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if GOLD FLOWS TO THE MINTS.
J JDEFOtHTB JiVRINO TIJK FIlfCAZ TEAR 1 rm TunnERT on record. Mm Surprising Increase in Mm IVorld's Onlil ilp l Wolnn-e Russia's Great Oold Iteserre Iff, Mint Director Jlobarti Argues In ravor If , .of the Gold Htanitnril-tliA Itnpldly In- K I' (-rearing l'roduct of Gold, Wtilrh May P ff '.Amount In 1808 to 283,19r,0O, lint K t y Changed the Sentiment ravrornbln to In. B teruatlonnl lllmetnlllim to Indifference. I WisntHOToM, Nov. 24. Gsorga E. Ilobcrts. K Director of tllo Mint. In Ills report fur tlio fiscal I i year ended Juno .'10.1808. shown In detail tlio Ii operations of tho Institutions under hlsehargc. JH oi)d also statistics of colnige production nnd lit monetary conditions of foreign countries U K Tho doDosIts of (told bullion at tlio rnlntfl nnd H nssar ofllcos of the United Stnten during tho t I fiscal year ended June HO. 18fW, wcro tlio a B largest In the history of this country. Exelustvo & of rodoposits. thoy wore of tho value of $M7.- A k OriJ.lOl.Sl. against S87.003.337 71 in tho provl- 1 W twi year. Only ones before havo tho original fc- deposits of twolvo months exceeded tho record ifl f of 1891 07, being In tho jonr ended Juno .'10. f K 3H81, when tho resumption of specie pnymontB ', and n heavy fnvornblo boluiico of trndo caused I v extraordinary Imports ot foreign coin nnd bul- v Hon. Tho orlcinal doposlta in that ycir wore j' f SvirM.833.102.45. K The most important events of tho fiscal year sj u" In tho world ot government finance havo boon lj j. the consummation of tho long-planned resuuip. t lion of specie payments by Russia in gold, tho ii I reorganization of tho monetary system of Japan id with gold ns tho standnnl.and the refusal of j' f thoGovommontof Indlnto coOporato with tho !' lj Governments of tho United Btatca nnd Franco i, i f In an oiTort to establish bimetallism by Intor- K I nntional agreement. These occurrences nra j 1 treated separately nnd in dotnll elsowhcre. (j Thngoldcolnngoof tho world In 1807 was tho largest recorded, amounting In vnluo to $4H7,- 4 K 710.342. against 51U5.800.ul7 In 1800. Of the i v former sum. $140,022.1114 was rocolnago. nnd ' n approxlmntoly2l.()97.148 a net nddltlon to If- the stock of cold coins. The principal colnngo j was by the United States. Great Drltnln. Itus- j Via. Gormany. Austria-Hungary, Trance nnd j Japnn. The extraordinary coinage of tho year if accounted for by the preparations of Itussla, ! Austrlu-Hungnry and Japan for their monetary reforms. In tho caso of Hussla. jiartlcularly. , i;od which has boon accumulating foryenrs. much of It In bars, was passed through the mints to prepare It for circulation. .Tho completion of liussla's plans of monetary i rpform and tho opening to tlio uses of com mercoof her great gold reserve, sj stomuticnlly gathered year by jcar until It is the greatest slrtglo board of trensure tho world oersaw. Is in ItRelf .1 most notablo event. Tho demands of Jlusslu for this purposo havo been a stonily ' drain upon tho gold supplies of tho world Kvery coin that wont Into her rcsonolr dropped oiif of sight for the time as completely ns though i dropped overboard in mldoccnn. On July 1, 3898. tho Husslnn treasury hold ocr $70,- v fKKl.OOO of flnlted States gold coins. $."(. KX.000 worth of English soercIcns. $27, OOOOC'O worth of German gold coins, nnd ? Sin.OOO.lXK) In francs, besides tho coins sho 1 rnn bae previously molted, and a. great stock In bars Now her resei voir is full, nnd what is added in the future will run oer. unless sho proceeds to fill another iooro!ras a war treas ury. It seems improbable that sho will do this when tliern nro so many ways in which th money can bo spent or imotidto develop tho i resources of her people, nnd thus odd greater t Dtrength than by an idlu hoard Throughout tho world, among nil peoples ) trim are sufficiently chillzed nnd ambitious to hayo inWnatioml intercourse, theio N manl- 1 rest n desire tii bring thuir own currencies Into J.( deflnitoand stablo relations with tho money 'KK of tli" i-Oople with whom thy trndo 'n T'", "P0101" desires that tho money with p fl)ieh ho bus nt homo and tho mouey for t J vchK-b be sells Abroad slnll hao a common ' t tinltof value Thd manufacturer who is com- '( retlng in foreign markets desires that tho t. rnpney with which ho bujn r.iw mntonulnnd It Jabor at homo and the monov In which ho must I ojuote prices abroad shall hnvo n relation fg to 'each other upon which ho may relv ; f and calculate. Aith him, months usually 1 F Keparato his Investment in mnterial from tho 1 If final payment for his finished goods. Ills nc- , i founts receivable are duo in tho money of ono g i ountry and his accounts paynblo in tho monoy 4- ofnother. If the monetary systems of then t countries hao no common unit. If each nation V lp Ignorance or misled Independence prefers : I "an independent system of Its own." they will ; i Inevitably vary in aluo to each other, and tho I t rroiltsof tho international transaction wo nro i V ronslderlng nro subject to these variations Bueh variations are therefore u barrlor to trade bstween tho eqtintries 1 hoy constitute n rM ). ndditjonal to nil tho ordinary cont inconclesaf- ; V fecting domestic trade, for which the trader ! if must be reimbursed Klther tho producer must sell his goods onough cheaper or the consumer : must pay enough more to covei a J h It Is to escape from such fluctuations nf tho Bussian currpnoy, which In 180J reached Oil percent nnd In lftOl 2rt per tent, tint tho h Russian Government has fixed Its paper money f nljthe gold standard. Tor tho same reihoii f Austrla-niingary nnil Jnpan liuo lately dnnu 8 llkewlso lor the same reason India closed its t ii nilnts to the unrestricted colnngo of silver and ,naheenstrueBllng slnco to hold its rupee nt B? the flxod value of 10 pence , It Is for this ren- :JP sop that even Peru, with Its comparatively iH' "m,9" .f?rilen trarfe. has closed Its mints to the 111' Jinlimited coinage of silver, tho preamhlo of Its Hi Preelaent s nroclaniatlon reciting: "Whereas IF J1" vnatlons in oielmngo reMiltliig S from, tho continual fall In the vnluo !& of'flllver require tlio executive to take smh t Btepsasarevvlthin tho rangoor his legalpow- j t ers." .Ve It Is forthls ii-ason that tho (lovern- j nientof France, vvhllo friendly to nn Intcinn- fc tlonnl agreement upon a blmetnlllc money fe Btoodard. will not nntortnln nny proposition K that involves a possible separation of her own 7 fe eurrenoy from tho standard used bv the other ' llSWW11 S"raorel"il nations of the world. j. Thnttheso fluctuations nro inevitable to a eur- fe jSettcy not held to the International standard. ! f and convertible on demand, into the metal of L that standard, la evidenced i, the cvperienco f of tho United States long after the htnss nnd ; V chances of wnr had ceased to affect Its piper , t currency. Thus, In the year 187H. when no ! I. 'question of the stability or resources of tho K Government could linvo been Involved, tho v range of our panor currency to gold . I -was B Pr cent. In IHiO i:i per cent. ' 8 ivnd In 18!8 18 i.er cent It Is nppar- p, not to any ono fumlllar with niodeni bunl- t, ie nffairs thut such fluctuations in tlieli I m monov ns tneso aro a bnrdensomo handlian to , f SK. thoellorlH of nny people tobullduparorelgn i C trado Tho business man who bids on aeon t ft tract over his country's border does not want tp add 18 per cent, or Hi per cent, or 8 nor f F- cent. proven 1 percent.. toallovvforniiOHSiblo h Mirtntlon In tho relations of tho two systems of ft rnoriey. Even 1 percent, thus ndded might. f throw tho contmet to n i-omiietltor vv ho did not ! a fjabbr under tliihdis-utvnntugo. The enterprls- i , f Ing popples of the vv-orldiuo not vnlunturllv ns- i i f auralng or remaining under conditions which . ' r I'UtthomntadlHadvnntugo In tho keen rivnlrv- i Jhntsnlesnien find In every mnrket The en- j 1 lightened judgment of tho times condemns ' , E huchii meaningless nnd burdensmo restraint I B upon the exehnugos. . F . Tlmslt Is thntthu statesmen or nil countries ! ? V vhlehhaveexiwrletteed theevllsofnn isolated , E, nnd.rtenreclttted currency, without touch oi P confection with tho nionet iry s stems of other I eoubtrios. aie seen to bo striving to res"ii K their people from that condition In somn ln- S J ftmjoes they cnoountor grave difficulties, dim i to tho poverty of their people ' hey mav havo ' l I to submit to illsadviintages for n tlmo. even us i aaembarrassed IndlvMual Is unable to pursue t F the methods of his forehanded neighbor Ad- i I verst rondltl'Mis of trade nnd revenue mav I I postrpue or .left.it their plans Hut they all i B Blvtf tstlmoni to tho ovils of tin Ir enforced ' II tiondl Ion. and ni.iKO npparent Iheii desire to I t. Join, their more forehnndeil nelwhliors in tho I use of n common st.indaril of v.Uiio I f Ileviewlng tho efforts of tho Woleott Intei- . Ss ratlnnnl Iirinetalllc Commission, the dlrottm 1 kuiatliut Thonoiitiment Inravor if nblmetnllie tk monetary standard, supported hv Intermitlonnl I I rV,,mi!1,:i lla!' fnd uxnrednn not oily hy I I the Wlshitlvo bodies i ,,f nine., mid (inrm inv ft but of Great llrimln. ind It bail them foio E 'e,?l?,c,,, prtx'Hmio Hint n eonference should bo ' B lielitwithuvlevv toiiM-eimlnliigwhat eoineited K action might be agreed iiou , f The theory that n flxetl rntlp botvvtengold R jndjtllvercould bomalntilned by nn Interna ls tonM agreement Is based upon the nssump- tlont scarcely to bo contested, tliat tho mono I t '"Ovu. ;if theso mutala Is a fictor in their ' W value! If this is true, tho eoncerteil exclusion , f of eltherono from the mints of nil the niorolm. jortsnt countries of the woi Id would hiivtwin ' K ililluenco to ilepreelate Its vnlin If then mi I K agifement thould lw n ached between ut Ii Jt- iiatlontv;ti,iiiih ntn.eerMiu rutin and . ne B inetM iihould rlseovi nsllchtlj ibnve th.it ruin S, Itvrtfuld 'ussttut of niniit tni) tihoenllreli 'I he 1L jessjtionof ih.itdonmnduiionlhitilenreriiu tnl I? tilt redoubling of It up-m the ihciiperwould lend'to bring them together again , I , Jlncle nation, uitlng alone, is tertitln to J L Jn the dearer metal entirely, and retain only j f the cheaper as its standard, Thus, for uuy if " , oonntrr. under present condition, to open I ta mints to tho unrestricted coinage of. both gold nnd silver nt 10 to 1. or any thereabout ratio, would bo for It to loso what gold It posscssod. because that metal would surely.go where It was rated higher. If. however, thore was no country In tho world where It vvns legally rated hlglior. thoro would bo no Plneo .to which Lit tnlclit go for monetary use. Allowing that tho ratio originally ngroed to was approximately the mnrket ratio, the valuation thus coinciding with the judgment of tlio com mercial world, there scorns every ren fcoii to tolloo tint such nu International agreement would accomplish It purpose, liven though ono metal should become estab lished In n value nbovn the legal nitlonndbo como merchandise, tho currencies of nil coun tries would retain their lived relations to each other No shock or distress would ensue, no nation would Ik) tsolstfd or sacrificed. Thoy would nil be together on n tommoii plane, with a common measure of value These nro tho considerations which havo led mnuv selentlllo students of finance and sagacious publicists to favor oiien mints to liothmetiils under in In tel nntional agreement, although each unalter ably oppou d to such a lolloy by his own coun try nctim'ulone ,, , ,. One of the chief ends for which, since I81.1. the lending- blmetalllsts of the world hne per sistently sought an liiternnllonnl agreement has been to bring nil tlio world to ono standard or value 'J hat end is not merely Ignored, but contemptuously jlnndoned by those who Insist that each countty should liavo n standard all Its ovv ii. or net without conference nnd without regard to tho politics or other countries All the forces or commerce. Industry nnd civiliza tion nro moving the nations to more Intlmnto relations with each other, and tho demand for ucoiiinion stnndnnlof vnluo becomes steadily morn Imperative 'J hose who udvotnto mono tnrv anarchy oppnso torccs that are Irresistible Although tho effoits of the commission wcro brought to nn end hy tho refusnl of the Gov ernment ot India to join tho movement, tho dlrt-etorconslderstho rnllure indirectly due to a growing reeling Hint the rapidly increasing product of gold has radically changed tho sit uation trom what it was ten jears ago. when the gold product sooinod to be ut n standstill or declining. It has changod to indifference or opposition tho attitude of many who then feared nn appreciating standard, but who aro qulto as much opposed to a depreciating one. Groat nswnH tho world's production of gold In lh07. amounting to the value of S2'7.504, 800. nnd exceeding thut iff 1HHI by $t4.82J.5(Hl. It Is. judging by the returns already nt hand, certain thnt tho product or IW8 will bo still greater. Tho returns tiom South Africa for ten months show that nt the presentrnteof produc tion lu yield will exceed tho yioldot 1807 by $21,8ri2 0O0 1 ho returns rrom Australia indi cate that Its product in 1K0H will exceed the product ot 1807 by SlO.'l 15.000. From July l.r last to Nov. 15 the receipts ot gold at Seattle and ban Iranelseo trom tlio Canadian lukoti aggregated nbovo $10.000 000, nnd on this basis the Increased production for Canada in 1808 Is estimated at $8,500,000 Tho Increase In tlio I'liltcd States can hardly fall below $5,000,000 The total ol these estimates is S4iiii.S7.dOO, which, added to tho figures ol 1807. would Indicate a world's product In 1808 or $21,102.800, If tho remaining countries in their aggregate are unchanged Tho product ot 1801, $1.10.000 000. will bo more than doubled, anil the combined vnluo or tho gold nnd silver product ten voars ago oceeded by gold alone Discussing tho Increased yield or gold In re cent vears, the dinctor tiaeos its disiiosltion tiHfotlnwH Tho world's production ot gold In the list tlvo venrs. accoidlng to tho annual ostlmites ot the bureau of the mini, hns amounted to $077,022,100 The Industrial con sumption hns been about S300 000,000 Stocks ot gold in Europein hanks and Government treasuries from Pccembor, 1R12, to December. 1807, Increased about S55O.O00 000, or over 40 per cent. The stock or gold in the United Stntes Increased)!! tho five venrs $05,451,000 The gold holdings ot tho banks iff Australia, dnnilii. and South Urii a Increased nhnut S15, (hh ono 'lut.il gold thus accounted for. $000.-457.0(H). oysti:h st.titKKT j:istnaixa. llrspltn Prophecies to the Cnntrnrr, the Demnnil Keeps Abend nf tho Supply. Heports fiom Chesapeake Hiy oyster dealers indicito nn Increnso or noarly 100 per cont. compired with last year in tho prico paid by the pickers to the catchers. It is customary evcrj car fort ho Baltimore nnd Norfolk oyster dealors to mnko sinister predictions us to tho failure of tho ovster supply, while, at the same time, the wholesilo ovstor dealers ,slinultn ncously declare that In consenueni.0 of " a short supply " prices must bo raised. This year, however, an unusual condition of affairs In tho ovster business has been obsorved.nn increase In tho supply and an increase In tho demand, too A vein ago oysters "In the shell." as they nro called (oysters newly caught and offered for sale to ships, scows, and oyster boats in and near the Chesapeake Hay), brought from 20 toCO tents a bushel, according to the quality, tho marketable division being "choice, culK and medium." Baltimore is tho headquarters of the oyster-packing trade, dealing in more th in 20,000.000 bushels in .i jear. and sending them to nil parts ol the world. Oj store bought for packing are of tho cheaper grade: oysters for homo consumption or sont north to Phila delphia and New Vork are ot the more expen sive varletv This year the Belling price in the liays nuil streams ot Maryland ana Virginia is from 00 to HO cents a hushel, nnd there Is con siderable competition to All orders Perhaps the best explanation of tho enlarged oyster market this jear Is to bo found In tho Incieasa nnd improvement in railroad facili ties Baltimore and Norfolk of recent ears have been growing Inrgelras shipping points for Western coreal products, nnd tho Improved freight sorv Ice which the) havo secured makes both possible and easy better transportation facilities In sending back Knstern products (ovsters Ineludod) by fast rreight Oysters are now taken by carloads a-s far as Winnipeg in as short a time .is it required tlirie or lour years ngo to tako them to Montreal or Duluth, and as distant plnces nro brought in closer connection witli tho points ot export tho demand for oystors Increases steadily, more rapidly. In fact, than tho supply, although that Is Increasing, too. Although other countries, nt various times, have endeav ored in various wavs to emulate the United States In respect to Its oyster product, this countrv keeps nt the head with about four Ifftlisor the total number of ojsters. and when qunllty Is considered the United States is still further In advance than that numerically. In respect to tho total population, tho nverago consumption or ossters per capita Is probably largei In Baltimore than anv where olso, but In rospet t to tho total number or oystors con sumed in a jcar New York city stnnds rnrat tho head, and there is no diminution ot their rnpularity here, although the Now York mar el supplies aie drawn not onlv fiom the Cbtsapeake waters, but trom Delaware Bay. Now Kngland and neighboring New YorK nnd New Jorse) oystor btds. tho supply or which, however, has been or recent yeirsmueh diminished It isn fact not genornlly known oxcept to thoso In tho ovstor trade tint a largo number ot " Mnryland oysteis." so called, eomo nctunlly from Virginia tho streams lead ing into southern parts of Chesapeake Pay. pirtlciilmlv the streams on the peuliiMiIa bo tneen the Jiinos mid tho York rivers, nio abundant In the ojster supply, and In the tor litory between Norfolk and Capo Henry there is nn ovster supply of tho vailety known ns "havens" from the various coves nnil havens in this inrt of tho Old Dominion, nnd some few nftliem have attained n celebrity among o s tnr epicures throughout the country. rou ins rnn:.m' hake. The Wnll of a rawnbiokrr Over Preient lliiilueis Condition!. "I had occasion to recently visit a certain i pawnbroker on the Bowcr."sald a man out of empluvinont, "and ho was complaining bit terly of hard times. 'There ulu't nny money In my business any more; not for anybody, ho sild 'I'm just swimming nlougtolng to keop my head above water, but If It wasn't tor my frb nils I would give mv place up. You've got to net oinmoth'c your friends, ou know. They look tome for money when thy get short, and they have to hive It I can't go buck on them, I and so 1 l.n p this plueo There usidtobo ; nione) In pan ubroklng before tholawson tho 1 subject vveri-revlstd, 1 it now wo tan only i barge II percent u ninmh.and, of course, wo onlv do n sfulglit biiHlnejs ' I "'Tlireo per cent u month ilow much I money do tou lend rd iv ''I asked I "' About $'I(K),' rip'lsil tho pawnbroker I ""J'hatlsSllt.nU) In the course ol the year. I Three percent u month Is :ttl per cent a jear. so v ntu niinuid Ineo no sy 0,420' "'Oh. so hilp m, guieiouH, m friend,' ton- tinned tho old msn. 'you are very much mis taken Unit's what the figures sny Yes. but let niotell you n seen t Wn are tin toy liberal I lu our advances niu1 we don't re iliio 40 per lent on uureilti med go i Is "nil giving nut 2 on n brind-nevvthlrty-I ilollni overtoil the old man walked sndlv back 1 to an imi"r office to meditate on tlio decadence of commerce The Itrv. 4r. Ariintronc Cntibes a Chlclc.ru Iblef. While the llov John I! Armstrong of the Cuyler Presbjteriau Mission, nt .'tr8 Pacific btreet, Brooklyn, was dlstilbuting Tl.mksglv. Ingcheei tosoineof the pooi nvmbeisof liN fltvk nil WeillleiMl.il lllglit 11 In) Whollldr. - reived two i liiekt lis tolnkii lioniciin bn k lug nnd said tint vvii bovs hid inppuihlm I I takei, tint elilekous Tint l!t.v Mr Arm strong hurried off. mid ufter .1 chum, of siv. bloil.HiMtiirtd;innor lint jouthful lilghvvii). men. ll-)eiir-olil Janus Walsh, who lives with his widowed mot her at 505 Warren strut James was before Magistrate "Knlo In the M)r let off wltlhaleiu."tt',d")r """: and was . AUXILIARY NAVAL POM. RKPOJtT OF 37TB ASSISTANT BECRE- TAitr or Tim SArr. Defence of the Pepnrtmnnl's Selection of VcmcIi nnd of the Trice l'nld for Them nemovalof the War College to Annnp olU Nntlonnl Nnvnt Ileierve Advocated. TVAsnisoTos. Nov. 24. At the suggestion of Secretary Lone. Mr. Charles II. Allon. the As sistant fiocretary of the Navy, has submitted a report of the work of lain ifflco In the post year. Mr. Allen euccoedod C01 Hoosovclt ns Assistant Becretary and continued tho work which Col, Itoosovelt had undertaken to put the navy In thorough condition for engaging In hostilities with Spain. Without referring directly to tliooritHsms which have appeared In newspapers concerning tho purchase of vessels for the auxiliary navy, ths Assistant Bocrotary makos an earnest defence of tho action of the department In regard 'to the se lection ot tho auxiliaries and th prioes paid for thorn. Ho says: "Imumuoh as tho purchase ot vessols from tho merchant marine yaoJiU, Ao. was con ducted by this office. It mar bo retnarkod that this work was managed with the utmost care ns regards selection of vessels for tholr strength and adaptability to naval uses, as well as with respect to the prleo paid Tho majority of those vessels were Inspected by a board of which Caut. Frederick ltodgers. U. S. N., was President, and I tako pleasure In commending the Intolllgenco and fidelity with which tho work of thla board was carried out In other oases special boards ot officers wore noiKilnted to conduct tho Inspection. What I wish to emphasize especially Is tho fact that no v essel was purchased uutll after It had boon thoroughly InsDOoted and had been pronouucod thoroughly satisfactory by offi cers whose professional training made them exports. "When we began the purchase of these ves sels there was scarcely any competition, and It is possible that prices wore higher thuu could havo been secured If It had beon prac t Icable to wait until oompetltlon brought lower figures But It must be rcmombered that tho liw of supply and domund holds for the Gov ernment as well ns for private individuals, and thut true economy nnd Iho best Interests of tho Government raaio It the correct policy to pay a higher price for a vessel when her ser vices were vitally needed rather than to sudor the Government's Interests to be jeopardized by waiting for a lowor price. Not very long aftci tho purehaslng began the competition to supply ships became very active, and the de partment was then enabled to get vessels at vbry rcasonablo prices ' As an exnmplo ol tho genorous patriotism ot friends of tho Government at the time or Its nocd. It is 11 pleasure to rooord tho rnot that two or the vessels added to tho auxiliary Hoot wcro tlio frco and unconditional gift ot tho ownors. The Free J-nnoo early lu tho war was olTored by Mr. F Augustus Schormerhorn. aeeopted by tho department, put Into com mission nt once, and gavo excellent eervlco throughout the war. The Buccaneer was generously given by Mr, W. It, Hearst, who also paid for tho oxterior alterations noces sary to fit her for service. Both these ves sels wore restored to their owners as soon ns pncticablo after tho signing of tho armistice." Mr. Allen also calls attention to tho fact Hint of the $.'1,000,000 appropriated roi the or ganization and conduct or the auxiliary naval foice, together with the purchase or auxiliary vessels Tor that Bcrvlce, only $720,030 was spent. or tho Naval War College, which ho com monds highly, Mr. Allen snvs: "It sooms to me that the most Important step is the transfer of ths college trom Its present location at Nowport to Annapolis, where it w ill form a post-graduato courso for tho Naval Academy; not in the sense that tho midshlDmcn. alter comnletlncr their four Tenrs' course, will at once take up the studies of tho War Colli ge, bu' that, ns nt present, officers of considerable exrerienco who are prepared to assimilnto with advantage the courso or In struction provided may hive opportunity ror such study Annapolis offers many advan tages over Newport as tho location. In the llrst Place, it will bring our naval educational In stitutions into lino with what tho experience ot our great unlversltles has shown to be tho best plan In none ot them has tho Idea ever been ontertainod thnt the advanced courses should be located in a plieo entirely apart trom tho undergraduate work "I have clven the subject ol the removal of the War Collego a great deal of careful thought and havo conferred with a number of officers who have the best Interests of the service at heart, and these officers havo assured me that in their judgment this plan Is the best for en abling tho college to do its finest work " The formation of a national naval resorveis warmly advocated by the Assistant Secretary, who says- "Our experience in the Spanish war has really beou the only opportunity wo have had with the system ot an auxlllnry naval roree or ganized as a naval militia, and while suoh or ganizations responded witli eagerness and showed the greatest patriotism and tin earnest desire to render service to tho Government, It was tound that the existing system had ele ments ot weakness, which, under severe stress anq against a powerful enemy, would have caused gronfnnxlety: that tor tho actual needs ot warships and such auxiliaries as wcro re quired for deep-sea work there was needed a reserve which could bo promptly molillled under tlu tall or tho Presldont. and which would be soenrolledthat such a call could be t onco sent out to ttio individuals making up such a reserve through the department. "Thus the attention or all has been turned to a national naval reserve a body or sea faring men. or tho sea habit, whose occupation and dally training make them morn or less familiar with sea work, w ho"e status should bu that of a body of men directly under the con trol ot tho Federal Government To this end such a force must ueeesat-li bo maintained nbsMutel) out ot the Federal approjiriatlous, and no oilier appropriation could be consid ered, ns complications ot thnt sort would lead to friction, which could only Impair the effi ciency ol the force as well as tend to a divided authority." " The Bureau of Navigation will ask author ity to enlist up to 20.000 men. whieh will bo a suffieionl number for tho present vessels or all clas-es. There are, however. In process or con struction and under repair, but not In commis sion: R b&ttlfithipp, requiring each 400 men 3,200 4 monitors, refpiirln.1 each I7tlmen ,. . 704 lit torpedo destroyer, requlrtngencu SO men into 22 t trjietlo boaii, rniulrlnceacb 20 men 440 Album . . . . . .f,o hecupfaVe go ( hlcaipj. ,ir,o Atlanta ,."-,0 Ifartf irrl i00 VirUovn , j, jo VlbuvIus 7-, Tital . 8,001) 1J vemelii now in inerve, with one third of trew of ISO menou board . . .1.100 Total ... 7.731) 'Thus nbout 8 000 men in addition would bo required should an) exigency rise requir ing the completo manning or these ships But It will bo several ynara before all the battle ships are completed, so tint It would be fail to siy that at the Present timo uiovlsion should be made tor one-halt the number, or 4,000 men ' These 4 000 naval reserve men could be en rolled In this way; It Is expected that at least 1.500 will be enrolled from men who saw ser vice during tho Spanish war as members ot the naval militia (4.2H1 naval militiamen were enlisted In tho regular service). Tho 2 500 additional men required fortho llrst )ear. It is expected, will I e enrolled trom tho seafaring class ynchtstnen, inerehunt mailne. fisher men nnd others to many cl whom the amount or pay during sorvlco, the transportation to nnd rrom their practice stations and the uni forms furnished will b a sufficient induce ment. Indeed, from letters and eommunlea tions on llle In this offieo it is believed that a veiy much larger number than required for the present neods or the service will be en lolled lu such naval reserve the llrst three months. " 1 he cost ot such service to the Government may bo approximated thus: 4,000 men, two suits of uniform at til 000 ,iHi()ium,lranportatlon to and from tbelr lioiuia lo ) ructlitteliip, sn . , 30 000 4,000 men, tratw, offliera and men, f.ir two tresis, ,0 80,000 Total 1144,000 "i Ills, will lo-vve $r0,000 balanco from an appropriation of $200,000, allowing opportuni ties for suiipljlng .books und neccssarj eipilp riejits and providing for a further period of drill, if in ths judgment or the department it seems expedient." Witli the repot; Is submitted tho diaft ot a bill for the organization ol a national naval re borvu. In his references to the Brookljn Nan Yard Mr Allen sais that No. 2 wooden dook there Is rotting away llko the one nt Norfolk, "thus giving n second example of the unsultableness of 1I1U material foi structures whieh ehould be absolutely jmrmanent " 1-VHCiintlon Day Dlniiei, Thes uihof thollevolutlnnof Nw Ymk State willielebiato with n dinner at IMmoiikostlus evening the lirdh minlveisaryof tho evucuii tlonof this 1 it) b) tho British President Friil (nek 8 'Inllmudso will lie tonstmastar. and ninoiig the invited guests and speakers nro Major-liens bhurter ami ChariesF Boe. and thellev, Dr Henry Van H)ko Over 200 uieiu Lets of the society aro expected. . i - cmsQVAVfsa otr sale, A Bare Nut from the South Seen Occasion ally tn This Mnrket. "Oh, lopk, Maria, chlnqunplnsl I'vo nover seen any In New York before. Doesn't that male you think ot tho Black Mingo placo and old times?" nnd the fashionably attired matron whohndstoppod her companion at the fruit shop window on Broadway eyed tho little bas ket of shiny, pointed nuts with interest. " Chlnquuplusl Why. It's like meeting an old friend. Let's ordor somo sent home tor the children," said tho older woman, and the two passed Into tho shop. "Do chinquapins sell readily In Now York?" repealed the nut dealer. "Well, they do and thoy don't, or rather they're morcly an experi ment. I got hold ot this consignment by ohatiee, sent unsolicited by a friend who had come across tho chinquapin lu somo of his ex plorations and had a small lot gathered this )car for market. People buy them more on account of association than nnythltig else They nro more delicate than the chestnut and ot rare flavor, but too small for tho candy and cake maker to botlerwlth or to bo used for tho table. Thoyaremcotonibblnat in betwoou times I like thorn, although I didn't know what thoy were at llrst until I read tho letter that cniuo along n day or two alter tlio nuts When I found t hot they were liked by Southern people 1 put thorn outside in tho display of other nuts l'vohndoxporloncobororeor how much pcoplo hero in Now York like the things tho) havo been used to at home. Any number ot strange West India and Bermuda fruits havo caught nn herein thut way. novelties und slow sailers nt first, but getting really popular alter a reason or two, like the alligator pear, ror in stance, or tho llcho nut. "lve boon nmused somewhat at tho atten tion thoso little chinquapins havo attracted. Lots or pcoplo stop to look at them who don't como In to buy, and then again somo ot my best fiaying customers ordor them just as thoso adles did just now. Invariably the buyers aro people who havo lived at somo time down South nnd havo seon the chinquapin crowing or perhaps gone chinquapin hunting. Tho husband ot ono or those ladles bought a big rico plantation on the Carollnn coast. They lived on It for a whtlo and I believe he sunk a good deal of money in the venture. At any rate, sho lias Southern relatives and Is fond of the country. Tho little negroes used to brine her tho chinquapins nt this time ot year and alio took nn Interest In them, both the nuts and tho gatherers "Two or tlireo da)s ago an old gontloman came in, looking plensed, toask where I got the nuts. He ordered throo quarts and took somo and put them in his pocket as though they wero firecious. He said tho sight of them took him lackfortv years. Ho was born and brought up on a cotton plantnt Ion where thochlnquaplns grew wild In tho woods, and ho used to gather them ovcry fall They grow protusoly on quite a largo bush, and tho outer cone Is as big ns a w Mini t nnd covered with prickly spines that makes them nil tho harder to get at. The bush Isvory handsome, but grows usually in the most inac cessible places out In tho swnmns nnd woods. Itnlnkthcr would repay cultivation, fortho host of them are exceptionally sweet, tender and well flavored." "Chinquapins havo caught on In Philadel phia." said a wholesnlo nut dealer at headquar ters down by tho Washington Market, "but they aro practically unknown In New lork. I had sevcrnl lots consigned tn me without pre vious notice and no one of tho dealers In this neighborhood knew what they wero All agreed that they wero good Ono day a darky from Now Jersey happened in. He takes a cart round tho country peddling nuts and vegeta bles and Is a good, square fellow to deal with. '"Chinquapins: where did )ou get thom?' 1 ho asked on first sight ot the open bags, and he pounced on them just as a mnn greets an old. familiar friend I can sell every chlnqun- Fin of tho lot to tho colored people in Jorsey ity.' ho told me. nnd backed his wagon up and bundled In the whole batch." The chinquapin doesn't need cooking like tho chesnut to reduce it totoothsomoness It Is at its best when allowed to ripen thoroughly on the tree, or If picked too soon (and only ex perience can determine tho proper stage of maturity from the appearance of tho outer aone) It will mellow If laid away in a dark, dry placo where insects won't breed. Nobody has over tried to cultivate it: but just as it Is the nut Is prized by both whites and blacks In the region w hero It grows. JTT 31 AUK TUB OLD mjf OliTErE. The Uroken Crockery, th Guileful Walter, and Wrecked Faith In Tinman Nature. A benevolent-looking old man sat in a comer or the elevated car and shook his head sadly. His peaco ot mind was evidently very much disturbed, and the young man next to him wondered'when he was going tolturn around and tell him all about It. For he was one ot I those genial-looking old men whs make friends with all thoy meet and like to talk weather, crops and such things with folks they have never seen before, nil of which was evident to tho most casual observer. "My friend," ho said finally. "I am truly the most grieved man In New -ork at'thls mo ment. I have made the worst mistake I ever made " "Isthatso?" said the young man, laying down his panorand appearing interested. "les." said the other, "and over what might be a trifling circumstance to anybody else. I don't think the infalllblo Troop Disko Troop, you've beard of him, ot courso over felt worse overamlstako,in his 'judgments' than I do over this error In judgment that I made to-day" "Let's hear about It. I go to Harlem, too," said the young man, good-nnturedly, "Well," begun tho old man. "I went Into a lunchroom to-day to get 11 bito to eat. It's a place I go to frequently, and as I'm interested in all kinds ot pcoplo. I know something about the rides of the establishment, aid so when oue of tho young men who carry out cups, saucers nnd plates after they've been used 1 miiiiHiii. anu in irriuu nt iimuiutin nis equili brium dropped his entice load 011 tho marble floor. I knew that the value of that crockery would como out of his wages "I taw that young man's jaw drop and an expression ot despair come over his faco as tho manager eamo up, took a note ot what had been broken, and then went over nnd handed it to tho cashier. I saw tho cashier tako an envelope out or the drawer and taking some money out of it, nut tho paper In its place. "Now. nine tlmos out of ten I'd have felt sorry for tho man who had such bad luck, but would lot it go at that. But tho expression on that young man's faco whon tho cashier took the money out of his pav envelope convineed methatthst loss meant an nwful lot to the !)). and so whon I was through I went up to him and said: " "You seem to be In bad luck to-day. I supposn you have to pay for those dishes you broke?' " "Ves. he said, 'it comes out of my ray.' " 'Woll.' I said, "now I want you to let me make it up to vou. I won't miss It. and you firobably will. How much do jou suppose you ost by that smnbh-up?' "Ho looked at me for a moment and then said In a whisper: 'I reckon about $2 ' I thought this was pretty steep for a half dozen pieces of tho cheap ware tliev uso In these lunchrooms, but Ionlytald: 'I'll leave It with the cashier.' and walked away. AftorlcotmyehaiiKO from the girl at the desk 1 explained the circumstances and hand ed her a $2 bill. " 'But.' she said politely, 'ho only lost 40 cents by breaking thoso things,' "1 tucked my bill back in my pookot nnd went out. I haven't much to say of that young man, but considerable about myself, I never would havo believed that I could have beon such a poor judge of human nature And that's why I'm grieving," snld the old man, beginning to shake his head again. "Humph!" wag the only comment of the other, and he resumed his newspaper. POIt THE FISTIES IN WINTER. The Supply of Warmed Salt Water at the Aquarium Largely Extended, Up to the present year nine of the tanks of the ground door tier on the salt water side of the Aquarium have been equipped for a supply of warm water. In these tanks Bermuda and other Bub-tropical fishes are kept, and without warmed water they oonld not live here during the cold season. The warmed salt water equip ment has this season been extended so as to Include live more tanks on the ground floor tlerand twonty-one of the gallery tanks.and by means of temporary attachments the supply has been further extended to oilier tanks, so th it now almost all the tanks on the suit watt 1 sldo. Including all In which it might be used to advantnge, cun now be supplied with warmed , salt watti" Ths overflow from the wanned gallon- inpks Is carrlul to the rescive lunks 1 back of tho oorildor extending around B( tin real of the exhibition tnnks on the ground I (loot ff the Aquarium, trom which If over- i Hows tltinll), , hlle the Bermuda flfhes would die hero U It wore sought to curry them through tho win ter In water ot the natural temperature ot this 1 latitude, there are ulso migratory fishes familiar and abundnnt here In summer which it Is noxt to it not quite Impossible, to carry in tanks through the winter with water at the natural local temperature. The supply ot these mlgrntorv tlMhes Is. onlliinrilr. renewed I each season; t Is expected, with the warmed watet, to be able to carry them through llierp are other familiar llshes or kinds I which In winter commonly seek deeper water or go (urtliei iitl shore, vvheio tho water Is , wanner, und vv itch are ordinarily sluggish and eat llttlo in the tanks in winter. With the water warmod to a degree approximating that which they would find In nature, or that makes them comtortablc, they are uow aotive and feeding wsU. , ll!!!SH---HliH POST OFFICE RECEIPTS. COBNTItT'S 1'ItOSrEltITT RErZECTEn IN INCItBASEIt BUSINESS The Increase Over RO.pOO.OOO In the nt Fiscal Year Coniolldntlnn of Post Of fice) Again Itecomniendeil, ns la the Kx tension of Free nnd Ittirnl Deliveries. VAsntNOTON, Nov. 21. First Assistant Tost-mnster-Genoral Terry 8. Heath has sub mitted to Postmaster-General Hmlth thoso por tions ot his annual report which relnto to all tho branches of the sorvlco committed to his chargo oxcept the unusual sorvlco rondorcd In oonncction with military Post Offices nt tlio army camps and In tho Antilles and Philip pines ami tho rural frco delivery sorvlco. both or which await further ndvlces. Tho general business of tho department shows nn Increase of over fO.OO.1,000 In tho ' Inst fiscal jeir, In all departments of the j sorvlco tho Influence of prosperous times litis mado itself apparent. The number of do mosllo money orders Issuod in the year was 27.708.078, as against 25.100.053 in the pre vious year: tho amount carried was 5101,354. 121 as against $174,482,070 ot the previous year. There has been an Increasoof 2,1158 In the numbei of now money ordor offices estab lished lu the )oat. Mr. Heath recommends that clerks In Post Offices be classllled nnd placed upon a (lied scale of salaries similar to that now In opera tion with regard to letter carriers. At pres ent there Is no rule or system for tho grading ot clerks at Post Offices. Their status and salaries are determined by tho First Assist ant Postmastor-Gonorol, and In his action he Is. of oourse, controlled by tho amount ot the appropriation placed at his disposal. Ho asks Congress to reliove him ot this dtsorotlonary powor and to provido somo scale ot salaries which will give to the clerks fair prospects of advancement and certainty ot compensation. An appioorlatton of S50.000 is requested tor tho employment of substitute clerks to por mlt ot vncatlons being given. For tho llscal yonrcovored by (his report tho regular appropriation for clork hire was $10. 000.000. Tho appropriation for clerk hire for the present llscal year is $11,100,000. An ap propriation of $11,800,000 is recommended for tho llscal year beginning on July I next. Con gress having appropriated $200,000 less than ths department estimnto for clork hire In tho past llscal year, tho first Assistant Posttnns-ter-Oeneral has found himself considerably embarrassed In meeting emergencies incident to tlu great increase of public business. Tho consolidation or Post Offices Is again recommonded in tho interest of on Improved service nnd economy. Congress Is asked to re peal the law forbidding the abolition of n Post Office located nt any county sent by a consoli dation ot Post Offices. The abolition ol small Post Offices contiguous to a large ofllco having free delivery and tho establishment ol stations and sub-stations in lieu thereof. Mr. Heath sa)s, has been tound to result not only In a vastly improved public- sorvics. but In n sub stantial saving In expense, and he desires au thority to continue this plan. With renowed nnd increased emphasis. Mr. Heath asks Congress lor authority to make the elerk hire appropriation to include clerks In all classes or Post Offices. At present an allow ance for clerk hire can only bo given to Hist ' and second 1 lass Postmasters. Many third class Post Offices have so much business thnt it is impossible for any ono person to properly attend to it, and tho Postmasters are con stantly compelled to pay for such clerical helo as thoy need out of their own salaries There are 2.HI0 third class Post Offices In the Unltod States, 71K) second class Post Offices and lTO.flrst class Post Offices Authorlt) to employ olerks Is only given to rostmnstersor tho two last named classes. It is contended that it authority wore given to assign clerks to third class Post Offices where nocessnry. tho temptation for Postmasters to "pad" their re ceipts or to Increase fraudulently 'heir appar ent revenues so as to get Into tho second class would bn eliminated. Free delivery was extended during the fiscal year to fifty-nine ofheos. There aro 110 addi tional offices entitled to free delivery. In ths current llscal rear sorvice has been estab lished at .14 of these offices, leaving 70 to await the consideration of tho department. Tho report recommends a modification of the Eight-Hour law as applied to letter car riers, bo as to prov ide fort) -eight hours for six days' work and only as manv hours on Kundny within the eight-hour limit as are absolutely necessary for tho requirements of tho service This recommendation is In accord with the views expressed bv tho convention of Post masters recently held at Dotrolt. nnd It is be lieved its adoption would meet the approval of the letter carriers themselves. The report also recommends the establish ment of an additional grade of carriers, to be known as carrier sergeants, in all cities hav ing lift) carriers or more, and tint these pi ices be assigned by competitive examination among carriers who havo served five years or more The duties ot these sorgennts would be to supervise the work ot letter carriers on their routes and to Investigate complaints Ho asks an appropriation tor salaries of carriers at es tablished offices ror the next llscal year or $12. 007,20(1: for the salaries of letter carrlors at new offices, $00,000: for horso hire allowance, $410.Oo0; car fare and bicycles. $11(5.000: all other incidentals, $150,000. making n grand total for this service ot $1:1.512.200 Ho rec ommends a repeal or the law requiring the use or the present form ot money order, in the in terest or safety and simplicity. He also rec ommends authorization for tho use ol a postal oheck. payable to bearer A detailed report or the operations ot the rural free delivery will be presented within a few days Congress Increased the appropria tion tor this purpose from $"0.1MX) to $150,000, and Mr. Heath recommends. In view of tho success of the extension of tho service nnd the satisfaction which it has given, that an appro- firjation of $.100,000 bo made for rural free do very In the next fiscal )enr. LOTAT, TO NEir EVflCAXn. Down Knst Fedngngun Kdlted a Ponra to Mnke It Coincide with Ills Vlewa. "I have had occasion to notice more than once the intense loyalty of the New England man to his part ot the country," snld a guest from another section In the homo of an East ern man. "Tha preceptor of a preparatory school In the town whoro I grew up was a down East Yankee In every sense, no was the only man who knew how to handlo that schoc. Several had tried It nnd failed. Tho first time he had occasion to assert himself was when ono of the natives In the reading class stumbled over tho lines of a woll-known nocm beginning. 'New'England's dead. Now England's dead' " 'Hold en there.' shouted tho old pedagogue as he rose from his seat, and ho looked ns tall as old Trinity's splro "1 know that is the way the poem was written, but tho poet did not undsrstnnd the history ot his eountn. Now England is not dead, and don't ) 011 torget that Hereafter, and 1 wunt every boy In this school to hear me and remembor it. the reading or this poem is to be changed to "The dead of New England, the dead ot New England." That Is the way the poet should havo written Hand then there would have been uo mistake as to his mfanlng.' "And as long as that elongated specimen from down East was at the head of that school tho poem was read as he ordered." Tiffany "blue book" MESSRS. TIFFANY & CO. ARE1 NOW PREPARED TO SEND A COPY OF THE '99 EDITION OF THEIR "BLUE BOOK" TO ANY ADDRESS WITHOUT CHARGE. THE BOOK CONTAINS NO ILLUSTRATIONS. IT IS A COMPACT LITTLE DIRECTO RY OF THEIR PRODUCTS, WITH CONCISE DESCRIP-' TIONS AND RANGE OF I PRICES OF THEIR STOCK OF I JEWELRY, SILVERWARE,, CLOCKS, WATCHES, BRONZES AND OTHER ARTI CLES SUITABLE FOR HOLI- I DAY GIFTS. Tiffany & Co. UNION SQUARE NEW YORK , ,' . MaMMBICaWyiWMPWJ M--vjMM NERVURA CURES FIRE CHIEF. Chief of Fire Department of Newport 1 Cured by Dr. Greene's Nervura. I Tho banes of most people's llvos nro con- tired, nervous, languid and without their old f stlpatlon. biliousness. Indigestion nnd llvorand tlmo snnp. energy, nnd vim. They do not kldner trouble. think or study easily, work tires them nad Such persons lmvo a poor or Irregular ap- thoy foci blue, anibttlonlcrs, dispirited and out l of sorts generally. .- fFor such persons tho sure thing to cured $ r. Greono's Nervura blood and nervo remedy. "I or thoso eomplnlnts It has no cqunl In the f orld. Dr. Greono's Nervura Is Iho one rouio- " r which will euro you. '' It Is tho remedy which cured tho well known , ndrow J. Kerwln, Chlof or the Urn Depnvs- icnt ot Nowport, B. I., nnd It will euro you if ' "1 havo used Dr Greeno's Nervura blood and nerve remedy for somo tlmo now and find It has given me relief from constitution, from which I havo suffored for a long time ' lam pleasod to say as much as this for Nervura. and this can be published for If you aro out of health, do not fel puf right, aro norvous and run down, or hats stomach, liver and kidney trouble, you nee i this grand medicine. Dr. Greeno's Ncrvuri, to put you in health again. Itwlllsureh do t. You nro not taking a patent mcdlclim when you use Nervtua It is the pre. scrlptlon of tho famous specialist. Dr ....., , . . , , Greono. of :ir TVost 14th btreot. New ork petite. Inactive liver, sluggish movements of cyill0 ,B the most successful physician in the bowols. headache, gas. bloating, senso of ourlngnll forms of chronic or lingering oom fulncss nftor moals. bad tosto In tho mouth, do plaints, and who can bo consulted free, per not sleep or eat well, wako mornings foellng sonally or hy letter. VltEOCCVPIED ON THE STREETS. The I'eoplo Who Talk orSlng to Themielves on the Highway. "In watching tho expression of tho people on the streets," said the man who observ es things, "I have noticed that itisonlychildren andvory young people who wear absolutely placid coun tenances. Tho others carry tholr look of worry along with them, ofton oxhtblting writhing lips and Dashing oes to the nubllo at largo while thoy mutter their thoughts In audible sen tences, halt of which you catch on tho wing ns you pass by. "It's a more common thing to see this In a woman than In a man, perhaps because women are more given to worry nnd to showing It Once a woman pissing mo on Hrondway ex claimed 'Oh. my! Oh, myT nnd wenton before I could catch uglimpno ot her face. Sho was quite alone, consequently she must havo been communing with hersoir. I round myself won dering what In tho world could be tho matter. It may havo been that bIio was anxious to catch a struct car which sho discovered was nbout to leave her in the lurch, or her tooth nched. or a tight shoe pinched her too, but that 'Oil. inyl' ot hers staled with meawhllo. It had a tragic ring. I thought. "Last wei'k 1 eauit upon a man who was talking to himself. He vvns on Fifth avenue As ho approached me his fnco was a mass of wrinkles Ho frowned and stnrcd straight ahead of him muttering. Curioslt) getting the bettor of me. I turned and walked by his side lorn few moments He began to gesticulate wildly, beating tho atmosphore in his immedi ate vicinity with his largo hands. "To think 1' lie was saying, "that I should have bet evon tlilnc I had on Tammanyl To think thnt I dldn t havn sense enough to put up a single do'laron tho other sidol Now, whore am I ' And ho proceeded to apply mioh explosive epi thets to himself thnt I became frightened and , bent n hasty retreat, "I llnd ihntpeoplo not only talk and gestlcu- I Into upon the street, but iho) hum and sing and whistle liolng down in the elovated train one morning I sat by awomanwho hummed All tho way. I listened trying to make out the tune she was humming It sounded familiar It was n llttlo like "1 he Last Hose of Hummer.' but I wasn't quite sure. At any rato she hummed It straight along, stopping for a moment to listou to tho guard as he called out tno station, then falling to humming again. I half expected to hear her break into outright singing I hoped she might. I wanted to see the effect of Hon the other peoplo In the car, but sho didn't, bhe only hummed Whon we stopped at t ho Twent) -eighth street station she arose and, gathering upherbelonglngs, walked to the door. I could hear her hum until she I loft the car. ' "I find that humming or singing on tho street and in the cars is not confined to tho women Tho men also hum Walking down boventh avenue one Sunday afternoon I passed nn old man that Is, I started to pass him. but I walketl slowly along with him whon I heard him begin to sing He was ulnne. but ho was enjoying himself. Ho was singing theso words to the tuno of ' ankee Doodlo ': " Tnra turn turn te. turn to tnm. Turn turn tnm t turn, turn. Turn turn turn te turn tc turn te. Jura te turn to turn, turn. "I walked right along with him. keeping step to tho tuno as fur us the l'ark. and when I left him ho was still singing. It wasn't cx nctly n Sunday tuno. but It was a good tuno In Its , way: and ho sang It with such vim and evident enjoyment that I was half sorry to leavohim." -MSir YORK'S SIVNICIVAT, FLEET. It Is Large In Numbers, of fireat Variety und Worth 81,000.000. It Is a fact not generally known that tho city of Now York, though n pacific municipality with no reeortl of prowess on tho high seas, has a considerable fleet. At the head of this Ooetns tho most Important are tho boats ot tho harbor polico mid the naphtha launches which lmvo been substituted lor rowboats for polico use. Then follow tho firoboats of tho I'lre Depart ment, of which there nro three In New York nud two in Ilrooklvn, tho New York firoboats being tho W'lllluni 1 Havcme)or, Zophar Mills and the Now Yorker, which cost, rei-pectlvely, $:i0.000. $45 80t) and $IIH.OOO The first of these wns bulltin 1B75; tho lust vvns built In 18111. Tho btreet Cleaning Department hns In each of tho boioughs u complement of boats and scows, lu part owned by the city and In part rented for Its use. Tho Department of Public Charities lias steamboats to transfer patients to and from the Last lllvcr islunds. nnd the Department of Coirectlou has ned of like ser vice for prisoneis Hut all these lioats, ships, , flreboats and scows aro unimportant In num ber ns compared with tlio tleot o Now lork's I Dock Depirtmt-nt.thttvHtlmntodvalueof which Is nearl) $:iUU,U(JO. Tlio Dock Depattnn-ut bus two naphtha launches ntitgvalucd at fdO.tXH), sixteen plledrlvers. II f teen deck scows, nve dlvurs' r-covvh. live derrick boats, twent) elglit yawl boats, two skiffs, six sounding liot,ts, two bateaux anil one toulioat. Com. blued with the boats of the Police, lire. I Cliaiitlos.iind torn ctlon departments the lli-et of tlio Dock llouni makes a very considerable numbei or vessels o( tho gro-s vnlue.lt wns otlnialcd on Oct I, of more than $1,KX).IXXJ Thlslscertuliil) not a bud hhowltig.und It will probably uo thought sutprlslng by many per sons thnt the reiiuireniuiitB ot public business should ncesltaco the ustt or ho tunny Itoatt. ' and Involve, us they do. auoiihidi'rahlii annual I out id. but tho 1 ict Is that the geographical sit uation of tlm i)t of Now lork, on account of the rivuis which divide Its several boroughs i from each other (Kings and Oiieons aro the i onl) two on lonllgiiotin territory), makes liecessiuy theconsunt use of boutt 'ljioelty could not have nei ess to tho Islands In the 1 a-it Illvei uiiIuhm Ii) boats, and It would bo Impracticable to put lontrol of these Into tho bunds or private individuals. 'Hie enor mous shipping business of Nt-vv York necessi tates tho temporary storngti or millions or ilol lais vroith of mateilil on or near tho water front In Manhattan Kinvsaiul lllchniond For tho protection or this material against cilmlnals,, nnd loi Its preservation when tliieiitelied by, lire, iho boats are In dispensable, und constant repalis on the Piers of the city are necestarr in order to maintain Now lorkin thecntnmaiiding pos. tlpn as oliier roiniiiort lal iioit of America 1 he city s liner, which represents an Invest, mentor SI.OOO.IMXi, reiinlresun annual eMien ilitiire of about $150.(Xii for maintenance, coal previsions, the payof oniitlojies, repairs, new machine) . piloting naval stores and other liemi. id dlsbuiwiiient Ibis hum, though large when iciiisldeied liidiisunleiitly. i not .xeesMvti when It is tionsldeied that the valiu of, the pronert) pioteeted amounts to many mil Ion dollars. and that without tho use of i such boat and scows the health of tho commu- Ity would suffer to an extent almost Incalou- I bl In figure. I EVENTS AT COI.VVHIA. Fresh Ilopes of Dormitories Two NewCluhi Formed. It now seoms probable that Columbia I tp. vcrslty will soon bnvo what Itstrlcnds bcll It needs urgently, dormitories. On Wednesday I ntternoon the Committee ot the Trustees on BulldlngsandGroundsheldaptotrneted meet Ing to consldor the subject. Thcrevvere pio. ent President Low, tho Chairman, nnd I noi Smith. Dr. Georgo O. Wlioclock. William Schermerhorn, Fresldont ot tho Hoard. F. Augustus Bchermorhorn, and John 11. Pino In his annual report to the trustees Presi dent Low pointed out Iho immediate and ab solute need ot dormitories Ho oven recom mended that, as tho university was notflnnn dally in a position to buy land outsldn tlio new . , site for this purposo, tho Green, or the old W Rloomlngdnlo Grovo, nt tho northern end of j the grounds, should bo used for this puriKist, His Idea was to havo dormitories at cither end I of the Green, along the Houlvanl and m stordam avenue, thus preserving in the cen tre the stately old grovo. Noxt to tho Te idl ers' Colloge dormitories, at tho corner of 1 17tlt street and Amsterdam avenuo. workmenhavs been blasting nway for almost a month on n plot of ground Inll a block wide nnd about 200 feet deep. It; is said that hero dormitories ore lo stand. Thes will bo erected by a privato corporation if some H nrrangement can be inndo whereb) the unl H versity shall assume at least partial control i ' n the tnanngotnent and supervision. It wns said H that It was this proposition that tho commutes wns considering the other day. M. President Low has just announced an anonv jhLS, ., mous gift of $7,500 ror the llhrnr. Ho ilso m'l0 stated that tho donor has several times pr"- K-l viously made similar gifts. f During the pns week two important student m clubs have been rormed. the .ierman Club and nn English club, tho name or which has nor been selected. Tho "Doutscher Vereln dor Colnmbln Unlvcrsitnt" Is an association verr similar to tlio French Club successriilly 'instl tutcd last cur. It is composed ot nbout fortr students and tho raeultv or the department of Germanic languages and literature Its ob jects are to encourage the study ot the lan guage and literature and In general to bring together socially men interested In German matters. The following oflleors havo been chosen: President. ProL W. H Carpenter: Vice-President. Prof Calvin H. Thomas; j"v ecutlye Chairman. Hudolf Tamho. Jr. Pom flraduato: Secretary. George Kb rot. .Tr, PI': Treasurer. F. Kidde, 1W0, and Llbrarlm. George Matthew. W. The English club Is a more general organization. It is the outcome of an Idea conceived by Prof. George tdninl ' Woodberry. Ho believed that thorn should I In tho literature department of the colleco proper an association "to form a bond of friendly union among undergraduates Inter ested (n literature, and to support, maintain. and further tlio literary interests of the ml lege." The students took up his suggestion with enthusiasm. The Presidents of the senler, . junior and sophomore classes, the editors of A tho three college papers, and an additions! "8 ; representative from each of the classes men. tioned. together with Profs. Woodberry and n i. Williams Jackson, became the charter mem- I brs. At the first general meeting almost 100 f men joined William Asninwnll Hradlev. l" "7T, was made President; Prot. Wood hern llrst f Vice-President: B. jr L Ernst. 'IKl, Treasurer. J and G. 8 Hllman. W. Secretary. Mehenni, 1!XK). and Ronrlott. 10(11- mm eleolml Reoond and Third Vice-Presidents The Junior Hall Committee has decided to havo Columbia's only big social tunetlonorthe voir nt Sherry's new place This announce ment camn as a great disappointment to ths students They had hoped that the commit tee would follow the old custom ot maklnc this a distinctly Columbia event. It was the general belief that tho new gymnasium would servo the purpose of a ballroom The juniors. however, llnd that the gymnasium floor Is not suitable for light dancing. They will do nhst I they enn'to make Sherry's take on a Columbia I ntmosphere. The evening of Dec 2.1 has bcn I selected ror the event. Iljiilmar Hjorth Hot i son. 2d. is Chairman of the committee The i sub-coiumlttees are- Patroness Goelet Gal. latin. Franklin II. Lefferts. Frederick II foncr 1 and II. II. Bo) esen. Walton K. Oakley and W allls h Turner, ex-ofTloln members hiinjier ( oni-mlltee-W M. L. Fiske.lr..r. G.Smlth and Hni rlson Clark. Jr. Decorations Committee W. , M.MiiweH. Ir. and E. Vun Winkle Slnslcf urn- JC.J mltteo-O. II. Lange. It. M Fisher: and. 1 .S. Wt Clinch. Jr. yjfi The sophomore show will tako place at Car- negle Lyceum on Doc. 20. 27 an! 2H 1'er rormunces will also be given on Dec. 20 nt hon kers and Dot'. 110 nt Lakewood N J Mr v' P. F. Mnekny hns charge of the cast. The Senior Comedy Club will give thre performunc.es of "Uncle" In the second week In January. Mr. Mnekny Is coaching this cat o'so. Problem of the Man of Moderate Meant. "I think I mlghl squnre the circle." said th man of modernto moans, "If I should sit rich' down to It. but tho problem of how to make both ends meet presents serious illflleiilties s Everything Seems Wrong to tho dyspeptic Tlio world is upside down ; the times nro out of joint; he's ready to turu his buck upon his best friend. Now, tho thing thnt oftenost 's wrong with dyspeptics, is their ohoico of a remedy. It seems to Ho between drugs and modicinos on tlio ono hand nnd tho CurlBba, I t Hprudel Halt on tho other. They ,e, cun't both be light; there's too ' Jfe much difference in thoir methods Y f and in thoir rosults. Carlsbad the Sprudel Spring nt Carlsbad has beon curing dyspep tics for hundreds of yenrs. It natural nolvont and stimulating properties correct perverted nutri- f tion, ropair waste nnd bring bad' a healthy digestion nnd appotit I The only genuine irnportod Spi n- f del Suit (the water solidilio l at tl IJj spring) has tho signature of "I'l- ,$ nek A; Mendklson Co., Agta., New Pi York," on evory bottle. Adv. P