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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, August 08, 1898, Image 6

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I i 6 THE SUN, MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1808. -
I I gFl)je H ,Pfttn.
l K MONDAY, AUGUST 8. 1808.
IK' Hubscriptlons r Mnll, I'ostpnld.
B CAIf.V, per Month BOM)
K DAILY. per Year " "
W BiWnAY, per Ye r. 3 m
K DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Year 8 00
W DAILY AND SUNDAY, per M mill "0
IJ l"tnitlo foreign (onnlriisaddcd. I
Tlir. Bos, New York Cltjr.
B rnte Kiosiue No. 12, near Orand Hole), ana
' t Wl Xtosque Ko. 10, Boulevard des Capuclnes.
. K
If K ( ; ur frimil wn faror w wiiA manuieri'pfl or
KB ' ptiMnMlion tcrts. la Aow rWrtl orUehl rlvrfd. Oiev
K ssuit fn all caiis nlilaMiiorlolpurpon.
I it1 X Consider China!
L 9tV Tho purblind opponents of our ncqulrlnff
K W10 Philippines tuny net somo light upon
p tholr uttltiido thronr-h considering tho re-
W. ffi cent changes upon tlio const of Clilnn..
J,' W Do they think that Germany's seizure of
L W Kino Chou Boy, for oxnmplo, nnil a terrl-
3 S tory 08 largo ns tlio State of Connecticut, of
i W no concern to this country?
K, ,W Do they look on tlio absorption of China
r, f, by Europonn powers aa beneficial to this
t i country, ond strcnRth-slvlnjr to our fresh
&, eipoctotlons of Oriental trndo ?
, m Tho Philippines provide, to some extent,
I fJL tn0 mcon8 ' countcrnctlnp; tho sinister in-
w fluonco of our European rl vols In tho Eosl.
, & Are tho nntl-Phlllpplnlsts willing to confess
4 ' 1, openly that thoy nro opposed to our lifting
L ft hand for self-protection 1
Iii W What Unionists Hnve Felt Themselves
JJ i Compelled to Do lor Irelnnd.
; IsA Tho debt which Irishmen owo to Mr.
IW W Gladstone can lie but partially measured
I' M by the direct services which he rendcied,
fp although ho govo them tho Land net of
.' 1870, tho Land act of 1881, ond twleo
I strovoto glvothemn scpurato legislature.
,, U. Of great, If not greater, importance aro tho
c K political and financial concessions which tlio
I Unionists themsolves hovo been shamed
p Into making, if only to excuso their opivo-
! sltlon to homo rule. Tlio extent mid voluo
I i of theso concessions, which cannot justly
if I bo called voluntary, Blnco, unless Mr.
ji ' ' Gladstone had endeavored to go much
'l ! i further, tho Unionists would nover liavo
( f gono so far, will bo found set forth by tho
b; l i Hon. T. W. Russell in tlio August number
P : of tho Xorth Amtriean Iltvieic. Mr. Rus-
! i bell, it is well known, Is a Nonconformist
!. j member of rnrilament for on Ulster con
it t Btitucncy, who, throughout tho period of
1 ! tlio homo rulougltat Ion, has boenaUnlon-
I ; 1st, and who is now the Secretory of tho
I j i Local Government Board.
! I Tho concessions mado by tlio Unionists
a j i. during tho Inst twenty-two years oro dls
ii; ' tributed by Mr. Rcssbll under tho several
', j heads of tho land, of local government, mid
J of i-ellef of tho congested districts In tho
I west of Irelnnd. As regards tho land, tho
K Unionist Government has undoubtedly been
W S prevailed upon to improve tho workings of
tho land acts by tho act of 1800, whereby
B ff , many decisions of the Iiish Court of Ap
I fk peals, which had crippled tho beneficiary
m W tffects of the former measures, wero re
ft W versed as being ngninst public policy and
B ' rr- tho intention of Parliament Tho result is
H L that a tenant's advoeato no longer feels,
B j- when ho enters the Land Court, that he is
, treading on a series of trap doors. It must
T fi- also bo acknowledged thnt to Unionist Gov
Bj W crnments is duo tlio series of enactments
H. w' whereby tho Irish peasant may bo trans-
B? S formed into an owner of tho land ho tills,
Be through the advancement of tho purchase
Bf money of his holding by tho State. It was
Bj also a Unionist Government which rendered
H compulsory tho salo to tenants of bqnkrupt
Bf i estates in tho hands of tho Land Judges'
Bf i Court, and although u Land Judge, Mr.
BE " Justice Ross, undertook to check tho oper-
Bb ' ntlon of this stntuto by claiming that ho
Bk alone had the right to fix the prlco at which
Br ; nn estato should bo Bold, tho Court of An-
BS , peals has since decided against his conten-
Bj i' tlon. Tliero Is no doubt, then, thnt tho
Bf Unionists have, in tho matter of agrarian
BS J reform, added a good deal to tho threo Fh
Bn which woro emlKidlcd in tho Land act of
Bb ' 1881; by tho threo Fs wo mean, of coursp,
ft first, absoluto fixity of tenuro on payment
BB of a fair tent; secondly, a fair rent deter-
Bw t mined by a tribunal set up by rnrilament;
I ond thirdly, tlio tenant's freedom to sell his
Interest In tho tenancy to tlio highest bid
der. These rights havo been confirmed by
tho Unionists, and facilities for tho creation
of peasant proprietors havo been added.
In tho matter of locnl self-government,
It is still easier for Mr. Russell to demon
strate thnt Ireland has got more from tho
Unionists than sho has yet received
HB K directly from tho Liberals. Wo must In-
B t eist upon tlio word dirtctly, becauso nothing
BB is moio evident than that, if Mr.
BB Gladstone litid not insisted upon giving
B Ireland absoluto home rule In tho form of u
f national legislature, the Unionists would not
hoo felt tlio necessity of granting (pialHlcd
BB ' homo rule in the form of county and dls-
BB trict councils. It Is true, nevertheless, that,
BB oltliough Lord John Rushf.lij promised
BB ' O'Cokxell sixty years ago to substltuto
BBJ county Ixiaids for grand juries, tho pledgo
BBJ was never kept by tho Libeials, but was
BBJ left for tlio Unionists to fulfil in the bill
BB r intioduced by Mr. Oeiiald IUlfouk, tho
BBE piesent Irish Sierctary. This bill is un-
Bf doubtedly tlio largoht political concession
BBJ madu to Ii-olnnd tiiiico Catholic einnncl-
BBj patiou. Irlsh-Aiuericans fniulllar with tlio
BBJ statu of things which has liitherto ex-
BBJ 'i Isted will m-oKuln tho mngultude of thn
BBJ m Iniiiivations made. Tho bill, In tho first
B place, m rangcH for tho transfer of nil the
B odmiulstmtlvo functions of tho grand
BBS t juries to county councils, which nro to bo
BBS . elected on n rrnnchiso Identical with tho
BBS vt Parliamentary, except that peers nnd worn-
BBS g en will bo permitted to vote. It piovldes
BBS w for tlio payment from Imperial funds of
BBS half of tho county cess now paid wholly
BSJ j. by tlin occupier, nnd half of tho poor
Ie rate now paid by the owner. Tills pro-
vision will iuoho a contilbiitloii fioni
tlio IniKrial ExcliequiT of hometlilng like
I s:i,tt5(i,00i) per MiiuuiM. Tlio bill furt lior
provides for tho ehtobllshment of itiral ills-
trict councils, the mi'inbeiH t wlilcli will bo
J tho wiuliaiy uuthorltlts, mid will iHielecteil
f on tin miiiio fnindilso as tlio Luiinty coiiii-
t cllUn-K. It conliiichllie Uonrd of Gumiliiins
B R Btllctlyto tho iKltiiinistrntlon of the I'ikm-
BBB P lun, and IraiiHfers tivctytlilng I'melgu to
BB thut wuils to either llio county or the i tir.it
BBB I district council. Tho bill tliiully ulKilit,h,
BBB ;.y not only tho jirnpeity iiuiilllli-atlou for tlio
BBBf. eiiffnigi', but iiImi plural witlug, mid Hiilntl-
BBBJH tutes vote by Imllol for the piesent phin of
BBBjP voting by papei'n. This bill luib bmn
BBBE (lcnounccd by landlords ns n revohi-
BBBft tlonary mensure, nnd Mi. Rushkll hits
BBBt no doubt that, if tho Iwttlo for placo
BB1.' Id ,the county and rural district coun-
BBBJK, cll wero ty bo fought on party or rc
Ct Ufiloua jixounda, tho bill would mean
tKKBKSr' Il1" M''T i irrirriiiT wii
JBIB , i i
.
tlio transfer of every atom of power to tho
Nationalists and Catholics In twenty-soven
out of tho thirty-two Irish counties. Ho
dors not liellcve, however, that local elec
tions under the Mil will Iki conducted on
strictly party grounds. On tho contrary, ho
expects thnt Unionist cooperation will
lio welcomed by tho Nationalists, whoaro
anxious to aveit a breakdown In county
government, which would lio Injurious, If
j not ratal, to thn demand for nntloiinl self
I rule. However that niny be, It Is certain
that Mr. Okiiald Haliouii'r bill will glvo
tho Irish people the complete management
ot their local affairs. If tills management
shall prove successful, It will constitute a
powerful argument for tho creation of a
Dublin l'nilinment.
Vi'v puss to wlint tho Unionists havo dono
for tlio congested districts, and under this
term wo refer to nn area on tho western
seaboard of It eland, which includes certain
IHirtlons of Kerry, Mayo, Galway nnd Don
egni. Ileio agriculture, is tlio solo Industry,
but the best of tho land has been given over
to grazing, nnd tho peoplo hnvo been left to
scratch tho mountain sldo or to reclaim
patches from nmong tho rocks. Under such
circumstances llfo Is impossible) and rent
Is out of tho question. Homo of tho young
men go to Englnnd nnd to Scotland for tho
harvest, and somo of tho young girls go
Into domestic service; others go to America.
Even In normal times tlio diet or thousands
or theso peoplo is acknowledged by Mr.
Russell, who knows tho congested dis
tricts, to lio less nourishing than that or
tho ordinary pauper In tho worst of Eng
lish workhouses. When tho potato crop
falls, thcro is nothing before tho peoplo but
starvation, unless tho Government inter
venes. It cannot bo said that tho Unionist
Government has been romlss in tho mat
ter. Somo years ago Mr. A. J. Balfouh
porsuniled Parliament to mnko n frco grant
ot $0,21)0,000, slnco supplemented by u
much larger sum, for railways to traverse
boinoof the districts in question. In 1801
Mr. Bali'ouk established tho Congested
District Board, provided with an annual
Income ot $210,000 Trom tho Irish
Church surplus, and charged with tho
duty ot asblstlng tho peoplo In a vnriety
or ways. This board has purchased
small estates, got rid ot tho grazing
tennnts, and added tho lands thus ac
quired to tlio Inadequate holdings ot ten
ants. It lias also repaired cabins, mado
rami roads, mended renccs, nnd built
schools. Mr. Russell holds that tho Con
gested District Board should be furnished
with moro monoy, and that tho owners
of grazing land should bo compelled to
sell it. Ho suggests, too, that cottage
industries should bo introduced to sup
plement tlio meagro products that enn
Iki garnered from an inferior soil. A
bill to that end was proposed by Mr.
GEnLD Balfour last year, and is expected
to bo brought foiward again at tho next
session ot Parliament. Tho aim or this
bill is to establish on Agriculture and In
dustries Department, tlio duty ot which
will bo to roster tho backward agriculture
ot cortnin districts and to aid in establish
ing Industries that will net as supple
mental thereto.
In one particular tho Unionists havo failed
to keep their promises to tho Irish Catholics ;
they havo tidied to glvo tlicm increased
facilities for higher education. During the
present yenr Mr. A. J. Balfour has tried to
establish nnd endow a second university
In Irelnnd on lines acceptable to Roman
Catholics, that Is to say, a university
whoso doors should bo open to all creeds,
but tho governing body ot which should bo
Roman Catholic, jutt as tho Senate or tho
University ot Dublin is Protestant. Tho
nttompt had to bo abandoned, attcr two
days' debate, owing to tho strength ot tho
"No Popery" feeling in certain parts of
England nnd Scotland. It will boiemein
bered that n similar effort on Mr. Glad
stone's pnrt mlscanied forallko reason.
Tho Scotch nnd English Nonconformists
will not brook tho application ot public
moneys to tho endowment ot a Catholic
university, and a largo part or tho Anglican
Church Bides with them in tho matter.
Mr. Russell, nlthough hlmselt n Non
conformist, regrets tlio success of the oppo
sltlon to Mr. BALroun's plans ror an Irish
Catholic university. Ho icgrets it on every
ground, but especially becauso ho sees thnt
it will make a good homo rulo argument.
Ho cannot say In tho future what ho has
maintained In tho past, that the Imperial
Parliament Is nliko able nnd willing to
remedy oory Irish grievance.
It looks na if this particular grievance
would never Iks remedied at Westminster,
nnd ns It Irolund mny havo to wait ror a
Catholic university until sho has a Parlia
ment ot her own.
Tlio Prohibition Plebiscite In Cn inula.
Tlio prohibition question, which hns per
plexed polities in tho Dominion or Canada
for years past, Is now to lie settled in a now
way. Instend of dealing with tho liquor
question by such legislative means as tho
tax system which prevails now In New
York, Ohio and elsewhere, tho Canadian
voters nro to bo called upon on Sept. 20 to
render nn answer to tills question:
"Arw yon In faiornf the pausing of in act prohib
iting till- Importation, manufacture, or al of t plrttn,
wtna, ale, beer, ilder, anil all ot'ier alcoholic llqnora
for use an beieroseal"
Tho law piovldlng for this plebiscite, ns
it is culled In Canada, received tho required
official assent on Juno 1H, and section -I
having cnqiowered the Gmnrnor In Council
to llx tlio day for taking tho vote of all
Canadian electors quiililleil to vote at n
legulnr Dominion election, ho designated
Thuisdny, Sept. 20.
Tho agitation for tho submission of this
pioposltiou had lxon going on for hovenil
yeois, but It had been unsuccessful becnuso
of tho natural reluetaneo ot both iKilit leal
parties In tho Dominion to become respon
sible for Its aiUocney. Tho objections to
prohibition, oen by plebiscite, am In pint
constitutional nnd in part polltlenl and
commercial. About two-thlrds ot tho mem
bership of tho Dominion rnrilament, under
tho last Redistribution act, passed In 1S02,
nro from tlio two provinces of Ontario
and Quebec, tho rest lmlng from Novo
Scot lu, New Brunswick, Manitoba, British
Columbia, Prlnco Edward Island, and tlio
Northwest Territory. Heretofore, at scpn
into elections, Ontario, Manitoba, Prince
Kdwnid Island nnd Nova Scotia have
voted favorably regarding thn policy of
prohibition. The right of one province to
inipohO u condition obnoxious to tho rights
or iiiteit'htbiif tho othoro, by tho curtail
ment of tho general publle revenues, was,
however, Miecossfully disputed In the com ts
by the opponents of prohibition. Accord
ingly, tho question Is now to bo submitted
on tho satno day to the voters of nil tho
pro luces. Hut thoro arises tho question, if
nt tills plebiscite of next month a majority
In any particular provinco should declarofor
prohibition, whether they would have tho
right to dlminlshtthe revenues required for
those provinces vwbioh reject prohibition.
m- ' ; r--!-k - ,,7 , rTi . niT'C
'I.' '- i i "" i - " : - "'l"
Tho cxclso taxes paid Into tho ttomlnlon
treasury amount to nbotit $45,000,000 nn
nuolly, or moro than onc-quartor tho lotol
collections. Ofcouree.thpcuttlngofrof bucIi
n lnrgo sotnco of lncomo wonld ontnll other
toxofl, tho burden of which Would fall on tho
provinces generally,
Moreovcr.lt Is asserted that tlio prohibi
tion of "cider "In tho wording or tho ques
tion Tor tlin Septrmlier plebiscite Is Intended
to prejudice prohibition by asking ror too
much. Tho orchards of Canada produco
npples In great nbiuidnnee. Een Prohibi
tionist Canadian fnrmorfl, therefore, nro
likely to hesltnto about shutting out tho
manufacture of elder. In Quebec, where
the French population, mostly or Breton or
Norman nncestry, nro traditionally ills
posed to cider as u bovoratfc, such a prohi
bition Is likely to bo most Injurious to tlio
cause, ot piolilbitlon.
In nn olllclal report mndo by tho so-cnllod
Royal Commission, attention wns colled to
tho extent to which tlio breweries nnd dis
tilleries of Canada contrlbuto to tho busi
ness or rnrmers and mechanics. Thn pur
chases or barley, barley malt, hops, and i-orn
for Canadian browoiles nnd distilleries
amount to $2,500,000 a year. The expense
ror fuel is $170,000; for lee, $50,000; for
bottles, $:t0,000; for corks and labels, $40,
000; for cooperage, casks and barrels, $200,
000; for printing nnd advertising, $80,000;
for blacksmith work nnd mochlno ropalrs,
550,000, nnd for transportation expenses,
Including truckage, $450,000. How extcn
bIvo is likely to bo tlio opposition ot tho
pleblscito can bo Judged from theso Items.
Furthermore, perhaps intentionally, tho
proposition tor tho ploblsclto Is sweeping In
its character. Including both tho "manurac
turoiindsnlo"or tho beverages named and
their " Importation " nlso. Nor In n country
llko Canada can tho social and political Im
portance ot tho brewers and distillers bo left
out of consideration, Tor there, as In Eng
land, It is grent. They nro largo contribu
tors to Church nnd charity funds, to election
expenses, to schools, nnd to many public nnd
private undertakings, nnd their combined
lnllucnco ngalnst prohibition will bo power
ful. Tho Canadian plebiscite will bo held
under tho now Franchise act, a substltuto
for the former Provincial and Federnl Fran
chise net, which was passed at tho last ses
sion of Parliament.
Gold In tho Philippines.
A writer in tho Overland Jonafy, Mr.
Henry G. Hanks, has been exploring tho
libraries of San Francisco for historical
references to tho Philippines as gold-producing
territory. Ho has round enough
material to prove abundantly that tho ox
Istenco of gold In tlio Islands baa been
known for centuries, nnd that it Is duo
onlvto the languid character of tho Span
iard that largo possibilities of wealth havo
gone uncxploited.
Fiom Magellan's time down to tho
present day gold has been noted every few
years by observant visitors to tho Philip
pines ns ono ot tlio principal products ot
tho islands. Maoellan lnnded In 1521 on
tho islnnd or Samar. The survivors of his
voyage carried homo stories liko these:
"At Dutuan, ltwai aitil, plccoa of cold wero found
aa larce aa nut and aoraetlmea aa large aa ecea, but
mltetl with earth.
"At Mar.ancimalane Ingot of cold was offered to
the Spaniard for xlx atrlnira of Kim bead.
"The IUJah of Mazaugiia had In his ears two mat
ctrclen of cold, surrounded w.tU precious, stones '
Father Navahette, n missionary who
visited tho Philippines from China about
1(140, wroto as follows In his "Account of
tho Empire China" :
" It Is beyond dispute that there Is goli in all tha
t'linds we have spoken of, In some more than others.
Of Manila, whl-h they call ' I.iu Suntf' Icornipted to
Luzon by the natlvea and Spaniards), they say it l a
country that almnnda in izold. and they aro in the
riyltt. The provinces of Paws'nan andllocosare
more r.-markablc than the rest on this account."
Dampier in 1080 reported:
"flomenf the mountains of this island Luconla,
now I.U7onl afford cold. On other islands both
inui anil women wore largo earnncs made of that
jellow metal beforu mentioned. Whether It were
cold or no I cannot positively says I look it to be so.
Itaheaynndthc color of our paler itold."
Eleven years Inter Dr. Gemelli Carei
visited Luzon in his voyago around tho
world. He speaks of "rich gold mines In
tho province of Parncala and in Ilocos. Of
tho Island of Kumar he says :
' Gold is tho chief and trrratrst treasure, for in the
mountains there are rith mines, and the nrers hae
it mixed in thfir sands. The Governor of Manila
discoursed with me recral times on this point; told
mo that In all there is ta the slue of 200,000 pieces
of elaht ajenr, nathired without the help ot are or
qulclcsih er, bv which It msy bo guessed what a pro.
diitioiiH tuintlty would t found did the Spaniards
si ply themsehes as Industriously as they do in
Amtrici. The inhabitants vt Mindanao find good
uold by dluisim; into the eround, as stso in rilcrs,
maalUL-lreuilus before the flood."
Cnpt. ALEXAXDEn Hamilton says In his
"Account ot tho East Indies," published in
tho year 1727 :
" Luconla (Luzon) produces uold, but of low touch,"
M. db Paoes went to Manila in 1708.
HIb report Is concerning Samar:
"Gold dust is found In some 't'lsntity in tha more
Interior regions, but tho monks, in their concern for
the morals of the people, have been cartful to est
this branch of trafUc Into their own hands."
Tho Abbe Reynal'h nccount, first pul
llshed in 1770, is subjoined:
" There are Incontestable proofs that in Iho earlleit
times the Bosnia rda sent oier to America large qnan.
tltli a of told found in tho mines by the natives of
thcimmtry. If the quantity they can now collect
does not exceed twelve hundredweight, this must bo
imputidlo the tyranny of the Spaniards, who will
not riuCer them tthu natives to reap the benefit of
their own industry."
Another wltnoss Is M. DE Guiosus, who
visited the Philippines lu 1700:
"Mines of uold e-xixt, but these are not wrought!
the only portion of this niftul Is obtained In small
grains washed down by the rivers."
HoiiKliT MacMickino published lu 1851
his " RecollectloiiKof Manila," uud lio guys:
"Tho uold which is found at l'lclaslu Mlsaures
and at Mambuluo, IMrru'ilj aud Surlguu, is consumed
lu the country In ornaments. At,, and some sent to
China. Tho amount annuall.- produced at these
plans it very uncertain, unit tho quantity exported
to China Is prolably u k'r.ut iteul moro than the
amount set down in the tabular statements, It being
very i asy to export, awl J suppose ut least an equal
amount of taels sro pint prliutely to what apprara in
the tables to liuvo parsed the Custom House."
Tho fullest and moat interesting state
ment In tlio mats of testimony which np
pcars In tho Overland Monthly is by Sir
John Rowiiino In l MO. Ho is speaking
particularly of tho Island of Mindanao:
"Tho gold of the Philippine IslsiuN Is produced by
washing and illggln. In several pivilnrra It la
found in the rivers, and uitivrs are ingaged in wash
ing their deposits. Tl.u most rcnmriahlc of tha
gold muiCH wnrkttl by the Indians nro those of Tut
blu and Hiiiiic. They bnaH tlio nwk with ham
ineis und crush it Wtsceu two small millstones,
dliiolvlng tho fragment In water, by which
the gold Is separated, 'Itiov mult it III small
shells, and It generally pn)duc (rum IS lu $10
per oiiuio, but Its (Incuts-, seldom exceeds ID
carats i.tMil rine). It is fr.und lu quartz, but the mm
gels are seldom of any considerable size. The In
habitants of Cirgu cut la tho mountain a basin of
considerable sits and conduct water to it through
cjualamsdoof wild palm. Tbty dl up tba soil
while tba basin la flllini, which la. opened suddenly
and blbfU for working any Misting stretificaUon
of (oil. TbtM opctiUtuvi kr conttaoad till all tb
pits an filled with inroads of earth, when they are
abandoned. Generally It happens thatwhen a depth
has been reached which produces the most advan
tageous returns, the rush ot water carries way
much of the metal which wonld otherwise be de
posited and collected,"
Continuing his account, Sir John proceeds
to suggest nn explanation why there has
been no full development of tho woalth ot
tlio auriferous regions of tho Philippines :
"Gold Is also found In the slluvlsl deposits, which
aro ground between stones, thrown Into water, and
the metal sinks to the bottom. The rivers of Cara
bsllo, Camarincs, aid Mlsamls.and tho mountains nt
Canta and Zebu are the most prodtullve. Miuy
Indian families support themselves by washing the
rlter sands, and In times of heavy rains gold Is found
III the streets of some of tho pueblos when the Hoods
havo pasted.
"Thcro ran lw no doubt of the existence of much
gold In the Islands, but principally In the per J In
habited by the Indi pendent tribes. Gold dust la the
Instrument of exchange In the Interior of Mindanao
and Is oirrled alont In bags for the ordinary pur
poses of life. The iKissesalon of California br the
Spaniards for so many generations without ths de
velopment of itsrlchei may explain their Inertness
and Indlffercnco In the Philippines, notwithstanding
ths repeated avermrnta of Bpanlah writers that the
unhlpolago abounds In cold,"
Mr. Hakim's researches nro Interesting
and valuable. Ho predicts that " now that
tho Islands nro to pass out of tho blighting
control or Spain, it Is nlmost ns cortnin as
that tlio sun shines that tho nuxt groat de
velopment of mines will bo In them."
This possibility Is an additional reason
why tho American flag should cover overy
island, big or little, in tho golden Philippine
nrchipclago.
Reformed Municipal Bookkeeping.
Last wook tho League of Amorlcnn Munic
ipalities had a meeting at Detroit, ond
recreated Itself by uttering ond hearing a
lot of talk about various municipal nnd
miscellaneous reforms and improvements.
Tho Hon. Potato PrsonEE radlatod wisdom
over tlio august ossombly, and tlio In
ovitnblo Socialist professors wero on hand
with tholr usual Invoices of sentimental
ism ond "sociology." In short, much
thought was discharged.
Even nmong thinking reformers and re
formed thinkers und municipal leaguers, tho
election of officers has its excltemouts. The
spirited manner in which tho Hon. B. F.
Gilkisos was reelected ns Secretary of tlio
League sufficiently marked Its capacity for
improving municipal government. Tlio
Auditing Commltteo had mado a report
"criticising Secretary Gilkison'b laxity in
keeping his accounts and his falluro to
turn over dues to tho Trcnsurcr. Tho com
mltteo round nothing wrong with his ac
counts, and had no reflection to mako upon
his honesty or Integrity," It seems, how
ever, that ho had lent money to tho League
and then reimbursed himself to tho extent
of his loan nnd salary. His intentions were
exeollent, even it ids vouchers were unsatis
factory. Tho report or tho Auditing Com
mltteo was adopted. So good an oppor
tunity or showing that tlio Louguo of Amer
ican Municipalities despises technical ac
curacy In bookkeeping was not thrown
away. Mr. Gilkisos- got 27 votes, whllo
tho Hon. John H. MAnoxEV, " tho Hooslcr
Sculptor and President or tho Indianapolis
Common Council," got but 13.
Evidently tho Lcaguoot American Munic
ipalities Intends to reform municipal book
keeping, making it moro genial and less
painfully businesslike.
The Contraction of Joe Bailey.
When the Hon. Joseph V. Bailey re
turns to Washington next December It will
bo seen that ho has diminished wonderfully.
That statesman's suit of customary black,
tho proudest monument of a Gnineavillo
nrtist, will droop nnd sag and bag as melan
choly as a scarecrow's wardrobe. Tho
self-assertion will bo gone from that onco
boundless shirt front. Tlio starch will have
left it. Tlio whito tlo will havo dwindled to
n mero piece of twine. Tho Lono Star
best broadcloth trousers will drag limply
olong over tho Hon. Joe Bailey's dragging
tcct thoso reet that cannot keop up with
tho procession.
Tho Hon. Joe Bailey has had a tussle
with expansion and has fallen Into a heap.
Is Mayor Fraxcibco Meqia or Yauco,
Porto Itico. aware thnt ho is at present ono of
the most popular-of American publlo men?
Such is tho fact.
To-morrow will begin tho nineteenth an
nual meetltiKOf the LeaEiioof American Wheel
men. This year tho town which will entertain
tho thouinmlsofvistthiir League inon Is Indian
apolis. Members will be present from every
Htatoin the Union, nnd It Is safe to prodictOO
percent, of the men who attend the "moot" ns
iinnttiichcd riders ill como away wearing the
Lcnaue insignia.
Tlio annual reunion in important nsn means
of glvlne members from nil parts o! tho coun
try nn opportunity to discuss tho nehlovcmenta
of the year preceding and of assisting in tho
outlining of work for twelve months to oome.
Views nro exchanged upon tho efficiency of
League officers nnd upon the fitness of pro
posed candidates, nnd it Isn't altoROthor un
usual for startling revelations to be mndo re
garding tho unpopularity of some of tha men In
ofllco.
As helpful to tho study of bicycles tho moot
In llkowlso ol porvieo. Opinions upon tho rela
tive merits of different models are expressed
freoly, and go a long way toward Influencing
manufacturers in tho. construction of now
wheels. A machine of a certain mako may, for
example, linvc given excellent (satisfaction in
Now York, whllo In Missouri It has been found
uusutted to tho iciuircmciits.
Of course, rnelnc will constitute a leading at
traction. Men who can push the pedals with
the rapidity of a triphammer will do their best
to ostabllsh new records, nnd, during tho throo
days' racing programme, oxcltomcnt will run
high. A four-lap track has beon built, at n cost
oroorS'.!0,000, ut which 111.000 pernons mny
be seated,
IJut, after all, tho purposo otmost wheolmen
who attend the meet will bo to havo a "bang
up" good time, to forgot tholr cares, and to en
joy to tho fullest extent t lie comforts of knlek
(rbockorn and tho joys of fraternal companionship,
Brief but ICmplintlo Sentiment About the
I'lilllpplnes.
To Tnr. EpiTon or Tue BtiH-.r- As Oen. Dlx
ordered! "if anj man attempt! to haul down the
American flag, shoot M'ti on the spntl" Tho Idea
that prompted that order lives In tho heart of he
nation to day. Our flag files over l.uiou to-day. If
any man attempts to haul It down he may not be
shot, although he ought to bo. hut ho will bemort
thoroughly aud effectually dumned, pol.tically, for
all time. J. F. Al.l.F.
Iuvihqto-s, N. J., Aug. 7.
An Kncllsli Opinion of America's Duty,
i-'rom the London Spectator.
In our opinion, the (loveriimont at Washing
ton will not bo doing their duty to tho peoplo of
the I'lilou unless they Insist uiion twopiincl
pies: 1'lrHt, that Hpuulsb rule shall cease- abso
lutely and foro-ver In Cuba, In thn I'lilllpplnes,
and in Porto Uleofand, secondly, that America,
aud America alone, shall decide what is to bo
thoultlmalo tato of tho former possessions ot
Spain Ualcss theso principles urn insisted on
absolutely, America may find that the war, In
ttrud ot having beon a blessing to tho inhabi
tants of the Spanish colonies, has turned out a
ourse, and Instead ot a movement In the direc
tion ot humanity and civilization, an actual
Up backward.
llf"iMg-Myf-t)nsi"i - .--,,...,,...
inH XBAlt OF OrrOttTUKXTT.
Ex-Senator Bnnders ot Montnnav on the Na
tion's Destiny nnil Duty,
To to Editor or Tnx Rum SIv: The terma
on which wo shall compost! our differences with
Spain nro, with a single nosstblo exception, tho
most momentous question with which Amorl
cnn stntesmnnshlp lias had to deal during the
nineteenth century. In this era of verbal flat
ulency, of exaggerated speech wherondjectlvcs
aro the laboring oar, I speak soberly and nd
vlsedly. t would not belittle that great clr
cumstanco when Mr. Jefferson obtained for us
by nn extra-CouNtltutloiinl act o entiling west
of tho Mississippi Itivernnd north of latitude.
42 which was certainly no mean event, for it
added to Iho country an Imperial domain', and
tho acquisition ot Florida may not be belittled.
Tho addition ot Texas to tlio republic wns n
groat ovont with varying motives, but in its ro
suits rejoicingly benignant, nnd commends to
bis countrymen tho memory ot President Ty
lor. Andrew Jackson is gratefully remembered
for Florida. The nequMtlon by President Polk
ot California, Arizona, Now Mexico. Utah nnd
parts of Colorado nnd Womlng rounded out
our geographical possessions, added dignity
to tho republic, carried Inspiring political
conceptions to peoplo theretofore unused to
them, and gave tho country courngo and
strength and a thcatro for cntorprlie which
has hud n direct and reflex Influence, upon tho
diameter of alt our countrymen. Tho Gadsden
purchase, nmong our minor acquisitions, after
much controversy lias como to bo universally
npprovod. Tho addition of Alaska to our pos
sessions, which at tho date ot tho event was
oxcuscdrathorthan approved, hns oven added
to tho fame of Mr. Hovvurd and aug
mented tho gratitude, of tho peoplo to
that illustrious statesman. Tho inclusion of
tho Hawnilnn Islands within tho possessions
ot thoiopublla Is of too recent dnto to per
mit of history as to Its results, but o en now
those blue ink spots on the Northern Pacllla
Oeenn aro profoundly nppreclaled and cherished
by nearly all our citizens Except Alaska und
theso Islands, all our conquests liavo adjoined
tho republic. The battlo cry with which the
Democrats rallied their serried hosts to rtctory
lu 1844. "Fifty-four forty or light." would
liavo been woven into actual history had our
tltlo to that domain beon fico from doubt, and
possibly that doubt would have been Impotent
had there been knowledge of tho value of that
ostand remote region. Its abandonment lost
the Domocrntlo party much of Its prestige and
increasing regret is felt as its development dis
closes its vast rcsourcos. which even now day
by day nro being rovcnlcd, and as wo contem
plate tho fact thnt its possession would hnvo
given us exclusively tho Pacific coast from
Moxtcoto tho Arctic Ocean.
Each of theso acquisitions has mot with stren
uous opposition nnd tho actors In these events
hno each been the victims ot contemporaneous
condemnation. At a later day their country
men hnvo realized the wisdom of their deeds
and gratefully given them tlio full ineedot
praise. In tills statement I ot course omit tho
event of tho othor day, but tliero is no reason
to suppose that tho addition of tho "Cannibal
Islands " of our childhood will prove an excep
tion to tho long chapter of national enlarge
ment with uniformly npprovlnc results ns to
the public judgment. No man anywhere has
cVer proposod to return these possosslons to
tholr former owners. Absurd statesmen liavo
arisen seeking out almost everything ridicu
lous as a remedy for existing evils, hut to nmel
lorato present evils no one has ever hinted
that a relinquishment of our "after acquired"
territory was for nn Instant admissible.
Tho lesson of all this seems plain. There is
an entire sameness in nil argument against na
tional geographical oxpanslon. Tho invention
of the epithet "Imperialism" is a chango ot
form rather than substance, and is born of tho
necessities of this busy era when so much
presses for consideration on so many persons
whoaro Incapacitated to reason, nnd who there
fore refute by a sneer.
To say fitly whnt shall bo tho tormsotoursot
tlement of this war with Spain we mufat pro
ceed on tlio hypothesis that wo can dletato
thoso terms absolutely. She lies at our feet,
conceited but not proud in any noblo concep
tion, vain but not self-respecting. Our very
eonquoM. imposes upon us tho imperative duty
to deal justly. Hut to determlno what Is jus
tleo we must havo a clear conception of what
Spain Is. and of whnt tho United States of
America are. Spain can bu described in a sin- ,
glo hcnteneo. Sho Is a projection of tho fif
teenth century Into the twentieth: that tells
tho whole story. That sho has within her lxr
ders good men nnd womon mny bo admitted,
but tholr condition Is one of exceeding pathos.
It is not merely jii-dfco to Spain thut wo hnvo
to consldor: our vision must bo of such seopo
ns to compass our duty in this solemn exlgoncy
to mankind.
A great mnny nations aro striving to amelio
rate human conditions, nnd In settling this
I question wo mut havo regard to them. In
short, wo nro forbidden by solemn considera
tions to net on tho impulse of pity, which In
many exigencies of human llfo is n most credit
able motive. Wo must lift ourselves to the high
level of duty. The United States stands for
the emancipation of tho common peoplo from
tho thraldom of tho dark ages. It has n clear
conception ot their rights nnd Is resolute for
their vindication. Itlsn happy fact that somo
other nations nro moved liyn llko impulse, nnd
with somo disadvantages nro Inlorlngin tlio
same direction; but our country Is ch-arly lu
tho van of this benignnnt !-:oenslon. Without
thought a hundred dnys ago that such a crisis
was imminent. It Is now thnst upon us to de
termine what manner of a nation wo shall bo
In tho oxpnadlng future. We cannot dodgo this
question If wo would. It Is n great exi
gency nnd n great opportunity. If wo pre
termit it now. It may recurnceiitury hence: hut
It can never como back to us for reconsidera
tion under such fnvorablo conditions. If wo
wait for tlio centuries in their ovonts to toss to
us again such nn opportunity, wo shnllllnda
world under different conditions. Then our
kinsmen across the sen will hnvo planted tholr
banner nnd their institutions In every longl
tudo anil zone. In tlio fierce rivalry for tho oc
cupation of the lands of bnrbnrous tribes on
which to plant roiresentntlve Institutions, wo
mny rost assured the banner ot some nation
will bo firmly planted on till regions which may
minister to tho pride, tlio patriotism, tho phi
lanthropy, the ambition of mankind.
Theso nations will each represent nn Idea,
but grouping them It mnj lie said they will bo
divided Into two hosts: one iepreentlng nrlil
trary forms of government, nnd one democratic
institutions, Nations, ll:e men, liavo cnia-l-tles
and duties, nnd like men they may per
form or shirk the duty. Ordinarily It Is a duty
of each to live: and. except In exigencies sel
dom nrlMng, iielthercnii be asked to ussunie la
bors the performance ot which would work
tholr destruction. Ilut tho vice of sellNhness
each must nvold, None enn fitly wrap closely
its gnrments around its form and live Milely
forself. It this (internment Is now burdened
with pioblems beyond Itm-npnelty, or which It
c mnot falily solve. IhowrongKoluilon of widen
will Imperil Its existence, It cannot In justice
lo asked to assume tho new Lindens which
"Imperialism." or national (ii'arKcinent, will
unquestionably Impose. Thai thn dominion of
tlio Indian arehipelajro, east mid west, would
multiply nurmlicltuilftniid labors mny lint be
denied. Ko have all our conquests, lint our
adequacy to these new duties ban been vindi
cated by the result.
It In trim our Itcpubllo might bo better. We
find fault with much that happens ami t!ii-io
niosomo solicitudes fiom which good men iiin
uot wholly cmanoquto theniseltci Wo bear
complaints, nnil ovoii ilctimiclntlotiH, llko l'tof.
Norton's, ho lung ns lln-y mo a lament for
higher Ideals, tlio uiiwImIoiii ot their form may
bo forgiven. Hut a cheerful optimism alliruiH
our adequacy to overy exigency, audit Is u mel
ancholy vision that docs not discern throughnll
the aberrations of our iwlltlcal life a sterling
common 6cuso which kceim tho ship of state
on it correct course. If all agreed witli us and
acted accordingly, of course, civil government
would be easy. Itutthesecolonles are destined
to give u much trouble. If we weakly
permit thejn to remain with Spain or
turn their' covernment over to other povr
E ESPST' ' i..im.yyBMg.-mjMr-- ! .i -TmJWsYlBJ,
era, With the Increaslne commerce hleh
wo may Justly expect, our relatlona with
them will bo of Increasing Intimacy. Ther
and we are of tho oarth ond Joined by mystic
cords. Our flag even now beautifies thrlraky.
Wo do not wnnf'nn Ironclad agreement" with
Spain as to how sho shall govern herpoMca
slons. That would be tho exact "ontangllnB
alliance" against which Washington warned
us. That vengeful nation would delight in Its
violation on our account for tho nextcentury.
and war would bo our only redress.
And so all eyes centre on tho Prosldcnt,truat
Ing that ho will seize tho forelock otthU groat
occasion nnd by his torms discharge majestlo
duty to mankind. It would bo a fitting close of
on historic, century, a climax which would Irra
diate our history with more than tho splondora
of our prime. Thrusting Yankee onterprlso
Into tlio "ancient F.ast," its subtle Inuuoneo
would permeatu the effete nnd tho potrlflnd
civilization whicli cumbers that ground, nnd
nvon our pursuit of sordid gain on that theatre
would give to that region newness of llfo. As
wo cannot escape troubloon account of these
Islands In tho contlnuod possession of Sraln or
somo other power, because of our necessary
business relations with their low civiliza
tion, It Is not conclusive to say their govern
ment Is nn onerous labor.
Wo entered this war with propor gravity.
Our Prcsldont, our groat statesmen, recog
nized It as a splendid controversy. In that
spirit It has thus far been conducted. It has
been a purely American oplo of stately mien,
worthy tho land of Washington. It may bo be
littled ond Its moaning f rlttorcd away by a plc
ayuno settlement. Its commencement was a
nluln unambiguous statcmont to Spain that sho
was unfit to govern colonies. It was a declara
tion that tho processes ot the fifteenth and six
teenth centuries and tho motives and methods
of government then In vogue wero Inadmissi
ble nt the closo of tho nineteenth century. We
should ndhare to that declaration with all that
it Implies. Wo owo It to our living and our
dead, to our traditions and history, to tho other
nations ondcavorlnc to ameliorate human con
ditions, to mako decisive work in terminating
that flagitious system ot grcod which by forco
preys on tho vital cnorglos of colonlos. What
ever form it assumed, our influence and action
emancipated South and Central America from
tho talons of tho Spanish vulture. Let us
nowcompletothojob. Lotusoboytho Impuleo
of tho dauntless, rather than succumb to tho
distrust ot tho feeble-minded or faint-hearted.
Tho very name ot our country Is a compre
hended prlnclplo and a most puissant forco.
Comprehending tho vostnessof that with whtoh
ho has to deal and knowing that by this ono
ovent tlio Presldont and we all will bo judgod
by history, thoro should now bo no trifling, no
flippancy, but a confident assertion ot Ameri
can influence ond institutions.
I note that Dr. Thdodoro L. Cuyler, whom
oven' man respects and nil who know him
love, has mado a frantic appeal to the Presi
dent to quit tho job. His reasons epitomized
tiro that fevor has broken out in tho army und
that there are casualties in battle and suffering
among our soldiers. Ills faots aro true, but
his conclusions are a non soqultur. Wo neither
contracted for nor expected immunity from tho
gruesomo qunllty of war when we entered
upon this strugglo. We thought Spain a cum-
bererof tho ground, repressing the nobis aspi
rations of men and women, ot whole peoples,
whoso right it was to be free. Wo wero thrust
out into the world of action by a rrovldcnco
which seemed imperious, and now that that
Provldenco Is shaking tho applo-troo there
nro thoso who object to our holding our hat.
They want to rush us back Into our nunnery.
They want us to abandon the ship wo havo
captured, thnt tho corsair nations may loot it.
Speak to them of largo and high duties, and in
familiar words they reply: "Am I my brother's
keeper!"
Two or throo eonturlcshonco tho philosophic
historian, looking out upon a world pervaded
by English speech nnd Anglo-Saxon liberty,
will wonder that u vlrllo people lusty with new
ness ot llfo Is "cabined, cribbed, conflnod" to
tlio little domain In central North America.
Great Britain will then dominate the land nnd
sea. In Asia. In Africa, in America, nmong the
Islands of all seas, her flag will float, giving and
receiving uncounted benedictions to all man
kind. Ho will say that in that fateful nine
teenth century when vacant, or. what is the
came thing, savago lands were lying around
loose, ono nation was so superstltiously nt
taelicd to nn uncomprehended adage appropri
ate to her lafaaey. so enervated and craascu
lnted, so Indolently fcelflsh, that sho would not
accept asaglft even "tho Fortunate Islands."
Tho moral philosopher will condemn our pusil
lanimity and arraign us as guilty of n great ab
dication. Ho will condemn us ns having re
tarded civilization.
Listening to the puorllo plcaof tho enervated
patriots, ono would suppose that, if we retained
the Philippines nnd Porto Itlco and the other
possessions which Spain has been looting
through all these weary centuries, their adop
tion necessitated our going and taking each
native by tlio ear. They do not nt all compre
hend the power thcro is In tho very namoof
their country. Its very command Is Peace.
Capnbio of enforcing its benignities, they will
bo cheerfully neeepted. There Is pathos In
tho vory welcoming of our army by the Porto
Iticans. They know our purposo as to them,
nnd thoy welcome ourlnvadingarmy as a great
emancipation.
It will not do to dctormlno the desirability of
retain Ing the Philippines by what they now are.
Tliey may reasonably bo expected to progress
with tho years. Tlio cannibalsof the Sandwich
Islands not long ngo ato their guests, killed
their discoverer, anil worshipped his remains.
What we did In ten years In California wo can
repent on n larger scale In theso re.sourcoful
islands of tho Last. Conscious of our own do
sorvlngs nnd capacity, courage nnd boldness
aie now thesubllmestof virtues:
He either fears his fsto too much
Or his deserts are small
That dsres not put It to the touch.
To gain or lose It all.
W. F. 8ANDKns.
"ronvnril!" the Nation's Wntclivrord Now.
ToTiir KniTim or-The Scn .Tir: Thehojoof this
nation is in Its forchm tride. We can no longer re
tire lemath our "vinesnd bx tree." fondling tie
belief that the an"4irs of K irope are of no concern to
us. This is a producing nation and we must sell our
goods uniler conditions as favorable ss wo an pos
sll ly malie them.
Wo must not rellnqu'sh tho Kjst as a niail.it.
V, herev rr our romnu rcc has i ill nded. there j ml will
find our citiensi there they shot 11 have proteiiou
We rirMlnly should haven naval station In fist
part of the wolld. Those nhn nrn troubled by the
Idea that (he possisdmi of th" l"ill ppino Islands
would "debauch nrr ilemoe:nr" have not vet
Uarued of what material our Ilepabtlc Istonstnictcl.
The wonderful and glorious victory at Manila his
plaied ourflsg uhiru it i much tiour intirests that
Itshoi.ld irinuitt.
Ther' nimt be no hacfcuard stop.
Pr.onUI.vx, Aug. 7. Jsirs S nitaiiiu.
Kntltlrd tu I'ront Senls.
Vivm Ae Krjitrb'c Journal.
Would that Cleveland and Mount could bejimmsd
down lu iho front nuts sud iiunle tn vie-r rhe cere,
iiionv vi hi, i the Idiutli-ul Hag whlih the hiul'il
don Liked oier Hanali oi tho syml,;l of per
pi tt. il p'iec,lou bv tills country.
The I.MdlfS of Old Cndli.
'mm tl.r I'lrrrloud J'lnin Dtaltr.
I'll like tn go to Ciull,
Just to t-'.' those wltcldnu ladle,
Tims' tt liluir. wltt'hinj lalles, where the oraugo
1 1 in ausUow;
Willi tlielr d.ulllv ut.-rrdlA".
And II elr unite inn sweet injiittllas
Oh, lol'udl. with itsladiis, I will go.
An 1 when our guns are booming,
Willi aiiltv quite I'liioiiniing
I viimldsay. "Oh, hsnnlng Iril-i, pleaao to hustle
now uliourd
Tor although ts humble Cedlz,
We don't war again! the ladlei,
Aud the U.lii s of old Cadiz nt-nl not fear the Yankee
aword "
And with their clgarlllat.
And I heir all toon uto mantillas,
I would load up every crulaer with this fascinating
new:
And so br eaay stages
.1 would bring these fair boauvgss,
AJ1 tbeae ladles of old Cadiz, far acrcu th ocean
Mu. .
llJHMHrMnHHM IR
BIOS BBADB -TOST OTfXCB" AOAXJT. ll
Oeor,. Johnson Mad. Heast "tort O W
flee" While His Tarty YTas Out of Power.
During the Administration of IVcsIdentllar- TH
rlson Col. Bnmuel D. Dickinson was rostmaster W
of Jersoy City nnd George Johnson had charge H
otoneot tho sub-stations at 452 Benton aye-
nuo. Ho had tho sign "Post Oftloo" on hU m
window In whllo letters. Whon Robert M. IBM
Jordan, a Domocrat. succeeded Col. Dlomson, W
four years ago. tho sub-station wm wmovod J
across Iho street, nnd Johnson ooascd to be a TJH
Government ofllcinl. ..m v. Vi
Johnson bollovod that his narty joula be JWJ
successful nt the noxt oioetlon and that ne 9J
would bo reinstated, ho Instend of having the ' m
entire sign removed ho substituted the loMcrls .
tor P. mnklng tho sign rend "Ixist Office" It W
attracted a great deal of attention. A row dm
days ago Postmaster Wanser rolnstntorl John- IB
son, and tho sign has been changed back: to )
"Post Office."
It or Though T JP
To rna Knrron or Tan Boy Sir: As a close ara- H
dent of the English language I find positive pleasure Hi
In reading your paper. Tha freedom from th objeo- ffl jj
Uonable "spilt infinitive" la quite refreshing when Hi
compared with its habitual uaa brtha majority of W
your oontemporarles. Bl
Then, (gain, the discussions on pnnctnatlon an ft
moat Interesting to thoas who would learn to acquire g
that art philosophically. ,M
I notice yon constantly use "though" Instead of W(
"If," and would ask If you hava good nsago in your U
favor when so doing. I am Uoght to use though I
as a synonym for nevertheless and notwithstanding. I)
but not aa a synonym for if. I
In Monday's Bon, under the heading " New Dooki,M J
your first aenUnoe reads: "It seema aa though." . f
ltseematomsthst tha choice of words should be
acourata when reviewing, and I ask this question, not
In a fanll-flndlng spirit, but from an earneat deslra to j
know what la good usaga on the subject. JJ
Nnr Yon, Aug. . T. n. D.
Well, for stood usage turn to that exoellen
authority on sound English, the version of tha Jt
Holy Scriptures made by King James's trans- W
lators. You wlllflnd in Gonosls. xl., 10: W
And In the vine were three branches; and it was a A
though It budded. Aj
And In Psalms, xxxv., 14:
I behaved myself as though he had bean my friend
or brother. am
And In Luke. ix.. 83:
Hla face was as though he wonld go to Jerusalem.
And in Acts. xvll.. 25:
Neither Is worshipped with man's hands, as though
he needed anything.
If you look further you will And a great manr
other examples ; wo noed not extend the quota
tions. Bomo writers of good English prefer to
uso the form "as If." whllo others prefer "a
though." Both aro right.
Gen. Miles nnd Dion of Syracuse. If,
To tut Editob op Tub Sun 5tr: It Is lm- I
posstblo for a lover of historical parallels not to
observe the very striking one between tho on- I
ward march of our victorious army In Porto '
Itlco and tint ot Dion upon Bvracuso so boau
titully describod by Plutarch and again br
Wordsworth In ono of his finest poems, an ex
tract from which I beg your loavo to quoto:
Five thousind warriors O the rapturous dart
ICach crowned with Cowers, and armed with spear
and shield;
Or ruder weapon which their course might yield; i
To BynicUBC advanco In bright array. rW
vu
iro transport undisturbed by doubt or fear ,1
T ie pszor leel and, rushing to tho plain, V
rmlute fiese strangers as a holy train,
Or blest procession Ito the immortals dear), J
That brought their preclsus liberty again. jf
Lot when thogstesare entered, on each hand H
Down the long street rich goblets filled with wine to
seemly order stand ,
On tables set as if for rites divine
And as the great deliv erer marches by I
He looks on fertal ground with fruits hestrown. 1 1
And llowera arc on hi person thrown in louudIess J
prodigality. 1
Yours very truly.
New Yoek. Aug. O. A. D. P.
So Confusion About tho Nurses.
ToTmtKDiTon or Tius Sun .Vi'r- In tho AVw 1'ork
Trilunt of the 4th, Major Torney warns the com
munity that his "regular army nurses are not to ha
confounded with the nurara of the Med Cross So
ciety." Trust us boys to keep them separate! When wo lay
huntrry and wounded the " irregulars" miulstered to
us, while the beautifully equipped hospital palace
floated like a swan in Siboney harbor, taking no risks "I
of infectlun or usefulness. We aro glad to learn that
on his present expedition Major Torney hopes "to
turn his attention to those who become ill from fever
or excessive heat." fl
We understand the Relief brought north 125 I
wounded and ill. All told, they ministered, count- 1
lng those who cameand went, to 215 while at Siboney. N
We army boys read that the Kellers capacity la to i
care for 300 to 000. now is this ? 1
Why not load up the Ilellcf a bit and lighten up on 1
the Concho and Seneca? O.s a FcnLOtTOB. B
West Chester, Aug 0, V
MeKInley nnd Gomel, &
To the Editoii or Tiik Bdm Sir : I, with thousands
of others, feel perfectly sure that, so far aa President f
MeKInley la concerned, not a single thing will bs I
done to give Just cause for apprehension to the
grand old man, Oomez, or hla brothers in arms,
Ilut, sir, amid the stirring events of the hour, A
would it not be well to pause to consider what pos-
slblysadand dlsippolntlng moments come to those ,1
heroes of Cuba who have chosen martyrdom as a , "1
garment to bo worn In and out of aeason till their
country is free or till death enda It all for them fl
Jk'id what healing It would carry to thoae whose H
lifelong environment has compelled them to breathe J
the atmosphere and touch the pitch of a decepUon I
and a treachery unmatched In history, for our Presl
dent to exceed the actual requirements of the case
and once more make positive declaration, renounc
ing all thought of conquest and proclaiming that
our gland and triumphant repnbllo battles but for
Cuban Independence and Cuban self-government.
Joiik A. Caldwell.
BU.VIiEAJTS.
The Emperor of Germany has over 300 crosses, j
stirs, badgea and other Insignia, the value of which V
la $230,000.
n elephant RO years of age Is to be added to the
Berlin Zoological Gardens. It cams from India,
wher i fcr many years itwss the publlo executioner.
Former Oov. Waits of Colorado, who left his
State to become a rssldent of Texas, haa returned to
Colorado, and announces that he will write a book
which he will call "A History of the War on Oara
bllug."
A Hanger, Me., poodle dog goes half a rails every
mnmlug In oil weathers and fetches the morning
paper, brought iihuw to the crossroads by an eleo
trie i or. Tho poodle has the lime table don n to a dot
rud nover misses closo connection with the cor.
--r.'ter Murray died at Wichita, Kan., at tho age of N
8) cars. He hid fourteen rhildreu, sixty grand- V,
children, thirty-Ill n great-grandchildren and two s
Rroa'-grrat-grai'itihtldrui. Eleven of his cl lldren, I.
live sons with their wives, and six daughters wliU '
tin Ir liiisbauda, a'tiudcd the funeral.
Pindolph II. Waters, an Inmate of the Soldiers'
Itmi at Leavenworth, Kjii., visited a cetiieli ry at
R iiiwnml.Kan., slid reid tho oplpip'j nveragtavs
whti II w a suppmed to lm his. Ill slater had placed
tliehe.uUtiuiHniir thegrave tuujr.irs ugo Waters
ran away from homo ut the luglnnln of theilvll
war, an I olpr It was over ho went W"st.
Down Kji mariners aro aatniils'inil at the sudden
sppi stance lu the Iml of tan Mi hl.is Illver of an
riioiiimik letge civrred at I iw ll.lt by only 2 fut t
Inrlirsnf v.iti r. lip In a fn.tnlght ajo, sosay sll Iho '
river pilots, the water visa 11 fctt deep at low tide
on r tilts spot an 1 no lcdo vmh vlilLle. M
When the A-niy nf the Potomac m rniainped In s
Virginia, In hh, I'm I lent Lincoln flanked tt letter
for a private, I'.vnik King of Fond du Luc, Wis , .y
wi Itlns on the e in eliijie, " J t this go. A, 1.1m nln."
The envclipi is in ths family or King, hrl I ss a
saiTLd rellJ of tho Imij- who wsa killed oi tlelt; sburg.
In Ohio J"ostiuast r has discovered and obtained
alwuk that wav picaeiitod to Wllln m Mi Klnlis by
his falhi r f rt' yeors ago. Tim p..iliiiister has for
vtaidtil ttiu volume to the I'Wdvnt. At Iho tlmo
young MrKlnlr r( cell el the IkhiI. he wsa a vidiin- s
leer nsdstant to thn man who now riturua It and
who was then Postmuali r at I'oluud, (.
-Baugor, Mo . has a tramp dog that Is a traveller
like the late pjatal dogOwuey. This dof is a long,
lean hound, ownid by (1 r. bhejile He will not
alay In his comfortable home, but haunts newspapers
offices and the police station, and when tired of Ban. 4
cor gets on the first trsln he sees and Journeys over W
iheHtate, He always rides In a seat until made to v
get down, and Invariably applies at railroad restau
rants for food. Dewey (that's hit name) never nets
lost, bat, sf ter a week or so oa the road, heads baaH I
toBanaraeaujMlfhtkaswthswjy. I
zr"""t sji,.i.t, j y jj

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