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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, December 26, 1898, Image 2

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: K WATER BUMS A U STEALING?
H$ ex-register rr.T.t.H tiik mator to
Bl'j isrr.afiaATj: tammani'.
KjUt Says SI mi Arn at It Now, Tnniprrlna with
Hii' Meters nml Shortening Wnter lillU lorn
fC.'ntiililfirntlnii, nml Thnt tlio llrrHpts of
jj, the rl'lly Hnve l'nllen OH 'thousands.
Ira Te leir, tttltit A. Van Wtick, Utvtr of A'nc York
Jm otiv.
ijR. DKAiHm: I Iibto read extracts from report
ff of your Commissioners ot Accounts upon my
Bjf administration of Iho Bureau of Wntor Itt-sls-
jR ter under Mnror Rlronu, I linrn to fcllcltutn
jfli mysoifthrit In liandllnft-'moro than $11,000,000
til your Commissioners have tonilnilt that every
mI cent was accounted for., although thoy did pur-
fnji posoly soframn tholr report as to make It ap-
jjm pear to tho eareloss roador that there was n
Ifi, shortaco of J170.
jjlj Vour Commissioner should have given yon
UU tho truth. As they did not, permit me to give
(HI ;- roil a fow facta,
MI1" When I became Water Keglstertho meter ln
wX spoetors pretended to read, only sixteen to
Hp twenty and nover moro than twonty-flvo mo-
IWt tors per day. By apendlnst half n day myself
lift; rcadlnc meters It was found thuttliarnhould
iiw' nvrrniin at least fifty per day. On'further In-
fijlr vestfitatlon It was discovered thoy did not soo
Hjl ono-linit tho metois they reported havlnsr read,
jjjljj On Auk. 15, 1805, all but two of these lnspeo-
11' tors wero discharged. Now Inspectors woro up-
B;B pointed from tho civil service, and the nvoraco
Ijgj dally readlnc rose lo over fifty nnd remained
to. nnd the receipts Incieased onormously. In
thai department tho mnouutof work dono In-
' KB- creased otor 123 per rent, and the expenses
ft MB, were reduced over 75 per cent, and remnlnod
!'-, aodurlncmy term. In thn entire bureau tho
KHP expenses woro reduced over !I0 per cent, from
wjM't whatthoyworo thednvl took oflloe. nnd re-
Mj malned sn.
Ul j The receipts of lHOfi, my first year, were over
HJ ' jNli.OoO more thnn In ltflU, tho last year of
W the previous nilmlnlstrntlnn. In 1WX1 they
K were over SrtOfJ 000 more than In 18IM. nnd In
V 1K7 theywotn over $071,000 more than In
Bl ) IHlft, nnd that tit nn umiunlsuvlm: In expenses
J'; of morn than J.'IO.OOO,
nl Tho rceelnlB for the llrsl nine months of your
jkj ndmlnlstiatlon should lme been at least
HJj- $100 000 more t hnn In the same period last year.
HJu Instead thovhavo fallen 01T many thousands
HJj; of dollnrs. In the fit Kt nine months of your
l'i ndmlnlstratloii llin eltv has lost in that one
i buri'.'tu at hast S'JhO.iii (I
If I'lovloiis to .Mayor Htronc's administration
, manv 'arfo taxpayers wrm compelled topnv
IBP somoclork a linnusntnu early stipend to look
IlB after tiii lr taxes, nlillo the widow nnd small
m t.'ixpnyers without a pull could wait the hu-
MB. reau's uncouth pleasure. Certain employees
HI of thn bureau mado a prnctlreof brenklnu thn
9 sealant mctois nnd turned back the meter so
j , as to record only n fraction of thn true amount.
HI' and received pnv for tho same Tills was rn-
It tlrolyaioppnd nuclei my udnilnlstiatlon. Many
mli 5 of the lf.schdrci.nl fiiHpeetnrs haxo beun rul'i-
II stated, nnd the old ptactlco lms sprunir up
h ; undur your administration. This net m'cht
K In npreat measure n-count for tho falllnitoir of
Ml. receipts nboo referred to Who ccts the
fl peneflt of thlanrruiBement Icanot say. IVr-
J haps nn Investigation b your Honor would
M determine.
IH r Of the SIIO.OOO reduction mndolnwnterrents
njl ; moto than a fourth In amount was made by ad-
I , vlco of the Corporation Comisl and In
IK I obeillenee to writs of mandamus. Theirreater
mm, part of the balance was on Mils remlered un-
J collectable becuuo former administrations had
HJJ't failed for llvn or more yenrs even to comiui
W! the bills, lot nlono send them to the lltiroiiu of
MW' Atroars. nnd wo wero advised by tho Corpora-
I tlon Counsel to cancel them from the records.
Hi.. " determined to settle with these unfortu-
Hl pate taxpayers for the water wo could prove
j ' they actually used, and In a few eases they
1 wero reduced. It was meroly cleanlmt up a
' ' leency of fraud nnd Incompctenov.
On the bills that wore paid aftor they were
M returned to the Bureau of Arrears strict orders
m were (rtven not to accent payment on them.
But when a bunoh of bills, some returned nnd
I -- some not, wsre banded to tho cashier and he
391 was severely rushed they would sometimes
fyl C through nnnotlced. uhen discovered on
elf" belnit posted the Bureau of Arrears was In
(illt formed on .blank forms, which ure In uss to
EP day. The city did not loss ncint
Hal YourCoramlisloners should have informed
till yqu that within ths last fortnieht one of the
iKv clerks in the bureau waa so drunk In the mld-
iffil die of the day that howns refused moie drinks.
mfS- and w as shontlna;. in French ball dlaloct. that
ss "9WU US h.Ta to work; that ho was a friend
' of Van Wyck and had n pull.
In The above are a fow of the facts of which
It your Commissioners should have Informed
ffS'. you. I reserve others for a possible, future,
SB''' occasion.
IS' Tho fact of the matter Is this whole business
1&3 lf ,no outtlellsh order-the Commissioners
W. if Accounts nro simply tryinc to oloud the
Mm rlslonof tho taxpayers soaa to distract atten
Mmgi honfrom present methods. Truly yours.
;' Mmt i, -. C!oLuunuR 0. Jonssos.
J I Nrw YonK Crrr. Doc. 1M. 1IS08.
ipjf 'it'AaiSTitATB aroTT jvor aiErtnr.
QJI Central Ofllea Detective's Noisy Entranoa to
inK i Court Aronses Ills Aneer.
Wjf John Murphy of 13rt West 140th street and
Wmfi ' Edward Johnson, who refused to clve his ad-
f dress, were taken before Mnulsirate Mott at
SHr h cntre Breot Folloe Court yesterday by De-
PWV ectlve Beroeant Formoso of the Central Ollce.
''Ml' eh'arced with bvtns habitual orlmlnals. The
! wv; llaclstrats was In one of his Irritable moods.
fmi and when the detective entered the court-
Mj- room with his prisoners, broucht his, ravel
E down upon the desk with a thump which could
: Jl be heard throughout the bulldlns.
J I "yhat do you mean by rompinjt Into this
P court in this manner?" he shouted to ths de-
mt't taotlvs. "Vou make as much noise as a four-
Jr. year-old steer. You Central Offloo men est
If fnlarsed tdoaa of your Importance. What Is
Jl the oharce arainst these men?"
" Jl -The detective explained that he had arrested
Jl them In a Fifty-ninth street cross-town ear,
jjj and knowlnu them to be professional pfok-
H' pockets had arrested thom for violation of the
J? lection of the Penal Oodo whioh makes It a
: i misdemeanor 'or a convicted t Ulef to frequent
WMh publlo salherlnirs.
MS. . Ulanclns hastily at the complaint the Jtar-
:: istrate opened the l'enal Coda and read the
JB i seotlon aloud to Detective Formoso.
Hi!. "You see. that In order to justify your at-
HJ$ rest you must show that these men were there
Jj: for aa unlawful purpose." he oontlnued. "Now
HJ'I' J advise you to copy this section nnd tako lb
J, home with you. ilake it your Hunday nchool
Es lssfon. lou have not shown that your pris-
4HJ- oners have ever been eonvlojcd of a crime or
ys j that thslr purpose In tho trolley car ws un-
mM lawful. I cannot entertain such a uomplalnt."
HJr Detective Formoso then tooJc his prlfoners
HJr d6wnstalrs. In ths Hereeant's ofltce he found
HJr' Assistant District Attorney McClellan, who re-
'" Hr turned with him to the courtroom. Formo-
Jmt fo produced erldenoo to show that Murnhy
' ' had been convicted of larceny before Judas
.Mi Oonlnir In lbl)7. Maclstrate Mott then nd-
IR5 lsed the deteotlve to draw a eomplalnt
8, aeatust them as susplolous persons. This
tM comnlalnt he said he would entertain.
SB- "But. your Honor," snld Murphy. "Am I
J not allowed to ride In a street car at all? I live
K: nn HOthstreot and my business la down on
IB' Hector street. I hae a wooden lss, nnd It
f would toko me all day to walk down and baek."
!! .'"If makes no difference It you live In lluf-
tm', folo," said Ihellaclstrate. "U you havo been
I. convicted of erlme you have brotiKhtthe penal-
IBi ty UDon yourself and have no rleht to enter a
tMi tmnlto conveyance."
I lawyer Horur protested acalnst the rullnsr
Eg' of the Masistrate. hut the prisoners iters
Ej locked uu In enable Detestlve Formoso to
If procure evidence.
mmt
f t cour.n.vr tklt, iriro uonttr.D ami.
n
II ! Irtlm TIcUs Out a I.nwjir nnd a Oarry
1 f: Acent'ln an Id.utlllcVtlom Tett.
- I j Arthur Sylvester and John McQlynn were
i , arrnlsued In the Centre Street Folloe Court
I , esterday on suspicion of havlnir stolen a
J j, watch valued at IlLTi from J, N. Held ofRI5
I Drondwar. Hold fays that the wutoh was
II r taken from his ixicket on Haturday afternoon
If) while he was stnnillnc on Broadway near
. l'rlni'e street, Detective Hereeanta Madden
," and Murphy, who arrested tho men, i.illed to
If nnd tlio watch In thnir posi-easlon and derided
Si ','v WM al opportunity to identify the
Si prisoners,
I 'iThree lawyers who were In the oourtroom at
,, tt 1 the time and uu acent of the Children's Hoolety
V , ff were renuobted to st.md with I ho prlsonerb to
C I , M'O If Held oould pick put the two accused men,
' " U : After a careful oxamliatlon Hold hc'iil-icI one
) ' tho lawr nnd the Children's hoelntyaBent
W f as the men he thniuhl had robbcil him, and
'H I 1 he prisoners were dlsclmrsed.
I i Another Arrmt la ttm Moir Jlunlrr ra,
to f I Exr.TKH, N II.. Dee. 2!i.- 1). i:. Htnckpolo was
J l arrestid late last nlcht f,nr nllcced complldty
i I? In the Moses murder mHtrynttluflooofc on
It thniuornlnuoriltfe.il Mrs, Nellli. Moses. 10
X?1are old. "I" round by her liiislmnil. ivhois
I V,(i'''S J"1 wlt1' " bu.l!!'t ound In Imrbody
i 1'hyslolans were called, but she died tho follow
er day. Moe was urroBted. but the evidence
1 WSfiW0 ,heJ.ulr wu" ?ot uflleleut to hold
j him and h was dUoLargsd,
. L "
"V .VaWoBn. 1
vo PAaxon cnosKS yrt.
Fifth Avenue Tretbyterlnn Church Has Ke
Filled Dr. John Hall's rimer.
The Iter. Dr. Frnncls J.. Fatton, President of
Princeton University, who occupied tho pulpit
of the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Churoh at
the 11 o'clock service yesterday, called tho at
tention of tho congregation to n letter Issued
by the church session, copies of which were
ptncod In the pews. The loiter roferrod to tho
conditions prevailing In tho churoh since the
death of tta pastor, tho Hot. Dr. John Hall.
Portions of It follow;
" With you. wo have not ceased to mourn the
departuronf our pastor, Va blesaOod fornll
that which Ills servant did nmonsr us and for
us, and would not irc.ill him from the, joy of
tliol.onl, Into which he has entored: hut we
sincerely sorrow over the bereavement of pur
church. Wn pray, und wo ask you to pray also,
that one chosen and nnolnled by tho Head of
thn Church may bo speedily found, nnd that
tho efforts now belnir mnda to this end mar,
by divine enMnnco. bo successful. " " o
hnve endeavored, nnd nro still endoavqrlnr. to
provide Tor the pulnlt preachers sound in the
fnlth nnd npt 10 toach. Tliese messencora of
Ood uiul the words they brine wo afreotlpn
atoly nml earnestly commend to nvory member
of the church nnd conareiratlon.
"We ront to have to slate that our mem
horsaronotKlvliiiniownslllicrallyasrormerly. In this connection wo iiiiiv fitly- nsothelau
ituaKe of our 1-onl Himself and that of the
Apostle Paul 'Freely ie have rcoelvcd. freely
give' The session Is also constrained
to remind nil of their duty to contribute of
their substance tor the support of tho ordi
nances In our own church nnd In tho soveral
(Impel, brnnchrs of our own orgnnlratlon.
The HlttltiKK In tho pews uro so rated Hint t Is
believed none need bo witlinut a regular place
In tho house or Hod. We hope that any who
have not nlrendy so .provided for themselve
pews or sittings will make this a matter of
conscience anil seek n conference with the
reprccnt;itle of the trustees at their earliest
convenience. Hurelythla must be recognlred
asanlmiwrtanl Cliristhui nhllgntlon."
After the services the comir.ltlee which was
appointed to select n successor to Dr. Hall met
ami one of the niomborn nf tho committee an
nounced that no ilelluito nct'oii towurd Reloet-
(nr- n t.notnr ttrwl v.l li.mn IfiLnn. ItWllSHBHl
that two names had been favorably discussed
by the committee since it tipilntmeiit nearly
twnuiontlisngo. They nro the Itov. Ur. Thomas
C. Hall, son of the late pastor, and the Jtev. Dr.
Wallace ltndellffe ot WaMbiiiKton.whoofflclated
at the funeral of the late Calvin H. llrlce.
There was a reisnt that tho ltev. Dr. Adol
pluis Hclinufllnr of the City Missionary Hoclety
was u candidate for the pastorate. It was no
who took an nctlo part at tho meetings ot the
New York Presbytery In opposlnc Dr. Hall in
tho matter of Herman Wnrsrnwhik. the con
verted Jew. He demanded that Warsrawlak
bo disavowed Uy the presbytery and he ;Ie
nouncod him as an luuostor. It was said that
Dr.Mcliaiifllcr hud some Influential friends in
tho Fifth Avenue Church who wanted him
made pastor. , ....
"Thore Is no foundation for the report that
the ltev. Dr. Schauffler Is llkoly to be our pas
tor." said ltobcrt Ilonner.ono.of tho trustees
of the church. "His name has not bven been
mentioned by the committee, and Is not likely
to be. The committee has made no selection
ns vet, because no man lias appeared who la
worthy to succeed Dr. Hall." , ,
Amemberof tho congregation said that he
understood two clergymen were to bo solected
for tho churoh a pastor and an assistant
pastor.
tub a heat nitoxx qvkstiojt.
Growing Interest Iteported in the Move
ment to Fill In the Mott Haven Canal.
The great unsolved question In tho largo and
growing liorough of the Bronx, the chief local
Issuoot that region, relates to the filling In of
the Mott Haven Canal, which la a small line ot
water connection on the veritable Dutch plan
with tho Harlem Rlvor. Recently, It Is report
ed, the movement to secure tho filling In of the
canal has Increased In strength, a number ot
prominent citizens having become Identified
with It. Letters havo been received approving
the object of tho assoclat Ion established to agi
tate for Its abandonment. Tho r.xecuttve Cora
mltteo lms planned a campaign from which
much Is expected, but tho details of which are
not at present made public on the ground that
"actions speak louder than words."
The proposition to do away with the Mott
Haven Canal hy filling It up is objected to by
owners of property along Its muddy banks, who
say they hnve riparian rights. There is no pub
lic fund which can now be drawn upon to com
pensate these owners, and In tho absence ot
such a fund their opposition is an obstacle to
nny method of alleviation of the conditions
caused by the maintenance In a busy part of
New York of a small canal or little, use, without
current and without any promise of future ad
vantage to those resident In this district.
Among those who have written In support ot
tho protest of property owners of the neigh
borhood against the contlnunnco ot the
Mott Haven Canal Is lormor Congress
man Egbert L. Vlele. who writes: "Inmrully
In sympathy with thn object of your associa
tion, and you are at liberty to uss my name In
such connection aa you may think will aid yonr
efforts for the removal of such a crying nuis
ance as tho Mott nnven ditch. People forget
that Broad street was once known ns 'the Com
mon ditch.' but has long ooufed to be such."
Civil engineers, physicians, sanitary experts,
clergymen, real estate dealers, and others have
expressed a willingness to participate In the
agitation to do away with the Mott Haven
Canal. One morose Inhabitant of tho neigh
borhood of what may bo called tho valley
of the Mott Haven Canal writes to tho associa
tion: " When I flrstmoved up hore from down
'own one ot my old neighbors who had hap
pened to pass through here on a train said,
when I told him I had moved to Mott Haven,
'What, that forlorn hnlo 1 Well. I'm sorry for
you.' And that seems to be the Impression
most people have of this place. I have travelled
o little, but I know of no Northern town which
looks quite so forlorn as the vicinity of tho
Mott Haven Canal." Meanwhile tho property
owners along tho line of the canal are discuss
ing the propriety ot establishing a protective
association, and when they do so tho final
solution of the matter will probably be still
further postponed.
JUID HER DAUGHTERS' ZKPROBT.
Two Cafes ot Several Tears' Standing Found
at New Lexington, O.
Columbus. O., Deo. 25. Dr. 'Charles O.
Probst, Secretary ot the State Board ot Health,
has investigated two reported cases of leprosy
at New Lexington. Perry county, ne has
found the cases to belfully doveloped leprosy.
The lepers are Iiattle Carry, aged 22. and her
little sister Hannah. 12 years old. For a
doren rears Mrs. Carry, a soldier's widow, has
managed to conceal from her neighbors her
children's affliction. Finally, forced Ihr
straitened circumstances, she told the story
to the county authorities.
The two leper girls will be Isolated In a cabin
to he built among the hills outside the town
limits. In this cabin, which will be Ohio's
leper settlement, the mother will care for her
daughters, while food and clothing will be fur
nished hy the county. These eases are hered
itary. The father of the girls contracted the
disease In the Houth while a soldier In the civil
war. Brmptoms of leprosy old not develop
untll.'afler the father's death. For the last
tew years the girls have rarely left their
mother's cottage, and then usually aftor dark.
The elder girl, Iiattle, bos the disease la an
advtnced stage.
VRISOITEII ATTACKS VOT.ICBXtATf.
Qt In Retnrn a Tllow on tlio Head "lYhloh
I.nnils Him In a Hospital,
Policeman Michel ot the Vernon avenue sta
tion, Brooklyn, early yesterday morning name
across William Eagan, 21 years otd, of 001
Park avenue, and Henry O'Donnsll acting in a
disorderly manner at Park avenue and Spencer
street. He advised them to leave, which they
refused to do, and then ho arrested them.
While he was taking them to a signal box they
reilsted and O'Donnell effected his escape.
Then Eagan struck Michel In the face and the
policeman fell, lie kept 11 grip on Eagan and
whan he got on his feet again he drew his club
and struck Eagan a fierce blow on the head.
Eagan went down like a felled ox. Mlohel sent
for an ambulance When the prisoner was ex
amined It was found that his sknll was prob
ably fractured. He was aent to the Uomce
opathlo Hospital,
Three Chinamen Become IlapUsts.
Pnn.ADiLPnu, Fa.. Dos. 25. Three China
men were admitted to fellowship and full com
munion In the Memorial Baptist Church to
night. They wore Lee Tee, Chong Kong and
WongMol. Tho hand of fellowship was glvon
them by the Rev. Lee Hong, whowasconvertod
to Christianity and tho Baptist faith on Oct. III.
".'"' .'.'? become a llupllst missionary among
tlio Chinese residents of Philadelphia The
baptism was performed by the ltev. Dr Edwin
M. Pollat. putorot the Memorial Chuiih.
Chimney AUre In Mrs. Frurson'a JIniiie,
A burning chimney In the house of Mrs.
Lesly J. I'oarson. at !l West Flfty-soventh
street, called out the department yesterday
morning The fire Iwns extinguished with a
loss of $2f. Sirs. Pearsou U tho widow of
ludsrlckrearson.
t
t
TWO SPANIARDS KILLED.
1
aTAnnr.D to death is a street
riutii xs ha rASA.
The IJrnwI Started with Cries of " Tlvn
Cuba I.lbre" and "Viva Espnnn" N
Arrests Mnde-Fmir American Soldleis
Under Arrest for Creating nIMstnthanre.
fptitl CM DtimUk U Tni BUM.
.IUyina. Dec. 25. It la learned that two men
of the Ceuta Battalion wore killed In the, nffrny
In Zuloeta street last night. Each of tho mon
was stabbed four times. The fighting lasted
for nn hour. Different versions aro glvon of
the cause of tho trouble. Tho one most gener
ally accepted Is that n number of negroes In a
house In Montserratatreot, who wero celebra
ting Christmas Evo. shouted "Viva CubaLlbro"
ns a number of Spaniards were passing. Tho
Bpantards responded with tho cry of " Vlvn Es
pafla," and Immediately afterward a shot was
flrod.bywhom Is unknown. Thlsproolnltatod a
general light, during which the two Spanish
soldiers wore stabbed by some one In the
crowd. No arrestB have been mado aa yet. At
holt past 12 o'clock this morning the city was
aula.
Gen. Ludlow, ths future Military Governor
of Havana, drovo about tho streets until 11
o'clock last night, studying tho situation. To
day ho wroto to Ocn. Lee requesting that the
AmorJcan Boldlors bo kept away from tho olty
unless they obtain special pormlsslon,or are
sent hero on duty.
Gen. Ludlow hold a conference to-day with
Setlor Castro, tho Civil Governor, and some
other representative men, including Gen. Men
ocal of tho Cuban Army. Gon. Ludlow subse
quently Informed the corrcsponiMit of Thk
Bun that the Spaniards and Cubans had as
sured him that tlin worst of the disorders here
were ovor. Besido3 tho trouble In Zulueta
street, there was some lighting among me
Natllgon and other criminals In tho city, and'
several men wore wounded.
Tho streets nrooocuplcd by Spanish so'dlers
fully armed, who are keeping order.
The people at Cerro. Jesus del Monte and La
Yedado. suburbs that have been evacuated by
tho Spanish troops, hold all-night Christmas
Eve feasts.
Lato this afternoon Gen. Ludlow conferred
with Captain-General Caatellanos regarding
the ovents of last night.
Four American soldiers came to the city yes
terday, carrying a laigo Cuban flag. A num
ber of Cubans joined them nnd tho ting was
displayed In a manner calculated toexolte tho
angor of the Spaniards. Tho soldiers wero
soon placed under arrest by American officers.
To-day n company of American troops wob sent
to tho city for tho purpose ot preventing com
rades In arms from creatine dlsturbancse.
The Tenth Infantry marched through the
olty this evening.
BASTIAOO VXDKR AMERICA RULE.
Col. Garcia Says the Business Revlvnl Has
Boen Little Short t SInrvelloui.
WisnisoTON, Dec. 25. Col. Charles Garcia,
tho eldest son of the General who died here
two woeks ago. spent Christmas In Wash
ington as the guest .of Hcflor Quesada. Chargd
d'Affalres of the Cuban Legation. Col. Garcia
arrived recently In New York from Santiago
and reached Washington on Saturday. Hu
served as Colonol In tho late Cuban war, and is
at present on leave ot absonce from his regi
ment, now serving under Gen. Wood In Santi
ago. He left that city shortly aftor receiving
the news of the death ot his father, and upon
his return will take back to Cuba his father's
remains. He said:
" There has been a marked Improvement In
the city of Santiago de Cuba and surrounding
country since that portion ot the Island was
surrendered by the Spaniards nnd possession
taken by tho Americans. Tho city has gono
forward during the past few months many
years in the way ot progress. Old customs
and methods hnve been discarded and aban
doned lor the new improved up-to-date Ameri
can methods. The administration ot Gen.
Wood could not glvo better satisfaction. The
Cuban people regard him most highly both as
n gentleman, a soldier and a Governor. The
appointments he has made havo been wise and
prudent ones and have given general satisfac
tion. Of course there are nlwnvs some who are
displeased, but they ure In tho decided mi
nority. All of the leading citizens ot the city
Indorse the methods, poltoy ami government
of tho city as now constituted. Business
has witnessed a wonderful revival, and
the recuperation from the stagnation and
depression under Spanish rule has been won
derful little short of marvellous. Capital,
which Is so greatly needod to build up tho re
sources and fallen Industries of Cuba, Is rap
idly coming Into Santiago, and tho result is
very marked. People are securing employ
ment, and when Bt work and comfortably pro
vided for they aro hnppy and contented nnd
law abiding. The only serious troublo that has
taken place since the administration forces oc
cupied the territory has resulted from the of
lences ot the lmmunes. especially tho colored
soldiers. But with bettor organization ot the
police forces, tho return of thn Cubans to their
employments, nnd the control of the places
whore liquor is sold, these difficulties arc dis
appearing and the offences aro ueoomlng less
and less numerous." ,
Col. Garcia did not like to speak of his father's
death, but said that the family doeply appre
ciated the evidences of esteem and respect
which had been shown to Gen. Garcia by the
American people. He left to-day Tor Thomas
vllle, Ga where his mother and Invalid sister
are. newlll remain thore until arrangements
have been made to convey his father's body to
Cuba.
OUR TROPHY OUSBOATS.
Norfolk Wants to Have the Repairs to tha
Sandoval nnd Alvurado Made There.
Nonroijr.Va.. Deo. 25. A strenuous effort will
be made to have tho survey on the captured
Spanish gunboats Sandoval and Alvarado.whlch
Uncle Sam found in his Norfolk Navy Yard
stocking this morning, mado hero Instead of
at Portsmouth, N. II. Although there nro
some thirty-six warships now at the Norfolk
yard, the constructor In charge says that the
row repairs neoded by the trophy ships could
be made without delay. It la also urged that
as the ships will probably be exhibited at
Washington, Norfolk is tho proper place to re
pair them, owing to Its nearnoss to the capital.
Notwithstanding their battle with the butt
end of a tog raft In the Albemarle and Chesa
peake Canal, the vessels woro not damaged,
wbloh naval officers say speaks well for tnelr
stability.
It Is said to-night on authority that the cap
tured vessels undoubtedly will be added to the
American naval register, and although they
will not bo assigned immediately to special
service, they will be sont to various seaboard
cities for the Inspection of the public.
O.VJ5 HUZTtET JUT TTTO HEX.
V
Cut Fred Allan's Cheek and HU Trillium
Burke In the Nose,
Charles Harris. 25 yerrs old, a clgarmakor
living at 14 Monroe street, and Fred Allen of
12 Monroe street quarrelled nrar their homes
yesterday afternoon, Harris drew a revolver
and fired one shot The bullet out through
Allen's right choek and lilt William Burke, who
was thirty feet down the streot, on the nose.
Its force was so nearly sptnt that It did not
hurt him.
Harris ran down Monroe street, but Police
man O'ilaharty of the Leonard street police
station caught htm. Allen was detained In the
Gouvernour Hospital as a witness.
Ta Take Gen. Klefer and Staff to Havana,
Satanimxi, Ga., Dec. 25, The transport Pan
ama will leave for Havana on Tuesday with
Major-Gen. J. Warren Klefer and staff. The
encampment here has boen deoreased ma
terially during the past week.
Child ot 8 Severely Burnad.
George Weldon. 2 years old, of 31 Emmett
street, Brooklyn, while playing In front ot the
stove In the kitchen of his homo yesterday I
afternoon, got his clothing on fire, and he was I
severely burned on tho arms und body. He
wastakonto tne Brook Ivn Hospital, and Is Hot
expected to recover. Ills mother was absent I
from the 100m. She henid his screams iiinl
hastened to his rescue, and was slightly burned
on the hand while extinguishing the flames.
Woman's Suicide In a llonery Hotel.
Bertha Oluck. 28 years old, of 100 East Hour.
ton street committed sulcldolast night by in
haling Illuminating gas In a room In a Raines
law hotel at 375 Bowery, hhe was destmndent
and tired other dissolute life. In her pocket
book were six pennies and six cigarettes. The
body was taken to the Morgue.
COXqTKS TilAT FOVOHT.
'A Texas Hangar's Enconnter with Five ot
, Hie Beasts and nn Ontlnw.
Alums, Tox., Deo. 20. The coyote of the
Texas range Is not always the cowardly and
sneaking, thieving animal that he lias boen
pictured. There are times when ho bocomes
vle.lous and does not hesitate to attack innn or
beast. Instance? nre known to the old plnlns
men of Texas when coyotes, singly nnd In
droves, have attacked cow and sheep camps nnd
fought eowboya and sheen herders. It was
only a few days neo thnt n drove of ooyotcs.
maddened with hunger, mado nn ottack on the
people of tho llttlo town of Carrlwj Bprlng. In
Dimmit county. In daylight. A number of ceo
pla were bitten, and It was foared for a ttmn
thnt tho coyotes were suffering from rabies.
"I had an exncrlonoo with ft drova of coyotes
while serving n a Tcxastltangor that 1 will not
soon forget." said Capt. Henry Tovey. nu old
Texan, now living in this city. "I was with
my company In oump on the Pecos ltlvor, not
far from old Fort Stocktou, In tho winter of
1873. We had boen on the trail ot Four-Finger
Basset, a desperado, who hadthold up a stage
and robbed the Unltod States mall and a num
ber of passongori near Palntod Cave. D was
decided that I should remain In ohargeof the
oamp while the remainder of tho company
scouted tho country thereabouts. Thore was
a piercing norther blowing, nnd I built a small
Are. Alter warming myself I decided to go
Into a gully near by nnd get an armful of wood
to be used In kooplmi up tho llrp. I was
armed with my Pistol nnd n dirk knife, both of
whloh dangled from my bolt. I had hardly
reached tho bottom ot the gully when I came
upon a lair of coyotOB. There wero live 1 In the
hunch, and I did not nay much nttontlon to
them until one of them ran unto my side nnd
took n nip with his teeth at my riding boots.
" 'That's a pretty bold coyote' 1 thought.
"I had scon thousands of the varmints on
the plains and nover had nny respect for their
courage up to that time. I started to pick up
pieces of firewood, not caring to fire my pistol
at the animals for fearof attiactlng the ntton
tlon of Bass ot If he should happen to be there
abouts. But tho boldness of tho cojotcs in
creased, and the live surrounded ma nnd soon
were howling and snarling in the most threat
ening manner. ,,
"I backed away from them In nn effort to
reach my camp. The anlmnls followed, and
n 1 turned to ollrab up the cliff the foremost
made a spring for my throat. I saw him com
ing In tlmo to gran him by his own throat
with my right hand nnd before ho could bite
or claw mo lhnd out my knife and cut his wind
plpo In two. Bofore 1 epuld draw my pistol
tho other ooyotos woro piling nt me nnd taking
n piece of lleh out of my body ut every grab
of their sharp teeth. I had my back ncalnst
the-fildo of tha rocky wall of the clllf. and this
was all '.hat Baved me. 1 had given up all hope
of coming out of tlie encounter alive wnen 1
beam the sham ping of a rifle bullet. Then
came thioo more reports In quick succession
and all four of the covotes were writhing at
my feet. Without looking around to seo whence
came tho shots I dreu my pistol nml fired a
bullet Into the head of each animal. 1 thru
turned and looked up the nrroyo and I saw
standing nbout fifty yards from mo tho figure
of Four-Finger Rasser.
" 'Well, panluer, vou had ft narrow esoape
from tho varmints, didn't you? I hope I didn't
hit you.' he said. .
"With this greeting Four-FIngr walked up
to me and gave mo n critical inspection. I
thought cerrnlu that I was out of tho fr7lng
pan nnd In tho lire: that Four-Finger would
put a bullet Into my own head upon dlseo'er
lnc that I m n member ot the Texaa Hanger
company on his trail. ,.,., 1,
"011r names Tovey. aln t It?' he said. ex
tending his hand. 'My name Is Hassot usual
ly called Four-Flneer liaaset and 1 hope you
are glad to soe me. You've been looking.for
me rlzht peart for soveral days.'
"I was n pretty nervy man in those days, and
It took a heap of close shaves to get me upset,
but I was knocked off my pins by ths unex
pected meeting with the nutWw and hlj re
marks to me. I thought he was sorter play
ing with me. like a cat does with a mouse,
and that when ho hid had his fun ho would
stind me up aenlnst the stone wall of tho gulch
and take n pot "hot at me. I never did remem
ber what ansner I mado to his remarks. Put
I have a distinct recollection of what he next
said to me. , , . , ... ,,,.
"Toiey. I never killed nman in my life with
out justenuso I'll make ou this kind of
proposition. You go back to camo tho heft
w ay you oin and don't say a word to anybody
nbout having seen me.' , ,
"I nodded my head In assent, and after
thanking him for saving mv life I made my
way. bleeding nnd weak, back to camp. I ww
unconscious from loss ot blood when my com
panions returned from their scout. They
trailed my bloody path to the bottom of the
gully, where thsv found 'tho lifeless bodies of
the live coyotes: One of the Hangers who ex
amined the wound of a cojote found a In
ohester bullet, which ho brought back to camp
anil showed to me. I had told them that I
had killed tho animals with my pistol. ,
." 'How do you account for them having been
shot with a Winchester ball' I was asked.
" 'It Is it mystery 10 me.' I replied. 'I must
have gone back while de'lrious from my wounds
and shot them with my own Winchester.'
"That was the best explanation I could elve
them, nnd they did not. iearn the true facts ot
tho ease until years afterward. We moved pur
camp onward twenty miles the dav following,
and never did rediscover the trail ot Four-Finger
Hasset."
bUIPt'IXa AXD COLONIES.
Close Relation Between the Two nnd Its
KKect on American Commerce.
There Is published on July 1 of each year a
register of sailing vasiols. In this list minor
oraft for coastwise, river and bay trado are not
Included, but only vessels of llfty tons burden
and unward, the total number of which In all
countries Is. approximately. 30,000.
It Is a curious evidence of the close relation
which shipping Interests bear to colonial pos
sessions that the merchant fleets of nations
having large colonial possessions are materi
ally larger than the Uoets of nations having
none and that the latter are gradually losing
their share of tho world'slcommorco. This is
especially so with Sweden, the number ot
whose sailing ships Is less than It was ten
years ago. and the facC hap been stiongly
marked In a recently published report ot the
Canadian Government, showing a steady dim
inution In the commerce ot Canada In Cana
dian ships. At the head of all nations In the
number ot sailing vessels, and In steam vessels,
too. Is England, with a total number of vessels
by the last report of (1.500. Germany has
1,000, France 1.IM. Spain 1.113 and Holland
f0, tho tnnnaico of th-so countries being
2,:i00.(K)(l tons. 535.000, 711.000. il)2.(XJ0 und
121.U00 respectively. .Many houth America!!
countries whoo products nr shipped to ull
parts of tho wjrld, und ths Inhabitants ot
which are dependent largely upon manufac
tured Imports, have very liltlo commerce In
ships of their own. and their trado Is carried
on by tho merchant navies ot other countries.
Brazil, for Instance, had at the time of the last
consusta population of lN.ooo.OOO.Mjut n nauti
cal reoord of only 343 sailing vessels, nnd Aus-trla-llungarvnn
umpiru with a population ot
nearly 42,000,000, had only 157 sailing ships,
the combined tonnage ot the two being less
than that of Holland, the population ot whloh
Is less than 4.0(10,00(1. while the total popula
tion of Austria-Hungary and Brazil Is In excels
of 00.000,000.
But uelthor Austria nor Brazil has any
foreign oolonles; both aro dependent uixm
foreign ships for the transportation nhioud
of their exports and for the carrying of their
imports, too. Holland, on the other hand, has
colonies with a collective population of nearly
3O.0oo.o0o. nnd the interchange cf products
between the nome country und its colonies
constitutes an lmiortaut:item of trade, though
In the case of Holland It is conducted largely
in steamships.
Two countries which may not unreasonably
be compaied In many particulars are Portu
gal apd the Argentine Republic. The popula.
tlonnf the two countries Is about the tame,
but while Portugal has mnnv colonies dlsti lb
uted throughout tho world, tho Aigeutinelias
none, and. peihnps. In part as n consequent eiot
this, .the Fortuauese shipping fleet Is very
much larger thau that of the Argentine,
though the oommeroe of Portugal Is steadily
dlmlnlshlng.:whlle the Argentine Is growing in
wealth, population. In the development of Its
fertility, and In the diversity of its products.
These comparisons between shipping and
colonies ,are ot Interest to the Untied htates
just now bsoause of the sure Indications
whloh tbey give of Increased maritime busi
ness for this country as a result of tha exten
sion ot its sovereignty, throuah the placing of
Its flag over other lands. By the last pub
lished report the united States stood second
tmoug the nations of the world In the mini
er of their shipping vessels and tu tonnage,
a condition due chiefly, however, to the enor
mous ooastwlse business ot the United States
and the great trade which Americans and Can
adians monopolize on the lakes. Compara
tively little American commerce la done In
Amarlcsn ships with foreign countries, but.
unless all previous Indications are at lault
and are misleading, this condition will not
endure hereafter.
Special Honor to the Apprentice Hoys ot
the Kisex.
Norfolk. Va Dec. 25, The apprentice boys
aboard the training ship Essex nt tho Norfolk
Navy Yard had a Christ mua banquet to-day In
recognition not pnly of tho holiday, but of
Choir herolo conduct when the old t-nip nar
rowly escaped foundering In the reoent terri
ble storm Their seamanship brought her
safely through the guls, although budly bat-
CHICAGO STEEL COMBINE.
AMERICANS AXD EUROPEANS to MAKE
ARMOR AX1 ritO.TECriI.ES.
four Strong Knroprnn Concerns to Unite
with the lVdernl Steel nnd the Pullman
Companies In the .linking of tVnr Bin
terlnlsnnd Car Axles New Secret Process.
CnicAno. Deo. 25. A great combination of
stool manufacturers. It Is, said, will bo effected
wllhlna foV days, and, according to the roport,
Chicago will become, onnot tho gioatost mnuu
factutlng centres in the world tor projectiles
used In war. Two plants ono nt South Chi
cago for tho manufacture of stool sholls nnd
projoctllos by a new process, and tho othor at
Kensington for tho production ot patent hol
low ntcol car axles It Is said, will shortly be
built by n syndlcato of Europeans, represented
by Carl nnd Adolph Mannesman In conjunc
tion with tho Federal Stcol Company at South
Chicago nnd tho Pullman Company at .Ken
sington. Tor so mo tlmo past thoro have heon per
sistent rumors of tho establishment of n plant
by the Mannesmnns nt Pullman, though the,
nature of tho proposed product and other par
ticulars wero wanting to conllrm the reports.
It Is now said positively by persons In h posi
tion to know tho fncts that ariangoments be
tween the Titan Stool Company, represented
by tho Mannosmatia nnd lacked by four strong
concerns in Europe-one ot which Is in Berlin,
anothor In Swansea, Wales, ono In Austria, and
one in Italy and tho Federal Stool Company,
of Which tho Illinois Stool Company Is tho main
factor, huvu bcon iiorfcctcd, nnd that a tract of
laud has been piirchusod at South Chicago
whoro tho two concerns will unite on aglgantlo
scald to produco tho armor plato and sholls
under tho secret process of tho Mannesman.
Somo surprise was occasioned when Informa
tion was given oul In this positive mannor, as
it hud boen previously said that tho Manncs
mans wero under contract with tho Pullman
Company torn plant on a large tract between
115111 street and the Illinois Central tracks,
Konslngton.fortho manufacture of steel, but
tho nature ot thn product was not then known.
Shortly after tho wnr with Spain began the
Mnnnesmnlis secured, on behalf of their syndi
cate, contraits from tliu Government Involving
tho expenditure of fiom $3,000,000 to $5,000,
000 lor tho manufacture ot their special steol
projectiles nnd shell-). Tho process Is unlike
nil others in that thn shells nro eastliiBiioha
way as to avoid hubbies, this being tlio baue ol
ull steel processes thus far. Tho shells nro snld
to be ot equal strength throughout, and the
process, it 1r thought, will revolutionize tho In
dustry in the world.
Tho Govr wnt contract called for the man
ufacture of li (hulls within ninety days. But
within that ti 1 pence was dcolared. Mean
tlmo tho Main Limuin had incorporated nsnu
Ainuricun contern under tho uamo ot the Titan
Steel Company and had mudo their contract
with the Pullman Company. TheGovomnuuit.
It is learned, ha extended Its original con
tiact indcllnitoly, mid the projectiles will be
manufactured uow.it is said, jointly by the
Mannesman; and the Federal Steol Company.
The FeUoral Steel Company. In addition to lis
Chlcugo Steel Cotnpnuy plant nt South Chi
cago, has other plants nt Johct and Milwaukee.
Armor plate win constitute ono 01 tho main
products of the combine at South Chicago.
This now plant will be on tha oast sldo of tlio
Cnlumet ltivcr.
The Mnuncsmnns until two months ago were
living nt tlio Auditorium Anne nnd had been
thi re for nliiut six months. They nro In Chi
cago mot of tho tlmo. comploting details, it Is
said, for thn erection ot the 1 uildinps nnd con
struction of machinery for their plants. It is
saU that one of the brothers inukesn trip to
Washington to comer with tho Govornment
and War Department niiout once a'lortnight.
Tho effect of the comblnu to manufacture
armor plate and heavy ammunition in Chicago
will be to setup plants rivalling those which
havo heretofore existed In this country only at
B thlehom and Homestead. Pa. The promoters
promise to turn out shells ut a low co-t, nnd If
tho ussettlons regarding their process prove
true. Chicago expects to go to tha fiont I11 that
branch of tho steel Industry.
MICROBES IX RAW SUGARS.
Important Discoveries Brought Out by nn
Investigation In Iniutslnnn.
New Oiilxans. Dec. 25. The bacteriological
and mlcroscoplo department of tho Louisiana
Agricultural Station at Audubon Park. New
Orleans, has been making an Investigation to
ascertain tho cause of the failure of the
Louisiana sugar cano crop. Not a fetv" of life
failures' In angnr yield which were believed to
bo due to meteorological or climatic condi
tions have been traced to mlcrohes.
Ono of the first discoveries stumbled on by
the bacteriologists was the cause of the de
terioration of crude BUgars.especially those Im
ported from Cuba and Hawaii. It has been
noticed that those sugars almost Invariably
show a falling ff of one or more lolnts In
polarization within a few weeks after ship
ment. As the reduction of each degree In
notarization means a loss of one pound to
the hundred weight, the matter is ono of con
siderable commercial importance. A careful
examination with the microscope disclosed
the taot that all sugar which showed a falling
off In polarization was swarming with bacte
ria. The Investigation was continued, until
the bacteria which caused the damage were
isolated. Tho uilorobe has notyet bean named,
but 1' the baoteriologlsts succeed In demon
strating all they hope to, they will be able not
only to show the causo ot the deterioration In
raw sngars, but nlso to devise u mothod where
by the ravages of tho bacteria can be very ma
terially diminished.
Another fact discovered by.the Investiga
tion Is that mould whtch.appears In the ends
of stubble cane la due to bacteria, and Is the
causo of the failure ot the stubble to grow. The
lower buds, from which the second year's
growth develops, dorlve their sustenance from
the nutritive matter stored directly around
them in the base ot tho stalk: and the supply
Is damaged by fermentation produced by the
microbes In the mould. The buds do not ger
minate, and the stubble Is therefore n fail
ure. Tho discovery of this germ Is of practi
cal benefit, because a remedy has been found.
By running a furrow so as to cover up the cut
ends of the stubble, thoy are protected from
the bacteria and cannot be Injured by the
mlcrobos.
While the examination has not gone far
enough to determine the cause of the failure
ot this year's cane crop, there is every reason
to believe from what has so tar Deen dlsolosed
that this mystery also will be solved.
HURT IN A HAILICOAD COLLISION.
Seven Men Injured In a Crash of a Freight
Trnln und Yard Engine,
Lexinoton. Ky.. Dec, 25. Seven men were
Injured hy tho collision of a Loulsvlllo and
Nnshvlllo yard engine with a Chesapeake and
Ohio freight train near the limits of the
' IOtilsvlllo and Nashville yards hero this after
noon. The freight was running extra, ar
riving hero lllty minutes ahead of time, and
the ynrd engine was on Its way to tho quarry
atPeppor's distillery, carrying the yard crew
nnd Chief Car Cleric Leslie ilernhrokn to check
up tho cirs, Tlio men on tho switch engine
tried to jump, but It was too lata. TM ongTnos
emshuil together, tlio Irelght climbing on top
of tho tender or tho ynrd onglno niidhreak
Inr, 'pose tin; boiler nnd hurling It back
up the road fcvernl hundred Feet. The
engineer und Hremnti jumped .itnl saved their
lives. Only the Iliemuu ol the freight was in
jured, and im was not sunt to the hospital. Thn
yard men were a'l lukcn to St Joseph's Hos
Plltil, where two of them, Hern tirokeand Clark,
are In 11 critical condition. Tlio-,o Injured ure
Lesllcl Herubrok.-. car clerk, breast Imashed
and bend cut: Allen I lurk. engineer. hurt Inter
nally: William. Morrlsey, yurd brakeman.
bruised nbout head and shoulders; James
Douglas, car Inspector, cut on head and arms
brills, d :lt gerVuuglinn, fireman, leg broken;
George Hunt, hurt Internally,
LEXINGTON, KT HAS A 1RT DAT.
MT. C. T, C. War doles naloons-Flrst Christ
mas Day In Yenr Without Bloodshed.
Lkxinoton. Ky., Deo. 25.-Thls was the
"drvest" duy Lexington has experienced for
inanyyears. The war waged by tho W. 0. T. U.,
resulting In the Grand Jury Indicting tho
saloon men for selling liquor on Hunday,
cuubod the llaitoiiduts' Association to make a
spcciul request that nono of tho members of
the association open their pluces of business
to-dny.
Tim day pasHod off quietly, without accident
or light, unit Is probably the only Christina
day hero in yours on which there was not a
tight attended with more or lesa bloodshed.
list night tho streets wero crowded with
people, and lliovsorks wore freely used, hut to
day the police almost stoppod the firing of
oxaokere.
1
flMjyjJBH A. II. nATlT k FRANK MORA, Tlepreitntittlri, BBrHiBLMH
- - . .
FINE FLOWERS MADE HERE.
NEir ronr ttorkers as sKii.rvn
NOW AS THE FRENCH.
Artificial Flowers Kqnal to the Imported
Turned Out of Amerlcnn Factories For
eign Competition Successful Only in thn
Cheapest Orntles Nnture's Products
Copied Very Closely by Our Fingers.
When the woman of wealth holds hordrenm
of a hat off ot arm's length and with rapture
jurvoys Its boauty no doubt enters her mind of
the truth of the statement that tho flowers
that ndorn it woro made In France. At the
same time It Is highly probable that every one
ot thoso beautiful blossoms was made right
hero in Now York olty. When the cast side
boauty glances at tho cheap pieco ot millinery
that han cost hormnny self-saoriflces she also
is content. The salesman has not told her nny
story nbout the choap cotton flowers having
boon mado In France; perhaps ho knows noth
ing about where thoy Woro mado; but thore Is
one thing cortaln, and thnt is that his oustomer
would laugh It ho wero to Bay anything ot the
kind. Yet the ohnnccs nro that the flowers
were made on tho othor sideof (he Atlantic:
probably In Franco, but almost certainly in
France. Italy or Germany.
The most beautiful creations 'of the French
artisan are duplicated In the United Statos so
perfectly that those who have handled French
millinery goods for years cannot tell the differ
ence About tho only difference that really does
oxlst is that the French .flower Is apt to have a
softer look thnn those made in New York, and
this Is due to tho journey across tho ocean.
The moist salt air penetrates tho cases In which
the goods arn packod, affects tho starch n bit.
and gives them that noticeably soft look. But
this Is tho work of tho cloments. nnd not of the
skilled hand of tho workman. Ostrich plumes,
tips and feathers, when sent tholr journey over
sens, nro packed in zlnc-llnod boxos, to hold
the feathers In curl, but even through tjho
seams ot this metal tho subtllo salty moisture
often creeps, dealers say.
Tho Amorlcan manufacturer can do the work
all right, whether it be ot high grndo or low
grndo. His superintendent hns come up from
the ranks nnd knows tho business thoroughly,
his forewoman Is equally to bo trusted, his de
signer nnd pattern maker get good salaries,
because they nro worth the money, and his
work girls havo skilled flngera, for tho appren
tice who shows no aptitude forthetrado Is soon
weeded out. But when It comes to Hiochoopest
grade of flowers, tho Now York dealer Imports
these goods or buys them nt tho llttlo ono-room
shop of some Italian down In West Broad
way or Bleeckor street. This ono room
serves tho entire family for tho pnrposo of eat
ing, sleeping, nnd business. Lilacs, heliotropes.
forgot-me-nots. and lilies of tho vnlley come,
almost without exception, from Europe or aro
sold to the chenp trade by the Dalian makers
here, irnmnn knows how to mnko artificial
flowers and can muster a $5 note, ho can buy
somo cheap muslin nnd wires, green paper,
with which to wind tho stems, a fow cents'
worth of aniline dye. nnd stamps nnd moulds
for tho petals and leaves of one slnglo
flower. With this .stock In trade he and
his entire family set at work. When the
flowers have been made he puts them
loosely Into a basket nnd starts out
to sell them. It Is necessarily a cash transac
tion, for ho must havo his money to turn over
again; but ho has not reckoned the Interest
andwoarnnd tear on n plant. Ho haa nosal
nrylist to meet. It has been said thnt he can
live on a class of water, an onion and a patch ot
blue sky, If he can get the three regularly
every day. At nil events ho can undersell tha
trndo. so ho gets customers without any
troublo. Then ho buys more cloth and at It
again he goes.
But seo tho difference with the manufacturer
of high-olass goods. On Broadway one tingle
beautiful pale pink velvet rose, something on
the order of what tho florist calls the cabbage
roic on account of Its great slzo, was shown.
The model from which this flower waa copied
came from France on a pattern hut. and th
house paid $7 for that slnglo flower for tho
privilege of copying It. Theso goods, of Amor
lcan manufacture, retail for about $3 apiece,
the wholosalo price being nbout $18 a dozen.
Again you take up a sprny of bcautilul
red rosos. Thoy aro perfect enough al
most to deceive tlio very humming birds
themselves. The cluster you hold iti your
hand contn ns buds before the faintest
tint ot reil appears, and the lose thnt is
ut its fullest bloom. The stums match tho
color of nature perfectly, while from sldo to
side the thoin appears. When tjio mniiiifncturi)
of nrtillclal (lowers In tho United States began
to command thn respect of tliHlnidc thocrill
cism on them was that tlio coloring was not up
to the mark : but ot Into years tlio manufacture
of nnlllno dyes has been so Improved that the
artificial (lower maker has ut hlHiommuiid in
numerable colois. shauos and tints, thn uni
formity nnd excellence of which enn always bo
relied on, nnd ho now challenges Europonn
competition In tho matter of color,
Tho designers and pattern mnkers strlvo.
when they attempt to copy nature, to getns
near the model us posslbln. Tuku up 11 cluster
of carnations and look nt thorn. Tho open und
crumpled petals ure there, the fow white jilstlls
that tho forcing process of the hoiticuitiirist
has left In his effort to grow double; plnkn. are
Imitated by a llttlo filament from nwiiiionsirlch
feather. Tho Scotch thistle Is made so nearly
Perfect thnt about the only difference is
In favor of thn nrtillclal product, that Is,
the thorns ot nature's plant will puncture
the skin, while those made by tlio hand ol man,
though they look just us wicked, are harm
less. These thistles me muile In France, not
becaaso New Vork skill cnniint muku them,
but beoauso thoy ure not stnphi goods, Dnmo
Fashion 'may give n smile of approval to tho
thistle this season nnd on hlgh.pricod huts It
may becomo quite the proper thing, but In u
few months, nt the longest, the thhtle must
go, while the rose, the vlolot, the chiysnnlhe
mam and many otr.ets stuy forever For this
reason the manufacturer prefers to till the
orders of his customers In the line of a few
specialties liko fuehs'as. orchids and thistles,
by Importing thn goods, rather thun by taking
Ids girls from making up staple goods during
his busy season.
Flowers are made of lawn, muslin, silk, velvet.
??"." 1Ji'.tl sometimes of the bright plumage of
birds. The llrst thing dono to tho cloth is to cut
It into lengths, which nro fastened tnnframe.
A man then cornea along with n whitewash
brush and a lot of somo kind of stiffening,
Silk Is stiffened with gelatine; for lawns, a
starch Ib made of potato llour.and forvolvets.
onllmin laundry starch Is used. The starch Is
applied with the brush on the wrong sldoot tho
goods, and the frames are carried to
the drying house. Theso drying houses
are heiitoil, sometimes by gus, sometimes
in other wars, up to from 1ho to ll'O'.
In . about ten . minutes thn cloth is dry.
It Is next out Into thp.pclals of the flowers
desired atid dyed. In thin goods a greut many
folds may be accurately cut by ono stroke of
the cutting machine. If the material is thicker,
fewer folds must bo made. Suppose, now that
the man wutitModrutho flower led, nnd leave
a little w bite, plsea in tho centre. 11.- holds tho
folded Petals I gliMy between his thumb nml
f ngcr. Immerses them fprn fow minutes In the
,Jj'0,.W"'" ,'"'m au, "'"I 'here you hnve tlinin
But U ho wants to makn this centre of a differ
cnt color. from the rest, as, for example, red
wlthn yellow centre, the yellow Ih put on by
huiid with ti siihII brush
rmni the man who .dips the pieces into the
dye they gp to a worker who separates thom
Into the. right number of thlcknenes to dry
wel and places them again on u frame to go
back to the drying room The cloth is now
ready for the girls to begin their work Almost
all these girls aro employed at piece work.
sA. ' jii..j.ktt--f'r'fVt,'i'a!,'- -Vgi-
That is. each girl gets paid nt thn end or ths
woek for tho actual number of flowers she has
made, nnd not for tho week of time, When a
Blrl drat goes intonn nrtillclal flower manufac
tory bIio may. ns nn npprentlce. gel fiom SI to
$2 a woek. It will tnko hor from ono to three
years to boeomo anything like mi avotnite .
worker. Sho Is gonorully quick enough to real
ize, when herwork compares fairly well, both as
to the quantity sho pan turn out nml Its quality,
with that oj the. girls sitting on either aide o!
her. If It Is nt the height of tho busy season.
Bho suggests to her employer that he rolso her
wagus. If bo does this, all right; If not. shs
inarches out nt tho end of hor week. It Is easy
for her to get work nt some othor factory. Hhe
hn only to say that she can do good work, and
that she loft her old placo hoenuso sho could
not got hor price. Sho knows pflrfoclly well
that herwork must In the end spoak for Itself
On ordinary ohenn goods tho girls can begin as i
apprentices nt a dollar or two nnd work tlieni
selves up until thov can earn from $nto$8a
week. There Is still a higher grade of wotk
which oan ho doneonlr by the gifted fow. Here,
porhaps. might -bo drawn tho dividing lino be
tween n triple nnd nn nrt.
The crinkles In the petals of some rosos and
many other flowers nro now made hy ma
chinery, and half n dozen or more folds can ba
crimped ut once. Until recently this was done
by hand, nnd only ono potal at a time was
crimped.
American manufacturers never perfume tholr
artificial flowers, but tho French sometimes
do. especially those Intended for corsage
bouquets. A lasting nnd most natural per
fume Is sometimes glvon to tho French carna
tion by Imprisoning a clove ut Its bus).
CATHEDRAL DAMAGED BT FIRE.
St. Patrick's Edifice In Ilnrrlsbnrg Injured
After Chrlitmns Services.
Harbisdubo. Pa.. Deo. 25. St. Patrick's pro
Cathedral on West State street, the chief edi
fice In tho Harrlsburg dloecso of the Homan
Catholic, Church, was damaged to tho extent of
$15,000 by flro to-day. Tho nltarwaa hand- -
Bomely docorntod for tho Christmas service,
andflno muslohad been arranged for tho sev
eral masses ot the day. At 5 o'clock and again
at 10 o'clock tho cathedral was crowded with
people, a largo orchestra assisting tho choir.
Tho church was closod shortly bofore 1
o'clock, and ton minuses later residents ob
served smoke issuing from tho rear of the
church, where the altar wns located. An alarm
was immediately sont In, but bofore tho Are
was extinguished It had spread along tho cell
ing to the great organ at tlio other end of the
church, partly destroying the Instrument. All
tho sacred vessels wero destroyed except those
In tlio talernacle, which wore saved by the liov.
1'nther Kohl, rector of the cathedral, who was
soaked with water. Tho rich statuary Im
ported from Munich soveral years ago nnd the
stations of the cross wero also saved. The
flro and water destroyed the frescoing, car
pets. Bishop's throno, vestments, sanctuary
and tho candelabra ot the altar. The loss is
covered by insurance.
The accident is particularly unfortunate nt
this tlmo In view of tho appointment by the
Holy Seo last week of a new Bishop for this
district to tnko tho placo of the (lend prelate,
Thomas McUovcrn. The tiro Is said to have
been caused by crossed electric light wires.
MISS M'GOTRAX'S WILL STANDS.
She Disinherited All Iter Itelntlves Except
Two Keronil Cousins.
GnAMDcnsDuno. Pa., Deo. 25. The McGov
ran will case has been decided by Judgo Stew
art, and the Baltimore and Washington women
who havo been fighting ror the nearly $100,
000 left by Miss Annie McGovran. the eccontrla
maiden lady who disinherited all of hor rela
tives except two second cousins, hnvo lost. The 1
leading contestants are Mrs. Mary Frances I
Lehr and Mrs. Kate H. Johnston of Baltimore
and Mrs. Louisa V. Murdock of Washington.
Miss McGovran had said that tho only rela
tives who boo not Ignored her during her life
were Philip Henry Moore of Wheeling. W. Vn .
and Mary Ann Loughhoro or Sau 1'nineisco. To
these sho gave all or hor money. Tho others
tried to prove Miss McGovrun Insnne. but Inst
tholr enso In tho lower courts and In the Su
premo Court.
An auditor appointed to distribute the estate
hold that the disinheriting clause hi then 111
was void, hut tho court has overruled the
auditor and ordered him to distribute the
estate according to the w II. A good deal of
tho estate hns been frittered nwny In litlgatlnn,
sndthaca.se may again go to tip Supreme
Court Miss McGovran in her will directed
that S5.000 be expended for 11 monument over
bercrnve. but f ho relntlves hnve been too busy
fighting the will to nttend to the monument,
and hor grave has been neglected.
Printer Dirt Suddenly In Folloe Station.
William Adams.. '10 years old. was taken sick
at 21 Now Bower' last nlcht. no was removed
to tho Oak street police station, nnd died there
of heart dlsensfl before an ambulance surgeon
arrived. Adams was a printer, lie had lived
In the Bowery lodging houses for years.
6,000 to 8,000 Cases or Oilp In Omaha,
Omaha. Dec. 25. TlicgrlphaRheennpldemlo
herr for several day. Tho City Physician says
that there nre 5,000 to 000 eases In tho city
IM PACKARD SCHOOL
of Business and Correspondence
will reopr-u, after tbs Chrlatmn holidays, on Tust
Jar, Jau. S, ItDH.
CKTAHMSIircn 1B88.
During tba ptit two mouths the dtnisnd for Its
young in n u'raduitea as
STENOGRAPHERS
AND
OFFICE ASSISTANTS
from trust rnmpinlos, hanks, bankers, Imuranr
ooraiisnlea, leading business Arms and corpora
tlnns has been unprecedented, At prereut thsre Is
not odd young man stenographer on Its 11 -t of appll
cants f(.r pititlons.
Central locstlnn, light, well ventilated rooms, si
perlenced tochers, up-to-date methods, Individual
Instruction.
Bright youug men and women entering Jan. S will
hse ample time beforo tha summer vacation to
qualify themselves for b'lsluesi.
Office open daily from H.45 ta 6 for rsiclstrstlos
of Undents.
Seal postal card fur prospertus. Address
TIIK I'AOKAItl) SCHOOL,
S8D ST. AND J Til A V
Mew York Olty.
Protection against
GRIPPE- jr
I MjK& jyl RETAIL BTCREl
MfaOl- fyiowest23st,
tm iihE" near nrm avc.
Im P 6proadwBXnerCorfJandf;
JF 240 W. I25 StrJUrlem.
j THE IDEAL IRON TONIC. tjg
llS-::TDiLETS
aJmmA. -aW; JC.., Mi

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