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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, November 06, 1898, 2, Image 16

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IE 4 THE SUN, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1898.
H UP TO DATE COTTON BALE.
IB ira superiority orttn rati one
; p i.v general van
j f Ily the New rroenss ilia Cotton Is Con-
1 K denied and Compressed at the Planter's
, IB Gin and Can no Shipped Direct to In
W' Destination Dale's Smaller Site Be-
9E" duces Freight Charges.
w The modern demand for the most direct,
' fit efficient and labor-saving processes In every
K, line of business has develoDed and nut In nrao-
I 1 tico anew system of paoklng and baling cotton
j deattnod to revolutionize the old methods,
i F both In the management ot tho orudo, newly
j V gathered crop and Ita shipment to the market.
E. The new system Is so practicable and so
i plain an improvement over the old and prevall
j In methods that the only wonder Is It wm not
thought of and adopted before In all these
: ' years since cotton grow and was gathered sea
r son after season to tie carted away In awkward.
1 . ungainly bulk. I Two oompanles, opposed In In
' terest but working to the same end and with
I the same results, aro setting up their new raa
1 f chines and appliances by the side of the plan
! $ tatlon sins and In tho cotton yards throughout
I the South, and the fact that tho ootton con
st autnars, the mills, both In this country and In
B Liverpool, Havre, Bromon nnd other foreign
5 markets, havo offoied from four-tenths to one
E half a cent more per pound for cotton com
H pressed and baled by this now proooss than
r for the staple treated and pat up In tho old war
f, gives Importance to the movement,
!R. The new bales are as dlfferont from the old
j? familiar type ot cotton bale as chalk from
g cheeso. Where the ono Is square sided, girthed
I about with four or five broad, flat ties, and
b Incased In bagging that gaps llko a garment
fflS grown too tight for tho wearer, the Improved
I t model Is trim, round, ordorly, with Its stays
' f' well out of sight, hid beneath spruce, well-
! i fitting bagging that Is drawn up decorous-
I'k ly at either end with stout gathering strings,
- $ The prevailing manner ot cotton bale varies In
! E weight and size, wolghlng sometimes 400,
'?- sometimes iCO. sometimes COO pounds, and It
i must bo carried from the plantation gin. where
W It was first packed, to tho giant steam oompress
j ; In somo nearby olty to be condensed for ship-
mont. Three or four men are needed every
f'K time the bale Is moved, and at every step ot the
If way. from the time It Is put on tho wagon at
f K the home glnhouso until, when through with at
, the local compress yard. It Is lowered Into the
W hold of the steamer. Wagonera' and sampler's
jfjfr assistants and cotton-yard employees without
Sijt' end, all In turn, tackle It with hooks strong
Jls enoucrh to hold, nulllnfl? and maullnir it
if about, until at tho end ot its journey It la
jf Jagged und ragged with protest and all but
bursting from Its moorings. The marks and
f numbers on It aro so blurred and rubbed
from the hooking and handling It has wlth-
stood that only a factory expert can decipher
I their meaning, and what the factory powers
f call the " tare " Is correspondingly high.
? The new bale, the lost creation of the Inventor,
V is of one unvarying size, smaller by half than
K the old styles, and requiring only one man's
J strength to move It. It Is, moroovor. con-
! densed and compressed right at the planter's
g gin, and can be shipped straight away to its
jjr eventual destination, whether that be New
England or Havre, without going through alt
5 the Intermediate procossos ot unloading, ra
it compressing, reloading, reshlpping, remark
s' lng, JLo. With tho now method tho farmer who
t grows and gathers the cotton can compress It
; as well as gin It with machinery as simple.
?,' durable and economical In operation as that ha
K Is at present accustomed to.
B, Frogressand everything that makes for tho
6 beet Interests and advancement of an Industry
I demand the adoption of tho new method of
baling, and although tho owners of tho giant
steam compresses in tho Southern towns, and
the storage people and all the go-between oot
ton handlers whoso business Its introduction
will Injure, dlsparago It and turn It the cold
shoulder. It Is bound to be. because Inherently
IK and expedient, ft Is Interesting to note tho
marked difference it will make to the Southern
negro, both In tho oltlos and all throughouttlie
country where a cotton bale can be handled by
ono man Instead of many. With ail the cotton
x there Is there won't be enough balos to go
round. There Is no wastage with the
new method: no marking with a stub
brush and a pot ot home-made lamp
black, no chance for " mix packs ' or false
packs, nor sample hackings and steal
ings, nnd ono main advantage of the
common sense bale Is that It will not be a good
"feeder" for hat Is known as the "city " crop,
that Is. a cotton harvest gathered not from
legitimate country acres, but amassed bit by
bit from scores of carloads and boatloads of
be already baled staple. Koch bale Is taxed ever
so little. In transit, a few pounds drawn out
', from the open cash loft by the sample taker.
? an Illegal toll that can never be found out.
whatever the suspicions of the ootton owner
f and shipper may be whon tho weight records
f of that special lot of cotton nre sent him.
The new method of baling has many and
, divers long-rooted customs and interests to
C" light and surmount before It gets full foothold
i in the field. Country damage, shrinkage,
1 stowage are main contingencies that attend
, the present form of cotton bale on its ohanco-
fulway from the glnhouso (ten or twelve. or
maybe only two miles from a railroad station)
to the factory rooms on the further side of the
j continent, or maybe across the ocean. The
t farmer who sells tils ootton outright In tho
nearest town where there Is a buyer, likes to
sell it as quickly as possible, green and
. raw, from the field, because the
5 now ootton, when fresh ginned, weighs
more. If It rained on the exposed bale the
night before or a whole day and a night before.
K and the sun shone out sufficiently afterward to
dry Just the outside, not to penetrate to the
heart, he Is also pleased the soaking gives
weight. With tho new bale, however, these
ohances are cut off. The new process of pack-
lng excludes the air from tho eotton just as It
' leaves the gin to an extent hitherto thought
Impossible. It dries out the new cotton.
and the condensed mass won't hold the water
K that tne old and comparatively loosely pressed
X bale will and does. Somebody Interested
to know sunk one of the new trial bales In a
jreek. after first weighing It. and left It thero
g to see how much wator it would take up. It
was weighed every twenty-four hours. It had
absorbed 7 pounds by the flrst weighing. 4
: pounds moreby the next weighlngandJ pounds
i mors by the next. The bale was then set out
' In the open air. and in the II rat twenty-tour
hour; 10 pounds of the water evaporated,
which showed that little or none of tho mois
ture had penetrated very much below tho
' sarfnon.
In the new method of packing the bale Is t
built up from the bottom In spiral layers, the
hollow core through the middle allowing of
' euoh circulation of air as to evaporate the
'. E?Plstur8 a.tW In the newly ginned cotton.
v The ties used are only about the size ot tola-
X graph wire, and Instead of girding the paokaga
S Fu,ni1 nnd rour"I they are passed through the
SP"0.? centre and fastened about lengthways.
i The big. square-made bale had a tendency to
t expand laterally, but the new stayed spirals are
Jp only prone to bulge at tho ends and must be
held In oheck In that direction. Tho plantation
R hands stare when they see thesn new, unob-
g truslvo bales alongside the old familiar sort.
K and tho taut, neatly markod bacglnc. clou
w wovon. to be slliipijd over the pressed paal-ag
B and tiod securely, just as a good ham Is slipped I
D Into Ita rareful sacking. They are not used to
R seeing the klndof cotton bales thatcan be piled
high on cart or wagon, and driven through the
C Barrow roads and oountry passes without leav-
lng a white streak of fringes behind that the
K- tree branches snatchtd as they passed. The
W new-style, uniform, business-like bale looks as
He '.""v? tn.?.'d, cotton country as would an up-
H to-date oitlfled negro hoeing In a cotton patch
fv or helping about tho lint room.
fct he picknnlnnlo. too. eye the new bales
jf askance. Out In the country down South high
Lf iibjoots other than trees hae tho value of
B !ioe!ty. I he ootton bales pllod up square and
m compact, end on end. about the gin houses
. make line playground elevations that thesmall
J- 'Kv. white and blaok. has always enjoyed.
JJ i hare a planter ginned and packed from
' J.iO to .100 bales .on his own premises
each Beason the plled-up supply at tho
. gin house often reached to quite stu
pendous heights In , the country ohlld's
reckoning, by the aid of the loose-woven
j. bagging to hold by and tho multifold
tlesashelplncllmhlne.lt was possible to have
i royal games of "toucher" and hide and seek In
'In-bills nd rapines of eotton. The new bales,
j- inooth-nliled, lound and conventional, uro o
io usn torima playtime puiiiosa, '1 hoy don't1
tik.u up imivh room and can be carted otT
.iltogclfier too cotnenlently and speedily to
jit the piccaninny's Ideas. Ho Is as much
orestlallen In consequence as tho negro city
stevedores who see thair40aiid50eeDtaobargo
h per bale for sen Ice passing from their hands,
: and as Is the maker of the cotton book.who re
alizes that his day for a good business In that
line Is over. .The new bale means progress,
but Is too hedged about with wear and weight
i defying precautions and safeguards to be
pleturesqtio or altogether agreeable to those
f Intimately concerned The old lax, blunt-
topiod bale, whoso bagging, when stripped
trout It on nrr id at the faetorv, resambleda '
tttitiirrdBlruwl hi'liltogetherliy tho merest ruv
elllncs ol fllarnent, nnd who.e tondeucy to ex
laiid or to shrink, or to do anything in anyway
not expected ol It. seems as much a part of the
t -.South as the turpentine trees and tho negro
rablns nnd other, familiar landscape features.
will bo misted when It's gone, but tho mills
L roll for and will pay more for the other sort,
and that signs the square bale's death warrant
'aJHJSaji.iMillgliniiili mi II ll'IWlllllMi.ILiMiUijijisu
With cotton selling now for almost less than It
costs to grow It. the big planter and the small
farmer alike welcome any economy of mot hod
and handling llkoly to odd to their profit It Is
claimed that from 12 to S2 10 Is saved on every
600 pounds of net cotton packed and baled by
the new method: and those acquainted with
the subject In an all-round sense, from the
manufacturer's, the factor's, and the glnnor's
standpoint, say that the old system of baling
must soon become obsolcto. Two main recom
mendations ot the new system are. first, tho
lighter freight charges sure 'to accrue from tho
mors convenient, moro easily handled, and less
space-taking bales, and again, tho hotter rates
of Insurance that are to bo secured because ot
the new mode of compression offering less
chance tor combustion.
IIALZOIVEKlt AT WELIESLKY.
ITliy College Girls Study Mnthemntlcs When
They Don't Llho Them.
By somo process of tho survival of tho fittest
Halloween celebrations have como to be an In
tegral part of the social amusements ot wom
en's colleges. Wellesloy this yoar had several
new features to oiler, but tho spirit of them all
was the same as ever. For this festival a stu
dent may Indulge In all the whimsical fanclos
thatare kept tightly rclneddurlnghoracademto
pursuits. She may dress as giant, brownlo.
statesman, or sprit. Whatovor comes Into
her head sbo may say or do and no ono will
ohldo. her. A. stranger arriving uuexpeotctlly
on tho campus on Halloween night this year
might have thought himself at a masked ball
or in a churchyard after tho last trump had
sounded. Unless he had suspected before
that the college did not always wear elthor cap
or gown or evening dross, tho new phaso of
collego lite presented to him mlht have been
almost unbalancing, l'qr at Stoue Hall there
was a ghost dauco lighted by Jack o'
lanterns: at Wood Cottage an Impromptu
operetta and pantomime wero irUon: nt Free
man a similar performance drew Inuirhtor fiom
a symoathetla audience, and a Mother Oooko
party at r lake nan, in which the Simpson uot
tago residents participated, was such a pot
pourri of nursery characters as would hao
made the good dame's hair to stand on end.
But the most curious spectacle, was
when the different performers botook them
selves to the other houses. Then ghosts and
knights, ladles and troubadours wore In and
jut along the oampus paths. Uumpty Duinptr
hobnobbod with royalty. Jack Sprat forgot
his wife, and fun relgnod supreme.
Amusoment, however. Is the exception, and
hard, steady work the rule at Wcllesley. Thesn
jntertalnmenta Btand out as oases and help tha
student along the next trylnir bit ot (Ircok.
Latin or mathematics. Mathematics at
Wellesley aro most popular. Applied matho
matlos are an optional course, yet more stu
dents than ever take It. Tho students who
take It may be divided roughly Into two classes
those who like mathematios and those with
oonsolenoes. Nothing except a battering ram
going through a stone wall has the power of
the femlnlno consclenco set upon one Idea.
As a rule, in a man's college, the class of stu
dents who take courses becAUse thor aro "so
good for them" Is relatively small, but In a
girl's collego tlicro Is n small army ot montat
gymnasts who go abouCwIth the light ot con
quest and contentment In their eyes. Tor
they are taking discipline courses which they
loathe for the sake of stretching their brains
and enlarging their Intellects. A rebellious
few Introduce what seems ease to tho consci
entious contingent by declaring that hard
work In congenial lines Is as good as an Intel
lectual exercise, as woll as more bonellolaL
JIUX TUB FAMILY POLITICS.
Why nn Uptown Youngster's School Report
TVa Not Up to the Murk.
When the conduot and study reports ot a cer
tain uptown school were sent to parents a day
or so ago, there was consternation In a family
whose ambitions centre in a bright little chap
of 11. Usually his reports show high per
centages in studies and perfect in conduct.
This time his marks were bad. Father and
mother wero puzzled.
"The boy must be sick." said the husband.
Mother declarod ho was in good health, and
had gone forth each morning with clean face
and clean handkerchief as usual. When the
youngster returned that day he met a pair of
parental officials in suoh humor as promised
him a very bad quarter of an hour.
" What does tills mean ?" asked paterfamilias,
waving the report with his hand.
"Why wero you late so ofton J" questioned
the mother, mors interested in tho reflections
on his deportment.
Like a wise lad the acouscd watted until tho
flrst burst of the storm was over, then ho quietly
replied:
Had to attend to my politics."
"Your politics?" shrieked father and mother
together.
Yes," went on the lad. "You see it's this
way. Pa just sits homo nights and don't go
around to get his friends to tote, so as to keep
those Spaniards licked : so I thought I'd go out
for him and work for Iloosevelt. Got eight pic
tures put up In stores, and Bill, the grocer's
driver, and Matthew the White Wine promised
"That'll do." hastily muttered the father,
turning aside. That night "Pa" put on his
overcoat, and with It somoot the hustlo that
once made him conspicuous In Itepubllcan
councils.
BBEIt IZK SHOT ItAtf FOUR MILES-
Another Found Its Dead Body and Sold It
for S0.
Pom Jehtis. N. Y- Nov. 5." I have, ofton
found evidence in the woods ot a gome animal
which has escaped the hunters after being
mortally wounded by them," said an old hunter
who has shot over tho neighboring ground ot
the threo States radiating from tho Trl-States
Monument in this village. " An animal wound
ed by a gunshot that does not prove In
stantly fatal may travel for ml.es before It
drops dead. Once when after birds in Sul
livan county, near nightfall. I came
across very rocent signs of deer. I
hastsnod to cover a nearby runway, hoping
to get a chan( shot. I always carry a few
loads of bucV la my belt. Within forty yards
ot the placo aBplendld buck broke cover and
darttd like a shadow across a little cleared
place. I flred.but upon a caroful examination
of the ground could Und no signs of having hit.
It was quick work, but there was nn reason for
a man with n good eyo to miss. I followed the
trail for a short distance without finding any
trace of blood. It was quite dark by this tlmo,
and I gave up the search.
" The next day I took It up with another man
who knew the ground woll, and, although we
searched for hours, we could Unit no trace ot
my charco of buckshot, which always creates
considerable havoo In the brush and saplings.
I am too old a hand at tho gamo to shoot at the
treetops when I see n doer, and we ooneltnlod
that the animal had departed with my iineom
fortabloloadof nine buckshot concealed some
where about his person. Two weeks later I
heard that, on the morning following my ad
venture, a farmer living within four miles of
the place had found a dead buck only a few
yards from his, barn. He shipped his find
to New York and reoelvod for It -f0. Until this
moment I havo withheld my lamentations."
OIRLS BTVDTiya fajimixq.
Fifty In the New Dormitory of the STInnn
polls Agrioultnral Collage.
Fifty girls have taken up tha sclentlflo study
of farming this year In the Collego of Agriculture
I at Minneapolis. They haceutered for the full
course, and will work in the same classes with
the men. Heretofore girls have been allowed
to study at the oollege only six weoks In the
year, and that during the summer months,
after the men's classes had dispersed for the
long vacation. This year they aro to have full
use of all the oollege privileges. They have
now a dormitory ot their own. and a new staff
of Instructors for special subjects In the glrln'
department has been added to the laeulty
lilrls are admitted , to the colli-ge nn the
aarno conditions as boys. Tim agricultural
course ol study covers u torm of threo yeurs,
and Includes etery practical subject needed
for farming. Field orops and seeds, agricul
tural engineering, agricultural chemistry,
farm economies, animal husbandry, dairying,
entomology, horticulture, forestry, veterinary
medlolne and surgery theso are some of the
things the girls are earning about this year.
Instead ofblapksmlthlng. carpentry and mili
tary drill, whloh aro required of the men. tho
girls take laundering, cooking, sewing, house
management nnd social ami physical culture.
Jso classics are lequlred. but (lerinan. Kn-neh
and Scandinavian are substituted ns being nf
more value to the student of scientific farming,
Onr Merchant Invndlnc Hawaii,
"The Northwest berlns to realize what the
war did for It." said a St, Paul man who was
leaving his New York friend for home. "I had
a message last night from my house telling rue
to hurry to San Francisco and take the bteam
er forllonolulu which leaves In about ten dayM.
It la the flrst time for ourhouso to seud out
pf the oountry for business ud I am told
In a letter which I just recehed that an nxuur
slon party Ik forming to lslt the Hauailnn
lauds In December, Tho notice I lme romls:
Ten thnutanq miles by land and vtuter.for thl .
ty dayn." lou New York people will bo going '
West to go abroad some of these davs. I ex- I
p.ect to hear within the next twelve months of
cheap xourslons to tho Philippine Islands.
And I ooofldently expect when I llulsli In Hon
olulu to get an order to run out to Manila wtn
, roj samples,"
aitEAT VMnntthi.A von pauis exposi
tion. To Carry rasiengers 3S0 Feet High and
Hold More People Thnu the Ferris Wheel,
From tJU CMcaoo Initr Oaan,
n. E. Sherman, n Chicago electrician and In
vontor, rocelved word yesterday from George
Tangelo, Commissioner Peck's secretary of
American concessions for tho Parts Exposition,
that "Sherman's umbrella" Is now practloally
THB "UM1JUEI.IA" CLOSED.
certain of cottlncr n placo on tho Exposition
grounds,
"Sherman's umbrella" Is tho designation
given to a mechanical device Intended to rival
tho Forrls whoel.'and Mr. Fangelo has promised
to notify tho Inventor by cablegram as soon as
the concession Is secured.
The name of tho devlco invented by Mr.
Sherman was suggested by tho rosomblanco
which his model bore to tho frnme of nn um
brella. Tho actual planning of the thing was
Intrusted to a practical mechanical onglneor.
II. It. Illnchllff, who nlnnnod tho Manufactures
building at tho Columbian Exposition.
The Idea ot It Is to carry passengers to a great
height overlooking the Exposition grounds.
The plans call for a steel structure 1(5(1 feet
high and 250 feet In diameter from enrtoenr
when tho cars are at the ton. Ten cars are
planned, ench capable, of accommodating fifty
passengers. Mr. Sherman savs that tho cars
can mako three trips eory hour, which will
admit of tholr carrying more passengers In
that time than the I'orria wheol did, because
all the cars can be loaded at ono trip.
Tho cars are to be supported at the ends of
ten long stoel cables, which nro to run over tho
ends ot the arms or staves of the "umbrella."
The power Is to be applied from tho platform
around the central oolumn. Tho platform Is
Intended to movo up and down tho column
and to carry 050 passengers. Tho power by
jj, THE "UMBBELLA" OFENED.
whloh It Is expected to move the platform and
to lower and ralso tho cars is hydrnulio pres
sure. Another motion Is also provided for In
the plans. That Is a rotary motion ot the plat
form, carrying with it tho cars, and that mo
tion is to bo carried out by a separate applica
tion of electrical power.
Mr. Sherman says that not as much power
will be required to run the machine as Is re
quired to operate the Forris wheel, because the
weight of each car tilled with passengers is
utilized as a counterbalancing Ipower of gravi
ty over the pulleys at the ends ol the arms.
The application for a site was made for
grounds opposite the Champ de Mars, where
the Paris Ferris wheel Is now in operation. Tho
Paris wheel is forty feet higher than the Chi
cago wheel.
POOB CItOP outlook t.v caxavj.
Harvests Spoiled by Uuln-Ontarto's Attl
tnde Troublesome l'olltlcs.
Montheal. Oct. 24. Tho reports from Mani
toba make It evident that the present season Is
going to bo a disastrous one for tho farming
Interest and all others dependent on It in that
province. It is estimated that out of an ex
pected yield of about 25,000,000 bushels of
wheat not more than 8.000.000 has been saved
In marketable condition, and little ot that In
the best order. Tho other grains, barley nnd
oats, have suffered equally with tho wheat.
The blow to tho farmers Is nil tho
groator because, on tho basis of the
higher prices last year and tho expectation
of n good market this bciisou, tho area
put undor wheat had boen greatly Increased.
Bain set In with tho harvesting and has contin
ued with Uttlo intermission everslnco, with the
result that the farmers seo nearly all their
labor rendered fruitless. Tho loss, however. Is
not entirely theirs, flreat preparations had
beon made for molnc tho expected heavy crop
by the Canadian Pacific and the other rallnays,
Rnd merehunts had laid In heavier stocks than
usual In anticipation of n brisk season Un
fortunately It Is now too late to hope for any
change In tho weather that will do more Minn
help the fnrmere to snvo a part of their dam
aged crops. Alt- gether tho situation Is ilo
scrlbpd as exceedingly gloomy, and In some
districts It Is thought likely that the farmers
may havo to nsk help from tho Government.
, Thepresont trouble In Manitoba comes very
Inopportunely for the Ooternment at Ottawa,
which, there nre irond grounds for sayln. has
boon laying Itself out for eonsldenililo voto
cntchlng expenditure In other directions, and
consequently will be on- loath to hnvn to
spend inonny In mnr charity In Ontario,
where the expenditure In Manitohn nnd tho
northwest huH nlways been looked on with
jealousy. Inasmuch as a goodly proportion
of Jt was at their expense, tho farmers
will (his year . benefit by tho misfor
tunes of the west, anil will want to keep
the advantages ot the situation to them
selves. They have long since regretted the
opening ot the West, which wss done largely nt
their expense, and tho character of the enilen
t'on that Is going Into (bar rnrt of Cnimda Is
viewed with very llttlo pillsfnctlon It comes I
from the most hmkw.ird nnrtsof Kurapo. nnrl ,
is alien In every m-iiv to tho population nf nM
' nnii'U: but fli Iiiton-ts ot tho Cnnaillau
Pacific call for population, and tho nationality
of th Rmlgranbt is of no consequence o Sir W
Van Horn so long astliHynro Industrious nnd
produce, orops for his railway to carrv. Tho
fenllng In Ontario Is that tho Canadian Pacific,
whlch.may be said to own that part of Canada,
should look after Its own territory.
All this means troublesome polities for the
Laurlerflovernment, and that Is just what they
do not want just now, Sir Wilfrid Lnurler and
his cnlloacucb nre trying to smooth the road to
the ballot lioxos In view of nn enrly general
oleetinn. nnd nny thing that would Interfere
with that will 1m ery unwelcome Tho great
how now Is In the luiuilt nt tho Anglo-C.ina-illaii-Amerlcan
cnnriMn'iitliir ha nilinuriied
from Quphcn In moot nt Washington If from
It Canada should obtain some rellnf from sole
dependence on tlm nvorcrnwded Brltlh
iiiarket. Sir Wilfrid Uiurler will Inseno limn In
bringing on an election In the expectation that
himself and his Cabinet, I do not say nnrtv, for
there Is practically only one party In Dominion
politics now, would bo triumphantly confirmed
In power
A little mild Interest has been created here
hythu publication In tho r'lnamiTif Xnca of
London of a list of thn shareholders In the
cre.it ilptnn company who had hardly roeo(ved
their ullnlinnntsof..h nca before thoy hold right
out Prom 'iient (into ig tltosowhn hnrrlod to
te.itirowasi tie hoMerofl.tlOOi'harps described ,
hi the printed list us " The Prenilero, Canada '
Loryono Is aklng who this Is. as there nre
eight Premiers In Canada, and English papets
are not always oxact In their distinction be
tween the Dominion and Provincial Cabinets;
and people are wondering- II it can be Sir Wil
frid Laurler,
I THE DOCTOR GOT HIS GUN.
no sick itouau itinEits itAn ciiickex
SOUP AT SANTIAGO.
Thn Colonel Forgot thn dun, Cnpt. Knns
Couldn't Ort It, hut the Doctor, In His
Unique Uniform, (lot Ono from thn Span
ish Arsennl nnd Went for the Gulupii Hens,
Santiago had fallon, and so far cvorythlnc
was satisfactory. lJut tho men were sickening
just as II Santiago was still standing, and tho
doctors didn't like things In tho least All
around tho camp ot tho rough rldors tho
Kulnoa lions wore squawking "Buokwheat"
nnd "Como back." but In tho camp Itself tha
mon wero on hardtack nnd bacon, In small
quantltlos and not ot tho best qualities.
Now, shooting guinea hens with a Krag
Jorgonsen may bo fun for tho fellow that
shoots, but It Isn't, strictly speaking, good for
tha neighbors. So tho assistant surgeon, who
had been promoted so recently from private
that ho had not hud time to get his shoulder
straps, was anxious to get n shotgun with
which ho wns certain he could get the guinea
hens with more comfort to'tlic neighbors nnd
more certainty to tho hens. With the guinea
hens In hand, soup and stows could be mado
for tho sick, nnd with soup and stews In their
stomachs the sick and wounded would liaoa
bettor tlrrc. Hut tho thine was to get n gun.
So to tho Colonel of the rough rldors tha
surgeon wont.
"All right." said the Colonel. "I'm going
Into Santiago and will set you one."
Hut the nott day tho Colonel returned with
out tho shotgun.
"Forgot It. doctor." he confessed. "But
here. Woody Kano Is golngTIn to-day. Ho
will get It," : Z.
But Woody Kane cams back without it, too.
"Didn't forgot It. Doo." ho said. "Couldn't
cot It. Not ono to be had In the town. All
been confiscated."
Now, the doctor was a man of resources.
Bcsldos, thoso gulnoa hens wero still squawk
ing just outside tho camp every day, and
ovory tlmo ono squawkod tho doctor thought
of tho soup that his sick mon woro not get
tlng.and wondered. In tho style of tho Psalmist,
"How long, O Lord."
Bo ho went to Col. Boosevelt and asked for
a pass to tho city.
"Aftor that gun still?" askod the Colonel.
n,s ho mndo out tho pass. "Woll. If anybody
In tho outfit can rustlo'.it. It's you and Knob
loch." Bo the doctor got'hls pass. and. with his or
derly, rodo Into Santiago.
It sounds fino and grand to say that ho rodo
In attended by an ordorly. But the reality
wasn't so fino as tho sound. In the first place,
tho doctor's boras was a mule. Where It
camo from tho doctor never told, no said he
paid $2 50 for It, but, remembering Col. Roose
velt's remark about tho doctor and Knob-
loch, It may be allowod to question the cost of
the'anlmal. But, nt any rate, the asslsfantfcur
geon of thorough riders rode aTmuleand his
orderly walked.
Now, It has been said that the surgeon had
no shoulder straps. In fact, ho had no marks
of rank about him. To explain matters a bit:
Thn men (and that means the ofilcers . too)
wore the thinnest things they could got dur
ing the day and at night wore the heavy blue
shirts that Undo Sam Issues to his boys when
thoy go to hot ollmates. Now, from Chilli
cotho had como to tho rough riders a box con
taining fifty suits of pajnmas and fifty pack
ages of writing paper and pencils and other
valuable things, and at the bottom of tho box.
when tho Quartermaster opened it. ho found
a woman's nightgown with Hrgo puffed
sleeves nnd rufilos all over it. This nttlele of
lingerie was oted unanimously to tho Llttlo
Doctor and ho had to wear It It was of
"sheer muslin," and when the sleeves had
been cut olT nt the elbow and the skirts cut oil
at tha right length to wipe one's hands on It
made nn excellent dnvtlmo garment. But it
had no shoulder straps.
Bo tho surgeon rode and his ordorly walked
Into Santiago. Further, the mulo was deco
rated with n pair of saddlo bags made out of
two meal bags fastened together and slung
across the saddle. Altogether It was a Ann
procession that thn surgeon, his mole and the
orderly mado as they went to Santiago to get
the gun.
Not a con was to bo had in Santiago. Tha
surgeon found that out very soon. But the
thought of those darned guinea hens saying
"Como hack.".andthe remembrance of the sick
men without tho soup that thu guinea hens
could clvo thorn if they only vore approached
In the right way nerwd tho surceon to great
deeds, bo he proceeded to the palace, where
Gen. Wood had his office.
When ho drew near tho palaco he was halted
by a sentry. But being an officer, a fact
proved by his bolng on a mule' and having an
orderly walking behind him, the surgeon wus
allowed to proccod. and learned that tho Gov
ernor was holding an audience or something
of that sort.
At the door of the Great Andienoo Chamber,
or wnat had been the Great Audience Cham
ber of the Spanish days, but was now thn Gov
ernor's ofilc". tho sureeon stopped. The blc
room was filled with ofilcers, moat of them
Generals or (higher than Genorals) voluntoer
I.leutennuts. nnd the doctor In his nightgown
felt rather bashful, for his got-up seemed de
cidedly out of placo. So he stood In the door
way for aUlme and he hod just about mado up
his mind to let the nick men get along without
tho guinea hnn broth whon an officer In moro
than full uniform camo to him and ealutlnc
said: 'The Governor wishes to sco you, sir."
The doctor folloned the uldo through the
long hall full of Lieutenants and Generals,
up to tho Governor, who, with his clerks, was
the only man In the room sitting down.
"Sit down, doctor." said Gov. Wood. "I
want to speak to you."
The doctor sat hv thn Governor's sldo for
half an hour, while his Excellency asked him
all about tho regiment. Finally the doctor
got a chancA to toll that ho wanted n gun
"I can't get you ono." said the Governor.
beeauso tho gutis have sill been tnken by tho
Spanish nnd nut In the nisenal, to prevent tho
Cubans getting thorn But I'll givo you a let
ter tothoHpinlshgovornornf thn nrsnnal. und
you can seo what you can do with him."
So the Governor of Santiago provinco, U. 8.
A , gave a letter to thn dootor, introducing
hint to the Governor of Santiago arsenal, and
bespeaking for him all nice thlngs;nnd send
ing his nlde with him, bade hi r. eood-hy, with
the inpunotlon to report to him If ho hod any
troublo and especially It ho got a gun.
At tho arsennl thn Americans held thn outer
walls and the Hpinlsnis held thn cuns Inside.
Tim Captain on tho outside knocked on tho
c ilea nnd the Spanish guard Insldo camo aftor
a while, and let tho doctor In to see thn gov
ernor nf the arsenal. It took somo time to
(ret to him. and tho American and Spanish of
ficers assured him that ho nevnr could get n
gun. But In tlmo the governor ot tho arsenal
consented to sen him.
To tne governor tho doctor assumed tho
air of a suppliant. He told him that his men
needed tho stewed guinea hens nnd that they
could not cot them unless ho got a gun, and
that the mon lay nwako nights dreaming of
home and guinna hens, and said other things
calculated to awnknn pltv In the governor's
heart. How well tho Siunlards hud fought
nnd lion- much tho rough rldors thought of
i thi'Ir nohlo enemies was his nevt tople Ifo
tnlkod so vvnll that the govnrpor finally aroHO
with u tnrieiitot I'hoieitC.istllllan. vowing that
the Doctor should have his gun, und thn mnn
tholr gufnen-hen stew. If he had nnvthlng to
say about It, and he rather imagined that he
lad, after all. Through a dozen or so of rooms
nnd bally the governor and tho doctor and Gov.
Wood's aide went, until the governor bade tha
nlde to wait wlinro he was. whllo ho and tho
doctor went nn by themselves,
So thn Mdo In his uniform waited, and tha
dootor In his nightgown went on to a room
tilled with HlifttcrunH, horn th Governor bado
lilni hi In himself f t iuiiluing n do.on
or so tin, Hiirgonn uliLnd ml a doublo-bar-rollnd
breooh-lmder, i nlnflrn, thst came up
to bis n'loiildnr nleolv. nnd In other respects
suited him. ami tho f unci nor bourohod around
nnd dug out a lot of thnlls
"Now, I see that this was taken from 'Ho and
Bo.';" ald the dootor all Iho guns wore tagged
with tho names ot tho dealers from whom they
had been taken by tho Spanish, "How shall
I par him?"
'My dear sir," said the governor, with great
courtesy, "do not be troubled about that. Go
and shoot thn guinea hens and have stew
madn for your men. who so inuoh need It.
Aillos" So thn doctor thn aide, the mule and
thn orderly w nut bad to tho palaoe. where tho
Governor congratulated tho harxeon on his
BUCl'OSS
"N'ow go nnd shoot the guinea hens," he
said, "and feed tho boys up "
For safety 'a sike, tlm gun was taken back In
piece, barrels In onn saddlelmu, stock In tha
other, while the orderly hid the ammunition in
some secret place,
The next morning earlyrCol Iloosevelt poked
his head out of his dog tent to look around,
and saw tho surgeon
"Didn't get It. eh Doo?" he said.
"Well. I did.' said the doctor. "Got several
linns already this morning "
"Produce tho gun," s.ilil the Colonel, In
credulously Tim doctor dived Into his dog
tent mid produced tho qui)
'III, Woody'" yelled thn Colonel, "come
hero! He's got a win. after all." and as
Capt. Kann cams out of his trnt the Colonel
looked at the doctor 'and said, "What'd I tell
you about tho doctor and Knobloch?"
.After that the sick men of the rough riders,
of TeddyVTerrora. and of Wood? Weary
Walktrs pad uitlr guinea hen tUw.
SIXTH INFANTIIX MEMORIAL.
Tnblet to lis Erected In Honor of thn llexl
merit by Cltltens of Cincinnati,
Tho doslgn for the momorlal to bo orccted
by tho cltlzons of Cincinnati In honor ot tho
Sixth Itcglmcnt of United Statos Infantry lias
been complotcd. Tho project of erecting tha
memorial was proposod by the pooplo living In
tho vicinity of Fort Thomas, whoro tho Sixth
Iteglmcnt was stationed at tho beginning of
tho war. Col. J. M, Arnold was mado Chairman
of a commlttoo to collect subscriptions, nnd
twowooksago ho named a special oommlttoa
to complete details upon tho basis of an expen
diture ot between S'J.OOO and $2,500.
The design solected was prepared by II. L.
DEATH OF A WESTERN BOSS.
Father of thn Fnsilvo Policy, Folltlcnl Un
dertaker, Exllo nnd Officeholder.
"A man died In my town the other day," said
a St. Louis citizen to a 8un reporter, "who had
a singular polltloal history and a unlquo per
sonality. He was tho flrst man In this coun
try, so fax as I know, to say that tho Demo
cratic party was dead and burled, and yet ho
lived and died a Democrat The assertion,
mado in print In the newspaper which ho
edited, caused him to be cut adrift by the party
In his State, reduced the circulation of his
nevspanor, oponed the field for a competitor,
and, for the time being, removod tho headquar
ters of tho party from St Louis, where they
always had boen, to Kansas City.
"Ho was tho man who first suggested in tho
West, at least, what was known In politics as
the 'passive policy of the Domooratio party.'
That, as you know, resulted in the indorse
ment bv tho Democrats of tho Greeley and
Brown ticket. Nothing ever infuriated the De
mocracy of Missouri llko that suggestion. But
when the party In other States foil In with It,
Mlsbourl acquiesced undor protest. Tho old
Confederate eloment was on top. Out of that
oamp.ilun camo the sew blood which set It
self up In Kansas City, and It knocked the St.
Louis ring, which had always dominated tho
party, out of sight
"It was at :he oloso of this campaign that
the man who has just died printed a double
leaded editorial In his paper, one of the oldest
In the State, In which it was nnnounced in cold
type that tho Domooratio party was dead at
last and that the burial had taken place. I
was travelling In Missouri at that time, and
tho 'excitement caused by this announcement
was at a white hent. Meetings were held In
some fectlons and the newspaper and Its
editor were denounced. Later on resolutions
la county and Congressional conventions wero
pastod ruling out the paper as a party organ
and tho editor socially and politically.
"And yet when Cleveland became President
the flrst time he appointed this man Post
master of St. Louis. And under the socond
Administration of Cleveland the man was ap
pointed superintendent ot carriers, and he hud
just finished tho time for which ho was appoint
ed when his death occurred.
"Before he 'killed' his party this man was
popular with Southern politicians. When thev
wont to St. Louis they called upon him A
place nearby bucame the political headquar
ter?, nnd the proprietor madn u fortune In tho
business of concocting mint juleps. As often
as one would go there In those days ono would
see a caucus composed of mon In planters'
dress, with sombreros or Panama hats, und
there wero planned political campaigns, there
the log lolling took placo. and It wns there
thatbtophou A. Douglas found his most aident
supporters.
"A few years later a new light cams up In fit.
Louis In tho person of Joseph It. McOullagh.
Ho founded tho Uiohr. afterward oonsolldnted
with the Vtmuerat. MeUnllngh was fresh from
tho army. He had a dashing, slashing vuy ot
saying things, and bofore long ho had the
editor of the opposition turning on tho grid
Iron. Tne old follows who oamo to St Ixmls
from tho Interior and from the South resented
McCullugh's Interference, and besought the
editor of their organ to call McCullagh out. but
this henevordld. However, iiersonal journal
ism finally lod to a street encounter, and of
course friends Interfered. Still later, long
after the Incident mentioned, and long niter
tho paper denounced by Its party had par
tially recovered from Its party's hyperorlti
olsra. the old town was stirred by a Ronubll
can admlnlHtratlou whloh had undertaken to
suppress cumbllug and shut up saloons on
Sunday. Tnlk about hot times why, Santiago
on the Fourth of duly was a refrigerator com
pared to St Louis underfills regime,
'Mlr McOullagh was mnde foreman of a
special Grand Jury called to investigate the
evils. Them never was u Grand Jury like that,
MeCullagh hail a keen sense of humor. He
know the old cronies of St Ixiuls who stayod
doiitoau luto nnd who had moms In tho
Planter' House, Thoy wero merchants, steam
boat C'aptnlnH and retired politicians. McCul.
lach had every ono of them before his Grand
J u ry and ho also had up his 'friend,' the cnomv.
who had 'killed' thn Democratic party In tho
Stato and nation The weather was jiibl as hot
as the old town's blood, und nearly every day
for a week McCullach had his old enemy be
fore him on the spider. Nothlnr camo of tho
Investigation except a sories of articles In a
thirl newspaper, written by a young man who
In snm manner had obtained the confidence
of Mr McC'ullach. Tha stories of how Mu
Cullaah roasted and tortured his competitor
caused tho town to laugh, and out of tlm lillnrl
ty grow a better feeling lit tho convunlty.
"Ilu' for somo years lator the man who had
'killed' his party became a Mrt of wanderer.
He left St Louis, whom he had so long been a
Power, Financial distress followed him. He
failed In every thine ho touched until at last
he went back to Jit. Louis and became Post
manor, "Tho Rtory I have told you Is about Col.
William Hyde, not only boss of his party In his
olty nnd Stats for years, but one who under
took to boss his party In the nation."
CO,ir .V THE PHILIPPINES.
Admiral Dewey Hays It It Vound in I.nrgn
Quantities In I.tiznn.
Wariiimitox, Oct. 20. Admiral Dowey has
submitted to tho Navy Department by mall a
detailed report In regard to some of tho oitcn
slve mineral resources of the Philippine Isl
ands. The report gives special attention to
ooal. The Admiral says that coal in large
quantities is to ho found In Luzon apd adjacent
islands nnd that It Is of good quality Ho rep
resents that thecoal mines am not far removed
from tho seacoast in borne places, and that by
a minimum Investment of capital thu product
of thn mines can bo brought to thn ocean Ad- I
miral Dewey nxpre6es no opinion In his re
port In regard to the purpone of working the
ooal mines, but the Inference. Is thatnavnl coal
ing stations in thn Philippines could be kept
supplied Id the future with a large quantity ot
good fuel without Incurring thn necessity of
bringing it long dUtaucs In oolllera, i
Brldwell. who was ono of tho flrst to suggest
the ereotlon of the memorial. It Is for a bronro
tablet nearly 10 lect by about 7K feet Tho
oaglo and coat of nrms in tho contro and tho
reglmontal colors with nn orflcor's sword and
bolt and tho national colors with aprlvato's
bayonet nnd cartridge bolt nt the sides will ba
in high rollof. Tho motto at tho top will be In
111 - M f TOR.C1.0MOU5 CONDUCT IN BATTLE AND WmVII "
MU -, s35S3i OP THE KWB OFFVCENS AND rCN OF THAT O0rinMD iflvMl 5 'll
Etl lM&l HUvENAMCD. VHO CAVE THEIMJVE5 FOIVTHEnV IMiffliv
IS 3 Cag U COUNTTnY IN THE VAN. VTTH SfAIN ' MDCCCXCVIII llli'Wl pi
K4 a iRfitll AUEXANDErTTHEIVrU. W-31 2 Rf
WM 'te'W) JULES QAP-ESCHg OM rfllM 1 B3
Kjl CJHilwi wwwiii ,11 XamiiaL&tfl HI
R ' KVcll SAT1VKXLEONAS.D rOMPJJKALLACO IIwItI " Ipl
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Pi J aflMiQtf THEOrXXVEbNJVN . ALEXAtDhr.VENNEW CrvM
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mJk 2ISf! T nlW BUTLEN ,W1E3 MULLEN J i pginF CL
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1 H WMTYCviwTTHcrusvtcu no jormu 3 nrAHTWwu xtationbi 1 1
Hj Ml AXiufiuNQoi'THevAA.AMor vwch nuTANr poyr.ir iwtD l a ta
MEMORIAL IN HONOR OF THE SIXTH UNITED STATES INFANTRY.
low relief. Tho names ot mon and ot battles
arc only Indicated in tho designs thoy will bq
compllod from Government records, and all
who died during tho campaign will be men
tioned. Clomcnt J. Darnhoru has boen selected
as tho sculptor. Tho tablet will bo ono of tho
largest pieces of bronzo work of tho kind ever
done In this country, nud tho design has been
highly praised for both Us appropriateness and
simplicity.
CONSIDER THE SPIDER.
Ills Wonderful Work 3Inde Known by a
Maryland Ttaturallst.
From the Baltimort Sun.
Dr. Henry Laney. of Cumberland, who does
oonslderablo exr-orlmentins along sclentlflo
linos for a pastime, has lately been studying
tho tholyphonides, a spocles of spldor that
builds Its wobovor wator along streams and
rivers. with Interesting results. His discoveries
In8orao respects havo beon wonderful. Tho In
vestigation was mado for tho purpose of get
ting photographs of the web for a lecture on
entomology bofore a scientific club.
Aftor experimenting Dr. Lanoy found tha
spldor commonly known as the water spldor
to bo a willing, obedient worker; that byohang-
lng the position ot the Insect to a point ho
wanted him to work In the spider would pro
ceed with his labor In a most accommodating
manner, as It nothing had happened. Dr.
Lanoy made a small wooden framowork. and
In this ha coaxod the spldor to spin his web.
Naturally, spldor wobs are not generally lo
cated convcnlontly for photographic purposes,
and Dr. Lnnoy conceived tho idea of a framo
for the wob that ho could movo to any place, so
as to secure proper light and conditions for a
photograph. Tho willing worker Dr. Lanoy
found along a crook near Cumberland where
he carried on his Investigation.
After securing tho web. which, in its natural
stato, is comparatively invisible for photo
graphic purposes. Dr. Lanoy procoedod flrst to
mako It tenacious by spraying it with an nloo
hollc solution of shellac, from n medical atom
Iyer. Though still comparatively Invisible aftor
this treatment, tho web could be handled with
ease without fear of tearing It To develop the
beautiful work of tha spider. Dr. Laney,
with another atomlzor. sprayed the web
with a solution of gallic acid, which mado
It appear ns If frost had settled nrun It.
The web now seemed to bo covered with tho
morning's dew. To complete the efTect. Dr.
Laney oantured tho spider, put him in tho
death box. nnd then coated him with shollac.
i Deftly placing tho Insect in the web In a
natural position, ho was sprayed with gallio
ncld. Using black velvet as a background. Dr.
Lnnoy succeeded In photographing ono of tho
most beautiful nnd dnllcato pictures In nature.
Dr Laney sujrH: "Tho spiders display won
derful intelligence nnd mechanical skill In
making thesn nets Their Instinct is farabovo
. that of tho ordinary animal: Indeed. It quite
1 bordors on reason. When n largo spldor de
sires to make a web for himself and ho has
somo dlstanco to stretch It. ho does not swing
himself, as most people suppose and let the
wind or his own momentum tnko him where It
will. Ho begins his web by starting the flrst
guy vory close up to tho cornerof tho anglo.
Ho attaches to the other Bldo of the angle,
making a short guv. Ench guy Increases in
length, the spider always using thn last guy
made to carry tho noxt ono over until ho at
tains thn position In which ho wishes to placo
his net. The last guy may be ton feet long and
the first one only a foot In length.
"The last two guys becomo thn support of
tho net. Thnsn will each be relnforocd by at
least hIx strands, all laid In the onn cable, for
the thorough support of the net Aftor this tha
spider travels to the point on tho cabin from
which ho vvatits to locate his net, attaches the
web to that point and lts drop to the next
guy, thereby laying tho flrst angle guy of tho
not Then ho crawls bnck over this same guy
Jo tho top again nnd repeats thn act until ho
ImSMiun night strands, which mnko thirty-two
angular divisions In tno not All spldnrs, as
I have observed, mako tho sains kind of a
3 et. with the sama number of strands nnd
Ivjslons.
" Now ho proceeds to put In tho network by
starting from thn contro. where ho attaches his
weh, then with a circular motion, travolllne
from guy to guy. spinning wb us ho goes, and
by Its natural moisture sticks It to each guy,
carefully carrying tho web In his hind feet to
prevent It from touching except nt tlm point
desired by him Whon ho litis a smnll dlstiinro
of thn inside completed lingoes to theoutnldo
ot tho net and finishes out anv irregular nartof
I thn net that does not como within tlm radius nf
n circle Aftor thn clrolo has been attained tho
I same rotary motion Is knpt up until ths net Is
finished to the centre.
"Hero oomns thn most comic feature of not
bulldlnc the tnst or tho durability of tho work
by tho spider himself As soon as the not Is
finished he puts nvaryguy through thoseverost
test by sharp, brisk jerks, seemingly sufficient
to tear iliiiwlioln not to iileeoA Tho spider's
antics just then are certainly amusing. If the
spldor finds tho web Is not taut, ho will go to
the end of the guy rope, stretch It until It suits
him. and rcntluch tho guy If thn net still
seems loosn from tho centre tho guy will be
carried from tho centra to somo convenient
no nttoKivo tliouet Its proper hhnpo. This Is
only done when necessary. displaying the groat
Intelligence of tho Insect."
THE OMINECA COUNTRY.
Muny Oold Hunters Loiivn Centrnl Tlrltlih
Columbia,
Vancouver. Oct. 24,-Mr. Fred W.Valleau,
Oold Commissioner In the Omlnoca country,
arrived from tho North to-day Ho reports
that 780 persons passed through his office In
tho last flvo months. Ninety por cent, of them
wero returning home, disgusted when thoy
found It was not a poor man's country. Thoso
who loft the trail and prospected the rivers
made strikes, locating vast deposits of aurif-
orous low grade gravel on Strangor Itlver,
8f!L'Pca9lvo,r' Hanson niver. Klskeras Creek.
Petetoy Crook and, in fact, on every river and
yeUou?hndP,'C r hun,,re,1s not
Kngllshmenjocatud seventy-night hydraullo
claims, for they knew they eoul.F get Eng sh
capital to send out machinery lo work the m re"
?.ril8i.f ";;' The Americans ! wonld
not take the troublo to, record Ihem On Vitnl
Creek an abundance of nuigeu of the slze'of
beans was found assaying HO percent silver
and 20 per cent, mercury and gold These all
ve r slugs were so numerous In the sluice boxes
as to cause annoyance, There ara many aban
doned placers whloh yield S3 a day.
r
CUBA'S STARVING CROWDS
AWFUL SCENES Or SUFFERING ly Trir
INLAND REGIONS.
Thousands Implore Pnbllo Charity In th.
Towns nnd Tlsllrond Stntlnna Tno Wesfc
to Work and No Tools to Work At lth-th
Problem Ilefore V as We Occupy cn,,
Havana. Oot 28. It Is difficult to doneritt
tho awful condition of misery and starvation of
the pooplo In tho Interior of Cuba. Tlievdi
by scores ovory day eltherfrom liungororfrora
tho effects of long-Tmdured privations Thoa
who remain, especially In Matanras nnd Earn
Clara provinces, nro so weak, as the result ot
fovers and nood, that thoy aro entirely unabU
to work. It Is to bo borno in mind tint th
poor country people now remaining n
Cuba nre only tho remnant of the re.
ooneentrndo9 murdered by thousands hy
Ocn. Weylor. After over 200,000 of thra
wero klllod by famlno or by the drcnjfui ,
macheto of the Spanish gucrrlllero. the sHr. 'IW
vlvnls. pennod up In tho cities and tonus wsri
released by Oon. Blanco. Thoy hnrl AufTnred
over two yenra from Insufficient nourishment
nnd nil tho sickness which accompanies prlva.
Hon nnd squalor. They returned to their dov.
astntcd lands without means for tilling thj
ground and thoy tod on roots nnd wIMvess.
tables. Thoy soon gathered ngaln around ths
oltlcs, towns and railroad stations to Implort
pnbllo charity. Thoy aro now tho very Imatos
of Borrow and death.
It Is wonderful that thoy still live Whea
The Sun's oorrespondont went, threo days ncn,
to Mntanzas and saw nt tho station hundmdsol
thoso starving, dying pooplo. thn majority ot
whom were unnblo to stand, tho horrors of tha
Cuban war woro boforo his eyes in all their
ghastly truth, He had soen Santiago mciti
by Spanish soldiers. Ho know of the many In. BL
ptnneos of robbory and murdor which durlnc '87
tho threo years of struggle between Cubani K
and Spaniards shocked tho civilized world lie H
had soen tho dire sufferings of people thrown
Into Spanish dungeons But no misery or pain
Is eauol.no crlmo committed by man can hj
superior, to tho pangs of starvation and In
ravages over a country. Ono poor girl nlmiit
14 yenrs old. was literally- skin nnd bones Uor
eyes almost hung (mm their sockets Him wns
n living skeleton. " 8he Is tho only one left m
mo,"snld the mother, whoso appearance was
no less torrlblo. "I had slxchildreu and mr
husband "
"When did you begin to suffer such hard
ships?" "In April.lBOO." she replied. "my house tvbj
burned and I and my family rrconcentradn "
How they could havo lived until now wa9lhs
unanswerable question suggested by these last
words.
In tho same conditio! ara over 100,000 pen.
pie who In normal times form the working
country population. What Is worse still Is that
thn Cuban Army, which could have afforded
many laborers for tho sugar and tobacco
plants tlons. Is also starving nn the western en 1
of the Island. The soldiers do not disband b.
cause while keeping their organization titer
receive somo rellof from tho committees ot ,
sympathizers organized to holp them In thi
principal cities. But with ths exception nf ths
negroes, who are fow on this side of ths
Island and whoso groator bodily strength
enables them to resist privations mors
successfully than the whites can do. ths
Cuban soldiers, on account of famltip. '
will bo very poor laborers. In Plnar del r.lo
many of thorn nro actuolly perishing of huneer.
Horo Is, therefore, n grave Problem that will
confront the Americans, during their military
occupation of Cuba, whon thoy start upon tin
work of reconstruction. Tho first thine to do
Is to raise crop. But whoro aro the laborers ?
Tho press censorship continues as strict as
ever. By order of Oon. Blanco tho censor does
not allow to pass by direct cable a single word
about tho starvation of the poor nor anything
In pralsnof tho American pooplo or Oovorn
ment. Tho Spanish officials believe that ths
red pencil of the press censor has not only
Sower to stop the publication of truth, but to
estroythe facts thomsolves. The red pencil
f asses over the pages of tho correspondent and
hen tho Spaniard feels that Cuba Is thn most
happy land on earth, where every ono has
plenty, while the Americans are only a cruol
nation of conquorors.
CONNECTICUT'S SHAD POOL.
Tfenrly 0,000,000 of Tonng Fishes Set Free
for Their Ooean Journey,
nAnTFORD, Nov.5. Last spring tho Connecti
cut Fish Commission purchased of tho United
States Fish Commission 0,000.000 young shad
which had just boen hatched. They came
originally from tho Susquehanna Blver, and I
were placed In tho ponds at Joshuatown, near H
Lyme.where thoy have since been fed on pulver
ized crackers. Only a very small number havu
dlodandtheothors.lnthebestofcondltlon.wers
turnod Into tho Connecticut IUvoron last Tues
day. Tha millions of little fish which had been
confined In tho retaining pool all summer were
slow to tako advantage of their liberty. Finally
a few venturesome spirits floated out with thi
current down tho half mlloof winding stream
to the big river, and then the procession begin
which lasted nearly fourteen hours. The fry
will hang around tho mouth of tho river for
several days before going out to sea. The shad
Is known to return to Its native waters, and
threo years from now the Commissioners ex
poet the matured flBh will again seek the Con- ifC'
nectlcut ltlvor. Somo that have ventured
further away will not return for another year,
but it Is confidently expected that all that ara
olive will como back
Connecticut Is the only State whloh keeps its
youug shad In retaining ponds until they leuth
a length of from threo to flvo inches, und be-
come lusty, hardy and able to stand the change
of water and take caroof themselves gen--ally.
and the results, as seen In tho fishing is
spring, seem to warrant this course. Tlin-s
years ago tho Connecticut Itlver was stocked
with a large numbnrof young shad. They re
turned last season, and tho catch was larger
by a third than for tho past twenrr
fiyo years, kourig "flmrorllng" shad wer.
Placed In tho Fnrmlngton ltlvor In ls:t..
and this year tho catoh thorn has In e t
from eight to ten thousand, whllo In ths
Connecticut 0.000.000 fish were caught annu
ally during 18!)5 and the two following year.
Next year's catch Is expected to exceed nil )
suits so farrecordod. Shad "frv" which 'rt
too young have been placed In the Houmton J
Blver by parties and the catch has been crow
ing smaller every your, as the young "fry
were consumed by laicnr flsh. Tlm treut
hatcher at Windsor Locks has proved a very
successful venture and about half a millloi
trout and salmon "fry" will have beon diml'
utnd from there before the snow lllos
Tho Commissioners are now raining hi" A.
rainbow, lake, nnd Atlutitic ttout and ini '
locked salmon Thn opinion hold by snni" t , s
trout rulsod In a hatchery and led on Hut f-t
somo of their gnmeness and wero not as sportv
In streams as they should bo has been die
proved by the fact that calls for young Irons
now run up to a thousand whom they used i
number barely 200. While onlv nlfliit a v-r M
cent, of the trout spawn In a brook batcln -.
artificially OR per cent nro hatchod. and"') pec
cent, of theso aro raised. In Its wild stale i&
takes a trout nearly two years to truth n length
of flvo Inches, while at tho hatchery it arrives
at that Mce In about Wght months
Thn fishnrjiiun nf thn State aro calling up 'i
ho Commissioners qulto extensively fort i
fry, with tho insiilc that tho Htrejms are -
ginning to furnish much better sport thm
they used to furnish The delivery ot frv t
fill the thousand orders which tho commlslon IB
now has on Its books will take one man about W
three months, To thoso who wish and will g
tp tho hatchery for them there is no cost 'I
thoso who havo thnm delivered the actual cost
of delivery Is charged. Tho Com m lush im
ndvoeato the Introduction of fresli-water
shrimp nnd othor rrustneoa Into tho streams nf
tho Stats by those who are Interested In l''
lng. as they are or tho opinion that n suflH' nt
amount nf food l lacking In many strcms
keoi thu tioutthert' filter they am In'"' I '
and to make them thrive as they should
The Timid Led by thn mind. ' "
From (A CUvtland Plain Dtalir.
"I saw a most remarkable occurrence un "is
street the other day." said a professional nan.
and It mado a donp Impression on mr
Indy came down F.uclld avenue and star ici it
the corner of Bond streot. She milin'y 4
wanted to cross to the other sldo of the .! 'Mr
nue. She was not a young woman nnd she J J .y
not .look strong. There was quite u uim '
vehloles in the street, motorcars, wnt'oi-fc m 1
bicycles, and she seemed a little timid a'i'
risking thn passage. As "he hesitated nu
came up Bond street and paused beside i.
He was a wnll-drnsHod man and carrlel
heavy, oane, which I noticed ho used eonstan'
ly as If he might be a llttlo lame
Sir.' paid the ladv to him. 'can I ask y.ni
Jffer me the protection of your arm In i'r"!n
the street?'
"She said this In a very sweet and ladrhm
way and the man with the cane touched nn
hat.
. , 'Certainly, madam.' he replied, and office I
his arm. As they crossed the street I Ml v 1
close behind thorn. Thn man with tin a
was very careful He halud soveril " ' I
but they reached the other sldo vvltln u' " I
hap. As the lady let go ol his arm lie
' "Thank you. sir, tor your oourtosv a af
teetlon,' M
,,' 'Vou are qulto welcome, madam,
piled. But I fear you overvalue my ' !
lion because I am blind' . . jlm
"Andtouchlng his hat again ho tur'iol a "rftdW
Picked bis way up the orowdod sidewalk.' m

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