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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, December 27, 1898, Image 9

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THE SUN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1808. ''? S 1
rtcnions Why n Lnrgr, Inrrpiuo of the llcg
ulnr'Army Is Ncceasnrv. I
To tnr. Ewtob or Thk Bus Sir: Tho pro
posal to 'Increase our regular army to 1(X).(X)0
men doci not rvatn unronBonablo In the light
of existing circumstances nntl current events
Tho mnny moilern Improvements In groat
gun, with their disappearing cnrtlngoe nml
ihi Intricate machinery requlrod to uso them '
with tho greatest offeor, nccoinltnto tho main
tenance nnd pormanont retention In the ser
vice of skilled artillerists In sufficient numbers
nut alono to cam for them properly, hut to tuo
them effectively In time of need. The millions
that have beon expanded In the, recent past
upon our sencoast fortifications, and thoo that
will be expended In the future. In completing
and perfecting, our elaborate system of const
defense, will nvall hut llttlo If at tho critical
time the mon to servo them nro wanting In
numbers or In skill.
The extension of our system of const do
fenco alono has mado advisable the Increase of
the army to 50.000 mon, without taking Into
consideration those required for service In
Porto Rico. Cuba, and In our recently nc
Qulrod possessions In the Pacific. Without en
tering hero Into a discussion of our future pol
icy In tho Philippines, the fact confronts us
that we have thorn and must ourxolves pre
serve order In them.conervlng noonly our
own, but alo the vested commercial Intercuts
of members of other nationalities In thorn. Wo
owe It to ourselves, and oven more to tho bravo
soldiers who serve the country there, to havo
a forco In thosn Minds large enough to pro
servo order and successfully nnd easily to copo
with any hostile Interference, natlvo or for
eign, that may threaten our tenure.
IT Tho adoption of rifles of Imrrovod pattern
for the Infantry nnd cavalry branches of tho
service also demands a corresponding Increase
In the Intelligence and skill of tho men who
Ihindle them, nnd n skill, moreovor. that can
not bo attained In a few months. War comes
unexpectedly and swiftly even to the most
peaceable nnd tho most peace-loving of na
tions, as the events of the past year hae
shown, and the part of prudence and economy
1 to be adequately prepared
Our bitter experience of the last nine months
has taught the majority, if not nll.nf u that
our present Nntlonal Onnrd ln broken reed
for rellnnco In critical times; that the volun
teer, whether commissioned or enlisted, while)
brave, willing nnd r.ealous. 1 undisciplined.
Ignorant. InrfTtctlvo and at n disadvantage in
comparison with the regular skilled In tho ef
fective uo of his weapons, and, abovo all.
trained to take care of hlmelf. ,.
Ttecer t experience has clearly snown that the
system of raising nnnnny of olunteers. which
was used In the late war with Spnln. Is unsat
isfactory In tho extreme nnd decidedly tho
most exinse method for the results ob
tained thst could well be devised.
Hnndredsof thousands of untrained, undls.
clpllned. unseasoned men. roorly equipped. If
equipped at all. Ignorant of tho first principles
of elf enre. but full of bravery anil devoted
patriotism, came from comfortable homes, and
were plunged at once Into tho hardships of tho
camp nnd of the field, hardships that with rare
exceptions were Increased by the ignorance
and lack of prnctlenl training of their officers,
yet at the end of three, or even six months,
they are not to be compared with tho regular.
Do not misunderstand me. I nm not decrying
the volunteer ns a man, nor would I detract
one lota from tho added lustre that he has
gained for the flag: but as tho amateur rarely
equnls the professional, so tho volunteer must
bow to the regular.
Never In any or the numerous articles upon
the cost of the wnr that have come under my
ot'ervation have I seen any reference made
to the loss entailed upon the business Inter
ests of the country, from the taking of all
classes of mon of avery occupation, from the
farmer nnd mechanic to the merchant nml
banker, from their wonted occupations. And.
mark you. It Is not tho poorest or the average,
but tho most energetic and best, that are thus
taken If It could be computed, there Is no
doubt In my minds that the loss sustolned by
the country from this cause alono would moro
than Hufllcp to pnv the cost of mainte
nance of an army of flO.OOO men from tho close
I of tho civil wnr to tho beginning of tho Inst
one. Nor can there be doubt that the known
existence or an efficient army of 50 IKX) men
and of a fleet ndequnte to protect It in trans
port would have done much to overt. If it
had not rendered absolutely Impossible, the
lato wnr with Spain.
Let us not "save at tho spigot nnd waste At
the Itunchole." hut maintain nnnrmvof suf
fieiejit strength to discourage molestation from
without and to adequately protect our newly
aoqulred tenltory nnd Cuba. Mnv It never
again he possible for n self-respecting Ameri
can citizen to have occns'on to give thanks
that our opponent was not a ilrst-class power.
Elimialet B. Terrt.
New York, Dee. IB.
Consideration Involvrcl In Iti Restriction
In the Southern Stntes.
To the Hoitor of The Htrv Sir: Answer
ing "Constitution's" objections to my propo
sition In regard to equalizing representation,
I would say that I look upon hopeless Igno
rance as a greater menace to democratic In
stitutions than ever the most liberal suffrage
laws could be.
I do not forget that tho South has a peculiar
problem to solve: nor Is that section of tho
country to be blamed for adopting tho policy of
I restricting tho suffrage, provided It takes nde
luate steps to enlighten the Ignorance of tho
aegro masses The proposition bus been mado
Ihlsfall that only such portion of tho school
laxes as aro paid In by negroes shall beex
(tnded for tho education of negroes. That Is.
tiey would euro hunger by starvation.
We sweep and cleanse not only tho main
itreets of the city, hut also the back streets
rod alleys. Indeed, wo pay special attention
o the latter. Tho microbe prefers thorn aa
in of operations. lie Is moro dangerous In
IWer street than In Fifth nvenue. Is It not
equally tho duty of nn enlightened State to
drive out Ignorance ? Would wo lot a. case of
cholera alono because the victim Is colored ?
I The South profits by the presonco of the
negroes to ndvnnco her importance In the na
tion. Has she no obligations to tho nntion to
try to mnko citizens of them ? Therefore, a
gentle reminder, such as my recent propo
rtion, might exort a salutary Influence. Be
assured that If those States suffered In'prestlge
for maintaining this evil they would soon
arply their energies to find a remedy.
For the purposo of securing representation a
massof degraded. Illiterate nnd hopeless peo
ple serves just as well as nn educated, ambi
tious, Industrious population, Minnesota Is nt
U.e pains to oducato and uplift her people, and
certainly she should rank far ahead of anothor
fitate that gives heed only to measures of re
pression. Minnesota hnd an Illiteracy of 0 per
cent, Mississippi had nearly 40 per cent. Put
a premium on education; It Is not thesum to
tal of good citizenship, but it Is a mighty good
lave to each State tho conduct of her Inter
ns! affairs, but let her ho judged by the result
The ballot Is a duty more than n privilege, and
no adult male should be relieved of It except
for cause, Tho glory of this nntion Is that no
child Is born to despair. Tho highest offices
and honors nro open to the poorest. And who
can measure the depth nnd strength of tho In
fluence which this possibility has exerted In
ear national life to bring out tho noblest efforts?
It Is almost Impossible for a man to exercise
the suffrage nnd not Itnhlbo some political nnd
other knowledge from mere contact nnd dis
cission with his follows He Is being educated
all the time. Nevertheless. I bellovo In the
edncatlonal test.
Massachusetts would not lose Representa
tive because of her educational test By the
census of lfW) that State hnd OO'.OOO males
of voting age. thnt Is. 21 years and upward.
nr percentage of Illiteracy-was 0 22 per cent.,
Klrlng her about 40,000 Illiterates ; subtract
these, and she has left 025.000 males of voting
ag who can read and write In IK'fl she cast
only 402.000 votes, leaving 223.000 males of
voting age who are literate hut who did not
vote Is It not probable that the poll tax has
something to do with this showing? They are
lot all criminals and paupers surely Hhoex
clii les 22:1.000 males who are educationally
qualified because they either cannot or will not
p.iv a poll tax. or for good cause
Ill'iw has'WouMltution" ascertained thnt our
offl'Mnls represent women, nllens nnd other
tuiti-vters V Have they beon heard? Have
the 1 ho right to le heard? The family Is not
the unit; thevofei lutho unit He represents
hlnwll There may lo as many voters In
fnmllv as there are qualified elector:' that is.
there may li none or a dnron. Mississippi
J Jakes of each man whom she permits to vote
be representutlve.of four others? Whore are
j ' ' "
I his credentials 1? Did tho suppressed four com
mission the selected one to act for them ? If a
Stale can do thnt, what Is to hinder further
I concentration ? Why not make one man the
I representative of 100? The difference Is one
of degree, not of kind.
I Hut the man who Is excluded, who knows
that no matter what his exertions aro he oan
1 noverhopo to nttnln to the dignity of voting?
In a country that boasts of manhood suffrage
be Is made to feel that he Is less than n man.
Ho has not even the prospect of seeing his son
n voter ns tho nllen litis. Tho negro mny not
have nnytoo tnueh nmhltlon any way. why
then deprive him of hope for himself and of In-
I centlve to work for his children ?
Tho sort of mon who wore attracted by llb-
1 rrnl laws are tho men who have built up our
great Western commonwealths, which. I think,
compare favorably with tho Southern States
A man who rightly values the franchise should
be willing to learn to read and wrlto English.
Butforthewnrfcof clearing. It Is not so much
education as phvsleal staminn Hint is needed.
"Constitution" fears that Colorado and tho
fnw other States that .permit female suffrage
would thus have doublo representation. For
the sake of argument, admit that But Is a sys
tem that admits nf n posnlblo twofold repre
sentation worse than n systom which admits of
an actual fivefold representation, nnd which
do..s not seem to check manyfold representa
tion, a system which permits n State to tnke
from in number of mon their political rights
and hand tho same overto one selected man?.
In any contest Involving tho Interest of tho
selected man as ngnlnsrthe Interests of the 4
or 10 or ; 100 ho represents, which way would
the vote bo cast? Anti-Sectionamst.
NEwYonK. Dec. 14.
Congress Urged to follow the Constitution
nnd Reduce Southern Representation.
To the Editor or The Sun Sir: Will yon
kindly nllow mo n fow words In reply to your
correspondent. "Constitution." whoso lottoron
tho proposition to change the bnslsof repre
sentation In Congress and tho Electoral Col
lego to the actual votes cast, appeared In your
Issue of Dec. 13, who would seem to be In
need of familiarizing himself with tho docu
ment whoso title he assumes ns a nom do
plume. If Congress now would do Its duty
and obey tho express mandate of tho Constitu
tion contained In the Fourteenth Amendment
(Section 2) it would do almost tho very sensible
thing that "Antl-Sectlonnllst" recommends,
to which " Constitution " objects. The Con
stitution says that when the male voters of
any State aro disfranchised, except for crime
or rebellion, tho basis of representation shall
be-not mny be. but shnll bo reduceil In pro
portion to tho number such disfranchised
voters bear to the former totnl voting popula
tion. South Carolina, Mississippi and Louisiana
have disfranchised. Indirect!' nnd by process
of law. Intimidation and subterfuge, a certain
class constituting tho majority of their nom
inal voting populations. Let Congress apply
tho just ana constitutional alternative Before
tho warn thousand non-voting colored people
onlycounted for representative purposes to the
same extent as 000 white people. Now. the
non-voting colored man Is reckoned for repre
sentation purposes on precisely the samo basis
as the whlto man. and that representation Is
usurped by the white Democrats of the South.
This stato of affairs, unless It Is immediately
remedied, is bound to breed trouble in the
future as surely as It did In lKTU tolMEi. Let
us not remain longer in a greaterfool's paradise
than our constitutional forefathers created.
Aro we ever to seo a free silver or other baleful
national policy adopted by this usurped and
unconstitutional balance of power? Then look
out for a squall beside which tho one Grandpa
Hoar now Is conjuring up from tho Philippines
would be as a sighing jrephyr to a 8t.
Louis cyclone. 1 do not quite under
stand what " Constitution" Imeans when he as
sumes that Massachusetts would lose three
rt'presontatives through her disrrauchiso'l
Illiterates If "Antl-Scctlonnllst's" proposition
was adopted. Massachusetts has only tl per
cent of Illiteracy In a population of l.tat.000
above the ago of 10 years. In 1800 sho hnd hut
114.000 Illiter.ites. which Is less than half tho
number of people required for a Congressional
district. Massachusetts would lose not even
one Congressman through her disfranchised
illiterates above the age of 21. even If the
Fourteenth Amendment penalty Is retroactive
our Illiterates were disfranchised before
1808. It will be seen. too. that "Constitu
tion's" point concerning the female voters of
Colorado. Wyoming, nnd Utah is not a tenable
one. the other Constitution recognizing, ns It
does, only "male members" of abtatu "be
ing of 21 years or age or over."
"Constitution" snvs:
The time honored plan established la the Constitu
tion of the United States, though old. is uood. It Is
letter than any of those proponed lth which to
supersede It. A Conurcsmati i elected to represent
not the voters of lit district, but the people of hl
district men and women, citiietis ami aliens, voters
and non.voteis. The laws he aids In making are not
merely for the observance nf qualilled electors, hut
for all Inhabitants indiscriminately, and the Presi
dent of tlm United States, the hiad of our political
system. Is tedt merely the representative In offlie of
all rttlien voters, but of all Ametlcans. whether tho
laws of their respective States gle them the right
to vote nr not. He is the Prisldent of the residents
of the Territories, too, who do not participate in
Presidential elections.
The old sv stem has worked well. It should be re
placed, if at all. only by a better oue.
And I would remind him that that "tlme
honoredplnn " and heresy was shot to death
inlrKJl-r. Since 1MW, at least, the Constitu
tion has recognised tho fact that no Stato or
people can bo truly represented whose male
members of over 21 years of age are denied
the right to vote. Whnt nonsenso It Is. too.
for " Constitution " to ndvnnee this point when
the fact Is that the disfranchised colored voter
is directly misrepresented I There wns a time,
before tho Reform bill, when 2fl.000.000 Brit
ishers were " represented " by the parliaments
elected by 400.IKX) aristocrats and large prop
erty owners : but oven that In justice was mado
to operate evenly in every section of tho King
dom. The Lords and Commons of England,
too, were supposed to " represent " the Ameri
can colonists, and It was that kind of "repre
sentation." which they had no part In choosing,
that whs ono of the prime causes of the colo
nists' revolt. As for the citlzons of the Terri
tories, no sophistry of nrgument can mako
them appear to be represented In tho Federal
affairs of the United htates. They are not and
nevor have been so represented. "Procon
suls" and "pnetors" without number havo
been appointed over them, and Grandpa Hoar
has beon engnged tor years in the nefarious
business of confirming the iniquity. Thooltl
zens of tho States, however, are guaranteed
equal political rights with the cltlreus of any
State, and no such equality of rights can exist
where the whlto citizens of one Mate can exor
cise three times ns much political power In Fed
eral affairs as the citizens of other Htates.
Wo are a great nnd reunited country, about
to tako on further responsibilities thnt wo
shail.be quite equal to If wu keep the fountain
of powerat home free from sectional or party
Injustice. But with that possible complication
still In existence nnd threatening our future
harmony nnd homogeneity, who can bo sure of
It? I firmly bellovo that there aro fair-minded
Southern members of Congress who would
vote for n just nnd constitutional reapportion
ment for South Carolina, Mississippi, Louis
iana, and our great republic preservers of
Massachusetts, Senator Hoar and Representa
tive McCall. should give them a chance to
do so. Calcutta,
Boston. Dec. 25, 1808.
Very Decided Views nnd Prejudices.
To tite Editor of Tiie Sun Sir: An ar
tlclo datod Washington. Dee. 14, in to-day's
Bun, snys that the Evangelical Alllanco of lie
farmed Churches (save the mark) wants the
Government of tho United States to soques
trato tho property of the Roman Church In the
newly acquired Spanish possessions, and pre
sumably turn It overto them, the Presbyteri
ans, Congregatlonallsts, Methodists and the
101 other " Ists" who call themselves evan
gelical. Truly, Dr. Do Costa was right; ultra-Protes-tantlsm
Is a failure. It has no hold on tho
masses of God-fearing and non-God-fearing
people who regard these fashionable evangeli
cal churches In New York, which have deserted
the downtown and Immigrant districts, as so
mnny Sunday lecture halls, A genuine protest
ant from tho attempt of tho Bishop of Rome
centunos ago to selre the Government of
Englnnd and ngalnst n few other purely
Romim policies hns no sympathy with the
"Evangelical Alliance "as evidenced by such
proposals ns this and by such every-day testi
mony ns exists In New York, morn especially
since thoCalvlnlst l'arkhurst got throngh do
ing more actual harm to souls and IhhIIcb thnn
Satan had done In ton years previously This
sort of spirit produced Kouslt In England In
the "Low Church" section, who desecrated
churches by violence because he could not live
In agreement with the millions of others, who.
If necessary, will go over to Rome rather than
submit to the tyranny of an evangelical
dominion. The Puritans, their predbcessors.
burned Innocent people because of witchcraft,
and the Romanists of old burned heretics no
difference. The Calvlnlsts and Methodists
should alter one of tho Ten Commandments
to "Thou shalt not steal, unless for the
benefit of the Evangelical Alllanco." A Con
gregational church In Connecticut last week
opened n new building with a "prayer
and praise dedication." then proceeded to a
lunch, and afterward to a vaudeville show In
the church, though their Methodist brethren
In the same alliance denounce all such inno
cent amusements as cards and the theatre. If
the Catholics pf Spain, as per Dr. Nealy.
Methodist, of Philadelphia, " have not a shadow
Tiir iy lifc 'Wtiii' 'iJW',v''t- '-"- ,-.ifli.j1J,,,ij.,.,
of right to most of the Church property In Cuba,
Porto Rico, and the Philippines." what legal
Slalm has tho Ncw England Puritan and hla
oscendants to the lands he robbod from tho
American Indian?. . . .,
The writer has boon a member of all these
churehos," and unhesitatingly declares that
more than one-half of these evangelical minis
ters could not getadoxon peoplo to listen, to
their semt-rellgjpus, seml-polltlcal Sunday
criticisms of MoKlnley, Salisbury, and Em
peror William did they not masquerade as
Protcstantclergymen." I am another kind of
Protestant, Ancimcanus.
New Yonc, Deo. 15.
American Citliens Ask Relief from Burdens
of Currency and Tariff.
To tiie EntTon or The BUN-Sir: Please
publish tho following;
"To Le Smatori and RtprttmtaUvtt tf At UnittS
Statit 0 Amine in Congrm aiiimbltd ;
"At a meeting of the American Association
of Porto Rico, n society composed of citizens of
tho United States of America now rosidontB
nnd doing (business In Porto Rico, hold at tho
city of Ponce this 13th day of Doccmber. 1808.
tho following resolutions wore unanimously
"First Whereas, Tho present condition of
tho curronoy now In use In the Island of Porto
Rico cnusos great uncertainties nnd dangerous
fluctuations In values of all kinds. Interfering
with trade and constantly adding complica
tions to all business transactions necessarily
dependent upon stability In thevnluesof mo
dlum of exchango in general use. It Is
" fesoreif. That early action Is advisable
and necessary on tho part of tho Congress
of the United States to settle upon n just and
equitable basis tho relatlvo values of tho cur
rency now In gonernl circulation on the Island
of Porto Rico and that of the United Stntns. nnd
to provide for tho early rntln-ment of tho said
Porto Rlcan currency and tho substitution of
legal tender mnnoy of tho United States in its
place and stead.
"Second JI7ieren, tho enforcement of tho
tariff adopted by the military authorities of the
United States ror the Island of Porto lllco is
operating to the great detriment of trado with
the United Stutesnnd working great and Irrop
arable Injury nnd Injustice to citizens of tho
United States, both In Porto Rico and In the
United States, nnd as said tariff, as now en
forced, discriminates against citizens of tho
United States and In favor of foreign nations,
the United States and Its citizens being tho
least favored under tho ooorntlon of said tariff:
"eolred. That an early and total abroga
tion of the tariff ns now enforced throughout
the Island of Porto Rico should be brought
about by proper legislation of the Congress of
the United Stntes, and that nil trade between
tho United States and the Island of Porto Rico
should be free. open, and unrestricted.
" Max Lipm v, Chalrmnn : Stuart Thompson,
Vice-President: Frank Howe. Secretary "
Ponce. Dec. 13. F. H.
Devotion to n Demagogue.
To tiie Editor or The Sun Sir: The
newspapers that hold that because the 16 to 1
silver cry has ceased and frco silver has sub
sided Mr. W. J. Bryan will, therefore, pass Into
oblivion are likely to he mistaken. He has lost
much of his hold on the leaders, but not on tho
people. The six and n half million votes that
wfere cast for him are not forgotten by the
I voters, and If history repeats itself they will
1 stick, and, therefore, aro warranted In expect
1 Ing thnt ho will bo the most formidable candi
date his party could put forward for the Presl-i
dency In 1000. And It may not b necessary
that bis argument In favor of silver, or any
thing else he may advocate, need be either log
ical or comprehensible. Tho name Bryan Is a
strong ono to conjure with, and the common
run of voters consider his balderdash as If It
were the inspired utternneo of nn oracle.
Mncnulay's history (chapter f) Illustrates
the valuo of a demagogue's name. He snys:
The lilstorv of Monmouth would alone snfnce to
refute the imputation 0' Inconstancy which is so
frequently thrown on tho common people. The
common people are sometimes inconstant, for they
are human befnes. But thst they are Inconstant as
compared nith the educated classes, with aristoc
racies, or wiih prlucea mar be confidently denied.
It would be eay to name demazogues whose jopn
laritr has remained undiminished, while sovereigns
and Parliaments have withdrawn favor from a long
succession of statesmen. Whll seven administrations
were raised to power and hurled from It In conse
qurnce of court intriimes or of chanires In the senti
ments of the higher uattses of society, the profligate
Wilkes retained hla hold on the affections of a rabble
whom he pillsced and ridiculed.
Politicians who In 1 807 had aiueht to currv favor
with George III. by defending Caroline of Bnins
wiek were not ashamed in t820tori.r-y favor with
George IV. by persecuting her. Put in 1R20. as in
1807. the whole bodyof wcrkingmen was fanatically
deoted to her cause, ho It was with Monmouth.
In 1IS0 he had been adorrd alike bv the centry and
I by the peasantry of the west. In ies be came
aealn. To the gentry he had become an object of
aversion: but br the peasantry he was still loved
with a love ationg as death, with a lo e not to be ex
tinmiisbed by misfortunes or faults.
The chnrje which may with u6tice ha bronjrht
against the comiron people Is, not that they are in
constant, but that they almost Invariably choose
their favorites so 111 that their constancy Is a vice
and not a virtue
While this verdict of Lord Sfaoaulay is too
condemnatory to lit our voting majorities gen
erally. Its justice. If applied to Mr Brynn's case.
Is accurate. The publloof n century ago. it Is
true, did not rend much, but In the matter of
sentimental devotion to the cause of an Im
agined hero ono age Is much like another
New York. Dec. 10. Horace B. Frt.
xojiTnEity rACiFrc i.Ayn oraxt.
A Committee of the Washington Legisla
ture Contends That I( Hns Been Forfeited.
Tacoha. Wash.. Dec. 20. The Northwestern
railroad fight has taken an entirely now turn,
although one not unexpected by tho Northern
Pacific It is nothing less than a contention
that the land grant of 8.070,000 acres In this
State made by Congress to tho Northern Paclflo
Railroad Company has been forfeited. This
claim Is officially made by State Representa
tives Wllkeson nnd Roberts, members of the
committee of three appointed by the last Legis
lature to investigate the legal status of
the Northern Pacific land grant. The commit
tee's report shows that the mortgage
authorized by Congress to cover the land grant
was foreclosed fn 1875, when tho company was
reorganized and another mortgage given.
This second mortgage was foreclosed in April.
1800, thereby transferring the property to tho
present corporation, the Northern Pacific Rail
way Company. T'he committee's report argues
this way
"The reorganized company. after the fore
closure of the authorized mortgage In 1875,
had no power to issue another mortgage cov
ering any of Its property, because tho original
company had exhausted the right to Issue
mortgage bonds that bad been oonferred on It
by the joint resolutions of Congress. No legis
lation has ever been obtained from Congress
authorizing mortgage bonds save the first
Issue. From the date of foreclosure of tho
first and authorized Issuo of mortgage bonds
In 1875, all bonds Issuod by the Northern Pa
cino Company wore nnd are consequently
Invalid. Therefore the Wisconsin corporation
known as the present Northern Paclllc Hallway
Company, which In 18IHI assumed to purchase
the proiierty and franchise of tho Northern Pa
cific Railroad Company on tho foreclosure of
illegal anil Invalid mortgago bonds, acquired
no valid titlo to the lands granted by the char
ter to the Northern Pacific Railroad Company,
H.U70.000 acres of whicn are In Washington.
Tho title to tho property cannot be acquired by
the foreclosure of an Illegal mortgago which
has not since been legally ratified nor In any
manner justified pursuant to law."
They go further and say that even If the
Wisconsin corporation had legally succeeded
to all the rights and property of tho old com
pany it could not acquire title to the land
J rant, because it was to the Northern Paolllo
tailroad Company alone, and not to Its suc
cessors In oonsequenoe. the entire grant In
the State of Washington, embracing over
8.000.000 acres, reverted to the United States
InlB'i'O. The committee also sets up that the
foreclosure was invalid because tho United
States was not made a party to it. and that the
Constitution of Washington is violated hy the
creation of a voting trust whereby J Plerpont
Moigan votes all Northern Pacific stock until
November. 1001. thereby securing power to
regulate fares and freight rates In this State.
It is contended that at the last reorganization
the company s stock was watered to the extent
of J70.IHiO.000, of which the people of this
State will be forced to pay aliout $700,000 an
nually In Increased freight rates.
The report concludes with the recommenda
tion that the Btate Attorney-General bring
action to have the land grant formally forfeited
and thrown open to settlement. The railway
company contends that the State has no power
to Interfere and that the transferor the land to
tho present company will bo ratified by Con
gress eventunlly. A strong fight will be made
to have the present Congress give the needed
ratification, but the bail feeling now existing
between the Northern Paclflo and its rivals In
dicates thnt the Great Northern and the Oregon
Rallroan and Navigation Company will exert
their influence against tho Northern Paclflo at
Washington. The question thus assumes the
form of whether J. P. Morgan or James J, Hill
has the greater Influence In Congress.
Death, Slavery and Torture Their Lot Until
Comparatively Beeently Vnat Tlnrbnr
itlea of the East Courtesy Introduced
by Chivalry Greek nnd llomnn Slnves.
The prisoner of war has always had a stand.
Ing different from that of any other prisoner.
There has been no obloquy attached to his
position, though In early times, especially, the
mere fact of having been defeated or proved
weaker and loss skilful than an opponent car
ried with It a degree of disgrace, and many
soldiers preferred death by their own hands
rather than captivity. It Is no doubt true that
In the very earliest wars of mankind It was not
the rule to savo tho lives of any enemies who
camo under the power of the stronger; tho
rule was death, immediate death, during the
combat. But In yet very curly times a ohango
tame over war. In tho way of making prisoners
and preserving them for slavery. 8lave labor
was needed, or thought to be needed, and the
battlefield becamo a eourco for obtaining this
labor.and the first prisoners of warwere slaves.
In Greece captives of war from every nation
were made slaves and Grcoks themselves wero
held In bondage by men of their own raco.
Athenians wore sold ut Samos and In Sicily
after the failure of tho expedition. At Cor
crra the struggling ntrtles each, when tri
umphant, condemned the other to massacre
or slavery. Philip sold his Olynthlan captives
and after Thobcs was taken by Aloxander
.'10.000 women and children were said to have
been sold Tho same condition of things
existed In Rome. Af tor tho victory of ."KmlMus
Pnulus in Eplruo 150.000 captives wore sold.
Tho prisoners at Aqua? Soxttai and .Voroellio
were 1)0.000 Teutons" and" 00.000 Clmbrl.
Caesar sold on a similar occasion In Gaul
03.000 captives. Augustus made 44,000
irlsonors In tho country of tho Balassi. Nlnety
sevon thousand slaves were acquired by the
Jewish war.
The barbarians followed.'tho samo practice
of enslaving their prisoners. Gibbon says:
"The Goth, the Burgundlan or the Frank who
returned from a successful expedition dragged
after him a long train of sheep, of oxen nnd
of human captives. The youths of an elegant
form and Ingenuous asiect were set apart for
the domestic service. The useful mechanics
and servants employed their skill for tho use
or profit of their master, but the Roman cap
tives who were destitute of art, butcnpableof
labor, were condemned without regard to their
former rank to tend the cattle and cultivate
the land of the barbarian."
The custom of enslaving prisoners of war
was largely extinguished In the thirteenth
century. But Gibbon says that It might bo
proved from frequent passages of Gregory of
Tours, Ac. that ft was practiced without cen
sure under the Meruvlnglan race, and that ev en
Grotlus himself, as well as his commentntor.
Barbeyrae, lubored to reconcile It with tho
laws of nature and reason The old Roman
law or custom was that an enemy who had
gone to another country, even In time of pence,
oould. If war broke out. bo enslaved, nnd this
existed In Europe In the middle ages. So late
ns the seventeenth century, the treaties zen
erally stipulated that prisoners should not bo
sent by their cantors to the gallevs.
In certain ages and countries the putting to
death of prisoners of wnr was practiced. On
the Moablte Stone. King Mesha says: "I fought
against the city and took it and slaughtered
all the men to please Chemosh. the god of
Moab. I took the town of Lebo. and put to the
sword nil Its Inhabitants, seven chiefs of the
tribe, the women and the children, for Che
mosh hud uttered a curse ncalnst It." A cunei
form Inscription of the Assyrian hlng com
monly called Sardannpalus reads:
They brouirht mo word
That the citr of Suri had revolted.
Chariots and army I collecud. from the rebellious
I stripped off their skin and made them Into a
Seme I left in the middle of the pile to decay,
home I impaled on the top of the hill, on stakes.
Some I id iced by the side of the pile, In order, on
I Hayed many within view of my land, and
Arranged their skins on the walls.
I brought vlnyababa to Mneveli. I flayed Llm and
Fastened his akin to the wad.
1 drew near to Tila.
I besiegeil the city with onset und attack,
M-iny soldiers I cjpturtd alive
Of some 1 1 hopped off the, hands and feet; of others
I cut of
Tho nose and a-s; and I destroyed the eyes of maur.
One pile o' bodies I reared up while they were yet
And 1 raised another of heads on the heights
wlthiu their town
It Is asserted by some writers that the bar
barities of the warfare of the middle ages were
equal to thoce of the worst of the Romas times.
The Normans tire said to have put their prison
ers to deatli under torture; some were sus
pended over slow fires and hung by their feet
or thumbs; some hnd tnelr skulls crushed by
ligatures: some were thrown into dungons
with serpents. The Scots, in their Invasion
of England under bavld I., murdered tho sick
nnd aged In their beds, infants in their
mothers' arms and prists at the altar 'the
Italians. In their Invasion of Sicily at tho clo-e
of the twelfth century, wore eaually cruel,
bur) ing prisoners ulivo. burning priests and
throwing them Into the sen. Tiro natural son
of Frederick II.. in 1204. In his war with the
Pope, punished with mutilation or deVli all
priests taken prisoners. The ehronlclors re
cord that Rufus. son of William the Conqueror,
out off the hands and feet of the Welsh prison
ers inKen hf nun. J.110 r.mpcrur .uuruarossa
Is said to have delivered all the prisoners taken
in Milan to the executioner or to have shot
thorn off from military engines. In the fif
teenth century it was a public custom to hang
prisoners taken In n siege; and reinforcements
entering a forttlled Mace after the siege had
begun were liable to tho severest punishment,
Oliloem wero often, after capture, executed by
the victor.
Tho Mohammedan powers In the north of
Africa enslaved ail shipwrecked persons and
prisoners and tortured their captives. The
Spaniards imitated the Turks in putting pris
oners to death or sending them to the galloys.
The custom of torture of prisoners of war was
universal among the Red Indians, who burned
them at the stake or caused them to run the
gauntlet. Torture has been by no means en
tirely confined to nations or tribes recognized
as savage, but still obtains among semi-civil-lzed
people, like the Chinese and Japanese,
and did exist In the dark ages among neerly
all European ieoples.
Prisoners of war have been used for nur-
poses of sport, as In the combats of the arena,
among the ancient Romans. The ancients
also made their prisonors one of the conspicu
ous features of their rejoicings on return from
a victory. Tho Egyptian monuments repre
sent heroes as coming back after victories ac
oompanled by long trains of prlsoneis Tho
Roman triumphs were of two sorts, the less
and the greater. The less wns colled iwatio.
In that the general was neither seated on a
chariot nor dressed In triumphal robes, nor
crowned with laurel. Bnt In the greater tri
umph all was on a grander scale. The spoils
of the conquered nation, or nations, were car
ried in vehicles or borne upon the shoulders of
young men. The names of tho nations con
quered were written In great characters and
the olties that had been taken were repre
sented. But what most attracted the atten
tion and curiosity of the speotntors were the
Illustrious captives, who walked In ohalns be
fore the victor's chariot, great officers of
state. Generals of armies, princes and kings,
with their wives nnd children. As soon as
tho hero of the day turned from the Forum
toward the Capitol, the prisoners were car
ried to prison, where they were immediately
put to deatli or kept in confinement. The fate
of being romielled to march as a prisoner In
a triumphal proaesslon was greatly dreaded
by the enemies of Rome.
The fate of many prisoners of war has beon
to be literally Imprisoned, within oastles or
fortresses. In dungeons or jails. Sometimes
the Imprisonment has been accompanied by
a degree of ease and comfort. In spacious
rooms of castles, nnd again it has been made
worse by chains in dungeons.
Many times In history there have been colo
nisations of captives, as when Attiln curried
vast numbers of Roman subjects aw.iy as pris
oners nnd dispersed thorn throughout his em
pire. This method was used by the Babylo
nians, and, Indeed, to some extent, by nearly
all the ancient nations.
One method of delivery of prisoners of war
was by ransom, This was not uncommon
among the ancients. After the battle of Can
nm Hannibal agreed to restore each Roman
citizen for a sum that would oe equivalent to
about 13$. The Romans, when they had taken
the olty Eretna, fixed the price of the Macedon
ian garrison at $U5 each. When Hannibal found
that the Romans would not buy back his prls
oneis be sold them to different nations, The
custom of ransom was Introduced into more
modern times by the knights. It mitigated
to a considerable degree the horrors of war in
the middle ages. The knights were supposed
to be punctilious to the last degree In keeping
the pledges made to their oaptors ; thus the
Duke of Gulldres is said to have been captured
by a squire of low degree and carried to hla
stronghold. The forces of the Duke approach
ing, the squire made hltn promise that ho
would come to him at whatever place was
designated on a llxed day and remain his
prisoner till ransom was paid Tho Duke was
Immediately liberated by his comrades, but
helu himself bound by his pledge, and after
months of delay ind against many remon
strances he penetrated the enemy's lino and
delivered himself to his captor, from whom
lie was .subsequently ransomed. Writing of
kDightly courtesies, Frotssart says; "There is
no nqubo botwoon thm the English and the
Scots) as! long as spears, swords, uxes or dag
gers Trill endure, When one party had ob- (
jrfcgjWriiltaiisiiisWsfta.rt.t -i1fittflsWtfM',iWll
1M1 1 ilH II I ' . ' ' m
talned the victory they then could glorify In
tholr deeds of arms, and are so joyful that such
as are taken aro ransomed ere thoy go out of
he field : so that shortly enoh nf them Is so con
tent with tho other thnt at tholr departing they
will any courteously, 'God thank you.' "
Prisoners of war hnvoalso frequently boon
held:ns hostages for tho lulfllment of promises
or tho carrying out of certain demands.
Another manner of treatment of prisoners
of war Is that of nxchongo. This Is the mod
ern custom nnd exists among till civilized na
tions. Tho exchange Is not compulsory, but
Is customnryi It wa not until 1H28 that Tur
key nnd Vorsla agreed to exchange prisonors.
according to tho custom of Christian nations.
In effcotlng exchango men of tho samo rank
are considered equivalent to eaoh other nnd
those of inferior rank can bo mndo equivalent
to a superior by placing a number of thom to
gether, on tho prlnclplo that enough small
cotus will be equal In valuo to n large one.
It was not until tho treaty Tot Monster, In
KMS, that it became the general custom of
European nations to release nil prisoners at
tho end of tho war without ransom.
In tho Bible there Is much Ixvirlng on the
subject of prisoners of wnr. In Abraham's
time his nephew Lot was taken prisoner in
tho vale nt Slddlm In tho rebellion ngnlnst Cho
dnrlaomer. nnd n glimpse is given of the cus
tom of carrying prisoners to tho land of their
conquerors. Lot had been takon a considerable
distance when Abraham, having assembled
;UH of his servants, nnd having followod tho
enomy to Hobah, effocted a rescue by making
a night nttack. As Illustrating tho antiquity
of tho oustom of mnVlnir prlsoneret war. the
book of Numbers stntes that King Arnd tho
Cannanito fought with Israel and took some
of them prisoners In the same book It U re
lated that the Israelites carried many of tho
women of Midlau, with their chlldtcn, away as
captives. In the first book ot Kings, in tho
nccount of tho wnr between Ahnli and llen
hadad, tho latter Vtas defeated, and his ser
vants said to him that they had hoard thot tho
Kings of Israel wore merciful kings and would
not cruelly take his life, thus Indicating that
those rulers of Israel were exceptional In their
kindness, nnd that the custom was then in
voguo of Blnylng captives: they suggested,
therefore, that they carry to Miab a humblo
petition, asking lor the life ot their King. They
carried out this plan, were kindly received,
Bcnhudnd was sent for. treated In a gracious
manner, mndo nn ally, nnd sent homo. In
Second Kings it Is relntcd that an army of the
King of Syria was Rent to Dnthun to solo
Ellsha. and when they came to him thev were
smitten with blludnbss unit Ellsha leu them
away to Samaria, the seot of tho King of Is
rael, whore their eyes were openod and thoy
found that thoy wore In tho prosenco of the
King of Israel and his army. Tho King said,
"Shall I mlte them?" But Ellsha answered.
"Thou shalt not smite them. Wouldst thou
smite those whom thou hast taken enptive with
thy sword nnd with thy bowf Set bread and
water before them that they may eat nnd drink
and go to their master. And he prepared great
provision for them, and when they had eaten
and drunk he sent tnem away and they went
to their master."
Tho treatment of prisoners of war was much
affocied for the better by tile Influence of ohlv
tlry. Ah Illustrating tne courtesies Introduced
through thnt Influence, rrolssnrt says that af
ter tho battle of Calais. i:i40."Klng Edward sac
down to supper nnd made the captive French
knights sit down also, greeted them honorably
nnd ordered th-m to be served with tho first
course, whllo the gentle Prince of Wales and
tho knights of England were served with the
second -ourse at another table." To the
knight who had nearly killed him, King Ed
ward sala. "I havo never found In battle any
man who. man to man. hath given me so much
trouble ns thou host donel I therefore give
thee tho prize by just decision above all tho
knights of my court." When the Prince of
Wales held as prisoner the French King John,
after the bnttle of Polctlers. he treated him
with the greatest courtesy, refused to sit at
I he table of his captive, and give him the hlgh
' est honor, l'rolssart savs thnt after a battle
I between tho French and English In l.'t44
"the English dealt like good comrades with
1 their prisoners, nnd suffered mnny to depnrt
on their oaths and promise to return again on
a fixed day to Bordeau." After the battle at
flttorbourne the Scots ore said to have set their
English prisoners to ransom, anil every man
said to his prisoner. "Sir. go and unarm your
self nnd take vour ease." and so mnde their
Prisoners good cheer, ns if thev hail been
brethren, without doing them any Injury The
chivalric ideul forbade a'l violence to the pris
oner, nnd nn Italian writer of eminence even
blames tne soldier who struck tho tvront of
Padua, "since It Is as violent an net to wound a
prisoner, whether noble or otherwise, as to
BtrIKo a de.id body."
Americans can look with satisfaction upon
the treatment ofCervora and his officers and
:he Spanish prisoners generally .Their feel
ings have been considered and thev have been
treated with kindness and sourtesy.
I.lvc Mock Mnrket.
Kfw Tons. Slonday, Dec. 20. Receipts of beeves
for two days were n.oTillKaJ. Including 2ft cars for
the markst. On llht supplies there was an active,
firm market, prices improving 10c. on nearly all
grades of lattfe.anlclosmg nrui on Clilcago advices.
Tbsre was a ool clearance of tho yards. Ordinary
to primt- natlvo steers sold at l-t.notri.zri V J00 !&.;
good oxen at 4. 2ft, common to fair bulls at $3&
$140: drrcowa nt M.HMfB.HI. Dressed beef in
modi rate deuiaud. but prices steadv at 7C4U9ic. r
Ih. for ordinary to choice native sides. Today's
cables quoted American live cattle slow at lOrftUHo.
V iti., estimated dressed weight, and refrigerator
beef st lltuir at sW3Hlc. V !. Kiports, none; to
morrow, soo beees and 4,44.8 quarters of beaf.
Receipts of cahes for two days were 535 head, all
for the market. Veals were active and firm, and
barnyard cales stcadv.clot-inigqufetwlth bo unsold.
No Western or Southern calves. Poorest to beat
vials sold at 9H.r,0'r1 100 tta.j barnyard calves
at 3.r04. rity dressed veals Arm at li'illc V n.
Receipts of sheep and lambs for two days were
8,043 head. InU.idfm: I) cars direct, and. with the
-stsle stock, the-e were 83 cava on sab . Sheep were
extremelv dull, but not qnotably 1 iwer. Lambs
optned slow but steady, closed strong, and good to
choice lumbs a shade higher, your tars of stock,
mainly sheep, were held over. Common to choice
sheep soil at Si.'MQU.&O V 100 tos.; ordinary to
choice lambs at sr,gs.ri.Ht4. Dress 1 mutton alow
at fiate V &.; dressed lambs at HW.
Receipts of bug for two days were 12 4S3 head. In
rIudlng2K ears for sale. Firm and higher at IJ.50
Of3.76 "t 100 8a. fur ordinary to choice hogs.
Court Calendars This Day.
Appellate Division Supreme Court, Recess.
Supreme Court App' Hats Term. Motions. Ap
peals from orders of City Court Nos. 1, 2, a. Ap
peals from judgments or City Court Nos. 1, 2. 8, 4,
6. 0. 7, . n. Appeals from Municipal Court Nos. 3,
11, 0 to ns, Inclushe. Bpeclal Term Part I. Motion
calendar called at 10 30 A. M. Part II,
Court' opens at 10:30 A. M. Ex parte matters.
Vart VT. Motions to lw sent from Special Term,
Part I, Patts III.. IV , V. and VII. Adjourned for
the term. Trial Term, Part II. Case on. No. S0B3,
Gerlove. Farmers' l,oah and Trust Cnmpanv. No
.lay calendar. Parts IIL. IV., V.. VI., VII.. VIII , IX.,
X.. XI sad XII. Adjourned for tiie term.
Surrogate's Court Chambers. Motion calendar
called at 10 "10 A M. JTor probate Wills of Krancls
M. Un lerbill, Sophie Flufser, William Haley, Jo
seph Home". Kdmnnd l'lass, at 10. JO A. M, John
Ilaley, at 2 P. M. Trial Term. No day calendar.
Cltr t'ourt-Bpeclal Term. Court opens at 10 A.
M. Motions at 10 80 A.M. General Term. Appeals
from orders 1, 2, 8, 4.0, 0, 7. h, n, 10, 11, 12. Ap
peals from Judgments Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, tl, 7, 8, ii,
10,11.12. Parts I.. It, III. and IV. adjourned for
the term.
THIS lb 'IO CKRTIFV that at a drawing held this
27th day of October, 1SU3, in our presence, at the
office of the Central 1'rust Company of New York,
Trustee under the Trust Deed of Mortgage of the
February 1st, 18SS. the following twenty (20) bonds,
issued under said mortk'sne, viz.: Nos. 1,86, BO, 01,
108, 110.1.10, 143, 1C2. 1B7, 191), 212, 388, 2U2. 377,
nitl, 82x, 381, 370. 8H7, were designated for redemp
tion at the cfike or raid Central Trust Company, 64
Wall Street, hew York, on the first day of February,
18UK, at their par value. Interest on aald bonds will
cease on the day named for redemption.
Dated New iork, October 27lh, lsim.
By William II. Ilutst, President.
Hy K. F. Hyde, Second Vice-President
I nEREDY CERTIFY that the foregoln numbered,
bonds were drawn as stated. Witness my hand and
seal this 27th day of October, 1HU8.
FRANK ll. 8MIUT. Notary Public. N. Y. Co.
H. G. Campbell & Co.,
II em ben of tho New York Btock Kiciunee, buraud
ell 8 toe kt Hid Doudi for cnh or on margin.
nving Sauhu.
51 Chambers St., N. Y.
New York, Dec. 87, 1808.
DIVIDEND. The Trustees of this Bank have or
dered that Interest be paid to depositors entitled
thereto for the ulx and three months ending Dso. 81.
1888, at the rate of Three and One half per cent, per
annum on all deposits up to the limit of Three Thou
sand Dollars (M,00o),
Interest will be credited under date of Jan, 1, 189a,
and will be payable on and after Monday, Jan. 18.
JAMES McMAUON, President.
DA VIP LEDWITU, Comptroller.
110 Vf I'.ST 4l ST., NKAIt (ITU AV
during construction of new building on corner 4Jd
at. and xtb. av
On and after Jan HI, IStiw, iuterest at the rate of
TllltKK AMXINK-HALI' per cent per atinum will
be)aU to depoaltuhi infilled thereto on all sums or
$r to t.l.Oou, Monty deposltul o.i or before the
1 nth of January will draw Interest from tun lat.
Hank open from 10 A. M to ,1 P. M anil from tl to 8
'. M en Mqndaj a, holidays excepted Closes at 12
U on Saturdays
AbHIITh, WS,a3,341.U7.
A. XUllNEli. Pris.
WU. ti, C0SKL1H. Uso. "
ffnvitiflg gnuftg.
NEW YOKR. Deo. 21. 18)8.
95tfa Scml-Annunl Dividend.
The Trustees of this Institution have de
clared Interest at the rate of TIIHEE AN'D
ONE-nALF TEll 0F.NT. per annum on nil
sums not exceeding JJ3.000 remaining on de
posltdurlng tho throo or six months ending on
the 31st Inst, payable on and alter the third
Monday In January noxt,
JOSEPII BIRD. President,
FIIANK O. STILES. Booretnry.
OHO. II. PEAIlBAUi. Asat. Secretary.
Union Dime Savings Institution
Interest throe nnd ono-half per oont. from
J5to f. '1,000 Credited Jnnunry lat. paynblo
January HUh, or nny time Inter.
OHAKU'-S E. .Sl'UAUUE. President.
flioitoK N. IlimmAi.i., Treniurer.
Fbincib M. Lrakk. Heerotary.
ilvitltmls nml interest.
NO 23 H1UHD 8T. (Mills Itittldlng).
Coupons duo January 1st. lHldl, from the follow
ing bonds will ba paid on and after January ad at
this otnre
Centra! PiclPc 1st mortirago
Wietern l'aclilo 1st mortgage.
California and Oregon 1st mortgage ext.
Oregon and California 1st mortgage.
Northern ItaiWay Company 1st mortzage.
Stockton and Copperopolis 1st moitgage.
Houtlicm Pacttlcof Atlrona 1st niortgnge
Houthern 1'acltic nf New Mexico 1st mortgage.
Tixa and New Orh an consols,
Louisiana Vtcstcru 1st mortgage.
Monun's Louis, and lux. It. It. and 8.3. Co. 1st
Potnh P.tUncCoat 1st mortgage.
ta Iforuia Pactfu lstmntttgu
California lVultlc I'd mortgage.
California Pacific fd morursuc.
Market street C.lilo H . Co. 1st mortgage
Coupons due January 1st, lHmi,fr im tb following
bonds will be paid on and atter January nd by the.
Cenlrtl Trust Company!
n Antonio and Ara'isaa Pass 1st raoruuge.
Ilnu.ton and Texas Central 1st inoruaze.
Ansttn and Northwestern latinnrtga e
N. T. SlIllU. rrcasurcr.
NF,W YOIIK. Di-ccmb, r 20, 18UH.
A DIVIDEND of ONE PElt CENT, rut "t accmn"
lated earnings has this Uav been dm lared on the
PltWKltKED 8TO K of the Company, oayablo
January 20. mini, to stockholders nt ricord at th
close of business liecembcr .'to, 181 8.
The pref erred stotU transfer books wilt Hobo at .1
P. 31. nn Vrldaj, December 30, IMiti, and will reopen
at 10 A M. mi Til. sdar. January 10, lun.
JOS1AII F. HILL, Secretary.
"28 VtAM. STKEET,-
NMV YORK, December 20. 18P.
The transfer books of the Voting Trustees for
Preferred stock Trust Certificates nf the southern
Itallnar Company will close a' 8 1". M. on Friday,
Decembci :, lHUM, and will reopen at 10 A.M. on
'luesdai January lo, imii.
On Jaiiuarv so, lHnw. the VoUng TnMees will bo
prepsred to distribute the abie dividend of One Per
Cent., when receled by tin in. among the parties
entitled thereto, as same appear of record on their
books when closed as abo e
Agents for Voting Trustees.
TUE CniOAfiO. HOCK 1SI.ANI a- pa
CIIICAOO. 111.. December ir. tans.
A quarterly dividend of I.2r per share will be
paid February 1st next to the shareholders of this
company's stock, registered on the rloln.r of the
transfer books. The transfer books will close at 3
o'clock P. M. on the aot'i day of December, lHlin,
and reopen at 10 o'clock A. M. on the Oth day of
January, 18DU.
F. E. HAYNE. Treasurer.
418, 418, 420. 423 HKOOMK STREET,
The Board of Directors has declared that a quarter
ly dividend of two per cent. (2 per tent on the de
benture stock nf this Company be paid on January
3d, 181)11. Checks will be mailed from this oMce.
Transfer booka will be closed on December 20th,
181)8, and reopen on January 4th, ihiiu.
OEOROE W. WHITE. Secretary.
Offlco of WELLS FAROO CO..
tM Rroadnay.
New York, Dec. 20. 1803.
lHREr Pl'It CENT, has been declared by the Di
rectors of thla louipany, pa able Jan' 10. 180i, ut
our office, as above.
The transfer books will close Dec. 31, 1808, and
reopen Jan'y 17, 1800.
1I.D. PARSONS, Aasjatant Secretary.
X New York. New York, Dec. 22nd, 1808. The
Board of Directors has this day declared a semi
annual dividend of THREE AND ONE-HALF PER
CENT, free of tax, payable on and after Jannary 3rd,
The transfer books will close at 3 P. M. this date,
reopening Jannary 3rd, I8t)n.
, Cashier.
HE BANK OF AMERICA. New York. December
23. 1808. The Board of Directors have to-dav
declared a semi-annual dividend of SEVEN (7) PER
CENT., free of tax, parable January 8d, 1889, to
stockholders of record of this date.
The transfer booka will remain closed until Janu
ary 4th, !.
W. M. BENNET. Cashier.
CUrtionc nnd petting.
NO. 4 CEDAIt 8T.,
NEW YORK, Dec. 24, 18!8.
this cotnpanv will be held on MONDAY, the t,th day
of January, 1800, at thla office. 1 ho polls will open
at 12 noon and renism opun one hour.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the annual meet,
ing of the stockholders of THE DE LA EKONE
held at the office of said company, foot of East
188th st. New York city, on TUESDAY, Jan. 10.
lKvm, at 8 o'clock P. M., for the purpoae of elocting
trustees of said company for the ensuing year.
JOHN V. nilOADES. Secretary.
THE ANNUAL MEETING of stockholders of the
Jl Standard Oil Company nf New York for the elec
tion of directors will be held at the oftlce of the com
yany. No. 2d Broadway, New York city, on Tuesday,
anuary 3d, 18011, at eleven o'clock A. M.
riMIE ANNUAL meeting of stockholders of the Dot".
-I. wilier k Street Flrev, orks Mfg. Co. for the election
of directors, also three Inspectors of election, will be
held at No. 172 Fulton St., January 4th, 1800. Polls
open 8:SO to 4 o'clock P. M,
W. A. TURNER. Secretary.
UtUcal. rj ,
Attention.-oddr. ORINDLE, ORADUATE
been longer established and has had more experience
than any other advertising physician; city papers
prove this. Under his scientino trtatment blood and
n dlaeases, pain In bones, red spots, sore throat
and mouth, ulcers, painful swellings, kidney and
bladder complaints, scalding inflammation, gravel,
undeveloped organs, weak back, lost vitality, are
speedily, permanently cured. Men about to marry
should consult MM DR. OKINDLE. Every Impedi
ment removed. Sutferers, do not waste time visiting
less skilful physicians. Remember, OLD DR URIN
DLE never falls. OFFICE OVFR IB YEARS at 171
West 12th st.. between Oth and 7th avs. Advloe free.
Medicine. SI. Hours, V to U. Sundays.O tol.
OLI DIt. (illEV, 45 years n specialist In
discuses of men only. Quickest permauentcura
guaranteed In all diseases. Blood pol o'l, skin dls
rases, kidney and bladder trouble, weakness, ner
vous debility, errors of youth, bad dreams, unde
veloped organs, Impediments to marriage, Ac. Be
wtee, consult the only old specialist In the city.
Office over or, years at 120 East 17th st., near Union
Square. Hours u to 0. Hundaya, 0 to 8. H, lentino
treatment and advice free. Medicine only CO cents.
No charge unless cured,
A DR. AND MRS. SIMPSON, the leading special.
lsts In New York, aucieHsfnlly treat all female
complaints and Irregularities, 20 years' experience;
pritste sanitarium, trained nurses, treatment guar
anteed; free confidential advice, 0 to 0, 22 West
27th St.. near Broadway.
CU11K In diseases of men. dangerous cases solic
ited; relief at once; those deairlua: only first-class
scientific treatment should call The leadfftg special
ist. Dr. Bonsi hur, 127 Wtst 22d st., u to 8, 7 to 0.
Sundays, 10 to 1,
A -DR. CONRAD'S BANITARIUM-flclentlflcTskll".
ful treatment of all diseases of women; private
rooms; every convenience and appliance; consulta
tions I) A. M. to 0 P. U. Call or writs for booklet,
117 West 47th st. Tel, 3320 38th.
ularities, single, married, 80 years' experience,
71 1 7th av., near 48th st
DR, AND MRS. llEINHARD. 2d West 27th at.,
treat female irregular! Uea; safety guaranteed;
80 years' experience.
L ADIEU I Chichester1! English Pennyroyal pits
Pts.s4 S'sas). ara th Bast. Ufsiuiuku.
TkU Stat. Bs4 It , unf, far psnictiWs, " Raluf
MRS. OEIHT. graduate midwife, boards ladles;
confidential, reliable treatment, strictly pri
vate; no sign. 887 East 80th,
eor flc.
In m , II' you any OLD I.ED, BRASS,
Mpfnl nrKREolYPK. OLD BOOKS, . 1
mt,IUI. SEND POSTAL CARD I villi call
BOItNBTEIN. 1U1) William at,. Peat frsnkf.nl st.
' gattntis.
PATENTS for Inventions procured promptly; low
rates. BOEDEB tl BIlIrKN, 02 Nassau it, N. Y,
SstabUihsd Mot,
.. - '
- StUtt 20nriJ. B ,
Knst Hldo. liM I
OCTn ST., lift EAST (near .Madison Squara).-., 'IbB
bii Handsome large and small roonin delightful &iHI
table board; reasonable. s)H
West Sliln. jtfafli
WAVFJILEV rucn, 311. Two young women or "fill I
men can nnd a good home with Christian fam- (rt ,
lly at moderate terms; good board. Mrs. 8ALB; ' Wii
9 J TH ST.. 8-, WERTv-NlceTy furnished' roOmsTex- J)
-(Mrilleiit board; central location, between Broad a ''VBh!
ayandjlthav. -,-1..-, ftJELj
,IS TH ST.. 227 WIST -Handsome, stinnjV aleovet ., , if Iff I
xi stiuare and hall rooms dressing room; hot and JniHlS
cold water, large chisels, bath, silecthousa, superior IssH
table and jurvlcci ivferencis. jjlH
euruU1ir3soom!ij;pnrtmtutjEito$tt h
AVrst Hldo. . bS
LftTlt 8T . 27 WEST, near Mh av.-Comfortaclr iSBi!
O furnished rooms; second floor, large closetxi S'sHf
tiled bath, refcruncus n Ef
I'iiuufortcs, !)vpns. fit. lK
$i85.oo, in!
either in cash or rav tuonthli t ayments, for new, BB'
raaii at) In 'O" m Rosewood finish, 7s octavesi ))
full warranted; durable, reliable and of good tona .'. Ill
This instrument may bo exchanged at any tlma sftHI
within fivn years from dato of purchase for a near f ksV L
WlUlhlt PUNOora new WUEEhoCK PIANO. wfara ' .
a fair allowance will bo made, or lriachangeA within. Q. a 1
one ear the full pire v. Ill bo allowed, . l H I
Catalogues and lull particulars mailed free to any1 i H 1
address. . H I
WtKItlttiU W.miBItOOMS, ;M "
Corner Fifth Ave. nnd Sixteenth St. ;j ,'.,,
i:TKAuiiiN,VK kali: or m 1
and other n unwind mates prior to rerribvarti the vHl B
ne JIlUtmultY lH'II.lHSII, Commencing now and iTtsVl' I
rxtpiidlng until mirreuiovul on Feb. 1. wo offei-onr 4$Hjl fl
entlio stock of new and used planna at very llbtral Hit I
rultictlous fromth uslial prltra. 'sfr TiiBii'1 I
Fur those bn are In starch of excepUonaVuarli af IH 1
gains in pianos It would be wlso to call at" one) '! IK 9
iioiluhgMilllie reservi d In thlsfrale. LtkHi K
K. . rOll I'll. Mfr.. 0.1 rUTHAVE., 17THBT. ,. fK fa
nf .Lf"' tclialiln inirrmnm.tft. AIko a number of fteo Jf -'Bl
umHiAiiil ymiiti nnd upiiclit and a lot of anuara 'tIjHtIi
lilanntMif nriiu iiirtkt nudat xll jrico for nale on iK
eatj ti nun t tni-nrcd Home H.mtitljr uncd ifanoi tl AHE
inrat luricaln. PIANO1 TO KKNT. IjlHv
A Larue AflHurtmtnt of the Celebrated 1'iiH
lYUItS aV l'Ot liiANOS , 'IB'
Also a number of other-, Becond-hsnd, Including ax H:
Illirhgrailn PI V Nns TO HEM' a specialty. . !'?!
BARGAINS In new and second-hand upright and r... K'
sipisre piano Steinway, Weber, Whitney, and jjHll
Monroe; full warranted;! ash or Installments: open sk Kf
evenings until Jan 1. Whltnej t Co.. 112 W.12Bth. llkl
BARmiNS. Upright 7o:Chickerlnggrand,160i f WK
other bargains, isy puvments. open evenings. jAi lilt
CUliIs-lMAN, in East Mthjt SP Ml
B ARO MNP New upright pianos. $126, at WIN. j; ,i
TEltltOllI'S, IO", East 14th st. snd 114 nth av,; $f MS
open eeulugs. ) JHt
EEAUTIFUL 8teinwal7r.o. "Weber. $125; new H' I
uprights, $125. on easy na nients. , kBVE I
MARSCHEIDER, 17 East 14th st. ''" B1 I
I 'ORDON new. 7l'ioctae $.10.00 .$7Todmo. v Hu
VJ Be ond hind, 714 nctavr . .$150.00 .: g
Bargains, second hand lnstallmenta. $5 00 mo. "Z Bl 1
Rents, $3 ixi upward OORDON S. lap Fifth av. J IB I I
LAROE assortment, slightlynsed $ilO to $lS5frest3 'sHI I
$.i,siualllnsullmeuts. ouvrierBros. I3E.14tb.st. -''IB'' I
OPEN evenings Reliable Connor Pianos; high. f sH V
grade, medium prurs; easy terms; resting; eir . -IBj f
changing. 4 1-ist 42d st. 1 g'4 Kit 11
SSl "1 flfi -MT.INWVY Baby Orand, cash. $4,!; 1 Hi I
QljlUtJ. email upright, $-.7. nearly new. $.' ef HH I
WKSI-.R, 14P West 28d St., !!- H R1 1
" J ! l
Sublu iloucca. n r 1B" I
ivr al! I
(Should ! read DULY by all interested V ' -g H !
changes may occur at any time,) -'''fcjsw & sVI i
Foreign mails for the. week euding Dec. 8.1, 1688. , , J3 -
will close iPHOMllLYin all rases) at the General-' laBt J
Post Office as follows. PARCELS POST MAILS close-w, :j H 1
one hour earlier than cloblng time shown below. ...i v )lBKvi
WEDNESDAY. At7 A. M. (supplementary A. MJJSi i
for El ROPE, per steamship ht. Louis", viaBouth-, -K I
atnptou letters for lrclaudniust bedlrected"per iH 1
St.Louis") at A. M. (supplementary 1030A.i r?isM,.
M.Jteir EUROPE, pecsteamshlp 1 eutonlcV via 't 'sBi
(Jueeiietnw... ut in .10 A.M. for Belgium direct. SaV-h
per steamship S mthwark, via Antwerp (lettsns stsVil
muat be ilire, ted " perO'lthwark"). .. Hl
SATURDAY. At r A 31. for EUROPE, per steamship ,JbB4"
Etmria. via Quein-lowli lienors for Frsnca.tO ' latHi
hwit rland. Italy, Spain, Portugal, Turkey, ilitsB 1
luptanil British India must ho directed "per '- llsW J
Etruna Ii at 7 A. M. for FRANCE, SWITZEtW vIB'S
lxYPr and BRITISH INDIA, per steamship!- J ,H L
Normandle, via Hare ilettira for other partkof.3 If c ';B ,
Europe nittst be diret ted " per La Norxnandlaf'H, aK-4t
at 8 A. M. forNl.THKltHNOH direct, per steams " -4jKM
ship Spaarudam, la Rotterdam (letters tnust K '-'l)BBt.i!
be directed "jier Bpaarndaui"); at u A.M.. foxM 4'H e
ITALY, per steamship Aller. via Naples (letters'; 9SLWc
must b diricted "per Aller"); at 10 A.M. for" ittsH t
S OTLAM direct, per steanfshlp Anchorla, vlsr'" SiH I
Ula-uuw (letters must bo directed "per An.., .'Ham.!
chorla"). a-'laiBH I
PRINTED MATTER. Ac. German steamers sailing'1 ' ,B$
on Tuesdays take Printed Matter, c, for Oer- "j.K'-j
many, and Specially Addressed Printed Matter, 'y SsKI
Ac, for other parts of Europe. American and,., A5STsK-f
White Star steamers on W ednesdav s, German'- '!
steamers on Ihnrsdav s, and Cunard, French and-y HI f
German steamers on Satunlajs take Printed Mat- ? "'-JsWli'
ter, -.c, for all countries for which they are ad' 'ff lHwi i
vortlsed to carry mail. t4 viliiaiP'
After the closing of tho Supplementary Transat-. iSJlBG '5
Untie Malls named above, additional supplementary ' iff HE
mails are opened on the piers of the American? Kos' jf tjfln
lisli. French and Oermau steamers, and remain i lamj
open until within T, u Minutes of the hour of sailing 3. iH
of steamer. 'iva laH,
TCESDAY.-At 12 M. (suppbmenUry 1 P.M.) tor;.., JWS
CKN1RA1, AMERICA uxcept Costa Rica) and'-. SIBt
hOL'lll FACIHU PORTS, per ateamahlp A1U- " alHl i
anea, via Colon (letters for Guatemala must be.. f . .
diricted "per Alllanca"). at 1 P. M. forlNAOUA )HI fl
and HAITI, i er ateamalup Navahoe; at 18 P.M."? it!)Js! if,
for COSTA RICA, per steamer front New Orlcanei j "SslBM! 5l!j
at 10 P. M for JAMAICA, per steamer from , ))t)Ki
I'hiladi lphla v',.10l '"f
WEDNESDAY. At 8 A. M.forBERMUDA. peretesm-,-' IH ,
shin Trinidad: at 10 A.M. for POUTO RICO and. "M
SANTIAGO UECUBA. per United States trans-1'. ' Hg
1ort, at 10 A. M. for SANTOS, per steamship- ,
Irltlsh Prince, at 1 P.M. for Ci'BA, via Havana. . ; K
CATAN, per steamship Seuranoa (lettars for' J. H
other iiarta of Muxlco must tio directed " per , t Bl
Seguranca"): at 1 P. M. for BELIZE, PUERTO .
CORTEZ and GUATEMALA, lr steamship Jaaoo 4. H
(letters mut be directed- " per Jason "J; at 1 P J 'IE 1
M.for MEXICO, via Frogreso and lamnloo, per.,. .$
steamship Troja (letters must be directed "per kKl
Troja"). - t f'Bl I
THritSDAY. At 1 P M, (supplemenUry 1:80 P.M.I U !
forNAsSvy, N.P, per steamship Antilla; at IP e mMF. 1
M. for JAMAICA, per steamship Ardanrose.r cri EH J
FRIDAY. At A. M.for 11AHUAU08, jier steamships ;!? I
Orinoco. - ' Hjty i
8ATURDAY.-At 2.80 A. M. for UEWFOUNDLAJJD. t ."HI 1
per airamshlp hlberian from Philadelphia: ati , --'W. i
WHO A. M. (aunulementary 10 A. M.) for ST. I Hi j
WARD ISLANDS, also DEMEKARA, per steam- 7 ;
ship Madlana. at 10 A. M, (supplemsntary 10iSP" Mm
N1LLA and CAltniAOfJ-A. par sUamshlp Adlf r ,K
rondack (letters for Costa Rica mut be directed.'., -'m
"per Adirondack"); at 10 80A.M. for OUBA.yxem IK i
steamship Yncatan.vla Ha ana (letters must be dls '';"Blti '
rected"per Yucatan"): at 11 A. M, (supplement--,, imv.
ary 1 1 .80 A. M ) fur PORTO RICO, via San Juan, ,'
VF.NK1'ELA and CURACOA, also 8AVANILL,7, H ;
and CARTHAOENA, vu Cutaooa, per aUamstuV' H
Philadelphia. , ', !
Malls for Newfoundland, by rail to North Bydner.rf , H '
and tin 111 1 by steamer, close at thla office dally ftT B ,
atH.anl' M (connecting close liu jbtt Horn 1 sK
day Wednesday and Saturday) Mails for lllqus-ut if Hi '
Ion, by roll to llostou. nd theiiea by ateatneri'!! 1mm. !
clo.oat , his iitBtadally at 8:80 P.M. ilalla for.. :B'l S
Cuba, by rail to Fort Tampa. 1 la., and thence, by,. 'K,
ateamer, ilosoat this oMie dally at 7 A, M con filM1 i
nesting cluaea luro every Sunday, Wednesflsr '' IHIvj
ami Iriday Mails for Mexico City, overland, eHrtv
unless sp daily aldreased for despatch by . rmmi' 1
staiuier. tbsie at this olMta dally at 2:30 A.IL' W I .
and 2:10 P M. Iltegistered mall closes atnOH kB-'' !
P M. lirevinua day '7mm ,
TltANHl'ACiriO MAILS. . j ,V '
Malls for the K.x let) i.l.mils, per ship Tropic Bird.', H?
(fiomban rianelaeo), close here datty up to DeOi.g -'lai t
2f, si H.iloP M. Malls for China and Japan, pes; 1 mWt I
stiani.hiii Emiirtss of India 'from Vancouver), IS, '
close here daily up lo Dec. I2it at o:.'10 p, fj , K
Malls for Chiiis, Japan and Hawaii, per steam- i Mi'
hip China ifrom ban Iranclsoo), Uose hers),7 IM i
daily 1111 to Jan 1 at (I 10 P. M. Malls for China c ,.mml t
and Japan, jier stenmsblp Victoria (from Ta' " "BB'
coma) rhihit here dally up to Jan. 12. atr):80 P. M. 1 iSmm I
Mail for Huvallpir steamship Australia (from 1 ' J
ban Iraucls, 1) 1 lose here dsilr up to Jan. 5 at J, f km 9
0.80P M Malls for Australia (etiept West Ana-i ImWM 41
IralU), New yeaiond, Hiwall and Fiji Islands, par f BIK' I
ateauialiiii Wairniino (from Vaucomer). eloss ,mW5
beredailv at ir De., 124 and up to Jan. 6 at - Hfs
8:.iop M. Milt for Australia (except thoea tor . "Hlf
West Austialia. which aref.irwirde 1 via Eirope), j iHot 1
New .alaul, lUw 11. FIJI and .uioan Islands, 'mWi
per sleaiushlp MariP"sa (fi'nn Sen Francisco,' ' IK
close hero dally after Jan in at 7 A. M , 11 A M. 1 flHF '
anil 11 I0P M , Dual dosing nn arrtvil of steam. - Hi
ship Campania due to connect, with 7 A. M., limM'l I
closu Jau.21. nmmVi
Transpacific malls aro forwarded to port of saillag lmmli I
dally and tha schedule of closing Is arranged on tha '.ImWl t
presumption of their unlnierrunte I ov. rlaud Iran- 1 Xmml
sit. IHeglsteiod mall closes at o P M. previous dsy flsBI
COKNKMUS AN COT-l.l'ostmaatar.
Pn.l Dote "S. M Vcirk. N V . Dee 24. 1HUA ' fSJKl I
2iujitfs Chanrfe. , K j
A" BRIOHT YOUNG MAN with a capital of $1 0,000 ' 'IBe A
to. $j5.iksi and a iTartieal knowledge of th mw
rotten liii.mtMt .aiitlinl an vxcellmt opening with !Hs
anoldesU lihd whclisale lioust of lloatnn. Ad- AIB i
dress 1' t lux 2IIU, Bosmu, Mass IHU 1
bAUKIN, Established S7 years, opposite to on' a H1 k
of New York's loading theatres on one of tha Uadlog. I(H i
avenues; a bargain for cash buyer. JJ., box 107 Sua ilHK 'i
Hi I
-tf-afc- - . . . .,,-. ., j,wHHsl

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