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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, November 25, 1898, Image 8

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if GOLD FLOWS TO THE MINTS.
J JDEFOtHTB JiVRINO TIJK FIlfCAZ TEAR
1 rm TunnERT on record.
Mm Surprising Increase in Mm IVorld's Onlil
ilp l Wolnn-e Russia's Great Oold Iteserre
Iff, Mint Director Jlobarti Argues In ravor
If , .of the Gold Htanitnril-tliA Itnpldly In-
K I' (-rearing l'roduct of Gold, Wtilrh May
P ff '.Amount In 1808 to 283,19r,0O, lint
K t y Changed the Sentiment ravrornbln to In.
B teruatlonnl lllmetnlllim to Indifference.
I WisntHOToM, Nov. 24. Gsorga E. Ilobcrts.
K Director of tllo Mint. In Ills report fur tlio fiscal
I i year ended Juno .'10.1808. shown In detail tlio
Ii operations of tho Institutions under hlsehargc.
JH oi)d also statistics of colnige production nnd
lit monetary conditions of foreign countries
U K Tho doDosIts of (told bullion at tlio rnlntfl nnd
H nssar ofllcos of the United Stnten during tho
t I fiscal year ended June HO. 18fW, wcro tlio
a B largest In the history of this country. Exelustvo
& of rodoposits. thoy wore of tho value of $M7.-
A k OriJ.lOl.Sl. against S87.003.337 71 in tho provl-
1 W twi year. Only ones before havo tho original
fc- deposits of twolvo months exceeded tho record
ifl f of 1891 07, being In tho jonr ended Juno .'10.
f K 3H81, when tho resumption of specie pnymontB
', and n heavy fnvornblo boluiico of trndo caused
I v extraordinary Imports ot foreign coin nnd bul-
v Hon. Tho orlcinal doposlta in that ycir wore
j' f SvirM.833.102.45.
K The most important events of tho fiscal year
sj u" In tho world ot government finance havo boon
lj j. the consummation of tho long-planned resuuip.
t lion of specie payments by Russia in gold, tho
ii I reorganization of tho monetary system of Japan
id with gold ns tho standnnl.and the refusal of
j' f thoGovommontof Indlnto coOporato with tho
!' lj Governments of tho United Btatca nnd Franco
i, i f In an oiTort to establish bimetallism by Intor-
K I nntional agreement. These occurrences nra
j 1 treated separately nnd in dotnll elsowhcre.
(j Thngoldcolnngoof tho world In 1807 was tho
largest recorded, amounting In vnluo to $4H7,-
4 K 710.342. against 51U5.800.ul7 In 1800. Of the
i v former sum. $140,022.1114 was rocolnago. nnd
' n approxlmntoly2l.()97.148 a net nddltlon to
If- the stock of cold coins. The principal colnngo
j was by the United States. Great Drltnln. Itus-
j Via. Gormany. Austria-Hungary, Trance nnd
j Japnn. The extraordinary coinage of tho year
if accounted for by the preparations of Itussla,
! Austrlu-Hungnry and Japan for their monetary
reforms. In tho caso of Hussla. jiartlcularly.
, i;od which has boon accumulating foryenrs.
much of It In bars, was passed through the
mints to prepare It for circulation.
.Tho completion of liussla's plans of monetary
i rpform and tho opening to tlio uses of com
mercoof her great gold reserve, sj stomuticnlly
gathered year by jcar until It is the greatest
slrtglo board of trensure tho world oersaw. Is
in ItRelf .1 most notablo event. Tho demands of
Jlusslu for this purposo havo been a stonily
' drain upon tho gold supplies of tho world
Kvery coin that wont Into her rcsonolr dropped
oiif of sight for the time as completely ns though
i dropped overboard in mldoccnn. On July 1,
3898. tho Husslnn treasury hold ocr $70,-
v fKKl.OOO of flnlted States gold coins. $."(.
KX.000 worth of English soercIcns. $27,
OOOOC'O worth of German gold coins, nnd
? Sin.OOO.lXK) In francs, besides tho coins sho
1 rnn bae previously molted, and a. great stock
In bars Now her resei voir is full, nnd what is
added in the future will run oer. unless sho
proceeds to fill another iooro!ras a war treas
ury. It seems improbable that sho will do this
when tliern nro so many ways in which th
money can bo spent or imotidto develop tho
i resources of her people, nnd thus odd greater
t Dtrength than by an idlu hoard
Throughout tho world, among nil peoples
) trim are sufficiently chillzed nnd ambitious to
hayo inWnatioml intercourse, theio N manl-
1 rest n desire tii bring thuir own currencies Into
J.( deflnitoand stablo relations with tho money
'KK of tli" i-Oople with whom thy trndo
'n T'", "P0101" desires that tho money with
p fl)ieh ho bus nt homo and tho mouey for
t J vchK-b be sells Abroad slnll hao a common
' t tinltof value Thd manufacturer who is com-
'( retlng in foreign markets desires that tho
t. rnpney with which ho bujn r.iw mntonulnnd
It Jabor at homo and the monov In which ho must
I ojuote prices abroad shall hnvo n relation
fg to 'each other upon which ho may relv
; f and calculate. Aith him, months usually
1 F Keparato his Investment in mnterial from tho
1 If final payment for his finished goods. Ills nc-
, i founts receivable are duo in tho money of ono
g i ountry and his accounts paynblo in tho monoy
4- ofnother. If the monetary systems of then
t countries hao no common unit. If each nation
V lp Ignorance or misled Independence prefers
: I "an independent system of Its own." they will
; i Inevitably vary in aluo to each other, and tho
I t rroiltsof tho international transaction wo nro
i V ronslderlng nro subject to these variations
Bueh variations are therefore u barrlor to trade
bstween tho eqtintries 1 hoy constitute n rM
). ndditjonal to nil tho ordinary cont inconclesaf-
; V fecting domestic trade, for which the trader
! if must be reimbursed Klther tho producer must
sell his goods onough cheaper or the consumer
: must pay enough more to covei a
J h It Is to escape from such fluctuations nf tho
Bussian currpnoy, which In 180J reached Oil
percent nnd In lftOl 2rt per tent, tint tho
h Russian Government has fixed Its paper money
f nljthe gold standard. Tor tho same reihoii
f Austrla-niingary nnil Jnpan liuo lately dnnu
8 llkewlso lor the same reason India closed its
t ii nilnts to the unrestricted colnngo of silver and
,naheenstrueBllng slnco to hold its rupee nt
B? the flxod value of 10 pence , It Is for this ren-
:JP sop that even Peru, with Its comparatively
iH' "m,9" .f?rilen trarfe. has closed Its mints to the
111' Jinlimited coinage of silver, tho preamhlo of Its
Hi Preelaent s nroclaniatlon reciting: "Whereas
IF J1" vnatlons in oielmngo reMiltliig
S from, tho continual fall In the vnluo
!& of'flllver require tlio executive to take smh
t Btepsasarevvlthin tho rangoor his legalpow-
j t ers." .Ve It Is forthls ii-ason that tho (lovern-
j nientof France, vvhllo friendly to nn Intcinn-
fc tlonnl agreement upon a blmetnlllc money
fe Btoodard. will not nntortnln nny proposition
K that involves a possible separation of her own
7 fe eurrenoy from tho standard used bv the other
' llSWW11 S"raorel"il nations of the world.
j. Thnttheso fluctuations nro inevitable to a eur-
fe jSettcy not held to the International standard.
! f and convertible on demand, into the metal of
L that standard, la evidenced i, the cvperienco
f of tho United States long after the htnss nnd
; V chances of wnr had ceased to affect Its piper
, t currency. Thus, In the year 187H. when no
! I. 'question of the stability or resources of tho
K Government could linvo been Involved, tho
v range of our panor currency to gold
. I -was B Pr cent. In IHiO i:i per cent.
' 8 ivnd In 18!8 18 i.er cent It Is nppar-
p, not to any ono fumlllar with niodeni bunl-
t, ie nffairs thut such fluctuations in tlieli
I m monov ns tneso aro a bnrdensomo handlian to ,
f SK. thoellorlH of nny people tobullduparorelgn
i C trado Tho business man who bids on aeon
t ft tract over his country's border does not want
tp add 18 per cent, or Hi per cent, or 8 nor
f F- cent. proven 1 percent.. toallovvforniiOHSiblo
h Mirtntlon In tho relations of tho two systems of
ft rnoriey. Even 1 percent, thus ndded might.
f throw tho contmet to n i-omiietltor vv ho did not
! a fjabbr under tliihdis-utvnntugo. The enterprls- i
, f Ing popples of the vv-orldiuo not vnlunturllv ns- i
i f auralng or remaining under conditions which .
' r I'UtthomntadlHadvnntugo In tho keen rivnlrv-
i Jhntsnlesnien find In every mnrket The en-
j 1 lightened judgment of tho times condemns '
, E huchii meaningless nnd burdensmo restraint I
B upon the exehnugos.
. F . Tlmslt Is thntthu statesmen or nil countries !
? V vhlehhaveexiwrletteed theevllsofnn isolated
, E, nnd.rtenreclttted currency, without touch oi
P confection with tho nionet iry s stems of other I
eoubtrios. aie seen to bo striving to res"ii
K their people from that condition In somn ln-
S J ftmjoes they cnoountor grave difficulties, dim
i to tho poverty of their people ' hey mav havo '
l I to submit to illsadviintages for n tlmo. even us
i aaembarrassed IndlvMual Is unable to pursue
t F the methods of his forehanded neighbor Ad- i
I verst rondltl'Mis of trade nnd revenue mav I
I postrpue or .left.it their plans Hut they all i
B Blvtf tstlmoni to tho ovils of tin Ir enforced '
II tiondl Ion. and ni.iKO npparent Iheii desire to I
t. Join, their more forehnndeil nelwhliors in tho
I use of n common st.indaril of v.Uiio I
f Ileviewlng tho efforts of tho Woleott Intei-
. Ss ratlnnnl Iirinetalllc Commission, the dlrottm
1 kuiatliut Thonoiitiment Inravor if nblmetnllie
tk monetary standard, supported hv Intermitlonnl I
I rV,,mi!1,:i lla!' fnd uxnrednn not oily hy
I I the Wlshitlvo bodies i ,,f nine., mid (inrm inv
ft but of Great llrimln. ind It bail them foio
E 'e,?l?,c,,, prtx'Hmio Hint n eonference should bo '
B lielitwithuvlevv toiiM-eimlnliigwhat eoineited
K action might be agreed iiou ,
f The theory that n flxetl rntlp botvvtengold
R jndjtllvercould bomalntilned by nn Interna
ls tonM agreement Is based upon the nssump-
tlont scarcely to bo contested, tliat tho mono
I t '"Ovu. ;if theso mutala Is a fictor in their
' W value! If this is true, tho eoncerteil exclusion
, f of eltherono from the mints of nil the niorolm.
jortsnt countries of the woi Id would hiivtwin
' K ililluenco to ilepreelate Its vnlin If then mi
I K agifement thould lw n ached between ut Ii
Jt- iiatlontv;ti,iiiih ntn.eerMiu rutin and . ne
B inetM iihould rlseovi nsllchtlj ibnve th.it ruin
S, Itvrtfuld 'ussttut of niniit tni) tihoenllreli 'I he
1L jessjtionof ih.itdonmnduiionlhitilenreriiu tnl
I? tilt redoubling of It up-m the ihciiperwould
lend'to bring them together again
, I , Jlncle nation, uitlng alone, is tertitln to
J L Jn the dearer metal entirely, and retain only
j f the cheaper as its standard, Thus, for uuy
if " ,
oonntrr. under present condition, to open I ta
mints to tho unrestricted coinage of. both gold
nnd silver nt 10 to 1. or any thereabout ratio,
would bo for It to loso what gold It posscssod.
because that metal would surely.go where It
was rated higher. If. however, thore was no
country In tho world where It vvns legally rated
hlglior. thoro would bo no Plneo .to which Lit
tnlclit go for monetary use. Allowing that tho
ratio originally ngroed to was approximately
the mnrket ratio, the valuation thus
coinciding with the judgment of tlio com
mercial world, there scorns every ren
fcoii to tolloo tint such nu International
agreement would accomplish It purpose,
liven though ono metal should become estab
lished In n value nbovn the legal nitlonndbo
como merchandise, tho currencies of nil coun
tries would retain their lived relations to each
other No shock or distress would ensue, no
nation would Ik) tsolstfd or sacrificed. Thoy
would nil be together on n tommoii plane, with
a common measure of value These nro tho
considerations which havo led mnuv selentlllo
students of finance and sagacious publicists to
favor oiien mints to liothmetiils under in In
tel nntional agreement, although each unalter
ably oppou d to such a lolloy by his own coun
try nctim'ulone ,, , ,.
One of the chief ends for which, since I81.1.
the lending- blmetalllsts of the world hne per
sistently sought an liiternnllonnl agreement
has been to bring nil tlio world to ono standard
or value 'J hat end is not merely Ignored, but
contemptuously jlnndoned by those who Insist
that each countty should liavo n standard all
Its ovv ii. or net without conference nnd without
regard to tho politics or other countries All
the forces or commerce. Industry nnd civiliza
tion nro moving the nations to more Intlmnto
relations with each other, and tho demand for
ucoiiinion stnndnnlof vnluo becomes steadily
morn Imperative 'J hose who udvotnto mono
tnrv anarchy oppnso torccs that are Irresistible
Although tho effoits of the commission wcro
brought to nn end hy tho refusnl of the Gov
ernment ot India to join tho movement, tho
dlrt-etorconslderstho rnllure indirectly due to
a growing reeling Hint the rapidly increasing
product of gold has radically changed tho sit
uation trom what it was ten jears ago. when
the gold product sooinod to be ut n standstill or
declining. It has changod to indifference or
opposition tho attitude of many who then
feared nn appreciating standard, but who aro
qulto as much opposed to a depreciating one.
Groat nswnH tho world's production of gold
In lh07. amounting to the value of S2'7.504,
800. nnd exceeding thut iff 1HHI by $t4.82J.5(Hl.
It Is. judging by the returns already nt hand,
certain thnt tho product or IW8 will bo still
greater. Tho returns tiom South Africa for ten
months show that nt the presentrnteof produc
tion lu yield will exceed tho yioldot 1807 by
$21,8ri2 0O0 1 ho returns rrom Australia indi
cate that Its product in 1K0H will exceed the
product ot 1807 by SlO.'l 15.000. From July l.r
last to Nov. 15 the receipts ot gold at Seattle
and ban Iranelseo trom tlio Canadian lukoti
aggregated nbovo $10.000 000, nnd on this
basis the Increased production for Canada in
1808 Is estimated at $8,500,000 Tho Increase
In tlio I'liltcd States can hardly fall below
$5,000,000 The total ol these estimates is
S4iiii.S7.dOO, which, added to tho figures ol
1807. would Indicate a world's product In 1808
or $21,102.800, If tho remaining countries in
their aggregate are unchanged Tho product
ot 1801, $1.10.000 000. will bo more than
doubled, anil the combined vnluo or tho gold
nnd silver product ten voars ago oceeded by
gold alone
Discussing tho Increased yield or gold In re
cent vears, the dinctor tiaeos its disiiosltion
tiHfotlnwH Tho world's production ot gold In
the list tlvo venrs. accoidlng to tho annual
ostlmites ot the bureau of the mini, hns
amounted to $077,022,100 The Industrial con
sumption hns been about S300 000,000 Stocks
ot gold in Europein hanks and Government
treasuries from Pccembor, 1R12, to December.
1807, Increased about S55O.O00 000, or over 40
per cent. The stock or gold in the United
Stntes Increased)!! tho five venrs $05,451,000
The gold holdings ot tho banks iff Australia,
dnnilii. and South Urii a Increased nhnut S15,
(hh ono 'lut.il gold thus accounted for. $000.-457.0(H).
oysti:h st.titKKT j:istnaixa.
llrspltn Prophecies to the Cnntrnrr, the
Demnnil Keeps Abend nf tho Supply.
Heports fiom Chesapeake Hiy oyster dealers
indicito nn Increnso or noarly 100 per cont.
compired with last year in tho prico paid by
the pickers to the catchers. It is customary
evcrj car fort ho Baltimore nnd Norfolk oyster
dealors to mnko sinister predictions us to tho
failure of tho ovster supply, while, at the same
time, the wholesilo ovstor dealers ,slinultn
ncously declare that In consenueni.0 of " a short
supply " prices must bo raised. This year,
however, an unusual condition of affairs In tho
ovster business has been obsorved.nn increase
In tho supply and an increase In tho demand,
too
A vein ago oysters "In the shell." as they nro
called (oysters newly caught and offered for
sale to ships, scows, and oyster boats in and
near the Chesapeake Hay), brought from 20
toCO tents a bushel, according to the quality,
tho marketable division being "choice, culK
and medium." Baltimore is tho headquarters
of the oyster-packing trade, dealing in more
th in 20,000.000 bushels in .i jear. and sending
them to nil parts ol the world. Oj store bought
for packing are of tho cheaper grade: oysters
for homo consumption or sont north to Phila
delphia and New Vork are ot the more expen
sive varletv This year the Belling price in the
liays nuil streams ot Maryland ana Virginia is
from 00 to HO cents a hushel, nnd there Is con
siderable competition to All orders
Perhaps the best explanation of tho enlarged
oyster market this jear Is to bo found In tho
Incieasa nnd improvement in railroad facili
ties Baltimore and Norfolk of recent ears
have been growing Inrgelras shipping points
for Western coreal products, nnd tho Improved
freight sorv Ice which the) havo secured makes
both possible and easy better transportation
facilities In sending back Knstern products
(ovsters Ineludod) by fast rreight Oysters are
now taken by carloads a-s far as Winnipeg in as
short a time .is it required tlirie or lour years
ngo to tako them to Montreal or Duluth, and
as distant plnces nro brought in closer
connection witli tho points ot export
tho demand for oystors Increases steadily,
more rapidly. In fact, than tho supply,
although that Is Increasing, too. Although
other countries, nt various times, have endeav
ored in various wavs to emulate the United
States In respect to Its oyster product, this
countrv keeps nt the head with about four
Ifftlisor the total number of ojsters. and when
qunllty Is considered the United States is still
further In advance than that numerically. In
respect to tho total population, tho nverago
consumption or ossters per capita Is probably
largei In Baltimore than anv where olso, but In
rospet t to tho total number or oystors con
sumed in a jcar New York city stnnds rnrat
tho head, and there is no diminution ot their
rnpularity here, although the Now York mar
el supplies aie drawn not onlv fiom
the Cbtsapeake waters, but trom Delaware
Bay. Now Kngland and neighboring New YorK
nnd New Jorse) oystor btds. tho supply or
which, however, has been or recent yeirsmueh
diminished It isn fact not genornlly known
oxcept to thoso In tho ovstor trade tint a largo
number ot " Mnryland oysteis." so called, eomo
nctunlly from Virginia tho streams lead
ing into southern parts of Chesapeake Pay.
pirtlciilmlv the streams on the peuliiMiIa bo
tneen the Jiinos mid tho York rivers, nio
abundant In the ojster supply, and In the tor
litory between Norfolk and Capo Henry there
is nn ovster supply of tho vailety known ns
"havens" from the various coves nnil havens
in this inrt of tho Old Dominion, nnd some few
nftliem have attained n celebrity among o s
tnr epicures throughout the country.
rou ins rnn:.m' hake.
The Wnll of a rawnbiokrr Over Preient
lliiilueis Condition!.
"I had occasion to recently visit a certain
i pawnbroker on the Bowcr."sald a man out of
empluvinont, "and ho was complaining bit
terly of hard times. 'There ulu't nny money
In my business any more; not for anybody, ho
sild 'I'm just swimming nlougtolng to keop
my head above water, but If It wasn't tor my
frb nils I would give mv place up. You've got
to net oinmoth'c your friends, ou know. They
look tome for money when thy get short, and
they have to hive It I can't go buck on them,
I and so 1 l.n p this plueo There usidtobo
; nione) In pan ubroklng before tholawson tho
1 subject vveri-revlstd, 1 it now wo tan only
i barge II percent u ninmh.and, of course, wo
onlv do n sfulglit biiHlnejs '
I "'Tlireo per cent u month ilow much
I money do tou lend rd iv ''I asked
I "' About $'I(K),' rip'lsil tho pawnbroker
I ""J'hatlsSllt.nU) In the course ol the year.
I Three percent u month Is :ttl per cent a jear.
so v ntu niinuid Ineo no sy 0,420'
"'Oh. so hilp m, guieiouH, m friend,' ton-
tinned tho old msn. 'you are very much mis
taken Unit's what the figures sny Yes. but
let niotell you n seen t Wn are tin toy liberal
I lu our advances niu1 we don't re iliio 40 per
lent on uureilti med go i Is
"nil giving nut 2 on n brind-nevvthlrty-I
ilollni overtoil the old man walked sndlv back
1 to an imi"r office to meditate on tlio decadence
of commerce
The Itrv. 4r. Ariintronc Cntibes a Chlclc.ru
Iblef.
While the llov John I! Armstrong of the
Cuyler Presbjteriau Mission, nt .'tr8 Pacific
btreet, Brooklyn, was dlstilbuting Tl.mksglv.
Ingcheei tosoineof the pooi nvmbeisof liN
fltvk nil WeillleiMl.il lllglit 11 In) Whollldr. -
reived two i liiekt lis tolnkii lioniciin bn k
lug nnd said tint vvii bovs hid inppuihlm
I I takei, tint elilekous Tint l!t.v Mr Arm
strong hurried off. mid ufter .1 chum, of siv.
bloil.HiMtiirtd;innor lint jouthful lilghvvii).
men. ll-)eiir-olil Janus Walsh, who lives with
his widowed mot her at 505 Warren strut
James was before Magistrate "Knlo In the M)r
let off wltlhaleiu."tt',d")r """: and was
.
AUXILIARY NAVAL POM.
RKPOJtT OF 37TB ASSISTANT BECRE-
TAitr or Tim SArr.
Defence of the Pepnrtmnnl's Selection of
VcmcIi nnd of the Trice l'nld for Them
nemovalof the War College to Annnp
olU Nntlonnl Nnvnt Ileierve Advocated.
TVAsnisoTos. Nov. 24. At the suggestion of
Secretary Lone. Mr. Charles II. Allon. the As
sistant fiocretary of the Navy, has submitted
a report of the work of lain ifflco In the post
year. Mr. Allen euccoedod C01 Hoosovclt ns
Assistant Becretary and continued tho work
which Col, Itoosovelt had undertaken to put
the navy In thorough condition for engaging
In hostilities with Spain. Without referring
directly to tliooritHsms which have appeared
In newspapers concerning tho purchase of
vessels for the auxiliary navy, ths Assistant
Bocrotary makos an earnest defence of tho
action of the department In regard 'to the se
lection ot tho auxiliaries and th prioes paid
for thorn. Ho says:
"Imumuoh as tho purchase ot vessols from
tho merchant marine yaoJiU, Ao. was con
ducted by this office. It mar bo retnarkod that
this work was managed with the utmost care
ns regards selection of vessels for tholr
strength and adaptability to naval uses, as
well as with respect to the prleo paid Tho
majority of those vessels were Inspected by a
board of which Caut. Frederick ltodgers. U.
S. N., was President, and I tako pleasure In
commending the Intolllgenco and fidelity
with which tho work of thla board was carried
out In other oases special boards ot officers
wore noiKilnted to conduct tho Inspection.
What I wish to emphasize especially Is tho
fact that no v essel was purchased uutll after It
had boon thoroughly InsDOoted and had been
pronouucod thoroughly satisfactory by offi
cers whose professional training made them
exports.
"When we began the purchase of these ves
sels there was scarcely any competition, and
It is possible that prices wore higher thuu
could havo been secured If It had beon prac
t Icable to wait until oompetltlon brought lower
figures But It must be rcmombered that tho
liw of supply and domund holds for the Gov
ernment as well ns for private individuals,
and thut true economy nnd Iho best Interests
of tho Government raaio It the correct policy
to pay a higher price for a vessel when her ser
vices were vitally needed rather than to sudor
the Government's Interests to be jeopardized
by waiting for a lowor price. Not very long
aftci tho purehaslng began the competition to
supply ships became very active, and the de
partment was then enabled to get vessels at
vbry rcasonablo prices
' As an exnmplo ol tho genorous patriotism
ot friends of tho Government at the time or Its
nocd. It is 11 pleasure to rooord tho rnot that
two or the vessels added to tho auxiliary Hoot
wcro tlio frco and unconditional gift ot tho
ownors. The Free J-nnoo early lu tho war
was olTored by Mr. F Augustus Schormerhorn.
aeeopted by tho department, put Into com
mission nt once, and gavo excellent eervlco
throughout the war. The Buccaneer was
generously given by Mr, W. It, Hearst, who
also paid for tho oxterior alterations noces
sary to fit her for service. Both these ves
sels wore restored to their owners as soon ns
pncticablo after tho signing of tho armistice."
Mr. Allen also calls attention to tho fact
Hint of the $.'1,000,000 appropriated roi the or
ganization and conduct or the auxiliary naval
foice, together with the purchase or auxiliary
vessels Tor that Bcrvlce, only $720,030 was
spent.
or tho Naval War College, which ho com
monds highly, Mr. Allen snvs:
"It sooms to me that the most Important
step is the transfer of ths college trom Its
present location at Nowport to Annapolis,
where it w ill form a post-graduato courso for
tho Naval Academy; not in the sense that tho
midshlDmcn. alter comnletlncr their four Tenrs'
course, will at once take up the studies of tho
War Colli ge, bu' that, ns nt present, officers of
considerable exrerienco who are prepared to
assimilnto with advantage the courso or In
struction provided may hive opportunity ror
such study Annapolis offers many advan
tages over Newport as tho location. In the llrst
Place, it will bring our naval educational In
stitutions into lino with what tho experience
ot our great unlversltles has shown to be tho
best plan In none ot them has tho Idea ever
been ontertainod thnt the advanced courses
should be located in a plieo entirely apart
trom tho undergraduate work
"I have clven the subject ol the removal of
the War Collego a great deal of careful thought
and havo conferred with a number of officers
who have the best Interests of the service at
heart, and these officers havo assured me that
in their judgment this plan Is the best for en
abling tho college to do its finest work "
The formation of a national naval resorveis
warmly advocated by the Assistant Secretary,
who says-
"Our experience in the Spanish war has
really beou the only opportunity wo have had
with the system ot an auxlllnry naval roree or
ganized as a naval militia, and while suoh or
ganizations responded witli eagerness and
showed the greatest patriotism and tin earnest
desire to render service to tho Government,
It was tound that the existing system had ele
ments ot weakness, which, under severe stress
anq against a powerful enemy, would have
caused gronfnnxlety: that tor tho actual needs
ot warships and such auxiliaries as wcro re
quired for deep-sea work there was needed a
reserve which could bo promptly molillled
under tlu tall or tho Presldont. and which
would be soenrolledthat such a call could be t
onco sent out to ttio individuals making up
such a reserve through the department.
"Thus the attention or all has been turned
to a national naval reserve a body or sea
faring men. or tho sea habit, whose occupation
and dally training make them morn or less
familiar with sea work, w ho"e status should bu
that of a body of men directly under the con
trol ot tho Federal Government To this end
such a force must ueeesat-li bo maintained
nbsMutel) out ot the Federal approjiriatlous,
and no oilier appropriation could be consid
ered, ns complications ot thnt sort would lead
to friction, which could only Impair the effi
ciency ol the force as well as tend to a divided
authority."
" The Bureau of Navigation will ask author
ity to enlist up to 20.000 men. whieh will bo a
suffieionl number for tho present vessels or all
clas-es. There are, however. In process or con
struction and under repair, but not In commis
sion: R b&ttlfithipp, requiring each 400 men 3,200
4 monitors, refpiirln.1 each I7tlmen ,. . 704
lit torpedo destroyer, requlrtngencu SO men into
22 t trjietlo boaii, rniulrlnceacb 20 men 440
Album . . . . . .f,o
hecupfaVe go
( hlcaipj. ,ir,o
Atlanta ,."-,0
Ifartf irrl i00
VirUovn , j, jo
VlbuvIus 7-,
Tital . 8,001)
1J vemelii now in inerve, with one third of
trew of ISO menou board . . .1.100
Total ... 7.731)
'Thus nbout 8 000 men in addition would
bo required should an) exigency rise requir
ing the completo manning or these ships But
It will bo several ynara before all the battle
ships are completed, so tint It would be fail to
siy that at the Present timo uiovlsion should
be made tor one-halt the number, or 4,000
men
' These 4 000 naval reserve men could be en
rolled In this way; It Is expected that at least
1.500 will be enrolled from men who saw ser
vice during tho Spanish war as members ot
the naval militia (4.2H1 naval militiamen were
enlisted In tho regular service). Tho 2 500
additional men required fortho llrst )ear. It is
expected, will I e enrolled trom tho seafaring
class ynchtstnen, inerehunt mailne. fisher
men nnd others to many cl whom the amount
or pay during sorvlco, the transportation to
nnd rrom their practice stations and the uni
forms furnished will b a sufficient induce
ment. Indeed, from letters and eommunlea
tions on llle In this offieo it is believed that a
veiy much larger number than required for
the present neods or the service will be en
lolled lu such naval reserve the llrst three
months.
" 1 he cost ot such service to the Government
may bo approximated thus:
4,000 men, two suits of uniform at til 000
,iHi()ium,lranportatlon to and from tbelr
lioiuia lo ) ructlitteliip, sn . , 30 000
4,000 men, tratw, offliera and men, f.ir two
tresis, ,0 80,000
Total 1144,000
"i Ills, will lo-vve $r0,000 balanco from an
appropriation of $200,000, allowing opportuni
ties for suiipljlng .books und neccssarj eipilp
riejits and providing for a further period of
drill, if in ths judgment or the department it
seems expedient."
Witli the repot; Is submitted tho diaft ot a
bill for the organization ol a national naval re
borvu. In his references to the Brookljn Nan Yard
Mr Allen sais that No. 2 wooden dook there
Is rotting away llko the one nt Norfolk, "thus
giving n second example of the unsultableness
of 1I1U material foi structures whieh ehould
be absolutely jmrmanent "
1-VHCiintlon Day Dlniiei,
Thes uihof thollevolutlnnof Nw Ymk State
willielebiato with n dinner at IMmoiikostlus
evening the lirdh minlveisaryof tho evucuii
tlonof this 1 it) b) tho British President Friil
(nek 8 'Inllmudso will lie tonstmastar. and
ninoiig the invited guests and speakers nro
Major-liens bhurter ami ChariesF Boe. and
thellev, Dr Henry Van H)ko Over 200 uieiu
Lets of the society aro expected.
. i -
cmsQVAVfsa otr sale,
A Bare Nut from the South Seen Occasion
ally tn This Mnrket.
"Oh, lopk, Maria, chlnqunplnsl I'vo nover
seen any In New York before. Doesn't that
male you think ot tho Black Mingo placo and
old times?" nnd the fashionably attired matron
whohndstoppod her companion at the fruit
shop window on Broadway eyed tho little bas
ket of shiny, pointed nuts with interest.
" Chlnquuplusl Why. It's like meeting an old
friend. Let's ordor somo sent home tor the
children," said tho older woman, and the two
passed Into tho shop.
"Do chinquapins sell readily In Now York?"
repealed the nut dealer. "Well, they do and
thoy don't, or rather they're morcly an experi
ment. I got hold ot this consignment by
ohatiee, sent unsolicited by a friend who had
come across tho chinquapin lu somo of his ex
plorations and had a small lot gathered this
)car for market. People buy them more on
account of association than nnythltig else
They nro more delicate than the chestnut and
ot rare flavor, but too small for tho candy and
cake maker to botlerwlth or to bo used for
tho table. Thoyaremcotonibblnat in betwoou
times I like thorn, although I didn't know
what thoy were at llrst until I read tho letter
that cniuo along n day or two alter tlio nuts
When I found t hot they were liked by Southern
people 1 put thorn outside in tho display of
other nuts l'vohndoxporloncobororeor how
much pcoplo hero in Now York like the things
tho) havo been used to at home. Any number
ot strange West India and Bermuda fruits havo
caught nn herein thut way. novelties und slow
sailers nt first, but getting really popular alter
a reason or two, like the alligator pear, ror in
stance, or tho llcho nut.
"lve boon nmused somewhat at tho atten
tion thoso little chinquapins havo attracted.
Lots or pcoplo stop to look at them who don't
como In to buy, and then again somo ot my best
fiaying customers ordor them just as thoso
adles did just now. Invariably the buyers aro
people who havo lived at somo time down
South nnd havo seon the chinquapin crowing
or perhaps gone chinquapin hunting. Tho
husband ot ono or those ladles bought a big
rico plantation on the Carollnn coast. They
lived on It for a whtlo and I believe he sunk a
good deal of money in the venture. At any
rate, sho lias Southern relatives and Is fond of
the country. Tho little negroes used to brine
her tho chinquapins nt this time ot year and
alio took nn Interest In them, both the nuts and
tho gatherers
"Two or tlireo da)s ago an old gontloman
came in, looking plensed, toask where I got the
nuts. He ordered throo quarts and took somo
and put them in his pocket as though they wero
firecious. He said tho sight of them took him
lackfortv years. Ho was born and brought up on
a cotton plantnt Ion where thochlnquaplns grew
wild In tho woods, and ho used to gather them
ovcry fall They grow protusoly on quite a largo
bush, and tho outer cone Is as big ns a w Mini t
nnd covered with prickly spines that makes
them nil tho harder to get at. The bush Isvory
handsome, but grows usually in the most inac
cessible places out In tho swnmns nnd woods.
Itnlnkthcr would repay cultivation, fortho
host of them are exceptionally sweet, tender
and well flavored."
"Chinquapins havo caught on In Philadel
phia." said a wholesnlo nut dealer at headquar
ters down by tho Washington Market, "but
they aro practically unknown In New lork. I
had sevcrnl lots consigned tn me without pre
vious notice and no one of tho dealers In this
neighborhood knew what they wero All
agreed that they wero good Ono day a darky
from Now Jersey happened in. He takes a cart
round tho country peddling nuts and vegeta
bles and Is a good, square fellow to deal with.
'"Chinquapins: where did )ou get thom?' 1
ho asked on first sight ot the open bags, and
he pounced on them just as a mnn greets an
old. familiar friend I can sell every chlnqun-
Fin of tho lot to tho colored people in Jorsey
ity.' ho told me. nnd backed his wagon up
and bundled In the whole batch."
The chinquapin doesn't need cooking like
tho chesnut to reduce it totoothsomoness It
Is at its best when allowed to ripen thoroughly
on the tree, or If picked too soon (and only ex
perience can determine tho proper stage of
maturity from the appearance of tho outer
aone) It will mellow If laid away in a dark, dry
placo where insects won't breed. Nobody has
over tried to cultivate it: but just as it Is the
nut Is prized by both whites and blacks In the
region w hero It grows.
JTT 31 AUK TUB OLD mjf OliTErE.
The Uroken Crockery, th Guileful Walter,
and Wrecked Faith In Tinman Nature.
A benevolent-looking old man sat in a comer
or the elevated car and shook his head sadly.
His peaco ot mind was evidently very much
disturbed, and the young man next to him
wondered'when he was going tolturn around
and tell him all about It. For he was one ot I
those genial-looking old men whs make friends
with all thoy meet and like to talk weather,
crops and such things with folks they have
never seen before, nil of which was evident to
tho most casual observer.
"My friend," ho said finally. "I am truly the
most grieved man In New -ork at'thls mo
ment. I have made the worst mistake I ever
made "
"Isthatso?" said the young man, laying down
his panorand appearing interested.
"les." said the other, "and over what might
be a trifling circumstance to anybody else. I
don't think the infalllblo Troop Disko Troop,
you've beard of him, ot courso over felt worse
overamlstako,in his 'judgments' than I do over
this error In judgment that I made to-day"
"Let's hear about It. I go to Harlem, too,"
said the young man, good-nnturedly,
"Well," begun tho old man. "I went Into a
lunchroom to-day to get 11 bito to eat. It's a
place I go to frequently, and as I'm interested
in all kinds ot pcoplo. I know something about
the rides of the establishment, aid so when
oue of tho young men who carry out cups,
saucers nnd plates after they've been used 1
miiiiHiii. anu in irriuu nt iimuiutin nis equili
brium dropped his entice load 011 tho marble
floor. I knew that the value of that crockery
would como out of his wages
"I taw that young man's jaw drop and an
expression ot despair come over his faco as
tho manager eamo up, took a note ot what had
been broken, and then went over nnd handed
it to tho cashier. I saw tho cashier tako an
envelope out or the drawer and taking some
money out of it, nut tho paper In its place.
"Now. nine tlmos out of ten I'd have felt
sorry for tho man who had such bad luck, but
would lot it go at that. But tho expression on
that young man's faco whon tho cashier took
the money out of his pav envelope convineed
methatthst loss meant an nwful lot to the !)).
and so whon I was through I went up to him
and said:
" "You seem to be In bad luck to-day. I
supposn you have to pay for those dishes you
broke?'
" "Ves. he said, 'it comes out of my ray.'
" 'Woll.' I said, "now I want you to let me
make it up to vou. I won't miss It. and you
firobably will. How much do jou suppose you
ost by that smnbh-up?'
"Ho looked at me for a moment and then
said In a whisper: 'I reckon about $2 ' I
thought this was pretty steep for a half dozen
pieces of tho cheap ware tliev uso In these
lunchrooms, but Ionlytald: 'I'll leave It with
the cashier.' and walked away.
AftorlcotmyehaiiKO from the girl at the
desk 1 explained the circumstances and hand
ed her a $2 bill.
" 'But.' she said politely, 'ho only lost 40
cents by breaking thoso things,'
"1 tucked my bill back in my pookot nnd
went out. I haven't much to say of that
young man, but considerable about myself, I
never would havo believed that I could have
beon such a poor judge of human nature
And that's why I'm grieving," snld the old
man, beginning to shake his head again.
"Humph!" wag the only comment of the
other, and he resumed his newspaper.
POIt THE FISTIES IN WINTER.
The Supply of Warmed Salt Water at the
Aquarium Largely Extended,
Up to the present year nine of the tanks of
the ground door tier on the salt water side of
the Aquarium have been equipped for a supply
of warm water. In these tanks Bermuda and
other Bub-tropical fishes are kept, and without
warmed water they oonld not live here during
the cold season. The warmed salt water equip
ment has this season been extended so as to
Include live more tanks on the ground floor
tlerand twonty-one of the gallery tanks.and by
means of temporary attachments the supply
has been further extended to oilier tanks, so
th it now almost all the tanks on the suit watt 1
sldo. Including all In which it might be used to
advantnge, cun now be supplied with warmed ,
salt watti" Ths overflow from the wanned
gallon- inpks Is carrlul to the rescive lunks 1
back of tho oorildor extending around B( tin
real of the exhibition tnnks on the ground I
(loot ff the Aquarium, trom which If over- i
Hows tltinll), ,
hlle the Bermuda flfhes would die hero U
It wore sought to curry them through tho win
ter In water ot the natural temperature ot this 1
latitude, there are ulso migratory fishes
familiar and abundnnt here In summer which
it Is noxt to it not quite Impossible, to carry in
tanks through the winter with water at the
natural local temperature. The supply ot
these mlgrntorv tlMhes Is. onlliinrilr. renewed I
each season; t Is expected, with the warmed
watet, to be able to carry them through
llierp are other familiar llshes or kinds I
which In winter commonly seek deeper water
or go (urtliei iitl shore, vvheio tho water Is ,
wanner, und vv itch are ordinarily sluggish and
eat llttlo in the tanks in winter. With the
water warmod to a degree approximating that
which they would find In nature, or that
makes them comtortablc, they are uow aotive
and feeding wsU. ,
ll!!!SH---HliH
POST OFFICE RECEIPTS.
COBNTItT'S 1'ItOSrEltITT RErZECTEn
IN INCItBASEIt BUSINESS
The Increase Over RO.pOO.OOO In the nt
Fiscal Year Coniolldntlnn of Post Of
fice) Again Itecomniendeil, ns la the Kx
tension of Free nnd Ittirnl Deliveries.
VAsntNOTON, Nov. 21. First Assistant Tost-mnster-Genoral
Terry 8. Heath has sub
mitted to Postmaster-General Hmlth thoso por
tions ot his annual report which relnto to all
tho branches of the sorvlco committed to his
chargo oxcept the unusual sorvlco rondorcd
In oonncction with military Post Offices nt tlio
army camps and In tho Antilles and Philip
pines ami tho rural frco delivery sorvlco. both
or which await further ndvlces.
Tho general business of tho department
shows nn Increase of over fO.OO.1,000 In tho
' Inst fiscal jeir, In all departments of the
j sorvlco tho Influence of prosperous times litis
mado itself apparent. The number of do
mosllo money orders Issuod in the year was
27.708.078, as against 25.100.053 in the pre
vious year: tho amount carried was 5101,354.
121 as against $174,482,070 ot the previous
year. There has been an Increasoof 2,1158 In
the numbei of now money ordor offices estab
lished lu the )oat.
Mr. Heath recommends that clerks In Post
Offices be classllled nnd placed upon a (lied
scale of salaries similar to that now In opera
tion with regard to letter carriers. At pres
ent there Is no rule or system for tho grading
ot clerks at Post Offices. Their status and
salaries are determined by tho First Assist
ant Postmastor-Gonorol, and In his action he
Is. of oourse, controlled by tho amount ot the
appropriation placed at his disposal. Ho asks
Congress to reliove him ot this dtsorotlonary
powor and to provido somo scale ot salaries
which will give to the clerks fair prospects of
advancement and certainty ot compensation.
An appioorlatton of S50.000 is requested tor
tho employment of substitute clerks to por
mlt ot vncatlons being given.
For tho llscal yonrcovored by (his report tho
regular appropriation for clork hire was $10.
000.000. Tho appropriation for clerk hire for
the present llscal year is $11,100,000. An ap
propriation of $11,800,000 is recommended for
tho llscal year beginning on July I next. Con
gress having appropriated $200,000 less than
ths department estimnto for clork hire In tho
past llscal year, tho first Assistant Posttnns-ter-Oeneral
has found himself considerably
embarrassed In meeting emergencies incident
to tlu great increase of public business.
Tho consolidation or Post Offices Is again
recommonded in tho interest of on Improved
service nnd economy. Congress Is asked to re
peal the law forbidding the abolition of n Post
Office located nt any county sent by a consoli
dation ot Post Offices. The abolition ol small
Post Offices contiguous to a large ofllco having
free delivery and tho establishment ol stations
and sub-stations in lieu thereof. Mr. Heath
sa)s, has been tound to result not only In a
vastly improved public- sorvics. but In n sub
stantial saving In expense, and he desires au
thority to continue this plan.
With renowed nnd increased emphasis. Mr.
Heath asks Congress lor authority to make the
elerk hire appropriation to include clerks In
all classes or Post Offices. At present an allow
ance for clerk hire can only bo given to Hist
' and second 1 lass Postmasters. Many third
class Post Offices have so much business thnt
it is impossible for any ono person to properly
attend to it, and tho Postmasters are con
stantly compelled to pay for such clerical helo
as thoy need out of their own salaries
There are 2.HI0 third class Post Offices In
the Unltod States, 71K) second class Post Offices
and lTO.flrst class Post Offices Authorlt) to
employ olerks Is only given to rostmnstersor
tho two last named classes. It is contended
that it authority wore given to assign clerks to
third class Post Offices where nocessnry. tho
temptation for Postmasters to "pad" their re
ceipts or to Increase fraudulently 'heir appar
ent revenues so as to get Into tho second class
would bn eliminated.
Free delivery was extended during the fiscal
year to fifty-nine ofheos. There aro 110 addi
tional offices entitled to free delivery. In ths
current llscal rear sorvice has been estab
lished at .14 of these offices, leaving 70 to await
the consideration of tho department.
Tho report recommends a modification of
the Eight-Hour law as applied to letter car
riers, bo as to prov ide fort) -eight hours for six
days' work and only as manv hours on Kundny
within the eight-hour limit as are absolutely
necessary for tho requirements of tho service
This recommendation is In accord with the
views expressed bv tho convention of Post
masters recently held at Dotrolt. nnd It is be
lieved its adoption would meet the approval
of the letter carriers themselves.
The report also recommends the establish
ment of an additional grade of carriers, to be
known as carrier sergeants, in all cities hav
ing lift) carriers or more, and tint these pi ices
be assigned by competitive examination among
carriers who havo served five years or more
The duties ot these sorgennts would be to
supervise the work ot letter carriers on their
routes and to Investigate complaints Ho asks
an appropriation tor salaries of carriers at es
tablished offices ror the next llscal year or $12.
007,20(1: for the salaries of letter carrlors at
new offices, $00,000: for horso hire allowance,
$410.Oo0; car fare and bicycles. $11(5.000: all
other incidentals, $150,000. making n grand
total for this service ot $1:1.512.200 Ho rec
ommends a repeal or the law requiring the use
or the present form ot money order, in the in
terest or safety and simplicity. He also rec
ommends authorization for tho use ol a postal
oheck. payable to bearer
A detailed report or the operations ot the
rural free delivery will be presented within a
few days Congress Increased the appropria
tion tor this purpose from $"0.1MX) to $150,000,
and Mr. Heath recommends. In view of tho
success of the extension of tho service nnd the
satisfaction which it has given, that an appro-
firjation of $.100,000 bo made for rural free do
very In the next fiscal )enr.
LOTAT, TO NEir EVflCAXn.
Down Knst Fedngngun Kdlted a Ponra to
Mnke It Coincide with Ills Vlewa.
"I have had occasion to notice more than
once the intense loyalty of the New England
man to his part ot the country," snld a guest
from another section In the homo of an East
ern man. "Tha preceptor of a preparatory
school In the town whoro I grew up was a down
East Yankee In every sense, no was the only
man who knew how to handlo that schoc.
Several had tried It nnd failed. Tho first time
he had occasion to assert himself was when
ono of the natives In the reading class stumbled
over tho lines of a woll-known nocm beginning.
'New'England's dead. Now England's dead'
" 'Hold en there.' shouted tho old pedagogue
as he rose from his seat, and ho looked ns tall
as old Trinity's splro "1 know that is the way
the poem was written, but tho poet did not
undsrstnnd the history ot his eountn. Now
England is not dead, and don't ) 011 torget that
Hereafter, and 1 wunt every boy In this school
to hear me and remembor it. the reading or
this poem is to be changed to "The dead of
New England, the dead ot New England." That
Is the way the poet should havo written Hand
then there would have been uo mistake as to
his mfanlng.'
"And as long as that elongated specimen
from down East was at the head of that school
tho poem was read as he ordered."
Tiffany
"blue book"
MESSRS. TIFFANY & CO.
ARE1 NOW PREPARED TO
SEND A COPY OF THE '99
EDITION OF THEIR "BLUE
BOOK" TO ANY ADDRESS
WITHOUT CHARGE.
THE BOOK CONTAINS NO
ILLUSTRATIONS. IT IS A
COMPACT LITTLE DIRECTO
RY OF THEIR PRODUCTS,
WITH CONCISE DESCRIP-'
TIONS AND RANGE OF
I PRICES OF THEIR STOCK OF I
JEWELRY, SILVERWARE,,
CLOCKS, WATCHES,
BRONZES AND OTHER ARTI
CLES SUITABLE FOR HOLI-
I DAY GIFTS.
Tiffany & Co.
UNION SQUARE
NEW YORK
, ,' .
MaMMBICaWyiWMPWJ M--vjMM
NERVURA CURES FIRE CHIEF.
Chief of Fire Department of Newport 1
Cured by Dr. Greene's Nervura. I
Tho banes of most people's llvos nro con- tired, nervous, languid and without their old f
stlpatlon. biliousness. Indigestion nnd llvorand tlmo snnp. energy, nnd vim. They do not
kldner trouble. think or study easily, work tires them nad
Such persons lmvo a poor or Irregular ap- thoy foci blue, anibttlonlcrs, dispirited and out l
of sorts generally. .-
fFor such persons tho sure thing to cured $
r. Greono's Nervura blood and nervo remedy. "I
or thoso eomplnlnts It has no cqunl In the f
orld. Dr. Greono's Nervura Is Iho one rouio- "
r which will euro you. ''
It Is tho remedy which cured tho well known ,
ndrow J. Kerwln, Chlof or the Urn Depnvs-
icnt ot Nowport, B. I., nnd It will euro you if '
"1 havo used Dr Greeno's Nervura blood
and nerve remedy for somo tlmo now and
find It has given me relief from constitution,
from which I havo suffored for a long time '
lam pleasod to say as much as this for
Nervura. and this can be published for
If you aro out of health, do not fel puf
right, aro norvous and run down, or hats
stomach, liver and kidney trouble, you nee i
this grand medicine. Dr. Greeno's Ncrvuri,
to put you in health again. Itwlllsureh do t.
You nro not taking a patent mcdlclim
when you use Nervtua It is the pre.
scrlptlon of tho famous specialist. Dr
....., , . . , , Greono. of :ir TVost 14th btreot. New ork
petite. Inactive liver, sluggish movements of cyill0 ,B the most successful physician in
the bowols. headache, gas. bloating, senso of ourlngnll forms of chronic or lingering oom
fulncss nftor moals. bad tosto In tho mouth, do plaints, and who can bo consulted free, per
not sleep or eat well, wako mornings foellng sonally or hy letter.
VltEOCCVPIED ON THE STREETS.
The I'eoplo Who Talk orSlng to Themielves
on the Highway.
"In watching tho expression of tho people on
the streets," said the man who observ es things,
"I have noticed that itisonlychildren andvory
young people who wear absolutely placid coun
tenances. Tho others carry tholr look of worry
along with them, ofton oxhtblting writhing lips
and Dashing oes to the nubllo at largo while
thoy mutter their thoughts In audible sen
tences, halt of which you catch on tho wing ns
you pass by.
"It's a more common thing to see this In a
woman than In a man, perhaps because women
are more given to worry nnd to showing It
Once a woman pissing mo on Hrondway ex
claimed 'Oh. my! Oh, myT nnd wenton before
I could catch uglimpno ot her face. Sho was
quite alone, consequently she must havo been
communing with hersoir. I round myself won
dering what In tho world could be tho matter.
It may havo been that bIio was anxious to
catch a struct car which sho discovered was
nbout to leave her in the lurch, or her tooth
nched. or a tight shoe pinched her too, but that
'Oil. inyl' ot hers staled with meawhllo. It
had a tragic ring. I thought.
"Last wei'k 1 eauit upon a man who was
talking to himself. He vvns on Fifth avenue
As ho approached me his fnco was a mass of
wrinkles Ho frowned and stnrcd straight
ahead of him muttering. Curioslt) getting the
bettor of me. I turned and walked by his side
lorn few moments He began to gesticulate
wildly, beating tho atmosphore in his immedi
ate vicinity with his largo hands. "To think 1'
lie was saying, "that I should have bet evon
tlilnc I had on Tammanyl To think thnt I
dldn t havn sense enough to put up a single
do'laron tho other sidol Now, whore am I '
And ho proceeded to apply mioh explosive epi
thets to himself thnt I became frightened and ,
bent n hasty retreat,
"I llnd ihntpeoplo not only talk and gestlcu- I
Into upon the street, but iho) hum and sing and
whistle liolng down in the elovated train one
morning I sat by awomanwho hummed All tho
way. I listened trying to make out the tune
she was humming It sounded familiar It
was n llttlo like "1 he Last Hose of Hummer.'
but I wasn't quite sure. At any rato she
hummed It straight along, stopping for a
moment to listou to tho guard as he called out
tno station, then falling to humming again. I
half expected to hear her break into outright
singing I hoped she might. I wanted to see
the effect of Hon the other peoplo In the car,
but sho didn't, bhe only hummed Whon we
stopped at t ho Twent) -eighth street station she
arose and, gathering upherbelonglngs, walked
to the door. I could hear her hum until she I
loft the car. '
"I find that humming or singing on tho
street and in the cars is not confined to tho
women Tho men also hum Walking down
boventh avenue one Sunday afternoon I passed
nn old man that Is, I started to pass him. but
I walketl slowly along with him whon I heard
him begin to sing He was ulnne. but ho was
enjoying himself. Ho was singing theso words
to the tuno of ' ankee Doodlo ':
" Tnra turn turn te. turn to tnm.
Turn turn tnm t turn, turn.
Turn turn turn te turn tc turn te.
Jura te turn to turn, turn.
"I walked right along with him. keeping
step to tho tuno as fur us the l'ark. and when I
left him ho was still singing. It wasn't cx
nctly n Sunday tuno. but It was a good tuno In
Its , way: and ho sang It with such vim and
evident enjoyment that I was half sorry to
leavohim."
-MSir YORK'S SIVNICIVAT, FLEET.
It Is Large In Numbers, of fireat Variety
und Worth 81,000.000.
It Is a fact not generally known that tho city
of Now York, though n pacific municipality with
no reeortl of prowess on tho high seas, has a
considerable fleet. At the head of this Ooetns
tho most Important are tho boats ot tho harbor
polico mid the naphtha launches which lmvo
been substituted lor rowboats for polico use.
Then follow tho firoboats of tho I'lre Depart
ment, of which there nro three In New York
nud two in Ilrooklvn, tho New York firoboats
being tho W'lllluni 1 Havcme)or, Zophar Mills
and the Now Yorker, which cost, rei-pectlvely,
$:i0.000. $45 80t) and $IIH.OOO The first of these
wns bulltin 1B75; tho lust vvns built In 18111.
Tho btreet Cleaning Department hns In each
of tho boioughs u complement of boats and
scows, lu part owned by the city and In part
rented for Its use. Tho Department of Public
Charities lias steamboats to transfer patients
to and from the Last lllvcr islunds. nnd the
Department of Coirectlou has ned of like ser
vice for prisoneis Hut all these lioats, ships, ,
flreboats and scows aro unimportant In num
ber ns compared with tlio tleot o Now lork's I
Dock Depirtmt-nt.thttvHtlmntodvalueof which
Is nearl) $:iUU,U(JO. Tlio Dock Depattnn-ut bus
two naphtha launches ntitgvalucd at fdO.tXH),
sixteen plledrlvers. II f teen deck scows, nve
dlvurs' r-covvh. live derrick boats, twent)
elglit yawl boats, two skiffs, six sounding
liot,ts, two bateaux anil one toulioat. Com.
blued with the boats of the Police, lire. I
Cliaiitlos.iind torn ctlon departments the lli-et
of tlio Dock llouni makes a very considerable
numbei or vessels o( tho gro-s vnlue.lt wns
otlnialcd on Oct I, of more than $1,KX).IXXJ
Thlslscertuliil) not a bud hhowltig.und It will
probably uo thought sutprlslng by many per
sons thnt the reiiuireniuiitB ot public business
should ncesltaco the ustt or ho tunny Itoatt. '
and Involve, us they do. auoiihidi'rahlii annual I
out id. but tho 1 ict Is that the geographical sit
uation of tlm i)t of Now lork, on account of
the rivuis which divide Its several boroughs i
from each other (Kings and Oiieons aro the i
onl) two on lonllgiiotin territory), makes
liecessiuy theconsunt use of boutt
'ljioelty could not have nei ess to tho Islands
In the 1 a-it Illvei uiiIuhm Ii) boats, and It would
bo Impracticable to put lontrol of these Into
tho bunds or private individuals. 'Hie enor
mous shipping business of Nt-vv York necessi
tates tho temporary storngti or millions or ilol
lais vroith of mateilil on or near tho water
front In Manhattan Kinvsaiul lllchniond For
tho protection or this material against
cilmlnals,, nnd loi Its preservation when
tliieiitelied by, lire, iho boats are In
dispensable, und constant repalis on the
Piers of the city are necestarr in order
to maintain Now lorkin thecntnmaiiding pos.
tlpn as oliier roiniiiort lal iioit of America
1 he city s liner, which represents an Invest,
mentor SI.OOO.IMXi, reiinlresun annual eMien
ilitiire of about $150.(Xii for maintenance, coal
previsions, the payof oniitlojies, repairs, new
machine) . piloting naval stores and other
liemi. id dlsbuiwiiient Ibis hum, though
large when iciiisldeied liidiisunleiitly. i not
.xeesMvti when It is tionsldeied that the valiu
of, the pronert) pioteeted amounts to many
mil Ion dollars. and that without tho use of i
such boat and scows the health of tho commu-
Ity would suffer to an extent almost Incalou- I
bl In figure. I
EVENTS AT COI.VVHIA.
Fresh Ilopes of Dormitories Two NewCluhi
Formed.
It now seoms probable that Columbia I tp.
vcrslty will soon bnvo what Itstrlcnds bcll
It needs urgently, dormitories. On Wednesday
I ntternoon the Committee ot the Trustees on
BulldlngsandGroundsheldaptotrneted meet
Ing to consldor the subject. Thcrevvere pio.
ent President Low, tho Chairman, nnd I noi
Smith. Dr. Georgo O. Wlioclock. William
Schermerhorn, Fresldont ot tho Hoard. F.
Augustus Bchermorhorn, and John 11. Pino
In his annual report to the trustees Presi
dent Low pointed out Iho immediate and ab
solute need ot dormitories Ho oven recom
mended that, as tho university was notflnnn
dally in a position to buy land outsldn tlio new . ,
site for this purposo, tho Green, or the old W
Rloomlngdnlo Grovo, nt tho northern end of
j the grounds, should bo used for this puriKist,
His Idea was to havo dormitories at cither end
I of the Green, along the Houlvanl and m
stordam avenue, thus preserving in the cen
tre the stately old grovo. Noxt to tho Te idl
ers' Colloge dormitories, at tho corner of 1 17tlt
street and Amsterdam avenuo. workmenhavs
been blasting nway for almost a month
on n plot of ground Inll a block wide
nnd about 200 feet deep. It; is said that
hero dormitories ore lo stand. Thes will
bo erected by a privato corporation if some H
nrrangement can be inndo whereb) the unl H
versity shall assume at least partial control i ' n
the tnanngotnent and supervision. It wns said H
that It was this proposition that tho commutes
wns considering the other day. M.
President Low has just announced an anonv jhLS, .,
mous gift of $7,500 ror the llhrnr. Ho ilso m'l0
stated that tho donor has several times pr"- K-l
viously made similar gifts. f
During the pns week two important student m
clubs have been rormed. the .ierman Club and
nn English club, tho name or which has nor
been selected. Tho "Doutscher Vereln dor
Colnmbln Unlvcrsitnt" Is an association verr
similar to tlio French Club successriilly 'instl
tutcd last cur. It is composed ot nbout fortr
students and tho raeultv or the department of
Germanic languages and literature Its ob
jects are to encourage the study ot the lan
guage and literature and In general to bring
together socially men interested In German
matters. The following oflleors havo been
chosen: President. ProL W. H Carpenter:
Vice-President. Prof Calvin H. Thomas; j"v
ecutlye Chairman. Hudolf Tamho. Jr. Pom
flraduato: Secretary. George Kb rot. .Tr, PI':
Treasurer. F. Kidde, 1W0, and Llbrarlm.
George Matthew. W. The English club Is a
more general organization. It is the outcome
of an Idea conceived by Prof. George tdninl '
Woodberry. Ho believed that thorn should I
In tho literature department of the colleco
proper an association "to form a bond of
friendly union among undergraduates Inter
ested (n literature, and to support, maintain.
and further tlio literary interests of the ml
lege." The students took up his suggestion
with enthusiasm. The Presidents of the senler, .
junior and sophomore classes, the editors of A
tho three college papers, and an additions! "8 ;
representative from each of the classes men.
tioned. together with Profs. Woodberry and n
i. Williams Jackson, became the charter mem- I
brs. At the first general meeting almost 100 f
men joined William Asninwnll Hradlev. l" "7T,
was made President; Prot. Wood hern llrst f
Vice-President: B. jr L Ernst. 'IKl, Treasurer. J
and G. 8 Hllman. W. Secretary. Mehenni,
1!XK). and Ronrlott. 10(11- mm eleolml Reoond
and Third Vice-Presidents
The Junior Hall Committee has decided to
havo Columbia's only big social tunetlonorthe
voir nt Sherry's new place This announce
ment camn as a great disappointment to ths
students They had hoped that the commit
tee would follow the old custom ot maklnc
this a distinctly Columbia event. It was the
general belief that tho new gymnasium would
servo the purpose of a ballroom The juniors.
however, llnd that the gymnasium floor Is not
suitable for light dancing. They will do nhst
I they enn'to make Sherry's take on a Columbia
I ntmosphere. The evening of Dec 2.1 has bcn
I selected ror the event. Iljiilmar Hjorth Hot
i son. 2d. is Chairman of the committee The
i sub-coiumlttees are- Patroness Goelet Gal.
latin. Franklin II. Lefferts. Frederick II foncr
1 and II. II. Bo) esen. Walton K. Oakley and W allls
h Turner, ex-ofTloln members hiinjier ( oni-mlltee-W
M. L. Fiske.lr..r. G.Smlth and Hni
rlson Clark. Jr. Decorations Committee W. ,
M.MiiweH. Ir. and E. Vun Winkle Slnslcf urn- JC.J
mltteo-O. II. Lange. It. M Fisher: and. 1 .S. Wt
Clinch. Jr. yjfi
The sophomore show will tako place at Car-
negle Lyceum on Doc. 20. 27 an! 2H 1'er
rormunces will also be given on Dec. 20 nt hon
kers and Dot'. 110 nt Lakewood N J Mr v'
P. F. Mnekny hns charge of the cast.
The Senior Comedy Club will give thre
performunc.es of "Uncle" In the second week
In January. Mr. Mnekny Is coaching this cat
o'so.
Problem of the Man of Moderate Meant.
"I think I mlghl squnre the circle." said th
man of modernto moans, "If I should sit rich'
down to It. but tho problem of how to make
both ends meet presents serious illflleiilties
s
Everything Seems Wrong
to tho dyspeptic Tlio world is
upside down ; the times nro out of
joint; he's ready to turu his buck
upon his best friend.
Now, tho thing thnt oftenost 's
wrong with dyspeptics, is their
ohoico of a remedy. It seems to
Ho between drugs and modicinos
on tlio ono hand nnd tho CurlBba, I t
Hprudel Halt on tho other. They ,e,
cun't both be light; there's too ' Jfe
much difference in thoir methods Y f
and in thoir rosults.
Carlsbad the Sprudel Spring nt
Carlsbad has beon curing dyspep
tics for hundreds of yenrs. It
natural nolvont and stimulating
properties correct perverted nutri- f
tion, ropair waste nnd bring bad'
a healthy digestion nnd appotit I
The only genuine irnportod Spi n- f
del Suit (the water solidilio l at tl IJj
spring) has tho signature of "I'l- ,$
nek A; Mendklson Co., Agta., New Pi
York," on evory bottle. Adv. P

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