If gfljg fefg gfatt.
Ilf; BATUIIDAY, AUGUST 0, 1808.
IHV Hiilisrrlptloiis by .Mall, l'ostpnld.
IIM DAILY, per Month SO BO
IIS DAILY, per Year '
AL RITNDW, imp Year "
' ' DAILY AN JiSt'.NDAY, per Year "
t DAILY AND SUNDAY. icr Month "0
Postage to foreign countries added.
int Buit, New York City.
Pxt-Klomini No. 15, near Orand Hotel, and
Eloscpro No. 10, Boulevard ilea Captielnrs.
If our fri'ntU o arnr in w mnnweriptt for
publication vlih to liar' rtjccled arllelti returned, they
I ft) mull (n allctuei irnd tlatnpior that purpoie.
IE The Comniprrliil Side.
Ip Soon nfter Dkwkvh victory the Mnnu
B fneturers' Club of Cincinnati passed resolu-
E tlolin declaring tliat the Philippines should
ft remain In tlie possession of tho United
K States. Tlie Chamber of Commerce of that
K city linn scut to Mr. McKlNl.r.Y a inctno-
V rial which utters the general opinion of
merchants nnd innnu fact liters ns to tho
I- disposition of tho IMilllpplnen. Wo print
If the whole memorial ns a fair statement of
tli commercial necessity for their pernio
C neni occupation:
f? "The determination of qiirstluns Involved In con-
ncctlon with Anieaiuan rttvtlons to the Philippine
Vi Islulda la a matter which greatly concerns the lutt-p
i tats of our country. In leaching conclualotni due
rcmsldiratlonthonldle given to theconmnrolatim-
portaneeiitidpo-a.l'llitlossurroundlng the question.
i Thciolalaiidareprri'eutapupulatlonuf about p.uoo,
S 0o people, who are noted for their Industrial eo-
HH lompIlshmentsandpMeUvitlis. The lands ere for-
m tile and prudtiit vr. The Important extent to which
ft commerce hns already reae lied between that region
and other lounttlra would have great liiiimlm and
)i Paolo gnmth under awlie and atubl' government,
auoli a Ihu United Htatraruiild assure. The. result
on uoh a binds would lie una of advantage, not only
ft In the v oi In and the Industrie- of lh es Iclauds, but
J to all countries having trade relations with Ikcni.
' "Whatever lights of possnsiuu or of dictation
$', t f that may be acquired lij tlio United Mates relating
fei if to tin i-o lalanda will ho secured legitimately and
i H without the Incident of it idiiti for aggression for ter-
F. ritullal expansion III view of these facta, uoquea-
F fi t tlona of m utliui lit. of religion, of territorial advan-
Jjj 9 f taite ahoiihl hate nreceili uce in cr tho alKntncanee of
vj Si' commercial luleriata In aittlinu the (iiieatlon of
1ft. future nnitml i f tlKae iioaaraaloiM. It la therefore
Bfc lmutntlvii that tliecloiemment of tho United Statea,
9 F In eutirlaluiui; ailjuatnicnt of peace tenna with
9 Bpatu, uliinilil not be haaty in a decision concernlnit
' ils theao lalanda, wlilih inluht rcliuquiah righta of the
B L hltlic't Importance.
B W "Whtn It la con.idered that of tho moro than
H,00O.0ihi,ooo of capital commanded by Aniert
ME' can liiduatrial ronnnia one-third of auch element
E h, aMillable fur prniiiottoii of pnwptrlty and accumula-
ia J Uonof wialtlilauncmiilojcd and Idle, tho lmpor-
jg: -j tamo of cur commercial lntensla muat be recoe-
fl Bind. The point has bcin re iched in the induatrial
i 6 Ue.clopinent of the United Slates which uruentir
i H call for ritentlon of It fai-iUtlra for furclgncom-
' SB R mercc, and opiiurtuultiea comlux properly within
t f I tho reaih and power of our country calculated to
! fc avhaiui-mKli ends ahould not be allowed to bo lost."
II i Shall we expand our American commerce
H ttntl American industries by taking posscs-
ll t Ion of this new and rich field, or shall wo
8 I meekly let homo other nation have it?
F j j ' The Island of liii.on.
I li It Is doubtful whether tho importanco of
t I the Islniid of Luron In the great nrchl
,1 pelago of which It forms tho chief northern
I L member Is yet appreciated by us. The only
ffei other Island approaching It even In size Is
' f -" Mindanao, at tho south, and that Is very
f S far inferior in cultivation, wealth, the char-
,f I actor of Its population, or any of tho other
I f elements of value.
j I Luzon is larger thnu all tho other Philip
e I piuo islands put together, and has a larger
I g population than all tho rest. It Is OTiO
II miles long, with a breadth of 130 at Its
I J broadest, and one of Its rivers Is 180 miles
f -J. long. In area It equals New Yorkaud Xew
1 5: Jersey combined. Its two mountain chains,
I with peaks 7,000 feet high, are covered
B I 'i with mighty forests, whllo tho valleys and
aiSf! plains are wonderfully luxuriant, as the
It I if' crops of hemp, sugar, tobacco, rice, and
BJI It other products show. Gold, copper, Iron
Sj ;' and coal nro among Its minerals. Manila,
ij , Its capital, is one of the great marts of the
I Ilf i FarKost, counting, with Its suburbs that
Bill E manufacture many things, from cheroots to
l cordage and embroideries, 100,000 people.
1 fth It Is the metropolis of the Philippines, the
B If emporium of the archipelago's trade.
B Manila, then, must he ours. Why should
B Et there be. Indeed, how could there bo, two
B lm coverclgntles in the Island! And why
B w should there bo two sovereignties In the
B :& archipelago?
B '?) Why tho Conventions Will Co Late.
: '" Tho nominating conventions which put
B S 'j; thosucccssfulcandldatcBlntboflcldforGov
I, S eruor of Now York convened at these dates:
tf. lR8t Sept. 3G 1804 Sept. 20
W- 1H88 8ept.l2 1tJB0 Bept.18
it! 18U1 Hept.10
I is! That Is, the State conventions nominating
B P rTii the candidates for Governor elected during
H'j this period were oil hold on tho fortnight
between tholUth and tho 20th of Septem-
Bf bor. This year when tho whole list of State
n ofllcers and members of both branches of
'- the Legislature are to be voted for. It Is tho
' declared purposo of both parties to hold
their respective conventions at oven later
. dates, tho Ilcpubllcaus on Sept. U7 and tho
11 1 Democrats on Oct. 4.
I ( This year there are special reasons for
I 5: such delay. Under the provisions of tho
I & State Constitution, aliens desiring to
, j, I m complete their naturalization must make
B iBf application for flnul papers before Aug. 0,
LB IP a8 t'mt '" "io latit ('y on wi'c'1 sucu p
LB a ife Ptn cft" e ut'"zcl' 'or voting, citlzcnslilp
LB fif, Kt. 'or ",e l,0r'0( ' ninety days instead of
LBS W thirty days being now a prerequisite for
LB i wX euffrage. Moreover, the practical effect of
B W, W' l'10 l,rov'B,on of tllc pivsent Klectoral Coilo
jf W allowing certlllrates of party nominations
LB it for State olllees to bo (lied thirty days be-
Bj .1' fore election has been to delay the holding
BT P'' of conventions making municipal nomlna-
B1 ' tloiiB until tho latest practicable day, and
KB, j naturally the same rule is now applied to
BS IE' State conventions.
M ; : j.l , Campaign oratory and 'camjialgn lltera-
:'' il" turc' except such ns reaches the voters
BJ ' . through newspapers, Is no longer of as
P y much Importance as formerly even in the
u I Interior and rural counties. The weekly
LB Jit fP.i'8i as agencies of communication In
Blx! Jjwlltical matters, have been superseded by
M , tlie dally papers. Tim printing of the
I , ballots, now In the exclusive control of the
H ;, State, Is dono more expeditiously than
Btt . when both that and the distribution of the
HI I ' tickets devolved upon tho political parties
Hip themselves. Political organizations work
HBI - Ing methodically tho year through bavo
Hw superseded largely tho old method of cam
B'l palgnlng. Such nn organization Is ready
Hk L to tnko thu Held, to mobllizo its party
HBr f forces, on thirty days' notice. Tho long
HV ( drawn out canvass Is no longer necessary,
HJ i nor Is It profitable. "Stumping the State"
BSu I l,y "onpalgn orators Is largely a rello of
HB n 1 ebbing political methods preserved only by
HB"VjL bu leadera In a lew counties. In tuU
city the enormous Increase and Itnprovo
ment of transit facilities has simplified
canvassing greatly. Both here and olso
where tho time required for It lias been
Over 70 per cent, of tho State's popula
tion lives now In Its Incorporated cities.
Theso are the notoblo reasons why
campaigns In New York have been mado
so much shorter than formerly; but this
year there Is a pccullnr justification for tho
greatest possible obbroviatlon. 1'ubllc In
terest Is absorbed In the war and tho na
tional expansion to result from It, and ob
viously tho election of next November will
turn on national rather than State Issues.
Merely parochial politics nnd politicians
will deserve little of tho public attention.
Tho people hnvo something else to think
A thirty-day campaign will fill nil the
requirements of both parties In New York
this year. A short, sharp and decisive
campaign will bo u natural feature of tho
Prosperity nnd the School of Defama
tion. Tho confidence Is universal In tho finan
cial nnd commercial world that this country
will enter upon a porlod of extraordinary
prosperity at tho conclusion of our war with
Spain, now so near at hand. That feeling
prevails as generally abroad as at home.
The demonstration of our military prow
ess, financial soundness, national unity and
political sufllclency afforded by tho war
has created new and greater self-confidence
at home nnd nn unwonted nnd n,
profoundcr respect for our potency In all
foreign minds. It is evident to the wholo
world that territorial expansion will
open rich nnd fresh fields for American
enterprise, extend and diversify our mar
kets, give a new Impetus to ourcommcrco
and manufactures, draw larger attention
to the financial opportunities hero ofTered,
and gtvo to our own people the hopefulness
of energy which Ib a primary essential to
All that Is bo generally recognized as In
evitable, that Its expression savors of tho
commonplace. But It Is well to say It
because already tho malignant forces of
journalism arc gathering such strength
as they have, with a view of renew
ing their assault) on American credit for
the purpose of preventing tho practical
refutation of their ceaseless accusations of
corruption and Incompetency against our
political methods and our public men.
They want to justify themselves as proph
ets of evil by bringing tho evil to paRs.
The war having exposed the groundlessness
of their past assaults by a demonstration
of national power and Integrity, they arc the
more eager to get tho semblance of an ex
cuse for their mallco by minimizing tho
substantial benefits secured In peace. Wo
expect to hear theso jackals barking in
chorus with all tholr old energy so soon as
tho negotiations for tho settlement of tho
war begin formally. They are already
training for their howling concert.
Whoover has had occasion to bco such
newspapers, as, for Instance, the JTreii in g
Poit of this city, must have obsorved that
their whole industry Is directed to destruc
tion rriorely, aud for tho sake of destruction.
Their game Is to sow the seeds of discon
tent with all American institutions and
distinguishing peculiarities, social and po
litical, and to awaken distrust In our popu
lar government. For fifteen years they
have been encased In a concerted nttomnt
to bring this country into reproach abroad
and to weaken faith In It at home.
This journalistic school of defamation,
strangely enough, has received very much
of such patronage as It has had from among
the very business and financial circles
most Injuriously affected by its malig
nant spirit of detraction and disparage
ment and its policy of creating doubt, sus
picion, distrust, and political confusion.
It is engaged in wrecking simply from a
lovo of Ill-natured mischief.
The striking and justifiable Belf-confl
denco which is now giving stimulation to
all trade and enterprise renders futile the
efforts of theso newspapers to set back tho
current of prosperity, but they should be
made tho more Impotent by the refusal of
even the small part of the public which
have tolerated them in the past to give any
further countenanco or support whatever
to thalr malicious industry. They ought to
be left to dlo of Inanition.
Col. Bryan and tho Nebraska Con
ventions. The threo departments of the old Bryan
lto party in Nebraska havo held their State
conventions simultaneously at Lincoln.
The Bryanlto Democrats, the Silver Ilcpub
llcaus nnd the Populists met as sepuratc
organizations, but with a common purposo
In view, namely, fusion nnd the promotion of
Bryantsm as revised to date by tho Colonel
himself. There was harmony and coopera
tion, except a wrangle over tho apportion
ment of the State olllees. At one time there
was a movement to recpneilo differences by
putting up BnvAN himself for Governor.
Tho final agreement resulted in tho nomi
nation of PopullatH for Governor, Auditor,
Secretary of State, Treasurer, Commissioner
of Public Lands and Buildings, and Super
intendent of Public Instruction; a Silver
Republican for Lieutenant-Governor; and
a Democrat for Attorney-General. Although
It appears that the Populist branch of Ne
braska Bryanlsm came out rather tho best
In tho distribution, It probably got no
greater share than Its numerical superiority
and enthusiastic energy wnrrantod It In
claiming. The name of the Populist can
didate for Governor on the fusion ticket Is
While three separate seta of resolutions
wero adopted by the threo conventions,
they aro practically identical at all the
principal points of interest. They re
affirm the Chicago platform of free
coinage of silver at the ratio of six
teen to one, Independent of tho action
of any other nation; express pride
and joy In the achievements of Col. Buyan
In peace and In war; condemn tho Issuo of
war bonds as unnecessary and unwise;
favor tho referendum and the election of
Senators by direct vote of the people; and
declaro hostility to the acquisition by tho
republic of territory so remote as tho Phil
This lost addltiou to the creed of Ne
braska Bryanlsm was due to the special
and personal efforts of the Colonel himself.
He prohably cared more about It than about
any other resolution, always excepting the
resolution referrlug to his military record.
It was announced before the conventions
met, and whllo the steering commlttco was
laboring for harmony, that although tho
great leader was miles away from Lincoln,
heroically supporting his country's causo
against Spain, he had left behind him "as
a legacy to the trl-convcntlon" tho
"thought" that the Philippines are too
far away to be annexed In whole or In part,
I The Colonel's legacy of thought was nc-
ceptcd,but not without somo trouble on
the part of tho administrators of his politi
cal wlshos. Not only among tho Populists',
but also among tho Democrat, thoro de
veloped a sentiment In favor of the
very Imperialism which BnTAN wanted
the convention to condemn and donounco.
The Lincoln correspondent of tho Chicago
Tribune reporta that ' there waa a consid
erable clement In favor of not referring to
that subject, or, If It was mado tho subject
of resolutions, to favor tho extension of tho
republic's territory to all land that tho
flag covers as a result of tho work of
tho army and navy. This sentiment,
however, was not strong enough In tho
committee to change tho programme. Col.
Biiyan had sounded tho koynoto of hos
tlllty to tho retention of tho Philippines or
other remote territory, and In doforenco to
his wishes the. resolutions of each conven
tion on this lino wore drafted."
Thus It appears that Col. Br.YJ.N'8 most
zealous efforts In tho present war aro de
voted to tho rcstorafclon to Spain of tho
territory which Dewey and MKmtiTT and
tho men under them aro holding for tho
Hag. This entcrprlso may bo within
tho functions propor to a political
Colonel, but surely not to any other
sort of Colonel. It is safo to say that not
an officer In the service of tho United
States, with tho slnglo exception of Col.
IlnvAN, Is now engaged In working con
ventions with a view to embarrassing his
Tho alleged spirit of patriotic Dolf-sac-rlflco
which red Mr. BnYAN Into the mili
tary service of his country needs testing.
Gen. Merritt needs reinforcements. Why
not order tho Third Nebraska to Manila?
A grim sign of penco Is tho general senso
that retlcenco need no longer bo observed
about tho errors of war. We havo reached
that point. Kven Gon. Shafter, command
Ing at Santiago, publishes complaints that
at a moro critical momeut would havo
been an Imperative causo for court
martUl. SiiArrai's letter was known In
Madrid as Boon as It was known In New
York. Tho progrnmmo Is to bring tho
Knnt.lntrn nrnit tn Mnntftlllr. nltlinllcrh We
have no doubt that, were tho time for ac
tion to come again, tho army, said to be
In such an unhappy plight, and doubtless
having endured hardships of which tho
knowledge has but begun to como to
the surface, would bo found Instantly pos
sessed of its normal spirit and power to a
In embarking the troops at Santiago,
which should be dono with all possible
energy, the mistakes of their debarkation
there and of the despatch of wounded to
northern ports must bo prevented by the
Tho Newest of tho Klements.
Tho multiplication of tho elements goes
In tho chemical sense, an element Is a
substance which, unless you add some other
substanco to it, will produce nothing but
Itself. Thus, Iron, If kept uncomblncd with
anything else, will yield only Iron and Iron
alone. It is a simple body, which cannot
bo resolved Into anything simpler.
In 1874, when Prof. Josiah P. Cooke,
Jr., of Harvard College, published his well
known work on the new chemistry, thcro
were sixty-threo elementarv substances
certainly known to chemists. In 1801, ac
cording to a list given by Prof. InA Rem
sen of tho Johns Hopkins University, thcro
were sixty-Beven. Slnco then helium and
argon have been added to tho list of ele
mentstwo gases present In tho air In
minute quantities and remarkable for their
Indisposition to combine with other ele
ments ; and more recently tho discovery of
still another gas of tho same group has
bscu announced, which It Is proposed to
Argon and helium have been obtained
from the gaseous products of mineral
springs In England. It Is to Italy, how
ever, that the newest of tho elements must
bo credited, upon which has been be
stowed the name coronium. Tho detec
tion of this substanco was made known
three weeks ago by a communication to tho
French Academy of Sciences by Messrs. R.
Nasini, F. Andehmni and It. Salvador:,
three Italian chemists and physicists, who
hnvo been engaged for somo time in tho spec
troscopic study of the gaseous emanations
from various volcanic districts of Italy.
Tho new clement was discovered in this
way: If the corona, or halo, of the sun bo
examined through tho spectroscope, a defi
nite, green line appears In tho spectrum.
This lino Is known to men of science as
1474K. It was once supposed to bo due to
tho aurora, but this viow has been aban
doned, and the line has lately been regard
ed as indicating the presence of an elemen
tary substanco In the solar corona, which
must bo lighter than hydrogen and
did not exist on tho earth, since tho
green lino had nuver been found in
the spectrum of any terrestrial body.
Now, however, the coronal lino has
beon found for tho first time upon tho
earth. In Btudyriig, with tho aid of the
spectroscope, the volcanic gases arising
from the Solfatora of Pozzuoll, the lino is
plainly revealed ; and tho luferenco Is that
tho same clement which manifests Its pres
ence in the solar corona by this green lino
must bo present In theso products of Ital
ian mineral springs, and will eventually be
Isolated as coronium tho lightest sub
stanco known to man.
A writer In the London Times, comment
ing on this Interesting discovery, predicts
that other now elements will be found as
sociated with coronium.
Insurgents as Our Soldiers.
There Is a double significance In our Ma
nila despatches reporting AouiNAl.po's
Buggestlou thut native regiments should
be formed under American ofllcers. This
Indicates that the Insurgent leader Is
on satisfactory terms with us, and also
that the expense of garrisoning the Philip
pines, which has been mado an objection
to annexlug them, need not be very great.
In all the despatches which have como
from Admiral Dewhy we recall no expres
sion of doubt thut Aouinaldo could be
successfully dealt with. Now our CaviUS
correspondent reports that the Insurgent
leader bus asked permission to march his
troops through Manila after It Is taken.
Such a request, with the one for the forma
tion of native regiments, looks to making the
beatof the situation under American rule.
Native regiments are customary in all
well-governed colonies. The British In
India and elsewhere have employed them
for years, and with proper tieutment and
competent ofllcers the system can bo re
lied upon as sound. In the Philippines
tho employment of natives as troops or
armtd constabulary under regular officers
j might be very successful, Aouinaldo
y.a,w f - v i"aVa,1afhiliiig M i.al - - '- -
in' ii niai-iliail imlinMltiaaiiila r - n-....-.n
seems to be a forehanded person, who keeps
well ahead of current events In hts plans,
and also appreciates that half a, loaf Is
better than no bread.
The difficulties In managing the Philip
pines will appear less as we approach them.
Gen. James B. Weaver of Iowa, whom
studonts of calamity remember as tho Populist
candidate for President In 1802, has beon
nominated for Ileprosentatlvo In Oon cross by a
throe-headed convention In OBkaloosa. Wo
can't tmaglno what Weaver has to wall about
now, but ho has beon n victim of tho walling
habit for roars and nothlna will ovor mnko him
short up. Borne cynical delegates In tho con
vention voted for him on tho ground that as a
Republican would bo cloctod anyway. It was
tho part of wisdom to put him up, knock him
violently down and so hn dono with him.
They don't know him. Ho Is not easily din
cournsed, nnd will nomlnato htmsolf It nobody
elso will tako tho troublo to nominate him.
Thellon. JoEBAlLEY'srcsolutlons against
expansion wero rudely smnshed by tho Tnxas
Dnmooratla Convention. Mr. Dailey. Is. con
scious of possessing remarkable talonts for
leadership, and it must bo a continuous sur
prlso to him that so tow porsons will consent to
A Judgo of tho Supremo Court of North
Carolina robukes a collogo of whloh ho is n
trusteo for consenting to tako a clftof $100,000
from a plutooratlo makor of cigarettes. Tho
Judgo bocs In tho gift nn effort of plutocracy to
smuggle tho gold standard into tho curriculum.
A sliver unlvorslty ought to Jto founded, nnd
plutocrats should bo flnod for their Insidious
If tho Brooklyn Brldgo Is not strong
enough to permit trolley oars to run an close as
they can bo run, tho brldgo ought to bo
strengthened at onco.
Tho Hon. Uai.pii Measley of Chicago,
who holds tho proud post of Secretary of Ar
rangomonts for tho National Conforonco on
Foreign Policy, says that " suggestions como
from all quarters that prominent places bo
given on tho progrnmmo to tho Nicaragua
Canal and International Arbitration." As moat
of tho Stato Couventlons favor tho construction
of tho canal, tho Snrntoga conferers nro pre
paring to tako nnnocosanry pains; and tho
Lake Mohonk conforonco holds tho copyright
on International arbitration.
From tho frequency with which Senator
Jonm of Arkanaaa attempta to clenno the policy of
the United Btatea re carding Culia, the 1'hllliipinea,
KC.. one might auppoae he conaldera himself a co
ordinate branch of tie Government. Indanapolil
This Is a wholly orronoous description of tho
Hon. Jut Joxes'b bellof. Ho regards tho Gov
ernment as a subordinate branch of the Hon.
Tho Hon. Boose Burn Is rushing to tho
front of Jllssourl statesmanship, nnd tho noso
of tho Hon. Champ Clabk is out of joint.
Surely Missouri Is big enough to afford two
statesmen of tho first rank.
Tlie Great Opportunity of 3Ir. McKlnlcr.
To Tns Editor or TnE Sun Sir: Those
who know how to read what Is not printed In
tho day's news ppo clearly that certain Interests
aro trying to foroo thu United States to Bcuttle
out of tho Philippines. Nor is thcro any reason
for surprise at such n dastardly endeavor. Wo
romomber that up to tho declaration of war
similar influences labored to peniotunto tho
horrlljlo conditions of Spanish rulo in Cuba.
It appears, too. that tho men back of tho pol
icy of scuttlo poso us tho President's "friends."
It Is n sorry "friond" who would dlssundo Mc
Kinluy from becoming tho emancipator of
8.000.000 to 10.0U0.000 peoplo In tho Philip
pines, an ho is now tho emancipator of upward
of S.000.000 In tho Spanish West Indios.
It is McKlnley'g luck thnt ho may stnnd with
Jefferson as the broadonor of United States
torrltory nnd tho gher of Immeasurable and
world-wide opportunities to coming genera
tions of Amnrkans. nnd beeomo with Lincoln
ono of the great emancipators of history. It is
sought to hnnich from him this glorious crown
of Immortality and to shut oft iho opportuni
ties of coming generations by this policy of
It is tlio duty of o.ory patriotic American to
protest in the strongest tonus against such a
weak, wickod and ornbllko policy, and it is
still moru the duty of evory American to pro
test uualnst tho United Stntes Government
Koine Into tho wholesale Mate trade and doom
ing what might ho a great nation to centuries
of barbarism nnd oppression.
Tlio Philippines lunu been won by our valor;
they should no kept for tho benelltof ourdn
Bcendants. In keeping them wo do not obli
gate ourxclw") to surrender aiiulifiii; else, not
even tho Monroe doctrine. Tho Monroo doc
trine Is an American doetrino nppljing to tho
continent of America. Tlio more, fact tlint wn
havu transoceanic possessions does not mili
tate ngnlnst tlio Monroe doetrino; but. on thu
contrary, strengthens It.
There seems to tie a class of peoplo who want
tn snvo tho future from Itself; who think that
tho American race has reached its climax ; thnt
the coming gcnorntlons will be degonoratns,
whom the present wUe men must pro.ldofor
nnd piuteet ugalnst thetnsol.es. Is it not a
wiser .low that our successors wiil bo capable
of managing tholr own business nswoll-is wo
innnngeours. or oven hetter; nnd Is it notour
dutytoglvo thorn ovory posslblo opportunity
and leave thorn unfettered ?
.. , ClUUNCEY N. DUTTON.
hr.w York, Aug. 4.
, - - .
To uik Enrron or Tiik SuN-.Vir.- We are very ranch
gratified at tho courso yon are talcing in retard to our
now potacaslona, tho Phlllpptnea, and truat that the
country at large will realize, their urcat Importance.
Lykn, Maaa., Aug. 4. Uilliaiid A MEnniu.
To tiik EniToa or The Bux Sir: I'll bet my life
that flft ycara from now (In case we keep tho Phllip
vlnea) 3 ou couldn't get a handful of voka to relrnae,
them. Keep her up. o. A.
New Yobk, Aug, . '
To THE Eiivron or The Bun .ViV: Tho prevalent
feeling among the peoplo evidently la that the Phil
ippines ought not to hu turned hack under Rpanlah
mtaruln. Hut whatever may he Bald of the Inex
pediency to thla country of undertaking to eatahllah
" good government "over the cntlro group. It la p.
arntlal that we do aorocthlng reaaonable and worth
The abanrdlty haa moro than once Leon remarked
of retaining a luero atation (as Manila andaaur
rounding dlatrlet) after the treinendoua labor and
eipc uau of arndlug acroaa tho 1'aclSc an army of 20
000 men. '
For hiiinanlty'a aake, aa well aa for our own adian
tage. ahould nut the rommlaaloii at leaat inalat upon
retaining the cntlro lalund of Luzon t Might not the
Upaulsh Oommlaaionnra be Induced tn cede tn 11a for
money audi other of the more Important lalanda of
the group aa wn may find It advantageous tu aecure f
A parUal ceaalon by imrcbaao would be a comfort
able tranaactlon for Bpalu and no loaa to ua In the
I"?' . ... A Patbiot.
National SoLDU&a' Home, Vs., Aug. 4.
The lllue Hose."
To Tni Editob or Tn Son Sir? Kindly allow
me to correct an error In the reference In your dra
matic column thla morning to the play "La Iloaa
AttunVC'Thollluo Uobcj"). by Anita Vlvantl Char
triH, which has Juit been produced at Dologna, Italy,
" The Ulue Itoae" Is not an Italian version of "The
Hunt fur Happlneaa," but la an entirely lie play,
written only In Italian. At present no Engllah
veralounfit etlsta. Aa The Hun la wlrlcly quoted
both In thla country and abroad, It la greatly to the
author'e luterrat, In view of arrangements made and
pending In regard to both playa, that this mlatake
ahould lie set right aa aoon aa poaalblc, and I truat to
yuur courtesy to permit mo the necr-aary apace for
tho purpoao. 1 may takn the opportunity to add that
" The llunl for llspplness" was not drsmatlred from
the novel, but that tho novel waa written by Mrs.
Chartrea from her play. John Oiiabtuxs.
Mew Yubk, Aug, 4,
Delivering Packages and ai all nt Camp Illnrk
To hie Euiton or the 8ns Sir: The manner In
which packagea are delivered at Camp lllack la a dis
grace. A package was aint on July 27 from New
York, and it waa received on the 2d of August.
A reclatered letter waa sent July 27 and wis not
received on Auk. J, F, l", Duuai.
New Yoiuc.Aug, 4.
A Fnmoua Temperance Agitator Uncle
From (A rAifodctpAfa Hvtnino TtUarapK,
lUBBisuUBa, Pa , Aug. 3, Oov. Hastings has ap
pointed 1'ianiU Muiphy, I'lttaburg'a famous temper
auco advocate, chaplain of the Fifth Pennsylvania
lteglraent at Chickaniauga, Mr. Murphy takea the
plApeof Chaplain Joaepli V. Uartmanof Altooua, who
resigned a month ago to resume his church duties.
There were a score of applicants for the vacancy, aud
Mr. Murphy waa specially chosen because of Ida abll
ltlca aa an evangelist.
ssrsftfMiiiMCa tu iiiiiiisaSBlasBBsjsalsyBaiBacr'Bia,aBB
AlUtr HKDICAZ DEPARTMENT.
Philadelphia Medical Journal Defines the
Surgenn-aenernl's Position War "Not
Naturally n Strictly Hyglenlo Process."
from tU l'MtaitlpMa Midical Jmmal. Ana. t.
Vie havo noted, mostly with silent disap
proval and dlssont, tho tendency In tho news
papers to criticise tho conduct of modical
affairs In tho present war. This orltlclsm has
beon about what wo expected, for wo folt sure
atthooutbroakot hostilities thnt tho Bravest
problems would havo to bo met too quickly by
tho medical department of tho army, nnd that
this department would find Itself hampered tn
many wars through no fault of Its own. This
was bound to gho tlio critics tho opportunities
for which they always yearn, to And fault and
to display tholr Ignorance.
VTo aro enabled, through tho courtesy of Bur-goon-Ooncral
Htornbonr. to glvo n stntomont of
somo exact facts that will enllgliton the modical
publlo and onnblo It not only to Judgo for ltsolt,
but also to correct In many ways tho erroneous
opinions that may bo formod by tho publlo at
Tho total number of modical officers nllowod
by law In tlmo of poaco Is 103 an inadequate
numbor even thon, and entirely Insufflolont to
copo with tho reuulremonts of a foreign war.
Doductlng tho numbor of thoso assigned to
staff and gouornl service, and to general
hospitals, thoro are loft but (K) exporlencod
army modical officers for servlco with
troops In tho Hold. This deficiency
has boon mot by employing 300 "con
tract" surgeons from civil practice and moro
aro being employed ovory day. Dr. Sternberg
says that most of theso doctors from civil Ufo
aro doing Rood work, nnd many of them aro
thoroughly woll-equlppod physicians nnd sur
geons with nmplo hospital exporlonco; but It
has been Impossible to mako a careful eduction
by means of an Examining Board, owing to
great pressure of business in tho Surgoon-Gen-oral's
office. Whon wo consider tho sudden
ness of tho outbreak of tho war and tho rapidity
of later ovents, nil this Is roadlly understood.
Dr. 8teruberg states that Gen. Shatter's army
nt Tampa was complotcly equipped with modi
cal supplies for field service, but owing to In
sufficient transportation the commanding Gen
eral loft bohtnd at Tampa his rcsorvo modical
supplies and ambulanco corps. Owing to tho
difficulties of landing supplies at Hlbonuy, tho
fighting men with guns and rations wero
landed first, nnd hurried to tho front. Tho Re
lief, loaded to her utmost capacity with medi
cal supplies, arrived at Blbonoy four days nftor
tho light at El Cancy. This was no fault of tho
Medical Department, which had asked for a
hospital ship In good time, but was disap
pointed by an unavoidable delay In securing a
BUitablo vessel and preparing her for sorvioo.
Tho Medical Department did not oxpect that
overy wounded man would recelvo Immediate
attention from a surgeon on tho field. This Is
Impracticable, and no noting army makes pro
vision for such a largo numbor of surgeons.
This first aid to tho Injured was cxpectod to bo
dono by tho Rod Cross corps of tho army,
which hns now more than 4,000 men In ser
vice, who hnvo boon instructed, as well as could
ue in hucii snort iimo. to apply a nrst antl9optlo
dressing to a wound, nnd this is nil that Is. ns
a rule, required. All tho surgeons from tho
front havo testltled to tho remarkably good re
sults attained with such a dressing, applied by
the lied Cross men or even by tho soldiers
themselves or their comrades. Evory soldier
carries a "first-aid" packet, nnd Is especially
Instructed In its uso.
Dr. Sternberg claims thnt his position with
rofcrenco to sending women nurses with tho
army in tlio Held hns given offoneo to somo
members of tho lied Cross Bocioty and that tho
unjust attacks mado upon himself and the
department result from this fact. Womon
nurses aro now employed In the general hos
pitals, wheru they aro giving groat satisfaction,
but with an army in tho field, mobilized for
netlvo operation, such nurses, tho Burgeon
Genera claims, are nn Incumbrance. At tho
hospitals near Santiago, howovor, he has now
emplojcd noarly 100 immune, women nurses.
It Is ovldent to our mind that tho employ
ment of women nurses on tho Held of battle,
just as on battleships. Is n doubtful question,
and must bo left to tho decision of the Burgeon-General
and his ndvlsors. Ho Is not op
posed to tho. Rod Cross Society undor propor
regulations, but ho calls our attention to tho
monstious fact that many of its so-called
nurses had novor received nny spoclal training
to lit them for tho duties thoy woro so eager to
undertake Tho medical profession at largo,
wo doubt not. will entirely ngreo with fir.
Sternberg that such women have no appropri
ate plnco nt the front to attend to wounded
men. As for transiKirtation. the 8urgeoii-(Jiii-ciul
says tlint the Red Cross Society should
bavo been entirely independent of Government
tninspoitntion If It expected to fullll its proper
function or nflording aid to thu wounded of
iKith armies. In accordance with tho terms of
the Geneva Convention,
AsfortboScnoea if she was overcrowded or
inadequately supplied, tho Medical Department
was in no wny responsible-. A l.irgtt number of
convalescent patients wore traiir-frrred to tho
Npifee.i from tho Relief and from the shore
hospitals. beeaiiBo It was oxpeeted at tho tlmo
that our troops would storm Santiago nnd that
room would be needed for n largo number of
wounded men. Two acting assistant surgeons
wero assigned to tho Honeca with n supply of
the most necessary dressings and medicines
l'orouronn pnrt wn would enll tho attention
of amateur newspaper critics to the fact that
war is not naturally a strictly hyglonle process.
It sometimes makes its own laws, regardlossof
tlio bO'-t sanitary precautions. When (ion.
Shatter wns sent into n yellow lover country In
tho yellow fover season, ho probably regarded
thlsdlsenso ns ho regardi, bullets ns among
tlio chances of war. His business was to go
ahead, to light nnd to conquer. To claim, as
somo critics seem inclined to do. that tho medi
cal authorities: could undersuch oireumstnncefl,
prnetleo successfully tho ordinary rules of
preventive medieino Is to mnko a captious crit
icism so preposterous ns to need no refutation
from us. Wo belluvn thnttho Medical Depart
ment of tho United States Army is fully nllvo
to Its responsibilities, and will maintain Its
reputation. In tho meantime wo suggest that
It Is not wise to talk too much to the man at
To the KniToit of The Sun .Sir: I note
with Intorest your editorial In Issuo of Aug. ,'i
entitled, " A Molo-Eyed Commissioner," relat
ing to tho existing condition of trolloy trans
IKirlutlon across tho brldgo.
In this regard wo aro wholly bohind tho re
quirements of tho times, our means of transit
to nnd from business being nltogothor Inado
qunto nnd not nt all in keeping with our
Bclentlllc, up-to-dato manner of doing other
Tho conditions which prevail slnco tho brldgo
structure) hns boon clvon to tho trolley com
panies nnd tho elevated roads nro dlsgracoful
in tho dxtremo. bosldos being u hlndrunco
rather than a help to truvol.
Tho necessity for quick communication bo
twoon thoso cities must bo apparent to all, nnd
tho need of a railroad brldgo Is growing greater
over) day. It seems to roo a pity, howovor, thut
tho present structure should havo been given
ovor to the lawless trolloy companies,
Tho useloBness of any effort on tho part of
either Individual or municipal authority to con
trol and keop within bounds those trolley com
panies has been demonstrated tlmo and ngnln.
Thoy break without hesitancy nny cltyordi
nnnco which It may seem to their Intorest to vio
late, and it Is not nt all likely that, having onco
IiossosKcd themselves of the brldgo, tho gentle
man referred to In your editorial can oxurt nny
lusting control over them ovon if ho wishes to
Tho original plan to keop the cars 102 feet
apart sounded well before iiosscaslon of tho
bridge was given, and doubtless indicated to
tbn trustees a tendency toward good behavior
011 tlio part of the transit companies; but Its
niter absurdity must bo apparent to all who
Slvu thu muttor n moment's consideration. If
10 agreement stipulated that tho cars should
boHOpniutod 102 foot OH inehos there would
jinve boen just as much probability of its being
lived up to as in the flrstiustance, becauao few.
If nny, motormcu havo any idoa of distance,
measured by tlie running foot, unit it would re
quire tlio, practiced eyo of a civil engineer, nnd
0110 who has had muoli practice lit thnt. to keep
a car even approximately 100 feet from the ono
preceding It, lot ulono 10'.! feot.
Ou tho other hand, If thu trolleys aro kopt at or
near that dletanco apart, and If tho present
uhomliiablesjstiim ui the Now York terminal
continues, tho publlo will suffer from loss of
tlmi) and Insufttulent uoeommodatlon,
Iudend. ovorythlm: la-lints to tlio Immediate
need of another bridge, a brldgo built with ade
quate room to accommodate travel, u bridge
which shall bo of Hiifllclont slro with amnio
room at cnoli terminal to glvo tho needed no
conunoilHtlon, Theso two cities should bo spanned In nt least
half udozon pluces, and our facilities for getting
from one Kint to another, as bofnro stated, aiu
wholly inadequate now and onn bo very mate
rially improved Y V. IUixocx.
New York, Aug. 4,
A Fnmoua Jersey-nan.
To the Kmtoo or The Hum sir "Prlnekle Qum
mey" Is a famous Jerxymaa of AUaatlo City.
BHtU JtKPOXtTS Tllte JtlUDOB SAF&
rennlty Mar n Impoaetl for Itnnnln
Trolley Can Too Cloio Together.
John L. Bhea, Commlsloncr of Bridgos. ap
peared before tho Joint Committoo, on Rail
roads and Bridge nnd Tunnels of tho Council
yestorday nnd assured tho members that tho
Brooklyn Bridge was not In dangor of falling
down ns a result of running trolley cars too
oloso togothor. Ho dedared that tho brldgo
was Just as strong now as It was tho day It was
built, and In support of his stntomont ho sub
mitted a report mado to him on tho subject by
BamuolR.rrobasco. the chief englnoor of tho
Brldgo Department, as follows:
I bog leavo to report that last night (July 28).
shortly aftor II o'clock, n horsowasqvoreome uy
the boat and roll. A crowd of volilploa and trol
ioys oovored tho land spnn and the main span
of tho brldgo from tho Brook yn anchorage to
tho Brooklyn tower. A very heavy strain was
thrown on tho overflow stays nnd tho lower
ohord buckled undor. This Is not now. nnd has
occurred soveral times cloture. Wo have rem
edied It by putting timber braces on tlio ohord
nnd transferring tho strain onto tho next sec
tion of tho chord, which fins obviated nny f ur
thor buckling nt that place. I have directed
Mr. Dempsey to put theso braces In nil tho
ohnnnols whoro the ovorflow stays tako hold of
tho ohord. .... 1
1 havo causod an examination to bo mado or
tho cablesln tho towers nnd at tho anchorages,
tho stiffening trusses nnd tho floor beams, and
find that overy portion of tho brldgo. so far ns
Its stability is concerned, is the snmo ns in pre
vious examinations. Tho overflow stays at tho
point of connection with tho lowor chord havo
In sovornl instnncos causod n buck lug of tho
two channels forming tho. chord. This Is not
now. having boon notlcod and taken core of
before: and as tho trusBos form no part of tho
supporting strength of tho brldgo. which is in
tho cables alone, It is ontlrely snfo to assume
that tho brldgo Is as strong to-day as It has
been at any tlmo slnco Us erection.
Councilman Francisco oskod Mr. Shoa it It
was not posslblo for tho Municipal Assembly to
framo an ordlnanco to provont tho trolley cars
from running too closo togothor. Tho Com
missioner replied that tho agreement between
tlio companies provided thut tho cars should
run nt least 102 feet apart, but that If tho As
sembly passed an ordlnanco on tho subjoct It
would give the police on tho brldgo powor to
arrest conductors nnd motormon who did not
keep the prescribed distance
A Settlement Frounblo In the Ilarlem Bond's
Suit Acnlnat the New York Central.
It wns said yostorday that a settlement out of
court would probably bo effoeted In tho contro
versy bctweon tho Now York Central nnd the
Harlom Railroad as to which should profit by
tho refunding of the $12,000,000 of mortgago
bonds of tlio Harlom road. In 1872 tho Harlem
road borrowed $12,000,000 for twonty-olght
years at 7 por cent, interest. When tho Now
York Central leased tho Harlom it agreed to pay
tho fixed charges and a certain dlvidond.
YVIion it was mado clear two years ago that
tho standard rate of interest for high grado
railroad bonds was not mora than 3H percent,
tho Central decided to rotund tho bonds issued
by tho Harlom road. Tho new bonds woro to
pay :tK per cent. Intorest and to run for 100
years. Tho nnnual payments on tho $12,000,000
of bonds were thus reduced from $840,000 to
$420,000. Then tho question nroso whetlior
the Central or tho Harlem road should benellt
uy 1110 saving 01 -ui.i,iiuu 01 interest, every year
by this refunding. It was seen that In tho
100 years tho bonds woro to run tho
aggregate sum snved would bo $4 2,000.000.
Tho stockholders of the Harlom road held that
tho Central was undor tho obligation to pay
7 percent. Interest on the bonds, and that nny
saving which might be effected bolonged to the
Harlem road. The Central maintained thnt it
had tlie right U any benellt which resulted
from refunding tho bonds at n lower rate. A
suit was brought to dctermlno tho rights of tho
Tho case was prepared for trial and would
have como up in October. About two months
ago. however, committees wero appointed by
the Central and tho Harlem to effect a settle
ment. There were threo members from each
road. Tho commission so formed hns ex
amined tlio question carefully, and Is said to
have found n plan by which tho controversy
could bo settled. Just what agreement has
been leacbod has not yet beon mado nubile,
but It Is reported that there has beon n compro
mise between tho two claims. At nil oventH.lt
Is not expected that the case will ovor como to
NEW YOllK CITX'S SCHOOLS.
An Average of 334,181 Children Taught
Iiclly nt nn Annual Cost of 810,1570,770.
According to tho report of City Superintend
ent Maxwell of tho public schools, for tho year
ending July 31. 1H08, tho estimated numborof
children In OrnnterNnw York bntwonn tho nefpn
of S nnd 18 years was 702.102. distributed us
follows: Manhattan and the Bronx. 382,000:
Brooklyn. 270.0U2; Queens. 30.000; Richmond.
13,500. The total enrollment of pupils In tho
Rchoolswns 408,321), divided as follows: Man
hattan nnd tho Bronx, 270,501; Brooklyn, 1113,
030 ; Quoons. 24,047 : Richmond. 10.14.ri. Tho
average dally nttendanco was as follows: Man
hattan nnd tho Bronx. 187,883. Brooklyn. 120.
U54 ; Queens, 18,021 ; Richmond, 7,020 ; a total
The expenditures for all school purposes for
the year ending June 30. 181 W. woro $10,570,
770 80. of which Manhattan and tlio Bronx had
$r.D2ti.544.0,i: Brooklyn. 3,tUM.(U5; (Jueons.
000,000, and Richmond. $.155,011.07. Tho per
eiipltacostforthovvliolHoltywa$22 48. Tho to
tal number of touchers and principals employed
was 0,452, of whom 722 wero men. To house nil
the children. 405 selioolhouses were provided,
with n total sentlng capacity of 385.001. Tho
value of thefcc sohoolhouses Is put nt $20,2115,
200.28 and the school sites at $12,035,544.40.
Tho value of all othor school property Is put
down at $1,807,010.
Tho numbor of now schools erected during
tho yenr was thirty-two. nnd fifteen additions,
of which Manhattan nnd tho Bronx had seven
schools and ten additions : Brooklyn, two
schools and ono addition: Queens, twenty-ono
schools and four additions, aud Richmond, two
71. AND O, IIEOJK1ANIZATION.
The Plan tn Urine About n Foreclosure
Nnicl to ISo Operative.
IU1.TIM011E, Aug. 5. Tho plan for tho re
organization of tho Baltimore nnd Ohio Rail
road Company is declared operative, ovor U3M
percont. of tho bonds and ovor 73 percent, of
tho Blocks of tho different companies Included
In tho system having been doposlted under
the plan and agreement dated Juno 22, Appli
cation will ho made soon for a decree of fore
closure ot tho main linn and brnnchos of tho
road. It Is estimated that it will require at
least threo months to arrange tho dotnllsof tho
Tho Pittsburg and Connollsvlllo. Baltimore
and Ohio, and Chicago. Akron nnd Chicago
Junction. Boinorsot unci Cambria, nnd other
branch lines will loso tholr identity in tho re
organization, all being included and to bo
known as tho Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
Company. Tho company will bo reorganized
undor tho charter obtained from tho last Legislature.
ACCEDES TO ITALY'S DEMANDS.
Colombia Agrees to Puy AH Claims Proved
Against the Cerrutl Estate).
Washington, Aug. 5, Tho Stato Depot tmont
has been Informed that tho Gov eminent of Co
lombia has uccoded to ull tho demands of tho
Italian Government In tho Cerrutl enso, ovon
acknowledging thu vnlldltyof that part of Pros
Idont Cleveland's award which provided that
Colombia should assumo liability for all claims
against Cerrutl. Colombia has paid tlio money
indemnity providod by tho award nnd is now
willing to pay all claims proved against tho
Ccts-itl e stute.
For sotuo reason, howovor, Italy has not yet
consunt ed to nccopt tho proiKisals ot Colombia,
although thnt country has compiled with thu
reuulremonts of Mr. Cleveland's decree as arbi
trator, and, In tho opinion of somo officials hero,
linn ruudn greater concussions than were re
quired by tlio uwari). Italy's warships are still
off Cartagena. Colombia, cleared for uctlou.
GOES INTO THE I'VSll CAIIT 11UHINEHS.
A Former Professor of tlreek Nets Up In
Street Curb Trade In Chicago.
Cuicacio, Aug. 5, Bolerlas J Goordlados, a
Greek, yesterday obtained a permit to run n
fruit stand and to-day ho is retailing bananas,
peanuts, pours, and eonfcetlonory from his
plnco of business, which consists of a push cart
near the south entrance to tho Court House,
Geordlades Is not an ordinary Greek. Ho has
been the profossorot Greek in tho faculties of
colleges In two countries and tho private In
structor in that lnuguago of at least two men
who are high In American educational circles
ns authorities In UreeK. Of late years bo lias
found there was no bread and butter In all this
knowledge, so he smothered his pride mid
entered Into competition with others of his
race who aro prosHrliig in tlio fruit trade.
Oeonliades is a uatfvo of Bparta and Is 45
rim rnuavriXKs. i
Fnm IA Chicaai rWewir. VI
In dlscnsslng what disposal to m k of lue Philip- A
pines nine of tho President' advisors are aald t M
favor keeping only coaling stauon and giving lack H
all the lalanda to 8pAln. What good aenae ta there In A
such a plant What waa tho use In sending Herrltt M
and his army to Manila? Where la the Justice, either H
to the Intnrgcnts. or to Dewey's heroes, or to the. HB
American or Philippine peoplo t The propoalUon H
will not bear Inspection, and the more closely Hts H
looked at the more like a ahameful blunder It ap- , W
pears. If this is all we aro to have In the Philippines H
thenDewey'a splendid victory inlclil aa well novel m
have been won, for Hpaln could eaally have been In-
duced to yield ao small a point merely by the prte
sure brought to bear In the West Indies, Indeed, II
reduceathe brilliant achievement of Manila Day ta H
the level of a cruel blunder almost a crime. W
Neither la there any good aenae. In tho proportion
to keep only Manila or only the Island of Luton.
We ahould thenceforth havo in Spain a vindlctlva
neighbor, ever on the watch to take us at a dlsadvan- (
tage or to place her ports at tho disposal of somo hos
From (At St, Louit Gkbt-DemocrdJ.
A question connected with the Philippines la whal
will become of them If tho United States reserves
only ft ooallng or naval atation. One party tn Bpidn
questions the utility of keeping the Philippines,
foreseeing that Insurrection will outall enormous
expense. A Madril paper advlaos their aale. If
France or Germany should bo the purchaaer, the
United Btatea will havo simply served toplarlnto
their hands. Dewey will have fought the battle and
some European power would reap tho benellt. Tho
outlook la that the Phlllpptnea will bo too heavy a
burden for Spain, with no navy to defond them and
every island full of Irreconcilable insurgents. That
they will be transferred to somo European country t
cot distinguished by rrlendlluoss to us Is more than
probable It we permit them to go back to Spain- j
without restrictions. Europe haa lately carved 119 ' ,
the coast of China, and to find the Phlllpptnea slml- J
larly appropriated will be f or ua a atep baekward In- A
stead of forward. Our proper poUcy la not to glr
away or throw away ft legitimate victory valiantly
won. No poaco treaty haa any chance of acceptance
by the people of the United Btatea except one which
pnta and keeps every Island In the Philippine group '
under the American Hag. The Philippine Islands
must become American territory.
From (As DiUadttpSia Tina.
We regard it aa a paramount duty in dltpoiing of
the Spanish possessions in the Pacific that Spanish,
despotism shall end there at once and forever. Ho
matter what ultimate disposal shall bo made of the)
Philippines, they ahould be wrested from the ab- i
solute power of Spain. ,
Fnm (At Peoria Journal. j
The Islands must bo retained, and the sooner lh
Administration comes to this conclusion the better 11
will be for all concerned. '
.From, (Ae Bolton Globt.
If It Is clear and It seems to be that Spain is with
out a navy, with a bankrupt treasury, with s beaten
and discredited army and, torn by Internal dissen
sions, could not long hold tho Philippines against the
Insurgent, and would have to parcel them out Among
other nations, the propriety of tho United States re
ltnqnlshlng thorn would be doubtful.
From the Philadelphia Trlrgraph.
From whatever point of view the snbjeet Is re
garded, a decision as to tho final disposition ot the
Pacific Islands at thla present moment la utterly im- efi
possible; the true solution of the problem Is fouud -Pi'-
In the suggestions, pmctleallr Identical, made by
Benators Chandler and Mi-Knery the abandonment
of tho Philippines by Spain, with their ultimate fats 1
tho subject of deliberate consideration.
From the Philadelphia Record. j
To rehahllltato Spanlidi rule and leave o jr allies to
the tender mercies of their enemies vra'il I be a crime
and an act of treachery that tho American nation
would be loath to commit Thnt tho Philippine
have no capacity for self government waa shown by
the grotesiiuo decrees which Dictator-President
Aguinaldo ban been obliged to lsiuu In order to meet ,
their lnfantllo views of politics. j
From the St. Jiul Pionrer Prrtt.
It would be a gigantic blunder of policy nnd of poll-
tlca for the President to follow tho timid ndviceof 1
his Cabinet, If It is correctly reported. Ilefnro taking
any such prerlpltato action as they are said to favor, i
and eorumlttiuit himself tn tho restoration of the I
Philippines In the terms of peace ho Is preparina to ,J
dictate to Spain, he should take a few American states JH
men Into his counsels. jdl
From the Chicaan Inter Ocean.
It is manifest destiny. The flan that was raised
over the Phlltpplnea by Admiral Dewey is to utay
there. This la a quefiUon of duty for tho United
States and one of safety for Europe.
From the Albany Timel'Union.
The Philippines vcould bo uaeful, profitable and
advantageous to tho United Btites. They should
stay under the Stars and Stripes forever. 1
From the l)rtland Oregonian.
Tho United Btatea has miwral Important and dis
tinct kinds of use for the Philippines as a pcrm-u-it
possession. Togtvouvirtho Philippines would be
to throw away our station in the now Pacific world,
cheapen tho valuo of Hawaiian aunciatlnu, and to
decline the leading of the groutest opportunity ever
put In the way of a modern people. Arc wo bereft of
sense, that this unspcakablo folly aboiiU even be
From the Commercial Appeal, 4
Expansion Is not only inevitable, but In ft large)
manner la an accomplished fac t.
from the Providence lit. I.) Journal.
Tho advocates of a policy of scuttle In the Philip
pines are being hard put to It fur arguments.
From the Ilirmwaham Aoelferald.
As sentiment crystallites over this question, It t
seen that nothing leva than one entire island, capable
of fo.llncation and strong defence, will do aa n nt' al
station a station that affords ample and safe anchor
ago in Its ohief harbor and mom for troops, for
docks, fora shipyard, for an American town, on the)
land. Anything lc ss than this will not anawer the de
sire of tho people.
The American portion of the commission will be ex
pected, too, to see that ten millions of people In the)
Philippines aro not again exposed to tho rapacity and
cruelty of unchecked Hpsnlah rulo,
From fAe .Van Franciico Examiner,
If the Administration suspect that the Philippines
are a whtto elephant, and do not know what to do
with them, the mercantile and financial elements of
tho United SUtes seem to lmv e no audi doubts. Yre
terday our own Chambir of Cummcrco made the
follonlng statement of Its views:
" Iletolred, That the Chamber of Commerce of Fan
Francisco, voicing tho commercial lewa of this city,
hereby respectfully and eamratly petitions tha
President to hold and retain under our full control
the Philippine lalanda and all other Islsnds which
aro now or may hereafter be acquired hi the present
war with Spain, with a view to strengthening our
trade relations with the Orient, building up a butt
neas that belongs to thla country, and extending the
cause of humanity and civilization, as well as
greatly benefiting the peoplo who will thus be
brought under our flag."
The Fresno Chamber of Commerce took the earns
course at almost the same moment, and other cc-
merclal bodies havo ahown a like opluluav,
From the Kaniat Ctty Journal.
Suppose the United Btatea concluded a treaty of
peata with bpalu by which we wlthdrAW all tre
lensinns In the Philippines after certain concesalona
have been guaranteed us, Then let ua auppoae that
tho lusurgenta continue their victories, reduce
Manila, capture the other lalanda, set up a Govern- A
ment of their own, and flail) dlsnan the treaties M
mado by Hpaln. What inuat we do then 1 riertilte fffl
thelnsurgeuUT Trust to their magnanimity 7 1'jre- TH
gooiirrights? Come trailing home with nuraniilsa U
aud rblpa and forever abandon tho fnilta of victory 1
It seems to be a safe conclusion that Kpaln no fl
longer can hold coIoiiIih In distant arts of the J
world. It tho Philippine a are not governed by the f
United Btatea or by an limiirgcnt republic they ,
ev entually aro 1 ertAiu to pans hi math thu rniitn I of '
one or more of the great European power, Already
the fleets of three or four nal Ions are hov crlng around
like biu;rda over a it) lug carcass, re ady at any time
to pounce don and tear the qulverlug flesh to pieces.
J'rom the Sun FranciKo Chronicle,
If the views of thu Ittpubllran and part of tha
Democratic presi, the demands of commercial bodies
and the common talk of the t-trictscaii be cited aa
majorll) sentiment, the people ate In favor of t.io
annexation of the Philippine group.
After tho Servloo. ,
From thf Indianapolit Journal,
-uaMs?; "i"ow" h,t '" churcbt-
lie Excel). the ouo that vu ri-Mil Mlkam
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