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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, December 27, 1898, Image 8

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artificial Avrr.iAKctts DKsiaxxn
' to iNrnorn speed.
f Many Mechanical Innovations to Aid the
Trainer and Driver Toe Weights and
Their Uses Hprenders, Hoots and Checks
The Perfected Two-Minute Hornets,
$ The multitude of applianoes brought Into
j, use from year to year for the purposoof Im-
jl proving the speed ot the trotting' hors sur-
B prises the man who remains away from the
K'' harncts-raolng oourses for a few sensons, nnd
tho veteran who law Lady Suffolk. Tlora
n Temple and other champions In the oarly
- days of the sport Is remlndod that this Is 'the
$ ace of Invention.
Too weights are by far the most common of
i' all artlflolal appliances used to Improve and
I eorrect defectlvo action In tho trotting horse.
6 They nre used for a multitude of different pur
,, f rosss, hut their ohlef effeot Is to qutoken, ele
fr vale and lengthen the action In front and to
v eatise tho horse to go squarely at the trot.
9 'When the toe weight Is applied to the front
8 feot of n low-striding, stlff-kneod, dwelling
's w Baited trotter tho action changos perceptibly.
', fj; There (s a bolder roll ot the knee, a quicker
' roolutlon cf tun foot nnd a stroncor striking
' K out In tho forward stroke, without any pause In
m' the movement. Tho forward action becomes
, E more rapid and lofty, so that the hind
'j legs and feet havo a better chance to bo
ft driven forward to their full extent underneath
. the front ones without striking or Interfering.
'? 1 Applied to the front feet toe wolghts will oon-
m vert a natural pacer Into a trotter, while many
'' . Blfged with Chin Check. Two-Mlnuto Harness, Roln Holders. Galting Pole. Hopples, Knee
i'V ? .' Boots, Shin Boots. Quarter Boots and Ankle Boots.
& y 5p a natural trotter has been changodto apaoor
ia ft hy shoeing him light In front and arming him
'Ut '' f behind with n pair of heavy "sinkers." Toe
rm? jfe weights have boen used on thu hind feet also
, wMi p to close up tho action when there Is a strad-
i H dllngortoo wide movement of the legs. Some
'y &'. trainers have now and then applied weights to
l& '' W the outside walls ot the hind foet as a means of
. Ay W; widening the action when it was too close, and
1' if w weights have boon used also to prevent hltch-
& J U- Ingor hopping, knee banging and numerous
i f Ef other Imperfections of trotting action. A few
M t Vjk Instances have been known where the weights
IS '"' to tised on the front feet were, otdtfferent sizes.
!' 1? In one form or another too woighta have been
W p known to the craft for many years. According
H f ' to old John Mlnohln of Goshen. Dan Mace used
HH h- K-i a sheet of lead strapped around tho front foot
il $ ' of b trotter ho droeutMlneola In 1838, If tho
jm " Sp Orange county horseman's latest story Is true,
. gg! fci Mace probably antedates all othor reputed in-
;0 nt vsntorsofthe appliance. But "Mlnchln's fail-
& I H? ur? t0 Rtate 'no namo ot the horse on which he
h Ife'' nsjierts that Mace used the crude contrivance.
" Ml 2, flw Bid.,the fact that no such occurrence Is re-
H J ffi merobered by other old- .-. - '"-"
flp- l 'I'' 'l0r80men' throws K" 7t
IsS doubt upon the Btory. (nkjj A
'wi $ flk; The veteran trainer. Ij. vjPtV''SS
K M HjHurd. tells of having Tpfessry
w 1 1. sen ,l :U('0 home- ?....--J
w St made pair In the hands focket tob weiqbt.
W F Hk ' a 'oun'ry horseman nt one of tho meetings
W Sv BP'thc State soon after tho closo of the civil
mfc :' K ' war probably as early as tho fall of 1805.
jPy W Hurd says they woro not much mere than
M J ft! sheols of lead strapped around tho hoofs of tho
t' " . Jt ho(80. but tho countryman had dlseovorod tho
S "K x principle of the thing, just the same.
Iro r K, f 'l0 'nc 'or toe we,,n,J, nas 'on'1 s'noo passed
S F w1 away, and high-class trainers nt tho present
tj, fc K tlmo resort to the sinkers only when tho mora
UN' 5 iSS rational and sclontlflo methods oT modern far-
gil ' rlery have failed to produce tho desired result.
i Si They recognize the fact that every ounce of
Wf S ffij. extra weight carried on tho feet Is a handicap
IsjL' JKC to Bpeod, and that, other things bolne equal,
w? W the.horse that goes lightest will go fastest and
' M.' t. m ' longest. A good many trotters that require
Hi 1 B .heajr weight In shoo nnd toe to square thom
' l$C f'- If' away. and establish their gait In tho boginnlng,
W$ tf K, afterward learn to trot In much lighter shoos
tW& & and without any too weights at all. Others re-
3 " K aulre the slnkersonlyin getting away from the
1 f5- "w m wijo. Once on their stride and up to speed
' Wfi fl m: . they could dispenso with tho appliances en-
Mw$S W" tirely.
i &SS I't1" 'O0 weights now In use hear little ro-
un it- '- BPiublaneo to thecnid contrlvan-cs or thirty
'.US'?. " years ago. mnny ingenious improvements ha'v-
Wsf ' lng hponinadoln theformotthewelghtnndtha
w ft l way of fastening It to tho toe. The appliance
!- t roost commonly seen haM a steel spur welded to
yk&w ty theshoeoracllpscrewcdtothehoof.ThPwelght
JP. 6 V proper is (loetlled so as to tit tbisspuror
fi: H.' clip, where It Is kept from sliding olT by means
t! tk Si ' a screw. These wolghts como In uasortcd
1 W & Bites like the weights of an apothecary's scales,
MB' W r Bpthntthe tralnorlsable toputon any slzodo-
fS fi " sired from half nti ounce to half a poand. wlth-
S&B . If- out removing tho spur or ollp. Some years ago
We & ?' B qulcksllvor toe weight gained a good deal of
Sf Ifc' 3 popularity among trainers. This was a tubs
wAli" partly lilted with meroury anil fastened lo n
' '1"$$ i sp'ir at the-too of the hoof When tho horse
5 1 reached forward in his stride the mercury
tvf ! 'WRS forced to tho lower extremity of the
'B !, tube, conoeptratlng nil the weight at the
1 'vP ', Point whoro It would have the greatest olTect.
K' I, And when the trotter lifted his foot from
' Ik f n8 ground and folded the knee in making the
Ik llgS- J,, revolution tho mercury was shifted lo the
jW A ntht-r end of tho tube where It w.ib nearer tho
IBs'Kr p ulerum of the lever and therefore easier Ij
iFirtlESS. 4. 'i'1'. Tn,s nt '""t was tho theory on which th
4"'TrwP ' device was construoted. but its popularity was
!!Si- i. "or some reason short-lived, and It has long
; "CTK t Blneo gone entirely out of use.
R?pt Hi Hopples are among the most common appll-
' MW m ances now seen on tho modern pacer. They
1 (Sp I' arOiUsed to keep the horse on hmntrlde, and
' NB 5 ometlmes to preent mixing or shifting to tho
IjE fJ trotting gnlt. They nro also used on trotters.
M& f but the horhe o lllagonul gait that leiiuues
; Bg them Is a rare exception to thu rule On the
IP - other hand. It is nothing unusual to sue n ma-
' fl (. Jor)tr pt the starters In a pacing m,- rigged out
i m t W'W ",e g"lnK straps. Thei aie madu of
y.K. Isathcr.andfortrottersthnyrun ll.igonallyfrom
Slf tho front to the hind leg.termlnutlnglnpadded
liWff lOOPs.whloh enolrclo thu legu atiovothe kneos
rl and-hocks They nro held in place by light
tjm , straps oor the shoulders and back, and the
,&M I horse wearing them must, as a rule, stick to
$ j his gait or fall down. Itl. of cnuroe. impossl-
Jln J hie (or a horse wearing crossed hopples in
til , strike n pace, or fpr one rigged with parsllol
1 1 (traps to hit a trot. Should .1 horso attempt to
f do so In a race thtro is certain to bo trouldo
,5 ' for hlmsolf and his drher. us well us for oilier
.m i . horses ana drivers that happen to L doss
,M 1 ' behind him. A few horses, like tho Oregon
5 Vifr I paoer Chehalis. aro able to break and run
f'-Xii$ '.- when their hopnles aro not too tightly ad
(vJS. " Justed, but, by fat- tho larger number trip
JWlfi t and fall Inttautly 011 making a break
: Tkb' ' Awhlnnts nlmost without iiiiinbor lmo oc
' M " curred In this way since hopples came into use
"1 W 4 In harness rnolnir. some of thorn resulting In
:-'i fcw' wrmBiieiitlniurytobothliorsesnndilrhers Ho
6 m I ?.?n,:r.0.l!B af the unsightly contraptions to
'I IK llfe Bn.l l'1' that many promlnoiit reliismen,
Jl W S ' l1 feors nnd U E Jlcllenry. will not
W" ' under nnyclrcumRtanceKdrlen hoisewearing
( yf i hopples They are compelled, however, to
f, (- J, drive In races against hoppled horses, and
SI- I xperh'iice has shown that the stuips nre
fi I- Just nliout as dangerous under these clr-
E t cnmfitiiiiCMs as If their nun pacers nero o
1 I rlgiied. A rule ndopteil l,ihi Kebruary hv
' f the National J'rolteis Association will. If
' enfor;ed. prohibit the use Vif hoppleg in races
7- l fi after Jan. 1,1800, but so mlnyof the new rules
ft.' K hsvo been Ignortd by traok msaagsri tills
M;..j '
"rEii.M iitjriitBttiTTiiiaBaBiirvrinr"fWBijarifea
year that few horsemen xpeotto see tni pro
vision against hopples enforced on all ths
tracks. Hopples havo been used from tlmoJm
memorial In teaching horses to pace, but It Is
only within tho last few years that harness
horses havo carried thom In races. They are
tho last resort ot high-class trainers, few of
whom will uso them muter uny circumstances
In publlo races. Chehalis, 2:IMWi btrathberry,
U:U4i, and Frank Uogash, 2:04K, aro tho fast
est paoers that have gained their records with
their legs tied together, and El Rami, 2:14, is
about tho only trotter who has beaten 2ilti so
Half hopples are occasionally seen on both
trottors and pacors. They connect tho two
front legs or the two hind legs, the strap run
ning through a pulley or loop fastened to tho
girth. When usod In front they nre for the
purpose of kc'iplng tho horse from breaking
into a run. On tho hi ml legs thty aro used to
prsvont .hitching or hopping, Many horsos
have an Inveterate habit of making a longer
stride with one hind leg than with the other, at
tho same time shouldering their hindquarters.
This destroys tho even, steady stride ot the
propelling parts mid is known as hitching. It
is usually caused either by soreness or through
forcing the horso to go a little faster than ho
can go nt a square, honest trot. With halt hop-
files tightly auiusted on his hind legs, the horse
s forced to take an equnlly long stride with
each member and to move one toot forward
while tho othdr Is swinging baokwanl.ro that
a very uuoven stroke is next to Impossible,
Tho old-tlmo trotter 1'rotolno. V:1B. by Blsek
wood. wore another sort ot dovlcn to prevent
hopping or hitching. Two broad straps were
used, each passing diagonally from the point of
tho shaft over tlio back of tho mare to the rear
ot tho opposltm shaft, wheie it was securoly
fastened. Tho contrhance oporntcd like a
kicking strap, holding down her hind parts
nnd thus preventing the hitching or hopping
movement to some extent. Charles Marvin,
the famous trainer ot Smuggler. Bunol, Palo
Alto and Arlon, had a way ofouringa hllcher
by putting a strap around ths offending hind
leg just above thehoak. Tightly adjusted, this
operated to confine the action of tho large ten
don which operates the joint and to thus rostrlct
the stride. A too weight on the short-striding
hind foot will soinotlmes restore thn balance
and prptent hitching, but in many more eases
twill fall. The same thing mny be said about
increasing the weight on the forefoot which
moves In unison with tho short-striding hind
leg. This sometimes has tho effect of length
ening the stride ot tho Tear member and re
storing true action.
nJ'?0, weights aro by no means the only ar
tificial appliances used by trainers to Improve
Imperfect action of tho front legs of the trot
ter. The knee-netlon
boot Is one of tho latest .
ot theso doviees. It l
consists of either a "A . h-
spiral spring ora strong 4-1 &
elastic strap fastened at 65? ifiSFv
ono end to a broad felt fSSiB y )
band buckled around yf
the arm just above the Iftffs
kneo and at tho othBr 8
end to a strap around S I
the fotlock. By con- A I
tractlngwhen the foot ,3.
Is raised from the i
ground the powerful
spring quickens nnd in- kme-actios boots.
creases tho fold of the knoe. getting the
front fejt out of the way of tho hind
ones. The device Is sometimes used also
on high-stoppers in training for the
show ring. Another knce-actlon devlco con
sists or a hickory stick extending out some dis
tance beyond the cad ot tho shafts, to the oml
or which stick Is fastened a powerful elastie
strap pr spiral spring connecting with a lelt
hand buckled nroundtho arm of the trotter.
1 his device tends to lift tho leg from the elbow
Instoad of the knee joint, nndis generally pre
rprred by trainers who resort to those methods.
By turning the extension bars outward from
the point of the shatts the device exerts a con
siderable force In spreading tho play of tho
front legs, and is thus frequently used to pre
vent knee hitting.
Knee-banqers. or horses that strike the knee
pr one leg with the lnsido edge of the hoof of
tho opposite member in passing, have caused
n9 end of anxious hours for trainers, and mnny
a trotter of phenomenal speed is now doing
service on a butcher's cart or a family carriage,
solely on account of having this dofeet of action
in an aggravated form. Among all the imper
fections of trotting action knee-banging is the
most difficult to overcome. Nearly every knee
hitter turns his Joes outward when standing
still, and a largo percentage of all "Boldler
footod" horses that stand In this way are
knen-hltters. Pigeon-toed trotters, on the
other hand, rnroly touch tholr knoes. Train
ers say that any horso Is likely to strike him
self nt tills sensitive point in going round a
sharp turn at siieed. particularly when tired.
Kxport farriers aro frequently able to shape
the hoof and shoe the horse so that tho foot
will bo swung outward when It is uplifted,
thus avoiding contact with tho npposlto knee
but when fnrriery rnlisto effoct a remedy tho
spreaders sometimes come Into play.
Thf se are of many patterns. The stylo most
commonly In use. known as the Illinois spread
er. Is a light steel sprinir bavin.: one coil near
the shaft to give It piwrr. unii running from
thorttdawn to a padded strap encircling tho
leg of the horso iibovo tho kneo. The loroa
ewtud by this spreader is dirnotly outward,
pulling the legs apart when the horso Is In
aotlon, Another contrivance known as the
Mosul spreader was used last veur by Dick
Wilson to prevent the wel -known trotterjlo
sul, 'J:00. from hitting his knees.
powerful elastic strap Is fastened at one
end to the. shaft or the sulky and at the other
end to awldo lelt band, fringed with lumb's
wool to prevent chafing, which encircles the
.-; rk legutsnetheknee. The
zZZlsS (;piiiiectjcut trainer.
j i?v Charles Bmart, brought
-OjlOv Put something new in
IT C21 f,"eo spreaders ut New
( TV r.iiKland ineotlnss this
9 I year. Hla devlco was
9"y 1 1 nothing more nor less
J J I than a poirerful elastic
T IV s,ruri fastened to tho
l' V putsido Migi of tho
C I li'irsu h hoof und run-
. nlng from there up to
:J Ihc shaft of the sulky,
uoatb ersrvnrR around whleh It was
Hunii, irarinra, wr.ipped onuo or tw CH,
then passing over he thouldersof the horse
mid down on thn otlier side In the same way.
laschal Cheirler useit 11 modlfleutlon of
ths device 011 one of (jeorge lluber's colts
this year One of tho most Ingenious
devices over used to piii n kneo hunger was
rigged i.y the well-known .New York Stato
triimerU II Aldrlch some veurs ago for tho
llttlo gray trotter Bi lyl) 2 '' by Artemas.
llovvnsafasthoru but was worse than worth
less for racing Mirmsps owing to hlseonllrmed
habit ot pk'klne up both trout (act la suuli a
way as to whaok his knees nt nyerr stride. He
broko over on the inside In lifting his foot and
thon swung It toward tho qthor kneo.Romo
times striking so hard as to literally knock his
log out from under him. Aldrlch took n stiff
coll spring and attached It nt one ond to the out
side of tho shoe, fastening the other end to a
tendon boot worn betwoen the knoo and tho
fotlock Joint. Thus rigged Billy B. won many
n race on the half-mile tracks up the Btnte. the
powerful spring pulling tho foot away from tho
kneo as it was raised. Tho old gray trotter
Darboo, 2:18)4. wore ft similar contrlvanco this
year In his campaign through western Now
York nnd Pennsylvania. , , .
Another kind of spreading devloe sometimes
used to widen thn action of young trotters Is
!n the nature of an ankle, boot, which Is
mckled around tho leg just nhqva the fotlopk
olnt. Projecting horizontally from tho
nslde of each boot is a ploce of stiff
father two or threo Indies long, which
strikes ngalnst tho opposite log with
out bruising it when tho horse, travels
too closo. This device Is known as tho Holies
spreader, and Is trequcntly used to widen tho
notion ot the hind legs and prevent Interfering.
A. common stylo of spreader for the hind logs Is
known as tho Whltakor dvlco. It works on
sliding rods attached to tho shafts otthe sulky
and Is fastened to the leg of the horse at the
lower thigh or gambrclpy means of n padded
loop not unlike the loop ot an ordinary hopple.
The Noves spreader consists of a bar swinging
vortloaily from n hinge joint on the shaft of tho
sulky. A cross bar runs from the lower end of
the swinging bar to ft boot or band buckled
around the hind cannon otthe horse,
One of tho commonest doleots of action, and
one of those most troublesome to deal with. Is
ths habit which many horses have of carrying
one hind leg In between the front legs as It Is
sent forward In mnklng the stride. To coun
teract this habit of going " dog-catted." as the
trainers say. a single spreader of tho Noyns or
Whitaker patti rn Is somotimos uaod to null the
offending hind log back Into Its placo. But the
gnltlng pole Is the main rcllanco ot the trainer
In straightening out such " dog-galted"
trotters. Tho polo runs from the point of tho
shaft to thn scat of tho sulky and
is securely fnstened after having been adjust
ed along the stdo of the horse, sons to force him
over Into tho true position. To prevent chafing
the RSltlue nolo is frequently covered with
lamb's wool tho entire length, making it one ot
tho most unsightly ot all artificial appliances
used In harness racing. For sensitive horsos
that need only to be touched to straighten thom
out a wheel revolving on the pole as an axis Is
placed at a point whero It will como in con
tact with the horss's ribs If hn throws
Ills hind parts over to one side. This
device obviates all danger of chafing and
does Rwny with the sheopskin covering. Not
a fuw trainers uso a strnp in place ot the pole,
lludd Doble says Uus (Hidden rigged tho first
galting strap he ever saw, and is probably en
titled to tho questionable credit of discovering
this particular plan for making horses that are
"dog gaited" go square.
Thedisposltlonof horses to elevate their hind
parts suddenly and forcibly when things are not
coming their way is a defect of action" In
trotters that the trainer occasionally has to
deal with by means of an extra strap or two.
ltigged with the ordinary harness only, a
kieker can smash ths sulky and unseat the
driver behind him without a bit ot difficulty in
less time than it takes to tell about It. Old
tlmo Western horsemen who campaigned trot
tois through the Iowa Circuit In 1880 will
probably nover forget tho antics of the bay
gelding Billy Boy, 'J:'MK. byMnmbrino Tem
plar, then in tho stable of 8. II. Lainson.
Tho horso had nearly killed Henry Kelly
n year or two before, and Lamson took
his life in his hands everv time he mounted
the sulky to drive a race, for the treacherous
trotter was likoly to open fire at any moment,
and he always kept up tho bombardment until
everything within range of his heels had been
safely demolished. The ordinary, half-hearted
kicker can bo held down by passing a strong
strap over the croupnnd securing it at either
end to the shaft of the sulky. But kickers like
Billy Boy, Westmont. Lucrcoe. Logan Chief and
some mora recent nnd prominent performers
that might bo named would never stop for
such a trifle. Charley Thompson rigged
about ten yearB ago for the blaok stallion
Logan Chief. 2:2'.. a kicking strap which has
sinco then come in o general use This wns a
continuous Etrap passing ovortho croup down
to u ring attached to each shaft, anil from
there forward and upward to a ring in the over
draw check rein a little hehlnd the ears. The
strap being tightly adjusted yet free to slip
through the rings ut all poInt8.it operated to
yank the head otthe klokerupwith a sudden
jerk the moment ho made a move to elevate
his heels. A contrivance somewhat similar to
this is said to have been used on tho Grand
Circuit trotter Lucrece. ''3H. by Robert
Whaloy. early In the eighties. A sort of com
promise between this and the ordinary kicking
strap is sometimes ilsged by passing the strap
over the croup near the toot of the tall, thence
down to tho rings In tho shatts and up over tho
hack again well in front of the coupling. About
the only advantage ot this rig is that it can
not shift as the ordinary kicking strap some
times does.
few if any aged horses nowadays start In
races without having a few boots on their legs
as a matter of precaution against accidentfor
a soft spot in the track, a collision or any other
unexpeotsd mishap may throw the horse off
his stride and endanger a tendon orsomoother
vital part AUx, -.(;.. tho present holder of
the world's record, goes as free, perhaps, as
any fnst trotter seen on tho turf of Iste years.
8ho docs not touch a hair nt any point. St.
Jullen was another true-going trotter. lie
wore no boots or artificial nnpllances of any
sort during tho last five years of his turf careor.
Tho numbor and variety of boots now In use
Is well-nigh tiowlldcring. No loss than forty
styles ot quarter boots alone aro listed in the
catalogue of one manutaeturer. and the varia
tions of other boots are just about as numer
ous. (Juaitor boots are used to protect the
lleshypartot tho front heels where thn hair
and tho hoof come together. Many horses
havo a habit of overreaching with their hind
feot as they aro shot forward, and thus strlk
Ingorgrabblngthelrqunrters. Tho bootcom
monly used is made of stiff leather llnodwith
elkskln or othor soft mnterlal. and Is shaped to
fit tho foot, covering tho part exposod. Small
straps, buckling In front, hold It in place.
Ounrtor boots of this style nro sometimes
marie In two parts, riveted or hinged togetbor
In such a way that the upper ono moves freely,
accommodating Itself to every movement of
tho pastern joint. 1'or -
hard hitters a stool plate """Vrsv
is placed between tho V- gsgy
layers of leathor pro- "7
tcctlng tlm quarters. 13 bSR
rorpiyjersthathave the TV. "VvSV
common habit of cross- vY"-!"
firing, or striking tho 's ct)'
Inside of the front pas- -sasi
tern or coronet with thn
hind foot on tho nppo- "woe QCAmrn boot.
site side, nn extension Is built on the quarter
boot to protect this part. The boll quarterboot
derives its name from its shape. It covers the
entire hoof front as well as back, llttlug
lnnselv, with a soft roll ot wool or elk
skln at tho top whore It buckles around tho
pastern. Ituhtmr quarter hoots havo been
latoly Introduced, and wood fibre Is sometimes
substituted for leather In the mnimfunmr.. f
cross-flrlnc hoots for pacers The now nibbor
quarter boots aro of both bell and low-out pat
tern, and they aro supposed to posess the ad
vnutago of being softer and more durable than
leather: but trainers have not generally adopt
ed the new material.
Morn frequently combined nnkle and shin
boots nro usod to protect the Inside of tho lees
from tho fetlock joint to tho knew, the two
r "V. l,0pts being joined 10-
fejfcs nether by a pivot wh'oh
paj CZ pormlts free autlon ot
1 4 CZw- the fetlock, or nnkle
JSJ fc"Sl io1"'.- Where the horse
touches very lightly.
siS iP'""" nr brushing." as the
vr"i p- trainers say. shin and
Vy ankle boots, as well as
""ESS aS1" -tlv'ot'Krsoy T.oo!
w. 4 , ' .. art J.. 2:01),' woro com
bined slilnnnd nnklo hoots of this material,
while the Unco and arm boots worn by Ktar
Pointer. 1:.1). aro likewise or cloth only Tho
Unrion boot Is usunlly made of hard leather on
l-ersoy or BoltcaliskJii" wrapper." covering the
bask tendon all the wuy from a point just below
t lekneetothopaatern.lncidontall) protecting
tho ankle. Ueorge II. Ketcham's pacing mare
I.ucy 1), 2:18'4, wore a combined nnkle, shin
und tendon boot which bears hor nsine.
linen boots. Iiowovor, are usually made sep
arato from the shin nnd nnkle covering, nnd
If combined at all. it is vvltii arm boots pro
tecting tlio trout legs above the knees, Horses
that merely brush, like
Htar Pointer, li&flii. and - ......--v- -
Goldsmith Maid, 2:14. siZ4. fir"
wear nothing nenvier -lVi
than kersey or felt, but ) f' I
soniooftheliardhlttnrs. IJ II 1
like Margaret H., 2 121,'. U7 V I
and Lady l,ec, 'Ji'.'O, VJ.
have to bo protected by 5v
tho rnost effective ai- w
iiiorthatcanhodevi8ed. o
lleic. iijMln.btecl plates
nre Iniroiluveil between sstt soor,
the hard leather cop uosns tattis,
and tho kersoy wrapper to ward off the terrlfla
blows w.hlch the worst ol knee bangers some
times give and take. Au losenioui horseman
has lately got up n pneum&tlo knee. Vkktc
for thesn hard hitters, the . device, having
an nlr chamber co voting tho joint which re
quires protection. Anothor Inventor has
what ho forms nlr-cushlnti boots, mado on a
slmilnr plan. Theso look like tho. ordinary
boots, but thorn are rubber tubos filled with
nlr under the outside, covering or gap doslgned
to tako up the conousslon. ,
Combination kneo nnd arm boots, like those
worn by Utar Pointer and Robert J nre held
tin place by means of
elastic straps passing
ovor the shoulders of
tho horse. Horses hav
ing excessive knee ao
tlon frequently, touch
their olbows with tho
toos ot their feet In
making tho strldo. To
proteot tho exposed
point olbow. boots
mado of soft leather
and lined with Iamb's
wool nro used. They
aro supported by two
sets of clastlo suspend-
XKXB AfD All BOOT. trn nagging OVOP thO
nossai 1. rATTEns. ehoulders rnd around
the nock, and by straps onolrcllng the forearms,
hostdo being buckled togethor under the body,
When tho horse touches tho body, train
ers uso what is known to the craft
by tho expressive namo belly-bumper."
This Is simply a ploce of sheepskin, covered
with patent leather, and so plaoeil as to cover
tho point ot contaot. It Is fastened to tho girth
of tho harness and Is held upnt tho other end
by an elastic strap around tho neok. Ed John,
son, who now trains for
theltou, Hugh J.Orant, a yv. Tl
rigged one ten years u WW 17
ngoforWhlpsaw,2:27. ' J IJ
by Bed Wilkes, at Kan- "0
saB City. This contrlv- y 1
ance Is seldom called , v (I A.
Into play, but elbow iv 1 fX
boots are worn by many II 7
of the best known trot- a 1 1
fers on the turf. Ths JL. 8 ff ,11
Now York horses David it? Jl ryi3IV
2:11)1. and Marguerltn
A.. 2:12K, are notable low boots.
The principal boots worn by trotters on their
hind logs are toe boots or scalpers, pastern or
speedy-out boots, ankle boots, shin boots and
hock boots. In forcing tho hind legs forward
under tho front ones, a horse may touch the
sensitive coronet of the hind foot, where tho
hoof and tho hair como together, or his front
foot In swinging backward and upward may
come in contact with the hind leg at any point
nshlgh upas tho hock. Scalpers fit over tho
trout part of tho hoof, sometimes extending up
above tho nnkle joint with a hinge to give free
action. A boot of tills pattern was designed by
Chlirlns Mnrvln. end (a known in nil hnrsetnMn
as the Marvin California scalper.
Ankle boots and speedy-cut or pastern boots
faro frequently made In
combination, copper
9a pivots or leather hinges
holding them together.
Shin boots on the hind
) legs usually protect the
21 front as well as the side
J of the cannon bones:
" otherwise they do not
differ from front shin
boots. As a matter bf
precaution AHx wore In
some of her races a
combination shin, ankle
oomisco ibm, AXKLKanri speedy-cut. all
asd pabtxkn Boor, jolnod together by lac
ing and pivots or hinges. The boot was all
felt, as the queen of trotters
never more than touches, and
that only when thrown off her U 7yj
balance. Hock boots are nenr-Brffcuv fy
ly always used in combination ( ff nf 21
with shin boots and very often 1 I r "j
with every other boot that is L. LJ 3
worn on tho hind leg excepting -wt--Ti 5J
scalpers. Vetoran trainers say '
that boots were first used about "Wy
forty years ngo. ''"jv lis.
In no other direction has tho -v
inventlvo genius ot tho trainer
of trotting horsss been more coubised rock,
closely applied than In trying inu asd an
to control tho head of the liar- ni boot.
ness racer and overcome such
habits as pulling, hogging and fighting tho bit
nnd choking down. As a factor of balance the
fiositlon of tho head nnd neck is not much less
mportant than the shapo and bearing of tho
feet and thn weight thereon. The head and
neck constitute n mass ol dead weight hanging
over In front of tho body without any under
KUpport. but sustained by the front
feet and legs. When tho head and neck
are extended in a lino parallel with
the ground, the tax on the front limbs Is of
course more severe than when this projecting
dead weight is olevated so as to be almost di
rectly nbovo its support. When tho head Is
raised the centro of gravity of the horse is
shifted backward to the relief of tho front legs
and the correspondingly increased tax of the
hindquarters, and the gait Is likely to be radi
cally changed. It is well known thnt a change
of one or two holes in tho longth of the check
rein will sometimes so disturb the balance of n
trotter that a prospective winner is transformed
Into a loser. This is well understood by tho
men who make a business of losing with fa
vorites, nnd there Is perhaps no other means
of throwing races so prevalent. To balance a
trotter tho trainer must of course be able to
control thn position of his head and sometimes
to nlevato it much higher thaD the natural po
sition. This Is dono chiefly by means of thn
overdraw check roln. which In some form Is
nowworn by nearly every fast horse In training.
The overdraw check was invented by Hiram
Woodruff, nnd was first used by him on tha
M'nxNitv's aovEnjion.
chestnut trotting stallion Komblo Jackson.
2:34, In 18f3. Before thnt all trotters wore
eldo chocks. Tor many years the overdraw
check rein was known to horsemen only as the
Kemble Jackson chock. The original overdraw,
while It served to elevate the head to any
height desired, would not provnt a horso from
hogging the bit or gottlng his chin inclose to
his nock, thereby cutting oft his wind and
musing him to ahnke down. Bomo years
ago an Inventive horseman conceived tho
plan of ovoieoming this difficulty by re
sorting to a long hickory stick in conjunc
tion with tho overdraw. This stick was used
as a lev or running from the nose, whom
It was attached by small straps to the check
bit, up nlonp tho horse's face nnd extending
something like a foot beyond his ears. To
the end of this stick the check rein was at
tached, running from tliero almost straight
down to the hook In the saddle, of the harness.
A powerful over was thus formed, operating to
lilt and hold the animal's nose almost straight
out on a line horizontal with his ears. The ap
pliance was vory severe at best and was sumo
tlmos positively nruel. Kive Points. 2:111, when
ho started In the HO.(KX) race at Detroit In
JWJA nail his noso pulled up by means of a der
rick of this sort to tho point where the pupils
of his oyvs could not bo t-oon
About five r years ago thn well-known relns
mon M E. Mollonry Drought out un Improve
ment on tills primitive overdrr w levor. It wus
know as tlio Mellenry governor and was ex
tensively used for sei ernl years. The governor
operated with or without tlio usuul cheek bit,
a strap sometimes pass'ngundsi tho chin an
swering the same purpose and at tho same
tlmo afford ng comfort to the horse. This chin
strap rested in front of tho driving lilt near the
end of tha chin nun was connected with an L
sliaiioil aluminum lover working on a
pivot fastened 10 a psddnd metal plato
which, rested on tho faco of the horse
To the othor end, of this aluminum
ItTor. which projected perpendicularly at a
right anglo from the face plate, tho check rein
was attached, thus giving tho same powerful
levorage as tho homemade hickory stick used
on Five Points to lift tho noso nway from the
neok, The contrivance, ot course, marred tho
appearanoe of the horso on whJch It wns usod,
but It was much less unsightly than tho old
fashlonod head stick. , ,
..Tho Into Tom Raymond, ownor and driver of
Klamath, 2:07tf. rigged for his noted little
trotter a further Improvement on loverago
overdraw cheoks which Is now In nlmost uni
versal use tor horses that hog the bit nnd
choke down. As In the governor, the check bit
Is done nway with, a chin strup taking its placo.
This ohjn strap Is nttnehod to a framework ot
raotal. 0110 end of which Is fastened nbovo to n
padded strap passing across tho noso ntm
forming tho fulcrum of this, lever, whllo thn
power Is exerted at tho projecting, lcwer end
of the framework where tho ohock roln Is at
tached, By shortening or lengthening tho
check rein It Is posslblo to keen tho hnrso's
hpnd at the proper height, and the lilting force
of the chin strap effectually prevents the ani
mal from cramping his nose In closn to his
neok. Another devlco sometimes usndtokcop
the head In place Is a sort of rigid standing
martingale.. It Is a light stool roil, attached nt
one end to ths girth o! the harness, nnd rising
from between the front logs to a, halter, to
which it Is attached, holding the head as rigid
as if In a vise.
The McOormao ohocking device, recently In
vented bv a Nebraska horseman, operates In a
similar mannor. It Is a stool frame attached
to a check bit and braced at tho other extrem
ity .against the nock or the horso, tho crotch or
fork fitting In such away that the wlndplpo is
not Interfered with. This dovlee Is found uso
ful on coarse-grained horses that vvlli ride a
common chin cheek, resting tho ontlro weight
pf tholr hoads and necks on tho Btrap beneath
the jaw, and also on horses that ahoko whan
carrying their heads high.
ThnCrlt Davis chock bit la also usod fre
quently In place of tho ohln check for horsos of
,. ,. this class. This bit is
O O tho oldest of lovorage
fr lr chocks. It has n tongue
II I llkonrovorsodcurb bit.
U ffs. U which rests against tho
viavl Vs roof of tho mouth, mnk
nrvir! Ing It decidedly un
(y It) comfortable tor the
, . horso that rests the
cniT I.AVW Brr. weight of his hend
thoro. To enumerate all of tho special bits
and checking devices in uso would require n
pagu of Thk Hun. They nro almost countless
In numbor, but those In general uso ure here
Pullers have como In for their full Bharo of
attention at the hands of invontlve horsemen,
scores of devices having beon dc'gned
from time to tlmo to control this com
mon handicup to speed and stamina in
the trotter. For some aggravated cases
a pulley arrangement of thn reins, which
gives double power to the restraining
force exerted by the drivor. has been used
with more or less success. Ono such rigging
is known as tho W check. It was used this
year by Jack Curry to control the hard-pulling
gray trotting stallion Hurpal, 2:12K. nnd Is
carrlod by many other horses nf less
noto. Joined to tho driving reins just back
of the point whore thevpass through the tnr
rets Is au extra strap. This goes with tho reins
through the tcrret. thenco up to a pully
In the ond of tho overdraw, which Is cut off a
fow Inches back of tho hnrso's ears. After
passing through this pulley tho strap is passed
back to the hook on tho saddle and then up
again to the pulley In tho other branch of tho
overdraw and back through the othor terret to
join thn other rein. The adjustment is such
that when force is exerted at the end of tho
drlvingrelnstheslldingcheckreln is tightened
with irresistible force, yanking the puller's head
higher and higher tho harder he pulls. An
improvement on this rigging was used by Jack
Kinney and some othor drivors this year. Tho
driving reins run from tho bit downward
through the martingale rings, and thenco up
ward to other rings at tho end of short straps
attached to the overdrawn check rein a few
Inches baok of the head on either side.
From there they run to tho terrets. When
tho horse takes hold too hard and tho
drivor. in restraining him. tightens the
driving reins, thny nro straightened, pull
ing down on tho straps attached to tlio
check rein, thereby shortening tho check and
lifting tho animal's head. Tho harder ho pulls
the hlghor his nose is raised, whllo the ap
pllanco Is no more severe than tho ordinary
check so long as the horse drives kindly. When
used In connection with the loverago chin
cheek the dovlco is entirely humane, nnd It
Is said that mnny horses havo been
qutoklv taught by its use to drive with
out pulling. Hull nnother pulley dovlco foreon
trolfing hard-mouthed trotters Is rigged by
fastening the ends of tho lines to the shaft
carriers or lug straps on tho saddle nnd pass
ing them forward through tho rings In tho
driving bit, thenco back through the terrets.
This adjustment was used with effect on tho
Long Island mare Island Girl. 2:12 la. but It is
not seen ns frequently as the W check or the
dovlco used by Jack Kinney.
When a horse pulls hard on ono rein, carry
ing his head away off to one side, ho Is pretty
apt to offset or counterbalance tho defective
carriage of his forehand by throwing his hind
parts out ot lino In tho opposite direction. To
remedy this tho galting pole sometimes has to
be used. Ono of the most grotesquo riggings
ever seon on a trotter wns brought into play
by a country trainer over at Freehold, N.J, a
fow weeksngoto straighten out a sldo-puillng.
dog-trotting horse of this description. Tho
Jerseyman's horso was rigged aft with n polo
on ono side tokonphlm straight bohind, and
on tho othor side forward hn carried a plain,
sure enough broomstick tied to thn bit. and the
backhand In a way that kept him going straight.
. F,. D. Stokes's four-yenr-old trotter
Bouzetta. 2:0(1 V. had a way of carrying her
head somewhat out of lino, although sho was
not a side puller. Cue Mucey. who trained and
drove the Ally In nil her winning races, thought
sho did this to keep hor eyo on him nnd his
whip hand. Ho accordingly riggod a bridle
with a blind on that side und with none on the
pther side, and Beuzettn was cured ot her
habit, or nt least prevented from practicing It.
What is known as the "two-minuto track
harness" may bo classed as nn aid to spoed In
the trotting horso. although a good many
prominent trainers have doubted tho efficacy
of the Innovation. The msln feature of this
harnosslstho absence of either breeching or
breast collar. Those who favor tho new-fangled
rigging say it gives to tho shoulders and
hind parts free plnv, which cannot be
altogether perlect and untrammelled when
0011 lined more or less by the breeching nnd
breast collar of tho old-fashioned harness.
Tho traces of the two-mlnuto haniess are
attached to a cap fitting over thn nnd of tho
sulky shaft, and thny nro fastened again to a
doublo girth and backhand boforn passing
back to thn sulky. The paeor Exploit. 2:12Ji,
Is ono of the hundreds nf horses that now
carry tho new rigging. It will bo seen by n
glance nt tho accompanying Illustration that
the cap on the shafts takes the place of
the breeching as a holdback device, whllo
tho attachment of the traces to tho
girth enables tin horso to pull his load
without u breast collar. Tho principal diffi
culty experienced by trainers who uso tho two
minute, harness Is that unless tho girths are
too tight the harness gets out of ndjustment
nownnd then, particularly on a honvy-hended
horse. Hand loops or rein holders nro among
tho modein wrinkles In track harness. Thny
enable the drivor to nnln a firmer hold on the
llnfs. andean be readily adjusted ar'any point
desired. These loops are albo shown In tho
picture of the pacer Exploit.
uoggles. blinkers, and even vollo nr .mr,
the appliances that sometimes play an Impor
tant part in harness
rseing. Ordlnarllygog- v5J!v -y,
gles or blinkers fit -vCXVJ
about the eyos In such y ll 1 f3
a way that the horse Is PtJ (3 1 V
unable to see In any S2-kJ'
othor direction thnn
straight ahead of him. oonnua
Thev nre used with oooolks.
marked success now and then on norvous
trotters that losn their heads and break on
getting Into tho thick of the tight, with horses
on all sides of them. 1
Noso blinkers nre buckled neioss fijie nose
just below the eyes to prevent tho horso from
f seeing tho track, n good
many nervous trotters
having tlm hubit of shy
ing and breaking nt
sight of a dark shadow
falllngscross their path,
Occasionally n high
strung horse will resent
the shower or dirt that
lie In his fiici from the
heels of those In front,
and will break from I his
f.ouse. Veils hung on a
light framework so ns
to protect th" sensitive
parts havo sometimes
kok elimiiu becntisedlnsucbcases.
naiDLiHiH. Nervous horses that sen
too rauah in spit., ot goggles, blinkers and
vei' ? "".now und thun completely blindfolded,
while it Is a pract ce not nt a I unco imon n
stuff cotton In the ears of a ruttle-lieTnye?
that Is frfghtonod by the noise of tho fiay.
troVKaUr a" e" nV"U ,ndern
special trinkets In I
theso days. Bhoe pro- .
teclors, mado like 11 ff 1
speedy-cut loot tocov- fc Dr
er the inside or the & I i
driver's foot whoro It -l J
flis into the stirrup of , i CTT
the sulky, are one suoh
divlw. Another I J the v wmciob.
The West Shore Railroad Company has rented our
store. We must vacate by Jan. ,1st.
Every article will be sold at a mere fraction of its cost.
RINGS, "j?i
STUDS ijll
SCARF PINS. "vjpljr I
Actually worth from $3 to 6, and which AA . .
we have never sold (or less tlun one dollar, vvf H ''sN.Vk. W II
to"morrow, il J lik
Every Broadway Car Passes the Door.
eye shield worn by many rclnsnjen as a moans
of protection against flying dirt and dust.
The eyo shield Is a framed mica plato fitting
closely across tho face.
i& t i Ordluary goggles are
71 , 1, jE sometimes used Instead
Tfifl"ir5TTt or the special appliance,
V2! V but they do not afford
I t 1 tho same freedom of
r vision In all directions.
ETT SHIELD. T!'V8 r'CBfd A rmd
with a spur on his whip
and perhaps another ono on his foot, the
drivor Is ready for business.
a iiEn LETTcn cnmar.vAS
In Which a Supposed Indian Baby Flayed
thn Lending Itole.
"Away back In the eighties." said ths old
tloketseller at a Brooklyn elevated railway
station, "before I ever dreamed of presiding
over a turnstile and chasing forgetful people
tor a nickel. I was a mining magnate. Yes
sir. I was as big a man in my way as lots of
theso fellows that you hear ot In Wall street
nowadays. I'd staked out four claims on Hay
Island, in Lake of the Woods, up in the British
Northwest.and I'd sold a part interest for $30.
000. I couldn't spare the time to come back
to the States for my Christmas, but, just the
same, I determined to have an old-fashioned
Christmas blowout.
"I hired the only tug at that time on the
lake and Invited a few cronies who nad done
prospecting stunts with me to go along on a
cruise to Fort Francis at the head of Rainy
River. Ono of the boys In the crowd was
'Dody' Snow. He'd seen better days, and In a
fit of hard luck about six years before had
married a sauaw. Yosslr. Dody and the
squaw had jumped the broomstick, reg'Iar In
dian style, and he'd lived with her and hortribe
ns long as he could stand them. Tha was
when Dody was down on the Rainy Lake min
eral belt, and 0110 day he Quit tho siiuaw. hor
tribe und the tepee for good. He also left an
infant son. but that's another story.
"Well, on Christmas Day wo struck an aban
doned Indian camp on the shore of Rainy
River. Dody, having had several drinks, pro-pot-ed
to go through the camp for rellos. The
only thing we found alive was a mud -colored,
sober-faced boy about 5 years old. The only
woman in our outfltywas the cook, Jlog Oar
rity. of uncertain ago and dubious antece
dents, but with a heart full of love for tho hu
man race.
"Meg found tho kid. He was making a
snow man back of a tumble-down tepee. Meg
called to Dody: "Here. Dodr. bring mo some
water until I wash tho kid's face. Look at tho
darllnt.' Dody wasn't In the humor for ren
dering first aid to 'a dirty Injun cub.' as he
called tho youngster, but Meg insisted and
Dody lent a hand. In half an hour or so. by
dint of scraping und scrubbing. Meg nnd Dody
got down to the skin of that youngster.
" 'Bles me soul,' cried Meg. 'If it isn't a
white bov. may I never see Rat Tortage again.
'N' for all the world, it's the llvin' Imago of
you. Dody.'
".Sure enough, the resemblance was so
marked that Dody was Impelled to take the
child aside and ask him n few questions.
When they returned Dody said quietly: 'Boys,
can we have another plato at the dinner. Let
me introduce my youngster. Don't ask any
questions. I've found him. Meg washed his
face. That's all there Is to the yarn, except
that '.ho kid's hungry,'
"That boy had a Hhare of all the good things
at our Chrlstmns dinner. Two of us deeded
over to him a slnre In our Hav Island mines,
and Dody, to show his appreciation, swore oil
for six months nnd agreed to name tho boy
Rainy River Christmas Bnow. Dody and
young Rainy River are well fixed now. but
they'vn novnr forgotten the Christmas when
old Meg Onrrlty found Dody's son nnd washed
his faco for the first time. I guess. In the
youngster's life."
Promotions nnd Transfers of General Super
intendents on Jan. I.
Ai.toona. Pn Dec. 20. Important changes
on the Pennsylvania Railroad are scheduled to
go into effeot on Jan. 1. General Superin
tendent F. L. Bheppard of the Pennsylvania
Railroad division Is promoted to be General
Superintendent of the United Railroads of
New Jersey division, succeeding P. Walcott
Jackson, who becomes President of the roads
forming tho division. General Superintendent J.
M. Warns, now of tlm Northern Central Railroad,
succeeds Mr. Hhoppard. O. W.Crelghton, Super
intendents thn Middle division, sueceods Mr.
Wullls on tho Northern Central and M, Hay
ward Mynrs of Reading succeeds Mr. Crelgh
ton. It. M. Patterson of tho Dolaware exten
sion and Kensington division becomes super
intendent of tho New York division. D, II
Lovell ot the Mononuahola division sucoeeds
Mr. Patterson. Superintendent Frank Robb of
the Cambria and Clearfield division suocoods
Mr. Lovell. F. I'. A liorcromble of the Bedford
division succeeds Mr. Itohb. E. F. Brooks bo
comes General Superintendent of the Phila
delphia. Wilmington and Baltimore division.
Victor wolrmnn, Superintendent of the Lewis,
ton division, succeeds A. W. Moss of the Fred
erick division, who goes to tlio Schuylkill division.
Columbia Soplinniores In "A It unaway Hoy,"
Tho sophomore olassof Columbia University
produced "A Runaway Boy" at Carnegie
Lyceum last night before a large audience.
The libretto was written by Allison Michael
Lcdoror, thn lyrics by 'lodger K. Ludlurn and
the music by G. A. Miller, nil of whom are
inoraberHor theclassof HK)1. Thlrty-flvemem-U-n,
of tho class appeared in tho Traduction,
four of whom portrayed femalo characters
All did well, but Robert lVgram as a naughty
trench maid and Bruce Falconer in tho title
role carried off the honors. " A Runaway Hoy
will hn produced again to-night und to-morrow
afternoon and night. " "
New Light nnd I'ower Company for Far
Jamaica. I, I , Dec 2t).-The Queens Borough
Elect rlo Light nnd Power Company has filed
C'Si'ifo"" 1. "f,w,plT"t.1nt r?r Rockaway to cost
.m,(X)0. D H.)alentlno Is President of thu
company, and It is said that former Lleut.-Oov
John 0 Sheuhan and John Carroll of Man
hattwi are btockholdera, rKm 0I SUu'
noted nvnazAws vtzfe is dead.
Attempted Murder nnd Suicide by the Sao
ceisor of an Ohio Convict.
Cincinnati. Deo. 20. "Burglar Jim "Ander
son's wife was shot in tha left breast and It la
believed mortally wounded nt Covington. Ky..
this morning by Joseph Johnson, a millwright,
who then put the revolver ho had used Into his
mouth, fired two more shots and fell dead.
The woman Is In tho hospital and Johnson's
body is In tho morgue. Mrs. Anderson and
Johnson had been living together and tho
shooting followed a quarrel at tho breakfast
table caused by Mrs. Anderson refusing to give
Johnson money. Mrs. Anderson's 10-year-old
daughter witnessed the shooting. Pollco Com
missioner Pock wrote the following telegram
to Johnson's futher at Mrs. Andorson's dicta
tion :
ll'inti'M Johmon, Lindtlty ilillt, Wcuhington amnlu.
Joe It ded. Mrs. Asdkrsox.
The woman's husband, "Burglar Jim" An
derson, now in the Ohio Penitentiary, is one of
the most noted criminals that this part of tho
West has produced. He is very Intelligent and
daring Eight years ago tho police surrounded
his houBO, on tho outskirts of Clncinnntl.
when ho discovered his dnngor Anderson was
carrying on his arm the child that witnessed
the shooting to-day. and without putting her
down whipped out a revolver and emptied It nt
the pollco. Then ho received a second revolver
from his wife and emptied It also. In the
shooting he received a bullet In theleg himself,
but he did no damage to the officers, who were,
partly undercover. After his arrest his trial
dragged along and ono morning his cell was
found to be empty. His crutches wore left be
hind. His nccompllco In the escape proved to
be a man previously of very high standing, who
had beon President of the School Board. This
man has since commlttnd suicldo. Anderson
at that tlmo had plenty of money. Onco he at
tended the Presbyterian University nnd Theo
logical Seminary nt Wooster. O.. but finally left
suddenly with an overcoat not his own.
nts Fellow Countrymen at New London
Suiprct It Was the Work of a Secret Order.
New London, Conn., Dec. 20. Frederick
Astar. an Italian, employed ns a watchman
near the Thames naval station, was murdered
last night. Among other duties he attended to
the tires in the three small locomotives used on
the new oxtonslon of the Norwich and Worces
ter Railroad. His body was found lying half
over the side of tho tender of ono of the loco-1
motives by n fellow workman at 7 o'clock this
morning. His throat was cut and several deep
wounds were discovered about the body. ,
Astar's pocketbook had been emptied and
thrown aside, but his watch and jewelry were
not taken. It was rumored among the Italians
here to-day that Astar was a member of a
secret order which sought rovongo upon him
for some misdoing.
8herlff Jackson and his deputies were Inves
tigating the murder In the Italian settlements
during the dny. but were unable to obtain any
clue that would lead to the capture of th
Ella 'Black Creates a IMstnrbnnre In 3In.
Kline's Ilouse In Harlem.
Ella Black, a French domestic. .'15 years old.
was fined $3 by Magistrate Cornell In the
Harlora Pollco Court yesterday upon a charge
of disorderly conduct. Tho woman worked for
Mrs. J. Ellas of 28 West 118th street. Mrs.
Ellas wont out yestorday morning, leaving the
servant to caro for the house and her 3-year-old
daughter. In her absenco the woman pro-
ceeded to got Intoxicated, and bogan rushing
through the rooms screaming at tho top of her
voice. The child, who was scared, cried, too.
1 Mrs. I. Rosentleld. who llvos across tho hall
In the flat ndiolnlng. summoned Policeman
Bose of tho bicycle squad, who wns passing.
hen the policeman gained an entrance to tho
rooms ho found tho servant trying to throw
lorself from a front window. Ho caught her
Hi'ifl ?&.!? ''? W?B arrested nnd taken to
ho East 120th street station in a patrol wagon.
It required three policemen to hold her.
Tfas Blown from n Train fining Sixty Miles
nn Hour, but Wntn't Hurt.
TirriN. O.. Deo. 20.-A gale blow William (J
Brnun, a New York druggist, off a Big Four
train at Bellofontaino lout night as ho was
passing from ono car Into anothor. The train
was running at tho rato of slty miles nn hour,
but ho was not Injured, savu for an abrasion on
the forehead,
Union Hill Posters Take Alarm. '
The Law and Legislation Committee otthe
Central Labor Union will attend tho next moot
ing of tho Board of Aldermen to protest, on be
half of tho BUI Posters' Union, ngalnst Aldor
man Muh's proposed ordinance licensing bill
posters. Tho bill posters allege thnt tho ordi
nance would destroy tholr union by putting All
the work in tho hands of the bill-posting linns
against which thoy havo been on strike for
several months. Tho proposod ordlnanoa
provides that each employer shall pay J'-VK)
license every year, besides $5 for every em
ployee and give a bond of $1,000, Tim Fnlon
says that the thi'Utreswhlohrniploy hill posters
wouid not pay so large a license, und that thus
the employing firms would ucquile a monopoly
ottho business.
An Irregulnr Indiana Color Line,
From the IndlanaioUi Sintiiul,
Kokomo. Doc, 14. Yesterday when a colored
jubilee troupe sat down to dinner nt the ( In
ton Hotel, this city, thn waller girls failed m
appearand altera long and embarrassing de
lay the colored singers loft thn hotel Th.)
church people who brought tho troupe here
came to thu rescue by winding tholr wives t
the hotel to wait on tho singers. The strlkinir
waiters were discharged by the hotel proprit .
tors and other gUU were civeu their place.
gPjtBitafek1aaKj.jt. - .jJ

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