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THE SUK, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1808.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 189S. Subscription by Mall, Postpaid. rn.T, per Month HAII.Y, per Year 0 00 SWCDAT. par Year 00 DAILY AND SUNDAY, par Year S 00 DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Month 70 Poataga to foreign coon trie added. Tim Bin, New York City. Panie Klneque No. 13, near Orand Hotel, and Eloeque Mo. 10, Boulevard da Capuclnea. If awe Heads wh aver iu Kith manutcrtptt for potUeantM with U ham rejected article! returned, thru mutt in alt emu und ttamptor that ntrpt$t. The Philippine. Wisdom to-day calls upon tho President to provldo for the transfer of the Philip pine Islands to the United States, as it called upon tho Commander-in-Chief of the United States Navy to capture them at the beginning of the war. The Instrument selected for tho latter duty was George Dxwby. The American Peace Commissioners have to complete Pewmy'b triumph. Di wit's orders were to "capture or de stroy the Spanish fleet." The Peaoe Com mission's orders, to be given in Washington on Thursday, perhaps, should be: "Hold , I i the Philippines." .1 il' Crete. In turning their arms against tho Brit ish troops and taking the lives and de stroying the property of foreign subjects at Candia, the Cretan Mussulmans have rung tho knoll of Turkish rule in Crete The passive attitude of the Turkish troops during the disorders that prevailed last week was of Itself sufficient evidence of complicity on the part of the Turkish offi cials with the rioters, if the possession of arms by the latter had not already es tablished it. The responsibility, how ever, for what has occurred docs not lie entirely at the door of the Turkish local officials. Djevad Pacha, tho military com mander In Crete, is a trusted and confiden tial servant of the Sultan, and would act only in the spirit of tho instructions he re ceived. As the special envoy of the Sultan in Crete after the withdrawal of Mahmoud Djxlxaleddin Pacha, the promoter of the troubles of 1889, Djevad became thorough ly acquainted with the situation there, and bis nomination to the Orand Vizierat soon after his return to Constantinople proved the esteem in which the Sultan held him. Uis return to Crete early in the present troubles was a further proof of the conlldenco of the Sultan, and affords strong grounds for the presumption that what has been per mitted by Djevad has not been without the approval of his master. The full responsi bility for the recent events at Candia is therefore to bo laid at the door of the pal ace at Constantinople. If the report that the places of the Turk ish garrisons about to be recalled or ex pelled from Creto are to be taken by British I and Italian troops be true, an entirely new situation will be created in tho aspect of affairs in the island. At present tho for eign military forces occupying their allot ted zones are composed of about equal numbers of British, Russian, French, and Italian troops of various arms. Should, however, the numbers of tho British and Italians be brought up to t hat of the Turks it is proposed they should displace, there would be a preponderance of many thou sands of the two former over the French and Russians. Unless the increase be made with the consent of the Russian and French Governments wo may expect to hear, there fore, that friction has arisen between tho two groups of powers in occupation of Crete, the Anglo-Italian and tho Russo French, who were left face to face by the withdrawal of the Austro-Germon group. What is remarkable about tho present position in Crete is that the Anglo-Italiun occupation of that island and certain parts in Greece which was projected In 1 SHU is now about to be partially accomplished, so far as Creto is concerned. If carried into effect it means not only tho end of Turkish rule, but of the dream of Cretun independ ence also ; and it may well bo that unless all the European powers come to a decision to neutralize Crete, it will prove tho bone of contention over which the long-expected quarrel among them will brook out. But the neutralization of Creto is not one of tho probabilities of the hour. Suda Bay pre sents too groat a temptation to tho naval powers in the Mediterranean for any of them to voluntarily place it beyond their reach in case of war. The Iowa and the Oregon. Another great test, or perhaps wo ought rather to say another Illustration, of the capacity of battleships for long-dlstanco steaming will soon be furnished in tho voy age of tho Oregon and the Iowa from Now York to Hawaii. Tho former has her reputa tion in this respect already made, and ac cordingly can do nothing more than confirm It. Kho could not well expect to accomplish more than to repeat her wonderful record on tho run from Han Francisco to Florida of "not a bolt hturtod" and engines in perfect order. But her companion vessel has long distance laurels still to gather, uml we shall expect to llud her fully equal to tho task, for she is In fact our only "sea going" battleship. While tho now run starts far north of Key West, and is to end far out in the Pa cific, yet wo havo to remember that Hono lulu is in a much lower latitudo than San Francisco. Indeed, taking into account the possiblo need of ordering tho two vessels from Punta Arenas to Manila, there aro ob vious advantages in sending them directly to Hawaii, as is now proposed, instead of ilrst to Mare Island, as i i was originally reported and perhaps Intended. Engineer Offley's figures of the Oregon's great voyage make it begin at Hroinortou, where she had been docked, and from which tho distance to San Francisco is 827.7 nautical miles. From San Francisco to Cullao she made her longest unbroken run, 4,070.5 knots. From Callao to Port Tamur, accord ing to the same authority, is 2.S20.9 knots; from Port Tamar to Puntu Arenas, in the Straits of Magellan, 1 32; from Punta Arenas to Rio de Janeiro, 2247.7; from Rio to Bahia, 700; from Bahla to Barbadoes, 2,229; from Barbadoes to Jupiter, 1,883.9; Anally, from Jupiter to Key West, 280. That makes up the great total of 14,708.7 knots; but the voyage is popularly consid ered, and probably will generally be spoken f when recounted In history, a beginning fc M ban Frtholaoo, and the deduction of the run from Bremerton would give 18,879 knots. Still, our despatch from Washing ton, announcing the new voyage, that " tho distance from New York to Hon olulu by way of the Straits of Magellan Is 13,188 knots," would leave the Oregon's first run still tho longer, oven deducting Its final stage from Jupiter to Key West.. But in the coming voyage the longest con tinuous run, that from Punta Arenas to Honolulu, will be far longer than tho longest that the Oregon undertook. Howover, as four colliers, It Is understood, aro to go with the two ships, thore will be no fear of failure of fuel Bt any part of tho voyage. The Oregon, it will be remembered, had no collier with her. Presumably no effort at all will bo mado by the Iowa and Oregon to achieve great speed records, even were no colliers taken along, because there Is no necessity for haste llko that Imposed on tho Ore gon in her run. They will presumably go at an economical speed, and this Is generally considered to be about ten knots. The Oregon never got quite as low as that In any of tho stages of her voyage just enumerated, although she got nearly down to it, 10.08 knots, ac cording to Engineer Oppley's figures, in going from Sandy Point to Rio. But the long stretch from San Francisco to Callao showed an average of 10.99 knots, and from Callao to Port Tamar of nearly 12, while tho short run from Port Tamar to Sandy Point is credited with 14.55 knots. From Bahla to Barbadoes 11.55 was made, and from Barbadoes to Jupiter 1 1.86. But in the reckonings here cited the time when fairly under way was alone taken, that of entering and leaving port being eliminated. While there may bo no efforts In the new cruise to boat the old record of tho Oregon, yet Interesting and important re sults will be noted, such, for example, as the number of knots run per ton of cool burned, besides various comparisons be tween the two vessels themselves. That tho prestige of our navy among foreign obser vers will bo further Increased we may con fidently expect, while the main point for us will be the Increase of our naval force In the Pacific. It will be the first time that any ship of the size and force of the Iowa or the Oregon has over visited Hawaii or that part of the ocean. Obedience the Soldier's Duty. The caso of the Arkansas regiments is a striking illustration of the difficulties tho Government encounters in arranging for the future servloe to be rendered by its vol unteer troops. Secretary Axoeh requested Governor Jones to designate one of the two regiments of his State for muster out, the other to be kept in service. After much parley tho Governor selected the First, but found that "both regiments are vio lently opposed to the duty which is ex pected of them," and, accordingly, insisted that the Second should also be mustered out. In other States, and, in fact, all over tho country, thero are efforts to have cer tain regiments mustered out, varied, pos sibly, by efforts to have certain other regi ments retained for specified and presum ably agreeable duties. It should hardly bo necessary to remind all volunteers now In tho United States service that to obey orders is a soldier's first duty. Undoubtedly in some eases commissioned officers, being satistied with their pay, so much higher than that of tho men, and with the comparatively easy duty now in prospect, and especially desiring to lengthen out their records of time passed in tho United States military service, are urgent to have their regiments retained, when the men in tho ranks are anxious to be discharged. Wo may admit, too, that the Government's methods in mustering out may have been trying, furloughs of ex cessive length, sometimes amounting to sixty days, being interposed before troops selected for discharge could gain absolute freedom for resuming private life. Not only does the heavy cost go on of maintaining for a needlessly long time troops whose use fulness is ended, but scattered among their homes the men aro freed from tho restraints as to dlot and other rules of health which the service imposes, and yet tho Govern ment remains responsible for them. But on the other hand thero have been still greater objections, it would appear, to keeping them in tho national camps, judging from tho telegram which that veteran soldier, Gen. Graham, In charge of Camp Meade, sent to tho War Department a few days ago: "Tho presence In this camp of regi ments which have been ordered mustered out of service is exercising a demoralizing influence." He askod that such regiments should at least bo sent away at onco to their State camps, for the sake of the troops that were to remain longer in tho United States servioe. But, admitting all this, tho groat duty of the volunteer troops to-day Is to obey orders, and to show a loyal willingness to do any duty that may bo exacted of them. This Is tho very essence of good soldiership, and it seems to us that tho present is a very criti cal time in settling the question how far our citizen soldiers can be relied upon under all circumstances. Wo recognize fully that many of those who enlisted under the Pres ident's first call were accustomed to a dif ferent form of soldiering from that which has since been exacted of them. They chose their own officers ; often decldod by popu lar voto whether to go horo or thero; treated their companies and roglments, to a lurgo extent, as social organ izations; often controlled thoso or ganizations by tho method of the town meeting or tho caucus ; and when they had an annual woek of field duty to perform performed it in a well-appointed camp, liko tho ono at Peekaklll, for example, with an abundance of toothsome food, lino lodgings and other comfortable conditions. It can bo understood that such troops, while will ing to undergo anything so long as fighting for tho country was in prospect, should chafo at hardships now, and deslro to get back to the occupations, tho opportunisms and the pleasant surroundings which thoy had cheerfully renounced for tho country's saku at the President's call. But a little reflection should teach thorn that tho path of duty is exactly as cleur for thorn now, even If it promises little glory, as it was for thoso of their number who nobly kept up the prestige of American vol unteers on tho battlefields of Santiago, Porto Rico and tho Philippines. Wo aro nearly out of tho woods, but wo are not wholly out. Wo expect peace, but it is ot yet absolutely assured to us. Whether the Government 'Is or is not retaining a needlessly large volunteer force is not for the Individual soldier to determine. He is to stand fast and do his duty. Nor Is it for regiments to make their loyal obe dience to the Government depend on whether they are "satisllod with the kind of duty to which they will be assigned." They will ffivaOetter aeeuranoe to the eoun- try of the value of Its clttsen soldiers, and will hereafter think over their own brief war records with more pride, if they remain faithful, uncomplaining, resolute, and sol i dierlike to the end. The New York Populists. Whatever action the Domocrats will take, or refrain from taking, on tho question of free and unlimited silver coinage at tho ratio of ltl tO 1, when their delegates ns semlilo In Syracuse on tho 28th Inst, there will bo one Stato Convention In tho Sallno City which will be heard from on thlsthemo in no uncertain and probably In no brief manner. Tho 8tate Populist Convention i has been called to moet In Syracuse on Thursday next, the 15th Inst., " to nomi i nato a full Stato ticket." The invitation I emanates from Lawrence J. McPablin as Chairman of the State Committee of the Pop ulist part y of New York and, assurodly, thero has been no one more assiduous In holding up by the heels outside third party political movements in New York for twenty years or more than the industrial reformer of Lock port. The Populist party was organized In Omaha in 1892 and in that year polled 16,000 votes In New York Stato. In 1893 It pollod 17,000, in 1894 11,000, and in 1895 6,900, tho public not showing much interest In Its affairs in New York. Thon, in 1896, tho Populist party found a National Convention of tho Democratic party taking up its plans and projects, adopting its princi ples, absorbing its members and uniting with It on candidates In New York. This access of good fortune, however, did not disconcert the old-line Populists, of whom McpARiiDi was ono, and thus to savo tho organization from extinction as one of the "parties" authorized by law to nominate candidates by polling 10,000 votes at a Stato election, the Now York Populists nominated McPablin for Judgo of tho Court of Appeals, and he pollod 8,300 votes. This was less than the number required under section 56 of the Election Code, and tho Populist party, therefore, went out of official existence as such after 1 896 and had no ticket in tho field In New York last year. Tho Populists this year, if they nominate a " full ticket," as they declare thoy will on Thursday, must get it to the polls by peti tion ; and who is thero bettor qualified to call the roll of Populist membership than McPablin, the last of the Mohicans, a can didate on the first Populist ticket in this State in 1892 and the last In 1890 ? Pink Evening In Seattle. It was a great night for Seattle when the Hon. James Hamilton Lewis camo march ing homo behind his auroral whiskers. In fact, it appears from tho sympathetic de scription given by our esteemed contem porary, tho Scuttle Times, that tho return of Pink was about the greatest event that over occurred; and as the organizer of the show the Times ought to know. This authority pays reverent trlbuto to Pink's "transcen dency of genius and a splondid record as ono of the representatives of the State's in terests in tho councils of tho nation. Thus thero is presented just the elements," says tho Times, with a fervor in which syntax melts, "that will nrjo n graceful constit uency to show a proper appreciation of tho deserts that aro duo to merit so nobly earned." By way of guiding the grateful constit uency and at the same timo giving tho transcendent genius a chance to unpack some of the wisdom garnered in his travels, the Times hired a hall. It also invited Mr. Lewis's friends to meet at a hotel and es cort the hero to the hall. Tho response was cordial. Not only men " began gather ing," but " hundreds of tho fair' sex accom panied their husbands and brothers to tho hotel that tho people of tho State and na tion might know tho popularity that James Hamilton Lewis eDjoys among his neigh bors." Naturally " the enthusiasm among the members of tho Fusion party was in describable." About 8 o'clock tho whole sky flamed with a second sunset. At last tho pink whiskers had arrived. A vast crowd of more than live hundred people surrounded t he carriage and inspected them. Amid joyous multitudes and tho music of Waoneb's Regi mental Band the pink statesman camo home, "bearing the laurels of national achieve ments, nobly and grandly won." And " the man or newspaper or corporation who says that James Hamilton Lewis does not occupy a place in the affections ot the Queen City of the West, or who trios to be little him or his splendid talents," is un worthy of the namo of Fuslonlst Even the elements smiled on Pink : "The Timet and ite frlenda were materially aa alated by that kind Providence that never faile to caat lte favors on thoee woo are interested in further ing any great and good work. Tho Times and lte friends could do and did do to the limit of human possibilities, but they could not Influence the weather." This seems a littlo strange. If tho pre cipitation of pink whiskers and pink oratory will not precipitate rain, what will ? But now the great man is seen by tho audience, " whoso numbers no man could guess," and " bourse notes and crescendos, baso, tenor, high C's, and overy sound that belongs to tho scale molted Into a volume of sound." Mr. Lewis, "with bared head and polo features, rocolved such an ovation as well nigh overcame him." Hear the chronicler : " As the man of small stature and avoirdupois, but of voloe and fame co-extensivo with every part of this vast oouutxy, came prominently into view of every pair of eyes in that ast audience, applause, sponta neous and more overpowering, broke forth and could scarcely be stilled. It was an effort for Congreasman Lewis to iiuiotly seat himself under such unusual circumstances, but he did, and thon, by a gentle wave of his hauds towards the wildly applauding audience, Col. lii.i i in :. auccccded In getting quiot. Those outstretched hauds seemed to echo back, 'Peace, be still,' but the occasion was an inning for the audience and they fairly shouted themselves out of breath before subsiding." Tho Hon. OiiANOE Jacobs, Chairman, said that ho had " known our honored friend sinco ho first camo to Scuttle a beardless, friend less boy, but with tho distinguished mod esty and address that has been his chief characteristic through llfo." Wo cannot imagine our honored friend as beardless, but wo believe thut be was just as modest when u boy as ho Is now, Mr. Jacobs thus certified to the innate, loveliness of his friend's demeanor: " As a laborer on the water front off-bearing the slabs from aawplt to furnace, he threw them into the tire with the same graceful bow." With no less grace does he now toss plu tocruts into the furnace of his orutory. And now he began, doubtfully at first, for " his ovation would certainly be a groat credit to the greatest of heroes or tho greatest of statesmen." In spite of his " natural-born dignity, natural oratory, and natural accom plishments, of grace and poise and beautiful biuiile," his Introduction was "somewhat slow," but ho was soon firing one hundred words a minute. Ae he Is positive that he brought about the war, hie speech about it must have been ot great lutereet to him, Ae a epe?tmen of hie painstaking accuracy of assertion, we quote the following, cheap: "Col. RoosmxT left the navy because ha waa one man who could not be a party to such infamy aa charaitrrlred tba awarding of enntraeta for army and navy account, and he left thenary in disgust." Inevitably the white light of truth is lost In the glow of Ham's whlskors. Some earnest thinkers of the Populist sect hnvo feared that the Hon. Jbmbt Simpson wan becoming too conservative. This pretty passage from n speech which ho mnde on Labor Day shows that his furnaces are as hot as ever: "The Government aa It la administered by the party In power la a atench In tho nostrils of every decent man, and If the American people knew the true workings of the Administration at Washington they would rais an army and drive them Into the Potomao River." Bamoold JkriiyI Tho platform of tho Oneida Democrat "reaffirms allegiance to Domocratlo princi ples as enunciated from tho tlmo of Jkffeb son." The Oneida Democrats have a wondrou capacity for principles and allegiance, hut these generalities are not calculated to soothe the genuine Bryanltes. Who was Jefferson ? Bbvan Is tho boy for their money. Tho Massachusetts Reform Club has gen erously contributed $100 for the purpose of refuting and confounding imperialism. The money might have boon put to a better use by spending It in promoting, by advertisement andothor legitimate mentis, the oandidacy of tho Hon. Gamaliel Bbadfohd for the post of Orand Sn&rk of the Universe. Still, ho is a very good Jabberwock. Governor Black will stand to the end for ro nomlnaUon, and will go to the convention with a feeling determined to win. Schenectady Itmiy Union. There have beea numerous rnsog before Governor Black's of powerful officials renomi nating themselves against their party's bettor judgment, and carrying both man and party to misfortune In consequence 7IOR.SB KNEW YELLOW STRIPES. Submitted to the Cavalryman's Mount, But Kicked When the White Strlpea Approached. From the, St. Paul Di natch. A hore recognizes the master in the man quicker, if anything, than tho man feels him self master of the horse. You will see it dozens of times if you will tako the troublo to look. Any cavalry officer will vouch for tho truth of tho statement that a horse Is impressed by the individuality of a man as easily as ono human being is impressed by the Individuality of an othor. Only horses oannot talk, sad to say. (or If they could how much better and more inter esting oompanions they would be than somo people wo all could mention. The other day Quartermaster Coe tried to mount his brand new horse, and had Bome difficulty in doing so, because of the rent less and nervous temperament of the animal. Then along came Lieut. Howard of tho Third United Htatea Cavalry. Tiio Lieutenant looked in terested when he saw the homo, for what In terests a cavalryman more than a lino equino? "I am having a hard time Irvine to teach thlH horse to stand still when I mount." re marked tho now infantry Lieutenant to the skilled cavalry Lieutenant. " Let's see you try it," roplicd Lieut. Howard of the cavalry. Then Lieut. Coe lilted a ponderous nether limb und .stuck his toes out toward the stirrup. Tho horse stepped aside. Tho Lieutenant triod again, but tho homo continued a very pretty military side stop until ho had com pleted tho lull are of a circle. The jovial Quar termaster was a long timo in getting into tho saddle, and after ho finally lauded tho horse was off at a clip. "Hum." said Lieut. Howard. "Gcod horse, but wants training. Let me try him a minute. will you?" Tho cavalryman walked up to the horse and bofore touching him stood a few minutes Quietly at I,..; side. The horse looked Inter ested, and peeked around in something liko surprise. Then the Lieutenant lifted Ins foot and directed it toward the stirrup. The horse moved quiokly aside, but the Lieutenant was quicker. His fivot reached tho stirrup and stuck there. With a nervous jump the ani mal resumed his side stepping. Lieut. How ard, however, stuck like u barnacle, with one hand on the pommel and the other on the bndlo. In this manner the horse com pleted tho circle several times, the Lieutenant with one foot sliding along the ground and the other in the stirrup. Finding he could not shake the oflicer off, the horse finally stood still. Then Lieut. Howard lightly mounted, dismounted and then moiintodttgnln, continu ing tho operation a dozon times without stop ping. The horse stood as still as u statue. Too whole science of it was thut the horse under stood thoroughly that tho man with the yellow stripes on his trousers kuew more about equine temperaments than tho man with tho whito stripes. Lieut. Howard made his will felt by intuition rather than by force. " Now. you try it. Mr. Coe," said Liout. How ard. The horso resumed its old tactics with tho Quartermaster, and would not change for a long tune. The only trouble was that Liout. Coo had started wrongly and did not impress tho horse at the very outset. Tho animal thoroughly remembered Lieut. Howard the day after, and was wholly submissive to tho hitter's quiet and unspoken determination. "Of course a horso thinks," ho said. Feeding un Kuemy. To the Editor of tub Kun , Sir : One hundred thousand tons of steel plates aro being shipped by the Illinois Steel Company via Montreal to shipbuilders in Ireland. It is a serious fact affecting distribution which deserves the serious consideration not only of those interested in promoting tho commorco of New York, but of those who are intrusted with legislation, administration, and negotia tion at Washington or elsowhere. A continuation of the conditions which mako It possiblo to divert Buch trafflo from Chicago to an alien port and flag will indlcato criminal negligence upon the part of those who adminis ter our public affairs. Under tho bonding privileges as at present enioyod. Canadian railways are enabled to maintain a first-class truffle service which they could not atlord to maintain if they were not permitted to carry, without giving any consid eration therefor, Interstate trafllo which they have not expended one farthing to create, pro mote, or develop, and thoy aro therefore on abled to divert truffle of tho magnitude and churacter of that under discussion from New York to Montreal for shipment to Europe. The supremacy of New Yorle as tho chief re ceiving and distributing poit of this continent chiolly depends upon the ability to load hero vessels al ull times Inward and outward bound. Thore Is no plain, unvarnished common sense in subsidizing lines of fust steamships of high oharacter upon tho Atlantto and Pacific under the American Hag If at tho same time w prac tically subsidize to tho extent of if'.Ti.isni.ooo annually in traffic earnings Canadian railways to divert our truffle to an alien port and flu-, and to continue to do so is a criminal wuste of public funds. A man is a fool who pump the water out of a leukiug ship und then goes to sea without plugging the holes through which the water entered. Puancis Wavland Ulkn. Pulitzer's Slanders. To the Editob or Thk Sum &': The asaertlon made by the World's correspondent at Portsmouth and published under the heading of "Spanish Cap tives Dunce for Jos," that among the Spanish sailors prisoners in the camp " thero are aoo men taken from penal institutions to serve on Admiral Cervcra's ships and who fear that when they get back to Spain they will be imprisoned again," Ac, la an lnfuiuuus lie. The Spanish prisoners who have aervod their coun try at leaat as valiantly aa those of the American navy, because they fought against superior and overwhelming forces ought not to bo classified aa criminals before a country that lias learned to re spect them although defeated and has acted ao kind ly and nobly with thoso who formerly were IU enemies. Kwilio M. Castillo, President Spanish Benevolent Society. The Philippines. To TBI Epitob or Tali Sun Sir: To leave Spain so much aa a foothold in the Islands means to foster foreign Intrigue and embroil us In endless troubles with powers who are far better equipped than we are for diplomatic action; it is to forsake ten millions of despairing souls to whom we have shown a momen tary signal of relief; It la to prove recreant to our own national prmclplea. Alxxabpxb Pel Mab. Niw VOBX, Sept. II. Cureless Elevator Ituuuers. To tbb Editob or Tax Sun Air : There la ao much carelessness among the elevator runners In various tall office buildings that I am surprised that ao few persons are injured. But many, I am sure, bar their nervous systems shocked by the recklaeeueaa of the man in charge of the oars, and no doubt heart i I fcarx!u.,0,0t "" faaaHow. BjKaxaBauiaaaBewaBaaaaean. THAT SANTIAGO BALLOOK. Henri. Bonanilnge Tell What He Saw and Bow a Spanish Shall Rnlned the Air Ship. Bt. Louis, Sept. 12. Sergt. Bonnnr.lnga, a member of the balloon staff of the Fifth Army Corps, left this city this morning for Tampa, whence he will sail to Porto Rico to join hi command. He ha been on loav of absence since the battle of Santiago. He was in the military balloon, and was the only one hurt whon It fell riddled br the Spanish. Ho said this morning: "Our ascent was mnde just bofore daylight Major Max field, a telegraph operator, and my self wero the only person in tho car. We went ' up about 2.000 feet and were held In position by four cables. That height gve ua an excellent view of the Ran Juan Hill fort and trenoho. Wo could see troops moving cannon Into position and hauling ammunition and the bringing up of infantry from tho direc tion of Santiago. Wo mado enrcful note of everything tho position of every flnldpiooo. Its approxlmnte calibre, tho number of troops about tho blockhouse, and. In fnot, everything ' our army needed to know. This was worked out on chart, and the general information waa telegraphed below to the officers. " We had beon at work a couple of hours be fore the enemy discovered us. Then the sharp shooters began popping away from tho treo topa, but eomohow they didn't hit us. Sud denly we noticed a commotion in a buttery near a blockhouBO. Tholr big nuns were trainod our way and a shell wont screaming over the top of the balloon. Thev soon had the whole battery working and our position became de cidedly uncomfortable. "Shot and shell whlzzod around us for hour, but did not hit us. Suddenly, about 5:30 V. M., the balloon jerked violently to ono side and a cloud of silk tumbled about us. A shell had struck tho gas bag. and wo wore sont whirling to the ground. I crashed Into treetop and lost consciousness. When I came to I was on a stretcher being borne to the hospital. Hero it was found that two of my ribs had been broken antl I wns bruised from head to foot. As soon as 1 could travel I was furloughed and came homo to Kpringtlold. Now I nm on my way to PortoRleoto rejoin my old command. " Sergeant Hosara Bonnnr.lnga is an Italian. lie saw service In Italy, France and England, but is now an intense American. WILL KEEP LVZOy, SV KELT. On That Boats the Peace Commission W1U Beg-In Work In Paris. Washington, Sept 12. Secretary of State Day, who roturnod to Washington this morn ing, told a Sun reporter this afternoon that the American members of the Spanish-American Peace Commission would moot at tho Stato De partment on Wednesday. Their purpose in coming here is to consult with President McKlnley and among themselves as to tho work before them and to receive tho written Instructions which have boon pre pared by the Stato Department under direction of the President and Secretary Day. Tho Com missioners and their clerical force will sail from New York for Europe on Saturday noxt. Mr. Day will tender his resignation as Secre tary of Stato a day or two before ho leaves Washington. Ho said this afternoon that ho did not Know when Col. Hay. his successor, would arrive in Washington beyond what the newspaper despatches told him. Thero is ample ground for tho understanding that the President has decided that an insist ence ou the retention of tho island of Luzon by the I 'iiitod States shall be tho first move of tho United States Commissioners when they meet tho Spanish representatives at Pnrls and begin the negotiation of a treaty ot peace with this as a basis of procedure Tho sentiment of tho question of the gov ernment of the Islands will bo left largely to the future. It is said that the instructions to be given tho Commissioners are by no moans final, and that tho conduct of tho negotia tions will bo determined to a great ex tent as matters arise before tho commis sion. Further Instructions can then be sont by cable. It Is conceded generally in official circles that the decision to insist on tho retention of tho entire island of Luzon us tho basis for furthor negotiations will be likely to result in the acquirement by the United States of tho entire group to avoid complica tions with European countries. Germany's intention appears to be to Insist that t lie United States shall assume responsibility for the Phil ippines as a whole, or elso abandon them altogether with the retention of not more ter ritory thau is necessary to establish a coaling station. All tho diplomatic aspects of tho problem will be discussed tit an important meeting of tho Cabinet to be held to-morrow, at which every member of tho Cabinet, with tho excep tion of Secretary Alger, is expected to be present. Attorney-General Griggs returned to town to-day. and Secretaries Long id Bliss have been summoned. The oihe- members of the Cabinet are in the city, tha meeting the President will explain to! iss visors the char acter of the instructions to b i.'ivcn the Ameri can Commissioners, und ho will probably ask for suggest ions that he can lay before the Commissioners when they meet him on Wednesday. Novel Instruction In Maryland. From the Baltimore Sun. John W.Gibson, principal of tho public school at fail Lank. Tilglunan's Island, oue of tho vet eran teachers of Talbot county, teaches geog raphy on a biff object lesson scale. lie has laid off on about a quarter of an acre of the schoolyard a map of the world on Mer cutor's projection, showing the continents and islands, the oceans, seas, lakes and rivers, the mountains and valleys. The water for the waterways is mechanically conveyed from the overflow of a semi-urtoslan well near by. The natural lay of the laud gives the plane surface, tho mountains aro built up with oyster shells, gravel and earth, and sand from the rivershore has been spread toshowthedeserts. The work Is done to a Bcale. Mr. Gibson being a surveyor and civil engineer. His pu piln heliied him enthusiastically iu the work. Tho various mineral and vege table, products of the different countries ure assigned to the respective places. Mr. Gibson does not elnitn that the idea of a schoolyard map Is original with him. but the work prob ably has never been done on so large a scale before, nor with such attention to accuracy of detail. There is largo enough scope to show the progress of the naval side of the Snnninh war- itnnarriw.tinir ecu rulOeu of tin and the bark of the pine treo I not diflH cult : every country boy living on tho salt wa ter can whittle out a ship with his iackknlfo as easily as a factory can make a match, and whon the dally newspapers come what a delight they take in changing tho positions of tho squad rons, according as the news warrants it. This Is both constructive and applied geography, and makes tho map and letterpress of the textbook much more Interesting and more easy of comprehension. Principal Gibson's novel schoolyard attracts many visitors. Gamecock Sold for SI, 000. From the New London Day. The celebrated gamecock Commodore Wain wright, aftor his great victories at Holletsvlllo, Laredo, Han Antonio and Caldwoll, was sold In theoockplt on Gon. Perdou's ranch in Burlo Bon county, Tex., for $1,000. Don San Diego Alonieniayo, a sportsmiin and chicken fancier of Monterey. Mexico, became I he purchaser. Tho money was paid in gold, and while it was being counted out tho victorious young rooster crowed lustily. His spurs were bloody from his recent victory und tils feuthers a little rofflod, but othorwlse ho looked as fresh as the proverbial spring chicken. During tho successful campaign which the gamo young Commodore has just completed he wus entered in twonty-seven mains and was the viotor in everyone. It is said that this bird has won more than .r.(XK) for his owner during his short career. He has fought his last battle, for. according to tho terms of tho bill of salo which tho vender gave to Seflor Moutemayo, the great bird is to be used as a breeder, the purchaser obligating himself never to light tho celebrated gamecock again. This is believed to be the highest price every paid for a rooster in Texas, tiut the price would not be regarded as starthug in old Mexico, where victorious roosters have often boeu ex changed for herds of cattle, ranches and silver mines. Atahualna was tho original pet name of this wonderful bird. Booaevolt In a " Bound-Up." From the Chicago Record. Roosevelt had two runohes In the Bad Lands where ho camo every year wlieu hid uffairs Iu the Held of business and politics would permit. lie came, as he told his men. to he one of them He waa treated on the ranch as any other ranch hand. One of his first experiences on the ranges was on a rouud-uu as a cowboy. j fured thero just as theothnr men fared who wore drawing fill a mouth. He had his " string" of horses with the round-up and performed the same duties as did the cowboys. In the morn ing howascalledwlth the other men asa usual tiling at .1 o'clock made his way to the ropo oorral into which the large band of horses wero dr veil, roped the animal which he desired to ride for the day, saddled it. and after a hasty breakfast started on a long morning's ride. Nor w li j favored In the matter of horses. He took the same kind of animals as did the rest of the men the majority of them half broken broncos, more incline, 1 to bucking than to pussive servitude. Not infrequently he was tumbled over the head of a vicious mustang wIkwo bucking abilities overuiatchd Rooie velt riding br aeveral degrees. But the dla 1 courage menu of cow punching were not pr panentAnd he was no sooner thrown off than &wmu again raIwiuoUutrtriai. rrrm dkclinm to urrxaTioATm, Blflenlt to Pill the Commission to Beport on Army Mothoda. Washinoton. Sept. 12 Five of the nine men naked by President McKlnley to accept mem bership on the proposed commission to investi gate the administration of the War Depart ment In the war have deollnod to servo. Thoy , are Gen. Schofiold, Bobert T. Lincoln, ex- i Senator Manderson, Col. Lament and Gen. Gordon. Gen. Bohofleld, Mr. Llnooln and Gon. Manderson asked for more time to con aider the President's tender. No surprise ws cauiod when the first two responded that they would be unable to accept, but It was both sur- I prising and disappointing to tho President that Gen. Manderson sent a negatlvo answer. Gen. I Dodgo, Col. Sexton and Dr. Oilman aro tho threo who aro said to have promised positively to serve. Dr. Keen, who la in Europe, ha not yet roBpondod. The President has determined that the In vestigation shall tako place, and while he I discouraged over the refusal of more than half tho men asked originally to conduct it, I he will continue his efforts to secure a commission composed of men of prom inence and standing. All tho persons who are familiar with those effort have been requested not to furnish Information to the firesa aa to declinations. Tho President be leves that If tho newspapers publish from day to day the names of those who are aakod to serve and decline, other men, as a matter of pride, will refuse to assist him, although their Inclinations might be to take places on the commission. The names of the Commission ers, therefore, will not be made public until tho body has been completed. It is the desire of the Administration to have at least seven members compose the commis sion, but If that number of suitable men can not be secured the Investigation will bo con ducted by Ave, It Is known thnt tho President has asked William C. Endicott of Massachusetts, who was Secretary of War during Cleveland' first Ad ministration, to servo on the commission. The names of Charles Denby, formerly Minister to China, and Matt W. Ransom, ex-Senator and ox-Minister to Mexico, are being considered by the President in connection with his efforts to form the commission, but they havo not yet been in vited to accept membership on it. Col. Denby was here to-day. He came straight across the continent, aftor landing in Kan Francisco, to give the benefit of his vlows on tho Philippines question to tho President. MISS BARTOS AT SASTI.i'iO. Credit Given Her for Helping to Bring About the Spanish Surrender. Washinoton, Sont. 12. Mis Clara Barton, head of the American Bod Cross Society, has returned to her home near Washington. She reached here to-day accompanied by Dr. Win field Egan, chief surgeon of tiio Reel Cross: Gon. Von Schcll, a member of the Bolgian Bed Cross; Dr. Gill, J. A. McDowell, Miss Lucy Graves and Miss Annio Fowler of Illinois, wdio joined the party at Santiago. Tho Red Cross workers are much provoked over the manner In which thoy wero treated by tho Spanish authorities whn they under took to land supplies from tho Clinton and Comal. To Miss Barton Is given considerable credit by her assist nuts for the part alio played in the surrender of Santiago. It Is said that she found twenty-sevon wound ed Spaniards after tho first light nud urged Gen. Shatter to have their wounds dressed and to havo them returned to their army in order i to combat the impression which prevailed in tho Bpanish army that all Spaniards falling Into the hands of the Americans would bo killed. This was done, and tho men spread through out the army the report of their kind treat ment by the Americans and thus dispelled the ' fear entertained by their comrades that they would be massacred if they surrendered. Miss Barton will probably call on the Presi dent and Secretary of state and make a re port of the work done by her in Cuba. MUST PAT THE WAR TAX. Killing Thnt Foreign Insurance Companies Are Not Exempt. Washinoton, Sept. 12. Many agents in this country of foreign flre.marino and other Insur ance companies have boon Issuing policies without affixing the stamps required by tho War Rovenuo law, claiming exemp tion on tho ground that the companies they represented were foreign corporations and therefore not subject to the tax. The Commissioner of Iuternal Revenue holds that this contention Is without foundation and that policies issued by foreign com panics on proper ty in this country are taxable the same as thoso issued by domostic companies, it not being tho intention of Congress to discriminate against tho domestic companies by leaving their foreign competitors free from tux. It is estimated that tho foreign agencies in New York alone number nearly 100, and the Internal Revenue Bureau Is Inforuied that most of these, not having compiled with the law. are liable not only for the stamps due on policies issued Bince tho tax went into effect, but for very hoavy penalties. HOPES MR. HOAR WILL ACCEPT. The President Urging Him to Take the Am bnaaudorahlp to England. Washington, Sept. 12. Tho President has not given up hope of persuading Senator Hoar of Massachusetts to accept the mission to Eng land. He is urging Mr. Hoar to consent to be come Col. Hay's successor, and there appears to be greater hopo of success now than there was several weeks ago when Mr. Hoar was asked to serve. The only difficulty in tho way of securing Mr. Hoar's consent is said to bo the condition of his health. It is generally conceded by officials of the Oovernmont that if Mr. Hoar goes to the court of St. James, Secretary Long will be ap pointed Seuator from Massachusetts by Gov Wolcott, and Charles V. Allen, tho Assistant becretnry of tho Navy, also a Massachusetts man. will go into the Cabinet as Mr. Long's successor. Dividend! from Insolvent Bank. Washinoton, Sopt. 12. The Comptroller of the Currency has declared dividends in favor of the creditors of insolvent national bank as follows : A fourth dividend of 5 per cent in favor of tho creditors of the Merchants' Na tional Bank of Helena. Mont., making in all 4f tier cent, on claims proved, amounting to $(151.053 : a final dividend of 11. 0-10 per cent In favor of the creditors of tho National Gran ite Statu Bank of Exeter, N. IL, making in all 51 0-10 per cent, on claims proved, amounting to $81,091. oil o.v A dvstt Hum wav. An Experiment at Glen Cove Suggested by President Baldwin. Glen Cove, L. I., Sept. 12. An experiment in the use of oil to prevent the stirring up of dust on the highways has been made here. Highland road, near the railroad station, be came unbearably dusty. At tho suggestion of President William H. Baldwin of tho Long Island Railroad, oil from tho Pratt roilnerles was sprinkled on tho road by means of au or dinary street sprinkler. The dust was laid and has stayed down. Tho only question as to the practicability of the plan is regarding the frequency with which oil must he applied; Time alone will Bettio that. On railroad road beds where the same process is used, the oil I renewed only once or twice u year. l'lilleis-Iii Invade Wall Street. Soldiers who came to tho United States Sub Treasury on Wall Btreot yesterday to cash pay draft wore approached after they lelt tho building by three men who wore on tho look out for them. The persistence of the stranger caused one of tho detectives assigned to the w all street district to inquire what they wanted. The men produced cards Bhowlng that they represented clothing nierehunls who had con cluded trade might bo worked up among tho Mlaion, Leave .Spain no I'oothold on the Islands. From the Hebrew Standard. By far the largest part of our people favor the keeping of the Philippines. We havo no patience with that das. of alarmists who have failed to per ceive that tho w.rld of to-day la not the worlil of fifty ) ears ago, and that the teli graph, the cable and other agencies have brought the furthest ends of the earth Into close oontiguity. Conditions have changed. We hvs become a na tion aye, the fore meat upon the earth. When the for tunes of war caat In our way rich possessions, it would be toolbar dy to give them up. The Philippiuea, developed by the United states, will be a new El Dorado. We ought to hold on to them. Most likely we will. Specify four tisuris. From Us BaUl'mars World. Hereafter It will ha nsrnsary whan uisuUonlng the "unmortalOaoceV'ta specif? axaotly whether U la WaaUungtoa ce Daw ay tea to Skaejke, DUN BY BAYS KEEP TUB ML AN DM. Former Minister to China Glvea McKlnla tfl Advice on the Philippines. Qr Wabhtnoton. Sept. 12. Charles Denby. no- H til recently Minister to China, reached W'nsh- Lm ington to-day ami had an hour' talk with President. MeKinley on the situation in the East, Mr. Denby was Minister to China for thirteen year and has witnessed the steady encroach I ment of tho foreign Government there, the dismissal and reinstatement of LI Hung ("bang. tho China-Japanese war and other matters of , interest there. Mr. Denby said he was unqualifiedly in favor of holding tho liltuid of Lur.en, and did not soo how tho United States ooukt avoid holding tho entire Philippine group. Aside from the ouostlon of supporting the ! Amerioan interests in tho Philippines, the I retention of tho Islands was practically neces sary to prevent war. Were Spain allowed to retain the islands she would havo trouble constantly with them, and Germany would a . very likely, by purchase or forcible posscs-doD, A I obtain part of them. Tula would mean war i with l'.nghiiid, who would oppose with Jmm all her strong! h the occupation of those fff Islands by any other country than the united State. They were too near Australia. and Hong Kong for England to permit an country which might be hostile to her tooe cupy and hold. The retention of Manila ho regarded aa abBolutely nocesBary unless the United Statoe wished to back down from tho iosltion it assumod when it sent n largo army to hold Manila after Admiral Dewey rendered its occupation possible by destroying the Spanish fleet. The United States, he said, could hardly hold Manila without holding the i land of Luzon, aa thero would bo constant m riot. Insurrection and other trouble aS The holding of the island he regarded as one of the first questions to bo settled Uy the Peace tr Commission, which might then consider the advisability of holding tho entire group. UBJ AFTER THE PENSION BUREAV. "" Talk of Investigating the G. A. B. Charge f5J Against Commissioner Evans. 'Mti Washinoton, Sept. 12. There Is omo talk B of Investigating Commissioner Evans's admin- Ml istratlon of the Pension Bureau, which waa vigorously attacked by the National Encamp ment, G. A. R., at Cincinnati last week. Com missioner Kviins is out of tho city on his vaca tion, but ono of the bureau officials, in speak ing of tho action of the O. A. R. said it would not disturb tho CommisBloner any, as It waa evidently the work of disgruntled pension at torneys. Corporal Tanner, whose brief career at the head of tho Pension Bureau in 1HS0-00 is not yet forgotten, was n member of the Commltteo on Resolutions which reported to the National Encampment the Htricturos upon the bureau. Referring to the statement that the resolutions were the production of dissatisfied attorneys. Corporal Tanner said : " I wus the onlv pension attorney un the committee that framed those resolutions, and was not aware that 1 had been debarred. Mr. Evans has got the U. A R. after him. and if he thinks ho can brush this matter aside by calling it the work of a few debarred pension attorneys ho is very much mistaken.' FIRE IN THE NEWPORT. Big Apartment House Badly Itarnnged b Flumes Loan 915,00ft. Three alarms were rune Inst night for a fire in tho six-story apnrtmt nt house known as tha re Newport, at Seventh avenue and Fifty-second street. Tho elevator boy noticed flames and smoke iu the laundry room on tho east end of tho fifth floor. He summoned the janitor and the tenants were aroused. A number of peo- J pie were taken down in the elevator, but two aBL colored laundry women, who were on the top floor, ran to the lire escape and clung to it until the firemen took them down on a ladder. In a few minutes the names had spread to the top floor and the Seventh avenue side of the building was in a blaze. The damage to the building and furniture of the tenants ag g regaled $15,(XH), most of it being covered by Insurance. It is believed that the lire was caused by the crossing ot electric wires in the drying room of the laundry. The building belongs to the Amos II. Kno estate. ART IN AMERICA. A Bnpid Growth That Promises to Make This Country the ' Louvre of Nations." E?- From the Nineteenth Century. "fl It does not aeem to be commonly realized tha America that is, the United states ia on the way to become the Louvre of the nations. From year to year its public gullcrles have been enriched with masterpieces of all the modern schools; and by pur chase, bequeat, or gift, many valuable and aomo great pictures by the older Italian, Flemish, and I Spanish masters have been added to the already im posing store of national art wealth. In New York preeminently, but also in Boston ,K I Washington, Philadelphia, and in other large citie from New Orleans iu the South to Chicago in tho North, aiidifrom Paltiniore iu the Fast to San Fran- ftfl cisco in the Wet, there is now so numerous, and. In Ij the main, so distinguished a congregation of pic- MM ttirca, of all schools and pcriodB, that the day is not eR l only id hand, but has arrived, when the native stu- tWmmi dent of art no longer needs to go abroad in order to learn tho tal.il reach and hi';!i- water mark in this or Xfl that nation's achievement, in this or that school's ac complishment, in this or that indivlilusl painter's W A work. Iu time, and probably before long, the gieat m desideratum will lie attained the atmosphere ' Jri wherein the creative Imagination is sustained and mi nouriahed. At present the moat brilliant American mmf painters must follow the trade flag of art, and that A banner llaniiu uowhero steadily but in Paris and M: London. There are now in America more training schools, more opportunities for instruction, more ebsnee for the individual young painter to arrive at self knowledge than wero enjoyed of old by the i arer youth of Flanders, of France, of Spain, even of Italy. But tliacsscnual is still wanting, without which sll these ndvaiituc.es aro merely aa stars among tha branches. There is no atmosphere of art in America Wm at large. In the great majority of towns throughout tha States there is no atmosphere at all. But every few ttmti years the radical influences at work are transmuting Awl these conditions, and though neither Boston, nor Washington, nor even New York are yet art centres in any way comparable to London, or Pans, or Munich, the time is not far distant when tho inevitable must happen. In actual respect of art treasures the gnat cities of the States are already beyond our own provincial cities and towns, among which only Liverpoul and Glasgow stand out preeminent. New York, naturally, has become tho art metiopolli of the Htatea. Already the art wealth of this great city Is almost incalculable. Boston comeauext, then Washington. But notwithstanding the general idea affN to the contrary, the finest private i ollecUuns an- not JK In New York. There is no private collection In New H York or Ponton or Washington to compare for a rn, I moment with that of Mr. W. T. Walters at Baltiuiors. anflj i if all t'..c " homes of art " to be seen iu America, Mr, Waltcrs'a 1b preeminently " the House Beautiful." Within the last ten years the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York has become oueof the most inter- kmwwM esUng uf nil national art collections. tWttm TIIF TRUE NOTE. TtWW The Glory of the Country, Not Its Mlsfor- i flaf tunes, to lie lleluouibered. lJKj From the Cincinnati Fnomrer. VlH The fact goes into history that leas than 2A,000 ffll American troops forced Spain to capitulate and at an- ' ffj don that island with its I'oo.ooo Spanish troops and to give up the war which her brutality had forced. The reader will say: "We kuew all tbla beforei why this recital V" The anewer is that these glorious achievements ought to be constantly kept in view to restrain the spirit of pessimism now ao rife in tha atfe country. Would it not be well if tin public mind i ould now aTt'L be turned to moio Interesting themes thau c.tlior the M fT accidents or the fault of army administration, ami wflW the world be permitted Ui see the American people a little better reconciled to their own Uuvemuient thau somo of our Dawsnanara have rt presented tlieiu to be during the last fortnight t The British general's Failure. From the Saturday Kemew. Three years ago flourishes of journalistic trumpets Bti ami rolls of ui wspaper drums proclaimed the ap- arPM potutiiiei.t of l.oid Wulsclej as Conimaudel In-Chief lmkV of the British Army. Lord Wolsuley was going to le form the army, to decreaaelu coat, In fact to perform all those deeds for the public advantage which tha B new man invariably promises and rarely performs. H We ourselves strongly supported blui. But what has mm be douo to justify all the encomiums passed on linn In advance I How has the army, how has the ptibl.c -aJaVv benefited by the alteration which was to lirluit III a aort of military mileiiuiiuu We seem aa far on u as ever. Our army costs mure thau It did three years ago, it the estimates are to be reUad on, and the ai penaes are atiil on tha ap Una. In fact, our handled of aoliUara coaks oeaatdatahlr anon to iV-'-T than t - 4-t -nTrirnisili li nl 1 1 Ui j