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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, September 13, 1898, Image 6

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THE SUK, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1808.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 189S.
Subscription by Mall, Postpaid.
rn.T, per Month
HAII.Y, per Year 0 00
SWCDAT. par Year 00
DAILY AND SUNDAY, par Year S 00
DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Month 70
Poataga to foreign coon trie added.
Tim Bin, New York City.
Panie Klneque No. 13, near Orand Hotel, and
Eloeque Mo. 10, Boulevard da Capuclnea.
If awe Heads wh aver iu Kith manutcrtptt for
potUeantM with U ham rejected article! returned, thru
mutt in alt emu und ttamptor that ntrpt$t.
The Philippine.
Wisdom to-day calls upon tho President
to provldo for the transfer of the Philip
pine Islands to the United States, as it
called upon tho Commander-in-Chief of the
United States Navy to capture them at the
beginning of the war.
The Instrument selected for tho latter
duty was George Dxwby. The American
Peace Commissioners have to complete
Pewmy'b triumph.
Di wit's orders were to "capture or de
stroy the Spanish fleet." The Peaoe Com
mission's orders, to be given in Washington
on Thursday, perhaps, should be: "Hold
, I i the Philippines."
.1 il'
Crete.
In turning their arms against tho Brit
ish troops and taking the lives and de
stroying the property of foreign subjects
at Candia, the Cretan Mussulmans have
rung tho knoll of Turkish rule in Crete
The passive attitude of the Turkish troops
during the disorders that prevailed last
week was of Itself sufficient evidence of
complicity on the part of the Turkish offi
cials with the rioters, if the possession of
arms by the latter had not already es
tablished it. The responsibility, how
ever, for what has occurred docs not
lie entirely at the door of the Turkish local
officials. Djevad Pacha, tho military com
mander In Crete, is a trusted and confiden
tial servant of the Sultan, and would act
only in the spirit of tho instructions he re
ceived. As the special envoy of the Sultan
in Crete after the withdrawal of Mahmoud
Djxlxaleddin Pacha, the promoter of the
troubles of 1889, Djevad became thorough
ly acquainted with the situation there, and
bis nomination to the Orand Vizierat soon
after his return to Constantinople proved
the esteem in which the Sultan held him.
Uis return to Crete early in the present
troubles was a further proof of the conlldenco
of the Sultan, and affords strong grounds for
the presumption that what has been per
mitted by Djevad has not been without the
approval of his master. The full responsi
bility for the recent events at Candia is
therefore to bo laid at the door of the pal
ace at Constantinople.
If the report that the places of the Turk
ish garrisons about to be recalled or ex
pelled from Creto are to be taken by British
I and Italian troops be true, an entirely new
situation will be created in tho aspect of
affairs in the island. At present tho for
eign military forces occupying their allot
ted zones are composed of about equal
numbers of British, Russian, French, and
Italian troops of various arms. Should,
however, the numbers of tho British and
Italians be brought up to t hat of the Turks
it is proposed they should displace, there
would be a preponderance of many thou
sands of the two former over the French
and Russians. Unless the increase be made
with the consent of the Russian and French
Governments wo may expect to hear, there
fore, that friction has arisen between tho
two groups of powers in occupation of
Crete, the Anglo-Italian and tho Russo
French, who were left face to face by the
withdrawal of the Austro-Germon group.
What is remarkable about tho present
position in Crete is that the Anglo-Italiun
occupation of that island and certain parts
in Greece which was projected In 1 SHU is
now about to be partially accomplished, so
far as Creto is concerned. If carried into
effect it means not only tho end of Turkish
rule, but of the dream of Cretun independ
ence also ; and it may well bo that unless
all the European powers come to a decision
to neutralize Crete, it will prove tho bone
of contention over which the long-expected
quarrel among them will brook out. But
the neutralization of Creto is not one of tho
probabilities of the hour. Suda Bay pre
sents too groat a temptation to tho naval
powers in the Mediterranean for any of
them to voluntarily place it beyond their
reach in case of war.
The Iowa and the Oregon.
Another great test, or perhaps wo ought
rather to say another Illustration, of the
capacity of battleships for long-dlstanco
steaming will soon be furnished in tho voy
age of tho Oregon and the Iowa from Now
York to Hawaii. Tho former has her reputa
tion in this respect already made, and ac
cordingly can do nothing more than confirm
It. Kho could not well expect to accomplish
more than to repeat her wonderful record
on tho run from Han Francisco to Florida of
"not a bolt hturtod" and engines in perfect
order. But her companion vessel has long
distance laurels still to gather, uml we
shall expect to llud her fully equal to tho
task, for she is In fact our only "sea
going" battleship.
While tho now run starts far north of
Key West, and is to end far out in the Pa
cific, yet wo havo to remember that Hono
lulu is in a much lower latitudo than San
Francisco. Indeed, taking into account the
possiblo need of ordering tho two vessels
from Punta Arenas to Manila, there aro ob
vious advantages in sending them directly
to Hawaii, as is now proposed, instead of ilrst
to Mare Island, as i i was originally reported
and perhaps Intended. Engineer Offley's
figures of the Oregon's great voyage make
it begin at Hroinortou, where she had been
docked, and from which tho distance to San
Francisco is 827.7 nautical miles. From
San Francisco to Cullao she made her
longest unbroken run, 4,070.5 knots.
From Callao to Port Tamur, accord
ing to the same authority, is 2.S20.9
knots; from Port Tamar to Puntu Arenas,
in the Straits of Magellan, 1 32; from Punta
Arenas to Rio de Janeiro, 2247.7; from Rio
to Bahia, 700; from Bahla to Barbadoes,
2,229; from Barbadoes to Jupiter, 1,883.9;
Anally, from Jupiter to Key West, 280.
That makes up the great total of 14,708.7
knots; but the voyage is popularly consid
ered, and probably will generally be spoken
f when recounted In history, a beginning
fc M ban Frtholaoo, and the deduction of the
run from Bremerton would give 18,879
knots. Still, our despatch from Washing
ton, announcing the new voyage, that
" tho distance from New York to Hon
olulu by way of the Straits of Magellan
Is 13,188 knots," would leave the Oregon's
first run still tho longer, oven deducting
Its final stage from Jupiter to Key West..
But in the coming voyage the longest con
tinuous run, that from Punta Arenas to
Honolulu, will be far longer than tho longest
that the Oregon undertook. Howover, as
four colliers, It Is understood, aro to go
with the two ships, thore will be no fear of
failure of fuel Bt any part of tho voyage.
The Oregon, it will be remembered, had
no collier with her.
Presumably no effort at all will bo mado
by the Iowa and Oregon to achieve great
speed records, even were no colliers taken
along, because there Is no necessity for
haste llko that Imposed on tho Ore
gon in her run. They will presumably
go at an economical speed, and this
Is generally considered to be about
ten knots. The Oregon never got quite
as low as that In any of tho stages
of her voyage just enumerated, although
she got nearly down to it, 10.08 knots, ac
cording to Engineer Oppley's figures, in
going from Sandy Point to Rio. But the
long stretch from San Francisco to Callao
showed an average of 10.99 knots, and from
Callao to Port Tamar of nearly 12,
while tho short run from Port Tamar
to Sandy Point is credited with 14.55 knots.
From Bahla to Barbadoes 11.55 was
made, and from Barbadoes to Jupiter 1 1.86.
But in the reckonings here cited the time
when fairly under way was alone taken,
that of entering and leaving port being
eliminated.
While there may bo no efforts In the
new cruise to boat the old record of tho
Oregon, yet Interesting and important re
sults will be noted, such, for example, as
the number of knots run per ton of cool
burned, besides various comparisons be
tween the two vessels themselves. That tho
prestige of our navy among foreign obser
vers will bo further Increased we may con
fidently expect, while the main point for us
will be the Increase of our naval force In
the Pacific. It will be the first time that any
ship of the size and force of the Iowa or
the Oregon has over visited Hawaii or that
part of the ocean.
Obedience the Soldier's Duty.
The caso of the Arkansas regiments is a
striking illustration of the difficulties tho
Government encounters in arranging for
the future servloe to be rendered by its vol
unteer troops. Secretary Axoeh requested
Governor Jones to designate one of the two
regiments of his State for muster out, the
other to be kept in service. After much
parley tho Governor selected the First,
but found that "both regiments are vio
lently opposed to the duty which is ex
pected of them," and, accordingly, insisted
that the Second should also be mustered
out. In other States, and, in fact, all over
tho country, thero are efforts to have cer
tain regiments mustered out, varied, pos
sibly, by efforts to have certain other regi
ments retained for specified and presum
ably agreeable duties.
It should hardly bo necessary to remind
all volunteers now In tho United States
service that to obey orders is a soldier's
first duty. Undoubtedly in some eases
commissioned officers, being satistied with
their pay, so much higher than that of tho
men, and with the comparatively easy duty
now in prospect, and especially desiring
to lengthen out their records of time
passed in tho United States military service,
are urgent to have their regiments retained,
when the men in tho ranks are anxious to
be discharged. Wo may admit, too, that
the Government's methods in mustering
out may have been trying, furloughs of ex
cessive length, sometimes amounting to
sixty days, being interposed before troops
selected for discharge could gain absolute
freedom for resuming private life. Not only
does the heavy cost go on of maintaining
for a needlessly long time troops whose use
fulness is ended, but scattered among their
homes the men aro freed from tho restraints
as to dlot and other rules of health which
the service imposes, and yet tho Govern
ment remains responsible for them. But on
the other hand thero have been still greater
objections, it would appear, to keeping
them in tho national camps, judging from
tho telegram which that veteran soldier,
Gen. Graham, In charge of Camp Meade,
sent to tho War Department a few days
ago: "Tho presence In this camp of regi
ments which have been ordered mustered
out of service is exercising a demoralizing
influence." He askod that such regiments
should at least bo sent away at onco to
their State camps, for the sake of the troops
that were to remain longer in tho United
States servioe.
But, admitting all this, tho groat duty of
the volunteer troops to-day Is to obey orders,
and to show a loyal willingness to do any
duty that may bo exacted of them. This Is
tho very essence of good soldiership, and it
seems to us that tho present is a very criti
cal time in settling the question how far
our citizen soldiers can be relied upon under
all circumstances. Wo recognize fully that
many of those who enlisted under the Pres
ident's first call were accustomed to a dif
ferent form of soldiering from that which
has since been exacted of them. They chose
their own officers ; often decldod by popu
lar voto whether to go horo or thero;
treated their companies and roglments,
to a lurgo extent, as social organ
izations; often controlled thoso or
ganizations by tho method of the town
meeting or tho caucus ; and when they had
an annual woek of field duty to perform
performed it in a well-appointed camp, liko
tho ono at Peekaklll, for example, with an
abundance of toothsome food, lino lodgings
and other comfortable conditions. It can
bo understood that such troops, while will
ing to undergo anything so long as fighting
for tho country was in prospect, should
chafo at hardships now, and deslro to get
back to the occupations, tho opportunisms
and the pleasant surroundings which thoy
had cheerfully renounced for tho country's
saku at the President's call.
But a little reflection should teach thorn
that tho path of duty is exactly as cleur for
thorn now, even If it promises little glory,
as it was for thoso of their number who
nobly kept up the prestige of American vol
unteers on tho battlefields of Santiago,
Porto Rico and tho Philippines. Wo aro
nearly out of tho woods, but wo are not
wholly out. Wo expect peace, but it is
ot yet absolutely assured to us. Whether
the Government 'Is or is not retaining a
needlessly large volunteer force is not for
the Individual soldier to determine.
He is to stand fast and do his duty. Nor
Is it for regiments to make their loyal obe
dience to the Government depend on
whether they are "satisllod with the kind
of duty to which they will be assigned."
They will ffivaOetter aeeuranoe to the eoun-
try of the value of Its clttsen soldiers, and
will hereafter think over their own brief war
records with more pride, if they remain
faithful, uncomplaining, resolute, and sol
i dierlike to the end.
The New York Populists.
Whatever action the Domocrats will take,
or refrain from taking, on tho question of
free and unlimited silver coinage at tho
ratio of ltl tO 1, when their delegates ns
semlilo In Syracuse on tho 28th Inst, there
will bo one Stato Convention In tho Sallno
City which will be heard from on thlsthemo
in no uncertain and probably In no brief
manner. Tho 8tate Populist Convention i
has been called to moet In Syracuse on
Thursday next, the 15th Inst., " to nomi
i nato a full Stato ticket." The invitation
I emanates from Lawrence J. McPablin as
Chairman of the State Committee of the Pop
ulist part y of New York and, assurodly, thero
has been no one more assiduous In holding
up by the heels outside third party political
movements in New York for twenty years
or more than the industrial reformer of
Lock port.
The Populist party was organized In
Omaha in 1892 and in that year polled
16,000 votes In New York Stato. In 1893
It pollod 17,000, in 1894 11,000, and in
1895 6,900, tho public not showing much
interest In Its affairs in New York. Thon,
in 1896, tho Populist party found a National
Convention of tho Democratic party taking
up its plans and projects, adopting its princi
ples, absorbing its members and uniting
with It on candidates In New York. This
access of good fortune, however, did
not disconcert the old-line Populists, of
whom McpARiiDi was ono, and thus to
savo tho organization from extinction
as one of the "parties" authorized by
law to nominate candidates by polling
10,000 votes at a Stato election, the
Now York Populists nominated McPablin
for Judgo of tho Court of Appeals, and he
pollod 8,300 votes. This was less than the
number required under section 56 of the
Election Code, and tho Populist party,
therefore, went out of official existence as
such after 1 896 and had no ticket in tho
field In New York last year.
Tho Populists this year, if they nominate
a " full ticket," as they declare thoy will on
Thursday, must get it to the polls by peti
tion ; and who is thero bettor qualified to
call the roll of Populist membership than
McPablin, the last of the Mohicans, a can
didate on the first Populist ticket in this
State in 1892 and the last In 1890 ?
Pink Evening In Seattle.
It was a great night for Seattle when the
Hon. James Hamilton Lewis camo march
ing homo behind his auroral whiskers. In
fact, it appears from tho sympathetic de
scription given by our esteemed contem
porary, tho Scuttle Times, that tho return of
Pink was about the greatest event that over
occurred; and as the organizer of the show
the Times ought to know. This authority
pays reverent trlbuto to Pink's "transcen
dency of genius and a splondid record as
ono of the representatives of the State's in
terests in tho councils of tho nation. Thus
thero is presented just the elements," says
tho Times, with a fervor in which syntax
melts, "that will nrjo n graceful constit
uency to show a proper appreciation of tho
deserts that aro duo to merit so nobly
earned."
By way of guiding the grateful constit
uency and at the same timo giving tho
transcendent genius a chance to unpack
some of the wisdom garnered in his travels,
the Times hired a hall. It also invited Mr.
Lewis's friends to meet at a hotel and es
cort the hero to the hall. Tho response
was cordial. Not only men " began gather
ing," but " hundreds of tho fair' sex accom
panied their husbands and brothers to tho
hotel that tho people of tho State and na
tion might know tho popularity that James
Hamilton Lewis eDjoys among his neigh
bors." Naturally " the enthusiasm among
the members of tho Fusion party was in
describable." About 8 o'clock tho whole sky flamed
with a second sunset. At last tho pink
whiskers had arrived. A vast crowd of more
than live hundred people surrounded t he
carriage and inspected them. Amid joyous
multitudes and tho music of Waoneb's Regi
mental Band the pink statesman camo home,
"bearing the laurels of national achieve
ments, nobly and grandly won." And " the
man or newspaper or corporation who
says that James Hamilton Lewis does not
occupy a place in the affections ot the
Queen City of the West, or who trios to be
little him or his splendid talents," is un
worthy of the namo of Fuslonlst Even
the elements smiled on Pink :
"The Timet and ite frlenda were materially aa
alated by that kind Providence that never faile to
caat lte favors on thoee woo are interested in further
ing any great and good work. Tho Times and lte
friends could do and did do to the limit of human
possibilities, but they could not Influence the
weather."
This seems a littlo strange. If tho pre
cipitation of pink whiskers and pink oratory
will not precipitate rain, what will ? But
now the great man is seen by tho audience,
" whoso numbers no man could guess," and
" bourse notes and crescendos, baso, tenor,
high C's, and overy sound that belongs to
tho scale molted Into a volume of sound."
Mr. Lewis, "with bared head and polo
features, rocolved such an ovation as well
nigh overcame him." Hear the chronicler :
" As the man of small stature and avoirdupois, but of
voloe and fame co-extensivo with every part of this
vast oouutxy, came prominently into view of every
pair of eyes in that ast audience, applause, sponta
neous and more overpowering, broke forth and could
scarcely be stilled. It was an effort for Congreasman
Lewis to iiuiotly seat himself under such unusual
circumstances, but he did, and thon, by a gentle
wave of his hauds towards the wildly applauding
audience, Col. lii.i i in :. auccccded In getting quiot.
Those outstretched hauds seemed to echo back,
'Peace, be still,' but the occasion was an inning for
the audience and they fairly shouted themselves out
of breath before subsiding."
Tho Hon. OiiANOE Jacobs, Chairman, said
that ho had " known our honored friend sinco
ho first camo to Scuttle a beardless, friend
less boy, but with tho distinguished mod
esty and address that has been his chief
characteristic through llfo." Wo cannot
imagine our honored friend as beardless,
but wo believe thut be was just as modest
when u boy as ho Is now, Mr. Jacobs thus
certified to the innate, loveliness of his
friend's demeanor:
" As a laborer on the water front off-bearing the
slabs from aawplt to furnace, he threw them into the
tire with the same graceful bow."
With no less grace does he now toss plu
tocruts into the furnace of his orutory. And
now he began, doubtfully at first, for " his
ovation would certainly be a groat credit to
the greatest of heroes or tho greatest of
statesmen." In spite of his " natural-born
dignity, natural oratory, and natural accom
plishments, of grace and poise and beautiful
biuiile," his Introduction was "somewhat
slow," but ho was soon firing one hundred
words a minute. Ae he Is positive that he
brought about the war, hie speech about it
must have been ot great lutereet to him, Ae
a epe?tmen of hie painstaking accuracy of
assertion, we quote the following, cheap:
"Col. RoosmxT left the navy because ha waa one
man who could not be a party to such infamy aa
charaitrrlred tba awarding of enntraeta for army
and navy account, and he left thenary in disgust."
Inevitably the white light of truth is lost
In the glow of Ham's whlskors.
Some earnest thinkers of the Populist
sect hnvo feared that the Hon. Jbmbt Simpson
wan becoming too conservative. This pretty
passage from n speech which ho mnde on Labor
Day shows that his furnaces are as hot as ever:
"The Government aa It la administered by the
party In power la a atench In tho nostrils of every
decent man, and If the American people knew the
true workings of the Administration at Washington
they would rais an army and drive them Into the
Potomao River."
Bamoold JkriiyI
Tho platform of tho Oneida Democrat
"reaffirms allegiance to Domocratlo princi
ples as enunciated from tho tlmo of Jkffeb
son." The Oneida Democrats have a wondrou
capacity for principles and allegiance, hut these
generalities are not calculated to soothe the
genuine Bryanltes. Who was Jefferson ?
Bbvan Is tho boy for their money.
Tho Massachusetts Reform Club has gen
erously contributed $100 for the purpose of
refuting and confounding imperialism. The
money might have boon put to a better use by
spending It in promoting, by advertisement
andothor legitimate mentis, the oandidacy of
tho Hon. Gamaliel Bbadfohd for the post of
Orand Sn&rk of the Universe. Still, ho is a
very good Jabberwock.
Governor Black will stand to the end for ro
nomlnaUon, and will go to the convention with a
feeling determined to win. Schenectady Itmiy Union.
There have beea numerous rnsog before
Governor Black's of powerful officials renomi
nating themselves against their party's bettor
judgment, and carrying both man and party to
misfortune In consequence
7IOR.SB KNEW YELLOW STRIPES.
Submitted to the Cavalryman's Mount, But
Kicked When the White Strlpea Approached.
From the, St. Paul Di natch.
A hore recognizes the master in the man
quicker, if anything, than tho man feels him
self master of the horse. You will see it dozens
of times if you will tako the troublo to look.
Any cavalry officer will vouch for tho truth of
tho statement that a horse Is impressed by the
individuality of a man as easily as ono human
being is impressed by the Individuality of an
othor. Only horses oannot talk, sad to say. (or
If they could how much better and more inter
esting oompanions they would be than somo
people wo all could mention.
The other day Quartermaster Coe tried to
mount his brand new horse, and had Bome
difficulty in doing so, because of the rent less
and nervous temperament of the animal. Then
along came Lieut. Howard of tho Third United
Htatea Cavalry. Tiio Lieutenant looked in
terested when he saw the homo, for what In
terests a cavalryman more than a lino equino?
"I am having a hard time Irvine to teach
thlH horse to stand still when I mount." re
marked tho now infantry Lieutenant to the
skilled cavalry Lieutenant.
" Let's see you try it," roplicd Lieut. Howard
of the cavalry.
Then Lieut. Coe lilted a ponderous nether
limb und .stuck his toes out toward the stirrup.
Tho horse stepped aside. Tho Lieutenant
triod again, but tho homo continued a very
pretty military side stop until ho had com
pleted tho lull are of a circle. The jovial Quar
termaster was a long timo in getting into tho
saddle, and after ho finally lauded tho horse
was off at a clip.
"Hum." said Lieut. Howard. "Gcod horse,
but wants training. Let me try him a minute.
will you?"
Tho cavalryman walked up to the horse and
bofore touching him stood a few minutes
Quietly at I,..; side. The horse looked Inter
ested, and peeked around in something liko
surprise. Then the Lieutenant lifted Ins foot
and directed it toward the stirrup. The horse
moved quiokly aside, but the Lieutenant was
quicker. His fivot reached tho stirrup and
stuck there. With a nervous jump the ani
mal resumed his side stepping. Lieut. How
ard, however, stuck like u barnacle, with
one hand on the pommel and the other on
the bndlo. In this manner the horse com
pleted tho circle several times, the Lieutenant
with one foot sliding along the ground and
the other in the stirrup. Finding he could
not shake the oflicer off, the horse finally stood
still. Then Lieut. Howard lightly mounted,
dismounted and then moiintodttgnln, continu
ing tho operation a dozon times without stop
ping. The horse stood as still as u statue. Too
whole science of it was thut the horse under
stood thoroughly that tho man with the yellow
stripes on his trousers kuew more about equine
temperaments than tho man with tho whito
stripes. Lieut. Howard made his will felt by
intuition rather than by force.
" Now. you try it. Mr. Coe," said Liout. How
ard. The horso resumed its old tactics with tho
Quartermaster, and would not change for a
long tune. The only trouble was that Liout.
Coo had started wrongly and did not impress
tho horse at the very outset. Tho animal
thoroughly remembered Lieut. Howard the day
after, and was wholly submissive to tho hitter's
quiet and unspoken determination.
"Of course a horso thinks," ho said.
Feeding un Kuemy.
To the Editor of tub Kun , Sir : One
hundred thousand tons of steel plates aro
being shipped by the Illinois Steel Company
via Montreal to shipbuilders in Ireland. It
is a serious fact affecting distribution which
deserves the serious consideration not only of
those interested in promoting tho commorco
of New York, but of those who are intrusted
with legislation, administration, and negotia
tion at Washington or elsowhere.
A continuation of the conditions which mako
It possiblo to divert Buch trafflo from Chicago
to an alien port and flag will indlcato criminal
negligence upon the part of those who adminis
ter our public affairs.
Under tho bonding privileges as at present
enioyod. Canadian railways are enabled to
maintain a first-class truffle service which they
could not atlord to maintain if they were not
permitted to carry, without giving any consid
eration therefor, Interstate trafllo which they
have not expended one farthing to create, pro
mote, or develop, and thoy aro therefore on
abled to divert truffle of tho magnitude and
churacter of that under discussion from New
York to Montreal for shipment to Europe.
The supremacy of New Yorle as tho chief re
ceiving and distributing poit of this continent
chiolly depends upon the ability to load hero
vessels al ull times Inward and outward bound.
Thore Is no plain, unvarnished common sense
in subsidizing lines of fust steamships of high
oharacter upon tho Atlantto and Pacific under
the American Hag If at tho same time w prac
tically subsidize to tho extent of if'.Ti.isni.ooo
annually in traffic earnings Canadian railways
to divert our truffle to an alien port and flu-,
and to continue to do so is a criminal wuste of
public funds.
A man is a fool who pump the water out of a
leukiug ship und then goes to sea without
plugging the holes through which the water
entered. Puancis Wavland Ulkn.
Pulitzer's Slanders.
To the Editob or Thk Sum &': The asaertlon
made by the World's correspondent at Portsmouth
and published under the heading of "Spanish Cap
tives Dunce for Jos," that among the Spanish sailors
prisoners in the camp " thero are aoo men taken
from penal institutions to serve on Admiral Cervcra's
ships and who fear that when they get back to Spain
they will be imprisoned again," Ac, la an lnfuiuuus
lie.
The Spanish prisoners who have aervod their coun
try at leaat as valiantly aa those of the American
navy, because they fought against superior and
overwhelming forces ought not to bo classified aa
criminals before a country that lias learned to re
spect them although defeated and has acted ao kind
ly and nobly with thoso who formerly were IU
enemies. Kwilio M. Castillo,
President Spanish Benevolent Society.
The Philippines.
To TBI Epitob or Tali Sun Sir: To leave Spain so
much aa a foothold in the Islands means to foster
foreign Intrigue and embroil us In endless troubles
with powers who are far better equipped than we are
for diplomatic action; it is to forsake ten millions of
despairing souls to whom we have shown a momen
tary signal of relief; It la to prove recreant to our own
national prmclplea. Alxxabpxb Pel Mab.
Niw VOBX, Sept. II.
Cureless Elevator Ituuuers.
To tbb Editob or Tax Sun Air : There la ao much
carelessness among the elevator runners In various
tall office buildings that I am surprised that ao few
persons are injured. But many, I am sure, bar
their nervous systems shocked by the recklaeeueaa of
the man in charge of the oars, and no doubt heart i
I fcarx!u.,0,0t "" faaaHow.
BjKaxaBauiaaaBewaBaaaaean.
THAT SANTIAGO BALLOOK.
Henri. Bonanilnge Tell What He Saw and
Bow a Spanish Shall Rnlned the Air Ship.
Bt. Louis, Sept. 12. Sergt. Bonnnr.lnga, a
member of the balloon staff of the Fifth Army
Corps, left this city this morning for Tampa,
whence he will sail to Porto Rico to join hi
command. He ha been on loav of absence
since the battle of Santiago. He was in the
military balloon, and was the only one hurt
whon It fell riddled br the Spanish. Ho said
this morning:
"Our ascent was mnde just bofore daylight
Major Max field, a telegraph operator, and my
self wero the only person in tho car. We went
' up about 2.000 feet and were held In position
by four cables. That height gve ua
an excellent view of the Ran Juan Hill fort
and trenoho. Wo could see troops moving
cannon Into position and hauling ammunition
and the bringing up of infantry from tho direc
tion of Santiago. Wo mado enrcful note of
everything tho position of every flnldpiooo. Its
approxlmnte calibre, tho number of troops
about tho blockhouse, and. In fnot, everything
' our army needed to know. This was worked
out on chart, and the general information waa
telegraphed below to the officers.
" We had beon at work a couple of hours be
fore the enemy discovered us. Then the sharp
shooters began popping away from tho treo
topa, but eomohow they didn't hit us. Sud
denly we noticed a commotion in a buttery near
a blockhouBO. Tholr big nuns were trainod
our way and a shell wont screaming over the
top of the balloon. Thev soon had the whole
battery working and our position became de
cidedly uncomfortable.
"Shot and shell whlzzod around us for hour,
but did not hit us. Suddenly, about 5:30 V. M.,
the balloon jerked violently to ono side and a
cloud of silk tumbled about us. A shell had
struck tho gas bag. and wo wore sont whirling
to the ground. I crashed Into treetop and
lost consciousness. When I came to I was on a
stretcher being borne to the hospital. Hero it
was found that two of my ribs had been broken
antl I wns bruised from head to foot. As soon
as 1 could travel I was furloughed and came
homo to Kpringtlold. Now I nm on my way to
PortoRleoto rejoin my old command. "
Sergeant Hosara Bonnnr.lnga is an Italian.
lie saw service In Italy, France and England,
but is now an intense American.
WILL KEEP LVZOy, SV KELT.
On That Boats the Peace Commission W1U
Beg-In Work In Paris.
Washington, Sept 12. Secretary of State
Day, who roturnod to Washington this morn
ing, told a Sun reporter this afternoon that the
American members of the Spanish-American
Peace Commission would moot at tho Stato De
partment on Wednesday. Their purpose in
coming here is to consult with President
McKlnley and among themselves as to
tho work before them and to receive
tho written Instructions which have boon pre
pared by the Stato Department under direction
of the President and Secretary Day. Tho Com
missioners and their clerical force will sail
from New York for Europe on Saturday noxt.
Mr. Day will tender his resignation as Secre
tary of Stato a day or two before ho leaves
Washington. Ho said this afternoon that ho
did not Know when Col. Hay. his successor,
would arrive in Washington beyond what the
newspaper despatches told him.
Thero is ample ground for tho understanding
that the President has decided that an insist
ence ou the retention of tho island of Luzon by
the I 'iiitod States shall be tho first move of tho
United States Commissioners when they meet
tho Spanish representatives at Pnrls and begin
the negotiation of a treaty ot peace with this
as a basis of procedure
Tho sentiment of tho question of the gov
ernment of the Islands will bo left largely to
the future. It is said that the instructions to
be given tho Commissioners are by no moans
final, and that tho conduct of tho negotia
tions will bo determined to a great ex
tent as matters arise before tho commis
sion. Further Instructions can then be
sont by cable. It Is conceded generally
in official circles that the decision to insist on
tho retention of tho entire island of Luzon us
tho basis for furthor negotiations will be likely
to result in the acquirement by the United
States of tho entire group to avoid complica
tions with European countries. Germany's
intention appears to be to Insist that t lie United
States shall assume responsibility for the Phil
ippines as a whole, or elso abandon them
altogether with the retention of not more ter
ritory thau is necessary to establish a coaling
station.
All tho diplomatic aspects of tho problem
will be discussed tit an important meeting of
tho Cabinet to be held to-morrow, at which
every member of tho Cabinet, with tho excep
tion of Secretary Alger, is expected to be
present.
Attorney-General Griggs returned to town
to-day. and Secretaries Long id Bliss have
been summoned. The oihe- members of the
Cabinet are in the city, tha meeting the
President will explain to! iss visors the char
acter of the instructions to b i.'ivcn the Ameri
can Commissioners, und ho will probably ask
for suggest ions that he can lay before the
Commissioners when they meet him on
Wednesday.
Novel Instruction In Maryland.
From the Baltimore Sun.
John W.Gibson, principal of tho public school
at fail Lank. Tilglunan's Island, oue of tho vet
eran teachers of Talbot county, teaches geog
raphy on a biff object lesson scale.
lie has laid off on about a quarter of an acre
of the schoolyard a map of the world on Mer
cutor's projection, showing the continents and
islands, the oceans, seas, lakes and rivers, the
mountains and valleys. The water for the
waterways is mechanically conveyed from
the overflow of a semi-urtoslan well near
by. The natural lay of the laud gives the plane
surface, tho mountains aro built up with oyster
shells, gravel and earth, and sand from the
rivershore has been spread toshowthedeserts.
The work Is done to a Bcale. Mr. Gibson being
a surveyor and civil engineer. His pu
piln heliied him enthusiastically iu the
work. Tho various mineral and vege
table, products of the different countries ure
assigned to the respective places. Mr. Gibson
does not elnitn that the idea of a schoolyard
map Is original with him. but the work prob
ably has never been done on so large a scale
before, nor with such attention to accuracy
of detail. There is largo enough scope
to show the progress of the naval side
of the Snnninh war- itnnarriw.tinir ecu rulOeu
of tin and the bark of the pine treo I not diflH
cult : every country boy living on tho salt wa
ter can whittle out a ship with his iackknlfo as
easily as a factory can make a match, and whon
the dally newspapers come what a delight they
take in changing tho positions of tho squad
rons, according as the news warrants it. This
Is both constructive and applied geography,
and makes tho map and letterpress of the
textbook much more Interesting and more
easy of comprehension. Principal Gibson's
novel schoolyard attracts many visitors.
Gamecock Sold for SI, 000.
From the New London Day.
The celebrated gamecock Commodore Wain
wright, aftor his great victories at Holletsvlllo,
Laredo, Han Antonio and Caldwoll, was sold In
theoockplt on Gon. Perdou's ranch in Burlo
Bon county, Tex., for $1,000. Don San Diego
Alonieniayo, a sportsmiin and chicken fancier
of Monterey. Mexico, became I he purchaser.
Tho money was paid in gold, and while it was
being counted out tho victorious young rooster
crowed lustily. His spurs were bloody from
his recent victory und tils feuthers a little
rofflod, but othorwlse ho looked as fresh as the
proverbial spring chicken.
During tho successful campaign which the
gamo young Commodore has just completed he
wus entered in twonty-seven mains and was
the viotor in everyone. It is said that this bird
has won more than .r.(XK) for his owner during
his short career. He has fought his last battle,
for. according to tho terms of tho bill of salo
which tho vender gave to Seflor Moutemayo,
the great bird is to be used as a breeder, the
purchaser obligating himself never to light tho
celebrated gamecock again.
This is believed to be the highest price every
paid for a rooster in Texas, tiut the price would
not be regarded as starthug in old Mexico,
where victorious roosters have often boeu ex
changed for herds of cattle, ranches and silver
mines.
Atahualna was tho original pet name of this
wonderful bird.
Booaevolt In a " Bound-Up."
From the Chicago Record.
Roosevelt had two runohes In the Bad Lands
where ho camo every year wlieu hid uffairs Iu
the Held of business and politics would permit.
lie came, as he told his men. to he one of them
He waa treated on the ranch as any other ranch
hand. One of his first experiences on the
ranges was on a rouud-uu as a cowboy. j
fured thero just as theothnr men fared who
wore drawing fill a mouth. He had his " string"
of horses with the round-up and performed the
same duties as did the cowboys. In the morn
ing howascalledwlth the other men asa usual
tiling at .1 o'clock made his way to the ropo
oorral into which the large band of horses wero
dr veil, roped the animal which he desired to
ride for the day, saddled it. and after a hasty
breakfast started on a long morning's ride.
Nor w li j favored In the matter of horses.
He took the same kind of animals as did the
rest of the men the majority of them half
broken broncos, more incline, 1 to bucking than
to pussive servitude. Not infrequently he was
tumbled over the head of a vicious mustang
wIkwo bucking abilities overuiatchd Rooie
velt riding br aeveral degrees. But the dla
1 courage menu of cow punching were not pr
panentAnd he was no sooner thrown off than
&wmu again raIwiuoUutrtriai.
rrrm dkclinm to urrxaTioATm,
Blflenlt to Pill the Commission to Beport
on Army Mothoda.
Washinoton. Sept. 12 Five of the nine men
naked by President McKlnley to accept mem
bership on the proposed commission to investi
gate the administration of the War Depart
ment In the war have deollnod to servo. Thoy
, are Gen. Schofiold, Bobert T. Lincoln, ex-
i Senator Manderson, Col. Lament and Gen.
Gordon. Gen. Bohofleld, Mr. Llnooln and
Gon. Manderson asked for more time to con
aider the President's tender. No surprise ws
cauiod when the first two responded that they
would be unable to accept, but It was both sur-
I prising and disappointing to tho President that
Gen. Manderson sent a negatlvo answer. Gen.
I Dodgo, Col. Sexton and Dr. Oilman aro tho
threo who aro said to have promised positively
to serve. Dr. Keen, who la in Europe, ha not
yet roBpondod.
The President has determined that the In
vestigation shall tako place, and while he I
discouraged over the refusal of more than half
tho men asked originally to conduct it,
I he will continue his efforts to secure a
commission composed of men of prom
inence and standing. All tho persons who
are familiar with those effort have been
requested not to furnish Information to the
firesa aa to declinations. Tho President be
leves that If tho newspapers publish from day
to day the names of those who are aakod to
serve and decline, other men, as a matter of
pride, will refuse to assist him, although their
Inclinations might be to take places on the
commission. The names of the Commission
ers, therefore, will not be made public until tho
body has been completed.
It is the desire of the Administration to have
at least seven members compose the commis
sion, but If that number of suitable men can
not be secured the Investigation will bo con
ducted by Ave,
It Is known thnt tho President has asked
William C. Endicott of Massachusetts, who was
Secretary of War during Cleveland' first Ad
ministration, to servo on the commission.
The names of Charles Denby, formerly
Minister to China, and Matt W. Ransom,
ex-Senator and ox-Minister to Mexico, are
being considered by the President in
connection with his efforts to form the
commission, but they havo not yet been in
vited to accept membership on it. Col. Denby
was here to-day. He came straight across the
continent, aftor landing in Kan Francisco, to
give the benefit of his vlows on tho Philippines
question to tho President.
MISS BARTOS AT SASTI.i'iO.
Credit Given Her for Helping to Bring
About the Spanish Surrender.
Washinoton, Sont. 12. Mis Clara Barton,
head of the American Bod Cross Society, has
returned to her home near Washington. She
reached here to-day accompanied by Dr. Win
field Egan, chief surgeon of tiio Reel Cross:
Gon. Von Schcll, a member of the Bolgian Bed
Cross; Dr. Gill, J. A. McDowell, Miss Lucy
Graves and Miss Annio Fowler of Illinois, wdio
joined the party at Santiago.
Tho Red Cross workers are much provoked
over the manner In which thoy wero treated
by tho Spanish authorities whn they under
took to land supplies from tho Clinton and
Comal. To Miss Barton Is given considerable
credit by her assist nuts for the part alio played
in the surrender of Santiago.
It Is said that she found twenty-sevon wound
ed Spaniards after tho first light nud urged
Gen. Shatter to have their wounds dressed and
to havo them returned to their army in order i
to combat the impression which prevailed in
tho Bpanish army that all Spaniards falling
Into the hands of the Americans would bo
killed.
This was done, and tho men spread through
out the army the report of their kind treat
ment by the Americans and thus dispelled the '
fear entertained by their comrades that they
would be massacred if they surrendered.
Miss Barton will probably call on the Presi
dent and Secretary of state and make a re
port of the work done by her in Cuba.
MUST PAT THE WAR TAX.
Killing Thnt Foreign Insurance Companies
Are Not Exempt.
Washinoton, Sept. 12. Many agents in this
country of foreign flre.marino and other Insur
ance companies have boon Issuing policies
without affixing the stamps required by
tho War Rovenuo law, claiming exemp
tion on tho ground that the companies
they represented were foreign corporations
and therefore not subject to the tax. The
Commissioner of Iuternal Revenue holds that
this contention Is without foundation and that
policies issued by foreign com panics on proper
ty in this country are taxable the same as thoso
issued by domostic companies, it not being tho
intention of Congress to discriminate against
tho domestic companies by leaving their foreign
competitors free from tux. It is estimated
that tho foreign agencies in New York alone
number nearly 100, and the Internal Revenue
Bureau Is Inforuied that most of these, not
having compiled with the law. are liable not
only for the stamps due on policies issued
Bince tho tax went into effect, but for very
hoavy penalties.
HOPES MR. HOAR WILL ACCEPT.
The President Urging Him to Take the Am
bnaaudorahlp to England.
Washington, Sept. 12. Tho President has
not given up hope of persuading Senator Hoar
of Massachusetts to accept the mission to Eng
land. He is urging Mr. Hoar to consent to be
come Col. Hay's successor, and there appears
to be greater hopo of success now than there
was several weeks ago when Mr. Hoar was
asked to serve.
The only difficulty in tho way of securing Mr.
Hoar's consent is said to bo the condition of his
health. It is generally conceded by officials of
the Oovernmont that if Mr. Hoar goes to the
court of St. James, Secretary Long will be ap
pointed Seuator from Massachusetts by Gov
Wolcott, and Charles V. Allen, tho Assistant
becretnry of tho Navy, also a Massachusetts
man. will go into the Cabinet as Mr. Long's
successor.
Dividend! from Insolvent Bank.
Washinoton, Sopt. 12. The Comptroller of
the Currency has declared dividends in favor
of the creditors of insolvent national bank as
follows : A fourth dividend of 5 per cent in
favor of tho creditors of the Merchants' Na
tional Bank of Helena. Mont., making in all
4f tier cent, on claims proved, amounting to
$(151.053 : a final dividend of 11. 0-10 per cent
In favor of the creditors of tho National Gran
ite Statu Bank of Exeter, N. IL, making in all
51 0-10 per cent, on claims proved, amounting
to $81,091.
oil o.v A dvstt Hum wav.
An Experiment at Glen Cove Suggested by
President Baldwin.
Glen Cove, L. I., Sept. 12. An experiment
in the use of oil to prevent the stirring up of
dust on the highways has been made here.
Highland road, near the railroad station, be
came unbearably dusty. At tho suggestion of
President William H. Baldwin of tho Long
Island Railroad, oil from tho Pratt roilnerles
was sprinkled on tho road by means of au or
dinary street sprinkler. The dust was laid
and has stayed down. Tho only question as
to the practicability of the plan is regarding
the frequency with which oil must he applied;
Time alone will Bettio that. On railroad road
beds where the same process is used, the oil I
renewed only once or twice u year.
l'lilleis-Iii Invade Wall Street.
Soldiers who came to tho United States Sub
Treasury on Wall Btreot yesterday to cash pay
draft wore approached after they lelt tho
building by three men who wore on tho look
out for them. The persistence of the stranger
caused one of tho detectives assigned to the
w all street district to inquire what they wanted.
The men produced cards Bhowlng that they
represented clothing nierehunls who had con
cluded trade might bo worked up among tho
Mlaion,
Leave .Spain no I'oothold on the Islands.
From the Hebrew Standard.
By far the largest part of our people favor the
keeping of the Philippines. We havo no patience
with that das. of alarmists who have failed to per
ceive that tho w.rld of to-day la not the worlil of
fifty ) ears ago, and that the teli graph, the cable and
other agencies have brought the furthest ends of
the earth Into close oontiguity.
Conditions have changed. We hvs become a na
tion aye, the fore meat upon the earth. When the for
tunes of war caat In our way rich possessions, it
would be toolbar dy to give them up.
The Philippiuea, developed by the United states,
will be a new El Dorado. We ought to hold on to
them. Most likely we will.
Specify four tisuris.
From Us BaUl'mars World.
Hereafter It will ha nsrnsary whan uisuUonlng the
"unmortalOaoceV'ta specif? axaotly whether U la
WaaUungtoa ce Daw ay tea to Skaejke,
DUN BY BAYS KEEP TUB ML AN DM.
Former Minister to China Glvea McKlnla tfl
Advice on the Philippines. Qr
Wabhtnoton. Sept. 12. Charles Denby. no- H
til recently Minister to China, reached W'nsh- Lm
ington to-day ami had an hour' talk with
President. MeKinley on the situation in the
East,
Mr. Denby was Minister to China for thirteen
year and has witnessed the steady encroach
I ment of tho foreign Government there, the
dismissal and reinstatement of LI Hung ("bang.
tho China-Japanese war and other matters of
, interest there.
Mr. Denby said he was unqualifiedly in favor
of holding tho liltuid of Lur.en, and did
not soo how tho United States ooukt
avoid holding tho entire Philippine group.
Aside from the ouostlon of supporting the
! Amerioan interests in tho Philippines, the
I retention of tho Islands was practically neces
sary to prevent war. Were Spain allowed
to retain the islands she would havo trouble
constantly with them, and Germany would a
. very likely, by purchase or forcible posscs-doD, A
I obtain part of them. Tula would mean war
i with l'.nghiiid, who would oppose with Jmm
all her strong! h the occupation of those fff
Islands by any other country than the
united State. They were too near Australia.
and Hong Kong for England to permit an
country which might be hostile to her tooe
cupy and hold.
The retention of Manila ho regarded aa
abBolutely nocesBary unless the United Statoe
wished to back down from tho iosltion it
assumod when it sent n largo army to
hold Manila after Admiral Dewey rendered its
occupation possible by destroying the Spanish
fleet. The United States, he said, could hardly
hold Manila without holding the i land
of Luzon, aa thero would bo constant m
riot. Insurrection and other trouble aS
The holding of the island he regarded as one
of the first questions to bo settled Uy the Peace tr
Commission, which might then consider the
advisability of holding tho entire group. UBJ
AFTER THE PENSION BUREAV. ""
Talk of Investigating the G. A. B. Charge f5J
Against Commissioner Evans. 'Mti
Washinoton, Sept. 12. There Is omo talk B
of Investigating Commissioner Evans's admin- Ml
istratlon of the Pension Bureau, which waa
vigorously attacked by the National Encamp
ment, G. A. R., at Cincinnati last week. Com
missioner Kviins is out of tho city on his vaca
tion, but ono of the bureau officials, in speak
ing of tho action of the O. A. R. said it would
not disturb tho CommisBloner any, as It waa
evidently the work of disgruntled pension at
torneys. Corporal Tanner, whose brief career at the
head of tho Pension Bureau in 1HS0-00 is not
yet forgotten, was n member of the Commltteo
on Resolutions which reported to the National
Encampment the Htricturos upon the bureau.
Referring to the statement that the resolutions
were the production of dissatisfied attorneys.
Corporal Tanner said : " I wus the onlv pension
attorney un the committee that framed those
resolutions, and was not aware that 1 had been
debarred. Mr. Evans has got the U. A R. after
him. and if he thinks ho can brush this matter
aside by calling it the work of a few debarred
pension attorneys ho is very much mistaken.'
FIRE IN THE NEWPORT.
Big Apartment House Badly Itarnnged b
Flumes Loan 915,00ft.
Three alarms were rune Inst night for a fire
in tho six-story apnrtmt nt house known as tha re
Newport, at Seventh avenue and Fifty-second
street. Tho elevator boy noticed flames and
smoke iu the laundry room on tho east end of
tho fifth floor. He summoned the janitor and
the tenants were aroused. A number of peo- J
pie were taken down in the elevator, but two aBL
colored laundry women, who were on the top
floor, ran to the lire escape and clung to it
until the firemen took them down on a ladder.
In a few minutes the names had spread to
the top floor and the Seventh avenue side of
the building was in a blaze. The damage to
the building and furniture of the tenants ag
g regaled $15,(XH), most of it being covered by
Insurance. It is believed that the lire was
caused by the crossing ot electric wires in the
drying room of the laundry. The building
belongs to the Amos II. Kno estate.
ART IN AMERICA.
A Bnpid Growth That Promises to Make
This Country the ' Louvre of Nations." E?-
From the Nineteenth Century. "fl
It does not aeem to be commonly realized tha
America that is, the United states ia on the way to
become the Louvre of the nations. From year to
year its public gullcrles have been enriched with
masterpieces of all the modern schools; and by pur
chase, bequeat, or gift, many valuable and aomo
great pictures by the older Italian, Flemish, and I
Spanish masters have been added to the already im
posing store of national art wealth.
In New York preeminently, but also in Boston ,K I
Washington, Philadelphia, and in other large citie
from New Orleans iu the South to Chicago in tho
North, aiidifrom Paltiniore iu the Fast to San Fran- ftfl
cisco in the Wet, there is now so numerous, and. In Ij
the main, so distinguished a congregation of pic- MM
ttirca, of all schools and pcriodB, that the day is not eR l
only id hand, but has arrived, when the native stu- tWmmi
dent of art no longer needs to go abroad in order to
learn tho tal.il reach and hi';!i- water mark in this or Xfl
that nation's achievement, in this or that school's ac
complishment, in this or that indivlilusl painter's W A
work. Iu time, and probably before long, the gieat m
desideratum will lie attained the atmosphere ' Jri
wherein the creative Imagination is sustained and mi
nouriahed. At present the moat brilliant American mmf
painters must follow the trade flag of art, and that A
banner llaniiu uowhero steadily but in Paris and M:
London.
There are now in America more training schools,
more opportunities for instruction, more ebsnee
for the individual young painter to arrive at self
knowledge than wero enjoyed of old by the i arer
youth of Flanders, of France, of Spain, even of Italy.
But tliacsscnual is still wanting, without which sll
these ndvaiituc.es aro merely aa stars among tha
branches. There is no atmosphere of art in America Wm
at large.
In the great majority of towns throughout tha
States there is no atmosphere at all. But every few ttmti
years the radical influences at work are transmuting Awl
these conditions, and though neither Boston, nor
Washington, nor even New York are yet art centres in
any way comparable to London, or Pans, or Munich,
the time is not far distant when tho inevitable must
happen.
In actual respect of art treasures the gnat cities of
the States are already beyond our own provincial
cities and towns, among which only Liverpoul and
Glasgow stand out preeminent.
New York, naturally, has become tho art metiopolli
of the Htatea. Already the art wealth of this great
city Is almost incalculable. Boston comeauext, then
Washington. But notwithstanding the general idea affN
to the contrary, the finest private i ollecUuns an- not JK
In New York. There is no private collection In New H
York or Ponton or Washington to compare for a rn, I
moment with that of Mr. W. T. Walters at Baltiuiors. anflj
i if all t'..c " homes of art " to be seen iu America, Mr,
Waltcrs'a 1b preeminently " the House Beautiful."
Within the last ten years the Metropolitan Museum
of Art in New York has become oueof the most inter- kmwwM
esUng uf nil national art collections. tWttm
TIIF TRUE NOTE. TtWW
The Glory of the Country, Not Its Mlsfor- i flaf
tunes, to lie lleluouibered. lJKj
From the Cincinnati Fnomrer. VlH
The fact goes into history that leas than 2A,000 ffll
American troops forced Spain to capitulate and at an- ' ffj
don that island with its I'oo.ooo Spanish troops and
to give up the war which her brutality had forced.
The reader will say: "We kuew all tbla beforei
why this recital V" The anewer is that these glorious
achievements ought to be constantly kept in view
to restrain the spirit of pessimism now ao rife in tha atfe
country.
Would it not be well if tin public mind i ould now aTt'L
be turned to moio Interesting themes thau c.tlior the M fT
accidents or the fault of army administration, ami wflW
the world be permitted Ui see the American people
a little better reconciled to their own Uuvemuient
thau somo of our Dawsnanara have rt presented tlieiu
to be during the last fortnight t
The British general's Failure.
From the Saturday Kemew.
Three years ago flourishes of journalistic trumpets Bti
ami rolls of ui wspaper drums proclaimed the ap- arPM
potutiiiei.t of l.oid Wulsclej as Conimaudel In-Chief lmkV
of the British Army. Lord Wolsuley was going to le
form the army, to decreaaelu coat, In fact to perform
all those deeds for the public advantage which tha B
new man invariably promises and rarely performs. H
We ourselves strongly supported blui. But what has mm
be douo to justify all the encomiums passed on linn
In advance I How has the army, how has the ptibl.c -aJaVv
benefited by the alteration which was to lirluit III a
aort of military mileiiuiiuu We seem aa far on u as
ever. Our army costs mure thau It did three years
ago, it the estimates are to be reUad on, and the ai
penaes are atiil on tha ap Una. In fact, our handled
of aoliUara coaks oeaatdatahlr anon to iV-'-T than t
- 4-t -nTrirnisili li nl 1 1 Ui j

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