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THE SUN, SUNDAY, AUGUST zi, lm.
Cf OAK ISLAND'S TREASURE. tATT. W HI ISO DVM TO KKAVH IT ABOVT NOV. 1, MH THIHKH. ft AmoiiaU tn Alwnt IO.OOO. OJO and M Ilnrlfil by Pirate n Couple uf C'fntnrlm Age Roeord nf a Onttiry uf failure 111 la at lha llotlom ir H lp Holt, Onmi, N. .. Auk .- For twelv year he followed th anal hovlKltcl all the ocean and touched nt manr n port to homckeeplng Canadian only o spot on the map. But ha Is anchored now on en Miami In the Atlantic, digging for a treasure hurled there some hun drad of ruin ao. HU nam l C'apt. Welling : a deep watar man hi brother Captain call him. Me gave up his ship a tew roar ago and settled down on a tllr llttla place to live the Ufa of a landsman. Perhaps he found the voice of the aoa mora in sistent than he had supposed; perhaps he missed the stimulus ot wind, salt spray, storm, and danger. If this was an he do not confide it to his hoar-old acquaintance. He only Mils lfem with cast and animation of com inn to Oak Island two rears ago. a skeptical as I he Iaext man about the mysterious treasure. In tending to star a few weeks at most to look the Around over and to convince the company that their aoheme was a burst bubble. "I have been here two rear now." and ha eada up but explanation with a amlle, "and In all that time I bar spsnt just on night at. home. Here I mean to star till that treasure is found, for I'm juat aa aura It's ly In at the bot tom of that pit aa I am that I'm flesh and blood and staadlnc here." Than, If the visitors gathered about are rude enough to appear skeptical and Incredulous while thy ar enjoying the hospitality of the Captain on his own around, not another word Will he tell of the interesting story that makes his listeners feel as It time bad bean turned bank to the middle age, when pirate and rob bar chiefs roamed about, when treasures wr always burled and stolen picturesquely, and Bo pitmln banks (polled the literary landscape. Oak Inland, ths lta of the treasure. Is a email Island near Chester. Nova Scotia, on ot Ma three hundred and sixty-five thereabout. It la the only on of them all on which oak tree grow, and M a landmark for miles around. It Is honeycombed with the shafts and tunnols dug by former seekers after gold, but inobody bsflin baa found so much c vidouoa to justify I the aaanh a baa Capt. Welling. He U a man ot moderation, and the tiny pieoe of parohmant ha brought up in his auger, boring at the depth ot 120 feet, baa kept his faith bright through all tho accident and disappointments that bar followed. It is Indication enough of the presence of something at the bottom ot th pit to make any man with a lurking love of advonture hlddon away In hi practical brain follow th course that the Captain la taking and keei) on to tho end. . The popular idea is that the treasure was burled on the bland by Oapt. .Kldd. This fa mous pirate began bit riotous career In loWJ), He was a good example ot the proverb that e vll communications corrupt good manners, for from being one of the stanohest foes of the pi rates who attacked English and Frenoh ships, ho became one himself. But his course was abort. In 16118 ha arrived t new fork with a great amount ot spoil. Much ot this he burled on Oardlners Island, at the east end of Long Island, the real he divided among his crew. Boon after he was arrested by the order ot Gov. Bollaruout of Massachusetts and sent to Eng land, where he was tried for the murder of a gunner whom he had killed with a heavy iron hooped bucket. That was only one of six lu dtetments against him. and though tradition says he offered in exchange for his lit gold Ciough to girdle London with a chain of luch ng Tints, no was convicted and hanged at Ex ecution Dock on Hay 12. 1701. Hen sent by the Uovernorto Oardlners Island discovered a box containing 7.(8 ounces ot gold, M47 ounces ot silver, one bag of silver ring, one bag of unpolished stones and a quantity ot agates, amethysts and silver burton. These thing, with tho property found on Capt. Kldd and in his ship, were valued at $60,001). Popu lar exoltoment ran high after this, and searches were made unsuccessfully in various place for other deposits. About 1743 an old man died in I Hew England. On his deathbed he confessed that he nad been one ot Capt. Kidd's crew and that he had assisted tho pirate and his follow ers in burrinu two millions of pounds sterling beneath the soil of a secluded Island east ot Boston, on whloh oak trees grew in profusion. This yarn, of course, gave a great impetus to treasure hunts. "Kidd's treasure?" said Capt. Welling with gome warmth, when he was asked about the Matter a few days ago by some visitor. " This Kidd's treasure? I think people aud the guide books are all wrong. According to my way of thinking the treasure was burled in that pit before ever CaDt. Kldd opened his eyes in his mother's ami or closed them again at the rope's end. No, no, I don't believe Capt. Kldd aver set foot on this island." In response to an exclamation of surprise among his guests, the Captain explained his View thus: " Mexico, you know, was n regular Klondike to the Spaniards. They sent their ships ovor there, and by fair means or foul, it didu't mat ter uiuuh which, they wrested wealth untold from the Mexicans. They took the gold from - their mines uud portions' tho jowcls from their arms and nocks. 1 don't doubt they were quite capable of it. But the ship didn't always get their cargoes safe home, not by a long shot. Thoy had to pons these islands on their return Journey. They couldn't go further out be cause of the Gulf Stream and tiie floating icebergs that would have crushed them Into atoms. Punishment full on some of those Spanish robbers quickly enough, and they had a mighty short time for prayers, I m think ing, before the pirates who wero lying in wait near their route pounced upon them and allowed them the short rood to death. Maybe after a while these Island pirates got so much K)II that it was like carrying coals to New castle. They couldn't sell it or give It away aveu without tremendous risks, so they did the only thing they could do burled it deep enough so mice or men wouldn't find it tin they discovered a way to turn it to their own account." "But. Captain," asked oue of the party, " how Oould they do It ? What appliances hud they for digging a pit 7 feet across aud 'JtHi feet deep ? The soil must have been very bard, aud part ot the time they must have had to go through solid rock." The Captain shrugged his shoulders. "We can't tell how a good many things were done, but the pyramids were built, for Instance." he replied. We haven't anything in modern times that could raise those huge mountains of stone, and yet there they are. We cunt tell how in experienced pirates dug that shaft. When we alnk one in another part of the island we use dynamite and all sorts of conveniences, and it ikes us three months and more to go ninety feet. Vet there's the treasure pit 1" Then the visitors gave up theorizing to aee What had been done practically toward to-curing the contents of this Aladdin pit. Under a rude board shed thoy looked down into what seemed the mouth ot a great well two-thirds Ailed with water. At the bottom ot this hole lie the mysterious something which men have been trying to reach for 100 years. The gunning workmen who hid It there dug a tun nel through the Island from Bide to side, above he treasure, aothat the tide ot water flowing through should keep It sate from all but theui aelve. Doubtless, the men who made the tun nel knew the secret of shutting off the stream when they wished, but. no oue else has found it, and every effort to secure the treasure so far has been tolled just aa it seemed within leaeh by the water, which breaks through and snake it impossible to get at what Ilea beneath, Male, indeed, men could bail out the whole Itlsxtlo. Aa tar baok aa 1706. fifty years after the death ot the reticent member of Capt. Kldd' raw, the first Intimation that there might be Something on tha island came to three men who war looking there for their cattle in the fall. The Inland was covered with trees at the time, aud in Marching it over for the cattle that they bail left running wild there all sum mer these men found a patch of red clover. White clover eomotlmee grow wild, red clover paver; o they concluded that some one had lived there previously. Moreover, the ground tor a space of seven feet or so bad fallen in. Looking still further for sign of former luhub ttanto, they saw, overhanging the spot of clover, the large forked branch of a sturdy oak tree. To the forked part of the branch, by mean Of a treenail connecting the fork in a mail triangle, was attached an old tauklo blook. Afterward they found the remains ot road from the tree to the western shore of th Inland, and were sura that they must have jiabood upon Capt. Kldd' treasure. They Teared away thu young trees whloh had grown on th clover patch, removed the surface soli for about two feet, and danced about like wild man when they, found there a tier of flagstones which wen unlike the stones of ths island. They concluded that these had bean brought from Gold Hivcr. not tar away on the main bore. Whan they had removed these etones they found that they were digging down Into an old pit. The mouth was seven feet In diameter, and the sides were tough, hard uiay. but the earth tilling was loose and easy to re move. Ten feet beneath the stones the exoltod nan found a tier of oak logs tightly wedged against tho sides. They were much decayed. and underneath them the ground had settled about two tout. The men dug down a little farther, then they could do no more alone, and they eemd to be able to And no one else who aA y friends, arrived with tools audpro visions. and ono mora took ap tha task. Th pit had earn to a tier ot logs like the first on, and after that, aTerr ton feet, they found a layer f something-log, stone, oharooal or putty. About WO feet down they found a flagstone two fast lone and one foot wide, with rudsly jut ftgu.ro end letter which they could rot de cipher. TTor many years It was need as a heart hf one In one of the house on .the Island. Then It was rescued and sent to Halifax. Soma on there pretended to Interpret ths i Inscrip tion n meaning that twenty-five feet bolow wa burled the mm of &000.000. but van those most Interested attached little weight to the report ,, . At the pot where thl stone ws dloovrd by the first workmen wuter began to be ap ' parent and at ninety-three feet there wa still more. Plight vi ; uikhi them and a usual they S rolied the bottom with a crowbar to ilf iy oould strike an thing. They met a hard. Impenetrable iibtaiieo and went to sleep with wonderful dream of the treasure thoy would find In the morning. They were on the very brink of solving the myatory, thoy thought. Snt when they went to work In the early gray swn they found a well filled with sixty feot of water where they had left an empty shalt the night before. Their balling bnckote made no Impression. Finally a pump wn prepared at a oot ofMoO. It wa lowered to the depth of ninety feet, but belore th watar readied th from that tlma to this the many efforts to find the treasure have ended In failure. It earns a If th Pirates had laid ome curs upon thair gold whloh rtortel man can never conquer. The treasure seeker should try hooting a sliver bullet ovor tho hole or some pthr effective oharni to break tho spell- Men have sacrificed money, farms and all thair property to their desire for the treasure In all VtOO.OOO or moro has been sunk In Oak Island, but Capt. Welling and the company he represents are Just ar enthusiastic and aa buoyant In hone as if tho hundred-year record of failures had never been. The Captain takes this treasuro bunt as an other man might hi yacht or his horses. No. there 1 no stock on the. market," he said in anwer to a question. We aoll share if people want to buy them, but we don't ask any one to take them. The three of us who are most tn terastod mean to kp on till we get at the bot tom of this mystery. W e havenl any of u big families and we might aa well do this a any thing els. If any one wants to help us. we don't hut them out. but we don't beg any one to oom in. I don't know what's at the bottom of that shaft, Tyut there' something, and whatever come out of It Will bo valuable enough to bring u our money baok. I vo had abaolut proof that there'omthlng there. Prom 141 feet to 170 feet the pit la filled with chests, I believe, sot here and there like blocks In a child' block house. In one plaoe I bored through iron and wood, and when I cleaned off the dirt ana. (tone from my auger I found a tiny piece of parchment wrapped around the point, and then I know that we weren't hunt ing for nothing. I bored at various depth af ter that and struck Iron and oak, Thsn th IWAwaym3inwtorrbiit Capt welllnft think la baa a way now to cltcumvent it. The At ontio may play tricks with him as it has with lis predecessors, but he thinks not. Tha in vestigation for this treasure la carried on atrlotly along modern line. .. There are ho nocturnal vlilU with spadoH. dim lanterns and stealthy step, nor ny of the other popular machinery of treasure hunting. Not at all. The whole process Is open to the public. Twelve men under th direction of the Captain are working on the Island night and day. They have comfortable quarters, a cook to feed them and good pay for their work. Even the precious piece of parchment I exhibited. And wo would be dull indeed who could not seethe capital 0 " and part of a capital " V " printed rudely upon it. Indeed, there will be many a professed unbeliever who will be eoer to seo what nrtmna out ot the nit CaDt. Welling ex pects to have his inning about the 1st of No vember. That I th red-ictter day he has sot for finding the treasure. ... His plan now is to dig lower than tho pirates tunnel, drain off the treasure pit. and between tides get out It contents. Other companies have tried this, but they have never dug their draining tunnel deep enough, in the course of his investigations Capt. Welling happened upon one tunnel dug by some former workmen about a hundred feet below the surface, in which he walked about up to the treusure pit itself. The Captain is sinking a shaft about thirty feet away from the treasure pit. which ho intends to carry down 200 feet. Then he will dig a tunnel between the two shaft, divert the wuter from the first, and pump it out of tho second. He has now gone down about 100 feet, a tremendous depth according to the talo of two venturxMonio girl among his visitor, who crawled down the perpendicular ladders to the very bottom and were pulled up in the great barrel that carries the stone. The island is so full of rocks that blasting is often neces sary, and the oxcuration is a difficult matter. However, three months, according to Capt. Welllng's calculations, will finish this work. He aud th company had a bitter diaapuoint ment in the failure ot a former experiment. In accordance with the present plan, the Captain had sunk a shaft on tho opposite Bide ot the treasure pit. All the preliminary work was finished. Pumps had been brought from Mont real at great exmute and set in place. At the auprame moment the engines were started, the machinery put in motion, and the pumps set to work. But there was some defect In their man ufacture. They would not do their task. To save u dreadful catastrophe they were pulled up again as quickly as possible, when alas! for all the glorious hopes as a consequence, the walls of the pit collapsed and fell in, and the labor of months was null and void In a moment. The skeptical natives, who have been familiar with the treasuro hunt all their lives, shako their heads tolerantly, but put some money Into It. For they consider the enterprise one more attraction to the summer visitors and one more source ot profit to owners of rowboats and sailboats. But the visitor themselves, whose childish imaginations wero nurtured by fairy tales and the "Arabian Nights." give themselves up to tho blissful sense of old sen sations in the nineteenth century. Thev listen with open eyes and cars to every word that the kindly Captain tells them, and as their boat pulls away from tho shore they feel absolute conviction that if they could stand by the treasure pit with him on the first of next No vember, they could see drawn up Immense chest of strange fashion and workmanship, tilled with pearls, sapphires, opals, rubles, and diamonds enough to pave the street of New York and gold pieces in such countless heaps that the eyes ot Midas himself would grow green with envy. TXAirs-MiaaiasiPM elections. A Storm Centre of Political Activity Beyond the Mighty Hlver. State elections will be most numerous. If not most Important, this year in the territory be yond the Mississippi River, In the States swept by th wave of the Farmers' Alliance in 1890 and by the Populist croze In 189. In the Southern States there will be few elections. In the Ohio Valley, through the belt of States which were formerly considered the doubtful and decisive ones, there will be no elections ot importance. Ohio elects minor State officers, Indiana votes for minor State officers. Illinois elects a State Treasurer, a place of little political importance ; Kentucky has no election this year, neither has West Virginia, and Iowa does not elect a Gov ernor until 1898. In tho Pacific States. Oregon has already voted, electing Republican candi dates. Utah and Washington hold no elections thl year for State officers and will hold none until 1900 and the trend ot polities recently in the New England States has been such that a Republican nomination is In each equiv alent to an election. Moreover. Rhode Isl land has already voted, and Malno and Ver mont will vote in September, leaving only three New England States to hold November elections, and in all three of them. Massa chusetts, Connecticut, and New Hampshire, tho result, it 1 admitted, 1 safely known in advance -success of the Republican candidates. In the territory beyond the Mississippi, how ever. In what have sometimes been called th Populist Spates, there will be a number ot lively canvass this year. Nebraska ohooses a full list of State officers from Governor down as well as members ot Congress. Kansas does the same, choosing a Governor and all State officers. In these two States the Populists have retained some, at least, of the fruits ot former victories, having Governors In both States, and having entered into fusion with the Democrat and silver Republicans under con ditions which promise at least lively contests It they do not give the assurance ot success. In North and South Dakota thorn are State elec tions this year, the result ot which cannot be predicted as yet with any approach to ac curacy, though the prospects of tho Itcpuhli cans are decidedly better In North than in South Dakota. In the former State a Republi can Governor, Mr. Brlggs, died recently and tho Lieutenant-Governor is temporarily actini: in his stead. A Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor, and Treasurer are to be elected in North Dakota, in which there ha been no contest since 1800 In that year the M oKlnley electoral ticket carried thu State ; but In the Presidential election preceding, that of lHftl!, the election was go close that each of North Dakota's electors was of a different Solltlcal party oud supported a different Presl eutlal candidate. One was for Harrison, one forlt 'lev eland, and one for Weaver. In South Dakota the Populists number relatively more than in North Dakota, and' in the contest of 1 Silo the fusion majority in tho State was IK) votes on the Presidency and .'t'Jl on the Gov ernorship. The present Governor of South Dakota Is a Populist; the Lieutenant-Governor Is a Republican. Another trans-Missis-alppl Stat (it is generally so regarded, though the Mississippi is not its eastern boundary Hue) which has a State election this year under conditions that promise a lively fight is Minne sota. The fusion candidate, John Lind. who was the Populist nominee for Governor In 1890 and was defeated by a plurality of .l.iuo in a total vote of 8 a.oOt). ha been renominated this year, and a vary lively election Is promised there, aa In Colorado. In which a Governor and other Mat officers or to ba elected. All theae SUSSL SaYitnte ua, 50 WAGON LOADS OF GOLD! much or xt rriw mr mm $varAca ALOWG TBX TAXAXA ItirKK. tory Told by aa Old Minor, th Only " Ivor of a Fartr of or. Who Brought Bak a Bag ot Nugget of Par Oold aa tha Basalt of Its Expedition to Alaska. Mora than fifty wagon load of pure gold are lying somewhere in Alaaka awaiting a dlsoov erar. according to the story, told by an old miner, whose party perished In th wllda of that region about five year ago. Believing fully in the report brought baok by William Roger, a party of Wetem gold eeeker ha already tarted out to locate the pot They expeot to find boulder of virgin gold without ths laborious prooea of digging It from the earth. When the Klondike deposit war tint un earthed It wa thought that Roger' discovery had been found, but subsequent event and careful calculation, according to description furnished by th returned gold hunter, nrov that this la not the case. Ot a party ot four miner who went Into th unknown and unexplored Northwest in search of gold in 1800, only one was permitted to re turn. He brought baok With htm lnoontestlble proof of tho cxlstonoe of gold In a sack full of mall nuggets. The eurvivlng member of thl party of ex plorer was undoubtedly exploring on the American tide ot the boundary lino In Alaska, aa a computation of distances described by htm would Indicate. A fairly comprehensive map ha been prepared from descriptions furnished by Rogers, showing the points at whloh ha thinks he found tha gold. The map is neoessa- Vv v"ol, .' AW J Miitr r & Mtj macfc from & foyers tfescriptton. FIFTX WAOON LOADS Ot GOLD. riiy crude, but, having the stout assertion ot Rogors that he prospected along the Xanana River, we have this for a basis calculation. Rogers has ainoa died, but his story survive him and in brief is this: In 1889 a party of four miners living in tha Black Hill, all of whom were more or less ex perienced in placer mining, formed a company to prospect for placer locations in Alaska, tha belief among them being strong that some where in that country rich gold discoveries would bo found. The men engaged in tha en terprise were William Rogors; Louis Cavunaugh, Harry Stokes and John Campbell. Their Orst intention was to go north by steamer to Juneau, but when they reached Seattle they were unable to agree upon thl point, and the expedition postponed it trip until the follow ing spring, when the four men departed from Spokane, Wash. Thair outfit consisted of a light wagon and team ot mules, tools, guns and provisions for a long journey. They traversed the country In a leisurely manner tor several months, prospecting wher ever there seemed to be a promising locality. After the first three months gold In small quan tities was found quite frequently, and this led them on in their quest for better prospects. Their mules died, and they wero obliged to abandon tbelr wagon and tools, except such as they could carry, and in this way they plodded over mountains, through ravines, and across marshes until they had been gone from Spo kane more than a year. From this point Rogers graphically but briefly described his journey: " Our i mhI ran short. W'e hud no food except that which we obtained through hunting and fishing, but we soon became accustomed to this diet and felt little Inconvenience on this account. " We prospected up and down a big rivor (the Tananalond its tributaries, and found gold in great quantities. We oamped at one plaoe three weeks, after we had been unusually suc cessful In killing moose and caribou, and dur ing that time we panned out gold nuggets enough to All a full-size whiskey barrel. We could not carry tho gold, so we dug a pit and buried it on a hillside. "Our food requirements kept us moving con stantly, for game Is not abundant in the north, and it was a greater concern with us to get something tocat than to llnd gold. Only on one occasion did we see white men, and this was when wo were considerably off our pros pecting line. We fell In with some Hudson Bay Company men, from whom we bought ammu nition lor gold. It was not long after this that we found not only a gold deposit, but a verita ble quarry of the yellow motal. Gold was there In lumps that we could not lift. It was at the edge ot an old creek bed and tho monstrous nuggets, or boulders, ot gold had been partly uncovered by the elements. " It was hero, too, that we met with our first misfortune. With gold enough to make us millionaires maty times over within our grasp, it was the beginning of a series of fatalities that wrecked the entire party. As if In mockery of the possession of uch great wealth Oavanaugh was taken sick and died hero. He was 111 with malarial fever which lasted two weeks. We buried him. and over his grave will be found gold nuggets larger than any that have yet been discovered anywhere in the world. A statement ot our situation and the name ot Cavanaugh will be found In a tin can just be low the surface of the earth covering his grave, "I estimated that fifty wagon could uot carry away all ot the gold that was exposed In this vicinity. Tho gold lumps wore of nil shapes and sizes, the largest probably weighing 200 pounds, it was not quartz, but pure virgin gold that could be hammered out with a ham mer1. You say. ' Why didn't you bring back some of this gold?' Well, I did. I brought all I could carry, and It came near costing mo my life. 1 brought small nugget, because thoy were easier to carry. V'ou must remeralier that I and my companions were in a country a thousand miles from civilization, bud while It was our original intention to dig for gold, when we reached the deposit ot precious metal we were obliged to keep moving In search of food to prevent starvation. We might have gone back, but were ot the opinion that we would tali In with some of the Alaska Indians, whom we could employ to carry out our gold. It was this delusion that was largely responsible for our misfortunes after we had obtained that for whlclTwe went in search. , " Wo drifted on in thl manner until Cava naugh was taken ill, and the balance of the party were pretty well exhausted. From this time on, to make tho tory brief, we found fold in great quantities tor a distance of about hirty miles, out again our numbers were de pleted by the death of Campbell, who also died of malarial fever. Only Stokes and myself ro maiued, so we held a council and decided to try to get out of the country while wo had the strength to undertake th journey. It 1 a great deal different starting out on a long march in an exhausted condition than It Is be ginning frosh and well fed. and we soon real ized that wo had started on our homeward march almost too late, " We crossed rivers and mountains, snow aud mud ; and cold and hungry, with only such food as we could pick up from an occasional shot or from fishing along the streams, we kept on our steady inarch In a southeasterly direction for nearly two months. During this tramp we found copper and silver deposits aud other valuable minerals. These discoveries were of no interest to us, however, for by this time we had become imbued with the fear that we would never reach civilization. I consider now that it was a miracle that I was enabled to reach home. " No, alt the gold in Alaska would not tempt me to go there again if 1 knew I would have to undergo hardships similar to those that I en dured tor nearly two years. ' Within two hundred miles of the first settle ment Stoke gave out. and, after an illness of ihree days, he also died. 1 burled him as beat could and resumed my tramp alone, with the knowledge that 1, too, was growing weaker every hour and might not reach home. I trudged along night aud day. taking only a little sleep, wading in the ice-cold water and traveling through slush and mud, stopping now and then to drive off wolves, and subsist ing upon raw fish and berrle. for 1 had no way ol cxiklng them. When about exhausted I reached a settlement of Indians, where I re mained nearly a mouth. Her I learned that the Indians knew ot great deposit ot gold, such aa 1 had seen, but at a point much nearer than we had found It. Gold had no particular value to them, but I found them vary fond of copper. of which they poaaeaaad oonaldarahla. "Prom thta settlement I wa accompanied nearly a month by a party of Indian, until wa mgmtMtmmammmmmtmmmmmmm ' " CAM TO MTVDT BOCIOLOGY. A. Party of Bostoa Investigator and Taaar BpHaaaa la Vw York. " There goes a party of young sociologist bent upon exploring New fork." said the. po liceman who I known a "Man Not Afraid of HI Whiskers" on account of his luxurious growth of beard. "It you want to enjoy your aelf, follow them." On previous occasion the reporter had found that thl guardian of the peace had a keen eye for queer sight, and, tempted by the desire to know what thl new Held of research look like he betook himself to study aoclology In It so called practical aspect, and followed In th wake of the xcurslonlta. Th explorer were eight in number, equally divided between the aexe. Their age averaged 33 years, tbelr behavior made It apparent that they were not Hew Yorkers and that thl waa thair first visit to town. Their conversation made It clear that they earn from Boston and they were mighty serious about their mission. They had atudled and digested all the writing of Edward Atkinson, they knew the writing of the political economists of all age and of all nation, and they had heard a vague rumor to the effect that there were aome things In New York whioh might yield material for endless lecture on aoclolocy. For be It remembered that Boston, intellectual Boston, has retired Browning and Ibsen for the time being, and exercises Its great mind on the solution of so ciological question. After aome consultation a to the beet course of proceeding, th party decided to hunt up aome member of the Reform Club. The fame of this club' hod penetrated to the Hubk the profound knowledge of some of the olub mem bers did Impress the student from Boston, and the publication of the olub were spoken of very highly. True, every-dey mortals do get tired of this so-called Intellectual food, but a Boston oolologlt la very unlike tha rest ot humanity. He delight in big words, be love to wade through endleaa sentences, he enjoy studying long columns of figure, and ho goes into rapture over laborious and long-drawn explanations ot things simple in themselves. As good luck would have It, the students did reach the room of the Reform Club with out any mishap, and having given satisfac tory: proof of their worthiness, they were ushered into the reception room. After some lively harry and akurry on the port ot the olub servant, on pompous Individual made hi appearanoe. Ho waa the only tacmbor of the olub who stayed in town, and upon blm rented the responsibility of supervising and directing the whole reform movement. Small wonder that he felt his great importance, for.he Saa the custodian ot non-partisanship in a ty whoae administration is in the hands ot a party machine. . , In a calm, dignified and condescending tone he asked of what service he could be to his guestfe. Their spokesman informed him that they hod come to New York to study so ciological problem, and that they would con alder it a great favor to have some object of Interest pointed out to them. The reformer expressed hi sorrow at his oeipg unanio to act aa their guide, but advised them to visit the Good Government olubs and the CitlzoiiH Union, also other organisations whence wis dom springs in continuous streamB. "They are all admirable Institutions and are doing marvellous work for the eduoatlon of ?our benighted citizens," interrupted one of he party, but we have come to see and to ex amine the latest departures In the Held of sociology, and are not interested In political actions. Could you point out some recent experiment In our line in your olty?" There is nothing to compare with the ex cellence of the sociological work the Reform Club Is doing. Our publications cover the whole Hold, and I shall be delighted to present some of these to you." With this he gavo some orders to a servant, and with a wave of his hand he disappeared. Tho excursionists were left alone, and made ready to leave tho clubrooms when a number ot servants ap Jieared. each one carrying nn armful of heavy book. They deposited them In front of the visitors and said that they were ordered to bring them as souvenirs to the visitors. Not willing to carry so much freight with them, the students gave directions to have these publications shipped to their homes and emerged into the street "rnavn an inspiration," exclaimed one of the ladies. "Let us go and soe tho Mills Hotel." "Exoellentl" "Grand I" "Beautiful 1" "Lovely!" were some of the shoutapf approval with which this idea was greeted. Quickly thoy scrambled into a street car which took them to the hotel. Upon their arrival in the hotel lobby they wero greeted cordially by some ot the guests. The good Boston people didlnot know that the men who appeared to be so plea&ant hail been gazed at and wondered at, had been inspected and had been investigated so often by suit-constituted investigators that these men decided to have fun with the investigators. Information was forthcoming at so rapid a rate that the visitors were practically flooded with it. "You havo come at a very inopportune time : the freaks, which were kept in cages, havo been removed, and the remaining people are almost commonplace. Of course, you are all familiar with the type of the average man, and you did not come down here to see that. You expected to see something extraordi nary, and I am afraid you will be disappointed. Still, we may be ablo to show you some char acters which are well worthy of olose study." Those words voie delivered by a man of mid dle age, who endeavored to appear serious and whose oocas onal winkings toward the rest ot the hotel guests were not noticed by the ex cursionists. "We will be a-eatly pleased to accept your offer," came the rejoinder, and under the guidance of two hotel guest the students be gan their wandering in the big building. "Let me point out to you tho baths first. They ure an object of awe to every newcomer in this hotel. You must understand that, al though the people you seo here do look quite decent and respectable, their civilization doe not extend far enough to appreciate tho vir tues of clean water. It has, therefore, been very wise on the part of the management to adopt an excellent idea. A nooee is slipped around the nock of every lodgor who oomes for the first time. By a very ingenious apparatus this noose is adjusted automatically the mo ment the man lies down on his bed. This con trivance is arranged so skilfully that no amount of struggling will loosen the grip ot the rope until a wring is touohed in the manager's office. This spring set the whole apparatus In motion, loosen the rope around tho man's neck, and dumps him, tied hand and foot, Into the bathroom directly under a stream ot water. By touching another spring the bath room attendant set In motion a lew scrub bing brushes, which operate tor about fifteen minutes, and stop when the bather is thor oughly cleansed. Great invention, is It not?" The party listened resiieotfuUr to those utterance and tried very hard to Impress the wag that they took his narrative at Its face value. Yet aomething had to be done to show to that romancer that they were not foolish enough to he taken in. After listening pa tiently to tho tale, ono ot the excursionist turned toward their guide and said, with icy politeness: "Your description has pleased us very much, and It has nwukened our keouest inter est. You will therefore bunion our ouiioslty and will be good enough to show us the bath rooms. You will perhaps even condescend to exhibit to us the working of that wonderful apparatus. We do not doubt that you will volunteer cheerfully to demonstrate the effec tiveness of thl contrivance for our beneflt." The wag noticed that he had been found out, and answered with Inflated ohest: "Since you doubt the accuracy of my de scrlptlou und insist upon an ocular demonstra tion, I am forced to withdraw my offer to guido you, and I will leave you to your own re source." With this he disappeared, leaving the excur sionists alone. In a very short time an Intelligent-looking young man approached the group With a humorous twinkle in his eyes, he vol unteered to show them some rare characters. He offered to guide the student through all arts of the hotel, and after a little reflection his offer was accepted, but none too eagerly. They had leurued not to trust implicitly to everybody who approached them. "Permit me to draw your attention to that group yonder In the corner. Do you notice that man who is talking so earnestly lie is loaded with all uorte of deadly weapons, from dynamite bombs to the most deadly buctor iul germs. He does not take his breakfast be fore ho ha sown some deadly disease among half a dozen peopie, and his victims number by the score utter he tins done what he consid ers a day's work." But he got no further in his hair-brltllng story. The temperature became too frigid for him, having fallen considerably below aero ill consequence of the oold looks tho liOMtoiilau directed toward him. He felt unoomtoruible and slunk away. After this experience the sociologists thought it wise to apply to one of the clerks for infor mation. He told them In a businesslike, polilo way that the house is a business enterprise, managed on business principles ; their guests are just like the rest of mankind, neither better nor worse. TThey." so he said, "are earning their bread by their own labor and follow all sorts of voca tions. They resent being stared at, and do not differ In any particular from the other clerks, salesmen, and wurl.lugmeu in general who are to be found In the Tarding houses. They live in the hotel because it suite them and do not otter any apeoial field for uuciolugi cal investigations. This apparently staggered the students. They oould uot believe It, and with disappoint meat plainly showing In thair face they left NeiTYork 1 o tar fcaoath Roatoa jjyjt they BOSTON GALLERY GODS. BAM, KTMT.ABBKM, AfTD AJTOLIU ATA COWTINUOW HUOW. Fatal Influence of th Letter B Oa Man with a stoaoele Intelligence aad Angu larity of th Woman Cleo da Marode tn Caricature Pleasure Taken Bather Sadly I The 25-eent gallery of a Boston continuous performance theatre I a place where vlaltor to that city will get two or three tlmo their money's worth of entertainment This promise does not depend on the programme given on the stage. Theatregolng Boston at aft oants a head are entertainment enough for any ordi nary stranger within th olty gate. In the 25-oent gallery of one of those theatre where " polite vaudeville " 1 dispensed to th high-minded populace perhapa a thousand men, women, and children do dally congregate. Nobody known exactly bow many Boatonbag attend. The Boatonbag is a local Institution, like the flshball and the baked bean. The town has a certain sublime elf-oonfldonco. Fate having given It a name beginning with "B," it haa decldod that the other great, universal facts should be thoae beginning with the same letter. Henoe ball (baa and Hah), baked bean, and Boatonbag. Tho Boston bag I almost unknown outside of Now England. It ha spread there with a rapidity and a tenacity like thoae manifested by the English daisy. There are afew aporndio Bostonbaga to be found in the poaaeeslon ot the New York members of Boroaia, but the climate of New York haa not proved favorable to their spread. On it native heath thl Interesting article abounds In astonishing number, nor can It be said to be without it Influence on the people a a whole. It is a matter of immediate comment that numberless woman are at tended by small and half-grown boys, whoae apparent duty (or privilege f) it is to carry the Boatonbag. These boy (again tho letter "bl") are to be found at every turn; In the shops, the libraries, the trains, the reception rooms, always clinging with a death grip to the Inevitable Boatonbag, and with a due sense ot their lofty mission written on their young brow. Probably there were year and years when they could nt have ex plained, In Boston, why in the world small boy were ever permitted to cumber the earth. But that time Is past It is now tho ohlef end of boys to be Boatonbag bearer to thair female relatives. A before remarked. It Is not possible to state accurately the number of Bostonbaga In the average afternoon attendance at the theatre in question. But large a tho allowing Is, it Is crowdod rather olosely by the attendance of epectncli s and eyeglasses. Nevertheless, there are not so many of theso shining light of Boa ton life as the strangor has been led by the New York more or leas oomlo paper to expect. A few yearn ago the true Bostonese would scarcely have frequented a vaude ville theatre, no matter how polite" It wo declared to be. Now everything I dlf- fer.nf At. lenat It A(m to hA The Ron ton young lady, whose shrinking modesty made her blush when her glasses fell off and allowed hor companion to behold her unshield ed eye, seems willing to grant that privilege even to the public at large. Still there Is a largo attendance of spectacles and the Boston gallery godB thereby attain a certain solemnity of demeanor not found In other places. In fact, they are as unlike tho ordinary gallery god a Boston Is unlike the Bowery. A Now Yorker sat among them the other day and forgot to look at the stage. There was too much of in terest in the rows of faces around him. For Instance, he is not at oil sure of being believed, but it is a positive fact that off toward the right sat a young man with a monocle in his eye. Not many monooled young men are to bo found among thu gallery god of Gotham. If similarly adorned young men did appear on the benches up there a safely moderate guess is that remarks would be made. But thl young man sat conspicuously alone for a long time, yet without apparently attracting the smallest notice from unybody. Forhaps he has been n protected cruiser hitherto. A spectacled Bob tonlan. in other words. And be is now remov- ng his armor by degree, having progressed rom spectacles to eyeglasses and thence to a monocle When next soon he will be provided with opera glasses and later will look at the stage without any intervening glass whatever. Tho crowd was an Interesting one. There were dozens of young women andtwo or three times as many middle-aged one. Most of them had kept their figures more than a cor responding crowd of Now York women would be found to have done. Not that there was any ftood reason for cherishing thesis figures. At east so it seemed to the mere observer, to whom symmetry and bonuty were conspicuous by their absence. But maybe the women kept their figures because they couldn't do any bol ter by themselves. In which oaso a properly sympathetic apology is horeby offered. At any rate there were very few of those ample, ro tund, comfortable creatures who movo ponder ously in all directions across the horizon of New York existence. These Dostouese wore not exactly angular, but their curves were peculiarly distributed. Tho men did not sooin to be uo to the women in tho average of Intelligence. Yet they were a mingling of extremes. There was ono young fellow who came early and stayed late, and read industriously throughout tho entire afternoon, only glancing at the stage nowanl then with an absent and uninterested expression. Near him snt two soldiers, one a bugler by the red ap pllquij on his arm. At a little distance sat a sailor, and. further back, there were more sol diers. In the front row was a grizzled Irish man, with a precipitous upper lipand embossed cheokbones. He sat with his elbows on his knees and his cavernous eyes gloated on the stage. When any ono wanted to pass It was necessary to take the old Irishman by the ahoulder and recall him to the top gallory from the very footlights. Back at tho loft sat an old gentleman and an old lady. They had snow-white hair, both of them. The old gentleman didn't have his fair share, to be sure, aud his head waa a real dome in shape. He had a face of wonderful fineness ot feature und benevolence of expression. Any one would look twice at him. It most accu rately describes him to say that ho looked like a historical character. He seemed as It he must have been somebody of great Importance a hundred years ago. In front ot him sat a man of tho ward-heeler typo. He appeared to lowor fiercely at the ranks" of respectable, non voting women with their Boatonbaga. Families appeared, evidently provincial ; the man in the lead, bearing many bundles and wearing that proud air of having told tho women folks that he'd give them a day of it. no matter what it cost I And there came countless ppoi lo with badges affixed to their garments. There are always such iu Boston, especially In summer. ism perhaps the most striking figure in tho frallcry not excepting the man who kept hav ug fits with his bewnlskered jaws, like a dog snapping at file and eating them afterward, nor the handsome man who rolled his eyes w henever there was musio. and thon winked spasmodically In time with the leader's baton, nor the elderly man who put his arm affection ately around the neck such a long neck I of the soldier boy with him. and hold him so tight that two extra people squeezed Into that bench no, not excepting anybody, the most striking figure In the gallory wa a Boston edition of t'lco do Mdrode. If any one could bo so heartless as to carica ture such a harmless being as the real Cleo. lure Is a model nt hand. Thn caricature taken from this Boston model would wear a slimpsy thlrt waist with a grecu and white striped rib on tie. Her nose would be enormous she would wear spectacles and her hair would fall overherearsln bags suggestive of places forse crctlng shop-lifted article. This was Cleo a la Boston, und it is true that she was more start ling a vision, by far, than the original Cleo can ever hope to be. As before said, the gallery audience ns n whole was above tho average in Intelligence, if the women alone were counted. They wore eminently respectable, typically bourgooise of the Boston kind. They were quiet, dignified. did not chow gum. spoke little an A quietly, were probably having a good time, but would have ilied almost rather than show it. The men looked more stupid, wore just as quiet and wnii behaved, said nothing at all, aud, as far aa could be judged, had only a few transitory gleams of jov and gladness. There wus plenty of patrtotia bait for catch ing applause, but the audience ouly nibbled a little. Some Individuals spoke about tho patriotic Ktoreopt Icon pictures, quietly aud with mild interest, hut that wa about all. A pic ture of Col. J. J. Astor got two or three scatter ing handclaps. Col. Theodore Roosevelt got unite a lit tie spurt cf applause. A picture ot the unfortunate young Knslgn Bagloygot moro than Astor and Roosevelt together, and still more. Again uud aguiu the canvas tumjited them with patriotic oartoonB. while the band played appropriate selections, but no, they merely reed the legend In a low tone one to an other, and waited for the next picture. How ever, as tho very last one was thrown on the canvas, and Old Glory faced them, they woko up and made tha bouse re-echo with rounds of applause. Although they showed comparatively little enthusiasm they showed even less disapproval. One or two very rank numbers would have made a New York gallery groan. But the Bos tonese 25-oenter merely looked on with that same expression of serious interest. They dis cussed the zither with deep concern. One of the few stout women suspended operations with hor feather fan. while a youug persou on the stage rent the air with soaring tones; and the stout woman with bead critically oo one side nodded with approval whenever the elec tric light globes overhead shivered in an es pecially violent aound wave. They took their pleaanre even more adly nffleentfaet that the moat H0!J..etvf the afternoon was In th regular Boston B fine, SsMTseffllroy: "pldyoucvsrgo to school V Oh. yes." saldDunn. "TOTcreVl? put me In thebM clat. And It kept the other oratohlng to keep up with me.rtollyou. Which choToe peclmn 015)1" prjtty nearly made the mail boy let gopf the Botonb and roll on ths floor, while the man and woman relaxed their rlouna .and unbent before the maglo of the T'.ltlal letter of baseball, baked beans, Baok Bay. Bunker Hill. Beacon Hill and Boston. BABDIltm TIIHISO AUD CAWlMfB. Carton ratar-Ho Oa Bvar Is a lit Sardine Out of Water A Hint to Gourmets. mm U Cirrif4aKIu VM. Th peddlers in th street of Pari are now crying out "Sardine de Nantetl" and th grocer display the little varnlahed boxes labelled " Sardine a l'hulle. fabrication ltm" Hot where do the sardine como from 1 Cer tainly not from Nantes. Thay com from Qul beron. Douarnenec. Concarneau, Orolslo, and eapeolclly from Belle Isle. Th sardine fishing season commences at tha beginning of June. Aa oon a th fishermen of th ooost of Brittany notice shoal of por poise or flocks of seagulls off shore In great numbers they immediately make aail, for the sardine is there. The bird and porpoise locate him. The building and repairing of the sardine fishing boate during what la oatlod the dead eaon give employmant to a great many workmen A rule, they are 10-tonners. with a crew of from .! , .. , . .. .u.... flit... ..., I.. ,-,! tt. .all. I 1 V BU W VJU U1WU, li VIIAIU IUU UV lUftV-f Me th only professional fishermen on board ; the other are men ot all trades. The outfit con sists exclusively ot net with very email meshes, and their length la from 100 to 600 metre. Tha upper part of the net are kept upon the surface of the water by corks and tha entire machine 1 held rigid by pieces of lead at the bottom. The note are all stained a sort of oa green oolor, to render them loss visible. When the Ant sohool ot sardines is notlcod the boat all run to the fishing ground. The exact presence of the fish Is determined by an oily substanoe on the surface of the water and also by a considerable quantity of little scales. whloh give the water a metallic appearanoe. In calm weather, a aoon aa the Captain has hi boat Immediately over the shoal ho lower his nets, and two men ot the crew, with great oar, work steadily to keep the boat stationary, while ths other lower the net. Standing at the stem of the boat the Captain throws the chum overboard. This chum 1 a bait made of the egg of the codfish, and It keeps the fish In the desired place. A epot that I well baited In this way is called Jorden In French, and the canting ot the chum is called oatiler. In a few moments, if the fish are plentiful. now quantities 01 scales uoat upon win suriace and the net itself Is agitated by the struggles of the immense number of fish. Then it la lifted, and while the sail are again hoisted and the boat pointed for shore the men of the crew shako the nets and toss the Ash upon the deck. A curiouB thing about thl kind of fishing la that one rarely sees a living sardine out ot tho water. The fish make a little aqueak when taken from the water and die instantly. Of the 1150 or 300 fishing boats fitted out at Belle Isle about 300 belong to Palais and tha other to Sauzon. It Is in these two porta that the fish ermen sell their fish. An ordinary catch of sardine give to eaoh boat from 8,000 to IO. OOO fish, and the price I regulated by the quan- tit y brought In by the first comer. Upon the docks the representatives of the great preserv ing establishments hail the fishermen, who tell them that they alone caught enough worth mentioning and that the other boate caught nothing. Then they enter into a discussion re garding the prioe. "How many thousand have you, Jannlo?" " About S,oGo' " Then I will give you seven franc a thou sand." " Oh. no, that is not enough. I cannot sell at that price." But as the rest of the flotilla appear, all the first comers consent to sell their ilsh nt sovon frana per 1.000, and In an hour afterward the later arrival can get only 0 centimes per 1,000, and sometimes they can get no sale whatever for their catches and are obliged to throw the sardines overboard, because the little fish remain fresh for only two or three hours at moat On the other hand. It the run is not excep tionally numerous, all the Ilsh are bought at from 30 to 40 trance per 1.000. and sometimes even at 75 francs per 1.000. Sardine Ashing la more or less dangerous. Often boat that put to ea in rough weather never come back. When the sardines are sold on the dock they are taken tn baskets to tho cannery. Eaoh basket contains 200 fish. In addition to the price, which 1 Immediately paid to him on the dock, the Captain usually got about half a gallon of wine for himself nS hla Amnw V During the sardine season about 300 womeu and fifty men anxiously await the arrival ot tho first boate, If there are no finh. there is no work for them. When the news arrives that the boat havo their welcome cargoes, tho women, in their picturesque costumes, rush to tho cannery like a flock of frightened sheep. and each takes her piece in the groat room 5 here the flah undergo their flint preparation, ere the sardine are spread upon the table and sprinkled with salt. Then they are cleaned. and when that operation 1 finished they are lotted by little boy according to their size and carried into another part of the establish ment, where they are put In pickle. Tho length of time required by this operation varies according to the size ot the ilsh. After this the flab are washed and placed, onp by ono. with great care upon wire nets, called orih, and put out. to dry in the open air. It tho Weather la wet or even foggy this operation be comes impossible, and the flab spoil and be come worthless, except for fertilizer. This serious inconvenience haa been avoided lately by the construction of a mechanical drier, a sort of Immense ventilator run by pow erful machinery. For a few moments the sar dine are exposed to a strong current of air. and immediately afterward, while still upon tho grlls, they are plunged Into tanks of boiling olive oil. This bath lasts from three to five mlnutes.oc oordiug to the size of the fish. Iu order that tho olive oil may retain it natural taste, the tanks do not oome In direct contact with the fire, but are heated by steam tubes. After this cooking. tha sardines, still unon the grlls. are left to cool, and. when oold. the work of placing them In boxes Is begun. That work is dono by apeoial female employees. The boxes are oar rled to tho oiling room, where the last manipu lation consists of filling them with oil. It Is In this part of the establishment that the tomato sauco and the spices are placed In the boxes which give to the Frenoh preparation of sar dines their universal renown. Then the boxea are cloaed. Little wagons running on tram way bring the boxes to the soldering room, where about thirty workmen with soldering Irons soul up the boxes. In order to destroy the microbos the boxes are plunged Into boiling water and allowed to remain there during the time prescribed in the formula. When taken from the water they are dried In sawdust and finally Inspected. If one little flaw in the soldering appear the box la at once thrown aside. When the boxea are all piououucuil good they are nut into cases of 100 each, and It Is in this way that thoy reach the consumers. In any one of those Important establishments the sardines are prepared and exported ten hours after coming out of the water. Gourmets should never eat newly prepared sardine. They have neither tho perfume nor the flavor of thoae whloh have lain in the boxea for a year. A Fat riorlda Crane. tram tort aad Stnam. He stands at one aid by the hour, just pluming himnelf. then gently picking at shoe buttons and finger rings. Occasionally he is indulged In a favorite pastime that of taking the hairpins out of bis mistress's hair. In nature he is as gentle and affectionate as a kitten, aud as lie has never been teased he has no enmity for anything except a dog. One night he was attacked by a strange dog, and since then his hatred for any canine other than the home dog is Intense, and aa aeon as his eagle eye detect a strange dog he gives a cry ot ulorm, and in the most quiet, sedate, but stately way walk out of range Into aome re tired corner. He Is more valuable than a watch dog. for ut night, should any strange object In trude on the prenilos, he quickly gives a warn ing In a voice so loud and clangorous aa to wake even tbe ' seven sleepers " themselves. Dick has always been Inordinately fond of his piaster, whom he make yrr effort to pleuso. It Is at his command that he will dance, bowing and twirling In the most graceful manner; inn circling with wings distended around the yard and back again to bow and courtesy as before. Another very pleasing recognition of his intelligence 1 the manner in which lie al ways wulpomes his owner He recognise the horee and carriage a far a his eye can reach, and long before thu bird Is In view his voice Is heard trumpeting a greeting, which la contin ued until the master reaches the gate, when at the single .command. "Louder, Dlckl" be throw hla head back and give forth a long. furgling note, Indieating joy and pleasure, o no on elne w.Ul he jrlve this welcome, ft u anion and oaliar for 11a owner aiona. SAILED UNDER THE OCEAN. nH rojfir TR AMQOtTACr MtOBT It AIM nosK It hantmaoo. experimental Trip of Mason Lake' Snh- AMJ marina Boat Remained tinder Watei J IS 1-4 Hour Found Wreck In Bay nnd mMm Rtrer-A Run on th Ocean' notion. Bai.timorx. Aug. 20. Simon Lak. Inventor of the aubmarine boat Argonaut. I wry well pleased with his experimental trip. His object In making it wan to convince tha Government that the craft could have been of service at Santiago and other Cuban port In cutting th cable nnd removing thn mine, incidentally he wanted to tost tho avatlabllitvot the ubm rino boat in locating wreck in deep water and aaanV removing oargoe. All who wero with him on 4H the trip agree that absolutely no difficulty waa experienced In going ovor hitherto unexplored grounds, nor were those on board Incon venienced In the least by their Journey undat water. Jamo L. Gault who assisted Mr. lake B on the voyage, give the following account of the trip: g "The Argonaut tarted on her maiden voyage at noon on Hay 19 with a crew of six men from W tha dock of the Columbian Iron Work. Tha 1 X little craft's bow wa turned toward Magolhy Rivor. where wo arrived that night. Before wa I had been out very long we found that there iKk waa sorno trouble with the com pass. The lift J ,"A dial, aa wa thought, waa placed In a neutral V K corner of the boat, but a the vessel is built en- I tm tirely of iron and steel, and electricity I uod w on board, the oompos waa very erratic espa dally when the eleotric maohinery. wa started, Thl difficulty wa snortiy overcome. 1110 inn- . naole waa placed over the conning tower and there the compaa worked first rate. It pointed Mm true on all coursos. was not affected cither by 4jefA) the current or magnetism of the boat, and wag wB aa true under water as on tho surfneo. " From Hagothy Hlver wo went to Annapolis, and after staying there two days went to Solo mon' Island In the Patuxent Hlver. Hare tha W watar waa very dear, and wo experimented with our searchlight under the surface and oould eaaily follow our diver aa far a he could go. Th next day found the vessel at Crlsfleld. Here the Argonaut excited great interest, and W frightened the natives almost as much aa if it aaarv. were a Spanish cruiser. The colored popnla- B tlon hastily packed their belongings and left fc the city, remaining away aa long as the Argo fl naut oontinued at anchor. " At Criafield the supplies ran short and won. V replenished. Owynn's Island was the next place visited. Here experiment were made is running the vessel nn the bottom. The bottom I found here was of a very peculiar type. It very closely resembles shelled corn. We tried to I make the boat run on her wheels, but found thai while the wheel would revolvo. they oould not M get sufficient hold to move tho boat. The pro peller was then sot working and the wheel used as rollers, and the vesael then moved alone very nicely. "It waa her that we discovered our first wrecks ; but Instead of finding burled treos- jV. ure we found a couple of old hulks that . re asarvi of little or no value. Wa then went to historie Sj ' Yorktown and then put Into Norfolk. After a week' stay '.hero, lying idle, as Mr. Lake had to como to Baltimore, we went out to flj Hampton Hoad. Hero the current was strong jf , and the bottom rough and hilly. We gave a Vr number of exhibition and attracted 't r quite a lot ot attention, especially from gl the naval officer ot the United State cruisers there. Wo also gave submarine demonstration, in ono ot which we remained submerged for ten hour and n quar- TX tor. Two of Uncle Ham' officer renueated th ! privilege nt making a descent in her. They Ira would nave don. o, but thoir ship was to nQ the next day nnd thov feared that some acci dent might occur which would delay them. After Inspecting the Argonaut, they expressed IV tho opinion that vessels of this typo were just fjV the thing for ending cable and destroying IsKv mine fields. wy "Mr.Lake had hoped to have the privilege '' - .nV of going on the bottom at Hampton Hoad and ' 5 picking up the cables which connected th mines guardine thn entrance, but this wa re fused him. We then went out to Cape Henry. Near the lighthouses we found some bargea that were wrecked some time ago. We wont to) work on them and found that they were loaded with soft coal. Wo were unable to unload th coal, - as wo had nothing to carry it on, but everything else of value was taken. We then mode our way to the broad Atlantic and, when we reached the ocean, hunted for n place wiiere . the conditions wero best lor submerging tha boat. Wo found it about twonty-flve miles from I Hampton Hoad. ) I "Jr. very thing worked as well as could be de- At sired. The bottom of the ocean there I an "faV ideal one. Ii ,- eomiiosod of fine gray sand, M- so hard that one eoQlQ hnrdly push a fishing lar ipeardown Inhi it. I i v-i-v interesting to sis nr in the diver's coiupar.munt with the door open jTa and watch the crab nndflsiies -curry nut of "li the way as the submarine craft goes ruiiingj over tho bottom above them. 1M "Wo thon turned back toward home. Mr, awLs Lako dce.de.l to try his hand nt cable rinding rj and cable cutting, and determined to hya cable himself across the channel iendinv 1 to j jfl the Patuxent River. The boat wo ubniei ed and run across uud hauled the cable into ill L VL diver's compartment with 11 hook alum' r net Iffl long. Tho water now wa very muddy on ac- an. an count ot recent rains, but tho cable nn- I und without much difficulty. Mr. Lake a.ilii:hat fl there is no doubt that sui.mar.no Tease, . of fl this type would hava cnnbled hnmpson to ei.ter the harbor of Santiago without fear of mines, and the siege and blockade would have hen. ovor much soonor. and would have saved in 11- fl lions of dollar and many live aril "We remained in the Patu.v.nt for two wceka f iff experimenting and found several wracks. The divers discovered some timbers of a vessel said fl to have boen sunk forty year ago. Tno pan of the limber;, above the mud had been almost entirely eaten away, but now and then on D remained iu which the worms lind eaten oniy JV part of the way through. These pieces wer fl a found to be as hard aa Iron and thoroughly impregnated with the mud In whloh the vessel lay buried. By probing It was found that th bottom of the ship was entirely covered with mud nnd was pretty aound. The iron bolta which In Id tho ship together were nearly all converted into Iron oxide, which was collected m J In lumps at tho ends of the bolt hole through whloh theyweredrlvon. Wo wore then In evea. fathoms (4'J feet) of water, and we rose to tha surface in thrca-iiuarters of a minute. M I "During the trip we travelled nearly 1.500 mile. Thu greatest length of time of ono eub II morslon was ten houre and fifteen minute, aaVft' and wo could have atayod longer. Theorew'a 9 1 meals were cooked under the sea without tha I 1 least lneonvenienoe. The voyage would have been voted a great pleasure trip had the boai Ifl been largo enough to provide sleeping quartern flV for the crow. As It was, tho engine room, gal- lev, operating room and sleeping quarter war VM all In oue. The beds were white plnehoarda fourteen inches wide. The trip wa sufficient, A however, to demonstrate satlsfactorlTy tha practicability of aubmarine boat for navigaa- I I ing the bottom of 'oceans, river or bay, and ulao to prove tho habitublenee and aeawoi thl. H ness, either for surface or under water erula. aV lng. of the Argonaut." 1 Vi 1 an 1 A KIOMT Itf A MVrrALO BIDS. Queer InprlwssMBt of a Hunter la th ' I Northwest. Treat 1 irf load Oraymiaa. A party of scout from the station on Bled soe's creek. In Sumner county, waa over In ill Wilson on a tour of observation for India Igns. Aa they prepared to camp late one win ter afternoon. Capt Jennings, who was of th J number, atarted out to kill a buffalo from herd whioh was near by. There was a heavy I S alout on tho ground, and ho found It difficult to fll got in good range ou account ot the notes of hla WA feet on the orockliug ice. but after following ' 'ZkM the game for aeveraf mile he at last killed iY??nrEf.,biVll ?,M,rin that ,h meat might fl T, ,n,uir.i " ' ""til the next morning, h ifl kinuod the animal and took out the viscera, By the tlmo he wa done night had come, and he decided to remain with hi meat instead of seeking oarnp in the darkness. Ho, wrapping the huge hide around him. flush side out. he lay down and slept very comlortalily until m) morning. On waking, he found himself tightly fl im-Vri"tnSa. D.th." W&' whiloh 'd froxen lard fl and now rnlted all his efforts to ecape. fl 1 rJf?Uir'ftJr hour rolled by In agony to tha , bfiVHi I'U .HZ J U'J to top of his vole,. fr &f . ri 'rJn"i and kicked with all hlBiu'ghi fl I at the rawhide Incloeure. but It proved sub- fl I born to the last degree. He douVitlets swore many a bitter oath, lor he wo of too irascible temperament to submit tamely. He expected H 11 hl companion to areh for him. mid thoy Hd, fl but with a great deal of caution, fearing that he VlaU had been killed by the Indians His prolonged absence oould be accounted for In uo otluu way. all u gave up all hope of extricating himself aa VV HS ."." iSor1 "" but Kelp which he lull ,W not thought of was toaavo him from a death fmjt W th. iW"u.'J. ,",v been extremely mortlfylnl. ,. at the least, to a. man who had escaped Indian JPaal uutUtfdaMm I"!'' IMabeaver. Wi .W!U 'f Rim relate the laaue in hi. own word: - flj .i.lLe"'th,'i,ni.HS out!e the afternoou. and f 1 thl oftend the hide on the top o I could Mi t1 n,.fnt..r'"ti , nd when I got one arm oat i fll t worked Ilk piaea until I a niy body Uuaaja, M 1