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TO SAVE TIE ARMY
' v Gen. Men Corps Ordered
I to Hank Point.
1 COL ROOSEVELT'S APPEAL.
Shatter and Roosevelt Censured
J hv llic Secretary of War.
(fl A War Mepnrtment Stirred to Action by
mt Itooaeielt's Description of the Condition
JGT of the Army In Santiago nnd by the
fl Petition of trio Dlvlalon and Corps
Hj, Commnni1r for Hi Itemovnl North
Uonaovelt Caniureil for Saying In
n Private letter to Secretary Alger
Tlint the Rough Riders Were Supe
rior to State Gunrdsmen, and Gen.
Hhnfter Hebuked nnd Cehsured for Sink-
, Ins Fubllo Gen. Kent's Report, Col.
1 Roosevelt's letter, nnd tire Petition of
. nit Dlvlalon nndBrlgadeCommandersfor
9v the Removal of the Army from Saotlnco.
5 'WARntKOTOX. Ann. 4. Tho War Dopartmont
was stirred up to-day by recent nets of Don.
Ehaftcr nnd Col. Thoodoro Roosevelt, which
havo just come to tho attention ot tho Adminis
tration, and theso officers havo Incurred tho
severe displeasure of Secretary Alger and pre
sumably of tho Prosldont Gon. Shatter's of
I fenco is In making public, In advance of tho
' I War Department, Gen. Kent's despatch do-
& loribtne the conduct ot the troops In his
Hi division In battlo and letters written by
MB 4 Col. Roosevelt and the division com man dors
J at Bantlaco appealing to tho oommondlnc Gen-
I cral for the withdrawal of tholr troops from
J9 Cuba. Col, Itoosevolt has offended tho Bocre-
V&i 'ry ot War by writing: him a personal letter.
wPL similar to that written to Gen. Shatter, but In
Mir' which he compares the soldierly abilities of the
rough ridors with that of State troops, to ths
disparagement ot the latter. Both Gen. Shatter
and Col. Roosevelt have been severely rebuked
and censured by tho Secretary of War.
With tho President's knowledge tho Secre
arysent Geu. Shatter a telegram to-day In
structing him peremptorily not to make publlo
i any Important official Information hereafter
y , without the authority ot tho War Department.
;, The Information that Roosevelt and the dl-
i',-A vision commanders had addressed a letter to
V Gen. Shatter was contained tn a despatch
I which was carried to the White House after 1
I o'clockthts morning, the niossago having boen
I delayed in transmission.
I It was not fully transcribed until to-day, and
I a council of war was held at the White House
B at once when the full purport of tho letters bo
ll came known. It had been Intended for somo
I time that the Santiago troops should bewlth-
ff drawn as Boon as tho yellow fover should bo
V stamped out, tho War Department believing
f& that the disease could be overcomo without too
jv'- great cost of llfo. Steps had been taken for tho
" linraedlato movement ot a part of tho troops,
an order having been prepared yesterday
directing that all ot tho cavalry forces at San
tiago and all of those at Tampa, except tho
jj r Fifth regulars and tho First Ohio volun-
fflTI tcers, be moved to Montauk Point without
v delay. The council ot lending officers ot tho
jf' War and Navy departments, held at the Whlto
Jyej" Houso to-day, was called to consider the with-
k drawal ot all the military forces In Santiago as
J promptly as possible. In tho light of tho rovela-
tlons made by Col. Roosovelt nnd tho other
i offleora. It was attended by the President,
I Secretary Alger, Secretary Long, Assistant
I Secretary Allon, Adit.-Gen. Corbln, Col. Hcckor
I of tho Quartermaster's Department, and Major-
ff. Gen. Butler. It was decidod, alter some dls-
'y, cusslon. that tho Santiago troops should bo
I transported to Montauk Point with as little
KjiA delay as tosslble. and this statement was
I " promptly prepared by the War Department:
"Wab Department, Aug. 4. 1808.
"The Secretary of War has ordered Gen.
Hhaftor's troops rolloved from further duty In
Santiago as fast ns transportation can be pro
vided and tho trnnsforof Spanish prisoners will
udmlt of reduction of tho garrison.
"Ships for tho Spanish prisoners will arrlvo
SteamMp. Sailtdfna Santiago, tilt.
Made Luzon CadU,Julr27 .Aug. 0.. 2,130
I.la do Panajr Codir, July 31.. Aug. 12. l.nuu
. P. de Btnutguo Cadtz,Aug. L.Aug. 18,.2,3M
. I Covtdonca Cadlz-Auii. 1 .Auc. 13.2.iTa
) Colon Cadlr.Auir. 2. .Aug. 14. .3,210
f LeonXHI Cadi, Auk. 2..AU;, 1..3,2CQ
',S' BanAuguatln Cadlz.Aug. 2 .Aug. 14.. 1,070
1 Ban Ignacln do Ixiynla Cadlr, Ailg. 3. .Aug. 1(5. 1,DM
I SanFranclaco Cadiz, Aug. 4. .Aug. 10..1,8.',0
jV Alicauto ..Mart, Aug. 4 .Aug. 7 1,1100
jr'y Total 18,404
t-ffv " Transports now at Santiago nro us follows ;
sfi Cntanla. 800 men ; Gates City, 000 men j Grand
I'l Duchess, 1.200 men; Miami. IXX) men ; Matte
A' wan. 720 men : Vlsllanca, 800 men: Olivette,
III 600 men s iterkshlro.sn) men : total. ,1,770 men.
fj These will gnu or New York ns fnat as tho men
cnn bo comfortnhly embarked. The rest nt
(I Montauk Point will preporo those sensotied
'j troops for tho campaign agnlnrt Hnvnnn, In
J which they will probably tnko part, Tho first
l transport left Santiago yesterday, Tho move.
Ill went Is expected to be completed by tho 20th
lj ot ,hft month, rivo Unltod Slates Volunteer
J' f regiment, Immuncs, havo been ordered to
J A Bnntlago for garrlbon duty. Tho first has nl-
X ready (irrtvod, nnd tho others aro being pushed
ill forward as rapidly ns transportation can bo
( H fumlnhcd."
I Bccretary Algor mndotho statement thlsnf-
ternoon that the netlon of tho military com-
I rounders at Santiago was unwarranted from
i tho fact that the department had already made
1 preparations for bringing tho troops toMon-
tauk Point. It Is certain, howoor, that tho
U Administration had not Intended to transport
sl n" ot the military forces thither at present, nnd
jvJJ Hio order prepared liythoWnrDepnrtmcntyes-
' In terday, provldlou for the withdrawal of only tho
M cnalry troops.conflrms this fact.
H bwrotnry Algor has roprlmaiuled Col. Itooc-
velt fur w hatio ronsidlH n supnrate and dls-
H tlmt offence. On July 23, Col. npoiovclt wroto
tl n letter tn tho Secretary similar In tono totho
.0 letter nddr-scd to Gen. Shatter. In that row
Vwi nuinlcatlon ho nrsently recommended that tho
l ftl " troop. Iiefn-nt clilmr Northorto Porto Illeo. ex-
IK IwsMnctlm opinion that llw would illn by
rMK lliOLMiud if left in Cuba He auctioned tho
1 " cumoy of ! nicilk-nl rffidT' leinirtn.
I jH " 'I In etc M-UTlMIuilly vltouiuh Innuuage
H erlbiil i iyiti. (onilltloii of till.
WiU "voi. i.).v 1U j.jiuou ot thv iciicr wUKU
aroused Secretary Algor's deepest resontment
Is Ool, Iloojcvoll's statement that tho rough
riders nro thrco tlmos as (rood soldlora ns any
National Guardsmen, Tho Becrotarr charac
terizes Col. Itoosovolt's rofloctlons upon tho
volunteer troops ns audacious, and ho Is very
angry. Alter carefully reading tho letter ho
prepared a portion of It tor publication and
handed It to tho press, together with his telo
nraphlc reply to Cot lloosovolt. Hora Is the ox
ccrpt from tho lottor and tho full text ot tho
"My Deau Mn, SEcnnAUTt I am writing
with the knowledge and approvnl ot Gon.
Wlicolcr. Wo oarncstly hope that you will send
us mostof tho regulars, nnd at any rata tho
cavalry division. Including tho rough ridors.
who aro ns good ns any regulars, nnd thrco
tlmos as good a any State troops.to Porto Itlco.
Thoro aro 1,800 offecttro men In this division.
It those who were loft behind wore joined to
them wo could land at Porto Illeo In this cav
alry division close to 4,000 men who would bo
worth easily any 10,000 National Guards armed
with black nowdor Bprlngfleldsorothornrelialo
weapons. Very respectfully.
" TniODOSE ItOOSEVELT."
Tho following reply was cabled to Col. llooso
" Tour lottor of 23d Is rocolvod. Tho regular
army, tho volunteer army and tho rough riders
havo dono well, but I suggest tlint, unless you
want to spoil tho effects and glory of your vic
tory, you mnko no invidious comparisons. Tho
rough riders aro no better than other volun
teers. They had an advantage In their nrms,
for which thoy ought to be very crntof ul.
"It. A. Awtn, Secretary of War."
When Secretary Algor made thoso mnttors
public nt tho War Dopartmont Into this after
noon, much gossip was occasioned and various
vlowsworo privately expressed by officers of
the Administration. A good deal Is being said
about tho unwlso action of an army officer in
expressing such vlows. The fact was not lost
sight of. however, that tho letter was a personal
ono to Secretary Algor and that it probably
would never hae been made publlo oxcopt by
tho Secretary's unlooked-for action. Now that
tho excerpt from tho letter has been made pub
lic and the reply to Col. Itoosovolt's porsonal
communication has been put In official form,
both will doubtless be mado a part of tho per
manent records ot tho War Department.
The Secretary of War has designated Major
Gon. B. M. Yound to be In command of tho
Montauk Point camp. Gen. Youne left Wash
ington for New York to-day, whence ho will so
Immediately to Montauk. On his arrival he will
consult with Col. Forwood, tho army medical
officer In charge. In regard to the location, of
the camp and the arrangements for wator. ne
will also superintend tho arrangements for
recolvlnc subsistence and commissary supplies
preparatory to tho arrival of the first detach
ment of soldiers from Santiago. Gen. Young's
command will last until somo senior officer nr
rives at tho camp, when ho will be suporsedod.
JIOOSETELTS T.ETTEIt TO SITATTEIt.
An Appeal for the Itemavnl of the Army
North Petition of the Genernl Officers,
Washington. Aug. 4. Tho lettor sent by
Col. Theodore Itoosevolt to Gen. Shatter, pro
testing against tho further detention of our
army at Santiago, and tho petition of tho di
vision and brigade Generals demanding that
the army bo moved to somo Northern camp
la the United Btatcs at once, which wero sent
by Gen. Shatter to tho War Dopartmont, aro as
" Sfajtr aemntstuftn'i - - -rv
"Bin: Ina meeting of theceneral and med
ical officers, called by you at the palace this
morning, we wore all. as you know, unanimous
In Tiow ot.what should be dono with tho army.
To keep us hero. In the opinion of every officer
commanding a division or a brigade, will sim
ply Involvo tho destruction ot thousands.
There is no posstblo reason for not ship
ping practically the entire command north
at onco. Yellow fever cases nre very few
in tho cavalry division, where I command
ono ot tho two brigades, and not ono
true case of yellow fever has occurred in this
division, except among tho men sent to tho
hospital at Blbonoy. where they have,' I be
lieve, contracted it. But in this division thoro
have been 1,500 cases of malarial fever. Not a
man has died from It, but tho whole command
is so weakened and so shattered as to bo ripe
for dying llko sheep when a real yellow fever
epidemic. Instead ot a fako opldomio like tho
present, strikes us, as it Is bound to if wn stay
here at tho height ot tho sickness season, Au
giiBt and the beginning ot Scptombor.
"(Juarantlno against malarial fover is much
llko quarantining against tho toothache. All
ot us aro certain, as soon as tho authorities nt
Washington fully apprpciato tho conditions of
tho army, to bo sent home. If we aro kept hero
it will in all human probability mean an ap
palling disaster, for tho surgeons hero estimato
that over halt tho army. If kept here during the
sickly season, will die.
" This Is not only the troublo from the stand
point of the Individual lives lost, but it means
ruin from tho standpoint of the military effi
ciency of the flower of the American Army, for
the croat bulk of tho regulars ore herewith
you. Tho slek list, largo though It Is, exceeding
4.000. affords but a faint Index ot the domina
tion of tho army. Not 10 percent. are fit for
active work. Six weeks on the north Maine
coast, for Instance, or elsewhere where tho yel
low lover germ cannot possibly propagate,
would make ua all as fit as fighting cocks, able
as wo aro and eager to tnko a leading part in
tho great campaign against Havana In tho fall,
oven If wo nro not allowed to try Porto Blco.
"We can be moved North. If moved nt onco,
with absolute safety to tho country, although,
of course, It would havo been Influltclytictterit
wo had been moved North or to rorto Weo two
weoks ago. If thoro were any objoct In keeping
us hero, we would face yellow fever with as
much Indlfforeneo as wo fnco bullets. lint thoro
Is no object In It Tho four Immune regiments
ordered horo aro sufficient to gttrrlson the city
and surrounding towns, and thoro Is absolutely
nothing for us to do hero, ami there hns not
boon slneo tho city surrendered. It i lnios
slble tomovo Into the Interior. Every shifting
of enmp doubles the sick rnto In our present
weakened condition, nnd, anyhow, the Interior
1m rather worse than tho coast as I have found
by nctual reconnolssance. Our present cam pa
aro nshoulthy as any camps at this end ot tho
iblnnd can be.
"I wrlto only becauso I cannot see ourmen,
who havo fought so bravely nnd who havo en
dured extreme hardship and danger so uncom
plainingly, ko to destruction without striving,
so far as lies In me, to avert a doom as fearful
ns It is unnecessary nnd undesorved. Yours
respectfully. TnEODonc BoosjcvKt-r,
" Colonel Commanding I'lrst Brigade."
M5TITI0S TO OEK. SlUrTKB.
Tho commanding officers also signed tho fol
lowing petition to Gen, Hhnftcr:
" We, tho undersigned olDcors commanding
tho vartonit brigades, divisions Ac.oltlio urmy
of occupation In Cuba, nro of tho unanimous
opinion that this army should bo at onco tnken
out of tho Island of Cuba and sent to somo
point on tho northern seaconst of the Unltod
BtuWs; that it can be dono without danger to
the poople of the United States; that yellow
fevor in the army at present Is not epldcrulo;
that there are n few sporadlo cones; but that
the army Is disabled by malarial fover to tho
extent that Its efficiency in destroyed, nnd that
It Is Inn condition to bo practically destroyed
by an opldemlc of yellow fever, which Is sure
to eomo In the near future.
"We know from the reports of competent
Brers nnd from per-wnnl uliseivatiuns that
CWftiurcf cm iitcuiiit i'ajt.
SPAIN TAKES HER TIME.
SAQABTA IB COXSVtTIXa A SCORE Oil
BO OF LEADERS,
He TTnnta All Parties tn Share the Iterpon
slblllty If Peace It Blade These Confer
ences Won't Ho Over Till To-morrow,
When Communications Between Wash
ington nnd Madrid Aro Kxpected to
Flench n Clhnnx Tho Ministry Wants
Peace, but Will Hake Wny for Other
Lendera If the Country 8nva So no
bledo Shouts for More War, hut Marli
nes Campos nnd Other landing Men
Ilnve Yielded to BngnsUi's Amumenta,
ftxrfal CatU Ditpatcha la Tm Bine.
Madrid. Aug. 4. A council wns held at the
palaeo to-day, tho Queon Regent presiding.
Soflor Sagasta made a statcmont dealing with
tho peaoo negotiations. No roply from Wash
ington had been received, nnd consequently
tho ministerial council which was to havo been
held later was postponed until to-morrow to
cnablo Premier Sacastu to confer with tho
Ho mado appointments to confer with Sofior
Montoro at II o'clock, Sofior Armljo nt4. Gen.
Martinez Campos ot 5, and tho Dukn ot Tetuan
and Sofior Ilomero Iloblcdont 0 o'clock this
Sofior Cnpdepon, Minister of tho Intorlor,
added tho Information that tho Captains-General
ot Spain had also boon summoned to a
conference. Great Interest Is evinced in the
result of theso conferences. .
Tho Queen T.ccont has suggested tho return
ot tho cx-Mlnlstors and tho Generals to Madrid
for purposes ot consultallon
As tho leaders who had been summoned to
confer with Seflor Sagasta wero leaving the
Prime Minister's residence, they wero Individ
ually questioned as to tho result of tho deliber
ations. Gen. Campos, tho Duke, of Tetuan and
Scfiores Montoro. RIos and Armljo declined to
reveal anything. Senor Roblodo was closeted
with Beflor Segasta for two hours. He after
wnrd talked freely with tho reporters.
Ho said ho had told tho Prime Minister that
there must bo war, war. war 1 It wns disgrace
ful to seek pence with the constitutional guar
antees suspended and with muffled bells. Peaeo
on tho terms proposed by tho United States
would bo dangerous for tho monarchy and
ruinous to the country. Ho would opposo it
everywhere, in Parliament and.nt tho patnee.
where ho was going to see tho Queen Regent
Senor Roblodo added that he had told Sofior
Sagasta that It ho was unwilling to continue
tho war to resign. If the country wants peaeo
let it elect a peace Government. Ho further
"My differences with Sagasta aro appalling."
Premier Sagasta declares that since the
peaco..nogoUatlons -hnyo..,not. yet boon con
cluded both the Madrid and Washington Gov
ernments are bound to maintain absolute
reserve In regard to the question! under con
sideration. It is announced that Premier Sagasta will re
sign just as soon as articles of peace are signed.
London, Aug. 4. A despatch to tho Standard
from Madrid says that Gen. Campos nnd
Soflores Montoro. RIos nnd Armljo havo yielded
to Seflor Sagasta's arguments nnd promised to
loyally support him in obtaining peace.
Tho dospatch adds that all tho members ot
the Cablnot hnvo pronounced In favor of con
sulting tho politicians and military men who
are most conspicuous In tho dynastlo parties,
who have played a prominent nnrt nt homo
nnd in tho colonies since the restoration,
and who might ngaln bo called to tho
councils ot tho Regency. It is tho Intention
of tho Government to placo before them all tho
official data concerning tho situation in tho
Peninsula, tho West Indies and tho Philippines
to enablo them to judge It it is posslblo to con
tinue tho struggle, and then to report to them
tho state ot tho negotiations for peace nnd the
Tho Cablnot is favorable to peace, but tho
Government and tho Liberal party aro ready to
make way for tho promoters of any other solu
tion of tho crisis or any other councillors tho
Crown might call upon.
At least forty-eight hours will be required
for the Ministers to consult successively,
according to tho etiquette of precedence,
thu Presidents ot the Souato and Chamber
of Deputies, then Sofior Hilvcln. ns tho leador
er of tho Conservatives, the Duko of
Tetuan and Seflor Robledo. leaders of the
dissenting Conservatives, and Gens, Campos,
Prlmo dl Rivera, Lopez; Domlnsuer, Polavlcja,
Weyler, and Calleja, Tho last thrco will bo con
sulted on nccount of their oxperionco In tho
West Indlos and Philippines.
Somo Impression seems to oxist that nothing
dcflnlto will bo dono In regard to penco and In
terior politics until theso consultations are over
on Saturday. This Is about tho date when tho
exchango of communications between Wash
ington and Madrid Is expected to eomo to a
cllmnx, In court, diplomatic, nnil iol It leal cir
cles, howovor, ovorybody bollovcs that penco Is
The Madrid newspapers publish very con
flicting comments on the polltlcnl strategy ot
Honor Sagastu in endeavoring to mukoiioneo
appear to be a national solution of tho diffi
culty, nnd In shifting part ot tho responsibility
on nil tho dynastlo parties by securing their
support to Induce tho nation to necopt tho
terms Imposed by the Americans, and to
mnlntnln tranquillity by associating nil tho
monarchical parties In tho net. Tho Liberal
suggests that tho leaders of tho extreme par
ties who hnvo boon out of offlco for twenty
five yrnrn and had nothing to do with tho
mistakes thnt led Snnln Into tho present critical
situation should also he consulted.
Tho rumors ot tho conocntlon of tho Cortes
nro premature. As tho peace negotiations will
hardly bo completed before September, Parlia
ment Is not llkoly to meet before autumn,
Othor report havo It that Seflor Bagasta Is in
clined to rush tho peaeo treaty, avoiding con
voking tho Cortes lest It hinder tho con
clusion of the treaty. Ho does not wish to
consult tho Cortes .In tho matter, and will only
demand n bill ot Indemnity after thu treaty Is
concluded, It Is said that the consultations
with tho leaders is partly with tho Idon of se
curing an undertaking from them to keep tho
Cortes quiet whon tho completed treaty is sub
mitted. From more than ono Madrid soureo comes
tho Intimation of the Improbability of Spain's
answer reaching Washington during tho cur
rent week. The Madrid correspondent of the
TVmn, while admitting thnt the conviction Is
spreading thnt tho negotiations will lead to
Ieacfl, says he does not expect tho result will
by attuliicd quickly,
f-'oftor Sagasta l a gcniilno Spaniard. Heob.
eets to being hustled and Insists uion every
thing being dono lu on orderly and dignified
manner. Moreover, ho must carry tho country
with him, and though he pooplo nro slncorely
desirous ot penco, thor would resent unneces
sary nnd unseomly hnsto, thoy greatly admir
ing tho tenacity with Which a man holds on
until tho Inst moment
Bagasta Is an unrivalled old parliamentary
hand and will follow his own systora ot tactics.
Tho Cablnot, novcrtholoss, declares that there
will not bo any unnecessary delay. Such as
hnB already oocurrod Is ascribed to tho compli
cated method ot telegraphing that Is followed.
Thus tho Spnnlsh official despatches nro sent
to Sofior Castillo, tho Spanish Mlnlstor atParls.
who declphors them and transmits them to
the French Government They nro then con
verted Into the French cipher and sent to M.
Cnmbon, tho Frcnoh Mlnlstor nt Washington.
Tho lnttor's rcpllos aro sent in tho same way.
BVAIX'H TE118IOX OF OVtt TERttH.
The Statement of Onr Pence Conditions
That Is Current lu Madrid,
Fimial CMU fjate. to Tnu Bos.
London, Aug. C Tho .Standard's Madrid
correspondent gives tho following vorslon of
tho American poaco conditions which Is cur
rent thoro: v
Spain must rcoognlu) tio Uborntlon of Cuba
and Porto Rico from her rule, agreeing to let
tho Unltod States determine how and when
now regimes will bo established In tho islands
after tho Indlspensnblo evacuation by tho Hpnn
Ish troops, who nro to leavo bohlnd all tho war
stores, guns, fortifications nnd vessels Intact
Spain Is to pay the claims ot American citizens
arising out ot tho Cuban civil war. 'Tho Unltod
States will not rocoRnteo and will not make
Cuba reeognlzo tho Cuban dobts of any kind,
but will undertnko to seo that the lives and
property of Spaniards aro respocted In the Wost
Tho question ot tho Philippines Is to bo set
tled dollnltely later by a mixed commission,
which will Bit In London or Paris, but Spain
will havo to alter tho fundamental principles ot
her colonial policy In religious, political and
administrative matters. Sho must also cede to
thaUnlted States naval stations to bo selected
in Bio Mariana. Lndrono and Caroline Islands
nnd a port In Luzon or another of tho Philip
Tho despatch adds that It Is understood that
Spain hns demurred to tho conditions regard
ing tho Philippines, the Cuban debt and Amer
ican claims In the West Indies.
FEACE KKAll AT UASD.
Spain's Finnl Answer Kxpected In Wash
ington by Saturday.
Washinoton. Aug. 4. President MoKinloy Is
apparently supremely confident that Spain's
formal acquiescence In tho terms laid down by
the United States ana preliminary to tho ne
gotiation of n treaty ot peace will bo received
by this Government In a very short tlmo. Pre
dictions were' mado to-day by prominent of
ficials thnt the Spanish answer would bo In tho
hands ot tho President by Saturday. Every
body connected with the Administration Is evi
dently in thorough accord with tho prevailing
belief thnt pence is assured, and no auxlotv is
felt as to what tho response ot tho Spanish
nm'nrnmnnl will Iia 'Chn .hnninla, it Ihn
question asked by the French Ambassador
during his call nt the White Houso yesterday
made It plain that Spain had accepted the
inevitable, nnd was merely nuxlous to secure
a thorough understanding of ' certain para
graphs in tho American note boforo notifying
tho United States qf hor formal nnd final ac
A long conforence was held at Hie White
Houso to-day between President McKlnlny,
Bccretary Day. Secretary Alger, nnd Secretary
Long In regard to ono ot tho aspects presented
by tho arrangement of peace terms. Socrctnry
Day aptienred at tho White House, prior to this
conference to report to the President the result
of his midnight Interview with Amlmssador
Cnmbon. After ho bad been with tho President
a short time Secretaries Algor and Long worn
summoned. It appears that somo reforonej
was mado. probably In tho conference between
Secretary Day and St. Cambon. to Spain's seom
ing inability to remove hortroops from Cuba and
Porto Rico. This nspect of tho situation was
dlsbusscd by tho President with the thrco Cab
inet officers, with n vlow to reaching a conclu
sion that would result In expediting tho evacu
ation of tho islands.
It wns ngrecd by tho President and his ad
visers that the status ot tho Spanish ovneua
tlon wasdlfforent from that nt Santiago. Under
tho terms of tho American note transmitted
through SI. Cambon tho Spanish forces must
withdraw from Cuba and Porto Rico. They
will not bo obliged to surrender, but merely to
leavo tho Islands without interforenco or as
sistance by tho Unltod States
The most interesting feature of tho confer
ence was tlionbsolutonssurancodlsplnyodbytho
President and tho three Secretaries that peaeo
Is certain and only n short tlmo off. So confi
dent wore the conferee that thoy considered
tho question of sondlng an army ot occupation
to Cuba, It was determined that Gen. Leo's
Seventh Army Corps should be assigned to
Cuban service, and arrangements will be made
Immediately to transport this forco to tho
Island, Tho embarkation may begin within a
weok. No friction with the Spanish Govern
ment over sending American troops to Cuba
prior to the withdrawal ot tho Spanish forces
nooo.ni' to the cvitAS cnAsinr.n.
Illnuro Suspend! the Sittings of That " Aa
Special Cable DttpaUA (o Till Bos.
Madrid, Aug. 4. An official despatch from
Havana says thnt Captain-General Blanco has
susponded tho sittings of tho Cuban Chamber.
Tho despatch ndds that tho Spaniards havo
evacuated Alburn. Tho Insurgents unterod the
town and massacred eighteen volunteers.
The Spaniards did not ovacuato Glbara. San
tiago province, hut wero driven out pell moll
nsTuE Sun's despatches havo already shown.
1TK MAKE 11AVAKA A. FEESENT.
4C0 Prisoners Whom We Caught on the
North Const Sent to the City.
Kr.v West, Fla., Aug. 4. The Badger came
In last night, bringing olght Spanish deserters
from lighthouses on tho north coast, who will
bo turned looso hero.
The Spnnlsh prizes raptured by the Badger
at Nucvltas wore tho tug Umborto Rodriguez,
tho barge Fernandoz, and the brlgnntlno Hallo.
Thoy had 400 Bpnnlards on board, who wero
sent to Hnvana to-day from Tortugss on tho
Inst two prlzos named after taking tholr arms
away. Onion were received from Washington
to send them to Havana.
She Will Carry Hpnnt.U Prisoners Home.
tptHal Cail Pnpattk la Tik Bon,
St. PiEBnr., Martinique Aug, 4. Tho Spanish
hospital ship Alicante sailed this morning for
Bantlngo do Cuba under tho safe conduct of the
Govcrnmontof tho Unltod States Issued by the
American Consul hero. She will carry prison
ers back to Spain,'
Carlsbad Mud ltnths In America,
There boo )"t bru dUraverrd an alkali mud of
great atrenKth at a lm-allon tentr-ono rnlln from
Chicago, Tr.li mud la an abaulute curt for rlieuma
tiini and all dliaaaea inimtl by urlo acid In the ara
Uin, and la a practical duplicate of tho celebrated
Carta bad mud,
Tnn ductora tborousblr familiar with the mud
bath cure, and taring a lira" cllrulclr.want aoma
onewllllnKtolmcatfl&.ooo for the MUhllahment
of tho buaintaa. Apn.tcl.aa hotel on grounds can
Le based on favnrahls Icnni. lintel now used far
suminirrroort biulmaa onli. Forty miuutca from
ctui-nun. Fort)' tralua dally. File ralnuUa from
fhl la an exceptional opportsully to make bi
rnuurr. and It mil lay to tuv.r.gaU', Addreaa
MERRITT RULES ON LAND.
AaVINAT.nO GETS OFF'' 1118 Biaa
nOBSE AT CArXTB.
Wo TJaro Assumed a Very Firm Attitude
and the Insurgent Chief Is More Con
elllntory lie Asks Fermlaslon to March
Ills Troops Through Manila After We
Capture It Wnnta American Ofllrers to
Command Ills Ileilments-Aitor Itattery
In Position American Priest Aak the
Archblahop to Try to Avert Uloodshed.
Stttial CabU Dtirxttihn to Tax Box.
CAvrni, July 30, via Hong Kong, Aug. 4. It
Is believed that the course that Is boingfollowod
by Gen. Morrltt, tho commander of tho Ameri
can military forces hero, will nvort the
threatened troublo with tho Insurgents. Hols
taking a very firm ottltndo toward the in
surgents, with tho result that there Is a very
matotinl chango In the situation.
Agulnaldo, tho insurgont leador. Is dismount
ing from his high horse, and instead ot acting,
as ho dlil for a time, as though ho was master
ot tho situation, is now adopting n far more
conciliatory attltudo. Ho does not talk In such
a grandiose manner ot what the Filipinos in
tend to do whon Manila has fallen. On the con
trary, he has asked permission of Gen. Morrltt
to march his troops through tho otty after the
Americans havo captured it.
Ho has also suggested to Gen. MerrUt tho
formation of native regiments to be com
manded by American officers. It is very evi
dent that a great light has dawned on Agulnal
do and that ho realtzos tho futility of opposing
the wishes ot tho Amoricans.
His suggostlou regarding tho placing ot
American officers tn command ot native regi
ments Is well understood to bo prompted by his
dnslro to avoid the disarmament ot his follow
ers, a course that wns sure to havo been fol
lowed had the threatening attltudo of tho In
surgents toward the Amoricans been main
tained. Tho Astor battery of mountain artillery,
which arrivod hero on tho steamer Newport, is
now in position before Malate, a short distance
from Manila. Tbo battery is occupying the
trenches from which tho Insurgents were with
drawn. It is supported by a battalion of tho
Third Artlllory, noting as infantry. The bat
tery Is within 1,000 yards ot tho Spanish lines.
Fathers Dohcrty and McKlnnon wont to
Manila to-day under a flag ot truce, to soe the
Archbishop for tho purposo ot Impressing on
him the futility of further resistance on the
part of the defenders of the city. Tho Arch
bishop wields great Influence but it Is not
known that he can be prevailed upon to use ft to
prevent the slaughtorthat will surely follow the
taking ot tho city by nssault At the tlmo ot
sondlng t hi despatch tho American priests had
not returned from tholr mission.
Madbid. Aug. jlHaon. Rios. tho Spanish
commandant ot tho Viscaya Islands, has sent
along telegram to Gen. Corron, under date of
Hollo. July 20.. Ho says:
"The situation Is unchanged. There has been
some fighting. Tho Insurrection Isdomlnntlng
the northorn provinces. The Knglish steninur
Chiirtorhoiisc. with arms for tho Insurgents on
board. Is cruising off tho const with the object
of landing. Sho hns already been repulsed
from Leyte Island. I havo taken strlngont pre
cautions against future attempts."
MORE SHIPS FOR AD3IIRAT. JJKIIKF.
Ills Force May lie Augmented by One
Cruiser aud Two UatUeshlps,
Washington, Aug. 4. On account of their
protracted stay In equatorial waters some of
the ships of Admiral Dewey's command neod
overhauling, and before long thoy must bo
cleaned nnd othorwlso put In order. In view ot
this prospective contingency tho Navy Doiwrt
ment Is considering the question of withdraw
ing some of Dewey's vessels to Mnre Island and
Porto Orchard on tho Paclflo coast for dry
docking nnd assigning other vessels to tako
tholr places. The probabilities are that tho
Asiatic squadron will be greatly Increased In
the number and character of ships. When tho
Spanish Government has compliod with tho
terms ot tho United States concerning tho
eradiation of Cuba and Porto Rico there will
bo no necessity of keeping a large fleet
In Wost Indian waters; 'In fact, ninny officers
betiovn that the occasion for tho presenco In
tho West Indies of so many battleships and
othor big vessels does not now oxist. Tho send
ing of reinforcements to Admiral Dewey may
begin as soon as vessels have boen cleaned and
overhauled at New York. Norfolk, nnd Port
Iloynl. It Is tho genornl understanding that ho
will get a battleship or two, and as there are no
vessels of that type on tho Paclflo coast the
North Atlantlo squadron must be drawn on.
The ships selected will proceed, of course, by
the Suez Canal route, whllo thoso detaohod
from Manila for repairs nt homewlll sail across
the Paclflo to California and Washington naval
Admiral Dewey's squadron has already as
sumed formidable proportions, with two mon
itors, flvo cruisers and two gunboats under his
command, nn inerenso ot thrco over tho num
bor engaged In tho battlo of Slay 1, omitting
thorovenuo cutlor SfcCullooh. While no au
thoritative statement on tho subject can be ob
tained, tho probabilities are thnt tho ending of
tho war will witness tho departure from tho
United States of some of the vessels assigned
to the Eustorn squadron and still ofllolally un
dor Commodore Watson's command. Tho
cruiser Newark nnd tho battleship Massachu
setts and Oregon nro likely to bo tho selections
forscrvlco on tho Asiatic station, forming, with
tho vessels now at Manila, a poworful flout of
four armorolads and sevonother fighting1 ships,
not including supply nnd despatch boats nnd
tho Spnnlsh gunboats picked up by Admiral
Dewey in the Philippines.
OrERItAULTXa THE TEXAS.
Cnpt. Philip Will Preserve the PInte Which
Was Pierced by a 8panl.li Nbell.
The work of overhauling tho battleship Texas
Is being pushod forward rapidly at the navy
ya'rd. Arrnngomonts havo been mado to thor
oughly clean her hull with sand blasts, nnd ma
chinists are engaged in straightening out tho
dents mndo by the collision with a coral reef nt
Dry Tortugns, Tho pinto In the ash hoist
through which a Spanish shot passed has been
cut out, and Capt. Philip will have It framed,
Tho battleship continues to be a great source
of Interest to visitors to tho nnvy yard, nnd tho
demand for souvenirs of Cervera's riddled fleet
has bcon so great that tho supply Is neatly ox
haustod. Tho cruiser Tonlhcr will soon he ready for
service. The gun platforms and mounts aro In
plai-o, nnd hor mnlnAbattery of ten 5-Inch rifles
wns put on bourd ycMtrdny,
Uaukruptry Blanks Now Ready.
W. IUld Upuld, 18 Kuaau tX.-Aiv.
iiro of ovn transports orovndbd.
They Were the Maitachnsetts and Ilonma
nla, and It Is Feared the Massachu
setts Is Loat Our Outposts Uave Been
Poshed Fourteen Mltrs Deyond Ponce.
Spftlal CabU Dtipatch U Tna Sine.
Ponce, rorto Illeo, Aug. 2t Ia St Thomas.
Aug. 4. Military men say that everything Is
now awaiting the landing ot the cavalry nnd
artlllory from tho transports.
Tho transports Massachusetts and Rouma
nla havo both boon unfortunate. Ono ot thorn
Is stuck la the mud at Guaulca, and tlio othor
at this place. As the Massachusetts was stcflfa-j '
Ing up tho harbor of Ponoo last night sho ran
hor nose In tho mud on a lltito Island
near tho entrance. 8ho was . so hard
aground that It was lmposs Iblo for hor to got
off herself, and so The Bun's despatch boat,
tho Carbonoro, tried to pull her off. Tho de
spatch boat broko every hnwsor sho had aboard,
but tho Massachusetts did not float. Bho is
IlkolytoKOtoploces. Cavalry Troops AandO
have been landed from her. but the 1,500 horses
are still on board.
Tho Rouroanta arrived nt Guanlca with tho
Comanche and City ot Macon. Tho other two
transports went to hor assistance when sho
grounded, but did not succeed In pulling her
Into deep wator. It Is thought, howevor, that
sho will bo got afloat to-morrow.
Four other transports arrived to-day. The
work of landing tho trooin Is proceeding
slowly, owing to tho fact thai tho army has no
steam launches. The barges In which the men
are landed havo to be rowed ashore.
The only movement by tho troops nshoro Is
the pushing ahead ot the outposts two miles.
They are now fourteon miles from the city on
the military road.
Gen. Stone and his party ot scouts have
reached Utuardo. They met no Spaniards on
tho road. A courier who arrived to-night
says that a party of 200 Spaniards is in
tho mountains near tho divide. Accord
ing to tho couriers half ot tho Spaniards
were to go to the tilace where Gen. Stone
bad left a small guard on the road, while tho
other halt wero to attempt to capture the Gen
oral. Tho story I not belloved by army
officers, who ontortaln no fears for Geu. Stone's
Gen, Wilson Is finishing tho establishment of
tho local government. There have been many
meetings with the various officials, who wero
delighted and astonished when ho told them
that the money raised by (axes would all lie
spent tor local Improvements. Tho ofilclnls
could not understand thnt tho Amcrlcnns wero
to take none ot tho money.
Tho Slayors of two mora Interior towns
called upon Gen. Wilson and Informed him that
they had hoisted the American flag. They said
that all the SpnnUh soldiers bad fled.,
Reports continue to eomo in of the. gathering
of Bpan!lr"tro6ps In Intrenehmonts on tho
military rnali at Albonlto, about thirty miles
from Ponce. Tho spot Is an Ideal ono for de
fence, as the road runs through a cut In tho
mountains. Tho character of the topography
makes it lmposlblo for tho troops from Ponco
to flank the enomy at this point.
This Is tho reason why troops aro being land
ed ut Arroyo. The road from Arroyo leads to
tho military road, an!) moots It at a point be
yond where tho reported intrenchments are
being thrown up.
Tho troops at Arroyo were nearly all landed
to-day. Thoy Include thoio brought by the
St. Louis. St Paul. Seneca and City of Wash
ington. The cruiser Cincinnati is at the land
ing place. Gon. Brooke has his headquarters
at Arroyo. Ho will movo his command to
morrow out Into the country. There Is not a
slok man in tho lot.
It Is pretty certain that thoro will bo no move
ment of troop either from Ponco or Arroyo on
San Juan for a woek. When the movemenQic
glns there will bo no stop till San Juan Is
reached. All that part of tho Island which Is
occupied by our forcos Is quiet. Including all
tho towns whoro the Americans are tn posses
sion. In Ponce yesterday Private La Duo of tho
Second Wisconsin shot and killed Private Staf
ford of the regulars. La Due was intoxicated.
The Captain of his company will bo court-mar-tlalled
for lotting him havo a gun whon ho wan
not on duty.
The finding ot the court-martial in the case
of the doctor who passed 910 in Confederate
bills on tho natives has been rejected. Tho
court-martial sentenced him to pay a line of
9100 nnd to bo dismlssod from the sorvlco In
disgrace. This punishment is declared to bo
Tho health of tho troops at Ponce Is good.
There Is some typhoid fovor. bnt none of the
men nre sufforlng from climatic troubles.
The pickets of Gon. Brooke's command at
Arroyo nro the only men who have done any
firing since the first landing. They flro from
60 to 100 shots nightly Into a grove where some
Spanish cavalry is bolleved to be still concealed.
THE MAX WHO SVnREXDERRD FOXCE.
Col, San Martin Conrt-Mnrtlnlled for Leav
ing the City Without a Fight.
fptciat CMe Pnnatthrl It Tut RDM.
Madrid. Aug, 4, Captaln-Genoral Maclos
hns telegraphed from San Juan, Porto Rico, to
Gen. Correa, Sflnlstcr of War. that Col. Ban
Martin, who commanded the Spanish troops at
Ponce, has been court-mnrtiallod for evacuating
tho placo without a fight. The ponalty Imposed
upon him Is not announced, but ono report
says that ho hns been dismissed from the
army, whllo (mother says ho has been shot.
It Is also said that Col. l'ulc, who was second
In command at Ponce, committed suicide upon
hearing of thosontonce Imiosed upon his su
perior. In tho Cnblnct meeting to-day Gen. Corron
denied that Col, Sun Martin had bcon shot,
but conllrmod tho report of thosulcldoof Col.
Captnln-Genernl Mndas cabled further from
San Juan to Gon. Corron, Minister of War, thnt
tho volunteers nro disorganized nnd are aban
doning their arms. Not one-third of thorn re
muln In tho city.
no ndds that tho American cavalrv from
Ponco hnvo advanced In thodlrectlonof Conmo,
which is occupied liy two companies ot tho Pn
trios Guerrilla battalion.
When tho oncmy landed and captured Ar
royo the voluntoers wero Inactive, The natives
hnvo rlf en at San German.
A second despatch from Gon. Maclas says
that ho lm concentrated three guerrilla com
panies against the enomy at Arroyo. One com
pany surpiisoo tho Amorlcan odt anco guard.
Some ot the guerrillas even entered the city
of Arroyo, The Spanish troop dispersed tho
San German "rebels," killing a number of
thorn nnd capturing their arms and ammuni
tion. Tho enemy has landed reinforcements at
Arroyo. American ships continue off tho coast,
threatening to laud at various places.
IIOBSON TELLS HIS STORY. 9
CHEERS FOR THE JlERRtiTACS HERO lf
AT inB GREAT WAR MEETING, tl
The Andlenco Cheered Cervern oi Entha lll
tlastlrally as the American Iferoes Me f
Adoo Says "Where the ring Has Gone, fjH
Please God It Bhnll fitny"-Woodford '(!
Says Spain's Fine Must Come Down M'
The Meeting Vociferously Approves. Dil
Thoro wns such a dlspluy of patriotic feeling f ifl
nt.the Metropolitan Opera Houso last night ej " IH
this city has not seen for years nnd ycarZ laH
Nominally, It was a meeting In aid of the Not H
York Boldlors nnd Bailors' Families' Protew IIS
tlvo Association. Actually, It wns a contlnuou IfH
out burst of tho strongest wnrmost kind of ijS
national feeling, aud ot generous trlbuto t nfl
tho man who havo shown their gallantry In lH
this war, whether thoy were for us or against Jfl
us. With tho same uproar with which the bis
crowd greeted Lieut Hobson whon ho opened ' S
tho meeting nnd greeted tho nnmes of StoKta '
ley nnd Dowoy. It grootod tho namo of Corvcra, S
the Spanish Admiral. This spectacle of a great ' 9
audlonco of enthuslnstlo Americans rising to Ifl
their feet, waving tholr handkerchiefs, and ifl
shouting threo big Amorlcan cheers at tho ' n
mcro mention ot tho namo of tho man who jfl
mado tho strongest fight that has boen matft Ifl
on tho Rea against the United Btatcs during Jjfl
this war was equally significant nndromarkV ifl
bio. The meeting was significant In another fl
way. Tho speakers could not avoid now and jjfl
then roforenco to the problems which are , ffl
before tho country's statesmen with regard I fl
to tho policy of territorial oxpanston. At every l fl
reference to tho raising ot tho American flag In fl
new and strange lands and every expressed -I
hope that this war should spread Amorlcan fl
civilization Into places where it had not been ' 9
before, tho crowd roared its approval again and H
again. It grcoted references to any other I H
policy with cold silence and sometimes with fl
The big opera house, with the oxceptlon of ifl
tho mlddlo of tho two tiers ot boxes, was , fl
crowdod full. Peoplo stood In tho rear ot tho fl
scats on the main floor nnd In the galleries, and fl
thestago was crowded with as many people as I fl
it could hold, although It was as hot a night as ' fl
over tested tho enthusiasm of a Now Y'orlt nu- j HJ
dlenee. The Seventy-first Regiment Band, un- HJ
der the stage, and tho Bank Clerks' Gloo Club ot HJ
100 voices, above It, playedandsangforthe first HJ
halt hour, whllo people craned tholr necks try- HJ
Ing to find Capt. Jack Philip of the Texas, who HJ
was supposed to be tn one of tho boxes, but HJ
who didn't dare come, although his record is HJ
not that of a man afraid of ordinary ordeals.
Outside the opera houso was a great crowd ot
peoplo who apparently could not afford to par
for tho high-priced seats that wero left, but
were anxious to ndd tholr cheers to tho gen
eral recognition of I.lout. Hobson. At about j
half past 8 o'clock ho drovo up to tho front of
the opera bouse In an open carriage with the . 8
Hon. William SfcAdoo. ox-Assistant Secretary
oftho Navy, aud Major John Byrne, President fl
of tho association for whoso benefit the moot- 9
ing was held. 3
The crowd pressod up to the carrlngo and 'f
formed an open lane at the front door, through 1
whlchMr. Hobson and tho othora walked amid a a
tumult ot cheers and lint waving. Whon Mr. j
Hobson stepped out lu the wings on tho loft
side ot the big .stage tho houso rose with a tre- Jft
mondous shout. Thorp, had been a',Iot of mon W
outsldeselllngsmairAmorlcan flogs at 10 cents si
eacli.Thesoflutteredovorywheroovorthoheads 1 f
of tho cheorlng peoplo. Mr. Hobson stopped
short but only for a second. During that sec- jf
ond It was evident that ho would havo liked to
run, but he didn't. He went on nnd took his
scat, whllo the cheering, Bhoutlng and waving
of flags continued for more thnn a full minute 4
and a half. After "The Stnr-Spanglod Bon- -3
ner" had been sung, which seemed to relievo M
tho feelings of tho crowd a good deal for ovory-
body joined In Major Byrne eomo forward. He i
told what the mectingwasfor.howbankclorks,
grocery clorks, truok drivers, dny laborers, (
were working sldo by nldo In the Southern i
camps nnd on pestilent Cuban battlefields, j
whllo tholr families wero loft hero to get )
along as best thoy may This mooting was J
called so that there might be as little
difference as possible In tho feelings with I '
which their families regarded their absonoe. j
Already, he said, there wore 834 families In j
want, families of soldiers who had reached a ij
pas where they needed assistance It thoy were S
not to starvo to death. Ho did notbellovolt I
before the meeting, but now that he had seen p
tho meeting ho knew that Now York would 31
novor permit the family of an absent soldier or
sailor to bo In want of the common comforts ot I
When In talking about places whore our sail-
ore wero Major Byrne happened to mention '
the namo of Dewoy, thecrowd'rose to its feet
and hurrahed, and somebody In tho gallery
called for threo cheers, and thoy .rang out. and i
then Major Byrne said that he was glad that
Capt Philip had promised to be present !
Ho was obliged to stop whllo the people
shouted their three cheers for Capt. '
Philip, and for the Texas also. When he
turned around and called Mr. Hobson forward,
thochcorlng that grcoted the last skipper of the 1
Merrlmao was even louder than all the pre- (
vlous cheers, nnd It was prolonged much more.
Bomobody Instigated the band to bellevo it
could help things along, and folks could se
musicians working over their Instruments, but
never a sound was heard from them, so grea I '
was the sound ot human voices. Finally It was ''
observed that Mr. Hobson's lips were moving
and tho noise qulotod down. t
"Won't you now " ho was heard to sayi
and then nnother wave of cheering cut htm oft
" Won't you now " he repentod. and thon he
lifted his voice to tho big. full pitch that would
seem to havo nnswored for all naal purposes '
concelvablo without a megaphone and fairly
" Won't you now glvo us ' Yankee Doodle?'"
The band led off nnd tho crowd sang, and Mr.
Hobson.wlth something very llko a grin, pullod '
himself together and made up his mind what :i
he wns going to say next. Major Byrne, In In- ,i
troduclng him, had apparently said, though '
few, If any, had heard It. that ho would "turn 7
over tho deck" to Mr. Hobson. ,
"Tho deck has been tuniodovor to mo," Mr. j
Hobson began In n clear, full volco thnt could 1
be heard lu tho topmost gallery without the '
slightest effort to fix tho nttentlon, " but I can- ,
not say that I feel that this platform resembles
In any way the deck of a warship. Thu sailor (
abhors words, If you hnve followed his routine
from the tlmu he Is turned out lu tho morning 4
to taps at night, you will find that he hns 1
small opportunities to mnko uso of words nnd
plirnnos, Tho plpo of tho whistle and the blast ,
oftho buglo aro the oratory that sway him.
F.ven nt tho task ot manipulating the great en
gines, or firing the l.'Mnch gun In notion, ho
will hnvo simple, easily iinderstool signals to
direct nnd eiicourn-jo him.
" When the deck Is turned over to rno and I (
am called upon to tiso words In nbiindnnee, I 1
am. Indeed, upon an unknown nnd perilous sea.
But I must confess that I knew that Isho'ild
havo to embark upon that sea whon I con
sented to npper hore to-night But sailors
have goue Into unknown sens before when ad
equate causes have called them there."
Hero the Lieutenant had to pause while his
audlonoo rose and ohcercd, apparently to hit.
rurprlse. nnd certainly to his embarrassment,
" If ovor any chuso called nin It Isthecausuof
tho soldiers and sailors, the nrmyand navy !
tho United Stains, mid the cause of all who uto
dear to them and dependent upon them. A :
man's knowledge is limited by his experience, (
and lu talking to you about sailors I cut $
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