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sW I ! E3 Ku W Showers; brisk southeast winds.
jay flH L HP C . VOL LXV1.-N0. 23. NEW YORK, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1808. -COPYRIGHT, 1898. BY THE SUN PRINTING AND PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION. -TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. PRICE FIVE CENTS. I TWO STATES IN DANGER. r nrr.ir.r that tmb knd or the CBIXK'E EMPIBB MS AT HAND. In France n Well-Doflnod Straggle nrtwt.n tha Civil and Military Prnrtr Hu Bifnn Iiit Conservative ItMlklimn Believe ih Republican Constitution Cannot Stand tha Htraln-The Baeret That In fluences tha Opposition to Revision. Srrttal Cable Datpatch e Tan Son. London. 8ept. 24. A coup d'etat in China and almost a coup d'etat In Franco liave added anot her week of increased apprehension to tha i it. .nl nf thla anxious rear. Tha Information from l'"kin la ao meagre that It la still Impossi ble to discuss the Far Eii stern situation Intelli gently. It la sufficient to note that the IlrHlsh authorities fear the worst and are ready to ad mit that the advantage galnod by the dismissal of LI Hung Chang has been mora than lost by the sensational turn of events. . The latest consensus of opinion is that the mJ moment of the destruction of the Chinese Bm j pire is now at hand. News of the spread of the T .J antl dynastic revolution strengthen the belief that the collapse will he accomplished by vio lence. It Is useless, under the clrcumsfnneea. to speculate n to what will become, of the iin , - In Frnm-c.n the other hand, the situation Is full of uncertainties, hut tho Issue Is Decerning clearer and more critical hourby hour. A well defined struggle between the civil and military IKwerhns begun. How serious the present moment Is for I'ranoe may be judged from tho tact that even conservative English observers do not believe that Hie republican Constitution will Mirlv the strain. The military authori ties in T'nris. Including Gen, .urlinden and Gn. liii nolne. the Minister of War, acted in oi"iinflflTiceof the Premier and the majority of the Cablni t In 'lie beginning of the prosecution f Uctil.-fol. Piequart. The country now awnlt the response to the challenge from the exeiuitivo iicn.l ..f the iioveriinient. -Premier Hrisson has more courage than the awrau mediocre trench polltii'lan. but there is reason to fear that In this greatorlsis he will weakly submit to military dictation, and the oligarchy of the army will then be an ai-com- plished fact No one doubts that if there were a strong. v i ambitious man In France :it this moment he might sl7c the ilovernmcnt without difficulty. Even President Knur-; has been suspected of sucli designs within a tow days. It happens, however, that what ho has sinned In vanity j. since he became President he has lost in clev erness, and if ho should venture upon hlgli m handed measures he would probably make a mess of it. Here is nu Interesting version of this feature of tho situation by a Frenchman who was formerly prominent, but who now is only a spectator: "Taking all tho circumstances tntoconsldera tion." he says. " one ha only to follow the logic o' facta to foresee what may hapien If the com mission pronounces next week in furor of the revision of the Dreyfu,. trial. If President Faure were i Bonaparte there would not be a shadow of doobt. F.von as he is, he has but to say one word to have France at his feet; and.. t -A mark you. If he does not sny this word, if ho does not doclar" against revision, he will have Drumont. Rnchcfon. and the whole French mob, in hue and cry against him. and there will be nothing for him to do but to follow the example of President Grevy. "But if. "ii the other hand, in order to op pose revision, he resigns from the Presidency, the coiigr-ss will meet within twenty-tour i hours at Versailles under the Presidency ot Senator 1 ' -i. who will, you may bo sure, ex pedite matter. M. Faure will bo elected by a crushing majority hoetilo to revision. He will then form a iiarthou Ministry with an ambi tious, strong General at the War office. Oeu. Ilrugere for instance, and he will then be able to do what he likes with the country." Whether or no this sensational forecast is justified, it is safe to predict that tho sittings of the Spanish-American Peace Convention in Paris next month will ho overshadowed in in terest by other event s in the same city. The impression is dally gaining wider cre dence in Paris that the so-called secret which Influences successive War Ministers to oppose revision at any coat is the appalling fact that a majority of the general staff were leagued In corruption and traitorous praotleea, and that Capt. Dreyfus was only a scapegoat. The dls 1 closure of the humiliating truth would incite outraged Frenchmen to revolution. THE COVP D'ETAT IX CMS A. I Alarming Beports at Tientsin England Shields the fugitive Kang. t I Special Cable DetpaUKu to Tn 8ns. J Bgxuurjr. Sept. 34. The Frankfurter Zrituna I publishes a despatch from Tien tain, saying that railroad communication between Tientsin and Pekin is Interrupted, and that the most alarm ing report are afloat. I Bg akoh ai. Sept. 24. Kane, whose arrest was 1 ordered by the Chinese Government on a fl charge ot plotting against the Emperor's life. arrived here to-day on board the British steamer Chung King. The British Consul here objected to Kane's arrest, and had him taken en board a British warship. SCAXDAI.IEED TMM QUEEN. H Objectionable Incidents at Recent Drawing I Rooms In London. H Special Call Detpak to Tsts Sun. London. Sept. 34. The new regulations for , jM the Queen's drawing rooms, whioh will be in force next season, are due to the Queen's an noyance at U scandals discovered this and last year. It was found that Impecunious la ' m ' dies of rank were advertising, for flzed sums, to bring out young ladies who are rich but not In society. The terms inoluded presentation at I court and the run of the London season. The idea of presentations being sold was a severe shook to her Majesty. The presentation lists were eoauned more carefully than ever. It was not discovered that there was anything against tha personal character of the ladies thus pre sented wblob would disqualify them from being received by the sovsrelgn. ' The number of presentations baa now been reduoed to 300. partly with a view to giving the court offlolaU greater control over the list. In the new regulations It is Intended to re strict the practice of parsons who have been presented of frequently attending subsequent drawing rooms. Debutantes will be told that they will not be expected to attend a drawing room oftener than onoe in three yeurs. THE CRETAN tflJUTU.V. ft Halation Near at Hand Turks Oppose the Departure o Turkish Troops. Bpcoial Cable DeepatcM to Tat Bus. London. Sept 34. A despatch from Canea to the Central Newa says that a solution of the Cretan question is regarded as near at band. The foreign Admirals have authorized the execution of sentences by a military tribunal against convicted offender. The Turks are opposing the departure of tba Turkish troops from th Island. Aw Mr. aha of Mew York Under Arm: in Mm Berlin. Axe I CabU IuhM to Tat Sex. Buxin. Sept. 34. -Mr. Llxai Kohn of 333 East Thirteenth street. Mew York. Is held under arrest here upon a charge of wrongfully trying to collect a bill for 0.000 mark. MslSJt,y an ha M taw a0 WAR MAT COME AFTER ALL. Peare In South America Not Assured Chilian Offloert Called Home. .'serial Cells Dupatcb to Tat Sirs. London. Sept. 34. A week ago Tnx Sun rep resentative aaw a letter written by the Argen tine Minister In Paris authorizing the publica tion ot the statement that his Government had agreed to submit th boundary dispute with Chill to arbitration by the British Government, absolutely without reservation. The Minister was particularly anxious that the world should know that Argentina had given Its consent simultaneously with Chill. The latter trucu lent republic it seemed, had been artfully try ing to persuade the other government that Argontln was backward and dishonest In her pretended desire for arbitration. However, both countries having, to all appearances, agreed to settle the dispute amicably and sen sibly, there seemed no doubt that peace was assured. But believers In peace are not to be found in quarters where one would have supposed no doubt could exist. Financiers with millions Involved continue nervously to fear war, and at th British Foreign Office there Is no expec tation that the work of arbitration will begin before the end of the year, as has been defi nitely announced. This official scepticism can only be explained upon the presumption that the Foreign Office has received Information from its representatives at Buenos Aries and Santiago, whereof the outside world has mere ly suspicion based upon the gossip of diplo matic circles. It is known, tor Instance, that every Chilian military or naval officer who has been holiday making or on government business In Europe has been recalled: and the only Argentine officer now on this side of the Atlantic a naval Captain. Is at rresent In Italy niacins order for warships. Including two 10,000-ton armored cruisers. Every Chilian diplomatist in Europe is confi dent that Argentina is craftily delaying the crisis in order to complete her war prepara tions, and there Is not a citizen of Argentina who doubts that Chill has moved her army right up to the frontier and got her warships collected in readiness to make a treacherous spring. Therefore it is not easy to predict what Is likely to be the course of events In the next few weeks, although most positive an nouncements are published to-day that the arbitration reference has been actually signed at Santiago. It Is rather curious that, without exception. j the newspapers of this country show a pro- Chilian bias. There Is no particular reason I why this should be so. British money Is ln i vested In both countries, but probably there is ' twice as much of it in Argentina as in Chili. . Argentlnnns attribute the phenomenon to the i crafty machinations of the Chilians. It is more ' probably due to the belief that Chill will win In the event of war. and it it wise to be on th l winning sldo beforehand. GOMEZ HASN'T RESIGNED. I He Says Cuba Needs Him More Than Ever Now Removing Columbus's Body. Special Cable Df patch to Th 1 Sow. Havana. Sept. 34. At 5 o'clock thlsafternoon the United States steamer Resolute wiled from i Havana for Key West, having on board Oen. I Wade of the American Evacuation Commis sion. Charles W. Oould, counsel of the com mission, and some of the commission's at taches and clerks. Oeu. Butler and .Ad miral Sampson remain at the Hotel Chatx at Yedado. near Havana. Gen. Wade and Mr. Oould will return on the Resolute on Monday morning. Their trip.it is said, has no other object than that of enjoyment of the oeoan breezes. I Oen. Maximo Oomex has arrived at Rojas Cuibarien, in the province of Santa Clara. He denies the truth of the report that he has ten dered his resignation as Commander-in-Chief of the Cuban Army and Intends to leave the island. "On the contrary." he says, "this Is the time that my services are most needed by Cuba." It I almost certain that the Cuban Govern ment that Is to bo elected by the Assembly on Oct. 10 will be composed ot friend of Goraex. but the members of the American commission. -privately and unofficially, have let the insurgents know that the Dion of elect ing a provisional Government does not meet with their approval. The election of such Gov ernment, they say. Is a matter to be accom plished by the United States. It has been mad known to the insurgent that this must be done by the votes of all the people of the island. At present the greater port of the Island is oocupled by the military force ot Spain and therefore a vote cannot be taken that repre sent the will of all the people. Admiral Sampson highly praises the patriotic attitude of Gen. Calixto Garcia in returning to the United States without taking part in the formation of the Cuban Assembly. It Is announced that at 8 o'clock on Monday morning the remains of Christopher Columbus will be plaoed In a coffin especially made to convey thorn to Spain. There will be a special ceremony at the Cathedral, the Governor-General with his aides and the volunteers at tending. The Colonial Cabinet met yesterday to com plete the preparation of the documents that Secretary Oongosto will take with him to Pari for the use of the Spanish Peace Commission. Sefior Oongosto left this afternoon for Pari by the way of New York. Great activity 1 be ing observed by both commissions. La Iuoha say that another note will be aent to the Spanish Commission by the Americans to-morrow. REMAINS Or COLUMBUS. Objection froaa This Government to tho Proposed Removal to Spain. Washington. Sept. 24 The intention of Captain-General Blanco to have the remains of Christopher Columbus removed from their present resting place In Havana to Spain is likely to meet with objection from this Govern ment, although no decision as to the policy of the United States in tho matter has been made. It is contended by one officer in authority, who did not want hi name used, that in surrender ing her sovereignty over Cuba Spain gave up everything except personal property, and that it will be a violation of the agreement set forth In the peace proctoool if the Spanish authori ties attempt to remove the remains of Colum bus. There Is no disposition on tho pun of tho Administration to Injure Spanish pride or sen timent In the matter, aud the Government will wait to hear from the Military Evacuation Commission before adopting the course it will pursue. It Is probable that the Administra tion will be guided by the sentiment of this country. For the present the Military Commission has full authority to act. The handsome monument inclosing the remains of the great discoverer wan furnished by the Spanish Government. It was contended here to-day that Columbus be longed as much to the Western Hemisphere ss to the Eastern, and that the Spanish Govern ment acknowledged that the New World had a ireater right to the possession of his remains u sending tiiem to Havana for peimunent coping. Cbluase Consul lu Hawaii Recognised. WAbHiNoTON. Sept. ii A plain reminder that the United Slates Government has as sumed authority over Hawaii was given by the State Department to-day lu the announcement that President McKlnicy had recognized Yang Wei-Poii as Client lit the Chinese Empire for the Hawaiian Islands. This is the ftret lu atauun of graiiliug an exequatur to a foreign taanoVn ann'Iii of ilfl tt sotBggwur. OUR SOLDIERS AT MANILA. rurirr are learn in a mow to lite IN THE TROPICAL EAHT. Tower Complaints Now That They Are Adapting Themselves to Ctrenmstanrse But Many Are Hick and th Rattens Are Not Wholly Sotted to the Conditions. .! Casta Dunete ( Twa Sew. Manila, Sept. 24. Gradually the Americans, officers and men. are settling down for a long tay. They are beginning to gat accustomed to their strange condition of life, and are mak ing themselves constantly more comfortable a this ohange develops. The dissatisfaction and complaint which were loudly expressed at Brat are decreasing perceptibly. Many of th men are still homesick and are working hard to ob tain their recall or discharge, but the general discontent lessens with their Increasing ac commodstlon to the surrounding circum stance. This change demonstrates the possi bility that Americans may successfully main tain themselves In the Philippines In spite of the climatic and social condition which were at first deemed practically Insurmountable. Experience thus far show that the Americans will quickly assimilate the best element in the condition they have found. Their own In genuity, resource, energy and strength added will form a combination under which the de velopment of the Philippines cannot fail to produce astonishing result. A good many American officer have taken houses in the various suburbs and sat up per sonal establishments. By every steamer sail ing many Spaniards leave, and with the de parture of the Spanish garrison the whole con dition of life in Manila will be changed. Already it In assuming many American characteristics. Tho changes in the business methods, too, are highly appreciated. The most interesting out ward sign of the American regime Is the method of policing the streets and preventing the congestion ot vehicle, a thing that was never don here before. There 1 a good deal ot complaint among the Americans about th action of the Post Office Department at home In sending mails by trans port ships. Letter take seven or sight week in transit that ought to come in five. Mall sent by the express steamers usually arrives in four weeks. The last general mall received here brought letters dsted July 30 at the latest. This neglect is very severely condemned. The transport Bio de Janiero. whieh sailed on Thursday for San Francisco, had on board ISO invalided officers and men. including Lieut. McCain of the Fourteenth Infantry. Major Til den of California. Lieut. Moore of Oregon, and Col. Bailey ot the Eighteenth Infantry. Col. Bailey and Major Tllden are on sick leave. Sick leave has also been granted to ('apt. Bjornstad of the Thirteenth Minnesota Regi ment. Capt. Duncan of Montana, and Lieut. Reholo of the Engineers. The members of the Astor Battery Invalided are Sergts. Sllllman and Van Pelt. Corporal Van Horn, and Private May. Bhuter. and Wood. The health of the American command 1 giving the authorities much concern. The general health condition is improving slightly, but It U still very bad. The daily average of sick reported is about 1.200. which includes a considerable number of cases of fsvor and dysentery. A change in the rations ha just been authorised, substituting four ounce of rice for the ration of beef. This Is a great Im provement, a the regular ration Is not suited to th conditions which prevail her. Men who are only slightly ill are frequently unable to recover because of the leak of proper food. Much sickness might have been prevented if the ration ot th men had been better adapted to the conditions of the sick. The rations were recently increased, with immediate good re sults. The death rate averages about ten a week. There has been a gradual relaxation of disci pline recently, and consequently much drunk enness among the men. Gen. Otis is takiug prompt measures to restore proper discipline, but it is bard to keep the men straight, there being comparatively little work for them to do. The Insurgents are showing some disposi tion to creep bock into tho city, but there is slight possibility of any trouble. CAMERAS IN THE ? ALACK, Arrested Americans Are Molllnsd by Irani Josef's Apology. fptetal CU Dupatek to Tas Bus. London, Sept. 24. An Incident that occurred a few day before the Empress of Austria left Vienna on her last journey has just reached London. Several Americans applied to the Empress through a Mr. Barker tor permis sion to go to the castle at Lalns. whioh is the only residence of the Emperor that Is closed to the public. Not only was permission obtained by Mr. Barker from the Empress, but the American party were allowed to take cameras with them. When, however, they passed out of the castle gates, tbey found themselves coo fronted by detectives, who took possession ot the cameras and placed the owner under ar rest. There was no vehicle and the Americans were marched to Vienna, the tramp taking two hours. The enraged prisoners immediately opened communications with Mr. Barker.declaring that they were simply starving, and their message added: " We have hod enough of your confounded Austrian castles and wont to get back to free and Independent America." Mr. Barker showed the message to the Em press while she wss sitting In the grounds of the Isold Villa. Her Majesty laughed so heartily that the Emperor put his head out of the window and asked what was the matter. He was informed of the olreumstances, and a few minutes later the wire were conveying im perial messages inquiring the reason for the arrest and ordering the release of the prison er. Tho proudest possession of the suspects Is the telegram containing the apologies of th Emperor. OVR fEACE COMMISSIONERS. They Are Spending To-Day In London and Will Qv On to Parts To-kforrow. Special Cable Dupatck to Tat Son. London, Sept. 34. The United States Peace Commissioners arrived at the Hotel Cecil to day. They will spend Sunday quietly at tho hotel aud proceed to Paris on Monday. There Is absolutely no Information obtainable regard ing their Intentions or further proceedings. Their retloenoe in regard to their mission Is generally respocted. In their speeches at the concert on board the Campania on Thursday night they made no allusion to their mission. Ail the party are in good health. COLOMBIA'S ROW WITH ITALT. The British Minister Will Represent Italian Interests la Colombia. Avcrisl Cable Detpatch to Tas Sirs. Homk. Sept. 24. -A semi-official despatch from Londou say that tho Government ot Colombia lias agreed that Italian Interest In that republic may be protected by the British MlnUter at Bogota. Knglnnd Most Hny t ranee Oat on the Nil. Hpettal Cable Dttmalck to Tas Bos. Pauik. Hcpt. 24 l.'Krlair ears: "If Great Britain wishes to preserve her position ou the Nile she must buy our reuuncialloa." tas bsttUoV ufVBMoilarVast. M.rek citST gjki?i-.- V-"" W of gcesdw?. L-BBBBBBRB-BBSBBBBBBBM SPAIN RULE. SATS BLANCO. He Takes Issue with Oar Commission as tn the Msrpreme Power In Cube. Spetiat CabU IHtpatrk to Tea Bon. Havana. Sept 24. via Key Wost. Just as this despatch leaves Havana to be filed at the cable office at Key West, the American Commission ha received from the Spanish a note of the gravest character. The American note to which the Spanish nolo la an answer was delivered on Thursday to tha Spanish Commission, and It referred to the case of the steamer Comal and the Introduction free of duty here of provision to distribute among the starving people of the island. A cabled yesterday to Tag Sun, the Ameri can Commission demanded free Importation for the Comal's cargo Instead of the payment of 100.000 duty imposed by th Custom House at Havana. The Commission protested also against fining a ship that had corns Into thi harbor upon a mission of oharity. The fact oould not be oablod direct from Havana that tho American Commission ex plained to the Spanish thst their attitude was not in accordance with the law that Is pre eminent at this moment In Cuba, which Is the protocol signed by the French Ambassador In the namo of the Government of Spain and ap proved by the Spanish Cortes. From the mo ment that document was signed, the American Commission says in its notn. Spain renounced its sovereignty and title over Cuba. The proto col Is clear upon this point. Spain 1 no longer an absolute, ruling power in Cuba, nor can the Spanish authorities rule here as if no protocol had been signed. Th United States for reasons of Its own has not sent troops yet to hold this territory, though it has th undisputable right to do so. The Spanish authorities remain here until evacuat'on Is accomplished, and the American troops come as keepers, meanwhile, of peace and order in the interest of both coun tries. But they cannot Ignore in matters like tho Comal the presence In Havana of tha American Commission, and they cannot act without accord with it in matters which Inter est the people of Cuba and the Government ot tho United States. When this note was received the Spanish Commission immediately met and conferred with Gen. Blanco, Marquis Montoro, the Secre tary of Finance, and member of the Spanish Commission, was selected to draft a reply. The Marquis is a rabid Spaniard, though a Cuban by birth. He fined the oomal and fixed the duties. Ho wrote a reply to the Americans which the Spanish Commission and Blanco declared to be a masterpiece of diplomacy. Tho Spanish note denies that Spain Is not at this moment absolute sovereign In Cuba. The Spanish note Is profuse in quo tations from international authors to prove this point. It speaks about protocols signed by nations since tha sixteenth century and opinions upon them. It says that th scope of the powers of both commissions is limited to the matter ot evacuation. But while thla is being done Spain is sovereign here and Span ish authorities represent the ruling power. This is an automatic colony of Spain, and du ties on the cargo of the Comal were fixed ac cording to prevailing regulations, but without surrendering Spain's rights. This is a master-stroke document In the opin ion ot Spaniards. Oen. Blanco, Inspired by generosity and as an act of courtesy to the Government of the United States. Is ready to waive tha Copal's duties and let her land her cargo. This concession 1 merely for that one hip and does not mean a compromise about others. Blanco's note says be can use in this ease the extraordinary faculties bestowed on him by law as Governor-General of the colony. What the American Commission think about this not cannot bo said yet. The members have no time in whioh to read it and discus It before the boat leaves that carries this despatch. The utmost secrecy Is being kept by the Commissioners about their negotiations. Un doubtedly, Washington will bo consulted at once. The Spanish commission received another American note yesterday about the evacuation. In reply there came one demanding that it be put off until FoL. 28. At 8 o'clock last night the Spanish commis sion met to discuss this note. Although the text cannot be mad known it Is evident It did not please them much. At a late hour Parrado was closeted with Blanco, and the Governor-General sent a long ciphered cable to Madrid. It leaked out that America rejected a long term for the evacua tion, setting forth the necessity that the United States should occupy this territory in a short time in view of the abnormal state of affair there. The material difficulties of the embarkation need not prevent the quick American occupa tion, as the Spanish troops can enoamp tn given places while transports are being prepared for their embarkation. Tho Americans at the same time can hold Havana and Cuban ports. The Spaniards say tbey cannot expose their troops to yellow fever at this time of the year by long marches from the interior to the coast. The idea of encamping outside of the cities as th Insurgent have done is not agreeable to them. In fact, they don't want to go. This is the real situation. The autonomists are making fortunes. The army has plenty of money to spend. Theatres and cafes are crowded with officers. Havana ia gay and its life Is fast. It 1 natural not to want to change these pleasures tor barren lands, poor cities and the poverty of Spain's Treasury. Capt. Otero ot the Cuban Army was arrested on Wednesday by the Spanish at Jaruco, and is being tried just as it the war was not over. His wife called yesterday on Parrado, second in command, and not receiving any satisfactory answer went to see the American Commissioners. JVSTICB TBUAX IGNORES IT. He Won't Amnu or Dsny the Truth of the Charge Mr. I.envltt Mads Against Him. Supreme Court Justice Charles H. Truax was one of the passengers on the Cunard line steamer Lucania. whioh arrived hero on Friday night and came up to her pier yesterday morn ing. A newspaper dipping was shown to Jus tice Truax, containing a verbatim report of a speech made at a rocent meeting or the Bar Association by John Brooks Leavltt. in which Mr. Leavltt charged the Justice with being counsel for a trust company. Justice Truax appeared surprised at first, then amused. John Brooks Leavltt he said. "Oh. yes. I remember him So ho says I'm counsel for a trust company, eli ? How uoen he know that, I wonder? I don't recall ever appearing be fore him in suob a capacity Oh, well, when you get bitten by little dog there's nothing to do but klok him out of the way and then go ou about your business. There really isn't any thing more for me to say." NEW BABNES-MAOOWAN SUIT. Mr. Barnes Wants to Clinch the Dakota Dlveree Obtained by HU Wife. Clkvxi.ano, 0.. Sept. 24. Tha Barues-Ma-gowan scandal ot Trenton. N. J., has been brought up her through a suit tor divorce be gun by John A. Barnes, husband of the second Mrs Mugowan. The apiillcatiun was filed yes terday and alloues desertion. Mrs. liaruee se cured a divoroe In Dukota previous to uisrry lug Mogowau, but it was held to be void by the New Jersey courts. Mr Barnes returned to Cleveland from the East about a year ago, and Is now engaged in the oil business. He said to-day that he wanted nothing more to do with hi wife, and that his present suit was brought for the purpose of Axing Ids status in regard to her. He wont the separation granted by the Western courts made firmer, ao that there oon never be any iiueoliou about the relationship between him self and bis wife . Wtaj Bo. ts I a-ftayiVg i3 -aaawal "V " omm snw ssrw nromj nnrnsnss xown"wwox werermj ESTERHAZY'S CONFESSION. MB SATS MB WBOTB TMM BORDEREAU IB TMM DBBTruS CASE. He DM So at the Instigation of His Superior, Col. Snndherr, to Fasten Quilt Upon Dreytns They Had Moral Proof That Ho Had Boon Betraying Franoo to Germany, hat They Manufactured th Rvldone -Th rsBMSt "Veiled I.ndy" Was th Wlf of Idem. -Col. dn Pnty de (Ham. Special casta Dttpokk la Tas Sun. Lomdox. Sept. 35. Major EsUrhasy'a con fession that ha wrote the Dreyfu bor dereau appears In to-day' lsne ot the London Oo.iirrrr. It take the form ot a conversation with a correspondent of that paper. In the course of whioh Eater hazy at hi own request told the story. It is not a confession written and signed by himself, and it would be quit in keeping with his shifty and worthless char acter If he should repudiate It when be sees it in print, but there Is no reason to doubt the accuracy of the Oosrrvsr't report ot hi con versation. Esterhar.y stopped ten days In the house In London of a person who. tor th pur pose ot communicating his confession, la the Obtnvtr'M correspondent. During that time his conversation, according to the correspondent, "was of the bordereau and practically of little else." At hi own request h told a long story ot how and whan It was written. "I wrote the bordereau." he said, "at th request of Col. Sandhsrr. who la now dead. It is unfortunate that both Col. SandOberr and LleuU-Col. Henry should be dead, for both knew the fact, but It la quite possible to prove that I did write the bordereau despite th dis appearance of these two witnesses. The bordereau wss intended to constitute material proof of Dreyfus's guilt. All that the Secret Intelligence Department had man aged to find out against Dreyfus waa In the nature of moral proof. It was known through tho French spy system in Berlin that certain documents bod reached the German general staff whioh Dreyfus alone could have obtained, and it was a list ot these documents, whose arrival at Berlin had been signalised to our Intelligence Department, whioh constituted the bondereau. " Dreyfus had been tested In several ways. For instance, a plan ot concentration of troops on the southeastern frontier had been dictated to bim which waa quite fantastic. A short time afterward our spies in Italy Informed as that tho Italian staff was making certain modifications in th fortifications around Nice whioh corresponded to tho changes announced in the Imaginary scheme whicb bad been dictated to Dreyfus. " Then Dreyfu managed to spend long holi day In Alsace without being apparently found out by the German authorities. "This was a suspicious sign In itself, for it was almost impossible for a French offloer to remain for any length of time tn the conquered provinces without being dlsoovered. In foot, there was considerable more proof against Dreyfus before the trial took place, but no material proof. "Col. Sandherr. who was on Alsatian. like Dreyfus, but intensely anti-Semitic, deter mined to forge this proof. He was personally convinced of the accused man' guilt and would not allow him to escape. Since olroumstautlal evidence was not enough, it was necessary for the purpose of the oourt-martlal that docu ments ahould exist. "I waa at that time attached to tin. Intelli gence Department, my duty being to watoh the movements ot the military attaches accredited by tha power of the Triple Alliance, and also to make voyages to foreign countries where I was never supposed to be a Frenoh offloer. This was partly owing to the fact that I speak Italian and German very well and then my name. Esterhary. made everybody believe I was an Austrian. "When Col. Sandherr told mo to write out the bordereau I did so without the slightest compunotlon or hesitation. " I am one ot those men who are soldiers by profession, and I cling to the old meducval traditions of military discipline. When I re ceived an order I obeyed it implicitly and with out any sort ot question." "Iwrotath bordereau beoaus Col. Sand herr told m to do o,. I knew, of course, the purposes it waa intended to serve. "I knew I was committing a forgery, but I also knew that all intelligence departments in all countries In th world were run on precisely th soma line a our own, and that it wo Im possible to achieve praotloal results In any other way. "In the Von Tausch case, which made so great a sensation a while ago In Germany, Von Tausch confessed, ss Henry did. to having committed forgeries, but added that bis orlme was nothing compared to the Infamies which th Ber lin general staff had forced him to com mit tn connection with other matter, and therefore the court attempted to silence htm. He ultimately received the minimum punish ment, and has tlno been released, long beforo hi time was up. "it Is nearly always necessary to manufac ture material evidence against spies, because othsrwlse tbey would never be punished. They never, or very rarely, leave written evidenoe of their nefarious work. "Th bordereau then having been written by me. it became necessary to give It the Indispensable sir of an autbentio docu ment. A you know, it waa supposed to have been stolen from th German Em bassy. Col. Bohwarskoppn. th German Mili tary Attache, however, denied having ever seen It. "I bellev be gv hi word ot honor to that effect. What ho said was perfectly true. He' u vr did see th bordereau. It was handed by an agent of our Intelligence Department to a porter of the German Embassy, who 1 a spy In our service, and the porter gave It to another agent, whoa name 1 Oen et. and by him it waa brought bask to the In telligence Department and there duly dock- A MJ OajlUhT. eted and numbered as a document which had been obtained from the German Embassy In the usual course. It thus received official bant Ism. "Now It waa exclusively upon the evidence of the bordereau that Dreyfus was condemned. The document was privately shown to the offi cers of the court-martial. It was fetched from the War Office during the session with closed door with the object of convincing the Judges should they show any signs ot wavering. "Then came the famous letter containing the phrase ' Ce Canaille de D ,' Now this letter, whioh was genuine, and really written by Col. Sohwarskoppen. did not refer to Dreyfu at all. and the General Staff was absolutely aware of the foot The ' D.' In question was a certain Dolltus, a building contractor who years be fore th Dreyfus affair had supplied the Ger man military attache with the plans of the for tifications near Nice." The foregoing is th text of Estorbazy'a utterance regarding the bordereau. He con cluded his conversation by bitterly inveighing against the General Staff, which had, he said, abandoned him. He told the whole story of the Sperans and Blanche forgeries, and said that th Judges of the Court of Indictments hod quashed the case against bim in defiance of all law and justioe. He aura described his relations with Lieut -Col. du Paty de Clam and said that the veiled lady waa the Lieutenant-Colonel's wife, the Marquise du Paty de Clam. The Obaaraar mentions the fact that Ester hary came to London with tho object of mak ing certain disclosures. The principal dis closure, whioh he made to mora than one per son, was that he was tha author of the bor dereau. Mrs. fiachel Beer, the directress of the 06 tarter. had hours ot conversation with Eater hosy In the presence of another person at the Hotel Prevatall. which he has now left. "At the moment that the French Cabinet ia wavering in indecision whether to revise the trial of Dreyfus, this abjeot admission of In credible blackguardism which Esterhaxy calls ' mediaeval traditions of military discipline.' should be depended upon to redouble the determination of all sane French men to ohamplon olvil liberty and the lawful administration of justice against the panio-strioken army of fanatics and malignant revolutionists who are rushing the country into another debacle. It is unsafe to predict more than this as yet. for Esterhaxy i now a sort of waif dis owned by everybody. The General Staff, who for the moment are stronger than the constitutional Government in Franco, may try to Ignore him, but the absence of any conceivable motive for falsely confessing himself a forger must go a great way to convinoe the national conscience that revision and a publio trial are absolutely inevi table. The Observer says editorially that the ohlet advantage ot revision, if honestly carried out. would be a searching Inquiry into the nsst of intrigue and Incompetence which must be cleared out if France is to have any real assurance that her national interests and good name are safeguarded by the army. CAN'T AOBEB ON DRETTVS. Committee Stands Three to Three on Re vision Government Must Declds. Special CabU Deepalchti to Tas Sun. London, Sept. 34. A despatch from Pari to the Central Newt says that the three members of the Dreyfus Revision Commission nom inated by tho Government favored revision ot the trial, while the three nominated by the Court of Appeal were opposed to it. The ab sence of certain Ministers from the Cabinet Council thla afternoon prevented a decision by the Council. Paris. Sept 24. Although the Dreyfu Com mission has not decided upon a revision of the trial, it is said that th Government, neverthe less, will decide In favor of revising the case. The Cabinet council bos adjourned until Mon day. H. Ilelnacli. In an article in the Siicit. writes: "Light Is now pouring In from everywhere. It was daaxllng in tha Zola trial, terrible in Henry's suicide, decisive in the flight of the uhlan (Esterhaxy). and now It appears in the arrest of Ploquart. an arrest as lllegsl as It was fraudulent, and In the accusations brought against him. whioh are even more stupid than they are Infamous." M. CUhxtenoeau. In the furore, says: "At last they hold their prey. They have in their power him who alone Knew how to frustrate their machinations and forgery, aud are deter mined to give him up to tho pillories of a con vict orison." Attention has been called In several quarters to the illegality of the order against Plcqusrt, whioh was issued at v o'clock on Tuesday evening, whereas the appointment ot Oen. Zurlinden. who Issued the order, was not offi cially gaeetted until Wednesday morning. The Aurors. in an article criticising the President, ssys: "Belluot, his son-tn-luw, Is not only a grotesque fool and universal laugh ingstock, but one ot the canaille. Gen Zur linden struck the blow at Ploquart at the order of M. Faure. Zurlinden laughs at MM. Hrisson and Sarrlen in their faces. He has given a kick to the republic because M. Faure told him to. As a matter of fact, there is neither consti tution, government nor ministers in France. There is a son-in-law, Belluot, and there Is a King, Felix. This pompous poser plays the part of absolute monarch. The republic Is at the mercy of the sword, swashbucklers and of a puppet of the Jesuits." MMB, PAULMIER'S VICTIM. Some Hop That M. Olivier Will Recover from His Wounds. Svedal Cable DtipaUk u Tas Ids. Pabis, Sept. 24. Th Aurora says that M. Olivier, the Secretary of the newspaper La I.an ( le, who was shot yesterday by Mm. Paul mler. Is no worse this morning, and there 1 soma hope that he may recover from the effects of bis wound. OVB NEW RESPONSIBILITIES. Th Spectator Thinks W WU1 Do Well aad Gives I's Seme Advloo. Special Cable DeipaUk la lux Son. London, Sept. 24. The 6pofa(or, comment ing upon the fact that the United States will have in a few mouths the largest external army in th world next to that of Great Britain, lay (trass upon the foot "not because we are anxious for the responsibilities she has as sumed or because we think she is making a false step. On th contrary, we believe that the new departure is distinctly for the best. We merely emphasise the tact that we are anxious that the Americans shall realize fully ths magnitud of the job they have under taken. "Onoe they understand what they are In for they will pull themselves together and plough their long furrow straight aud well. No men better If there are only young man at the head of the departments aud not fossils, things will soon shake down. Ouco create u high stand ard ot administration In Cuba and the Philip pines and tho effects will be felt lu New York Chicago and Sao Francisco." sod hawing. Wasow. ; iMiiaiainlllaHiiiiinkiliat Ms sex pnxtsy- , sat IT WON'T HURT ROOSEVELT. MIS FBIBXDS SCOVT THE 1NEI.IOI BILITT CLAIM. Mr. Piatt Left far Saratoga Yesterday n elarlng That th Colonel Wonld B Nominated In the Convention nnd Klerled Governor at the rolls Eminent Lawyer Nny the Afndnvlt Filed Here in No Sense Constitutes a Barrier to His Candidacy. The attempt to demonstrate that Col. ltonae velt I ineligible for the nomination of Gov ernor by reason of the fact that he mad sn affidavit declaring that he was a resident ot Washington when sssessed for S50.000 of per sonal property In this city ha apparently com to naught, and th friend of tha leader of th rough riders said yesterday that nothing would stop him from being nominated on the first ballot at Saratoga on Tues day. Col. Boose velt himself was posi tive thst the affidavit would not sffeoo his eligibility, and he was booked up In thin belief by the opinion of some of ths moat emi nent lawyers In New York. Everywhere thai politicians gathered yesterday the opinion waa expressed that the effort of Gov. Black and Ida friends to put Col. Roosevelt out of the rao was a failure and would recoil on Its originators! with tha force of a boomerang. Both Senator Piatt and Chairman Odell of the Stat Committee left for Saratoga yesterday afternoon, apparently confident that them was not a shadow of a doubt ot Col. Roosevelt') eligibility, and deolaring that he would be se lected to head the Republican Btate ticket this fall. Before leaving. Mr. Odell told just how the friends of Col. Roosevelt came to find out about the scheme of Superintendent ot Insur ance Payn, who Is Gov. Black's campaign mane ager. to retire Col. Roosevelt "Before leaving for Nowburg on Thursday night." he said, "I beard that Lou Payn had offered to bet money that Gov. Black would b renominated. I could not understand why h should do this when I knew that he was a warn that Col. Roosevelt would have mora than 70O delegates In the convention. The mora I thought about the matter the more I came to bellevo that tho Black people knew something, 'or thought they knew something, affecting th eligibility of Col. Roosevelt. Ot course. I did not know what It was. but when I got to New burg I called up Col. Roosevelt on the telephone) and the whole thing came out at once." It was said on good authority yesterday that tha Black people'got Col. Roosevelt's affidavit directly from the Democratic campaign man agers in the Hoffman House. The affidavit, it was said, was discovered by one of the Democratlo Tax Commissioners, who mada a copy of It and sent It to Sena tor HoCarren. Chairman of the Dem cratlo Campaign Committee. Superintendent Payn. it Is eaid, heard about the affidavit from some of his friends in Tammany Hall, and im mediately laid plana to put Col. Roosevelt out of the race on the ground that he waa in eligible. Many lawyers of prominence come to tha front yesterday with opinions that the affi davit submitted by Col. Roosevelt in this city did not bar him from being the Governor of tho State of New York. It wa pointed out that the courts have decided time and again that a man's intention determined his residence. and that the Court of Appeals has held that "mere declaration does not oonstltute resi dence. The facts determine." When asked about the matter William B. Hornblower said: " The Constitution of the State of New York provides that ' No person shall be deemed to have gained or lost a residence by reason ot his presence or absence while employed ia the service of the United Ststes.' I siu therefore of opinion thst Mr. Roosevelt was a resident of the State of New York during the time that he was Assist ant Secretary of the Navy, and also during th time that he was an offloer In the Volunteer Army of the United States. I think he was mistaken, as a matter of law. when he mad his affidavit that he waa a resident of Wash ington. My opinion la that, as a matter of law, he wa a resident of the State of Now York." Postmaster Wilson of Brooklyn had this to say about the question ot Col. Roosevelt's ell- -giblllty: "The law draws a distinction between a man's domicile and his residence. A man may have any number of resldences.but he oon hav but one domicile , whioh Is his legal res idence, and from which he has the right to voto. Mr. Vanderbllt has a residence in Manhattan, on Fifth avenue; another at Isllp. L. L, and another at Newport, but when he votes he votes from his home on Fifth avenue. Mr. Roosevelt In his affidavit says that he gave up his residence In New York city and no longer lives there : but we all know that he has a residence at Oyster Bay. where be built a house a number of years ago." Col. Roosevelt was one ot the busiest men in New York yesterday. He spent the greater part of the day at his sister's resldenoe, 080 Madison uven ui. His first callers were John Jay' Chapman and Paul Fuller of the Cltixen' Union Committee, which nominated him for Governor on an Independent ticket. Their mission was to urge him to accept the nomination, and they took breakfast with him while talking the matter over. Afterward Col. Roosevelt had several oonferencea with Ellliu Root, and all the circumstances sur rounding the making of the affidavit In Wash ington and tho correspondence which passed between Col. Roosevelt and his attorney about tho matter were gone over again. "What do you think about Mr. Payn'i dis covery V" asked the reporter. "Oh. It Is all a faro." replied Col. Roosevelt, " Do you think It will be neoessary to have the matter passed upon by the courts before the convention meets T" " I do not," replied Col. Roosevelt deolslvsly. When pressed tor further particulars concern ing the affidavit aud Its possible effect upon hut chances for the nomination Col. Roosevelt said: " I have excellent legal opinion to the effeot that I am eligible for the nomination of Gov ernor. This matter does not jeopardize mr candidacy in the least. Ml. Ellhu Boot has all the letters whioh passed between me and mr attorney bearing on the subject, and I prefer to have the letters themselves tell th story. If a formal statement Is necessary Mr. Root will make It." When Mr. Root was seen he positively de clined to say anything about the matter. Later in the day Col. Roosevelt said he might give out a statement at ii:30 o'clock in the evening. When a reporter called at his home at that hour, however. It was said that Col. Roosevelt had nothing to say. The affair caused a big stir yesterday in po litical clrul in Brooklyn. Th development apparently utterly failed to shake the confi dence of the masses of the Republicans that Col. Roosevelt, whom they have been indorsing nightly for tho past month, would be nominat ed and triumphantly eleoted. The ofQue ot Michael J. Lady. Chalrmau of th Republican Executive Committee, In Court street, wad early the centre of interest. Mr Dady announced to the reportora that iu hi opinion Col. Roosevelt waa out of the roe. and that his name would not come up in tha convention. In explanation of his hurried re turn to town ho said : " We want to hold tha Kings county delegation for Black against Geo. Stewart L Woodford. They pledged them selves to Black last June, and we wont to pre vent anybody els from getting them" Mr. Woodruff said: "I am afraid that item ,aMaWlt as U tatsWl fcc Mr. CIMvw etl