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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, August 08, 1898, Image 2

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IR 2 ' THE SUN, MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 180S. ' ' " ' ff
Ictslonol thntcliod roof of a natlvo cottage near
the Biioro and on (ho lino of tho hilltops several
mora In what appeared to bo coeoanut (trove.
Just beyond that hill linn lay Aeafln. whoro
llrcd tho Oovornor wc had come to take.
Down ost Doll's 1'olnt. clous up to ths
shore, we went, tho Charleston ahead and In
lde. tho othors lu column following. Wo
could sea that tho cruiser was cleared for
action and tho men wero at quarters. Tho
boots hnd boon gathered togotheron the super
structure and covorod with wot canvas, lashed
down. Thu wardroom furnlturo and nil that
would bum orspllntcrthnt It was possible to
rnovo had been stowed below tho water lino,
the (tuns woro shotted nnd ammunition, was
served all nround from tho magazines. Hho
was rendyto make tneflghtftf hor life. Her
crow hnd been picked up In Ban Francisco, nnd
many woro groon men, but tho month's work
on the way down hnd (tot them Into good sharo
nd their spirit wns line. In tho forward light
ing top Mr. lliillett, tho Australia's third rniito,
had tnken his station ns pilot. Ha was whero
ho could look down Into tho water and toll from
Its color tho location of tho reefs. The water
of tho 1'aclllc Is tint deep blue of Indigo, but
Whoro tho icofsrlso It shades oft Into n lighter
blue, and In shallow water tnkes on ft groon
Bo wo enmo down until wo saw and hoard tho
Croat swells break and smash otor tho Luml
tian roofs at tho head of Apopas Island. Hoofs
v. ,, and Island stand tho northorn guards of tho
5 i V beautiful harbor of Ban Luis d'Apra. Between
If f them nnd tho Oroto peninsula tho water Is vory
. doopimd tho nnchoriigo lino over tho creator
9 part of tho boy. Hut Inshore thn coral bos been
4 crowrnrr tory fast and reefs abound, making
I, navigation difficult nnd mighty dangerous,
j K Tho channels arc narrow nnd tortuous, nnd tho
I coral rocks nio sharp enough to punch holo3 In
' thn bottom of a stout boat.
! Just off tho western end of Apcpas Island tho
1 transports hnlted, thu rnlu squalls continued,
H nnd It wns Impossible to mako out whether
g ' anything was In tho hnrbor or not. In fact,
6 ! from the Aiistmlla wo could not mnko out tho
1 harltor. and thoueht it was' beyond Oroto pon-
t' j Insula. Tho Charleston went on. nnd when sho
( reached Point Oroto wo cursed our luck, for wo
i ( thoueht wo wero not going to seo tho fight or
t B tho liombardment of tho forts. Amlnutolatcr
,V wo woro cheering her with might and main.
', j; forsliohnd turned to tho eastward again mid
fr ' ' Was following tho narrow but deep channel
' along tho north sldo of tho peninsula.
A giant bouldorstandsnt the head of thepon-
t ,. Insula, dotnehad from the main cliff by a llttlo
fJF, strotoh of wator about 2iX) foot wide. As tho
fR crulsor pnssod this open spaco we mnde out
f Iw nM SH0 wns on one li,dp ' ",0 r0clc8, Then
jJJT' shodlsappoaiod as suddenly and mysteriously
' i Bif as If sho had stoamed Into a envern. We looked
:: jR for hor with anxious eyes, and every glnss cm
f k tho convoy was searching for her. Along tho
clIfTthero woro occasional white spots, where
V If the foliage, which In many places covorod tho
t ? rocks, loft a barn space. Finnllysomoonoon tho
,'. il Australia saw that ono of these white spots
t 5 was moving, and sung out. Wo looked tho
' j- closer, nnd made out that the moving white
ii f ii "J10' was tne Charleston. It was tho canvas
hf 1 L over tho boats on tho superstructure. Against
-M j' tho bluo gray and the greens of tho cliffs,
t jjT through air thicken od by tho continual mist or
t jf rain, tho lead-colored crulsor was absolutely
f. 3, Invisible. With her boats ovorboard Instead of
L on the snperstructuro wo could not have mado
II. hor out.
i J5 Tho ships of tho convoy moved up closer, un-
j; der tho common desire to seo tho fun. As the
I i Australia camo clear of tho west end of Apepas
Island. Mr. lawless tho old first mate, who
J f was using tho big long class, jumped nway
f? i from tho brldso roll nnd began literally to hou
I I upauddown. Ho wavod the glass nliout nnd
shouted :
B ; "Thero sho comes; there shs comes; by
if j eorry. she's a crulsor. There's a cruiser, and
K j 1 sho'H coming out with n twiio iu bar mouth.
fi Now we'll soe a scrap. Get ready for the shoot's-
' Inc. It'll begin inn mlnuto."
ife . Huro enough, there was u tall, whito ship of
K i nomasort just beyond Aporuts. Atllrst sightsho
a , lookecl as If sho wero coming out, hut as tho
L Australia got furthor in unci the ship camo
v out clearer behind thn islaad, we made out
J o thntshewasatanehor. Tho Charleston stenmed
g E slowly along, and hr fonvnrd motion was tho
I jp only sign of llfo nloard hr. Presently wo
i made out tho ship ns a brlgantlno, with taller
f epnrs thnn any nnrship carries. But her
fe nationnllt! was still unknown. Thon thoro
f fluttered nt tho innln truck a small white
V lias. By this time Mr. Lawless bad got
ff, oii'r his fli-st enthusiasm, and tho excitemont
I his announcement hail created on the bridge
5 I bad quieted down. Tho Oregon soldiers woro
I crowdod along tho rails, straining their eyes
i . U trying to mako out what was happening In
i i shore. 6omo of them had cllmbod into the
SI main nnd miz7.cn rigging, and the fore rigging
V was full of ofllcers. Somo had climbed up to tho
; t K. fore yard and wero seated along It, their white
t j, duck suits blackened and smutched in strenks
j w nndsp5tsby tho soot nnd grime on tho rigging.
$ & Homo of them wero In tho (oretopmnst shrouds,
f nnd oven ns high as tho foreto'gnllnnt yarl.
I ) f. "l'yo mnko out nny red In that flag?"
!', ahoutod Mr. Iin less from tho bridge.
I There was only a Might breoze. but It
f whistled through tho rigging with such a nolso
1 that tho mate's hail was not heard. Presently
ho followed his question up thn rigging and
I took a look for himself. It was with n sorrow-
I, ful faco that be turned nwny. He had seen a
J rod ball In tho middle of tho white flag
j-t I " ,"l3', a .lapanee." lie answered, nnd hope of
i. J a fight in that dliection fled.
I But thoro wero still somo forts to bo conoid-
i I ercd; possibly thoy might resist. ThsChnrles-
ton had mado out tho brlgantlno somfc timo be-
f fore tho Australln did ami had hod hcrown
little bit of excitement. Hho was so eloso In by
g j1 Apopas Island on her nny over from Agaha Bay
Si fr thatshe saw tho spars of tho brlgantlno over
1, tho Island. Apcpns is a long, narrow, low strip
111 a of rock covered with a heavy growth of short
w f ralms and thick underbrush, When tho spars
W 1 wore first made out It was decided quickly that
3 1 f thoy belonged to n merchantman, but when
t , r tho cruiser cot beyond tho end of tho Island and
5 r k tho tall, whlto sides of tho brlgantlno showed
f: over tho breakorson.Lumlnnn roofs Cnpt.Qlass
r ' C turned on tho bridge nnd shouted to I.lcuten
J u ant-CommnnderBlockllngor,tliocxccutlvoo(fl-;
' E cer:
jK K "ByOeorgo! just my luck. Bho's n crulsor."
, ( The grins on tho faces of tho silent men nt
i tho guns showed how tho Cnptaln's "bullies"
hoped It was his luck, but they woro doomed to
dlsnppolntmont. Tho watchful traders on tho
brlgantlno wore not long In making out tho
i Stars ond Btrlpes Hying from oery point of
ITantagoon tho Charleston, and thoy recognized
hor for a United States warship. They knew
about the strained rolutlons between the United
Btatos nd Spain when they started out on
their vojngo. and they lout no tfmo In hoist
ing tho colors of it Japanese merchantman,
n whlto pennont with n red hnll In tho
centre. Thoro was keen disappointment on
thu Charleston when tho peaeoful flagfloatsd
out nt tho main truck of ths brlgantlno. At
ilrst they thought It wns a whlto (lag and that
tho xesselwas Upanisli, but lud surrendered
without trying a tight. Then thcymndo out
what the (lag icully was, and w that no guns
rerocnrilcd, and knew that they had no pi iro
to take, with or without n light. But there
were still the loifn, nnd. .is on the Aust.-nlia,
they tinned hojierully to then. Tho target
Vr.ictlco thoy had had on tho way donq
from Honolulu hail made iho men conil
dont of their ability to smash any Himnlih for
tlllcatlotiH to pleco. Thoy hnd been drilled at
the guns until thoy could work them blind
folded, nnd half thn men In ecry gun crew
woro tit to bo gun captains. Bo sho crossed
from tho ond of I.uiulnnn reofs, almost to
Orote Point, nnd tinned cast Into the harbor.
From thore tho whole harbor lay open before
them, and her officers could sso that but for
tho J.iwinp.io bilgaiit!i' it was empty. Hoje
lay only In the torn.
All this time the ClnrJcton hud Iwnpm
coodlnc voiyshwly and with tho utmost cju
tlon. Bolld shot woro lu tho forwnrd U-lnch
gr.i.6 and n Aboil In tho big K-lnch rifle on
tho lo'cVlu, ajhv tur. cartaic stood with lau-"-'
" ' i .in ii' mmiiT
yards ready to pull, and at the secondary bat
tery tho gunners had their shoulder on the
rosts. A short distance In from Tolnt Oroto an
old fort crowns tho hill. Tho clllTs along the
north sldo of Oroto peninsula rlso sheer from
tho water almost 200 feet. There Is n fringe of
green nt the bottom nnd a heavy growth along
tho crest. Thrco hundred yards from tho point
n llttlo sand bench stretches along for a couple
of hundred yards, and back of that there la a
llttlo coeoanut grove. Justtothe enstof this
grove tho basaltio rooks tower straight out of
tho sea. Thero tho cliff juts out a llttlo boyond
tho gonor.il line, and at this point tho Span
iards built tholr fort. With proper guns and
gunners, n modorn fort thero could stand oft
the nnvles of all tho world. Tho chartshowod
tho presonco of this old fort, 8t. logo, but
there was no Information ns to Its con
dition. Tho channol Is less thnn .'100 yards
wide. Bqunrely In tho mlddlo of tho channel,
nt less than half speed, tho Charleston steamed
ahead. Not u sound camo from hor oxcept
tho "hush-hush" of escaping steam from hor
exhaust nnd tho soft lapping of tho llttlo waves
about hor bows and along her sldo. Fairly un
der old Fort Bt. logo sho went, so close that the
Hpnnlnrds could have hurlod hand bombs and
dynnmlto on hor decks, but thoro woro no
Hpnnlnrds ami no bombs, and she rounded tho
llttlo point boyend the old fort nnd wan out of
range, with never a sign of resistance.
The Poking. Australia, and Bydnoy were
lying outside tho roofs watching with all eyes
tho movomonts of tho crulsor. Tho day had
cleared a bit, and tho watchers, crown acous
tomed to tho appearanco of tho lend-colorod
warship ncatnst the dull background of cliffs,
could follow hor more clearly than at
first. As sho roundod tho point boyond Fort
Bt. logo sho razed Fort Bnnta Cruz, built on a
low coral roof, out In tho middle of tho har
bor. Cnpt. Glass called to Llout-Commnndor
Blockllnger to try out tho fort with his small
quick fires and seo If ho got n response. Mr.
Blockllnger spoka to tho ofllcor in whoso divi
sion tho threo-poundor rifles are and thn little
guns furthest forward on the starboard sldo re
sponded. The wntchors on tho transports
caught the flash and saw tho smoke, and a
cheer such as tho Island of Guam had novor
hoard rose from thetbreeshlpe. The llttlo shell
flow straight for tho fort, but folia little short.
Tho forward gun on tho port side followed, nnd
the gunnors profited by tho trial of tho star
board gun. Falrovor tho mlddlo of the old
fort tho shell burst. Tho flash of It was caught
by tho spectators on tho troopships nnd a wild
yell wont up from them all. They thought
It was n response from tho fort. Tho Charles
ton wns too far away for the reports
of the guns to reach tho transports, but for a
fow minutes tho flashes and the puffs of smoke
as tho H-pounders were fired filled tho souls
of the soldiers with glco and the cheering was
tremendous. Then tho firing stopped, tho
cheering died out nnd tho action at Guam was
nil ovor. From Qrst gun to Inst it was just four
minutes nnd a half. It began at 3,000 yards
and ended nt 2,400. Boven shells woro fired
from the starboard 3-poundors and six from
the port battery. It was 8:30 o'clock on the
mornlnc of Monday, Juno 20.
Then there was n lone wait that tried the pa
tience of tho eager spectators on tho trans
ports. Tho Charleston crawled along up the
llttlo peninsula for a few hundred yards and
apparently stopped.
Outside the reefs wo drlftod Idly about nnd
strained our eyos to the headache point trying
to mako out what it was all about. Tho rain
squnlls that occasionally hid the cruiser and
tho shore from our view drenched us as wo snt
in tho rlcglnc and flecked the glasses with
diopsof watorsothnt It wns a continual enso
of clcau glasses. At last wu mado out ono of
the Charleston's bonts that hnd been cleared
nway and was lying undor her counter. At
that time tho cruiser was lying directly off the
llttlo point that jots out to thauathward, about
half way down Oroto Peninsula. What tho boat
was doing nobody could tell. Presently two
small boats appeared from behind Apcpas
Island, boyond tho Japanese brlgantlno, pull
ing toward tho cruiser. It wns a long,
hard pull, hut they kept at It steadily and
crawled on their course. As thoy camo clear of
tho ".Tapanee" wo mado out tho Spanish flag
flying bravely from tho stern of the boot In tho
lead. More boats appeared abouttho Charleston
from nowhere that we could make ont nnd tho
mystery deopened. Ono boot from tho cruiser
started back nlong the peninsula toward whero
the Peklnclayoutsido the reef, and wo thoueht
surely a messneo had been sont to her. Then
two other boats put out, one toward tho mlddlo
of Luminnn reefs nnd ono In toward tho place
boyond tho Japanese trader Indicated on the
chart as tho landing place.
Whllo the Charleston's boats were out the
two boats from shore got to the cruiser. In
them woro Lieut. Garcia Guiterrez of the
Spanish Navy, Captain of tho Port of San Luis
d'Apra, and Burgeon Romero of tho Spanish
Army, tho health officer. They came up to tho
gangway which had been rigged out on tho
stnrhonrd side of the Charleston and hntled tho
ofllcor of tho deck. Thoy hnd with thorn Fran
els Portusac, a nativoof Guam who had been
oducated In tho Unltod States nnd who was
naturalized in Chicago In 1888. Hols a mer
chant In Agafla and happened to bo at tho
landing nt Pltl when tho Charleston camo
nlftns. Ho came with tho officials to call on his
"countrymen" on tho Charleston and to act
as Interpreter for tho Spaniards. Through
him tho officials asked after tho health of tho
warship Tho officer of tho deck had sent for
Cnpt. Glass, who now came to tho gangway nnd
asked tho Spaniards and Mr. Portusac to como
on board tho Charleston. They replied that
thoy had merely como out to seo about tho
Charleston's health and tho nature of her busi
ness In Ban Luis d'Apra. Capt. Glass repeated
his Invitation, and In such fashion that they
folt thoy had better accept It. So they went up
tho cruiser's gangway and followed Cnpt Glass
down Into his cabin. When they wero scnted
thoro Lieut, Gutierrez, tho port Captain, set
the ball rolling with this soft observation:
" You will pardon our not immediately reply
ing to your salute. Captain, but we are unac
customed to rccehlng salutes here and are not
supplied with proper guns for returning them,
Howoor. wo shall bo glad to do our boat to re
turn your i-nluto ns soon as possible."
Tho port Captain spoko In Spanish. Cnpt.
Glass Is sufficiently familiar with tho language
to need no Interpretation of the port Captain's
speech. His roply was short and surprising to
tho Spanish officials.
" Wlint salute ?" he asked.
Tho Hpunlurds looked at each other with
raUcd brows. It wns odd that Capt. Glass
should ask such a question.
"The saluto you fired," thoy responded to
cether. "We should llko to return It.nnd shall
do so ns soon ns wo can got n battery."
Tho purrlcsl look on the face of tho American
Captain faded Into a suppressed smllo ns tho
meaning of the Spanish dorlaratton dawned on
"Make no mistake gentlemen." ho said; "I
flred no saluto. Wo camo bore on a hostile
errand, Our country Is nt war with yours.
When I camo In hero I saw a fort and I flred a
fw small shells at It to inini:ik It and seo If
thoro wan any response. When thoro was none
I concluded It was unoccupied and censed
hadn't ur.mu or tun war.
Tho Spaniards wero ni'ouiulod. This was
their first Intimation of tho fact that war had
been declnred between tho United Stntes and
Spain. Thor had not cton known that tho re
lations between the two countries wero strained
so as to approach tho dancer point. For a few
moments the blunt announcement that war ex
isted and that this wasademonstratlon against
thcra personally almost nercame them. They
sat as f stupeflod, Whon at loncth they
recovered their composure they asked
for more information. Tho lest mall
thoy hail had was on April 14. bringing news
from Manila nt date of April I). It had wild
eothlnu to warn them that war was Imminent
or at on po4lble, The mull stcrilner visited
tnem once In tiro;lont)u ond too June Uvt
M . ' ' ' i .
:;-! -"r.Tr-.i.v.l.r, jssam.itut "if A-y; .r:,i
was nearly two weeks overdue. There was no
explanation for them of what the matter was.
Thoy simply waited with what patience they
could command for the boat and the newt.
Capt. Glass quickly explained the cause ot
tho dcay of their mall boat. He told thorn ot
the battle In Manila Bay and the annihilation
of the Soanlsh fleet by Dewey's squadron. It
seemed ns If It was Impossible for the Span
iard!! to comprehend the magnitude ot the dis
aster to their cause, They were very unhappy,
but Portusne, the Amorlcan citizen, had diffi
culty In keeping his politeness nbovo his satis
faction nnd his amusement.
Capt. Glass took tho Spanish ofllolnl a little
bit out of their depression by questioning them
about tholr Island. It wns very fertile, they
said, nnd Its appearance bears them out. Cof
fee, rice, corn nnd sugarcano are crown with
llttlo effort, and coconnuts. limes, lemons, ba
nanas, plnenpples and broad fruit crow In
abundance By tho time thoy had cot through
with tho population, which thoy rut at between
8.000 and 10.000 for Guam and 2IJ.000 for tho
Mariana croup, nearly all Chnmorros natives
Capt. Glass cave them another jolt, this time
ono of severe personal effect.
"You understand, of courso, ccntlemen," ho
said, " that you are my prisoners ?"
Tho unhappy Spaniards apparently had not
thoueht of It In that light, and thoy woro more
than ovor dlsconcortod. Capt. Glass wont on:
"You havoaGovornorhoro?"
"Yes, at Agafla. Agafla Is tho capital."
" How far Is that from hero ?"
"Four miles."
"Who Is tho Governor 1"
" Don Josfi Marina."
"I will parolo you. gentlemen, for this after
noon, nnd I wnnt you to send word to your
Governor that I want to see him on board tho
Charleston as early this afternoon as possible"
Thoro was conflicting emotion In tho bearing
of tho Spanish officials. Hope that thoy wero
to get oft attor all struggled with fear that thoy
would not. This demand for tho Governor'
might yot mean their liberation, nnd thoy as
sured Capt. Glass that they would seo to It that
his message was delivered. Then thero was
more talk about tho Island and Its resources
and Its government, nnd finally tho Spaniards
wont away and Mr. Portusac went with them.
By this tlmo tho Charleston's boats had come
back to tho crulsor and tho object of their mys
terious movoments was apparent. They had
been buoying tho dangorous places In tho reefs.
Thoraln squnlls had ceased and thero was a faint
glow of sunshlno which brought out sharply
tho cliffs of Orote peninsula and tho rugood
hills boyond tho harbor. From tho sea side of
the reef It is impossible to seo that Apepas Is
an Island, and so It appears that the harbor Is
a deop bottlo-shared cut Into tho hills with a
triangular patch stuck on at th south sldo. ex
tending down toward Apra. Tho ultramarine
blue of tho wator proclaims its great depth
and Lumlnan reefs run so eloso to Point Oroto
as to form a very narrow gateway Into tho
beautiful harbor. Beyond old Santa Cmz tho
hills rise with steepslopes almost to mountain
ous height, and stmggllng. wind-tossed palms
rango alone their ragged crest. Hero nnd thero
tholr slopes show cultivated fields, nnd almost
In tho peaks of somo of tho narrow llttlo sword
cut t alleys stand groves of palms or limo trcos
or bananas.
The Spanish officials woro hardly on shore
ncain whon ono of tho Charleston's boa tsput out
for tho Pekine with orders for that ship which
waschnrtered by tho Navy Department to eo
insido and anchor eloso to tho cruiser. There
wns coal in plenty on tho roklng. nnd tho
Charleston needed somo of It. By tho same
boat Capt. Glass sont n lottcr to Gen. Anderson
informing him of the results of tho morning's
work and suggesting that tho Australia and
Sydney which are undernrmy charter, and fo
not In Capt. Glass's command in such matters
would bo more comfortnblo Insido tho reefs.
Tho Australia promptly signalled the Bydnoy
to come in nnd followed the Peking. As we
steamod along under Fort St. Inco and cotn
close view of It wnundeistood something ot what
they folt on tho Charleston nstho crulsw passed
In such eo3y range of the old fortification. At
tack would havo boon so slmplo nnd easy from
that bluff, and defonco was bo impossible. Thoro
was not a gun on tho cruiser that could havo
been brought to bear on tho old fort: not ono
could boolotatod sufficiently to throw ashollto
tho top of tho steep basaltic ellfls. When the
Australia drew near where tho Peking hnd
anchored tho lead was set going, but thero wns
no bottom nt twenty fathoms. Finally Capt.
Hondletta was ns far up ns ho dared to go, and
tho starboard bower wns let co. Down sho
went nnd out roared tho cable.
" Forty-five fnthomnundor wnter.sir." shout
ed the first mate, "and the anchor doesn't hold
Out went tho cable again, and finally when
the sixth shackle showed that nlnoty fathoms
wore gone the anchor held. How Is that for n
deep-wnter harbor? Tho Sydney had not made
out our signals and remained outside. By tho
tlmo the Australia was safely at anchor tho
Charleston's jacklos wero nt tho Poklng's sides
at work on tho coal. It was packed in sacks in
tho Peklnc's bunkers, hoisted out, nnd stowed
In tho biggest bargo tho crulsor had. and
thon towed by a twehe-oarod bargo over to
tho warship and hoisted in. It was stiff
work and distressingly slow. Until
It wns known definitely whether tho Govornor
would surrendor or not thero would bo no per
mission to go ashore, and so wo stood about on
tho transports nnd wntchod tho afternoon sun
slldo down behind Oroto peninsula over a be
wlldorlnc path of rose nnd scarlet nnd crimson
and lilac and npplo-greon and blue-black
clouds nnd hldo tho green hills nnd coeoanut
palms In darkness. It was a case of content
yourself and wait for the morrow. Cnpt. Glass
had told tho two Spanish officials to Hcnd him a
pilot for tho hnrbor channols, so that his small
boats could mako tho landing without difficulty
or danger.
With tho close of the dny this pilot came off
from tho shore In a boat manned by some of
the same Spanish naval Infantry who had rowed
out the Port Captain and tho surcoon In the
mornlnc. The pilot brought a formal commu
nication from Gov, Marina to Capt, Gloss,
which eavo tho cruiser's commander a curious
"Tho military regulations of Spain," wroto
tho Govornor, "forbid mo to set foot upon n
foreign ship of war. It Is therefore Impossible
that I should call upon you on yourshlp. How
ever. I shall bo happy to see you at my ofTlco
In the mornlnc, and hopo that wo shall bo able
to reach a sntlsfoetory understanding,"
Thoro was a mixture of norvo, plausibility
nnd maflana In that which mado Capt. Glass
hesitate botweon laughter and wrath. lie de
tained the pilot nnd by -the boldlor boatmen
sent a note to tho Govornor, saying that he
would either see tho Beflor Don Lieutenant
Colonel himself in tho morning or would sond
ono of his officers to represent him. Thon ho
had his dinner, colled away his gic and camo
ovor to consult with Gen, Anderson about the
strength of tho party to be landod tho
noxt morning. It apparently had become a
question of seeking tho Governor In his
ownhauntnnnd nlmtractlni: him therefrom by
force. Whllo a party of us from tho Austtalla,
who had dined on tho crulsor that evening,
woro sitting In tho " bull ring," as thoy coll tho
spaco about the after 8-Inch rifle, nnd voclfor
ously chanting tho dctoimlnatlon of us all to
mnko the" Spaniards cuss nnd damn when wo
Introduced them to their Uncle Puni." Capt.
Glass and Gen. Anderson wero deciding on
tho next day's operations. Finally It was do
tormlucd to send forty marinos from tho
Charleston, and ten from those on tho Poking
who nro going out to join ships lu Admiral
Dewey's fleet, and Companies A, Capt. Heath,
and D, Capt. Pro.icott, of tho Second Orecon,
each 85 strong, under the command of Llout.
Myers, tho marine officer on tho Charleston.
The soldiers were to have forty rounds of am
munition nnd one day's rations, and to bo ready
to move, ntrt:.T0 A. M. Lieut. William Brauners
reuther, navigator of tho Charleston, was to be
In command of the whole force, representing
Cnpt. Glafs.
There was hllnrltyon the Charleston In the
cvenluv, nnd tho last of tho jce helped It alone. -'
J . '', ,'."!.
I" ' 'Ml" t I'l"-' ' 4"t"' "'
The boats that had boon eont out to examine
the forte reported thorn to be old ruins, over
crown with crass and shrubbery ,nnd apparently
In dliuso for years. Old SanLuls was a bastion
fortress of rock, which hnd been formidable In
Its day, but that was lone nco. Now a big palm
tree grows fairly In front of ono of tho cun
ports. Bohlnd Banta CniE tho flshormon sot
their traps. Ono had bean thero In tho morn
lnc whon tho flrlnc began. They had scn
from the Charleston a man rowing away from
behind the fort with enorgy and determination
such as win at nonloy, and hnd thought ho was
the sole occupant of tho fort. But ho wasn't:
he was a fisherman who had boon tending his
F.vorybody In the expedition was about early
this mornlnc. Tho nlcht was cool, nnd
everybody had a eood sleep. Tho cllmnto
of Guam has takon the wholo brigade by
surprlso. Tho sun la very hot whon It does
appear, but most of tho tlmo It Is hidden bo
hlnd clouds, and thoro Is a constant fresh land
breeze which keeps tho temporaturo down to
tho point whore tho soldlors aro comfortable In
their heavy woollen shirts. It was blowing
very fresh this morning, and thoro wns a son on
ovon In tho sheltered harbor that mado It
practically an impossibility tor the landing
party to row ashore In tho big boats.
By 8:15 ammunition and rations hnd
been Issued to tho Oregon boys, canteens
had beon filled with too. rifles lookod ovor for
the last tlmo. and Companios A nnd D wero
ready for whatovor the day might brine. They
wore pormtttcd to leave their blouses behind
nnd co In tholr bluo Bhlrts, carrying haversacks
and canteens. The Charleston's barges and
whnloboats enmo down to tho Australia, and
tho Peklnc's boats followed. Thon about 0
o'clock camo Llout. Myors with his forty bul
lies and their Lee rifles, a flno-Iooklng lot ot
men, well sot up and soldierly In appearance
Tho ten marines from tho Poklne came down,
and. as for as tho mon were concorncd, tho
party was ready to land.
As tho marines left the Charleston the
cruiser's stoam launch started for shore tow
inc a whnloboat. In which were Lieut Braun
ersrouthor and Ensign Waldo Evans, with a
crow of four Jackics. all armed, and a fifth man.
ulso armed, who speaks Bpanlsh nnd wns to act
ns Interpreter If necessary. Llout. Brauncrs
reuther went to ropresont Capt. Glass at tho
meeting with tho Governor, no carrlod a
written communication to tho Governor,
and his orders wore to deliver It to Lieut
Col. Marina In person and clvo him half an
hour In whloh to raojeo reply. If there was no
answor In that tlmo. Llout Brauners
routher was to return to his ship for
furthor orders. Theso furthor orders had
beon drawn up and signed by Capt. Glass
and Lieut. Brauncrsreuthor had soon thorn.
Thoy directed him to tako command of tho
landing party nnd to proceed with all expedi
tion to Agafla. thoro to capture tho Governor
and all officials, to tako tho soldiers prlsoaors,
and to destroy all fortifications: to capture all
Spanish flags nnd all ammunition and war
supplies, rifles, nnd accoutrements : to protect
life and property ns much as posslblo; to pre
vent any looting or marauding, and to got book
to tho ship at tho earliest possible momont So
he wont to meet tho Governor fully Informed
as to what Capt. Glass expected to accomplish.
Tho steam launch towed tho whaleboat In to
whore tho reef roso too far up in tho wator to
let It go further, and then with n white flag of
truce fluttering In Its bow, tho whnloboat was
rowed on to tho landing place, and the launch
returned to the cruiser. Directly opposite tho
eastern end of Apopas Island south. aerosstho
llttlo shallow channel a boathouso stands on
tho beach of the main Island. It projects out
from tho edgo of tho beach over tho water, and
a float or landing staco rides in frort of
It. fastened to tho plies nt tho outward
end of tho bonthouse. Steps lead from
tho float up to the floor of tho boat
houso. Behind tho boathouso nnd about a
hundred yards Inshore there Is a big white
washed tile-roofed stono houe. built for tho
Captain of tho port. There ho has his office,
and thoro his men live nnd mnko their head
quarters. Ho himself has his homo in Agafla.
Fifty yards to tho north of this same houso Is n
smaller ono, similarly built, nnd whitewashed,
which tho Governor uses ns an ofllco whon ho
Is nt tho Inndlng. Beyond this little oflleo
thero nro twenty-flvo or thirty nntlvo houses,
two or threo of stono, a few of wood, and tho
rest of bamboo, all with roofs made of bamboo
rafters and shingles and thatched with tho
leaves of coeoanut palms. Tho woodon houses
nro built of heavy boards of red mahogany,
rough hewn, but sawed on tho edges with n
whlpsaw. Tho boathouso is built of mahogany
uprights nnd girders, with n bamboo nnd
coconnut palm roof and a heavy mahogany
When the steam launch reached the cruiser
she was '.ont nt onco to tho Australia, Cringing
Lieutenant-Commander Blockllnger. theexoo
utlvo ofllcor of tho Charleston, who was
to havo chargo of tho organization of the land
ing forco, nnd seo that It got nwny from tho
Australia all right. Lieut. George It. Blocum.
was In command of tho launch. A 1-pounder
wns mounted on Its bow nnd tho crow wore
armed with Lee rifles. Lieut. Myers nnd his
men were put in tho first boats and then tho
mon of Company A followed. Tho Inunch wns to
tow the boats as far In ns sho could go and
thoy wore to mnko tho rest of tho way
as well as they could, rowing as far as posslblo
nnd then wading. Tho day had dawned clear
and bright, with warm sunshlno, but by noon
tho rnln squnlls were coming again, driving
ncross the bay nt short Intervals nnd keeping
tho temperature down to a fairly comfortable
point. No ono minded tho rnln. but tho fresh
breeze had kicked up a sea that mado consider
able delay. Finally, about half-past 10, tho
launch started with six boats in tow. tho first
third of tho landing party. Sho pulled tho
boats along slowly but steadily, nnd as they
passod between the Peking nnd the Charleston
tho soldiers and sailors on tho transport and the
crulsor eavo tholr comrades In the small boats
volley after volloy of choers that rlcochetted
back and forth between the two ships like
echoes between two cliffs near together. Tho
launch kept to her course until sho camo along
side tho Japaneso brlgantlne, nnd then sho
stopped, Tho brlgantlne wns the Mlnstogawn
of Toklo. Sho had beon boardod tho night bo
foro by Llout. Blocum nnd a party from tho
cruiser, and her papers had been cxnmlned,
Thoy woro satisfactory. Now wo mndo Jnpan
n ally by heavlnc a lino from tho first lwnt
aboard tho trader. It was mado fast, and thero
tho flret dotachment lay whllo tho Inunch went
back to tho Australia for tho second detachment.
Tho remaining men of tho landing party wero
embarked In eight big boats, and tho launch
had just put off from tho transport with them
In tow whon n terrlflo rain squall camo along.
For Hftoon minutes It ruined In sheets. Tho
floodgates were open, nnd It eeomod as If all
tho water that had been evaporated from the
Pacltlo slnco wo left Honolulu hnd been con
densod agoln and was comlnc down nt onco,
Iu tho boats of tho first detachment rations
hnd been broken out and a hearty luncheon of
ennned corned bcof and beans nnd hardtack
bad boen made. It was finished just In timo to
let tho rain wash up the tin camp dishes.
Everybody In both divisions wns soaked to tho
Just as tho rain slacked up and showed signs
of stopping, thoso In tho first detachment mndo
out n mnii stnudlng up In a small boat off tha
Mluatogawa's port bow wnting n whlto flag.
It was a wigwag signal. Lieut. Myers stood up
nnd answered with wntes of his whlto cap.
Tho wigwagging proceeded, and slowly we
road tho disheartening com inn ml: "Re
turn to your bhip." It was Lieut. Braun
ersreuthor golnc back to tho Charleston.
Ho hod succeeded. Gov, Marina and his stafT
wero prisoners In tho whaleboat. Lieut.
Braunersreuthorcame eloso In toourhontsand
hailed Mr. Myers, who told him wo would wait
for the launch to tow us back. There was not
a cheor from our boats as the whaleboat went
by. Someone colled out: "Havo you cot any
Goternors aboard?" The answer wns n flight
wave ot the hnnd by a man In tho bow of the
whaleboat, the motion Indicating n swarthy
man who sat with head bowed down noxt Lieut.
Brauuerereuther, is the etern sheets, hU
t K i i ! '
iiivi i 7n i mi ii' ill ' . tMftat-" '-?-?
1 gi-Btf1 lUaffa,''!! I i 'at i3l'l'm1 ' "" '" ""W
furor o almost hidden Ina huco black rnln coat
Noxt this man snt another very dejected
young man In a brown mackintosh, nnd oppo
site them sot two others, eyes In the bottom of
tho .boot nnd heads bowed fonvnrd. both In
heavy rnln cents. Theso four worn the only
ones In tho boat protected ngnlnst tho storm.
They wero tho prisoners. Tho cnplora wero ns
wot as If thoy hnd been overboard. It wns
almost noon.
Tho whnloboat want on nnd, just ahead ot
tho Poklug, camo up with tho launch and tho
second detachment of tho landing party, which
had left tho Australia just In tlmo to cot
thoroughly soaked by tho rnln. There was
moro wigwagging, tho flag of truce bolnc used
ns tho signal fine, nnd then tho long lino of
boats put about nnd wont back to tho ship.
Presently tho launch enmo out again to tho
Jnpancso trador, plckod up tho six bonts of
tho first dotnehmont nnd towed us hack to tho
ship. Then sho took tho Charleston's marines
bnck to the crulsor. Tho ten marines from tho
roklng rowed bnck to tholr ship. Ammunition
was turned bnck to tho ordnnnco officers and
unused rations to thn commlssnry. Bonts were
houlod up on their dntlts or sent bnck to their
ships, rifles were cleaned up nnd dry clothing
puton, nndthat wasthe end of tho flret landing
Tbe gilUtit Duke of York,
Us had ton thou and uien;
lie mircliiil them up a gnat high hill
And marched tlitm down again.
But If thoro wns disappointment In tho souls
of tho mon who had boen detailed for the land
ing party, there wns joy In tho hoaits of Lieut.
Brnunersrouther and tho men with him. for
thoy had succecdod completely. Tho written
message to Gov. Marina, which Capt Glass
sent ashore yesterday oventnc, had been deliv
ered, and It had Its ofTect. Whon the whale
boat with tho flag of truco reached tho Inndlng
plor at tho boathouso. Gov. Mnrlnn wns thoro
to meot It. With him woro Capt. Dunrto
of the Bpanlsh Army, his secretary, and
Llout. Gutierrez. Captain of tho Port,
nnd Dr. Romero, the army surgeon and
hoalth ofllcor. Thoro was n brief, formal
greeting, and Limit. Braunorsreuther and En
sign Evans wero presented to nil the party.
Mr. Braunorsreuther went at his buslnoss at
once. Ho had a written communication from
Capt. Glass for dov. Mnrlnn, which was a tor
mnl demand for the Immediate and uncondi
tional surrender of all the Spanish possessions
In the Mariana group. It gate the Governor
half an hour In which to answor. As Lieut.
Brauncrsreuthor handed the cnvolopo to Gov.
Marina, he said, speaking in Spanish, nnd not
using his Interpreter:
" I havo the honor to present a communica
tion from my commandant, who has Instructed
me that you nro to hnvo one-hnlf hour In which
to mnkoieply. In presenting this communi
cation I call your attention to these facts. We
havo, as you seo, throe largo ships inside tho
harbor, nnd a fourth outsldo. One of tho throo
ships In tho harbor is n modorn warship of
very high powor and mounting largo guns.
The others aro transports full ot soldiers, as is
the ono outsldo the harbor. Wo have a largo
forco of soldiers. I call your attention to thoso
facts in order that you may not make any hasty
or ill-consldored roply to this communication
from my commandant."
Lieut. Braunersreuthcr paused and Gov.
Marina bowed and said "Thank vou." Llout.
Braunersreuthcr pulled out his watch and con
tinued: "It Is now fifteen minutes past 10 o'clock.
If within thirty minutes I hnvo not recolvcd
your roply I shall proceed according to my
further orders."
Gov. Manna bowed again, repented his
thanks, took tho envelope and went Insido his
offlco with his stnlT. Tho flvo armed jnek'es
from the Charleston wero posted on tho whnrf
nt thoentranco to tho bonthouse. Lieut. Brnun
ersrouthor nnd Ensign Evans paced slowly up
nnd down tho wliarf, Lieut Brnunersrouther
with his watch in his hnnd. Tho lone hnnd of tho
watch clicked nround its dial, nnd for twenty
minutes t liore wns no sign of nny nctlvity Insido
tho Governor's office. Twenty-flvo minutes nnd
still thero wns no reply. From tho windowof his
office. If ho chanced to look out. Gov. Marina
could see tho six lioats of tho first detachment
ottho landing party In tow of tho launch com
ing along toward tho landing place. If ho saw
them or not ho novor said so, but when twenty
nine of his thirty minutes hnd elapsed nnd
Lieut. Braunorsreuther hnd almost mnde up
his mind thnt It was o enso of tnko by forco,
Gov. Marina camo out of his office followed by
his stair. In his hand ho held a scaled envelope
addressod to Cnpt. Glnss. Lieut Brnuners
rcuther stepped forwnrd to meet him. Tho
two men saluted, and Gov. Marina handed the
letter to thn naval officer, saying:
" It Is for your commandant."
Lieut. Ilraunorsrouther ripped open tho en
velope with ono sweep of his hand and took out
tho inclosurc.
" It Is for your commandant." repeated Gov.
Mnrina in protest
"I represent my commandant here," replied
Llout Braunorsreuther. nnd then he read tho
letter. It was written In Spanish, nnd this Is
what it said:
" Sir: In the absencoot any notification from
my Government concerning tho relations of
war betweon tho Unltod States of America and
Spain, and without any means of defence, or
tho possibility of making a defence in tho faco
of such n large opposing force, I feel compellod.
In the Interests of humanity nnd to save llfo, to
mako a complete surrender of all under my
"Trusting to your morcy and your justice.
" I have tho honor to bo your obediont sorv
nnt, "Jose Marina t Vega.
"Copt. nENRT Glass, U. 8. 8. Charleston."
The four Spaniards and two Americans stood
In nbsoluto sllonco whllo Lieut Brnuners
routher rond tho note of surrender. A second
time tho navigator of tho Charleston road tho
letter, and, when ho realized nil It meant and
looked up, It wns with difficulty that ho could
repress a smile of satisfaction. Tho four Span
lords stood with bowed heads In utterdejectlon
waiting forwhntwns to como noxt. It came
" Gentlemen," sold Lieut Braunorsreuther to
tho throo staff offlcors. "your Govornor has
mado a complete surrender of theso Islands to
tho Unltod States. I nm sorry for your per
sonal dlscomfoit but you nro now my prison
ers, and under my nrdors. I nm compelled to
take you on board my ship,"
Governor nnd staff seemed very much sur
prised by this nnnnunecmont nnd protested
with much earnestness. They were not accus
tomed to such swift action nnd were not pre
pared for It. Tho word maHann plnys n Inrgn
part In tho oany-eolne Spanish life, but thoro
was no "to-morrow" In this bnslnogs. Lieut.
Braunorsreuther hnd beon Instructed topio
ceed with all expedition, and ho wns carrying
out orders.
" Wo hnvo hnd no opportunity to say farewell
to our families," protested 'Gov. Mnrina. " Wo
have no clothes i"scopt what wu wear now. It
Is very hard to tnl.o us bo unprepared."
" I nm very sorry," rcpento 1 Lieut. Braunors
reuther, " for your personal discomfort, but I
cannot help It. I must obey my orders, As for
your clothing, you mny write what message
you llko to your families or your friends, uml
whatever elnthlng or Mipplles they send ou In
response will bo taken nhonrd shin for you,
provided they nro hero by 4 o'clock thlsnttcr
noon. I will ctcn promise thnt Ir your wit cs
or members of our families como hern to Mil
you goodby they shall bo taken on lionrd tho
ship and shall hnvo ample oportuntty to seo
you, Moro I cannot do."
"It Is very hard and very strancc," said the
Governoragaln. " You como ashore with a flag
of truce, and In half an hour ou tell mo I am
your prisoner and must go aboard your ship. Is
Unjust use of a flag of trnco?"
That warmed up Llout. Braunorsrcuthern bit.
"I came ashore." he said, "with a flac of
truce to deliver to you a formal demand for your
surrender. You replied to thnt demand by sur
rendering absolutely and without conditions.
That ended tho truce. You are a soldier, and
you know asWell us I that when one surrender
' - w' 1 I.
he la a prisoner. You havo aurrendored to my
commandant through me. nnd until I turn you
over to my commandant you ore my prisoner.
You must go with me."
For n second It suggested Itself to Lieut
Brnunersrouther thnt there might bo troublo
nflornll. Ho had only flto men, but ho know
that tho shotted guns of tho Charleston wore
I trained on tho Inndlng place, and that nt tho
first slen of light the crulsor would open up.
Also ho knew thnt the first hnlf of the landing
party woro almost within strlklnedlstnnco.nnd
thnt they would get to his nsslstnnco Inn very
short tlmo It he needed thorn. But thoro was
i no need of cuns or mon. Tho Govornor
shrugged his shoulders In roply to tho Lieu
tenant's declaration, nnd submitted to tho In
ovltnblo with tho best groco ho could muster.
Ho turned to go back to his office, and Llout.
Brnunersreutbor snld:
"You hnvo soldlors horo?"
' Yos." replied tho Govornor. halted by tho
"How many?"
"Two companios."
"Thoro are officois In command ot them?"
" Yos."
"In Agafla."
"You will wrlto nn order to tho offlccr In
command of your troops to hnvo thorn all at
this place at 4 o'clock this afternoon with all
their nrms, ammunition and accoutrements.
I will elto you ten minutes In which to wrlto
such nn order."
"It Is Impossible." protested tho Governor
vehemently. "Thoy aro miles away. They
cannot cot hore nt thnt tlmo."
"It Is quito possible," replied Lieut Brann
orsrouthor, looking nt his watch. "It Is not
yet 12 o'clock. Agafln Is but four miles away.
A messonecr can reach thoro within the hour.
Tho soldiers must bo hero by 4 o'clock and you
must write tho order. You havo ten minutes
in which to do It"
Again the Govornor shruecod his shoulders
and turnod away, and again Lieut. Brnuners
reutbor stopped him.
" You havo Spanish flags?"
" Yes," rcpllod tho unhappy Governor.
"How many?"
" Four."
" Include In your order to the commanding
officer an order to brine all tho Spanish fines
with him."
The Governor fetched a blc sleh and went
into his ofllco to wrlto the ordor. Ho was over
whelmed by tho calamity which had befallen
him so suddenly. He had not dreamed that ho
would bo molested oven If the United States
should co to wnr with Spain. Ho was so far out
of tho way that ho would bo absolutely safe.
Yet here was a great force sent for his capture
and he was forced to surrendor without oven
tho poor satisfaction of flrlnc a slnglo shot In
resistance. Ho had no Inkling that this assault
on him was merely a sldo Issue. Thore hnd not
been tho slightest thine to Indicate to him
that tho expedition wns bound on for
Manila. As far as ho know or could know it
had been designod simply for him, nnd he was,
as he wrote In his note of surrender, without
the possibility of defence So ho sat down and
wroto tho ordor to tho commandant of his
troops to march them down from AgaBo nnd
havo them at Potl with all their equipment
that afternoon by 4 o'clock. When ho had fin
ished ho mournfully hold tho order out for
Llout Braunorsrouthor to seo. It was satisfac
tory, and ho sealed it up. A messenger was
found, who was soon galloping along tho road
to Agafla with tho ordor. Thon Lieut Braun
orsrouthor said:
"Now you may write to your wife."
"How much tlmo shall I have?" asked tho
Governor, In a quivering voice.
"All you want," repllod Lieut. Braunors
reuther. Tho Govornor turned to his desk and began
to wrlto. In tho mcantlmo his staff officers
had been busy over their own messages to
tholr fomllies. Tho Govornor wrote steadily
for half an hour, and Llout Braunersrouthor
waited. At last tho Govornor finished. Ho had
tilled throo largo sheets almost the size of
foolscap. Hi- gathered them up with a mourn
ful sigh and offered thorn to his enptor. Lieut.
Brauncrsreuthor shook his head and waved
them nway.
"Thnt is a private letter." ho said, "and I
have nothing to do with it."
Tho Governor was completely overcome by
this simple politeness. He put his head down
in his crossed nrms on tho desk In front of him
nnd cried llko a child. When nt length ho re
gained control of himself tho letter was sealed
up and a messenger found to deliver It to tho
Scflora Marina In Agafla. By this timo tho
other officers had succeeded In sending tholr
own messages, nnd it wns timo to get Into the
whaleboat and put out for tho Charleston. Tho
Governor and his stall wore all In uniform, but
nono woro sldo nrms. They wont sorrowfully
down tho whnrf to the boathouso and stopped
Into tho Charleston's boats. Tho jackfes who find
been standing nt tho shore ontrnnco to tho
bonthouso hnd returned to their plnces in tho
bont, and now thoy set out to pull back to their
ship. Just attor thoy loft tho landing place tho
squall broke. But the rain had no discourage
ment then for tho Charleston's men. Tho pris
oners wero moody and silent throughout tho
trio out to tho cruiser, but not n man in tho
boat blamed thorn. Llout. Brnunersrouther
said nfterward that ho was especially glad that
thero had been no cheering from the boats of
tho Inndlng pnrty when his bont pnssod by.
On the Charleston tho prisoners were taken
nt once to Cnpt. Glass's cabin, whore thore was
a general talk. Tho Governor's lettor of sur
rendor wns turned oter by Lieut Brauners
reuthcr to Cnpt. Glass, who read It and then
lionrd n brief vorbnl report from the Lieuten
ant of what hnd occurred. After that Capt.
Glnss mndo temporary provision for his prison
ers In his own cabin.
Whllo this had been going on Capt Plllsbury
of tho Sydney had como In In n small boat for a
confcroncowlth Gen. Anderson and Cnpt. Glass.
Ho reported that ho had been unable to mako
out tho Australia's signals yesterday, and so
hnd remained outsldo tho reefs ovor night
Now he was ordered to como In and tako posi
tion near tho Charleston. Capt. Glass had no
room on tho crulsor for his prisoners, and ho
asked poimlssion from Gon. Anderson to put
them on tho Sydney. There was plenty of
room on tho transport, and. as Gon, An
derson was willing. It was decided to
mnko hor tho prison ship. So Cnpt. Pills
bury touk Mr Hnllctt, tho Australia's
mate, with him for a pilot, nnd camo in with
thn Sydney nnd anchored between the Peking
anil tho Charleston, ami a llttlo astoni of thorn.
Tho four ofllcorw woro transferred to her from
tho Charleston at onco. Thero woro eomtoit
ablo staterooms for them, nnd thoy woro as
signed to quartern without delay. Gov. Marina
dnw a room with Llout. Gutlorioz, thu port
Captain, and Dr. Iloniero nnd Cnpt. Dunrto took
nnothor stateroom. Armed guards wore sta
tioned oulHido their doom and will bo kept
thoro while wo nro In tho harbor, but consider
able freedom Ih, nevertheless, nllnwod the prls.
oners, Thoy will nicbs in thohiiloon nt a tablo
bythemsclu-s.nnd will hnto plenty of oppor
tunity to talk together mid to got Mich oxerclso
ns can Ihi had on hhlpbnnrd and to read and
sinoko as much as they like.
When this had boon arranged Capt. Glass and
flue and, hi the Clmilobton's bargo. v. cut oter
to old Fort Sautu duz. It wiit. pretty ticklish
business getting to the fort IweniiMi of the
coral reefs which run about In nil sorts nf
shapes throiwhuut tho upir rnrt nf tln bay
There Is u little narrow channel which h-ndh to
tho roar of tin. fort, howutur, nnd tho boat
finally found this nnd mado n iniidliig
Cnpt. Oluss found a most dilapidated old
niKiloev foi n furt. the thought nf shell
lug which mndo Jilni laugh. Such ns it
was tho fort occupied nearly tin. entire apace of
the llttlo Island which had boon built upon tho
reef. It wns built In tho foim of u rocbingle
nbout sixty feet oust nnd west by forty feet
north nnd south. Tho four corners wore brocod
by heuvy stone buttresses. The entrance was
lu tho ceutre of thu south wall, The wulls
wertof heat y masonry, ot the unto basal-
'' 4 - - - .. . ',
a-.r:r;-:CjjfArtflBi;CnTi','- '
tlo rock as the clllTs atone Orote) penln- mm I
dulo. but lone nco the piaster had crumbled wV
betwocn tho atones nnd tho huce blooka (hem J
selves had begun to disintegrate under tho rd,
stress of thoconRtnnt Btorms that swoop over K I
them. Grass, reeds, weeds nnd shrubbory had W? I
overgrown the wholo place, Ruin and dceoln- J.
tlon hold tho Island, not Fort Banta Cm. I
Along tho south wall, clear ncross tho southern
front, oxcept nt tho entranco at tho centre, ffi
thero had boon tho quarters ot the men. Tha Hf I
llttlo ccll-llko rooms had been built ot atone, Wl
which had fallen Into llttlo hoaps almost before) TfcP
tho oldest man In this expedition learned to I
walk. U I
Tho door In tho wall against whloh these oolla H'
had stood oponcd directly against tho henry M
south sldo of what seemod to bo n solid block ot Hi
masonry, whloh roso about ten feet from thta ., S.
south wall to n height ot perhaps ton foot (EW
Directly opposite this door, at tho top ot th Wr
pllo of masonry, stood tho coat of arms of
Spain, Now It Is moss-grown nnd worn awarv M
Tho big Briwestono-llko slab on which tht) ' Jl
nrms wore enrved hns fadod and crumbled II
until now It Is Imposslblo to decipher ft
In detail whnt was carved on It originally. Si
but thore remain tho outltnos of the Span- ft
Ish arms, nnd nt tho bottom some lettering.
Tho nnmo of tho King who rolgncd when tho J
fort was built probably stood thoro onoe, but U
now there Is only a blur, at tho end ot which la d
decipherable "Alio 1801." That was be for JB,
Trafalgar, when thoro woro a glory and a mala WA
thnt wero Spain's. Almost a century this old At
fort has looked out ovor tho reefs beyond Orote wi
Peninsula, and thoro was n tlmo no doubt yd
whon It would havo mot a ship ot the lino with 91
a royal welcome, but now tho coral on which It Ml
was built Is comlnc to Its protection, and In a g
tow moro roars It will bo Impregnable bocouso 9
no hostllo band can reach It j
To tho loft as one enters this door that faoos WiX
tho old coat ot arms risos tho ramp that leada Jlif
to tho torrcploln. It Is perhaps ton foot wtdo Hf
with steps at tho southorn sldo Dutlt of stono. B&b
To the right under an nrcbod doorway, la tha 111
long vacant mngazlno, foul nnd III smelling K h
now from Its yoars with no vonttlatlon. Tho w
tcrroploln seems to bo solid. Tho battlomented fm
parapot rises around It about four foot In soma flfl
placos, but for the most part tho parapet has ffB
all fallen down. Originally there were proba- VjR
bly four embrasures on the north sldo and H
perhaps as many more on tho south, with M
half that number cast and wost Grass H
and bushos crow thickly on tho terrepleln.
About tho parapet Capt Glass found Indlca- M
tlons whoro four of tho shells from his threo- H '
pounders had struck, but tho old fort was llttlo B
tho worso for Its bombardment. The torro-
pleln presented a curious problem. It Is hard 9 1
to believe It Is solid, thoro In so llttlo room on Wl
the spcok ot an Island occupied by tho fort; Wa)
but If it Is supported by arches there la fj
no Indication now to bo found of any door SI
loading to the chambers boneath It. Yet Ej
It seems moro than probable that there C
are such chambers. Who knows now
whnt dungeons nro beneath that torropletn. a
that was built before Navarlno was fought, M
and was In tho first flush ot its youth whon fata 1
upsot Napoleon at Waterloo ? Vfho knows what
hoards of Spanish doubloons nnd pieces of 3
eight may not bo bursting out of their rottlnir 9 I
chests beneath thoso grass-covered arches? t
Ono 8-Inch shell from tho Charleston would Mi
havo laid bare tho whole mystery, but Copt lawlfc
Glass Is a matter-of-fact man and tho 8-Inch Kh
shell Is at 111 In tho mngazlno of tho Charleston. !9J
At the southeast corner of tho terrepleln thoro MKi
rises tho wreck of nn old flagstaff. Beside It mVi
grows a tree almost as tall as tho staff. On that plj
staff tho flag Cnpt Glass hod taken from tho IgM'
Charleston wns hoisted, Lleut.Brauncrsrouthor. YJm
who hnd beon left In commnnd on tho crulsor flj
whllo tho Cnptnln nnd executive officer woro BJ I
away, had wigwagged over to tho Australia and 11
tho Peking to keep watch with him for tho first f
appearanoo of Old Glory nbovo tho ruined tint- JH
Moments of Santa Cruz, tho bands on tho two JP
troopships wore ready, and tho crows wero nt ff-rf 'I
tho saluting cuns on tho cruiser. Tho clouds Iff
had broken nway and tho harbor nnd W
its hills stood out clear and sharp In tho MW
early afternoon sun. Thooldcrny fort, in its K.&M
setting of green gross and shrubbory, marked
tho foreground. Over this cray-ercon spot la Si J
tho bluo water roso tho radiant clory ottho iB-'tf'
Stars and Stripes. As tho first glint of color 'wfi
above tho battered parapet caught tho eye of mfA
Llout. Braunorsreuther ho cave tho ordor to Wi
Baluto the United States flag. A thundering M
roar from tho forward 0-inch gun of tho H
Charleston's starboard broadside battery waa H
tho first response Instantly tho port cun nn- H
swered. Tho echoes beat back from tho cocoa- H
nut covorod cliffs of Oroto peninsula and flung H I
themsolves against tho hills on the mninland of B, '
the Island. Back they came, diminished Ha
in force but increased In number, and 3H
caught tho deep booming of tho cuns rW I
ns the Charleston continued the salute. Soon VWJ
nil tho hnrbor wns filled with the noise, and oc- vri"
caslonnlly, as It dlod down a bit enmo tho (Ml
strains of tho "Btnr Spnnglod Banner" from If '
tho two transports, nnd tho ring of eager 6 j
choers from tho thousands of soldlors nnd sail- Af jf ,
ors who watched tho beautiful flac rlso to Ita 'iWlf
place at tho top of tho staff and float out over xfl
tho old fort. Tho Island of Guam was formally .ME
In possosslon of tho United States. Six thou- Wm
sand miles to tho westward tho starry banner I JB
had boen rushed at one strldo. When It rises fi ml
overMnnlla and the Philippines nevor toba B)?Sl
hauled down, as this expedition hopes the sun WiMt
will never set on "tho land of the free and tha 1(1 Iff,
homo of the bravo." Klfifi!
Leaving the old flag floating gloriously out !!?
on tho afternoon breeze, Capt. Gloss returned Wj$'
to tho Chnrleston. Ho reached his ship ht Witt 1
nbout 3 o'clock, and nt onco Lieut. Brauners- HW
rout her started with Lieut Myers and forty H?
marines to rocolvo tho surrender of tho Span- Tf
Ish garrison of Guam. Tho mon embarked la It
four boots, which woro towed by the steam I
launch, under command of Lieut Blocum. I '
F.nslgn Evans nnd Dr. Farenholt accompanied B5
Lieut Brnunersrouther, Tho tide was nearly Wl
at ebb slack, nnd It was Imposslblo for tho '"'
launch to get over the reef thnt runs alone tho '
Inside edge of the harbor olose to Apopa 1
Island and the main Island. Tho boats I
woro oas loose from the launch and went aa fl
far In ns thoy could with oars. Thon tho men I
cot out nnd wnded. pushing the boats alone. I
It was a ticklish position for tho men if tho I
Bpnnlsh soldlors should conclude nt the lnBt to W '
mnkon stnnd for It. Llout. Braunorsrouthor Vm i
took his men ns far In toward Apopas ns ho W
could. Ho know that tho Clmrlehton's guns .
weio shotted and trained on tho landing place. A li i
nnd ho gavo them as much room as ho could.
Thoy wero ready to open up nt tho first sign of 1 I Jl
resistance from shore, but thoy never got tho i
signal to fire. Lieut BraunorHreuther kept his W '
men ns well together as isicslblo and ordered K i
them to burendy to shoot nt the least Indication J
of trouble, and to shoot low and to kill. t;. I
Straight into tho Inndlng place tho four boats 1
wont, and thoro wore tha Hpnnlnrds. buro I
enough, waiting for thorn In tho boathouso. I
Tho Spanliiids had boon on tlmo. but thn 1
Americans wero Into. Tho difficulty of cottlng I"
ovor tho reefH had ilelnycd t hem, nnd It was well A
irnst 4 o'clock whon Llout BrauiietHrcuther
cllinbod mi tho stops into tho boathou.t anh '
returned thu saluto of Lieut. Ilamos of tho 'BJ fV
Spanish naval Intimity, In command of tha W It
Hiirreiideilug gnrrlbou ot Oiinm. Behind
Llout. Braunorsreutlior enmo Knslgn Kvuns VW
aiulDr. Faienholt. Tl-re woro two companies , W
of tho boldltrs. ono of Spanl-li regulars nnd M
onoofniitlvos-CliniiKirros. Thoywi.ru drawn A
up in lino iu tho bonthouse. fnc-'na In. the Span-
north. Llout. Brnuiutis.-outhurbi.jkii to U.-ut. M
Itnmos, who gravely presented Llout. llorrucw S
of tho Spaiilsa naval Infantry v.mi. yaUt , B ,
of tin. garrison of Guani. Llout. llerruoo tW
saluted, and Llout. llraunorsroutliornniiouii.'tMl Vff J
that ho had come, reprcbuiitiiu: dipt lila-H. to jf)
recelto their surrendor. h oidet.sl by Guv. Af
Mitrluu. 1 ho soldiers looked on in wopileint m
tho proceeding, but tho ( hauioiros uoio not rl,,t
unhappy, nnd tholr faces s.iotv.-d it JssisirS.
Whllo this tnlk had been going on I.tout. i, V-
Myors nnd his forty marine hud llio I quietly B
through the Umthouso and formed In lino oa ,
tho wharf across the entrance, uwtna tha wtt H ',
' '"- ' ',.., ,"'1' SaVf, asS

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