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f " THE SUN, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1808.
SATURDAY. OCTOBER 1, 108. MMriMbu by Kail. Postpaid. MIIr. sawMontk 0 80 M MSIf,fTiw - mntT.ptr vr ooo nUtts" AHI SrmDAT, per Ter $00 DAB.T AITP UHDAT. war Month TO Mw to foreign oountrle Mldaxl. Tan Sow. lw Ytk OKy. fiaa TIttt" ". 11. nw (tail Hotel. n "a. 10. Boulevard do Oapniaaea VmrfUm- mm fr . MMinTli fr nOtajaeJewarfi DlMrvaM nrtfcUj mww v Hnlmowiminiftrftmiin Making nennbllraa Votes. V 'W ThU 1 ths wsy In whioh ths BnjrVito 0"- rto-, a Demeormtlo Journal, speaks of Thbo dom Roosrmtir : "If eligible,. I both tai -dodger and per jurer." If thla la to be the tone of the Demooratlo campaign, the friends of BoosgvaTr, how ever Indignant they may be, will have no eaoae to complain that fortune la not favor ing their candidate. He la known aa few men ara. Hla character and hia honor can not be successfully attacked. The very man who will continue to speak and write Ilea about him know perfectly well that they are Ilea. Almost every campaign haa its terrible blank cartridge. Thla rumpus about Boosxvklt's " eligibility" la the blank cartridge fired at him. The fellows who are acouaing and abus ing RoooxvkIjT have not stopped to think that in assailing a gentleman and a soldier of known stainless honor, who is, as he dp serves to be, the most, popular citizen of New York, they do not merely rasp the general aenaa of Justice, but they stir to hot anger the generous instinotB of a com munity which aees a brave and upright man insulted and lied about. So wa aay to the poor fools who are bel lowing about Boosnvmi'B " tax dodging" and "perjury," Keep it upl Tou are mak ing votes for BooMvxrr, and thay are votes Of Democrats. The Proposed Peace Jubilee. Ohloago and Philadelphia and perhaps some other American cities are arranging for impressive ceremonies of one kind or another, to occur during the month that opens to-day, In celebration of the return of peace. These proposed celebrations are styled Peace Jubilees. President McKis XiBT has formally accepted an Invitation to attend the Philadelphia Peace Jubilee. But peace has not yet been concluded be tween this country and Spain. The exact (status la that of an armistice, a suspension of hostilities to allow time for negotiations to determine whether we shall have peace without a further resort to arms. The de cision of thla question rests primarily with the Spanish Commissioners now In Paris. Through the French Ambassador at Wash ington the Spanish Government, as the de feated party In the military and naval operations up to that time, practically sued for terms. Commissioners were ap pointed on the part of the United States to meet the representatives of Spain. It yet remains to be seen whether our terms will be accepted. In the event of failure to reach an agreement, the armistice will terminate, actual hostilities may bo resumed, and the relations between the two countries will be those of war, not of peace. Does the Spanish Government really un derstand Its position ? Are Its representa tives at Paris sent thither to face squarely W'-, and candidly the situation brought about by the overwhelming American victories in the recent confltot of arms; or does the lt- obstinate folly which brought upon our adversary and ourselves the evils of war still hope to avert by diplomatic evasion, delay, and intrigue the righteous penalty of Its past blindness ? It the promoters of the Jubilees of Ooto 1 her have authentic Information as to the -4 attitude and Intentions of the Spanish Com missioners at Paris, they are perhaps war ranted in continuing their preparations for the celebration of Peace. Otherwise, their well-meant projects are premature. The Palace Revolution at Pekln. Even In the matter of coups ditat, prece dents are followed strictly In China. This Js not the first time In Chineso history that an ambitious woman has seized the sub stance of power, and on each occasion the usurpation has been succeeded by the an nouncement that the deposed sovereign was seriously ill. The people being thus prepared for evil tidings would presently H i be Informed that the Illness had bad a fatal termination. There is reason to fear that this will be the fate of the Emperor Kwanobu, who was practically dethroned the other day by the rescript, of course ex torted from him, recalling the Empress Dowager Tsi Am to the imperial func tions which she ostensibly resigned four years ago. As on Monday of this week an edict was issued expressing regret for the Increasing ill health of the Emperor and summoning to his assistance the best phy sicians from all the provinces, we may presently expect to hear that he has suc cumbed to the malady by which, In the Middle Kingdom, superfluous rulers are apt to be affected. There Is no doubt that, between the Em press Dowager and the deposed and impris oned Emperor, It Is now a duel to the death, and that the latter can be rescued only by the prompt intervention of Great Britain. There Is, aa yet, no sign of suoh a move ment, although Kami Yij Wei, the Empe ror's favorite, who Is said to have suggested the reforms recently proclaimed, has taken refuge under the British tl'tjr. There may (be no ground for the report that he has brought a petition for British aid signed by his imperial master, but no such appeal Is needed to demonstrate that the palace rev olution at Pekln involves at least a tempo rary triumph of Russia over English influ ence. Whether or no the Empress Dow ager will restore Li Huno Chano imme diately to the office from which he was removed lately, undoubtedly he will resume In private the part of principal adviser. There Is little likeli hood, therefore, that, under the new regime, Groat Britain, the United States or Japan will secure any concessions in the Celestial Empire which Bussla may deem It worth while to oppose. The powers that desire to uphold the territorial Integrity of China and to thwart the designs of Russia, which aim at nothing short of the eventual absorption of the whole region north of the Huang Ho, may aoon have to retiort to measures more effective than diplomatic protests. From the authorities Installed at Pokin by the coup d'etat, the champions of the "open Vaor" a nothing to bono, and no change HMBPlawsaae i jOannas aerfi m iiBtiifiivriniawnlnTTMBTaO of rulers eon bo looked for at an early day, for the Empress Dowager is but 84, and she will see to It that Kwaxosu'H successor is some one whom she can easily control. The remarkable woman who, from 186 1, was co-ruler of the Middle Kingdom with the Empress Tsi Tsui, the principal widow of the Emperor Himiyimo, and after the latter lady's death In 1881, was virtual ly sole ruler untU J 894, has shown her sa gacity In the choice of a pretext for the re sumption of authority. By the rescript proclaiming a radical reform of Chineso ed ucation, through the substitution of Euro pean science for the Confucian classics, the unfortunate Kwanostj gave deep offence to the Mandarins and the literati; In other words, aroused against himself the very foroes which proved strong enough, two thousand years ago, to baffle the Napo i.noif of China and to bring about the displacement of the Tain by ths Han Dynasty. Blnos Kwakostj's deposition, the prejudices of the common people also have been Inflamed against him by the probably fictitious assertion that he had prepared a second rescript abolishing the pigtail, and ordering the assumption of European dress. Under the circumstances. It Is not surprls- lng that the fate of the unfortunate sov ereign should be regarded with Indifference by his subjects. The task of reform to which ho set himself, at the instigation, apparently, of Kaho Tu Wat, was one altogether beyond his powers. It is true that he bad before his eyes the example of similar innovations carried out In Japan, but the Japanese are a muoh less conservative peo ple than the Chinese, and the representative of the decayed and detested Manchua was but 111 qualified to play the part that almost overtaxed the Influence with which the ven eration of ages had Invested the Mikado. A Ludicrous " Reform " Party. The platform adopted by the Democratic party at Syracuse, on Thursday, must occa sion much amusement In the State, both in that party and outside of It. After dodging the Chicago platform, the authoritative standard of political faith of the Democratic party, It proceeds to ask publio support for Itself as the vigorous and outspoken party of reform in the State. Do men who dare not confess the faith of their party, lest by so doing they should provoke distrust In the State, demonstrate the courageous convlo tion which Invitee confidence in their dis position or competency to reform anything ? Obviously, first of all, they need moral reform in themselves. If those of them who dissent radically from the Democratic standard of political faith were honest men deserving to be Intrusted with any sort of reform or to command any degree of re spect, they would not hesitate to reject that standard boldly and as a conscientious obligation. They would Insist on showing their true political colors before all men. If they are afraid to do so, how can the courage requisite to carry through State reforms be expected from them ? It is creditable to the Bryan Democrats that thoy were only prevented from declar ing their true political faith by the tactics of the leaders of the convention. They wanted to follow the time-honored rule In a Democratic State Convention of declaring allegiance to the doctrine of the National Democratic party, but their efforts were stifled, although in this election the enun ciated principles of the party are Involved plainly, since a United States Senator and a full delegation to Congress are to be elected. The Democrats who protested against the Chicago platform and still protest against it, apparently, made no show of their con victions in this convention. Only Bryan ites showed courage; the others exhibited only cowardice. No gold man arose to pro pose and advocate any expression In the platform favorable to his views. The Democrats who kept their party dominant so long in this republic were not of that sort. Take away from Democracy the germ of national principle, timidly re moved by the Syracuse Convention, and it is a dead party. When it is afraid and ashamed, as was this Democratic Conven tion, to confess that it belongs to the great Democratic party as a whole, It becomes nothing more than an eccentric political organization, with principles and preten sions varying according as it deems them most profitable as a means of obtaining local power. It Is no more the Democratic party of an illustrious history. The people of New York must laugh; Democrats themselves must laugh, when a party which is afraid to acknowledge its principles poses as a party worthy to be intrusted with a task of reform demanding primarily and necessarily unflinching cour age and outspoken honesty. Some Suggestions of the War. Had our war with Spain lasted longer it would have afforded more opportunity for some first tests of various military appli ances, such as, for example, our new Held mortars. Still, much was learned as It whh. Tho Spaniards at Santiago employed barbed wire for defences', and it served to hold our men under a severo Ore for a time, although it could not permanently check them. It appears that they managed to wrench and t rumple it down, here and there, or to pull up the posts on which It was fastened. There had also been pro vided, for some troops, shears for cutting such wire. On the whole, Its value for de taining troupe under fire seems to have been established, but it must be used liber ally ami with careful placing In order to delay a reBolute advance. The war balloon received a service test at Santiago, and proved of some use. Gen. Shatter says in his report that "a few hundred yards before reaching the San Juan the road forks, a fact that was discovered by Lieut.-Col. Debet of my staff, who had approached well to the front In a war balloon." This important Information led to Sumneb's moving along the right hand road, while Kent was able to use the road to the left But a serious offset was that, as the balloon moved along the Aguadores Biver, it disclosed our line of advance to the enemy, who poured In a destructive fire along the path thus indicated. Again, when it moved across our front It attraoted fire to our lines, so that when at last it was disabled and came down there was general relief. The evi dence la abundant that it indicated the positions of our troops when otherwise the thick undergrowth might have concealed them. Hereafter, therefore, it will be nec essary to adopt methods of using war (bal loons so that they will not disclose to the enemy more than to us. Smokeless powder completely established itself in the Santiago campaign. The re ports all show how much it aided the Span iards in concealing their positions. It is absolutely certain that hereafter both for tiie navy and the army smokeless powder will be supplied. Aa to tho exact relative merits of tho Mauser and tho Krag-JOrgsnoon rifles wo must await tbe detailed reports. It seems certain, however, that the new small-calibre arms ara " merciful," In the sense of allow ing a large proportion of the wounded to recover rapidly, although, of course, the Influence of antiseptic appliances and other Improvements In modern surgery must not be forgotten. There Is good testimony that tho field dynamite gun used at Santiago was very effective. Tho Cubans had long used such weapons, but they were novel to our troops In actual service. That the newllght uniforms for the troops commended themselves Is clear, and what was learned In regard to clothing will be of uss for our permanent garrisons in the Antilles and ths Philippines. As to transports. Gen. Sraftkb pointed out that they should be fitted with hammocks In stead of bunks, as the former give more ventilation, oan be removed during the day, and diminish the danger 'from fire. Dr. Castillo, the well-known Cuban, holds that troops serving In the tropics ought to sleep In hammocks, especially during the rainy season. In short, although our land operations in the war proved briefer than had been looked for, they taught us much, and all that we learned will come In good play hereafter. Judge and Candidate. The Hon. Auousrrm Tax Wtck, nomi nated by the Democrats for Governor on a platform that attempted to suppress Bryan Ism, is said to be perfectly reputable as a private citizen, and worthy as a Judge. When he becomes a political candidate, however, he must stand by tho test to which he had to submit before being put on the ticket. The Indispensable qualification of a can didate chosen to run upon the platform that sneaked from Bryanism without con demning it was that In 1896 ho should have voted for the tree coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1 . Without that Judge Van Wtck could not have been nominated any more than his brother, Robbbt, could have been nominated last year for Mayor of New York, or the Hon. Alton B. Parker named as Democratic candidate for Judge of the Court of Appeals. The excellent citizen now heading the Democratic ticket knew free silver to be fraud and national disgrace; but he voted for It, either with an eye to subsequent Democratic nominations, or because fraud was less repugnant to blm than the sense of what he would call "partisan disloyalty." In seconding his nomination, ths Hon. William Sulzeb described Judge Van Wtck as " an honest man." Yet he voted for the dishonesty of free silver. Judge Van Wtck was convinced, In com pany with the New York Democratic State Convention hold prior to the Chicago Con vention, that' "without International coop eration, the. present, gold standard Is essen tial to the preservation of our national credit, the redemption of our publio pledges and the keeping Inviolate of our country's honor." When it came to voting time he bowed and declared for the Bryan fraud, throwing the country's credit. Its publio pledges and its honor to the devil. What he was ashamed of and knew to be national fraud and national dishonor on a scale hitherto unknown in any civilized country, he voted for on election day. A distorted and depraved moral sense that moved a man to that does not make the epi thet " honest" sit easy on him or commend him for popular support in the EmpireStato. The New York Silverltes. Whether they bo few or many, the Silver ites of New York, who have the courage of their convictions, occupy In this year's elec tion a position of consistent independence which ought to rally to the support of their candidates a considerable outside vote. This year for the first time at the two party con ventions, Republican and Democratic, re spectively, the delegates were chosen from primary rolls made under State authority In the constituencies to which chapter 179 of tho laws of this year, the Pri mary Election law, applies. The State conducted and controlled the manner of enrollment and supervised the pro cedure of choosing delegates, with this difference, however, that, while on the Re publican side the doors were open to all Republicans of every faction and party antecedents, who consented to declare that it was their Intention to support tho Republican State ticket this year, the Democratic delegates In New York and neighborhood were chosen only from out of tho organization of the local Democracy. Section 15 of the Primary Election law excludes from participation in the prima ries of either party any organization cast ing lens than three per centum of the vote for Go "crhor at the previous general elec tion unless its representatives before July 1, 1898, should declare their op tion to tJike part. The Hilverltes sig nified no such option, and took no part, nnd, in fact, were able to take no part in the choice of delegates to the Syra cuse Convent Ion, ntnl they have leen unrep resented in its deliberations. Their record of political association is this: Prior to the convention of July, 1896, they maintained a separate organization in New York. Fol lowing the nomination of Bryan and the adoption of the silver platform in Chicago, tho New York Silverltes became not only affiliated with, but were absorbed by, what then remained in this State of the former regular Democracy. The Silverltes and the Democrats became politically interchange able, and the separate organization of the former was abandoned. There was no State Convention of either political party last year, but the Demo cratic State Committee put in nomination for the only office to be filled on the State ticket as a candidate for Judge of the Court of Appeals, Judge Parkkr, who lost no time in writing a letter to the Silverltes In which he made known the fact that he had given bis support to tho Bryan ticket at the election preceding, and was therefore quali fied to receive (as he did receive) the votes of all the Silverltes. Tho Silverltes of Now York have assuredly lost nothing In numbers by their associa tion with tho Democrats in 1896 and 1897. Probably, by the formal acceptance of their views and tbe explioit recognition given them at a professedly National Democratic Convention, they have gained many re cruits. There are, probably, more than 50, 000 distinct Silverltes among the voters of New York, insignificant, perhaps, when con sidered a part of the total electorate of a million and a half, but numerous enough to be counted in an election wherein the ma jority of the successful party is not so large that it could not safely be larger. A question which will Interest tho Hon. Jos Bailey has arisen between the managers of the Veiled Prophets' ball at St. Louis and Us Maror of that town. The Mayor is ox- peeted to attend the ball la order to hand to the Carnival King the keya of the city. The Yelled Prophets have Issued an order that no body shall be admitted who does not eome In evening dram. The Mayor received notice to that effect, and promptly replied: "It la Immaterial ton whether or not I attend. I have at wan worn a Mao Albert on etate oeoe atone; wore one at m wedding, at mr Inaugural aa Msynr. to all tbe functions mr position baa celled m to. Never before have I been tneneeted to wee a ewallowtall. I don't Ilk them, and I wfll not wear one. It that will keep me from the ball, then I will net be there." The only solution seema to be for the Veiled Prophets to keep their veils on while the Mayor hands over the keys. The Democratic campaign of misrepre sentation has spread over Governor Black in the form of an aoouaatlon that, although be congratulated Boosbtxlt. he will play false to ths ticket This la a slander that no one will believe. The wars of Governor Black are neither crooked nor hidden, and when he said that he would do " everything In his power" toward Roosevelt's election hs spoke the in tention of an honest man. No statute stands in the way. and the An rlents will go on their visit to Canada "armed and equipped." alar they renew their peaceful and glorloiia Britten triumphs!-Button Journal. They will undoubtedly renew their peaceful, glorious and smoky Scotch triumph. WAB BBriTBD BHIFBVILTHNO. Increase In Tonne Bnilt During and Mac the Conflict Tonnage Tag. WAgnntOTON, Sept. .10. Returns to the Navi gation Bureau, as set forth in Commissioner Chamberlain's annual report to Secretary Gage, show that during the flseal year ended June 30. 1808. there were builtand documented In the United States t'f2 merchant vessels of 1H0.458 gross tons, compared with 991 vessels of 232,233 gross tons In ths preceding fiscal year. The decrease In oonstruotlon Is almost wholly on the great lakes, where the new doc umented tonnage amounted to only 54,084 tons, compared with 110.937 tons for the pre vious fiscal rear. The construction on the Paclflo coast was 49.780 tons, oompared with 7.495 tons for the previous flseal year, this increase being chiefly steam vessels de signed for the Alaskan Pacific and Alaskan river trade. The decrease In oonstruotlon was wholly in the first half of the flseal year, when shipbuilding In Great Britain and other mar itime nations also showed a falling off of about 20 per oent. During April. May and Juno, the months of the war with Spain, the tonnage built and documented in the United States was double that of the corresponding months of 1897. The tonnage built and officially numbered during the first quarter of the current flseal year, ended to-day, comprises 301 vessels of 83.101 tons, compared with 97 vessels of 98. 805 tons for the corresponding quarter last year. Indications are that construction during ths current fiscal year wilt be greater than any for twenty-five years, except that for 1890-01. The tonnage tax collected In the United States during the fiscal year ended June 30 was $840,771. compared with $731,770 for tho previous year, and -544.255 for 1890. British vessels paid $552,721. German vessels $88,120. American vessels $(3,334. Norwegian vessels $47,070. and Spanish vessels $17,531. Collec tions at New orir. were $283327, oompared with $237,778 for the previous year: New Or leans $79,550, compared with $65,948: Phila delphia $00,815. compared with $62,354: Ban Francisco $38,330. compared with $47,371. The tax collected during the past year Is larger than has been collected In any year sines the tax law was changed In 1884. BAltSARI) COLLROKS TASK. Must Raise 0.1S.OOO by Oct- 3 or Los a Chance of Becoming Self-Supporting. If within three days Barnard College oan raise $58,000 to clear off Its Indebtedness it will receive an endowment fund of $100,000 from a prospective benefactor at present anonymous. If it cannot. It will lose in addi tion to the $100,000 a conditional anonymous subscription of $25,000 and a conditional subscription from John D. Rockefeller of $10. 000. Including these sums, $72,000 has been raised since Jan. 1. The $37,000 has been con tributed by twenty-eight persons in response to tbe appeal to persons willing to give $1,000 apiece to the college. Some of the twenty eight gave a little more than the $1,000. some a little lcsa. The entire Indebtedness to be cov ered is $130,000. This means that the Barnard College people, who are famous for money raising, will take off their jackets and work like candidates at a convention to get that $58,000 subscribed by Oct. 3. The expenses of the college have been heavy since last year, owing to the removal of the eolloge to Mnrnlngsldo Heights, necessitating equipment for the new halls and the building of a $10,000 tunnel under Manhattan avenue, through which light and heat arc obtained from Columbia University. The wiping out of the debt would mean a saving of $5,000 a year for interest and an Income of $5,000 a year from the $100,000 bequest. This would make Bar nard practically self-supporting. The college opens on Monday with an enrollment of 308 students. Fluke Hall, a dormitory put up by Mrs. Josiah M. Fleke, which has accommoda tions for seventy-five students, will be opened. Kusan G. Walker, a daughter of Admiral Walker, will be in charge. CRISTOBAL COLON'S CAT. Prisoner Now of Capt. Clark of the Oregon and Bound for Michigan. A prisoner of war. who positively refused to be Interviewed, was seen at the offices of the United States Express Company, 49 Broadway. yesterday, en route to the United States Supply Station. St. Josephs, Mich., where he will be put In custody of Lloyd Clark, a relative of Capt. Clark of the Oregon. The following notion was found pasted on the prisoner's personal effects : "To Good Americans Treat me kindly and give me food, hs 1 am a prisoner of war from the Cristobal Colon, being forwarded by my captors, the crew of the Oregon, to the gallant commander. Capt. Clark, whose brave efforts forced tho Colon to surrender July 3, 1898." I The prisoner's name was Mr. Thomas Cat. Be was a handsome specimen, having a silver gray I coat, with tiger stripes, and showed no effects l uf having passed through the horrors of war. although very much Incomunicado. The Men Below the Gun. To the Editor or Tint Sun Sir: The mention of the names of the faithful one who served in th conflict with Hpaln on the various vessels of war. but beneath the decks, aeeni to be a proper tribute to a heroism little surpassed by the excellent officers and men who dealt tbe blows. To be sure, they have re ceived aome credit in a general way at tbe hands of those editors who wrote In glowing terms of "Th Men Beneath th Decks;" but why quote them aa heroes who brought success in a great measure to the American flag, and never menUon a name? Are the people content to read of the deeds of aom unnamed great Admiral, or tbe doings of a doughty Captain with name uumsnUoiied? It seems that, having bestowed newspaper praise on almost every nauia of a man who dtd a deed of valor, the mrn should receive exactly the same kind of mention. Kach 8tate printod the namea of its soldiers on th rolls; why not print th namea of tboae men who continued to do their duty faithfully, not knowing at the time whether the boat waa being worsted or whether sinking? Thay were prepared to go down to tbe deep at any tustaut. Their hop for life waa more perilous than that of many another. Ai-iuxv. N. T. Cv 1MB Bstkolm. Our Low Death Bate in Cuba. To ths KniToa or Ths Son Sir: During the war with Hpaln 1 followed the health reports of the Gen erals In chsrge at Santiago, and from Tu Bun, whenever I uotlced a report, 1 clipped th matter relaUve to disease sud destba. Unfortunately I col lected only sixteen reports, but these rclatetothe moat aerloua period In Angust, and from these I compiled a table dally aa tbsy were issued, with th following result shown; There were 111 deaths during th IS day; 72 from various causes, but at the result of yellow fever. The death dally war 4)4 of various diseaaea and xM of yellow fever approximately, 7 dying dally. The aama table shows that there war 1.S3S aiok at that tuna, and aa 7 died dally th rat wa only 1 maa in S77 slok patients. The opinion must be that th dootors performed their duty well to los so few pattenta, and when compared with other war, no matUr In what country, tba rata la certainly won derfully low, tn spits of th cavils of certain paper. ALBANY, Sept. 2D. Cun.aa BSIKOLD. Benedict Arnold's Birthplace. To tbs Eoiioa or Tax Sua .Sir Henry Cabot Lodge 1 mtstaksn. Benedict Arnold wa born tu Nor wich, Conn. loan Is Bonuias. Baooaua, . I, Bant, S4 gom COMBABTBOnn la Us Make-Va of tho In Haw Yarti Ttekwb. GOVERNOR Theodore Roosevelt the Republican candi date for Governor of New York, was for three terms. In the sessions of 1882. 1883 and 1884. a member of tho Albany Legislature, and took an active and successful part In legislation, being a member of the Committee on Ovtle. and as suoh Identified with the adoption of many safeguards for the public protection and with the establishment of many reforms in the service of the municipal Government, particu larly tn the territory now Included In the en larged New York. Col. Roosevelt ' Democratic opponent for the office of Governor. Augustus Tan Wyck. Is without legislative experience and has narer taken and hitherto has never been called upon to take any part In State affairs. He has been for a number of rears a Judge In Brooklyn, and haa had no part in the political activities which made Theodora Roosevelt a oonspiouous figure In American public life even before the pres ent year. LIEUTENANT-OOVEBNOB. , The Republican candidate for Lieutenant Governor. Timothy L. Woodruff, is the present Incumbent of that office. In which he has gained the good will of men of both parties by his impartiality, fairness, and urbanity. No accusations affecting In any way his Qualifica tions or service have been made by any of his political opponents. At the recent Saratoga Convention he was the only oandidate who waa renominated by acclamation. Elliot Danforth. the Demooratlo candidate for Lieutenant-Governor. Is wholly without. experience In the legislative branch of the State Government. Be has been President of the village of Bain bridge. He has been Deputy State Treasurer and Treasurer, and what po litical prominence he enjoys Is due to theaotlve part he took In support of the Bryan and Bewail ticket In 1898. as Chairman of the Demo cratic State Committee, after the more re sponsible and influential Demooratlo leaders had withdrawn from the canvass. SECRETARY OF STATE. Ths duties of Secretary of State are per formed wholly In the city of Albany, and resi dence In that olty has been regarded generally as desirable for the Secretary, though not. of course, absolutely essential. Tbe Republicans have put In nomination for this office John T. McDonough, who Is a resident of Albany, as is also the present Secretary of State. John Palmer. Mr. McDonough. who Is the State Commissioner of the Statistics of Labor, has been Recorder of ths city of Albany. The Sec retary of 8tate elected this year will be in office and in charge of the details of nomination and canvassing during the Presidential election of 1900. Under the existing ballot law of the (State, the Secretary of State passes upon ths validity or correctness of the certificates filed for nominations: he has charge of the dis tribution of the election laws, the transmission of the election notice lists, and of the certifi cates of election to candidates. Under section 140 of the code It Is his dnty to prepare the certificate filed with the House of Representa tives of a choice of members of Congress. The Democratic candidate for Secretary of State Is George W. Batten, a resldsnt of Lock port, and hs held for three years the office of Sheriff of Niagara county. There Is a consid erable prejudice among New York Democrats at this time against former Sheriffs of Niagara county and vicinity. Mr. Batten has no politi cal experience to qualify him for the office of Secretary of State, the duties of which, under the present ballot system, are largely political. COMPTROLLER. The Republicans have nominated for the important office of Comptroller Col. William J. Morgan of Buffalo, who is now Deputy Comp troller of the State, and who as such hss a thorough and accurate knowledge of the duties of the office. He has been a part of the financial administration of the Republican party, whose success Is shown in the present low tax rate of 2.08. a revenue of $5,000,000 a year coming Into the treasury from ths proceeds of liquor taxes. The Democrats have nominated for Comp troller Edward S. Atwater of Poughkeepsle. He Is an Ohio man. new to politics and strange to office. On what Is called by ths Syracuse platform "the supreme issue of the hour." canal reforms. Mr. Atwater Is without record. Mr. Morgan, his opponent, has an excellent record as the steadfast objector to any waste of publio moneys, and he oomes, moreover, too. from Erie county, the western terminus of the State's waterways. TREASURER. The Republicans have nominated for Treas urer John P. Jaeckei of Auburn, a (business man of that city, who has acquired experience in the duties of tho Treasurerahlp as Treas urer of Cayuga county for three years. The Democratic candidate for Treasurer Is Elliot Norrls of Wayne county, a new man to public life in New York. ATTORNEY-GENERAL. The Republican candidate for Attorney-General Is J. 0. Davles of Utica. the present Dep uty Attorney-General, who secures the present nomination by natural promotion and tbe re tirement of his chief after two terms In office. Mr. Davles Is thoroughly qualified by knowl edge and experience for the duties of the Attorney-General's office. His Democratic opponent. T. F. Conway, who has hsd no previous experience In office to qualify him as the State's legal representative, comes from l'lattsburg. outside of which his political fame has not extended heretofore. BTATE ENGINEER AND SURVEYOR. For the office of State Engineer and Sur veyor the Republicans have nominated Edward A. Bond of Watertown, one of the best-known engineers in the northern portion of the State and thoroughly familiar with the prosecution of public works, though not in any way here tofore identified with polltios. He Is the only representative of the Important county of Jef ferson on tho ticket of either political party, a county which heretofore has given to publio life in the Empire State so many men of promi nence. The Democratic oandidate for State Engineer and Surveyor held that office until the 1st of January, 1894. when he vacated it, having been defeated for reflection by a majority of nearly 25,000. He has been connected with canal work, particularly tbe new work on the Cham plain Canal, for more than fifteen years and haa been almost continuously in office or a candi date for office during that time. THK SUN. Tbe Interesting Beault of a Lively Contt. From Uu IlluttrmUd American. According to th opinion of the reader of th ! luttrmted American the Nxw Yoax Sum la America's moat popular newspaper. Tula declaion la Impor tant, chiefly because th constituency of the Illue trateA American is generally acknowledged to be com posed of conservstive, Intelligent nd thinking po pi whose views sre worth something. W sincerely congratulate Tag Bvn. and wish It a long and do served nappy Ufa. Bark I Cdneae, th Singer. from Ike Seattle Daily Timet. Mr. Oluf UUnessis a musical genius. His voles is a direct and munificent gift from Ood, magnificent In quality, compass, and range a bass vole abeolutely perfect, ao far aa natural ability la oancemed. and no doubt hla musical Instructions, which were received In Europe, were most generous sod finished, that they were rary excellent haa been evidenced. Tbe attribute of a born artist are many. First, there la the underatandlng soul. ali j to the etronger passions that storm th heart of men; also aenal tiva to the more delicat ahadaaof sentiment these undoubtedly accompany thla vole of ao much power, beauty and magnetlam, for Mr. Udnsa I an interpreter; hs make you feel; he makes you glad and oauee you to auger; In spires you with th fir of th cumpoaer; all you with vague aenaa of Inherent power that reaches out to tba mysticism of that world of whioh hi mighty tone speak; troop of beautiful fancies uggwattus beauty of which we never knsw rise and disappear, only to be euooesdad by yet more baao ful oaee; In fact, all tn dlvtn nnaation that -w--g- ta oul under the area of ssnia thrill lav vaw Mr. U da la hia beet wag. err reauva bwbt inrrr And Won't Fay Nsw for Kim Street Property Coaaeaaaed and Tnken. An application was made to Justice Truax In tho Supreme Court veaterday, In the nsmeof Jean L. Miller, who owned the property on the southeast corner of Elm nnd Grand streets 183 Grand street for a mandamus to compel Comptroller Coler to pay the award of $33,500 which was made for the taking of his property for the widening and extension of Elm street. If this could not be dons It was urged that tho Comptroller should be compelled to Issue the bonds for this purpose authorized by the Board of Estimate and Apportionment. The Board of Estimate In June last authorised the Comp troller to sell $17,000,000 of bonds for various purposes for the clty,lnciudd In which were bonds aggregating $2,690,000. by which money waa to lie raised to recompense those whoso property had been tnken for th widening of Elm street. Instead of selling any of these bonds he selected $12,000,000 of bonds for other purpose, although he had the power to sell them all. Assistant Corporation Counsel Connoly con ceded that it was a most unfortunate condition of affairs for the property owners, but never theless, he said, there was no money In the fund from which these awards could be paid, and the Comptroller oould not be compelled to pay them, neither could he be required to Issue the bonds, as the city had reached Its debt limit. A number of the awards had been paid ss fast as the money was in the treasury for that purpose, hut these swards were tlebta of the present year and would be inoludnd In the tax levy for lHHO, when he had no doubt they would be paid, probably In the oarly part of the year. Until then, he declared, the property owners would have to wait for their money. The bonds which the Comptroller hail sold, he said, were to meet debts Incurred in 1HD7 by the old city. He argued that unless the state ment made by the Comptroller that the debt limit had been reached could be contradicted the court could not compel the Issue of the bonds for the payment of these awards. De cision was reserved. B.IRK I OT. AXIS FKBin. Becalmed for Seventeen Day In th Neigh borhood of the Spanish Warship. Honolulu. 8ept. 23, via San Francisco, 8ept. 30 Seventeen days becalmed and helpless within 300 miles of the Cape Verde Islands nnd fearing every day capture by a Spanish cruiser or gunboat was the experience of Capt. Mc Clure of the Hawaiian bark Iolanl and his crew on their last voyage from New York to Hono lulu. The Iolanl sailed from Nsw York on May 10. At that time news hsd been received of Dewey's victory, snd the Spanish fleet was sup posed to be st the Cape Verde Islands. The political situation was such that the Hawaiian nag was considered by Spain as the enemy's flag. Capt. MoClure decided to adopt the bold course of Bailing near the Cape Verde Islands. as he thought the Spaniards would lie In wait for American vessels further out. but when he was within 300 miles of the Islands the wind failed and for seventeen days the vessel drifted daily nearer land. Jle was within 150 miles of tbs Islands whenthe breeze was caught again. Capt. MeClur said: " We sweat blood during that time, nsver knowing when a Spanish man-of-war would loom up on tho horizon. Near the equator wa saw the smoke of a steamer. It proved to be a big tramp steamer and we were relieved. The first news we had of the progress of events since sailing from New York was when we saw ths American flag floating from Diamond Head." -oir citizens or bhodk island. Petitions of Elbrldge T. Gerry and Bobert Goelet Approved tn Court. NgwrOBT. II. I.. Sept. 30. In the Supreme Court this morning Justice Rodgers heard ths petitions of Elbrldge T. Gerry and Robert Goelet. asking that a declaration of their citi zenship be made under the new statute of the State. Both petitioners were in court and were represented by Col. Samuel R. Honey. Mr. Gerry said that he purchased his Newport property in January. 1897. and in May of the same year registered at the City Clerk's office according to law. In September of the same year he was admitted to the Rhode Island bur. On Feb. 20. 1H9H. he was taxed for $150,000 personal property and $120,000 real estate. He aald thai he meant to make Newport his home and had even registered his yacht In this port. Mr. Goelet said that he purchased his New port property in October. 1881, and In Octo ber, 1897, had his name placed on the voting list and voted at the last general elect inn In April of the present year. He said his home was in Newport. He is taxed for $250,000 per sonal propert v and $107,300 real estate and had paid tax on the same. The Attorney-General gave notice that he would not contest the petitions and the Court ordered decrees en tered declaring both Mr. Gerry and Mr. Goelet domiciled inhabitants and citizens of the State of Rhode Island. SCBOOLSHIP'S CRVISK OTEB. St . Mary's Stuck to the Coaat This Tear He cause of the War with Spain. Ths schoolship St. Mary's, square-rigged cruiser of the Board of Education of this city, returned yesterday from her summer cruise In Long Island Bound and tho sea in tho neigh borhood of Newport. She sailed away In war time, on June 8. in command of Lieut. Howard Patterson of the New York naval militia. She couldn't take her usual European cruise be cause of the war. She is usually commanded by an officer of the navy, but Uncle Sam needed all his officers in June, so Lieut. Patterson was made Captain of the schoolship. It was the original Intention of Lieut. Patterson to sail to Greenland, but he couldn't get any watch officers, so he did not go far from American waters. Dr. Robert Smart was the ship's sur geon. James D. Laird and Isldor Lach taught the English branches to the boys on tbe school ship, and Lieut. Patterson taught them the science of navigation and drilled them after the manner of man-o'-warsmen. The gradu ating class consists of seventeen boys, who will have vacation until Nov. 1. when they will re ceive certificates of proficiency In seamanship. RBCKITBR FOR THK Mll.IT.iltY CLUB. Gen. Boe to Wind lip It Ada Irs Doles There I a Beorganlxatton. Justice Truax has appointed Brig-Gen. Charles F. Roe receiver or the Military Club of New York, at Fifth avenue and Fifty-eighth street, in proceedings brought by th directors for the voluntary dissolution of the corpora tion. The receiver is one of the governors of the club, and Charles De Hart Brower, the attorney, suggested the appointment of one of the governors, as the chances for reorganiza tion would be Improved thereby and expenses could be kept at the lowest figures by one thoroughly familiar with the affairs of the club. The total liabilities arc $72,874. as fol lows: Bonds, $47,500: notes. $19,950; open accounts, $3.174 : rent. $2,250. Assets. $14,470. consisting of furniture and contents of the clubhouse. $10,1)00: cash on hand, $000; dues. $2,672: due for supplies. $1,201. Vessels from the Lakes for the Ooaatwlae Trade. Cbicaoo. Sept, 30. Fifty steamers and schooners of the great lakes are being char tered by a New York syndicate for transfer to tho Atlantic coast trade Of this number fif teen have already been secured, and will be on the seaboard within a month. All will be In the new service by the time navigation Is closed for the winter on the lakes. The char ter Is for a term of three years, with privilege of purchase st the end of that time at a fixed prloe. Seven Patients Discharged aa Gored from tbe Craig Colony. Mount Morris, N. Y.. Sept. 30. Seven patient were to-day discharged as cured from the new Craig Colony at Sonyea. of which Dr. Frederick Putui son of New York is President These are believed to be the first cures of epi lepsy in America Foundations for eleven new buildings are luiil. The group will be known as the " White City." oiigressman Jehu Maker Blind. Titn tviii.it. III., Sept. .'to.-Congressman Jehu Baker is blind. At his ace, which Is 70, the doctors say there Is no hope of a restora tion of sight. Congressman Baker has been for years the most picturesque fltrurn In south ern Illinois. Jehu Baker la the only man who ever defeated William It. Morriaon, so long Congressman from this Congress district and more recently Chairman of the Interstate Com merce Commission. He defeated Col. Morrison three times, and the last time. 188H. retired him from active political life. Turn Out and Bear Bias. From Uu Clereland Leader. Th Bon. Tom Head la going to make apeaebaa In eevcral of the Western State. slock Mlver Baptist. fVesa Uu tfoikmU Banner. ThsPwak aUvet baptist AaaocteUon eeavaaed tai IveTir BOOKS. Brief Be views of Important and Interesting. New Publication. Such travelling hi novelist may do Is not a little likely to benefit him. Wlthoutanyatren. mis endeavor he learns many things calculated to Illumine and to ornament his professional work. In "Word for Word and letter for letter." by A. J. Drexel Blddle (published by Drexel Blddle. Philadelphia), we find It aald on pago 158 that " by the third day people wets settled down to enjoy the monotony of tbs vovngc." and that. " sufferer from ma! de mer began to appear on deck swathed In shawls and steamer rugs." This Is good realism, valuable as an accurate reflex of the fact re garding an ocean voyage on the third day. Passengers do on that day feel better and come out with shawl nnd rugs, ready to sit about and to regard with pity and with a ss nerlor feeling the unhappy few who are unable to get out until tho fourth day. Ths hero at this point is voyaging In pursuit of the heroins, who has been spirited away to some remote latitude by the villain of the story, a powerful hypnotist. Monotony Is not opposed to ths realistic habit, and probably assists It The hero had time to observe and the author ths inclination to record that the air became wars and balmy a the vessel approached the tropica. The calmness of the sea Impressed the hero and made It impossible for the author not ta sav that ft was "as smooth as the proverbial mill pond." One day the ship was reported to be directly off Lisbon ; still, though the Portu guese coast was only 200 miles away, "th aspect of 'water, water, everywhere' remained unaltered." Through that uncompromising and undevlatlng watery expanse ths vessel de liberately proceeded, affording opportunity t the author to attach a footnote to say thtt " Lisbon, Portugal, is th nearest port to Ma deira." Curiously, there is no reference to " old Madeira," the still remembered tipple of aa aristocratic past: but they had a ball on board, and smld tho hurrying passions and breathless Intensities of tho tale we are en abled to learn that "about the upper decks Japanese lanterns swung from lines extended between unhung awning poles." If we are per plexed at all by the phrase "unhung awning poles." vaguely surmising that they are poles which are not suspended, still another foot note assists us. which says thst "for first cabin passengers' comfort, ss the vessel nears th tropics, awnings are spread above the decks exposed to the sun's direct rays." This makes It clear that it was Intended to say that ths poles were free of awnings. It being night and the moonlight, oven In that warmish latitude, not calling for protection of the sort. Regard ing the moon, the author states thst on this occasion it " shone in full splendor from th cloudless heavens, and dancers were sprinkled with Its silvery beams." Next morning th hero was awakened by the highly disturbing sounds of moving baggags. and remarked to his roommate, a Mr. Benjamin of London, alter shaking him (Mr. Benjamin was an old traveller and a good sleeper, exacting all thtt was possible from the bed that he had paid for), that they must be arriving, to which Mr. Ben jamin, without the slightest evtdenoe of en thusiasm, assented. Passengers landed, and "in due time." the hero records, "we reached our hotel." Nor was this all. He adds: "I was shown to my room, where I prepared to indulge in a brief rest before breakfast. Previous to my morning repast, however, a servant en tered, bearing a tray containing oranges, bananas, fresh figs, guava jelly and tea " sure ly a sufficient provision either before break fast or before one's morning repast Details like these give a most convincing sense of ex perience and reality, and we doubt If Mr. Bae deker, a realist of towering eminence, has dpne better. At the same time they are ths mere Incidents of a truly romantlo story. The hero proceeds steadily toward ths heroine in spite of them, and in due time res cues her from the false hypnotist, conveys her to Philadelphia, and enters with her upon a life of great felicity. The heroine's family perish in a midnight conflagration, as the hero learns while turning the pages of a Provldeno newspaper indolently over his frizzled beef at breakfast ; and the eyes of one of the charac ters glow like live coals as he endeavors to bor row money of the hero. Romance and realism go hand In hand throughout the tale. Intense and tragic things transact themselves with a businesslike ulr. and everyday things take on a romantic and thrilling importance. When tbe character whose eyes glowed like coals endeavored to borrow money, the hero "shook off a strange feeling of numbness whioh was creeping over his concentrated thoughts and abruptly turned tho subject of conversation," whereat it is pleasant to learn, the other party appeared nettled. It can hardly be regarded, perhaps, as an example of his hypnotic powers, but the villain ones addressed the hero In this fashion, showing at least that his conversation was curiously Insidious. " Madeira," he said. " is one of the greatest lace and embroidery manufacturing centres in tbe world. Hundreds of young women spend their lives at lac making, and they are experts in the art. England recognizes this fact: her importa tions of Madeira lace are very large. Still, the output of lace In and about Funchal is enor mous, and the demand Is less by 80 per cent than the supply." Fortunately the hero es caped any dire consequence from a rash en gagement In a remote lace enterprise : but how different this from the encounter between ths hero and the bravo Dooner. It was in the hotel in Madeira, and the hero had retired to bed after raising th windows. By his own account: "The next thing I knew was when I opened ray eyes and found a masked man bending over me. I started up, but a towel was clapped heavily over my face. It was saturated with chloroform. What was more, my adversary had straddled me, and fought with might and main to retain the cloth where he had put It" in this Hanoi hotel In Madeira, the hero on night heard a rustling In the foliage outside his window. Looking out he saw a footpad approach a respectable-looking old gentleman wearing a white beaver hat and ask him th time. As the old gent Ionian drew out his watoh, the villain cut his throat from ear to ear As th hero leaped from his window to the old gen tleman's rescue (a little too lata) he awoke half way between the window and the ground to And that he had had adream. It was a dream con taining a reality, however, for years before this very room had been occupied by the hero's father, who. returning to it one night wear ing a white beaver hat had been murdered in this very way. From so muoh it will be seen tiiat ths story is supplied with a strong ro mantlo incident, and that ths hero had good reason to be glad to get baok with th heroin safely to Philadelphia. A picture on ths cover, showing the footpad about to out ths throat of the hero's father, will cause a shudder even la the most hardened. That we should slways show a proper regard for a good oook Is an axiom that no one Is likely to quarrel with. And ao. too. on ths same principle, is a good cookery book surely worthy of serious and respectful consideration. Without wishing to draw Invidious compari son or to broach tbe abstract and elusive sub ject of the relative values of a sonnet and a salad dressing, we may at least maintain that the book that gives Instruction in the noble gas tronomic art has no unworthy plane in tho field of literature, while, did an opportunity offer. It might be argued thst a dainty, delicately fla vored and well-cooked dish Is a poem In itself. Meanwhile, as it is always a pleasure and a privilege to say the pleasant thing, let u not hesitate to say that much useful and practical information la compressed In an Interesting little volume. "Good Cooking." written by Mr. 8. T. Borer and published by the Doubls day A. MoClure Company In the "Ladles' Homo Journal Household Library." We know that, in the ourt and expressive phrase of the great Napoleon. "Soup mkoth soldier." and from a quotation In Mr .Borers opening chapter we learn that Napoleon III. once wisely delivered himself of the atutement that " a soldier could not be made out of oup made out of nothing ''-a stupendous thought In every way wonhy of the thinker. In chapter on fish, and In discussing th vxd question of the most valuable taons of sa toed, Mrs. Boror toll w -