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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, December 18, 1898, 1, Image 2

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I W BAD NIGHT FOR EXPANSION.
J' M' - OSE-HtVr.lt DISCUSSION AT THE
t J Hv.rouM ct.vu'N ntxxun.
" f j p Two of the Hpenkrt Who Were to Ilnvo
'1 I Chnniplonnd Our Itetentlounf tlm. Philip-
8 I , plnn Kept nt llomn by llliirsa, No tlio
6 I ' j Antl-XCxp.inalnhltts' llnd mi Knur Time.
' f I ." Territorial expansion was the subject an-
J ' nounced for tho discussion at the Hoforni Club's
j I. t dinner lastiilght.nndltwasorlglnallylntcnded
y I; i that each sldo of tho question should havo an
' 1 ' equal representation, hut the two speaker for
j jj expansion who woro expected, tha Itov. Mlnot
(' It J.Bavago nnd Oen Stovvart I,. Woodford, were
r ; , absent bocnuso of Illness, and ns ono
;,t X' i of the substitutes proved to be a rabid nntl-
I Hi 8: expansionist the afflrmntlvo had but ono sup
li I porter. rrosldnnt John DoAVItt Wnrnor. lnhls
I Si Introductory speech, said that the Deform Club
I I v tras the "open door" for discussions on all
'I I i matters ot Interest, and that Its momberawero
' f j always glad to hear any side. Ho then Intro
' r I? duced tho llev. W H I. Faunee ns tho first
! ii speaker. Mr. FnnncoMld
? V "I am ono of tho several hundred thousands
K I ' of Americans who voted for President MoKln-
i ley and stood by him loyally during tho war.
i : , lnee tho conclusion of whloh they havo been
busily engaged In trying to hold Mm In. Be
' i ! I' eently I recelvod a letter from a soldier In tho
Philippines, carried by an ordinary two
I ." cent stamp. That stump meant a great
i J deal. It meant that the American peopln
K l are now facing tho greatest crisis slnco tho
m ' adoption of tlm nstitutlnn. I do not. my
h ' ejelf, believe that mo ship of state Is to will Into
g v the twentieth century, towing after It n raft of
'i. i barbarous dependencies which have nosym-
K pathy with our Institutions, no capacity for
f t ejelf-irovernnicnt, and which can bo governed
s only by subh methods im. applied to tho Amor
s' '. lean colonlos by Great llrltain. resulted In tho
" War of tho Involution and tho Declaration of
i Independence.
t J. If "Itlsa very dinicult matter to reconcile tho
' !aW keeplncof tho now territory with tho Constltu
. ', S tlon of the United Htatos. Thn spirit of Impor
"' ' S taliam has lifted us nil up Into nn oxeoodlng
flh high mountain and shown us all thn kingdoms
of the oarth In n moment of time, and said 'All
v jH those will I eivo then If thou wilt fall
- u- jH down nnd worship mot' Tho spiiit of
j- jH empire, the spirit of force nnti-Rcpubllcan,
. ,. H anti-Occidental, nnd. I think, nntl-Chrlst.
r" jH There Is no oholco between autocracy and des-
, ,, - jH potlsm In the Kovernmcnt of these countries in
' B question. Let us sea to It. then, that, in tho
rj B words of Cicero, tho lopubllo receives no detrl-
,-, " ment; that no spectro of imperialism shall luro
; ' SB us to take into pormanent dependency these
JBn Islands." Applause.
lt WJI President Wnrnor axplained that it wns not
v Hfl the intention to lmo tho necntlvo aspect of
' HI be subject presented first, but thnt tho llev.
' f HH Mlnot J. UavaRu, who was expected to
5 v 0 be present and speak in the ufflrmn-
fXf tlve. was kept nt homo by Illness Ho
MM then Introduced Goorco F. Reward, ex-
ia jMi Minister to China, who prnod to bo also an
:t Wl antl-expanslonlst Jtr. Howard read a paper
..'' !KJ made out in tho "question nnd aniwor" form.
; 9n evldonttypreparodnsan AVniftiffyWjiMntorvlew.
", K Aocordlnc to his arcumont the United Htatos
t,i i !Sa could not, within tho agreement of tho peace
V ' iHl protocol, talto sovereignty over tho Philippines
?' iSJ from Spain; thkt such an act Is spoliation, as
i v spE, Bpaln agreed only under compulsion and fear
of further war.
! "Any arbitration by neutral nations," said
i t&l Mr. Seward, "would so decide. What are wo to
: -. ;, ISC do then? GIvo tho Philippines back to Spain.
t to whom thev belong by historic right. Thus
' i B1 we shall fulfil our promises made Deforo
' ( , (wi the war, and escape tho O'lium of broken
0 TO faith and territorial spoliation. Tho Fill
'i ' ' m Plnos are Incapable of eelf-covernment.
'" t tMt They would return to tho barbarism from
S Which they have been relieved by Spain. Spain
v s tmt 's Probably better qualified than this nation
, ? to rule the Philippines, and it Is to bo
' lSI hoped that tho spirit of Christianity no
SKw r"e ,n nls latter day will lead
" I' :U'm even Spain to better methods. To that
' ' iJi'-h distracted country I would stretch out a help-
' I uWl loiti hand. In recognition of her many mag-
f'Mfi nlflcentnunlltles of national life, and aid hor to
,: It M Wl take her place among the Christian common-
Sfffjif wealths. Vfo shall vet find a way to right the
Hffllll Wrong wo are now tlolng."
1 V Sliii Thenfflrmatlvouext had an inning in the per-
V mm BOtfXfjProt,F.H.OJddlnes of Columbia Univer-
el I B,'y- 'Prof.'QIdding demolished Mr. Seward's
iX main argument by sliowlna that at the time
t tJL'W of tl10 signing of tho peace protocol Spain
'St soft It1 hadn't even the skeleton of sovereignty
i ilVli 6,t 1" tho Philippines. Ho argued that
,' fljlft for the sake of our trade we should
h ' lllitil have a station In tho East, and that our pres-
J l iWsr enco there meant an open-door policy which
rHDP we. In conjunction withngland. would onforco
' 5 IJwP against Itussla, who Is seoklng the commercial
, imV fi? "o" nB military supremacy of the world,
f HHnt Finally, ho said. It would be against humanity
' itKqt and morality to deliver tho Philippines back to
u ' .. tl Bpaln. Ho was heartily npplaudea.
Slllfl Charlton T. Lewis followed with an antl-
v ' - Pk lb everything speech. In tho course of which ho
V ,'Mii announced himself as humiliated by that pass
fiMlit W?9 f President McKlnley'x Hpeeeli in Atlanta
i' 'IV it' Wherein the President said that the ting of our
IBlli; country having been raised In the Philllpines.
201! who should pull it down? Mr. Lewis thought
' mm that appealed to vulgnr sentiment.
! n8lt .About 125 members of tho club attended the
s i JHI dinner.
I i H CUBANS STILL HELD XX PRISONS.
t ., ''luyi
I - ijSj?! ESorts to Secure the Ilelense of Thoss Con-
1 'itwlr fined for Political Itenjonj.
j HUtn WxsnrKOTOv. Dec. 17. Mombers of tho Cu-
1 ' ' fivlllll an Cmm'ss'0D, accompanied by Gonzales
' ' JSl'tf Quesada. Chared d'AfTairca of tho Cuban Loga-
, j! ji tlon. called on Secretary of State Hay to-day
I flit and reauosted the aid of the American Govern-
t ri'lflil Stent in proourlng tho liberation of a largo
1 B! Iljj number of Cuban prisoners who uro confined
'' ii' !Illl3 (or political reasons In prtEbns Innavanaand
I J!aH Bpaln. In the party was Don. Ruls Rlvora, who
" I iiilil fc" Buffered Imprisonment for fighting for
"' t liSil Cuba and Is anxious that all of his compatriots
' lii should bo released. Through tho dilatory ac-
;(ijj tlon of the Spanish Goornment a largo num-
'fjfili '5er ' t0"t'c'11 Prisoners are still retained In
ffilH custody, and the efforts of tho Cubans tose-
'fflll euro their relcaso have thus far brought no re-
ijll cults. Gen. Rivera is using his utmost efforts
Wr$ to have the Stato Department secure tho re-
' fjjtfi lease of these prisoners, and is especially anx-
'j MliKl 0QS seouro the liberation of Col. llacalao.
' Mflvl who was arrested In Pinnr del Hlo nt tho same
' wm'n time as Qon. Rivera and Is now held a prisoner
; KIl4 tnliavana.
' : fit ill Col. Carlos Garcia, son of the late Cuban Gen-
Sittii expected to arrive In New York to-
M! IB, tnorrow from Banttago. He will arrange for
IM It tns removal to Cuba of the remains of his
IfRll fathor. now in the receiving vault ut Arlington
, lliliil National Cemetery. It Is nrobablo that the
I till II body of the dead General will bo transported on
if I II i?18 Dolphin, which has been tendered by tho
ilii PI Prealdont for that purpose.
llHtl a members of the commission callod on
II II til Chairman Dlngloy of the Ways and Means
'1111:1 Committee this afternoon regarding the Cuban
jit til tariff promulgated this morning. They o-
5lfil pressed their satisfaction with the results of
ti H the efforts of tho trainers of tho tariff, nlihouch
jy 111 there were somo provisions which they thought
'l IM might bo altered. The commission desired n
1 ills! reduction of tho United States tariff on Cuban
II ?( sugar, and hoped to secure the admission or
ji, fit sugar Into the United States free of duty, and
d i falling that, to obtain somo modification of tho
J it S( tariff which would allow Cuba some adan-
l SB tage over her competitors in the production of
if j H sugar. They do not believe, however, they will
c Ifii "e successful on either project, as Mr. Dlngloy
'1 IB' took an adverse view.
ll Ijj Extra Pay IniUnd of Furlouchl to Volun-
; !l ' teers Who Ara to IJe Muttered Out.
! 'HI WisniKoroN, Deo. 17. Representative Hull.
I jif Chairman of the House Commltteo on Military
t BjII Affalrs.introduced a bill granting extra pay to
flu , officers and unlisted men of United States
Bi volunteers, it provldesthat In lieu of granting
Pfp . leaosof absonce and furloughs to officers and
B M(llf enlisted men belonging to compinlcs nnd regl-
f, Hill menta of United StateB volunteers who have
( Bltn served beyond the limits of the United States
iill prior to muster out of sorvlce. all officers and
M j I men hereafter ordurnd mustoreil out shall be
' Hills ' paid two months' extra wy on mustoroutacd
Ilr, discharge, nnd oltlceiH and men who havo
I HI 1' served within tluv limits of tlie United States
I Kill chnll leueivo ono mouth's extra pay. Thedis-
I fiy il!l charge of these men is to take effect on the
I K) 19 d".?6 9' .the muster out, and regiments and
I Hfl I other Independent organizations ahull be mus-
I Pllfl, tr?c' ,0,lt nt camps within the limits of the
b' ' it United States or at thnreiiilezvonsof tho State,
W At i regiment or Independent organization,
jjU Nntlonnl Blllttlu Horn.
11 J WisnwoTOS. Dec 17. A bill Introduced by
,( Represontatlvo S, W Smith of Mlchlgun pro.
Ilr ldes for the formation o n nntloiial inllltln
ftp leserve to consist of one regiment, either of
j f infantry, cav all y or nrtilleri , for each Congress
' illi district in tlio United St.ites. and one regiment
I'Af iorthenistrictolliiluiiiljU In tlnitisor peace
&7 the regiments will bo muliitaliu'il in a skeleton
11 t state, each to eonsNt of one Colonel, mm
lit Uetitenunl-Colonol two M.ijori-, twelve Cnii.
It i tains, mill tvvenij elhl I.lputeiinntH, reiving
It! Without lay Hie pnipmtimi if, m Ui mvii-
IS ' tenths infantry, ivvu-teuths ,irlltlei, nnd one-
jS tenth cavalry The regiments nio to be re-
II erultcd In time of war or othor emergencies
I tinder the call of (he ProalJeut.
HHHHHHHHHw2HHHHHaHBi3S??SM(
AltXT ItBOnOASIXATlOS BltlS.
Orn. Sternberg Fnvors the Ilnll nill-Que-'
' tloneA on the Conduct of the War.
Waruinqto!!, Deo. 17. The IIoui Com
.mlttco on Military Affair heani Surgeon-General
Sternberg's views on the bills for the re
organisation Of the army this morning. In
response to ihelr questions, he said that there
had doubtless been many grave mistakes made
during the war. He thought If the Hull bill
passed there would be less danger of suoh mis
takes In the future. If It had been In opera
tion before the war, somo of the worst blun
ders could have been avoided. The volun
teers kept up a steady fire of oomplalnts from
all the camps, but the regulars eompMned
only of their treatment at Santiago.
Mr. Hay wished to know why the regulars
complained at Santiago, and Gen. Sternberg
sala It was due mainly to the transports being
sentlnorth without landing their medical stores.
"Who was responsible for this?" asked Mr.
Hay
Oen. Sternberg thought tho "military situa
tion was to blame. The mon and supplies had to
be unloaded from tho transports in great haste
at n small beach, whore even thing was In con
fusion. After landing the men, Ihw'aspecessary
to unlond the food supplies and forward thorn
as rapidly as posrlhle. This delayed the un
loading of tho medlclnos. and although there
were throe months' supplies on board the trans
ports, the quantity landed was Insufficient.
Consequently when tho transports were or
dered north they returned with the meclnal
sunnlles still In their holds.
"Was this not nn extraordinary situation, to
say the least" asked Mr. Hay.
Gen. Sternberg thought It was. When ques
tioned moro closely as to whom tho hlams
should oo attached, he said ho rould not tell,
but he suppoBOd Gen. Shaftor had given the
orders for the sailing of the transports. It
probably was necosssrv for tho transports to
snll before unshipping their supplies In order
to return with more men The situation was
unavoidable under tho circumstances.
Oen. J. M. Wilson. Chlof of l'.nglneers. ap
peared this afternoon before tho pumiuilteA
nnd expressed his satisfaction with tho prp
x talons for tho Knglnoor Corps carried by the
A communication was received to-day from
Adjt..Gen. Corbin recommending an Increase
In tho number of officers for tho Ordnnneo De
partment. The committee expect to take up
the bill by sections on Monday and totnukea
report before tho holiday recess. The Republi
can members are practically agreed on the
general features of the bill, which xrlll stnnd
about as Mr. Hull Introduced It. There will
probably be no change In tho provisions relat
ing to' the artillery. The age limit In some
cases may be raised. The Democrats will sub
mit, through Mr. Hay. a minority report.
INCREASE OF 7VH5 A It 11 T.
Itecrnltlng Stnttoni to Ito Opened ns Soon
as tha null lltll Is Passed. ,
Washington, Dec. 17. The passage by Con
gress of a bill increasing the regular army to
100.000 will be the signal for the oponlncof n
large numborof recruiting stations throughout
the country. Recruiting officers will be assignod
by the War Department with offices In all the
large cities, and calls will be mado for men of
sound body and good physical development.
Volunteers who went through the Cuban and
Porto Rlcan campaigns and have been re
stored to good health will have preference In
enlistment. The army surgeons who will be
detailed to mnk the examinations will be In
structed to abide ttrictly by the requirements
of tho regulations. The Wn'. Department is
desirous of avoiding the onllstment of very
young men or of men with families. It has
been discovered that there .were too many
xery young mon In the volunteer army, and.
being unseasoned, their health broke down
sooner than was the case among the regulars.
At present there are only'thlrty recruiting
offices In operation in the united States, that
being sufficient for the, present needs of the
nrmy. but within a week after the bill to In
crease the army becomes 'a law this will be
moro than doubled. The Hat of.ofllcera to be
assigned to this work Is now betntf prepared,
and an order to govern them has been pro
mulgated by command of Gen. Miles. It (ays:
"Upon the arrival of a recruiting officer at a
olty or town where ho is to establish a re
rocrultlng station b will at once make
Inquiries at tho available places In the
neighborhood of the station as to the
prices nt which meals for his party can
be obtained, and will procure them, of proper
quality, by open purchase at the most reason
able rates, until he ean advertise for propsals
by means of Form No. 28. Subsistence De
partment. Payment for meals will be made In
the manner indicated in the notes on that
form."
The order also provides for subsistence of
the recruits en route', to their posts or regi
ments, and says that subsistence funds In
small amounts can be retained In the personal
possession of officers intrusted with the dis
bursement of the Bame. whenever such offi
cers, are stationed In places where there is no
Treasurer or Assistant Treasurer of the United
States.
AR3IT TRANSPORT SERVICE.
It Is to Be Organised ns a Separate Branch
of the Quartermaster's Department.
Washington, Deo. 17. Regulations for the
organization and administration of the Army
Transport Service havo been completed by the
board of officers appointed for that purpose
and approved by the Secretary of War. They
provide that the Army Transport Service be
organized as a Bpeclal branch of the Quarter
master's Department of the army, for the pur
pose of transferring troops and supplies be
tween thn United States And such over-sea
garrisons and military commands as shall be
authorized."
It Is proposed that the organization and eon
duct of tho new department be assimilated as
nearly as practicable to the most Improved
methods of administration of achartered
steamship business. Tho service Is to be sub
ject to the supervision ofthe Quartermaster
General and will be conducfd hy Its own ofll
cers and employees and is to be independent
of the administration of other branches of
army transportation.
There will be two home ports orheadquai
ters for the service, ono at New Voik for tho
Atlantio traffic and one at San Francisco for
the Pacific traffic. Each homo port will have a
full equipment of ofllcers!and be prov lded.'wlth
terminal facilities. Including wharfage for
shins and storage for freights. Each homo
port will be under a general and axslstant su
perintendent, a modlcal superintendent, a ma
rine superintendent and an assistant marino
superintendent.
There Is to be a general superintendent,
who will be charged with the entire admlnls
tratlonof the service and will receive his cen
tral instructions from the Quartermaster-General;
a medical superintendent, aud transport
quartermasters and Cummlssarles, who ate nil
to bejofflcers of the army and wl'l be assigned
by the Secretary of War. A transport .'sur
geon for each vessel will be provided by thn
Surgeon-General. All other officers will be
appointed on nomination by the general superintendent.
ARMY ORDERS.
Changes in the btntlons nnd Duties of
Various Officers.
Washinoton, Deo. 17. These army orders
have been Issuod:
Ueut.-Col. William M. DUck, Chief Engineer, from
duty In the o nice of the Chief of nc!neera snd rJ red
to UsTaus as engineer utQcer on the sUn of Maor
Oen. Willtim Ludlon.
Major O. VV. 11 Rtoucli, Twentieth Infantr), lias
been retired fiom active service, owli g to dlahillty.
Major Frederick von Schrale , Ciurlernutrr, and
Col. William L. Alexinder, bubi stri I) purtincut,
to Janalia, arrompiDliig the bo.r.l which will In.
veativate the KukIihIi a-nit ratlun ,u.
Cnpl. J. Y. M. Illout, Am ataut Ijuariemiaitler, from
Ch ciamautra to ilavaua.
tint I.leut. 1 honm J, Klikpatrlrk, Jr., AnIaUnt
Runrt on, detailed aa a member of tbo examining
board, com ened at Fort Leavenworth. Kausaa, vlie
Caiit. benjamin I.. Ten Kyik, AaWInt Burun u,
The following officers are iletalled aj.ibcaulto
meetlnVVarblucton to conililer and report certain
projoaed amendments to exlitlnu military lawa ;
CoL (leorge li. Davie. Hnb4tteme Pepartnieut; Pol,
William H. ratten, (Juaitcrmaater'a Derailment, Ma-
inr Clurlp" Htaaler, Onluame Department; Cupt.
Mwanl I,. Mudb.iii, AeklitantBnreeon, Capt. Of orgs
K. Huge. Blxtn Artlllers, Second Lent. Applewhite,
With Ar.lllcry, lteconler.
Col. linker II. lllln, Chief Commlatary of Bub
alntence, from VVaabluittou to Havana,
Acting AMlstant Burgeon Donald MacLean, Jr.,
from Auituata (la , to Detroit, Mich.
Lieut Col. KdirarB. Dudley, Jndite Advoj ate, from
XVaaliinetou to Havana, at Judge Advocate of the
Ditialon of Cuba
Capt Tlmmaa V. Raymond, Asiataut Stirzeon, In
addition to Ida other diitiea, in detailed aa Medical
BuiHrinieDdiut of army tramport mho at Bin
I'ninclnco,
More of the 10th llrgulnrs Sail for llnvaun,
Cium.eston, 8. C, Dec. 17 -A t-eeond de
tachment of tho Tenth Regular Iuluntry. 400
Mrong, under command of Capt Hhnllenhergor.
with r.'S recruits for the Kiglith Inlantry. now
iutub.i, sailed on tho trunsiiort biiratoga this
morning for Havanu,
The Foundation of Contentment.
Evans' Ale.-Jp.
PROSPERITY IN SANTIAGO.
CUSTOMS BUSINESS AT THE PRINCU
P'ATj PORTS INCREASING.
Collections in Hnntlngo City Amounted to
880,84 In November and to 5371,380
Slnre July 17-Mlnerals the Chief Kxport.
WAsniNOTON. Deo. 17. Santiago province
will soon onjoyas mueh prosperity a It did
prior fo the Cuban rebellion, according to a re
port; received from Walter A. Donaldson, Col
lector of Customs at Santiago city. The re
port contains a detailed statement of the cus
toms business of the prlnolpal ports and sub
ports In Santiago during the month of Novem
ber, and makes some recommendations in re
gard to Beveral matters connected with ad
ministration. Twenty-four vessels, of a total
tonnhee of 22.350 tons, entered Santiago har
bor from forolgnjporta during the month, and
sixteen vessels, havlug a tonnage of 7.731
tons, from local ports. Tho total number of
vessels entering the port since the American
occupation, July 17. was 335. The number of
xcssols clearing for foreign ports In Novem
ber was 33. In the samo month there were
113(1 entries of merchandise for consumption
and a total of 1.011 slnco July 17. This mer
chnndlso ylolded revenue receipts during the
month amounting to J50.245. and slnoe July
17 amounting to $271,380.
At Ouantnnamo tho collections were $2,807,
nt Bnlqulrl $400. and nt Manzanlllo $7,413.
The total collection" throughout the province
xvero $00,027. In November of last year, un,
dor tho much hlghor rato of Spanish taxation,
the collections were only $48,830. At Santi
ngi proper tho collections last month exceed
ed those of the same month in 1807 bv $1,400.
Collector Donaldson sayBt " It Is to be re
marked thatthe pollcvof non-dlscrlmlnatlvo In
tercourse extended to vessels of all nations In
tho mnttor of entering nnd clearing at this
port, as well as nt tho xnrinus other ports,
hos greatly facilitated the restoration of nora
mnrclal relations, and has beon one of the
ohlof features in the restoration of compara
tive prosperity in commerco. Industry nnd ag
riculture." . , , ,.
Tho Collector ndds that a similar liberal poll
er at all othor ports is advisable. The collec
tion ol tho revenuos. ho says, hns proved n very
easy matter, and tho administration of port
business has not beon seriously cmbarrnssod
in any way. The decision to omploy Cubans ns
far as possible In tho Custom Houso proves to
havo beon a wlso one. as the native emplayees
havo Bhown Invariable elllcloney. Tho Col
lector has promoted such employees of this
class ns havo deserved advancement whon op
portunity ocourred. ,..., ,j
Minerals from the mines. Collector Donald
son says, have formed the bulk of the exports.
Ho comments favorably on the fact thatthe
mining operations were resumed at so early a
time, thus giving employment to native labor
ers. The Collector urges the Importance of
maintaining the shipping facilities at their best
In the interests of the International Industries
of the province. It has been recommended
that the petition of Cubans that tho duty on
mules to be used on tho farms and in min
ing operations be reduced by one-halt be
granted.
IN THE IIO USE.
Indian Appropriation Bill Passed BUI Ex
tending Navigation Lawi to Hawaii.
Wabiiinoton. Deo. 17. In the House to-day
Mr.lPayne (Rep.. N.IY.) called up the bill report
ed yesterday extending the navigation, ship
ping and marine laws of the United States to
the Hawaiian Islands, and unanimous consent
was given for Its consideration. .The bill reads
as follows:
"Section 1. That the laws of the United States
relating to commerce, navigation and mer
chant seamen are hereby extended to and over
the Island of Hawaii and all adjacent islands and
waters of the islands oeded to the United States
by the Government of Hawaii and accepted
by joint resolution of Congress approved July
7, 1808, so far as suoh laws may be applicable.
"Sec. 2. That the Commissioner of Navi
gation may make such regulations as he may
deem expedient for the nationalization of all
vessels owned by citizens of the Islands oeded,
as aforesaid, on the 7th day of July. 1898, and
whloh continued to be so owned op to the data
of such nationalization.
"Sec. 3. That the coasting trade between the
Islands aforesaid and any other portion of the
United States shall be regulated in accord
ance with the provisions of law applloab'4 to
such trade between any two great coaling
dlstrlots."
Mr. McRae (Dem.. Ark.) moved to amend the
bill by making It include the provisions of the
Allen Contract Labor law of Feb. 20. 1885. He
said a system of labor obtained In Hawaii that
was a shame and disgrace to the age in which
we lived, and he believed Congress ought not
to.wlthhold from our new possessions the hu
mann benefits of that law, and at tho earliest
possible momen declare its purpose to wipe
out that Bvstem.
From Speaker Reeds decision that the
amondment was not germane. Mr. MoRse ap
pealed. An ugly temper was developtd on the
lloor. and In the obvious absence of a quorum,
Mr. Payno withdrew tho bill.
Tho House then went Into committee of the
wholo to consider the bill making appropria
tions for the Indian servlco for the year end
ing June 30. 1000.
Mr. Sherman (Rep , N. VM, Chairman of the
committee reporting the bill, gavo some in
teresting statistics regardlug the growth of
Indian education in the country. In 1877. he
said, the Government appropriated but $20.
000 for this purpose, and the enrollment of In
dian children In the schools was less than
4.000. Now tho annual appropriations exceed
$2,000,000. the enrollment of pupils Is more
than 25,O()0 nd the average dally attendance
20.000, There aro now 20a schools under the
control of the Indian Bureau. The bill made
no appropriation for contract schools, save
that at Hampton. Va. Mr. Sherman said that.
In his opinion, the Indian educated at Car
lisle. Pa., was the best educated Indian In the
country and the cost per capita less than at
any other Institution. It Is tho Intention to
Increase tho attendance atCarllslo from 800 to
1,000. and the appropriation for the mainte
nance of the school is $150,000.
Without substantial change the bill was re
ported to the House and passed, and the House
adjourned until Monday.
THE WATER IITACINTU.
Plans to Remove This Obstruction to Navi
gation in Southern Streams.
Washinoton. Doc 17. The growth of tho
water hyacinth in the streams of Florida and
Louisiana was the subject of an Interesting
and Important document eont to the House to
day by Secretary Alger. In tho Sundry Civil
act of June 4 last an appropriation was made
for an investigation of the extent to which the
water hyacinths had become an obstruction to
tho navigablo waters of the States bordering
on tho Gulf, and a recommendation of means
to remove the obstruction. Tho Investigation
was Intrusted to Col. W, II, II, Renyaurd nnd
Major J. B. Qulnn of tho Engineer Corns. It
was their report, with nccompanvlng maps and
a letter of transmittal from Gen. J. M. Wilson.
Chief of Engineers, that was sent to the House
tu-dny.
Gen. Wilson says that the maps show that
the St Johns River, from Jacksonville to Lake
Washington, is the only navigable stream In
that State which Is seriously affected by the
noxious growth. In Louisiana tha plant was
found in every stream lending from tho Gulf
below tho latitude of Baton Rouge from the
MisslHslppI lllvor to the Sabine. None was
found In Georgia. Alabama, or western Flori
da, No mention was made of Mississippi. Kx
Purimenta wero made by chemical and
mechanical menus to detormlne an offective
method of destroying the growth and efforts
made to utllbn tho forces of nature by develop
ing mi uniinul or parasltlo growth that should
consume the plant. As tho result of Its
labors. Gen Wilson says, the board has readied
those conclusions:
1, That unture cannot be relied upon to aid
In removing the plant.
J. That tlio use of chemicals Is no solution of
tho problem
The board refers to the successful results
attending thn experiments of P. II. Thomson
at l'luquemlne. 1-u.. with a solution of salt and
quicklime Hiraeil upon the plant. This was
reasonably effectlv o ut a cost of about tvi o oonts
a square innl, an amount. Gen. Wilson says,
that precludoH tho ittsiiblllty of Its ubo on u
large scale
:i, Tli t while there Is no probability of nbso
lutoly treeing the streams of the scourge, the
situation may be materially ameliorated by the
use of inechanleul means, crushing tho plant
being tlio best
The board calls attention to the ncoutsjtyof
c.urying nut this plan of relief, and that bridges
over tnuxtroainr, liull be provided with tinpan
ur oi-eulng of sufficient width to lwrralt tho
iaH,iL'o oi floating masses ot the weed.
The board recommended, and Gun, Wilson
upprov es, t ho i oust met Ion of tvv o boats ndn pteil
to the purpose, the plan of which thn board
has devised, at a cost uf $25,000. ono for each
htnte With thebo tho ndvlso also tho use of
lo.j booms, costing 1,000 apiece. Appropria
tions of 510 (too for each Htuto will be ueoes
sary to operate tho boats and booms, and
annual appropriations later such as experience
may demonstrate to be necessary.
TUB MASSACHUSETTS INQVIBX.
Two Changes Made In the Personnel of the
Court Which Meets on Monday,
Washington. Dee. 17. Two changes have
btn made in the personnel of the eourt of In
quiry appointed a few davs ago to meet at the
Jirooklyh Navy Yard on Monday to investigate
the circumstance and fix! the' responsibility
for thn grounding ofthe battleship Massachu
setts In New York harbor. Capt. Henry 0.
Taylor of the Indiana was detaehed.frora the
court at'hls cwn request, and Cant. Edwln'M.
Bhepard was substituted. Then the Light
house Hoard, to whloh Capt, Bhepard Is at
tached, begted him off on tho ground thaf his
services were urgently noededi. This was
embarrassing to the Navy Department, as It
was -neoessary to have all the offlcor of the
cpurt senior fn number to the.man most con
cerned In the inquiry. Capt. Klooll Ludlow of
the. Massachusetts. As Capt. Ludlow stands
well up In his grade, and as tew of hu seniors
wpre within available distance of New York,
there was a very slim list to ohoose from. To
day Capt. James Bands was assigned to the
vacanoy -on the court, but the experience of
the department has made it apprehensive that
somo reason will appear why Cant. Sands can
not serve.
The Mnaiachusntts to Be Docked ToOlor
., row.
All the arrangements have beon made to
placo tho battleship Massachusetts, whloh re
cently had her bottom badly damaged by strik
ing a rook off Governors Island. In the big
temporary dry dock at the navy yard to
morrow. Mot Bell, who was navigating the
vessel when the accident. occurred, was not a
Sandy Hook pilot, as has been statod, but be
longed to the Hell Gate organization.
XIOrKSIENTS OF WARSHIPS.
The Bnttleshlps Oregon and Iowa Arrive
at Valparaiso, Chill.
WAJnntOTON, Deo. 17. A telegram received
at tho Navy Department this afternoon from
Capt. A. S. Barker of the battleship Oregon re
ported the arrival of that vessol and tho battle
ship Iowa at Valparaiso, Chill, to-day, Tho
x essels were list heard from at Montevideo, and
the run from that place to Valparaiso, by way
of the Straits of Magellan. Is considered a re
markably good reoord. From Valparaiso the
battleships will go to Callao. Peru, to nwalt
orders. They will be directed to steam from
Callao to Honolulu and thenco to Manila.
The flagship New York arrlvud nt Hey West
from Havana to-day. Sho will return to Ha
vana whon she has coaled. The collier Leb
anon left Lambert's Point, Va., to-day for
Havana, with ooal for the warships to be con
centrated there. The distilling chip Arethusa
sailed from League Island yesterday with
fresh water for the boilers of the war vessels at
Havana.
INCREASE OF TUB NATT.
Home Committee to Beport a Bill Provid
ing for S0,000 Enlisted Man.
WAsniNQTON. Dsc. 17. The House Commit
tee on Naval Affairs has decided to favorably
report a bllljirovldlng for the Increase of the
enlisted men ot the navy to 20.000 men and
2.D00 boys and apprentices. The Navy Depart
ment reports that It is impossible with the
present foroe of 11,000 men to proporly man
the regular ships now in commission, not to say
anything about the auxiliary vessels. When
the five now battleships and other vessels now
building are placed In commission the force
will be utterly Inadequate. The department is
xory anxious to havo the increase granted with
out delay.
Naval Orders.
WAenijroTON. Dee, 17. Tho Navy Depart
ment to-day announced the assignment ot
Commander George E.Ide to command the Yo
semlte.whleh has been directed to proceed from
League Island. Pa., to Manila by the European
route. Lieutenant-Commander D. H. Mahau
has been ordered to the Badger as executive
officer. Lieut 0. W. Juntren, one of the Maine
survivors, has been detached from the Vermont
and directed to take charge of the branch Hy
drographlo office in New York.
These additional orders wore Issned: Passed
Assistant Engineer J. E. Palmer, from the Cas
slus to home and one month's slok leave : As
sistant Paymaster B, H. Woods, from the Vul
can to the xosemite and after reaching Manila
to tho Petrel; Passed Assistant Paymaster G.
G. Selbols. from the Petrel to the Yosemlte:
Assistant Engineer 0. A. Baeabtold, to the
Yankee: Assistant Paymaster W. L. Sawyer,
to the Badger: Lieut. O.J. Boush, from the
Yankee to the Badger.
Cuban Educational Association.
Albant. Dec 17. The Cuban Educational
Association of the United States of America
was Incorporated to-day with the Secretary of
Stato. to conduct operations in this country
and in Cubs, Its objects aro to render assist
ance to worthy and studious young Cuban peo
ple who may be anxious to seouro an education.
so that they may lead purposeful lives, become
useful citizens, and aid In maintaining a stable
form of government in their own oountry.
The principal office of tho association will be
in Now York city. The directors, who are em
powered to create an advisory board of fifteen
members, are: Gen. Joseph Wheeler of Hunts
vllle. Ala.: Nicholas Murray Butler. William H.
Baldwin. Jr.. A. E. Orrand Gilbert K. Harroun
of New York city, and Albert bhawot Hastlngs-on-Hudson.
Deaths of Soldiers at Manila.
Washington. Deo. 17. Major-Gen. Otis tele
graphed the War Department irom Manila
to-day that since his last sanitary report on
Dec. 10 there had beon two deaths among the
United States troops In the Philippines. Georgo
O. Larson, Corporal. Battery A. Utah Artillery,
died of typhoid fover. and James Healy. private,
Company I, Eighteenth United States Infantry,
died of cerebral hemorrhage, tho result of an
accidental fall.
Major-Gen. Henry telegraphed from Ban
Juan that no deaths occurred among the United
States troops In Porto Rico yesterday.
Gen. Sheridan to Command in Chicago.
CnicAoo, Dee. 17. Gen. M. V. Sheridan,
brother ot Gen. Phil Sheridan. Is to command
the Department of the Great Lakes In Chicago.
Gcu. Sheridan has boen anxious to return to
Chicago for some time. He has many friends
hero and is much rejoiced over the transfer,
although It Is understood It is only temporary.
Gen. John W. Bacon has been In command of
the department, and now he will devote his en
tire time to the army in Dakota.
Storm-Tossed Government Tags to Be Bo
paired. NoBroLX, Va.. Deo. 17. The Government
tugs Adonis. Olympla, Watson and Eugene
Grasselll, whloh were caught in the recent
storm when oft Hatteras and put into Ooracoke
harbor In distress, havo gone to Wilmington,
N. 0., for repairs. Tho tugs were on their way
South whon tho squall struck them. Thoy were
at one tlmo In imminent danger of going down
with all on board to tho bottom.
RUSSIAN SABLES
(Imperial Crown).
Best in the world.
Per skin, $40, $75, $125, $200, $250.
Kow stylo Boas, from ono to two yards
low?, $80, $150, $200, $300, $450, $000,
$750, $1,000. Hudson Bay Bablo Skins,
$10, $15, $25, $35, $50.
It requires two to four skins for a fash
ionable scarf or boa. Snmo for a muff, ac
cording to size.
Capes, Vlctorlnes, Mantles and Collar
ettes in stock or to order without extra
charge.
NOTE. I do not recommend blend
ed Sables. The process ot darkening
Injures the fur: they fade, look dull,
and have a mottled appearance alter
being worn a abort time, and are a
poor investment at any price.
Up-to-dato stylo In Coats, Capos, Collar
ettes, Muffs, Ac., la seal Persian lamb,
moire baby lamb, marten, mink, chinchilla,
ermine, fox, Ac.
Fur-lined Circulars, covered with various
shades of cloth, $25, $35, $50 up.
Sealskin Caps and Gloves.
Welsh Robes, men's fur-lined Overcoats,
Couehinen's outfits.
Tiger, leopard nnd other fuelitonnlilo
Hugs.
Iiwost prices for reliable goods,
C. C. SHAYNE,
Importer and Manufacturer,
Ii AND ISO WEST 48l STIIKKT.
Store open evenlnrja until after holidays.
Write for fashion book.
U i ' S .
M ' what
I Viola Alien I
J y, SAYSs jj
A BUFFALO CHINAMAN'S COMPLAINT"
Endeavors to Slake an International Inci
dent of an Assault on Illm.
WxnnrNOTON, Deo. 17. A Buffalo Chinaman
Is causing the authorities of the Btate Depart
ment, the Btate of New York and tho city of
Buffalo a deal of trouble over his persistence
in endeavoring to make an international Inci
dent out ot an affair in which bo was con
cerned. A small boy on his way to school
threw a missile through the window cf the
Chinaman's laundry. The Chinaman ohasod
the boy through the streets and into the boy's
classroom in a publlo school, and was Indulg
ing In language unlit for publication In a Chi
nese newspaper when two men appeared and
chastised tho laundrrman. Then they threw
blm out of the schoolhouse. Thelaundryman
complained to the police against the two men.
but no arrests were made for several weeks.
Then the men were brought before the Mayor,
who discharged them.
This did not satisfy the laundryman, so he
complained to the Chinese Minister In Wash
ington that a subject ot the Chinese Emperor
had been asaulted In an American city and
could not obtain redress. He sent a lawyer to
Washington to'present his case to the Chllnesa
Minister and the Stato Department. Minister
Wu Ting-fans called on Secretary Hay aud
asked him to make an investigation of tho olr
cumstanoe of tho assault and the subsequent
legal proeedlngs. Secretary Hay wrote to "ov.
Black and the Governor asked a State officer
at Buffalo to asoertaln tho facts. The btate
Department received Gov. Blaak's reoital of
facts to-day. and will forward It to the Chinese
Minister. Whether a claim tor indemnity will
follow or the United States bo requested to
make an apology to the Government of China
tor an insult by two of Its citizens (not counting
the schoolboy) to a Chinese subject will de
pend on Minister Wu Ting-fang.
Proposed Improvement of East Klver Chan
nel to the Sound.
Washikoton, Deo. 17. Tho Committee on
Rivers and Harbors continued its hearings to
day. Benresentativo Low of New York mado
a strong argument for tho Improvement of
East Blver ohannel leading into tho Bound. He
presented statistics to show that tho shipping
which passed this way almost enuBllod thnt
which passed by Bandy Hook. He thought If
tho channel woro Improved it would greatly
benefit Bhlpplng trade from Now York north
to Boston nnd Portland.
In the afternoon tho committee considered
Representative Ward's bill for a survey ofthe
ohannel of Now York harbor to t,ho Nurrows.
But no one was heard on this subject.
YTashlngton Notes.
Washinoton. Doc 17. Ordors were Issued
to-day at the War Department directing the
discharge without honor, of PrUatoa Carson
Eearns. Company H, and Charles Hum, Com
pany K, Slxty-flfth New York Volunteer In
fantry. An ostlmate was sent to tho Speaker ot the
House to-day for u deficiency appropriation of
$27,100 to pay the salaries of twonty-throo
clerks and three messengers, additional tem
porary force In tho office of tho Quartermaster
General. The Committee on Ways and Means made a
favorable report to-day on Iteprosontatlve
Evans's bill to allow common carrlors under
bond to transport perishable Imported goods
In sealed packages, where tho quantity is not
sufflolont to fill a car.
Norfolk Wants the Balelgh Sent There.
Nonrouc Va., Deo. 17. In response to a
letter from the Norfolk Board ot Trade and
Business Men's Association, asking that the
cruiser Balelgh he sent to this yard upon hor
return from Manila, Caot. Crownlnshleld of tho
Bureau of Navigation has advised the associa
tion that tho orulser has already sailed from
Manila for New York, but that he will recom
mend that sho, bo after reaching Now York,
ordored to proceed to this yard for repairs. It
is the purpose of the Norfolk Association to
tender a reception to the officers and crow of
the cruiser, which was built at this yard.
The Weather.
Unsettled conditions prevailed yesterday over all
the country east of the Mlialislppl Ittvrr. They wero
due to falling preMiiro And to the advance of the
atorm from the Northwest into the lako regions,
where snow waa beginning to fall, It was raining
In the Ohio and Tennetaee valleys and the South At
lantio Brstea, and tntnoa westward over all the Gulf
States and the interior of Texai. Fair weather pre
vailed treat of the Mlitlailppl and north ot Texas.
The condition! Indicate rnlu and warmer weather
for this eection to day. Colder weather will appear
about Monday,
It was warmer everywhere jeslerday except in
Wlaconiln. At Albany the temperature was 28
higher. The only freezing weather was over the up.
per lain, the Northwest and tho Rocky Mountain
States.
In this city the day wu cloudy, with rain In after
noon: Average humidity 81 per cent.; wind aoutherly,
averaits v eloclty debt miles an hour; barometer, cor
lected to read to ';a level, at tl A, M.S0.24, 3 P, M.
80.01), highest temperature 45", lowest 34,
'The temperature aa recorded hy the official trier
znoinetar and also by The Hun's thermometer at the
street level la shown In the annesed table;
,-Oiacfat-, .W -Kftcfal-, Sun't
jrnn. IS)!. hli. IHjA. IS31. it3S.
BA. M.1U 14 4(1' flPM3l .JH VI'
12M. 31' 4ilJ 4n' 111'. M.IU 46' 41
j',M;t;i 47 4 J' isMid, ju 4H 4u
itiiiusoton inuirAST ton nn.snty
tor Xca Knglaud and cattan Aew Yorl. ncitatnj
rloudihfu and tMnblu tnnw,reth tottlnc$ttttv uttiuit
incrtaifntf.
For the District of Culunihla, Mirjlaud, iait-rn
Pennsylvania, Now Jeisej, Delaware aud Virginia,
generally fair, followed by Increaaliu iloudiucta
Sunday afternoou; light southwesterly 'winds,
For western Ftnnslvanla and western New York,
light rain In the early morning, followed by fair
weather, Brisk southwesterly wiuaa.
frjfPp." Umbrellas
Will often make acceptable Christmas presents, as all
boys and girls like to have their own umbrella, especially if
it is the proper size, and handle appropriate.
We have them, made expressly for us, commencing with
a good School Umbrella for 65c, to fine silk with fancy
handles, pearl and natural wood, silver trimmed some with
silver initials from $1.75 to $3.35; also many other articles .
suitable for
Useful Holiday Gifts for Children
not to be found elsewhere, and in
Our Toy Department
a fine assortment for their amusement, all at the lowest prices,
60-62 West 23d Street.
wHk m ta VVAjPE0uBfbe t&o) frox Teal
lsJMk" S,Art' FOR BODY AND BRAIN
immediate lasting efficacious agreeable
LTMAN ABBOTT'S RESIGNATION.
An Old Church Member Appeals to mm to
Stay Kven nt the ItlsU nf III Life.
It Is likely that at the close of tho regular
morning services at Plymouth Church to-day
the report of the Advisory Commlttoe. recom
mending the acceptance of tbo resignation ot
tho llev. Dr. I.yraan Abbott as pastor, which
was laid over from last Sunday, will be adopt
ed. There are only a few members of tho
church who have any expectation that Dr.
Abbott can be induied under any circum
stances to (remain as pastor, James A, Hkll
ton. a veteran member of the church, in an
open letter to Dr. Abbott yesterday, mado an
ureent appeal to him to continuo hlspastoral
work, even at the risk of his life. This Is a
part of the letter:
"You havo yourself certainly justified the
risk of lite amontr the youne men of.the coun
try In the military servlco, and liavlnc done so.
are you justified In refusing to risk even your
life in making use of all tho opportunities with
in your reach to mako It certain that those
who have suffered nnd thoo who have died In
the cause shall not have sutTored nnd (ilea in
vain? You have preached the duty of follow
ing Jesus. He walked serenely nnd knowingly
to His own crucifixion and death Are vou
not. therefore, estopped from teaching by pre
cept or '7 oxamplo tho right or duty of shirk
ing or of failing to meet tho situation In jour
own field ae a leader In tho religious and so
ciological movements of the tlmo Tho pas
tor ol Plymouth Church has inherltod duties,
responsibilities and opportunities that belong
to no other pastor In the country. 'X he work
of PlymoutluChurch is not yetdone.iind pos
sibly your resignation may prevent Us over
being done. This Is the sltua'lon I would
have rou face. If you have not already done so."
Worlilngmen to Discuss the Lord's 1'rayer.
At the semi-monthly meeting of the Cathollo
Worklncmcn's Club, tho C. A. I, L. and tho
Christian Workingmcn'a Institute, which will
bo held to-day in Amltr Hall, 31'J West fifty
fourth street, the llev. William Everett John
ton vvlll speak on "The Hoclal Teachings of
the Lord's Prnor." A numberof labor leaders
will be nrchent. and tho address of Mr John
son will bo followed hy a general discussion on
the subject.
BLACK, STARR & FROST,
SUCCESSORS TO
BAljIi, BL-AOK & CO.,
Jewellers and Silversmiths,
in their New Building,
5th Ave., corner 39th St,
will be open evenings
until Christmas.
EDDIE OF THE "SANDY BOTTOMS."
Only 0 Tears Old, bat Tnrned Over to thai
Police as "Hopeleeslj Had."
Edward Buttersby.O years old. was taken to
the Oak street pollco station last night by Ed
ward Kundrlck, a longshoreman, whose home
Is at !W James stroot. Kondrlck said the boy
was hopelessly bnd. and that the boy's bla
brother, Ollvor, who lives with the Kendrtoks,
refused to euro for him. Tho care of Eddie has
fallen to the Kendrlcks for a longtime.
All the small boHcastof Park row and south
of Caniil street belong to somo gang. Eddie's
trlbo is the "Handy Bottoms." Many com
plaints woro mado against these youngsters
last summer because they threw mud at the
Chambers street cars nnd spotted tho dresses
and clothes of pnsneiigers Tho oldest ono In
tho gnne Is not moro than 12 years old
EtldlchaH tlio wlso look that characterizes
the streot Arab, hut he fn rather hotter looking
than the average. Ho has bi en to school some.
He. draws caricatures of policemen on tho
sidewalks vvlthchiilk nnd Inbtls thorn with the
polloomen'H name. They uro rather good pic
tures for n boy. Ho draws well with n pencil,
too. and makes queer pictures on paper with
odd littln fables written beiicutb, mostly bad.
He plays ft harmonica well, and when the
Sandy Bottoms" got together ho sets the pace
with a tune, and tlm gang marches to It
Eddie wa sent to tlio Gerry twloty last night.
IValtham Watches
Made by the American Waltham
Watch Co. are the best and most
reliable timekeepers made in this
or any other country.
IFe publish a book entitled " The Perfected Ame
rican ftach." Sent free on application.
American Waltham Watch Co.,
Waltham, Mass

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