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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, September 30, 1898, Image 6

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The Democrat.
Tha If aw Tork Demooratlo State Conven
tton has found a man who, whtlo protending
to some association with the policy of
honest money, la willing to head the New
York division of Bryanlsm as its candidate
for Governor. The result regarded by the
Convention as the first in importance,
namely, the suppression of Bryanlsm in
the platform, has been accomplished, and
the appeal Is made for the support of the
thousands of McKlnloy Democrats of 1894
on tha (round that " we adhere with stead
fast fidelity to all the principles and poli
cies of Jeffersonlan Democracy. "
Democrats who worship the name of the
party rather than the principles' that made
them part of It may attach some lmpor
tanoe tothlscarefnlly made cover for Bryan
lsm. Tho precise measure of Its worth Is
found In the comparison of the resolution
adopted by the New York Democratic Btate
j Convention In June, 1890. before the party
assembled in National Convention in Chica
go, and the resolution adopted In the State
Convention in September following. The
June deliverance was this :
"We ar opposed to tha free and unlimited coln
we of silver. In tho abeenoe of tha oooperetlon of
other great natloni. Until lntamatlonal cooperation
far bimetallism can be secured we favor tha rigid
maintenance of tha praaent gold atandard aa essen
tial to tha preservation of our national credit, tha
redemption of our pubUo pledges and tha keeping
Inviolate of our country's honor."
In the face of this the evasion attempted
yesterday at Syracuse is as cowardly as it Is
weak. Nevertheless, the New York Demo
cratic State Convention of September, 1896,
glorying In party loyalty, "unreservedly
Indorsed" the platform adopted in Chicago,
declaring that, "never in the history of the
Demooratlo party has a platform been writ
ten which embodied more completely tho
Interest of the whole people."
That Is what the declaration of yesterday
Would blossom into at another command of
the National Democracy to take up Bryan
lsm again. That is what tho New York
Democracy again declared itself to bo in
1897, when tho Hon. Edward MiritPHT, the
Senator chosen by it, voted for the Teller
resolution. Friends of honest money, and
all it means, will vote the Republican ticket,
beaded by Theodore Roosevelt.
The Wrong End of the Telescope.
This extract from the Syracuse platform
f 1898 Is not the least marvellous product
of a marvellous year:
" Batons In canal management la the supreme la
Sna of tha hour."
Gosh ! What an acute sense of compara
tive magnitudes !
We may remark incidentally, however,
that so far as honest management of tho
canals is a detail of honest administration
of State affairs, Theodore Roosevelt Is
one of the best qualified men in New York
to guarantee it and insure it.
I-.llfloI Km.
?heodore Roosevelt
-.live of the now na
aspiration, which he
i an Indication and a
progress and elevution
a groat events of the
lORtillties in tho war
upted by an armiBtice
ttlations for peace, a
mudo throughout tho
ipular attention from
rar and llx it on tho
which como as the III
of the solf-sacrulce of
t was to turn exulta
to repining over tho
ivh great when that
union lifo and health.
In his diocesan ad
ky, that wo "ought
J to tho fact that we
y task against a very
war between civilized
n easy task. It is al
ondous difficulty, and
problematical. When
war with Spain she
in the size and traln
d in the classification
accepted by all the
ivy was put ahead of
1 our ships and the
a contest with that al--y,
and ran the hazard
recent modern naval
lament to the test of
first ttmo. It was not
owhere In tho world
It was a task which
to the utmost. So
harder task than
our troops in the
battling against a
lish army, against
structive and against
Lies rarely exceeded, Is
d described In military
klt and his comrades
vould not agree with
King it "a very easy
eble foe."
j Infer by any means
raged in the concerted
he achievements and
with a view to political
o spoken, but only call
siderate remark as an
nent which that spirit
loount. It would stifle
irles of the war under
i accusations against
lecylng the difficulties
exaggerating tho ac
suffering, Col. Roosevelt, made
npcralivo popular dc
wever, that the spirit
h the war to owift and
s still animating the
hilled by such devices,
tate and in all America
completely and con
je of sentiment which
I which demands that
And material, shall bo
garnered In their fulness by ths national
policy. Is TJKtton Boosmv-t-. He repre
sents bettor than any other the new and
progressive spirit of America, and as such
lie is recognized the Union over.
He is Young America In Its boat and high
est sen so ; aggressive, confident, coura
geous. Obstacles and difficulties do not
appal him simply because they strain the
endurance and demand an abundant reserve
of strength snd fortitude to battle against
them. Ho belongs to the generation on
which will fall the burden of sustaining the
responsibilities of the new and larger career
awaiting this country, and hs represents Its
fullest vigor and self-confidence.
During many years this country passed
through a period of Inslnoere and trivial
politics, from which the moral and Intel
lectual nutriment of substantial principle
had been expressed almost completely. Our
literature suffered wofully meantime. It
Is painful to see how superficial in thought,
how destitute of force, how frivolous and
artificial it Is. The younger generation
have scorned Incapable of Infusing vigor
ous vitality into It. Some of the brightest
youthful intelligences, disdaining the cur
rent politics, have searched blindly to find
the cause of Its emptiness and to apply a
remedy; but their diagnosis has gone no
deeper than the surface. They magnified
mere trivlaltles Into principles of supreme
Importance, and left the case worse than
when they undertook to treat It.
Thodor Roosevelt comes up as a
leader who, we hope, will direct these
minds to a truer and higher conception of
politics and their political duty, and thereby
strengthen their now somewhat flaccid
moral and Intellectual muscle. We have
entered upon a period of American politics
which will furnish strong meat for men In
stead of the milk for babes of a pitiful polit
ical period now happily over.
A National Figure.
The importance of tho contest in New
York, and tho universal Interest In tho
fortunes of Theodore Roosevelt as the
Republican candidate for Governor, aro
promptly recognized by the newspapers
of both parties throughout the Union.
The comments of the Republican press
outside of this State, as well as of
the Democratic Journals, indicate that the
whole country understands Just what sort
of a man Col. Roosevelt is, and what ho
stands for In tho present onmpalgn. There
is no moro distinct figure to-day In na
tional politics. There Is no more hopeless
enterprise than the at tempt to separate this
typical young American of 1898 from the
larger Issues which are now burning in the
minds of all Americans, and to confine the
significance of his canvass to matters which
concern exclusively the citizens and tax
payers of New York.
Tho portraiture of Col. Roosevelt by
Republican editors outside of this State is
on the whole remarkably accurate and
felicitous. Tho Philadelphia Press de
scribes him as standing " for clean pol
ities and for good government, and for re
form in its highest sense." The Springfield
Union dwells on tho fact that " his whole
career has demonstrated his manly Inde
pendence;" and depicts him as "a pop
ular idol, noted for his uprightness and his
straightforwardness." The Portland Press
points out tho circumstance that while his
brief career as a soldier has been excep
tionally brilliant, "ho has other claims
to public confidence far more sub
stantial than that. His career as a
civil administrator has been longer than
his career as a soldier, and quite as
distinguished. As Assistant Secretary of
tho Navy ho doubtless contributed very
much to bring that arm of the service to
its high state of efficiency." Tho Hartford
Courant says of him: "Ho is straight
forward, outspoken, courageous, more than
a littlo impetuous, but level headed,
self-reliant, iind independent. His stand
ards of public duty aro of the highest.
When ho is sure he's right, ho goes ahead
with u pleasing vim." The Providence Jour
nal regards him "as ono of tho most pic
turesque figures in public life. To use the
slung phrase, ho 'makes things hum,'
whatever he undertakes."
These ore specimens showing that the
outside idea of tho Hon. Theodobe Roose
velt's personal characteristics, of his apti
tude for tho duties to which tho people are
calling him. and of tho unbending and un
yielding integrity of his good American
soul, is perfectly accurate.
Even tho Democratic and Mugwump
newspapers do not assail Col. Roosevelt
on the ground of personal unfitness ; they
base their perfunctory opposition mainly on
tho technical charge of ineligibility, which
now is water-soaked ammunition. The
Philadelphia Record, with Its Mugwump
impulse to deplore everything that is
really good, truo and beautiful, records
sadly its conviction that " only a magnetic
candidate like. Roosevelt, suffused In the
alluring glamour of a successful military
campaign, could rescue a party thus handi
capped In the race for public honors
and public confidence." And the Phila
delphia Times, more cheerful and quite
as candid as its neighbor, declares
that It is "hardly doubtful that Roosevelt
will bo elected, and that ho will carry with
him tho balance of the Republican State
tlckot and a Republican Legislature." Wo
may reasonably Infer that our esteemed
contemporary looks forward to this result
without anxiety; for it adds :
" He in the military hero of tha lata war with Spain,
In the popular eitimatlon; he haa an excellent publlo
record; in civil afTatra he in aa independent of boaa
control aa the verlcat Mugwump of the lot, and ha
baa ahown In a hundred instances that ha haa the
courage of hia con victioneaa well aa tha puyalcal cour
age to dare any peril, and thla la a combination of
qualltlea that appeals to tha American people with
lrreaiaUbla force. The New York machine Bepub
llcana will vota for Mr. Roobkvblt because ha fa tha
party candidate. The Iude pendente will generally
aupport him because no bona can control him. and
tbouaandaof Democrats will vote for him out of abaer
admiration for his rugged nlucerlty of charactarand
tha daahiug courage he displayed on tha battlefield.
Ever body admires a hero, and tha New York Demo
crats are no exception to title rule. It will maka
very little dutcrence who the Democratlo State Con
veatlon. which ineota in Syracuse to-day, may select
to oppose ltoosRvcLT. Thla la Kookevkltb year, and
ha will easily win out against any oombinaUona that
may be formed to defeat bla elecUon."
Such is the general tone of the Democrats,
the Mugwumps, tho Independents, and the
half-Republicans outside of Mow York State,
so far as their remarks have reached this
office. It is well summed up in the declara
tion of the Philadelphia Ledger that " if The
odore Roohevklt be not a mun of destiny,
there is nothing in tho portents. He is fit
to he :inii deserves to lx the Governor of
New York." Nobody in this particular
group appears to bo unhappy ovor the pros
pect except tho wrotchud littlo Springfield
JO publican. In whoso mouth Now Orleans
molasses Is us vinegar or vitriol.
Tho canvass in Now York tills year is not
going to be one concerning which outside
observers are obliged to hesitate in order
to recall tho name of the man who is run
ning for Governor on the Republican
ttekwt. In a i ry part of ths Union the
nam and ths political fortunes of ths Hon.
T -oDoni ltooasvatur-wlll be for ths next
six weeks as eagerly watched and as con
stantly discussed m If hs wsrs a candidate
for President.
Stats Issues only? Not this year, with
Roosi lt In ths field I
Ths Filipinos at Washington.
No harm Is to bs apprehended from the
presence In Washington of Peltp-j A(k
otllo and Srrro Lowes, as ths accredited
representatives of AotriNALDO's Govern
ment, and there Is a prospect of good oom
Ing from It.
The very fact that they are here gtvM
support to their assertion that ths Insur
gents regard Am eric as their best friend,
and that "ths coming of Admiral Dkwet
was the greatest day In ths history of the
Philippine Islands." What AooNOrLLO says
of tho desires of his countrymen Is also
simple and natural. They desire first In
dependence; but " If the United States Is
not willing to accord usthat," then, second
ly, an American protectorate; thirdly, an
nexation to tho United States as a colony;
fourthly, annexation to Great Britain.
The third alternative Is the one they can
fairly expect, except that Instead of being a
colony they will be a territory of the United
States, whloh Is still better. In fact, that
third alternative Is ths best In every way,
as they will soon see. Hawaii chose It after
several years of experience in autonomy.
It insures the very freedom whloh the
Filipinos covet, together with being part of
a great, glorious and prosperous nation.
Two other things are noticeable in what
Aoonctllo has said. One Is a virtual admis
sion that our country is to settle the future
of the Philippines. The other, that the one
thing ths Insurgents Insist on Is that they
shall " never be given back to ths control
of Spain. That guaranteed to us, we will
willingly lay down our arms and accept
what the American Government believes In
Justice should be accorded to us." If Aout
naldo correctly represents bis fellow-Insurgents
on the Island of Luzon, we need
not be worried much over the trouble they
will give us. We have no Idea of putting
them back under the yoke of Spain.
The Kvacuatlon of Cnba.
Some friction In details seems to have oc
curred between the American and the Span
ish Commissioners at Havana, but the mat
ters Involved in controversy are thus far
of minor consequence.
One of them is the shipment of several
thousand soldiers to Spain without giving
notice to our Commissioners. This may
have been a technical discourtesy, since it
had to do with the terms of evacuation for
the arrangement of which our Commission
was appointed. But it is explained that the
soldiers were all invalided ; and in that
cose we can appreciate Spanish anxiety
to get them back at the earliest moment,
while it was also not a case of removing
Spanish effectives before our own troops
were ready to tako their places. In gen
eral, any unexpected promptness in evacu
ating Cuba will not be taken amiss by our
people, the main thing for us being not so
much Spain's order of going as her going
without needless delay.
Another Incident has been the restoration
of a rapid-fire cannon to the Alfonso XII.,
from which it had been removed to the oity.
The question was whether this piece had
not become a part of the fortifications, and
hence ours. That matter, too, must be
called a relatively Insignificant item In
the transfer of an island worth hundreds of
millions. The cannon could not have been
very heavy, for it was dragged post the
hotel where our Commissioners wore ; and
this last fact indicates that the transfer
was made, not stealthily, but without sus
picion that the Alfonso XII. was not en
titled to tho return of her gun.
The preparations for removing the ashes of
Columbus to Spain formed another ground
of offence, Gen. Blanco's order on the sub
ject having been given without consulting
our Commissioners.
Of course in these matters there Is a cer
tain etiquette which must be insisted upon,
and the Instructions given to our Commis
sioners must be strictly carried out. But
up to tho present the points of difference
have been of minor Importance, and there
is no reason yet to doubt that the evacua
tion of tho island will be carried out in an
amicable and satisfactory way.
Out of Wolfert's Roost.
The amazing influence whloh the Hon.
David Bennett Hill was able to exert at
Syracuse, In spite of political conditions
that need not bo here recited, was one of
the features of the convention. This cir
cumstance can hardly fall to strike all im
partial observers.
Wolfert's Roost is not St. Helena.
In politics, as in other things, genius, the
Infinite capacity for taking pains, is power.
Peter STrnrvjssANT Is avenged. Which
ever party wins in New York this fall we shall
have a Governor of Dutch descent. From ths
Holland point of view, though. Theodore
Roosevelt Is superior to Augustus Van Wtck.
He Is a bettor Dutchman, as be Is a bettor
Our German neighbor, the Slaats-Zeittmg,
doubtless thinks Itself smart In beginning Its
assault on Theodore Roosevelt by printing a
pioture of him whloh represents him as per
sonally beautiful. Even this Insidious slander
will not prevail. Roosevelt will win.
Demooratlo vlotory is In the air. The Bon.
Elliot Dai obth.
Bo Mr. DAirroBTH likes tha situation of his
The Hon. Champ Clark now has himself
Introduced as " Missouri's greatest Congress
man, statesman and orator." This is a very
pretty compliment to Champ, but It Is severe
to Missouri.
The New York Democrats say that " they
glory in the patriotlo devotion and valor of our
brave soldiers." Ouo of those brave soldiers is
going to be the next Governor of Mew Y'ork.
The Hon. James K. McGvirk of Syracuse
can console himself with the reflection that It
is several thousand diameters bettor to be
Mayor of Syracuse than to be nominated for
Governor and defeated.
Not Maria But Helen.
To tie EniTos or Tata Bos Sir : Referring to
your editorial in tills morning's Issue on the Infanta
Maria Teresa, why not remove thn Spanish name,
and in honor of a noble woman who has endeared
herself to every American, cell the captured warship
the Hi leu Oould? 1. K. l'A :.i
Nan- Yosi. Sept. 28. '
Sir. Croker's Hat and Coat.
To tsk Editob or Tub Son .Vir. The in-loaed
picture is from the Htrald of thla morning. While It
haa all tha appearance of being "taken from life," I
doubt very muoh if Mr. Croker entered the conven
tion wearing a frook east end a darby hit. N . U.
Maw Teas, Sept. Is.
AW Anotrim-Tmt.wti.D mmii I
A fttarUtoB Vrob View at sward's are.-
aad A ortoem Kipaateto-.
"rei las K (a .
Europe has inst seen ths United States ad
vanes toward ths south to ths Antilles aad to
ward ths west serosa the Faotoo Ocean, and
she says to herself: "What possesses them?
What la the meaning of this nsw fancy to seek
trouble with us and to make conquests at oar
expense Ws never Imagined that they would
bs capable of snoh a thing."
As a matter of fact, Europe has no right to bs
amared. It Is not a new Idea that has set ths
United States In motion. On ths contrary It Is
a very old Idea, sines It dates bask half a ora
tory. The events which ws have Just witnessed
form a part of ths programme conceived and
extolled long before the war of seeesslon by an
American statesman placed In ths highest rank
among his compatriots, and whose prophetlo
views tbey now love to recall. Ths thought of
this policy of expansion has been silently
hatched In the national conscience slnos his
death, according to the counsel whloh hs him
self energetically gave, and that was to preolpl
tato nothing. But there was little difficulty In
the United States In rooognlElng lt when It ap
peared through tho war with Spain.
The name of the statesman In question was
Seward. Secretary of State during the Admin
istration of Abraham Lincoln. Convinced that
his country had a great mission to perform In
the world, and clearly discerning that mission,
ha lost no opportunity to define It and to ex
plain it in publlo. It was not that he was afraid
that America would deceive herself and make
too sudden a bound toward her destiny, but hs
had a notion that the result might bs attained
by means whloh he did not sanction. An enemy
of war, Seward knew very well that his gigantic
dream oould not be realised without a combat
He deplored that, and added magnificently. In
a letter published In 1840. under ths tttls " Ws
Should Carry Out Our Destiny": "To carry
out that destiny the United States should pre
pare themselves for their mission by getting
rid of the intrusions of the Old World which
still continued, with ideas of another age.
upon portions of ths American soil."
"The monarchies of Europe." said Sew
ard in the same letter, "can have neither
peace nor truce as long as there remains to
them one colony upon this continent." Hs
celled that buying out the foreigners. Francs
did not trouble him; she was a guanNfe'
m'o'iofaMr, having already sold out. Neither
did Spain embarrass him. The events that
have just happened appeared to him at that
time already accomplished. In 1840 he counted,
without any ceremony, the rulers of Cuba and
Porto Rico among the foreigners who should
sell out their possessions to the United States.
He was also sure that Russia would leave with
out offering any difficulty, and in this hs was
certainly not deceived. It was he himself dur
ing his term of office who purchased Russian
America, or. Alaska, from the Crar for the sum
of t7.20O.0OO. Ho also negotiated for the ac
quisition of the Danish Antilles, and ths
proieot fell through by tho fault of the Senate
of Washington, which voted against it. simply
because the President at that time was for it.
England remained and presented, as he was
well aware, the hardest nut to crack. Never
theless, lie was persuaded that she, too, one
day or another, would come to terms, and that
all that was necessary was patience. He ad
vised his compatriots to practice that virtue
and to hasten nothing, to take time to digest
one territory before swallowing another.
There was no need of hurry. "When I look
upon the territory of Hudson Bay and Canada,"
said he In 1860. "and seo there a population
industrious, enterprising, and ambitious, en
gaged in digging canals, building bridges, rail
roads, and telegraph lines and organizing and
preserving great English provinces north of
the great lakes and of the 8t. Lawrence and
around Hudson Bay. I say : ' That is fine. You
are forming excellent States, destined to be
admitted later on into the American Union.' "
In politics he favored a system which he com
pared to the ripe pear that detaches itself and
falls into your hand. Mexico and the little re
publics of Central America could not fall, ac
cording to him. to come one after the other
and solicit the honor and the favor of forming
a portion of the United States. One thing
seemed to him still more certain, and that was
that the United 8tates could not help annex
ing by force the people who would be too slow
to come to them willingly. That was clear for
him, who passed his time in sounding public
opinion and guessing at Its future orientation.
" I abhor war." he wrote. " I would not give
one single human life for any portion of the
continent which remains to be annexed; but I
cannot get rid of the conviction that popular
passion for territorial aggrandizement is Irre
sistible. Prudence, justice and even timidity
may restrain it for a time, but Its .force will bs
augmented by compression."
Half a century passed before the explosion
occurred. We have just witnessed the first
forced liquidation. Whoso turn next ?
Lot us suppose that this preliminary opera
tion should he ended. Then, willingly or forci
bly, according to the known formula, America
must belong to Americans. The New World
will then be ready to fulfil its mission. That
mission consists In stretching out its civiliza
tion toward the west, across the Paclflo toward
Asia. By chance or by a secret law of nature
the great invasions of history always moved
from the east to the west. The Immense
American nation will follow the eternal route
of humanity; it will advance toward the setting
sun. like the barbarians of old. the Mongolians,
tho Arabs, and the Turks. It will advance as
best It can. but it will advance. "Our popula
tion," said Seward, "is destined to roll In irre
sistible waves to tho Icebound barriers of the
north, and to meet Oriental civilization on the
shores of the Paclflo."
The American will reach Asia. Seward
foretold that he would meet the Chinese and
Kalmucks upon ths coasts of the yellow con
tinent. He spoko like a prophet of what the
American advance guard would moot. " Look
ing toward the northwest." said he. "I see
the Russian busily engaged: ho works with
energy building bridges, towns and fortifica
tions on the borders of this continent to be the
outposts of St Petersburg. And I say, 'Go
ahead: continue: build your outposts all along
the coast : they will become tho outposts of my
country . the monuments of tho civilization of
the United States In the northwest.' "
The American incoming tide is bound to roll
Into Asia. It will neither stop nor turn ; it will
advance inflexibly until lt reaches the civiliza
tion of the west. Russia apparently being
counted among the Oriental empires.
Everybody knows that mysticism and prac
tical common sense often dwell together in
harmony. Illustrious and striking examples
of this can be found in the lives of the saints.
Seward only furnishes another example. That
statesman, so practical and so unrestrained,
spoke mystically of the rAle of the United
States in the life of humanity. One speech
that he made in Washington before the Sonato
in 1KV, or thereabouts, is extremely curious.
The question was upon American commerce in
tho Pacific. Seward addressed the Senate as
follows: "Tho discovery of this continent and
of those Islands and tho organization upon
their soil of societies and Governments have
V"" great and Important events. After all,
they are merely preliminaries, a preparation
by secondary incidents, in comparison with
tho sublime result whloh is about to be con
summated the junction of the two civiliza
tions upon the coust and In the islands of the
I'aoille. There certainly never happened upon
this earth any purely human event whloh is
comparable to that in grandeur and in Im
portance. It will be followed by the levelling
of social conditions and by the reestabllsh
iiient of the unity of the human family. We
now sei clearly why It did not come about
aoonor and why it is couiittg now."
Asa matter of fact, it Is vory cleat . America
must take time to gird her loins and to take
up her club : In other words, to be ready to Im
pose her mission by force when persuasion will
not be sufficient. Ths events in the Philippines
are ths prologue of ths grand march toward
tbs west
And when ths Americana shall have rejoined
Kurops la sons portion of Asia, and closed ths
ring of whit etvlllRatron around ths globs, will
they stop or can they stop T That Is ths secret
of ths future. Its solution will depend npoa
what they will find before them-a Europe torn
and divided, or. aa It has been said, ths United
States of Kurops. At all event, they Will have
ths right to bs proud, because they will have
carried out their dsstlny.
TttK Tonnmn ttxarmM.
It Applications to Land Titles la Maasa
ehnastts. To Ts Ksitob or Tub Sun Sir I Referring
to my letter on ths Torrsns Land Title sys
tem, printed last Sunday, giving your readers
a synopsis of ths minds law. I said that ths
system had been adopted quits recently In the
Btate of Massachusetts. I have sine been
ssksd to summarize ths Massachusetts law In
so far as It differs from ths Illinois law. and
with your permission will now proceed to do
SO. The law referred to la known as the "Land
Registration Act," being chapter 603 of ths
Laws of 1898, approved on ths 23d of June.
1898. and to take effect on the 1st of October.
It was objected In Illinois that the Registrar
was olothed with judicial powers not conferred
by the Constitution on ths Recorder (ths sx
officio Registrar). To do away with this ob
jection, the Massachusetts law oreates a court
of record, with a seal, called the Court of Regis
tration. One Judge and ons Assistant Judge
are appointed by ths Governor, to hold offloe
during good behavior. Ths Governor also ap
points a Recorder for a term of five years, who
Is to be ths Clerk of ths Court Ths present
Recorders throughout ths State srs to act as
Assistant Recorders to this court. Examiners
of title are appointed by ths Judgs. Applica
tions for registry of land are to be mads to ths
Assistant Recorder of ths district where ths
land Is situated. After notifying all parties In
terested snd the title is found correct a dscres
of confirmation and registration is entered by
the court stibjeot to an sppeal within thirty
days to a superior court. This decree binds ths
land and quiets the title thereto, subject to ths
right of any ons claiming to be deprived of
land or Interest therein by a decree obtained
fraudulently to file a petition for review within
one year, provided no innocent purchaser for
value has acquired an Interest.
Deeds, mortgages, and other voluntary In
struments maybe made In the forms used at
present, but shall operate only as a contract
between the parties and as evidence of authori
ty to the Recorder to make registration ; the act
of registration Is the operative act to convey or
affect the land, except In case of a will and of a
lease not exceed log seven years. The guaran
tee fund (called ths assurance fund) fee on
original registration and transfer to heirs and
devisees Is one-tenth of 1 per cent, on the
basii of tho last municipal taxation, and. as In
Illinois. Is to provide funds for paying judg
ments recovered for losses sustained through
the fraud, negligence, omission, mistake, or
misfeasance of tho Recorder. Assistant Re
corder, or examiner of title: such actions are
to be brought against the Treasurer of the
Commonwealth, who shall be the custodian of
the fund, the principal and Income of which
are to accumulate until they reach the sum of
$L'00,(0). ami thereafter the Income Is to be
used to defray, so far as may be, the expenses
of administration of the act: the other fee, for
certificates. Ac. are somewhat less than in
The act contains 110 sections and appears. to
bo very thorough and to dispose satisfactorily
of many of the drawbacks discovered in the
Illinois statute : it Is true thatthe notice period
of five years Is dispensed with, but, on ths
other hand, the knowledge that each title will
bo judicially passed upon by a court of record
before registration will, no doubt, make many
converts to the system.
And now for some praotical way of getting
thlp desired land title reform before the public:
In Illinois, Massachusetts, Maryland, Ohio,
California ami other States there exist a
League for Land Transfer Reform, whose ob
jects are thus stated In the constitution:
1. Tho simplification of tho transfer of real
2. The security of Indefeasability of titles to
real estate.
3. And for the purposes aforesaid, as far as
possible, the Introduction of the Torrens sys
tem of land transfers, or such modification
thereof as may be found practicable and expe
dient. 4. The amendment of the law of real property.
so as to facilitate and promote the efficient
working of the Torrens system of land transfers.
How would this, or somo similar association,
do in this State? I hope that some of your in
fluential readers, owners of real estate or inter
ested in the subject, will take the lead In form
ing an association to secure such objects, and
feci satisfied that enlightened public opinion
will soon decide the question, and our legisla
tors in Albany make such laws as will relieve
us of the intolerable and constantly Increasing
burden now laid on real estate transfers.
William Hinii a ht.
51 Chambers street.
Report Against Abandoning the Course at
the Annapolis Academy.
Washington. Sept. 29. In a comprehensive
report to (.'apt . A. S. Crownlnshield. Chief of the
Bureau of Navigation, on the result of his In
spection of the course in naval construction at
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, to
determine whether that school was capable of
undertaking tho instruction of graduates of
the Naval Academy who desire to enter the
construction corps, Capt. F. W. Dlckins. As
sistant Chief of the Bureau of Navigation, op
poses the suggested discontinuance of the
course in naval architecture established at An
napolis by Constructor Richmond P. Hobson,
and rocommends the establishment of a post
graduate course there.
"There does not appear to be anything oc
cult, mysterious or difficult in establishing
such a course at Annapolis," he says. " It sim
ply needs to be organized and put in operation,
(subsequent experience will dictate the modifi
cations that may be needed, and the necessary
changes will he completely controlled by the
department. The whole iprestige of the Gov
ernment is at Its back. Students in going
about the country as a class. In visiting tho
different navy yards, stations, shipbuilding
yards, machine and electric plants of all sorts,
Ac., would be received with the courtesy always
accorded to the Government. There never
would be any question about that."
Cant. Dickins speaks in complimentary terms
of the Institute of Technology's course, but
points out that it was established with refer
ence principally to the designing of merchant
vessels, and that It is admitted by the professor
in charge of the course that to prove of value
to graduates of the Naval Academy lt would
need considerable revision.
It Nan rows Down to a Question of Voracity
Between the Wltneaaea.
Dam a. Col.. Sept. 20. The trial of Chaplain
Mclntyre has narrowed down to a question of
veracity between his witnesses and those of
the prosecution. This morning, after Intro
ducing Mr. McHenry Courier of Greely, the
Judge Advocate announced his case closed.
Mr. Courier slm t)l y corroborated the previous
testimony regarding tho chaplain's statements
asset forth In the specifications, which aro
based on the newspaper reports of tho lecture.
Attornoy Doud, who is conducting the exam
ination for the defence, brought forward State
Houator Schormerhorn.'and after him Joshua
Wilson, clerk In a wholesalo house, both of
whom denied emphatically that tho chaplain's
lecture reflected aught but credit on Admiral
Hampsou and Capt. Evans. They character
ized the utterance of the phrase "Fighting
Rob" as being humorous and by no moans
Good Reasons for the Typhoid Fever That
la Now Prevalent There.
Ottawa. Sopt 20. Mr. William Stuart who
has just returned to Ottawa from Dawson City,
says that the sanitary conditions of Dawson are
very bad, and are decidedly favorable to ty
phoid fever. There are about 10,000 people
living in Dawson without any drainage or sani
tary system of any kind. The majority of these
people are campud along the banks of the Klon
dike River, from which they use water. This
water haa become contaminated with refuse
and tilth. In tho hospital the men are well
taken ears of at a moderate charge. Each
minor contributes ICO per annum toward the
muintenauoe of the hospital, and If taken sick
has the privilege of entering it. Dawson Is
built on an ancient sand bar. and all the filth
from the camps along the river higher up flows
through the city.
Depew I.uriility.
To tub Kiutob or Tbs Bus Sir: Will you kindly
Inform me what Dr. Depew means br the word lurid
in the eentence, "So long as tha publlo did not un
derstand him there waa plenty of lurid Unsuase
and gnashing of teeth" used in his apeaeh nominat
ing Ool. House velt? Pees ha mean Aery, fierce or
ardent t If ao, I fear the Doctor la In error.
Kbw Yobb, Sept. 28. a. i. 0.
Undoubtedly Dr. Dapaw fall Into that volgar error,
bat lt moat b remembered that tha oarae of buai
aass alt heavily ea the aloettas of laagaage.
crr. mahaw wm am maem.
Th W aval Authority Classs- pgy
Doloarat to ths T. OaraewsJ ftoavs s .
With ths religions sr-isss hsM T
afternoon In Grass OhapsU 414 Bast jTo-rtssnth
street sftor ths regular work was ovs urn
annual convention of ths ProtoJstMt Wlscopal
Ohnroh of ths Dloosss of Wsw Tork was an
Ishsd. For an honr or so tbs asssmblags pot
off It solemnly clerical dsmeanorand wsntln
for slecttoneertng with a vim which suggested
that the Church militant Is not yet wholly out
of dste. Ths occasion of ths brisf entrance of
politics was the election of a dspoty lsy dais
gate to ths General Convention, to bs hold !
Washington next month, ths death of Stashes
P. Nash having Isft a vacancy In ths list as
mads up last year. Ths candidates wars John
Alexander Real!. William Jay. Ogpt A. T.
Mahan and George Zabriskl.
At Brat it was supposed that Mr. I5at)tls1s
wool, bs elected, bnt Mr. Jay showed nnsx
psstad strength, and Oast. Mahan loomed np
as a dark boras. A majority Is necessary for
election, and as soon as Capt, Mahan 's friends
discovered that hs had a ehancs they began to
work Ilk beavers, with ths result that ths Brat
ballot stood: Mr. Jay. 17: Capt Mahan. 19. aad
the rest scattering. Here the morning session
wss declared adiourned, Rishop Potter re
marking that ths delegates might bs In bettor
condition to consider ths matter calmly after
sating. Very little sating did Capt Mahan'a
friends do. Instoad thsy hustled for delegates,
and on tho second ballot, taken Immediately
upon ths reconvening of ths sssslon, ths vote
stood: Cant Mahan. 19 1 Mr. Jay. 18. There
upon Mr. Jay's name was withdrawn, and Capt.
Mahan'a election was made unanimous. Ths
othsr lay deputies chosen were the sams as
last year: J.Pierpont Morgan. Wil lam Hayard
Cutting and Jrranols L. Btolson. Ths following
SlerloaT deputies wsra reelected : Ths Rsv.
lorgan Dix, D. D.: the Rsv. E. A. Hoffman.
). v.; the Rsv. W. R. Huntington. d; D.. snd
the Rev. David E. Greer, p. D. ..,.
The Federate Council, both lay and olerloal.
was reelected. During ths morning session
the convention wss visited by Lieut. Hay n a and
Herat. Rloketta of tbs rough riders, and by
Rishop Nichols of California, to whom ths
courtesy of a seat on ths platform was ex
tended. The first part of the afternoon sssslon
was devoted mainly to committee report.
Then the convention adjourned and resolved
itself Into tbs Board of Missions. After ths
report wsrs msds ths present officers of the
board were reelected. Ths Rsv. Mr. Grosvsnor
of Ht . David's Church msds an earnest appeal
for the eetabilshment of missions in the grow
ing district above ths Harlem. Othsr speakers
urged ths establishment of missions on Staton
Island, and deprecated the lack of interest
shown by the ohurohes In mission work.
Samuel Hhlneon. a young Persian, made an ap
peal for missionary work among ths Syrians
In this city. A report was read from ths Mari
ners' Mission regarding the sanding of literature
to the sailors on our warships. Acknowledg
ments have been received from every shin In
the navy. A motion was oarrled that 1,800
copies of ths convention's Journal and 1.000
copies of Rishop Potter's address bs printed
for circulation. Ths convention then ad
journed with religious ceremonies.
-m molb at rinorsiA citt.
Mr, Mack ay Says Ho Took ISO. 000,00 Out
of 16-Ho Thinks Well of Csnsdlsa Mines.
Ottawa. Sept. 29. Mr. J. W. Maokay passsd
through Winnipeg a few days ago and was
asked what hs thought of ths Kootonay mines.
He replied:
"Some of my friends havs invested largely
in the Rossland district, and I dare say I am In
terested in ths success of their enterprise.
There is any amount of gold and sliver in those
mountains, and the mining industry will never
cease. British Columbia, I believe. Is as rich
as any district in the world.
"A few years ago I was strolling with soma
friends in Virginia City. New My friends wsrs
looking down a oavity in the ground, whose
bottom was lost in the darkness, at the mouth
of which a windlass was slowly grinding. I
said to them: 'Out of that hole I took $160.
OOO.OllO.' It was one of the famous Bonanza
mines, and was a pocket of crude ore. about as
high as the steeple of Trinity Church. New
York, and In area aa large as your City Hall
Park. Perhaps nature mar havs buried such a
pooket in British Columbia."
A Donation of 80,000 to tho Wosleyan Uni
versity as a Library Fuad .
The will of the late Rsv. Dr. Albert S. Hunt
who died in Brooklyn recently and left a con
siderable estate, will be filed for probate in the
Surrogate's office in that borough In a few
days. Grace Montgomery Sands, a niece of
thn deceased, receives the house at 279 Wash
ington avenue, whloh was long the home of
Dr. Hunt, and its contents, and also five 4 per
cent. tl.OOO United States registered bonds.
The Amerioan Bible Society, of which Dr.
Hunt was the corresponding secretary, gets
$ 10.000; the Wosleyan University. Middle
town. Conn.. $30,000 as a permanent library
fund and some valuable autograph books ; the
Missionary Society of the M. E. Church $1,000.
and the Brooklyn M. E. Church Home tl.OOO.
The Brooklyn Methodist General Hospital re
ceives $5,000 to endow a bed In memory of
Clara Runt, mother of the testator. Grace
Montgomery Hands is named as residuary lega
tee. In a codicil $1,000 each is left to six
relatives and friends of the testator. R. C.
M. Ingraham is the sole executor.
Crowd Gathered to Seo Him and Somebody
Said a Bank Had railed.
Richmond, Va.. Sept. 29. Gen. Eitzhugh Lee.
In Major-General's uniform. Innocently caused
a report to be circulated to-day that thoro was
a run on one of the principal banks here, and
there was much excitement about ths entrance
to tho institution for a time. Gen. Lee cams
downtown followed by a number of curious
" Dat's Gen. Lee." said an antebellum negro
with great respect for everybody named Lee.
In a minute the number of followers was
doubled, and when the General entered the
bank to attend to some business a crowd col
lected at the entrance to await his return. Pos
scngors left the passing street oars, men came
out from business houses In their office coats,
and soon there was a great throng of people
waiting at the hank doors. A report was started
that there was a run on ths bank, and then a
general rush in that direction followed. The
officers of the bank and hundredsdld not know
the cause of tbe excitement until Gen. Loo
came out and was greeted by some of his
frleuds in ths orowd.
Bids to Boplaco 18,000 Worth of Shrub
lie ry Destroyed by Parasites.
The Park Commissioners received yesterday
bids for 30.000 trees, shrubs and plants for
Riverside Park, the lot not to cost mors than
The bids wsrs called for In consequence of s
report made by Mr. Rose, ths Department
gardener, that parasites had destroyed many
of tho trees and muoh of the shrubbery In
Riverside Park, especially between Seventy
ninth and Eighty-sixth streets. The bids ware
referred to the Comptroller.
The Commissioners decided to ask ths
Board of Estimate to add $12,000 to the budget
for next year, so that the Park Board could
erect six permanent booths In various parks
for tho sale of sterilized milk to park visitors
in the summer.
The President's Talagr am of Condolence to
Mrs. Bayard.
Wasbinoton. Sept. 29. President McKlnley
to-day sont the following telegram of condo
lence to tho widow of Thomas F. Bayard :
" With sincere sorrow I learn of the death of
your husband, and beg to express to you my
heartfelt sympathy. Mr. Bayard's high attain
ments ituil sterling qualities endeared him to
all who knew him. while his distinguished ser
ylOM to hi nguotry add bin uatne to tho roll of
Illustrious Americans."
Boorotary Adas Bands Sympathy to Mrs.
Wabbikoton, Sept. 20 - This despatch was
sent by Mr. Adee, the acting Secretary of State,
to Mrs. Thomas F. Bayard, at Dedham. Mass. :
"Permit me to add my assurance of sorrow
and sympathy by reason of the death of one
whom I esteemed In publlo life and loved us a
true friend. The Htate Department over whloh
lie presided and whloh he represented abroad
with distinction, pays a just tribute of honor
und reverence to his memory.
"Alvbv A. A DUE.
Acting Secretary of Htate."
Mr. Bayard's Vomeral To-Morrow.
Dkiiham, Mass.. Sept. 21 -The remains of
the late Thomas F. Bayard will bo taken to hi
native Stat. Delaware, sad funeral services
will bo held oa Saturday In th old Swede
Church In Wilmington. He will be buried in
thflwedesOmtory. There will bs no ser- I
dm, tHuamntur mm orr ms wm
gjavss MSB savin to Ool. Inger all mtost.
sh to S Modtoal Collogo. S
The win Of Dr. Thomas Bston Robertson, who aij
died on Ssnt 6 last, was filed for probate yes-
tordsy. It wss sxeentod on Jan. 14 last.
and appoints William Rutherford Mead and
Stanford White sxecntors, and A. H. Hummel
as ths attorn sy for ths estate, the vslns of
which Is pat at $6,000. Dr. Robertson left In
structions that no olsrgyman of any denomina
tion should act or officiate In any capacity at
any funeral ceremonies over his remains, that
no post-mortem examination bs held, and that
hla body bo nslthsr embalmed nor cremated.
Hs outs off his Wlfs. Maria W. Robertson, from
any participation In his estate by ths following
lftIam noVonmlndful of ths fact that I aaa
married, but for reasons whloh it Is unneces
sary to stato or detail here I have refrained
from making any Dsqnsst or boouest to my
wlfs "
Mrs. Robertson reside at 2S Monadnook
street Boston, with her brother. She has bsen
&fe'-:0r.4d Shakj- JJ
3gar oassifo William Rutherford Mead s dia
mond olaw, gold and platlna ring; to Joseph
Howard. his oholcsof anyone of twenty-four
walking sticks, and to A. 11. Hummel, a per
sonal friend, his cbolos of any one of his thirty
old and precious stons pins. The residue of
BStolstotrssoThrandoutpf ths prpeseds
KooOls to bs hsld la trust by the faoultr and
medio department of ths University of fsr
montat Rnrffiutton. Vt,.and from three-fourths
of ths Inooms to toTiV puwhased yearly a
microscope to bs awarded to ths student
of the university oomposlng .ndjrrttJng Uto
bast assay on any neurqlogloaj subject
From Vb remainder of the Income a pocket
surgical o Is to be awarded every year to the AM
student composing sntf writing . econd 1 bet
ssssyon this subject hsse are to bs known jH
as ths " Robertson prises." H any surplus re- SA1
mains from the rssldnarr sstata it is to os w
given to the faculty and floAPIJBirX
of ths sams university, with dlrsotlsjsS
the faculty purchase a large cabinet and inlor- , J
seopss for ths ussof ths student of ths msdJ
eal department upon condition thatit nu.bs
shs snd ths physician had separatod about
eighteen months ago because they wars dta
metrically opposed lo each other in tet.thafr
mode of life and their aasoolations. and their
vlsws did not accord. Ifo said It was posalbis
that shs would oon test tb s probate of the will.
Dr. Robertson had a large praetlos among
theatre people.
XMarrr Walton's itakoni rxm
Varan m Prlsaflght to Sk raw nsno v
-totw d to It Owner.
Deputy Commissioner of Buildings. Light
ing and Supplies WIUlamTWalton of tha bor
ough of Brooklyn was a visitor to the Greater
Row York Athlstie Club's arena at Coney Isl
and on Wednesday night to see ths Lavlgns
Krne go, and took his $160 diamond stud
along. Ths gem still biased In hla scarf
whan ths entertainment waa over, and to
shield It from ths tempting glances of soms
light-fingered person. Mr. Walton turned tho
collar and lapels of his overcoat np on ths war
to ths densely packed trolley cars. In spito
of bis precaution, he found to his ohagrln on
alighting from ths oar that the pin bad bean
adroitly unscrewod from ths scarf. Hs lost
no time in reporting hla loss to Captain James
Reynolds, chief of the Detective Bureau, and
was assured by the latter that extraordinary
measures would bsTtaken to recover the pin.
The recovery was made much more quickly
than Mr. Walton anticipated, for soon after hs
had arrived at his office in the Municipal -
building yesterday Capt. Reynolds called and
exhibited the missing gem.
Detective Sergeants Harrington and Ruddy
had corralled the pin at Simpson's pawnshop .4 .
in Park row while a man, who said he was
John Young of 30 Madison street, was nego
tiating for a loan of $50 on lt Young was
taken to Brooklyn and held for examination.
He professed to have received the pin from
another man, whom he failed, however, to de
scribe. Capt Reynolds thus commented on .
the Incident :
"I hope that Mr. Walton does not feel bad
because a thief was smart enough to rob him.
a. man I had onoe arrested pinched my pin
while I was taking him to the look-up."
Says This Country Can Do Anything That '
Any Other Country Can Do.
Nrw Havbh. Conn.. Sept. 29. Tbs Republl- . . r-W
cans of Connecticut held a meeting in this
olty this afternoon In ratification of the Stats I
ticket nominated two weeks ago. United
States Senators Hawley and Piatt and Con
gressmen Sperry. Henry. Hill snd Russell and
Gubernatorial Candidate Lonnsberry spoke.
Senator Hawley, who is a candidate for re
election, received an ovation when he arose.
In relation to' the war he said it was not a war
for revenge, for plunder, or the extension of
trade. Cuba, he said, had been a trouble
some neighbor under Spanish rule ever sine
this Government was established, and tha
time had come when civilization should say to
Spain that shs should quit this hemisphere efl
"And." continued the Genoral. "she Is going
as fast s our ships can curry her soldiers to
the other side. Now. what are we going to do
with Cuba and Porto Rico and the Philippines?
You might say keep everything wo have got.
but I don't know whether we can or not But
peace must be kept in Cuba. Suppose, after
a trial of five or six years, lt should be shown
that lt was Impossible for the Cubans to govern
themselves. Then .we should havs to tako
Cuba and preserve order there."
In relation to the cry of imperialism. Gen,
Hawley said he believed this Government nad
ths power to wage war, levy tribute, retain
conquered territory, and do anything else
that any Government can do. "If this is im
perialism." said he. "I am an Imperialist"
Sales of Stamps at the Offloe Thoro Am one
to Moro Than lS.ooo.
Washington. Sept. 29. Reports ars just
oomlng in to the Post Office Department
showing the volume of postal business dons at
Manila in the Philippines, Ponce in Porto Rico,
and Santiago In Cuba. It la believed that ths h
receipts will fully meet the expenditures at
the servloe. First Assistant Postmaster-General
Heath to-day received a statement show
ing the volume of postal business transacted
at Manila up to the 1st Inst. Ths United
States postage stamps sold amonntsd to over
$18,000. The amount of stamp issued to the
Manila Post Office through the Post Office at
a5Francl80o-J,;re"'ated $30,650. About
3.000 money order forms have been issued to
tho Manila ofilce.;hut the returns do not indi
cate the exact volume of money orders issued.
About 200 men were employed in tbe Manila
Post Offloe when the United States authori
ties assumed control. Under the new system -, I
less than twenty-five mon are needed to per-
form the service, and the report Indicates that
the patrons of the office are so greatly pleased
with the servloe as to pronounce it the best
ever experienced by thorn. m
Tho United States postal agent In charge at
Manila is not only performing service for our
armv and navy, but the entire population, in
cluding all branches of postal work. There is
a mall delivery system In v cue at Manila, hut VI
it is not free, a in the United States. The
letter carriers are paid a cent eooh by those MM
who have letters delivered at their residences
or businest houses, and this constitutes their
full compensation for services performed. M
A Mow Color for tha Williamsburg Ferry
bouts. I fl
The boat of the Brooklyn and New York
Ferry Company, whloh run on tho Roosevelt. 9
Twenty-third streot snd two Grand street
lines to Williamsburg, will all appear in a new
color as fast as they can be painted. Instead of
the white color which they havo worn for years
the boats are now receiving coats of dark ma
roon similar to the color oftha Jersey Central
ferryboats. The Oregon has already appeared ' I
in the new color and is In use on the Roosevelt
street line.
Tal Begins Her Acadomto Work Again.
New Havbh, Couu . Hept 29 -Yule opened its M
luitth year this morning. The first college
exercise was ohapnl. President Dwight. who re- a
turned from his summer home in Litchfield on
Monday, presided. Ho offered a brief prayer J
hut made no address or remarks or any kind '
Only the academic and ecientitlo departments
opened 10-day. I hen. are aliout 000 members
in the freshman classes of tho two ileum 1
uieuts. There are no important faculty
changes. iswnsii
Harvard's Nkw Aoademlo Var.
C'AalBBiixiK. Mass.. Sept. 21) Harvard Un.
versify began its 2J2d academic year this
morning, aud all day ths work of enrolling ths
student went on. The number of freshmen
although not yet accurately ascertained I ? ai
Ktwni.,f'eiiver' m,u.1' '-er t,,au ever'bs
fore. Prof. De Humlohrast. In charge of ths
reception of new student, gave advice and
welcome to ths nsw arrivals a the first roe?
!( !

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