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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, November 26, 1898, Image 1

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vol, LIV1 -MO. 87. t NEW YORK, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1808.-COPYRIGHT, 1898, BY THE SUN PRINTING AND PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION. PRICE WO CENTS. SB
.NIGHT CABINET MEETING.
4UEMCAS rKACK COMMISSIONERS
ask ran adtxce.
Xhr rreildent Initnicti Them to Insist on
the Original Demands Spnln Offer) Ono
of th C'nrollno Group for n Philippine
Itlani). Imt n Cabinet Officer Intimates
That We May rurchaia the Entire Gtonp.
TTjisiiinoton, Nov. 25. A special mooting ot
tiipC.iblnf' vtnsheld at tho Whlto House to
nijht. H was hurrlodlycallodnndntlOo'clock
til Iho members of tho Cabinet, excepting Sec
retary Long. ho Is out ot town, had ronchod
the White House. Tho meeting lasted forty
rolmit'3 eiilv. Cabinet officers said that thoy
uorctiotnt llliprty to go ItitodotnlUnstotho
rPWu,n for tho meeting, bat. It was nd
mitted tli.it tlii call had been sont out
ij the President bocauso ho had reeolved
d(.vi.n It'll from tho Amorlcnn Commission
In rorM concerning o niattor on which
I., thought II advisable not to act until
h hml secured the opinions ot hi official
idrUer. H mi leornod by Tint Bun reportor
tliatnlt tmil boon rnlcil In tho message
oavlilvh tho Amorlcnn Ponce Commissioners
required ad vice, and It was decmod best to
,Pie n( the matter Immediately no that tho
CommMloners could have tho President's
opinion before them to'morrow morning,
vjiircMi'tot tho nicotine a despatch was
nt from the Whlto Houso to tho Amoriean
Commissioners In which tho President dl
I rectcd them to stntid firm on their oriclnnl In
struction In other words, tho Pmsldont and
hi C'ahini't decided not to modify or chango
the demands nnd concessions contained In tho
memorandum presented to tho Spnnish Com
missioners li tholr Amorlcnn opponents on
Uaturd.iy la-t
Uile oftlrlal confirmation subsequent to
the1 adjournment of tho Cabinet, mooting
H lacking, information obtained from u
CablnM officer caillsr In tho day indicated
that the only point that was likely to
caui) troublo to tho successful accomplish
ment of, thn Intentions of tho United States
concerned the amount of indomnity offored to
the Spaniards In compensation for permanent
"pacific" improvements in tho Philippines.
It was said by this ofllclal that wounded
i Spanish pride would probablv bo healed If thv,
United State advanced the price It was willing
to par for the Improvements made by Spain,
lie indicated that on all other matters at Issue
. between tho two commissions In connection
i with the Philippines Spain would probably as
tnt to the propositions of the American Com
missioners. The message from tho Amerloan Commis
sioners contained a new set ot proposi
tions submitted by tho Spaniards. The main
proposal of tho Spaniards was an offer to
exohange an Island in the Carolines for one
of the Philippine croup, so that Spain ooutd
maintain n foothold In tho Philippine archlpel
iso. It did not take the President and tho Cab
inet lone to dispose ot this surprising offer,
and the others were rejected likewise In short
order.
The despatch sent from the White House
after the meetlnc directed Mr. Day and
his colleagues to decline to entertain
i any and all ot the Spanish proposals
j )'. and to Insist on Spain's acceptance
Mf ot the American demands. The messace from
Paris said there would probably be a meet
ing iof the Joint Commission to-mor-tOT
and the American Commissioners
- -mated -tot bo able to answer the new
poBOsals then. It is expected by the Prosl
deittnd the Cabinet that at to-morrow's meet
ing of tho Joint Commission will come iho
crucial test.
After tho Cabinet meetlnc to-night a strong
Mat was given that the United 8tates could not
accept the Spanish p reposition to exchonco an
bland In the Philippines for ono In the Caro
lines for the reason that this Government con
ttmplated the purchase ot the entire Carollno
troap.
SPAUT LIKELY TO YIELD.
Orders to Sign the Treaty Voder Beserres
Reported. ,
Xvuial CabU Detpoteku U Taat Bin.
Lesson. Nov. 25. A dos'patch sent this even
ing to Tub Sun from Madrid says that the
4 Cabinet has screed to submit to the American
? Itmands, and that Spain will aien the treaty ot
I mce nsdar reaerves. Instructions to this
ft effect have been telesraphed to SeDor Monte ro
4S Klos, President of the Bpanish Peace Commis-
lion at Paris.
Another despatch from Madrid says that the
Hlnlitera have drawn np a set of instructions
which will be forwarded to Seflor Montero
Itioi. It is believed, the despatch Bays, that
the last meeting ot the joint commission will
be held on Monday. Nov. 28.
It la expected, the despatch adds, that Don
Carlos will issue a manifesto as soon as the
treaty ot peace Is slimed.
A despatch from Paris to a local news agenoy
iys the report is confirmed that BeBor Montero
IJIos and his colleagues on the Spanish Peace
Commission sent their resicnnllons to the
Hpanlh Government as a protest against tho
exorbitant claims of tho United States, and that
wCor Baenstn persuaded them to continbo ne
gotiations, assurlnc them that they would not
w held personally responsible for the resuluof
the uneorapromlslnit attitude of the United
t MiDBiD. via Dlarrltz. Nov. 25.-K is recorded
"extremely likely that Seflor Romero Robledo
and Gen Weyler will support Premier Saarasta
lohlsaitltudu regarding tho Amoriean terms
of peace, but It is the intention of Gen. Correa,
illnleterofWar.to roslstn. for tho reason that
n objects to tho acceptance ot the Indemnity
offered by tho Americans.
Pn!mo Minister Bajrasta was questioned after
the Cabinet meotlnaj to-day as to whether Mon
uars session of the peace conference would bo
law. He replied:
"Who knows? Perhaps somo Incident will
Wie that will make further consultations and
"cnana-oaof views necessary."
Puns, Nov. 25. No procress has beenmado
?.ce sterday by the Spanish authorities.
"her here or at Madrid, toward formulating
n anuwer to the American peace proposal.
Further attempts have been made to ns'cor
iain what reception tho Amoriean delegates
JOuldeUu to a Spanish offer to relinquish tho
TOllpplnes forJOO.OOO.OOOor even J40.000.000.
ii? attemPt nv not been mndo on behalf
. m he Spanish representatives, but by agents
w tho holders of Philippine nnd Cuban bonds,
I r ,k of wl'om hM6 been daneInK attendance
"ine cominuialon ever since the sessions be
M n. Their soundlnes have yielded nothing,
m. jo concession whatever will be made by the
7 Americans, eicopt perhaps that a little further
I toa ' 8lTen ,n WM the sPanlih ffort
aatree among themsolves are roally sincere
I n 'w da delay Is likely to result in the
acceptance ot the American terms.
RlSSU SJIU TO BIS DISPLEASED.
l Ulplomatlat'a Objections to the Cnlted
State. Taking the Philippine.
Sltcial Cab, Dtipattk It Tuc 8 CM.
"RiiN. Nov 25.-The BU'Petoreburg coirt
m, -inuwaot the Tantblatt telegraphs on Inter?
i '..'"Wtyhlm nlth nn anonymous P.usslan
J "i''-"iatUt, who said that if the Philippines
H iiTtI"?LA"'erlcan that ,aot ' "kely to mark
-i? i houro' completely undlramed friend.
"V l'w-en IlussIaandthoUnltedBUtes. The
M of i Jded woult5 'DWel Into tlie track
4Kk " e eat powers who were wrestlinc for
. l,?M?untlnrlunoelntbefarEist,ajldtheend
' , mi b that Brother Jonathah wonld be tat-
flb ,
aaaaMalaaaaiMMMMiiM!. M '-acrni'"iy.tBi!ate
en in tow by his Knnllhcouln,who would teach
him tho tricks of n "groat policy." The most
dlsagrecablo surprises and ndvontures. en
clangoring peace, may then nrlse.
Continuing, tho diplomat raid that Great Brit
ain would surely prejudice thelitis o-Amorlcnn
relations In Asia. Itussln wound not stir a fin
gor to prevent the annexation of tho Phil
ippines, but she did not conceal tho fact that
she wns displeased with tho step, which the re
gnrded as unjust to Spnln.
CVnAX IDEA Of TESaEXSCE.
Wnnt Ten Ont of Every 100 Neuron
Selected by thn Ittnck-Ttean Method for
Kxerutlon If the Snn I.ult Slnrderers Are
Not Fouml-A Cnban Mayor of Bantlpgo.
Ssxcial Cable Dtipalch to Tn Btm.
Saxtuoo bb CunA, Nov. 25. Oen. Wood to
day relieved Major J. n. Mclsarv. Inspector
Oeneral ot Volunteers, from his duties as
Mayor of Santiago, and named Bettor Emlllo
Bacardi, n Cuban, In his atcad. Seflor Bacardi
U a natlvo of Santiago, and Is a wealthy busi
ness mnn. Ho aided tho Insurgents during the
three ycnru'stniBBlo by purchasing arms nnd
munitions for them. Two years ago ho was
arrested by tho Spaniards In Santiago and he
servod n lorm ot Imprisonment In rt Spanish
jail. IIo Is indorsed by both the Cuban Revo
lutionary nnd Modorato parties. Ho will find
his work ns Mayor qulto easy, ns tho municipal
departments, organized ny Major McLonry. are
working smoothly nccordlngtoAmerlcan Ideas.
Major McLoary will return to his duties as
Inspector-General. Ho will net as chlof or tho
Department of Santiago during tho absence ot
Major 8tniT.
Gen. Wood's Rntl-gambllng edict was pub
lished to-dny in English and Spanish by the
local tapers. It created a sensation, nnd was
discussed and denounced all over town by Cu
ban nnd American gambler) allko. Several
members of the. San Curios Club applied to
Lieut. Matthew E. Ilnnnn for Information ns to
whether the ordor applied to them. Llout.
Hnnna sold that It did. Tho edict is umro
swooping than Tas at first thought. Lotteries
ns well as other forms of gambling, are prohib
ited. Tho penalty, In default of the payment of
$1,000 flno for oach offence. Is fixed at n year's
Imprisonment nt hard labor.
Tho fuilm-oot tho Americans to arrest and
punish tho negro soldiers who wero Imolvod In
tho fatal shooting affray nt San Luis ten days
ngo has led to n great deal of talk among tho
Cuban. Men who. two years ago, were In tho
United States recounting with horror stories of
Spanish barbarity nro demanding that. In tho
event ot n failure to Ilx tho guilt on tho reul
perpctrntorn. tho Americans hhall summarily
shoot ten out ot overy hundred ot tho black
soldiers, tho fato ot the lctlms to bo deter
mined by tho black bean method. A tow post
ers advocating this method of nunlshment for
the negroes have actually been published and
distributed in the country districts.
Many ot the extreme revolutionists hero and
at San Luis nnd Alto Songo havo accused tho
American officers ot complicity In tho affair.
ThoypplnUoJiejibsonco.ofthe two Cubans
wtio oegon'tho row as proof of their assertions.
Thoy say that the two Cubans wero paid by tho
Americans to keep out ot the way so as to not
testify ngainst tho soldiers.
All tho rural polieo have been withdrawn
from San Luis and stationod in this city. Gen.
Wood will not send them into the country again
until ho can get mon he can trust to place at
their head. It will be hanl.toflnd a Cuban so
well quaJIflod far the post of chief of tho rural
police ns Rafael Forrer, who was killed at Ban
Luis. Tho gther policemen killed were also
canablo men.
The brutal proposition as to tho method ot
punishment for the negro soldiers has not lm
proved the opinion of the Americans as to the
Cuban revolutionary party. Antonio Rous
seau, a Cuban planter, who was born and
brought up here, told tho correspondent of The
Sum to-day that, deficient in discipline ns the
American nesro soldiers were, they wore in.
finitely better nnd moro orderly than tho Cuban
soldiery. Ho said he had seen them repeatedly
divide their rations with old people and chil
dren and tho very people who now want them
decimated. Seflor Roussoau added that the
negroes also treated the townsmen with more
consideration than ho had ever seen the Cubans
treat thorn.
Cuba ovns ox canisTsiAs.
Unto Now Set for Evacuation Castellanos
Succeeds Blanco.
Sptcial CabU Dtnalek la Tni Bint.
niVANA. Nov. 25. Gen. Jimenez Castellanos
has been appointed Captuln-Goneral and Governor-General
ot Cuba In placo of Gen. Blanco,
who resigned. Gen. Gonzales Parrado, to
whom tho placo was offered, persisted in his
refusal to nccopt office, being desirous of going
to tip Philippines as soon as possible to at
tempt to socuro the release of his son, who Is
held a prisoner by the Filipinos.
Gen. Castellanos intends to push tho evacua
tion of the Island as rapidly as possible. The
American Commission understands that Ha
vana will be turned over to the United States
on Dec. 25, according to tho arrangement made
with the Spanish Commission.
Gen. Clous and Capt Hart callod on Gen. Parr
rado to-day to arrange for a meeting of the
American Commissioners with Gen. Blanco,
when tho Americans wljl express to him their
thanks for tho kindness thoy have received at
tils hands and wish him a pleasant voyage.
Tho work, ot preparing the camps for the
Amoriean troops is being pushed as rapidly as
possible Four companies of engineers, who
arrived this morning under Col. Savage, were
set at work Immediately at preparing tho camp
atMarianao. Mora troops are expected -within
four days.
Meanwhile tho Spanish evacuation Is pro
gressing. Tho Bpanish Commissioners notified
tho Americans to-day that the military division
of Holguln had already been evacuated, only a
few sick Spanish soldiers remaining there un
dor the safeguard of tho Americans.
The Police Judgo at La Vedado went to tho
Salon Trocha to-day to summon Gen. Wado in
tho suit brought by a plumber to recover the
sum of $700 for work dono at tho Salon. Gen,
Clous saw tho Judge nnd convinced him that
it would bo unwlso to summon Gen, Wado,
and told hint that It would be a con
venience It he would delay matters. Tbo Judge,
then withdrew, leaving the summons unserved,
Gen. Wado sent Gen, Clous to see GetrfParrado
on the subject. Exports declare that the work
was worth only $300. Tho first demand of the
plumber, whose nnme HMaelno, wnsforll.ROO.
The Cuban Army Is rapidly disbanding. The
Cuban Military Committee utMarianao has Is
sued orders to the chiefs ot tho troop Instruct.
Ing them to discharge Immediately all the men
who joined thn army afterAuc, 14. Many who
were In the army bofore that date nro asking
for tholr discharge, which Is generally granted.
The Cuban Oeneral Mnrlo Menocal com.
mander Ir, the prnluoe ot Havana. has been
asked if he can furnish 4,000 good men to be
used ns a local guard. It Is said that Gen, Men
oeal will be appointed second In command of
this force under an American oflirer.
A quarrel has ocmirred between the Cuban
General Lacret and Gen. Maximo Gomez; and
the latter has forbidden Gen. Lacret to visit
his catr.p. Gen. Lacret has therefore gone to
Cardenas.
gpnitUh Soldiers Ciet Homo with a Varn.
Special Cable IKiuatcS (a Tur. Ban.
Capiz. Nov. 25. Tho Spanish steamer Wlfre
do arrived here to-day from the Weat Indies.
She had on board 150 repatriated soldiers,.
She re iort that 6ho callod at New Orleans, at
which port sho mub polled with stones by an
American mob.
i
THE "OPEN DOOR" POLICY.
oxe of inn rdrics discussed at
FltIDAX8 CADIXET SlBETlXaS
It noes Not Menn Free Trnile, flnys n Cabi
net Officer, but That All Nntiona Will Be
on nn Kqunl rooting with Vs So
Fnr ns the Enforcement of the Tariff
Laws In tho riiillpplnes Is Concerned,
Wasiunoton, Nov. 25. Ono of tho topics
which tho President brought boforo tho t'ablnot
to-dny was tho"oien door" policy of tho Ad
ministration in regard to tho Philippines, tho
object of tho discussion being tho deslrp ot the
rresidont to obtain tho vlows ot ills ad isers ns
tothscharaoterot tho legislation and Execu
tive action necesBfiry to put tho policy Into
effect and carry It out successfully, Tho con
tusion that has existed in this country and
abroad over tho ronl meaning and extont
ot tho Administration's concession of nn
"open door" in dictating tho terms of
peace to tho Spanish Commissioners wns effec
tually cleared up by tho explanation uhon to
The Bun correspondent to-day by n member of
tho Cabinet who speaks by the card.
" It? Is tho purpose ot tho Administration," ho
said," to plnoe all nations on an equal footing
with tho United States no fnr as tho tariff laws
to bo enforced In tho Philippines uru ton
cemed. Tho tariff to b'o put in forco must of
necessity be n tariff for revenue. becnuo
the money that will be needed for govern
ment expenditures must be raised almost
entirely by n duty on customs. It is not
the purpose ot tho Administration, howovor.
to maintain n free trndo policy, suchns Is main
tained at Hong Kong, for instance, but ono
that can best bo dcscrlbod as 'liberal' In every
sonse. In this connection tho Administra
tion emphasizes the statement that It has not
abnndonndln any degreo the high protects o
tariff principles of the Republican party. It is
the hopo and belief of the Administration thnt
the government ot thoPhiitppines.it properly
executed, can ho mado sclf-sustnlning, but
almost all of tho revenue must come from cus
toms dues. Tho President and Secretary
Gago have not yet completed tho sched
ule ot rates to bo Imposed, but In
levying thorn It Is proposed to treat nil nations
as llbornlly ns tbo raising of rocnue will rV
mlt. Emphasis was given alpo to tho state
ment that tho'open door' policy wasagroed
upon without. in undorstandingwith or a sug
gestion from any other Government."
In Hue with tho nlxivo explanation and eluci
dation of tho Cabinet officer, but differing
somewhat from it. Inasmuch ns no reference is
mado to a tarlfMor-reienuo policy in the Phil
ippines, is the explanation of Cunlrman Ding
loy of tho Ways nnd Means Committee. Ton
reporter to-day he said:
"Thophraso 'open-door policy' moans sim
ply equality ot treatment and not treo trade.
Ab applied to tho dependency of a country,
it Bimply means that imports from all
countries aro to bo admitted on tho samo
terms as Imports from tho mother country.
As applied to tho Philippines, it would mean
that imports from Groat Britain and nil other
foreign countries aro to bo admitted at tho
samo rates of duty as imports from tho United
States. Ot courso this pol!cy oould not
be applied to tho Philippines it they
should be admitted into tho United States
with a Territorial form of government,
because the Constitution does not permit
this. Whether it would be possiblo to apply
this bolter to the Philippines after thorshould
becdme a part ofhe territory of tho Union
under that provision ot tho Constitution which
authorizes Congress to make needful rules nnd
regulations respecting tho territory or other
property of the United States I am not
prepared to say. It is noticeable, however, that
in the resolution providing for the annexation
ot Hawaii, passed at tho last session ot tho
present Congress, it was provided that tho
Hawaiian tariff should continue In force until
Congress should othcrwiso determine.
"It is to bo borne in mind, however, that tho
present talk about an open-door policy for the
Philippines is Intended to apply entirely to
thoso islands while under a military adminis
tration, which would bo pormlsslblo. nnd
not,, apply to thoso Island after thoy
fihnll nnvA hptn fnrmnllv rpfni.r1 liv
Congress as a part of tho United States. Of
course, it would be competent for tho Paris Com
missioners to interpret in the treaty with Spain
n provision grantlngtoSpanish Imports irito tho
Philippines equnlity ot treatment with imports
from tho United States for a terra of years, and
tlintp revision in the treaty, when ratified by
tho Senate and projected Into law by Congress,
would be the law ot thn land.
"In the discussion of the 'open door' policy
I notice that.many papors o&ramo that it Is
the uniform' policy of Groat Britain in
her relations with her colonies. It should
be bomo in mind, however, that thero
is a conspicuous exception to tills
tn tho case of Canada, her most Important colo
ny, which admits Imports from Great Britain at
25 percent, lea duty than they nro admitted
from tho Unitedhtatesandothercountrles. Itls
understood that this policy was adopted
by Canada, It not on tho suggestion, at
least with tho approval, of Mr. Cham
berlain. British Secretary for tho Colonies,
nnd that ho is urging other colonies ot
Great Britain to glvo n similar preference to
that country. It should bn borne In mind that a
very vital point as to revenue is Involved in the
possiblo admission of Porto lllco. Cuba, and tho
Philippines Into the Onion as Territo
ries or States. These tropical Islands aro
capable of producing every pound ot
sugar and many othor tropical prod
'ticta that tho United States consumes.
If they should be admitted Into the Union in
such a manner ns to extend our tariff ovor
them , and theroby allow the frco im
portation of their products, wo should
probably loso not loss than $00,000,000
ofrevcnueannually.whlchwould to a very seri
ous situation under existing conditions. All of
thoso difficulties only serve to emphasize tho
soundnoss of the suggestion that the true policy
for the next year Is to continue thn military
administration of whatev er Islands fall into our
hands, nnd In tho meantime make such a
thorough investigation of every phase of the
serious probloms which must be met which
will properly preparo us to meet them with
wise legislation."
OEX. BVTLEIt HACK FJ103I UAYAXA.
lie Wants the Adminiitratlon to Improve
That City's Sanltury Condition at Once.
Tawta. Flo., Nov. 25,-Oen. M. O. Butler, ex
United States Senator of South Carolina, ono of
the members of tho American Evacuation Com
mission, passed through horo this morning on
his way to Washington, accompanied by Lleuts.
Hampton and Wade, members of his staff. In
a conversation it was ascertained that Gen.
Butlor visits Washington to lay the sanitary
condition of Havana before the Administration,
His idea Is to urge tho President to proceed
without delay to take possession of tho
city ot Havana so that needed sanitary
work can go on. His report will state that the
conditions prevailing there are most unwhole
somo. llo Bays 1 1 Is u common sight to see dead
tKXlles lying in the streets. He (ears that the
American soldiers will become victims of the
unwholesome conditions unless speedy reme
dies are applied. .
Gen. Butler was In Havana two months, and
he carries with him data to convinco the Ad
ministration ot the condition existing, in I In
vana. After completing his work at Washing
ton he will return to Cuba, stopping for a few
days at his old home, in Edgefield, B. 0.
Klnvntor Companies to Consolidate,
A consolidation is under way of tho leading
passenger and freight elevator companies of
the country, the chief promoter of the enter
prise being William D. Baldwin ot Otic Broth
ers i Co , of this city, Tho new company Is to
bo called tho Oris Klovntor Coin puny and is ox
peoted topooiblnoUOjpereuut. ot llmcountry'fl
elevator business. Fourteen or fifteen com
panies will he taken over. Tho Otis ElinHtor
Company's capltul stock will bo $10,009,000.
Iloynl Limited.
NevYorktoWMlUnStoii.Ulljr.a:SSF. M, White.
I, ball terminal (boulli err) and a 1 M. foot Liberty
I'.trcn. l'.icla.lre I'd II man riiuipmrnt. Dining r
ttrvlc.iuuouu.lUil. JiocKln. f.iM. i'.Iio.t trln
and uulcktit time between ew York ami wbltic
ton. At. y
didn't itxor nn was wovxded.
Peter Brady, Shot in the Abdomen, Told
tho Follce He Had n Pnln In Ills Htnmnch.
Policeman Stanton ot tho East 120th street
station brought In n mnn yesterday afternoon
who said ho had a pain In tho stomaoh and
wanted n doctor. An examination showed
that he had been shot, but tho man did not seem
to remember much about it. lie was taken
to Harlem Hospital nnd operated upon, Ho
Is not expected to recover.
lie said ho was Joseph Ryan of the Brldno
Hotel. 150 East I20th strcit. To Coroner
Hart, who took his ante-mortem statement,
lie said ho remembered nothing exce'pt thnt
ho thought ho had boon shot nnd had lain
down to fileop In a field. Tho oxposuro mndn
tho wound serious. Detecllvo Reld found that
ho was not known at tho Bridge HoteUby tho
namo of Ryan. ,, -, ,, , ....
In the meantime Policeman Tomple ot the
Morrlsanln station learned that somo ono hml
been shot during the morning by n watch mnn
at a row ot unfinished buildings nt Jackson
nvonuo and 150th streot. Temple found that
tho watchman was Domlnlek Trotter of J401
Enst 115th street. Ho admitted thnt he hml
Bhot a man who entered tho buildings at
nbout 0 o'clock in tho morning nnd attempted
to Btenl somo tools. iVhen ho wns discovered,
ho said, tlio man struck him over tho! head
with a pair of tinners' shears, whoreupon ho
shot him. Trotter was nrrostcd. Betectivo
Held took him to tho hospital, where ho Iden
tified tho wounctod man, who, howovor. could
not Identify him.
I-ntor a man named Brady enmo to tho hos
pital and said that tho Injured man wns his
brother, Peter Brady, a bricklayer. Trotter
will bo arraigned in the Morrlsanla Courtlthls
morning.
ltoxons ron dewey axd samvsox.
Serretnry Long Asks That the Orndca nf
Admiral and Vlce-Admlral Be Hevlved.
WisntNOToS. Nov. 25. In addition to his In
tention to ask Congress to revive tho grado of
Admiral ot tho Navy, Bcerotnry Long will nlo
urgo thnt tho grado of Vlco-Admiral bo revived.
A recommendation thnt both theso grades be
ro-establlshcd Iscontnlned In the annual report
of tho Secretary, nnd a bill to carry it Into effoct
will be Introduced soon after Congress con
venes. Tho hopo thnt the plnco which ceased to
exist with tho death ot Admiral David D.,Porter
will bo revivVd nrises from thedesiro to give
additional honors to Hour Admiral George
Dowoy. who will becomo tho ranking officer of
tho navy when Hear Admiral Bunco Is nlncod
on thn retlrcu list for npnon Doc. 25. Thero
appears to be little likelihood that Congress
will not act favorably on tliut part ot Heero
tary Long's recommendation, nnd if the bill is
Wised tho President will send to tho Bennto
tho namo of George Dawey as tho oftlcor most
worthy of tho promotion. ....
Much more Interest Is mnnlfcstod In naval
circles ovor the Secretary's recommendation for
the revival of the cradnof Vice- Admiral. Should
It Ikj upproved Dy Congress. Rear Admiral
William T. Sampson will bo appointed Vleo
Admiral. It Is felt by tho Administration thnt
his great work In tho war with Spain should bo
mor fully recognized than has already been
dono in his promotion from tho grade of Com
modore to that of Rear Admiral.
LOST IX THE GREAT SOUTH BAYT
Fredrrlrlc flrennvrood Hasn't Been Seen
btnre Monilay.bnt His Boat Has Been round.
FnEEroRT, L. I., Nov. 25. Thoro appoars to
bo somo mystery in the disappearance of Fred
erick D. Greonwood of 585 Macon streot,
Brooklyn, who has not been seen slnoo Monday
ot this week when ho hired a sharpie from Nel
son Terry and went ou a duck hunting trip.
Friends and relatives ot tho missing man have
been hero searching for him, and the llfo sav
ing stations havo been asked to keep a lookout
tor him. ',
This mornlncvio sharpie was found in good
condition cJoso tb-iho inba(luVaTaearBoUmoro
by Herbert Lewis, who was out ocling. Tbo
boat bore no nvtdonce ot having been capsized.
Thero were eighteen empty cortrldgo sholls in
the bottom.
A young woman, accompanied byhor father
and n detective, it Is said, have been in this
neighborhood since Wednesday, scouring tho
beach and other villages for news of Green
wood. Greenwood is 2o years old. nnd was em
ployed by a hardware firm in Chambers street.
Now York. Ho mado arrangements on Wednes
day of last week to go. gunning on Monday.
He was brought up In this vicinity, and spent
his boyhood hunting nnd soiling over tho
marshes and hays, and lets said that he was
f amillar with almost every spot tormlles around
tho Great South Bay.
COAL FAMIXE IK KAXBAB.
Itnllron.la Too Busy nnuling Grain nnd
Stock to Supply tba Demand.
Topeea, Kan., Nov. 25. Kansas is experi
encing tho worst coal famino evor known in
tho State. Hundreds ot small towns are with
out coal and dealers aro begging shippers and
mlno owners to send them oven small lots.
Missouri and Illinois coal is being shipped Into
the State, but without the Kansas supply tho
demand cannot bo met.
The railroads are charged with being re
sponsible for this state of affairs. Tho man
agers admit that they confiscate coal and ubo
it In locomotives, later paying tho mine owner.
They arguo that tbey aro justified in taking
tho coal in ordor to run their trains. The
shortage ot coal among tho railroads Is duo to
the unprecedented rush of stock and grain
through Kansas. They cannot supply cars for
this buslnoss, to say nothing ot the demand
for coal cars. There promises to be no change
In tho present condition until tho roads have a
falling off In business. When a train carrying
stock and grain runs short ot coal the train
hands take possession of tho first coat they can
reach, whether It Is tho property of the com
pany or In transit from mine to dealor.
snonr-TERH COXVICT ESCArBS.
Complained of Illness tThen at Ontslde Work
and Then Bon Away from His Keeper.
William Donnelly, 27 years old, who was
sorting a sixty days' term in the Kings County
Penitentiary for drunkenness and disorderly
conduot. mado a successful dash for liberty
yesterday. He and some ot tho short-term
convicts woro out In front ot tho prison clear
ing off tho snow from the paths on the east
Aoout linn past, j ociocic.Aonneiiy com
plained ot feeling 111 and was sont baokto tho
prison In chargo ot Keener Joseph Brown. For
a few moments he sonmed to be so weak that
he could barely drag himself along, but when ho
?:ot within a ooqpleof hundred yards of the gate
in suddenly pulled hlmBclt together nnd darted
off llko a deer across the frozen lots. Brown
ami two othor keepers gavo chase, but Don
nelly quickly left them in the rear and disap
peared. A general nlarm was sont out for him
last night. He Is 6 feet 10 inches high, of wiry
build and lias red hair.
$000 WOItTU OF OILS STOLBX.
Dealer's Employee and Man 'Who Is Raid
to Have Beeetved thn Goods Arrested.
William E. Robertson, 3H years old, ot 041
Hnlsey street, Brooklyn, was arrested yes
terday afternoon, on evWoneo furnished
by n private detective that ho was
stealing essential oils from his em
ployer, James B. Horner, dealer In oils
at No. U Piatt street. He was taken to the
Centre Street Court and held on the charge of
grand larceny. Magistrate Crano Issued a
warrant for Alfred Jlnusner of 830 llalsoy
street, Brookl) u. Mausner was arrested last
night. Ho is accused of receiving tho stolon
LTOOuft
In Mnusner's loft, at 20)1 Pearl street, were
found 44 paokngea of oils and drugs, worth
about $IHK), which were identified by Horner's
superintendent, Joseph MutthlasJas belonging
to Mr, Horner. Mausner was locked up.
Another Alleged Will of the Late Dr. Evans.
Philadelphia, Nov. 25. Word was received
in this city to-day that; a later will ot the late
Dr. Thomas W. Evans, the millionaire dentist,
than any yot found had been discovered in
Paris, The alleged new will Is now on its way
to this country, and will be hero within four or
live (lays. Tho will may upset .nil cumulations
as to the disposition of tho 5,000,000 nutate
and the big museum and Institute in this city,
nndmuy bring to an end all pending proceed
ings In the Orphans' Court, In this city and
legal contentions in New York and Paris.
With Telephone Fervlcn
at yourllouno j-ou are armed ajalnif all Emergencies,
lluatk'o Halts make the cost almost Inappreciable.
Aiv,
NEW DREYFUS SENSATION.
FRAXCE AXOItY Ol'EIt THE TltEAT-
siKXT or cor. vicqvaiit,
1
Gen. Zurllmtrn Una Derided to Have nim
Tried by Court-Mnrtlnl rrolest Signed
by Prominent Men Who Any Ho Is Being
1'rrsectited-Motives of tho Prosecution.
SpitUl Cable DetpoUSei tt Tai 8on.
Pabih, Nov. 25. Tho Journal says that, as tho
result ot a preliminary investigation by tho
military authorities Into tho case ot Col. Pie
quart, thrco charges wilt bo formulatod. Two
of thoso rolato to tho 2VIU Mm. nnd tho thiol
relates ton certain document which figured in
tho Dreyfus court-martlnl. Tho third charge
will bo reserved for trial by thoelvtl authorities.
Tho revisionist newspapers declare that a
protest ngainst tho trial ot Picquart will soon
be Issued, signed by promlnont polltlolans,
journalists, nnd men ot letters.
Tho decision to try htm by court-martial,
which, though known, wns formally com
municated to tho Coblnot.nnd tho prisoner only
to-day, seems likely to causo an agitation equal
to. If hot greater, than tho Dreyfus affair.
While tho stigma ot suspicion still clings to
tho latter pending tho ruling of tho Court ot
Cassation, C6I. Picquart is regarded overy
where, oven probably by his accusers, as being
abovo reproach.
Tho Idea of attributing to him a moan for
gory for tho purposo of inculpating the self
accused reprobate Esterhazy Is repugnant to
common sense, while tho manner In whloh he
tins been kept cnptlveat the unrestralnod whim
of Gon. Zurllmlon and tllo letter's exalted ool
lcagues would almost be enough to win sym
pathy torn convicted criminal.
Tho protest against n military trial Is being
signed extensively. It already bears the names
ot Senators, professors, authors and other
promlnont mon.
Ono of tho chief grounds ot indignation is
that tho court-martial has been summoned to
meet beforo tho Court ot Cassation has com
pleted its Inaulrv Into the Dreyfus case, thn m-
sult ot which Is bound to affoct Col. Ploquart's
position.
This aspect ot tho affair was eagerly dis
cussed to-day in the lobbies of the Chamber ot
Deputies, and It excited universal surprise..
Deputy Lagasse received wide support for on
Interpellation ho has framed asking tho Gov
ernment how to reconcllo the proper adminis
tration of justico with Gen, Zurltnden's decis
ion. It Is rumored, though tho rumor lacks con
firmation, that M. do Freycinet, Minister of
War, has Intimated privately to M. Lagasso
that satisfaction will bo given before Monday.
Whatever tho outcorao of tho affair may be. It
seems that it will Inevitably Increase the peril
ous'tenslon existing betweon militarism and
tho civil powor In Franco.
The Figaro Is informed that M. Bertulus. an
examining magistrate, is contemplating the
question ot demanding the extradition ot
Esterhazy, basing the demand upon charges
of swindling, which Esterhazy's cousin has
made against him.
London. Nov. 20. A despatch to the Timet
from Paris says that unwonted indignation has
been caused by the Pioquart affair, whloh. It la
declared, has aroused much createrexcltement
than the Dreyfus matter.
Tho correspondent saya: "This monstrous
prosecution! is an open, premeditated and in
tentional conflict between the military oli
garchy and the civil democracy. It is a chal
lenge ot brutal forco against sensiblo human
opinion.
"Gen. Zurllnaen 'seems to bo aiming at pri
vate vengeanco. The real intention ot tho
schome is to throw douhc in advance on Col.
Ficqunrt's deposition bofore the Court of Cas
eation," The writer proceeds to denounce the military
authorities for not waiting for the decision of
the Court ot Cassation, even if Col. Picquart Is
guilty. Ho adds that the trial, if nothoily
secret will be partially so.
Picquart will bo condemned because the offi
cers forming the court, who are educated to
passive and complete obodlenee. cannot do
what Is beyond their strength.
They cannot deal a blow at tho Govornor of
Paris and tho authors of tho machinations ot
the General stall by not condemning the
prisoner.
UTOPIA XJV DOUBLE DAXOEB.
First She Wns nn Fire and Then She Lost
Iter Propeller on the Alaska Coast.
Tacoma, Wash.. Nov. 25. The explosion of a
lamp set Are to tho steamship Utopia In
Alaskan waters thirty miles from Wrangel last
Friday. Tho pilot houso and forward works
wero destroyed. In the excitement Capt. Whlto
ordered the lifeboats to bo loworod. and a pas
senger named Hicks slid down ropes and was
drowned by thn capsizing of a boat. The crow
extinguished tho lire.
Two days later the Utopia lost her propeller
when twelve miles from Juneau, and was drift
ing on the rocks when tho steamer Farralton
hoard her signals of distress and towed her to
Juneau.
Unusually severe weather prevails along the
Alaskan coast, and down-coming steamers have
encountered a series of hurricanes and zero
woathor.
SIUIIttlEAD'S FATAL MISTAKE.
Got Off at a "Wrong Station and Was Killed
tn Trying to Begaln the Train.
Alfred Mutrhoad, 51 rears old. an agent tor a
mfiuufacturor ot surgical instruments of 202
Ninth Btreet, Brooklyn, mot with death about
8:45 o'clock last night, while attempting to get
on a Brooklyn elevated train at the station in
Fifth avenue and Third street, Ho had got off
at tho Third street station by, mistake nnd
started to get on board again. He ran forward
and tried to jump on ono of the moving cars.
He fell hotwonn the car and the side of the
platform, and was carried along tor several
yards. Then ho toll to the traoks. and the
wheels nearly cut off his legs. Tho body finally
fell through the track to the street, a distance
of nearly sixty feet.
GUILELESS DHOOKLYX COPPER.
Tor Hnlf an Hoar He Trundled the Car
riage, hut No One Came Back for tho llnbj,
A male child about flvo weeks old, and ap
parently abandoned, was found at 7 o'clock last
night nt the entranoe of Liebmann's Arcade, at
430 Fulton stroet, Brooklyn. It was asleep,
and had been carefully tucked away under a
robe In a now baby carriage. ....
Policeman Thomas Smith wheeled the car
riage up and down the street for nearly half an
hour In expectation that the mother or nuwo
would come around. No claimant for the babe
appearing, he took It to the Adams street
station. Twp hours later, no Inquiries being
made, the waif was sent to the city nurse.
nventnr TCeely's Widow Retains Counsel,
PniLADELrntA, Nov, 25. A lively legal con
test Is expected betweon Mrs. John W. Keely,
widow of the Inventor of the to-called Keely
motor, and the Keely Motor Company over the
possession of oil papers left by the dead man
bearing on the mysterious apparatus the al
leged secret of which he alone knew. , Mrs.
Keely. recognizing that, an effort would be
made by the company early next week to take
everything calculated to throw light on the
unfinished motor, placed her affairs in the
hands nf John G. Johnson, who will aot as her
counsel. Tho company .will hold lu regular
monthly .meeting in this, city, next Tuesday.
Bits. Keely is eonllned to her houso. lata Ox
lord streot. with nervous prostration, and sees
no one except members of her household.
Sugur Comes Down Again,
All the sugar refining Interosts reduced their
prices for all 'grades of refined sugars yester
day one-sixteenth of a cent a pound, or to the
basis of RH pents, for granulated. It, was ru
mored that the ludoiendent ronnerlen had been
quietly shading prices one-sixteenth of a cent,
and that fox mat reason, the American Sugar
Helloing Company made the reduction.
I OOV. I.KICDX JtOIWEI).
Bald on the Safely Deposit Boxes in the
Vaults of thn Knnsnn State Treasury.
TorKKA, Knn Nov. 25. It was discovered to
day (hat a dozen of tho Individual safety de
posit boxes In tho vaults of tho State Treasury
hnd boon robbod. Gov. Lcody knoi $1115, and
other Btnto ofllcors small amounts. Thero Is
no means of discovering tho thief, ns thoro nro
twenty keys In tho possession of various Indi
viduals. Tho boxes nro part of tho Interior
furnishings ot tho largo Htato vaults nnd wero
given up to private uso by the Btnto Treasurer.
TIIAXKSairiXG AT MAXILA.
British Itesldcnts of thn City Observed the
Day Along with thn Americans,
SptcM CMe Dtipalch to Trb 8d.
Manila. Nov. 2.". Thanksgiving Day wns
celobratod by the Americans horo, and the
British also obsorved tho holiday. Mr. Wil
liams, the American Consul, gavo a dinner In
honor ot tho day. His guests Included Ad
miral Dowoy, Gons. Otis nnd Andorson.and a
number of other naval nnd military o moors,
the British and Belgian Consuls, and other
prominent restdonts of'tho city.
MRS. ZE1IMAXX SERIOUSLY ILU
Tt Harvard Cnnoli'a W'lfo an American
fllrl nnd Only Beeently Mnrrtad.
Special Cable Deipatck to Tmc Sir,.,
London. Nov. 25. Tho Mallv Telegraph says
that the wlfo ot R. C. Lohmann, tho Harvard
coach, is soriously ill at Bourno-cnd. Mrs.
Lchmann is nn American girl, nnd has been
married only a short tlrno.
A MYSTERY ON THE PASSAIC.
Body of n Man with n Hack Oyer nis Head
Seen Aflont In tho Biver.
Pateiison. Jt. J.. Nov. 23. Paul Duffy and
Jamos Burns while on tho Columbia Heights
Bridge this afternoon saw a body floating down
tho Passaic River In midstream.
The dead man was minus n coat and waist
coat, but had on a whlto shirt and dark trousors.
A mu ml his heed a bac was securely fastened.
and this Is thought to bn ample evidence that
he had mot with foul play. .
Duffy and Burns woro unable to secure the
body, and Its lUiding has not yet been reported.
The police have boon nxked to search for Asa
.abriskle. u brother ot Judgo David B. Zabris
kln of Ridgewood. .
He Is an umbrella manufacturer in New
York. Ho wns Inst seen In Patorson. His af
fairs wero in a prosperous condition, and It Is
feared he has met with foul play.
BUOOY, COACH AXD car collided.
All Going in a Bow Up Brondmnyi Buggy
Wheels Caught in thn Cnhlo Slot.
A white horse drawing a buggy containing
two mon. a couch containing two men and two
women in a hilarious condition, and Broadway
cable car No. 38 mado a procession up Broad
way at 8 o'clock last night. Just beforo Thlrty
Srst street was reached two wheels of tho
uggy sank through tho cablo slot to the
hubs.
The buggy came to an abrupt stop and its
two occupants were pitched out. Tho coach
bumped Into thn buggy and the two men and
women were all mixed up. The cablo car
banged Into .the coach and the passengers woro
shaken up badly.
The rood was .blockadod for ten minutes
beforo tho buggy wheels could bo pried out of
the slot, Tho coach was damaged, as was thn
buggy. No ono was hurt, but Broadway had
had its ten minutes ot amusement.
TIRE BAItRED TUEIR EXIT.
Bookkeepers Rescued from Bnrnlnc Build
ing by Firemen.
Fire started in tho cellar of the flvo-story
brick building at 40-48 Barclay streot occupied
by Whltall. Tatum &. Co.. dealers in drug
gists' supplies, at 8:05 o'clock last night. Po
liceman Borberick saw tho smokonndscntin
an alarm. Thu stores run through to 50 Ycsey
street, whero a scoro of tho tlrm'H bookkeepers
were at work. Tho usual oxlt is through tho
building in which tho flrn was. all tho entrances
on Yesey streot being nailed up.
One of tho bookkeepers started through tho
smoke and got to tho Barclay street door just
as the ilremnn burst it in. Then somo Ore
men went to VcBOy street nnd smashed in the
long-disused doors there, and tho bookkeepers
filed out.
Tho tiro was all In tho collar, but thero was
enough of it to do about $1,000 damage.
COXDUCTOR DIES OX JUS CAR.
L. H. Buddcck of the Broadway Cable Boad
a Victim of Ileart Dlsense.
Passengers on a south-bound Broadway
cablo car lost night noticed that tho conductor
looked sick. He let u numbor ot passongors off
at Warren street, and aa tho car started ho
came in and sat down, then roeled to tho floor.
Gripman McCaulay of tho car was notlflod by a
passenger. He hallod Policeman Daly at Bar
clay street and Daly sent for nn nmbulanco
from the Hudson Street Hospital.
McCaulay told tho policeman that the slek
man was L. II. Buddcck, :5 years old, of 220
East Eighteenth stroet. When tho ambulance
arrived tho conductor was dead, prolably of
heart failure.
An Inspector of the road acted as conductor
for tho rest ot tho trip. Buddeck was No. 411
on the company's books.
OOXE TO SAXTIAOO TO MARRY.
St. Lools Girl's Sweetheart Prospers There
and Bends for Her.
Cathorlne Wolslogel, formorly a stenographer
in tho Imperial Hotel. St. Louis, sailed from
this port last evening on tho Ward lino steam
ship Santiago for Santlngo, to marry her sweet
heart. William H. Jtepham. formerly ft clork in
tho office ot tho Collector ot Customs at St.
Louis.
Mopham left tho service of Uncle Sam In
August and wont to Cuba, whore ho became
the agent of a dozen or moro American com
mercial firms doing business In Clenfuegos,
Bantlago and Havana. A few weeks ago he
thought his prospects warranted him In marry
ing, so he sont for the young woman.
Bride Who Backed Out Weds nt Last.
Scjianton, Pa Nov. 25, Margaret Moore,
who a week ago deserted Timothy Foley In the
ooremony that was uniting them In marriage
In St Catherine's Church, Moscow, this county,
this morning reponted of her act. , With Mr.
Foley she appeared nt tho parochial residence
and requosted tho Rev. Father Walsh to mnrry
them. Tho clergyman hnd a talk with them
and being satisfied that Miss Moore was re
pentant performed tho marriage ceremony for
the couplo,
Two Negro Soldiers Hilled In Blntlng.
BtnuiKOHAM, Ala., Nov. 25. All Is quint at
Annlston, the scone of last night's rioting
among negro and white soldlors. Tho two
members of tho provost guard who woro mis
sing havo turned up all right. The dead from
the riot are Private John Williams nnd Private
Edwin Caperton. both fromthoThlrd Alabama,
colored. Private William Bowie, same reel
mnnt. is dying. Two other negroes and nlno
whites were wounded.
Earthquake in Virginia nnd North Carolina.
Richmond, Va., Nov, 25 An earthquake
shock was roported ot the samo hour from
mountain towns in the west part ot North
Carolina and from houthwest Virginia this
afternoon, The tlrno was 2:50 o'clock. The
places visited by the shock are in the samn lino
of mountain ranges. About year ago similar
and more serious shocks visited tho samo
region.
Augustas Van Wyck Will Practice Law Her.
It was announced yesterday thnt whon
former Justico Augustus Van Wyck resumes
his law practice his ofllco will bo in Manhattan,
and that ho will not havo nny partner III
homo will oontlnuo to bu In the Twonty-thlnl
ward In Brooklyn, tho banner Republican
stronghold lu that borough,
Deerfoot Fnrni Sausages
Madsof tbe tender meat of dairy-fed fat young perk.
en, dalutlly eaouei wltn.elhloJ iplcea. Try a
two-pound packige at cuie, llewUre of Imitations,
Ait.' r
SHAFTER ON HIS CAMPAIGN.- Wk
TELLS SOXH OF T1IEREVOLVTIOX ItOtT S
SAXTIAOO WAS TAKEX. wLW
IIo Snys Thnt Sickness and Privation KHfl
Worn Unnvolilnblo Under tho Clrcum- SH
stances, nnd Prnlses tho Oulrers nnd JHH
Men of Ills Army In Unstinted Fnshlou. MsV
Tho feature nf tho banquot of tho Bon ot the sLH
Revolution, whloh was hold last night nt Del- -'SiaH
monlcu's In commemoration nf Evacuation Dny, Wfl
was a speech by Major-Gon. William It. Shatter. jSainl
In which he dofendod himself against jPlrli
somo ot tho criticisms which havo been TCul
mado upon him on account of the conduot wnB
of tho Bnntlngo campaign. Ho took thn post- WiB
tlonthnt whatever suffering was caused was jBaHB
unavoldablo and a part of war. Ho said em- 'Sinflr
phatlcally that hn had successfully nccom- JHAr
pllshcd all that ho had sot out to do, nnd that fSB
that was about all thoro was to It, Gen.Shaf- vH,iH
tor was Introduced by President Frederick B. SsflLv
Tallmndgo ot thu society, who said: JNHI
"Thero Is ono man horo who has rung ilia VH
chimes of tho bolls that havo given us peace. H
Ho stands ready to tako up again thu fight ID
ngnlnst Spain If It be necessary. He represents -3H
tho American eaglo vhloh files with tho olive wH
branch In Its beak and tho nrrow In Its claws. 9
Lot mo present toyou Oen. William It. Shatter." &fl
Gen. Shatter was warmly applauded. Ha 9H
said: 1X11
" I thank ou heartily for tho rocoptlon which jilal
you have accorded me, and I regret my Ins- H
btllty to express thn gratification It has given -'H
me. I am proud to say that I am a Son ot the) 41
Revolution on thoPoclflo coast, although I be- 'H
Hevo there Is a llttlo dtfforonco in tho wordlnr ifH
of tho society's name. Your Presidont lias nl- j&'aH
luded to mo ns having had something to do $'
with the success of American arms in Cuba. I l',H
thank him for It afl
"Ono of tho speakers who has preceded me aaBai
spoko of tho Intensity ot tho hatred which ex- HiH
isted betwoon partisans in former times and 'jfcsR
ot tho fact that nowadays this Is not tho case. "IijK
It astounded mo In Cuba attor tho fall of Santl- vjl
ago to find that there was no hatred between '.fH
tho American and the Spanish soldlors. Thoy flH
fought each othor bocauBO tholr respective coun- -llssfl
tries aomandod it. At Santiago my men and tho lH
Spanish soldiers wero, to uso n homely expros- HS
slon, simply thlckor than lloas. I was a little H
alarmed at first, because I foarod that trouble H
might follow, but when Isaw them exchanging 'liH
trinkets and swapping storlos I knew that thoro ' jH
was no danger. Among tho last of the prison jf H
erstoleavo Santiago was ono who sent men fH
most remarkable letter. Ho was a private In SiBI
tho infantry, apparently a well-educated man. SE
He said that the Spaniards could not leavt 'VtHl!
without expressing to mo and to my mon the $iH
groat gratlflcatlott they felt at acquaintance, ilHl
with tho Amoricans. '(-'aaWw.
" This campaign has boon very bitterly crltl. tf H
clsed. but I toll you it is easier for the man who wisH
doesn't havo it to do than it is for tho man whq '-iJ
bears tho responsibility. I was on tho Paclflf IxH
coast when the war came on and was ordered iH
to Now Orleans. Thenco I was called tf I'H
Washington. Tho next day was Informed fH
that I was to lead tho first troops the SH
wero to bo landed in Cuba. It was to l Hl
a rcconnolssnnco in forco. I was sent to Tamps, '?!al
I told to take sovoral regiments, make a landing ffissa
in Cuba, communicate with Gomez and snppll iRI
him with 20.000 stands of arms and 24.000.00. , WM
rounds ot ammunition. Then camo tho news "SaBBal
of the sailing of Cervora's fleet, and tho expedl. iLm
tlon was postponed because tho navy was thon i&JBW
so busy that wo had no convoys. But still w "iiSB
kept on preparing. --H
"Now. Uiis war was declared In April, In tin 3'
very worst season of tho year, whon it won ul. -LW
most suicide to send troops into tho tropics, I 4H
know positively that President McKlnley JjLK
said that he would not under any clr- IbbM
cumstnnces send a largo volunteer army 4sH
Into Cuba in tho wet season. It was intended. SH
howovor. to make ft lodgment somowhoro. 1iaW
Wo had to show the world that we wero fight. ikaWm
Ing upon both land and sea. Wo would be , 'H
laughed nt If we did not It was therefore MsBBBai
planned that I should land at Marlnl and hold ''f'H
It until tho fall as a base for tho main body oi sH
the troops. It was expected that here, close to i!4H
Havana, tho principal battle of tho campaign sH
would bo fought BH
"Then came the nows that tho Spanish fleet ,H
was In ttnntlngo, and I was told to go thero im- 'JfttBBai
mediately. I loaded the transports, and was all jIthssb
ready to salt when I was ordered to come back, trlaB
I did so. The reason for this was that the EH
Spanish fleet was said to have boon seen In St. '1-H
Nicholas channel, and It was not deemed H
wlso to put practically the whole ol WlmWW
tho United States army In dangor ot 3(alH
being captured, Tho report provod to bo false, sH
and ono night I was called to tho tolophono and 'SiluWm
nut In communication with the White Uousei jPsl
I was told to go at onco nt onco with not lest. jffisH!
thun 10,000 men : and it was explalnod that the lliaHl
haste was caused by n telegram from Sampson -ZriaWm
to tho offeot that the fleot was In Santiago, and SIbbbbI
that the town could bo captured with 10,00(3 InsBBal
men within forty-eight hours. HflsBal
"Tho transports whloh wo had woro not a ftfiaM
all fitted for tho purpose, so I took off many o 'CiiaBBa
tho animals which wore already on board, ant mlaiS
In this way got on board 17.000 men. Iwai 'ialfl
ordered to proceed' at once to Santiago, lam !ij9H
my forces nnd drivo tho Spanish flee jriTasa
out of Snntiago and enpturo the town, SJIH
I novcr had uny other orders from any, iUsH
body elso as to how I should conduct thai IPflsl
campaign. We had a smooth voyagn; there: BeM
was no complaint on tho trip, although the men &&saH
wore crowded on ships that were unsuited foi iWW
tho business. Wo woro at this time entire, 'JfaWm
ly unprepared for n foreign war. Nd " .'!
Amoriean nrmy hnd ever gono to sen before, ' MM
except a small forco which was landed in MexJ mm
lco. I simply took what was given me. Intend, l 1X4
ing to do the very best I could. I did not com, SI Ha
plain, bucauso It would do no good to complain, !' MI
Nothing better could be procured. -V me
"On tho 21st of June I got off tho harbor o ',!
Bantlago. That afternoon Sampson and I went vft al
twenty-llvo miles to tho westward nnd snvi is JKg
Garcia. Rememberthatwohadnomapsotttu &iWA
country, except general mop ;nothlngonwhlol T'liitf
to baso ii campaign. But Iliad two intelligent 1&&.4
men with me who had been reared in and wt
around Hnntlago. From them and from Garoll 4 jiff
I decided whore It was best to land. Thors 4 Im
was no strategy lu It, except that we know If Bl
thoro wero Spanish troops In tho Interior: aj lil
Guantanamo wo were told thoro wero 2,000 ol ';'
3.000. and we afterward found 7,000. To tM Sfi
north, twenty-eight miles, at tho nnd of a rail. sTfitTil
road, we thought there wore n fow, and w Ij kLw
aftorward learned there wero over 3,200) "r iawa
Thirty-two miles north of thnt there worl .S'aWS
10.000, making u total of 21.000 soldlors no) -J HI
more than sixty-five miles from Santiago f& Lafit
There were also U.000 at Matanzns iindei wk
Pando, who were reported to bn coming down, if! SKI
To show thnt they might have como down, pari li'sWi
of tills force, did march 105 miles through thai 41MI
country and did roach Santiago on July :i P.lm
But It mado no difference; It slinply increases' 4iHH
thunurnburof prisoners. wtaH
"1 selected t lie landing placo for ono reasoi MJssl
bocauso there was plenty ot good water coinlns YaWW
down In streams from the mountain, and an HIH
onn who knows anything about tho civil wa WLWm
willugrce with ma that it Is a gnat essential iH
On Juno 22 the navy bombarded Hiboney, Bab HJbjbV
qulri and the forts at the mouth of thehurbol MWt
"1 had sent Gen. Kent four miles to thj JsH
westward to n little bay which had been tnlkei ,SJ
of as u good lauding i'lace, ulthough I did noi "ii
so consider it. He found only eight feet oi '-'
water thero witli n liar, so vve gavo it up m
By landing at Slbonuy wo placed our) J ' Ii,'i
selves between 7,000 men nnd Santiago, nut k 9m1
by six days' march wu put ourselves Iwtwmn t CI
the 3,000 ut Han Luis and 10,000 at Holguln, . JM
That's all tho strategy thero was In the land w mm
ing. Before I went down there I had read iiIjoui ytaVil
soiiiocampalgnslnthotroples, Iknewthattlii '-3
men were bound to bo nick; that they wnr 'tl
curtain to havo fovur The rainy season woi i f&J
coming on and there was nothing to do but U WWm
co for it u hard uh wo could and cot It over be, BtiWM
Fori, we wnro overtaken with malaria. a. jMm
"I had with me tho finest army that was eve, JJ MM
gotten together In thu United Mates. I hal m
practically all of tho regumr army, there hnin Xs Kl
with mo twenty of twenty-live regiments of in, n-mm
fantxy, llv e of thn eight regiments of cavalry 38. mm
and nil the light artillery. I didn't use al VmM
tho light artillery, but I took what tm
thought I needful, and it turned out that.) HlmXm
had more than I neodod. 1 had three roup. TmM
iiientsof volunteers : onn was formed mnntlyot JrUaM
cowmen, nnd In everything save dlsclpl no thai WMM
were aa good as regular i-oMlers I bid thl Xlssa
Kevcnty.flrHt Now Yotk and the Second Muif.j mllaaB
chusctts They woro good regiments and dll ffasl
their duty, as volunteers ulvvuys lmv done )H
Hut no regiment on earth can bo mailu efficient '.rtfJsBl
for baltlnln two weeks Tho men havo got ti .,iiM
learn to stand side by sidu 'vithout Ihinkini 4timm
'Wo couldn't enrrytho comforts of u homi ,0sfl
with each man It was linprxslli'e, We hi, v9H
throe days' rations for every boldlisr and m -rl I'iH
cfflcerwentou fooUuxccpttleu. Wheeler, who! 'tflnl
m

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