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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, November 06, 1898, 2, Image 19

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THfc SUN, SU?i)AY," NOVfiMBER 8 1898.' "7 M
l jsu
, WARD POLITICS IN SAMOA:.
HOW rAUKBR OF SBtT JERSEY RAN
' ron AMtKiMAx asd won.
n gats thf Itrltlsh nd Oermnn Residents
Specimen nf n Tttistllnjr TnnVe Cam
pnlgn Which So Daisied Their Vlnpro
gresitve Intellect! as to Stifle Opposition
unil Make Victory Sure from th First.
It seems to be fixed In the very nature of po
litical things that the party of progress Is the
nnto make Its campaign on broad and na
tional Issues, while U10 party which Is always
acting a drag on earnest elTort should soleot
only local Issues for Ita fight. That pollttoal
principle was shown when Parker ran for Al
derman In Apia. Ho made his campaign on
national Issues, and ho won his scat In tho Mu-
f Blelral Counoll of Apia, whloh Is as much ot an
Alderman as a man can be In Samoa. Ifmoro
'proof were necessary It could be found In tho
remark ot the victor which ho made for the
parpoo of practice in the speech of statesmen:
" It were my Intention to make this campaign
a national Issuo, which I did, and I won.
Otherwise, which It wore not. It most likely
would not "
It was only by accident that Parker ran for
Alderman: It was tho result of a lone chain of
stents which had no political significance In
themselves, yet which had a political result. It
Is acood deal to venture to sny of anything In
Samoa that It has no political significance, for
tho three nationalities can manage to turn
ever) thing to account. l'orhaps the real bo
flnnlnc was when Vr'allwork on Bnvall had one
of those 1 emarkablo South Sea visions of future
prosperity, and started In to build tho first
1 (team vessel of the group. That usod ud
I all his resources, and ho had to gut
Tom Meredith to Invest In tho under
taking Tho etoamshlp was a beauty to look
at. but that was nil. She would not steam
for a whole duy at a time, and she would not
sill because showas built to steam. In tho
hope of getting some of his money out of the
Tfnturo Tom Meredith decided to sail tho
vessel down to New Britain, whero hl9'slster-In-law
lived, Qucon Emma, who" was wealthy
In plantations. Ho thought by keeping her
endues to use just in sight ot Queen Emma's
harbor he might mukeaaale. That led to his
presenting his reslguatlon as a member of tho
Municipal Council and tho calling ot a special
election to till the vacancy. It wob then that
1'irlter made his campaign, a campaign that
should not be allowed to oscapo pormanent
record on ths historic pago.
At a ccneral thing, nobody on tho beach evor
worked up enthusiasm over theso cleetlonB
u hen they canio In regular course of biennial
hiterials. still less Interest was manifested
4 oiersueh special elections as wore called. The
treaty had llxed things In such a way that elec
tions wore scarcely necessary. The Mntatelo
ward could always bo counted on to return
three out of tho six councillors, the ward being
1 hounded by the Gorman consulate at one end
of the beach and the German firm at the other.
The Aula ward held almost allot tho American
and British population, and there never had
been any objection to allowing It to return
councillors ot those national affiliations. With
the Matafele delegation and tho German Presi
dent of tho municipality nominated by concert
of the powers, tho other nationalities must al
wajs have a minority In the local government.
I Ever since the municipality had boon brought
Into being by the treaty, tho Apia wnrd had al
ways boeu rcproscntod by two British and ono
American. An the minority in which that ward
found Itself was alway u hopeless one. It really
mattered very little what tho nationality of IU
representatives might he.
Meredith was otioof tho llrltish members.
Under ordinary conditions his successor should
be ohoson from the sauio nationality. But
. Parker upset all ordinary conditions. Ho had
3 lived away from America for many years, ever
since ntH-afaring chauco had brought him to
Samoa, whore he had elected to romaln. Hut he
was just as American as though ho had nover
deserted the pi ofesilon of digging clams on
theHhrewhbury Kiver, to which he had been
broushtup. He was not only an American, but
a Jersejraan to the core. Hut as the South Sea
Islanders were Incapable of appreciating such
ilne shades of distinction lio wax obligod to
concentrate all tho enthusiasm in his nature on
tno eaiily comprehended fact of his American
ini. It burst torch in this crisis of tho Coun
cil election, u crisis which would have passed
unnoticed if ho hud not made the discovery.
"What I want to know." said Parker in ear
nlngona conversation with other stutoMuen
0! the beach. " what I want to know Is this.
How long will the United Mates bo content
with getting nothing here In Bamoa. Look tit
the Germans. Thoy'vo got tho majority In the
Council 1,00k at the British. They've got al
most all the ofllees. Look ut the Americans,
what have wo got? We've- got the pilot and
we've got one policeman. Is that right?
lJoesii't the treaty mako us one-third of tho
whola shooting match f That's whatl want to
., know Now is tho time tor us to strike for our
liberties, (..line bh w used to do Thoy ought
to I'Vct another American Alderman. Tho
llrltiah hevo had tilings their own way long
e.ioiuii. We want to have two Americans on
that Council : wu wont to show them that we're
honurljod). '
'l'le're hud been no political rancor hitherto.
The Uritlsh did htnou majority of tho locally
iinnolnted officeholders, but no ono had given
ijm matter a second thought or had hinted that
theapiHittionnicnt was at nil unfair. The other
kMtesmeii were just enthusiastic enough to
lead to the customary stimulating application,
ar-d toik the mutter up 111 11 tone which en
rour,iged the prominent American to think
that he made an Impression. It was agreed
hdi .111 American vimdlduto should bu
roughi to announce himself. Parker lilin
"'f po-itivel) expiesseii himself as hav
ing M'l'W'ii a .1 iliiinteiesiod citizen. Ho
IjJiint y.tut an) ulHee. They all knew that
M-. huMne-s took up all Ills time and lio could
not ghe attention to public matters, Besides,
1 ney wanted a ouiigerman,who could b more
a'-tho In looking out for tho municipality. Of
coirsa, If there was no other American who
wouiii take it that was a dlflorent matter.
Jdrtersdid. l.vury man ought to sacrifice hini
slf Tor tho public good. In fact, ho was In the
hand!, of his trieiids, and his friends would
know what to do.
Hie statesmen then present were a mixed
aMTniii,ign of Uritlsh and Germans, and possi
h y 1 lid not fully appreciate the lull significance
S'i ''frir "'ing m the humls of his friends.
1 jueylMil wmm more with him-thut seemed
an ait of friendship j but It was clear that if
they were tho only friends In whose hands
larkerwas the result would huve no political
JMuu hoI'arkerli'ltthemtOHUolidellberatlona
JiJk.0 1'lllCH H",d. ,,ie foregoing conversation
,?." """"o. He gnthcred himself Into hla
cart behind the patient horse, and pushed on
in March of mor j qualified electors or tho ward,
inerii Is no lack of places on the beach where
rplltiCH may ho discussed, and at each In turn
.Vcr delivered himself of opinions or much
tne same tenor It was noticed after a tlmo
"at considerable acrimony was developing,
the war of lKl'j mid the Revolution were occu
Pimg conspicuous iiositlons and the Deolnra
tL"U"u,;!,ndhee was looming laro uPn
hteJltlca.' horiron. Now. Apia has had trou
?nr?inous,'c?f "sown without raking history
orothers. 80 n prudent citizen manoeuvred
thin "?i "(l. c.art until they were turned In
arJS!r .hCtion ?f honle' tl.ed tha relns carefully
litftil !hB whlpstook and started tho new po
wi ,boom way from tho beach. The horse.
tinn.".'ro"Snaloneexl,''l6'iCB of such sltua
a?rt' ','i!cSd fcely and carefully on the home
oltin.if0?1 a'"1 "jentually delivered the nm
ffiiiorm,,,r of lollola at his own door,
"ore he woke up
inirlf.""5 IJoa was somewhat more than a
h J?i?J?r was made manifest next day when
1' inotiP.W,0. h.bach. Meeting one and then
Uon." ri0t ,l10 Americans he had but ono nues
fn0?',. rou n friend of mlno? Well. I'm
de.u.h.W,-u Aer ne had thus severally
hffiil hl?,.b,u'l5 'n tho hands of hla friends.
'?nlu.,t1Tntt.t0 d? wlt,l him. They had
th8??waf ,rom America so lour that perhaps
f Ho h .U.irirSrt,in '?w such thltigs wore done.
Y hfsSJ.i,l,iMniib.'?,d that be pould and made
If and ffiff8 a tls raore PltT " Gentlemen
ill mi1,? c ""Di," he said when the had
Ams?in.w.hllt. the' would bve. "fellow
pa?cn CMS' X.m, ln y hands for this cam
a A J? r Alderman. We've got to settle
taVH, natl0-n,,l auestlon-Is Great Hrlt-
PAn.,VrJ8,h,JJnU?11 States greater? We'ro
show ihi?n9,.SDd we know. Hut we've got to
Sow ithS'?thr .oeoP'" I" this Apia ward.
thM.'if2Snt wan.t to boAderman myse f.
ud at S.2t.mucJI 'ormeto do at my store and
two aKX J?Intatlon.' but U'a t me forus to hava
ha?e h'?f u?on "'Council. The Britishers
This wVJrf'lr T.Just anout long enough.
Is; bn may. hj5 n minority i of course It
do Is to wm.c.a ? help t hat. What we want to
raliorhTW. the world that oven f It Is a
much ii' i8 ", ArncrJcan minority just as
Sllow efril1.; ? J,Wh minority Now what
for w1rf1n ' 'elf.saoriiiclng enough to run
h'tlpeV" " anrt "I'l'old tho btars and
laation0' 1? n9mlpated by Immediate accla
Ukuillv rf ft8r i18 nd done what candidates
We th ,nI!?foeol.ln.ed the nomination, put
nomniuennpi0fforod honors. But when the
yountr.,??,"" f'Patedly,pre88cdonhmho
lut ou1 r. Oft-rlflce hlmsolf and hl bus in ess.
"'ouiyou the comJItlon that thoro houicft
no opposition. He was willing to fight British
aggression, but If the British nominated a
candidate then he would back out. He was too
old. lie said, to stand a heated campaign. If it
wasn't for that he could go back to nbw Jersey
and run for Oonaross. There were enough
people along tho Shrewsbury Blrer who went
to school with him to give him n big majority.
But ho wasoontonttn ben plain, ordinary cit
izen InApla wltliout'nanrotthishoro fuss" or
being a member of Congross, tint but what he
would make as good a ono as moat of them In
Washington. They must understand that ono
point. Ho would run for'Aldcrman so longs.
there waa no opposition, "Giro America n fair
Bhowfpronoe."he said, that'a what I bellovo
ln," Bo there was the Issue of tho campaign, a
olean cut national issue. In fact, an interna
tional ono.
The first mark of tho candidate's willingness
to sacrifice himself for the good of his country
was shown in his business:. He closed up his
store In order that he might hnve his tlmo free
for election work. His clerk might havo con
tinued the dally transactions In ranned goods
and gaudy calicoes, which formed the staple of
tho native trado; ho might havo weighed the
copra whloh was offered In barter. Ho had
carried on the business on his own responsi
bility during other periods when the proprietor
had lost Interest In oommorolal pursuit. Hut
this was no Blight vccaslon: all business wn.s
suspended In order that thero might be 110 In
terference with practical statecraft.
For tho first tlmo In Snmonn history the
beach was made acquainted with tho methods
ot American politics. Parker wns determined to
make his campaign according to rulo. He
opened his headquarters.
"Drop Innny tlment my headquarters," ho
ssld to those whom hn met. "I'm making this
campaign the way It ought to be made Thero'n
Sothlng underhand, Its all open nnd above)
onrd. So long as they don't oppose me I'm In
this light to win. I'll show them Hint Urn United
Btatos has got somo rights on this bench. If
anybody wants to Una me. just drop In nt my
headquarters. That's whom I'm mnkltigthi
campaign, right where the oitlzeiiscanllndme."
This was said on tho beach road nnd thoro
was no sign that the first political headquarters
known to Apia had been ostahllshud In any par
ticular placn. Parker explained. In nnswnr to
tho natural question as to whereabouts: " Woll,
you see. I've got a mortgago on this placo hore
nt the corner, so I hare to go thoro a good
deal. It's business In a way. Then mo and
the Cap'n Isold frlonds and It wouldn't do to
Blight him : you have to be careful when you're
making a campaign like this. 60 part of tho
time Pm down at the Cap'n's placo. and If
I ain't at either of them two places you'll
bo sure to find mo across tho road. It
won't do to slight the German vote. Thin
ain't a Gorman ward, but there's somo
German voters, and wo've got to have
them with us to help down tho British. Ho,
Fiu see, I've got my headquarters nil right; If
ain't In ono placo I'm In the other two. Homo
of them say I ought to put up a sign, but t hat
might look too pointed. I guess It's nil right
ns It Is ; they won't have to look far to llnd me.
Same way when I'm elected, my constituents
won't havo to look far to And mo when there's
public businoss to attond to."
With this triplicate series of hoadquartors
tho campaign was a brisk one. Everything was
encouraging for tho candidate who had oxer
cised such lolf-rostralntastorun for Aldorman
In Apln when ho might havo run for Congress
from the clam district on tho BhrewBbury
Blvor. Ho roportod hopefully jf his prospects!
"I'll be elected by an overwhelming majority It
they don't spring no plagued opposition on me.
That's what you've got to look out forln poli
tics. Them oppositions Is terrible things.
Well, It they do get up an opposition I won't
run. I told them so in the beginning, and I'll
stick to it."
The political methods of Apia are somewhat
different from those familiar In American ad
ministration, AdaywaB set for nominations.
They had to be in writing, made and seconded
by two qualified electors, and they had to bo
filed by being tacked upon tho door of the Bu
preme Court. If thero was only ono nomina
tion the nominee was declared duly oloctod.
If other nominations were made nn election
was held a week later.
rarKerwos Dusy at neanquarters, nu tnroo
of them, on the day ot nomination. His nomi
nation was already mado out on the official
blank, but ha thought it wan moro dlgnlllod
not to tack It up early In the day. Scouts in
tho Parker Interest wore on tho keon watch:
they were plokcted up tho beach road, down
the beach road, and others kopt guard over ths
Itlltl road, which camo down to the beach just
alongside the court house Through these pre
cautionary measures it w.19 made imprac
ticable for any person to approach tho Supremo
Court without detection. Tha pickets wore
relieved at Intervals nnd made reports at
headquarters. Ono false alarm brought out
the resources of Amorican political methods.
A British subject was reported by tho
scouts as advancing nlong tho beach with
n folded paper ond a tnok hammer. Ho was
nt once Intercepted nnd led to tho nearest
headquarters. Nobody questioned him aliout
his errand, but they went to work upon him.
Whon ho had been reduced to a willing surren
der of the offending document it mi noon to be
a quite harmless notice of something to ba
r a ftled. All those good politics had been
thrown away. At the end of a day of incessant
watchfulness the Parker nomination was
tacked In .place. Almost at tho same minute ot
timcothor hands tacked the nomination of a
Uritlsh candidate alongside,
Parker had sworn not to run if his nomina
tion was opposed. But by this time he was full
of politics and enthusiasm. He now said that
he'd run anyway; 1H12 propped right out on
the surface; he'd show them that tho United
States took no back seat Tor nnyliody.
Then followed such a weekot campaigning
as had never been Imagined In Apia. Tho
British candidate tried to raise the Issues of
the better protection of tho town from lire, of
better polleo, of other little Usues. The Amor
ican candidate swept them all toonoslde. They
had a tiro engine, he said, uud that ought to bo
enough. If thoro weren't enough prisoners to
run it. why. then arreBt n lot moro of tho Ha
moan loafers. Apia ought to have a public,
fountain, and he was willing to vote for It, but
he defied bis opponent to como out, fair and
square, and say whleh sldo whipped In tha
Kevolutlon. lie had him there: ho daren't
say a word. The British candidate could not
stand up against the onslaught; he withdrew
from the canvass the day before the election,
Parker was returned unanimously. "It was
unanimous, you hot," he reported. "Why,
there wasn't even ono vote for old Scattering.
They all camo for me. That's the result of
running on a groat national issue. What show
has a Are engine got against the United States,
which won't take a back seat for nobody ?"
A week after the eleotlon tho chain-gang was
discovered ln the grand avenuo of mangos
which turns up to Parker's residence. Ho was
supervising tholr Industry as they were trans
forming the former path Into a very creditable
road. You'ra an American, ma'am," ho said
affably. "That means that you understand
politics. What's the good of being Alderman '
If you can't get your road made 7 Ain't that ,
good American politics? You bet It is. I never I
took much Intoreet In politics before, but now I
kinder like It. When I got done with being
Alderman out here In the South Beas I
shouldn't wonder it I'd go back home nnd run
for Congress In tho Shrewsbury district."
Din tue coir out nnvmcr
Sir. Colllngwood Bees No Other ATny to Ac
count for Iter 1'ecullnr Hehnvior.
H. W. Colltngwood. one of the editors of the
Jlural jVho Yorher, Is responsible for tho dec
laration that a cow can acquire a throo-days
" j'ag" by the simple act of eating anplos. Ovpr
In Bergen county, whoro Mr. Colllngwood Is
widely known as a rrohlbltlonlst, churchman
and President of a Young Men's Christian As
sociation, he conducts an experimental farm
near the village of Westwood, and among his
achievements as a fanoy farmerduting the past
Bummer ho shipped to tho olty market 1,000
oars of prize corn, for which ho rccolved a re
turn of 30 centi. This and similar ventures
taught the scientific fnrmor that thoro Is more
money In feeding prlzo corn to marketable
bwlno than ln contributing to tho support of
railroads nnd commission merchants.
Mr. Colllngwood avers that he went homo a
few days slnco nnd found that one of his best
cows had gained surreptitious access to a lot of
apples and had eaten so many that before she
could digest them the fruit began to ferment,
causing the animal to manifest all the symp
toms of drunkenness.
"And she had a most magnificent head on
her for three days," said Mr. Colllngwood in re
lating the story. " She was blear-eyed, groggy
on her legs, and just moped around as men do
who have been out with tho boys n little too
long. Why. wo were afraid to useorsell tho
milk while this lasted, lest somebody might be
overcomo by a natural milk punch,"
Mr, Colllngwood folt somewhat scnndallred
by this incident, especially as his wife and
mother-in-law are conspicuous In the W. 0. T.
U.. blithe made the matter the subject ot In
vestigation and Insists there Is no other menus
ot accounting for the conduot ot his cow.
Football Costs a College 89,000,
frm th Ckicao Timu-tUraU.
Wavkebha. Wis.. Oct. 31. Carroll College In
this city Is Just $5,000 poorer through a game
of football. Miss Anna M. Backett, who died
last week and who had llrod here many years,
had watched the work of Carroll College and
decided to assist that work to tho best of her
ability. Bhe made her will, giving a legacy ot
15,00(1 to ths trustees of Carroll College for tho
benefit of that Institution.
During last summer she heard and read bo
muoh about football In the school that she de
cided to see a game for herself nnd ascertain
what it was like. Bhe drove out one day to sea
a contest between the college and a vlsltlnt
eleven. Bhe wns horrified at what she saw.
The rough contest between the long-haired
kickers and punters seemed to her merely an
arrangement for maiming and killing those
who were engaged (pit.
Bhe had no sympathy at all for tho author-
itlos who encouraged what she thought was
irutality under th name of sport, fihe went
mme and sent for her lawyer. Under her
direction he drew up another will, which con
tained no legacy for the college, and she signed
It. the former will being destroyed.
J ItAX JUAN'S OVJir rLKABVIlK.
Regimental Band Concerts A Fentnro of ths
City's fioclnl I.lfe.
Now that tho last regular Spanish soldier has
sailed from tho Island ot Porto Illco. nnd ths
American flag Is at last floating ovor tho publlo
buildings In San Juan, the people ot tho capltut
are, no doubt, beginning to mako comparisons
betweon the military governments of tho old
and now rulers. Amorlcano feci that but ono
conclusion can follow, and, unquestionably. In
tho moro Importaut factors in tho essentials ot
a satisfying rule, oven tho natlvo Bpanlards
left ln Porto Ulco will willingly confess tho su
periority of tholrconquorors. Yet Incortaln par
ticulars. Immaterial In themselves, but potont
ln tho creation of a eontlment favorable or un
favorable, ths Spanish riiglmo had a ohnrtn
from whoso allurement those of Latin blood
will find It difficult Immediately to oscapo.
One oustom which for generations has ob
tained In San Juan Is almost euro to bo dis
continued once we are In full swing, and tor a
tlmo It will cause moro or loss ot a revolution
ln the habits ot tho people. Rcferenco Is mode
to the regimental band concerts, which under
Spanish rulo occurred ovory Thursday and
Sunday night regularly, nnd on nil Church
holidays as woll. In tho plaza ot Alfonso XIII.
Thowholo year round tho band plays hereon
these nights, and th? soolcty ot tho capital
turns out en maaso for an ovonlng's prome
nade. These promenades aro regular soolal
functions when the beaux nnd belles may mcot
and oxchnngo their little nothings, although
over under the watchful eyo ot tha omnipres
ent duonna ortheovon moro watchful parent.
Tho plaza ot Altonso XIII. Is perhaps ICO
yards ln length by half that ln breadth, stone
Paved, well lighted by gas and surroundod by
publlo buildings, handsomo shops opoii until
after tho concerts and brilliantly lighted cafos
whore drinks, icos and sweots arc sold. Tho
band mnrohes Into tho plaza with mllltnry
precision at 8 o'clock and takes station at ono
end, Immediately tho concert begins. It lasts
until 10 o'clock, and In those two hours thoro
Is a constant throngofofUcors, civilians of more
or loss soolal consideration and beautifully
dressed women promenading to and fro. The
Spaniards do not promenade as we do round
nnd round In n clrolo. They move moro quickly,
turning square on the hool and facing about.
This promenade, Is especially a godsend to
the women. Social convention makes prisoners
of woruonln Porto Bico If thoydoslre to keen
their standing An unmarried woman until
she Is at least 30 ears ot age. and that is vory
old down there, oannot go upon the street nlona
even inthedayttmo. It Is not proper torn young
man to call often at her home unless his Inten
tions hnve been declared to her parents, and,
ovou then, he Is nover allowed to soo her alone.
Such freedom as our girls havo would shock
tbem beyond expression. Thero were balls In
official circles in the old days, but it is so hot
that dancing is not a pleasure, and the great
formalltynt thse affairs almost forhado onjoy
inont. The theatre has not and necessarily
ounnot thrive, so the band concorts have been
the only function whoro there was freedom
enough to render the erenlngotTortat pleasure
satisfactory.
The Americans In San Juan In tho Inst days
of the Spanish regime usod to look forward to
band night bb the one break In the drenry
monotony of thoso days. The muslo was
always excellent, much better than our nrmy
can boast. There were great wicker rocking
chairs stretching nlong ono whole side of ths
plaza, whore ono could sit when weary of walk
ing and watch the really brilliant procession ns
it passed back and forth. To stop all this
seems a pity, nnd yet It will no doubt bo done.
If it already has not been dono. Even should It
be deemed wise to keep it up for a time, it will
not be as wall managed. If Police be nny cri
terion. In that city our bands used to play on
fiunday night, but the concorts soon lost tholr
social character. The American private soldier
isnotasoclnl favorite when In muddy shoos,
dirty campaign tiousersnnd soiled blue shirt.
In his great democratic good nature and im-
Idlclty hoovsrrnn tho plaza at Ponce, and the
'orto Klcnn nnd Spanish women simply stayed
away. Inn short tlmo the concerts stoppod.
In San.Tiian the prlvnto soldier was not al
lowed In tho promenade after 8 o'clock. Up to
that hour he had tho plaza nil to hlmsslf. nnd
, he and his comrades swarmed there. Not an
officer was to be seen among them. At 8 they
all disappeared and dapper little officers, Tfitli
dangling swords and canes, showed ud to court
nnd simper at the women, who soon camo
trooping in. If these eonoorts are given up nr
loan their excluslvcness It will be a soro trial
to a people who havo llttlo else to enjoy.
TALT. FISU1SG Sr.LDOM ItETTBIC
Directions for Finding tbe Fisherman's
1'nrndlsa Near Jiynck.
According to the reports received from reli
able sources. It is many years since tha fall
Ashing around New York was as good as at
present. In almoit ovory section not only
good catches and almost record-breaking
fish are being taken by men who understand
their business and procure tho proper local ex
perts to pilot them. Among tho most recont
good fish taken was ono by Goorge GrUwold,
woll known along the Hudson, who caught a
flno i:i,"-pound striped bass from tho old
ground opposite Nyack last Tuosday. This
ground Is not known to many and is jealously
guardod by thoso who do know It. II a local
fisherman takes a visitor out he must be sure
of his good tip before ho dreams of taking him
near It, and ovon then It Is only by a circuitous
route that It Is approached. To give direc
tions In print Is almost hopeless, but get ths
house at the end ot tho Nyack doak In a line with
tho church tower, and tho Turn town landing
in a direct lino with the rod house on the hill;
this brings the fisherman about a third of the
way across the river, right over the old oyster
bed, ovor whloh the bass doss and repass con
stantly hunting for food, and here the well
placed bait Inevitably takes a good ono when
they are feeding. Tho oyster bed is 200 yards
long by 150 feet wide. Tho visitor is goner
ally brought to it by a long drift from tho north
horn nt Nyaok Bay and strikes into tho swim
as If by accident.
At tha Bing Itock Iastweek. near 110th street.
T. It. lleilly. a member of the League ot halt
Water fishermen, caught a lino striped bass
weighing vz pounas. jainos israuy caught
ono weighing over 7 pounds nnd two wero
OMight br George Boss and a friend welshing
4 and 3K pounds respectively. Ths fishing Is
good down to Eighty-sixth street, but very
few small fish wero reported during the past
ten dayB. Soma good bass have also been
takeuooposlto tho Battery botiveon the Liberty
Island dock and tho Aquarium, This" fishing
is done mainly at night because of tho tralllu,
1 and tho louder Is generally dioppcd afowfeot
off the bottom towuid tho lust of the obb;
. white worm appears to bo the best bait. There
' Is also good llt.li taken between tho Aquarium
I and tho Liberty route lauding nier. Pier 3,
Cast Blvor. Is another good old-tlmo spot.
The Flat Book oil I70th street maintains Its
rocord, and last Wednesday fish of 6 pounds,
11 pounds 3 ouncos anil 11 pounds 0 ounces
wero credited to woll-kuown members of a
Harlom fishing club. There havo also been
good fish caught between tipuyton Buj-vll and
roton, and when snort on the New York shore
Is off the old spot opis!to the Fort Lee pow
derhouoo has turned in somo good jlsh.
Around the Harlem bridge bass aro carce, but
flounders and tomuodti nre plentiful. Pelhum
Bay is reported to huo plenty ot fish, but there
are as a rulo few bass there until later.
Getting down tho bay and around Coney Isl
and there Is good sport, ono catch reported
being ten bass and twenty-two floundors takou
on sandworms and red worms, still Ushlug,
Crabs aro also running good hero and muny ot
the boats have bass Hues out in the ebb water,
while tho orab lines und note are handled until
n fish Is hooked ou the stationary spoons. This
Is pot fishing pure und simple, but the tun Is
there and tho basket always oomes home with
something in It for the east elders to gaze at.
A few weakllsh are being taken hero, good
la rue tide runners nt that..
Crossing ovor to Staton Island there Is good
striped bass fishing all along tho lower bay
front from Fort Wadsworth to Crook's Point
at the Great Kills, olther from boats trolling,
one to row and one to fish turn and turn about,
or with thigh waders costing from tho Blowly
sholving shore. Sandworms are tho best bait
nt present.
jieels man fiucbd nowadays.
Oermaay Sending Us Poorer Marbles Be
cause of tho Duty,
"Reels," the high-priced marbles used by
boys as "shoo tors " to drive tho staked marbles
from the ring In the marble games, are of
poorer quality this year for the prlia than In
many years past. A root which at on time
cost 10 cents now sells at 15. A good, sound
reel, with a white layer between two dark red
sides. Is about the most valuable artlole. not
excepting a knife, whloh a boy can have.
Tho reels, which are made ot agate, all oomo
from Oborsteln.on the Nahe.ln Germany, The
nodules of agato are broken up Into llttleoubeH,
tnen chipped off until nearly round with a
hammer- Then a workman takes the rough
marble, whirls it around on a grindstone, and
wears it Into a perfect sphere in a short time.
No reels are made in tho United Htutes, al
though the Hint found In various parts of ths
country could be made to serve admirably as
reel raw material. , The Germans have a
monopoly of the, market, and they are sending
poorer marbles than over, now that the tariff
has Interrupted the free Importation ot them.
THE WATERS OF SALT LAKE.
what Tiwr casTA.ur irovi.n nrc
WOllTJl $103,4S3,90G,000 i.V THIS CtTV.
The Dead Sen of the Western Hemisphere
It Wns Onco I.nrger Thnn Lake Huron
nnd 1,000 Veet Herp Tho Art nnd
Mystery of ltntlilug In It Net Forth.
From Ui( MimvMt Ccmmtrcial Apinal,
The most wonderful feature ot nil this won
derful land, tho mightiest marvel of nil mar
vellous Utah, an ocean, 'of mnjostlo mystory.
olad In beauty divine. Is groat Salt Lake, tho
Amorican Dead Son. Among all earth's weird
wondars In wator It has but ono rival or peer
the mlraclo-made sea whoso waves of doom
and oblivion roll ovor Sodom and Gomorrah,
tho Chlengos of fortr conturlos ago. Think
of a lnko from 12,500 to 3.000 square mllos In
area, lying 1,000 miles inland, at nn altitude of
4,250 feet sbovo tholsca level, whoso waters
are atx times as salt as thoso ot tho ocean ; nnd
whllo It has no outlet, four largo rivers pour
ing tholr ceaseless floods of fresh wntor Into It,
without raising Its mysterious surfneo u frac
tion of nn Inoh, or over diminishing, so fnros
chemical nnMysIs can dotermlne. Its Indo
scrlbalilo saltiness. Whero does nil tho water
go? Where does all tho salt, that no streams
can freshon, como from? Whero aro. tho vast
sallno magazlncsfrom which It draws Its oor
lastlng btippllcs? Ono may stand upon Its
Bhores nnd ask 11 thousand such questions, but
no answer cornea from Its mysterious depths,
amid which death nnd silence reign supreme.
Thoro Is not n fish or nny living thing In nil
tho 'J.500 or 3.000 square miles ot beautiful
wator, except tho yearly Increasing swarms of
summer bathors. Not a shark or a Btlngarce
to scare the timid swimmer or floater; not a
crab or a crawfish to nip tho loo of tho wader;
not n minnow ornfiog, a tadpole or 11 rally v. ok
nothlngthat lives. inoon. eiuwlsomrlitgles.
Long before human beings Invaded this
mysterious and boautlful region or before tho
llttlo band of Mormons, after their lone march
from Illinois nnd months of weary trnvol aoross
tho barren plains and ovor towering mountain
rnneeB. pitched thulr touts ln tho picturesque)
ralloy adjoining Halt Lake, this woudcrful body
of water was larger than Lake Huron nnd
1,000 foot deop. Its antlcnt plashing nro still
plainly vlslblo on tho mountain benches ami
are an easily traceable as though thoy wore
written but yesterday.
It Is now about 100 miles long, with nn nvcr
ngo width of from '2o to 30 mllos. It Is from
50 t" 00 miles wldo In somo places and its
greatest depth Is ubout 00 feet. Its waters
contain about 18 per cent, of solid matter,
mostly salt and soda, with small proportions
of sulphur, magnosia, calcium, bromide, po
tassium, llthla nnd boraclc acid. Tho Aslatla
Dead Sea water eouulns 23 per cent, of solids,
including less salt and soda and much more
magnosia. calcium nnd potassium thnn Salt
Lake. Atlantic Oeoan water holds but 3.5 per
oont. of Bolld material, of which salt consti
tutes a.O per cent. Hundreds of thousands of
tons of salt are mado by natural evaporation
nlong tho shores of the lake, and nt ono place
near Bait Lake City n windy night never falls
to pile up many tons of soda, eliminated by the
movement of tho waves. ....
Compared with this vastllquld treasure house
of riches, the greatest bonanza mines of Utah
or of tho United States dwludlo to becgars'
penny boxes. Take out your nenall and do a
little figuring. Figures, It Is said, will not Ho.
and you wlllTsoon llnd yourself dumbfounded
before your own mathematical truths.
Say Salt Lake Is 100 miles long and has an
average width of twonry-sevon miles; that
gives no area of 2.700 square miles. Thero aro
27,878,400 square feet inn mllo; so tho lake
has an area ot 75.27J.J80,000 squuro foot. Take
20 feet as Its average deDth; then 20 times
75,271. tJKO.000 will gtvo us 1.505.433.000,000
eublo feet as the contents ot tho lake. Now,
lUJj per cent., or one-sixth of this, according
to the analyses of eminent chemists. Is salt
and sulphato of soda. .
Thar Is, the lako contains 250.005.000.000
cubic foot of salt and sulphate of soda. Of this
mass ono-elghth Is sulphate of soda and soven
eighths common salt. A cubic foot of sul
phate of soda weighs 50 pounds, and a cublo
foot of common salt 80 Bounds; so we havo as
thecontcuts. ln part, of this unparalleled reser
voir of wealth l.rVfcl.KtO.OOO.OOO pounds, or
78t.0SO.000 tons of sulphate of soda, and 17,
CU0.33U.200.00U pounds, or 8.760.1UD.GOO tons
of salt. Allowing ten tons to a carload, that
would bo 78.408,000 oars of soda nnd 878.010..
100 curs of salt. Taking 30 feet as the total
length of a freight car nnd It couplings, we
would havo a train of soda 445,500 mllos long,
or nearly to tho moon and back, and a train of
salt 4.083,730 miles ln length, or lone enough
to reach 100 times around the earth and Iea
nn 8,000 mllo string of cars over on a side
track. Itunning 20 miles an hour and never
stopping, night or day. it would bike the salt
laden train 28 years 6 months and 23 days to
pass a btation.
Carry the computation one step moro. The
ordlnnry valuation of sulphate of soda Is 1 cent
ccr pound, or $20 per ton. Common salt at a
low estimate Is worth K cent per pound, or
S10 per ton. aggregating tor the salt and soda
contained in this great oody of water a voluo
of $103,483,290,000.
The Irregular, picturesque banks, painted a
glistening snowy white by heavy deposits of
salt, extend miles from the water's edge, mark
ing with unmistakable evidence the old hod of
tho present lake. Out ot the motionless em
erald wator giant mountains rise to nn eleva
tion of 5.000 feet. In the summer thoy are cov
ered with verdure and abound In exquisite
scenery. Near the tops many springs eend
forth pure crystal water, whljh winds Its way
In stiver threads about the mountain, and, ul
timately meeting other water, forms larger
streams, which leap playfully ovor ledges and
make sweet muslo as they go dashing, splash
ing, singing merrily down the mountainside
Into tho lake below, ltlch grasses flourish
everywhere, while cxteuslvo groves of trees
lend tholr exquisite beauty to the scene.
At this season of the year the mountains are
snow-capped, and when the sun's slanting
rays spread over tholr Immaculate crests they
sparkle and gllston as It they were covered
with rich jewels and seem to be crowned mon
nrchs standing sentiuel over the sleeping lake
and white valley below.
The lake has recedod from the city proper
about twenty miles. One of the most delight
ful fsatures ot a visit to the region of the great
Salt Lnko is a bath in the lake One ot tha
finest and most Imposing pavilions in the
world, which Is said to have cost a halt :a mil
lion dollars, has been erected on a beautiful
site known as Halt Air. Owing to the nlr being
so thickly Impregnated with salt that it is vis
ible at times to tho naked eye. It has received
its uamo.
Crowded trains run to and from tho lake nt
frequent Intervals during the summer months.
Everybody can swim ln Halt Lake. People
float around In the water like corks. In fact,
t Is so hi avy that It is Impossible to sink. No
suicides are committed here via the drowning
routo. The water Is a prompt nnd potent
tonic nnd Invigornnt of the body and mind and
Is said to work miracles on him or her whose
tondonclos are to bald-headedness. A first
bath Is always as good as a circus, the bather
being his or her own amuAlng trick mule. It
you are In shallow water unit endeavor to sit
down you slide out from under vomself with
n spe-id and grace that suggests hidden noro
batio qualities. II you are floating and at
tempt to regain a standing posture you are as
apt to hind on your head as on your feat.
Very few persons over dive In this water more
than oner. Atilrst It is tempting, but not so
much so after you omorgo with your eyes tilled
with salt, burning at a rato that threatens total
blindness, while you reach for a portion ot
your bathing suit to wipe und soothe the burn
ing members, and onlr add to your misery by
augmenting tho salt deposit. It's a terrible
predicament war out ln tho water blind as a
bat. totally unablo to reach your bnthhouso,
not a dry garment anywhere to bo had salt,
nothing but salt with the aggravating pres
ence of thousands of fellow huthnrswlio.lt
seems, could possibly offer a disabled friend
some assistance, somo relief, nut who are
powerless, as their bathing costumes und fin
gers are Just ns salty as your own, and, being
uoeustnmed to such scenes, they merely stand
by and laugh and make provoking sugges
tions, But the old-timers know a remedy for
this affliction, nnd It Isn't n patent one, either.
His free and simple knowledge easily enough
acquired. If you hut havo tho opportunity, bo
fore your knowledge of your skill as a diver
Impels you to demonstrate your ability to fel
low bathers and lookers-on. It consists first
ot getting your eyes saturated with salt water,
and at the critical momrnt just aa you
are about to go blind and ths unsymnathetlo
crowd Is laughing loudsst at your sufferings
and apparent helplessness exercise a llttlo
presenes of mind, boar the pain heroically,
filace the Index rlncer of coon hand well bick
nto the mouth, and suok them with all the skill
acquired In Infapc" until the solution on tbem
is thoroughly weakened and removed; don't
awallorr the solution, but dispose of It In the
most natural and convenient way, and then,
with the fingers thus cleansed gouge the eyes
Industriously and triumphantly Into the cor
ners, and you will find that the result is almost
as satisfactory as It would havo been had you
had a towel and fresh-water bath.
Blackbirds by the Hundred Thousand,
IWm t InHanapollt BenHiuU
Amderbon, Ind.. Oct. 20. Hundreds of thou
sands of blackbirds are in their annual roost ln
the woods just east nf this city. Their number
is so great that big limbs on whloh they perch
give way underthelr wslght. When this oocura
In the night many are killed by Hying against
the trees and against each other. There are
almost twice as many this year as -In nny of the
remarkable flocks In past years. The annual
roost east of this city has become quite fa
mous, Another prominent one Is at Irvington,
At these points, year after year, roosting iu tho
same trees, hundreds nf thousands ot black
birds from nil directions assemble for their
flight to the Southland, Thoy nre a week late
this yenr, owing uo doubt to ths warm fall
weather.
jzxpsitisiBSTs mxn athlktex
Whnt Tnlo Men Have I,ost In Weight from
Taking Fnrt In Games.
Nkw IUtbk, Nov. B. Dr. William 0. Ander
son, director of tho Yalo gymnasium, has for a
year been engaged In a sclentlflo study of the
effects ot various athietlo sports. Ho has con
ducted experiments on sixty-four athletes, and
tha results throw light on rainy points dis
puted by medical and gymnastic authorities
and by the opponents and advocates ot ath
letics. How much In weight and norve foroa
docs It cost an athlete to take part In any ovont
creams? Dr. Anderson's carefully conducted
xpsrlmonts will answer this question pri
marily and many others Incident to It. lis has
completed his oxporlmcnts with the track ath
letos of the university, and has begun upon ths
football elevon. Ho will tako tho oarsmon and
baseball team noxt spring. Dr. Anderson said
to-day. In speaking of his researoh:
" I feci too great caro cannot be taken to ac
cept only correot data ln arriving at my re
sults. All the figures I have accepted hav
been secured aftor porsonal observation, and
In no onso has hearsay been sufficient to Indues
mo to accept weights. Those ot tho track men
were taken before and nf tor competition at the
annual field games. The following table shows
the numbor experimented upon;
Av.lvu Ar.Ltil
Ettnl. iltn. I'oundi. Event. litn. Pounit.
100-yard dash., n O.Utf MO-rd. hnrdles 4 O.03
440-yanl iltsh.. I) O.SK l-mlle walk .10 o.US
8Bo-vrd luu .10 O.M Hrotd Jump. ... O.KS
1-mUnrmi. .iu 1,04 Polo vault S o.US
ISO yd. hurdles 7 0.401
"Tho abovo tablo shows that In no event
was thn average loss two pounds, although
had theso gainos been held against Harvard
In tntcrcolleglnto competition that figure
might have been reached. Ths figures show
conclusively that the qunrter mllo is the most
exhausting ot tho short runs, even more no
than the half mile, and nearly ns muoh ns tha
mile. Tho samo careful experiments were
mado with the candidates In tho high jump,
the hammer throw, nnd tho Bhot put, but tno
loss of weight amounted to almost nothing.
At the games the weather conditions wars
3ot conducive to extreme exertion, The
ny wns cold, tho track heavy and the
nttendsneo small. The spirit of com
petition was mild. It was notlosabis
that tho new men lost moro than the old,
Tho voteians were calm, almost indifferent.
This fact goes to prove that worry In athlettd
competition may be responsible for the lots of
more weight than ths actual physloal exertion.
At theso games It. G. Clapp broke the American
record In polo vaulting, rut his loss In weight
during the event was only half a pound. His
new record was mado after repeated efforts."
Dr. Anderson has prepared n table, compiled
from tho figures taken at the field games. In
which the greatest vnrlatlon ln ths loss of
weight Is shown. It follows :
Grtalttt Ztatt
Lon. Lull.
Event. Foundt. Event, Fctm&i.
Sunrter mile 1H Quarter mile M
ilf mllo 1 lUlt mile
Mile OK Mllo U
Mile walk 2 Mile walk H
From this table. It will be seen that ths most
expensive event, physically. In the Intercol
legiate track list Is the one-mile run, and then
the one-mils walk. The table is likely to throw
cold water on ths efforts of several colleges
which are trying to have the one-mile walk
thrown out of the annual competition as too
exhausting. Theso colleges propose to Intro
duce the two-mils run Instead. As Dr. Ander
son's tablo shows that the one-rails run Is
more exhausting than the ono-mlla walk, and
as the two-mllo run would probably be still
more exhausting, the arguments of the re
formers are shown to bs worthless.
The greatest Instance at Yalo ot lossot weight
during competition, or rather gain ot wslght)
because of absence of competition, is recorded
In ths case ot George L. Cadwaladsr, ths foot
ball eentre rush. Cadwalader was vary heavy,
and Trainer Eesne Fltzpatrlck used special
means to keep down his weight. One Saturday
afternoon after tho close of the weekly practice
Cadwalader weighed In at 228 pounds. Ho
rested Sunday, and on Monday afternoon re
ported ngaln for practice. He than tipped tha
scales at 242 pounds, his two days' rest having
meant fourteen pounds to him. Bob Cook,
tho Yale crew ooaoh. Is authority for the
statement that, during the hard practice at
New London, candidates havo been known to
drop tan to twelve pounds a day. In nearly
every case recorded this happens when the
candidate Is a substitute whom, because ot
somo emergency. It Is necessary to work no fo
'varnity use. Th Yalo oarsmen will bo weighed
next year just before nnd after tbe race with
Harvard. No figures are yet available from tha
baseball candidates. From unofficial statistics
it Is believed thatlthelr loss ot weight Is one or
two pounds In a game, oxcept In tho Harvard
anil Princeton contests, when the excitement
canacs a loss of about uve pounds.
Dr. Anderson has extended his observations
to the class gymnastto drills. Sixty members
of the night class wore weighed before and
after taking their exerolso ot twenty minutes
of free movements that is, without apparatus,
followed by twenty minutes on the bars, rings,
end horso. Tho greatest variation In weight
was from two ounces to two pounds. The
average loss in weight approximated halt a
pound. From experiments mado of ths weight
ot athletes practicing In tha gymnasium It has
been found that they loso about two pounds
dally. Dr. Anderson's experiments have spe
cial interest because it Is. understood that
President Dwlght of the university will In his
annual report treat of the question of the al
leged harmfulness of nthlottcs, and that tha
abovo experiments will form tho basis for con
clusions which President Dwlght may deduce.
ITS rLIPPER HELD BY SVCTIOS.
An Incident In the Ufa of tha Hie Logger
head at the Aquarium.
The big loggerhead turtle at the Aquarium
spends a considerable part of tbe tlmo ln try
ing to get out of the pool In which It is kept
The pool Is spacious, 28 feet In length by about
12 ln breadth, and It Is lined on the bottom and
sides with porcelain tiles. It Is a One pool, but;
though Its bars are glided. It Is still a cage, and
the loggerhead would prefer a pool about tha
size of tho Atlantic Ocean.
Bo now nnd than it makes a circuit of tha
big pool In search of some place where it can
gut out. It sets Its head gently against the
side wall, keaps Itself afloat with Its long,
broad, flat flippers, and works Itself slowly
round tho wall. It is In no hurry; not at all
impatient; it moves slowly and with the great
est deliberation of movement.
To make way for the big turtle a numborof
fishes ot various kinds and sizes that war ln
tho pool when tha turtle arrived were taken
out and distributed ln other pools. In tha
bottom of the pool, at ona end. there Is an
opening to thn dlsoharce pipo by which the
pool is emptied when it Is oleaned. Whan the
fishes were hers there was set ln this opening
a stand pips ot a height sufficient to bring Its
top to about the level of the water is It Is com
monly kept In tha pool, and In the top of the
stand pipe was placed a wire strainer. All
this to permit tha surplus water from the con
stant Inflow to run oil freely, but without let
ting ths fishes go with It.
Whan the big turtle was put In tho pool tha
Btandplpe was taken out. as thn heavy, solid
loggerhead would have knocked It over tha
first time he run against It, but thedlaohirga
10I0 was loft ln the tank's bottom. Ths poolll
now cleaned dally, the water being drawn off
for that purpose.
One day when the discharge valve was open
the big tnrtlo was working slowly along, mak
ing a circuit ef the pool, moving from right to
lelt. When It name to ths discharge pips It
left front flipper and Its head passed over th
opening all right, but It just happened that Its
right fore flipper was drawn down to It, This
flipper Is a foot or more in length and six or
sight Inches In breadth. It completely covered
tha opening, and the powerful suction held th
big turtle fast. Its situation was soon dlscov
ered, however, and whll no harm could have
resulted from It, th water was promptly turned
off, tbe suotlon stopped, nnd the big logger
head s flipper thus released. The big turtle
was quite undisturbed by the Incident, and It
resu md Its peregrinations with the equanimity
that might have been expeoted of It,
On the big turtle's under shall there are a
dozen barnacles i there are forty er fifty on It
bank, and there are tight or ten barnaoltaon
Its great, massive head. But this I not un
usual; it I a f amillsr tact that barnaales attaeh
to loggerhead turtles, and big logjrrheas
have been taken wlui baoks so lnorusted with
barnacles that th shell waa scaroely visible.
TENDERS AT TUB WAXBRSIDB.
A Glance st Those That May Ba Met mtht
Wharves ln South Street.
"One mlsht not expeot." said a waterside
stroller, "to see venders on IBouth street
wharves; one looks for ships there and for
tilings that pertain to th sea and not for
things that seem peodllar to the city's crowd
d streets. But there are venders to b setn
there, nevertheless.
"The newsboy comes down the wharf some
times. Ths atroUInc vender of paper-covered
books comes and It may be steps over the con
venient rail ot a vessel to find a market on
deck If he can. The vender ot collar buttons
and shoestrings and handkerchief and odds
and ends that might be needed by man .any
where comes down the wharf and sometimes
boards tha ships. There might be seen occa
sionally a key fitter with a ring of keys, or per
haps somebody selling padlocks: there nr
doors on ships, and chests are used thtre. too;
but tha things that are offered along where
the ships lie aro things that are used alike for
tha earns purpose alloat and ashore or that
aro common la tbe personal use ot men."'
Carpet Prices I
Are brought 'down to the lowest place possible by reason of our making gill
the goods sold in this store. J jJ
Bargain prices to clear out our accumulation of part rolls. Bring I J 1
sizes of rooms. . ill
Extra Taputry 55 C. rtptilir S5e, 1 t
Extra Velvets 7 5c, regular 1.25 1 Jf
Worsted Velvets 65c, regular l.io 9 IB
Best Body Brussels 7 5c. regular 1.20 mm
Body Brussels 6 5c. regular t.io 'It
Royal Wiltons 1.25, regular 2.50 mi Jg
Axmlnsters . 65c, regular 1.13 II !l
Savonnerles 0 5c, regular l.0 Mm
All-wool Ingram . . . . 50c, icgular 6jc 1
Special offer in our rug depart ment "ROYAL" SMYRNA CAR- J I
PETS, 9 ft.xl2 ft. at $25.50; regular price gj5.00. Best quality 1
guaranteed. I
Carpet rugs, all sizes, every grad e, about one-third less than regular. jl
John & James Dobson, ,24thast. ) I
OUVRCUBS 1WILT IS PAIltS.
A Strang ITelrloom of Revolutionary Unyt
ln Knit Pcnnsylvnnln.
It rcADiNO.Pa., Nov. 3. DrlvlncthrouRh south
ern Berks county, ln tho vicinity ot Grlcscmor
vllle, the stranger Is Interested In tho novel
sight ot two largo and imposing brick nnd
tono churches, a like ns two pons, and built
on adjoining lots. On Inquiry ono of ths farm
ers In tho neighborhood, for It Is n farming
country, gave the Information that thoy nro
"the twin churches of Oloy." Anothorect of
twin ohurches, similar in construction. Is to bs
found In northorn Berks, known as tho Rich
mond Twins, nnd still another known as tho
Klopp Twins. These twin churches nro nlso
to b found In othor sections ot the farm
ing country of east Pennsylvania, and possi
bly nowhere clso In tha United Btatos. Tho
history of ono pair of churches Is generally
the history ot all of them. Shortly before the
Revolutionary period, tho Gorman and Bwcd
Isli sttlort of east Pennsylvania built Ion
ohurches. Tho Reformed and the Lutheran
congregations united for this purpose, and as
the population was limited, they oreeted these
union churches and worshipped therein on
alternate Sundays. In this way each congre
gation pursued the even tenor of Its way: wns
not interfered with, andlthooostlor repairs, tho
wood and coal bills, were paid for. ehare nnd
share alike. Tbe Lutherans were allowed to
attend the services of the Reformed and vlce
varsa. Mono or brick ohurches took the places
of the log mooting homes up to twenty-live
years dgo. but they still remained union
churches.
Than perplexing questions arose as the con-
f;regattons beoame larger. Each deuomlna
lon had Its own ideas when Improvements
were contemplated. Somo wanted a church of
their own every Sunday. Then ona or tho
other congregation withdrew and built a new
church on the ground adjoining that had been
Jointly owned by the two congregations. Iu
this way tha "twin ohurohos.'1 as thoy nro
called, wore erected. They were built with the
congregations still on the best of forms with
each other, each congregation still burying Its
dond In the same cometery nearby. In Rich
mond township ono of tho twin churches Is
known aa Bt. Four's, nnd the other, not 125
yards away, is Becker s St. Fetor's. Of course,
ono edifice In each Instance Is plenty largo
enough for tho entire community, but each
congregation desired Its own house of worship,
and tho twin churohea wore built.
tows Tiiovanxs.
"Noise?" exclaimed tho man of a nervous
tomperamont. as ho listened to n teamster
firing a load of coal down n. Broadway oellar.
"Noise? Why. I'll bo gnggonlielmored to gng
jronhelmerflre and guggenhelmernation If this
olrit tho cuggonhelmerest noisiest Ttown I
ever lived ln. and I'vo been living horo for
forty-nine rears and am no more used to it
now than If I had been born deaf. Now listen
to that ooal ohute, will you? What In gug-
Senhelmer do they want to mako It of Iron for?
'.' JD" wake more nolso than any othor
way? Why not mako It or wood? Htmnosn it
does wear out a little nuioker, won't people's
nerves last a guggenheimer sight longer?
Better make It. of custard pie than havo It tho
way It Is with Its gugeenhelmerish racket.
Listen, will rpu? By, guggenheimer. If Oa
briel should blow his horn now, there Isn't a
man, woman orohlld on the blook would know
a guggenheimer thing about It. That's a gug
genheimer of a note, ain't It, ln a Christian
community? '
"Darn these laundry people!" growled a
bachelor Tin a Ilarlem flat, as he yanked nt a
pair of Bocks he was about to put on. "I'd
like to know what they put these tin tags on n
fellow's Books for. Why don't thoy Invont
some other way to mark them? I never put
on a clean pair of socks that I don't got my
flngors all stuck, full of holes straightening
outthe hooks and getting tho tag ofr."
.J0.?0 faV8..'m ott" Balrt his roommate.
that's what they are put nn for. Thoy aro
made flat and hard to get off so they will be
outoCthe way and stay where they're put."
Then th other man devoted the remainder
of the morning hour to acalnulatlon of how
many holes ho had stuck In his fingers trying
to tako off how many of thoso tags.
The man and his wife were coming down
Broadway on ths west side studying tho win
dows, evidently tn nnest'of something. Finally
th man's eyo caught it
There's a glove.etore right ahoad." hn said.'
Bhe aonroaohed the window, which has
some gilt lettering ln It,
t Je"&,sh8 el3. m she fliirveyed tho sign,
"I don't know what kind 'Oants-01oes' nro,
and they ain't what Mnttlo told me to get. but
I haven't time now to look'any further and
she'll have to tako what sho gota."
Baying which she'dlsappoaredTnto tho Bhop.
It was 4 o'olook when the man got off the
Madison avenue car at 125th street, and there
was an air of triumph on his face as ho Joined
on acqualntano.
"The grlndlnsrmonopoly," ha said, with a
backward nod of his 'head toward tho car
traok. "baoked by'the tyrannlcnl law, tried to
mako mo walk, but by gum and byigoshl I not
only rode on the blamed old car, but I didn't
pay a cent of fare, IIow did I do It and what
1 It all about? Listen, and I will a tnlo un
wrap. Lord knows what time this morning It
fjvas when I got on the oar at the end of .tho
dgs, but I did iff on. and when I came to
klor farej hadn't anything but a flve-dollar
. According to the law. the: conductor
n't have to mako uhangt to that amount,
and as I was the aggressor I had to get oir the
ear. notwithstanding tho conductor offered
to lend me a nickel. But I had my revenge
jp jit sleeve, and T lot him put mo off. I
don't know Just how far I had ridden before I
onangtd oars, so to spetk. bnt pretty soon an
other oar oame along, and I boarded that one,
and presently when the conductor came
around, as they oil do. I tendered-hlm my flvo
dollars, with the same result; as before. Buflice
It to say I got ofr again. Again I tried a car. nd
again and again and again. Evry time the con
etnetor told me I would have to make some
other tender or gl off. and every time I got
off. As I say. th Lord only know what lima
It was this morning whjn Istruok the first
oar down town, but her I am now, and I have
made ths whole trip without the expenditure
of a s nglo cent. Time? Jb. It took ftlme.
but patriots should never begrudge tho time
devoted to the downing of the ootopu. Come
on in here and, let' break this bill over the
barkeep'e head."
There Is one plao In town where they drive
four horses abreast and that la on the hill that
rls to th eouth from 128th street, on Am
sterdam avenue. The four-hors team Is on
the Tenth avenue horse oars and Itooinlatso
the usual pair of horses In the middle with a
tow bora on lther side to help up the hllL
"Really th most dollolous thine I've eeen
In New York." reraerkedTa vlslUng lady from
the West, "was a fine-looking policeman at
Kitty-third street and Eighth avenue the othor
day, meeting a pretty young lady, I've seen
poliU policemen and I have seen them bow
and pod and even peak to a lady on the
street, but not aa this one did. The youngtwo
mantwas pretty and refined looking.ind (he
rplloeman mUd as he saw her apnroaohlng.
He pst her near the curb, and without rais
ing his helmet he exUnded hla hand with the
regulation high reaoh and met horn oxtended
the same way, lie seemed to bo pleased Im
mensely and the girl not less so. Hinlnr
shaken hands they stopped to chat a moment,
and presently the girl passed on. and the In
oldeut wbh closod as far as I was concerned.
It waa the first time.! too. that I ever saw a
woman shake hands with a policeman on duty
Bnd .t?"i.V nlm- Dld you over e nnythlng
ke that?"
The othor woman, being New York wo
man. nodded afrlnnatlvely and did not seem to
b greatly surprised.
--.."J -- .- . .wjXIl, .ArtJihi- - Y-1 tfj1,i fi
OS TUB STATES ISLASlt FBItltT. flj j
Things the I'nssengers Kiidura and Othe J H
Things They Knjoy. :"y i 3
Ot course If a man will llvo on Btateri IsU 3
and, ho can't blame nbybody but hlmsolt fo j m
what happens, nnd most Statcn Islanders wiQ ' M
admit It to bo a fact. Rut ovon If It Is so.'nt '; fj
least ho can bo pitied for somo of the things si '
ho undergoes, that almost ovory ono would S &
admit wore not really duo to him simply fo ffi U
being a Statcn Islander. Z '
Now. two of tho things that havo happened, - S
to him and still do happen to him are thesst W M
Tho ferry company hB sold to a florist the) a
right to sell flowers In tho forrvhouse at South F
I'erry, so that tho Btntcn Islander Is greeted.
on entering thn houso. with an odor striking
ly reminiscent of funerals Iboforo friends wore
"kindly requested not to send flowere," for '
most ot the flowers ottered tor salo are of -a S j
funeral color nnd savor. -j a
Tho othor thing that grates upon tho Btatea 8 fi
Islander Is muslo. $j j
The man tbst hath no music tn himself -Z $.
Is fit for treasons, stratrgems and spoils. :
said Shakespeare. Rut tho man that hath no '. l
muslo on his boat Is a happy man, or. at all .:, Ji
ovonta, he has a chauco to bo so. Now In th -?, f
old dnyH thn Staton Islander had to suffer J JKE
muslo only on Sundays and holidays during; 4
tho summer, Suffer is tho right word to use. j
as any one who has travelled on the Staton 1st- ,i M
nnd boats will vouoh, Rut tho forry company tjjj I?.'
has become thrifty ot late, and hus mado a !S
contract with another Italian (for tho florist It .1 lM
nn Italian) giving Mm tho right to put a, "jl fi-
"band" on every boat, on nny par;t of tho boatu 'j S.
on every Saturday, Sunday nnd holiday -; m
throughout tho year. So ovory Saturday. i 1
Sunday and holiday tho Htaten Islander has "i !
to put up with tho noise of an Incompetent and !' wi
untrained band. ' IB
There Is no gradation of torture: each band j if!
Is worse than any other band, excopt that um
which Is worse than nil. and that Isn't half so ' iff.
bud us somo of tho others. That statement ! '&
suems paradoxical, but nny Staton Islander ; ill
will swear that It is within tho truth. And the ,' tfi
bands havo learned nothing slnco thoy start- '' jjf
ed, except thn individual mouibors. They ' M
hnve learned not to knock tho paper out of V ( Jf
reader's hand whon thoy tako up or try to tnka. J' 3H
up their collection. Rut musically tha bands :' ',
huve learned nothing. All this Bummorand ' '
autumn they have been playing a tuno tdontl- ' AS
Jled by several persons aa ono of tho tunes of ',, V,
"which the old cow died. Perhaps It was "On ! 8W
tho Ranks of the Wabah" or some other now ' i
and striking popular air. If it was. tho band - Ml
mutilated It so that Its features could not bo ;i M
Identified, any mora than 11. Rostand could -' wi
Identify Mr. Augustln Daly's "Cyruno do Rot- i! ; ill
gome" as Imitated from his. Jl Mj
The other Saturday tho worm turned. II : jl
wasn't h. very important worm. In fact. It 42 ffl
wns a woman who was elfhor crnzy or In- C fit!
toxloated, whlohever one choosos. Bha sat - BJJ!
quietly until the band had evolved a particu- .ItlfiK
lorly bad "morooau." Then, though the j fJB
band wns unbtalrs and at tho other ond of tha -j Jg
boat, she was roused to express her opinion. 2J.
"Is that the bost ynu can do?" sho crlod. ' tip
waking out ot a sound slean. "I can do bet- , sfi
tor'n that without half tryln'." With that sho )f lla
proceeded to do bo. Bho began to sing old ,! ffiJ
songs, new songs, pieces from operas and , m
from churoh music, and tho band went on. ! RH
switching to another tuno worso than that 3
which had aroused her wrath. Then she be- !H
gan to use language and threaten the band. 1 fjli
"Why doesn't sho go up and carry out her . cm
threats?" asked her admiring hcurcrs. "Via ; in
don't daro, but ehe oughtn't to be afraid ot a1
anything." , 13$,
:Ry this tlmo oma lover of peace had pro- f fjjj
vailed ou the policeman to come to tho resouo. til
The woman greeted him fondly. . i ij
l"That's ulT right, xnnny." sho Bald, pattlns ' S
him on the back. "It's the band, not mo., ten
that s to blame. Turn them off. sonny, that's ', iBM
a good boy." Then, turning to tho cabin full ; W
ot passengers, sho oried: "I'll do a aklrtt K
dance for you. You think I don't dare I" Rut ' m
she simply llirtod her skirts around as Lady f
Macbeth might havo dono at tho banquet - (';!
graced by Banqun'a ghost. Andltben tho bell , '. vs
rang for tho landing. : tm
"Thlm bands do bo n nulsanco," said the B
follcoman to a passenger. "Aye. thoy do BJj
inve tho right to go.onnywhcro on tho boat, " sin
It's I that wlshos they would go to tho top ol V
tho smokestack and Jump off. bo I do." ;. , i:B
CARPETS IYJ1D. .,t
'lit
Thus Treated, Like Many Other Tlilnsrf. .jljli
NTlien Worn or Faded. ,' W,
Among the many things that are dyed aro I ffl'
carpets, thoso thus troatod Including mo- ' ffjj
quettes, Axinlnstors, Brussels, and Ingrains. ', in
Ingrains, however, are more often cleaned p'
only. Carpets are dyed, as many other thing . nm
aro. because they havo bocomo worn or faded. . vfiji
They may bo dyed of almost any oolor, though) . jMH
the color they will take will, of course, depend jl nil
somawhat upon the original hue. j HI
Carpets that are dyed are more often dyed of j Is
a solid color, but thoy are sometimes so dyed n
as to show the original figure with more or a Jt
less distinctness, ot courso, not In Its original 9 i'
colors, but In Its outlines, tho form of tho fig- Jf !y
ure showing In a darker tint ot the same colojf a i
as ths surrounding body, I fj
SICK HEADACHE II
Positively cured by theso fff
Iilttlo Pills. ill J
They nlso relieve Distress from Dyspepsia, ' ffl 8
Indigestion and Too Hearty Eating. A per. ,1 111; ?
feet remedy for Dirdness, Nausea, Drowsl, ; t j
ness, Bad Taste in the Mouth, Coated Tongua f i1 1
Pain in the Side, TORPID LIVliR. Tlrrf ,
Regulate the Bow-'Js. Purely Vegetable. ip
Small Pill. 8maif Dose. i I j
Smai.P.rl H
01 DEVELOPMENT
Dd NATURAL VIGOR. f
A remarkable improvement In snplrlng Js fa
the MCilum rinclil' for heme and physi. - n W
dins' use. iteslorea lull vigor, csuset i m
development, gives sustaining power, II j ;
natural site sod ficllim to vrtwk organs. K W
No mndlclnn nu urth cun nuiisn lo- :A IK)
veloj.ni.litl OUU Al'l'l-IANOK DOIM. fj !
This Is not a "free Irisl" deception nor a Jn JB
humbug prcorlptiuu no druggist can lilt. Sa if.
Aetusllr the cliiiet. bersiiwj the only Tj 1
ujppllanrr klmun Hint dnesusclulmril, iji IS
Moderate iirlr. Illustntod Ueicriptlpn ll fflj
(with trstluiorilsli) nf uecullsr Interest to 'II J
every thniielitful nJ Intelligent man. Hsot ,Jj M
free la plsin env elope, twled. .IE M
TIIK CAMKKOX t'Q M
40 Fulton St., Htn 1'tfiVu '"JKvJ

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