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TELEPATHY OR A SPIRIT?
$ 03IE EXPERIMENTS OF TIB HOCIETr FOR VSY'VUICAT. RESEARCH. glttlncs with n llonton Medium "Which, Dr. JloilEnon Thinks, Afford front of Immor tality Comments by the Hev. Dr. Hnvngo nml 1'rof. ll.vulop on the Itmulti. Somo members of ttio Society for rsychlonl Research now maintain that It has ovidonco In Its pois"sloti whloh tumbles It to domonstrnto tho truth of Immortality. Wlillo thoy lo not asvort th.it n trnvollorto thnt hlthorto unknown ami unknownblo land lms returned In vlalblo form to rovunl tho mysteries of tho boyond, they df declare that conversations liavo boon earrlod on with porsons In tho othor Ufa whoso Identity has boon thoroughly established. The report of tho society gtvos tho names of aevornt pooplo who havo "passed out," as tho mem bers say. nni' nnvo returned to hold com munication with tho society and It guests, Most of tho facta hnvo boon socurod through ono trnnco medium, n Mrs. Piper of Boston. Bho Is not a commercial medium. Hor first experience as n modlum oceurrod on Juno 20, IBS I, when sho visited a so-called honllng mo dlum of hnr city for tho purpose of securing some relief for horself. On hor second visit to Mm tho medium placod his hand on hor hnnd, ind sho beoamo awaroof n flood of light. In siilcli sho saw strange faces and n moving hand. This, she remembered nftorward, had happened to her n fow months boforo, nml then, as now, sho had lost consciousness. On this occasion sho passed nndor control and spoko H In a chntactor described as that of Chlorine, in Indian girl. Next sho tried sitting at homo umone hor own frtonds. nnd was sup posed to bo controlled by n variety of Inter esting porsons. Among thoso Mrs. Slddons gave a recitation. Longfollow wroto somo verses, and an Italian artist produced somo drawings. In 1885 she camo to the notlco of Dr. Itlchnrd Hodgson, Secretary of tho society. Arrangements wore mado by which tho society obtained almost tho oxoluslvo control of hor tlmo ns a modlum. Tho oxporlments havo con tinued through a period of thirteen years. Among othor precautions ndoptcd by tho so ciety to assure Itself of hor good faith.lt has had her watched by detectives, a proeood nf to which sho submitted cheerfully. TVIiilo there were occasional so-called con trol that took possession of Mrs. Piper's voice In her entranced stato, tho ono known as Dr. Phlnult described as a Fronch Physician, was tho most frequent up to 1802. -leii George Pelham (not the correct namo). appeared on tho scone. Tho communications from Dr. PhlnuIMn most Instances, wero found to be correct, so far ns tholr rolntlon to tho affairs of this world Is conccrnod, but theso from Goorgo Polhnm woro far juoro so. Inas much as thoy established tho Identity of ono who had recently " passed out" and wns woll nd inltmately known to persons connected with tho epenmonts. Tho communications from various sources fill several hundred oc tavo races. Only specimens can be given hero and these will bo taken from tho Pelham com munications. It will add Intorest to theso to know somo facts about Goorgo Pelham. Ho met his death accidentally by a fnll In New York city In Fobruary. 1S02. at tho ngo of .12 years. Ho was educatod for tho law. but dootod himself chiefly to litonlturo and philosophy, having published two books which had received the highest praise from competont authorities. Ilia was an associate membor of the Society for r-iychtcal Research, being well known to Dr. Hodgson, with whom he had hud occasional long and Intimate discussions upon phllo-oohlo subjects. He maintained, in accordance with a fundamental philosophic theory, whloh botli accepted, that a future lire was not only in credible, but also Inconeehable. a conclusion with which Dr. Hodgson disagreed, he main taining that such a life wa conceivable. Finally. Pelham accepted that view of tho Question, but denied It credibility, and said that If ho should die before Dr. Hodgson, and found himself "still existing," he would "mako things lively" In the elTort to repeal the fact of his continued existence. Not long ufter his death he Is said to havo appjaiod at one of tho sittings with Mrs. Pi per. Dr. Hodgson said that Felhaiii's tlrst com munication was recolved on March 22. Its 12. only a few weeks after he had "passed out. when his personality was pretty thoroughly irtentilleil. Among other messages was ono to Katharine, the young daughter of a lady and gentleman who may be culled Smith, with whom he was well acquainted, Pelham was peaking to u man who was present, and tho message was: "Tell her she'll know. I will solve the problems. Katharine" Tho next day a detailed aco.mntof tho message ff:W given to Mr. Smith, nnd ho was much Impressed with It and rolatod that when 1-olhnm hud last stayed with them ho had talkod fioquontly with Katharlno about time, space and eternity, and pointed out to her how unsatisfactory the commonly nccopted solutions were, ami said that lit somo ttmo he would solve tho problems and lot her know, using almost the vory words of the communication mado at tho sitting. Although the Smiths wire Inclined to be skeptic.il about psychical phe nomena, thoy made an appointment with -Mrs. Piper, through Dr. Hodgson, for April 11. 1H !. Dr. Hodgson, who was prudent tit the sitting, sold that " friends wero referred to by mime, lnuulries wero made abou private matters. I and tho Smiths wero profoundly Impressed with the fooling that they woro In truth hold ing a conversation with tho personality or tho friend whom they hail known so many years." The following passages are from Mr. Smith s notes taken during tho sitting, nnd may servo to suggest to somo extent the freedom with whlch'tho conversation wns carried on. All tho references to persons and Individuals, Dr. Hodgson asserts, are correct: "Ueorgo Pelham Jim, is that you? Sneak tome, quick. I am not dead. Don't think mo dead I'm awfully glad to seo you. Can't you tec me ? Don't you hear mo ? Give my lovo to my father and tell him Iwanttosee him. lam nappy heio. and morosoBlncoI find I can com -munlcato with you. I pity then people who can't speak. I want you to know I think of von still. I spoke to John about somo Inters. I left things terribly mixed, my books and my papers: you will forgive mo for this, won't you? . "Mr. Smith Whut do you do, George, whoro you are? " G. P. I am sonrcely able to do anything yet : I am just awakened to tho reality of llfo after death. It was llku darkness, I could not dis tinguish anything at llrst. Darkest hours just before dawn, you know that. Jim. I was puz zled, confused. Shall have an occupation soou. Jvowlcnnseo .vou. my friends. I. can hear you speak. Your voice, Jim. I can distinguish with your necont and articulation, but It sounds III. . 1-f.- l. . .!... 4f I n , tnrtlllfl 9-ltinff tfft IIM II Ulli IW11 lirUIIl. .Hill'- wuunt nyiiuu ,w you like the faintest whisper. . "Mr S. Our conversation then Is some thing liko telephoning ? (5. j.y,.,,' , "Jlr S. By long distance telephone. (G..P. Uiutlm.l Wero you not surprised to llnd your self living? . , , , "(1 P. Perfectly so. Greatly surprisod. I did not believe In a future life. It was beyond my reasoning powers. Now It Is ns clear to mo is dn light. We. have mi astral facslmllo of tli material body. Jim, what are you writing now? (Un. Hodgson says that Pelham. when ilvlng. would probably havo jeorcd at tho aswHutioiis of the word astral.) "Mr S -Nothing of nny Importance. C, I'. Why don't you write about this? Mr. S.-1 should liko to. but tho oxprosslon of my opinions would bo nothing. I must havo ""t1. . .. . "(j. P. Theso I will give to you nnd to Hodg on If he Is still Interested In theso things. "Mr S. Will people know about this posslbll ity or communication? , ., . . , "U. P. They uro sure to In tho orid. It Is only a question of tlmo when people In tho material body will know all about it, and every ono will hi utile to communicate. I want ull tho fellows to kr.ow about me. What is Writing ? ' II r. H..V novel. "G P. -No, not that. Ishonotwrltlnaeomo Utlng about mo? . , , Mr. S.-Yes, he Is preparing a memorial of you. ti P-That is nice: It Is pleasant to b5 re membered, it 1m very kind of him. Ho was al W.is kind to mo when I was aliye. Martha -,-. Iilcceased daughter!1 Is hero. I have talkod with her several times. Sho reflects too much ?n h..r last Illness, We toll hor she ought to forgtlt, andshuhasdonoso In good mcitsurp, but f he wus HI a long tlnm. Bho Is a dear little ereature when you know hor. but sho Is hard to know. Him Is a beautiful little soul. She lends bur loe to her father." . , A Later the father nnd mothorof Pelham had feudal Hillings with Mrs Pipor, and Jliolrson ffxAoto them through her voice. These sit tings were among tho best boeause of the test QijPMIons which woro asked, tho records of liien wire carefully preserved. As George lelham Intimated, his lather wiih hard to con Jinw. Lint ho (Inully becumo satisfied that ho M l n talking to noun other tlmn his son. ..Itwas at tin. sitting held on Dec. B2. 1 '-'. that perhaps the inoot driunatlu incident of the wlmle borles iipcinred Mrs. Smith wns hup I;rtlng Mis Pliuir's heail. l)r HodgMin was inlliinfug the writing, nml Mr Smlthwnsslt ting some iiiftmuT away iuoklnga long pipe when tl. UMiimrMitinii ensiled. TIlU tlnio J'ellmni in.l r I , lauded M' I'lper tiMvrlto What lui li.nl to miv, .ylilln ill the othor ruporlcd l (ittliu: Im used her olee. Mrs. Smith asked tl 1 eih mi to toll something they alone knew Dr. Fn "o'lKMin. who prepared the record for tho Iji toclety, sajaj ''Tho truiibcrlptlon hero of mmmmm mmmm mm fwaiwwi i tho wonls written , tiy Gi , P. conveys, of course, no proper Impression of tho nctnal circumstances: . tho inert mass of tho uppor, pnrt, of Mrs. Piper's Inert bodv turned nwny from tho right urm, and Bagglna down, as It were, limp nnd llfelosa ovor Mrs, Hmlth's nhotiltlcr. but tho right arm, nnd ospoolnlly hand, mobll?. Intelligent, ilopreea tory, then impntlontnnd llercoln the iiersls tonco of tho writing which followed, which con tains too much or tho personal element in U, P. s llfo to bo reptoduccd horn, Sexural state ments woro rend by mo, nml nssontodto by Mr, Smith. nml then was written 'prlvato'nnd tho hand gently unshod mo nwny. I retired to tho other sldu of tho room, nnd Mr, Smith took my Place closo to tho hand where ho could read tho writing. Ho did not, of course, rend It aloud, nml It was too prlvato for my perusal. Tho hnnd, as it reached the ond of oneh Miect, toro Itner Irom tho block book, and thrust It wildly nt Mr. hmlth, nnd then oontlnuod writing. Tho flrc-iimsUinees narrated. Mr. Smith Informed me, contnlned proclsoly tho kind of test for which he had nskod, nnd ho said that ho was perfectly satlslled, perfectly.' "Altor this striking Incldont," continued Dr. Hodgson, "thero was somo further con versation with roferonco to tho pant that scorned specially natural from G. P.'' Among othor things. Pelham said to Jlr. Bmith: , About my work, yes, my writing: I used to help jou In my work, and you ditto. Jim, I am dull in this sphere about soma things, but von will lorglvo me, won't you? but likens when in the body sometimes wo cannot always. recall everything In a mo ment, can wo Jim. dear old follow? God bless you, Jim, nnd many thanks. You often gavo mopourngo when I used to get de pressed. You know how you cspeelnlly used to fit-out mo sometime, but I understood It nil, did I not, old fellow? and I usod to pot tremendously down nt tho heol sumotlmes. but I nm nil right now. nnd. Jim, you can novor know how much I lovo you and how much I delight In coming back nnd telling you all this. Vhon I found I actually llvod ngaln I jumped for joy. and my llrst thought was to find you and Mary, And, thank tho Infinite, hero lam, old fellow, living and well. " AnothorchnractcrlstlcrumarK which he mado at the close of tho long. Intlmuto talk with Mr. Smith was addressed to Dr. Hodgson: "Thanks, Hodgson, for your kind help and rosorvod manners, also patlenco In this difficult matter." Wishing to obtain opinions as to the value of theso experiments from some membors of tho socloty who nro resldontaof Now York city, tho writer called upon the ltov. Dr. Mlnot J, Snvago nnd Prof. James II. Hyslop of Columbia Uni versity. Dr. Snvago Bald: "I havo beon an enrnost Investigator of psychic phonomonn for nearly a quartor of a century, beginning my researches several yours boforo tho organization of tho Society tor Psychical Itosearch. I was glad to unito with tho organization nnd havo been n working memborfrom Its founding. Alone nnd In con junction with tho society I have Investigated numberless cnsesofpsyctita phenomena tnthelr various phases. In many, perhaps two-thirds, I hnvo found the explanation to be In somo natural cause, self-delusion or dellborato frnud. Thero has been much, however, for which I have been unable to find any reason able explanation nnd which hud nil tho ear marks of gonulneness. "In regard to tho long scries of experiments carried on through the mediumshlp of Mrs. Piper and tho conclusion which is reached by Dr. Hodgson, in spito of all attempts to find some othor explanation for those remarkable phenomena I am forced to accept the spirit hypothesis. I do not say that no other ex planation will ever bo more acceptable, but that up to the present time, with all tho light I have obtained from long years of study of tho subject, it is the most reasonable nnd tho most acceptable. However startling and lucredlblo it may sound, thoro seems but ono conclusion to bo drawn from this scries of oxporlments, viz., that It is possible to demonstrate tho ex istence of another IITo." Prof. Hyslop hn( beon Vico-Prcsl.dent of tho Now York section of the American branch of the society since Its founding. When nskod to express an opinion as to tho recent finding of the society ho said: " I havo gone over tho roport of tho socloty twlco very carefully and llnd that tho work per formedihns been mo.st. thorough nnd painstak ing. Every effort has been made to provent duplex personality, telopathy, fraud and Illu sion. Tnoro aro only three theories open to nccount lor these phenomena: First, fraud and illusion: second, telepathy : third, spirit com munication. Such care has been oxorclsod on the partof tho Investigators that tho possibility of fraud and Illusion is to bo dismissed at once. Tho real Issue rosts between telepathy and spirit communication. Hitherto tho scientist looked at telepathy as a precondition of any thing further and demanded more proof for it. He has been unwilling to go as far as telepathy between living minds. Dut tho present report completely changes the issuo. It brings us to the pass whoro all the doubts against telepathy toll In favor of Dr. Hodgson's conclusion. Hence all who have hlthorto questioned thought transference as the major memieof proof for Immortality will not find themselves forced to accept it as the only hope of escape nnd such nn astonishing extension of it to insure this escape that -they must wonder whether further resistance to spiritualism Is worth while. , " Having taken for years tho raulcallvskcntl cal position in regard to oven the possibility of Immortality I am not convinced that material ism may not show some acrobatic elasticity In this case. Put I do admit that the spirit com munication theory Is the more reasonable, and nt the present time more easy ot accaptnnco than tho telepathic. Thoso of us who wish to prosorvo our customary caution can only ask tor further facts boforo making up our minds. Tn the mnnntlmn Ihn nhfillenfft la tnf rATWef able to Ignore, and tho consequences ot con clusion, whether affirmative or negative too momentous to justify scientific truancy, lle ligloo and politics have as much at stake In the matter as science. The work of Investigation and keoplng it nndor decent control can no longer bo shirked. "If luture work of the society shall continue to confirm the present conclusion, no man can make a safe estimate of what an Influence this discovery will havo upon tho world's life and thought. It will completely revolutionize the ology, ut the same time being tho greatest boon to tho human race. Not so much for tho more knowledge ot tho fhet and Its demon strablllty as It will bo of tho opening up of the other world and Its lnterchango of Ideas." MVttTEItlBS Of OLD JTASTEttS. Tho Duel Between Experts nnd Frnuila. rarit Carmvondtnet of Iht CouttUt de fitatt Unit. In a vaudeville that used to bo played at the Palais Itoyal nn upstart Is mado to say: "Como see my gnllcry. I havo got sixteen old masters from tho sale, or slxteon old sails from the sell I don't know which." Many of our experts might say tho same thing, becauso the imitation ot old pictures is becoming n regular and flourishing business, with Us workshops. Its nrtists and its markets. The other day In one of tho suburbs of Brus sels a factory wasdiscovered for turning out tho works of old mastors.and the spoclmons brought to light woro well calculated to puzzle tho most skilful experts. As a matter of fact, dur ing the past fortyyears Belgium has put upon tho market hundreds of Hobbemas, Tenlers, Motzus. Buysdnels and espeelally Van Goyens. which they have iiindo quite fashionable. It Is easy for skeptics to say that. In spite of their skill, tho forgers can never dewlvo men of experience: that they always make feeble copies or wretclien imitations; tnai tnodasu, the llfp and tho ovidencoof tho free hand In ex ecution, which aro clearly presented In the genuine works of tho masters, are always ab sent In tho copies. But, unfortunntoly, this I.i not tho case. Thoro nro forgers In art whose skill is no loss astounding than deplorable. To prove this nslnglonxampla suffices: All thoso who occupy themselves n little with tho fine nrts know, at lout by reputation, tho two famous portraits of Leo ., one In the Trlbuna room of tho Ufflzll gallery In Horenco and the other In the Museum of Naples. No body has ovor been able to tell which Is tho original. , , , , .. Wo nro eompolled to acknowledge tho won dorful skill of these forgers who successfully seize. If not the dotalls, at least tho ensemble of u work. Then, as for the details, they hnvo jecourso to another method. There nro mo ments when llterury men. to avoid tho troublo of consulting a dictionary, put a mark upon n word tho orthography of which they aio npt quite sure, and leuvo to tho proofreader the caro of hunting It up. Woll, tho reproducers of old masters replaco tho Ink mark by a vege tation" whloh Is obtained oy robbing with a wot rag tho portion of the picture, which Is to be covered, for cause. Tho water loft upon tho spot boon produces n mouldlncss and an In llnlto number of little spots. Tho whole forms a stain which, in the slane of tho forgers, is called a Chanel. . ,, , Tho methods of thoso swindlers nro Innumer able. For oxainplo, to destroy the, proof that the canvas Is newly pnlnted. they simply bake It. In this way they obtain a rough anil scaly surface When the scales do not appear in Biifllclont quantity the point of n Din is used to produce the desired additional number, A judicious employment of wet aslios and lamp black in varying doses suffices to give to the color those beautiful sombre and yellowish tones that time spreads upon the works of past centuries, t.panish licorice is nlso used to give modern canvases the nppenr uiiceofoldagn. A decoction of wlno must is soiiiotlmes poureu upon the painting. It is spread with tho palm or tho hand and rubbed until It becomes dry. That Is tho method of giving to the canvas what is called tho warm und golden tone. , , Some time ago the oxpertd discovered a very simple method of detecting the fraud. The copies, having nelthor the onumol nor tha iiardiii'SH of tho old paintings, woro unnblo to resist tho attacks ol alcohol, which in i'h, their colors fade rapidly Hut In this oternnl duel between tho oviwrt and the forger, the latter lins the rlpote aUuys prompt To innke his copies proof against tho attacks of alcohol, ho covered thrm Willi n light eoat of liquid glue. Over this tho nliohol passed, jm-t iui It might pass out ii pane of glass. Ills nntewiiithy Hint these forgeries nro veil known to the amateurs who are still lold enough to purehusn old palming. The mania uf the collector holds out nsnlnst all dluapioIiit lUHiitsuud nilalinpj, 'iBMiiiiiiiamifiMWIWalirsssBssMaaTaMMisl OUR SPANISH WARSHIPS. XITELYJt OF TJTEJf JVOIT 1'TjT THK STATtS AND 8TRIVKS. Two of Them Aro on the Atlantic Conit, nnd the Molt Itnportnnt of tho Otliirs Aro tn the Philippines Tho Three Rent to Hong Koiigv to lie llepntreil. WAsnTNOTos.Doc.24. Twolvo former Spanish men-of-war nro now flying tho Stars and 8trlpo9 as permanent additions tu tho American Navy. Two of theso nro on tholr way to Portsmouth. N. II., whoro thoy nro to bo fumigated and cloaned nnd returned to Cuba for duty : sovon aro attached to Hear Admlr.il Dowoy's com mand, and thrco. just raised at Manila, have been sent to Hong Kong, whoro they aro to bo rebuilt. Those floatod at Manila had been lying In tho mud of the bay slnoo May 1 last, when Dowoy's fleet entered tho harbor nnd de stroyed or sunk cloven vossels. Do'nlto tho Iobs of the four armored cruis ers sunk by the American fleet at Santiago do Cuba on July ft, tho authorities nro woll satis fled with tho possession ot a round dozen ot former Spanish men-of-war. It Is Intonded thnt the thrco ships just raised at Mnnlla Don Juan do Austria, fsla do Luzon and Isln de Cuba shall be put In tho best possible con dition, not only bocauso thcr aro trophlos of war, but for tho service thoy will bo nblo to render among tho Philippine Islands. Thoso vessels wore, raised by the skill and persever ance of Naval Constructor G. W. Capps, as Is attested br this cablegram, recently! re ceived bv Bocretary Long from Hoar Ad miral Dewey: " Stcrttarv tf t A'arv, WaMnilon: "Isla do Luzon, Isla de Cuba and Don Juan de Austria hare boon raised and docked. My anticipations as to tholr valuo fully realized, Will leave shortly for Honjf Kong under.thelr own steam. Constructor Capps deserving of tho highest commendation." It was Intondod that Mr. Capos should havo charge of the reconstruction of the rnlr.ed ves sels, but attor consideration of the matter and in view of tho need of his sorvlces at tho Union Iron Works, whoro ho Is supervising con structor In charge of tho construction ot the battleships Wisconsin and Ohio, it was de termined to ordor him to return to the United States and toTsend Naval Constructor Hob son to Hong Kong to supervise the work. Mr. Hobson would havo preforrod to g 3 to Santiago as tho representative of the Govern-, ment In connection with the floating of tho ltelna Mercedes and tho Spanish armored oruisers at that place, but the department de cided he would bo moro useful at Hong Kong, and accordingly Issued tho necessurr orders. Although a great deal ot work wilt he nec essary to repair tho Isla de Luzon, Isla do Cuba, and Don Juan de Austria. Jlr. Capps has notified Chief Naval Constructor Philip Hlchborn that the total cost of repairing nnd raising them will be only 450.000 Mexican dol lars, or $220,000 American gold. "Jlr. Capps said." Mr. Hlchborn said, that when tho Hong Jong company which was nwardod the contract completes tho work, tho vessels wilt bo ns gsod as new. being supplied with all equipment and ready to return to Manila wheneer this Government desires. Of course the Hong Kong company will not bo required to 'furnish guns, but it will ;bo ex pected to put them and their mounts in good condition. The vessels nro just what wo neod amonc tho Philippines, nnd, in fact, they were especially built by Spain for such ser vice. They are small, ot light draught, and of good steaming radius, and will be able to .en tor tho shallow harbors which abound In the islands." From the Chief Constructor this table was obtained gi'.ing tho dimensions and other data concerning tho Spanish vessels captured during the war: I i r i f S I i f 1 1 I " ' : M I : f- :" s ! : J 5 5 S? 5 5 5 a 2 H S 8 3 ! J 3 3 ," S f ! . i s I S 8 M !!s i H 1 H i III ? : : r S 3- r : :: TTT : : ' : . . -. 1.3 -s w ij a p 5 ci o o 5 ci ii ' ct ' b si ",. -- . r f r- r r r ; r- r- r - - s, ci ci u h rl a s ei a w j ii ti v -s -s-s-- 32 2tS22? r r r r r rr f r r - m 5. 3 O O M J? 5 MO O OI4 GOOOg o o o ? c o"o ocTo3 a a a a a a a npgs r- OOBOCDCN 'CM 0-40 b b ii -i J tr w tf ff tr f r- n h 3 a e a a a a a a a a a. ooooo oo ooo ST ? " ST ff" STC "?'' The ordnnneo with which the Spanish shins were Runplled ranged from tho ancient to tho modern and of such diversified calibres that it wa surprising thero was not groat confu sion in tho handling nnd distribution of am munition. Tho Alvarado and Sandoval wero armed each with one r7m.m. nnd one H7mm.: the Barcelo with two mnehlne guns of ffimin, nnd two torpelo tubes: the Callno with one Hontorin :t.,r.lnch and ono Hontoria2.7r-inch. The Leyto cnrrle one lionturla 2.75-lneh nnd I two Nordenfeldt 11mm. machine guns: the Manila Is supplied with two bronze euns and tho Mindanao is onulpped with one bronze rifle of 4.8-lnch and ono machine gun of 11mm. Tho Don Juan de Austria was armed with four 4.7-lneh Hontorla brcech-loadlng rifles, four U-pound rupld-llrlng guns nnd ono machine gun, nnrt the Isla do Cuba und Ila de Luron each had n battery comprising six 4.7 inch Hontorla breech-loading rifles, fourti pound rapld-flrlne guns, two 1-Inch Norden feldt and two .5'J-inch Nordenfeldt. "As tho gun mounts worn built to meet the peculiarities of the vessels." said Cant. Charles O'Neil. chief of the Bureau of Ordnance, "it seems to me it will lie wise to retain the mounts now on board the ships, repair them nnd re mount tho guns If they have been dismounted. Thero would be no dlfllculty In securing 4,7 luch ammunition. The New Orlenns hns a number of guns of this calibre and during the war n largo quantity of ammunition for thorn was secured. Tho surplus supply can bo sent to Manila for the use of the vessels there. Be sldos I have receded an offer from nn Ameri can firm willing to supply the Government with such ammunition. Although the heavi est guns of the Isla de Cuba. Isla de Luzon and Don Juan de Austria are not of the rnpfd-flring type, still thoy will be very sen leenhle. Should the shins overcome to the United States, then it might be considered advisable to lit them out with rapid-firing batlorloa." Besides the shins named Ii, Is hoped by the officials ot the Navy Department that the cruiser Mercedes can be raised nnd sujeess fully brought to the United States. A con tract has been executed with the Merrltt ,fc Chapman Wrecking Company ot New York for thi work, tho company to receive $i5,000 If It delivers the vessel to the Government at Norfolk. Naval Constructor Hobson Is satls lled that the Mercedes can be raised and he urged the department to send him to Santiago to supervise the wrecking operations, but tho Secretary did not cre to grant his request, especially ns his services nro needed urgentlv nt Hong Kong. The Neptune Company of Stockholm, Sweden, has sent representatives to Santiago to oxi.mlno the sunken nrmorrd cruisers there, and should that company sub mit a proposition on the "no oure, no pnv" principle It will be accepted by the department. ino.v aiiAYETAnna jy texkzvbla. l'ropnimli AlUnl In This Country to Build One Thnt Will Mold SS.000 llodles. PniLJtSELFiiiA, Dec, 24. Tho Iron manu facturers of Pennsylvania havo beon nskod through the medium of the National Associa tion of Manufacturers to submit proposals to the Government of Venezuela for an Iron grave) a rd In whloh to rolntor 2G.0O0 bodies, The proposal is novol with Iron industries of this Stnte, although thero uro a fow iron ceme teries In Southern cities. , , , Tho graveyards, particularly In Caracns, horotofore have been built of stone, but these havo proved unsatisfactory. They woro not wnterproof, Thoy could not be made so; at least the skill of the average Venezuelan failed In thl direction. When tho Venezuelans camo to look into the wonders on display in thu Man ufacturers' Association's snmplo wnrehouso ut Caracns they decided that American Ingenuity would solve the problem of the proper enre of tliudend. Tho water persisted fn percolating thmuuh tho rock barriers. These weto as costly ns thej werolnsuniclent. Tho Venezuelans hnc become tiled of build. Ing htone. graveyards. They havo been erected ut great cxpeiifoot marble and gtnnltcund It Is believed that Iron will answer evorv purpose. But it must bo made wnterproof. and Mr Naelo of the Manufacturers' Association said to-ilny he (lid not doubt that Pennsylvania mechanics could furnish n structure Unit would aniwer every put rose. r biifi'ii-iliTr- 4 nrtlAiliiniVklhiti-Mrt ,,i frff.mr,' k murtninl V. xiib BKivrnn Ann the coxsvu A Stntely Function In Rnmnn Where Tnnkee Henrtlnem "Vn Imbnrrntilng. Out In the much voxod kingdom ot Samoa whoro International politics nnd pollclos havo cngondorod much potsonal and Individual rancor, It is usual to find n Inrgo part ot tho resident white population ot tho bench at Apia on tho rovotsoot speaking terms with one an other. Still, when It comes to n case of celebrat ing somo nntlonal holiday, It Is customary for nil tho Engllsh-spcnking pooplo to net tn ac cord nnd to turn out for -American and British festal days with Impartiality ot attendance and enthusiasm. Tho most pretontlous or suoh events In Into yoarswastho British Consul's celebration of tho Queen's diamond jnblleo. Thoro was a crulsor In port, H. B, M. 8. Lizard, about tho slzo and portentous appcarnnco of a converted ferryboat, but It had shoot guns aboard, and could at least mako a noise that was a large lltt toward tho success of tho eolebratlon. Thoro woro rollglous exorclsos which nil In official life attended In full uniform. Thoro woro games of polo nnd crick ot There woro oxhlbltlon drills of bluejnekots and marines by day and fireworks by night. A most romarkn bio band' happened to bo stranded In Apia nt tho tlmo. nnd It played what was supposod to bo music whenever It wns not bolng vlolontly suppressed by Its victims. Tho culminating glory of the three dnys' jubilee was tho lovoo of hor Brllannlo Majes ty's Consul at Mntautn on tho last day. The tableau was sot with n koon eye to general ofToct, for tho Consul would have mado a good stago manager for drawing-room comedy if ho lind gono Into that lino of business. Ho stood on tho steps of the verandn of tho con sulate tna shndo of stophanotts and allaman da. whloh kept off tho glaro of the noon sun. Ho was supported by tho majesty of King Mnllctoa in his one uniform with tho incon venient sword, nnd bv the otTlcers of the cruiser, by tho dlplomntto and treaty officials In the strict order of rank. A few porsons with rirotonslons to position had been honored with nvltntlons to scats on tho verandn, or In do fault of suoh Invitation had manTtivred them selves Into the reserved clrclo. But the gen eral populace. British subjects nnd s.morlcnn citizens, wero strung out in line along roped pnthways through the compound to provont them from straggling out of tho lino of march which was designed to load them solemnly passed tho dapper llttlo Consul In his silvor lnced uniform ns tho personal representative or all that wns British. Of course, when ono Is In the world whore things hnppon and thoro nro real people walking about. It doos seem n most absurd thing to find nny plensuro in prancing gravely up to the front view of a neatly-groomed man In uniform nnd bowing to htm with the utmost circumstance. But out in Samoa It struck people as being almost tho real thing, and they did it for the most part without crooking a smile. Not entirely, however. Thoro was In the lino of citizens nfoot a largo slab-sided stevedore from 'wny down East from Sacarnppa. to bo moro precise Cnpt. Harrington had left his homo In Portland mnny a year ago, had seen tho chances ot the sea. and had settled down to stevedoring In tho port of Apia combined with n small plantation on the slopo of Mount Vicn. Ho had a voice so powerful that no galo had vet hcen found strong enough to drown It out. Ho had a vocabulary which would do credit to tho mato of a western ocean packet. He was for tils own part blissfully unconscious of theso somnwhnt promlnentpeeullnrltles. Oth ers might be well nwaro that ho was shouting boisterously: ho reully thought that he was conversing In n subdued and gentlo mnnner. Harrington was in the lino of citizens slowly moving across tho sceno In front of tho British Consul. Ho did not particularly notlco the form of salutation with whloh those nhead of him wero presumably Imparting solemn dignity to their deportment. He had talked to Consuls before and "ho know what to say as well as tho next man. Ho was really fooling cordial toward tho British nation and Its representative just nbout that tlmo and he was willing to say so. When in his turn he shuflled along In front of tho receiving party he paid his Independent respects to tho Consul, whose dainty hand ho fnrolded in a comprehensive grip nnd n shnko which communlcnted Its henrtlness up and clown the slendor framo of tho representative of the British empire "Great Scott. Mr. Consul. ' he roared mean while. "Hike this. By Judah's priest I do. I'm rosht almighty glad to see you and all tho rest of these, gol durnod British objects having such a lot of a good time, by thunder." The British Consul had to stnv whom ho was and try to look as though Capt. Harrington hnd not been quite so oordlal. But others in tho official circle were not so chained to tho par ticular spot, and they felt a sense of relief when the German Consul turned to his neigh bor and said: " Our British colleague has possibly somo re freshments In his (lining room. Shall wo see ?" It was a trifle, but It saved the situation. KIAOAJCA'S XE1V 1UIIDQK. It Will Span the Gorge on the 81te of the Structure Destroyed In 1804. Niaoara Falls. N. Y.. Dec. 24. A new sus pension bridge Is to bo built across tho Niagara gorge. During the past two years both of tho famous suspension bridges at the Falls have given way to steel arches, and tho new sus pension bridge will thcreforo be the only structure of the kind to connect Now York State with the Dominion of Canada. , The brill so will extend from tho points near the village of Lowlston. N. Y nnd tho quaint old town of Queenston, Ont where in 1850-51 another suspension bridge was built to con nect the Lewlston Mountain with Queenston Heights. That old brldco was many years nhead ot tho profitable demands of 'ho times, nnd when It was destroyed Itwas not rebuilt. The wrecking of the old bridge forms one of the important events In Uio historv of tho Niagara roglon. F.nrlyin 1804 a mighty mass of loo came down tho Niagara River from Lako Erie. The owners of the bridge were tearrul forthosatetyotthostructuro. fortho guysweio anchored just above high water mark. Orders were Issued to loosen tho guys nnd lift them up out of the way of the Icy mass. This was dono. the lee jam went out. und no damage was caused: Tho guys wero not reanchored, how ever. Suddenly, out from tho southwest thero enmo a llcrce gale, which swept down the Niagara chasm. It.oaught tho brldgo full on the side, and soon tho structure was swinging back and forth. The men In ehnrgo could do nothing to protect It from the wind. About 11 o'clock on tho morning of Monday, Feb. 1, 18tJ4. It gave a great surgo und then tho greater jiartof it fell Into tho river below. It was a complete wreck. Buck and forth tho old cablos KwiiTit? until Inst fnll thnv were cut mrnv. From tower to tower tho sp.ui of the new bridge will bo a llttlo moro than 1,000 Teet. while the span of the nusponded portion will bo nbout WOO feet. The outsidu width of the bridge will he 28 feot. and the roadway will havHii width of 25 feet. This width of lloor will afford room for a single trolley car track laid through tho centre, with space on either side for teams. Tho towers are four In num ber, two being on oach sldo of the river. Owing to a difference In tho height ot tho river banks, thoso on tho New York side nro about eight feet higher than thoso on the Canadian side, their respective heights being 2I nndlrtfoet. The number of cables will bo four and thoy will bo mado out of the wire ropes that formed tho nobles ot tho old upper suspension bridge which stood cloeo to the Falls The height of tho bridge above tho water will bo about 70 feet. The brldgo will be completed and opened for next summer's travel to the Falls, FARMEItS ALAUMEt JtY A WILDCAT. It Kills Sheep In Wnyiie County and Some times I'ursupi Men, Rochestkr, Dec. 24. William von Blltzen. who lives In tho vlllago of Joy, Wnyno county, was chased by a wildcat tho other night. It Is supposod to bo tho same beast that has killed many shoop around Alton nnd Intorfored with several hunting parties outafter such harmless game us partridges and rabbits. Von Blltzon wns returning from tho home of a neighbor about 10 o'clock, nnd tho moon was bright. In ordor to save tlmo ho took u cross cut tluouuh the Ileitis and n stretch of thick woods. He had his dog along with him. Pres ently tho dog began to sniff around and with n howl disappeared among tho trees. The dog's place was taken by another anlmnl with Ilory eves and a slinking guit. Von Blltzen thought ut llrst that he might have como across a out of unusual oizo, but he nearly jumped out of his boots when hn heard tho scream ot a wildcat. Tho anlmul came closer and closor to him. He kept on the sldo of the road whoro the moon shone, on him, and from tlreo to tlmo he stopped and looked at his pursuer. At such times the wildcat would turn tall and slink off Into the woods, only to reupjionr und start toward him again when he trudged on. It was evidently waiting for the tlmo to come when it oould spring upon him. As Von Blltzen reaohed tho clearing the nuimnl gavo two or three loud screams and disappeared in tho woods. Von Blltzen went to the home of tho farmer In the clearing to warn him. Tim fnrmor found his sheep In the shed huddled together in one corner, ns though they scented danger. Ho gavo Vou Blltzen a rlllo and the two mon hunted through the woods, hut, although they heard tho cut screaming, thoy could not get near enough to shoot The farmers living in that region havo become alarmed, becuuso the wildcat has klllod and carried off much of their unprotected stock. Several porsons besides Von Blltzen have been followed by tho wildcat. It Is considered remarkable that such nn animal should llnd ii home in this locality. There nro !no unbroken forests to tempt a wild rover. In stead, fertile farms and small woods occupy tho landscape. hhhhhIijbHwih5SBhi PIONEERS A "GOOD GRAFT." NO. tt OF TltTt FOttMEIt Ar.COTtOT.ld DEGENERATES TET.T.H A 8T0111'. It lint to Do with Ills Kxporlrnres nn tho rnclflo Slope What Ho Lost on liners tn 'I'llnco He (lot llnck in tho Field of Illngrnphlenl Literature In Oregon, "Now, Portland. Ore, Isn't what you'd call by tights a nlco, soft-town In whloh to go broke," said No. 0 of tho Harlem Club of Former Alco holic Degenerates, thoughtfully polishing the stone ot his four-karat, blue-white diamond ring with his poekot handkorchlof. "Portland Isn't frosty, but It's wet. It rains thlrUan months In tho year out there, and tho gloom of tho burg is pervasive and pronounocd. You got no spnrkllng snnshlno nnd bluo skies In Portland to throw momentary spasms of hopo Into you whon you're no ngalnsttlt; nothing but soggy, dripping clouds, clayey streets, nnd misery, Tho worst of It is, tho rum-mills of Portland nro tho most attractive joints ot tho kind on the Slooe, so that whon you hit Portland with nothing on you but your constitution whorewlth to try for a win-out. tho Tantalus camo played on you by tho bright-lighted boozo faotorlos, with their pianists, harpists and flddlors zliiplngnwnyln nil tho back rooms. Is a hard proposition to onduro In tho midst of tho oxtorior gloom. "Worst of It Is. If vou walk Into n Portland ioy-jolnt just, to get out of tho wot, nnd stand In front of tho bar for two minutes without buylnc. you're dead liablo to get vaggod. The bnrkecp sizes you up out ot tho tall ot his eye and keops tho other eyo on tho stop-watch he puts on strangers entering the plant If yon don't call for what you want, but haven't got tho prloe of, within two minutes flat, he sneaks from behind tho bar. steps to tho front door, whistles for a web-foot cop. and the next day you're breaking rook. They didn't get me this way. for I had tho finish of my '80 whirl In San Francisco, and when I got to Portland I didn't want anything but work or a ticket East. But I saw the barkoeps nnd the web-foot cops put It on a lot of other hard-luokors for not buying within tho speci fied time, and it struck mo that It was a cold and unteeling way ot handling stransors, "I didn't have any particular reason forgo ing to Portland, anyhow. I had struck San Franolseo from New York a couple of months before with a bundlo of money nnd one of those clnoh-bottlng absinthe things thnt had such a good start on me that I couldn't catch up with It so long as I had tho dust to keop it going. I played 'em as far back as I could .it tho San Francisco tracks, but It was no uso. I ate up all tho 1 to 3 third shots they pushed at mo, and was oven afraid to olay one to win at the clnchy-looklng prlco of 3 to 5 or 1 to 2 bn, so wlso did the green stuff talk to mo. Well, you know what the game was out In California at that tlmo. The botting on tho ono you liked, and that flgured'to win, would open up, say, at even money, and you could write your own ticket on tho rest. After you'd got your money down on tho right one to got the place, taking about 2 to 0 on to mako a 'moral' ot It. tho flash 'ud come in on one of the other skates, the price on which would hop down from about 15 to 1 to 4 to 5 on. Thon there'd be flashes on one or two more of 'em, and by the time tho bunch went to the post your horse would be baeKOd 'way up for a lobster. "The nag that got the biggost flash down always won by four blocks, helped out by tho pailful of cocaine they'd give him, and Hint's all thero was! to It. Y'our first favorite, that you played for the plotz at 2 to 5 on, wo"ld generally be "coming Btronc at the finish' and would be put down on tho charts as 'short of work, due the noxt time out.' The judges would cackle a bit about 'reversals tn form' and then itwas up to you to guess which one was 'moant' to win tho nextlrnce. "It was n game that you could only beat by being in tho know, and Eastern pikers had no business out there. I was too busy experi menting with the green stuff straight, drips and frapotSs to snuggle up to the clique that knew how all tho races were going to bo run. one, two, three, and that's why they put the flnnl crimp In mo within two weeks after I hit San Francisco. At ',er I'd got in hock for all of the gear and had dono the usual ton-day trick in the you-have-them ward I crawled out to hunt for a job. California Is the El Dorado of the world, maybe not. I never saw so many broke men in my life as I knocked against in California. On tho level, there wero broke grafters from tho East working on the streets of 'Frisco for SI a day and wearing plug hats and silk socks, when I was out there. "I didn't see a chanco to pull out In the middle ot that kind of a gamo and so I got a job for the one trip as tenth assistant super pa rco of the steamer Columbia, bound from San Francisco for Portland, Or. I got my board and passage for three days, eighteen hours each, ot froight-checking work and with nothing In sight when I struck the wet coun try. When I got 'paid off' from the stoamer on the dismal morning sho pulled into Port land all I hud besides a pnssablo front was an alligator hand satchel with a silvor-hacked hair brush m it that I had somehovvor othor overlooked when I was hooking things In San Fruncisco. I got $3 on tho satchel and brush ten minutes nfter getting off the boat, at", cot a shine and a shave and then struck out in the wet for a job. "They wero going to pinch me for a new crook in town at most of tho stores and offices where I walked in and said: 'Glmtno work.' Several of 'em told mo that they didn't seo any senso In this thing ot being broko nnd asked me why I didn't scoot up to Astoria and get a job in n sulmon cannerv. inasmuch as the sal inun season was on Thev think every man up thero that's broke Is a Chlnnook or a SI wash, v'beo. 1 was beginning to think tnnt the salmon-cleaning gamo would be about my graft, nt that, whon nlnng In the after noon nfter I had hit about 200 different com mercial siihckh iur sumc kiiiu iji u jou. i saw a sigu, Tuclllc Historical Association.' shining in the wet outside tho second-story window of nn office building. So I went upstairs to soo what kind of un outfit the Pncille Historical Association was. Thoro was only ono ojcu- Cnnt of tho office, which was llitered with new ooks, but he was enough, lie hnd on all colors of gig lamps and ho wns from Now York. Ho guve mo the opou face whon I shamblod in with my duds drlpninc rain. " "Hal You're from the old town.' said he. " 'How d'jo guess it?' said I. " Oh, becauso you've got the swagger and becauso vou look'as if vou're four-tliishlng under adverse circumstances,' said this hot card with the penetrating eye. 'Now whon did vou ay you'll he wanting to go to work on our "Historv or the Pioneers ot Oregon nnd Washington?" To-morrow morning, did you say. you wanted to start out':' "Pretty previous talk, wasn't It? But I was so darned glad to light on a duck from b?ck here that knew how to get to the point, oven if it was a DlulT, that I warmed up to him from the jump. " 'Quick action you're giving mo for my money, nln't it':' said I to him. 'What do you want mo to do with this "History of the Plo neors of Oregon nnd Washington" write it or sell It?' " 'Help to get the data, that's all. Book's not out yet. We're getting it togother now. Oh. you'll do ull right. Been hunting for you. Why didn't you get in befote? All rlgnt. You attrt out In the morning let's see. you can go to Baker City llrst atid clean up that place, and then I'll find you territory oucnvou got start- " "That's great,' said I. 'What do I go to Baker City on my face?' " 'I guess not,' said the Paclllo Historical Association he was the whole tiling himself. 'Don't get gay. I'll llx you out. Here's tho scheme: You dig out the old geezers, get next to them, interview 'em about their early ex periences, get u line on what they've done for the great and glorious West, with dates scat tered in stories of tholr encounters with grizzly bears when all this region wns a howl ing wilderness, Ac. how they built tho llrst log hut this side of Cheyenne, aud all thnt -and then vou write It up about 1.000 words 'or each ot 'em, you understand maybe a little moro fo' the genuine Heap-Jllgs an' show 'om what you've written. Thnt's when you do business. Their biographies, or autobiog raphies, arc to be Included In tho "History of tho Pioneers ot Oregon and Washington," with n picture of each of 'em, and it costs each of 'em $HXJ a throw to break Into the .history, Sen? You cot 25 per cent, commission on nil the pioneers you write up. This Is no con. game. Don't get that Into your head, It's on the, level. I'vo made $200,000 at it, working my wav from Arizona up hero, It's liko llnd ingnioiiov. There's you'r chunce.lf you want to win out ' .... " 'Vou're good.' said 1. Meantime. I'm not togged out lo make bluffs of this kind. And I think I'd be a trosl, nuyhniv, nskiug people questions nbout their' - ' 'No you wouldn't.' suld the Pnclflu Historical Association. "And, say, vou want u sldo line, I'm Introducing a new typewriter out lieu. Sevonty-tlvu dollars nnieet'. Vm can miike each of the pioneers cough up for n typewrit- er unit you get $25 a machine. Coma on out I'm going to dress you up. Of course, you'vo got no trunk. Nelthor did I whon;l first hit Arizona. Got twelvo of 'em now." , , "Say. that wasnaiiocr snap. I eouldnt nat urally tnko much stock In It for I wasn't nny more of n como-on thon than tho 'average hnrd'luckcr from this town, but you ought to hnvo seen how it wont through. Tho whirl wind Pacific Historical Assoolntlon ho wns really a milling nloe follow, nnd perfectly on tho level took mo out nnd togged mo out to ho limit suit, ovorcont, full sots of gear of nil kinds and thon registered mo nt his hotel, tho best In tho Statu ot Oregon, 1 ato dinner that ovonlng with him and his pretty Ban Fran cisco wile, and you'd havo thought thev hnd both known mo from Infancy.' "The noxt morning, with $50 oxponso money In mr clotlio?, I started for Baker City to wrlto ud the pioneers thereof and to sell om typewriters. It wns something easy. Thoy all wanted to get Into tho " History of tho Pio neers ; ofi Oregon nnd Washington.' oung ducks not out of tholr thirties wanted to break Into tho volume, and offered mo bonuses to work 'cm In. Ono of the rules ot tho Pncille Historical Association, howover. was that no pioneer of less than 50 years ot ngo could get into tho work. But I had plontyof buslnoss with tho old-tlmors. I'd wrlto them up or nately, filling In nil tho baro spots with pipe dreamy yarns, gonernlly winding up each wrlto-up with tho statement that tho subject thoreof had beon 'frequently mentioned for Congress or for Govotnor. or for "something equally nsgood,' and within ono month from tho dny I met un with II. Franklin Ornnvllle. tho hustling Pacific Historical Association, I counted up my chnngo In Seattle nnd found that I had about $080. I scattered tho type writers around my trail nnd mado almost ns much mono out of 'om as I did o,it ot tho write-ups, and to cap tho whole gnmo I dug up myfnther's missing brother he's In for a Bwoll:sond-offS Inttho " History of tho Tloncors of Oregon nnd Washington' nnd ho didn't havo a thing but about 1)0.000 acres ot shoop land, and tho sheop on the acres, in Malheur county. Oro. He thought I was a prottv nlco. ohesty young follow, and ho gnvn mo $1,000 for n Christmas present. I wns $3,800 good when I cashod In nt tho office whoro I had taken a chance on tho wet sign of the Pn clflo Historical Association, nnd B. Franklin Granville got out his book and delivered tho goods all right nt that "Thon I thought I'd bo down to tho San Francisco tracks and see if I couldn't get some of that monov book that I had handed to thu sure-thing layers of odds whon I wont broke, and when I struck the Barbary const of Frisco I just accidentally set up anothor partnership with tho grcon stuff. Oh. yes, I got haok to New York all right a couplo ot months later. Man that had been running an Eastern sttlng on tho Frisco tracks gave up tho game in disgust nnd when ho shinned his string back here, he let mo hitch on, as a feed er and rubber, for the freight ride aoross the eontlnont But thnt end of it's got nothing to do with the good win-out I mado In Portland." A NEW MEJklCO EPISODE OF 'SO. The Gun rlny, In n llnrronm, nt n llnd Mnn from Nowhere, nnd Its Mrquol. "Whore he camo from or who ho was no body knew. He wns not communicative, nnd nobody was tempted to ask him. That ho was l bad all hands who snw him agreed when he rode in through the now town nnd began drinking In the saloons nbout old Las Vegas Plaza. You could read it in his burnt red skin and -fido. low cheekbones, and-thin, straight lips and square Tjaw. It wus just as plain that ho was mean ot disposition and bound to get moaner with ovory drink ho took. Ho was tall and wiry of build and carried himself like a man who knew what It was to take caro of himself In rough pluces, nnd It wns an ominous sign that whllo drink brought an ugly gleam Into his eyes, It did not fooze him a bit or make him talkntlve. It was tho winter ot '80. tho year after tho Atchison road camo to Las Vegas, and toughs nnd desperadoes and gam blers from everywhere had Hocked to tho town, which was tho biggost and hottest on the lino of the New Mexico division. A bad man moro or loss did not count whoro there woro so many, but thero aro kinds and kinds ot.bnd men, and this one, by his appearance, was not of a sort for a peaceful man, and. above all. a tenderfoot, to tip elbows with. "He had been drinking pretty steadily since 10 o'clock in the morning, and it wa nbout 4 in the aftornoon when I stepped into tho Es cudero saloon, whore he was standing at the bar." snld Ellis Lyford, sometime of New Mexico, continuing his account ot nn episode which he prefaced with the foregoing personal desorlotlon. "I was new In the country or I might have remarked the circumstance that the saloon was pretty empty for that hour in tho day. Tho bartender, in a white jacket and apron, two cattlemen talking business at a table in ono corner, and the etranger, with his el bow on the counter, wore tho only people there when I entered. I asked the bartender if a friend of mlno had boon In, and then, before going out. called for a drink. I swallowed the whiskey nnd had turnod toward the door when the stranger spoke to me. " "Have a drink.' be said. I caught the eye of tho nartoiider. und ho gave me a look which said 'Go away' as plainly as words could have don-. " "PIaso excuse me.' I snld. 'I have just had one' " 'Yoa'ro making too much talk.' the stran ger snld. ami turned to the bnilemler. 'Set out the stuff nnd a couple of glasses. Tho gen tleman.' with ix drawllng..sarcastlc umphn-dM-on tho word. 'Is going to do me the high honor to tako a drink with me.' ' "The gentleman says he does no' want to jdrlnk,' said tho bartender, setting befoio him a whiskey bottle and n glass. "Tho stranger Illlod the glass to tho brim and. not taking his eyes fro"i mine, pushed it along the counter tovvurd me. I saw that he meant to g.. through with what ho had started tc do. It was his llrst outbreak since lie had bofun drinking In the morning, and all the homicidal devil -.ithln him. which had been coming to the surface us he turned In the liquor, now hnd full control. He shown! no excitement only tho cool, hateful delibera tion which meant a thousand times moro dan ger than any amount of tearing around mid noisy bluff could have dono. He hnd made no threat h.ul shown novcanon. hut threats and weapons were needle-' to his meaning: all was implied in his look. Watching him, I was awaro thnt the cattlemen hail stopped In their conversation to look, and that the bar tender, a fresh-faced, boyish-looking younc fellow, wns pulling the bottle toward him as he wiped tho cojnter with a cloth. " "ho vou'll not drink your whiskey,' said the stranger, with un ugly sotting of his jaw and u drawing at the corners ot his thin lips, as I shook my head, "You'll tako it this way. men. nuu vviin n motion as kuuuuu un n cm he tlimw tho whlskev into my eyes. As, blind ed, smarting nnd half knocked off my feet by the shock, 1 clung hclpleas to the counter n crashing sound was in my eats and a noiso of tho falling of llylUK glass, then tho slam of n chnlroverturued In the cornor whoro tho cattle men wore, and the footsteps or mon gathering about me. Sonicbodv wined my oyes with u wet towel nnd the bartender's lolcn snid: " 'Come with me. Here, step nround a lit tle, this way. Now straight ahead.' "Holdlnc my hand nnd with ono arm nround mc. the bartender was guiding my mopi to the back room ot tho saloon. He turned mo asldo onco as we went, but not so inickly but thnt my foot trlpiiod ngalnst something on the. floor which 1 knew to be tho bodv of a mnn. Then I heard him pouring water intoa basin, and hn suld: 'Now. dip your eyes In this and keen them there till the doctor coir-es." "By tho time tho doctor camo. which was In a few minutes, the smnrtlng of my eyes was nearly gone, nnd I could seo ns well as ever. With my face in the water 1 had not paid much nttention to the comings and goings in the room, but when I 'lifted my head and looked nround 1 sawn crowd of men standing about a man stretched out on n plank laid across some whiskey barrels. It was the ftriuigcr who had thrown the liquor In my eyes, nnd he was as deait as Julius Ucsar. A smash in tho head with a whiskoy bottle had settloJ him short and it was the bcylsh looking bartender who had done the trick. " 'I lauded the bottle none too soon,' the bar tender said to me nfterwanl. 'He had his pistol hnlf way out whon he went down. Why should he wish to kill you? Ask me some thing easier. All 1 know is. some men get that wav when llnuor Is In them. If I'd missed him? Woll, I didn't mean to mils, or hnvo him coming round afterward to iilck up the quarrel again. I pitchcd'baseball in n League club two yearf before 1 camo West, nud I know what I could do.' " 'Harry. I'm afraid you've cheated somo Sheriff's officer out of a reward.' said Mysteri ous Dave Mnthes. tho City Mnndial. to the bar tender when he camo to view the dead robber. 'If there isn't an "olive or doad" reward out for tills fellow somewhere. I'm no judge of .1 hu man countenance. You'vo spoiled his looks some with that bott'e. Say, Harry, don't vou think 'twould havo been friendly to have given mo n Up that he was looking for trouble: I'd hnvo saved him up till wo found out whether there was nny market value In the galoot. There's a wny of dnlng thus things officially, you know, and wo to setting up for a civilized ?ominunlty in Lns Vegns.' "Huodoo Brown, the (itv Magistrate, was of Mysterious Dave's opinion, 'Hut it's too late now, and It's no use crying over split milk. ho remarked, philosophically. There's nothing left lor mo to do now but Impanel a jury to acquit lla-ry on grounds of self-defence, for killing this gcnflemuu, mime unknown. Irom nowhere. The joke, Is nn the city officers, or nn tho corpse, and, pending a decision, the house will set uji the drinks.' "it never to my kiiuw'eilge was found out who the 'gentleman from nowhere' whs. and. In default of a name, his resting place Is un marked among tho illustrious dead who have censed from wtrfarn aud sleop their Iat sleep in Boot 11111 Couotury outside the old town." V WEST YIRGINIA OIL CRAZE. SUDDEN FORTUNE DROVOttT TO OWN jM ERS OF POOR LANDS. &lfl Orcnt Itoynltlea I-nld to rnrmors Infinite Sfl nut Clothing Who Only n Short Time SH Ago Could Itnnlly l'nrn n I,lvlng-Slrenl( KH of t.iick-ttccentrlcitles or Oil nml tin. M PAnKi-nsnumi. W. Vn Deo.' 22.-Wost Ylr "jSH Klnla Is passing through nn oil ornzo at Pres- 'V ent. A strntigor at ono of the hotels any where " !K lieronbouts-wlll hear nlno mon out ot ton talk- 3 lng nbout tho cllnal and nntl-cllnnl, salt sand '3H nnd Boron grit, cas pressure nnd leases, 45-de fSH crco lino nnd royalties nnd a thousand and Mjt ono othor things wh'nh nro moro or loss moan WM inglcss to him. What ho doos understand all ;' rolntes to oil. Somo man nnd women ore Mm growing rich, whllo othors nro losing overy Sm thing in tho rush fcr oil. aW Nature, In this Instance, has been most SaJE charitable ns tho grcntor part of tho dovolop- jJLM ment thus far has boon on lands so poor that l tho ownors wero put to It to make a living, atlj Bough nnd rooky hills nnd soilless oreek hot- 3m turns, almost worthless for farms, produce WmL t-tne-tontlis ot tho oil In Wost Virginia, nnd JGk hundreds of poor fat mors who a fow mbnths ngo found It difficult to ralso tho commonest Ml kind of food nnd pay fortho choapost of cloth- Sjflv ing nro to-day monthly depositors In tho banks 'vj ot this city, ltovnltles and rentals nro being vm paid in sums ranging from a fow dollars' up to Vaji thousands ovory month to farmors clad In xf rusty buttornut und ragged clothing. Drake 'S'j farm was rented nix months ago tor $250. THo m I man who leased tho place lost confidence In 'j ; tho torrltory boforo any devolonment waa ffi ;. mado and offered it to an oil land speculator r J'or $140. His olTor wns refused by this spoou- w? I lator. but was taken by another. A few day ' ago tho loaso was sold for $100,000 and the -Jtf : owner of tho land has an income from his roy -fp , attics and rentals ot $20,000. A roar aco a 4' young farmer living near this city was head Jf ' over cars tn debt nnd was at laBt compelled to Jf i mivo to a farm owned by his mother,' fourteen S. I mllosnorth.'ln ordor to mako a livelihood. Mo - leased tho land for oil purnosos n few months J& , ngn nud In Ions than sixtv ilnys three paying S3 , wolls wero struck on tho place. They were all ?'! good wolls, and tho royalties amountcd'to nl- fs I most nn Independent fortune. tiai The farmer paid his debts and put some - m money Into n bank and wns about to start Ajl back yesterday when he received the Irttelll- Jj ponce thnt nnolher'well a gusher this time had been struck on his farm. The last.well tn .tv considered tho best shnllowvsnlt sand well In yB West Vlrglntn and Is reported to be flowing ; tot) barrels nn hour. In n law office here there -5I1J is a notary public who seldom had n dollar to M' t spare. Tho lawyer received several months --M ago. In roturn for legal advice, a twenty-acra ppS lenso of a farm twelve miles uway. As nre- if ward to the notary tor little acts of kindness (' tho attorney gave him a fourth interest; Last -Si Tuesday a well wns struck on the lonse. nnd it MS is now quoted ns a twenty-bnrrel-nn-hour well, fJijr Oil scouts nro travelling nil over this region ? hunting for desirable properties, rhe-scout -jal keeps taKon nil the: wolls. producing ot1 dry, tS fur miles around. Ho thereby secures a 3m kpow!t-dge through which his employers, ffS some woalthy Arm or corporation, nre enabled Pirn to get tho best-paying territory or to buy-out jm cood producing wells. Nearly overy large olt ri3p j company has in Its employ a number of scouts. uOH Following tho -.cout.'comes the leaser of lands. J1 His business is to select whnt Is considered wj valuable territory for prospecting nnd to se- -ASM' cure lenses, binding himself to sink or begin a IS certain number of wells In a certain number 4SM nf days and to pay n certain monthly routal. :!, These leases nro nil plottco nnd offered for sale tortho speculator or prospector. Sometimes It ?Ri occurs that a lease Is refused as valueless and "(J Is given up when, pel baps, within sixty days jiS Jevelopmcnt In its vicinity brines it within the ' producing boundary, nnd there Is a rush for its rtrat posseislon. Ono rrospector may offer'SluO -j 'or it. and In less than twenty-four, hours an- yj other mav Increase tho bid to Sl.iKX) or oven A! S5.000. with a royalty of one-eighth or one- ,, 1 fourth of the oil. & All these thlngsadd to the excitement ot tho i pursuit, which Is not. howover. confined totno senrch for oil. Natural gas. which some years ''?t ago was allowed to go to waRte as useless. Is .$; now nsencerlv sought. Good gas wells aro in .i mnny localities ranch morc"valuable even'than f good oil wells. Ono gas woll may produce ) enough gns to run a whole pool or section of ft-J oil wells, while others are sold to the blg'gas 'J; companies, and the prortuet is piped to distant "JJ towns. Tho city of Pntkershurg is on In- j? stance. Natural gas is used in nearly everr -J houso and factory in tho town, and it is much ,?1 cleaner and ohonper than coal. ' B, Oil men often say thnt there is no telling what a well may do. It msy bo on from day ?J to day. yenr to vear. produohur oll'or'gus w with ns much regularity ns the swinging of a "re pendulum, or It, may break Inoso In a mtnute and mako trouble for everything in ltsvlclnl- .-' rv. When tho Big Mosns woll was struck It j flowed as nil seir-respcctlne wolls should, fill- , ing the tanks with oil day nft-r dar. until one , unfortunate uftornoon something broke J loose. Then gns. sand, salt water and other ; things lying 2 000 feet below began to come to ; the surface. The owners tried to plug the orl- ij flee, but Big Mo'os wouldn't have It. Every - plug lnerfed was blown out. nnd agroat-ool- i umn of gas shot up Into the nlr. The own- , ts dually had an immense cnntlng made which : weighed several tons. This casting was i placed over the mouth of the Big Moses after "j n great deal of trouble, and the proprietors 'j turned nwny with a sigh of relief, satisfied thnt ", at last thoy had secured control of theter- 4 ror. A few days later they found that the pres- sine had onened a new outlet nnd the well wai if ngaln pouring out gravel, s.md and all sorts of rubbish. Not only was this the case, hut the 'i forces which lind been confined hsd cracked 4 tho earth for loner dlstmicos around, nnd gas In great jets wns bursting through. Boforo a stop could he nut to its eaners the cas caught I flro, nnd the lire spread through the woods. j. Tho well was ruined. For n wonder no ono was Injured In this , cne. There are manv Instances, howover. In i which lives havo been destroyed by Igniting ga. notably that of a well on Whlskev Bun, ,i This well, situated in n natural amphlthoatre, j surrounded bv hills, filled the little valley full A of gns one morning. The ciiscnuchtflre from S n p"mplnc well and did great damage. '3 Among other thing", a boarding houso 'was burned and four lives woro lost. js There is nnother well ten miles above this "S city which has n remarkable feature. Itflows SB once a dny nnd produces snlt water and Oil." At M 11:45 the well begins to rumble, und a mln- .t! uto or two Inter a great column of water and f jS oil rushes forth, spreading over the top of the rrl derrick nnd falling In n shower on thp ground, . The rush enntlnttes for hnmftthlnir liko hnlf w nn hour, when It censes entirely, to reappear jfj twentv-four hours later. 4u A well is sometimes sunk to the reoulred Jfl depth, found to bo ns dry ns tho proverbial J8M bone, nnd i- plugged, only to burst forth unex- Jim pectedly nnd eovor tho surrounding land with Jtl oil. On the other hand, n cood producer will 'li snmetlmcF quit In a second nnd refuse ever 3(3 after to respond fo oithor pump or dvnamlto, am nil oKwhlch goes to show thnt tho eccentrlcl- 1 ties of an oil well nro past finding out. 33 MVSTEHIOUS LIOIIT AT SEA. Ifi 5itV Three Stenmcrs Didn't Understand It, bnl the I'rlnce of Monaco Knew. ,.! ' tl" Tho Prince of Monaco 1ms been known since " 188." us nn enthusiastic student of tho sen and ,w its vnrious forms of life. Ho usually spends 4& bin summers In tno study ot oceanographlo k problems, and his cruises havo on someocca- '.j sions been extended almost to tho coasts of ,j America. A short tlmo ago ho delivered a 3a loeturo'befoio tho Boyal Geographical Society fm in London. In which ne told this Incident: '? Ono afternoon, whllo In the Bay of Biscay, ' a ho sunk tho trap In which ho collected sped- a' incus of sea life. It went to the bottom In f, ovor 12,000 feet of water, and ns night ap- proached he fastened to the wire attached to it S an electric buoy and then stood off a mile or .,-9 so. Jt did not happen to occur to him that Jl he was right In the track ot steamers plylnff , .9 between northern I'.urone and the Medtte ;51 raiienu, but he wns reminded of the fact later. il As he ami his fourteen sailors werp watch- rS3 Ing with u good deal of rutisfaetlou the sway- ): lng buoy with Its brilliant Illumination a ,.': steamer's light came Into view. It was. soon R, evdlcnt that tho steamer was curious to know JL the moaning of the lllumlnntlon, forfht) nl- t tercd her course and mado for Hie light. She I y know that no fishing bouts camo out so far ! Irom luml and so determined to solve the mys- yB lorv. I'p she came to within a quarter of a j(J tulle of thu buoy, slowed up for a minute, and M then started aliead, perhaps a little distrusted iff ut the Incident thul linn lured her several miles ih out of hor course. , , . tia . Sho had hardly cot away when a second JM steamer ciimu Into view, and she. too, bore ,jm down uiion the lighted hiiov. The marines on dM the Pnnce'i- voisel understood by this time SB that 'he Illumination was probably believed to dg bo ovldonco of ".'' disaster. Just as the rlH Princo's steamer wne moving up to explain in matters she was nearly run down by one of the , JH lurge liners in tho Oriental trade, which hd 'SJ nlso lelt her courso to render what assistance Im lin could. . , , .. . .)B Tho swell wus vory heavy, and the frlncs f R feared u collhion as the throo vessels ap- M proached tin- light like moths nround a can- 11 ule. Ho therefore voeind off and the other i vessels, after standing by for a few mlnutos, 'IS went on tholr wav ami piobably nover learned ! the cause of thnt night's Illumination at sea. l But the Incident gavo the Prince n pointer. If Ho carefully refrained thereafter from exhtb- 'ij Itlng his oleetrlo buov on any-ro! the much . travellod oceu routes. --