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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, August 30, 1898, Image 6

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Honor Well Won.
j The proposal to raise a monument at
Cincinnati to the officers and men of the
Sixth Infantry who fell at Santiago Is
f far more than local Interest Oen. Runt's
report of the losses In his brigade puts the
Sixth Infantry at the top, with 86.06
per cent, of losses among the officers
and 2(1.32 per cent, among the men. Yet
fhat regiment was not exceptional in Talor
among Its comrades of that brigade. The
Twenty-fourth Infantry lost 84.18 per cent.
pt Its officers and 1 8.08 per cent, of Its men;
the Sixteenth Infantry, 80 per cent, of Its
officers snd 10.88 per cent, of its men; the
Thirteenth Infantry, 28.16 per cent, of its
Officers and 28.48 per -cut. of its men; the
Tenth Infantry, 28.87 per cent, of its offl
qer snd 9.77 per Cent, of its men.
When figures like these, In a single bri
gade, come to the eye, It Is easy to under
stand the extraordinary victory that was
achieved. The percentage of losses among
, the officers suggests, how they led their men,
and ho wonder that the men were ready to
o anywhere under such officers. The losses
thus recorded cannot be called exoesstve, in
ylew of the victory won. Well might the
enemy give up, when thoy saw them
selves driven out of their strongest po
sitions by our incomparable American
infantry. The disheartening effect of those
charges hastened the surrender of Santiago,
and that surrender hastened the end of war.
Tho bold and successful assaults at El
Caney and San Juan were of incalculable
service in showing what we have to rely
on In our army. Does a better army, for Its
numbers, exist on this planet ? The Cin
cinnati monument will record in bronze
the valor and constancy of the regiment
that had for years been familiarly seen
Bear by at Fort Thomas, but the whole
American people will keep in enduring re
membrance the regulars not only of Kent's
brigade but of the whole army.
i- t
A Warning to Col. Bryan.
, 1 Last week The Sun published a very able
and interesting letter in favor of the policy
l V of expansion, written by Gapt. Cam u Pat-
m V tebsox, a Virginia Democrat of great dle-
: tlnctlon and influence in hi. State and his
' Tarty. One part of his letter we reprint as a
k truing given by a Democrat of the stout-
a, silver seot to Democratic leaders who
j as themselves to the Irresistible, flood
v. Uo sentiment as well as to th lilstorl-
1 Tyof the Democratic piy in regard
"I ition:
beautiful rhetoric nor the moat skilful
lyuUtlon, though aided by tha iinmr-
antagM of tha Virginia Walton lav, can
a the doom Watch await them the offlce-
-- J who oppose f he policy of annexation. Tha
agzObv, .u who attempt to atom this might torrent will ba
of the numbs.' swat by the restatleea force of public opinion.
to he placed orHll latin- Btxbliso Moxtos, William L. Wu
Bpvilsh sold1 " and Don at. Diciinsox; together thar will
lilsstnff. rm what may properly be termed tha flotsam and
turn-' l"m of tha Cleveland Admlnlatratton, and will
r ejuletiy float away Into oblivion. Upon their wreck
Will spring np a new DemoorAtlo party, which will
prove to tha world that tha apirlt of true liberty still
lingers among us, and the memory and tha deeda of
aa Uluatrlona ancostry have not bean forgotten ."
Col. William J. Brtah is the principal
offender who needs to proflt by this admo
nition. His pragmatical little friend, Bailey,
has already shrunk from the size of a na
tional leader of tho national Democracy to
the size of tho Bulky darling of one Con
gress district. Bryan will he reduced in
the same way if he porsists in tho same de
fiance of public sentiment. The mechanical
praise of Statu Conventions will not save
him. If he remains an nnti-expanslonist,
and his party by approving him shows its
intention to resist the course of events,
Apposing the annexation of tho Philippines
as it opposed the annexation of Hawaii,
Bryanlsm will become as hopeless a dere
lict as Clevelandism.
Dewey at Manila.
The statements made by Admiral Dewey
to our correspondent at Manila aro not only
haracterlstio but of high importance. Ad
vised by the Navy Department to hold hlm
aelf In readiness to proceed to Washington by
the quickest route, in order to confor with the
President on the Philippines questlon.iho re
plied by cable, giving his views in full, and
j, euggestlng tho neod of his remulnlng at
Manila, where there was bo much still to do.
The patriotism and the good sense of
that reply aro apparent. Admiral Dewey,
who, more than any other man in tho
war, combined skill and audacity of
achievement with magnitude of accom
plished results, might have welcomed
pardonably the i-luiiu-e of returning to
'reoelve the plaudits of his countrymen
While their enthusiasm was still at Its
height. Any man, too, in his circumstances,
might still b.i glad to visit home, relatives
and friends. But what evidently presents
Itself first to Admiral Dewey's mind is not
the personal enjoyment he might recoive
while conforming to tho wish and order of
the Government, but tho best interests of
the oountry; and accordingly he counsels
the Government to allow him to stay.
Our despatches do not spoak of Admiral
Dkwey as already ordered to Washington,
but only as notified that ho may be Sum
moned. Hence it may turn out that his
advloe, so palpably unselfish, will be fol
lowed, and that he will continue to watch
over our interests in the Phlllpplnos. That
would be a source of relief and security
to the American people such as could
be had In no other way. Admiral Dawxr
not only won the Phlllpplnos for us at the
outset of tho war, but afterward con
ducted our affairs thoro with such extraor
dinary good sense and tact as to make his
absence before the final peace, unless abso
lutely required, soem a public misfortune.
k That the President desires to consult him
oan readily be understood ; but siuoe tele
graphic communication with Manila is re
stored, what stands la tha way of adequate
consultation? When private newspaper
enterprise gives columns upon columns
of intelligence from that port to its
readers, surely tha Government need got
tint Its confrrenocs with Admiral Dbwiy
W think, to that Ul vim would not re
quire very great space for their adequate
comprehension. His despatches have been
etear, yet compact, ; and a bold, strong policy
often lends Itaelf to brevity of descrip
tion. Two sentences of the Admiral In
his conversation with our correspondent
show pretty conclusively where ho stands.
Looking at our flag, floating over the
Lunett In the city, "I hope," he said, "It
will fly there forever;" and he added: "We
have taken an empire without the loss of a
man." A single port with Its surroundings
does not make an empire.
One more statement of Admiral Dkwct to
our correspondent is of great Interest. He de
sires to have tho Asiatic squadron reinforced
by a battleship and an armored cruiser. This
Is likely now to be done promptly. In fact. It
Is understood that the Navy Department
resolved oh reinforcement long ago. The
plan of sending Commodore Watson's
squadron to harass the Roasts of Spain In
cluded that of despatching at least a part of
It afterward through the Sues Canal to
Manila; and when the peace protocol came,
the latter part of the plan was still kept
under consideration. Admiral Dkwky
shows his habitual prescience in suggesting
that a powerful squadron ought to be in
Manila Bay by the time the Peace Commis
sion finishes its work, whatever the result.
Sampson Schley.
It Is to be hoped that all still animated by
the Ideas of the subjoined communication
will return to their senses before they at
tempt to carry their agitation Into Congress:
To Tm Kdrob or Tint Bow air: In order that
WnnriBU) Soon Sowxby may aecttre the credit and
honor that rightfully batons to him, and which It
aeema to ba tha policy of the Navy Department to
withhold from him in the Interest of Cpt. BAXtr
aoif, I would auggest that Congresa take a hand.
It r Idea would ba to paea a law reviving tho ranks
of Admiral and Vice-Admiral, and promote Oxosas
Kabila DgwgT to be Admiral and Wru Scott
Soblbt to ba Vlce-Admlral. Thia would place
Bcmlkt where he rightfully belongs ahead of Bnr
sok, who haa done nothing In thia war to entitle him
to tha honors tha Nary Department la heaping upon
him. I want every man to get what la coming to
him; but I, In oommon with thousands of other
Americana, have too high a regard for fair play to
remain silent whUe Sahpsok la stealing tha thunder
that belong! to another. Promote Diwat and BchlctI
Haw Dlhea Taron.
CONHILUTII.T.r., Aug. ,26.
If Mr. Tibbutb will stay his doubtless dis
interested partisanship for a moment and
imagine the army before Santiago In a
situation similar to that of our fleet out
side the harbor on July 3, he will hardly
fall to replace tho present rankling in his
bosom with approval of the case as it is,
and with regret that the too Impulsive
friends of Bear Admiral Scelet have raised
this unseemly controversy.
Suppose that after Gen. Shafter, having
arranged his army before the beleaguered
city, had started In accordance with orders
from Washington for a conference with tha
commander of the fleet, on board the flag
ship, the Spaniards had delivered battle,
and the American victory bad been over
whelming while Gen. Shafter was hurry
ing back to the front. Would an angry cry
have arisen at once that the name of Shat
ter should be obliterated from the day, and
that the battle of Santiago should be consid
ered as won by the officer next in command,
Gen. Wheeled., or, if Gen. Wheeler had
been too sick to leave his tent, by Gen.
Lawtox ? It is difficult to conceive of suoh
an absurd situation; and yet it would have
been no more contrary to discipline and
Justice than the efforts to put Bear Admiral
Schley forward at the expense of his su
perior officer. And we firmly believe that
the first - and most Indignant to repudiate
the ill-judged effort to Interfere with the
even course of military honors would have
been that sterling soldier Gen. Wheeler
Perhaps among tho many able officers
commanding in our Atlantic navy there
were some abler than the Commander-in-Chief;
but while that question is left
to friendly debate it will always be re
membered to tho great credit of the Navy
Department that in appointing a com
mander in Cuban waters It chose so com
petent and satisfactory a man as William
T. Sampson.
The Present Century and the Next.
A letter published elsewhere treats in
temperate logal fashion the question of the
method of government which we shall ap
ply to our now territorial acquisitions In
oonsonanco with the national Constitution
and in pursuance of laws of Congress here
tofore passed with reference to such gov
ernment. As that letter points out, no
new problem will be presented for our
solution. Our previous acquisitions of ter
ritory, comprising two-thirds of the present
area of the American Union, were all Spanish.
with the exception of Alaska, and their
government, under our system, presented
no difficulties which wo did not conquer
The preservation of olvll ordor will re
quire that Cuba, devastated and disorgan
ized by long and bitter war, shall be put
temporarily under a military govornment.
Order restored and life and property hav
ing been rendered secure, tho Inhabitants
of tho island will bo left to determine their
own govornment. Porto Elco will also
como first under a temporary military
government, which, in tho natural
course of things, will bo followed by a Ter
ritorial government under tho Constitution
and laws of tho United States. That Is, it
will go through tho Territorial tutelage
through which so many of our States havo
passed. Tho Philippines, after the Initial and
temporary military government, will pro
sent a problem of government in many re
spects akin to that of Alaska, and a method
of solution, which will be strictly constitu
tional, Is indicated by past experience,
and will not bo difficult for Congress
to And. The talk of doleful "antl
imperalists" like the Bostonian Gabrisoh
about "subjugated races" is, of courso,
mere nonsense. The Louisiana territory
purchased from France by Jefferson,
far greater in area than the then existing re
public, was taken by purchase and incor
porated into the American Union ; and the
Philippines, which will be taken from Spain
under treaty entered into at Paris, will be
no more "subjugated" than was the Lou
isiana purchase. Spain In 1888 will relin
quish to us her sovereignty in those islands
aa France relinquished hers over the Lou
isiana territory In 1803. In both cases our
dealing will have been wltb the sovereign
European power and not with the people of
the colony.
Our correspondent Infers reasonably that
the situation of the Philippines, peopled
chiefly by an Asiatic raoe, somo of them as
yet in savagery, will neoeesitate naturally
a slower process of assimilation, even
if generations do not pass before It is
completed. When the Islands emerge
from their temporary military gov
ernment they will pass into the stage
of a Territory and long remain in It
probably under special provisions of law.
Thopconls will b .advanced luaultulv ba-
yond the despotism under which they have
been held by Spain, and will be gtihlod far
along toward self-government. They have
not been "subjugated;" they have been
politically emancipated.
The whole business community, at home
and abroad, foresees that vast advantages
will result to the West Indian Islands from
their association with our political system,
and the demonstration of the great gain
to them in social stability and business
prosperity will not be wasted on the
other Islands of the Caribbean or upon the
independent States of Central and South
America. Even while preserving their inde
pendence, they will be anxious to secure the
bepeflts of closer association with the great
Amerloan repnbllo which they see reaped
by Cuba and Porto Rico. Nor is It doubtful
that the advancement of the Philippines In
civilization, wealth, and political freedom
under the American flag will furnish a les
son for other Asiatic nations which will In
cite in them an anxiety to share in the ben
efits of more Intimate political and commer
cial relations with us.
We began the nineteenth century with
the acquisition of the great Louisiana ter
ritory, without whioh our great develop
ment of wealth and power up to Its close
would not have boon possible. We shall
begin the twentieth century with a further
national expansion, the consequences bt
whioh are likely to be an even more lm.
portent increase of power and wealth.
The First Regiment Home.
The march of the Seventy-first Regiment
from their landing place at the Battery to
their armory signalizes the end of tho war
more vividly than oan any signature of a
peace treaty In a Government office. It has
been a noble war, a glorious war, and a
war of unprecedented political and substan
tial good to us, and it will evor bo tho pride
of the Seventy-first that they bore their
sharo In bringing it to a triumphant close.
Hall to all the volunteers I
The Czar and the Railroad Presidents.
The fate of the scheme for universal peace
put forward by the Russian Cxar oan be
seen in the history of private efforts for
similar ends.
Take the railroads as an Illustration. How
many laudable and often promising at
tempts have been made to reconcile con
flicting Interests and protect them from
competition that was ruining some or all In
the same field t The plans adopted for con
cessions and limitations and general regu
lations have been endless, and they have
been adopted usually with much show of
confidence In their efficacy. After re
peated and always more mortifying
failures, a group of railroads some years
ago renounced tho ordinary plan of making
peace by documents written and signed,
and put their understanding on tho higher
level of "an agreement among gentlemen,"
each putting up as a pledge of good faith
what was admitted to be infinitely more
weighty than a bond, namely, Its Presi
dent's word. But, alas I no President's word
was superior to the secret machinations of
his wicked subordinates. All such bargains
went to smash and are still smashing.
The records of business show that it is im
possible to give the stability and prosperity
of peace to any set of competitors until
they are all actually unified under one abso
lutely controlling head. And so it will be of
the nations. The only practical effect of
the Czar's proclamation will probably be to
head off the peace sermon which the gor
geous young German Emperor Is said to
have prepared for sensational deliverance
from the Mount of Olives when hs visits
Jerusalem next winter.
Universal peace will come when the globe
has one ruler. Possibly the Czar might
make a very successful general ruler; but
for the present the United States will prefer
to have American affairs managed under the
supervision of Congress and the President.
Recollection of Germany's anxiety to es
tablish her title to the Caroline Islands against
Spain's should be enough to make clear to us
that in making peace the Carolina Islands are
worth taking.
Illinois Men Don't Want to Farads for
To tub EotTOB or Tb Sow Sir: fnder tha
guise of great national peace Jubilee the department
stores of Chicago are trying to boom their business,
and the meanest part of the ahow la the attempt to
have the War Department order the volunteers here
to march in a street parade to boom trade. Next I
auppoae they will want to make sandwloh men of
na and have ua march through the streets with two
boards, one in front and one in rear.
We are disgusted wltb the whole matter, and trust
to McKinlf y' good senae to stop this nonaenae and
hare ua mustered out so that we can return home
and to our buslueaa. J, G). Williams.
Troop K. First Illinois Volunteer Cavalry.
FOBT SUIUIUAK. 111., Aug. 27.
Fish Thieves In tha Delaware).
To tub Edjtob or Tbb Sou Sir: The beautiful
Delaware River ha now become one of the most
proline waters for black baaa in our country, and
eportamen angling with bait or artificial flies are
pretty aura to meet with good results In tha upper
water of this liver. Twenty years ago the noble
baas waa a stranger to the Delaware. The prraent
condition la due to the planting of young nah by tha
Btate of Pennsylvania and New York.
Tha baaa wUl, however, soon com to an end If
tha criminal methods pursued are not apeedlly
atopped, for constantly the east branoh, west branch,
and the main river, from Hancock to Cslllcoon, an
fished In with night or aet lines In large number,
and hundred of fine fish are tUegally taken. The
other morning I aaw men tugging a two-bushel
basket nearly full of flsh taken in this manner, and a
few night ago a pair of wretches stretched a line
from snore to shore at my feet and proceeded to loaj
it with baltcA hooks a foot apart. I remonstrated,
and said such an infraction of the laws waa
wrong; whereupon I waa promptly and loudly
luvited to "no to hell." Instead of complying with
this request I went to the farmer with whom I waa
boarding and asked him to direct me to the nearest
magiatrate, stating my purpose. He begged me,
"for heaven's SUA, not to do so. Last summer
anch a complaint waa made, the miscreants were
arrested and lined, and the farmer at whose house
tho oomplslnant lodged lost a valuable horse hy
poison and a cow was stolen from his pasture. lie
was also notlfled that if any similar arrest occurred
the torch would surely be resorted to, and he added,
with deep feeling. " I am the man who suffered."
Under these circumstances 1 made no complaint,
but it necu;s tn me that the laws should be better en
forced by the State. Cominisalons, the various protec
tive associations, and the local wardens.
As it la, no rervinnt by the riverside will ever causa
the arrest of these lawbreakers and flsh murderers,
and the eiistenoa of this sploudid game flsh the
black baai In the waters of the upper Delaware will
soon terminal. Kit Oubu,
Worklngmen' House.
To tbb Editor or Tax Son Air: Her I
" wrinkle" vgitoh seems worth the attention of build
er of worklngmen' houses in the suburbs. In a cer
tain district of Queens county it la unnecessary to
be more specific axe a number of small cottages
with unusually high stoops, the cottage In every case
appearing dwarfed by the site of the (toop, whioh
reaches clear up to a second story. The reason for
the peculiar construction of these ungainly buildings
pouled me till a hullder friend elucidated the mys
tery. It appear from his explanation that the struc
tures in question are reully two-story houses, built
for the accommodation of two tenants and rented aa
such to workliiK people, to whom taste in the choice
of a home is of less consequence than cheap rente.
The builder and owner, taking advantage of tho prac
tice of local assessor to tax such buildings from the
etoop up. Irrespective of what is below, get his prop
erty assessed aa uuo-etory buildings, knowing that,
while an interior staircase would make a mnch hand
omar building. It would nearly double hi taxee.
Expansion and Monroe.
To tbb Eouoa or Tag Bom Ar; Amerloan expan
sion 1 the surest polley to mak the Monroe doe
trine respected abroad. ft. at. ItiCaumpeoK.
biunnB, Aao, 2,
It Will Come Naturally Into Odr System rty
the Method of Territorial Government.
To rag Edito or The Bun Sir: Here and
there nervousness Isdisplnyed over the prospect
of tho new lands acquired by us becoming
States of our Union, on the ground that the
people to be brought In are Inherently unlit for
American eltlrenahtp and self-government
Be that as It may. for. the Philippines, at
least. Statehood I, of course, only a dis
tant possibility. Whether Cuba over will bo
United States territory depends upon many
things to follow the treaty of peace: hut Porto
Kieo Is now virtually and soon will bo actually
ours, and for one I hope she will be governed
according to the American spirit and method,
and not as In the past, by a colonial Govern
ment that has nothing la oommon with Amer
ican notions.
Amerloan Government, except for the DIs
trlot of Columbia and smnll sootlons
of land occupied and used for strictly national
purposes, all under tho jurisdiction of Con
gress, has meant, first and temporarily, terri
torial government, and finally, permanent
Statehood. Alaska, anomalous as its geograph
ical and other peculiarities make it. Is prac
tically, so far as circumstances admit, a Terri
tory of the United Statos nndor tho general
provisions of the United StateB revised statutes
relating to such government.
To provisional military governments we
have beon no strangers, but such governments
And no favor when the special exigencies of
war's sequelae cease to call for them. For a
time Porto Rico will bo under provisional mili
tary rule, but the shorter tho period the better,
not only for Porto Rioo but also for tho whole
Union, so that tho sentiment that the civil arm
is paramount shall suffer no wound. Much is
heard now of an imperial policy, references to
Homo's roller of extension and aggrandise
ment and her subsequent fall and dismember
ment are occasionally made. Pooh for Im
perialism I American republicans nro neither
Imperialists nor militarists ; the ohanceg of war
have thrown Into their hands oortaiu lands
they ought to retain and govern, and as they
did not soek those lands in conquest, so thoy
will not govern them as conquerors, but as
thoy govern themselves.
Of course, permanent military rule for Porto
Rico Is not dreamed of. To my mind, the
treaty of peace should provide for the
spoedy naturnllnntion of all the Into Porto
Rloan subjeots of Spain who desire to be
come citizens of the United States, and Con
Sress should deolnro the island a Territory of
lo United States, on tho same footing as Ter
ritories now governed under the Unltod States
fieneral laws relating to Territories. Those
aws provide generally for a Governor, ap
pointed for four rears by the President:
a Secretary of State, likewise appointed
by the federal authority: tho establish
ment of a general Supremo Court, having
jurisdiction both In law and chancery (equity),
of three or more Judges appointed by Federal
authority, such court holding terms In eaoh of
the several districts into which tho Territory
is divided for the convenience of its Inhabitants
having business with the court, besides hold
ing one or more terms to pass upon appeals
from the soparate branches of the court. Pro
vision is also made for a court having tho
jurisdiction of a Unltod Stntos District Court,
and for appointment by the President of n United
States District Attorney and a Marshal. It is
also provided that each Territory have a Legis
lature of two houses, elected by the people of
the Torritory. which Legislature, subject to
the veto of the Governor, may exercise all
powers of local legislation not Inconsistent
with the laws and Constitution of the United
States. The general laws of Congress as to
Territories also provide for the establishment
of inferior courts, such as Probate Courts and
Courts of Justices of the Pence, leaving to the
Territorial powers the appointment or election
of such inferior judicial officers. Tho Unltod
States Treasury pays only such officers ns tho
President appoints; the Territory must take
core of tho rest.
Thus, it will be seen. Congress has furnished
In tho general act as to Territories a constitu
tion ready made, as It were, for tho govern
ment of Porto Rico. Should it be deemed ex
pedient to impose special duties upon the Porto
Rlcan Legislature, suoh as the establishment
of boards of health, of free public education or
any other necessary Institutions, or to restrict
legislative powers In any direction, such pro
vision may be made easily In tho act declaring
Porto Rico a Territory. Tho Introduction of
the tongue of America. In all public proceedl tigs,
judicial and legislative, tho establishment of
the jury system, both grand juries and trial
juries, the gift of all the privileges of citizen
ship and tho oncouragement of tho exercise of
such privileges, will dovolop tho Porto Rlcan
into nn American. The best and only way to
loam to swim Is to go Into the water, and tho
ibost way to make Americans of foreigners is to
et them in tho samo pool with ourselves, to
nam to swim our stroke, what Is there In
'orto Rico or In tho Porto Rlcans mora unde
sirable than was in Now Mexico or the New
Mexicans in ISM when Congress declared New
Mexico a Territory of the Unltod States ?
Let us not alarm ourselves over the prospeot
of a too rapid convorslon of Porto Rico Into a
State: but do let us accord to her tho full meas
ure of right and privllego pertaining to aTerrl
tory, educating her thus la tho character and
functions of citizenship, no that when sho and
one or more of her beautiful sister isles may
unite in an application to bo made a State, we
may be glad and proud to add the star to our
nog. Civis Amseiucanus.
Bbooxxyn, Aug. 27.
The Cxar and Paul I.
To thb Editoii or The Sot Sir: Tho
proclamation of the young Russian Em
peror In behalf of universal poaoe and a prac
tical disarmament by tho powers revives a
historical Incident in the career of his ances
tor, Paul I., which is Interesting. Paul be
came Emperor In 1700 and reigned less than
nvo years, but signalized himself by a propo
sition not without some curious resemblanco
to that of his present Majesty. Near the close
of his rolgu Paul caused to be printed in the St.
Petersburg Gazette this remarkable notice:
The Emperor of Russia, finding that the powers of
Europe cannot agree among themselves, and being
desirous to put an end to a war which haa desolated
It for eleven years, intend to point out a spot to
which he will invite all the other sovereigns to re
pair and fight In single combat, bringing with them
aa seconds and esquires their moat enlightened Min
isters and able Oonerals, such as Turgot, Pitt, Uorn
atorff, the Emperor himself purposing to be present
attended by Gous. Count l'ahlen and Kutuaoff.
According to tho historian It was this piece of
extravagance that was the final cause of Paul's
ruin. He was assassinated in March. 1H01.
within less than a yenr after his remarkable
effort for a mothod of pcaco not much more
Quixotic thnn that now proposed by tho reign
ing Emperor. J. W. Bohueeebs.
Newauk, Aug. 29.
Aid for Camp W lkoU Through the I.adlea of
To TBB Eoitob or Tub Hex Sir : We are trying
to aid the sick soldiers at Gamp Wikoff. There haa
been great need of proper food, but there la now
plenty for the men who are weU. but the number of
sick ia so great that there is awful need for both
proper accommodation and food suited to sick men.
Owing to the crowded condition of the hospital a
great many regiments, both regular cavalry and In
fantry, have been in the tents sleeping on the
ground who are desperately sick. They have ab
solutely no food auitod to siok men, and they cannot
eat tha ordinary rations. The number of such men
too aiok to est ordinary foodllt ie iuipoasible to state
in some companies us many ae tfu per cent., while in
other companies perhaps 60 per oent. are apparently
well. Mauy of the soldiers who are well enough to
leave their tent are still so weak that they cannot
walk without staggering. Hutnoueof tbem complain.
We have no reason to believe that there is any de
ficiency in care or supplies in the hospitals, but there
seems to be absolutely no attempt to give oyeteiuatlo
aid to tho sick In the regimental campe except tho
euro of the regular surgeons. This Is the report of
all the ladies, many ofwhom go to the camp every
day. The lied Crois is doing splendid work in tho
hospital, but it does not seem to have enough nurse
to go through the companire' street and attend to
the sick there. The ladles here have doue all they
could, but tile load le too hoavy for them to carry
without aid, and no one seems to know auy thing
about the sickness outside of the hospitals except
those who live here and are cluso enough to the
camp to know what i goiug ou fu tho tents.
We have formed an organization, of which Mrs. I..
Q. Woodhouae is the treasurer, to sen that proper
food la prepared for these sick men and is supjdlcd
to them by proper nurses. Any funds sent to Mrs.
Woodhouse, at Kastluuipton, Long Island, will be
need for the purpose of which I have apoken. In
deed there is urgent need need so great that it would
fill yon with asouizlui: appreheuaiou If you realized it
aa wo do here. 1 am impelled to appeal to you to
let the facte be known to the public
EAiTUAktrrox, Aug. lu. Janx Samobb.
Hold tbo l-iitilpvlues.
To na EuiToB or Tax Hub Sir: Never tire
of downing the people who want to haul down
the glorioua Btars and Stripes. Let us never again
wltnea auy more Cioveland And Blount disgraceful
act. The atarry banner may be shot dowu and there
will always be ready and willing hands to raise it up
again, but palsied be the liana that shall ever at
tempt to lower tho flag of this great nation I
Keep the flag up over all the sea Islands our men
have takin. Don't ever let it be said that we die
Gtcad our army and navy by undoing what they
ve o gloriously done. Let the national motto for
ever be, in the word of Oen. Dix, "If auy one at
tempts to haul down ths American flag shoot him
to ;' W.M.W..X..X.
l iv.Tir roitir.
Peenllarltle of the Polltlrel ftttnatlon
I'rognostlrntlnna A fleeted by the War.
Albany. Aug. 28. The circumstances of this
year's campaign for the election of a Iglln:
tore In both branches, and Indirectly a United
States Senator for tho six years' term expiring
In March, 1005, are altogether different from
those at any previous election of the kind. Tho
Btate Senators who voted for William M. Evnrt
in January. 1885, were- elected In 188:i:hoe
who elected Frank Hlsoook In January. 1887,
were chosen in 1885; Edward Murphy, Jr.,
wag made a Senator in January, 18W1, hy Sen
ators elected In 1881. and Thomas C. Tlatt In
January. 1807. by Senator elected In 1805.
This year both tho Senators and tho Assembly
men who are to oloct a Senator in January.
1800. will be elected In November. The con
tost for tho Unltod Statos Senotorshlp is. there
fore, at "short range" this yenr.
Another peculiarity of the political situation
Is the breakdown of tho tompornneo party ns
a political factor In tho Republican counties.
In 1801, when wore elected the Stnto Senators
who voted for Edward Murphy two years loter.
tho temperanoo vote was 80,000. and It was
so evenly distributed throughout tho State that
in one rural county only (Allegany) did It ox
cecd 1.000, and in no county did it fall bolow
100. The Importance of this Prohibition vote
at that election was shown nt several points. In
the Dutches -j county district, where tho plural
ity of tho successful Democrat was officially
put St 14. thoro were 1,005 votes onnt for the
Prohibition nominee. In tho Senatorial dis
trict of which Allegany is a part the Prohibi
tion vote was 2,470: in the adjacent dlstriot.
Cattaraugus and Chautauqua, where tho Re
publican candidates were beaten by 1,020, the
Prohibition vote was 1,177. In the Erie oounty
district, where tho Democratic plurality was
770. the Prohibition vote was 1,203. and In tho
(.ortland-Onniidaga district, where the Demo
cratic load was 000, the Prohibition vote was
1.282. Closely identified with tho Prohibition
ists in that election were tho Farmers' AIII
anco members, and the Alliance at that period
was strongest In the Republican counties.
At last year's election for Court of Appeals
Judgo the total Prohibition voto shrunk to
10.05:1, and In each of tho counties of Clinton.
Essex, Putnam. Rockland, Schenectady,
Bencca. and Sullivan less than 100 Prohibition
votes were cast. In no county wore there as
many as OOtrProhlbltion votes, tho nearest ap
proach to that number being in New York
county, where, obviously, tho temperance vote
is no menace to Republican success. On the
other hand, since 180U there has grown up In
many counties a sliver Democratic vote made
up of the supportors of the Domoorntlo na
tional ticket In 1H00 and in part of "labor
voters" In the large cities, particularly along
tho lines of the railroads. These labor voters
have generally given their support to tho
Democratic candidates, but the present Indica
tions nro that tho sufferers from third party
defections in tho interior will be Democratic
Senatorial and Assembly candidates rather
than Republican.
When Senator Evarts was ohoson by tho Re
publican Leiiis'ntive caucus in 1885 the Gov
ernor was a Democrat and tho Democrats
were in control of nearly all tho State offices,
boards, and departments. In January, 1887.
when Souator Hlseock was chosen by tho Re
publican caucus, these conditions wore tho
snmo, except that the office of Secretary of
State had meanwhile passed into Democratic
hands. When Senator Hill was elected in Jan
uary. 1801. and when Senator Murphy was
eleoted In January. 1803, tho Democrats wore
again In control of the State Government, of
boards and commissions, and of the Stnte pat
ronage generally. This year the Republicans
have whatever Influence goes with the control
of tho State departments, and in the rural coun
ties It Is considerable. The Demoeratio fight
For legislators in the interior counties, accord
ingly, will bo waged under conditions dis
tinctly favorable to the Republicans and diffi
cult for the Democrats, but as an offset to
this advantage the Democrats will make their
canvass in tho New York city distrlots in all of
tho flvo boroughs now constituting tho otty
under much improved conditions.
Of the eight Mayors of Brooklyn from 1876to
1808, four were Democrats and four Republi
cans. During the same period the Administra
tion of the chief Brooklyn departments was
about equally divided between the two parties,
and In Quoens and Richmond tho Republicans,
though In a minority, had always some share of
the local offices. The most obvious illustration
of this division of political benefits Is to be
found In the faot that at the time of last year's
municipal election all four of the Distriot At
torneys of the counties Included In the enlarged
city. New York. Kings, Queens and Richmond,
were Republicans. The Comptrollers of New
York and Brooklyn were both of the Republi
can party, two of three Mayors in cities within
the Included territory were Republicans, and
tho Commissioner of Publlo Works in New
York and the Commissioner of City Works in
Brooklyn wero also Republicans. Under the
new charter the Democrats have full control of
all tho departments, commissions, bureaus
and patronage, with the offices pertinent there,
to. throughout the territory of tho consolidated
city. In a contest for Senators and Assombly
mon the Democrats, stronger under tho new
apportionment of distrlots established by the
Constitution than thoy were previously, nave
an obvious advantage and decidedly less re
sistance than ever before within this territory.
Moreover, the Democrats of tho city are unltod
this rear, at least ostensibly.
This year, however, political conditions and
circumstances like these are of far less im
portance as indicating the divisions which will
ooourat tho election than at any timo In the
past. Usually they would be regarded as In
dicative of a political contest specifically be
tween tho city and tha country, but now
national questions growing out of the war
may go tar to modify the political com
plexion of tho great city. Of all commu
nities In tho Union Now York Is most
vitally concerned In the national expansion,
townrd which all thoughts aro now turned.
As the great commercial capital of the country,
its prldo and Its material interests aro bound
up In that policy, with Its certain commercial
advantages, and if ever the Intelligent and en
terprising people have beon admonlshod to sac
rifice mere State strife for the sake nt winning
the prises of war within the grasp of tho nation.
If will be at the next election when Congress
men nro to bo chosen and a United States Sen
ator is to be elected by tho Legislature returned,
so that the result of the election will be of prime
national Importance, affecting the whole pros
perity of both city nnd State. Tho sltnntlon
makes It Imperative that tho Republicans
should nominate candidates of unquestionable
ability and popularity.
The Bight of Bicyclist.
To ini Euitob or Thk BxrsSir: There seem to
be a misunderstanding on the part of member of
the poUce force, aa well aa on the part of eome of the
city Magistrate, a to the rights of oyrlista to ride on
the sidewalks in certain portions of the city. Article
VIII. of the ordinances, adopted in September, 1897,
for regulating traffic on the publlo hlghwaya of the
oily I a follows:
No person ahull drive, or back, or lead anr horse or
cart, or other wheeled carrlatfe on a footpath or side
wslk of any strict, nor ehsll it be lawful for any
vehicle propelled by hand or foot power to be ridden
or driven upon the sidewalk of any street or avenue
which has been flagged, curbed, guttered and paved.
This ordinance waa drawn for the express purpose
of making It lawful for wheelmen to ride on the
sidewalk where the roadway are not properly
Tho word "vehicle" is made to "include bioy
clcs, tricycles, c." Fleaee note that portion of
the article quoted that reada: "Nor shall it he law
ful for any vehicle propelled by band nr foot power
to be ridden or driven upon tho sidewalk of any
street or avenuo which has been ilagged, curbed, gut
tered and paved." Nothing appears in any other
article of the ordinances that makes It unlawful to
ride upon the sidewalks where the roadway and slde
wslk aro not complete in every renpoct.
The League of American Wheelmen will carry the
case of any member arrested for riding nn the eldo
walk, except where It Is prohibited under the city or
dinances, to the high courts, and it seems to mo that
it la the duty of member of the police force to in
form themsilvee en this point so that wheelmen nisy
bo spared the annoyance of being followed bv some
misinformed member of the force and threatened
with arrce. a the rider recently was. h
Nxw Vona. Aug. 2S.
Navy Men Serving Overtime.
To thb Elmtob or Tbx Box Sir; We who take
Tux Boh for correct naval new write you now, ak
lngyouraaniateum. At the time of the hurricane at
Hanioa In 1SHU a number of the men who were lost
were serving overtime. After the newspaper report
had been read, the relatives and friends complained
of the Navy department for not aendiug the men
homo whon their services had expired. The Navy De
partment, a short time after, iasuod au order to all
sulpa' commander to send men home Jtiat as soon
aa their times expired, or before If possible, that
they may be in the United States when their times
Tor quite a while that order waa enforced, but uow,
od board of Una ship, there are a soore of men who
are serving overtime, and ou the other monitors ulso
there are short-timers and men serving oveitone.
All through the war we have uncoiiiplaiuiugly per
formed our duties. If the war had cout.uued we
would not have complained, but now we think that
it i no inoie than fair our asking to be sent home.
The soldiers who were down here but a short while
have been sent North. They deserve It, the brave
fellows; but life on monitors ie man-killing, ami we
tave had live long, weary mouths of it. Ho we who
ave no other frieuda aak you to kindly ae what you
can do for ua. You cannot sleep below ou the hot
and slully berth deck of a monitor ill this climate.
And aa this la the hurricane and rainy a. aeon youexu
not sleep on deck, as rain comes through and under
the awuinga. and the ae washes over tho deck, ho
our life is indeed misery. We go to some small place
to-morrow (Aug. 30), probably a worse place than
this. Jlease excuse aouwmou sailor's forui of ask
ing afM or OL'ai Ui.it.
Oa Bou U. J. Mojaaau. torn:, forto tucu, Aug.
cttLi.vtduc ron wAnmtrn.
Successful Experiment by the Al
mlrnlty with Indian Corn Pith.
Washington. Aug. 2f.-Connl-(tonnra Hsl
lowsy transmits to tho Btato Department nn
ooeonnt of nn exnerlmont In tho use of tho
eellnloso from cornstalk pith, supplied by tho
Marsden Ooinponr of Philadelphia, made on
July 10 by tho Russian Admiralty at the nnvnl
proving grounds at Pollgnon. near St. Peters
burg. Resides officers of the Admiralty, there
were present Henry C. Watts, representative of
the Marsden Company; Irving Scott, President,
of tho Union Iron Works of San Francisco, and
Dr. H. W. Wiley, representative of tho Depart
ment of Agriculture. Washington. Mr. Hal
lowaysays: "A cofferdam 0 feet long. 0 foot doep. and
S feet broad was packed with blocks of eelln
loso, mode from the pith of Indian corn stalks,
oompressed until It weighed eight pounds for
each cubic foot. A 0-lnoh solid shot was fired
through tho dam. striking it about 20 inches
from tho bottom, at a velocity of 1.000 feet a
second, and passed clear through both the Iron
wnll and the cellulose packing. Loss than
halt a pound of thecullulose was carried out
by the projectile. Tho water compartment of
tho dam was flllod. giving n pressure of nearly
live fret of water on tho perforated surface. In
just half an hour n moist spot begun to show
on tho outer surfoco of the dam. but it
was evident that tho moisture had come
along tho bottom of tho packing, and not
through the path of tho shot. In jour
hours no water had como through the shot's
path, nnd only six gnllons had passed under tho
packing. The experiment conclusively demon
strated that n ship provided with a cofferdam,
packed as wns the one used In the experiment,
could be perforated five foot below tho water
line without the least danger of the entrance of
water. This demonstration opens up tin Im
mense market tor Indian corn pith, and will
prove of great advantage to Amerloan agri
culture. "After extracting the eellnloso for packing
cofferdams nnd other purposes, tho outer en
velope of the stalk is ground into an excellent
cattle food. This property of the mnire stnlklls
of the greatest Importance. It Is evident that
this waste product of the vast maize fields of
America is destined to interest European na
tions and find eventually a wide market."
Gov. Black' CommlMlon Will Meet at tba
Produce Kxchange.
Charles A. Schioron. former Mayor of Brook
lyn, and Alexander Smith, two of the members
of tho commission appointed by Gov. Black to
ascertain why the commerce of the port of
New York has declined In recent years, called
upon Frank Bralnard, President of the New
York Produce Kxchange. yesterday to ask the
cooperation of tho Exchange in the hearings
which will be hold by the commission. Mr.
Bralnard offered ail the assistance at his dis
posal and the froe use of the Board of Man
agers' room in tho Exchange building for the
hearings. Tho commission will organize this
week and will take testimony.
Among the subjeots that will come Defers
tho commission will be the charge made by
tho Produce Exchango, that differential rates
mado by the railroads ou export grain from
Chicago in favor of Boston. Philadelphia, Bal
timore. Norfolk and Newport News have mate
rially assisted in diverting trade from this
port. Another subject willbe discrimination
against grain delivered at New York by the
canals. The grain which comes by the rail
roads gets free lighterage regardless of the
time in storage, but the grain that comes by
canal and which Is unloaded at the stores of
the Brooklyn Wharf and Warehouse Company
Is subject Immediately, if lightered, to a
charge of one-half oent a bushel.
Six Clergymen at si Union Serrloe Speak
Upon the Subject.
firRiNoriKi.n. O.. Aug. 20. An Immense con
gregation attended the union patriot lo : service
last night at the Second Presbyterian Churoh.
The topio was "What Shall We Do with the
Philippines?" Six ministers took part in the
exercises. The Rev. 3. W. Magruder of St.
Paul's M. E. Church said he believed that God
was in tho war. as the men could not have
escaped otherwise, and that the only way to
Christianize tho Islands was to contribute to
foreign missions. Dr. George H. Fullorton of
the Third Presbyterian Churoh said:
"If we are the Good Samaritan to Cuba, oan
we let the people in the Philippines suffer and
die? Possibly there may be soma interna
tional reasons for not taking them, bnt wheth
er we do or not it should be upon a high moral
plane. The whole world Is now looking upon
us. and wo must be careful."
Dr. J. A. Storey of tho High Street M. E. Churoh
said the Philippine Islands had been thrust
upon the United States and this country could
not do otherwise than accept them. He be
lieved It was the duty of Amorioa to plant the
flog of truth on all the Islands.
The Four Means of Drunkenness.
To Tax Editob or Thb Sun Sir: I read a half
column article in your laat Sunday issue oa " Fall OS
In Ola Importations," in whioh the question la aaked.
" Haa gin mediolnal properties I " an d tho suggestion
waa made that a dearth of "gin drinker" I the only
thing that keep It doinesUo manufacture from be
ing profitable and popular. To those who have had
personal experience with "gin drinker" and who
read your article, a spontaneous prayer undoubtedly
went up, " Ood forbid it popularity among our citi
rens aa a drink." The four stages of the drunkard'
life may be divided into, first, beer: second, whlekcyi
third, gin, and fourth, rum. The laat stage rounds up
with tho D.T. and death. Not a large per oent. of
drinking men reach the icin stage, for which heavon
be praised. It takes a long time to throw off a gin
drunk. The effect of gin on the brain when used as a
" drink " Is certainly craning and maddening to a
degree only excelled by that of rum. Aa we all know
the disease of drunkenness is such that the germ
craves continually stronger and more exciting satis
faction, and thus leads to the use of gin and finally
rum. Oln la very nearly pure alcohol. That it haa
medicinal properties may be granted. But that It
mar bensodaea "drink" by the husband and father
with safety to the homo and Uio wife and children t
for one dispute Neither the peace of the neighbor
hood nor the wholeness of the chattels of a man's
household are assured If he la a "gin drinker "
Therefore as one who baa had experience with the
etufr. I would warn men, eapeclally "drinkers"
against It uae. TJnbapplneas, If not crime, will fo'l
lowltstme, for It is a very domnn. I have no destr
to Inflict aaeimon upon anv one, but almply to sup.
plemeut your Sunday article with a bit of personal
experience and warning that will appeal to the strong
American common aense which all constant readera
of rur. 8o possess. Harri Homk
NxwYobxOitt. "'
Repainting the Fleet.
To thb KniToa or Thb HcK-.vir : Tour editorial
of to-day. " Walt for the White Squadron," recalla to
mind an Incident of the civil war that came uudcrmy
observation, but which, I think, haa never been pub
lished. You know that during that war our ships on
the blockade were painted a dull lead color, and
yards and spar were pretty well stripped from all.
Our ship had been under the command of I.leut
Cuehtng most of the time, so you my be suured we
had some pretty lively experiences.
Well, after the occupation of Richmond, we wer
lying at Fort Monroe when the order was given
SSL "''SJ ",,1!r. r.rr." na ,lnt the ship black.
Two old lillback" wer talking on deck when the
order was given, and one said to the other: "Say
Ja-k. what is the meaning of thia order to send nptho
yards and paint the ahip blsck t" "Meant Whvlt
means we haw- been a fighting ship all along, and
now we are lo tie u bloody loafer."
v ... vr . v A RT'o Naval Omega.
Navy iaiih. New Yoax, Aug. 2a.
All Quiet Along the Potomac.
To to Editob or Thb itjnJHr .- In an rtlcle
on "War Cries of the NaUons," In the 1'eening Po$t
of Saturday, occurs this remark and uuotatlnu:
"Another beautiful song comes from the South
and runs as followa:
' All quiet along tho Potomac to-night.
No sound save the ruah of tbo river;
While aoft falls the dow on the fce of the ded.
And the pickets off duty foroverl' "
This I Intereatlng and critically accural, it la
onen to only two objections. The poem All Onlet
Along the Potomac " 1 not a song, and It Is not from
tbeHouth. Apart from these slight blemishes, the
ufi statement I much more nearly correct than
most statement it prints. jt
Better Music) In Hrooklyn.
To thb Editob or Thx Bum-.Vir. I have noUcd
recently that the programme furnished by the hands
at our various park aro commonplace, consisting
chiefly of so-called "popular" numbers and "coon"
eougs. the composers generally being unknown to
musicians. Across the bridge it Is much belt' r. I.ast
week I heard two eoncorte given by the Forty,
seventh s ham. The music was vastly different fr,
the t'.ash I haie been used to in Manhattan B hi e
of the composers Interpreted wero Wagner, laeyer
beer Welv Kontskl. lie, thriven. I:tlilebert Kevin
and Ml rcandanle 1 never heard the " Soual Path "
Bque" rendered bettor. Ami the crowd".', "d t
limb rs aid and a-.prccl.it.. th, band fro.,, w,i;.,.
inKustPark, "1" "m "' 'UinZ?-
.Mississippi-. Governor la Action.
rOSI tAs CAmtaie i'luiiiilrulsr.
When the (Joveruor la in a unlet mood he ie aa
gentle aa a Quaker maiden, but when he is wrought
up he is like a virago lu her tautruuis, sad wheu he
betake himself to ridicule and aarrasni h Ua mas
ter, and when he undertake to handle eouie of his
unjust accuser and conacieBrel detractor he I
a tempest and tornado, a volcano uuttimi anaika I
Axvl flam of fury and doetnictloa, j
PMladefphln Arrange for Committee te
Form a Programme.
Pntt.Anri.rnn. Aug. 2!V-A meeting of hhs.
ness men ft the Mayor's offl-e to-iluy took pr.
limlnnry stops to organise a civic celebration
to commomnnite flm return of peace. Ths
i Mayor was empowered to ftrrpoint a committee
of one hundred citizens, of which he shall I.
the presiding officer, to arrange the details of
the celebration. Tfleihtlt Ij. IlnHey. a member
of the Nntloniil llellcf Commission, who at
tended the meeting, threw a firebrand Into the
proceedings In the nature of nn emphatic pro
test. Fresh from his observations of the armf
camp at Montauk Point, ho snid:
"This Is no time to hold a peaco jubilee. In
stead, the people of this city and thin nation
should bow their heads In shame because of the
condition of tho soldiers In the camp. I have
gone through one camp, and found that the
most outrageous conditions prevail there. Al
Montauk Point there Is not only typhoid and
malarial fevers, but yellow fover as well.
"Lost week wo went through Camp Mfeada,
and after nil tho glowing account of the groat
sanitary condition of ths place nnd fhoflowirv
descriptions given of It, we were astounded.
I havo no hesitancy In saying that the condi
tions at Camp Monde are simply disgraceful,
and show the greatest criminality in the nog.
iectof oursoldlers. Since these stories have be.
gun to get to the pnbllc's ears I see tho officials
jt Washington are trvlng to excuse themselves
by styiug that thoy wore unaware of the condi
tions nt Hie various camps, hut 1 am told thai
a committee, iong ago waited upon the author
ities at Washington and laid tho condition of
affairs of Camp Alger before them. Nothing woaj
done. That neglect has boen carried to the
camps at Montauk Point, Middletown and
Chlckamauga. whore conditions exist that are
disgraceful. I npiienl to you whether it is not
bettor to postpone this ovent and turn our at.
tention to the soldiers, whose crying needa
constitute a disgrace to our nation?"
No comment waa mado upon his remarks.
Pennsylvania Pollllolnn Think He Matp
Retire from Party Management.
Pim.APEi.pniA. Aug. 20. Senator Quay earn
up from Atlantlo Oity to-day and held a confer.
enoe with Senator Penrose and State Senator
Israel Durham at the Walton Hotel. After
ward he met David Martin and David H. Lono
in another part of the city and engaged In tt
long conforonoe. David Martin said after the
"Walt until to-morrow. Something mard.
velop by that time."
The prophetlo tone of this remark has set)
political tongues to guessing. It is dodareol
that there Is something going to turn up la
Quay's political career before long. The Wane
imaker movement to unseat him In the Unit el
States Senate is solidifying. The probability
is gradually assuming a definite form that Mr
Quay will not seek a re-election to tho Sonat)
at the meeting of the next Pennsylvania) Lg
islature. and that a definite announoemont erne
bodying suoh purpose will not bo long In forth-,
Tho Wanamaker' Business Men's onataughtv,
on the Quay maohine ts beginning to assume
the nature of a virile force in ths politics ol,
this State. Senator Qua has lately been makwi
lng some pertinent inquiries tn writing as to '
the authorship of an account narrating ths .
events of his political lifo whioh appeared u
the New York Voice on Aug. 18. Many toon
Eands of copies oi the publloatlon wet olroua
ited in this State.
An Order Fixing Their Compensation for
Service to American Vessels and Seamen.
Washington, Aug. 29. The following order
regulating the compensation of United States
Consuls fer servloos to American vessels and
sailors has been promulgated by the President:
"It is hereby prescribed that oonsular agents,
as compensation for their services to American
vessels and seamen, and for other offloial aots,
shall reoelve one-half the offloial fees oollooted
for such servioes, provided suoh compensation
shall not exceed in any fiscal year the sum of
$1,000, and all such fees in excess of suoh com
pensation shall be remitted to ths Consul In
Whose district ths agonoy is located. No other
arrangement with oonsular agents will be
" Homittanees from agents to Consuls oover
lng those fee are to be made quarterly, and ' "
Consuls will bo required to send agents' receipts
for their share with thelraceounts. This order
is to take effect on and after July 1, 1806. and
applies to all fees included in the tariff of
official fees. Fees for notarial and unofficial
services may be all retained by the consular i
agent collecting them.
"Wiixiam McKinijct."
Proof That Some Canadian Officials Bay
Itching Palm.
Vancouver, B. C, Aug. 21). Kvidonce has at
length boen secured whioh apparently proves
the rascality heretofore alleged of some of tha i
Canadian Oovernment Yukon officials. Mr.
Fred Johnston of Vancouver secured three
valuable claims and started work on them.
Ho wont to the recorder's office to reoord them.
The recorder informed him that ha was very
busy, but to tell him where the claims were.
Johnston Innocently told him, and the re
corder answered.
"It will cost you something for the privilege
of recording those claims."
Johnston was himself again In a minute, and
said: "That's too bad. Well, write me the best
you can do and leave the note for mo." Tho
recorder wrote a letter offering to reoord the
claim for $2,000 or a half interest. In tha
meantime the recorder sent agents, to Istake
Johnston's claims again. Johnston has placed
the damaging letter in the hands of it lawyer
and has entered action against tho Dominion
of t anada for fraud on the part of a responsl.
ble agent. Worse cases have boon reported,
but the proof of them is not so clear.
Will Have a Conference with the President
About Trade Belatlon with Haytl.
Camden, N. J.. Aug. 20. William F. Powell.
Unltod States Minister to Haytl. is at his home
In this city on a thirty days' leuvo of absence.
Ho oxpects to have a conference with President
MoKlnley and tho Secretary of 8tato, when
glu us fm-fun horing closer relations with the
.aytiuns will be discussed.
Minister Powell refused to talk politics, but
said that ho believed that in the future Ameri
can capital would be put in Haytl and would
reap the best of result. Hi, added that slno H
the war the best of feeling toward the United axel
Status is shown by tho Haytlan Oovernment. M
PKerKit on ho list: it.ivi.vn. H
He Think the Kport I Not n Proper
Aiunaement for American.
TorKiA. Kan.. Aug. 20. The management of fl
a Newton racetrack havo luvited OA-Senator
Peffer, who is tho Prohibition cannldato for
Oovornor, to iniiko a spoouh at tho track to Sal
draw a crowd to tho races, l'offor save It Is an
insult and declines the invitation. Ifealsoex- Si!
presses tho opinion that horse races uro not
proper amusement for American cltisens. I y-
Nnrrow Barape for Dr. Gunaaulu.
Cuicaoo, Aug. 20. -The Rov. Frank W. Gun- fl
saulus narrowly escaped Injury In a runaway S
accident yesterday afternoon on Michigan V
Boulevard, aud to-day ho is congratulating I
hitnfcolf upon having heen savod from serious
Injury. Dr. Ounsnulus's liorso became fright
ened just as he was alighting Irom his
carrluge. It started suddenly and tho ooaoh
maii wns tumble to control it. Dr. Qunsaulus
just escaped being caught under the buck
wheels. A policeman stopped tho horse after B
being drugged somo distance.
Lightning Explode a Harbor Mine. I
Nkw Oni-iAMS. La., Aug. 20.-Major Qulnn.
in charge of this United States lighthouse dis
trict, returned Trom the lower Mississippi to
day, where he hos been to remove tho mine in
the river. He found tills very difficult, drift
wood and sand Interfering with the. work Ouly
ten of the (Iffy mines w,.rt, removed. While
Mujor Qulnn was at this work a violent storm
came up and the lightning struck nuu uf th
sunken mines, exploding it.
Death of Lewis Wnahliigton, Who Knew
Prom (At Chicago Intlr (Mean.
Omaha, Aug. 23.-ne hundred and thirty year, of
as wes what Lewis Waahiugton. a colored man, 9
who died to-duy of old age at bit reeidiuice. at i
Eiumett stre-t, claimed to bo. Vaablugion had been
a resident of Omaha for a groat mauj years. There H
1 no iiuustiou that be waa la:- advanced lu j cart, for
hi whitened bead and beard were pnuf of that, V
although U- had few or the liitirniit:c i f old age. He
i-Uliued Ui have seen ami known Ooorge Washington, kM
aud there was a report that he was uae of Washing. H
ton' slave. Hi wife died lu jrtbruarr, itlrO. la tha
i stajr, at an age of 104 realm, M

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