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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, August 23, 1898, Image 1

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L M I WC H sLflU " ir z' l' Thrratenins: weather; southwesterly wiodl
czgiMosiAi. or tbb traxbfkr or
l,flll Ponol" Plnyed for Um Last Tins
, .clonal Ant hen When the Ha
waiian Flu Caaee Dawn aad aa In.
, Old Olory " Teoa IU Place Faw
Jfntlve Assisted la Mm Ceresneny-rvwe-ImHn
- Loral Ofclrlals IndlMinVd.
Hcouir, Aug. 18. via Ban Francisco. Aug.
a-trcer-ica has garnared the first traits of.
the Stnih war. It woo the echo of Dewey
, that we heard to Honolulu on Aug. 12.
alien OM flag went down amid a roar of ealut
in cannoi and another want up to take ita
pice. The sight waa moat Impressive,
not because of the sis of the crowd,
jof it id not large: not for tumult,
tor there w little nolae ; not for length of eere
, m Elal. forth exercises were ss simples they
should be when one republic, absorb another,
but because one nationality waa snuffed out
like t spent candle, and another was aet in
it pi- 1 DUt "other roll of
tthe Juggernaut car in which ths lordly Anglo
Saxon nde to his dream of unlTeraal empire.
jt was Dot as joyous an occasion as far off
America may Imagine. Whan it was over.
women who wore the American emblem wiped
their ere, and men who have bean strong for
annexst.n said, with a throb in the throat.
-How d it was!"
As for Hawaiian, ther were not there. It
was self-denial on their part, for the Kanaka
d'ar'.r loves a crowd and that invisible fluid
that flats from man to man and which we call
sicjtement. but on this day of days the Hawaii -
., ass were closely housed. They were not on the
4 streets, they were not at the stores. They were
shut op in their houses, and from the Queen's
su'.elr home to the meanest shed, the
open windows and closed shutters were
lonely and sombre aa places of death.
Those who were obliged to be abroad
slipped br through back streets and nar
row lane. They wore on their hats the
twisted golden Utma that tells of love of royalty.
or on their breasts Hawaiian flags and badsree.
So few Hawaiian were in front of the Execu
tive building that it might have been almost
any capital except Honolulu. There were
Americans. Portuguese, Japanese. Chinese in
numbers, but no Hawaiian. About the cere
monies there was all the tension of an execu-
B tion. It was more funeral than fete, more a
solemn ceremony than a gay event. There was
something fine and strong in the restraint the
H . annexationists put upon themselves in the
hour of their triumph. There was little of
blowing of horns and tooting of whistles.
Only one man drove about in a carriage groan -
B ing under a load of red. white and blue, and he
I was not an American, but a Greek.
There was absolutely no gpeechmaklng. ex
cept a few dignified words from Minister
eewall: no srread-eagleism. no procession
and no cheering.
There were six Hawaiians on the platform
reserved for distinguished folk, where diplo
mats and Cabinet ladies and Ministers' wives
were seated in order of their husbands' prom- i
inence. One of these native women is the wife
of a prominent native lawyer and politician.
He came for badness reasons, and he came
1 because he required her to. In facial
1 r.'.j.-i r.si.e she is not unlike the ex-Queen.
B - srjii li-i.v ople mistook her ft .- Uliuokalani.
She came In on her husband's arm. very proud
I and dignified and sta'cly. In a floating boloku
of black and violet, her hat plumed with
royal yellow. She held her head very
a Ugh among her lighter neighbors, and '
she tore up very well untiil the Ha
waiian bend began to pl.iv "Hawaii Ponol" '
for the last time a the national anthem. Then i
I she covered her eyes with ber fan and wept.
the did not raise ber eyes again and she did
Dot see the Hawaiian flag as it floated ana then I
sack lor the lat time Other natives who ,
1 w-rt forced to be there covered their
eyes, and an old woman who stood near I
1 never moved her eyes from the flag .
I as It dropped, but a rain of tears fell on her
cheek. Hawaiians in the ranks of the National
Guard covered their faces and fixed their eyes
m on the ground. When " Hawaii Ponol."
which means " Our very own Hawaii."
came to be played it was a weak
ly strain, for ail the natives had thrown
sway their instruments and bad fled round a
Comer, out of sight. Only ten men. none of
them Hawaiians. were left to play. Men had
begged their leader to be relieved from playing
what was to them a dirge, and he had consented.
The day began with heavy showers and
threatening cloud. At 10 o'clock the Hawaiian
National Guard formed at the barracks
preparatory to escorting the Philadelphia's
men from the pier to the Executive
building The men were In fresh
white tiuck with brown leggings and
blue coat, and as OoL Fisher reviewed them
for the last time aa an organisation they pre
sented a fine appearance. The Hawaiian Color
Sergeant carried a flag bound with golden lei.
There was a touch of that comedy which
lights tragedy's face when the National Guard
1 marched down to meet and escort the Phil
adelphia's men. The Guard marched welL They
were receded by a corps of police officers,
most o! them native, with the same rotundity
which characterise the peace officer all over
the world These men seldom march and never
drill, and when ordered to stand in line they
did n t know whether to make the line at tbelr
toes ( r ut their belts. The orders were as
amusir.c ,v- the marching.
" All r.-idy there " eung out the military of
ficer Thr tiiceman nodded sagely.
Well, c ahead then." yelled the officer.
They " went ahead."
)The I'h.lad-jphi's men are raw recruit who
I had never seen each other a month ago. but as
their officers refrained from attempting any
difficult evolutions tbey appeared as veterans
beide these men.
Long before the military procession reached
the Exaeatfr building a crowd was gathering
through the " maksi" gates, opened to receive
it. The scene uf the flag raising, christened
"lolsm laJee." dates from the time
of KsJakaua. and is a beautiful build
ing t.anned on noble and stately
lines and aet in a square of dense tropical
ahade. cut out in four avenues, which are bor
dered by stem of gray and green royal palms
and lead up to four great doors On " Mauka "
aide, that 1 toward the mountain, the stand had
been built, upon which one of most Impressive
eeremrcle of the century was soon to take
place, the ceremony of making a foreign terri-
Jtory American soil, and of adopting thousands
Of people whose language is not our language,
nor their ways our ways.
The people who flooded in through the gates
were of all classes The moderately rich cams
In hacks and the very wealthy In their own car
riages, with manjr on foot m democratic fashion.
On the lawn, in the shade of the royal palms, un
derthe leaves of mango and papaya tree, where
scarlet hibiscus tossed its tminf blossoms,
seats had been erected on the soft natural
ward. While the morning was yet cool Chi
nese women with l.tue almond-eyed babies
i , and Portuguese woman with children in arm.
their eye black as sloes, earns and pre
empted these seals, which were outside the
rope. Special guests were admitted through
Jk the lower hall of the great stone building. It
Bow was a tremendous task to seat these special
'sanest. Many seats on both upper and lower
Jjtoeleony ware reserved merely tor first earners.
k M bemad, la the stead, reswessatastves of
I "- 'r-t---..... tii tiiniinngmfcumi
attend brass triages, had a dreadful Haw
seating dignitaries of the little republic whose
minutes are numbered.
Tbey have always been sticklers for prece
dence In Hawaii. Perhaps It Is a legacy from
their recent monarchy, bat at sot rate one
must be up in the Peerage In order to
seat a dinner party correctly In Hono
lulu. All these rules were strictly ad
hered to on this last bat one public
appearance of the tiny court of the island
republic. The gorgeous officials of the Foreign
Office acted as ushers. The platform, dec
orated with entwined Hawaiian and American
flags without, was divided Into halves within.
The front row of scats on one side waa
left vacant for President Dole and his
Cabinet : that on the other for Minister Bewail.
Admiral Miller and his staff. Beside each
gentleman sat a lady of corresponding rank.
The wife of the President had the place of
honor on one side and the wife of Minister
Bewail had the same place on the other side.
Next to Mrs. Dole, latter black frock and black
and whits bonnet, came Cabinet ladles, and
behind them wives of Ministers and ex
Mlnister seated next their husbands, and
then foreign diplomats and consuls and their
wives. About the last to come on the platform,
which was a kaleidoscope of cay colors, plenti
fully mixed with the white of the tropics.
were several native gentlemen and ladies.
The men were all politicians, men
who could not afford to stay away.
There was Mr. Koulakou. Speaker of the
last Hawaiian House of Representatives. Coun
cillor of Bute Kane and his wife and Circuit
Judge Kalaua. Martial music blowing through
the trees announced the coming of the National
Guard of Hawaii. Preceded by the Govern
ment hand they came through "Mauka "gate
with the Hawaiian flag floating and ths
band playing Hawaiian music. Behind
tbem were the bluejackets of the Philadelphia,
as American in looks as the guard is foreign.
Separated from the Philadelphia's men. walking
apart, were three men from the Philadelphia,
wit h a great roll In their arma. This prosaic
looking bundle was the American flag, soon to
be raised. The avenue of palms was full of rows
of sailors in blue and white. The spaces to the
side were crowded with soldiers with brown
At 1 1 :5 President Dole and hie Cabinet en
tered, everybody standing as tbey came on the
platform. The President was well dressed
and his face was grave. The men of his
Cabinet were not all so correctly garbed. The
President and his best men were followed im
mediately by Minister Sewall. Admiral Miller,
and his staff. Just at this time a gentle rain
was falling "liquid shine" they call it in Ha
wail and the sense of oppression was great as
the atmosphere became heavier and less easy
to breathe.
The Rev. G. L. Pearson of the First Methodist
Church was the man chosen to make the last
prayer of the missionary government. He
prayed for Hawaii Nei and especially for her
native sons and daughters During the prayer
every one on the platform stood. Minister
Sewall fingering restlessly and unconsciously
a large blue envelope of official appearance
which he held under his arm.
Mr. Sewall is a little man with beetling brow,
but he stood very straight for the occasion, and
his voice was the only one that carried. Facing
the President, who had risen. Mr. Sewall said
in a voice that flickered for a moment and then
blared out with renewed strength :
"Mr. President I present you a cerriflel
copy of a joint resolution of the Congress of the
United States, approved by the President July '
7. leSSs, entitled 'Joint resolution to provide
for ""H' of the Hawaiian Islands to
the United States,' This joint resolution
accepts, ratifies and confirms on the port
of the United States the cession formally con
sented to and approved by the republic of
The sqnare blue envelope went under Presi
dent Dole's arm and that gentleman replied :
"A treaty of political union having been
made, and cession formally consented to by the
republic of Hawaii, bavins; been accepted by
the United States of America. I now.
in the interest of the Hawaiian body politic
and with full confidence in the honor, justice,
and friendship of the American people, yield
up to you. as representative of the Government
of the United States, the sovereignty and pub
lic property of the Hawaiian Islanda"
Mr. Sewall's reply was:
" Ma Pbjbsidswt: In the name of the United
States I accept the transfer of the sovereignty
and property of the Hawaiian Government.
The Admiral commanding the United States
naval forces In these waters will proceed to
perform the duty Intrusted to him,"
By this time it lacked but six minutes of 12.
and faint, quavering strains of " Hawaii Ponol"
were heard coming up with but half their usual
President Dole made a signal to Col. Sorer.
who waved a white handkerchief to some one
in the crowd. The troops presented arms, and
far away was beard the boom of the Phila
delphia's salute and the nearer tremble
of the Hawaiian battery. There were
twenty-one guns, the last national salute
to the Hawaiian flag. Before the salute there
was vigorous wig-wagging of signal flags from
the centra tower, upon which, as well ss upon
side towers, men had been posted all the
morning. Bugles rose sad fell at last in
melancholy "taps." and while every one held
his breath, the beautiful flag of Hawaii shud
dered tor an instant, then started and slowly
sank to the ground, where It was caught and
Just as it started in it descent the clouds
broke and a square of blue sky showed Itself.
Every man within suund of the saluting gun
uncovered, and far away at thewater front Kan
aka boatmen plying their trade bared and bowed
their beads, the Admiral nodded to Lieut. Win
terbalter. who gave the order " Colors roll off."
and cheery American bugles cut the air. Then
the well-loved strains of "The Star-Bpangled
Banner" came from the Philadelphia's band and
the flag commenced its ascent. It was an im
mense piece of bunting, what is known in navy
parlance as a "number one regulation." It was
thirty feet long and eighteen feet wide, and
as it went up the halyards M seemed to
cover entirely the front of the building.
Almost simultaneously smaller flags were run
to their places on the side towers aad again
was beard the salute 1 4 the guns to the new
sovereignty. The Control flag was so Immense
that it hung limp and lifeless for a mo
ment. Then it caught the breath of a
passing breeze and flung Itself wide.
Then for the first time there was a cheer
from the places where sat America's nsw
citizen of alien blood.
Then came the reading of the proclamation
by Minister Sewall. Briefly, as previously in
dicated, the proclamation provides that ths
civil, judicial and military powers In Hawaii
shall oe exercised by ths officers of the
republic of Hawaii as It existed just pre
vious to the transfer of the soverehrnty sub
ject to the Governor's power to remove such
officials and to All vacancies. All such officers
will I- required at once to take the oath of al
legiance to the I'nitetd hute and all military
force will be required to renew their bond to
the Government f the I'nlted Matee. This
was all. There was no tremendous poll Ural
surprise No chopping off of official beads.
Burr followed Mr Sewall. and cjuarfatnlated
hi hearers as fellow ouuntrymeii un the con
summation of the national policies of the two
Th-re is positively no truth in the story that
Prinoess Kauilani is ena-aged to Cant. ? Brsul
lee strung of New lork Thi denial is on au
thority of Mr. LletjiiTii. father of Kauilani. As
predicted last week Attorney-General Smith
has resigned
He presented his resignation to Governor
Dole the day after the flag raising. His resig
nation it to take affect as soon as Us sjo-
-roatr or rnm bwamxtuz nonrmt or
Sot Halt the Truth e Their Oatrages Vsss
Neutrality TeM CaUl Xew-Taey Dlsre
sjaraaa' All ew Dewey's ssralatisas ate
riaajly TeM Then It Twey WaaUea t
right Be Was steady- H. Was Compelled
to Term His gesreh light ea Tweaa at
wtgfct-Basvplle They heat lata Maatla
If the Spanish Fleet Had Cease, Dewey,
with the Oertaaae ea HI ads, Might
Have Beta OfcUa-ed to Leave the Bay.
Ctrrti July IT. via Baa Francisco. Aug. 2Z
It I mora than doubtful it the gravity of Ad
miral Dewey's position here hasTbeen under
stood at home, or the seriousness and delicacy
of the work be has had to do. Bitting on the
quarter deck of the flagship Olyrapia the other
afternoon he pointed out toward the wreaks of
the Betna Cristlna, Castillo, end UUoa. lying
awash off Point Saunglei. and said :
" The little fight out there was one or the
least difficult things I have had to do here,"
Then he looked over at the four or five Ger
man warships lying close in to Manila and
" Before I left Washington to corns out here
they promised me that If there was any trouble
I should have the Oregon. I wish she ware
here now.
We shall be glad enough to see the Mon
terey." be added, after a minute. " I warrant
she will get a cheering when she comes in."
It needs no soothsayer to interpret all this
The plain fact is that the Germane have been
making the Admiral all the trouble tbey can.
They have been getting just aa far as was safe
to go In annoying him. and several times
they have made him talk of war. He
has not hesitated to use plain lan
guage when the occasion required it.
But two or three times when he has talked that
way he would have felt a great deal hatter if he
had an annordad or two and some big guns to
back him up.
The Admiral's position has been moat diffi
cult. His victory on Mayday was so striking
that the impression at home boa seemed to be
that Dewey can do anything be wants to do.
and there apparently la not a full res ligation of
what the situation has been hers. The
Americans are at the gates of a walled
and fortified city. The ships are able
to batter down the fortifications when there
ore troops enough to hold the reduced city. At
present there are here fewer than 2.500 sol
diers, not enough to protect themselves, ssy
nothing of holding a city whose population is
more than 300.000. More troops are on the
way. but until the third expedition arrives
there will not be fores enough here to
justify taking " In the meantime the
Spanish have started an expedition for the
relief of the beleaaured city. The expedition
bad been held up at Port Said, according to tbe
last Information Dewey has received from
Hong Kong. That was late in June, and since
then there has been no news.
The Admiral frankly says that If that expe
dition comes on and gets here before the Mon
terey snd Monadnock It may be necessary
tor the fleet and the troops to get
out of Manila Bay. It waa that situation
which paused Gen. Anderson to delay
in ""loins: the stores from the trans
ports for a few days after the Flrat Brigade
arrived here. But all the time that the Ad
miral has had this question to consider the
Germans have been active in their annoyances.
It has almost seemed at times as if they meant
deliberately to provoke war.
The trouble began several weeks ago, almost
as soon as tbe flrat German ship got here.
Every ship the Germans have on the Asiatic
station except two has been here all or part of
the time, and the great part of the squadron is
here constantly. Prince Henry la on the
Deutschland. and that keeps the armordad well
out of the danger sone. Admiral Ton Diednchs's
Flag Lieutenant put It recently:
" If we only did not have the Prince. But be
must be taken rare of all the tuna"
The Kaiser, the sister ship of the Deutaeh
land. is Too Diedriehs's flagship. She is a
7.700-toa vessel with a complete belt of 10-inch
armor and eight 10-inch guns, one 8-inch, and
seven O-inch. Besides the Kaiser there are out
here the Geflon and the Kaisenn Augusta,
which New Yorkers may remember from her
visit there in 1893 awe Irene, tbe Princess Wil
belm. and the Cormoran.
These fellows have seemed to take special
delight la violating moral proprieties and dis
regarding Admiral Dewey's regulations. In
stead of establishing his bioakad at the en
trance to the bay. Dewey drew the im
aginary line across from Cavitf to Mala
bar. That gave foreign warships the right
to come Into the bay to observe operations.
Several nations have sent ships bete. The
British usually have two or three, the French
two, the Japanese one or two, aad the Aus
trian haTS one now; but Germany sent
nearly ber entire squadron.
Admiral Dewey bad ordered that there should
be no movement of ships or boats about tbe
bay at night without his knowledge and ner
mission. That was necessary to an effective
blockade, and In order to be legal, a block
ade must be effective. Tbe Germans be
gan at once to disregard the regula
tion. Tbey sent launches about after sun
down as It there had been no such regulation.
The launches were stopped by our patrol boats
and some of them were turned back. Tbe re
sult was friction between tbe two Admiral.
Ton Diedrich protested. Dewey replied that
bis regulstion must be observed.
The Germans kept up tbelr work and
Dewey's ships have watched the Germans at
night with their searchlights It is partic
ularly offensive to one warship to be the target
of another searchlight, but that has happened
to the Germans several times as ths wheeling
American lights examined the bay to see what
was going on. Ton Dledrichs did not like it.
Dewey ssnt word that he regretted ths neces
sity of such work, but be waa compelled to
keep informed of what went on In the bay at
night. He Intimated that the Germans were
acting as if they thought that they were block
ading Manila Instead of the Americans.
The Germans hare been making- great use of
the Bay of Mariveiea. opposite Corregidur
Island. Nearly all the time they have a ship or
two there, and t hep come and go between there
and the anchorage off Manila constantly. Every
time ther come in Dewey sands a launch or a
larger vessel to meet them and nod oat who
they are and where from.
It is quite within his right as the blockadrr
to do this, but Ton Dledrichs protested. Tbe
German Admiral twisted Dewey's contention
and construed it as a claim of the right of
search. Ths American Admiral had never set
up claim to such a right, but he insisted that be
had the right to know the character of every
ship that cams into the bay and its business,
snd that the mere fact that a ship flew ths
German Sag did not prove that aha waa Gert
man. because it is recognised in interna
tional law as a right of any warship to fly any
colors desired.
While the discussion of ths matters waa
going on several Utile things occurred which
did not help the situation. One was when th
troopship of the First Brigade cams in.
There were three Ueroaans lying- La Manveie
Bay wbsn the transport passed by. Be
tore they had got beyond Ourragidor the- Kai
serta Aagasta had gat bar oasaar and was
ollowlag. Baa eases aioag slowly in the rear
aw a date, ban as th transports aaaiad
Cava ah drew lanawiai the Jordan.
passed ber. then came alongside tbe Australia
so close that ber name was plainly legible.
want on and passed th Faking and then
steamed up by tbe Olymplo. when she broke
out the American colors from the fore and
saluted. Inasmuch as she had saluted once,
another salute was unnecessary, and It looked
as If she had given It merely to furnish on ex
cuse for coming so close to th American ships.
Matters kept getting worse. German launches
were stopped and ssnt to their thins. Per
mission to move In the night time was refused
on some occasions, and Anally Admiral Dewey
took occasion to say to the German Flag Lieu
tenant that certain things meant war and the
German were approaching dangeroualy near
them. Then be added in substance that If th
Germans wanted war they could have If, now
or at any other time, here or at any other place.
In reply to this Von Diederichs took a pacines
tory tone and disavowed any Intention of
violating proper usage or the American Ad
miral's blockade regulotiona
Meantime stories kept coming to Admiral
Dewey to the effect that the Germans were
lending material assistance to the Span
lards. They were reported to have landed
flour and other supplies and even to
have landed guns. Their officers had been at
the Spanish front snd Inspecting tbe Spanish
fortification. The Admiral heard from In
disputable authority that the German Con
sul had been told In the dub in Manila
that the Germans were landing supplies
and that Spaniards of reputation and position
were ready to swear that such was the tact and
that the German Consul was unable to deny It.
Then came the Subig Bay Incident. The in
surgents were attacking Isla ds Grande. Tbey
had captured o steamer from the Span
ish oad tbey sent her down to Subig
with men. She came bock one after
noon and reported to Dewey that tbe cruiser
Irene bad prevented her from attacking Grande
Island, and bad forced ber to haul down her
insurgent flag and raise a white one.
Dewey sent the Raleigh and Concord there at
once. They went in cleared for action at
8:15 the next morning, ready for what might
oome. German or otherwise. As they went
in on one side of the island, the Irene came
out on the other at full steam. The two Amer
ican ships took the island with 033 prisoners.
nearly all Spanish soldiers, and 000 rifles, with
an immense quantity of ammunition. Prison
ers and arms were turned over to the Insur
gents, the prisoners to be guarded for us at our
expense until wanted.
When the Irene came back the McCulloch
spoke, but did not stop her. This brought
a protest from both sides. Ton Diederichs
objected to the hauling up of his ships.
Dewey declared that tbe Germans were lendlrg
aid and comfort to our enemies, thereby mak
lnT themselves openly Spain's allies. He sent
a message to the German Admiral, the sub
stance of which wo:
"Is there peace or war between our coun
tries ? IS there is war I want to know It. If
there Is peace I want oj to change your
course. The war to make war is to clear up
ship and go at it "
Ton Diederichs replied with an apology and
an explanation. He said the Irene had not In
terfered with the insurgents, but had refused
to answer signals from tbe insurgent steamer
because they could not be answered without
recognizing the Insurgent flag.
She agreed to anawer signals, however. If a
white flag was raised on the Insurgent shin.
After be had thought about it a day or so. Ton
Diederichs apparently thought be had been too
complaisant in his tone and then tried a differ
ent attitude.
He wrote to Admiral Dewey the not
in which he misconstrued Dewey's con
tention about the right to speak incoming
ships, and said be would lay the mat
ter before Commanders-in-Chief now la
tbe harbor. Since then Dewey has beard
nothing from him. but he has beard what hap
pened when Ton Diederichs called on Capt.
Chichesterof the Immortality, the seniorofflcer
of the English squadron. Tbe English
man snowed the German his instruc
tions, by which be was ordered to
do what Dewey had been contending
that tbe Germans should do. There was not
much ground left for Von Diederichs after that.
There the matter stands now. Admiral
Dewey waits for the arrival of the armorelads
and Admiral Ton Diederichs "devlseth wicked
Tbe searchlights have been keeping at work
all night, snd the Germans have been warned
that if their launches move around promiscu
ously without Dewey's knowledge they will be
fired on. The outcome remains to be seen.
luiar BBira rom mosiavk.
All Troop Assigned to Teasels for the Trip
Worth atiaftor Coming Tats Weak.
Iptcuxl CabU waqw Tas 6c.
Sinuoo ds Cuba. Aug. 22 The assign
ment of the remaining troops of th Fifth
Army Corps to ships for transportation to Mon
tauk Point waa completed this morning. Two
hundred and fifty of the Flrat District of Co
lum bio Kegimeot and a squadron of the Second
Cavalry will go on tbe Minne waska : tour bat
teries of light artillery. 120 men and four offi
cers on tbe Specialist, and 500 of tbe Ninth
Massachusetts on the Allegheny. These three
vessels will sail to-morrow. Three hundred
and fifty of the Ninth Massachusetts will sail
on tbe City of Berlin and the Twenty-fourth
Infantry and two companies of the First Il
linois, now at Siboney. will sail on ths Nueces
on Thursday.
Gen. Shatter and his staff will leave on
Wednesday or Thursday on the prize steamer
City of Mexico.
One thousand and twenty-five sick men be
longing to various regiments will sail on the
Breakwater and the ships bringing ths Fifth
Infantry from Tampa.
Tbe City of Berlin arrived this morning
bringing Col Crane's Immune. 1.050 strong.
Tbe regiment has white field officers and Cap
tain, but all the Lieutenants, non-commissioned
officers, and men are negroes. The
regiment will be broken into companies and
distributed with the other immune in the
towns throughout tbe province. It is the ob
ject of Gen. Wood and Gen. Lswton to give
persons desiring to work military protection
and to establish the authority of the United
Slates in the conquered territory.
Brr t LHAtita rom uomm.
He galls oa the Araasss for New Orleans
Gea. Brooke In Full Control.
Sptoal CmiU Dupsa I Tas Bcs.
Poses, Porto Kico. Aug. 22. Gen. Mile and
th member of his staff left to-night on the
steamer Aransas for New Orleans, the General
having decided that there was no further occa
sion for bis presence here.
Gen. Brooke took charge of affairs as soon at
Gen. Miles left, and is now in full control of the
troops and the territory held by the Americana
It Is his Intention to return to Arroyo, where
tbe transport Concho is tying. He will mak
bis headquarters on board that vassal. He is
on of the Porto Blcan Commissioners, sad
will start for San Juan a soon a b Is notified
of ths arrival of the otfisr mambers of th com
mission Gen. Wilson's headquarters is still bar.
Gen. Garret twin arrived yesterday from V tua
do. He said hi troop war m need of food
aad shoes. The roads, he said, ware in a ter
rible condition Man are working on th roads
repairing washouts, but it waa still difficult to
transport umsfjiron over them, svan by muiae.
while transports uo by as cart wo almost
ImpawUa Beat Is th only food ohtaawlhl
from th country. K bread is to be he, aad
the only vegetable is alosloln mot.
xmm tromrm will wmvlcomm vb ab
rrnrn boutm ha dokm.
Strong Aasarieaa Feollas) la Baa Joan aad
Other Worth Towns The Ha BWporter
Wilnaillmi eatsi a, aW Assured That
theWaelalslaadWasClagof OarCosnlaa-
gooaal Cools JaapewA to Torn Bun.
Powcs. Porto Bleo. Aug. 33. A Sua cor
respondent landed at Baa Juan oa Monday
mat. Tbe Goverameat censor there permitted
him to send only one or two short cable
despatches sad la these he was not al
lowed to say anything about ths real conditions
preralllna in th city. Th following story
from him earn by courier eighty-five miles to
Ponce to be forwarded by cable to Kingston,
thence to Colon and across th Isthmus of
Panama, up through Mxlco and Texaa and so
to New Tork :
"8a Juab, Aug. 10 -Ban Juan and all th
northern section of Porto Bleo. which,
heretofore, hove been supposed to be
somewhat loyal have at heart about
the same feellnc as war manifest
ed at Pone and elsewhere oa th arrival of th
American troops. Tbe native people gener
ally are thoroughly delighted with tbe news of
the ceding of the island to the United States.
"Th past few days have witnessed a quite
rapid growth of American sentiment. This,
however, is not yet freely displayed in public
chiefly because the Spaniards ore still here, and
are able to us the jails and prisons th earns
as ever.
"Th local papers were not permitted to
print th peace new promptly, and official
confirmation was refused tor many days. No
local paper has dared to express pleasure at
the American conquest, tbe censorship snd
similar authority over the papers and people
still being maintained.
"Ths Sera correspondent, who was the first
and up to th present Um the only news
paper man permitted to enter San Juan
since th baginnlna of tbe war. has been
obliged to submit all his despatches to
strict censorship. Any despatch describing
truthfully th real sentiment of the populace
her will not yet paas the censor, but it msy
now be positively confirmed that the people here
aad everywhere will cheer the American flag
when it goes up with a vigor that has probably
not been equalled for tbe Spanish flag at any
time during tbe 400 years It ha been here.
This is true not only in Bant Juan, but in the
north of the Island generally.
"Tas Bus correspondent. In coming to Ban
Juan, passed through forty miles of country
and several large towns and villages from
Fajardo to the capital. All along the route.
which took seven hours to cover, it was not
difficult to discover the pro-American senti
ment beneath the surface.
" At Fojardo. which la a small place. Laving a
port at the water's edge while the village is a
mile inland, tbe populace turned out to greet
the correspondent in a manner befitting a conquering-
" The local officials forced him to attend an
impromptu reception, at which welcoming
speeches were delivered. There ware no Span
ish soldiers within miles at that time, which
was lost Monday noon, and the inhabitant
never expect to aee one there again,
" Starting from Fajardo for Ban Juan, more
than half th distance was covered before the
flrat Spanish outpost was reached. This was at
Carol! na. to which place all the troops had re
treated from the eastward during the preced
ing two or three days. This place is on the line
of retreat from Aibonito to Ban Juan. Some
Spaniah troops are still there, and the large
force which has been opposing the American
progress serosa the island will pass through
thi place going to San Juan.
"On last Monday when the correspondent
passed through troops from the eastern
towns had halted here. Tbe first ru
mors of peace bad vaguely reached
tbem. The comandante had received
orders to stop fighting, but was unable to either
comprehend or believe. He was then engaged
in surveying the land and arranging the details
for the retreat be expected to be obliged to
" He having received orders by tel eerrapa from
Captain-General Maclaa to permit Tats So
correspondent to pass through the lines,
no difficulty or delay was experienced.
From Carolina to the capital uniforms
became more numerous, but all along the
route evidence was procurable that the people
war anxiously hoping that th United States
would get the Island.
News of the stipulations of the protocol
had not reached any one at that time.
even In Ban Juan, which was reached
shortly after dark on Monday. No one
knew anything definite about the terms
for the suspension of hostilities. Even the
British Consul had no positive assurance that
tbe protocol specified tbe surrender of Porto
Kico to tbe United State until so informed by
Ths Sen correspondent
" One of the local papers her received
a telegram from Tats Bdh giving the
terms of the protocol and asking In
formation as to the sentiment of the
people. This paper being then unable to
cable a truthful answer cabled nothing. It
then attempted to print the despatch from Tas
Bua announcing the terms of peace, but the
Government censor would not permit its pub
lication until two or three days later.
" It has been printed sine and everybody
knows that the evacuation of th island by
Spain must com very soon,
" In th meantime sentiment that were pre
viously carefully concealed are now shown In
public but of course with more or leaa dlscrest
neee. "Ths start to ship soldiers back to Spain will
bring considerable relief, and th last to
go are likely to witness a celebration
that is likely to make them anything but
happy. The soon will be interesting and ban
Juan of the future will probably have on evacu
ation day to commemorate.
"Just bow soon the embarking of the troops
will begin is not known hers, but it will
likely come as soon as possible. Already the
Spaniah force from the east have com In.
Tbe force from the south and wast or
now coming in. To-day th forces of
Aibonito are reported to have reached
Cayey. They or progressing slowly, not
making more than four miles dally. At this
rat they will not reach Ban Juan for about
eight daya. The fore at Araeibo and th wast
ore also marching here. Tbe small garrison on
Crab Island or still there. It it not known
yst whether they will some to Baa Juan or re
main wbsr they are and embark there.
" The correspondent has secured the follow
ing statement of the number and lonatioa of
the Spanish foreas three day ago. being two
dsys aster th orders were sent oat to stop
"Aibonito. 1300 men. and two 4-inch field
cannon; Cayey. 700 man; Cagua. 000; Bio
Piedras. 180: Carolite. 330; Areoibo. 330.
and two 4-lneb Bald cannon; sguadllla.
830: Crab Island. 100; Bayamon, 906;
nan Juon. 1.7O0. making; a total of
6.S41. to which may bo added approxi
mately 600 of the Guardla Civil, doing duty in
their own villa ail over th island, and 300
of th Orden Publico, doing similar polios duty
la Baa Juan, Maay msmbeisot th Guardla
Civil la or near th territory held by ta Ameri
can trooaa have joined lb laiflosns
"Oataloaa differ a to how mean rasiataao I
taw ntawioiaa owM has osad IX ry-Hlrtftt
had coattoa. hat eerUialy moat of the
aVtbUa. woaU law how, ajgoas. trktala
sight of Ban Jaaa. Th Spaniards themselves
evidently believed this, as th preparation
tbey mod indicate. There ore two bridges
crossing smell salt creek or riven on the one
road which comas into Baa Jaaa. This road
com direct from Bio Piedras to Ban Joan.
" The flrat bridge met coming in is the Martin
Pena bridge, which is little over a mile from
Bio Ptedrso. From this to the Ban Antonio
bridge is three mile, and from the Ban Antonio
bridge to the city I about a mile aad a bait.
Yesterday Th s Strs correspondent went to
Bio Piedras by train and returned by horse
over this road. It I over the tew mil that
th Spaniard evidently expected to make their
hardest fla-ht
"At Bio Piedra and at short Intervals I1
along this road to the capital rifle pit of re
cent making were visible. Home showed the
dirt still yellow from recent exposure.
"Along th throe-mile stretch from tbe Mar
tin Pena bridge to the Baa Antonio bridge
some small hills overlook the rood.
Here several excellent batteries hove been
hurriedly erected. I have Information that
the batteries oa this ground number
twelve guns of 13 centimetre, four of 9
centimetre, four small rapid-firing guns, one
Spanish placenta gun of SS centimetre and
six small old-style guns. Beside these batter
it and rifle pit the two bridge had been gen
erously mined.
"Whea the correspondent crossed these
bridges yesterday they were torn up In place
where the mlnee had been located.
Ho Baa Intended to Destroy m British KoJp
with It Maay Dervishes ".Hied.
yjMnal Castf Darns to Tws Bra.
Wast HAstaxt Cusp, fifty-three miles north
of Omdurman. Aug. 22. Native spies have
brought to the Anglo- Egyptian camp here de
tails of on attempt on tbe part of tbe Khalifa,
tbe Mahdi's successor and leader of the
dervishes, to blow up British steamers ascend
ing the Nile, On Friday hut he placed
o huge box of explosive In a boat that
wo put in charge of a Tunisian prisoner who
was chained to the boat. Tbe boat was then
towed to Korori by the steamer Ismailla. When
the party reached this point the Tunisian was
Instructed to sink the mine in the fairway,
where any British vessel passing would be cer
tain to hit it.
While the prisoner was sinking the mine it
exploded, shattering the small boat and blow
ing the Ismailia to pieces. Many of the Der
vishes were killed.
The advancing expedition found tbe once
Important city of Metemneh a squalid ruin.
The country for a mile around was strewn with
the bones of oxen, goats. "! and donkeys.
A gallows wo also found, with human jaw
bones thick around it. The "forts" were
merely mud emplacements. The town was
permeated with a sickly stench of fat and
blood, and dilapidation prevailed everywhere.
A few double-storied bouse were standing.
but their walls were crumbling, the gateways
were choked, and the roofs hod rollpsa Jt is
expected that ths defences of Omdurman will
be found in on equally ruinous condition.
Tbe flooded Nile will prolong the marches.
It rained heavily yesterday. Thar Is desola
tion along the line of march, which is strewn
with the bones of men. women, and children.
It Is to Be Made a Military Base for tbe
Ba FSAHcraoo. Aug. 22. Preparations art
being made to send a large force of troops to
Honolulu. Ail available transports, including
tbe Scend ia. Australia and Sydney, and also
the Peking, which arrived to-day irom Mnii,
will be despatched as soon as they can be made
ready. Notwithstanding reports to the con
trary. all the troopa of the expeditionary forces
will go to Honolulu, which will be made the
military base for the Philippine Islands.
Gen. Merriam received full instructions from
the departments at Washington regarding his
future movements. No despatch came, as was
reported after Gen. Merriam's departure.
directing him to hold tbe Anions st Honolulu.
He had been fully Informed of that long before
the hour of ailing, and went to Honolulu
equipped with clothing and provisions for four
The Beandia will sail on next Monday as
scheduled. Tbe only thing that ha not yet been
decided Is whether she will be held at Hono
lulu or sent direct to Manila Many of the
officers think she will leave the troops which
will go on her at Honolulu, take all the hos
pital corps and proceed to saaajtl as a hospital
The transports Australia and City of Sydney
are now coaling and will be ready to leave on
next Thursday at latest. The Seventh Call
fornla will go on these transports and as many
more from another regiment a can be accom
modated. These latest orders havo put new
spirit Into ths men.
The Council of War I Condderlag It
Tetaaa Woa't Serve oa Use Cosnmloslon.
gyaalal " nunatat to Tas Bra.
Madsid. Aug. 22. Sefior Landero is ill, snd
be will be replaced on th Cuban Commission.
Tbt Duke of Tetuen hat refused appoint
ment on the Paris Commission. The Supreme
Council of War is considering Admiral Cvrvera's
account of his defeat.
A request ha been received from the minor
Spanish officials In the Philippines that the
Government arrange for their repatriation.
They do not wish to remain under another
Tom London Tin Think Be 1 Tee Shrewd
te Attempt Sharp Practice.
SnarvoJ CabU iwsaawl to Til Bra.
LoiDOK.Aug .23. Tbe TnVM cays: "If Prime
Minister Sagasta finds it expedient for s while
to talk like a lawyer, seising teehnieaiiti and
subtle distinction, be is probably far too
shrewd to attempt to act in the same way.
"Full account of the surrender of Manila
will help to eon vino nun that the situation is
The Azrlaastder Hand aMae a Majority In
th Capo Colony Boase.
Sjsaaw) CU Auoatot I Tas Be.
Cars Tows. Aug 23. The latent election
returns promise that the Afrikander Bund will
hat a majority in the Bouse of Assembly.
This i th party to which Cecil Rhode is op
posed ss a non-progressive element and In
sympathy with president Kroger as against
Cant- H tae so to Be Aavaaood.
WaoauuTos. Aug. 22 Tbe President has
ordered that Cape Charles D. Bigabee be ad
vanced three numbers in the list of Captains in
th navy for extraordinary heroism.
TaSa thai Wattlashlaa
I Tas la nniaisi of la "nana Book Boat.''
hastes Sew loss, raw a, toot aeotor street. Buna
fiver, at saw aad 11:00 A. at.. isn.to,.tt.t.u
Th Qneea Regent end a Mintage to lb
Arniy la Cuba Asklag the BoMler to Be
Patient aad flelp Use Osletal te Cost-
elude Feaete Everything Qatet la Ha v ana.
ghwisr OmhU DupmUk to Two Br.
Ravaha. Aug. 32. Callxto Garcia, tbe Insur
gent leader who bad trouble with Gea,
shatter at Santiago and tendered hat
resignation to tbe Insurgent government,
is now at Gibara. He bo handed la
hi resignation for the second time, snd it ha
been accepted. Gen. Laque was preparing to
stuck Oibaru when tbe new of peac arrived.
A general order to the army, published h
day. say that Gen Cnrrea. Minister of War.
sent the following cable despatch from Madrid
"'The Queen and the Government hiving
been Informed of the excited feeling In this
long suffering army, count absolutely on th .
continuance of ita conspicuous military virtue
to aid the public authorities to carry out their
designs for the good of the country.'
" They will not ho sparing in showing the'r
gratitude to it. which Is expressed In general
orders to tbe army for it satisfaction.
Gen. Pan do. Chief of SUIT of the arm r. has
arrived here from Mexico. Provisions are
coming in. but are still scarce. The Infanta
Isabel baa returned. The vessel was seat to
Gibara to carry news of the peace, of wh'ch th
American vessels there had no information
There hare been no disturbance in Havana.
as was falsely announced by the New York
HrralL Tbe volunteers and army are quiet,
and perfect calm reigns in the city.
In the country districts alone are there any
troubles. In some parts there are report of
uprisings. The guerrilla chief Bermtidez is
said to have been shot at Las Villas for in
subordination. It is also asserted that BoJ
riguez has been snot by mistake.
He Had Fired nt Thou When They Failed
to Ueed Hi T sraluf.
Signal CsAIr Dttpmtdut to Too Bra.
SiTIAOO ris Ct'BA. Aug. 22 A negro sol
dier belonging to the Eighth Illinois Begi
ment of immnnes waa hot dead at San
Luis, a short distance east of Santiago, on
Friday night, where a battalion of the regiment
was sent to do guard auty soon after Its arrival
about a week a-o. The regiment was in a bad
state of discipline. The men were so very dis
orderly that the civil authorities and mer
chants of San Luis sent complaints of thelrcon
duct to the city.
The oldier who was killed was na duty as
sentinel, and he ordered several armed Cubans
who were passing hi post to halt. TbeCubana
misunderstood tbe order, and the sentinel fired
upon them. The Cubans returned the fire and
the sentinel fell dead.
Gen. Lawton. upon hoannc of the occurrence,
sent a staff officer to San Luis yesterday to in
vestigate the affair, but the officer was unable
to obtain any definite information. Accord
ingiy Gen. Shatter himself went to San Luis
to-day to look into the state of affairs there.
The ""crrodatici of oltieh ion Cunon official
and merchants complained of were the looting
of stores and stealing of poultry by the nee r
soldiers, and one case was reported of at
tempted assault on a wontan. The mllltarr
officers here are astonished that a regiment of
undisciplined negroes should have been sent
here under such circumstances.
Cubans raised the Cuban flag over tbe mu
nicipal building thi morning, but Gen. Wood
ordered it taken down. Cuban flag were a!-o
hoisted over the bouse of the San Carlo C'iub
and several stores, and these were left flying.
One merchant who had raised a Cuban flag
told Col. Hood he was afraid that the American
soldiers would stone his place. Col. Hood sent
a sentinel to protect the merchant and his be
longinga The Harvard and the Prairie sailed to-day
for Montauk Point. The Harvard carried 030
men of the Thirty-third Michiatm Reg-imeat.
Gen. Chaffee. Major Creight on Webb and Vi-e-Presldent
Jarvis of the North American Trust
Company were also on board. Mr. Jarvis had
intended to go to Havana to open a branc.'i
office of his comiany. but abandoned trm
scheme when he learned that Americans wouli
not be allowed to land there.
Clara Barton has sailed for Havana on tbe
Bed Cross steamer Clinton, with a quantity of
supplies for relief work. Eleven hundred tons
of medical and other supplies were left here for
distribution among the distressed Cubans. V
great crowd ansemiiled at the wharf to bid Miss
Barton god-by.
Tbe Prairie carried 2"j men of the Seven b
Tbe hospital steamer Eay State has arrive!
here from Boston to take home the sick of thi
Second and Ninth Maaeaehusetts. She lia "u
surgeons, six men nurwu. and six women
nurses, with a complete disinfecting BcnjsjratUS.
The steamer has ample aoeommodati -m- tor
all of the sick of the two regiments, and will
sail for Boston on Monday or Tuesday.
Ho Exported to l...,- 111, hlp When in
Kpaainrd t'nuie Out, s.vj t.ov. Plugrr-.
IHtboit. Mich.. Aug. 33. Gov Pingre. shi
is just laek from New Tork. tails of a tnli he
bad with ISesr Admiral Scnleyduring he naval
parade on raturday He sal i
"Schley tld me in a little chat we had
that be ei petted to lose h;s ship that day off
Santiago when tie the Spaniards '-miug
out of the harbor.
"'I thought I eoald hold them.' he Nasi,
'until the other boat e ' la range, and I in id
up my mind to tackle th whole lot. Got! was
with us that day.'"
A Beport That SO.OOI of Them Are to It
Shipped There on Colonists.
Cttt or Msxn o. Aug 23. 11 Is reported
here that the object of Gen Pundo'B visit 1 1
Mexi'f wrv, tOBBaboal a -iiem wamh. dob,
template-, th tnlooisstliia f a large part ,.f
the spn. mi West Indian army in lb Isthmus
of Teliuanteee The re"irt rth:it it is Bl -posed
to send 40,0(10 of th- defeated UOOJ .
there as e. .iouist-
Some of Hewer ship Mill 0j Into Dry
1m s at Hong Kung.
Axon.' MU iMpatck to TS BPB.
I.OXPOS'. Aug 22 t despatch, w the Iti
.Vu '..' Iroru Houg Kong say that several ' th
Amerii-aii warships will return from Manila t
H'.ii K :. ai.J go into dry dock, aa tircat
Britain rvL-ugnizlng tbe reestaUithmrnt of
Evidear to Know Thai Mrs. Morgan' Art
Ma Uolincratrly Planned.
Mrs. Kate Morgan. 2 years old. and her two
children. Catherine. 4 year old. and James, i
month old. were found dead in their home.
is.65 Third ovenae. at 2 o'clock this morning
lieath had beea due to asphyxiation by illum
inating gas. It was plain from the disposition
of tbe bodies that Mr Morgan had deliberate
ly planned tbe death of herself and ber children.
t iiiaiiiaiiiu asiovod by all who msi-si seat
Isrsrls Th oa perfect labs wsAu.-Alc.

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