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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, November 04, 1898, Image 6

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P ' ' " ' TftE SUN, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER , 1808. " ' ' " ' ' ' I
t FMDAT, NOVEMBER 4. 1808.
P' BtfbsoTlptlona by Mall, rstpld.
E DAILT.parMenUi 0 BO
X, DlltT, pu Taar 0 00
fc OKDAT, ptr Tear " 00
DAILY AND Blr?DAT, par Tear S 00
I5 DAILY AND SONDAY.pMoth 70
R Postage to foreign countries added.
ff Tub Bos, Haw York Oltr.
nats Xloaq.ua He. 13. near Orand net!, and
K. Uea.-ie Ho. 10, Boulevard dee Oapuelnes.
if A"r earr frimto vU ftmr w ntt aianweHouj er
IP jmhtih,-n"'iAf- Aaw rejaetoil artf-ls- rtlunui, Vv
f liulMlluil((nitilamrforlAtwrpi.
I' Steady!
K A great responsibility rests upon all the
L QUtcoof the Union that votod for sound
Z monoyln 1800, partloularly upon the com-
E merolol centr6a of Now York, New Jersey,
. And Connecticut. It would be mod un-
F American fickleness If New York, New Jer-
I soy, and Connecticut, voting upon the
I Issues of 1800, whloh are at the front to-day,
f should ohango tholr opinion and espouse
tho cause of tho enemy.
r Such a whimsical act would hurt worse
j, than the adoption of Bryanlsm simply. It
f, would exhibit unreasonable caprice In po-
L llttoal Judgment on the part of communities
J, whoso flnanolal and Industrial Interests
! should lnsuro steadiness, and It could not
fall to have a lasting effect for HI on the
general confldonco In American affairs.
In oaoh of tho States named the Governor,
tho State's Bcprosontntives In tho lower
house of Congress, and a Legislature that
will elect a Federal Senutor, aro to bo
ijjf chosen, Just as In 1890. Freo silver, Bay
-C tho highest Democratic authorities oxlst-
Ing, the Chicago platform of 1800 and the
' Demooratlo campaign book of 1 808, Is again
"tho dominant Issue."
Work, arguo, plead and yoto for the Ke
if publican candidates for Congress and for
tho Leglslaturo In all thoso States, and for
r .KoosBVEir In Now York, Lounsbury In
I, Connecticut and VoonuEEa In Now Jersey.
5 Roosevelt on the Stump.
I We will wait no longer to congratulate
I; the Hon. TiraoDOnn Roosevelt upon the
f- campaign that he has mado personally on
the stump. Throughout a tour of many
f dally spoechos, In which his feelings have
5 been roused and poured out In unrestrained
Sft- natural vigor, he has been Invariably tho
I publlo man of solid understanding and
Judgment, striking hard, straight and often,
but without a miss and without even tho
suggestion of error or uncertainty in his
aim. At the close, of his arduous task
Koosbvelt remains a strong, brilliant and
sagacious leader, whom a political party may
2 trapport with confidence and pride.
The Liquor Interest and Politics.
i In 1883 and until 1805 all needful and
salutary legislation uporjiho oxclso question
In New York was balked steadily by tho
menacing attitude of the boss brewers and
their patrons and dependents, tho beer
sellers. At tho State election of 1883
the boss brewers and distillers united
to demonstrate their political power by
opposing one candidate upon the Demo
cratic State ticket of five candidates. Thus
It made him a conspicuous mark, though
tho office for which he was nominated. Sec
retary of State, had nothing whatever to do
with the excise or tho enforcement of ex
cise laws. The election being close, tho
i liquor combination triumphed, though It
consisted of tho makers of malt and spir
ituous beverages, not tho consumers.
In each election succeeding, accordingly,
tho brewers and distillers, raoro particularly
1 I thoso of Now York, were able to exorcise a
' largo influence upon politics by their threats
' , of reprisal against candidates disliked by
them. Inasmuch as tho Legislature wa3fre
; t quently so evenly divided that vlofectlon In
l. i two or three districts might change its po-
I lltlcal control, neither political party cared
j i to invito the opposition of so well or
j' ganlzed, rich and Influential a combination
when it could bo propitiated. Mean
while tho number of liquor saloons
i grow disproportionately to publlo ro
i tjulrements ; the expenses of court and
i police administration becamo greater,
smd tho overwhelming body of vot
ers In Now York State, Democrats and
: , ftepubllcans nllko, were heavily taxed for
I the benefit of such Interests, whllo hardly a
dollar of revenue from the enormous trafflo
In liquors found Its way Into the
publlo treasury. In his message to the
Leglslaturo of Jan. 1, 1800, Governor
Mobtoji pointed out tho fact thot "there
was a larger number of saloons in this Stato
In proportion to tho population than in nny
other,'' and ho added, very truly, that " pub
llo opinion does not concur In tho doslrn
cblllfcy of such distinction for our State."
" In other States, notably Massachusetts,
Ohio, and Pennsylvania, the progress to
ward more equal and enlightened excise
jj legislation had been notable, and tho results
.tfl'the communities were generally satls-
factory, but In New York the demand
ifor'such legislation, more urgent, perhaps,
than anywhere else, had been stalled for
the reasons wo have given.
In 1 805, however, tho brewers setup a
political organization of their own, without
cooperation with tho distillers, and demand
ed as the price of their favor, not that
tho laws' objectionable, to them should be
repealed, but that they should not le en
forced. This raised an Issue of so great
moral significance that tho Bopubllcan
party, wos compelled to meet It. That
party took the unassailable ground that
if' the laws of tho State wore enacted to
li " be' enforced, and that nono of them
f-t could be set aside- out of partiality to a
L particular Interest without bringing all law
JK Into contempt. Having thus obtained
K power from the people tho present Liquor
M Tax law was framed, and slnco 1 800, when
3E It was enacted, It hon worked admirably.
jE It has brought a publlo revenue to
S the Btato treasury of $5,000,000 a year
i toward the reduction of taxation, besides
m the large amount it contributes toward the
Bfc lessening of the local rate. It ha3 reduced
M the arrests for drunkenness In tho Stato by
fl nearlyone-quarter. There has bcon n notn
W ble decrease In tho numberof saloons, more
I&, particularly In tho districts of large cities
HL Inhabited by worklngmen. It has also put
WL "an end to political blackmail of the liquor
W business by destroying tho opportunities
W forit. It has taken tho liquor interest out
8 of politics by rostorlng to tho retail dealer
XI his political Independence and by dlsabus
IE Ing his patrons of the notion that they had
W any political concern In promot Ing tho bus!
m nceB of the saloons,
The Republican party found, to use the
W njemprable words of Samuel J. Th.den,
JL, 4tkat "great audacity In the right Is the
highest wisdom and, In tho long run,
tho most consummate prudence,' for ono
of tho earliest results of Ita exclso legis
lation has been tho practloal elimination of
tho Prohibition party In New York and tho
return of a majority of Ita members to tho
Bopubllcan column, accompanied also by
a large accession from the ranks of former
Domoorats In tho rural counties, tired of
tho over recurring argument of Demooratlo
managers that "pleasing the brewers was
an absolute necessity td success."
Tho latest effort of tho brewers to bond
politics to their Interest Is that mode In
this oampatgn to forco pooplo to voto for
Demooratlo Congressmen who aro favorablo
to taking off tho national Internal revenue
tax on beor. That "national lssuo" they
Insist on keeping In a oampalgn from whioh
tho Democrats are working so hard to ex
oludo nil debatable national Issues. Tho
demand must dlsconcort oven the Demo
oratlo party, for It cannot desire to make
tho browors' profits the solo national Issue.
If tho boss browers of New York, rich
men for the most part, should apply tho
saino wledom to their political course, that
they exerolie to thoir own enrichment
they would hesitate about asking tho citi
zens to vote to take off taxation In older to
assumo It themselves.
Toe Administration ReJeoU the New
Spunlih Theory of Indemnities.
To-day tho formal reply of tho Spanish
Commissioners to the demand of tho Amor
lean Commissioners for the surrender of
all tho Philippines Is due at Paris.
Spain's answor Is not likely to be an
unqualified aocoptonco of tho terms laid
down by tho representatives of President
McKiklky's Administration. Judging not
less from direct reports from Madrid and
Paris than from the tono of tho Spanish
press and the utterances of tho organB of
tho French and other foreign holders of
Spain's myriad bonds, Iberian diplomacy Is
now proceeding on tho theory that a cash
war Indemnity should pass not from the
vanquished to tho victors, but from tho
victors to the vanquished.
Tho victor in this Instanco happens to be
a rloh nation with limitless resources;
whllo the defeated party Is practically
bankrupt, over cars In debt to all Europo
on account of foolish and futllo attempts
for many years to porpetuato Its mediaeval
mlsgovernment of tho several peoplea who
have now at last been liberated by Ameri
can arms.
In view of this disparity of conditions tho
United States Government refrained from
oxactlng from the conquered enemy tho
Immense money Indemnity which proporly
would havo been exacted under ordinary
clrcumstanoes ; and we undertook at the
very outset of the negotiations for peace to
be content with territorial compensation.
Spain and her scheming creditor-copartners
throughout Europo appear to have
misinterpreted this magnanimous treat
ment. With tho ignoble calculation of the
shrowd Mediterranean mendicant who con
strues present liberality sololy as tho dis
closure of a pocket that can be bled further,
they seem to assume that this country is
ready not only to remit Spain's money
penalty for her infatuation whioh com
pelled us to go to war, but also to pay
Spain's debts In the spirit of devll-may-caro
extravagance supposed to bo characteristic
of Americans.
It will bo observed that none of tho
grandiose talk which we heard before tho
war about Spain's loss of honor by nny
curtailment of her Island possessions Is
heard now with regard to tho formal sur
render of tho Philippines, won for us by
DEWEY's-men and guns. The question of
consenting to the formal transfer of tho
Philippines iy treaty is to be determined,
so far as Spain is concerned, wholly by pe
cuniary considerations. Her attitude is
purely mercenary. Sho has lost tho Islands
forever, whether a treaty of peace is now
concluded or not ; and she wishes to make
her formal consent to tho inevltablo a pre
text for a heavy draft upon tho coffers of
tho victors for the benefit of herself and her
Europenn creditors. Her proposition re
verses tho natural direction of a war in
demnity. Sho maintains that we, the con
querors, ought to pay tho money Indem
nity for tho war, and thnt she, tho con
quered, ought to receive and prollt by the
same.
Such part of tho Philippine debt of Spain
as represents actual investment in im
provements in the islands may proporly
pass to us along with tho territory im
provod. It is not our business to pay, or to
help to pay, tho general debt Spain has in
curred In her hopeless efforts to maintain
her sovereignty thow and in Cuba and
to make both ends meet meanwhile at
home. European Investors who havo bet
on Spain ns against modern civilization
must bo satisfied to suffer for tholr lack of
judgment. If Spain prefers to continue tho
war for tho sake of tho bondholders, that
Is her misfortune nnd theirs.
Considered simply as territorial compen
sation for tho actual expenditure forced
upon this nation by Spain's folly and vain
glory Inst spring, tho Philippine group,
with Porto Rico added, would bo conspicu
ously Inadequate, oen If we did not pay a
dollar In the settlement. Short ns was the
war of 1808, It will have cost tho United
States Government upward of threo-quar-ters
of a billion of dollars before the ac
count Is closed. If this nation were im
posing upon Spain a pocuniury indemnity,
five hundred million dollars, or twenty
hundred million pesotos, would bo a moder
ate penalty.
Tho Administration will be right In re
jecting utterly nny nbaurd demand from
Spain that wa shall solace her defeat with
American cash. The country is behind the
Administration on this question, whether
war or peace results.
The New Garrison Plan.
Tho project brought up at a Cabinet meet
ing this week for tho military occupation of
Cuba and Porto Rico haa been for some time
under consideration by tho War Depait
raent. Its notablo feature Is tho enlistment
of rosidonts of tho islands for garrison duty
thero ; and presumably the same system, if
adopted, would bo extended to the Philip
pines. Tho organizations would bo offi
cered, at least to start with, from tho
regular army, and tho leeruits would
bo taken piefernbly from thoso who hnve
seen military service, with no discrimina
tion, it in said, .(gainst Spanish soldiers
who may remain and wish to servo under
our Hag, Of com so no such plait would bo
adopted without the sanction of Congress,
and If adopted tho piocpss of leavening tho
regiments with louil recruits would doubt
less bo gradual.
Tho advantages urged for this project
aro various. First of all, In Cuba It would
glie employment, with the good pay,
rations and other advantages of our ser
leo, to many insurgent soldiors who hno
becomo habituated to a military life. This
f
would furnish an outlet for soldierly aptl
tudo, and with It would bo Joined other Gov
ernment work thnt tho troops of Gomez
and Garcia could perform. Thla in
turn would accustom tho Cubans to looking
upon ourGovcrnmentas ono'lhat continued
to have their Interests at heart. Then tho
kdvantogo of having acclimated troops Is
very apparent, and lb would help to reloaso,
at an early day, our entire volunteer forco
In tho Island, and thon to decrease thenum
ber of regulars required there.
Tho Cubans, presumably, would bo very
glad to anticipate In this partial way tho
tlmo when they will havo full military and
olvll control of tho Island, whllo In Porto Klco
and tho Philippines thero would bo a gain
in publlo sentlmont through this mark of
trust reposed In the Inhabitant.
How the Corruption of the Judiciary
Can Bo Proven tod.
Necessarily, tho Bar Association, being a
non-pollttcal organization, is conducting Its
campaign for tho protection of tho Indo
pendenco of tho Judiciary as a purely non
partisan movomont. It Is seeking simply to
arouse publlo Indignation against Crokeh's
avowed attempt to subordinate the courts
to his will and his Interests.
Accordingly, tho commlttoe who are push
ing its movement so energetically are con
fining their assault to tho Jtidlolary candi
dates on tho Domooratlo tloket, and are
exhibiting a spirit of non-parttsanshlp by
pointing out to Democrats how thoycon
vote for the Republican Judiciary candi
dates, but for tho Domocratlo tloket other
wise. Wo havo no criticism to mnko of tho
Bar Association for such a proceeding,
which is consistent with its non-partisan
character ; but wo warn all Democrats, all
honest citizens, that tho probability of de
feating In that way Oroker'a unconcealed
assault on tho purity of tho Bench Is small.
That method has not been successful bofore,
and it Is not likely to bo any moro success
ful at this election.
When a very close parallel to tho present
contost occurred in 1808 tho mothod was
tried nnd proved a complete failure. Tho Bar
Association then strained every nervo to
defeat in this city MatxArd, tho Demo
oratlo candidate for tho Court of Appeals,
and all tho leading membors of tho bar
joined in it enthusiastically ; yet Maynard
carried this city by a majority of moro
than thlrty-ono thousand, falling behind
tho full Democratic- vote polled by only
about twenty thousand.
Experience at our elections generally has
proved that about twenty thousand elec
tors aro all who can over bo Induced by tho
most vigorous campaigning to "split" their
tickets, no matter how grave tho Issue. The
great mass of the voters refuse to toko tho
risk of "scratching" thoir ballots, and never
was their Indisposition to attempt It so
great as It Is now under tho complexities
of tho now ballot law.
When a community elects Judges who
turn out corrupt after a record which gave
no Indication of their true character, tho
electors, of course, aro relieved of all re
sponsibility for tho degradation of tho
Bench. But if after tho community is in
formed of their corruptibility It proceeds to
oleqt them, It exhibits a debased moral
sense and a low order of Intelli
gence. In this campaign the lssuo is
made plainly, without an attempt at
concealment by Tammany, or tho Dem
ocratic party In New York, between
a corrupt Judiciary and a pure Judiciary.
Choker lias not hesitated to appeal to the
people to elect Judges who will bo subser
vient to him In violation of tho Integrity of
the Bench. The electors, therefore, havo
no excuse of Ignorance or misconception to
fall back upon. A square issuo is put before
this community for decision next Tuesday.
Tho Democratic party Is forcorruptlon, and
only through tho Republican party can tho
Integrity of tho Judiciary bo mnlntnined and
vindicated.
Of course, no man of auy party who is
really earnest In his determination to pro
tect tho Judiciary from political dictation
has any other dcslro than to mako his olce
and his vote toll most effectively to that
end. If tho public sentiment of Now York
is united it can defeat tho assault easily
and thus savo this community from tho
degradation nnd danger its success
would bring to this centre of American
civilization. Tho way Is obvious ; It Is to do
no moro than mark a cross In tho ciicle
under tho Republican emblem, a ballot box
surmounted by an agle. Othorwlso the
chances arc that tho assault will bo success
ful, for tho vast majority of men when
thoy enter tho voting booth are only con
. fused by such suggestions as to various
marking as aro mado in this canvass. They
want, first of all, that their voto shall tell,
nnd they know that by making a simple
oross under a party emblem on the ballot It
Is absolutely sure to tell.
If, therefore, you want to prcsorve tho
Incorruptibility of the Judlcicry tho only
sure way to express your will is to ote tho
full Bopubllcan ticket, for, whatever may
be tho attompts to gloss over the fact, tho
Demooratlo party and all the candidates in
Its column on tho ballot nro accomplices of
Croeer In tho outrage ho is seeking to per
petrate against the Bench. Ho is the mas
ter spirit of tho whole ; thoy wero all nom
inated at his dictation and will continue
subservient to him if they aro elected. If,
however, you want a debased Judiciary you
must vote the Democratic, ticket.
Godkln Puts a Crow In a Clrole.
Those who read the Evening Post havo
been somewhat In doubt as to tho position
of that journal with regard to tho Stato
ticket. All suoh uncertainty was resolved
yesterday.
As between Boosevelt and Van Wyob,
Goskin professes to dlscorn "tho visible
presenco of nn equally detestable boss
behind each." This Is on his editorial page.
When ho comes to his "Voters' Directory"
page, ho prints in fao slmllo an ofllolnl
ballot marked according to his real prefer
ences. In tho Republican column there
aio crosses opposite the names of tho
three Republican candidates for the Su
promo Court, namely, Cohen, Daly, and
Taft. Under tho Democratic star ho has
marked In the circle a big cross, evidently
pencilled wilharliinnndrcsoluto hand. Tho
ballot which ho recommends, If cast, would
bo r oto for Van Wyck and against Roohi:
velt;o voto forthocntlio Demooratlo th'kct
except for tho Supreme Court candidates.
Why does Goiikin' prefer Van Wyck to
Roohevelt, although his abhorienco of
Crokeii Is precisely equal to his abhoi
renoo of Flaw? Bocauso Van Wyck has
nover publicly branded U mucin ns a llni,
while KnooKviCLT has.
On Juno 0, 1804, the Jicenliig M pub
lished an editorial nrtlclo charging Mr.
Roosevelt with having stopped Jn 18J
a legislative invcstlgftlon of the New
York police twfoio It reached the facts,
beomiso certain members of the Investigat
ing committee wero afraid of the police,
i
i - '
On Juno 11 tho Evening JW wan com
pelled to print a letter from Mr. Roosevelt
showing that tho ohargo was false Tho In
vestigation In question had not boon stopped
by anybody. Tho oommltteo had com
pleted Its task, and made Its report, which
all tho mombcrs signed. Mr. Roosevelt
showed further that at the time of this re
port the Enning Tost ltodlf had described It
in this language: "Itgoos straight to tho
mark In Its statements and seta forth tho
results of tho evldonce In terms so plain
and bo strong, with tho accent of honesty,
that no Impartial person can question Its
truth." Such was tho description by the
Kifning Foal In 1881 of tho Investigation
Tshlch tho Evening Foat denounoed In 1801
as having ended with a cowardly suppres
sion of the facts.
It Is posslblo that Oodxtn In 1804, In the
looso and unscrupulous fashion character
istic of the charges which ho formulates
from tlmo to tlmo against reputable oltl
zens, confused tho Roosovelt committee
of Investigation with some other commit
tee, perhaps Fassett's.
At any late, Ooskix had the humiliation
of printing TiinoDonu Roosevelt's crush
ing letter, although ho did not print the
whole of It, The last paragiaphof RoosE
vklt's lotter was suppressed by Gooxnr,
with the explanation that It was "Impu
dently abusive and very youthful," and
was "omlttod out of kindness to him." Mr.
Roosevelt promptly suppltod tho missing
passage for tho Information of the public
nereltls:
Your aUUmtnt Is, of conns, an antmthi and It
li unimportant whether In writing It you dalllxrattlr
falilfled faota or irhether you it rota In that "rUfnl
and rtckltia Ignorance which li. It anthing, a
rueinar form of dlihoseitr."
That Is why Godkin's autograph cross Is
now bestowed on Van Wyck and withhold
fiom TiiroDORK Roosevelt, who has twice
publicly exposed him oa a liar.
Honesty In the State and In tho Nation.
When TnEODORB Roosevelt says, " If I
am elected Governor I will probo that canal
matter to tho bottom, and It In that or any
other branch of tho government I find cor
ruption or dishonesty, moBt assuredly tho
wrongdoer shall be punished, no matter
what may bo his personal status," every
body but a few Mugwumps who bellevo In
nothing but their own infallibility knows
that RoosEVEivr means what ho s -. and
will do what ho says. That Is tho b .fit of
having a known and strong character and a
reputation for fearlessness anfi honesty.
" I appeal to you to support us because
wo stand for honesty In tho Slate," sayB
Mr. Roosevelt. Who Is more likely to give
tho Stato honest government, Theodore
Roosevelt or Richard Croeer ?
" I appeal to you also," says Mr. Roose
velt, " to support us because wo stand
for honesty in tho nation." Tho national
Democratic pirty stands for dishonesty in
tho nation. Tho Domocratlo party of New
York does not dare to say whether It stands
for honesty or dishonesty in the nation. In
fact, it doesn't stand. It creeps.
A voto for Roosevelt is a vote for hon
esty in the Stato and In tho nation. A vote
for Van Wyck Is a voto for Crokorlsm In
tho State and Bryanlsm In the nation.
An Amazing Difference.
Thero Is not a Republican In New York
who is not proud of the platform whioh his
party adopted at Saratoga, and of the candi
date for Governor thero nominated. Tho
other side of the contest Is very different.
If Democrats will say that running away
from tho party platform, nominating the
Now York Mayor's brother for Governor,
and rcnohing out for tho political control of
tho bench Is Democraoy, then so much tho
worse for Democracy.
Tho Republican party, like its candidate,
looks squaro into tho publlo eye, and
speaks frankly to tho reason ; tho Demo
cratic party hangs its head and looks on
the ground, andmutteis.
Let's all light mlt Roosevelt.
The Two German Meetings.
Why was the Roosovelt meeting of
German-Americans in Cooper Union on
Tuesday a hall-jamming whirlwind of en
thusiasm, whllo tho Van Wyck German
American meeting In Cooper Union the
night after was in comparison a dull,
limited, perfunctory, and labored assem
blage without spirit, n common house bel
lows to the blast of n blacksmith's forgo ?
It may be thnt after all moro German
American citizens actually intend to voto
for tho platform of tho Republican party
and for the man they know Roosevelt to
bo than for the jumblo of evasion and des
potism now personified in Van Wyck. But
oven it this is not tho case, the spontaneous
and unrestrained enthusiasm of Roose
velt's followers and tho dulness of tho
Vnn Wyck men are easily explained.
What Roosevelt Is for ho says frankly;
no man preparing to voto for him hesi
tates to confess his belief and Justify It In
public. Roosevelt Is for sound money,
for order nnd good fnlth In enforcing tho
law, and for a Judiciary thot is independent
and incorruptible.
Van Wyck dare mention or defend no
prlnclplo with which ho Is Identified. His
speeches are nothing but opposition to
Roosevelt. Tho Domocratlo principle of
finance ho daro not speak of. Tho " per
sonal liberty," or half-hlddon evasion of
tho law, that ho dangles before tho eyes of
his misguided dupes he dare not analyze
and define. And on the Tammany policy on
tho Judiciary ho Is as silent as tho tomb.
Germon-Araoricaus can vote for Van Wyck
In secret, but thpy shrink from shouting
it from tho housetops as a man shrinks
fiom Indulging his vice in public.
It is no wonder that in tho Informal ante
election calls for votea with tho living voloo
the shouts for Roosevelt drown the shouts
for Van Wyck. So will tho Roosevelt bal
lots overwhelm the Vnn Wyck ballots.
Mr. E. M. SmsPAnn of Brooklyn presents
onn ot th most curious cases of his diseaae,
constitutional vacillation, that tho mugwump
epldemio has rureolerl. Once a lolcnt anti
Tammany man, he la now for Tammany
doubly Intensified. HavlnconoB been for hon
est money, ho is now coddllnc Ilryanlstn, And
limine risen n few days ago fora bleh-souled
denunciation of Tammany's coercion of the
ileneli, on Wednesday night In Brooklyn
at a. Van Wyck meetlne ho half turned his buck
on It with a bottomless argument that the Re
publicans were no bolter than the Van Wyck
party, because they had refused In the past to
nnminatn certain worthy Demooratlo Juclsos.
Aculo as Mr. bitm-AKD's case Is, we do not
bellee that he will be wild enough before elec
tion squarely to liken ordinary partisan refusal
to take judicial candidates from the opposite
party to the direct Intimidation of the lloncli
practiced by Mr. RtiKraru's new friend, Rich.
afidCrokkb,
Overtaied Jlemory.
Promtkt toilaitlpkia Worth Amtrkait.
"Whata tbaushtfullook that Spaniard h-at"
"Yet: ba la tr-lns to remamber the Vlltaja, tba
Colon, tfca Uarla Teraaa, tba Criatloa aad tba rtit
ol tbaa."
ME STATE CAMPAlaX.
Th Two German MeetlnE.
To ths Editor or Tne Bun Sirt Thorn
wero two tncetlntta of German- American voters
on aucceaalve nlnhta at Cooper Union this
week. Both were surprises, for tho reason
that the main ground tor Democratic con
fidence to dale has beon the supposition that
"tho Germans would go solid against Itooso
velt." Asa matter of ract, the Tuesday night
meetlne In support ot Col, Roosevelt was over
flowing In numbers and enthusiasm, was
representative ot the highest type of German
American cltltenshlp in its speakers and offi
cers, was enthuslastlo, cordial and sliicore.
The Wodnesday night moetlne had n smaller
attendance: it was dull and listless, and long
before the close of It a considerable portion ot
the Audience had departed, doaplte the most
vigorous efforts of tho men at the dooi e.
Col. Roosevelt was lslbly surprised at the
heartlneas ot his reception by tho Gernian
Amerloau oters In attendance at Cooper Union
on Tuesday nlrlit. but other surprises of a Ills
character await those who lmo been counting,
with misplaced confidence, on a defection ot
law-abiding citizens from a candidate of honor
and manliness, who has an unbroken record of
courageous loyalty to the laws and their en
forcement. The tmth ot tho matter Is that there has
been going on for aome time, and Is In prog
ress now, a steady desertion of Van Wyck
(Augustus) by the Oerman-Amerloan Pemo
orate. Tnc Bun has already spoken of the pe
culiar sensitiveness which sturdy and patrlotlo
men of German birth or lineage have to assaults
upon ths freedom and Independence of ths
Jndlolarr. In like manner, and perhaps to on
even greater extent, these German-Amerlsan
voters nre very much opposed to the proioot of
"an open town for revenue." oranythlngsavor
Ingotnuch apian. Liberal In an orderly war
In their pastimes and amusements, tenacious
of many local customs of recreation and diver
sion, finding no objection to, but great benefit
from, participation of the female members ot a
family at concerts and sundry sootal functions,
thoy have no tolerance of a condition of gross
lawlessness thus summarized in tho report ot
the special Senate oommittee appointed during
the administration of Gov. Roswell P. Flower:
Oppression of the lowly and unfortunate, the coin
( of money out of tbe rulserlra at Ufa, Is one of tba
noteworthy abuees.
Whatever previous honest differences ot
opinion on other points may have existed
among the German-American voters of New
York concerning the candidature ot tho Hon.
Theodore Roosovelt. good citizen, good soldier,
manly American and honest man, on other
questions, they are all, as a rule, agreed on ths
questions ot lawlessness and judicial corrup
tion, and the projection of it Into this year's
oanvass by Mr. Richard Croker acoounts In
very considerable measure for tho radical
change which has been colnc on among tho
German-American voters, and which was
evinced at Cooper Union on Tuesday and
Wednesday nights. R.
A New Yorker to Fanni-rlvnnlana.
To tre Editor or TnESuN Sir; When tho
exigencies ot business last week called me to
revisit my n.ithe homo In Pennsylvania. I
found my Wllkesbarro friends In the throes of
a political strugglo which, threatening to rlvo
the old Keystono Stato In twain, so employed
tholr thought and attention that no other
themo of discussion or gossip was either in
vited or permitted. Yet so intimate are the
business and social relations ot tho upper an
thracite region with the metropolis that almost
an equal Interest was accorded to the daily
record of tho warfnre of the people of New York,
and as Iswung upon the steps of tho departing
train I answered with a nod tho shout: "Tell
us how the light Is going in New York."
Now I know of no better way to Inform any
body of peoplo moro thoroughly, more accu
rately, and moro promptly of any fact than
through tho columns of The 8un The Bun
that shines as brilliantly over tho coal mines of
upper Ponnsvhanla as over tho pavements of
its native heath, albeit Its rising thereabouts Is
a trifle later, and it your hospitality will per
mit, I will, through ynu, send this greeting:
New York Is all right. Now York will glva
from soventv-tlvo to ono hundred nnd fifty
thousand forltoosetelt.andtho Rtato will show
to thn world and to her sisters that sho Is en
titled still to be regnrdod as the pivot upon
which the destinies of the republic aro hung.
And lest I should bo suspected of overenthusl
num In tho matter, and becauso a prophet
should arm himself with sound reason for a
weapon, I cio you hero
The Democracy thnt is. Tammany Hall, that
1. Croker hnanominatoil as Governor Judge
Vnn Wyck. a brother of the Mayor of Now
York, well knowtner that In ths event of his
election the city of New York would practically
be dofencoloss acrulnst the aggression of its
Jlnyor himself a croature and puppet of Crofcor
since no Impoaohmentfor malfeasance In office
would Ho ngainst him. sao through tho Gov
ernor's office. The same Croker has antagon
ized in the matterof .Tudgo Daly's renomlnn
tlon tho bottommost feeling that Upholds jus
tice The world, and thank God it is so, so long as
history has given me to remember has boon
ruled by sentiment. Love, hatred, admiration,
detestation aro tho pivots upon which tho gates
of human action swing. Who can measure tho
tide n affection and devotion which wells
from ths hearts ot the people ot this State
nround our hero? This It is which rto
tles all the estimates of politicians This
It is which will set New York free forever.
This it Is which will set us unon a now course
with a rising startn steer bv, nnd this it is that,
despite all contention, will land us hand in
hand with the National Administration, to bo
toourcountrya helping nnd n guiding hand:
to reap to the full tho fruits of terrible sacri
fices, and to glvo to tho earth a spectacle of a
free democratic-republican go eminent,
HEMrsTKAD, L. I. W. L. Tain-:.
Waiting In Brooklyn.
To thr Fditob or The Bus Sir: I rearectfally
submit Ibe following: We are waiting for the 8th of
November, when the Demooratlo party will be torn
amnder, the people being tired of Croker'a trie Very.
BttOoaiTK, Oct 28. A. R.
From Another Follcemnn.
To Tn Editor or Tue BaiSir- Let polities ba
anbordlnated, in for one day at least Nor. 8 next
all good cltiiens ran no themaehes on tba -Ideot
honesty as against Tammany Rail. That one day's
work. If properly performed, will njt only defatt
Tammany, but will make that defest overwhelming
and final. Let the Republicans and Democrats, &c,
KlnV party politics and get together on thla single
lnue. New York must be aavrd from Tammany.
Ait IIoiest Patrolmax.
A Dlatavnt Cry for Roosevelt.
To Trm Zorroa or Tnc Sex Sir' In the eventof
tbe mcceaa of the Van Wyck brothers, I axy Ood help
tba Empire State. I hopa at tbla lata day that my
countrymen will pause ond rcison among themselves
before casting a toteagilmt that sterling American
and patriot, Mr, Roosei elt. I never saw the man,
but I know him by reputation, and If elected by tha
freemen of New York I bellera be will make tbe tiest
Clover-tor New York has bad alnce the days of Clin
ton, J amis FrrzrxTaiox.
080 PamcsTLVima Avekue, WasnraaToi-, D. O.
Remember the Representatives In Congress I
To tbf Editor or The 8rm Stri Thla Bute must
send a sound money msn to the United States Senate
and sound-money men as Representatives. Voters
mutt rare for tho honesty of the State and nation,
and send to both hounas of Congress men who know
euough to keep this aaUon where It will receive for
Its surplus of grain and for all shipments to foreign
countries gold, or the best money known to tba
world.
Lien who would put Ibis country In a position
where Its citlrens would have to reielre silver for
what they sell to foreign countries, and pay gold to
forcluu countries for what they buy from them,
hen the balance Is always In our favor, better be
kept away from Oonirress and out of eery office
where coiumon seme Is roquUlte.
CHAnr.n W, Wasrox.
Lifeboat Drill.
To Tiir Forms or The Hex Sir The able letter
appearing In jour leaue of tO'day under the sp
proprlats headlut of " Lifeboats or Deathboats,"
signed by Harriot Htanton DlsUb, needs no com
rnent other than tha t of praise,!)'! impresses me with
the Idea that the writer bandies tbe subject with
knowledge of it. Those whose calling anl dutlei
oblige them to trael by steamera appreciate how
applicable berremarka are. and beartlj) indorse all
eke u, with the hope through able aritatlon of
tbe question to biing altout the needed reforms
The subject of proper boat equipment and drill Is
a vital ono. which baa been allowed to slumber for
csraleea and economical reasons that can be die.
eloaed and remedied by thorough Investigation and
rinoroua aaritation. I. il. l'aair.
Saxon, V, J., Not. U
l
KtVO OF ASTtCOSTT.
Mr. Clmtnberlnln Wants to Know Sometblnj
Abont Mr. Menler nnd Ills Island.
MoNTitKit, Nov. 3.-Mr. Chamborlaln has
asked the Gavernor-Oenoral for tho facts as to
the ownership of Antlcostl Island by Mr. Men
ler. Tho Governor-General has forwarded the
Inquiry to Attorney-General Arohambault ot
Quebec.
Tho Dominion Parliament at Its next ses
sion will bo asked to pass an act establishing
tho title or tho heirs ot Francois Blssot to the
Island of Antlcostl. It is pojnted out thnt un
der a judgment of tho Imperial 1'rlvy Council
tho right ot the heirs or Francois Blssot to n
tract ot land rTn tho coast of Labrador. Includ
ing Antlcostl, was established. It Is also al
leged that the proaont ownor of the Island. Mr.
lienrl Menler. obtained his tltlo to the Innd un
der i Ight ot purchase from a corporation which
had usurped the tltlo of the rightful owners.
The Island was obtnlned hy tho Labrador
Company through tha Blssot claim In lH-tlt.
This company ciutie to Kilef, and tho Island
was sold at auction to an l'ngllsh company
known as tho Autlcnstl Company. from-hleh
Mr Menler bought It in IcV" for SI'.'o.tKH).
After tho purchase. In order to make his tltlo
unassailable. Mr. Mentor obtained from tho
Government of Mm 1'rovlnco of Uuehee a docu
ment deelurlni; that, under I lie judcniont of
the Imperial l'rhy Council delivered three
ears bofore. the Government had no tltlo to
the Island,
Ono ot Mr. Menler's first acts was to prohibit
any one from lauding on tho island without
permission or to fish within three miles ot the
shore. Tha fishermen ot Newfoundland at
once complained, and Mr. Menler was luformed
that he must not attempt to assume or exerelso
Jurisdiction over the territorial waters ot Antl
costl. Mr. Menler at once retired from his posi
tion, but he put in force regulations which
brought htm Into conflict with the. fishermen
not living on the Island, lie also drew up ruls
for the 250 fishermen living on the Island.
Home of these rules gave offence and wore the
real cause of his trouble with tho llshermen ot
iux Kay, which has assumed serious proportions.
if.aMJ.VO OK TUB BPAKZSH SHIPS.
lYrecklng Companies Ara to Receive) Ko
l'nj Unless Successful.
Washington. Nov. 3. Secretary long has
decided that, unless some reliable wrecking
company will undertake to raise the Spanish
war vessels Cristobal Colon. Vlrcaya and Itelna
Mercedes on tha "no cure no pay" principle,
tho efforts to save thosa ships will be aban
doned. He has determined to follow this course
on the recommendation ot the Naval Board on
Construction, whoso views have been hereto
fore given in Tub Son's Washington de
spatches. The members ot the board believe
that there Is an excellent chance ot saving the
BolnaMeroedesand a fairly good one for the
Cristobal Colon, but they agree Uiat tho risk
ot attempting to raise tho Vizoaya will be
too great. An adverse report was sub
mitted by the Board on Naval Construction
on liobson's proposition to float the Vlzcaya.
and no great enthusiasm was exhibited
In regard to his urgent request thatan attempt
on the Cristobal Colon, be continued. On tho
recommendation of the board Secretary Long
will abrogate tho contract with tho Merritt
Chapman Wrecking Company, now at work on
the Colon, and ask that and other Arms if they
will undortake the saving of nny of tha ves
sels under on agreement that they aro to re
ceive compensation only If successM. A prop
osition to make the attempt on those terms has
already been made to tho Navy Department by
tho Neptune Wrec-klng Company of Stockholm,
Sweden, one of the greatest ana most success
ful wrecking concerns In tho world, so there is
still a prospect ot the realization ot Mr. Hob
son's project.
Mr. Hobson returned to Washington to-day.
and he will appear beloro Secretary Long to
morrow to appeal for authority to take charge
of the wrecking operations at Santiago. Ho
bus set his heart on saving at leaBt one more ot
the Spanish ships, and believes the work can
be done and the vessel added to the United
States naval force. The Infanta Maria Teresa,
which was recently floated. Is now on her way
Aorth under her own steam.
sen o or, juoxby decision holds.
Appellate Division Declares the City Most
Fay the Extra Sum to Brooklyn,
The Appellate Division ot the Supreme Court
In Brooklyn yesterday handed down a decision
affirming tho decision of Supreme Court Jus
tice Gaynor granting a peremptory writ of
mandamus directing the Board of Education
of the City of Now York to apportion to tho
School Board of Brooklyn $325,711.05 in ao
dltlon tothe$1.270.ar3 84 apportioned bytne
Board of Estimate and Apportionment. Jus
tice Bartlett, who wroto the opinion, says:
"Where tho Intention of tho lawmakers can bo
ascertained as readily an it seems to be ascer
tained in this case, tho courts have only to de
clare It, and leave thoso whoo Interests de
mand different legislation to seek It from tho
lawmaking branch of tho Government." It Is
said that tho Board ot Education will carry tho
matter to tho Court of Appeals.
American Biographical Society.
Albany. Nov. 3 Ths American Biographical
Society ot New York city was Incorporated to
day to promote biographical research, to en
courge the publication ot brief but authorlta
tlvo biographies ot contemporpaneous Ameri
cans and to accumulate and preserve a bio
graphical library for publlo and private pur
Sosos. The directors are Walter Kutherlord.
lenry E. Montgomery. James Duane Living
ston and Augustus II. Goelet ot New Vork
city: Johnston Livingston DePeyster of Tlvolt
and Walter Graeme. Eliot of Cedarhurst.
Germans Disown Boss Bidder.
Trom the Sew Torker Zntung To Day,
Tho Germans of Greator Now York h a e no vor
bofore been bo determined ns they now aro to
convince their fellow citizens of other nation
alities that they are not controlled by "Boss
Bidder." ond that iio cannot, as he tries to
make tho politicians believe when he seeks
offices tor his cotorio. carry the Germans to
Tammany ono year and against them In an
other year, as may suit tho case according
to the bargain he makes for patronage
with tho different organlratlons. They are
going to show their independence by
voting for Col. Theodoro Boosevelt and
to let their fellow cltlrens of other na
tionalities know that they aro as Rood and
Eatrlotic as nny other citizens and controlled
y no one; that they respect tho law, that thoy
uphold It, and that thoy love tho hero who
fought for his country. The mnssmeetlng hold
by the Germans In tavor of Col. lloosovelt on
Tuesday night at Cooper Union was tho great
est over held in tho history of that historic- hall.
Tim meeting of tho Bidderbund on Wodnosdny
night at tho same place was the slimmest at
tended ot oil meetings held at Cooper Union
this oampalgn Honest judges, sound money
and the protection ol home from the intrusion
or vice Is the slogan or tha Germans in this
oampalgn.
New Kind of Orators.
To tbe Editor or Tnx Hun Sir: I hard a witty
speech delivered by a young lawyer, Mr, C. M. Sey
mour, at Fourth street and Blith avenue, ltat night,
one point of which struck me ss being pecullsrly
apropos to this campaign. After challenging the
Democratic jsrty to discuss free silver, Mr. Heymour
salds " You have often heard of men In this country
whose eloquence has gained for them the title of
"ll-e-'tongued orator,' Dm a now class of oratora
has arisen In tide Stato among tbe Democratic party
which will hereafter be known, uot as tbe 'silver
tongued orators,' but as the 'silver tootcue tied
orators." This Includes the whole Denioerutlcpertr.
Ask any one of them to talk silver and he will say.
'Bss-ilvcr surely that Is not the Issue of this
campaign.' The sreall silver tongue tied, and need
a good knifing to have tbat Impediment cut out.
The date of that surgical operation will bo on Nov,
H. 181H." JHM BiTlS.
10 Vi A1BIXOTOK Bquabk, New Yorx, Xov. 3.
The Courts.
(Justice's Address to the Voters.)
Men, who havo with TUden stood,
Rouse j a for tbe public good 1
Ixiea no Ume, if yet ye would
Hpare our courts indignity,
Now'a the day, and now's the hour;
Heo the front of battle lower.
Bee approaching venal power
Pelf, and vice, and Infamy I
Who will be a traitor now I
Who will to the tyrant bow T
Who forget a f reetnan'a vow 7
Traitor I Coward! Turn and flee I
Who for New York's courts and law
Freedom's sword will strongly draw,
Freeman stand, or freeman fat
On, New Yorkers! On with me!
With oppression's woia and palnsl
With your courts In servile cbaiusl
What of Justice then remains 7
Wbst of right and liberty J
Lay tha Tiger Chieftain low!
For " Just Judges" strike the blow)
Our courts must rise o'er every foe!
And theyshaU-tbey (tail bs frasl
tasjrawiJTagaVjja, ,-f-. .- . u.j jrjt, TwaiiatfaTlaWT3aallatfl I l ill
VyZTED .STATES IRKAiVtUUl'S HTZTOTIT I
Receipts n,07,347 Leia Than Ordinary I
Kxpendltnres. I;
WlsiiiNOTON, Nov. 3, Tho Treasurer of tha t'
United Stales, tho Uon.CllIs II. Bobetta. In Hi
his annual report on tho transactions nnd con
dltlon of the Treasury for tho fiscal year end.
ed Juno HO Inst, says the net ordinary revenues
of tho Government were $405,'!21,'l.'it, an In.
crease of $57,r(t7.030 o-or those ot the pre. J
vious year, while tho net ordinary expcndl.
Hires were $4.'l.:iiW,nKi, an Increase of $77,.
rHM'JI. The resulting dellclcnoy of 3H.0t7,.
"!47 eveeeds that of tha preceding year by
$1I,I1H.7I:i. Tho Troasurcr says that ths
war expenditure up to Oct. .11 added to tlis
disbursements ot the War nnd Navy depart,
men's the sum of UW,tU'.,228.
Independently of the prospect ot revenue or .
e-cpcudlturi!. the Treasurer regards the Treas.
ury as having been strongor nt the close tlinn
at the opening of tho llscal year, the Inslg.
iilfloaut shrinkage In tho assets having been
morn than r-omponsnted fur in (ho impime.
ttieut which took place In their character,
Avalnut a net loss ot $7.fiOO,O0O In tho total
holdings available fortlieflKO.il operations ot
the Government, there was a gain of upward
of ?'JtJ.(HK).tHK In fr'0 gold, coupled with an In.
create ot nearly $2.1.lKX),tKK) In absolutely so.
cured deposits with banks, and theso changes
vers effected at no greator cost than the loss ol
no much silver and Treasury notes. The only
considerable chungo which ocourrod In ths
Issue brauoh ot the Treasury business was a
decrease ot some hKI.OOO.OOO In tho amount of
currenov certificates outstanding, which rep
resents merely a withdrawal of this amount in
United Htales notes from deposit in the Trcas.
uiy. wheru they had formerly been lodged for
temporary safe keeping.
In every year during tho period of tho move,
ment of the crops there Is a demand In the
producing patts ot the country for small notes.
Later In tho seasou, an the currency settles
Into the financial centres, tho largo denomina
tions ate called for, to be used In bank re
serves and In settlement ol heavy transac
tions. This varyliiK demand it Is the busi
ness ot the Treasury, as the chief Issuer of
currency, to supply. The task In former years
lias presented serious Ulfllciiltios, but by fore
thought and core, during the post fiscal year
and tho autumn following It, an adequate
stock of notes ot different denominations was
provided, and the exchange of small notos for
large ones was readily mnde. Although dur
ing tho season now closing tne portion of the
cash balance in the form of cold has been both
relatively nnd absolutely greater than evor be
fore, still gold was accepted up to tho middle
ot October in oxchatigo for notes of small de
nominations to tho extent of over S15.000.000.
The outstanding notes of the denominations
of $20 and under increased by S41.uT7.037 la
the twelve months endlncr Sept. 30. The cold
iu circulation rose steadily by $1)4,551,050 in
the same time. The total currency ot nil
kinds In circulation shows an Increase of
$137,75r,B!H In the same period, a gain of
$2.t4.294.10: for the two rears.
In reviewing tho history ot tho gold balance
In the Treasury. Mr. Roberts says that sines
July. lKH). the tendency ot tho gold balance '
lias, with some fluctuations, been steadily up
ward. The sources ot supply havo been tho
mines of the Northwestern States, Alaska, and
Australia, with Importations from Europe, tho
customs and tho hoards ot the banks Until
the beginning ot the calendar yoar 1808 ths
receipts of gold at tha Now York Custom House
were u.negltciblo quantity, but in Maroh they
rose to 17.0 par cent, of the whole. In April to
0Z7 per cent., and after some fluctuations
reached 78 per cent In September and 70.0 in
October. The tenders ot gold from bankB and
individuals in exchange for paper have been
greater than the resources ot the Treasury
ha e enabled it to accent.
The Increasing product of the War Itevenue
act. coupled with tho proceeds of the war
bonds, gave rise to a natural apprehension
that the drain upon tho currency of thoooun
try might create a stringency whioh would bo
harmful to business. To prevent such a re
sult notice, was given that nil coupons fallirxv
due on Oct, 1 might be presented for paymefos
on or after Sep.. 10. and that chocks for In tv
est on registered bonds ot the sarno loans)
would be sent out on Sept. 20. or as soon thrn-e
after as they could be prepared. As a turt&sr
measure of relief a circular was issued by too
fc)eeretary of the Treasury giving to tho holders
of S14.004.&U0 of Pnclflo Railroad bonds. wMcn
fall duo Jan. 1, 1800. tho option of recolvSas
payment of principal and Interest in full lestjf.
rebate of one-hair of 1 per cent. The same ,
option was afterward extended successively to
October and November.
Whon it became obvious, by the sudden close
of: hostilities, that the demands upon the
Treasury would not reach the magnitude for
which provision had prudently been made,
the Secretary determined to deposit a large
share ot tho proceeds of tho popular loan in
national banks lu all Darts ottho country. By
this process the funds, while at all tlmea avail
able for the use of tho Government, remained
in the channels of trndo The balance stand
ing to the credit ot the Treasurer on this ac
count on Oct. 81 was $05,750,000. Tho result
ot those methods of dealing with the situation
has been in all respects satisfactory and tha
immense flnanolal operations ot tho war have
been conducted so that the money markets
have keen In no degree disturbed attany time.
Tho only change or importance In the publlo
debt was the payment of $20,800,052 of tha
Pacific Itailroad bonds. Tho remainder of this
loan outstanding on June 30'was $14.irA't.fU0,
allor which will be payable arter Jan. 1.1800.
The Treasurer recommends that authority be
obtained from Congress to redeem in lawfnl
money the remnant .of $41,520 touttnndlng of
theVetiindlnir certificates issued under the act
of Feb. 281870. whiah'.bytlaw areredeemabla
only bv com eralon into 4 per cent, bonds. The
difuculty of getting together tho numberof cer
tificates necessary to secure a bond is now so
great as practically to prevent conversion or re
demption in any manner.
The gradual Increase In the circulation of
tho subsidiary silver coins, which has drawn
down the Treasury holdings of them in the
last fifteen years from $20,000,000 to a little
over $9,000,000, will soon make It necessary
to provide a further supply of this class of cur
rency. A notlceabloUmprovementtln the chief
circulating medlu a, Indicated by the dimin
ished number of counterfeit notes nnd silver
coins presented a the Treasury ofllces, is
counterbalanced In part by the large Increase
in tho spurioui copper and nlokel coins in cir
culation, principally In the olties of New York,
ltoston and Philadelphia. No less than OO.025
Pieces of thin character wero detected at ths
Treasury 'ofllces during the fiscal year, as
against lfj.OOO in the year before.
CLAIM AOAXKST GUATEMALA.
The State Department Takes Action In Bo- I
half of It. II. May, an American.
WAsniNOTOJf. Nov. 3. Tho State Department 1
to-day took action on a claim for $250,000.
filed against Guatemala by It. II. May. an
American who some timo ago secured aeon
tract for the operation ol a railroad from Tort (
Barros toward Guatomala city. Tho contract
for the construction ot the road was given to
Blivnnus Miller, who dlod aftor completing 135
miles ot trackage It is contended that ths
Guatemalan Government owes his ewtato $715.
000 on this contract.
In April last It. H, May was contracted with
to operate tho line for ono year at $35,000 per
month. The Guatemalan Government fell be
hind In Its payments) nnd finally ceased to pay
at all, owing Mr. Slay for tho months of July,
August and September. On Bept. 21 tho em
ployees of the road, not having received their
wnges. revised to work, Mr. Slay, accompanied
by Alinlater Hunter, secured an audience with
the .Picsldcnt ot Guatemala, who Promised to
pay all claims to date of Interview If Stay would
rescind the commit Mayiiwontod I ho propo
sition. and$7ii.(XX)v,i palil him on account,
lenving n balance ot SJoO.(MH) It Is alleged
that tho Giintemaliii Government, by military
forco, Bolptl the road and iMiti-d Mny fi-om Its
control nnd has slnco refined to pay the
balance
J, A Wlthoraiinon of Jleridlun, Miss , counsel
for Jlr. 5Iuy, appealed to the Wnto Department
somo time ai.o. and Minister Hunter was re
ntifHtod to use his good ofllcps to adjust the
matter with the Guatomnlnn Government.
I.lttlo progress vvaA made nnd last month hn
was again Instructed to press the caso To-day
Mr. Wilhersnoon was nt thoHtato Department
and secured futther instructions to Minister
Hunter, who Iish been told to mako an investiga
tion, demand the payment of the money now
duo. and If It is found I hat tho military author-
Hies acted uniiistlr to demand mich indemnity
as wlll.ooverall damages Tills isenthnnted by
Mr. Wlthurxpoon ut $IO0.oiM Mr. May says
that hwan d lhpnseswt of tho road to make
way for a foreign conti actor
Journalistic Forethought.
I'rom IStllat Variant Minirami Riinv I.alt Journal,
Home dynamite was placed In atdove on the
Keillor mini) at IloRsland for safe keeping and
was forgotten A Hro was built, when the oceu
pints happened to think ot tho dynamite nnd
made a hasty exit, only to tome back after
hearing a terrific explosion, to And tholrdwell
ing in ruins and a big holo in tho ground where
the stove stood.
VFhy, Certainly,
Vem tke Clicaaa Pnily Tribune. t
"ln.ndonthercjlla store a shop, dm'ttheyt" I
"And an elevator's a lift. Isn't It?"
" Ves." J
"Then t aupposa they call saslerator bay la Q
atore a ahoy lifter" -;
WkWkWtkWUttkWItmtmmmtmtmMtJimmmitum i n n r nir-ia

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