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Ilf; BATUIIDAY, AUGUST 0, 1808. IHV Hiilisrrlptloiis by .Mall, l'ostpnld. IIM DAILY, per Month SO BO IIS DAILY, per Year ' AL RITNDW, imp Year " ' ' DAILY AN JiSt'.NDAY, per Year " t DAILY AND SUNDAY. icr Month "0 Postage to foreign countries added. int Buit, New York City. ( Pxt-Klomini No. 15, near Orand Hotel, and Eloscpro No. 10, Boulevard ilea Captielnrs. If our fri'ntU o arnr in w mnnweriptt for publication vlih to liar' rtjccled arllelti returned, they I ft) mull (n allctuei irnd tlatnpior that purpoie. IE The Comniprrliil Side. Ip Soon nfter Dkwkvh victory the Mnnu B fneturers' Club of Cincinnati passed resolu- E tlolin declaring tliat the Philippines should ft remain In tlie possession of tho United K States. Tlie Chamber of Commerce of that K city linn scut to Mr. McKlNl.r.Y a inctno- V rial which utters the general opinion of merchants nnd innnu fact liters ns to tho I- disposition of tho IMilllpplnen. Wo print If the whole memorial ns a fair statement of tli commercial necessity for their pernio C neni occupation: f? "The determination of qiirstluns Involved In con- ncctlon with Anieaiuan rttvtlons to the Philippine Vi Islulda la a matter which greatly concerns the lutt-p i tats of our country. In leaching conclualotni due rcmsldiratlonthonldle given to theconmnrolatim- portaneeiitidpo-a.l'llitlossurroundlng the question. i Thciolalaiidareprri'eutapupulatlonuf about p.uoo, S 0o people, who are noted for their Industrial eo- HH lompIlshmentsandpMeUvitlis. The lands ere for- m tile and prudtiit vr. The Important extent to which ft commerce hns already reae lied between that region and other lounttlra would have great liiiimlm and )i Paolo gnmth under awlie and atubl' government, auoli a Ihu United Htatraruiild assure. The. result on uoh a binds would lie una of advantage, not only ft In the v oi In and the Industrie- of lh es Iclauds, but J to all countries having trade relations with Ikcni. ' "Whatever lights of possnsiuu or of dictation $', t f that may be acquired lij tlio United Mates relating fei if to tin i-o lalanda will ho secured legitimately and i H without the Incident of it idiiti for aggression for ter- F. ritullal expansion III view of these facta, uoquea- F fi t tlona of m utliui lit. of religion, of territorial advan- Jjj 9 f taite ahoiihl hate nreceili uce in cr tho alKntncanee of vj Si' commercial luleriata In aittlinu the (iiieatlon of 1ft. future nnitml i f tlKae iioaaraaloiM. It la therefore Bfc lmutntlvii that tliecloiemment of tho United Statea, 9 F In eutirlaluiui; ailjuatnicnt of peace tenna with 9 Bpatu, uliinilil not be haaty in a decision concernlnit ' ils theao lalanda, wlilih inluht rcliuquiah righta of the B L hltlic't Importance. B W "Whtn It la con.idered that of tho moro than H,00O.0ihi,ooo of capital commanded by Aniert ME' can liiduatrial ronnnia one-third of auch element E h, aMillable fur prniiiottoii of pnwptrlty and accumula- ia J Uonof wialtlilauncmiilojcd and Idle, tho lmpor- jg: -j tamo of cur commercial lntensla muat be recoe- fl Bind. The point has bcin re iched in the induatrial i 6 Ue.clopinent of the United Slates which uruentir i H call for ritentlon of It fai-iUtlra for furclgncom- ' SB R mercc, and opiiurtuultiea comlux properly within t f I tho reaih and power of our country calculated to ! fc avhaiui-mKli ends ahould not be allowed to bo lost." II i Shall we expand our American commerce H ttntl American industries by taking posscs- ll t Ion of this new and rich field, or shall wo 8 I meekly let homo other nation have it? F j j ' The Island of liii.on. I li It Is doubtful whether tho importanco of t I the Islniid of Luron In the great nrchl ,1 pelago of which It forms tho chief northern I L member Is yet appreciated by us. The only ffei other Island approaching It even In size Is ' f -" Mindanao, at tho south, and that Is very f S far inferior in cultivation, wealth, the char- ,f I actor of Its population, or any of tho other I f elements of value. j I Luzon is larger thnu all tho other Philip e I piuo islands put together, and has a larger I g population than all tho rest. It Is OTiO II miles long, with a breadth of 130 at Its I J broadest, and one of Its rivers Is 180 miles f -J. long. In area It equals New Yorkaud Xew 1 5: Jersey combined. Its two mountain chains, I with peaks 7,000 feet high, are covered B I 'i with mighty forests, whllo tho valleys and aiSf! plains are wonderfully luxuriant, as the It I if' crops of hemp, sugar, tobacco, rice, and BJI It other products show. Gold, copper, Iron Sj ;' and coal nro among Its minerals. Manila, ij , Its capital, is one of the great marts of the I Ilf i FarKost, counting, with Its suburbs that Bill E manufacture many things, from cheroots to l cordage and embroideries, 100,000 people. 1 fth It Is the metropolis of the Philippines, the B If emporium of the archipelago's trade. B Manila, then, must he ours. Why should B Et there be. Indeed, how could there bo, two B lm coverclgntles in the Island! And why B w should there bo two sovereignties In the B :& archipelago? B '?) Why tho Conventions Will Co Late. : '" Tho nominating conventions which put B S 'j; thosucccssfulcandldatcBlntboflcldforGov I, S eruor of Now York convened at these dates: tf. lR8t Sept. 3G 1804 Sept. 20 W- 1H88 8ept.l2 1tJB0 Bept.18 it! 18U1 Hept.10 I is! That Is, the State conventions nominating B P rTii the candidates for Governor elected during H'j this period were oil hold on tho fortnight between tholUth and tho 20th of Septem- Bf bor. This year when tho whole list of State n ofllcers and members of both branches of '- the Legislature are to be voted for. It Is tho ' declared purposo of both parties to hold their respective conventions at oven later . dates, tho Ilcpubllcaus on Sept. U7 and tho 11 1 Democrats on Oct. 4. I ( This year there are special reasons for I 5: such delay. Under the provisions of tho I & State Constitution, aliens desiring to , j, I m complete their naturalization must make B iBf application for flnul papers before Aug. 0, LB IP a8 t'mt '" "io latit ('y on wi'c'1 sucu p LB a ife Ptn cft" e ut'"zcl' 'or voting, citlzcnslilp LB fif, Kt. 'or ",e l,0r'0( ' ninety days instead of LBS W thirty days being now a prerequisite for LB i wX euffrage. Moreover, the practical effect of B W, W' l'10 l,rov'B,on of tllc pivsent Klectoral Coilo jf W allowing certlllrates of party nominations LB it for State olllees to bo (lied thirty days be- Bj .1' fore election has been to delay the holding BT P'' of conventions making municipal nomlna- B1 ' tloiiB until tho latest practicable day, and KB, j naturally the same rule is now applied to BS IE' State conventions. M ; : j.l , Campaign oratory and 'camjialgn lltera- :'' il" turc' except such ns reaches the voters BJ ' . through newspapers, Is no longer of as P y much Importance as formerly even in the u I Interior and rural counties. The weekly LB Jit fP.i'8i as agencies of communication In Blx! Jjwlltical matters, have been superseded by M , tlie dally papers. Tim printing of the I , ballots, now In the exclusive control of the H ;, State, Is dono more expeditiously than Btt . when both that and the distribution of the HI I ' tickets devolved upon tho political parties Hip themselves. Political organizations work HBI - Ing methodically tho year through bavo Hw superseded largely tho old method of cam B'l palgnlng. Such nn organization Is ready Hk L to tnko thu Held, to mobllizo its party HBr f forces, on thirty days' notice. Tho long HV ( drawn out canvass Is no longer necessary, HJ i nor Is It profitable. "Stumping the State" BSu I l,y "onpalgn orators Is largely a rello of HB n 1 ebbing political methods preserved only by HB"VjL bu leadera In a lew counties. In tuU city the enormous Increase and Itnprovo ment of transit facilities has simplified canvassing greatly. Both here and olso where tho time required for It lias been much reduced. Over 70 per cent, of tho State's popula tion lives now In Its Incorporated cities. Theso are the notoblo reasons why campaigns In New York have been mado so much shorter than formerly; but this year there Is a pccullnr justification for tho greatest possible obbroviatlon. 1'ubllc In terest Is absorbed In the war and tho na tional expansion to result from It, and ob viously tho election of next November will turn on national rather than State Issues. Merely parochial politics nnd politicians will deserve little of tho public attention. Tho people hnvo something else to think about now. A thirty-day campaign will fill nil the requirements of both parties In New York this year. A short, sharp and decisive campaign will bo u natural feature of tho situation. Prosperity nnd the School of Defama tion. Tho confidence Is universal In tho finan cial nnd commercial world that this country will enter upon a porlod of extraordinary prosperity at tho conclusion of our war with Spain, now so near at hand. That feeling prevails as generally abroad as at home. The demonstration of our military prow ess, financial soundness, national unity and political sufllclency afforded by tho war has created new and greater self-confidence at home nnd nn unwonted nnd n, profoundcr respect for our potency In all foreign minds. It is evident to the wholo world that territorial expansion will open rich nnd fresh fields for American enterprise, extend and diversify our mar kets, give a new Impetus to ourcommcrco and manufactures, draw larger attention to the financial opportunities hero ofTered, and gtvo to our own people the hopefulness of energy which Ib a primary essential to vigorous prosperity. All that Is bo generally recognized as In evitable, that Its expression savors of tho commonplace. But It Is well to say It because already tho malignant forces of journalism arc gathering such strength as they have, with a view of renew ing their assault) on American credit for the purpose of preventing tho practical refutation of their ceaseless accusations of corruption and Incompetency against our political methods and our public men. They want to justify themselves as proph ets of evil by bringing tho evil to paRs. The war having exposed the groundlessness of their past assaults by a demonstration of national power and Integrity, they arc the more eager to get tho semblance of an ex cuse for their mallco by minimizing tho substantial benefits secured In peace. Wo expect to hear theso jackals barking in chorus with all tholr old energy so soon as tho negotiations for tho settlement of tho war begin formally. They are already training for their howling concert. Whoover has had occasion to bco such newspapers, as, for Instance, the JTreii in g Poit of this city, must have obsorved that their whole industry Is directed to destruc tion rriorely, aud for tho sake of destruction. Their game Is to sow the seeds of discon tent with all American institutions and distinguishing peculiarities, social and po litical, and to awaken distrust In our popu lar government. For fifteen years they have been encased In a concerted nttomnt to bring this country into reproach abroad and to weaken faith In It at home. This journalistic school of defamation, strangely enough, has received very much of such patronage as It has had from among the very business and financial circles most Injuriously affected by its malig nant spirit of detraction and disparage ment and its policy of creating doubt, sus picion, distrust, and political confusion. It is engaged in wrecking simply from a lovo of Ill-natured mischief. The striking and justifiable Belf-confl denco which is now giving stimulation to all trade and enterprise renders futile the efforts of theso newspapers to set back tho current of prosperity, but they should be made tho more Impotent by the refusal of even the small part of the public which have tolerated them in the past to give any further countenanco or support whatever to thalr malicious industry. They ought to be left to dlo of Inanition. Col. Bryan and tho Nebraska Con ventions. The threo departments of the old Bryan lto party in Nebraska havo held their State conventions simultaneously at Lincoln. The Bryanlto Democrats, the Silver Ilcpub llcaus nnd the Populists met as sepuratc organizations, but with a common purposo In view, namely, fusion nnd the promotion of Bryantsm as revised to date by tho Colonel himself. There was harmony and coopera tion, except a wrangle over tho apportion ment of the State olllees. At one time there was a movement to recpneilo differences by putting up BnvAN himself for Governor. Tho final agreement resulted in tho nomi nation of PopullatH for Governor, Auditor, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Commissioner of Public Lands and Buildings, and Super intendent of Public Instruction; a Silver Republican for Lieutenant-Governor; and a Democrat for Attorney-General. Although It appears that the Populist branch of Ne braska Bryanlsm came out rather tho best In tho distribution, It probably got no greater share than Its numerical superiority and enthusiastic energy wnrrantod It In claiming. The name of the Populist can didate for Governor on the fusion ticket Is Potnteii. While three separate seta of resolutions wero adopted by the threo conventions, they aro practically identical at all the principal points of interest. They re affirm the Chicago platform of free coinage of silver at the ratio of six teen to one, Independent of tho action of any other nation; express pride and joy In the achievements of Col. Buyan In peace and In war; condemn tho Issuo of war bonds as unnecessary and unwise; favor tho referendum and the election of Senators by direct vote of the people; and declaro hostility to the acquisition by tho republic of territory so remote as tho Phil ippine isluuds. This lost addltiou to the creed of Ne braska Bryanlsm was due to the special and personal efforts of the Colonel himself. He prohably cared more about It than about any other resolution, always excepting the resolution referrlug to his military record. It was announced before the conventions met, and whllo the steering commlttco was laboring for harmony, that although tho great leader was miles away from Lincoln, heroically supporting his country's causo against Spain, he had left behind him "as a legacy to the trl-convcntlon" tho "thought" that the Philippines are too far away to be annexed In whole or In part, I The Colonel's legacy of thought was nc- I ceptcd,but not without somo trouble on the part of tho administrators of his politi cal wlshos. Not only among tho Populists', but also among tho Democrat, thoro de veloped a sentiment In favor of the very Imperialism which BnTAN wanted the convention to condemn and donounco. The Lincoln correspondent of tho Chicago Tribune reporta that ' there waa a consid erable clement In favor of not referring to that subject, or, If It was mado tho subject of resolutions, to favor tho extension of tho republic's territory to all land that tho flag covers as a result of tho work of tho army and navy. This sentiment, however, was not strong enough In tho committee to change tho programme. Col. Biiyan had sounded tho koynoto of hos tlllty to tho retention of tho Philippines or other remote territory, and In doforenco to his wishes the. resolutions of each conven tion on this lino wore drafted." Thus It appears that Col. Br.YJ.N'8 most zealous efforts In tho present war aro de voted to tho rcstorafclon to Spain of tho territory which Dewey and MKmtiTT and tho men under them aro holding for tho Hag. This entcrprlso may bo within tho functions propor to a political Colonel, but surely not to any other sort of Colonel. It is safo to say that not an officer In the service of tho United States, with tho slnglo exception of Col. IlnvAN, Is now engaged In working con ventions with a view to embarrassing his Commaudcr-ln-Chlef. Tho alleged spirit of patriotic Dolf-sac-rlflco which red Mr. BnYAN Into the mili tary service of his country needs testing. Gen. Merritt needs reinforcements. Why not order tho Third Nebraska to Manila? Coining Homo. A grim sign of penco Is tho general senso that retlcenco need no longer bo observed about tho errors of war. We havo reached that point. Kven Gon. Shafter, command Ing at Santiago, publishes complaints that at a moro critical momeut would havo been an Imperative causo for court martUl. SiiArrai's letter was known In Madrid as Boon as It was known In New York. Tho progrnmmo Is to bring tho Knnt.lntrn nrnit tn Mnntftlllr. nltlinllcrh We have no doubt that, were tho time for ac tion to come again, tho army, said to be In such an unhappy plight, and doubtless having endured hardships of which tho knowledge has but begun to como to the surface, would bo found Instantly pos sessed of its normal spirit and power to a surprising degree. In embarking the troops at Santiago, which should be dono with all possible energy, the mistakes of their debarkation there and of the despatch of wounded to northern ports must bo prevented by the fiercest discipline. Tho Newest of tho Klements. Tho multiplication of tho elements goes on upace. In tho chemical sense, an element Is a substance which, unless you add some other substanco to it, will produce nothing but Itself. Thus, Iron, If kept uncomblncd with anything else, will yield only Iron and Iron alone. It is a simple body, which cannot bo resolved Into anything simpler. In 1874, when Prof. Josiah P. Cooke, Jr., of Harvard College, published his well known work on the new chemistry, thcro were sixty-threo elementarv substances certainly known to chemists. In 1801, ac cording to a list given by Prof. InA Rem sen of tho Johns Hopkins University, thcro were sixty-Beven. Slnco then helium and argon have been added to tho list of ele mentstwo gases present In tho air In minute quantities and remarkable for their Indisposition to combine with other ele ments ; and more recently tho discovery of still another gas of tho same group has bscu announced, which It Is proposed to call metargon. Argon and helium have been obtained from the gaseous products of mineral springs In England. It Is to Italy, how ever, that the newest of tho elements must bo credited, upon which has been be stowed the name coronium. Tho detec tion of this substanco was made known three weeks ago by a communication to tho French Academy of Sciences by Messrs. R. Nasini, F. Andehmni and It. Salvador:, three Italian chemists and physicists, who hnvo been engaged for somo time in tho spec troscopic study of the gaseous emanations from various volcanic districts of Italy. Tho new clement was discovered in this way: If the corona, or halo, of the sun bo examined through tho spectroscope, a defi nite, green line appears In tho spectrum. This lino Is known to men of science as 1474K. It was once supposed to bo due to tho aurora, but this viow has been aban doned, and the line has lately been regard ed as indicating the presence of an elemen tary substanco In the solar corona, which must bo lighter than hydrogen and did not exist on tho earth, since tho green lino had nuver been found in the spectrum of any terrestrial body. Now, however, the coronal lino has beon found for tho first time upon tho earth. In Btudyriig, with tho aid of the spectroscope, the volcanic gases arising from the Solfatora of Pozzuoll, the lino is plainly revealed ; and tho luferenco Is that tho same clement which manifests Its pres ence in the solar corona by this green lino must bo present In theso products of Ital ian mineral springs, and will eventually be Isolated as coronium tho lightest sub stanco known to man. A writer In the London Times, comment ing on this Interesting discovery, predicts that other now elements will be found as sociated with coronium. Insurgents as Our Soldiers. There Is a double significance In our Ma nila despatches reporting AouiNAl.po's Buggestlou thut native regiments should be formed under American ofllcers. This Indicates that the Insurgent leader Is on satisfactory terms with us, and also that the expense of garrisoning the Philip pines, which has been mado an objection to annexlug them, need not be very great. In all the despatches which have como from Admiral Dewhy we recall no expres sion of doubt thut Aouinaldo could be successfully dealt with. Now our CaviUS correspondent reports that the Insurgent leader bus asked permission to march his troops through Manila after It Is taken. Such a request, with the one for the forma tion of native regiments, looks to making the beatof the situation under American rule. Native regiments are customary in all well-governed colonies. The British In India and elsewhere have employed them for years, and with proper tieutment and competent ofllcers the system can bo re lied upon as sound. In the Philippines tho employment of natives as troops or armtd constabulary under regular officers j might be very successful, Aouinaldo y.a,w f - v i"aVa,1afhiliiig M i.al - - '- - in' ii niai-iliail imlinMltiaaiiila r - n-....-.n seems to be a forehanded person, who keeps well ahead of current events In hts plans, and also appreciates that half a, loaf Is better than no bread. The difficulties In managing the Philip pines will appear less as we approach them. Gen. James B. Weaver of Iowa, whom studonts of calamity remember as tho Populist candidate for President In 1802, has beon nominated for Ileprosentatlvo In Oon cross by a throe-headed convention In OBkaloosa. Wo can't tmaglno what Weaver has to wall about now, but ho has beon n victim of tho walling habit for roars and nothlna will ovor mnko him short up. Borne cynical delegates In tho con vention voted for him on tho ground that as a Republican would bo cloctod anyway. It was tho part of wisdom to put him up, knock him violently down and so hn dono with him. They don't know him. Ho Is not easily din cournsed, nnd will nomlnato htmsolf It nobody elso will tako tho troublo to nominate him. Thellon. JoEBAlLEY'srcsolutlons against expansion wero rudely smnshed by tho Tnxas Dnmooratla Convention. Mr. Dailey. Is. con scious of possessing remarkable talonts for leadership, and it must bo a continuous sur prlso to him that so tow porsons will consent to follow him. A Judgo of tho Supremo Court of North Carolina robukes a collogo of whloh ho is n trusteo for consenting to tako a clftof $100,000 from a plutooratlo makor of cigarettes. Tho Judgo bocs In tho gift nn effort of plutocracy to smuggle tho gold standard into tho curriculum. A sliver unlvorslty ought to Jto founded, nnd plutocrats should bo flnod for their Insidious endowments. If tho Brooklyn Brldgo Is not strong enough to permit trolley oars to run an close as they can bo run, tho brldgo ought to bo strengthened at onco. Tho Hon. Uai.pii Measley of Chicago, who holds tho proud post of Secretary of Ar rangomonts for tho National Conforonco on Foreign Policy, says that " suggestions como from all quarters that prominent places bo given on tho progrnmmo to tho Nicaragua Canal and International Arbitration." As moat of tho Stato Couventlons favor tho construction of tho canal, tho Snrntoga conferers nro pre paring to tako nnnocosanry pains; and tho Lake Mohonk conforonco holds tho copyright on International arbitration. From tho frequency with which Senator Jonm of Arkanaaa attempta to clenno the policy of the United Btatea re carding Culia, the 1'hllliipinea, KC.. one might auppoae he conaldera himself a co ordinate branch of tie Government. Indanapolil Journal. This Is a wholly orronoous description of tho Hon. Jut Joxes'b bellof. Ho regards tho Gov ernment as a subordinate branch of the Hon. Jim Jones. Tho Hon. Boose Burn Is rushing to tho front of Jllssourl statesmanship, nnd tho noso of tho Hon. Champ Clabk is out of joint. Surely Missouri Is big enough to afford two statesmen of tho first rank. Tlie Great Opportunity of 3Ir. McKlnlcr. To Tns Editor or TnE Sun Sir: Those who know how to read what Is not printed In tho day's news ppo clearly that certain Interests aro trying to foroo thu United States to Bcuttle out of tho Philippines. Nor is thcro any reason for surprise at such n dastardly endeavor. Wo romomber that up to tho declaration of war similar influences labored to peniotunto tho horrlljlo conditions of Spanish rulo in Cuba. It appears, too. that tho men back of tho pol icy of scuttlo poso us tho President's "friends." It Is n sorry "friond" who would dlssundo Mc Kinluy from becoming tho emancipator of 8.000.000 to 10.0U0.000 peoplo In tho Philip pines, an ho is now tho emancipator of upward of S.000.000 In tho Spanish West Indios. It is McKlnley'g luck thnt ho may stnnd with Jefferson as the broadonor of United States torrltory nnd tho gher of Immeasurable and world-wide opportunities to coming genera tions of Amnrkans. nnd beeomo with Lincoln ono of the great emancipators of history. It is sought to hnnich from him this glorious crown of Immortality and to shut oft iho opportuni ties of coming generations by this policy of surrender. It is tlio duty of o.ory patriotic American to protest in the strongest tonus against such a weak, wickod and ornbllko policy, and it is still moru the duty of evory American to pro test uualnst tho United Stntes Government Koine Into tho wholesale Mate trade and doom ing what might ho a great nation to centuries of barbarism nnd oppression. Tlio Philippines lunu been won by our valor; they should no kept for tho benelltof ourdn Bcendants. In keeping them wo do not obli gate ourxclw") to surrender aiiulifiii; else, not even tho Monroe doctrine. Tho Monroo doc trine Is an American doetrino nppljing to tho continent of America. Tlio more, fact tlint wn havu transoceanic possessions does not mili tate ngnlnst tlio Monroe doetrino; but. on thu contrary, strengthens It. There seems to tie a class of peoplo who want tn snvo tho future from Itself; who think that tho American race has reached its climax ; thnt the coming gcnorntlons will be degonoratns, whom the present wUe men must pro.ldofor nnd piuteet ugalnst thetnsol.es. Is it not a wiser .low that our successors wiil bo capable of managing tholr own business nswoll-is wo innnngeours. or oven hetter; nnd Is it notour dutytoglvo thorn ovory posslblo opportunity and leave thorn unfettered ? .. , ClUUNCEY N. DUTTON. hr.w York, Aug. 4. , - - . The Philippines. To uik Enrron or Tiik SuN-.Vir.- We are very ranch gratified at tho courso yon are talcing in retard to our now potacaslona, tho Phlllpptnea, and truat that the country at large will realize, their urcat Importance. Lykn, Maaa., Aug. 4. Uilliaiid A MEnniu. To tiik EniToa or The Bux Sir: I'll bet my life that flft ycara from now (In case we keep tho Phllip vlnea) 3 ou couldn't get a handful of voka to relrnae, them. Keep her up. o. A. New Yobk, Aug, . ' To THE Eiivron or The Bun .ViV: Tho prevalent feeling among the peoplo evidently la that the Phil ippines ought not to hu turned hack under Rpanlah mtaruln. Hut whatever may he Bald of the Inex pediency to thla country of undertaking to eatahllah " good government "over the cntlro group. It la p. arntlal that we do aorocthlng reaaonable and worth 1-hlle. The abanrdlty haa moro than once Leon remarked of retaining a luero atation (as Manila andaaur rounding dlatrlet) after the treinendoua labor and eipc uau of arndlug acroaa tho 1'aclSc an army of 20 000 men. ' For hiiinanlty'a aake, aa well aa for our own adian tage. ahould nut the rommlaaloii at leaat inalat upon retaining the cntlro lalund of Luzon t Might not the Upaulsh Oommlaaionnra be Induced tn cede tn 11a for money audi other of the more Important lalanda of the group aa wn may find It advantageous tu aecure f A parUal ceaalon by imrcbaao would be a comfort able tranaactlon for Bpalu and no loaa to ua In the I"?' . ... A Patbiot. National SoLDU&a' Home, Vs., Aug. 4. The lllue Hose." To Tni Editob or Tn Son Sir? Kindly allow me to correct an error In the reference In your dra matic column thla morning to the play "La Iloaa AttunVC'Thollluo Uobcj"). by Anita Vlvantl Char triH, which has Juit been produced at Dologna, Italy, " The Ulue Itoae" Is not an Italian version of "The Hunt fur Happlneaa," but la an entirely lie play, written only In Italian. At present no Engllah veralounfit etlsta. Aa The Hun la wlrlcly quoted both In thla country and abroad, It la greatly to the author'e luterrat, In view of arrangements made and pending In regard to both playa, that this mlatake ahould lie set right aa aoon aa poaalblc, and I truat to yuur courtesy to permit mo the necr-aary apace for tho purpoao. 1 may takn the opportunity to add that " The llunl for llspplness" was not drsmatlred from the novel, but that tho novel waa written by Mrs. Chartrea from her play. John Oiiabtuxs. Mew Yubk, Aug, 4, Delivering Packages and ai all nt Camp Illnrk To hie Euiton or the 8ns Sir: The manner In which packagea are delivered at Camp lllack la a dis grace. A package was aint on July 27 from New York, and it waa received on the 2d of August. A reclatered letter waa sent July 27 and wis not received on Auk. J, F, l", Duuai. New Yoiuc.Aug, 4. A Fnmoua Temperance Agitator Uncle Chaplain. From (A rAifodctpAfa Hvtnino TtUarapK, lUBBisuUBa, Pa , Aug. 3, Oov. Hastings has ap pointed 1'ianiU Muiphy, I'lttaburg'a famous temper auco advocate, chaplain of the Fifth Pennsylvania lteglraent at Chickaniauga, Mr. Murphy takea the plApeof Chaplain Joaepli V. Uartmanof Altooua, who resigned a month ago to resume his church duties. There were a score of applicants for the vacancy, aud Mr. Murphy waa specially chosen because of Ida abll ltlca aa an evangelist. H ai,-Ma-j-iMala-aasjassBMtt1m ssrsftfMiiiMCa tu iiiiiiisaSBlasBBsjsalsyBaiBacr'Bia,aBB AlUtr HKDICAZ DEPARTMENT. Philadelphia Medical Journal Defines the Surgenn-aenernl's Position War "Not Naturally n Strictly Hyglenlo Process." from tU l'MtaitlpMa Midical Jmmal. Ana. t. Vie havo noted, mostly with silent disap proval and dlssont, tho tendency In tho news papers to criticise tho conduct of modical affairs In tho present war. This orltlclsm has beon about what wo expected, for wo folt sure atthooutbroakot hostilities thnt tho Bravest problems would havo to bo met too quickly by tho medical department of tho army, nnd that this department would find Itself hampered tn many wars through no fault of Its own. This was bound to gho tlio critics tho opportunities for which they always yearn, to And fault and to display tholr Ignorance. VTo aro enabled, through tho courtesy of Bur-goon-Ooncral Htornbonr. to glvo n stntomont of somo exact facts that will enllgliton the modical publlo and onnblo It not only to Judgo for ltsolt, but also to correct In many ways tho erroneous opinions that may bo formod by tho publlo at largo. Tho total number of modical officers nllowod by law In tlmo of poaco Is 103 an inadequate numbor even thon, and entirely Insufflolont to copo with tho reuulremonts of a foreign war. Doductlng tho numbor of thoso assigned to staff and gouornl service, and to general hospitals, thoro are loft but (K) exporlencod army modical officers for servlco with troops In tho Hold. This deficiency has boon mot by employing 300 "con tract" surgeons from civil practice and moro aro being employed ovory day. Dr. Sternberg says that most of theso doctors from civil Ufo aro doing Rood work, nnd many of them aro thoroughly woll-equlppod physicians nnd sur geons with nmplo hospital exporlonco; but It has been Impossible to mako a careful eduction by means of an Examining Board, owing to great pressure of business in tho Surgoon-Gen-oral's office. Whon wo consider tho sudden ness of tho outbreak of tho war and tho rapidity of later ovents, nil this Is roadlly understood. Dr. 8teruberg states that Gen. Shatter's army nt Tampa was complotcly equipped with modi cal supplies for field service, but owing to In sufficient transportation the commanding Gen eral loft bohtnd at Tampa his rcsorvo modical supplies and ambulanco corps. Owing to tho difficulties of landing supplies at Hlbonuy, tho fighting men with guns and rations wero landed first, nnd hurried to tho front. Tho Re lief, loaded to her utmost capacity with medi cal supplies, arrived at Blbonoy four days nftor tho light at El Cancy. This was no fault of tho Medical Department, which had asked for a hospital ship In good time, but was disap pointed by an unavoidable delay In securing a BUitablo vessel and preparing her for sorvioo. Tho Medical Department did not oxpect that overy wounded man would recelvo Immediate attention from a surgeon on tho field. This Is Impracticable, and no noting army makes pro vision for such a largo numbor of surgeons. This first aid to tho Injured was cxpectod to bo dono by tho Rod Cross corps of tho army, which hns now more than 4,000 men In ser vice, who hnvo boon instructed, as well as could ue in hucii snort iimo. to apply a nrst antl9optlo dressing to a wound, nnd this is nil that Is. ns a rule, required. All tho surgeons from tho front havo testltled to tho remarkably good re sults attained with such a dressing, applied by the lied Cross men or even by tho soldiers themselves or their comrades. Evory soldier carries a "first-aid" packet, nnd Is especially Instructed In its uso. Dr. Sternberg claims thnt his position with rofcrenco to sending women nurses with tho army in tlio Held hns given offoneo to somo members of tho lied Cross Bocioty and that tho unjust attacks mado upon himself and the department result from this fact. Womon nurses aro now employed In the general hos pitals, wheru they aro giving groat satisfaction, but with an army in tho field, mobilized for netlvo operation, such nurses, tho Burgeon Genera claims, are nn Incumbrance. At tho hospitals near Santiago, howovor, he has now emplojcd noarly 100 immune, women nurses. It Is ovldent to our mind that tho employ ment of women nurses on tho Held of battle, just as on battleships. Is n doubtful question, and must bo left to tho decision of the Burgeon-General and his ndvlsors. Ho Is not op posed to tho. Rod Cross Society undor propor regulations, but ho calls our attention to tho monstious fact that many of its so-called nurses had novor received nny spoclal training to lit them for tho duties thoy woro so eager to undertake Tho medical profession at largo, wo doubt not. will entirely ngreo with fir. Sternberg that such women have no appropri ate plnco nt the front to attend to wounded men. As for transiKirtation. the 8urgeoii-(Jiii-ciul says tlint the Red Cross Society should bavo been entirely independent of Government tninspoitntion If It expected to fullll its proper function or nflording aid to thu wounded of iKith armies. In accordance with tho terms of the Geneva Convention, AsfortboScnoea if she was overcrowded or inadequately supplied, tho Medical Department was in no wny responsible-. A l.irgtt number of convalescent patients wore traiir-frrred to tho Npifee.i from tho Relief and from the shore hospitals. beeaiiBo It was oxpeeted at tho tlmo that our troops would storm Santiago nnd that room would be needed for n largo number of wounded men. Two acting assistant surgeons wero assigned to tho Honeca with n supply of the most necessary dressings and medicines l'orouronn pnrt wn would enll tho attention of amateur newspaper critics to the fact that war is not naturally a strictly hyglonle process. It sometimes makes its own laws, regardlossof tlio bO'-t sanitary precautions. When (ion. Shatter wns sent into n yellow lover country In tho yellow fover season, ho probably regarded thlsdlsenso ns ho regardi, bullets ns among tlio chances of war. His business was to go ahead, to light nnd to conquer. To claim, as somo critics seem inclined to do. that tho medi cal authorities: could undersuch oireumstnncefl, prnetleo successfully tho ordinary rules of preventive medieino Is to mnko a captious crit icism so preposterous ns to need no refutation from us. Wo belluvn thnttho Medical Depart ment of tho United States Army is fully nllvo to Its responsibilities, and will maintain Its reputation. In tho meantime wo suggest that It Is not wise to talk too much to the man at tho helm. Bridge Transportation. To the KniToit of The Sun .Sir: I note with Intorest your editorial In Issuo of Aug. ,'i entitled, " A Molo-Eyed Commissioner," relat ing to tho existing condition of trolloy trans IKirlutlon across tho brldgo. In this regard wo aro wholly bohind tho re quirements of tho times, our means of transit to nnd from business being nltogothor Inado qunto nnd not nt all in keeping with our Bclentlllc, up-to-dato manner of doing other things. Tho conditions which prevail slnco tho brldgo structure) hns boon clvon to tho trolley com panies nnd tho elevated roads nro dlsgracoful in tho dxtremo. bosldos being u hlndrunco rather than a help to truvol. Tho necessity for quick communication bo twoon thoso cities must bo apparent to all, nnd tho need of a railroad brldgo Is growing greater over) day. It seems to roo a pity, howovor, thut tho present structure should havo been given ovor to the lawless trolloy companies, Tho useloBness of any effort on tho part of either Individual or municipal authority to con trol and keop within bounds those trolley com panies has been demonstrated tlmo and ngnln. Thoy break without hesitancy nny cltyordi nnnco which It may seem to their Intorest to vio late, and it Is not nt all likely that, having onco IiossosKcd themselves of the brldgo, tho gentle man referred to In your editorial can oxurt nny lusting control over them ovon if ho wishes to do ho, Tho original plan to keop the cars 102 feet apart sounded well before iiosscaslon of tho bridge was given, and doubtless indicated to tbn trustees a tendency toward good behavior 011 tlio part of the transit companies; but Its niter absurdity must bo apparent to all who Slvu thu muttor n moment's consideration. If 10 agreement stipulated that tho cars should boHOpniutod 102 foot OH inehos there would jinve boen just as much probability of its being lived up to as in the flrstiustance, becauao few. If nny, motormcu havo any idoa of distance, measured by tlie running foot, unit it would re quire tlio, practiced eyo of a civil engineer, nnd 0110 who has had muoli practice lit thnt. to keep a car even approximately 100 feet from the ono preceding It, lot ulono 10'.! feot. Ou tho other hand, If thu trolleys aro kopt at or near that dletanco apart, and If tho present uhomliiablesjstiim ui the Now York terminal continues, tho publlo will suffer from loss of tlmi) and Insufttulent uoeommodatlon, Iudend. ovorythlm: la-lints to tlio Immediate need of another bridge, a brldgo built with ade quate room to accommodate travel, u bridge which shall bo of Hiifllclont slro with amnio room at cnoli terminal to glvo tho needed no conunoilHtlon, Theso two cities should bo spanned In nt least half udozon pluces, and our facilities for getting from one Kint to another, as bofnro stated, aiu wholly inadequate now and onn bo very mate rially improved Y V. IUixocx. New York, Aug. 4, A Fnmoua Jersey-nan. To the Kmtoo or The Hum sir "Prlnekle Qum mey" Is a famous Jerxymaa of AUaatlo City. aUKsi)iUBViui,Aug.o. U&Upiimbxut, BHtU JtKPOXtTS Tllte JtlUDOB SAF& rennlty Mar n Impoaetl for Itnnnln Trolley Can Too Cloio Together. John L. Bhea, Commlsloncr of Bridgos. ap peared before tho Joint Committoo, on Rail roads and Bridge nnd Tunnels of tho Council yestorday nnd assured tho members that tho Brooklyn Bridge was not In dangor of falling down ns a result of running trolley cars too oloso togothor. Ho dedared that tho brldgo was Just as strong now as It was tho day It was built, and In support of his stntomont ho sub mitted a report mado to him on tho subject by BamuolR.rrobasco. the chief englnoor of tho Brldgo Department, as follows: I bog leavo to report that last night (July 28). shortly aftor II o'clock, n horsowasqvoreome uy the boat and roll. A crowd of volilploa and trol ioys oovored tho land spnn and the main span of tho brldgo from tho Brook yn anchorage to tho Brooklyn tower. A very heavy strain was thrown on tho overflow stays nnd tho lower ohord buckled undor. This Is not now. nnd has occurred soveral times cloture. Wo have rem edied It by putting timber braces on tlio ohord nnd transferring tho strain onto tho next sec tion of tho chord, which fins obviated nny f ur thor buckling nt that place. I have directed Mr. Dempsey to put theso braces In nil tho ohnnnols whoro the ovorflow stays tako hold of tho ohord. .... 1 1 havo causod an examination to bo mado or tho cablesln tho towers nnd at tho anchorages, tho stiffening trusses nnd tho floor beams, and find that overy portion of tho brldgo. so far ns Its stability is concerned, is the snmo ns in pre vious examinations. Tho overflow stays at tho point of connection with tho lowor chord havo In sovornl instnncos causod n buck lug of tho two channels forming tho. chord. This Is not now. having boon notlcod and taken core of before: and as tho trusBos form no part of tho supporting strength of tho brldgo. which is in tho cables alone, It is ontlrely snfo to assume that tho brldgo Is as strong to-day as It has been at any tlmo slnco Us erection. Councilman Francisco oskod Mr. Shoa it It was not posslblo for tho Municipal Assembly to framo an ordlnanco to provont tho trolley cars from running too closo togothor. Tho Com missioner replied that tho agreement between tlio companies provided thut tho cars should run nt least 102 feet apart, but that If tho As sembly passed an ordlnanco on tho subjoct It would give the police on tho brldgo powor to arrest conductors nnd motormon who did not keep the prescribed distance $42,000,000 INVOLVED. A Settlement Frounblo In the Ilarlem Bond's Suit Acnlnat the New York Central. It wns said yostorday that a settlement out of court would probably bo effoeted In tho contro versy bctweon tho Now York Central nnd the Harlom Railroad as to which should profit by tho refunding of the $12,000,000 of mortgago bonds of tlio Harlom road. In 1872 tho Harlem road borrowed $12,000,000 for twonty-olght years at 7 por cent, interest. When tho Now York Central leased tho Harlom it agreed to pay tho fixed charges and a certain dlvidond. YVIion it was mado clear two years ago that tho standard rate of interest for high grado railroad bonds was not mora than 3H percent, tho Central decided to rotund tho bonds issued by tho Harlom road. Tho new bonds woro to pay :tK per cent. Intorest and to run for 100 years. Tho nnnual payments on tho $12,000,000 of bonds were thus reduced from $840,000 to $420,000. Then tho question nroso whetlior the Central or tho Harlem road should benellt uy 1110 saving 01 -ui.i,iiuu 01 interest, every year by this refunding. It was seen that In tho 100 years tho bonds woro to run tho aggregate sum snved would bo $4 2,000.000. Tho stockholders of the Harlom road held that tho Central was undor tho obligation to pay 7 percent. Interest on the bonds, and that nny saving which might be effected bolonged to the Harlem road. The Central maintained thnt it had tlie right U any benellt which resulted from refunding tho bonds at n lower rate. A suit was brought to dctermlno tho rights of tho two companies. Tho case was prepared for trial and would have como up in October. About two months ago. however, committees wero appointed by the Central and tho Harlem to effect a settle ment. There were threo members from each road. Tho commission so formed hns ex amined tlio question carefully, and Is said to have found n plan by which tho controversy could bo settled. Just what agreement has been leacbod has not yet beon mado nubile, but It Is reported that there has beon n compro mise between tho two claims. At nil oventH.lt Is not expected that the case will ovor como to trial. NEW YOllK CITX'S SCHOOLS. An Average of 334,181 Children Taught Iiclly nt nn Annual Cost of 810,1570,770. According to tho report of City Superintend ent Maxwell of tho public schools, for tho year ending July 31. 1H08, tho estimated numborof children In OrnnterNnw York bntwonn tho nefpn of S nnd 18 years was 702.102. distributed us follows: Manhattan and the Bronx. 382,000: Brooklyn. 270.0U2; Queens. 30.000; Richmond. 13,500. The total enrollment of pupils In tho Rchoolswns 408,321), divided as follows: Man hattan nnd tho Bronx, 270,501; Brooklyn, 1113, 030 ; Quoons. 24,047 : Richmond. 10.14.ri. Tho average dally nttendanco was as follows: Man hattan nnd tho Bronx. 187,883. Brooklyn. 120. U54 ; Queens, 18,021 ; Richmond, 7,020 ; a total of 334,184. The expenditures for all school purposes for the year ending June 30. 181 W. woro $10,570, 770 80. of which Manhattan and tlio Bronx had $r.D2ti.544.0,i: Brooklyn. 3,tUM.(U5; (Jueons. 000,000, and Richmond. $.155,011.07. Tho per eiipltacostforthovvliolHoltywa$22 48. Tho to tal number of touchers and principals employed was 0,452, of whom 722 wero men. To house nil the children. 405 selioolhouses were provided, with n total sentlng capacity of 385.001. Tho value of thefcc sohoolhouses Is put nt $20,2115, 200.28 and the school sites at $12,035,544.40. Tho value of all othor school property Is put down at $1,807,010. Tho numbor of now schools erected during tho yenr was thirty-two. nnd fifteen additions, of which Manhattan nnd tho Bronx had seven schools and ten additions : Brooklyn, two schools and ono addition: Queens, twenty-ono schools and four additions, aud Richmond, two schools. 71. AND O, IIEOJK1ANIZATION. The Plan tn Urine About n Foreclosure Nnicl to ISo Operative. IU1.TIM011E, Aug. 5. Tho plan for tho re organization of tho Baltimore nnd Ohio Rail road Company is declared operative, ovor U3M percont. of tho bonds and ovor 73 percent, of tho Blocks of tho different companies Included In tho system having been doposlted under the plan and agreement dated Juno 22, Appli cation will ho made soon for a decree of fore closure ot tho main linn and brnnchos of tho road. It Is estimated that it will require at least threo months to arrange tho dotnllsof tho proposod sale. Tho Pittsburg and Connollsvlllo. Baltimore and Ohio, and Chicago. Akron nnd Chicago Junction. Boinorsot unci Cambria, nnd other branch lines will loso tholr identity in tho re organization, all being included and to bo known as tho Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. Tho company will bo reorganized undor tho charter obtained from tho last Legislature. ACCEDES TO ITALY'S DEMANDS. Colombia Agrees to Puy AH Claims Proved Against the Cerrutl Estate). Washington, Aug. 5, Tho Stato Depot tmont has been Informed that tho Gov eminent of Co lombia has uccoded to ull tho demands of tho Italian Government In tho Cerrutl enso, ovon acknowledging thu vnlldltyof that part of Pros Idont Cleveland's award which provided that Colombia should assumo liability for all claims against Cerrutl. Colombia has paid tlio money indemnity providod by tho award nnd is now willing to pay all claims proved against tho Ccts-itl e stute. For sotuo reason, howovor, Italy has not yet consunt ed to nccopt tho proiKisals ot Colombia, although thnt country has compiled with thu reuulremonts of Mr. Cleveland's decree as arbi trator, and, In tho opinion of somo officials hero, linn ruudn greater concussions than were re quired by tlio uwari). Italy's warships are still off Cartagena. Colombia, cleared for uctlou. GOES INTO THE I'VSll CAIIT 11UHINEHS. A Former Professor of tlreek Nets Up In Street Curb Trade In Chicago. Cuicacio, Aug. 5, Bolerlas J Goordlados, a Greek, yesterday obtained a permit to run n fruit stand and to-day ho is retailing bananas, peanuts, pours, and eonfcetlonory from his plnco of business, which consists of a push cart near the south entrance to tho Court House, Geordlades Is not an ordinary Greek. Ho has been the profossorot Greek in tho faculties of colleges In two countries and tho private In structor in that lnuguago of at least two men who are high In American educational circles ns authorities In UreeK. Of late years bo lias found there was no bread and butter In all this knowledge, so he smothered his pride mid entered Into competition with others of his race who aro prosHrliig in tlio fruit trade. Oeonliades is a uatfvo of Bparta and Is 45 years old. rim rnuavriXKs. i Fnm IA Chicaai rWewir. VI In dlscnsslng what disposal to m k of lue Philip- A pines nine of tho President' advisors are aald t M favor keeping only coaling stauon and giving lack H all the lalanda to 8pAln. What good aenae ta there In A such a plant What waa tho use In sending Herrltt M and his army to Manila? Where la the Justice, either H to the Intnrgcnts. or to Dewey's heroes, or to the. HB American or Philippine peoplo t The propoalUon H will not bear Inspection, and the more closely Hts H looked at the more like a ahameful blunder It ap- , W pears. If this is all we aro to have In the Philippines H thenDewey'a splendid victory inlclil aa well novel m have been won, for Hpaln could eaally have been In- duced to yield ao small a point merely by the prte sure brought to bear In the West Indies, Indeed, II reduceathe brilliant achievement of Manila Day ta H the level of a cruel blunder almost a crime. W Neither la there any good aenae. In tho proportion to keep only Manila or only the Island of Luton. We ahould thenceforth havo in Spain a vindlctlva neighbor, ever on the watch to take us at a dlsadvan- ( tage or to place her ports at tho disposal of somo hos tile power. From (At St, Louit Gkbt-DemocrdJ. A question connected with the Philippines la whal will become of them If tho United States reserves only ft ooallng or naval atation. One party tn Bpidn questions the utility of keeping the Philippines, foreseeing that Insurrection will outall enormous expense. A Madril paper advlaos their aale. If France or Germany should bo the purchaaer, the United Btatea will havo simply served toplarlnto their hands. Dewey will have fought the battle and some European power would reap tho benellt. Tho outlook la that the Phlllpptnea will bo too heavy a burden for Spain, with no navy to defond them and every island full of Irreconcilable insurgents. That they will be transferred to somo European country t cot distinguished by rrlendlluoss to us Is more than probable It we permit them to go back to Spain- j without restrictions. Europe haa lately carved 119 ' , the coast of China, and to find the Phlllpptnea slml- J larly appropriated will be f or ua a atep baekward In- A stead of forward. Our proper poUcy la not to glr away or throw away ft legitimate victory valiantly won. No poaco treaty haa any chance of acceptance by the people of the United Btatea except one which pnta and keeps every Island In the Philippine group ' under the American Hag. The Philippine Islands must become American territory. From (As DiUadttpSia Tina. We regard it aa a paramount duty in dltpoiing of the Spanish possessions in the Pacific that Spanish, despotism shall end there at once and forever. Ho matter what ultimate disposal shall bo made of the) Philippines, they ahould be wrested from the ab- i solute power of Spain. , Fnm (At Peoria Journal. j The Islands must bo retained, and the sooner lh Administration comes to this conclusion the better 11 will be for all concerned. ' .From, (Ae Bolton Globt. If It Is clear and It seems to be that Spain is with out a navy, with a bankrupt treasury, with s beaten and discredited army and, torn by Internal dissen sions, could not long hold tho Philippines against the Insurgent, and would have to parcel them out Among other nations, the propriety of tho United States re ltnqnlshlng thorn would be doubtful. From the Philadelphia Trlrgraph. From whatever point of view the snbjeet Is re garded, a decision as to tho final disposition ot the Pacific Islands at thla present moment la utterly im- efi possible; the true solution of the problem Is fouud -Pi'- In the suggestions, pmctleallr Identical, made by Benators Chandler and Mi-Knery the abandonment of tho Philippines by Spain, with their ultimate fats 1 tho subject of deliberate consideration. From the Philadelphia Record. j To rehahllltato Spanlidi rule and leave o jr allies to the tender mercies of their enemies vra'il I be a crime and an act of treachery that tho American nation would be loath to commit Thnt tho Philippine have no capacity for self government waa shown by the grotesiiuo decrees which Dictator-President Aguinaldo ban been obliged to lsiuu In order to meet , their lnfantllo views of politics. j From the St. Jiul Pionrer Prrtt. It would be a gigantic blunder of policy nnd of poll- tlca for the President to follow tho timid ndviceof 1 his Cabinet, If It is correctly reported. Ilefnro taking any such prerlpltato action as they are said to favor, i and eorumlttiuit himself tn tho restoration of the I Philippines In the terms of peace ho Is preparina to ,J dictate to Spain, he should take a few American states JH men Into his counsels. jdl From the Chicaan Inter Ocean. It is manifest destiny. The flan that was raised over the Phlltpplnea by Admiral Dewey is to utay there. This la a quefiUon of duty for tho United States and one of safety for Europe. From the Albany Timel'Union. The Philippines vcould bo uaeful, profitable and advantageous to tho United Btites. They should stay under the Stars and Stripes forever. 1 From the l)rtland Oregonian. Tho United Btatea has miwral Important and dis tinct kinds of use for the Philippines as a pcrm-u-it possession. Togtvouvirtho Philippines would be to throw away our station in the now Pacific world, cheapen tho valuo of Hawaiian aunciatlnu, and to decline the leading of the groutest opportunity ever put In the way of a modern people. Arc wo bereft of sense, that this unspcakablo folly aboiiU even be proposed? From the Commercial Appeal, 4 Expansion Is not only inevitable, but In ft large) manner la an accomplished fac t. from the Providence lit. I.) Journal. Tho advocates of a policy of scuttle In the Philip pines are being hard put to It fur arguments. From the Ilirmwaham Aoelferald. As sentiment crystallites over this question, It t seen that nothing leva than one entire island, capable of fo.llncation and strong defence, will do aa n nt' al station a station that affords ample and safe anchor ago in Its ohief harbor and mom for troops, for docks, fora shipyard, for an American town, on the) land. Anything lc ss than this will not anawer the de sire of tho people. The American portion of the commission will be ex pected, too, to see that ten millions of people In the) Philippines aro not again exposed to tho rapacity and cruelty of unchecked Hpsnlah rulo, From fAe .Van Franciico Examiner, If the Administration suspect that the Philippines are a whtto elephant, and do not know what to do with them, the mercantile and financial elements of tho United SUtes seem to lmv e no audi doubts. Yre terday our own Chambir of Cummcrco made the follonlng statement of Its views: " Iletolred, That the Chamber of Commerce of Fan Francisco, voicing tho commercial lewa of this city, hereby respectfully and eamratly petitions tha President to hold and retain under our full control the Philippine lalanda and all other Islsnds which aro now or may hereafter be acquired hi the present war with Spain, with a view to strengthening our trade relations with the Orient, building up a butt neas that belongs to thla country, and extending the cause of humanity and civilization, as well as greatly benefiting the peoplo who will thus be brought under our flag." The Fresno Chamber of Commerce took the earns course at almost the same moment, and other cc- merclal bodies havo ahown a like opluluav, From the Kaniat Ctty Journal. Suppose the United Btatea concluded a treaty of peata with bpalu by which we wlthdrAW all tre lensinns In the Philippines after certain concesalona have been guaranteed us, Then let ua auppoae that tho lusurgenta continue their victories, reduce Manila, capture the other lalanda, set up a Govern- A ment of their own, and flail) dlsnan the treaties M mado by Hpaln. What inuat we do then 1 riertilte fffl thelnsurgeuUT Trust to their magnanimity 7 1'jre- TH gooiirrights? Come trailing home with nuraniilsa U aud rblpa and forever abandon tho fnilta of victory 1 It seems to be a safe conclusion that Kpaln no fl longer can hold coIoiiIih In distant arts of the J world. It tho Philippine a are not governed by the f United Btatea or by an limiirgcnt republic they , ev entually aro 1 ertAiu to pans hi math thu rniitn I of ' one or more of the great European power, Already the fleets of three or four nal Ions are hov crlng around like biu;rda over a it) lug carcass, re ady at any time to pounce don and tear the qulverlug flesh to pieces. J'rom the Sun FranciKo Chronicle, If the views of thu Ittpubllran and part of tha Democratic presi, the demands of commercial bodies and the common talk of the t-trictscaii be cited aa majorll) sentiment, the people ate In favor of t.io annexation of the Philippine group. After tho Servloo. , From thf Indianapolit Journal, -uaMs?; "i"ow" h,t '" churcbt- lie Excel). the ouo that vu ri-Mil Mlkam Uoa