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a THE SUN, TUESDAY, AUGUST 23, 1808.
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The true state of affairs will probably be understood the better through reading and reflecting upon the subjoined patriotically premature communication : to rent Karros or Ts Ron Sir I la II not really tha doty of Iba American people aa a nation to BrrJnglr oalabraU tha eloee of tha war be twaan tha Unltad States and Spain f If ao, what tillu war oould tha people adopt to obaarra tha ending of tha war that haa crowned our American arms wit iMaij and tha nation with clorr and naw fhhajBsa, In tha area of tha nations of tha world . by tha President of tha Unltad SUtaa setting aside two days for raoh an obaarraBoa; a Bandar for prarar In tha chnrehes throughout tha land, and a aaeoad day for petriotlo demonstrations in all parts of tha oountry t Oaoaaa It. Tut Rorraairo. sSS Hasooos BrmaaT. Bbooxxts, R. T. Rejoicing because of peace would be the most delightful act performed by the Amer ican people in many years. But the time for It Is not now. Truce, In which we are now resting, Is not peace, and until It has been actually succeeded by peace, all celebrations of peace will be lamentably out of order. Mr. Var Xostbard and the millions of thankful Americana like him must restrain their Impatience. We will tell our correspondent of a sign whereby he may know when peace Is safely her. When the Administration shall send an order to the nary to cover up Its sombre war paint with the spotless and beautiful white that It used to wear.lagaln clothing cur great marine eagles like doves, the hour for formal rsjololng will have come. Bat tha White Squadron cannot be re gtored to as while a single Spanish-American Commission continues to dispute over the affairs of the United States and Spain. Oh, tor the White Squadron t Jefferson and Expansion. It la a gross perversion of the doctrines of jRFTZBsoir to maintain that he. the father of our wise policy of territorial expansion, was resolutely opposed to the annexation of any non-contiguous possession, with the exception of Cuba. Long before he dls oussed with President Morbor the desira bility and Importance of adding Cuba to our system of States, Jefferson urged upon Jorr Adams, who was at the time Minister to the Court of St. James's, the expediency of conciliating the people of Nova Scotia with a view of attaching that territory to the colonies. In 1785, two years after sign ing the treaty of peace with England, Jef VMMOR, then Minister at the Court of Ver sailles, wrote to Mr. Adams as follows: " la it Impossible to psranada onr countrymen to make paaoa with tha Rora Beotianst I am per suaded nothlnc la wanting bnt advances on our part; and that It la In oar power to draw off tha rrastaat proportion of that aottlamant, and thus to fraa our eelvee from rlrala who max beooma of consequence. Wa ara at ptasant co-operating with Great Britain, whosa poller it Is to sirs aliment to that bitter en mity between her States and ours, which mar e eora her against their aver Joining ns." The Federal Constitution had not then been framed; the Union had not been formed; the colonies were still held to gether by the slender and elastlo bands of the old articles of confederation. But, al though we had not yet become a nation in any sense of the term, the acquisition of territory, no matter through what Instru mentalities, whether war or peace, was recognized by Jrffxrsor as a fundamental principle of our policy. Tha ground on which Jbtfrbsor, In his far-seeing wisdom, advocated this Initial atop In the acquisition of territory is of supreme significance to-day. Jefferson's animating Idea was to extend and safe guard oar trade, to crush out by territorial absorption, complete and absolute, possible r probable commercial competition. Could hs than have succeeded In obtaining Nova Scotia from England, or, years later, In win ning Cuba from Spain, he would readily have evolved a system for their just gov ernment and perpetual retention. Thomas Jetfeeson never pulled down the flag. Russia and England In Persia. ' The rivalry between England and Russia In thwarting each other's projects of vari ous kinds In Asia has found an opportunity i In Persia. The Persian Government, so it Is said, discovered that It required the sum of about 86,250,000 for a certain object. It was suggested that the money could be ob tained without difficulty from a group of British banks, if only the Custom Houses of Southern Persia were placed In the hands of their agents. To this the Persians consented ; the loan was underwritten In i London and nothing was needed except the formal signature of the Government to the contract. Somehow or other, not explained, the Russian Government got wind of tha affair, and forthwith in structed its representative at Teheran to Immediately and peremptorily forbid the Persian Government to proceed with the operation. Not wishing, however, to ob struct the accomplishment of the object for whioh the money was alleged to be wanted, the Russian Minister offered on behalf of his Government to advanoe a larger amount on the security of the whole of the Persian customs revenues. The Persian Government now found it self like the asa between two bundles of hay, and up to the present moment has not decided which It prefers. It Is said that It will probably reject the offers of both Its friends in the absence of energetic support from the British Government, which ap proved and assisted In the first negotia tions. Looked at without prejudice, this affair Is seen to be palpably a game with Persia as tha stake; the chief Interest of It lies in the text move. If the British Government gives the energetic support necessary to secure the contract for the British lenders, and takes over vicariously the Custom Bouses of the coast of Persia, the next news would probably be that the Cossacks at Nakbltchevan in tho Caucasus had marched for Tabriz and that Russian troops had embarked at Baku or Fetrovsk on the Caspian for Resht to hold the road to Tehe ran. Other movements of troops would luobehlr ha made from Baxakhaou the Heri- i Rod toward Meshed on the northeast, and from other points on the TreneXJasplan railway between Askabad and Merv. and Askabad would be occupied In order to command the roads leading from Teheran to the eastward in the direction of Meshed and Herat in Afghanistan. At Tabria the Russians would cut off the whols of the caravan trade that now finds Its way to the seaooast at Treblsond by way of Erseroum, and divert It through the Caucasus to Potl or Batoum. This would strike a fatal blow at the trade of Treblsond, and the revenue, whioh Is considerable, derived by the Turk ish Government from the customs duties of thst port would dry up ss if by magic. It Is not likely that, unless the British Government actively pushes the matter, the Russian Government will take any further steps, but the prospect created by this Per sian loan question Is an exceptionally Inter esting one, it being an important move In the dlplomatlo game now played In that part of Asia. It may bo made the basla of a casus belli or of an amicable partition of Persia Into spheres of Interest, influence, or occupation the latter not the least likely. The chief difficulty would be in what way and where Russia should have free access to the sea. Our Future Navy. For the first time slnoe the new steel fleet was begun we have the experience of actual war to guide us In Its enlargement. Such modifications, therefore, as we shall make in our programme will be those suggested by our contest with Spain and by the results of that contest In enlarging our domains. To begin with, we shall hereafter give our battleships higher speed, greater coal en durance and a larger ratio of plated surface Of the value of battleships there can bo no doubt At Santiago our vessels of that oloss had only armored cruisers to contend with, but In another war they may have to light ships of their own type. We must add at least three knots to their'speed, and Instead of the fifteen or sixteen knots hitherto con tracted for must demand eighteen or nine teen. Another suggestion, arising from the great damage which can be done by shells, la that. Instead of confining armor to what are called vital parts, plates thick enough to keep out the fire of small rapid-fire guns should extend throughout the ships. Cer tain parte of a battleship can, indeed, be shot away without destroying her power to keep afloat and use her guns, but great loss of life may follow from exploding sheila In those parts. The need of a good steaming radius has been emphasized by the war, notably by what was demanded of the Oregon, In her long run, and good bunker capacity will be among the leading features of our future battleships. Slnoe for high speed and great radius of action more space Is required for machinery and coal. It follows that our bat tleships hereafter will be larger than those hitherto built. Fortunately, the superior hardness of the latest armor will furnish adequate protection from ..plates less thick than the old ones. We now have the battleships Iowa, In diana, Oregon, Massachusetts, and Texas ; building and perhaps to be ready by or be fore the end of next year, the Eearsarge, Kentucky, II linois, Alabama, and Wisconsin ; authorized but not laid down, the Maine, Missouri, and Ohio. As soon as possible this force of thirteen battleships should be made twenty, and not before thirty are supplied can our war establishment be called satis factory In this type. In no particular have the teachings of the war been more striking than In their dem onstration of the value of armored cruisers. Our only examples of this type now are the New York and Brooklyn ; but their services during the late war were most valuable. The very apprehension caused by Oebvkra's fleet Is a proof of tho value of armored cruis ers, and It Is worth noting that the destruc tion of that fleet did not alter our opinion re garding the type of vessels. If we can save i the Infanta Maria Teresa and Cristobal i Colon, we shall still have only four thus classed, and we ought to have at least twelve. Russia from the first has shown her high appreciation of armored cruisers and pos sesses fine specimens of the type. Of protected cruisers we can hardly speak too highly, considering that Dewey's great victory at Manila was chiefly won by them. Yet we cannot be said to need more of them now. Strong in this class before the war, we added two of the finest of them, the New Orleans and the Albany, and some of our auxiliary vessels, If retained, will also swell the list. Besides, the new armored cruisers would be faster than most of the protected cruisers. The monitors did well by ns in the war, and the Monterey and Monadnook, although intended only for coast defence, crossed the Pacific. Still, with the six double-turrets now in commission, the twelve single-turrets whioh have been repaired and made serviceable, and the three war monitors ordered at the last session of Congress, we shall have all of this type of vessels Im mediately needed. We Incline to think, also, that when the twenty-eight torpedo boats and destroyers, for whioh bids are to be opened to-day, are put under contract, we shall fool reason ably equipped In that class. We shall then have surpassed our original torpedo-boat programme, and the events of the recent war have rather tended to di minish the prestige of these craft They have a sphere of great usefulness of their own ; but In making further additions to our torpedo flotilla we shall probably never feel the need again of adding twenty-eight at a single stroke We shall doubtless take care to keep our selves supplied with repair ships like the Vulcan, hospital ships like the Solace, transports and colliers. It will not be sur prising to find that the war haa evolved some new types of vessel, and armored mortar boats for harbors, which will carry the line of defence, by heavy mortars, out beyond the range of shore forts, have al ready been suggested. In the construction of all our new vessels we shall undoubtedly use as little wood work as possiblo, and make that little fireproof ; carry all fire mains below the protective deck ; not give torpedo tubes to ships of tho line, or, if suoh tubes aro carried, make them of the under-water type; increase the proportion of rapid fire guns In tho battery, and give rapid fire mounts to guns of turgor calibres than now; use smokeless powder only; finally, extend tho area of armor even at some sacrifice of thickness. On the part of some officers there will be a strong effort to have our future ships sheathed, especially considering the service to be required in tropical waters, consequent upon our annex -; attons In the Antilles and the Philippines. The less frequent need of docking and clean ing required by sheathed ships will be brought forward to support this view. Tho people have applauded the services rendered by the navy In the late war, but our duty dosa not end there. We tnuat- make that nary stronger, so that It may do Itself and us equal credit when opposed to a foe less feeble than Spain. The Quarrel Orer the City Bonds. The quarrel over the 813,700,000 Issue of city bonds, for which bids were opened two weeks ago, was further complicated, yesterday, by the Intervention of a new party to the proceedings. The Comptroller awarded the bonds to holders who offered unconditionally 104.94 for the " whole or none" of them, disregarding a similar bid of 105.08, "subject to the approval of the legality of the Issues by our counsel," and disregarding, also, bids at a higher price for small lots of the bonds not amounting In the aggregate to 812,700,000. The bid ders for the "whole or none" at 105.09. conditioned upon the approval of their counsel, have begun suite to have their bid accepted In preference to that of their un conditional competitors at 104.94, and, now, bidders for 8500,000 at 107.8 and 8600,000 at 107.50 have likewise asked the courts to declare their bids valid. The value of tho prize for which the two "whole or none" bidders are contending, may be estimated from the fact that a smaller bidder demands 8500,000 of tho bonds at 1 07. 66. The whole issue Is, (here fore, worth not less than 2.5 per oent, or about 8800,000, more than the highest "whole or none" bidder has offered for It, and that sum oould be gained by the city if the Comptroller had authority to reject all bids under 107.56, and readvertlse the re mainder of the issue not token at this price. It is not certain, however, that the Comp troller has this authority. Section 182 of the new city charter, prescribing the mode of Issuing city bonds, says that "he shall award the same to tho highest bidder or bidders therefor not under par." The bid for the "wholo or none" at even 104.04 Is for a larger amount than tho aggregate of the smaller bids, some of which were as high as 109, butwhethor such of those smaller bids as exceeded In rate 105.03 are " higher" than the bids for the "whole or none," is left by the charter undetermined, and so Is the Comptroller's right to reject bids In his dis cretion. Formerly, he could, with tho ap proval of the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund, " determine what, If any part, of said proposals shall be accepted," but this power the now charter withholds. The whole matter will undoubtedly ulti mately come before the Court of Appeals, and. In any event, the provisions of the unarter regulating city Dona, saies win have to be amended to prevent controver sies over future issues. " Jerry and the Buckskin Pony. This Is to be a great week for Medicine Lodge and consequently for the rest of the universe. The Hon. Jerry Simpson begins his campaign for reelection to Congress from the Seventh Kansas district. Jerry has promised that he " will never again be a candidate," if he Is elected this time. The Hon. Chester Lono is the Republican candidate, as he was two years ago, and Jerry "will never be satisfied until ho takes another fall out of him." Jerry's friends explain that he pines for private life, but that there Is "an Intense rivalry" between him and Mr. Lono. It seems a little unjust to represent that the latter is responsible for Jerry's resolution not to deprive the country of his services. Surely Jerry cannot be tired of holding up the torch of Populism in the Capitol. Accord ing to his admirers he held the noses of the plutocrats to the grindstone and brought on the war. Such a man must feel that he cannot be spared, and there needs no rival to Induce him to remain In the field. Who will pulverize the Money Power when Jerry leaves Congress ? It is Jerry'b duty to be reelected, and he knows It It Is the duty of the district to reelect him, and he knows It This week he Is going to begin the work of making the district know it Jerry has the aid of an old friend this year. The Hon. Georoe Lawrence of Medicine Lodge has a buckskin pony and a buckboard. During Jerry's first term he came home from Congress unexpectedly. No delegation or brass band met him. Mr. Lawrence, then a Populist, asked the Sock less Socrates to ride uptown with him. Jerry liked the buckskin pony's action so much that for several years that fortunate animal pulled him and the buckboard and Mr. Lawrence from the station whenever Jerry came marching home from his in tellectual conquests at Washington. Then Mr. Long was elected to Congress, and Mr. La wrench became a Republican, and the buckskin pony became a Long pony and tugged at the buckboard with Lono and Lawrence therein as faithfully, if not so proudly, as It had drawn Law rence and Simpson. Now the versatile owner of the buckskin pony haa turned Populist again, and the buckskin Is a Populist pony and has re ceived an imperious mandate to cart Jerry along tho teeming boulevards of Medicine Lodge. This week Mr. Lawrence Is going to hitch up tho buokskin and drive Jerry "ten times up and down the main streets of Medicine Lodge in day light." Warmed by tho drive and touched by his reunion with these old friends, Jerry will make a speech at which the Money Changers will rattle their teeth and not their change, and the Octopus will lose his feetlng, so to speak. As the buckskin "will have sleigh bells around his neck, and the buckboard will be cleaned up and decorated with the national colors," there will be a hot time in the old town this week. Mr. Simpson, as we are glad to learn from the Topoka correspond ent of the Kan Nan City Time, "has en tered Into the spirit of the affair, and will moke It a memorable event In Barber county." We congratulate the buokskin pony and we congratulate Jerry. There am few things more affecting than Is the reconcilia tion of brethren estranged. At the same time Jerry, who is used to mounting rubber-tired steeds, should beware of the vi vacity of the buckskin, exalted by joy and the sleigh bells. And why sleigh bells ? Is Jerry destined to be snowed under ? Accident to a California Contraetlonist. The Hon. Stephen Maliaiky Wuitr, a Senator In Congress from California, was ono of the bitterest and narrowest op ponents of the annexation of Hawaii. See how the Democrats of California gave, by an Implication amounting to a kick, their opinion of the contracted views of this narrow-gauge statesman and his brethren In pettiness : "While wa do not favor aa aggressive poUor of territorial expansion, tee are epeeaid la (Aa lurrtndtr le Spat e uey Uu Unitary (AM has tun mcquind by Anur (eon valor mmdtkt fsptsdilwa s IA4 bleed and trtmlurt 9 our peesjis." White's Americanism was not big enough to take In little Hawaii. The American ism of the California Demooretlo platform takes i in the Philippines. Seldom has a states man suffered a more magnificent lack of approval In the house of his friends. The perplexity that overcame the Ass of Bvrioan Is repeated In the ease of a Pennsyl vania statesman. The Bon. Jos SrsLVT, who would be a plutocrat were hs not a Bryaolte. and therefore entitled to be rich without re proach, la urged by the Democrat of two Con gress districts to become their candidate for Representative In Congress. Two districts fight for him. Which heart shall he break? It Is comforting to refleot thst the Ass of BuitrDAK was only an ass. whereas ths Hon. Jos 8ibi.it Is a statesman. . The Populists of Butler county, Kan., omitted from their platform this year the cus tomary Are-breathing resolution against banks and bankers. The A'ansoi City Journal tries to account for the omission on the ground that " the temporary Chairman of the county con vention was a banker, elected after the con vention had been called to order by another banker, and still another banker was elected permanent Chairman. The Pop Senator from Butler county Is a national banker." But why should the platform be pruned because tho con vention wan rich in bankers ? The Populists of Kansas have money to lend and coupons to cut but they have also their professional reputation tomalntsin. No matter bow many banks they may own, they must not give up the habit of making faces at banks; and no matter how much money they may have at Interest they must not fall to throw resolutions at the money changers and usurious sharks. There Is a formal Populist style of resolutions, and Popu list plutocrats are expected to use it: but It Is a very uncomfortable style for summer. The annual oampmeetlng of the Universal Peace Union will begin to-morrow at M ratio. Ths Hon. Amir H. Lova of Philadelphia, who tried to carry on s correspondence with the Queen Begent of Spain, will be In charge. No doubt Mr. Love Is a whole campmeetlng in himself, and as wise an orator as he is a letter writer, but enthusiasts of his description easily cause a large weariness In the public mind. Mr. Love would be much more useful if he would lot universal peace alone and give his attention for the rest of the season to seaside scenery and clams. Mr. Clinton N. Howard of Rochester, President of the Prohibition Union of Christian Hen, exhibited some peculiar opinions In a lecture which he delivered in Baltimore Sun day. " The hour," he said, " demands a states man with the genius of Washington, Hamil ton and JirriRSON. It finds our national Senate a sanatorium of nincompoops and windbags." Mr. Howard communicated the Information that " the great ol ties of America are ruled by the most colossal gang of brig ands that ever existed." In short he talked after the manner of reformers. He declared that "America needed reforming from the national capital down." The gentle, discreet and moderate language of this reformer must recommend him to the rest of the reform brethren. EXPANSION. Territory and Trade Will Grow Together. To thi Eorroa or Ths Son Sir: Admiral Dewey was not only the first In the war, but was also the last And now the taking of the city of Manila after peace was declared meas urably relieves the Peace Commission of a great deal of labor touching "what disposition shall be made of the Philippines." The shed ding of American blood and the saorlflos of American lives in the taking of the city, to gether with the hoisting of the Stars and Stripes over that olty. settles one question, and that Is the island of Luzon at least must become a province of the United States. It looks as though the extension of American trade and commerce would be ths next great purpose of the people of this country, and that lnslda of ten or fifteen years the United States ought to be competing successfully In all the marts of Burope. as woll as In the Orient and South America, for the Introduction of the products of the American loom and factory. The people of the New England States. New York. Now Jersoy, Pennsylvania and elsewhere, will find themselves at a great disadvantage In trading with the Orient and the Paolflo coun tries, because of the enormous detour of 11.0(H) miles around South Ainortoa. Hence the neces sity of the completion of the Nloaraguan Canal Is inevitable; that the Stars and Stripes must float at either entrance of this canal can no longer be questioned. Politically speaking, the issues growing out of this war are so stupendous and far-reaching that there will be a call made for the most emi nent men In America to represent the States and districts In Congress. The political Issues between the parties will grow out of these new questions arising out of these new conditions. A larger army and navy will follow neces sarily. We entered the war a third-rate power; we came out of it a first-rate powor. We entered the war suffering from the snoors and derision of all the nations of Europe ex cept England, and our navy waa considered worthless, we came out of the war enjoying the profound respeot of all the peoples of the world. It has been the shortest war In point of duration since the discovery of gunpowder, and the results growing out of it to us have been stupendous. If the people of the country after the late civil war desired a place to which to move from the densely populated districts of the Eastern and Middlo States they had a plaoe to go Kan sas, Nebraska and the Dakotos: again. Okla homa was opened up; an avalanche of human beings rushed to fill up that territory : again, last year, on the learning of the gold fields of Alaska, a great rush was made to that region, these places now ail being filled, ao that now there will be a like rush of American capital, dash and energy to all these Islands recently acquired, all of which will simplify the gov ernment and control of them, and enhance the chances and opportunities for the extension of American trade abroad. The battle cry In the future will be " Expan sion of Trade, Extension of Commerce." This will multiply our manufacturing interests, and that step will give employment to double and treble the number of artisans and workmen In our factories. We ara certainly now entering upon an ago of unprecedented and permanent prosperity. Let it come. C. M. Anuihsom. iiiEfcNvii.i.z. 0., Aug. 20. Joined, Not Separated. From lAa Ckicagt Journal. The Hmall American argument that ths Philippines ara asperated from ths United States by tha Paolflo ocean la untenable. The lalands are joined to na by tha Jraelso, not separated from ua by it. The ooean la a waterway. It la a canal without banks, through whioh ateamars can sail, and it can be provided at suitable dlstahoea with American aupplr and repair ahopa. Tha America Cup Challenge. Ym lAa London Yachting World. Intereatin yaouUng oirclee at tha present moment Is centred lu Sir Thomas Liptou's challenge for tha America Cup, which haa been backed by the Royal Ulster Yacht Club. Oplnlona are divided ss to tha wtadoin of tha challenge, but thla was only what might have been expected when one takes into oon aiderarlou the Duuraven fiasco. On the Solent some prominent yachtsmen think that the lateet chal lenger for ths cap ought to have consulted Lord Dnnraveu before conitultung himself to a definite cartel, whilo there la also a feeling that raolng for the cup ought to have finished with the last of tha Valky rte-Dcfeiidcr matohaa. On tha other band, tha leading yachtainen on tha Clyde and In Ireland ara waxing enthuaiasUo over the proposed matchaa. sad the eangulue Celtic temperament Is oonsidsrablr ex cited at the prospect of the cap at last finding a rest ing place on this side of ths AtlanUo. lien, Ola, tha Flag, and the Philippines. To TKS EniTOB or TSB nvn-Sir: " Remember Use alalna" haa done Its work. Why sot revive ths wotda of John A Dlx whioh were said at the begin ning of the rebellion f As 1 remember them, they were: " If any man attempts to haul down the Auier loau Hag. about htm on tee spot." Tais will apply to thsPhlllppluea. I N. B. Raw lUvaa. Aug. 10. Asturwan Bentel. To tss Rcuua or Tus Bos Sir.- Tha "queried" man la your Hat of the Aator Battery wounded la Ueorge Kdwtn Rental, Lafayette College. 'T, Colum bia Law, lwoo: la a reeideut of this city and a ma sa ber of tie Delta Kappa BpaUva Club. fields 0. BsssvesaeSv .1 I - TATIIBll rOWATIVM A TMMHT. Ordained to tha "Old Cattiolle Chwrah" at His Monastery In Wales. KrLWAVRis, Wis., Aug. 21. -After laboring for nearly forty years as a deacon of the Epis copal Church, the Bev. Lester Lyne, popularly known as ths Rev. Father Ignatius, has been ordained to the priesthood by Archbishop Mar Tlmotheos of the Patriarchate of Antiooh. His Grace, robbed of his ecclesiastical title. Is Rend Tllatte of Green Bay. Wis.. Archbishop of the Old Catholic Church In America, and formerly a priost In ths Fond du Lao diocese of the Episcopal Church of Wisconsin. The ordina tion of Father Ignatius will be of Interest to the clergymen and churchman of the Episcopal Church of this country, especially when It be comes known that the priest's orders were conferred by Rend Vllstte, who. up to the present time, wns supposed to be somewhere near Green Bay. The ordination took place at St. David's Abbey, the monastery established by Father Ignatius st Llanthony. Brooonshlre. Wales. When Dr. Vllstte disposed of his church st Green Bay he disappeared, and his where abouts has not been known until the present time One of his priests at Green Bay. It now develops, has been engaged for some time as a travelling agent for a Milwaukee buslnoss house. It would seem as If Dr. Vllatte was . now about to establish a branch of the Old Catholio Church in England. The fact of the ordination of Father Ignatius Is contained in a long statement sent out by the monks of St David and a copy has reached Canon St George of All Saints' Oathodral of this city. After setting forth ths struggles of ths order and the alleged persecution of Father Igna tius ths statement tells of the appearance of Dr. Vllstte In the following words: " Quite unexpectedly, early this month we received a telegram from, to us. a perfect stranger, offering to visit us, and a London vicar wrote advising us to accept his visit as ' it might be useful to us.' The telegram was signed Mar Tlmotheos. The vicar in ques tion wrote explaining who Mar Tlmotheos wag. We sent him an Invitation to come 'in the name of our Lord. Jesus Christ' On seeing his most interesting Syriao documents, with their authorized English translation, with the seals and signatures of the ecclesiastical and civil authorities concerned, we found that Mar Tlmotheos had been appointed by the Syrian Patriarch of Ant loch ' Archbishop and Metro politan for the Old Catholics of America, for all those who desired Catholio faith and privileges in America, but who were not able to aocept Roman claims and doctrines, and also reject the multitudinous divisions of Protestant ism.' " Ths document then proceeds to speak of the "solemn and blessed commission" conse crating Joseph Rene Vllatte to the Metropoli tan dignity. Father Ignatius was absent at the time, addressing tho national Eisteddfod of Wales, but upon his return he explained his position to Archbishop Vllatte. who " listened and sympathized. He also deolsred his long affection and esteem for our reverend father, on account of his battles for the divine truth in America and England against the daring infi delity of such men in the Church as Heber Newton of New York and Freemantle. the present Dean of Ripon." After Archbishop Vtlatte's arrival there was a week of continuous prayer and rejoicing. One of the conditions asserted by Father Ignatius before ordination was that "he could not follow the Old Catholics In their rancor against the Church of Rome. 'The Church at Rome was a bulwark of orthodoxy and Bible defence and contained countless saints of God,' he said. Notwithstanding, Dr. Vllatte ac cepted the condition and arrangements were made for the ordination. One of the other monks of the order was put through the five minor orders one day and ordained to the di aconate the next day. As Father Ignatius's dlaconate was fully acknowledged, he was or dained with the other monk on the following day. The documents set forth that the Latin rite was used, and to us it did not seem half so satisfactory as our own prayer book rite. The word priest was not even used, and at the lay ing on of hands not a word was said. However, the validity of the rite is questioned by no one, and wa are, of course, satisfied. " There Is a possibility that the Old Catholio movement may extend to England, which had known nothing of it until the advent of Father Vllatte. The documents hint at this In the fol lowing: " There may be further development of the Idesof an Old Catholic Church movement for England before long, of a refuge from the ab solute rationalism now prevalent and, worse still, allowed by all the Bishops in the Church of England, which is rendered necessary and which the wrungllngs of Christless Protestants are helping on." The circular declares emphatically that the priesthood received by the monks is only to be used in and for the monastery, and the admin istration of communion is never to be attempt ed outside the monastery walls. This is in ac cordance with a condition Imposed by Arch bishop Vllatte. The document. In concluding, purports to give some of the particulars con cerning Archbishop Vllatte ana his relations with Bishop Urafton of Fond du Lac. this State, when Vllatte was a member of the Fond du Lac diocese. RCnd Vllatte came to the Fond du Loo diocese from Canada and received minor orders from Bishop Brown, the predecessor of Bishop Graf ton of Fond d u Lao. He was assigned to work among tho Belgians at Duval, near Green Bay. at his own special request, but shortly after the coming of Bishop Grafton, engaged In a con troversy which ended by the Bishop excluding him from the church. After a varied experience he was consecrated at Goa in 18:12. In addition to the churches at Duval and Green Bay. Arch bishop Vllatt3 fora whilo hndjuriKdIctionoft.hu South Milwaukee Polish Church and the first trouble began in that parish under his admin istration, caused to some extent by the failure ofthepriest,it is stated, to Imake recompense for the ordination privileges as required. It was after tho trouble between the priest and the Archbishop that Archbishop Kozlowskl of Chicago, who has been recently subjected to the decree of major excommunication by the Church of Rome, took charge of the parish, whioh is now under the jurisdiction of Arch bishop Katzer. riKK creek in am nob. Rot Bo Rich aa Reported, bat Still a Great Gold Camp. Vancouver, Aug. ''''. (.'apt. Crane, the last man to arrive from Pine Creek, the latest gold strike, says: "Although they are the richest diggings out side the Klondike In America, the reports are exaggerated. The whole creek Is now staked, and Surprise Lake, apparently as rich, which Is above Pine Creek. Is being rapidly taken up. One man named Duval Is cleaning up $8 to tho pan. Although Pine Creek gold Is very fine and starts at the gross. It will not run over from 10 to 50 cents to the pan. At this rate a man and his partner can make $25 a day." The officials decided when Cant. Crane was there that fourteen miles of the diggings were in British Columbia, so all 250-foot claims wero induced to 100, and there was u big scramble for the released claims. There will be no roy alty and no reservation of every tenth claim. ('apt. Crane assorts that the Amerioans are In dignant because the Cunadlan mounted police sent to the scene to keep order gobblod up nearly all tho best claims. BTAKVISO ON THK STIKINK. Terrible Experience of a Father and Son While Looking For Gold. Vancouvsb. B. O, Aug. 22. Among the half starved prospectors on the Stlklne River who hailed the steamer Monte Cristo, anxious to be taken aboard, were two Seattle cltizena, father and son, Jurgensen by name. They had to be lifted on board. Thoy had been prospecting on a tributary of the Stikine. Their boat was up set and they lost everything. Sixteen days they wandered In the mountains with f 1.000 lu their belts and nothing to eat. Three days they ate nothing, and then were driven to eat the bark of trees and grass. After the first week they devoured beetles and toads found In the swamps. They had decided to lie down and die when they wore attacked by wolves. The horror of suoh a death spurred thurq on till they reached the river and signalled tho steamer. VNIO.V JACK AMD OLD GLORY. The Wind Entwines Them, and It Is Con sidered a Fropheoy of the Future. The Sturs snd Stripes snd the British flog hanging sldu by side from the fourth -story window of the Postal Telegraph building, at Broadway and Murray struot, attracted attuu tlou from thousands yesterday. The flogs reached to the top of the inalu street entrance. At one time the breeze caught both Hags, and for a few mluuUis they were entwined together closely, which caused an old uiun In a cable oar to remark to the paaaenger next to "fliat'e getting oloss enough together. Isn't It T fll probably never live to seejt nut those t wo sVxgs and the two countries will be just aa oJossly uultsKl sou future tar." ZM BVDOKT, $1JfSljm0t. Addition Mads at the Last Stomam Mayor Pilches Into the Asphalt Pavtag Concerns. At yesterday's meeting of the Board of Esti mate the budget for the present year was closed, with the exception of an approprlstlon for clearing the site for the new public library In Bryant Park. Thlsmstter was laid over until the next meeting. The gross totsl of the budget for all the boroughs of tho olty Is $77,551,222.07. of which $61,443,043.08 was appropriated by the old Board of Estimate for Manhattan and the Bronx. From the gross budget there Is to be deducted the general fund of unexpended balances, amounting to $5.04(f.notM4. which makes ths net budget $72,510,821.03. The amount of money to be raised by taxes this yesr was fixed prior to consolidation by the Boards of Estimate of the various municipalities taken inte'Oreater New York." The total of the amounts so fixed was about $VI,O00.o00. and the difference lie tween that sum and the total of the not budget will be met by revenue bonds. The amount of these revenue bonds will bo inserted in the tax levy of 10. Tho following appropriations were made be fore the budget was closed: $HK),lXX) for an addition to tho Kings County Hospital. $18, 000 for repairing the plaza at Fifty-ninth street and Fifth avenuo. $II.23.'i for a new green house in Central Park, $4,000 for new street maps In Brooklyn, Queens and Richmond. $20,000 for the removal of dead animals In Queens and Richmond, and $0,800 for repairs to public buildings on Staten Island. Tha sum of $51,000 was also appropriated for re- laving Sixth avenue from Thirteenth street o Twenty-third street with asphalt and $22, (HK) was allowed for repairs on the 155th street viaduct. The Mayor's wrath was aroused by & request from Commissioner Keating of the ighways Department for $14,000 more for the laying of bicycle tracks of asphalt to con nect the Thirty-fourth and Nlnety-seoond street ferries with the macadam roads of Long Island. The original appropriation was $22. 000. but Commissioner Keating said that the lowest bid he got for the work was $30,000. "You may tell these asphalt companies that we are going to break up their combination, even If the olty has to go into the pavement business itself." said tho Mayor. We will spend a million dollnrs on the plant If It Is nec essary. It Is ridiculous thBt this city should have to pay 40 to 60 per cent, more for Its as phalt pavements than other places pay. The increase asked for will not be allowed." The request was referred to the Comptroller. HK1HKST BIDDERS EOR CITY BONDS. Demand a Million They Bid For and Hold l"p the Syndicate Award. Zlmmermann A Forshay obtained yesterday from Justice McAdam In the Supreme Court an order, returnable on Thursday, to show cause why a mandamus should not be issued directing the Comptroller to deliver to them $500,000 of Metropolitan Museum of Art bonds and $500,000 of East River Bridge bonds which were recently offered for sale with a large number of other city bonds. The plaintiffs bid 107.30 for Metropolitan Muse um bonds and 107.50 for East River Bridge bonds, and deposited with the Comptroller a certified check for 2 per oent of: the par value of the bonds In eomnllnnCA with the terms of sale. They state that while their bid waa the highest It was rejected and their cheek returned, while the bid of the New York Produce Exchange Trust Company of 104.04 was accented. Leopold Zlmmermann, In an affidavit, states that the individual bids for small parcels and allotments of stock which were offered for sale aggregated $0,405,000 out of an entire Issue of $12,088,002. The Individual bids averaged $107.55, and had they been accepted by the Comptroller tho amount realized would have been $10,170,105.60, leaving a balanoe of $3,223,092 of the stook undisposed of. Had this residue been sold at the bid made by the trust oompany, 104.04, It would have realised r 3.383,257.20 additional, making a total of 13.502.452.70, whereas upon the sole of the bonds to the trust company under the award made by the Comptroller the sum realized will be only $13,315,828.20. showing an absolute loss to the city of $240,024.60. The contention raised is that if the Comptroller U permitted to make the sale aa Is contemplated by him It will establish a bod precedent and result In great loss to the city, because the award made by him Is to a syndicate at almost three per cent, less than the bids mode by individuals, and that the olty's Interests will be better served by awarding to the highest Individual bidders so substantial a portion of the bonds as their bids covered. WEST POINTERS IN 8BAM BATTLE. On Their Annual Practice Maroh They Step Over Might In Camp Townsend. Camp Towksend. Pkeesxiu N. Y.. Aug. 23. A battalion of West Point cadets arrived here this morning after a ten-mile march'f rom Gar risons. They are on their annual practice maroh. In the rear of the battalion of four companies, a total of 225 cadets, there was an ambulance and three army wagons, containing a blanket of rubber and two other blankets for each man, a shelter tent for every two men, and a half dozen wall tents for the offi cers. The officers who came with the cadets are Copt Charles B. Hall, Nineteenth Infantry; Lieut. George Blakely, Second Artillery ; Lieut S. F. Faison. First Infantry : Lieut G. I. Llnd sey. Ninth Cavalry, and Surgeon Duval. At noon Lieut. Granlnger Adams rode Into camp. Camp Townsend Is familiar to him, as he was detailed here for three weeks lost May, when the Eighth, Ninth, and Twelfth Regiments were recruiting. He was Quartermaster at that time. A shorn battle was fought by the cadets at 5 o'clock, and for half an hour the hills around the camp echoed tho roll of musketry as volley after volley from the Krax-Jorgensens wos fired. The first company of cadets, in charge of Lieut. Blakely, went over to the northwest portion of tho camp, and there quickly threw up on lut renehmcui. This was done with the new implements, a product of the German Army. West Point is the only army post in the United States that has these new imple ments, and they were used to-day for the first time. The equipments consist of spades and nicks, four spudes to every pick. The spade has a handle eighteen inches long, and one edge of tho steel spado forms a well-sharpened sow. The handle of the pick is portable, and can be quickly taken off or put on. Both tools are held in skeleton leather holders and sus pended from the field belts worn by the cadets. After the first company was safely in trenched the three other companies formed on the east parade ground. Soon a few stray shoU were heard from pickets who hod been sent out. Then two companies under Lieut. Faison advanced toward the intrenchment 800 yards away. Another company, in command of Lieut. Lindsey, mode u detour through the woods to out Hank the enemy. The two com panies advanced over the open plateau by fifty-yard runs, dropping at intervals to the ground and firing by companies and squads. There were volley fires and Individual firing. Smokeless powder was used. The men In the trenches returned a heavy fire und were holding their own until Lieut. Llndsoy's troops appeared through the woods at the left flank. As they advanced, firing on they ran. the two oompanias in front made u charge and drove the first company inglo riously to the rear, Tho three victorious com punics look iHisbcssioii and planted tho colors on their newly conquered ground. The battle was witnessed by many Peekskill people. After the battle there was guard mount. The cadets then marched to mess. Tattoo was sounded at 8:30 and taps at 0. when 225 tired and fotlgued cadets crawled In their lit tle shelter tents, llovellle will be sounded at 5 o'clock to-morrow morning. Breakfast will be served a half hour later, und at M :30 o'clock the battalion will commence tho march bock to Garrisons. About ten miles out of Peekskill another si, urn battle will be fought to-morrow morning MAYOR QtTINCY'S ICE WATER. Protests In Boston Against His Flan for the Belief of the Thirsty. Boston. Aug. 22. By placing ice-water foun tains about the city Mayor Qulucy and Water Commissioner Murphy hove got themselves Into high disfavor with hold proprietors, liquor dealers and dispensers of soft drinks. Tho first set attack on the general plan for the free re lief of the thirsty comes in the form of a protest signed by the manngors of the Revere House and all the drug stores In the vicinity of Uow doln Square against the proposed Ice-water fountain in front of thu Revere Housu. There has also been a vigorous complaint from drug stores in City Square and other pails of tho city. It Is said by the complainants that their trade has been very materially interfered with by the fountains, and the philanthropic plans of the Mayor In regard to free ice water for everybody will probably huvo to lie modified. J VST BAY, KEEP THEM. Massachusetts Befuruiers Asked to Write to I he President About the Philippines. Bostom. Aug. 21. The Secretary of the Mas sachusetts Reform Club seut out this stternoon circular letters to all members, urging each to writes personal letter immediately to President HoKinley expressing his views. upon the Ques tion of the retention of ths Philippines. The subject will probably be oonalderod by the club si a special meeting early la flept unbar. Kmvrr riATm to mm tested. If aeeossfnl We May Conatrnet Nineteen- a '?i Knot Battleships. Wasmkotow. Aug. 22. Commodore O'Neill of tho Ordnance Bureau, Navy Department is awaiting with much Interest the arrival at In dian Head of a 10-lneh armor plate, treated with the Krupp process, which will be I1 tested there as soon as received and set up. Upon the showing made by ths plats will depend. In large measure the, so tlon of the Board of Bureau Chiefs re garding Commodore O'Neill's plan for the building of nlneteen-knot battleships with a displacement of 1.500 tons. The results of ths test of the 0-Inch plate several weeks ago were so satisfactory that the Commodore was satis fied a battleship could be built carrying an armor belt snd barbette plates of the maxi mum thickness of 10 Inches, which would be as effective In her defensive qualities as those now protected by 18-Inch plates. Tho saving of weight thus secured would permit the In stallation of machinery and boilers of suffi cient eapnclty to drive the vessels nineteen k trite an hour and leave room enough to carry co.il In sufficient quantities to maintain the steaming radius of thu present fourteen ana sixteen knot vessels. "Tho difference botween the Krupp and Harvey processes." said Commodore O'Neill to a Sow reporter, "so far as practical results go. seems to lie one of depth only. The Har vsytasd plates are hardened for an Inch or two only, and then the process loses Its force or ef fect and the great bulk of the nlnte remains unchanged, merely so much high-grade steel. The Krupp process, on the other hand, goes clean through the plate, or can be made to do so, affecting the whole bulk and bringing It all up to the resisting strength of tho surface It Is just as dlfiloult for the projectile to go through any part of the plate as It Is to pens- trate the surface. The power of resistance shown by ths six-Inch plate tested several weeks ago demonstrated that the enormously heavy plates made under the old process are no longer necessary for tho defenoe of a vessel against the shells of the present high-power armament and I think the thinner Krupp plates may be safely substituted, at least un til something more forceful and destructive than the present guns is developed." TOMMT ATKINS ON THE RAMPAGE. He Is Making an Kxlilbltlon of Himself la Halifax. Hautax. Aug. 22. Nover In the history of this garrison have the military authorities had so much trouble with a regiment ss with ths First Battalion of the Lelnster, which oome here from Dublin when the Second Battalion of the sams regiment wos suddenly ordered to Jamat- -ca at the outbreak of the Spanish-American war. The regiment Is made up almost exclusively of mere boys who apparently cannot be con trolled. It beoame necessary some days ago to ssnd to England for new Sergeants, those In ths regiment being found Incapable of performing tholr duties. Last night two soldiers from the moln guard at the Queen's Wharf abandoned their posts and with the butts of their rifles broke Into an adjoining liquor store, carrying off what they oould find. The night previous the pickets ar rested two soldiers for Interfering with the Sal. voilon Army. Four of their friends then tried to break them out or tneoarraoKS. meytaexjea the guard with pokers, but were repulsed at ths point of the bayonet. Two of the oulprits were captured and quickly sentenced to six months' Imprisonment Another Incident a day or two ago was ths throwing of a man out of a window In ths Wellington Barracks, by which he was severely Injured. The soldiers refused to turn out ths lights In the barracks when ordered to do ao. Last week twenty-eight soldiers from the Lelnster Regiment were sentenced by oourt- Sartial to various terms of Imprisonment oa elville Island. GREAT IRON AND STEEL COXPANT. Proposed Baals of Consolidation of the Min nesota end Illinois Conoerns. Babatooa, Aug. 22. Although a oommlttee representing the Interests of ths Minnesota Iron Company and the Illinois Steel Oompany has bsen holding quiet conferences here slnoe Saturday, they have not yet entirely arranged the details of ths project that Is to consolidate these enormous concerns. Ths amalgama tion has been agreed upon on the basis of giving the stockholders of tho Illinois Steel Company 45 par oent of the capital stook of ths consolidated concern and 55 per sent of the stock to the stockholders of ths Minnesota Iron Oompany. The $18,000,000 capital stock of the Illinois Steel Company goes Into the pool at 90. and the $11600.000 of the Minne sota Iron Oompany at 117; or. if the Illinois Steel Company stook goes Into the combina tion at par, the Minnesota Iron Company stock will be worth 130. Itis understood from an authoritative source that the committee will be in conference here until the latter port of the week to complete the many details necessary for the reorgani zation of tho new company. Among those who are considering the arrangements for ths consolidation are the Hon. Boswell P. Flower. H. H. Rogers of the Standard Oil Company, H. II. Porter, and D. H. Bacon of the Minnesota Iron Company. The stook of the old com panies will be surrendered in making ths new organization and new stock Issued on ths basis already mentioned. WANT TO BAB PRESERVED MILK. Mew Jersey Farmers Protest Against Patent In Use Among Dairymen. Tbentow. N. J., Aug. 22.-8tate Dairy Commissioner MoGulre has notified a number of dairymen in the State that they must eease using a patent preservative that Is sold to keep milk in good condition for twenty days. Ths State Board of Health will be requested to de clare that the preservative is dangerous to health end to prohibit its use as being In vio lation of the pure food law. State Chemist Wallace has made an analysis of the preserva tive and says that, while not injurious to adults It has a bod effect on children and Invalids. Dairy Commissioner MoGulre has discov ered that some dairymen In the northern part of the Htate are using the compound quite ex tensively. They procure certificates onoe a month from physicians showing that their ", milk is pure and uss these certificates In dls- posing of their milk, most of which is shipped to the summer resorts along the coast. This milk has succeeded in practically driving out the pure milk of local dealers, who have com- plained to the Dairy Commissioner. Their complaints led to the Investigation. The pre- servotive does away with the use of Ice. BIO HAUL OE A CHICAGO THTMWk Disguised as a Bellboy Ha Bobbed a Metal of Several Thousand Dollars. Ohicaoo, Aug. 22. Mrs Barber, oashier of ths Saratoga Hotel, wos cleverly robbed to-day of several thousand dollars by a thief who pretend ed to be a bellboy. She was making out the Sara toga and Morrison Hotel payrolls, and had just Inclosed the money in envelopes when a bare beaded, uniformed boy walked Into the offioa and said: "Mr. Sebree says to send him the payrolls and money." Never dreaming of anything wrong, the cashier turned over the money and rolls to ths supposed bellboy. That was the last seen of him. He took the bag and walked through the crowded hotel lobby without any one attempt ing to stop him. Ten minutes later Mr. Sebree, the proprietor, came in and asked for ths pay envelopes. It was then that the robbery was discovered. The police have found no olus to the Identity of the during hotel thief. MADELINE BOVTON TEBT IXE. She Has Had a Belnpae and Her Dootors Have Almost Given Up Hope. San Fbancisco. Aug. 22.--Madeline Bouton. the star of the Frawloy company. Is perhaps dying at Dr. McNutt's sanitarium. Three weeks ago she was forced by continued ill health to leave the ColtimblaTheatre.and there came news that she hod undergone an operation and was recovering A few days ago a relapse occurred, und hist night it was reported that her physicians had almost abandoned hope. Her excellent constitution and general good health may possibly pull her through, but the phy sicians aro not hopeful. Her trouble Is due to Injury to her back followed by Internal complications. 00,000 Acres to Be Added to the Catsklll Forest Preserve. A i.iian y. Aug. 22. The State Fisheries. Gams and Forest Commission, at its next meeting. will purchase from Ulster county some 60,000 acres of land in tha Catakllls for forest preserve purposes. The commission has eome to this dee, .ion alter an Inspection .. the lands. The pinch. isc will be made i ursuant to an act passed by the lost Legislature. The land Is adapted for nark purposes. The Htate now owns 50,212 acres of land In tho Catakllls, and this will about double the sir.ii of ;tB preserve. A Tlie commission reports thai deer is Inoreaa- ffLsl lug very rapidly In the Cuttkllls, It la esndl B lusted that the ii animals turned loose abo if j M wiiTCKeu w&&1&&?S5NMm