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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, November 02, 1898, Image 6

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S Subscriptions by Mall, Postpaid,
; DAnvr, peTlfonth , SO 80
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Iti DAILY AND 80NDiT,prMOBth 70
Et Postage to foreign countries added.
W Tan Btrie, Ntw Tort City.
A Ats Mosque Ho. IS, near Otand Betel, and
Kloeqn Ho. 10, Boulevard dts Oapnolnes. V
i' "" "
K' JT r fritnii ee er tie art manuieTtjiti er
R jBtiMtVatfewsefclirAass rejected article! returned, tWy
X tttfnedl cases tend ifampiertAeljwrjieiA,
W WniOilTwrtrl Ttmst eJVe. JI, ifJ.
L Raines laws, canal Jobs and Flattlsm nre good
w enough lcsues for our city and town elections,
M, but next (all wo elect Congressmen, and that
if raises tht great National Issue of honest
fc money. On that Question, as of tan as It U pre-
I tented, the people of New York will apeak as
ihey spoke In 1800. They will never speak
otherwlee. though the obstinate stupidity of
Demoorats and the partisan foxlness oC Repub
licans keep the Issue alive till doomsday.
The vote ot New Tort's Demooratlo Senator
Bad Congressmen upon the Teller resolution,
If It be not atoned (or and disavowed, will Rive
the Republicans the viotory in e, great majority
of the Oonitress dlstrlots next (all.
The Republican House ot Representatives Is
our bulwark against freo silver and repudia
tion. The people ot New York will not vote to
destroy It. And in electlnff Republican Con-
trnimtn thev will take occaiion to elect a He-
publican Governor and Legislature also.
4& The Stream Is Not Vet Crossed.
k In demanding the surrender ot all tho
25 Philippine Islands by Spain to tho United
'fit; States tho American mombers ot tho Peace
!& Commission nt Paris havo followed instruc
ts' tlons from President McKiNLBy. In so in
, attracting' our Commissioners tho President
I has obeyed tho will of tho nation; and at
r- the samo time ho lias demonstrated once
more not only his individual powers of dls-
oernment, but also his ability to riso to tho
greatest occasions with which American
' statesmanship has to deal.
' From tho first tho diplomacy of our rep
M' resentatlves at Paris has leen of tho film
KF plest and most dignified kind. It has con
st elsted of stating frankly In intelligible Ian
6 ffUORO tho conditions upon which the United
W States will grant tho peaco for which tho
Br enemy has sued ; and in adhering to tho
W line and letter of tho original requirement.
M Nover has there been such straightforward
business in the negotiation of an important
Ijr i treaty. The Administration and the Amori
aK. can Commission havo said what they
06 meant, and havo meant what thoy said.
$ Spain's alternative has always been to
Ir ' accept or to reject, not in any particular to
af modify or to compromise.
m' ow t'int tl10 Commission has reached
Wl the capital questlonof tho negotiations,
8E' namely, tho future of the Philippines, and
W npw that tho Government of the United
gfc v States has demanded tho absolute cession
WC of theentlro archipclago.'thero is no idea
. In any quarter that our representatives at
Wf Paris nro not continuing to say exactly
Ml what thoy mean and to mean exactly what
i 5L they say, or that Spain has any alternative
& other than to accept absolutely or absc
raL lutely to reject.
iMsi "Rejection and tho withdrawal of tho
y&-:. Spanish Commissioners from further confer-
$jk enco will restore the situation existing
lyfe previously to tho Intercession of II. Gam-
Wg b'on in behalf of Spain. Wo aro yet at war
ksj- trith that nation, peaco commissions and
!S peaca jubilees to tho contrary notwlth-
, standing. Upon President McKinley nnrt
m 's Administration aro yet tho burdens and
IT responsibilities ot n state of war not yet
ag terminated ; and upon all patriotlo citizens
K ot evory political party is tho continuing
wL duty to support tho Administration nnd
'M' sustain tho nation's cause against a foreign
iC enomy, both by voice and by vote.
i Our International Position.
(' In a cartoon lately published by a London
newspaper tho American caglo is depicted
seated upon a crag, whllo Uncle Sam,
measuring tho bird with an nppreclntlvo
eyo, remarks: "Wal, I guess I'll havo to
enter you now for that durncd European
menagerie." Thero Is undoubtedly a wide
spread impression in Great Britain that
through our acquisition of Porto Rico,
Hawaii, a port In tho Ladrones and tho
Philippines, we shall be forced to tako an
entirely now position in international af
fairs. For this notion there Is no ground,
and the sooner it is dispelled tho better.
In tho rivalries and controversies affect
ing continental Europe, Africa, and east
ern Asia, wo shall, bo no moro concerned
hereafter than wo have been in tho past.
Beyond tho interest taken by enlightened
observers in tho progress of mankind, it
Trill be to us a matter of indlffercnco what
changes may bo witnessed during tho twon
i tletii century in thoso quarters of tho globe.
With regard to our foreign polloy, wo shall
conflno oursolvea exclusively to tho main
tenance of liberty in tho Now World and to
tho conservation of our territories and trado
In tho Pacific. It will be to us of no imme
diate moment whothor Franco or Gormany
hall prove the victor in thoir noxt trial of
-strength ; whether tho dreanyof Muscovite
ambition shall or shall not bo fulfillod by
the conquest of Constantinople; whether
tho realm of tho Hopsburgs shall bo pres.
cntly disrupted, or shall hold together for
another hundred years ; whothor Italy shall
continue. to bo ruiod by tho Houso of Savoy
or shall bo transformed Into a federal re
public J whother Morocco shall bo ultimate
ly occupied by Spain or by Franco or by
Groat Britain ; whether England shall bo
come tho avowed owner of Egypt and of tho
whole valley of the Nilo ; whether Gormany
shall gain possession of parts ot Anatolia
, end By rla ; whothor France or England shall
becomo oventuallyominont in tho valley
of tho Nigor, and whother tho South Afri
can Republic shall or shall not remain an
Independent State. Even tho struggle be
tween Russia and England for tho posses
sion of India would havo for us no political
i significance, except bo far as tho Czar's ac-
t quisltlon of a tenitory supporting threo
' hundred million human beings would dm
1 turb the balanco of power in tho Far East.
; Toward these and otherpossible corapllco-
I tlons In all that part of tho Old World which
r Hea weatof China, wo shall porsistently hold
the attitude of aloofness, which was taken
by President Monroe and which we have
eyer since, maintained. On tho affirmative
WWell as on tho negative side our position
Trill remain unaltered. All that we shall
ask of European powers In tho future will
bo just what wo hare demanded In tho past,
"namely, that thoy shall leave our territories
and our interests alono nnd shall attempt
no Interference with any of tho republican
forms of government on this hemisphere.
Tho sole International effect of the annex
ation of Porto Rloo Is, that our possession
ot that Island will assist us to enforce tho
Monroe doctrine and to control tho Inter
oceanlo canal, tho Immediate construction
of which is now recognlrod by our states
men as a vital necessity. It Is obviously
not for aggreesivo purposes, but purely as
a meana of defence that tho strategic coign
of vantage afforded by Porto Rico was
desired. Tho same thing may bo said of
Hawaii, Guam and tho Philippines. Thoy
aro stepping-stones across tho Pacific,
and as such aro Indlspcnsablo to tho
protootlon of our trado with China,
which Is actually groat,and prospectively
enormous. It would bo an net of Industrial
sulcldo for us to pormlt tho constantly In
creosl ng su rplus of ou r natlvo manufactures
to bo shut out from tho market offered by
tho four hundred million subjects of tho
Colcstlal Emperor. Wiiatover treaty rights
of commerce, wo now possess in tho Mlddlo
Kingdom It is our duty to koop, and it may
possibly happon that In pursuance ot this
end wo may bo driven to corporate with
othor powers In the support of what Is loft
ot China's territorial Integrity. Hore, again,
howover, It will bo observed that wo should
act with a defensive and not with an nggrcs
slvo aim. Nor should we infrlngo thoreby
the traditional principles of our foreign
polloy. On tho contrary, we should bo
pursuing precisely tho samo path upon
which wo onterod when wo despatched naval
expeditions against Japan and Corca.
To protect American citizens is tho pri
mary obligation ot our Federal Govern
ment, and such protection Involves the
preservation of thoso commercial oppor
tunities which nro ot groat and con
tinually growing lmportanco to ' our In
dustrial population. Wo do not covot an
inch of ground on tho mainland ot Asia ; all
we domand Is that our treaty rights shall
not bo subject to Impairment by tho plots
for the dismomberment of China which aro
concocted by European powers.
Tho Amorlcan caglo will not be ontered In
tho European menagerie. It prefers Its na
tlvo eyrie, ond there It will abide, so long
as tho far-stretching interests, of which it
Is tho guardian, shall remain exempt from
trespass and encroachment.
Business Men and the Democrats.
Tho Hon. David Dennett Hih, will speak
at a meeting of tho Demooratlo Business
Men's Association to-night. It will bo curi
ous to seo what arguments he can produco
to show that it is to tho interest ot any
business man to vote, for tho Democratic
ticket. Mr. Hilt, has to imagine tbo busi
ness nnd tho business mon of Now York as
absolutely Isolatod from tho business and
the business men of tho rest of the country
nnd tho world. According to tho New York
Democratic programmo, tho Stato of New
York has no connection with tho United
States this fall. It is cut off from national
Mr. Hiiiii will havo to ask tho business
mon to vote to help business by putting
Tammany in control of the Now York ca
nals. We" don't seo that ho has any othor
Inducement to offer to business mon. no
can hardly hold up Croker justice as an ob
ject for their admiration. The Raines law
will not move them. Perhaps nothing will
that lie can nay about State Issues, tho
only things about which ho Is permitted to
talk. Tho causes of tho prosperity or tho
depression of business lie beyond the little
circle of llttlo Ideas to which tho Demo
cratic party of New York has chosen to re
strict itself In this canvass.
Will not a Demooratlo victory Yn New
York tend to shake that confidence which
Is a condition precedent of commercial
prosperity? Is not the Democratic; party
committed to a financial policy so opposed
to and opposed by the commercial Interests
of Now York that Its candidate for Presi
dent called Now York "tho enemy's
Mr. IIilTj (s not allowed to answer such
questions. Ho wants tho business men to
forgot that tho Demooratlo party Is tho
party of freo silver and the lncomo tax, tho
party whoso politicians and newspapers in
tho States where it, is strongest mako a
practico ot denouncing and lying about
Now York.
The Surrender of Gold Democrats to
According to tho Atlanta Constitution, tho
selection of "Coin " HAnvEr to ralso money
for tho Democratic silver campaign in 1000
proves tlint " thero is porfect harmony be
tween tho difforent elements of tho silver
men." It means simply that tho combina
tion effected by tho Chirago platform of
1800 still continues and is Indestructible
That this explanation of tho Georgia paper
Is correct is proved, further by tho compo
sition of tho Democratic Committee of Ways
and Means appointed by Senator Jones, tho
Chahman of tho Nntlonal Committee of tho
party. That committee is wholly nnd em
phatically freo silver, nnd it contains fore
most represcntativco 'of Democrats, Popu
lists nnd SI1 or Republicans. Tho different
elements of tho Bryanlto combination aro
still (Irmly compacted together In Congress
and In tho management ot Democratic
State campaigns, and obviously tho Demo
cratic policy will bo to koop thorn together,
at least until tho election of 1000.
Tho Atlanta Constitution taunts tho advo
cates of tho gold standard because, these
facts cause thorn anxiety, and says that
thoy havo tho moro reason for their alarm
because tho alliance Is receiving accessions
to its strength. It refers, ovldently, to tho
disposition to refrain fiom resistance- to
Ilryaulsm which Is manifested by gold Dem
ocrats In States where thoy wero most
numerous in 1800.
Nor cau it bo denied that thero Is jus
tification for tho Atlanta paper's exul
tation. In New York, for Instanco, tho
Dcmocratlo platform this year really sur
rendered to tho silver combination by koep
ing silonoo as to Its 1 0 to 1 schomo and avoid
ing all reference to tho gold standard. Tho
Now York Democrats w cro not always thus
cowardly. In the platform adopted by them
shortly before tho Chicago Convention of
1800 thoy aOlrmed positively and courage
ously thut "wo nre opposed to tho free
and unlimited coinago of silver in
the absence of tho cooperation of
other nations; and, until International
ooOporation for bimetallism can besecured,
wo favor tho rigid maintenance of tho gold
standard as essential to tho preservation of
tho nntlonal credit, tho redemption of our
publio pledges, and the keeping inviolate of
our country's honor," Only two weeks
thereafter, howoer, tho Chicago Conven
tion demanded "the freo and unlimited
coinage of both silver and gold at the pres
entlcgnl ratioof 10 to 1, without -Halting for
tho aid or consent of any other natloni Ac
cordingly, In Soptombor.oboufctwo months
later, tho New York State Domocratlo Con
vention took back all It had eftld In June,
turned squarely around and Indorsed that
Chicago platform and cordially approved
BnrAN's nomination,
So shameful was that surrender of prin
ciple, howover, that Demoorats who bc
lloved In tho maintenance of tho gold
standard wont over oponly to the support
ot Mr. McKnuvET as the representative ot
thoir sound-money principles, or joined
tho bolting eound-monoy faction of their
party. They stood up boldly for their
principles. This year, howover, thoy
mado no effort to assert their principles
at tho Demooratlo Convention at Syra
cuse. Not a volco was raised thore in bo
half ot thorn, and a State ticket Composed
wholly of mon who had vo(.ed for Bivyan
was nominated. What aro (hoy doing
about It now? Many of them aio actually
supporting it, and thus rendering humble
submission to Bryanlto domination ; nnd so
abject Is thoir surrender that tho Bryan
Democracy distrusts thoir slncorlty and
hesitates to train In company with thom.
Is it any wonder, therefore, that this sil
ver paper of Georgia exults In tho gain Its
causa has mado In two years? It has
silenced all opposition to It In tho Demo
oratlo party. " The six and a half millions
of pooplo who voted for tho restoration of
silver In 1800," says tho Atlanta Constitu
tion, " will contlnuo to so voto whenover the
question Is raised, and unloss all signs
fall, thore will bo many accessions to their
ranks when tho next tlrao comes." The
obstaclo of Demooratlo opposition from Now
York will not appear In the convention In
1000, for the policy pursued by 'tho gold
Democrats in the Syracuso Convention
indicates unmistakably that tho delegation
from New York will not follow the exnmplo
of the last in resisting the sliver majority,
but will render silent submission to it.
This means, of courso, that silver will
havo a practically unobstructed courso In
tho convention two years hence. Tho sll
verlto combination of Democrats, Populists
and silver Republicans Is unbrokon and un
breakable, so long as Bryonlsm Is tho Dom
ocratlo doctrine. It is working together
harmoniously as ono thoroughly united
party. Tho silver Republicans havo gone
over to tho Democracy, bag and bag
gage; tho Populists have no longer any ex
istence apart from tho Democracy. And,
as wo sea hero in Now York, gold Dem
oorats aro giving up all resistance to
tho Bryanite alliance. Newspapers which,
for very shame, wero obliged to support
tho defenders of the national Integrity in
1800 havo now gone ovor openly or surrep
titiously to the opposition and aro expend
ing their efforts to break up tho combina
tion for tho defence of tho gold standard.
It Is no wonder, then, that tho sliver forces
aro exulting, and that thoy look forward
hopefully to 1000. Thoy havo stuck to
their vicious principle, yielding nothing,
proclaiming it boldly always, and they have
whipped into sllonce thoir opponents still
remaining In the Demooratlo party. A great
campaign is now going on in this great
State, involving tho election of thirty-four
Congressmen and a Senator of tho United
States, yet from one end of tho State to tho
other there is no Democrat supporting his
party ticket who dare assert gold principles
on tho stump. Tho open profession of Bry
onlsm, or at least toleration ot it by silence,
has been made an absolute requislto to
Demooratlo regularity, Tho victory of tho
silverltes is complete.
The Tax Rate for 1800.
The amount which tho consolidated city
of New York will havo to raise by taxation
noxt year is announced as being n trifle
.over $80,000,000. Upon the valuation of
real nnd personal property liable to taxes,
as fixed this year, which is about $3,100,
000,000, tho tax Tato for 1800 would bo
$2.77 on tho $100. Probably tho valua
tion will bo Increased by 10 per cent., bring
ing It up to about $3,400,000,000, and tho
rate may, consequently, bo reduced to $2.55
on the $100, or, possibly, to $2.50.
Tammany orators havo had a groat deal
to say about tho low rate of taxation for
this year, in the boroughs of Manhattan
nnd tho Bronx, aB compared with tho rato
for last year, under tho preceding adminis
tration. It is true that tho rato, this year,
Is but $2.01 on tho $100, against $2.17 last
year, but .tho reduction was brought about
mainly by borrowing temporarily, for cur
rent expenses, $7,000,000, whloh will have
to be put Into next year's tax levy, as will
tho $7,000,000 for which, lost year, tho
borrowing providod. On the other bond, the
budgot for 1000 will not bo burdened
with the $7,000,000 borrowed in 1808,
which that of 1800 has to carry, so that the
taxation for 1000 may not be so heavy as
that for 1800, though now and unforeseen
expenses may make It 6o.
Altogether, the prospect for New York
taxpayers is not cheerful. Tho city has got
so near to Its borrowing limit, that much
of tho monoy for which hitherto bonds havo
been issued, such as that required for new
schoolhouses, new paving, new parks and
their Improvement, and similar purposes,
will havo to bo raised by Including It in tho
annual budgets. Whother other sources of
rovonuo cannot bo created, auxiliary to tho
present taxes, Is a question, therefore,
which property owners will do woll to consider.
The Eyre-Oragln Contract.
Tho overwhelming voto by which tho
Congress of Nicaragua has just ratified tho
now agiooment mado by President Zelava
with Messrs. Edwakd Evke and Edwaiid
F. Craoin, representing tho W. R. Graco
syndicate, for building tho Interocennlo
caual, apponrs to havo nroiiBod great en
thusiasm in tiiat body. It remains to bo
seen, howover, what practical result will
foil ow from this latest development In tho
grcfll enterprise. Nicaragua's contract
with tho Maritime Canal Company forbids
any such new agreement from taking ef
fect during Us continuance. Tho Nic
araguan Congress Itself admits that tho
existing contract lasts through Oct. 0, 1800,
and meanwhile, our own Congress, which
has, at largo expense, taken preliminary
steps toward acquiring control of tho canal,
will doubtless havo something to say about
this new move.
On Feb. 20, 1880, tho bill Incorporating
the Marltlmo Canal Company becamo n law
of the United States, by receiving thoPresl
dent's approval, and tho company prompt
ly began work undor tho agreement
mado by its engineer, Mr. Mkhooal,
with Commissioner Oabdekah represent
ing Nicaragua. Tho latter country In
duo time appointed two Commissioners,
Messrs. Roman and Sonnenhteiin. to
determine whether during tho llrst year
$2,000,000 had been legitimately oxpended
on tho project, as agreed. Their leport was
favorable, and tho Presldcntof Nicaragua In
formed tho company that Article. 47 of tho
couccsslou had been "fully compiled with."
Tho company thoreforo becamo entitled to
Its proscribed ten years In which to carry on
tho work. At tho recent session ot ttio Nlo
araguan Congress President ZkiiAta took
tho ground that the Cardcnas-Menocal
contract had really been forfeited by a
long discontinuance ot work ; but ho said
that In order to avoid troublo Nicaragua
would not undortako to declare forfeiture,
but would accept tho date in October,
1800, as putting an end to tho contract by
Its own terms. It acoordlnglymade tho
agreoment with CnAom and Eras operative
after that data and dependent on the ex
tinguishment of tho old company's rights.
But tho Maritime Canal Company's con
tr&ot expressly provides for tho extension
ot its tlmo. One of tho provisions Is con
ditioned on obstacles to the proseautlon ot
tho work, and tho company thinks it could
claim some extension on this ground; but
tho other, it Insists, is an absolute promlso
ot an extension, based on tho capital It
might Invest, tho good will and ability it
might show, and tho difficulties It might
encounter, ond this, provision it will un
doubtedly bring to tho attention of Con
gress nt the coming session. It will bo re
membered that Nicaragua's rceont contract
with tho Atlas Mall Steamship Company,
an English corporation, was earnestly dis
cussed at Washington on account ot Its ap
parent conflict with tho rights of tho Marl
tlmo Canal Company, but this new agreo
ment Is Incomparably more threatening.
President Zulata In his messago took
tho ground that tho now agreement is mora
advantageous to Nicaragua than tho old
one, inasmuch as it pledges within three
years practicable transportation by canal
or rail botweon tho Atlantlo and tho Pa
cific Ho was also ovldently impressed witli
the deposit of $100,000 in gold by tho now
syndicate and by Its show of avallablo cap
ital. If wo do not mistake, howover, the
Marltlmo Canal Company paid a largor sum
to Nicaragua, and it also agreed to open
freo of cost a navigable waterway between
Lake Nicaragua and Lako Managua, which
it failed to do. Nicaragua, it has been said,
receives 8 per cent, of tho stockB and bonds
to bo Issued by the syndicate ; but Costa
Rica must apparently also como into any
satisfactory agreement.
One suggestion, perhaps in the Interest ot
tho new company, has been that, after all,
Nicaragua's recent action may help our
Government's purposes. As the concession
to tho Marltlmo Canal Company fprblds Its
transfer to any Government, It had been
proposed, In case our Government should
purchase tho company's rights, to arrango
this matter with Nicaragua by treaty. It
is now suggested that such a treaty could
perhaps bo even more readily made through
tho medium of a company whloh has found
such favor of lato In Nicaragua's eyes.
Whother there is anything In this notion or
not, it may safely bo saldl that any canal
through Nicaragua will have to secure, tho
npproval of our Government. The new
movo will very likely, havo tho effect of
precipitating a final decision on tho wholo
question at tho coming session of Congress.
A Question to tho Hon. Richard Croker.
Tho most shameless and venal of all
American newspapers, tho New York World
of Joseph Pn&rrzER, is now in. your pocket.
lFacre did you get it T
Tho original yellow journal, whloh for
years has pursued you and your family
with personal abuso and malignant slander,
Is now doolie to your wishes and sub
servient to your political projects.
Where did you get it T
iou are at last apparently the Boss and
possessor of this diurnal print of infamy.
Where did you get it T
Hard Luck.
Mr. E. M. Shepard, tho notorious antl-McLaughlin-antl-Tammany
reformer of
Brooklyn, first catcbos tho public eye to-day
as a target for Ill-fortuno. After having
fought against tho Tammany machlno with
avigorithat gained glory for him as an
incorruptible guardian of tho publto inter
ests against conscienceless politicians whom
ho accused of unlimited crimes mainly on
tho strength of! his own imagination, ho
has turned and fallen In behind them.
Hero is where his bad luck appear
Instead of having submitted to Tammany
Hall and Its Brooklyn subordinate after
they had confessed orror and promised re
form, Mr. SrrEPAitD espouses tho causo of
'lammany nt a time when it oponly and
directly champions worse things than any
that Mr. Smefard ovor accused it of. In
disregard of the unwritten law of political
balance between tho Governor of New York
Stato and tho Mayor of Now York city, It
seeks to mako tho Mayor's brother Gov
ernor, and In defiance ot publio roverenoe
for tho courts It strives, without conceal
ment, to establish its control of them.
Wo know that tho bhepards and tho Cou
derts and tho Hornblowers, and all other
lnexpllcablo political eccentricities of their
type, hayo changed their politics this year
through the forco of irresistible constitu
tional vacillation. But tho change hap
pens to havo brought so ludicrous a con
trast between thoir recent aims and thoso
thoy follow now that oven knowlcdgo of
their helplessness against fate doesn't pre
vent a feeling ot pity for thom. It luck bad
been truly kind to thom it would hnvo
Hopped them when thoy coidd find some
plausible excuso for thoir alteration.
Bryan ism on Trial,
Evading the Chicago plank for free slivor
nnd reaffirming by actual practico tho
Chicago plank, as It was genorally con
strued, on pacUng tho courts, leaves Tam
many Hall In a very curious situation. In
Its doullngs with tho bench it has steeped
itself too deeply In Bryanlsm to allow u
gold Democrat to support It and keep his
faco, nnd it has avowed a policy which tho
Bryanitcs have said that to accuse them of
was slander.
If any citizen sincerely Interested In
Bryanlsm holds that that does not mean
the political coercion of tho courtn let
him piovo his sincerity by condemning
the leadership that stands for coercion, and
by 'voting for tho Republican ticket headed
by Theodore Roosevelt In every portion
of tho Empire Stato.
Wo are to add to tho American navy
relics ot Montojo's fleet as well as ot Ckb
veba'b. Our Manila correspondent notes the
sinning of contracts with a Ilong Kong firm (or
savluctho wreeksof tho Isla de Cuba, Isla de
Luzon and Don Juan do Austria. These are all
cunboatsof between 1.000 and 1,200 tons (lis
placement. The two formor aro Elawlck bullf,
bolnc launched loss than a dozen years ago,
and their enslnosof 2,200 horso power wore
expected to give them 10 knots, while they
mount each four 4,7-Inch Ilontorias and eight
smaller pieces. The Dou Juan de Austria
was launched atCarthaconn and carries a like
pialit battery, with ton other pieces, but lias
less horse power, being credited with only 14
knots. As the price asLedtor saving these
vessels is only $B0,(X0 each, they should cay
ns. apart from their value at trophlos ot
Dawn's great fight.
Meanwhllo we aro beginning to get Spanish
ships from the Gulf, The fine armored cruiser
Infanta Maria Teresa Is alroady on her way to
Hampton Roads, and Constructor UoasoM Is
confident that he can also save tho Cristobal
Colon, The Retna Mercedes, on which work
has Just begun, will certainly be ours, because
she lies protected within Santiago harbor.
There are othor oraft, too. such as the gunboat
Sandoval, sunk ssroral months ago. and ready
(or service under out; flag this week. Con
structor HtcnnosN gives the number of Span
ish captured vessels belonging to our navy as
already eight.
A speaker of Impressive weight and re
freshing felicity Is the Hon. Frank S. Blacx.
and his presentation on Monday night ot the
Republican oaso, national and State, was one
of the most telling utterances of the campaign.
More than thin, Governor Black's speech was
a grave notification to his more Immediate
friends In New York politics that weakness In
support of tho Republican candidate for Gov
ernor will be worse treachery to himself.
Tho Gold Democrats ot Missouri aro no
hornblowers. They are going to vote (or Re
publican candidates so as to keep down free
silver and to support "the National Adminis
tration In this erisls of our country's history."
In other words they are patriotlo men and not
Mr. Charles Eltot Norton, formerly a
professor in Harvard College, it Jeremlahlng
again about the war with 'Spain and "the
Ignorant and Inflammable populaoe." In cer
tain obvious respects Mr. Nobton has oollected
a large fund of Ignorance, and a more Inflam
mable person has seldom erupted into speech.
We presorlbo (or him large doses ot early
Italian, regular exorcise In Tuscan sculpture,
an occasional dtp Into the poetry ot the Trouba
dours, and absolute rest.
According to Governor Culberson ot
Texas "It Is the mission of the Demooratlo
party to restore- silver and disenthrall labor."
In this part of tho country labor objects to
being disenthralled of half Its wages for the
sake ot obliging the Demooratlo party.
sot soo ssano roxxs ron taxuast.
The Iter. Dr. J. HI. Henderson, Tnenty-flftli
Street Bethel, States the Cats.
To tb Editos or Tns Bvifir: I ui the ptilor
ef church that pnt me la touch eTerr week with
more then J, 500 Afro-Amerlcene, end I hero flr
obence to letrn the sentiment of the people. I here
reed the extrareg-ant olalme which ere being made
by Tammany and t eel It ray duty to contradict them.
There la no Afro-Americas of etandlnt among hie
people who has openly expreiied hlmaelf as being
in favor of Tammany tare the few who hare not
office and about three who ere expecting an office,
Eteiy one underitands the pereonal motives which
have led these Individuate to espouse the cause of
Tammany and looks with Indulgence upon them,
but beyond that they exert no influence.
And there are no Af ro-Ameriesue who candidly bs
lteve that Tammany will win ZOO negro votes.
Every day the pspera tell of what Democratic mobs
In the South are doing to the negro, end every such
story Is another nail to the fidelity of the Afro
American to the only party that ha ever Deen hie
friend everywhere.
Every Afro-American in this State knows or knows
of me, and I ask them to believe my assertion when
I sayi "Tammany la only getting such Afro-Amerl-cans
aa are influenced by personal moUvee, and is
exerting no Influence upon the rvt except that ot
pereonal lndncementa."
There are thousands of Afro-Americans who wonld
refuse the best office Tammany could give rather
than to vote for the party that controls he South.
The news from North Carolina is enough to hold the
most lukewarm colored man who lovee hie race to
the Republican party.
This letter is unsolicited and entirely spontaneous.
I am one among the clergymen of the city who lake
no part in practical politics and who have absolutely
so relations with any political oreanlzaUon.
J. M. nxsncneoK,
Pastor Bethel Church, West Twenty-fifth street. New
A Guide to Voters In 1888.
frm tM Sptteh ef tht Hon. Jtn D. Long in Boitm en
Oct. It.
" But why dwell on the navy when that is only a
part of the triumphant, responsive, and glorious Ad
ministration ot President UcKinley! Is there an
American who is not proud ot that Administration)
Is there an American who will not sustain it t What
were you all siring six months ago you Republi
cans, you Democrass, you reformers, you eound
money men, you patriots everywhere t What were you
saying then, except words of praise for the President
and hie performance of hie duties; for huAtmprove
ment of the civil service; for hie confirming and
assuring words in behalf of sound money; for hie
generous efforts at reunlUng In the bonds of a
union of heart as well as of form all sections of
the country; for his efforts to avert the grim visage
of war and to maintain peace?
" Where, then, was the failure t What did you mean
when you crowded about him with congratulations;
when in editorial and press despatch you had no
word too cordial in bla behalf; when if you saw any
member of his Cabinet you had only expressions of
satisfaction with hie course!
" Is it possible that now in the meaner xeat of a po
litical campaign any of you will forget all this!
Does hs deserve less at your hands because, reluc
tant to prosecute the war which Congress declared,
ha has prosecuted It with the utmost vigor, with un
flinching rerseverance, and with a swift, sure tri
umph of your arms on land and on nea; or because,
on the first intimation of the possibility of peace, be
has led the way to It by the moat generous terms that
ever conqueror granted to the conquered T
" There have been faults and shortcomings, mis
takes here and mlstakee there. But when you sweep
the field from the hilltop of fairness and good sense,
and not f rom the awampa of partisanship, what pit
of corruption or dishonesty baa been exposed, and
what Is the result, but the most complete euccrss,
won at the expense of the least possible extrava
gsnee and fsllurest"
A Rural Reason.
I seen him at the deepo
This tnornln' on the train.
And heerd him spetchlfyln'.
Although it sprinkled rain.
And what he said was gospel
And orthodox, f er he
Don't preach no other doctrine
But straight out O. O. I.
But that ain't what was (truck me;
It wasn't politics '
I seen in Teddy Roosevelt
This mornln' (n the mix.
It waa the man, by lingo.
The aquara-eut, honest chap
That wouldn't be elected
And spring some kind uv trap
, To keteh the eountry voters
And them ss votes in town
For honest men In office
To hold the nation down.
lie ain't so trickster walUn'
To give ue all the josh,
Ner two faced politician,
Ner so man's man, by gosh.
He comes right out and says It
Whatever is to ssy,
And them aa cannot stand it
Has got to git away.
lie laeklea oppersltlon '
With all his might and main.
Just as he done In Cuby
Agin the hosts ur Spain.
tie's out and always hustlln',
lie's knee deep In the shove.
He's Just the kind nv feller
We need a million ur.
He ain't no chap to guess at,
Ho's what he la plumb through.
And ef yon ask his colore
He'll tell you p. d, q,
That's Teddy, Teddy Roosevslt,
Tbst any kind uv man
Kin vote fcr with the knowlldge
lie's etralght American.
That's Teddy, Teddy Roosevelt,
'Jhstneierhss been heat,
And in (lit lace fer Ouv'ner
He'll git there llh both feet,
W. J. L. 1
W, i -Sin-1 - ffl-'miw'ffiilur nrhnsr' i .1' , I a.imillii
TThat It TTns That EselUil the Trath ot the
Fourteenth Xtegtment Days.
ToTfi EnrronOFTw Bun Sin Bo much
h&s been reported about the throwing of cum,
knives, forks. Ac., at a lithograph that was
shown In the Fourteenth Regiment armory by
tho members of the regiment, I wish to atato
to my fellow comrades that tho said lithograph
was of Augustus Van Wyck. notot Col. Rooso
velt, as was, reported In tho Tammany paper.
Teddy was always a man and a friend to tho
boys, and wo have no doubt that upon his elec
tion as Governor of this Stato he will place tho
National Guard on a footing that will make It
an honor and credit to tho United Btates ot
The boys ot the Fourteenth Regiment nro all
(or Toddy and victory, and though wo wore not
with him At San Juan, we will bo with him at
the polls on election, day. J. T. Days,
First Sergeont. Fourteenth Volunteers.
Oct. 31, 1808.
Col. Roosevelt and the National tlusnl.
To Tits Editob or Tn Bun Sin Several
attempts havo receutly been made tQ turn
votes (rom.Col, Roosevoltupon the ground that
in his letter, written (rom Santiago to the Sec
retary of War, ho unjustly reflected upon the
character and standing of volunteer regiments
mado up largely of National Guardsmen. As a
member of tho National Guard who has served
In both tho regular and volunteer armies of
the United Btates, and as a warm personal
friend and admirer of Col. Roosevelt, I desire
to say a word or two upon this subject
Col. Roosevelt's statemont. In substance, was
that his regiment of rough riders, armed with
modern Krag-JOrgenson rifles and smokeless
powder, was equal In efficiency to throe or four
times its number of other volunteers, armed
with "archale" Bprlngfleld rifles and smoky
powder. It ought to be a oomplcto answer to
any such attempt to call attontlon to tho (act,
In tho first place, that his statement was woll
within tho limits of exact truth: and. further
more, that tho letter was written for the solo
and avowed purpose of urging tho Heretary ot
vv ar to send Ills regiment to l'orto Itlco for fur
ther service.
It Is awrll-kncwn fact that the Springfield
rlllesand smoky powder of our volunteorn In
Cuba, l'orto Rico and Manila wero not only
" arohalo" and o( little valito. but that nt tlmo
they were such a poltlvesourcoof dan gertoour
own mon that regularofllonrs would not permit
them to be used. Our volunteers In Cuba wem
derisively called '-light nrtlllery" on account
or the volume of smoke and nolso made by
their Horlngfleld rilles. Fruderto Remington.
In a recent nrtlclo. says that smoky powder
belongs to the musoums alone with nr
iiallstx, stono axes nnd other dusty rnt.
Home time our GovcnunentwIllappreeintHtlih
fact, ond will properly eiiulp our volunteers.
Meanwhile lotus give Col. Roosevelt thoirctllt,
as visual, for having plainly nnd forcibly told
tho truth, and not seok to distort his letter Into
aroflectlon upon regiments whose brnveryJie
appreciated us well as he did thoir misfortune
In being armed with archaic weupons ani
smoky powder.
And In addition to all this, volunteers, and
guardsmen who have any doubt of Col. Roose
velt's loyaltv to them will do well to remember
that for three years he was an onthunlnKtlc
member of one of our elty regiments; that
while Assistant Hecreturyof the invy ho de
voted one yoarof hard and successful worn In
successfully preparing our naval ally foractlvn
service a work which ho would gladlv
repeat for the benefit of our National Gunrd :
and finally that It was ho. moro than
any othor person, who started tho movement
homeward from the fever stricken camps or
Cuba. It Is Impossible tu conceive thut sueh u
man would rofleet upon the personal bravery
or efficiency of his own comrades and fellow
volunteers. If my estimate of the man la ror'
root, and r know him well, ho will when Gov
ernor soon prove himself to be tho truest and
most loyal friend of tho National Guard that
wn have had In many years.
hw ioar.Nov.1.1898. AvbbyD. Andrews.
Major Andrews does not cover tho ground
fully in speaking of Roosevelt as tho "truest
and most loyal" friend ot the National Guard.
He would be the bet (rlend In ovory sense of
the word, for tho Govornor has not been in
Albany who possessed Roosevelt's understand
ing of tho Guard's needs and spirit, coupled
with his strong desire to do for It all that can
and should be done. The attempt to divide the
National Guard politically to Roosovelt's dis
advantage Is small malice, and silly In the
light of the known facts.
Ilnrd Time Getting to the Meeting.
Defabtuent 07 Justice. j
SouTnKBN DisTnicT or New York, j
Oct. 31. m03. )
J7on. Patridc Kuan, rrttiitnt Irtth-Amtncan rmon.
Dear Mb. Eoan: I write wlthwhnt legibility
a bruised arm wilt permit, and in n spirit of
sorrow rather than of anger. One of tho main
issues upon whloh we go before the people ask
ing for votes (or Roosevelt and Daly is that of
an honest jndiciary. Justice Is our cry. It is
my petition, whloh I would herewith present
for your consideration, your favorable con
sideration. I trust to explain: In an unhappy moment,
filled with enthusiasm (or our glorious cause,
I accepted at your hands an Invitation to attend
tho Cooper Union mnssmeotlng when you
cavo me at headquarters several tickets, or
which I kept one and distributed tho rest
among my friends. On tho eventful ev enin g I
started for tbo Union. I cot ;m far an Fourth
avenue nnd Astor place. I rogrettod my rrtnh
nessnt onee, wpdgod Inas I was by a howling'
mob of 4.000 nnrtlsans. I tried tn rofrnftf hnr
eould not. I was stepped on, bruised, carried
In all directions, and. as my ribs were crushed
and my feet twelve Inches from tho pavement.
I could utter no protest. When I carao to I wan
at tho apex of the triangle on tho south side of
tho Union. An opnlng In tho mob showed
ltsolf at 10:11!. and I mado my escape, retain
ing still my Republicanism, my trousers, and a
part of my coat.
An a demonstration your meeting was n suc
cess. There is no doubt of It. I am glad I am
still alive. Homo time when you givo a private
show and have a limited nudlonco I shall bo
pleased to attend, Jonv A. BTEWAnT.
Mourning llnntls for Col. TVnrlnc.
To Tur KmTon or Tht Buv Sir Would it not
be quite appropriate for the street cleaners In white
apparel to wear a black band around the arm for
thirty days, or. If not for that long, forlrn naya at
least? Mruxirro.
SlADrsoi Bquaki.
Tor an Incorruptible .Tmllclnry.
To nit Editor or The SviSir- I have always
voted the Tammany ticket, but I will vole for lloose
velt next week. Av Imsn Catholic.
Smash the Firm)
From the Vonltrt Gaitttr.
In the great fltste of New York there are hundreds
of thousands of voters who rannot be bought; who
will vote for Roosevelt and honest government, and
these are the men who, carry elections. These are
men, and thank God they are the greet majority of
the voters, v ho will sweep New York clean nn elec
tion day. and utterly destroy Ciokerand all the part
nrra, silent and otherwlee. In the firm of Van Wyck,
Van Wyck h Co.
What Alia the Coal lllufl Church,
From tht Initlanapollt Journal,
T r IltUTK, Ind . Oet.Itl.-ln the meeting of the
fon;regaUonal Church of central Indiana to-day the
ltev. It. K. Roberta of Coal Bluff, the mining town in
this county, reported tkat the rhurch ia spiritually
dead becsuae of Sunday baseball and football. The
organist of the rhurch is the leader in these atrnei.
The Acme of Domestic Discipline,
Frowi Ui AUXiton Dally Otobt.
A perfectly trained husband Is ono who gives the
Impression thk, the hardest work of his life was in
costing his wlfo to marry him.
The Democratic Outlook.
Vein M Ltntiivaie Ertning Pott, Dm,
As long aa Dcmocratlo anccras means a free silver
victory, DemocraUo success will be Indefinitely post
Colonel Waring.
A hero'e wreath for Waring!
Kot one who felfyn bloody San Juan ntll,
Not one of thoae who fought the foe at sea,
Peserva a higher L-itmte.
His mission waa lo aave not slsy.
He risked his life to stay the dreaded acourge
Which threatened whom the Ood of battles spared.
Therefore, the bravest of the DghUng men.
Who stood the foremost on lbs eea and ahore.
Unite to weave a hero's wreath for one
Who faced the King of Terrors all alone.
The torch which lit his funeral pyre
Burned precious incense to his Ood.
. Osoaaa Gnouoa.
Tatamvnv xitxnitA t. .
Gold, Sliver. Copper, Coal, Iron, Marble
and Other Vnlnnhln Deposits, '
WAsntKOTox. Nov. l.-Admlral Dower hi
forwarded to tho Navy Department a memo. i
randum on tho mineral resources of the I'hllln. '
pines, pronarod at tho Admiral's requet 0J '
Trot. George F. Hecker of tho United Btci
Geological Survey. Prof. Deekor made ntn.
slvo rosoarches nnd consulted nil tht available
authorities. Only about a score of the several
hundred Islands, ho says, nre known to contain
deposits of vnluablo minerals Ho Includes I
tnblo showing the mineral bearing Islands an 3
their rosoutves. This tnblo follows ,n'1
I,ura Coal, gold, copper, lead, Iron, lulrknp
marble, kaolin. iv,
Cataindtianes, Bibuyan, Bohol and fanae-in-OeM
only. w
Marlmiliique Iad and silver,
Mlndoro Coal, gold and copper.
t'arraray, Uatan, Itvpu Itipn, Bemaraia, Nerroi.
Coal null. , ' .
Masbcte Coal and ro iper.
JloniMon Vlarble.
Hamsr Coal and gild.
ranay Coil. oil. gas, gold, copper, iron undoes,
hapa mercury.
lillliam Sulphur only. ,
l.eyte Coal, oil and perhaps mercury. '
Celin Cost, oil, gts, gold, lead, silver and Iron
Mindanao Cnal, unlet, copper and platinum
811I11 Archipelago rearle.
Of tho coal Mr. Ileckor says that It is anal,
ogous to tho Japanese coal and that ot WnM,.
Ingtonbutnpt to.tho Welsh or iVnnsihanis
coal. It might bettor be characterized
a highly carbonized llgnlto likely to contain .-
much sulphur ns Iron pyrites, liablo tn sixinta
nentm combustion ami Injurious to hol!r
plates. Nevertheless, ho snvs. when rrrltoin 1
seams nre avoided and the lignite is properly
handled, it forms a valuaDlo fuol, especlnllr (or
local consumption.
Attorney Genernl Asks To Hnve It An-nulled-lt's
the "City Gaa Co."
A motion of the Attorney General forlenvetri
bring nn action to annul tho charter of the City
Gas Company catno up boforo .Instlco Cohen
of thoHupreme Court veslerdiy. Tho com
pany appeared In opposition and Justice Cohen
sent tho oao to tho contested motion calendar
to be heard next weofc. JEllliu Root, who ap
pcared for the Attorney General, said that
tho frnnohiso had been outnlnod thlrty-thien
yoars ago and should be declared forfeited for
want of use. Ho said that efTorts lint) hi-ni
made to sell tho chtirtor. nnd that tho compinv
should not bo permitted to begin, now tint
other companies under the now eharterinn
got franchises for only a limited time, to lay
mains under tho broad rights giv on to It at the
time of Its Incorporation.
Itnosevrlt nnd Kttrhrner.
To Titr KmTon or The Su.i Sin Herbert
IIoratloKitchener. the conauoinrof the Mahili.
has returned to tho land of his fathers, his
brow crowned with tholaurols of vlctorr. Ills
(cllow-eountrvmpu greet him with wild ac
claim, as he step9 upon England's Rhore. and
a trlumphnl procession llko unto that of ,v
Roman General attends him on his royal prog
ress to the metropolis of the empire. There
the shouts of tho Ixindon populace, revorber
otlnc nlongythe banks ot old Father Thames. 4
(all like sneet eadenc upon his ear, for thn
people ot Kngland know Jiow to Ioto nnd honor
a patriot, n horo and a soldier. His Queen
nnd Government shower honors upon the vie- ,
tor, nnd Herbert Kltchonor bocomes lord
Khartoum, Commnndor of tho Order of fit
Michael and St. George. Knight Commander
of the Rath, nnd n munificent pension Is
awarded him by his grateful country.
"God moves In n mysterious way His 'won
ders to perform."
A Trovldencothat Is Inscrutable In its wis
dom has returned to us our hero nnd our sol
dier, of leser rank than Kitchener, but none
tho less a tiue so'dler hero. Amid the hail of
Bpnnlsh bullets he led tho charge on Kan. lunn
Hill and gloriously risked his life for liberty
and the honor of tho republic. Ho heeded not
tho Bhot nnd bIioII. and they passed him by.
Where tho fight was hottest, and the danger
greitost. his form wan seen, but the God o(
battles preserved his llfo for still further sor
vlco to his country.
Supposing ho had fallen upon that death
swept hill nnd his blood-stalnod corpse was j
brought homo to us by tho comrades he lored
so well? With what agony would we hear the
solemn troad, tho mournful dirge and mn (lied
drum! How the great, heart of the American I'
people would throb with RVmpathyand ono- '
tjpn for the desolate widow and the orphans!
vvould wo not raise In bis honor a memorial
to outlast time? Would not his praises be
sung by our poets nnd his nnme bocome a
household word in tho home of overy Amerl-
Is Theodore Roosovelt Iho less n'horo be
cause the Almighty saved him In the thickest
of the fight, nnd becauso ho passed unscathed
through tho perlm and diseases on Cuban soil'
H hot) hi he be less denr to the great heart of
the Amorlcan, people, for whom he exposed his
life, because the Spanish bullets failed to reach
Where has been tho triumph of Theodore
Ib-iosevelt, the American soldier? Where are
his rewards and honors?
Let tho American people on the 8th of No
vember give tho lie to tho slanderous state
ment that republics nre ungrateful, nnd that
?nrP l?.SB Patriotlo than the subjects of tho
British (Jueen. If Theodore Roosevelt had
died on Bnn Juan Hill every citizen In the
land would contribute to tho erection of a I
monument to his memory. Is a dead soldier
alono worthy of honor I do not believe it
It Is In the power of the citizens of the Um
pire Htaf e, who hav 0 gloried In the el vlo com sge
and military eareor of Theodore Roosevelt, to
erect to him n monumnnr whfnh will h tm.
perishable as his fame, by triumphantly elect
ing him Governor by the largest majority
ever given in tho history of politics. In auj.
liortlng him tho patriotlo voters of Now York
cast n ballot for tho Greater America, for the
navy, the armv and the flag. T. 8t. J. G.
Worse Than a Wide Open City.
To tiik KDlTon or The Bon Sir: There Is one
aspect of the present election you have rot touched
uuon. nsmelr, the great harm It will do to our dill
dien. KverylKHly is anilnua for their children to
grow up pure, even the saloon keeper, but Demo
cratle rule wide open New York will demoralize
the conilni; generation. tiw BrAiiru.
Brooklyn, Oct. .11.
Our correspondent has not yet touched the
bottom of tho argument (or Democratic suc
cess. The canvass to elect Augustus Van Wyck
Governor has something more demoralizing
than the wldo-openness o( New York.
First, voters are asked to vote (or Van Wyck,
by the German newspaper of Mr. Oswald Ot
tehdorfer particularly, on the (rank statemont
that his election means the deliberate vlolnt Ion
o( laws which Roosovelt, whon Police Com
missioner, enforced. Secondly, Van Wyck. ns
the head of tho Democratic ticket, reprewnts
tho coercion of tho courts of justice lllustrnted
by Mr, Croker's orders to Joseph F. Daly to do
curtain acts which Judge Daly refused to do
for no reason on earth but that he looked upon
thom as unworthy.
Tho Van Wyck canvass stands out In the plain
light of day as nn Intention to violate the law
and todestroy tho independence of thoboneli
It strikes not only at private morals, but at the
, v,eryrootof corornmont.
She Had nor Way,
From Me FhiladtlpXta Prtil.
" I shall havo to ask you for a ticket (or that
boy, ma'am."
I guess not."
"Ho'h too old to travel free. Ho occupies a
wholo sent, and tho car's crowded. There are
people stuudlng up "
"That's nil right."
" 1 haven't time to argue the matter, ma'am. ,
You'll havo to pay for that boy." 1
"I've nevor paid for him yet, nnd I'm not
going to begin now.
"lou've got to begin some tlmo. If you
haven't had to put up fare for him you're
mighty lucky, or else you don't do much trav
elling" "That's all right."
"You'll pay for that boy, ma'am, or I'll stop
tno train and put him off."
"That'H nil right You put him off If you
think that's the way to get anything out of me "
"You ought to know what the rules of this
road are. ma'am. How old Is that boy?"
"don't know. I never saw him before. I'
you want n ticket for him vou'd tetter ask that
old geutlomun down the aisle. Ire got on with
77ie Ctnturv tor November appears with a
cover design by Orasset. practically an illustrati "
of Pruf. B nisinlu Ide Wheeler's new lite ot Aleisn
derthe Great, which beirina in the number Oilier
Interesting contributions to be singled out or ti
number are. Paul Ixlrestcr Ford's "Msnyflidl
Franklin," Capt. Blgahee'a "Personal Narrative t
the 'Maine, " I.leut Flake's "Why We Won at Ma
nils," and articles by Marlon Crawford, Paul I
rence Dunbar, Taleott Williams, and extracts from
despatches of James Ruassll Lowell, and from !'
Journal of Jonathan Jenkins, kept while be was U I
Cuba. M
I tttttiMBMMsafTslrassHsakeaemief 1 . -- 1 m IsMesM

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