory. In Porto Klco treat tho natives shamefully. It is common talk that thoy rcallzo that thoir dominion Is soon to end, and that thoy aro making the best of their opportunities to ln dulgo In robbery, rnplno, and raurdor. Tholr acts havo greatly Inconsod tho Porto Illcans against them, and nro rosponslblo torn groat number of recruits to La Justlcla. Thoy con sider nny injur)' dono to a native Porto Illcan as a mark ot honor. " It must bo said, to the credltof Gen. Maclas, that ho has Issued a proclamation strongly urging decency and good order nna providing sovero punishment for thosowho Infract tho rules laid down by him. " Over 2.fHK) native Porto Iticnns. from differ ent cities and villages in tho Interior, hnvo as sembled nmonu tho mountains on tho southern coast to nwalt tho landing of tho American army of invasion. They will Immediately offer themselves nnd thousnnds moro will flock to tho American standard. Theso peoplo nro a motley crew, armed with pistols. Itemlngtons raid old-fnshlonml guns, hut they depend upon tho American Army to supply them with the necessary weapons. They aro enthuslnstlo nnd will mako excellent fighters. There aro to-day many American enemies In Porto Illco, but with the help of God and rifles thoy will soon become converted to American idens nnd to a sonso of tho Iraportanco and glory ot tho Stars nnd Stripes." Rpnnlsli Illiteracy. To TnE EniTon of The Sun Sir: Tho sta tistics reported to havo beon compiled by tho "Philadelphia Commercial Musoum" from "official Bourcos," tho dnto of which is not montlonod. glvo tho illiterate, population ot Spain ns 0,104,470, or 34 per cent, of tho population. They nro manifestly Incorrect. Tho "Statesman's Year Book" for 1808, ono of tho best authorities, gives tho numbor of peoplo In Sjinln who cannot read or wrlto as 11.045.871 (5,007.008 males and 0.878,773 femalos), or (18 porcont. of tho population In that year; and, ot course. It Is not concolvablo that thoro has been a reduction of 50 porcont. in Spanish Illiteracy in olght years. It Is Interesting to eomparn Hpaln nnd tho United States ns to this matter of Illiteracy. Tho Illiteracy of tho United States In 1800 was only i:i.:i nor cent, nnd even that compara tively smnll pcreentngo was duo largely to tho fact thnt of tho colored population of7.ltn8.rttH), Oti.H per cent, was Illiterate: yet among them it was nenrlyl2 percent.lossthnnttiatorspnln. The number of pupils In tho various schools nnd colleges In tho United States In lHOOwas l(l.r48,!W.r. nnd of teachers 4ri!,2KI, or together 17.003.788. Tills was equal to 27 ixr cent, of tho population. Compuro this with Spain's 10 per cent. Theso statistics go far to account for tho sorry exhibition of helplessness mado by poor old Spuln In her contest with us. What better enn bo expected of a nation whoso moplo havo for centuries been kept In such pitiable Ignorance? In tho light ot these facts I am sure that wo as n people hnto only tho warmest sympathy for tho masses of tho peoplo of Hpnln, and would heartily rejoleo to boo an awakening among them, and ns one of tho results of the war tho Introduction of "Yankeo notions" of education, Ac. so that at the opening of tho twcntloth century the Hpanlsli lenders will heeonstrnlned, by the march of events, to give thslr entire tlmo and tnlonts to home affairs" and tho mak ing of efforts to rnlso their country to tho placo among tho nations she ought to occupy. New ioitK. July 28. V. fiiviKU Comes. Tho Nonscnslcnl "Silver Third." Frvm He Florida Timn-t'itimi ami Cittitn, The name uf the "Silver Third " has been given to the Thlnl Nchrsska ItcKlmrut, rommandd by Col. William J. Bryan. The fact lint Col. Ilrj-on com mands the regiment mlitht be euulcleiit to give some such name to it, but there Is n it.Il moro potent rea son, although the two are probably linked toKother, The ofneera of a regiment always wear tho name of It on the collars of their coots, and the cmlomery method Is to hare this In gilt loitering. Thern msy hae been on ovcr-lojal tailor that mode the suit for tho ofilrcrs of the Third Nebraska, but at any rato, Instead of tho lettering all being In gilt, tho figure "B" shows up prominently with a silver hue. In contrast to the gold tlnje of the letters " Neb," A seven-pointed star, mado hi silver, liivlni been adopted a the InslnulA of tho Bei enth Army Corps, It Is stated that every officer of the Thlnl Xobraska In tends to get one at tho earliest opportunity. I.ce I'lgg HtnbluMl, From the Cincinnati .'nguirtr, rticmioxp, Ky July 2,1. Deputy She riff Urea ldus received telephone rorssatte from Ilerca this after noon, sUtlnu that In a fight at Narrow Oep Lee pKB, on of Samuel Plgg, a well-known ciUteu, was stab bed to death by a mau named Mallrote, Just tho Thing, From the Chicago Henri, " Put the ifpldlers appreciate those nightshirts w sent themr " 1 should say so; they used them to dean their guns." An Alternative. From Brooklyn We. . "If.""PPx together so often then' sax tab trouble." Jock I tx-lef disappear together. jurxres or zA BottnaoaxJpa dead. Article rtoMvererl from rioatlno Bodies IUno OalHr.nl Identified. Bt. John's. N. T July 2f).-brrlnt to the ob Jeeilona ot tho French Consul. Tnn Bow re porter could not oxomino the artlolos token from tho bodies of tho Bourgognovletlmaby tho schooner Dollght until this 'mbrnlniT. Pos itive identification U only podblo monetae, thnt of Hone Galllard. of New Orleans, His pookctbook contained his card, steamer tloket. boggago checks, a press clipping referring to a concert In whloh ho took part, a cancelled check drawn by him in favor of Vf. R. Irby A Co., to bacco manufacturers. Now Orfoafts: nLourdes modal, some Central Amorlca silver coins, two ono-dollar bills and thirteen 30-frano sold plocos; also a lettor from a relative received Just before ho sallod. His sold watch and chain woro also saved. Mnto Nelson ot tho Delight, who examined tho bodies, says Galllard was evldontly about 45. short, dork brown hair, with blue trousers and black coat. He had on a splendid lifebelt, which tho mate removod to ponnlt tho body to sink tho sooner. The body of an eldorly woman won also found floating. Sho was about 53 years old. with whlto holr; woro a black skirt and waist. From hor fingers thrco rings wore romovod-a plain sold woddlng ring, a circlet with a sem inset, apparently a pearl and two diamonds, aqd. what was unusual and may so'rve to Iden tify hor, tho third was a plain Iron ring. Another body was that of a youDg woman aboot 25 yoara old, apparently French or Italian. Sho had oarrlngs ot twisted gold wire which could not bo removed without cutting tho flesh. A gold ring with a dark stone was taken from her. finger. Her dress was a white morning gown with a cotton or stuff blouse ot a greon flowered pattern. Hor slcevo links were of bono with gold filigree thereon. A fourth body was that ot a girl of 18. ap- parently a stoerago passenger, wearing a black skirt thrown over hor night dross aa If sne had beon awakonod by the collision. Bho woro nothing by which sho might bo Identified. Tho editor of tho Herald, St. John's. N. F.. will glad ly supply lntorostod persons with any further information required. BIASnATTAK OrEItTAXBD. Itefereo Odcll Find for the Itond tn It Controversy with the City. Hamilton Odell as reforeo has mado a report to tho Bpcolal Torm of tho Supreme Court ' recommending the vacation of the tax assess ment on tho Manhattan Hallway Company for 1804. If tho report is conflrmod, thi city will havo to rolmburso the company for sovoral hundred thousand dollars In taxes which hnvo been paid under protest. The Tax Commissioners In 1804 assessed the tangiblo assots of tho company at $37,000,000, nnd attompted to tax tho bonds of tho company on an assessment of $21,000,000. The com pany appealed to tho courts to set aside the as sessment on tho bonds and to reduco tho valua tion of tho tangiblo assets to $27,000,000. The Tax Commissioners woro upheld by the Su premo Court and by tho Appellate Division, but tho Court of Appeals found that thoro had been nn error, and appointed Mr. Odcll to take testi mony and report. Assistant Corporation Counsol Ward said yos torday: "Tho report Is a complete victory for tho company. Tho reforeo has decided In Its favor on every point. Tho company's figures of $'27,000,000 nro taken ns tho valuo of Its tangi blo assets. Tho bonds, amounting to $21,000, 000. havo bcon eliminated, nnd. finally, there Is a refusal to tax tho road's running expenses, which havo been placed at $4,000,000. I do not know exactly how much tho city will lose If tho report Is sustained, but tho report will hnvo an effect upon tho nssessment for 1805. Tho Tax. Commissioners took tho figures of the company, representing the cast of construc tion, on which to, base later asscssmotits. Mr. Udell's decision, however, is not final by any means. Wo will fight tho ease. If necessary, up to tho Court of Appeals again.' It may tio a year or moro before the case Is finally settled. It cannot affect tho tax rato thlsvear. Jullon T. Davles. counsel of the Manhattan Hallway Company, estimated that there will bo avoryblg reduction In thn taxes of tho com pany as a result of tho docislon of Ilofereo Odell. Ho Includes nil the years since. 1804. during whloh moro than $1,000,000 in taxos havo bcon paid only undor protest. Hore Is Mr. Davles s estimated reduction in tho com pany s taxes: J29J-S""on,l $29a.oni 18UR Persons 285.035 lflltrt rersonsi 1.11,087 18U0 Structure, say SJO.QOO 1 ROT Pemonal $31 .OH ' iaT8tracturo, say. .. . 810,003 iooo 841,009 1808. aao.ooo ..JF0 : fl.suo.aio 1808 Bay. l.BOolcoO TT. XT. IttailTS FLUCTUATE VIOKEXXLT. The New Broker Ituy Them Up to 3 1-4 nnd They Slump Q&O.SSO on III Hand. Tho outsido brokers who deal In miscellane ous securities on tho curb In front of 'tho Mills building, on Broad street, had fun yestorduy with Henry nardy. Jr.. a now member of the crowd, who had been sent to represent tho Stock Exchange firm of Price, McCormlck & Co. in tho dealings. .Ono ot tho outsido bro kers gave an ordor to Mr. Hardy to buy for hlra G.000 shares of "Western Union Itlchto." Theso rights aro unknown to tho oftleors of tho Western Union Tolegraph Company, but, as explained by tho outside brokers, who havo taken to doalmg in them of lato when now bro kers appoar In tho crowd, they represent tho "right to lick the rcvenuo stamps upon tele- Sraph messages." This was not explained to ..Irv.?1JriJyL.w.ho.?,nnll"'otl t0 ! il order for 5.000 rights " at 1. Anothor order to buy nt tho samo price fol rowvi1,h4tl!0,C0,ulI.tBt "nly 4.500 out of tho 0.000 ordcrfu. In tho meantime a vigorous speculation in tho "rights" had startodln tho crowd. Mr. Hardy was tho centre of It. for ho re cclved numerous orders, and tho "rlnhtH" br,omA,u UlL,0.:.,,f . VY tllls tlm ho had tmught afUWO. Tho "rights market" then broko sud denly back to 1, greatly porturblng thn new outsido broker because of tho hsavy Invest ment;! of Ids customers, Tho climax como when comparison slips for, tho "rights" began to reach tho ofllco of Trleo. McCormlck A C'o. This caused Mr. Prlen to send for Sir. Hardy, and It was then that tho now broker learned what estern Union rights really woro. The i loko, the pntsldo brokers all agreod. was pn him. :ow Mr. Hardy Is looking for n now brokor to whom ho can glvo an order to buy Bailors' rights, women's rights, or any old rights. OFF TO SEAttCir FOlt AffDItER l)r. Torwnngo Will Looli tor Trnrc of tho Arctic Kxplorer In Northern Alnskn. Vahcouveb. 11, C..' July 20. Dr. Tcrwnngo. a young Frcnchmnn, loft for Skngway to-dny to Bearcli for Andreo's big balloon. At Skncway lie will bo met by eight other members of tho party nnd M. Varloh, bend of tho expedition. Tho start of thn oxpedttlon will no mado from Skagway. It was tntonded to mnko tho search for Androo first In a balloon capable of carrying IMX)0 pounds, but It was afterward decided to tako a smaller and specdlor nlr yos PpIm.TH will carry 5.000 pounds, and was built In nncoirtor, Dr. Terwanue i would not state his exact des t1,1,"10"' b,n? e." w"I b sentoround by nt. Michael and will bn cached at different points along the river for him. Ills search will bo In biit.nf.thp.wav places In northorn Alaska Ho !OOIJS' iTi'i.'i1 l"H' fonio across somo trn;o of iho Arctic explorer before he returns. Tho oxpodltion Is under tho auspices i of I ho Geographical Society of Franco. it. Axh o. ix.JV.CTioy. Tho 1-referrrd Htorkl. older. Take Steps tn Vrcvent tho IlrorKanlsntlun pinn. HALTiMOBr, Md., July 20.-Tho preferred stockholders of tho Baltimore and Ohio Hall road to-duy filed their petition In tho United States Court for nn Injunction to prevent the JUorgnnlratlon Committee, from carrying out tho proposed work. Tho documont Is volumi nous, covering nearly seventy pages of type written matter. Tho court Is asked to re tritln the defendants from .proceeding until the petitioners' rights, have bofn protected and tho Supremo Court of tho Unlfed Stains his passed upon tho .Question whether the. pre ferred stock l lien on the road. Judge F. Morris signed tho order requiring the company to show cause on pr before Sept. 20 whytho retralnlnjr order should not be Issued. The Stato of Maryland. Johns yopklns Uni- S rally, and , Johns, Hopkins HospltaL with dividual holders, filed the. peUtJonT i 'ftn7LM iTi'i"""'' ' ""..fi " ' " "''' i : xo aim up vsiFomta akd nnvus. I Dnlllngton rtooth's Volunteer About to ! Adopt Itndlenl Change. Tho Voluntoora of Amoriea, ot which Balling .ton Booth Is tho head, contcmplato some null- , cat changes In tho organisation. A meeting ot tho field officers was held lasting from List Tuesday until yesterday, at which there were presont thlrtocn cxccutlvo members, repro- w. ,( tenting nn mnny States. Tho council was called (? i V for preliminary dlsonssion of tho proposed changes In ordor that thoy might bo Anally pansod upon by tho grand Hold counoll, to bo held tho flrst wook In October. The striking chango contemplated is the abolition of tho uniform. The Voluntcors find U themselves confused with tho Salvation Army ' in tho popular mind, and hnvo como to fel that thoy should not havo uniforms thnt In anv way load tho publlo to think they are doing , work similar to that of tho Salvation Arrar, Volunteers, they say, nro utilauo and nro fllllns a plaeo In tho religious world qulto their own, and they want tho publlo mind to as sign thom to that and not to anothor rlnco and work. Tho proposition is there fore for Voluntoor workers to wear no) uniform, and no distinguishing mnrks lavs fiorhaps n pin upon tho ennt lapel or sloova, or, n tho caso of a woman worker, a simple plri i tho throat. Salvation Army ofllelnls havo alro complained of lato that Volunteers aro imitat ing tholr methods. Thoreforoncowaspartlnu. larly to the uso of musical Instrumentsln thoir parades and nt meetings. Hence theoxcoutho members of tho field council considered abol ishing tho use of all or these things. On tholr present basis tho volunteers do nothing nt all llko tho work of tho Salvation Army. Thoy do not nttempt slum and rescue) work, for tho Salvation Army counts itself capahlo of handltnc this work In this olty. Volunteers nro Inollned to loave that Hold to tho Salvation Army, luld thoy want tho publlo " to know the fact. Most of tho Volunteer energy Is devoted tolnmatcsof prisons, visiting prison ers whllo bohlnd bant, and helping to secure work for discharged prisoners. This Is quite a largo enough Held, the Volunteers say, to on- ' gago all of tholr resources, but they do not In tend to content themselves with It. Thoy.Aava othor plans of work, most of them In coUoeo- . tlon with established churches and in full recognition of thn saeramonfs. A prominent Voluntoor official said yester day that there Is no antagonism between tha two organisations, nnd that ho believed any feeling that had over existed has passed away. BATHES' a 11 ACE FOE OOrEElTOn. Urn Capture the Prise In Texas Without Turning; a Ilnlr. WABnrwoTOjr. July 20. Mr. Charles A. Ed wards of Texas tolls tho Washington Star, la the following ploturesquelanguagoot tho Lono ' Star State, how Judge Bayers, tho present Dcmocratlo "Watchdog of tho Treasury." Is making tho raco for tho Governorship: "Ho has not been in Congress such a power ful Ions time, but ions onough, 03 all you Washtngtonlans know, to Imprint his person ality upon tho appropriation bills for the last few fleeting years. Ho is going to be Oovornor of Toxas. no has made tha most remarkable campaign of any can didate for oIBco over put up. In my experlonce, and my recollection can so back ovor tho political trail for many moons. Since he announced his candidacy for the nomina tion, ho has not made a speech, was not inside tho Stato until attor Congress adjourned, nnd , personally did nothing to keep tho ball rolling. Yot his campaign has progressed so that ho has causod three prominent gentleman to with draw from tho raco. and the cards are now arranged to deal him out a nomination by ac clamation on the first hand when tho State) Convention moots Aug. 2. " Tho idea of that man staying up hero In Washington and having the persimmon fall Into his hands, while several ngllo gentlemen wore reaching for It with the longest polos in Toxns sooms kind of quoor to the orthodox politician. I reckon there ain't a caso like tt on record. Tho way it oame about, as I figure it out, is this: Hore ho was attending to his busi ness ana keeping an oyo on Unele Sam's treas ure chost. nearly having a paroxysm overy tlmo tho Appropriations Committee coughed up a million. As tho case Btood. It was up to, his friends to do the work. Consequently every Bayers man in tbo Btato or ganized blmsolf Into a committee of one and went out and hustled. They went through tha Stato llko a fine-tooth comb through a ynllor kid's hair, and got everything In sight and put of sight. It W8B soon apparent that the other candidates had no moro ohnnco than a toothless dog at a fighting match, and tho old man can tered In on tho homestretch without turning a hair." OUB TBADE WITIT CAXADA. In 1808 the exports Aggrogated 883,834,047 and the Import 831,043,318. Washington, July 20. Tho Bureau of Statis tics has complotod a sorles of tables showlntr tho extent and varloty of tho commerce bo twepn tho United States nnd Canada, covering a period of twonty-flvo years, which. In vlow ot tho approaching session of tho Canadian Com mission at Qucboc. aro of unusual Interest. t Theso show that tho vnluo of goods Im ported Into tho United States from Canada varied In tho periods named from $24. 104.7155 in 1877 to $50,775,881 in 1B82. In 1808 it was $31,042,312. Exports to Canada fa, from tho United States ranged from $20,400.- ah 2!57 in 1880 to $82,854,047 in 1808. Theso fig- M uros are from United States official sources. . E J"1!!8 to Canada are Incomplete prior to April 1, 1803, since whlchdato exporters by rullroads havo boon required to furnish tho statistics ot their business. From Canadian official sources the figures for tho period from 1874 to 1807 aro : Imports Into Canada from tho United Stato .ranged from $126.96.36.1993 in 1880 to $57.02. lr" l9. 1".7- Export Into tho United States !roi,)i?n5,Ja..rl!n.ed from $25,084,845 In 1877 to $47.570140 I1A88S. In 1807. tho last year reported, thoy amounted to $45,880,022. Canada's imports from the United States In the llvo years from 1803 to 1807 wore 50.0 per cent, of till sho Imported i from Great nritnln J1"x W.,cent- Exports to tho United States wore 35.3 per- cent, and to Great Britain T5.3 por cent. Of her total foreign trado In tho jT,i'."lnt,oncd,i4roKnpcr cunt' wns with tha KS&'Yi "ISJS" i?'1.4'?'0 fr ,?"'- with Great P!SlnimSh S yll.ceod annually on tho nvoraga States, and $7,tlJ,030 from Great Britain. MOXTBEAI.'B ItEFEHCES, Important Military 'Work Recommended by an Iniperlnl Committee. Montokat,. Jnly20.-Tho Imperial Defenca Commltteo will shortly resume its work of ex amining and reporting upon tho defences ot tho Canndinn frontier and seaboard from th Atlantic to tho Pacific. It has already dono aa Immonsonmountof work. ( Two years ngo, after tho Vencr.uolnn mossag ' of Presldont Cleveland, tho commlttoo began Its work. Montreal was tho first placo of Ira portanco visited, nnd much tlmo was spent In studying tho plans and recommendations for the defence of tho city. A military survoy was made, and it Is stated that the reeommendn- tlons include a chain of forts n round the cltr connected by covered wnys, tho renown! and oxtonslon of the fortlflcntlons on St. Helen' ' I Island, nnd tho construction of fortification on the ; mountain. Theso last would bo armed with lienvy. long-rnngn guns, placed so as to command the harbor and itn approaches. Tho eommlltpo consists of Col. Ixach, Col, Dnltpn nnd i:l.t. While. It. N of the Imperial service, associated with Col. Lake Ouartor- !?aJ!0KWrn.1i nn.'! Co1' Avhner, Adjutant General ot tho Canadian sorvlco. , TllK l'AUIH KXVOSZTIOX. Commissioner-General I'pck to Opun East ern Ilrnclqunrter In This City. WAsniKOTON, July 20.-Fordlnand W. Peck ot Chicago, tho nowly appointed Commissioner Goncral to tho Paris Kxposltlon, left for Now York this afternoon, Kastorn hcadqunrtors will bo opened there In tho business section as soon as tho Assistant Commlssionor-Gonornl I npiiplntoil. Mr, Peek will go to Europo about Kept. J to secure more spaeo. for the Amorlcan exhibitor nnil toattend toother Important mat ters. The agricultural exhibit, for whloh Con grcso appropriated 875.000, will dob morn than usually Important feature. Commlssloporl'eck . 1 has In mind a plan for hating tho American ex hibit sont abrnsd In the auxiliary cmlsors and transports purchased and chartered hy tho Government for war purposes, at ,n u confi dent tho war will boovcrby tho time it is nec essary to begin tho shipment. Dean of Tlostnn UnlvertltyTTnw School. Boston, July 20,-Bamuol 0. Bennett, non of Judge Bennett, the late doan of th Boston Unherslty I-nw School, has boon chosen deau of this department of tho university, Mr. Ben- Jrt'i !"? J0" M'lnit as dean for some time. Tho trustees were unanimous in electing him. s 1