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' THE SUN, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1898. "
I be WhP J&tm. : TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1808. flnneerlptloaa by Kail, Postpaid. DAILY, pt Month an no DAIXT, p Tmi n oo VKDAT, per Tear 00 DAILY AND SUNDAY. per Yaw. 00 DAILY AND SUNDAY, par Month TO Postage to foreign countries added. Tan So, Hew York Olrr. raais Kioeque Mo. 11, naw Orud Hotel, and Xlosqns No. 10, Boulevard dee Capnclnee. If mat frlmtl take ftmtr i erff mmmuertpU for ymWtmHon with to km rej setts' articles recanted, tSty mnut t all cam tmd itampi f or tAmt carpets. i The Democratic Canvass. The expected Republican candldnte for Governor of New York, Thkodorf. Roork TaXT, Is a giildcpost for the Democrats, to which as yet thoy havo failed to lift up their yes. They are mightily mistaken if thoy think that they can contend successfully, or oTon oredttably, against a clear think ing, straight-speaking Republican like Boobbtxlt, If they put up a non-oommlttal atraddler to stand as an apology for the Democratic party rather than to defend It. The New York Democrats cannot hope to defeat their party platform, the Bryan platform, either by failure to reodopt It or by nominating a candidate hostile to it, and win. The winners In either oase will be the Republicans. The Democrats must adopt one of two courses if they wish to be ablo during the campaign even to look the peo ple of New York, particularly the, support ers of Col. RoosKVXLT, in the face. One Is to take a Democrat whose ad herence to the cause of honest money is so unquestionably sincere that men know that he would scorn to accept Democratic lead ership except on the distinct condition of Bbtam's condemnation. Here is a sample: For OoriBHon : W. HOTTKKE COCKBAN. Futtobu : Repudiation of Bryan and all hla worka. The other and simpler way is this, nomi nating an open advocate of Bryanism : Fon Govrjucon: John C. Shebhan. FXATrOBVt: Tha Chicago Platform of ISM. If Mr. Shzehan is not the choice of the convention, what better man is there for the purpose than Wn.nuii F. Porter, who ran for Governor on the Bryan platform two years ago ? Any other sort of Democrat le campaign than those here outlined will bo onconcealable trickery and humbug. Oar Small ton. We have been hearing loud outcries from Sensational newspapers about the alleged mismanagement of our war with Spain, as ahown In the great prevalence of disease in the army. This vituperation proceeds on no better basis than hearsay and unauthon ticated evidence furnished chiefly by ncwu pnper reporters. It is well to look at thn Indisputable facts, so far as they are ob tainable, as to the rate of mortality com ' parativcly to that in the Franco-German war, when two States maintaining great military establishments were in conflict. The Surgeon-General of our army esti mates the number of deaths froui disease Dp to this time at about 1,500, including the mortality from disease in Cuba. Our total force was about 250,000, and the deaths therefore havo been only about three-fifths of one per cent. Ttiat unques tionable authority, the "Conversations-Lex-Ikon." published at Leipsic, tells us that ' the German army which crossed the French borders In" the Franco-German war numbered about 1,100,000 men. Of these . the average force in the field was 7RS.000. The deaths from disease were 14,1)04, or more than one and a third per cent, of the total force. The "Conversatlons-Lex-lkon" puts the death percentage from din ease at eighteen in the thousand, or nearly two per cent. According to the Surgeon General's estimate of 1,500 deaths out of 250,000 in our war, the mortality from disease was only six In a thousand, or six tenths of one per cent. The showing in our favor is the more re markable because the German Army, In the war with France, represented the highest E standard of military organization in mod ern times. The war was fought in a civilized country, with military roads in the best, state of development, and on ground which bad been the scene of battle since the dawn of European civilization. As com pared with our war the transportation of troops was over short distances only. Every move bad been long considered by Germany and been carefully prepared for ; the staff organization was perfect. The arrange ments for the mobilization of the German 1 ' Army In view of this exact contingency had . been made in every detail. Every tiling was ready, arms, ammunition, accoutrements, supplies. Nothing had to be done on the spur of the moment, as was the case with us. It was a war for which tha moat minute preparations had been made for many years by the most completely organized military nation of modern times ; yet, as we have shown, the death rate from sickness was three times what it has been, so far. In our war with Spain. The Franco-German war lasted about seven months, our war up to the present time about Ave months, but the ad vantages of the Germans, as we havo re lated, go far to neutralize this inequality in length. The French Army In the war with Ger many suffered frightfully from disease. The Army and Navy Journal, quoting Dr. Obknm, a French medical authority, gives the number of "sick and frost bitten," "caused by the pitiful and miserable equip ment of our soldiers, and especially their kits," at the enormous total of 330,421. Tbe Trans-Siberian Railway and Its Influence on Sea Trade. In Europe they are already beginning to take account of the revolution that the I completion of tbe trans-Siberian railway Will make In trade and travel between western Europe and tho Far East. M. matole Lkhoy Beadliku, in tho course of some articles he Is contributing to tho Remit dea Deux Mimdta, shows how largo will be the gain in time and cost of the Journey from any point in Europe to eastern China over tho present routes. When finished, a traveller from London to Pekin will be able to pass over the enttrodls tsnoe in about ilftwn days, which, when the line has been consolidated and Strength, sned by use and Is in complete working order, should be reduced to eleven or twelve days. The Ruselau Government is prepar ing to do everything possible to make the trip comfortable and attractive for passen gers, and It will be much cheaper than by either the Sues Canal route or the sea and land Journey by way of Canada. At present the voyage to Yokohama by sea via Suez takes thirty-four days, and twenty-five by the Canadian route. To Shanghai the shortest duration of the voyage by the canal Is twenty-eight days, and by way of Canada thirty-one ; and to Hong Kong It is twenty-five and thirty-three days by the same respective routes. Allowing for the sea voyages from Port Arthur and Vladlvostock. which will be the first termini of the trans-Siberian line, all the above-named points will be reached in far less time than by any of the existing routes. When the Interior lines of railway In China are completed and connected with the Russian road, the steam routes, except for heavy goods that will not bear railway freight charges, will be outside competition. Some approach to the facilities thst will be afforded by the Russian line will be event ually mado by tho railways projected from Constantinople through Asia Minor and ! southern Persia to India, and thence through Burmah, but In any case It cannot be for many years to come, and the distance will In no instance lie less. In the question of fares and freight rates tho Russian line will always have the advantage In being un der one individual control. As against the trans-Siberian railway the existing steamship lines from Europe will be powerless to compete except for heavy goods ; and the malls will certainly take tho shortest and quickest route. It is calculated that, everything Included, a traveller by the Russian railway will be ablo to go from western Europe to Japan or tho north of China for $100 and the south for $100, as compared with $360 by the present steamship routes. Later, when the volume of travel will have increased, It Is believed thnt return tickets may be profit ably issued for from $225 to $250. On poods freight s the new railway cannot fail to have considerable influence. For the cheaper and more bulky class of articles tho seven thousand miles of rail would be too expensive a mode of carriage, but for parcels, tho more costly products such as Bilk, the nrecious metals and similar thimrs. and articles of small bulk generally, the railway will be tho natural means of transit. The liner qualities of tea, also, that are so liable to deterioration in the holds of steam ers passing through extremely hot lati tudes, will reach the European market In flnerconditlon and flavor after a short Jour ney In a moro equable temperature by rail. That the Russian Government means to retain for itself as much of tho advantage anticipated from the construction of the trans-Slberlnn railway as possible is evi dent from the fact that it is intended to con nect a lino of steamers witli it, especially designed for freight and passenger sen-ice, between a Russian Baltic port and British and western Europoan ports. It is hardly possible as yet to estimate tho full signifi cance of these projects or their ultimate in fluence on tho present course of trade be tween the East and the West, but that they are destined at first, perhaps, to damage some existing interests there can be no doubt. Tho balance, howovcr, would bo re established 6o soon as tho flow of capital into China and tho development of that country had added to the general move ment of trade, sure to follow itB opening up to a more active life than lias been possible under tho stagnating rule of the Mandarins. The Present Status of the Dreyfus Affair. There may be no foundation for the re port published in the London Daily Mail Hint a French Government vessel has been already despatched to Devil's Island for tho purpose of bringing Drevfcs back to France. It Is scarcely probable that an order for tho removal of the prisoner would lie issued before It was certain that a new trial would take place. Thus far only a first step in that direction has been taken, and, although this commits the Brisson Cabinet to a recognition of tho duty of re vision, it does not follow that a similar view ( if the matter will be adopted by tho high est judicial tribunal or by the French Par liament which will reassemble presently. litis happened up to the present moment should bo regarded simply as proof of a turning of the tide. Premier Brisson and tho majority of his colleagues have assumed a position directly opposite to that maintained by preceding Ministers, who have set their faces inflexibly against revision, on the ground that the conviction of Dreyfus was chose jugte, or res adjudi cata. On Saturday tho Cabinet Council, after learning from M. Sarbien, Minister of Justice, that his investigation had con vinced him that a retrial of Dreyfus was expedient, authorized him to form the special commission prescribed by law in such cases, in order to ascertain whether his conclusion would be continued. As tho members of the commission are to 1)0 designated by M. Barmen, their con firmation of his opinion may be doubtless taken for granted, but It will still remain for tho Court of Cassation to pronounce Anally upon tho question of revision. If that ultimate tribunal, which will be con trolled by principles of law, and not by political considerations, shall reaffirm the decision of the special commission, a new trial of Dbeyfus by court-martial will be ordered. Even then much, obviously, will depend upon the occupant of the War Office, and upon tho influence exercised by his Min isterial colleagues. Should M. Brisson bo Premier at tho time, tho prisoner's friends could rely upon an Impartial selection of tho officers deputed to constitute the court, and they could also, in all likeli hood, secure the much-desired concession that the second trial of Dreyfus shall bo public, Instead of being conducted, like tho former, tn camera, or behind closed doors. Should the Brisson Cabinet, on the other hand, bo beaten in tho Chamber of Deputies ami succeeded by an anti-revisionist Minis try, not only would every effort bo made to prevent or itostpone u retrial of Dreyfus, but tliero is reason to apprehend that should u retrial prove unavoidable, the court martial would lie formed of officers hostile to t he prisoner, and that tho proceedings would lie again secret. Manifestly, then, tho reassembling of the French Parliament in October will be awaited with feverish anxiety by both tiie friends and enemies of Dreyfus. Even if it bo true t bat there hus been a marked change in 1 he current of public opinion in Paris, and tluit this is now favorable to revis ion, it does not nnnnaanrlly follow that the revulsion will be reflected in the Chamber of Deputies, which wus elected last spring when, nil over Frunee, tliero was a tremen dous demonstration of feeling against Dreyfus and his champions. It must be rememlieiod that M. Brisson'h predecessor, M. M kline, was beaten by only a very small majority and that M. Brisson has since lost the support of some of the coadjutors wbose support enabled Mm to take ottos. He has lost M. Cavaionac, who waa his first Minister of War, and M. Tillatk, his Minister of Public Works, both of whom re signed because they are still convinced of Dreyfus' guilt, and are, consequently, op posed to s retrial. The Influence of Presi dent Faurk, also, must count for some thing In the Chamber, and he Is known to hsve opposed M. Brtsson's decision In favor of a revision. Should, therefore, a new trial be ordered by the Court of Cassation, the opponents of revision may be expected to make a last desperate rally In the Cham ber of Deputies, and It Is by no means cer tain that they will not suooeed In ousting M. Brisson and In replacing him by a Premier pledged to conform to their de sires. It will, Indeed, be Impossible to refuse Dbeyfus a retrial, If this shall have been meanwhile ordered by the highest judicial tribunal, but, as we have said, It will still be practicable for an antl revlslontst Ministry to avert a thoroughly impartial Inquiry by appointing a court martial prejudiced against the accused and determined to uphold at any cost the so called honor of the French Army. It won Id bo incredible thatsny Frenchmen should suppose that military honor needs tho sacriflcoof an Innocent man of course Drey fus must be deemed innocent until ho has been fairly tried and condemned -but for the almost frantic rage with which the de cision of the Brisson Cabinet has been re ceived In Paris by certain spokesmen of the antl-revlslonlsts. M. Dbumont, for Instance, actually advises the military authorities to put ah end to the Dreyfus affair by shooting the victim of an unjust sentence, and Paul db Cassaionao cyni cally Inquires what difference It would make to mankind If there should be somo defect in tho proof on which an Individual suspected of espionage and treason is con fined on Devil's Island. When men who undertake to discharge the function of leaders of opinion are permitted thus to defy the fundamental principles of Justice and publicly to advocate the violation of tho laws, there Is no telling what the ma jority of the Chamber of Deputies will do. Democrats Who Learn Nothing. The Democratic platforms of Missouri and Texas oppose a large standing army. The doctrine of tho hunker Democrats, who hove learned nothing from the war, was thus asserted by the Hon. Joseph Weldon Bailey of Texas in the House of Repre sentatives last May : "If waara creatine offlcea or providing armies to meat an emergency, tha offlcea and tha armies ought to go out of existence with the epilation of the emergency." Mr. Bailey and his fellow Bourbons can not grasp the idea that the army should be ready for tho emergency. In spite of tho lessons of the war as to the absolute neces sity of trained forces on the land as well as on the sea, these Democrats wish that tho main military reliance of the country In the case of another war shall be on Impro vised and undisciplined levies. Webelleve that the majority of Americans do not and will not approve such a policy. The Silver Colonel. Our esteemed contemporary, the Boston Republic, makes these curious observations as to the conditions which determine tho military service of a distinguished marttal ist from Nebraska: " Mr. Bbtah went Into tha volunteer knur nt aa other patriotic oltlzene went In, from a eenae of duty. He went In to fight hla country'! battles, not to do garriaon duty. He did not intend to follow the pro fession of arms. He responded to an emergency call. The emergency has passed. The war is over. Mr. IlaiAN, who has obligations and dntlee In clt II life, should be at once relieved from further military aervlce and aent home. An Administration with any sense of decency would do this without waiting to have the auggestlou made. " Col. Bryan was, two years ago, the Democratic candidate for President of the United States. Over 0,500,000 free American citizens cast their votes for him. He is one of tha most conspicuous of the party leaden to-day. In that capacity he ia under obligations to the people for political advice and guidance. He haa positive responsibilities in this relation which he cannot eacape or put aalde. To compel his further service in the army, and thus prevent him from taking any part In tha aampalgn la, to say the least, a cowardly piece of political trickery of which no self-respecting man would be guilty." According to this theory Mr. Bryan's duty as a soldier should end whenever he is wanted on the stump. The opportunity for brilliant achievement In the Held having passed, useful If less sensational service should not be expected of him. His obliga tions as a stump speaker transcend his obli gations as an officer, and It Is a sin and a shame not to dismount him at onos from his barbed steed and let him leap upon his hobbyhorse again. Probably this is the most accommodating view that has ever been put forth of a sol dier's obligations. Col. Bryan Is to be a Colonel only so long as there Is a chance for distinction for him in remaining In the army. His obligations are not to the coun try whose uniform he wears, but to the Popocratlc party, or himself. His enlist ment Is a contract terminable at the con venience of his party or his good pleasure. It Is a cowardly pieoe of trickery not to re lieve him at once from responsibilities which he voluntarily undertook. Doubtless Col. Bryan will be allowed to close his engagement In war drama and to return to his old theatre. Tho Administra tion must be fully as woary of him as he Is of the routine of military service. From the beginning of his military ambition his friends assumed that tbe Administration was trying to do him Injustice. They mado a tremendous hullabaloo over the report that he was to bo sent to the Philippines. Always, in tho minds of bis partisans, he is tho politician seeking military honors for the benefit of his party and his political hopes. Not his opponents but his friends have drawn the effigy of him which can not be effaced, the effigy of a prancing politician who loves to be photographed in soldier's togs but who wears a costume and plays a part for his own advantage and that of his party. Not bis opponents but his friends show him In the light of s person who must bo treated as a political favorite and not as a soldier. It Is simple justice to " Bryan" to say that in all his excursions along Wardom street he will be unlikely to hit upon any costume that will make him seem moro absurd than he appears as a Popocratio spouter restrained from the stump by a cruel Administration. The Hon. John Austin Moon, the Popo erut who represents the Third Tennessee dis trict in tbe present House, la made of green cheese. Ho told excited hundreds at Jalapa the other day that the war of tho Honey I'owur " on tho people will not end in the dishonor of silver. They are trying to strike down sold in due season. " After gold and silver have been struck down the people will have nothing but niooubeauis to burn. The people have trouble enough already, although only "a part of the great oonaplraey has been ac complished. Wretohedneaa and distress have eJreedy begun to follow aBtosg the sie. Tbe polley will make spiritless beggars among the people and bring the end of free institutions." But Moon will still be left, and Moon must be a free Institution, although he Is well worth a reasonable price of admission. The people cannot be beggars while they have Moon. Moon is rich. Tbe Hon. W. E Stanley, the Republican candidate for Governor of Kansas, thus de scribes the financial Inquisitions oocduoted by the agents of the Hon. Was MoNai.i.. the cele brated Superintendent of Insurance In that SUte: "Tha Populists say they have compelled the Insur ance companies to deal squarely. Bat all that haa been done la tha enacting of a law which gives tha Insurance Commissioner, Mr. MoNaix, power to sand agents to Eastern companlea for an examination. These agents go to tha company's head office aad say, ' I have bean aent to examine your company. The fas la 1800.' lithe company pays tha fas the agent pockets it and reporta tha company all right and antlUed to do bnslneaa in Kansas. If they refuse to pnt np tha money, If they refuse to be black mailed, the report la not favorable." As the Kantaa Populists want the State to go Into the Insurance business. Mr. McNall'b goal In Investigating private Insurance corporations Is Intelligible. Doubtless his agents have some thing of his own activity. How active he Is may be judged from the story of his industry in charging mileage when he waa a deputy Sheriff. At that time he used to ride a horse popularly known as Old Fluke, a record-breaker In the mileage line. It Is said that Deputy Sheriff McNall'b mileage bills showed that In one day he and Old Fluke had travelled 963 miles. Can the soulless Insurance corporations expect to pull the wool over the eyes of a traveller like that? Fame Is s careless Jade and doesn't take any pains In keeping the books. Otherwise many conscientious journals in the South and West would not speak of Wharton "Pabxxb." Mlddle-of-the-Itoad candidate for President. There will be nearly two years, however. In which to rectify the error and revive the name of the candidate. Such la the advantage of an early convention. In two years the people oan learn about Mr. "Parker," familiarize themselves with him, and grow up to him. Argentina is to bo congratulated If her President has asked the Hon. Julius Sterling Morton of Nebraska to spend 1800 In organis ing an Argentine Department of Agriculture and furnishing general bucolic and georglo Infor mation. It Argentina is determined to raiseand study nocketgophers. from no deeper fount than Mr. Morton can she draw experience as to those girted burrowers. Agriculture, as the Department of Agriculture showed when Mr. Morton was Secretary, rests upon pocket Wear the Philippine Button. To the Editor ok Thk Sun Sir: It has be come apparent to me that, notwithstanding the very great preponderance of public sentiment in this country In favor of retain in k t ho Philippines and all our transpacific acquisitions, there seems, nevertheless, to be a very great tendency to apathy as far as an active expression on the part of the general public Is concerned. Asldo from the very oommendablo and energetio attitude assumed by the leading newspapers of tho country, there seems to be a sort of con dition of coma on the part of individuals, and in fact on the part of commercial bodies, who should bn fully awake to the vital Importance of impressing upon the President, the Peace Commissioners and upon the Senate, which must ratify the letter's actions, the emphatlo fact that the people of this country realize that their duty to humanity is as great in the Philip pines now as it was In Cuba before this war of extermination, emancipation and salvation was inaugurated. It needs also to be impressed upon those in authority that the people of this country realize that they must look to the future commercial aggrandizement of this country, and that they must retain the footing now secured for at least commercial equality. If not superiority on the Oriental coast and in the archipelagoes of the Pacific Ocean, which, by right of geographical location, are more logic ally our markets than they are Europe's. We must not lose Bight of the fact that there is an aggregate population comprising half that of the globo and which has scarcely begun to use the appliances of advanced civilization and to consume food and other products of American origin, Iho possibilities of this transpacific com merce are not matters of to-day or to-morrow, but must he contemplated n conjunction with the educational and commercial transition and evolution whloh are just beginning m that great centre of the world's population. When we consider the stupendous figures which our ex isting commerce with Great Britain presents, showing that we export to her 40.000.000 not less than 1800,000,000 por year, we must be lost in thn maze of figures into which a con templation of our future transpacific com merce must carry us, provided that the march of civilization shall bring to us only a tithe of such a commerce. Over and above all of theso considerations Is tho further fact that while extending and strengthening ourselves com mercially, wo must broaden and deepen our foundation as one of. if not the most powerful of nations on tbe globe, and that upon our Pacific coast and in tho western half of our country there must arise Htates and cities of such future magnitude as have resulted on our Atlantic coast and in the eastern half of our country as a result of growth whloh was orig inally incident to their commerce with Europe ami Great Britain. It has occurred to me that a popular expres sion of sentiment, nnd an evidence of that sentiment on the part of tho great majority wlio hold such views, would have Its moral effect in arousing public spirit and action, and I havo conceived the Idea of a " Philippine button" suggesting such sentiments as have boon above suggested. I take pleasure In sending you some of these. In preparing this emblem to give expression to public sentiment. I had the idea that they should be so cheaply made as to commend themselves to manufacturing, commercial, and other interests, so as to warrant free distribu tion by sending them to customers throughout the t'nlted Htates, and should the generalpub llc desire them they could be retailed at a nickel apiece. As I understand it. there may be room for Improvement and strengthening of tbe back bone of the instructions under which the Peace Commissioners will leave for Paris, and there Is ample time bofore a consummation of their deliberations and our Congressional elections to permit a very general expression of senti ment by individuals, commercial organizations, and others. Frank K. Gillespie. Saving Common Sena. To the Editor or The Sun Sir: Permit me to call attention to that most able editorial In your number of Sept. 17, entitled " How the War Waa Fought." It Is only In The Sun that there seems to bo a ray of common sense on this subject amid the torrent of wild abuse sweeping tho country, which even finds the shrieks of the "yellows" In full accord with the jeremiads of the Now York Evenina Iutt 1 The Sun deserves general commendation for seeking to stem this tide of censure, as Igno rant as it is discreditable, and arousing only disgust among the thoughtful both at home and abroad. A few hours' conversation with regular army officers, or almost any one prac tically conversant with the business of light ing, would do much to show these amateur critics the error of their ways. Tho English Dupcrs calmly place the trouble where it be longsto the nasty equipment and trans portation of a great force of undis ciplined volunteers; and are astonished at thocompurativo ease with which we have accomplished the task. I think this is the llrst oase on record where there hus been talk of the " investigation " of a victorious ariiiv, and for the sole reason that men knew hunger, discomfort, sickness and death; that, in short. It was not a picnic from beginning to end 1 There is more to the hue and cry than the public is aware of; there is, of course, under it all the political axe to grind for the next campaign ; but there Is also much real misapprehension. If it had nut been for The 8un, hardly a voice would have been raised to call attention to the true state of things a victory as quick, sharp, decisive and brilliant as any on record. It is at such times as theso that the constructive qualities of one newspaper prove its essential superiority to the destructive tendencies of others You may call it patriotism or what you will, but it means all tbe difference between the paralysis of energies and 'lie heart to go on. It Is easy to criticise, it is difficult to do. liuoojuAis. Sept. 1H. Helen Ubidoican. Try tbe Nearest. To tbb Kimoa or The Bkk Sir : Would you pleaee inform lue through the editorial columna of your morning paper which one of our new pos sessions Cube, Porto Klco or the PbUlpplp.es would be beat suited for a young man of 30 with a strong ambition, but without money t I am etrangly dealr- "aU-raTa.- . - juro AQAtnar bt.vk. Aeeonat of This Tear's Mnneaovroe of the BrlMsta Amy. It would be a long task to describe In detail the British annual manoeuvres which recently ended, but their plan and general course can be briefly presented. The campaign occupied six days. Its gen eral Idea was that an Invading fores, the Blue army, had landed between Weymouth and 8t. Alban's Head to advance on Ion don In cooperation with a force supposed to be disembarking sixty miles distant, on the Bristol Channel. These two Blue forces, one real and the other Imaginary, were to get Into touch with eaoh other, and the Red army was to prevent this. If possible. The Red. also known as the Northern or Home army, was under the command of the Duke of Connaught and had gathered at or near Salisbury, while the Blue or Southern army, under Sir Redvers Buller, concentrated In the neighborhood of Blandford. The actual forces were about equal In strength, with, If we do not mistake, about 20.000 men on eaeh side. The opening operations were conducted principally by the cavalry, an aggregate of six regiments, which moved out from the lines at Blandford and Salisbury, re spectively, for the purpose of reconnoi tring. On Thursday. Sept 1. Col. French's oavalry brigade of the Blue army found itself fiercely attacked by the Red horsemen under Oen. Talbot It stood Its ground, but the re suit was really a triumph for Oen. Talbot as he eonoealed from the Blue army the knowl edge of the fact that the Red Infantry was on the marsh from Salisbury toward Shaftesbury. On the following day a pitched battle took place on Melbury Down. It was brought about by the attempt of the Blue forces to seize the high ground about Charlton Down, while the Bed army had directed itself upon the same objective, recognising Its importance for blocking the enemy's progress toward Salisbury. The first gun was fired soon after 0 o'clock and the battle lasted until 12:30 P. M. The chief incident of the early part of the engagement was a heavy attack by Sir Redvers Buller upon the right wing of the Northern army, whloh suffered severely at first ; but luckily It had an excellent artillery position at its centre, and twelve batteries there posted in line played havoc" among the Southerners. The official decision, based on the reports of the umpires, was that " the attack of the Blue forces was well carried out. but when "cease Are' sounded this force would have had to re tire, owing to the great strength of the position held by the Red army." As a result of these operations the Red or Northern corps was directed to remain the fol lowing day observing the enemy, and if at tacked to fall back on Fovant where It could co operate with its main army. It should here be explainod'that the operating forces on both sides were supposed to be advanced troops, comprising an army corps each, while there were imaginary forces in rear of thorn whloh were taken into account in deciding upon what moves were practicable and advisable. This caused the respective headquarters, from which orders wore received at the front to be placed miles sway. Thus, on the day just spoken of. on the Red side an Imaginary advanced division of a supposed main army was inarch ing upon Salisbury, whereas the real forces, as we have seen, wore at Shaftesbury, while on the Blue side an imaginary main army at Blandford covered the communication of Buller's real force with that town, and there was also, as has been said, the imaginary Bris tol forco with which he was to form a junction. It turned out. however, that the instructions to the Red advance force to retire on Fovant made Saturday a day without fighting, for when tho Blue forco had advanced north to Shaftesbury and then changed direction to the east it found that tho Red army had van ished. Sunday also was naturally a day of quiot But with Monday. Sept. 5. the forces eame to close Quarters again, the Blues having per sisted in their move upon Balisbury. There was a strategic position of Importance on the river Wylye, and tho Rods succeeded in secur ing it early in the day. The Blues came rush ing through Great Ridge Wood In an attack which the official decision declared to bo " well conceived and executed. But." adds the ac count. " it was met by superior forces already in position east of that wood, and the result would probably have been an indecisive battle." On the following day occurred the battle of Btonohenge. The imaginary Blue army corps which landed at Bristol was supposed to have reached Devizes, and was to try to join Sir Redvers Buller's corps at Maddington. The latter was therefore directed to seize the line of the stream that runs south through Winter bourne Stoke and Berwick Ht. James. The Red corps sought to prevent this result, nnd its commander placed his main force on the Stone hence ridge, with a rear guard of an infantry brigade and eighteen field pieces on tho Yarn bury Castle ridge. Gen. Bulleropened the fight early with a brilliant cavalry attack against tho lied cavalry, in which the latter lost both its batteries of horse artillery. His main assault, however, was against Ynrnburv Castle. The position there was carried by a sharp at tack, but to the chagrin of the victor, he found that the ridge had been held only by a couple of brigades, whereas the enemy's main army was posted elsewhere. When this fact was discov ered ho moved briskly against tho Red position on Stonehengo ridge, but the "cease fire" sounded before an attack In force could be de veloped. This left tho Duke of Connaught still occupying a strong position. The next and final day of the operations saw a change. Another Red army. Imaginary, was found to be approaching Bwlndon. where It could threaten the Blue left. The actual lied corps was therefore ordered to cross the Avon between Amesbury Workhouse and old Hani in. and Buller's corps sought to prevent this. The task thus given to the Blue forces was most difficult, because thoy had to guard six miles of river front, whilo the east bank, bold by the Red army, dominated the west bank. The re sult was that the Red troops did get across. their engineers holding bridges, but the au thorities decided that Red could not have ad vanced until the artillery had come up, and moanwblle the day's operations closed. Taken as a whole thorefore. both Blue and Red had victories to their credit. In the official review of the operations the militia were praised for the way in which they endured long and trying marches. Much also was learned in regard to transport and supply. The Trne Molly Pitcher. To the Enrroa or The 8cm Sir: In the light oftheactof Congress of July S, 1T79, which waa passed upon tha recommendation of the Council of Pennsylvania paased June 20, 1778. making tempo rary relief for " Margaret Corbln, who waa wonnded and utterly disabled at Fort Waahlngton while aha heroically filled the poat of her husband, who waa killed by her aide aervlng a place of artillery," and tha further recommendation of the Board of War, July JA. 1780. to Congress, that " Margaret Corbln receive annually during her natural life one com plete suit of deaths orlhe value thereof In money in addition to the provisions made for hrr by said act of Julys, 177V'1 tbelnga soldier's hslf pay), I am of the opinion of Bancroft, who says that "Art and romance have confounded her with another character, Moll Pitcher." I am Inclined to think that Mr. B. A. Blcharda in his letter to you of tbe loth Inst.. Is confused In this respect, snd thst his Moll Pitcher wsa simply a cook in the army, as he says, for whom his Stale made provision, but only in recognition of that service and not for " gallant conduct in manning her hus band's gun," for which service Congress granted a pension to Margaret tVvrbln. who, In my mind Is the true, real and only Moll Pitcher. Congress never pensioned cooks. W. W. BCOTT. Passaic, N. J., Sept IS. Btll-Feaary-Staffleld. To tbe EniTon or Tie Sua-.Vir ; The Hon. BUI Jlbb waa a Senator In the Michigan Legislature, and becaoee he would not vote aa seemed beat to the Hon. Potato Plngree, tha Hon. Potato Plngree slaughtered him in tha primaries, therefore the Hon Bill Jlbb will be abuts Senator no more. """,""' Jobs B. Bursa. To the Euiioa or Taa SimSir: Tha name of Mr. Peaky Fodd of Decatur, N. T., would grace your t ... M. 0. Bbadley. Ntvfoal, Sept. 14. To tue Rorroa or Tarn Bus Sir : Stuffleld Glm letta la a respected clUteu of Bayrille, L. I. Nauoatuce, Conn. H. A. BorxB. A Neglected Garden. from (As London Spectator. Asia Minor and Its natural dependency, Mesopo tamia, are among tha moat desirable places on the earth's surface. In spite of Turkish misrule. Smyrna and Ale laudretta are large and growing porta. Under (lermau influence. Asia Minor would have half a dosen entrepots of trade aa rich, or even richer, and more flourishing. Mot only la tha eoll of Asia Minor naturally fertile, but there la a profusion of mineral wealth In the mountains, and a population hardy and brave without being unduly fanatical. Hummer aad Fall. Tha plaintive poet who could eweeUy aing Ot " Winter ling-ring la taa las of Spring," , Ware ha but living now might loudly bawl 1 W-fcisajMiyiagtowBeUeTOFell.' m clabm nr mm tounAtr. Folate of the Conflict There Betwessi France nnd Kagland. The French occupation of Faahoda on the upper Nile does not seem to be one of those matters on which compromise Is possible. Great Britain his not labored In Egypt these many rears, overthrown afahdlsm and recon quered half of the old Soudan. In order to allow French officers the privilege of promoting or nullifying her work as they may think fit Major Marchandor Llotard. or whoever turns out to be the leader of the occupying force, will have to be disavowed by his Government and persuaded upon to withdraw, or else be turned out by Kitchener. The rights of Great Britain are quite clear. The Nile Taller haa been recognised In three suooesslve trestles with Germany. Italy and the Congo Free State as being under her pro tectorate. The French Government was In formed of the purport of eaoh of these trestles and raised no protest. To prevent all doubt on the subject France was officially Informed In 18r, when rumors of the Marchand expedition were first heard, that Great Britain would re sent any intrusion In the Nile Valley as an un friendly act. In the face of this warning the presence of a French force in the verr heart of the valley becomes rather serious. The motives of the Invasion are not hard to discover. France wants the Nile as an outlet for her Central Soudan possessions and she wants a fortified post on the Nile to bridge over the vast distance between the French Congo and her slip of territory on the Red Sea. Tbe Frenoh oolonlal party has set its heart on an unbroken empire bom St. Louis to Obok. from the Atlantic to the Red Sea or Indian .Ocean. A series of filibustering raids like Msrchand'a and Llotard's havo helped to push the project along. On the Niger one of these expeditions nearly brought on a war with Great Britain last spring. The seizure of Faahoda is merely a repetition of tho occupation of Nikk land Bouses. If Franco attempts any dofence of her action It will probably be that the Egyptian Govern ment by abandoning the Soudan provinces, thereby relinquished its sovereignty and left them open to the first oomer. The plea Is not worth much In the absence of any objections from tho French Government to the three trea ties acknowledging Great Britain'sclaim to con trol the Nile Valley. Anyway, it comes too late to change England's policy. Putting on one side Its effect on the Cape to Cairo scheme, a French settlement at Faahoda would leopard England's work In Egypt far too seriously to be tolerated. The entire Egyptian plain Is de pendent on the annual overflow of the Nile tor its means of living. A rise of less than twen ty feet means scarcity; of over twenty-seven feet, a flood. A few engineers at Faahoda by draw ing off water for Irrigation could paralyze Egypt and devastate It with famine whenever they pleased, and Great Britain has no Inten tion of intrusting France or any other country with such unlimited power. 80 far as France is concerned, the affair Is not likely to develop into a coitus belli. The re public is too unstable already to risk an unsuc cessful war. and the Dreyfus case has gone too far to make a diversion possible. We may therefore expect to hear before long that "the Incident Is closed " In the only way In which It oan bo closed by the withdrawal of the French troops. At the same time the temporary re pulse will not by any means imply that France has given up her hopes of controlling the Nile valley. France has not secured the friendship of Henelek and raised, drilled, and armed a powerful Abyssinian army for nothing, and It is quite possible that Great Britain will have to face a more formidable foe than the Dervishes before her possession of the Nile from sourco to mouth is made secure. Evolution-A Link Still Missing. To tbs Edttob or Tni Hun Sir: We heard last week by telegram, and this week we see In various prints, an account of a meeting at Cam bridge In which Prof. Haeckcl. In a paper said to be very fascinating to the hearers, claimed that recent contributions had led him to not hesitate to declare that evolution of man from lower order lean absolute certainty. It Is now many years since the mild Darwin conceived a theory that evolution was a possibility, which might later be discovered to be a fact He never more than advanced it as a theory. But a class of enemies of divine revelation, of which Prof. Huxley is the most prominent, at once caught it up, on the principle that party politicians are ready to take up anything to beat the opposite party. So these men are ever ready to use anything to beat God Al mighty's revelation. Prof. Huxley oame to America to enlighten us, and assumed that Darwin's theory of evolution waa an estab lished fact, and very many of our supposed In telligent leaders lumped Into the not, even many professed Christians, who. owing to a lack of sufficient real Christian experience to make them strong in the faith, fell into the de lusionfor if it Is more than a delusion it has not been proved such yet. But hero comes the rest scientific professor and claims that he nows that it Is so. True, he still has a little difficulty of a discrepancy of nine hundred and seventy-five million 075,tKX).000) years, which, according to the best scientists, would bo re quired to work this evolution, whereas, the most liberal computers of his class have given pur world at most only 25.000,000 years ex istence, and there Is no evidence of a hundredth Part of that. Now. wo unscientific people would ask if. In any natural process of development, there appears a thousand million years must be required to meet It. it is not the merest twad dle, unbecoming a chili'. 5 years of age. to talk of the work belngaeeoripllshed in only twenty flve million (25.000.000) years T Prof. Haeckel and his class must show something far nearer consistency than all this before they will make any headway toward beating God and his rev olution In the minds of those who have learned by experience God and His Christ. These loose statements will only do for those who have not learned In the school of Christ, and who choose darkness rather than light All these men must have, to enable them to seo the kingdom of God," much less to com prehend It. what Christ told that other nice man. Moodemus. John ill.. 3-5. Sept. 18. A Comstast Readib. A Street Car Passenger Without Changs Legally Fnt OH. To tbb EsrroB or The 81m Sir: A passenger on one of our local electric care offered tha conductor a live-dollar bill. He declared It waa tha smallest piece of money In hla poaaesalon. Tha conductor peremptorily refused to change tha bill and ordered the man to leave the ear, which ha did under pro tect Aa we know the man in question and are satis fled that there waa no IntenUon of cheating tha 00m pany.we should like to know; Haa tbe conduotor a legal right to order a man from tha car under such circumsUnoes, and also what ia tha minimum amount of money fixed by Uw whloh a conduotor Is required to change iBquiamr,. The conduotor waa warranted la refualng to allow the passenger to travel on tha oar if tha passenger did not tender the exact fare. Street car Unee vol unterily offer to make change In earns of fi or nnder. and there la a chance for legal hairsplitting over tha question whether, on tha oar of a company where this custom waa a matter of notoriety, a pas senger could tie ejected for non-payment of fare it the oondnotor did not happen to have the change aa advertised. It Is tha practice, however, for ail etreet car lines where tha custom of making change for sums of 12 or nndar la advertised to allow a pas senger to ride who cannot make tha necessary change under (a until ench time aa tha conduotor la able to furnish the change. There oan be no question of the conductor's right to decline to make ohange for a greater sum. The N. T. '. To tbb Editob or Tbb 8ub-i: Occasionally a good thing cornea from Chicago, and I want to call yonr attention and tha attention of a million or so other sources of Influence to something that haa started from that place recently, though the Idea ie nearly aa old aa tha town le. I refer to the N T 0 organised there not long ago by a lot of railroad men' with Col. Elliott Monett. President of the American fraveUlngyasaenger Agents' Association, aa one of Us (h,W.,,,"?!1rtta- n"''' ' C' " ""Non-1-re.llng bib. and these railroad men are trying to get semi he men enough leagued together to Vtoe TtheStr ulclous habit of taking as many drinks Tea erere men In a crowd, because the crowd haupTnatohava money enough to pay for tbem. The clurieard land rpnetitlltlon la presented herewith, and It U?aunV cleutly clear andf conclusive for anybody. It reads; " HON-TKEATWa CLUB." I OBJECT-When you weut a drink take It. and ' don't Imagine you will ofteud any one or not : : -StiBaXSlghl or ten to "join you ' uo : : PLEDOK-jar the butuin and make a pledge i rocmber"" "" " "Mwhoto'J i I 59fir! "' UUcn " bno from this : : card If you have any ooueoienUoue acruolae ; but pass It to some friend. """" ecrupjee, . "Masi Hsrrr Dais." When a man haa become a member he la furnished with a pure white button bearing the letters N -r 1' and with tide in hie buttol."!,. preSuTui front u".,,'AJon,n'. c" "jccessfully aAa.lI jjK" 'labii unlimited aa to ineinjberenip. and every man Is avail SS V?28t ,ahrtb? condlUonTTwhlch Ira that be will not tree! or drink "treated'' lluunr SiTorSSS ,.0..l",.auU. "" o7.r thuf'b'road land of ours. end. if war town wants one. all th.11. to be done le to write toCol. Monett for buttone and jtaTir QVAjtAimjm Mmtmodi. ataeHeal Ohauagea Tnma as to Vessels froBB Onbrn nnd Porto Rico. Savanna. Os., Bept. lft-Dr. W. P. Brnnner. United States sanitary Inspector at Santiago. arrived here to-dar from Monteuk Point. He will address the business men of Savannah to morrow upon the radical changes proposed In quarantine methods. . The object of the changes Is to protect public health without Interfering unduly with trade between the United States and Cuba and Porto Rloo. In the first place, he ssld to-dar. the Govern, ment Is going to do a great deal of drainage work at Havana. Santiago, and other points. andCubaandPortoRloo are to hare a thorough cleaning up. Disinfection wlH hereafter be dons at the ports of depsrturs Instead of at those of arrival. Heretofore the United States have had sanitary Inspectors only at Havana and Santiago. The Marine Hospital Service proposes now to have sanitary Inspectors at 8 very port doing business with the United tstes. if a vessel leaves a port for the United ' i States with sickness on board, the port of entry will be notified at once. In addition to that the servloe proposes to establish In at least three ports probably Havana. Santiago, and San Juan the most modern floating disinfect ing plants known to the sanitary world. The floating plant at Hontauk Point will be placed 3t Havana as soon as somo needed work can be one on It This will be used until a more complete plant csn bo secured. Tho plans and specifications for such a plant are now being prepared In Washington, nnd the plant will he at Havana by the first of next year, or in time for the next season's business. Before a ves sel leaves Havana, for instance, every thing in It will be fumigated by the float ing plant The time a vessel takes In coming from Havana to an American port will count for tha days of detention now necessary at quarantine stations. The Marine Hospital Berries can handle a vessel In twentr-four hours, while at most quarantine stations the a work takes forty-eight hours. The Marine Hospital service will protect Cabs from other 4 ports, too. Dr. Branner sars there is no doubt that the United States will control Cuba and the Islands adjacent to It so far as sanitation la concerned. , , cnit.D t. Alton ik rACTomxa. Instructions Issued That All Children Enrier Fourteen Be Sent to Sehool. Ai.BAir. Sept 10. State Factory Inspector O'Leary haa warned all his deputies through out the State that the Child Labor law must bt rigidly enforced, to the end that all children who attend school must be prevented from working In factories. In a letter to his depu ties Mr. O'Leary says: "If In your tour of Inspection you find any child nnder the age of 14 years employed, send thst ohild home and see that he or she goes be fore you leave the shop or other place of em ployment. If you And any child under the age j " of 18 employed who is not entitled to be so em ployed by reascn of a failure to file the proper certificate or because of illiteracy, see to it that the provisions of the law are enforced and obeyed. "If you notice any studied attempt on the part of any health officer to violate the lnw hy supplying children with Improper or Illegal certificates, report such cases to me promptly. In a word, see to It that the provisions of the Chihl Labor law are obeyed and respected and the children sent to school, where they belong. Do not permit sympathy or excuses of any kind to turn rou from the proper performance of your duty. If you meet with any cases deserv ing of special attontlon confer with me regard- a ing them." TUB IiOMlXUVS WHEAT BABBLE. The Rev. Bnskerville Pnt Up AOO on a 'T "Spec" and Says Re Wats Swindled. From (Ae Spokane Spokeman-Rtriric. According to the papers In the case snd the testimony given yesterday, the Rev. Mark Bas kervllle has been dabbling in wheat specula tions recently to his sorrow. His dealings have not been conducted personally, but he furnished the collateral whereby another party was to buy up the yield on a certain ranch. When the yield was sold in the fall he expect ed It would net a handsome gain to the preacher. lth visions of accumulating profits, the Rev. Baskervllle raised $5H) and intrusted it to the care of T. L Dodson. who was to purchase the crop of one Dennlson. who owns a ranch a fow miles up the river. But Dodson did not purchase the crop and. according to the preacher, he refuses to produce the $500. A warrant was sworn out against Dodson and yesterday Constable Apl W Fi apprehended the alleged defaulter at Pullman I and he was brought up before Justice Backus for trial on a charge of obtaining money under false pretences. gM The trial was full of amusing incidents Jl and developed that life in the vicinity of MA Dodson s ranch is not monotonous. It ap- Tarn pears that the preacher took a bill of sale of all of Dodson 's personal property as security for his ffSoO loan. As Dodson did not buy the. wheat, the preacher bought it himself for $150. Now tie has a V bill of sale and a wheat crop, but he also wants the HpO. Justice Backus listened to the arguments of the minister's attorneys. Mount A Fitzgerald, and then dismissed the suit, ow ing to insufficient evidence to establish the M pharge. The caae will probably be taken into M the Superior Court. HOMESICK DOG'S I.OSC TRAMP. Returned from South Carolina to Rls Master efl in Elrnlra, N. V., Footsore and Hungry. 'I From tkt F.lmira Advertiur. The latest native of Elmira to return from the "sunny South" is a valuable pointer that j came on foot all the way from South Carolina jjf to bis home In this city because he was home- -mF sick. Up to a short time ago the dog was the property of John H. Sullivan of 719 Kenyon street, a law student V m,A.boUii t.hrc6 monlh8 S'P. tt family named Bunn. Hying near the Hullivans. on Kenyon street who had been friends of the Sullivan family, sign fled their Intention of moving to M South Carolina to live. A large dog. which was owned by the Sulllvans. spent much of his time between the two houses, sometimes staying for days at a time with one of the families ami then leaving for the other house suddenly, without apparent reason for his departure. When the Bunns moved to South Carolina they asked the Sullivan family to give up their interest In the dog so that thoy could take li"?." th8ra- This was agreed to. and the Q last that was seen of the dog in Elmira until Monduy was when tho train pulled out of the station with the dog securely tied In the bag gage oar. Mm. Monday last tho Sullivan family heard a strange nolso at the door. They oimnod it and wore astonished to see the dog whloh they had given to the Dunn family several months ago sb-Km and which they suppoaed was miles away. The H joy of the animal to find himself among his M friends again know no bounds. Ho was so weak from hunger and exhaustion from the long journey that it was at first thought he would not live. The animal's feet were so blistered and swollen that after he had M been home an hour or two he could not walk. obbI What route the animal took or how long he had 1 been on the way home Is not known. - "Hose" Swappers of Androscoggin. From (As Kennibcc Journal. Kak, As the days ret shorter and the oold creeps down more and more at lonesomo evening, that class of Androsooggin farmers known as hoss swappers begin to gather in the sunny, mellow . M afternoons on the warm sides of Hayuiarkot square. Lewlston. and exchange horses. Tues day, just after dinner, for instance, the most miscellaneous collection of old ring-boned. greasod-heel. spavined, and broken-down nags ever seen in Lowlston were collected In a wbP9 kindergarten ring about the boss horso swap- per. and every one was talking at once. What am a scoop that would have been for the agent of the society with the elastic namol One of the horses hadn't been fed, and was ohewlng a rag bit full of pepper, as was oasy to see by the ghastly manner In whloh It Imitated the juuiplnt and frisking of a young horse One 1 MB of the horse swappers was calling attention to his steed In a loud voice, and all eyes went fixed upon it whon it suddenly lost its halaaoe and fell over from exhaustion. All hands tried m to set the poor oreature upon Its feet, but it had stood all It wanted to. and with a sigh of relief it stretched out Its neck and gave up the ghost SaW The owner gave a lob man aten-eent piece and i. the harness and cart to take tho body to toe ( city Held and bury It. Lightning on the Waahlngton Monument. From tho BotUm Trantcnpt. One of the best evldonoes of the value of f lightning rods up to dutu has been afforded by the Washington Monument. It is capped by a small four-sided pyramid of aluminum, which metal, so cheap to-day, was very cost l at " time of the bufldlug of the greatest . -1 .-ll-le that the world has ever known. This alum!- , uuiu tip is connected with the grouud by f'ir copper rods which go dowu deep Into lb" earth. On April 5. 1H85. five immense bolta f of electricity were seen to flash between the monument and a thunderuloud overliatiKinsT 1 In tho course of twenty minutes. In other words, the monument was struck fiercely live time-, ut it suffered 110 damage whatever ' June 15 of the name year a wore tremendous assault waa mode upon the monument from the heavens, and the result was a fracture of one of the topmost stones. The crack still re mains to show what nature can do in the way I 1 . of an eleotrical shock, but the sllghtneas of the damage is evidence of man's power to proteot himself from suuh attacks. The obeliak Is Ideally located for attracting eleotrical assaults from thesklef . snd ret while many times hit, uhttl 2i!t on'y o00'-0 H BBBBBaaaaaBasssasBa . , SBBel