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. THE StTN, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1898.
' -i i. FBIDAT, OCTOBER 7, 1898. MkMriptlra r Mail, Postpaid. MHT, K oath. SO BO BATLT. pkTmi wmT. pwTmt mUB.Y AJP grjlTDAY. yes-Tesr BAII.T AITO BWDAT, per Mo.lr, TO Tmail to farstgn conntrlee added. Tbs Bow. Hew Tort 01 ty. turn Kleeqae . nr Oread Hotel. And sVeoan Ho. 10, Boulevard Am Oepnolnss. iy tm Atosds w wmmrtote r sssUiiisttm wto It AM rejeisxl arMefcf rs(w-4, Kw Ml A oil awss WMl MVMKW) or AI jrpl. Tampering with the ConrU. Within the part two day Th Stra has tfjown by means of documentary evidence I that virtually proved Its own validity that the records of the courts In this city have sen tampered with, to the end of damaging the Bepublloan State canvass in connection with TmeoDORB BoobkvkijT's taxes. If District Attorney Qabmnmi really de atres to bring criminals to Justloe, regard less of partisanship, he will drop Ocn. Coilts, whom he and his colleagues have taken up for aoousatlon, and turn his atten tion to the Corporation Counsel's office and to the Special Term of the Supreme Court. Knavery in the courts and among the officers of justloe is incomparably more im portant to be suppressed than maladmin istration in public works. Jefferson on the New York and East Indian Trade. The higher mercantile Interests of the metropolis, in unanimously urging upon the National Administration the policy of retaining the Philippine Islands as so many vantage points of commercial expansion, are living up to traditions and follow ing preoedents that were laid down In the closing years of the last century. This interesting fact la dearly set forth in the State papers of Jefferson. While he and Johm Adams were In Europe, im mediately after the olose of the Revolu tionary war, and before the adoption of the Federal Constitution, engaged in the most difficult, delicate and transoendently Im portant task of negotiating treaties of com merce with the Old World powers, the foun dations of the American East India trade were laid in thin olty and In Philadelphia. Every one of those nations having colonial possessions in this hemisphere or In the far Asiatic- waters vigorously excluded us from participation in that renumeratlve oommeroe except, by the oircultous and nearly ruinous routes of its home ports. Even France, our ally In the war, was re luotant to throw down for us the barriers that she had erected in her colonies against her active commercial rivals. Generous In the expenditure of her treasure on our behalf, enthusiastic In her military and naval support, her friendship halted at the Custom House in her home ports as well as In her foreign ports. As to England, a I stupid King and subservient ministries preferred a policy of national hatred to on of commercial conciliation. Spain was haughty, oold, and selfish. Portugal was the next important power with whom it was aesirame to nave com mercial alliance, and, when It seemed pos sible that we might be able to effect one with her, the merchants of this city ear nestly pressed upon Jefferson the expe diency of concluding arrangements for suoh a treaty. In him they found a zealous ad vocate. Writing from Paris under date of November. 1786, to his colleague, Mr. Adams, in London, who had charge of the negotiations, Jefferson said: " phtlsdelp his And New York data hegun to trad to the EAat Indies. Perhaps Boston may follow their sample. I know that the American mer- I chants have looked with some anxiety to the ar rangements to be taken with Portugal, in expecta tion that they sonld, through her, get their East In dian article on better and more convenient terma; and I am of opinion Portugal will come In for a good hare of this traffic with the Southern States, If they farilltate our payments. They Portugal! will probably restrain us to their dominions In Eu rope. We must expressly Include the Azores, Ma deiras and Cspe de Verde Islands, aome of which are deemed to be In Africa. We should also contend for an access to their possessions In America." The prowess of our navy has now won in the Indies, West and East, the control of a trade for which the merchants of old New York and Philadelphia, with Jefferson and Adams as their advocates, so strenuously contended in the field of diplomacy one hundred and thirteen years ago. The Future of Porto Rico. The full possession of Porto Rico by our military and civil forces is no longer a ques tion of months, but one of weeks and al most of days. Some of the Spanish troops sailed away on Sunday, transports have been taking aboard others at Son Juan, and on the island the various details of the change of ownership are being rapidly carried out. It is not too much to say that the more we know of our new possession the greater appears its value, present and prospective ; but we may add that, while wo fully ap preciate that value, it Is the people of Porto Rico who are most to be congratulat ed on the change, for we shall give to it even more than It can bring to us. Indeed, it is the possibilities of the island under our flag that perhaps form its most Interesting study at the present time. With an area only about one-twelfth that of Cuba. It has from one-half to three-fifths as many people. This ratio of population to "job, especially in the "absence of greet cities like Havana, Itself suggests how much of Porto Klco has been found fit for habitation and for cultivation. It is, in fact, a well watered and fertllo Isiund, which yielded more revenue to Spain, in proportion to its area, than Cuba, and was, perhaps, more valuable, by that standard, than any of her far distant colonies. A notable fact is that about five out of eight of the people of Porto Rico are white, an exceptional average in tho West Indies. In the main, too, it is a healthy island. The climate Is perhaps too moist, and some of the level coast stretches are Inundated In the rainy season, but Its general surfuce Is mountainous, as we have had occasion to note In studying the brief campaign of our troops, and it Is known that the climate is equable. The hurricanes of late summer and autumn are sometimes very destruc tive, and earthquakes are not unknown, although seldom violent; but In general na ture favors the island, and the prediction that, when good sanitary systems are intro duced Into the cities it will rival Florida as a winter resort, is not without foundation. At all events It will long have the charm of novelty, for it lias been i, little out of the tourist path that hag made Cuba familiar. It Is said that foreigners become swell mated easily there. We take Porto Rico, too, at a time when everything favors increased prosperity. It has not been ravaged and wrecked, like Cuba, by war. Its foreign trade in 186, amounting to $86,624,120, was the largest in its history, the value of the exports then, for the first time In over ten years, exceed ing that of the imports. Of course the main trade has always been with Spain, but the trade with us stands next, and during the year In question was over two-thirds of that with Spain. Of late, It Is true, our trade with Porto Rloo has been relatively declining, being far less than It was a quar ter of a century ago. During the reci procity period of a few years since it In creased somewhat, but after that it fell off again. It Is Important to note, however, that our exports to Porto Rico have kept well up of late years, the falling off In to tal trade being due to the decline of our Im ports, so that now the exports are not far from equal to the Imports, Instead of being much Inferior as formerly. It Is a note worthy fact that the exchange from both countries Is mostly of products of the soil. That Is tho case with ninety-nine hun dredths of Porto Rico's exports to us, sugar and molasses comprising 86 per cent., with coffee coming next, and it is also true of over three-fifths of our exports to Porto Rico, among which breadstuffs and meat foods are prominent. But with Porto Rico fully ours and the discriminations enforced by past laws In favor of Spanish trade wiped out, there must be a change In the currents of her commerce. We shall expect to furnish the chief markets for her products, and on the other hand to send to the island more food products than ever, more machinery, tex tile fabrics, iron and steel. Her capabilities will be developed, perhaps notably In coffee cultivation. Her peaceful and industrious people will welcome American enterprise and capital, American progressive methods, and free institutions. Indeed one of the most striking events of this year was the extraordinary enthusiasm with which American troops wore greeted all along the southern shores of the island. It was as if the people could already forecast the great future In store for them, under American laws and the American flag. Bryan with the Bloom Off. Col. Hetby Wattebson, from whom the bloom would never depart If he lived to the age of the oldest of tho minor patri archs In tho Bible, addresses In the Cbunr Jcnirnal to Col. Bbyan one of the most in genious and at the same time pathctlo ap peals which the brain of a sagacious poli tician ever conceived, or the pen of an ac complished journalist ever indited. Col. Wattebson, while maintaining that the evasion of the Chicago platform by the Democrats of Now York, New Jersey, and Connecticut, "means that the silver Issue no longer affrights the souls of conserva tive men, being to all intents and purposes as dead as the issue of African slavery," sees clearly that the party machinery, par ticularly In the West and South, "is In the hands of those who mado the dis astrous campaign of 1806, and they are bent on duplicating that campaign In 1900." That Is to say, the Bryanltes have the power to keep at the front free silver and the other doctrines of the Chicago platform, and they Intend to use it. The Cburier-iourtuii therefore beseeches Col. liiiYAN to get inmseir and the silver issue out of tho way of the Democratic party by renouncing all further ambition to be President of the United States. The request Is not put quite so bluntly as that, for Col. Wattebson, although a can did man, is also kind-hearted and cour teous. Col. Wattebson employs his vast resources of pcriphrase In order to per suado Col. Bbyan that he is or ought to be a back number : " Ho made a distinguished race for the Presidency. But he failed of election. In any event the Presi dency Is a prize not likely to be gained by A aecond trial. Bnch chances rarely come to one man twice. But, under the conditions that environ the Demo cratic party, its candidate In the Ill-starred campaign of 180n must needs enter the lists In 1000 most seriously handicapped. The old issues. If not actually weaker, yet lack tho lustre and vitality of the rosy morning which gave them birth and life and hope. They are being dimmed, If not aupplanted, by new Issues which cannot be evaded. The captivating young orator who put into his campaign such magnet Ism and resonance, exciting in such multitudes of his countrymen alternate curiosity and admiration. Is not now the novel and interesting figure that he was, but an accredited candidate for office; the bloom worn away; the romance of the adventure and the beauty of youth quite vanished." For our own part, we do not see how tho advice which Col. Wattebson desired to impart to Col. Bbyan could have been expressed more delicately or more consid erately. Yet we are quite sure that it will not bo received in tho same spirit as It was tendered In. A man of Col. Bryan's style of architecture never likes to have himself shown to himself In any other light than that in which ho himself is aceustomed to view himself. The statement that the bloom is off, that Bryan is no longer tho Interesting figure he onco was, that tho romance and the beauty have vanished, will be likely to send tho person most concerned to the mir ror, Instead of to tho closet of hon est introspection and dispassionate self examination. And we mistake Col. Bryan's psychology, if after having practised in the presence of the looking glass a few of tho favorite old gestures and facial expressions, and having noted the continued flexibility of his eloquent right arm and the undiminished mobility of his maxillary muscles, ho does not leave tho mirror thoroughly convinced that the bloom is not off, that the romance and beauty have not vanished, that he Is Just as interesting a figure as over he was, and that Col. Wattebson is a fool. Furthermore, the Ingeniously contrived reward which Col. Wattebson holds out to the now bloomless candidate of 1806, in consideration of his renouncing the am hit ion to run for President again In per son, and withdrawing tho dishonest dollar from contemporary polities, is not likely to impress his imagination, for rea sons which we shull proceed to in dicate. Col. Wattebson tells Col. Bryan, In substance, that It is one of tho finest things in the world to be a War wick in politics; liner by far than to be ti mere President, incurring all the worries and disappointments Incident to the tenure of that office. He tells Bryan that If ho will only get out of the way of tho Demo cratic party, as an " accredited candidate," he can bo an unaccredited Warwick, and win undying fame as "a maker of Presi dents, tho founder of a now Democratic dynasty, taking up tho line In 1001, as Jefferson took It up in 1801, and conduct lug tho country through another century of Constitutional Government and national development and glory under Democratlo leadership." Ho might even hope to bo Secretary of btate under the first Demo cratic President whom he as a Warwick should niuko ; but the indispensable condl- i i i- tlon Is that he himself shall abandon the ambition to be Chief Magistrate, and devote himself to founding a dynasty to be com posed wholly of other statesmen. It Is in this extremely artful fashion that Col. Wattf.rson attempts to convince Col. Bryan that the Presidency Is, after all, an undesirable office, and that It Is better for him to be a Warwick and take his chance of becoming some day the Secretary of State In the Administration of some other Democratlo statesman : "The name of Wxawica: echoes down lb ages, while the pigmies of York sad of Lancaster, whom Wabwics mad sad unmade, AN forgotten, lunjsi. J. Tii.nmt. fraudulently eiclnded from the Presi dency, will be known and honored Of history, when ttrnnnu B. Ham, the fraudulent Incumbent, will be recalled mainly to tell the story of A orime And to revive the memory of a scandal. Let no man, and least of all men Mr. Bstak, set too much tor by tho Presidency. 'If Mr. Ci.at had been elected President.- said Mr. Oaoaok D. firmoi, moralizing upon the lira gad character of hie old chief and friend, ' he would hare been the wretched est man that ever lived, beoea he would have been proven the biggest liar that ever lived.' 'Bowwaa that, Mr. rammer V was asked . ' Why,' continued the old journalist, 'Mr. Ci.at waa A candidate, sn aspir ant for the Presidency during quite thirty years. Be waa an ardent. Impulsive man with a genius for making friends. He bad plsstered the pablio ser vice three pUes de ep with promises ; promises real and implied, conscious and uneonsotons; bnt prom law which could not by any possibility have been discharged. He was an honorable, self-respecting. proud man, and when these promises came to ma turity and were presented for payment, and he teal lied the situation, It would have embittered his life and broken his heart.' Mr. Bataw oen name a win ning ticket in 1000; and, escaping the danger equally of election and defeat, he could do more for hi country a the Premier of the Administration thus bronchi in than a Chief Magistrate." Now, If we know Col. Bryan's mind as well as we think we know It, his answer to this more or less tempting proposition would be somewhat such as follows, if translated from Bryanese Into our own language: "You affirm, Colonel and broth ers In arms and in politics, that the main Issue which I represented In 1808, the free coinage of silver at 16 to 1, is a dead Issue, Inasmuch as New York, New Jersey and Connecticut have dodged It; and that it has been superseded by new Issues which you rather vaguely describe as McKlnloylstn, Algorism and Hannalsm, meaning, I suppose, the general issue that the war with Spain has been a failure. It Is true that New York, New Jersey and Con necticut have dodged, but Massachusetts stands squarely, and there are a host of other States where there will be no dodging by the Democracy of the Chicago platform. Suppose we wait. Colonel, till the country and the next Democratic National Conven tion are heard from before delivering a fu neral oration over the corpse of free silver. "If free silver were really as ' dead as Afri can slavery,' If It were not, on the contrary, a very lively corpse, from which you ex pect to hear a good deal between now and the next Presidential election, why should you be adjuring me to take It and myself out of the field for the sake of Democratlo candidates In tho future ? I am not bother ing myself about any dynasty whatsoever. I am looking out for the political Interests of WixtjIAM J. Bbyan. The bloom may bo off the cheek, but the cheek Is yet there. " But even assuming that your political judgment Is accurate and that the next great issue ought not to bo free silver, but the failure of the war with Spain, why should I go Into retirement as a candidate and become a Warwick, as you politely put it? Answer me this: Is there in the length and breadth of the land. In the Une or the staff or the ranks of the Democ racy, any candidate bettor qualified to rep resent the Issue that the war has been a failure than I am ?" And what can Col. Wattf.rson say to Col. Bryan by way of rejoinder? Bis Convention and Bis Picture. The Massachusetts Democrats have nom inated for Governor a member of the Cracker Trust and they have put him on a platform specially designed by the Hon. John Clark Bidpath of Indiana and Mas sachusetts. Mr. Ridpath's silver maga zine, the Arena, having died of inanition, ho has undertaken to edit tho Massachusetts Democracy. Mr. Bidpath "reaffirms with emphasis tho great and patriotic platform of principles adopted by tho porty in Na tional Convention in 1800;" discovers that " the general industrial and economic con dition runs nt even a lower ebb than when tho present Administration was put into power," tho lower ebb being indicated, wo pvesume, by tho fall of the Arena; believes that "the system known as Initiative and referendum, if adequately applied, would correct tho most serious abuses that afflict our civil and political society," and fnvors such legislation as will secure the public ownership and control of street railways, water works, plants for electrical lighting, gas plants, plants for heat and the distribu tion of power, and for the service connected therewith. Either Mr. Ridpath or Mr. Williams is able to furnish heat and gas enough to sup ply tho State. Tho trouble is to got the light and tho power. Mr. Williams's reputation for Demo cratic orthodoxy Is high. He Is close to t lie bosoms of the Democratic magnates of the West. If he is not nominated for Vice President In 1000, at leust he can prance in tho next Democratic Convention even more coltish I y than he did in 1806. His talent for exhibition is considerable and ho is one of the easiest weepers In public life. Wo like to think of Gf.oboe Fbed Wil liams as ho came before tho convention. Mtl "the bravo leader of tho Massachusetts De mocracy," as ho had Mr. Ridpath call him in the platform. Although unused to not being a candidate for Governor, Mr. Wil liams talked with his usual spirit. " Though I now tnko off my epaulettes," he cried, " I do not give up my sword," He also re marked In a phrase once familiar in Erie county that he had " consecrated himself " to the Chicago platform. Through the gonitis of an artist of tho Boston Globe we ate able to see Mr. Williams, not, indesxt. In the art of consecration, but at a scarcely less impressive moment. He Is crying in accent wild: " Let Them Beware I" The extra number of hands indicates the bewildering effort of Mr. Williams's ges ticulation upon the artist. A portrait to preserve. We can't find out from the reports of Mr. Williams's speech whom he Is going to let beware. Probably all plutocrats who are not Populists, Democrats or Silver Republicans. Roosevelt and Germany. The Wine- and Spirit. Gateite, posing as the representative of the liquor trade, starts out to defeat Roosrvblt for Governor In company with the StaatK-Zeitvna, the organ, not of German-Americans, but of Germans In America. "The liquor vote of New York," says the Wine and Spirit GateJtr, " for tho first time since 1803, will bo cast solid against the Republican State ticket. If Col. Roosevelt continues he will also have the German vote aralnst himself." Every sane man knows that the liquor vote cannot be solidly anti-Republican, for the sufficient reason that under the Raines law It has enjoyed a steadiness and surety in its business, with freedom from political terrorism and uncertainty, never before experienced. We fancy, also, that the thousands of sturdy American citicens of German extraction, whom the Wine and Spirit Gazette would set down as "Ger mans" politically allied with Itself, will hoar with some indignation Its reason for so doing : "Col. BoosiTir.T's so-called war record will not help him with theOermane. The German-Americans hsvs never sympathised with thla Spanish war, which waa precipitated upon the country through the criminal agitation of the yellow journals. The war ha failed to captivate the Imagination of the Oerman-Amerlcans. In the clubs, cafes, restaurants and other plsoe mostly frequented by Germans. the sentiment of disgust aroused by the declaration of this war were not craeealed. It evoked no en thusiasm." This Identifies German anti-Rooseveltlsm with the original German opposition to the appearance of tho United States in the Phil ippine waters. It brushes aside Van Wyok as Col. Roosevelt's actual opponent and points Instead to Admiral Dtidbichs, the German commander at Manila, whose in sulting and hostile bearing toward Admiral Dewey In the trying days in whloh the latter was waiting for reinforcements was viewed by every true citizen of this country, wher ever born, with astonishment and disgust. We believe that the vast body of busy and self-respecting United States citizens who were born In Germany will resent the Win and Spirit Gazette's charge that they cher ish bitterness against one of the most gal lant defenders of the country's flag In her war with Spain, by voting for Roosevelt for Governor of New York. We don't beliove that Diedbichs will beat Roosevelt. The Republican Candidate. Mr. Roosevelt's speech at the Republi can meeting on Wednesday at Carnegie Hall was n vigorous and comprehensive plea for the Republican policy. Roosevelt Is an extraordinary combina tion of political qualities. There is not an Independent who does not know that his administration will be as sternly and force fully conducted in the publio interest as It could bo by any Governor ; and there is not a member of the Republican organization who does not feel for Roosevelt tho in stinctive respect aroused by a strong and honorable man whose convictions make him a partisan of the Republican party. The solid Republican party is behind Roosevelt, and if upon the Issues of the time, honest money and commercial growth, the State of New York is not Republican, then it has lost its wits. The honor bestowed yesterday on the Hon. Andrew H. Ghees- was a fitting distinc tion to a citizen of New York whose publio spirit has been displayed to an eminent degree during a long lite, not with a view to attracting applause nor usually in ways which invited public attention, but always under the Impulse of a large-minded, serious purpose to bring benefit to the community. The development of Central Pork into the splendid ploasure ground it le was made posslblu by the manage ment and sound prevision of Mr. Green at Its establishment and in its early stages. His ser vices to the municipality as Comptroller after the exposure of the Tweed ring were of ines timable value. Tho enlargement of the area of the city by the annexation ot the districts to tho northward was his conception. Bo also was the consolidation which has now made the Greater New York, with a population raising its rank to that of the second city of tho world In magnitude. Mr. Green's views of tho growth And destiny of the city have always been statesmanlike in their breadth, and the same intellectual foresight now leads him to take a similarly comprehensive view ot the development which should come to the na tion as the consequence of the war with Spain. Mr. Green's increase in years has brought with it no decrease In tho vigor of his mind and no dulness to his intellectual vision, but rather has strengthened and broadened them. It has diminished in no way his energy and his hopefulness. One week from to-day (next Friday) will be the first registration day in New York. The last day of registration will be Oct. 22. Hixteen days will elapse between the close of the registry and the casting ot the vote, and if. during that period, with the facilities at hand for making the search thorough, tho names of any disqualified persons appear on the voting lists, the responsibility for such neglect can be easily fixed. Coin Harvey, Collector for the Demo cratic National Committee, has written a moat weet appeal for subscription on the dollar-a-i in m i h plan : " One dollar permontb, or about S cent per day, la in the reach of each, and the wives and sons and daughters, who understand the vital important e of our cause, will, we believe, assist the husband and father in saving up the dollar each month that la to go into this fund, sacred to the cause of humanity. It will provide the money necessary for the advocacy of their cause. It wl 11 come from the many, who, by their exalted example, will place political leader under obligation to th people and the voice of the latter will become more potent In shaping the affaire of atat. It will be a revolution of the people culmi nating In ths struggle of 1900." It la suspected that the wive and son and daughters will fail to understand the vital Im portance of the cause, and will prefer to keep the $12 a year In the family. Coin will have to depend upon the plutocrats for funds for the sacred cause of humanity. Road carts of two wheels will be well put on the Speedway, at least in the morning, and two-seated wagons, or surreys, will be well put off at any time. Already ten men on foot go to the Speedway, to see the fun. to ona that drive. The better the special purpose of ths road, sport In trot ting, Is served, the greater will be the general pnblie enjoyment. The continuity of culture Is shown by the reappearanee of Pallas Athene at Kansas City this week. Hho was "enthroned In thteup of a lotua, her Milken robe of sua foam green, embroidered with gold braid and garnished with jewels." She wore "real gems" on her neck, and "the garniture of tbe deplol of her ooslumt" was of jewel. Among the jtwsls . .afett. In hr tolmet wan "a diamond Yfttaftd at a fahulou mini, and loaned for tha ooeaalon by a Kanaaa Olty jewrii? company. " Her raapten dent outfit waa guarded by two policemen In eltlrena' clothes. It seems to be the Impression Id Kansas City that Pallas Atrekh waa the Queen of Diamonds. Tha New York Democratlo Convention aim- Sly srsdsd th(hUo jilstform; II did not vote It ewn unequ.Yorslly m tha New Jerwy Democrat did. Boiton Kventng Xtf.f Tranttript. Our contemporary dreams. Tha New Jersey Democrats didn't vote down the Chicago plat form at all. The platform on which they voted reaffirmed their "devotion to the great and vital principles of the Democratic party on na tional Issues," and nothing more. It waa the same trick that was adopted by the Democrats In New York and Connecticut to catch hom hlowers, whether the latter be honest gudgeona or Democrats whose recent friendliness to hon est money was more sham than real COSGRA Tf'LA TKH M'KrXLKV. Chamber of Commerce's Compliments on the War and Ottr Attitude In China. President McKlnley was doubly congratu lated by the Chamber of Commerce yesterday. Alexander F. Orr, the President, read to tho Chamber tho follow. mt (losputch which was approved by tho members: 'Ta tV Prttidmt, Executive Mantion, VTathington, D. C: "The Chamber of Commerce of the State of New York, now holding Its first seBsion siuoe the summer recess, tenders to President Mc Klnley Its earnest congratulations upon the successful termination of the war with Rnaln. It compliments him upon the magnlllcent victories Achieved by the army and navy ot the United Ututes and it renews to htm uunln the assurance of Its confidence In hU wisdom, judgment and statesmanship In dealing with the difficult International problems yet to be solved. A. K. Orb, President." The aecond congratulatory episode of the meeting was the following statement by Ever ett Frazar on behalf of the Committee on For eign Commerce and the ltevenue Iaws: "Our committee desires to call attention to the memorial addressed to the President of the United Slates in regurd to the position ot matters In China under discussion at our February meeting, and at the present time be lieves that the Chamber Is fully justified In expressing its high approval of the prompt action taken by our Oovernmeut lu the de spatch of ships of war to Tientsin for the protect inn of Americans and American Inter ests in Cliimi. "I have now the pleasure of moving that the thanks of the Chamber be "conveyed to the President of the united Htates and the Secretary of State for suoh prompt action taken in the present emergency." Mr. Fraxar't motion was unanimously car ried. President Orr announced that he had ap pointed Chaunoey M. Depew, Warner Miller, Charles A. Hchleren. Francis B. Thurber. Hen ry A. Spauldlng, Richard Young and Dick S. Hamsay a delegation to represent the Cham ber at the Omaha Exposition on New York day, Oct. 8. A memorial to the late James H. T. Htranahayi was adopted. No Animals In Town To the Kdi iob or Tin fliN .s'i r ! Will you kindly permit roe, through your caluruni, to raise the question among the residents of this city as to how lone they propose to submit to the animal nulaance. My characterization of them may not be quite cor rect, for those who own parrots and permit them to indulge in their natural proclivities and take no pains to control them in the performance of their imperative natural demands are the real offenders againat the quiet and morality of the city. The city la no place for canaries. They are deprived of neces sary liberty and they acrve no useful purpose. All that the city nam by permitting goats to be icpt upon the island is the collection of tin cans being diminished. The number of householders in New York who do not keep animals must be in a great minority com pared to those who do. It must be obvioua to every one whose sense of de oency and comfort is not impaired by the ownership of a city-kept animal that pretty soon the great ma jority will come overt their way at thinking, and all animals will be expelled. I think I am right, because I belong to the minority, and the majority la always wrong. We do not keep any animal, domeatic or wild, dog. cat, parrot, goat, canary, cow, or horse. You should publish this as you did one from " 140 West Seventy-fifth Htreet," for it treats of more sub jects and Is just an reasonable and practical. R. D. O. To trk Editor or Tax Bun Sir : I am delighted that my neighbor of No. 140 speaks hla mind as to the disgusting nuisance caused by the owner of the unfortunate city dog. 1 agree with him that tha keeping of dogs in city houses Is inhuman and should be suppressed by ordinance. If we cxnnot have it prohibited. let us compel the attendant of doggie to promenade him, not on the sidewalk, but in the roadway. A dou should be kept off the sidewalk as well as a horse, and for the same reason. l HI West SEVENTT-rrrrn Street. Nothing Political at the loyal Legion Dinner. To Tnr. Editor or The 8m Sir: In an article thia morning, headed "Rumpus in the Loyal I,"gion," you aay that Lieut. -Col. Roosevelt waa introduced by Capt. James Parker as the "rough rider from Santi ago." Col. Rooaevelt was the guest of the comraand ery at the request of Col. Joseph I'.xd, and cam therewith Ucn.C)llii after their attendance at tho R 'publican ratification meeting at CarmgiP Hull. I did wit introduce him (that was done by the com mander), and there was absolutely nothing political about it, nor did Col, Roosevelt utter a word thnt was ao understood by inc. His remarks were devoted ex clusively to the operations before Sintiago and al most exclusively to praise of the regular army and navy, and personally of Mjor-Oen. Ci.atTee. The I,iyal L mon is ai assor.aiion of men who were nearlv all distinguished for gallant deeds on the Union side in the civjl war. It honois those who risk their lives in defence of the Hag of our country; and it dors so withour reference to their politics. religion, color, sex or " previous condition of sirf tude;" aud dilfer as we mav in other respects, we all honor Col. Roosevelt for his gallant deeds at the bead of the "rough riders." I have always been a Democrat, and if I lived in New York ahouH vole tor Judtre Van Wyck, but I at tho Baroe time heaitily join in the well-deaervrd praise that Col. Roosevelt receives for those deeds from nearly all hi fellow cithena. James Parker, Formerly Men tenant Commander, t. 8. Navy. New York, Oct. B. Ballad and Ballade. To the BuiTOB of Tup. BoxSir: P.or Cyrano would squirm in his graxe were he able to see the translation of his bnliadt which appeared in to-day's excellent issue of Int. Hun. To begin with, tho translation i wrongly named. It should bo " Jialladtot the Duel," and not "Ballad of the Duel." The bnllade is a different form of verse entirely from the "ballad." When the lal Jadt is compost d of eight-line mIaii7.uk. like Cyrano's, it should have onlv throe rhymes. The translation sentby Mr. Johu llansou Keunard contains no lers than ten! vix., uuw, ude. i, older, ardtd. it, tar, urt. i'gs,and it. Also the word " swine," although it enda one. of the lines, is unable to .find, alaal a word that will condescend to rhyme with it. Further more, the refrain should remain the same through out, and not deviate from the path of rectitude, as it does in the second stanza aud in the euvoy. Thus it will be seen that the translation of Crrano's t.nflutlf ia no imimi- at all. itiaBinnt'h as it does not eonform to certain prescribed rules. Bitch asEdmond Rostand so faltuf.illv observes. And yet Mr. Ken nard asserts that none of the translations he ha come across aaem to him to h., preserved the spirit and form of the original so well! Aafor me, 1 dare not think of the spirit when the form undergoes so many contortions. New York, Oct. 2. A. W. Tavn. Mutilating Our Great Trophy. ToTRREniTon orTHEftrK Stn I'nderthe heading of a "A Trophy from Admiral Dewey," in your issue for to-day, I notice that the HpunlH. flag of Manila, Just received at Washington b.v Cip'. Crowninshield, Chief of the Bureau of Navigation, hai already bet n mutilated by some relic-hunting thiof, and a portion of it carried away. Of all the morbid manias that afflict ill-bred and irrvorcnt minds, that inordinate desire for relics that would mutilate and dmttro'- u monument, work of art or valuable trophy for the sake of the selfish possefaiou of a worthless frag ment is the most childish and contemptible. Auy genuiae and reverent lovrr of relics aould be ashamed to own or exhibit such damnable evldeuces of hla lack of honest) , of taste and of decency. Preservation in its entirety (when possible) should be the firat thought and effort of all persons having In their charge any object of historic or artistic value, and the vandal who would aurreptitlously remove or Injure any iHirtlou of such an object ahould be pur sued as a thief or a lubber, and when apprehended punished with a fine, imprisonment and the execra tion of all rltfht-miudeu people. "Protection nl preservation before, ownership'' hat ever been the motto in such things of thouitauds. bcslilea one single flirt. 20. IXDIVIPUAU Want to Hear 'Km Again. To the Knii'on or The Sik Sir: Though I reached Carnegie Rail at TifiO o'clock last night with a ticket for the big Rooaevelt rally, tho hall was at that early hour packed and the doors wero locked upon hundreds of peraoua who, like me, were pro vided with tickets but were iinai-le to gain admission. Tha disappointment was keen. Will The Btm not apeak in favor of holding a second meeting with tho same list of matchless orators V Hundred of disap pointed Rooaevelt men are entitled to a meeting which they can attend. Straight RrruuurAK. Trick Biding In Tenneaaes. 'row Ik Lebanon Democrat. Bunny Johnson waa riding through our midst unday oa his bicycle, ill.inaa.tl.ifl fil THIt QVKBSC COMMIMIOJr. roar-teem Artie) Agreed Cpa tha llnsts of RerlprnrltT. Qurkbc Opt. U. Monday nut lina bosn defi nitely flxed upon an the dnte of adjournment ot the Joint High ('.mimiwlon. After n va cation of at leant a month the pommlwilonera will meet in Washington, and alneo a form of treaty la now a certainty aaa result of the Commlaelon'a labora, It la desired by the Am erican Oommls'donorathat It ahould be Hicned In their capital. Sir Wilfrid Lourler still hold out for Ottawa. The commission ant to-day for about an hour. Tho Behrlng Sea and Atlantic, fisheries quea tlona were furl her considered. In the latter matter there is every likelihood now that the treaty of 1S1H will be abrogated despite the protests of the New England fishing industry, and that Canadians will succeed In having accesa to American marketa for their fresh fish in return for tho privilege of buying bait and transshipping cargoes in bond. Sir Louis Davles. Minister of Fisheries, has nil nlong Insisted that the above plan wna the only basis on which a settlement could be reached. Me has found a great dis position on the part of the American commis sioners to meet Canada half way. The New foundland fisheries question will be included In the settlement. Kir James Winter, the Pre mier of tho colony. Is willing to grant certain privileges to tha Americans In the way of bait and supplies in consideration for semiring ac cess to the American, Porto Kican and Cuban markets. It is said to-day that there will be no adjust -ment of the Alaska boundary dispute unless Canada obtains ampin facilities for shipping supplies Into the Klondike without experienc ing restrictions nt the hands of America. One result of the negotiations will apparently be a pact insuring perpetual bonding privileges for the railroads traversing both. countries. The regulations, it is certain, will not be left to the Interstate Commerce Commission. Thus far fourteen articles have been agreed upon as tho basis for a reciprocity treaty. They Include manufactures and natural products. The Americans seem disposed in the Interest of the Montana smelters to give British Columbia ores freerncccss to tho United Htates. The American doty on lead, however, will not be Abolished. Senator Fairbanks and Con gressman Dlngley have both expressed them selves as determined that Americana shall ahare in the era of prosperity now dawning upon the 1'aolflo provinces. The negotiations respecting reciprocity in the coasting trade on the Great I.akes have been conducted very smoothly. An Amerloan Commissioner said to-day that a settlement was lu sight. The Americans will also secure free canals. It Is predicted by the Canadians that one result of this will be the diversion of a large share of the Manitoba crop from Mon treal to Buffalo. A report having been circulated that Lord HeiHeliell took a pessimistic view of the com mission's work, he declares that the report is unwarranted. On the contrary, he says he has no gloom v forebodings upon the subject and hopes for a satisfactory settlement of most If not all of the (mentions submitted to the com mission. Canadians are making much of the very large catch of seals by British Columbian seal ers, of which news reached here to-day, con tending that it disproves the American con tention of tho decrease in the seal herd. Htrange to say. none ot the skins of seals branded by Dr. Jordan were taken. To-night the American Commissioners bril liantly entertnined at the Chateau Frontenao a hundred Indies and gentlemen. Including Lord and Lady Aberdeen and leading citizens in return for the courtesies extended them here. WAR VKSSK1. FOR CHICAGO. Secretary Long Assign tbe Gnnboat Wasp to the Naval Mllltla. Wabhinoton, Oct. 6. Gov. Tanner. Senator Mason and a number of other prominent men from Illinois stopped over in Washington to night on their way from Newport News, Va.. where they attended the launching ot the bat tleship named in honor of their State. The party called on Secretary Long in a body this afternoon to urge him to assign a vessel to tha use of the Chicago Naval Militia. Later in the day the Secretary assigned the auxiliary gun boat Wasp to the service. She will start for Chicago as soon as she can be fitted for tho voyage, proceeding by way of the Wetland Canal. It will be necessary to secure the consent of the British Government before she can go through the canal, which has Its course through Canada, but there is no con cern felt at the Nnw Department over the re sult of the request, ns the Wasp will be stripped of her guns. When the Navy Department pro posed to send the old corvette Van tic to Detroit roc the use of the Michigan naval militia bat talion, opposition developed in Canada on the ground that the assignment of a second Amer ican warship to the great lakes would be a vio lation of the Kush-Bagot tieaty. The objec tions wore overcome, however, by the removal of the Yantio's guns, and she is now at Detroit. The AVnsp was formerly tho yacht Columbia, built by the Cramps in Philadelphia for J. Harvey Ladew of New York In 180S. She car ried three tl-pounders and two Colt's auto matic guns. During the war with Spain she first figured conspicuously at the engagement In the Bay of Nlpe. where she destroyed the Spanish gunboat Jorge Juan. Tho Wasp landed the first party of Gen. Mllea's army of invasion at Guanica, Porto Rico. She was commanded by Lieut. Aaron Ward. TO ARBITRATE RAILROAD DISlVTX8i A Board to Decide Between the American Road and the Canadian Pacific. Washington. Oct. 0. One of the most irri tating questions in the railroad history of the Ilriited States, and one that has been the pro voking cause of more destructive rate wars than any other, is in a fair way to be adjusted. The American transcontinental lines and the Canadian Pacific Railway Company have agreed to submit toE. 8. Washburn. President ot the Kansas City. Fort Scott and Memphis Ball way Company. Mr. W. A. Day of Washington. D. C.and Mr. J. W. Midglev of Chicago, as arbitrators, their decision to be binding ou all concerned, whether the Canadian Pacific Kail way Company shall be allowed a differential on freight traffic bet ween tho Atlantic coast and certain Pacific coast points, and, if so, what dif ferential shall be conceded to the Canadian road. The Interstate Commerce Commission re cently held that the Canadian Pacific was not entitled to differentials on United States pas senger traffic. While the Canadian Pacific is not subject to our laws In carrying United States traffic as our own railroads are. it appar ently acquiesced in tho decision of the com mission on passenger business, hut declined to follow It In freight, traffic. The controversy growing out of the differential has cost the roads nffeotcd million of dollars, and for the sako of all concerned it is hoped that a just set tlement will bo reached. The railroads havo selected a very experi enced board of arbitration. Mr. Washburn is known to be a very nhle railroad executive ; Mr. Mids-ley was for twenty years or moro Chair man of various traffic associations, and Mr. Day Is a lawyer of large experience in railroad questions, and Is exceptionally well posted in railroad rates and traffic methods. The argu ments will be heard in Chicago on Oct. I'.'. POST OFFICE BALANCE SHEET. The Beflrlt Reduced ,O0O,O0O In 1888 Receipts sMO.OOO.OOO. Washington, Oct. 0. The work of balanc ing the books of the Post Office Department for the fiscal year ending June 30 lust was completed this nlternoon. Tho receipts of tho department for the last fiscal year in round numbers wore 180.000.000, and tho expendi tures SliH.tmtHM), leaving a deficit of $tUMX. (XX). The deficit for the fiscal year of 1H(7 wna tll.tXXI.IXXI. the receipts being $'.'.( kki.ix hi and the expenditures Slt-.MXKMXX). These fig ures show that while tho work of tiie depart ment isbteudilygmwingnnd assuming greater proportions, by economical management on the part ot the Administration the deficit has been ci'.t down '.,.tXX).txX) in one year. At thla rate it is calculated that within u few years the receipts will cover the expenditures. The re ceipts aud expenditures lor tho fiscal year of 118 arc almost double those lor 1888. Joseph tiitiui Patarao Becomes Joseph F. (Jomez. Joseph Gomez Pntacao. who was born in Spain 'M years ago. and who has lived in Itrnok Ivn for sixteen years, applied to Judge Uurd In the County Court yesterduy for permission to change his name He said it was difficult to pronounce, and that when he uniiounccd it to his business acquaintances they uoked lilm to writu it out. Judge Hurd granted the applica tion, and after Nov. Ill the petitioner will bo known us Joseph P. Gomez. French Plays nt llnrvnrd. CtMHiniNiK. Mass., Oct. . The annual p!as of the Carole Fram;alsof Harvard i'nlversity will be the two one-net plays by Mollcre. "Lu Comteaso D'Ica:uingas" and "Le Sicilian.'' The production will be under the direction of M. Guibe of Boston, who staged the Cercle plav last year The dales announced provisionally are Dec. 10 and 15. at Brattlebill. Cambridge, and Dee. 7 at tha Bijou iliealre. Boston. HUMIDITY DID vr I-OttTAGK HTAMfm, They "Got SlnrV on Themselves," as ths Boy Hny, nnd Made Kmiless Trouble. Much t rou bio has been caused at tlie,ii Office by tho excessive humidity of the onrlt part of this week. So muggy and close ttss tho weather thnt oven the postage stamps per. spired, and postage stamps which perspire BP( stuck together In suoh a manner that lt' , strong man's job to pull them asunder Ths night clerk came down on Monday evcnln and found about $70 worth of stamp cltinM in affect lonnte embrace. Thli was no joke li him. for he Is held responsible for the alusl the stnmps. and though tho Government WoaM finally reimburse hltn for shortages caused by destruction of stamps through no fault ot hi own. It would be severs' months before In could recover the sum In which be had bepn mulcted. So he took the stamps home and steamed them. Meantime the weather was doing some steaming of Its own. On bis return with th steamed stamps ho found $K0 worth more of stamps in n bunch. He laid the redeemed stnmps down In layers and made an examina tion of tho others. When ho turned hack to th layers there waa but one Inyerthcre, and it was of the thickness of several layers, lie hail to do that work all over again, nnd he had barely enough stnmps to supply the demand "I've never known such weather since pn been in this office." sold he. "Even m th safes, the stamps got sticky. Tho onlv way I could keep any for uso was to spread them all over tho place, face down. As soon as I found out the way they were sticking to tliinga I mado a rush for my high-priced articles, tha la and $10 varieties. Those I saved nil right, but some of the bunches of ones and t..- wnr double headers all the way through. Any num. tier of people came hack here, while that weather lasted and complained that 1 hail anlrt them wet stamp. One old guy said thnt It was very kind of the Government to liek hi stnmps for him, but his tongue was in pretty good shape and he'd just as soon do it himself Why, just to show you how sticky everything was, there was a man bought ten twos, toro off one and laid the others down there on th slab, gummed side down, while he put the en on his letter. When he enmo to recover thorn the best he oould do was to scrape them up with a knife In long strips. There's the re mains of them now. I've saved all my stamps, hut if this sort of weather comes around attain I'm going to apply for a cold storage wars, house. I wouldn t bo surprised if thnt humid noil put $1,000 worth of postage stamps ont of business In this city and Brooklyn." ROBERT P. FORTER O.V CUBA. Ba Want tha United 8tates to Get Contra! of the Cnban Custom House. Robert P. Porter, who was sent to Cuba by this Government to collect information on financial and economic subjects, returned yes terday on the Ward line steamship Saratoga, He aald he had visited Clenfuegoa. Trinidad. Bogus la Grande, Matanzas. and Santa Clara, and that he had been assisted materially in his Investigations by Cubans and Spaniards. "The Cubans as a whole," ho said, "nr anxious for peace. They are law-abiding and amenable to law. The regular Cuban soldier are a splendid body of men and they ar patriots to the core. The Cuban regulars are L well offloered and disciplined, and they have my profound respect. To show you what I think of them, I may say that In my report I will recommend that theso soldiers be appoint ed to act as a guard when Havana has com J under control of the United States. " My report will be decidedly in favor of reci procity between the two countries. Practical free trade between th United States and Cuba will, In my opinion, be the salvation of the island. I believe in the free importation of cattle Into Cuba, to be used not only as food, but on the farm. This la absolutely necessarr, for the people of Cuba to-day lack tbe simple necessities of life. Farms and shops arc idle, and there is a great dearth of food. "The sooner we get control of the Cuban custom house the better. The tariff receipts last year were only $10,000,000. This Ib a mis erable showing. My report will deal largely with the queatlon of revising the tariff. I will suggest that the burdensome Spanish wnr tariff be abolished, and that the former tariff rating be reduced one-half. If this is adopted I am confident that the receipts at the Custom House will jump $40,000,000 inalde ot a singl year. " Look at. Santiago, for instance. That prov ince has passed completely under tho control of this Government, and the results are grati fying. Tho revenues are lnoreaslng. and there Is a general air ot happiness and prosperity throughout thevprovince. Such results may be expected ovor all the island In the near future. BBTUBMCAir XDITOBS MEET. Col. Roosevelt Call on Them and They Say They'll Bleat Him. The New York State Republican Editorial Association held its annual convention at ths Fifth Avenue Hotel yesterday morning. The meeting was well attended and was very en thusiastic over campaign prospects. All mem bers reported an enthusiastic Roosevelt senti ment In their own localities, nnd the work from now to election day was discussed at length. Just before noon Col. Roosevelt was con ducted to the meeting of the editors. They rose and applauded. " Gentlemen," said the President," this is th next Governor of the State of New York. Every body step up and shake him by the hand " There was a rush for the candidate, and hs was Introduced to each and every editor, amid a groat deal of noisy enthusiasm. They all told him they were going to elect him. At 1 o'clock the mombers of the nsssociatlon attended a reception at the Republican Cluh. In the absence of Dr. Depew. the club's Presi dent. First Vioe-Presldent Charles F. Homer delivered an address of welcome, to which the President of the association responded. There wero several other speeches, after widen luncheon was served. About 200 wero present. THE BTATE COMPELLED TO PAT 11,000 for a Strip of Land the I.unaey Commission Appraised at 91,800. Albany. Oct. 0. The State Commission In Lunacy to-day received notice that it would h compelled to pay $11,000 for a small strip of land nt Poughkeepsie which it desired to pur chase for the use of tho Hudson IliverStat Hospital, but for which it expected to pay only a fair market price, about $1,800. The eommis slon says that condemnation proceedings wers begun to obtain possession of the land, and Mr. Zelglor. tho owner, marshalled to bis aid his fellow-farmers and neighbors, and n award of $11.(XX) wits made, which was promptly confirmed bv the court, notwith standing the strong protest of the commission, made through the office of the Attorney. General. Tho commission refused to audit the account, hut n mandamus was procured 17 Zeigler's attorneys, and payment was enforced. CHAPLAIN M'INTTRE'S TRIAL, The Befenre Closes and Argument lirgins The Chnplaln III. DitNvr.n. Oot. 0. The defence in tho Mclntvr trial rested at noon to-day. when Hie examina tion of Dr. Wilson, the chaplain's physlolan. win concluded. Chaplain Melntyre was not able to appear when the court-martial con vcneii to-nar. being confined to his bed In stato of physical colltipso as n result of tho strain of tho I at three days. By 11 o'clock be was able to ntietul. hut lookod tho sick mun his physioluu dec area film tone. At the conclusion of Dr. Wilson's exam. nat 1 'n. Attorney Doud opened lilsnrgumeiii In unpftri of his objection to tho procedure of the JUflM Advocate In his attempt to Impeach hapiaiB Melntyre. The lift. John Phillip Forbes Inaialled. The Rev. John Phillips Forbes was Installed last night as pastor of tho Unitarian Churcbof tho Saviour, at Piorropont street an I Monro placo. Brooklyn, as the successor of Iho Hav. Snuiuel A. Elliot, who resigned loncucptth Secretaryship of the Unitarian MlBsiotmr! '--soelation. The Installing prayer was made lif thcltev A. P Putnam. wliO was pnsb rol Hi church for twenty voir-, and the a-rinnii iwa preached by the Rev Kdw.ini Kyorett II; " Boston. The lie.. Mr Kllfpl "''v'. . charge to iho people, and the lh Hint ' Savage of the Church d the Messiah, litvi hat tan, the charge to the. pi- .r riijj -- John White Cbadwiek of Hie bocoiid I "."'"' church extended the 1 tulit hand of rellowsn r The Itev. Mr. Forbes is a graduate of the lia vard Divinity School, and hid II lb ' oftlie First Congregational Bocloty in 1UUU ton, Mass., allien 1K87. . ItocUrfcllfl nnd II. M liny TMonitily Win frlCMi In tbe list of prices awarded at the Amer 'an Iustituto Pair urotuo following: For the best display of and largest "ol eel nn otdecoititiveand follHgo plant First prl Willis James. HpdlfcOli, .1 : second in William Itoek efcllcr. ieitVoun. N For Hie bcl end largest cullect'oii of mi Igneous out flowers- II. McKay I """: '' r' son. X. .1.. won the llit pri.e. 1. I A' ';.? Scaurigbt, N. J . the second, and 11 '-,.'. J also of Seabriglit. and John Lewis Child floral Park. L. I., third prize. 1 '- -