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j 6 "' THE SUN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1898.
7BIDAT, DECEMBER 80. 1808. Subscription by 1111, FoetpaM. DAILY, par Month u. ..B0B0 DAILY, per Tear. .... 0 00 BtlNDAY, per Year , ft 00 DAILY AND SUNDAY, pr Tear ......... B 00 .... DAILY AND SUNDAY, per Month. 70 Sfe rostac to foreign coontrlrs added. jfe Tn Box, Kiw York Oitr. fyf Pir Kloaqn Ko. l, bw Orand neUL, and S KJosqn No. 10, Dorjlevard dee Capnclne. I! KH , ' " fritnil who ir m tnt ecanuserfpfs for IK iwMfeaKon nil t A(t rtltcltd ortkilt ntvmtd, IXtt IE'! Lincoln, Too. Cm- Tho ranks of thooxpnnslonletsswollstead- ft "y. not only through tho acquisitions of tW Btatcsmon formerly of nnothor mind, but Km through tho dlscovoryof othors whoso views (jftf upon tho great question hare not been Ibw brought to public attention with sufficient HK emphasis. Tho last to bo enrolled In this W category Is Abiuuam Ltnooln. It In Home's "Life of Lincoln," In tho , K American Statesmen sorlos, Lrrroom's E dobato with Douolas In 1808 contained Xg this quotation concerning tho acquisition K of new territory: SB "I am not opposed to honest acquisition of terrt- SE; lorr. and lu any given cue I would or wonld not i oppose uoh acquisition aoooriltna aa I might think uch acquisition would or would not aggravate the slavery question among oureelves." "This statement," says tho book, "de rives Its Immediate Importance from tho well-known purposo of tho Administration and a considerable party in tho South very soon to acquiro Cuba." For Abraham Lincoln, as for Thomas JsrixitsoN, expansion had no terrors. iOur Merchant Marine. ' In his last annual messago to Congress L President McKinley doolarod that tho great changos of tho past year in our relo- tlons to Hawaii, tho Antilles and tho Phlllp- '. plnos must bo followed by corresponding changes )n our maritime policy. Regular and frequent steamship communication, "oncournged by tho United States, undor tho American flag," should bo established, (ho said, with tho newly acqulrod islands. Spain furnished to its colonics steamship lines at a cost of about $2,000,000 annual ly, and "tho Unltod States will not under take to do less." Tho value of tho merchant marine us an auxiliary In war is fresh In re membrance, but apart from this tho Presi dent considered that " prompt, durablo and ?,!" liberal" legislation in aid of that marine .'Is was tho plain duty of Congress. Abundant facts and figures in support of ilk these views may bo found in the annual re- 'J port of Mr. Chamberlain, tho Commls- g'- eloner of Navigation. He shows that, out- ff. eido of tho Great Lakes, which aro nearly w shut off by Niagara Falls from foreign com- Hi petition, tho foreign trado of our seaports i IBs for 1807 was carriod on by 32,032,410 tons fiL of foreign shipping, counting all tho en- '' trances and clearances, and only 7,218,025 BP; of American. Within a zono formed by a SRv line 1,500 nautical miles from our coast h5 trade between foreign ports and ours was ls noarly evenly divided by D, 170,000 of R American and 5,213,303 of foreign shlp- Wv P'DC; but outside, in "oversea" navigation, , wo wcro left with only 2,008,050 tons jS& against 27,118,020 foreign, in clearances ,jg& to foreign ports and entrances fiomthem. pp How shall this state of things bo romo- f died? Tho alternative, in Mr. Chamber- i.atn'8 opinion, Is between abundonlng our f time-honored policy sous to ullow foroign- built vossols to register under the Amorl- j-'f can flag and ship their crows abroad, and f,v granting nssistanco to vessels built and s. owned here. Our recent acquisitions of jL distant Islands mako tho clioico between ft theso two policies a question of the liour. i It Is truo thut wo might old American f shipbuilding by a return to tho old policy I of discriminating duties, and, in fact, a i- mcasuro for this purposo is now pending in r Congress; but it lias not, wo boliovo, tho j unanimous support of American shipyards, t It bolng feared that, apart from Us conflict ? with existing treaties, it might provoko re- I tallatlon. Thoso treaties, too, bind us to r pay tho same bounties on exports in foreign ? as in domestic vessels, und on all accounts , a duty on exports is deemed impracticable. Something may bo gained by giving pcr- fj, manent statutory effect to tlio present p oxecutivo order restricting trudo between jft, our continental ports nnd Porto Rico to & American vessels, but that trade is not yet jjK large, whilo our vessels already carry on k- .eight-tenths of Hawaii's trado and her ves- ij pels another tenth. Still, bringing Hawaii, T, liko Porto Rico, under our established nav- igatlon policy will, as Mr. Chamberlain f notos, tako us so much nearer tho markots t of Asia and Australia. Germany anil, England may not Ilko this polioy, but it Is' ' simply an extension of our oxistlng laws, h and It violates no treaties. In tho Catib- g bean Sea. as in tho Paclllc, it will help our ? commerce beyond tho nowlyacqulrod poits. It Is further suggested by tho Commis sioner of Navigation that wo should bo I Justified In increasing tho present annual L tonnago tax of 30 conts per ton at our l ports, slnco a steamship which for Its dozen ; trlpspays only that sum at Now York, I pays 00 cents at Hamburg, $1.08 at Llvor- fpool and $1.20 nt London. In fact, whllo our expenditures for maritlmo safcguaids and harbor Improvements enormously ex ceed those of any other nation, amounting i; to $18,000,000 annually for tho past ten ' ' years, shipping has contributed barely :i H p'or cent, to them, nnd "our principal and Is' most costly Improvements aro directly for ip the bonellt of forolgn shipping, whlclienjoys over four-fifths of our foreign isarrylng." Wi At Galveston, for example, wo have laid out Kp $0,000,000, whore, since 1800, American gp shipping In foreign trado has decreabod W from 17,000 tons to 3,000, whllo foreign S shipping 1ms increased from 200,000 to i, 1,012,000. Tho new channel nocdn of Now j York nie largely duo to tho increased slo fv of BtcamMiipK, and yet of the llfty Inrgebt b' we own but four. Of course our harlxr liu- J2.' provements nio niudo because tlioy directly ife lwneflt this country, but Mr. Ciiambeiiimin W thinks that nt least forolgn ehlpplng should ik contribute u falror sliaio toward lighting 'Iff? oul llarl,0''H ' seuoousts, now costing K about $3,000,000 a year, nnd such ad- K dltloiml revenue might bo somo offset to Kj shipbuilding fciibsldics. ; Hut after considering the other posslblll- K' ties, Mi-. (-'HAJinKiu.AiN'H main loliam-n is mk on Govcnuiient aid, In u furtlier dcvol. ffc opnicnt of tho policy of tho act of 1801. Our new nttitudo towurd tho -world's com- , meroe, as tho President mj-s, mokes tills k? wholo question lnioteut now. When wo fi, read in official ligures that, excluding I Hawaii, our entries and clearances In trade I giSBIBBBBliBBBBBiMaWaHial wlthOosanicA and Asia showed a decreaso in American shipping from 288,000 tons in 1880 to 221,488 in 1807, but on increnso In forolgn shipping from 481,242 tons to 024,720, wo may well accept tho assertion that tho growing trado of tho Faclflo Is slip ping away from us. Wo aro now at tho parting of two ways, and Congress must ohoose wlsoly betweon them. A Country Without Consequence. Tho narrow and hopeless provinciality of tho so-called Dominion of Canada is Indi cated vory strikingly In tho tono and char acter of Its nowspapors and their discus sions. Nowhoro elso la tho journalistic view fixed so exclusively on potty domestic concerns. Undor tho leading-strings of England, Canada seems to bo incapable of genorattng any school of politics which rises to a dignity deserving of outsldo con sideration. Its provlnoes border on our territory, yet nobody horo has any knowledgo of Its parochial politics or any concern In thorn. Tho Canadian newspapers nro full of dis cussions of men and measures local to tho dopendonoy, but they nro almost wholly un known to us, and nro utterly without inter est for us, tremendous as tholr importance seems to bo In tho vjow of the Cana dians. What all tho hubbub kicked up over thorn is about, what aro tho morlta of tho provincial controversies which fill dally tho Canadian jour nals, and what ends the contestants are driving at so fiercely, are matters to which Americans aro so far indlfforont that thoy do not take tho pains to inform thomselvos regarding them. Rhodesia, far away In Africa, is hotter known nnd moro interest ing to us than are the affairs of our pro vincial neighbor to tho northward. Mexico, tho Contra.l Amorloan republics, tho States of South America and tho Islands of tho Antilles command tho Interested attention of tho world, but who knows or cares what Canada Is about ? Tho Canadian newspapers seem to bo mado up by men naturally clever and In dustrious enough, but they expend tholr Intellects on questions so peculiarly provin cial in their limitation that wo question It theso journals aro moro than glanced at In any American nowspaper office or aro road by anybody in this republio or any where else outside of Canada, even by any of tho million of Canadians who havo emi grated hither to sharo In a really national existence. Take, for lnstanco, the last number of the Mail and Empire of Toronto which has como to us. It is ono of tho most Im portant of tho Canadian journals. Its lead ing article, mado the moro conspicuous and emphatic by double leads, Is a column-long discussion of candidates to bo voted for at a local election of whoso occurrence nobody outsldo of Canada lias over had any knowledgo. Wo never heard boforo of a singlo man mentioned in it. Tho enormous foreign business of tho United States is treated next from n purely provincial point of view, which betrays a spirit of dependency lncapablo of accom plishing anything on its own account. Tho third article regards enviously tho growth of our American exports by. $150,000,000 as compared with 1800-7 and $400,000,000 ns compared with 1804-5, becauso tho gain by Canada, vast as it is for that colorless de pendency, was only ten millions. Tho fourth artlclo, filling tho groater part of a column, is on nn alleged proposition " to side-track Toronto" by establishing another route to tho West. Next, " tho attempt of tho Cen tral Ontario Railway to exorcise coercion In North Hastings" is denounced, as, per haps, it should bo ; but whero is North Hastings ? Wo havo looked for tho placo in the Gazotteor, but do not find it, great centre of Canadian Interest as it seems to bo. A moro lroportantqucstion is discussed next, for It concerns the old dispute between England and Franco over Newfoundland. Outsldo of tho foreign telegrams, tho rest of this paper is mado up of local news unin teresting to anybody outsldo of Canada, and usually of only parochial concern there. To such a condition Is the misnamed Do minion of Canada reduced by Its depen dency and its subserviency to a forolgn power. It Is n country without any strong individuality of its own, and isnsremoto from tho Interest of tho world ns if it was a littlo backwoods community far away from tho path of civilized progress. Its politics, Its affairs geuerally, aro petty, and so also is tho spirit in which they aro discussed. It all seems liko a tempest In a teapot. Tho Cubans struggling for liberty and inde pendence havo commanded tho respectful attention of tho world, but tho Canadians, boasting of tholr dependence upon England as giving them n feeble reflection of British glory, roveal to tho world something which is too closely akin to servility and snob bishness to receive or doservo respect from any source. Canada will never amount to anything until it ylolds to destiny by Joining In tho procession of American progiess by cntet ing into the American Union. The Professor and tho Philippines. In this week's Independent Mr. TirEODonn Salisbury Woolsey, Professor of Interna tional Law In Yalo University, discusses tho treaty of peaco and recommends that it bo rejected, " It Is unfortunate," ho writes, " that a very critical turning point in our history should depend upon tho approval or rejection by tho Sonato of a ti eaty which tho public Is not permitted to see." To remedy this misforluno Prof. Woolnisy enlightens tho Senate, no protests that "tho cession of tho Philippines must not bo nrgued on omotlonal grounds." Tho banished emotion mount is patriot Ism, nnd naturally it Is very annoying to tho opponents of tho treaty. Prof. Wool buy will argue tho question on material grounds only. Ho fails to see, howover, that tho expansion movement, while It ap peals in ctlstibly to tho patriotic pridnarul hopes of AuiPiicans, Is founded upon a hard-headed appreciation of material ad vantage, jf there hud been no war tho necessity of expansion would havo been tho same, but tho opportunity to widen oomniuieo anil open now inaikets would hao lieen wanting, and expansion would havo been delayed. Tho wnr gave tho opportunity, and it nlbo produced a feeling of greator confidence In tho country and of enlarged aspiration for its future, and so mado certain that the opportunity would not be thrown away. If wo needed a namo for that perception of national solf lutereBt which is nt tho bottom of tho ex panslon movement, we might call it ap plied putrlotlsm. Theio is no "spread oagleUiu " about It, as Prof. Wooluey 1m plies. Tlioro is a generous emotion bohlnd it, but It Is founded upon material grounds. Tho value of Prof. Woolsey's arguments on such grounds may bo judged from tho fact that ho does not mention China, does not touch upon thoprobableeffectof annexa tion upon American commerce and inanu- , , fncturesnnd agriculture. In othor words, ho docs not inoludo in his arguments tho real, and, to tho minds of tho majority of Americans, tho Impregnable, material grounds for adding tho Philippines to tho United States. That tho world is struggling for tho trado of China and that tho United Stutcs must find additional markots for its surplus products seems to bo unknown to tho professor. " In our own country," ho Bays, "whero naturo as yet is only partly brought Into subjection, thoro Is still re ward for tho best energies of oursturdlcst." Tho fnrmors think that naturo has been sub jected loo muoh already. Prof. Woolbisy Is perturbed by tho cost of kocplng and policing tho Philippines. No wondor, slnco ho leaves out of sight tho main advantages to bo had from owning thorn. Wo cannot help venerating a pro fessor of international law, but theso ma terial arguments of this ptofessor aro really as Immaterial as tho viewless air: "The prtiumptlon la asalmt taking them, beran'e to do to la contrary to our paat imaxe and ldrala and aeema certain to force ua Into cloaf r relation with the Kuropean ajatera of alliance and balanco of power. It makea a now kind of republic, wa hold Ins unautonomoua dependenclea, with a climate under which our own ato.'k can never aprcad. It muat be JuatlQed, therefore, by convincing reaiona, and not bran appeal to the emotion. Ita advo vatra muat ahow that It la constitutional. They muat pro re that It la likely to be profitable In eiceaa of the burden of administration. Thry muat ahow that lti practicable with our clrll aervlce to eoTcrn dependences honestly. Justly, firmly wlaelr." All this has boon said and knocked on the hoad again and again. Tho prosumptlon Is always In favor of tho taking of now terri tory, becauso each nnnoxatlon has turned out well. Tho United States will not bo less nblo to tako caro of itself becauso It has nn othor station In tho Pacific nnd It will not bo compollcd to seek alliances. Unautono moua dependencies and " unautonomous" Is a doplorably mongrol word, professor can bo ruled by tho United States as well as by any other country. Gon. MET.nrrr found Englishmen who had lived and thrlved'ln Manila for fifteen years. Perhaps tho Phll lppino cllmato may be kinder to tho stock than is expected. Tho advocates of annex ation havo shown that it Is constitutional. Wo don't know why tho civil service can't govern dependencies and Independencies Justly, firmly, nnd wisely, and probably even Prof. Woolsby will admit that tho military service and tho naval servico can. As to tho profits to bo expected, wo quoto tho Hon. William Pitt Frye: "Looking at thoqueaUon from at purely commer cial standpoint, aalde from the moral obligation, I do not believe that there Is an Intelligent bnilneaa man In the United States who will eay that the Phlllpplnea should be restored to Spain or will fall to acknowledso the almost Incalculable commercial advantage which the possession of these Islands will give ua. They give ns a foothold In that vast region of tho Orient where the powers of Europe are con tending for a great trade and commerce, tho richest In the world, and will enable uato presorve our In terests and get our share of the commerce and to maintain thoso commercial advantages which a nation to be prosperous must popspas. No ono will aay that the United States should disregard lta own commercial Interests and give these Islands divide them .up and distribute them among tho powers who are our business rivals." In tho matter of material advantago tho business man Is perhaps a bettor judge than tho professor of international law. From Coroner to Mayor. The Republican nomination for Mayor of Philadelphia is virtually an election to that office, and if there bo In reason any dif feronco between tho two, it is, perhaps, less easily distinguishable this year than heretofore, six weeks in ndvanco of tho mu nicipal election In February. Tho Philadel phia Republicans on Wednesday nominated Samuel H. Ashbridqe for Mayor, and tho duty of submitting his namo to tho con vention devolved upon JosiAn Adams of tho Eighth ward. Mr. Ashdiudge Is at present a Philadelphia Coroner. He began his career as a clerk in a coal office and ho hns been connected with the mort uary department of Philadelphia's city ad ministration for elghtoon years, first as a deputy Coroner and since 1880 as a Cor oner. Adams began : " My humble sphere on thla occasion la that of satellite to reflect somewhat tho resplendence of a blazing sun. "And heie I might not Inappropriately stop and name the man ; lie needs no more from me. But for our stkta I will fain continue briefly to note his qualities and to enjoy the pleasures of hope which bis candidacy Inspires. " What name upon our standards ever drew forth eucu popular and unselfish acclaim ? What heart of ambitious aspirant oer heard Its beatlnge so tune fully accord with the heart throbblngs of all classes and conditions of his fellow men?" Tho virtues of tho candidate thus referrod to, Mr. Adams closed with this stirring simile : "The etorm-tosd wanderer! of Virgil needing a bird for their auguries and no wing being visi ble were directed to shoot their arrows Into the clouds. A singing lark, unseen by the voyagore, was tporting In fleecy folds, but the arrow of MNrarnpua reached ita heart, and, leaiing It llfo among the stars, it fell, cold and bleed ing, to tho derk below! Bo shall we by ualngour best endeavor and the highest aim bring to our mu nicipal needs it bculson from the sky and tho man of our hopes la Samuzl Uowcu. AsiiBmooEl" Certnlnly tho citizens of Philadelphia aro to bo felicitated on tho chance of having a Mayor possessed in such generous mcasuro of varied excellence. Rut why, with so groat a man among thorn, havo tho Philadelphia electors retained Mr. Ashbridoe bo long in tho offlco of Coroner nnd why, when blessed with tho opportunity, in tho elec tion of 1 80tl, of olovating him to tho moro dignified post of Shorlff, did thoy chooso his opponent, Mr. Cnow, by a majority of 10,000? Tho result of tho election was officially doehrcd yeslerday by tho State Canvassing Board at Albany. Tho board's figures clvo to Col Roosevelt a plurality of 17,780, In the edition of Tub Sun prlntod tho morn inc after thu election, and within eight hours of the closing of the polls, tlioro wero primed almost complolo returns from ovory county in tho Kmplro fitato. Tun Bun's returns showed that Col. JtooBuvisLT's plurality was 17,572. or 214 out of tho way. Tho following day, Thursday, TnK Sun's mora complete returns ihowod tlmt Col. IIoosk vei.t'8 plurality wn 17,770. The Associated PrersH, vihllo stealing Tim Hun's flcuros from some of tho counties, btuck to Us own Inaccu rate figures in othors, aud the nowspapors that depend on It for their news continued from a thousand to five thousand out of tho way. The Hun was oxaetly slvteon votes short of tho actual plurality us officially stated yesterday. Buch aecurato election reporting: never was known before in New York or anywhere else. Tho rule that all vehicles In this city shall carry lights at night is a development which objections to paying out extra money for oil cannot stay. Ono creat reason for It Is ths di minished noise of tho perfected pavements and tho creator spoed nt which they are driven over. Vehicles cannot be too conspicuous, es pecially at nlclit. Lot the cub drivers aud their fellows refrain from complalnlne and light up. Itocl: mid Others. To ran Editor or Tub Bus-Sir: Eock Reach and Crude Oilier live in Cranbury, V. J., and Sam Pan In Half Acre. iJauta Uoaron. Ntrtrau, Deo. 29, ttovld ESLAitan uniis canal Major Bymons's Notion of tho Xtnj to Keep This Pnrt'a Commerce Up. Major Thomas W. Symons of the United States Engineer Corps At Buffalo has written' a letter to tho cotnmlaalon appointed br Gov. Black to Inveatlgate tho decline in tho com merce of this port. Ho says tho highest com mercial Interests of New York demand that the Erie Canal Improvements should bs con tinued according to the present plan: that ample, convenient and cheap terminal facili ties devoted exoluslvelv to canal traffic, should bo maintained at Buffalo and Kew York, and that nil restrictive leglalatlon upon the use of the canal should bo repealed. Ha says that New York's commercial supremacy was large ly built up by the Krlo Canal; that Its relative decadence Is coincident with the decadence of the Erie Canal and that this cort can regain what it has lost only by Improving tho oanal in an up-to-date manner and by transacting business upon it in accordance with modorn methods as exemplified In the great railroad lines. Continuing. Jlajor Hymona says tu part: "It Is my opinion that under existing cir cumstances and prcspeots. the work under tnlcei; by thohtato In Improving the Erie Canal should bo continued until tho full result aimed at Is accomplished. Huch a canal would ' permit tho transportation of freight throuirh it nt a reduction of fully 40 per cent, below tho cost attainable by the present canal, and trans portation intos by the canal could then below ! enough to nocuro business, and a largo amount of business would undoubtedly bo done, pio lded always that business is done on modern lines. "A definite and far-reaching poller should bs adopted looklns to continued Improve ments. When the work now In hnnd Is com pleted etens should .bo Immediately taken to widen, deepen and lengthen tho other tier of locks so as to permit the passage of boats of still larger el70. say of 30 foot beam, 10 foot draught and 200 foot length, onrrying about l..r)(K) tons or 50.000 bushels of wheat eaoh. and. ooineldentally or following this, tho prism of the canal should bo deepened to o size suit able for the larger boats, making suoh changes In location and alignment as mny bo deter mined to be advautuguous. und Incorporating all Improvements and labor-salng devices which may in the mcantlmo be Invented and found meritorious in any part of the world. 'If It wero possible to achieve tho largo bnrce ?anal in the near future, I should ho an advooato of proceeding with it at once, but this achievement does not appear very prom ising nt prosent, and It therefore seems tho pan of wisdom to cnmpleto the iniorlor canal on whlcn SO.000.000 hns bocn expended, leav ing the large canal to bo provided for in tho days to come." Credibility of Dying Declarations. Tothb Editor or TnE 8un Sir: Your edi torial in this day's Buw on the credibility of dying declarations, as presented in the rovor slon of a judgment of death against Michael Corey, tried in Madison county for tho killing of James Georco. the Court of Appeals holding that unduo weight had been given to tho state ment mado by Georco four days before his death, reminds mo of a case In my own experi ence which porhaps is not unworthy of record In your columns. Somo years ago, whon I was a police roportor InClndnnatl.U became my duty ono night to run down a case of supposed attempted murdor. Tho story camo to tho sta tion liouso. whoro two or three of us wero gath ered together, about 10 o'clock that n woman had been found In n hallway in Loneworth street with hor throat cut and that she had been taken to the Cincinnati Hospital. Wo hurried to the hospital, whoro wo found tho woman, just arried, stretched on a cot with a great gash In her throat which actually extend ed from ear to ear. It was no pleasant sight, but business was business, nnd with a low points picked up from tho pollco nnd a friend or two wo pioceoded to interview tho victim of tho knifo. "It was not known who had done the deed, as tho woman was unnblo to talk, but It was known that she had a husband o whom sho wns jealous, and It was believed from certain Information received that he was thowialdnr or thu knifo. Presuming upon that, wo talked to tho woman, who had boon propped up on a Pillow in order to throw her chin forward and shut the gnpinc slit in her throat. Hhe seemed to bo willing to listen to ourquestlons and oven anxious to answer them, but at ovory effort to do o the movement of hor chin opened the cash beneath, and tho voice, instead of eominc from tho mouth, as tho woman evidently thought it would, came Instend from the hole In her windpipe in a horriblo curclo that I i'ould hear for woeks afterward. Notwithstand ing hor failure to sponk. sho nttomptod it ugnln several times, nnd finally wo told her to answer by nods. Then wo shaped our questions so that they might bo answered hyyes or no. and shot o'd us thut her husband had cut her with a knifo at the foot of tho stairway In tho hall and had run nwity. Putting the littlo knowledge of tho eouplo wo had into words, we learned tho man's namo and whoro ho had been working nnd wheio ho lived, as thoy had not been living together. Then tho woman closed her eyos. wearily, and wo wont away on a wild search for th man. Wo gave it up nt If A. M. and went to iurdis!.sto writo up tho story, adding that the woman was probably dead "ore this," ns tho hospital authorities thought sho could not possibly live, Itinnv6ont tho woman felt that she was no ing to die. and sho was giving- us nn ante-mortem statement beforo witnesses. But she did not die. though it was weeks beforo sho was out again, and neither did hor husband cut hor throat. U he pollco found him later und he was held, though ho denied all knowledge: but when the woman cot on her feet ncnln she con fessed that sho had dono tho work hersolf in her jealousy, and that, bollevlngshowoulddle. sho thought to have tho muu die. too, even though it might havo been ns a erlmlnal nt n rope's end. Just what kind of difficulty that woman s husband would havo had In proving Ids innocence against that dying statementcan bp gueshed nt by thoso who know something nliont courts and trials and testimony. New Yoi-.k. Dec. 20. YV. J. L. Tho Terrors of the Old Preaching. To TnE Editoii or TnE Sun Sir: "Ulster" says in The Sun of tho 23d that "Impaired senso of the authority of tho sacred Scriptures Is supposed by many to have put religion at Its present disadvantage." If by "religion" ho moans tho orthodox system as now established In Its entirety. I wish to say for ono that In my own caso thore Is no supposition whatover about it ; I know it to bo n fact But tho find ing of error In tho Bible has not Impaired my "religion." In the senso of hue. reverence and obedience to God exhibited In n Chrlst-llko walk, butiathorhas enhaucod It a hundred fold. The writer was brought up vory near tho church In which Jonathan Edwards used to Picture the terrors of hell to his congregation, with hnnd extended ash holding a sinner biib-peiidt-d byasltiRlo hnlror Urn head over the pit of firo and brimstone. His early religion it nd church members!)! p wore due largely to fear oj the eternal torment nwulting thoso who should dlo befote tho dawning of another day without experience of religion" as then nnd there t-et forth. Jinny a tune did the hair of his head seemingly stand htralght UP while listening to the blood-curdling warnings, until ho got under covor.ln tho foim of church mem bershlp. Afterward, for a time, there was somo compensation in seeing the Insh applied to those without the fold, but it soon wore away. Now. Ood Is tho same, the IllhlnUtim same, and tho creed Is practically the samo now as then, but is belief tho samor If not, why not? And why Is there not some candid, authorized acknowledgment of error in former teaching? w. UKADWLI.E. Pa Boo. 20. Boston Should Learn to Count. To tiie KmTOB or The Sox .Vir: The recount nf votes In B'lhton shown facts that are discreditable to tho rlty as an educatloiul centre. Perhaps It la not that at present. Whatu)er in oldon times was Bostou'a literary reputatlou, it does not appear that it Is any good at all in the most Important of all studies, that of matheniatlra. That at leaat is tho obi lous moral from Ward 10, wlure the inostastun ishing results wero found. Tho election ofnoors of rreciuct 7 wcra cited before tho Election Commls. aionera to show proof why they should not bo In dicted for fraud. Of course thry contend that It Is all atuljtake. Hut th. re must have beeii auneptitlous Uniiletont introduced, which uugled figures as well, The tally sheet ahona tuat tho ballota were uiou erly counted, but tlieie i re most inexpll-aLle m.a takes lu recoid ng the results. Hot oral of the Demo traUo candidates lost Irnw ro to loo votes, while Alrlermau l'alge, a JlcpitMlcan candidate, received only fo votes aud was credited with imk. lie loses onrciou t jtw voles. Mr.Crockor.Itepublican.ro. celled only OS votn, and ti iredlted In the drat returns with 72. The ureatett channeaof all were uisde lu booming the Social.at candidates. Kreed rnan, whoreoeliad lit otes, was riedlled with 213, Olgiilre received 1.1 votes and was credited with nil, and llosh, who had only 3 ots,waa credited with ., T,'iJ ?,tt , one of the Urst to adopt the Auatra llan Ballot law, and put on a good mauy alr-oer Kew iork State in regard to its auperiiir morality In trying to aecuroan lionet ballot. It is probably tbia ael'-aatlahtU Pharisaism, which la Huston's chief cbaratterlstlo, tl'at haa made Ita people oblivious wbllu election oOlolaii weredletorUugtruthslnaway tu aliamethe Loulmanalloturnlng Hoards of lstirt-o7. It only Ulustratia anew the Jefreraonlau Democratlo principle i that Ilia not by amended laws, but by the eternal vUllance which i the price of liberty that honesty lu elections may be secured. Munros, Springfield Not Out of It. frleSiri'i!K)!Il Union, The peoplo of Springfield are with the President. aor. noosnrBLPB iSAvavitATioir. The Ceremonies That TVlll Attend nil In duction Into Office. AT.BAMT, Deo, 20. Tho programme for tho ceremonlos attending tho Installation In of fice of flovornor-eloct Iloosoolt will be mado publlo to-morrow. Socretary of State Palmor expects to administer tho oath of offloo to tho Oovernor-eloot on Saturday. Tills act will bo prhato. and will tako place cither at tho Secre tary of State's office or at tho Kxecutivo Man sion. The oath of office will bo administered to tho Govornor-eloct publicly In tho Assembly chambor at noon on Monday by Socrotarrot Btato-eloct John T. MoBonough. At 10 o'clock on Monday morning Governor elect Itoosovelt will receive tho membors of his staff, as well as MnjortGon. Iloo. commander of tho National Guard, and his staff, at the Execu tive Mansion. Thoy will bo escorted from tho mansion to tho Capitol shortly afterward by the Tenth Battalion. Squadron A of Now York city, nnd tho Third Brlgndo Signal Corps. Major Andrews having been appointed Ad-jutnnt-Oenernl. Cnpt. Olrtor B. Drldgman will command Squadron A. Gov. Black, with his staff, will receive tho Governor-elect nnd Mnior-Oon. Hoo, with tholr staffs. In tho oxecutivo chambor, nnd at 11 o'clock all will proceed by tho south corridor nnd grand western staircase to the back en trancoof tho Assembly chamber to Ptrtlclpoto In tho Inaugural eoromonlos, which wilt bo presided over by Secretary of Stato MoDon ough. who will tako the oath of ofilco as tho successor to Socretary of Stato Palmor on Sat urday. Bishop Willlnm Croswoll Uoano will offer prayer, and then tho oath of offlco will bo administered to Col. Itoosovolt, and the outgoing and Incoming Gov ernors will deliver the usual addresses. Tho Assembly chamber will bo gorgeously docorated with tho national nnd Btnto colors. A platform has been orected, extending out over tho Speaker's desk, for tho Inaugural party. Tho desks of tho Assemblymen havo been rem veil, nnd tho public will be admitted to the gallorics nnd on tho floor. Ono of tho small men's sallorlos will bo reserved for Mrs. Boosovelt's party. After tho ceremonies tho inaugural party will return to tho oxecutivo chamber, whero Gov. Hoosevolt will commis sion tho membors of his staff. Tho usual publlo reception will bo hold at the executive chamber from 10 to 2 o'clock and at tho Executive Mansion from 3 to 6 o'clock. Squadron A will arrive horo on Saturday and n ball undor Its auspices will bo glvon at the Tenth Battalion armory on Saturday night. Gov. Black will entertain tho members of hli staff at dinner at tho Port Orange Club on Saturday night, and afterward they will attend tho ball. An Attack on " Christian Science." To the EniTon or Tns Bun Sir : Tho at tempt to defend "Christian Science "made by its notorious founder. Mrs. Mary B. G. Eddy, assumes that because her followers are "per secuted " by all tho docont element of tho com munity their caso Is in oomplete correspond ence with that of the early Christians. Tho Mormons on tho wholo quite as respectable a set as hor deluded followers also point to "persecutions " past and present as asuro sign of divine favor. Noarly overy delusion of modern times has regarded tho protests of an indignant community as unjust persecution. Mrs. Eddy rehearses soveral cases of "mar vellous cures" which, without namos, places or dates, she expects us to bellevo sho has per formed, Liko your correspondent of Dec. 24, Mr, I. B. Webster, I should liko to ask for hor references. When a person of her grade of In telligence and education undertakes to say that a porson had cancer and wns cured at "ono sitting." I should liko to ask how she knew tho patient was suffering from cancer. As Is well known. It is not always easy for tho most skilful physician to diagnose certainly n tumor or a sloughing sore ns cancer. There aro muny diseases that beget an ulcorous con dition much resembling borne Btngcs of certain varieties of cancor. But where a trained phy sician may err It Is hardly remnrkoblo that an Ignorant person like Mrs. Eddy should jump nt a conclusion on the strength of appearances. The vast majority of tho marvellous stories told by "Christian Scientlbts " hinge simply on this, that- a person who knows nothing of disease or diagnosis confidently assures nn othor that ho or she is afflicted with this or that grave malady, which nlnety-nino cases out ol a hundred is as Inr from truth as Is the East from tho WeRt, and thereupon proceeds to effect a " man ellous cure." In her book. "Scicnco and Health, with a Key to tho Scriptures," she gives an allegod In terpretation of Gonosis and Bovolation, in which sho "diseovors" numerous traces of "mortal mind" or error, nercanons of criti cism applied to tho teaching of Christ Himself would, on bur promises. proo that oven His words woro occasionally tnlntcd with "mortal thought." and that tho Bible, ns a whole. iBiiot a sure guide. Not so with her book, however. nssnonssiuesus It Is free from error and Is tho "voion of truth for this age." What Is tho Inference? Simply that this woman wishesto usurp tho placo of Christ! Bead any of tho nu merous" testimonies" In the ChrMian Science Journal with their llorid expressions of grato f ulness to " our dear motlior" ( Mrs. E. ) and " di vine science." In tho place where the name of Christ would bo sot by a Christian believer. Mrs. Eddy has nn Insatiable appetite for this sort of tributo and prints it all in her per sonally conducted magazine. In this mlserablo farce sho Is merely tollow lnc In the wake of Ann Loo. Johanna South cott, Jemima Wilkinson, the notorious " Mat thias" and other religious fanatics, who. like herself, havo claimed most of the prerogatives of Christ, including tho power to work mira cles. JtOBERT La WHENCE. Pjcshino, L. I.. Dec. 27. Mrs. -Wendell nnd Follcemnn Bloran. To the Editob op The Sun Sir : Under tho heading "Alimony for Mrs. Wendell" you stato: " Recently Pollcomuu Moran of CO West 105th street wont to tho liouso of Mrs. Wendell nnd domanded some letters which he had writ ten to Mario Judge, ono of tho sonants. Mrs. Wendell refused to give up the lottors and sho claimed that tho policeman assaulted hor. In tho Magistrate's court the charge mado by the policeman against her. of keeping hlR property, was dismissed, and on tho Magistrate's sug gestion tho policeman was charged by Mrs. ended with assault. Thiscase Isstill pending." It Is not truu that Ofilcer Morun ever wont to tho house of Mrs Wondoll nnd demanded any lotters that ho had written to Marie Judge, because, as a matter of fact, he never did write any letmrs toher, ns wns shown in court, and. although challenged by me, ns counsel for Moran, to produce any such lettees. neither sho nor her counsel could do so. Officer Moran nover made a chnrgo against Mrs. Wendell of keeping his letters or any other property, nnd, therefore, no such charge could have been dis missed in tho Magistrate's court or anywhero clue. It Is true that Mrs. Wendelldld mako a charge against OmoerMoranof usiaulr. which charge, after it full investigation by Magistrate Olm stod. was dismissed nnd the ofilcer honorably discharged, nnd It was not on the suggestion of the Maglstrnto that such charge was made by Mrs. Wendell against the ofilcer. I would feel obliged to you. therefore. In fair ness to Officer Moran, if you will publish this communication in your next issuo, so that he may be placed right boforo tho public. Yours respectfully. t,0uis J. Grant. New Yobk. Dec. 20. Suggestions to the Tollce. To the IcnxTonorTnESon Sir: While the police are arresting drivers for not having lamps on their vehicles, they might try to enforce the law which states that "building material shall not obstruct more than one-third the width of a street." On Kighth avenue, from rifty-ninth to 110th street a number of buildings ate being erected and In every instance the pllo or lumber, Ac, cover at leaat half tin' street, lie one plare fully three-quarters. tiyilingon tills at amtu at Its very te.t la attended 5I1I1 datwei, and bitnren thewi obstructions and drli eia who go In tho t ontre of the street or even on II10 leftaldo it Is danBerotuto the llfo and limb of thu cyclist, with bis low andsmsll vehicle. I use this atcnue every pltasant evening to rido dawn to the Art League nnd hate had many narrow escapes. CUAitUMB. YWr. 810 West llutb street. To Tns KniTon or The Bcs Sin In TnE Stn of to day I find a bit of news showing the efficiency of our police In discovering an old woman peddling applca without a license, and it struck me at once that If they would mako an effort to and bootbUcsa having chairs pn the sidewalks doing business with out a llceusu the treasury would be greatly enriched. Theie must ho 10,000 chairs In Oils city today In full i.uslnes4 and no license, and of those of whom I Inquired ttwenty in number) I found they have bad no license slnco the rlrst of last July, and they hava iiot been molested by the police or the chief of License Bureau. What la the reason 1 Can you ttHllI? A. D SMrrii 1485 BROiDWAT. Bee. 28. "' t""IU' Elevator Attendants nnd Christmas. To TUKl!nrro8 ov The Sd-,5i: InalaxieBroad way offlca building a witty young Irishman ia In command of the passenger hoist, lie haa had the mir rors elaborately frewoed during tho paBt week, and atoie bis New Year! box Is written lu red, white and blue lead pencil this algnlflccnt "touch": : .Don't forget Mike Start him off happy for": ; the new war-Itemember ha gave you many . a lift diirlug 181)8, ' """'u' "Mike" haa a head on hla shoulders. At'thVbot. torn ot the boi. he placed apiece of felt, so that when Tf1A,,iSf0,i,,'",.,uW "" l"xuln.l thud la heard. It the Jingling ot silver were heard. "ilUa " avers, likely 1 rlcndf of the . ante might loae interest tu him. foruUn the Impicailon that ha ' haa enough," KT V. 1 CnAXDZEIl'S SUATtV JtEXOItT. Tho Senator nnd Congressman ZiOud ex change Fernonallties. WaSHiJOTOH, D00. 2I To-day's session of tho Joint Congress Commlttoo to Investigate tho transportation of malls was nhruptly sus pomledf as tho result of n sharp Intor chnnco ot personalities lotweon the' Vice Chairman, Ileprusontntivo Loud of Callfornln, and Senator Chandler of New Hampshire, nnd It was only by tho exorcise of Senator Allison's most BUavo diplomacy that tho bolllgcrontolo lnents wcro brought togethor osnln. The commlttoo. which cor slnco last August has boon pursuing Its Inquiries into the cost anil valus of tho transportation of malls by tho railroads undor tho stntuto of 1878, which la still operative, met In tho loom of tho Hcnnto Commlttoo on Tost Offices ami Tost lloads to day to rosumo Its work. Tharo woro prosent Senators Allison, Chandler and Faulkner and Representatives Loud, Moody, Catchlncs anil Fleming. In tho nbsonco ot Senator Wolcott, Representative Loud, Chairman ot tho House Committee on Post Offices nnd Post Roads, acted a; Chairman. Tho commlttoo had asked to nppoar boforo It a numbcr,of gentlemonwho have sent communications to the committee criticising tho Urtns ot the contracts undor which the malls aro carried by the railroad companies and tho amount of money paid for tne sorvlce. Among them wero 0. W. Ernst ot liOBton and 0. P. Bpahr of the Outlook. New York, which has dovoted much attention to the subject. Mr. Ernst, who mostly catalogues hlmsslf as a "student," was on the stand this aftornoon and was being Questioned by Mr. Loud re garding tho weight nf tho malls carried on tho railroads and the deductions to be made on account ot local distribution and tho Star route servico. This was with a vlow to arriv- i lng at the amount paid by the Government. which Mr. Ernst fixed at eight cents a pound. Th manner of the acting Chairman in his I orosa-oxamlnatlon did not moot with Senator Chandler's approval, and he expressed his I views with his characteristic vigor. This brought from Mr. Loud the sharp retort: "The gentleman noedn't mako himself at torney for tho wltnoss." "Somo mombors needn't act as attorneys for tho railroads." Senator Chandler replied with added acrimony. The mooting broke up in tho contusion whloh followed, some ot the members of the com mlttoo and the witnesses leaving tho room. Finally the doors were closed, and an executive) session was held, at which It was endeavored to calm tho troubled waters. It lasted halt an 1 hour, and the result ot the consultation was ' shown In the following statement made by I Senator Chnndler when ths committee was again under way: "Mr. Chairman: Before proceedings are re sumed I want to say that In tho cross-examination of a witness, who was being examined by Mr. Loud, ho made a remark to whleh I took offence. I sunpoea I should not havo dono so, because I do not tnlnk it was intend ed as a serious Imputation upon mo. and I very quickly mado a retaliatory reply, which was an Imputation upon members of this com- ' mlttee. I hava wholly and unconditionally withdrawn the remark I mads, believing It was unjust and ought not to have been mado. oven under the clicumstance whloh it was , made." Mr. Scoler. desiring to return homo, was i permitted to take the stand and mako a state ment of his views of what tno Government ought to do In tho matter of transportlntr mall. It was. in brief, that the railroads should bs asked to give tho Government the same rates as thoy do private parties and corporations, the express companies, for Ilka servico. Tho Government ought not. In his opinion, pay so much for bavins the mail carried as the ex- 1 press companies paid for Its transportation, for tho reason that tho average mall haul was about three times as long as the average ex press haul. Mr. Spoler said ha know that slnco 1878 there had boen no reduction In tho cost of mall transportation to the Government, whllo every thing else In that period had been reduced In cost 4(1 per cent. What he demanded was that tho railroads should accupt the same reduc tion for service that evory othor interest had been called upon to concede. It was tho cli max or ahsurdlty. ho said. that, while a freight car earned but $012 u year, on tho average, tho Government should pay $5,740 rental every year for a postal car. besides tho amount paid at pound rates for tho mall carried therein. The wltnoss could cive tho committee no fig ures whatever of the cost of the service per formed by tho railroads. Ho will return to Washington for a further examination. harder In tho day the committee heard Messrs. Hicks and Stewart of the pneumatlo tube service In Philadelphia, who advocated an extension of It in the postal system. UXIFOnn EXTRAXCE EXAMS. Representatives of Lending Universities Discuss the Scheme with President Loir, Representatives of Harvard, Cornell, Penn sylvania. Columbia and Prluceton unlvorsltlcs and of tho Schoolmasters' Association of this city discussed yesterday a plan to secure uni form entrance requirements and examinations for tho leading American colleges. Tho confer ence was held In President Low's private offlco In tho library of Columbia University. It was preliminary In character. Thu general idea Is to create, by tho coopera tion of tho various colleges and universities, a board which shall proscribe uniform require ments in tho various subjects a student must know to enter theso Institutions. This board Is also to eot the examinations In each subject. Any person who shall pass theso tests will bo eligible to onter any, of tho Institutions co operating. This would mako the work of tho preparatory schools moro uniform. Prof. G. It. Carpenter of Columbia said after tho meeting: 'Tho universities represented showed a most commendable spirit toward co operation. The way for further steps nnd oon leronees was pavod. Though the obstacles soem almost Insu) mountnblo. 1 bellovothat tho plnn may go through In time." There wore present nt the conference, besides President Iow and Pror. Carpenter. Prof. Ed win II, Hall, Harvard: Prof. Horatio White, Cornell; Prof. Lambert. Pennsylvania! Pror. VV est. Princeton ; President Julius Sachs of tho Sachs Institute, nnd Mr. 8. A. Fnrrand of tho Nowark Academy, representing tho New York City Schoo mqstors' Association, and Mr. J. II. Morse of tho Morse School ou Madison avonue. ZEAItXEli FOLK IX COXIEREXCE. They Discuss at Columbia the Method! of Teaching All Sort of Things. Beth Low presided at a conferenco on meth ods of teaching hold yesterday in Scherraer horn Hall. Columbia University, by tho Ameri can Society of Naturalists. A pnper on tho teaching or zoology was read by Pror, Edwin G. Conklln of tho University of Pennsylvania; anatomy. Pror. GoorgoS. Huntington of Colum bia: physiology. Prof. William T. Porter of Harvard: psychology. Prof. Hugo Mllnster- burg otnarvard: botany, Prof. William F. Ganong of Smith: goology. Prof. William P.. Clark of Johns Hopkins. Tho Folklore Society ilTJi1 P.vPV'15 ".i wnlcll.al,!,noron tho sub tfcti ,",'10 Was Mother Goose ?" wns read by Prof. Thomas Wilson. Tho Stato Science leachers' Association lint n conference on the Buhjoctof methods of teaching tho sciences. Jjtst night tho naturalists dined nt the Savoy Spoeches were made by I'rof. II. P. Ilowdiioli ol Harvard. Prof. HugoVtlns ! orbufgol : I far ft I'r0' " TPsbo-"o of Columbia. Prof. ). O.Fnrlflwaof Harvard and Prof. W. j Me. Geo of Washington. D. ('. About two hundred men unci two women Mrs. Either Hermann or Now York and Mrs. Anita tlowton Mcdee of ahlngton-were at the d nnor. Tho geolo gists dinpd nt tho Logerot. -niofct-oio- Pror. J-arlowo wits elected President ot tho American Society of Naturalists. Pror. EG. onklln was made President or the American Morphological Soolety. Tho American ! Foib. lore Society elected Pror. Charles 1 FdwaVria President and Allco I'letcKor "Yco-PreildSnt. A Two-States 3Inn. from It.t Flonia Timti-L'nton and CiHim. Tho Hon. John J. Upehntch lives on tho boundary I no between Florida nnd Oeorcin. l,;.i,sniivenlt,.,Jl.,nl mnn "d so popular -on both sides ot the lino that ho alternates his publlo services as a legislator between the two States, lie represents Charlton county. Ga IS the lower houe of tho Legislature at tho pfes" ent session. Ho was a member 0? th Florida Senate at that body's last Tesldonj betoretnat ho was sent to the lower house of the Georcfa Assembly nnd further back was Tin the Ftorfda lousa nnd Georgia Senate. in alternate sea Within Bange. Frotn Tid-llilt. "now did this happen?" asked tho snnnn as ho dressed the wound In tha chaalc amf tn " wfo,threw1'lt?'f0ne' rwl,ud the l11- "She was throwing at the neighbor's hr,.'i explained tho sufforfr. "I wm ISidnd hw?' ' , . XXDBPEXDEXCE, .VOr AXXEXATIOX. Appeal ot the Cuban Delegation to All Na , tltes of the Islmul, b WAaniKOTOK, l)oo. 20. The Cuban dolecv A lion to tho United States has prepared an I elaborate petition, In tho form of a circular. 11 appealing to all natives ot tho Island to re- If ' mombcr that thoy fought for Inrtcpendenco B nnd not for nnnexntlou, nnd utglng them to (J stand, steadfastly by thut cnuso. The circular I reviews nt length tho heroic strugglo ot the Cubans to rid themselves ol tho tyranny of Spalu nnd recounts tho glories of tholr vie. torr. Tho principal and most Interesting por tion of tho appeal is contninod In the follow ing translation, tho original being printed In Spanish: I "In vlow of the fact that It Is the desire of ! every truo Cuban that tho country may enter as soon as possbllo Into n stato of peace, tran MUlllltv nnd prosperity, and with no desire to oxclto passion or prejudice, wo have decided fo spoak plainly with our compatriots, Khom wo can always trust to bo guidod bv tho nrtn- 1 oiplcs of right and justice, upon tho (mentions j whloh aro now foremost In tho minds of all of our cltlzons. We trust to their judgment and appeal to tholr patriotism and abide by their I decision. 1 I "Tho soparationlst pntty In Cuba, composed .' I of tho vast majority of its cltirens. has trl- umphed. but as In evory other country thers hao boon traitors, so there have boon In Cubs. nnd there nro men who onll themselves Cuban i wholdo not merit tho name. Those who art truo Cubans havo banded themselves In bar- ' mony and'accord under tho Constitution of tho ' revolutionary Govornment for tho purposes of ! securinc independence. Thore aro those. 1 howover, who do not seem to comprehend tho 1 real moaning and slcntdcanco of lndependonct ' ! and who aro now endeavoring to convince Cu bans that thoy could notoxlstunderthelrown j Constitution nnd froo government ae an Indo- ' rondent republic, but that their salvation, tho safety nnd welfare of Cuba lies In annexation. Thoy apparently forgot that tho United States did not go to war for tho purpose ot acquiring territory, ns was expressly stated in the decla ration of wnr. and that tho purpose of tho United States was not annexation. On the con trary, on tho 10th of April tho Government ot tho United States acknowledged the indepen dence of Cuba. Witness tho following: "The declaration of American Independence of July 4. 1770. said: These colonies aro nnd of right ought to bo free and Independent' Tha joint resolution of the Amorlcan Congress In respect to Cuba on April 10. 181)8, said: JTho peopleCof Cuba are. und of right ought to be free and indepondont.' "Is this not an evidence that tho Cuban an nexationlsts desire to be moro Amorloan than the people ot the United States themselves? The American Congress deolated the Inde pendence of Cuba in the samo terms and al most tho samo language as was employed In the American Declaration of Independeneo In 1770. It would seem that this similarity of conditions as regards th colonists of the na tion of Washington and tho people of Cuba at tho present time is onough to forever dlinei all thoughts and Ideas of annexation. I "If annexation were to be desired It would be better to have it brought about now than : later, and for that reason ltls doslred that tho , question should be settled finally at the pres ent time. Yet it Is sufficiently well known that the Cubans made war and fought for In dependence and not for annexation, and that nil the prcolous blood that haa been shed and nil tho hardships endured and all tha suffering have been to gain Independence and nothing; short of that, It Is ridiaulous to answer ths accusations that ths Cuban people are Indo lent and that they are uneducated, unfaithful and unaDle to govern themselves. Their in- r dustry, labor and energies have made Cuba In ; many respects ono of ths most troductivo ' countries of tho world. Their duty Is now to stand by ths lone star banner, whloh signifies independence and liberty, the greatest moss- 1 lntt of heaven. "Remember that Cuba has not fought and : endurea torn chance of masters, but that her people may bs their own masters. We aro ; none tho less grateful to the people of tho I united States for their aid and support, and In I doing what they have dona to free Cuba from I Spain they have but rapa'd the great debt which tney owed to humanity, justice and tho right for the aid whleh they received from Lafayette and Franoe during their war for in dependence." I Tho circular Is headed. 'Separation. Annexa tion and Autonomy." Large number have ! been printed and sent to Cuba for distribution 5 throughout the Island In every town and olty. ' ROTAL IIAXnSIIAKIXa. I Only Humbert of Italy IdUes tho Practice Other Slonnrchs and M. Fnure Do Not. 1 From (As JtCnchener Zeitunj. j Kaiser Wilhelm, who lately has had many J occasions for publlo greetings, does not at all I liko to ofTor his hand to any one In public. Ho f rarely makes exceptions In this matter and then usually only tor commanding officers nt tho time of the great army manoeuvres. Even moro than ho does the Emperor of Austria I abstain from the custom of handshaking. for it Is only Archdukes that ho greets ? or parts from In this fashion. Tho Czar ? when ho receives Princes Is wont always to shako hands cordially with his guestp. 1 Only one has he embraced so far. M. Felix l Fauro. Tho Queen of England, with tradl- j- tional feminine graco. holds out her hand to bn t kissed: but her son. the Prince of Wales, oitei. seizes the opportunity of giving people a heartr A handshake. Tho King of the Belgians Is fond 1 of holding In his a lady's slender hand, and -3 novor falls to imprint a kiss on.lt: but he oh- 1 jects to shaking hands with men. The amiable i young Oucen of Holland would Ilko, if etl- 1 quette did not forbid, to shako hands with Aj everybody. v Tho simplest of all rulers, however. Is King 'i Humbert of Italy. A declared toe to all kinds j ot court ceremonies, ho avoids having anything j more to do than Is absolutely necessary with S hid court officials, but In his excursions in tho i country likes to shako hands with the farmers jl and peasants. As regards President FClIx Faure. he. embraces the Czar, kisses her gracious B Majosty's hand, shakes tho right hand of the J Queen Hegont of Spain's Ambassador, espe- 1 dally whon it boars him a Golden Fleece, but a eonslders It benoath his dignity to hold out his, 2 hand to any ono as low as a Secretary ot 8 Legation. $ One of Bnm Jones's Stories. ' From the Atlanta Journal. J "Beforo you go to dinner." Mr. Jones con- is tinued. "I want you to hear one of mr latest 2 and best jokes. You know tho Christian Bel i cntlHts believo that everything istruo thatthey i think true. An old negro camo up tosooa , friend of mine, and my friend. whown9tln !. negro's employer, said: 'Ben, you areint 1 again. What's the matter?' ' My brothor's got tho rheumatism.' said tho negro, and I stayed i up nil night and nursed him. That is why I am late.' "'Ho alp't got rheumatism, Ben. eaid tho j boas, ho just thinks he has.' Thp noxt daytho negro didn't show up nt f all. hut enme tho following day. .J y!l? ,Bo.ns 8BM ,lls ho,a- Guess your Jj friend thinks he's got tho rheumatism again. I don't ho? . '"No, boss: ho thinks he's dead. Weburiod , him yesterday.'" i To Abolish Snoring. I From the Chicago Rrcord. s Mr. Ed Jack of Wyandotto. Kan., has applied 1 or a patent for n contrivance to prevent snor- f lng. Itis based on the thoory that no one can K snore ithl)is mouth shut. Mr. Jack has ar- I ranged a hrldlo of rubber wobblng o acconi- & wish this purpose. A bond is passed over th" I forehead and around tho back of the neck S above tho ears, whllo another goes under tho S chin with n cross hand over tho jaw to keep t a in place. U hero nro buckles to adjust the bri I dlo to all sl7.es or heads. Mr Jack also claims S that his Invention can be utilized to keop b. g bles trom crying anil women from talking. I Struck Down by n ruraueil Deer. From Iht P. I tfh)Ai'a Preu. jfi Semn's Grove. Dec 28.-A very singular and g probably fatal accident, occurred yesterday on R Dales Hills. Rotiben Cromloy. an aged lime f burner, was busily engagod quarrying lime. t stono In a deep gully, when suddenly nnd unex- 'it pectedly 11 1 door leaned overnn overhanging rock 5- u hundred feet nboto him, failing upon the old & man and striking him souseloss. Ho Is still tin- i conscious, and it is reared he will dlo irom lh" 1 Injuries Inflicted. The deer was chaed ' t C some hunters and In its oxultoment.lt leaped K over tho precipice. Tho animal was killed out. f right by its fall, f Cranberries for Everything. 1 To Ttir. KniTonorTHrBnx-.ttr; I have recentlr B read newspaper articles calling attention to tbs 8 bealtb-glvlng propertiea of cranberrlee, especially C when freely uaed, aea preientho of grip. K 1 his ia not only true, In my opinion, aa to grip, but E applies also to malarial and typhoid fevers an A t JL cholera. UheacJdof the fruit dettroya Ibe gems K of disease and tend to allay fevers. A crauberr" W poultice naa long been recognized aa a specific f . r S rryslpelaa, and for scurvy on shipboard crauberriss g are probably the beat anti-acorbutlo known. yibenproperly prepared, nothing Is more genera!!' B rsteimed lit rel ab ita poultry or meat or as a I; jw.efuSf than cranberrlee. We are cu.eaj in- ? debtedtoOape Cod and New Jersey for the abun iv S?nct,.n? consenueat cheapness of thla article. V, tbonahltlaalaoirrowa in Wisconsin, MlcUisan an i 11 some other Western flutes. I, i , lHTUDlacn, Dec, 27. fig