Hi: 4 THIS SUN, SUNDAY, JANUARY 29, 1809.
II THEATRICAL AMUSE3IENTS,
w Da' Tiinr.r. xi:ir platx of Titnnn mxna
Ut fir r-V TilHTlXCT COXTltAXT,
I S3' Boiithern Ilrninn In " Tim Itev. Griffith I)T
III fi enport," by Clnriletirr nnil llermi Cnniln
fi Opera In " The Three Drngonns,' Iijr
K Smith nnd Pe Hnun-I'arUInn 1'nrco In
jiiif I "Mllr l'lfl," lir Dumnnnlr nnil Cnrrr.
Ml I ' "The Throe Dragoons" will bo new at tho
liti H Tlrondwny Theatre to-morrow night It In ft
If fii . enmlc ore re. with words by llarrr II. Hnillli
ljl lij nml notes ) Reginald do Kovon, nion nceus
fill fiv ' tomcl tn work together In writlnit musical
(IK I'' plays, Thoyarosnld lo hnvostilven this tlinii
KnySBl ' for serio-comic romance, with tho sorlousness
EdttlB nnt ,H 'icnv' ftm' ,M0 comlenlltr plentiful.
RntlBfil Thoactlou Is Incidental to the expedition of tho
llil ft! Brltlshnrmy under Wellosloy Into Poitugnlfti
Hlln IfS 1H0II. Tho three. dragoons aro an Irishman,
Klin i' nn Englishman nnd a Scotchninn. to bo Iniper-
iHII UK senated by William II. Clark, Joseph O'Mara
f W Hffi. and Robert S. I'Igott, respectively. In lenor,
'llil Bit bBS and bnrltono. Tho four Important fcmalo
'ill Is' character are an holresa. n gypsy, a waitress
till! MS nndapretoudedvalet Thoso rules nro aligned
Mil kf' In tho order uaniod to Margiiorito Lomon,
ill! Ill LlndndaCosta,I,eonornGnltoand FnnnloBrls-
'llil 1R c" There nro funny pnrts for Jerome flyke
Sill' IB as the King of Portugal's chief cook with po-
fflii fcr lltlcal aspirations and Richard F. Carroll ns tho
Illul II sorvltor of a British army officer. The aspect
Jjfji M , of this comlo opera will bo military, it Is said,
lilllili ' w'ln bright pletoilnl offocts. Tho costume
iltllll ,,avo 'lci;n designed ujr Archlo flunn. Tho
tlllSii ' three acts aro In tho courtyard of an Inn, a
SjHl'lIf ballroom In a palaco with n mnsquerado In
IllliSt progress, and n fortress In a mountain wilder-
mll'H noss. Tho music is described ns mingling
'lifiilr'i! English, Irish nnd Scotch tunes, nttlmos with
'IIOSIc piquant olTect. In connection with Spanish
It inlrl n'r" doubt the production, In which An-
i mill drew A. MeCormtck has had a hand, will bn as
' IJjSf.lL ornamental as those which he has already made
1 llllill' at tho Broadway In this samo lino.
if JISIh'' "Tho Rev. Griffith Davenport" will be Intro-
liJllH ducod at tho Ilorald Squnro on Tuesday night
'nllllu It is a drama of Southorn llfo just before the
'JSmH civil war. Tho basis otitis Helen M. Gnrdenor's
jijjljjfM novel. "An Unofficial Tatrlot," In which tho
! lllli!)' story Is told of a Virginia slaveholder who bo-
jfjiflj comos an abolitionist, sets his uogroes freo and
t bn quits his Virginia homo, where ho has been a
Ih1II( Mothodlst circuit rider. When tho war broaks
J SfjijiK out ho reluctantly but consclontlonsly serves as
j ij8 Rguldofortlio Northern army and is captured
t uUl y n'9 own on' w'' '" n ou'norl1 officer.
! hHI Theso points from tho book lmo been tukon
J Bf by James A. Hcrno and worked Into a drama.
, BSu . It was Mr. Homo who once delighted some
! uaU oritleal observers, though not tho general pub-
!i all, lie, with literalism in "Margaret Fleming," nnd
nSjl later gained wldo famo with tho excellent
I jji "Bhoro Acres," In which quiet realism was
flilfi' rollovod and strengthened by a strongly melo-
, j dramatic episode It Is said that ho has put
p!j his best and hardest work Into tho new play.
' kJh ' Ho has been at It sovernl years. lie disclaims
ffl'l ' any Intention to make n war drama, though it
i wjjif does contain a Shenandoah Valley scono of
' ill's military movement, from which much is ox-
b pucted. Ho says that he has endeavored
jfJ primarily to dovelop characters. Chief among
Sh them Is tho lirv. Griffith Darenport, of course.
Bail and In that role he will hlmsolf appear. There
IJIllJj Is a part for Katherlne C. Home, that of the
nife abolitionist's wife, and she Is an actress ca pa
ll If 6 ,'e ' realizing Its wholo value. Thero are
jj'. forty-one speaking persons. Among the rocog
SsSl" nlzablo names In the cast aro thoao of Sydney
lipj Booth, Newton Chlsnell. MolllelUvelnndSadio
aim "Mllo. Flfl" will bo presented at thoMnn-
1 if hattanon Wednesday night, tho theatre being
J(, i shut In tho meanwhile for dress rehearsals.
j IS The play Is of Parisian origin. Its authors aro
i Ijl; the same Dumanolr and Carrd who havodo-
jj 3! voted their talents to Immodest compositions
fl lj pretty much. Tho character of "Tho Turtle."
5 'M which has been at tho Manhattan six months,
S iJHi may lead to tho expectation of more of tho
j, I!, same klndof thing. Onthootherhand.Managor
I! :!)' William A. Brady says it is unfair tn prejudge
M M "Mile. Fill." and ho protests against the sur-
fj & miso that it Is unclean. Ho wo shall all have to
wait and seo what Loo Uletrichsteln, the
adaptor, has done In tho way of purification. It
Is certain that a promising lot of actors has been
engaged. Rose Coghlan will Impersonate a
I breery Boston widow, who figures In Paris as
tho mother of a nobleman's bride. Oraco
George will stand for the daughtor and Aubrey
Bouclcault for the son-in-law. Louiso Uoaudot
will bo tho Fiji, a gay nnd frollcsomo concert
hall slngor; John T Bnllhaii a Jew money
lender, Thomas II. Burns a etcran beau. E.
Loveatt-Fraaer a fop, Ulrlc Collins a valet, and
Kato Banger a maid. Tho three acta are suc
cessively In a Count's kitchen, chamber and
drawing room. The thome of the farce Is the
troubles which the naughty young actress
causes In tho noble family.
The first American performance of " Busch
A Roiohenbach," a German farce by Helnrlch
Lee and Wllhclm Meyor-Forstor. will be given
at the Irving Flaco on Thursday night. Its
conceit of comicality is that u notably hand
some man, distracted by tho attentions of
enamored women, seeks a respite in feigned
Insanity. He also becomes liioled oeiitlinen
tally with a girl employed ns a model In his
cloakmaklne business. The other plays of tho
jyeelcJiere will bo"Tho Inheritance." "At tho
Whlto Horse Tavern " and " Uriel Aeosta."
A now pantomime. "The Traitor Mandolin."
by Edwin Htar Belknap and Harvey Worthlng
ton Loomls. and one act out of a new drama.
"The Triumph of Catherine," by W. do Wag
staffe, will be performed by pupils of tho
American Acadumy of tho Dramatlo Arts at tho
hmplro on Tuesday artenioou. Mollere'u"Tnr
uffo ' will also be given.
Neither of the Frohman stock oompanles will
have a change of play for a long while.
" Phroso " nt tho Empire has had a fashionable
acceptance as one moro example of Anthony
Hope's stylo of fervid and active romance. Tho
essential qualittos of tho book have been trans
ferred to tho stage with much facility. Of tho
several other plays set down for production at
the Empire this season. It Is now said that only
one Is likely to get an opening.
The Lyceum stock actors will have no change
of employment this season. " Trelawny of tho
Wells "has headway enough to carry It along
easily until tho spring engagement of James
K. Hacitett in "RuDortof Hentzau." It was
1 1 the Intention to bring out hero an English
adaptation of the German comedy "At tho
Jk S' White Horse Tavern." but that will be done
5 a- next week at Wallack's instead, with a oast
!ig if chosen from various Frohman companies.
'IS. I Beatrloo Herford, whose monologue was a fea-
III; turo at tho last Waldorf-Astoria dramatlo
a fi breakfast, will give It at tho Lyceum a week
fi i, from to-morrow afternoon.
fk't A first-rate Pitou examplo of Irish drama Is
I, "A Romance of Athlono" at tho Fourteenth
Slf Street. It Is unconventional in discarding most
ffi' ' tno features of Its class. At the bauio'timo
$11 It contains things essential to Irish ontertniii-
liliL m0DA-i 9.' C0."r8i? "l0 central llcuro Is Chiiiin-
ll'l- eey picott. with five eongs to sing In his un-
Mtl" 'W'.1 wa.r,.a,!.d a duel ln wlch to display.
ij I ' with Mr. Malohlen. a great deal of real skill lu
I m swordsmanship.
I. A.Ddrew. iIac. ' th? Iri"1' horo In " Tho Rag-
.1 ffi, Cfd Earl" at the Academy of Music. The ogua
! i' 9!i"? T9UD? actor Is sudden and oxtonsTve.
I Jtlsduolnaboutevon proportions to ngreeablo
, personality und histrionic ability The ri'turn
I I f?B hlxtv-ninth Jteglinent will bo guests nt
il 1 t,,a Acadi-mv; this week. , .After a lortnlght
T I; R1?,"' Mr. Slack there will be a nioductloiiof
a, 'Her Atonomcnt." with its in Itary scenes
eel given eryplctorinlly. '
1 It is hardly worth ulille to estimate tho rol
f J' atlve values of Mrs. I.osjle Carter as an aetress
1 ' 11) . '"?;? , tt? ? P,'ay. They are u combination
I whjoh will hold the Garrlek during tho re"
I raalnder of the soason. The dressing room
iJH soon, though a legitimate oloment In the story
1 andcharacterizatlon.ls so boldlygraphle as to
S pe discussed as to Us moral status, "Zaza"
f J Is Indeed a soeond "Camlllo."
if? , vZor5i?i Tnk more "The Clulstlan" will
P X ?,e5. l0,la Allf,'! anil tho I.leblor Company at
rtih, G,a.l'l,on' ,i A"' "'" " act in this city
after that until u year from noxt October, when
she will return with a now play now being
1 , wfltteii for hi-r Tho noxt nleetuit thedarden
I ,' wlllbi.nfuri'0. "'i he Last Chapter," In (Joorgo
1 i J; Ilroadhurst Charles I lohinan will retain
I ' i.o.houk., next season. hlehhuw ill tort with
. Richard Mansllold In n now (Iriima
aPi,0J" w'" ''"V" "" "pportiinln.Ht a special
S matinee sonm time unxt mouth, to study tho
U onuses of prosperity in "Nathan Halo." as per
il !K'Lra.edb,',at0.,.no',lWIVJIaln' Elliott and
El, helr company at tho .Knickerbocker. Tho play
tl B I" I's second month nt u thoatre where time
in , ioooruitt!dliu'rolonulDj;.lecestbatUom)t
draw remunerative audiences. Tho next
elianae, will bo to "Colluvtte." with Julia
Marlowe for I ho herolno.
Tho term of May Irwin Is within a few weokn
of Itsclosont the llljou. Of course tho farce
will bo "Kato Kip" to tho end, It has nnt yot
required even n chntign lu Its pet of romlo bal
lads Sura Osgood, until lately with I lv. Is a
nowmombrrof the companv. Thosueccsior
to tho current pay at tho llljou has been
selected. It Is entitled 'Brown's In Town.''
nnd It is said to have Proved Its comicality
through n tour In the West.
A mid-week matlndo may bo taken, under
nrdlnnryclrcumstances, as a proof of prosperity.
Thero need bo no doubtof It nt tho Madison
Hanaro, where tho first of n scries will be given
next Wodnesdny. "Becauso Hhn Iivod Him
Ho "makes Its appeal for laughter, with some
thing llko n tcarnnco In n while, by means of
comic noclty, touched lightly with homely
pathos Thoro Is nothing In this Kngllsh ver
sion of a Kronen fnrce for njthtr tho actors or
the nudlencestn bo ashamed of.
The manner of performing "LnRolloHnlono"
nt tho Casino, with the original words and
InilHe altered and added to. nnd with fearless
seantlnrss in costuming, seoms to rlease tho
audiences of that gay houe.
Other musical tarcos planned to follow "A
Ilunnway Girl" at tho Fifth Avonuo havo been
abandoned, owing to tho unexpectedly long
continuance of tho current plceo, which will
remain n month more.
Tho old "Camlllo" will have now clothes at
Wallack's to-morrow night Thocostumcswlll
bo a distinct novelty, ns they have beon mado
In tho fashion of tho period of the play, about
1810. instondot tho present time, ns usually
done. Sarah Bernhardt mado that chango re
cently in I'nrls, and it was liked. Olga Nothor
solo Ib said to have been lavish with money In
following the Boruhardt example hero. An to
Miss Nethersolo's acting In tho principal r&lo.
wo have had that, and may count on there be
ing no dotortoratlon. Mho will dotote Saturday
aftnrnoon nnd evening to " Cnrmon."
Tho Lilt reproduction of "Shenandoah" Is
ono of this season's melodramatic entertain
ments. It will bo nt tho Grnnd Opera Houpo
this week. Slnurlco Barrymoro nnil Vary
Hampton nro the lenders of tho company. Tho
utmost Is mado oft hu bottle scene, which termi
nates with an Illustration of Hhorldnn's famous
ride. Tho stage nttlio (Irand is spacious, and
the promise is that It shall be tilled with sol
diers, horses, nnd cannon. Theso Mill bo dis
played In tho retreat of the Union lorees. tholr
rally, nnd their victorious eliaign.
No doubt the ondutlng popularity of "Lucia
ill Iimineiinoor " will bo lurtliered bythoie
prodiietlon of that opeia at tho Amorlean to
morrow night. The singing of It may bo de
pended on for tho good nvi'ingo attained by
tlm Castle Hqunro company, which! almost
always sufficient to presoro tho merits of tho
coiniHwItion. As to the mountings, tho promlso
Is that they shall bo fully adequate. The cast
for the first performance glos Clinton Eldor ns
a rocrult, along with Mr. Norman. Miss Uo
Trevllle. Mr. Dnssett. and Mr. Chase. Alter
nates Tor tho last three on Tuesday night will
bo Miss Norwood, Mr. Hheehnn. nnd Mr.
Stewart, who has recovered from an Illness,
Tho Donnelly stock company m tho Murray
HIM will enact to-morrow night a play written
by lWbort Uroui't, the leading member of the
orgnnnuitlon. It Is called "Doris." and Ellin
Lllsler used to nppetir in It nn her starring
tours. It is understood to have been reviseil to
some oxtent for reproduction. Tho author
ii lid other woll-fnored players nt this theatre
make up a cast which would seem qulto able to
porfonn tho piece witli full justice.
In tho llleo Company, which will como to tho
Star with "Tho Girl from Paris," nn attractive
member Is Bessie Bnnohlll. well known In
jnudolllo as a singer of ballads in character.
Shu Is legarded as an artist In her Impersona
tions. This farcical and musical play had a
wholo season In upper Broadway, where it
made a reputation for Itself, ami al-o for several
nctots who were for'unato enough to bo en
gaged lu It.scoinle n'lles.
Tho arousal of Interest in Dumas's famous
romance will extend In Harlem, at the Colum
bus, by means of "The Musketeers," a rear
rangement of tho old drama Paul Gllmoro
will enact the fearless and conquering hero,
and Mrs-. Alexander Hnlvlnl will appearas tho
horolne. Tho last half of the wook will bo
given to "Tho Dawn of Freedom." A week
Irom to-night, at this thentro. tho entertain
ment nrranged by Manager Knhn for tho beno
llt of George W. Ulumenthal will bo given by
such volunteers as Andrew Mack. Thomas Q.
Heabrooke. Weber and Fields. Charles Kirke.
Olllo Redpath. Louiso Hcpner, Frederick Solo
mon. Edwaid Letello. Chorldab Simpson, Snltz
Ldwards. Morri Osborne, Ernest Blal nnd tho
Empire City CJuartot.
Tho continuous shows offergood opportuni
ties for thoso who aro diverted by vnudovlllo
performances. Very fow of to-morrow's con
tinuous proerammo features will have hold
over from last woek. Proctor's will have Bert
Coote and Julie Klngsley ln "The Dead Shot,"
and a varloty bill hoaded by Alice Athorton.
Her lnughlug song Is still Included in her
specialty, tliough she responds to the fashions
by offering the inevitable "coon song." T.
Nolson Downs, a slelght-of-hand operator with
remarkable facility for handling coins, will bo
another conspicuous specialist Anna Suits,
assisted by a squad of negro lads, will sing and
prance, and among tho others will bo Frobel
and Ruge and Hager and Mfdgely. Hold for
till afternoon nnd evening nro Press Eldrldge,
(leorgo . Mouroe, and tho btreator Zouavos.
" Dnngertlold, 1.V with Minnie Dupreo ln tho
pnrt originally taken by Annie Russell, will be
given here a woek from Monday.
Beginning with to-moriow tho Zouavos will
bo aeon nt tho Ploasure Palace, where, with a
larger stage for their marching. Its accuracy
should stand out to oven liner advantage than
It dlil downtown. Horo thoir exercise Rtwall
scaling will constitute a stirring climax to
their inning. Tho chief vocalist of the bill will
bo Kitty Mitchell, who recites moro of her
stanzas tlmn she sings, but who Is Irisky and
who unfailingly moves a majority of her au
ditors to joyfulness. Others on thorosterare
RianniidRichlleld, tho Howleys. the Lamar
tlues. tlm llacketts. the Pjolls, Manning and
Meston. hrlessel'sdogs, tho Valdarea. and the
Asboys. Named for to-day nro Fredorlo Bond,
Monioo nnd Mack, John Kernell, and the con
tributors to last week's programmes.
Nell Burgess will bo to-morrow's big gun nt
Keith s It was hero nearly ton years ago that
' lho Couuty lair" prospered him forovern
year. His present employment, which will
bo his first hereabouts slnco his re
turn from Europe, will be In a sketch
entitled "My Jlothor-ln-Law." Ho will
tako tho familiar disguise of a Now Eng
land country woman, with his speech as rapid
as over. A line dramatlo Item will be the
Augustus Thomas version of Dickens's "Tho
Hoy Tree Inn." Specialty folk will furnish
tho rest of tho performance.
A novv farco by Charles Horwltz will engago
tho Budworths at Pastor's. Tony Pustor and
the Gipsy yulntet will bo the leading vocalists,
and some of the others retained are Cook ami
Sonora. Fields nnd Ballnn. Hanson and Drow,
Clements nnd Marshall, Daly and Dove re, Lor
ralno nnd Howell, tho MoDonoughs. tho
Grahams. Burto. Nellie Burtaud tho Millars.
Cmomatograph views will bo an hourly ex
hibit at tho Eden Musco to-day and horeafter,
aud the resort's outfit of films is bo great that
very few duplications are made In uny day's
showings. Gipsy music and tho wax show are
other features of attractiveness.
Each of the music halls holds to a charac
teristic programme. With Wober A, Fields the
burlesque Is tho tiling, and the tnko-olf of
"Catherine" Is Its newest and best portloii.
Nothing brighter than this has been douo horo.
nor has any of Its predecessors boon plnyod
more comically, though changes in the muhlo
hall company were not mado for It, A fow
specialties proceda it and a varloty programme
Is arranged for this ovening.
Two specialties will be nowly added at Koster
k Rial's to-mortow night Theso will be done
by Sorvals Le Roy, an engaging magician, and
by tho Merkles, two womon who aro stilfut
equilibrists. "An Affair of Honor" and special
ties from the Dartos. the Heglemnns. Clara
Liirdlnols the Pantzprs. Mnrzolla's trained
birds, III English and Ida Heath mako up the.
portion that Is continued.
I, ttioGllhon will top to-morrow's list at tho
Harlem Her companions will Include 1'lelds
and Lewis, Montgomer) and btono. tho Miteli
els, Hairy Eo Clair, James Smith nnd others,
moatof whom will engage lu a short extrava
ganza, Cook and Sonora, Grapowlu and Chance,
and the Nouvil'es are lor to-night.
Tho Dewoy promises for to-morrow tho first
Importation of acrobats from the Philippines,
Ann and Nobrlga, Myitlo Tresslder. and Evans
nnd Mdocq aro the familiar specialists listed,
nndnburesquo bearing tho title "Bcinmbled
1 cbs "will be played. .To-night's roster will
iiuludo 1 avoranil Sinclair, Dunn and Jeiome,
and htln-on and Morton.
Monday vvll I. ring but llttl. ohaneo in the
bill nt Mini T Jack's. Last week's burlet'ns
will be repeated, twice dally. nnd some of the
specialists will hold on. Arab acrobats, Cnrrlo
Scott, Douglas and lord, and Weston nml Yost
nro among those retained
Henry E. Dlxoy. Robert Downing, and Bonnio
Thornton aro nmoug those promlsod for to
night's programme at tho Star.
Wedding fiumU Manned for the Mnn Who
r'roi tSt Ilaltlmort Sun,
Ciuni.oTTKSviu.E, Va , Jan. 20. Miss Es
tollo Clemmonsof near Batesvllleaml .Mr Ben
Luthers of Covesvllle were married at tho res
idence of the bride's father. Robert Clommons,
In the mountains west of llatesv lllo by the Rev.
JohnW Carroll. This was a typical mountain
wedding, and was attended by probably n hun
dred guests, not half of whom could get Into
( om inona's house A rejected suitor of Miss
Uemmnns was among the guests, conspicuous
by a. broad band of crape worn on his arm,
During the ceremony tho jilted mnn and hU
syui path zero expressed their senseof bereave
went br Jew, sorrowful moauiug.
j THE APOSTOLIC DELEGATE.
rrir nts oFJt'ici: it as t.obt its fikst
rOHJtlt AM) HWXUICAXCE.
I Hopes ICtrltrd by Cardinal Sntolll' Coming
i nmt Disappointment I.rft llehlnit Hint
i:ifeet on Hit Hmrror's Administration
Archblshou Mnrtlnrlll's Secluded Life.
WARiitNOTort, Jan. '28. In viow of tho share
of publlo attention always glvn to tho affairs
of the Roman Catholic Church and now espe
cially In view of tho Interests of tno Church In
mnttorsnffccted by the Spanish war, II Is some
what remarkable that thero should havo been
so llttlo mention of tho Apostolic Delegnte to
theUnltod Slates In tho last year or so. Scarco
lv over has his namo beon montloned In con I
ncctlon with tho important nogotintton nffect
Ing the vast Interests of his Church In Cuba,
Porto Rico nnd tho Philippines, and at the f
present llnm ho seems to havo droppod so com
pletely out of sight that leoplo not Catholics
aro forgetting his cxlstonco. There i no
denying that the ofilce of Apostollo Delegate
to tho United States has lost lis first power and
significance nnd there are good reasons for
this state of affairs.
When it was announced Hint an Anostollo
Dclegato was to bo sent to the United Btatcs
from the See of St. Peter the Catholics of this
country oxprcssed satisfaction and expected
great results. To a certain degreo thu) have
been dibUpDolnteil. Tho Hist delegate, proved
to bo loo much of n politician for lbs church
men of America and the sccdnd too much of
a recluse. When Cardinal Satolll sailed for
Roino tho opinion was expressed by many of
tho loading Catholics of this country that his
former olllce would loso Its prestige.
"Wo havo learned n lesson." thoy .said, "nnd
will not forget It. Tho next man will not re
ceive tho samo adulation ns his predecessor."
Tho prediction lias been amply fulfilled.
Archbishop Sebastian Martlnelll. the Apos
tolic Delegate, lives quietly In this city, adapt
ing his simple tastes to his slmplo surround
ings; discharging his dutfos with faithfulness
nml thoroughness and nwnitlng his recall.
Tho office was created for two purposes.
Tho Catholics had becomo involved in n con
troversy which was shaking tho Church to Its
foundations nnd which oven now crops out nt
Intervals. This was tho vexed school ques
tion. When Cardinal Satolll. then a slmplo
monslgnor, produced his credentials and as
toundod tho assembled prelntes b reading a
paper in which he, aftor a brlof examination
of tho subject, purported to lav down tho low
on this subject nnd when ho exhibited the au
thority of Leo XIII.toonforcolilsdocIsion.be
created consternation, nnd It was manlfost
that a resldeut authority was neodod to com
pel acquiescence. Catholics snld It was a for
cry to Rome, and thoro should be. near at
hand, ono who could adjust disputes between
bishops and priests, priests and priests, nnd
hold a species of ecclesiastical court An
other reason for creating the office was tho
desire of Popo Leo XIII. for tho promotion of
Mgr. Satolll. A favorite of tho Tope, ho had
been elevated so rapidly that his prominence
was causing unfavorable comment In the
Vatican: yet there was still before him tho
cnrdlnalate. To this tho office of Apostolic
Delegare to tho United States offered nn easy
stopping stone. Tho office was created and
Mgr. Satonl became a titular Archbishop.
Ho is a politician to his fingertips, and hav
ing boon saluted with the greatest applauso
by the so-called Liberals and taken into their
confidence boforo he left ho conciliated tho
opposing faction. His arrival was hailed as
tl.o beginning of the end of all factional dis
putes. His departure was marked by the agi
tation over the deposition of Archbishop
Keane from tho rectorship of the Cnthollo Uni
versity. Neither party cared for him. no ono
trusted him and many execrated him. In tho
midst of the storm Archbishop Martlnelll ar
rived. Tom from the peaceful quiet of his
monastery and the studious llfo of a recluse,
against his will and In obedience to the re
peated direction of the Tope, he landod in
America just prior to Cardinal Satolh's de
parture, and just ln time to receive the de
nunciations hurled at the head of tho retir
ing Delegate Tho position was one of ex
treme difficulty. While not n politician llko
Satolll, ho'sawthe necessity of remalulngrout
sldo of all disputes and of avoiding the danger
of becoming Identified with either party.
This coarso he has steadily pursued, with the
result that while neither party can boast of his
support both are certain that he is not an
tagonistic to them. Ho has been an observer
and not a participant in tho struggle.
It was "disappointment over tho result of Sa
tolll's course and resentment nt his shifting
tactics together with the thought that per
haps too much had been mado of him, which
impellod tho priests to adopt n dilTojSent atti
tude toward his successor. It was their pol
icy to show that the Delegate was recognized
as a dclegato only nnd that his functions woro
to be confined to his own office. While thoy
were ready to accopt tho decisions of his court
thoy denied to him tho right 'to Interfere In
the matters of church politics In this country.
Martlnelll has accepted the situation with
good grace, especially as It coincided with his
own lows and inclinations, and has. to put it
plainly, attended stilctly to his own business.
Thus, with the departure of tho favorite of
Popo Leo XIII., the office has shrunk to nor
mal proportions. The glamour has worn off,
nnd It has become au administrative func
tion, pure and simple.
It may have seemed peculiar that during
tho negotiations carried on between the Vati
can nnd the Administration when tho Tope
hoped to secure peace between Spain and tho
United States, the namo of Archbishop Mar
tlnelll was scarcely over mentioned, and at
no time did he take part In tho affair, which
was managed entirely by Archbishop Ire
land. This fact was due, first, to the position
of ApostoIIo Delegate, nnd, second, to the ne
cessity of avoiding any Identification of tho
Delegate with the Spanish cause, which might
result in great harm to the Chur;h In this
country. Archbishop Ireland's Amoileanism
was'too strong to bo questioned. The office of
Delegate is much Inferior to that of nuncio.
A delegate Is sent to represent tho Vatican in
its dealings with tho Church of n country, to
represent its spiritual power; n nuncio repre
sents tho Vatican in dealing with the Govern
ment as well uj Miu Church of n country, and
represents the temporal as well as the spir
itual power of the Pope. The recognition of
tho Delegate te the United States by tho Presi
dent, which would involve the opening of dip
lomatic relations between the United States
and the Vatican and the sending of an Am
bassador to Rome, is manifestly an Impossi
bility. So nothing could be accomplished
through the medium of Archbishop Marti
nelll, and Archbishop IielaLd.was chosen for
tho work. He is now on his way to Rome lo
present his report.
The aposlollo delegation occupies a large
double red brick house on I street where Car
dlnal Satolll lived. Here Mgr. Martlnelll and
Ills suite reside ln an inconspicuous manner.
The dologntlon Is supported from the funds of
tho Propaganda, which allows the delegate
.10,000 francs a year, from which he must pay
tho Milnries of his auditor, or counsellor, and
bis secretary, as well ns his living expeuios.
Frugality Is, therefore, u necessity, and while
Ordinal Satolll managed to accumulate about
$.'10,000 It was only by means of purses pre
sented to him for nppoarlng at church func
tions, where his presence added lustre to the
oocasion. Archbhhnp Martlnelll'e tastes aro
simple. Retiring and modest, unostentatious
and shrinking, ho is rarely visible beyond the
limits of his simply furul&hod house except
when ho takes his evening walk, cither nlono
or nocompnnled by Dr. Rooker, his secretary,
of Mar Sbarretti, the auditor Tho early part
of the day Is given to wor'i mi the cases: com
ing before him for settlement. Tho briefs aro
prepared by Mgr Hbarrettl. uftor whloh tho
Delegate reviews thorn and renders his de
cision. Dinner Is served about 1 o'clock and
then an hour or so is spent In recreation and a
siesta. Then comes the constitutional of an
hour, followed by reading or conversation un
til supper, which Is served at 7 o'clock. An
evening sen lea Is said htid the Delegnte re
tires nbout'lO o'clock, Thero nro fow visit
ors to the delegation nnd tho Archbishop ncvor
entertains or Is entertained by nnr savo clerics.
There It no social side to tho delegation.
Mlir. Mnrtlriolll regretted leaving his monaster?-,
nnd while this regret gave wnv to a
spirit of reconciliation with his surroundings,
ho nvvnlts easorlr the hour of his recall Whlln
lil chnrnelerls such that he could mako many
friends nnd ho Is bright nnd capable, bis retir
ing d'eiKvsltlon has handloapicd him lie
does nil nhltio llko HnPNll. but bo Is trusted.
It Isdoul tful If ho looks mion his mission hero
with a g'-pnt sense of pletsitre, especially ns 't
forced hltn to relinquish his plneo as General
of the August nlnns. When he loft Rome ho un
pointed Fntlier Rodriguez ns his vloar-gei.-eral.but
retained tho Benoralshlp himself. The ,
Augiitlulnnn nro very powerful In tho Philip- '
pines, and In view of th approaching conflict '
between the United States and Spain the Popo I
decided, boforo war was declared, that his eon- J
neetionwIthtlinlAugustlntaiis mlghtlnjuie his
position In tho United Stales, Archbishop
Martlnelll was therefore oompellod to resign
.-.--...,. ,. . ,, , tun iim viviv vuuiviiuu r uniKii
nnd Rodriguez succeeded Mm. Whon his
term bore Is completed, as It will be lu about
two yours, ho oxpocts to return to his monas.
fory In Rome. It Is prnctlcallv settled that bo
will not. ns Cardinal Satolll did. reeelvo tlm
Cardinal's hat at the end of his mission, ns that
would eicnto too rtrnng a precedent.
Thrlr Cost n flood Guide as to tlm Solvency
of the States Hint ICrrotnl Them.
The Albany Capitol, tho original plans for
which wore drawn nearly thirty years ngo, was
finally completed Inst year to tho extent that
appropriations for Its construction or mnlerlnl
alterations ceased, nnd It represents a total In
vestment of nearly JLTi.OOO.OOO. tho building
and surrounding grounds Included. The cor
neistono or tho Capitol was laid In June, 1871,
and Its completion twenty-sown years later Is
nn achievement which disappointed some ex
pectations and removed some serious fears.
Aftor New York comes Massachusetts In tho
slzo ami Importance of Its Capitol, that In Bos.
ton. representing a totnl investment of $7,000.
000. Aftor Massachusetts follows Illinols.wlilcli
has In tho tranquil, plncld town of Springfield n
$4,000,000 Capitol for tho ofilclol transaction of
the executive and legislative business of tho
Btnto. a structure of Imposing dimensions nnd
consldorod by many persons to bo ono of tho
finest public buildings In tho United States.
It is based upon plans of the Washington Capi
tol. The Stato Capitol building of Texas, at
Austin, is a very olnborato nffalr. being In
addition to Its ornamental character both
useful anil businesslike ns well. It Is lire
proof, lighted by eloctriclty and stenm heated,
and Is not only the largest Stnto Cap
itol, but hns neopmmodatlons for nil tho State
and some of the judicial offices in Austin. It
represents a total investment of $-ri00.O00.
The Stato Capitol at Indianapolis, a less Im
posing structure, cost even more, nppoarlng on
the assets of the Hoosler Stato as repre
senting $3,000,000. Tho Fennsvlvanln Cap
..?!v0,tnn Harrlsburg. is put down at
fL',500.000, tho Connecticut Capitol, at Hart
ford, at tho same amount and tho Cnp
i.tol,1,,"lll!lni:.01 California, at Sacramento, at
SJ.oiXJ.oot) also. Harrlsburg nnd Sacramento
aro unimportant cities in tho States of which
thoy are tho capitals when compared with
Philadelphia and San Francisco, but the neces
sity of an Imposing building to Impress ujion
strangers tho Importance of the duties per
formed by legislators bus long boeu a consid
eration witli many of them, and lias led ovon to
a general aecetitinco of tho theory that opulent
States, with largo resources, extensive tax
powers and largo credit, havo usually substan
tial Capitols, whereas the minor States, or
those which have now or In previous times
have had, troublo with their financial opera
tlons.aio less liberally supplied.
The Mississippi Capitol, nt Jackson, for In
stance, represents a total cost of $400,000 only,
and tho State Capitol of North Carolina, at
Raleigh. $1)00,000. On tho otlior hand. Iowa,
the financial position of which Is almost unex
celled, bus a $3.r.00,000 Capitol at Des Moines,
nnd Minnesota. when itsprosentCapitol incom
pleted at St. Paul, will havo a total investment
In it of $.'.000,000. One State. Maryland, which
has lagged very far behind Its neigh
bors In the construction of a Capitol
building of appropriate architectural merit,
has a $300,000 State Capitol at Annapolis,
while Kansas. !y no means so rich a State, has
a Capitol building costing moro than $3,000.
000. These exceptions, however, seem to
l.o those which prove the general rule,
for rich States have, as a rnlo. lino Capitols
and poor States havon't. The Missouri Capitol.
at Jeffersoii City, represents an lnvet,tmeut of
$."()0,(K)0; tho Florida Capitol, at Tallahassee.
f'.'OO.OOO; the Arkansas Capitol, ntll.lttlo Hock.
$,0,000,nnd the Alabama Capitol, at Mont
gomery. $1150.000. Georgia, on tho other
hand, has a $1,000,000 Capitol. Michigan
has n Capitol building costing $l,D00,tM)0
and Colorado has a Capitol building costing
$'J.r0O.tKX). Somo of tho extreme Northwestern
States are still using temporary Capitols nnd
Utah has no capitol building. Virginia lias a
$1,000,000 Capitol hulldlng.at Richmond : Wis
consin lias n $1,000,000 Capitol building, at
Mudlson. and Rhode Island will hnve. when it
is completed, one of the finest Capitol buildings
In the country It is estimated that the State
( apitols collectively represent an Investment of
$i.-,0O(),O00. to which Now York contributes
TUB PSTCllOLOOT OF KF.ELT.
An Analysis of tho Clmractrr nnd Methods
of a Great Chnrlntan.
To Tnr. EniTon or The Son Sir: Now that
thehumbuggcryof Keoly's career Is ended by
death he Interests u chiefly from n psycho
logical point of view. How is It that this man,
who was ignorant of the clemontary concepts
of science and who murdered English, could
entrap wealthy and cultured victims, eo that
thoy listened with respect to his hybrid scien
tific jargon 1 Tho answer Is that ho was a pro
fessor of experimental psychology, nnd ho
based his hopoof success on tho Inexhaustl
bleness of human credulity.
Starting with tho threadbare theory of tho
destruction of bridges by vibration, ho folt his
way cautiously, at first, nnd simulating enr
nestnoss. a vlrtuo which he did not possess,
ho announced wonderful discoveries of "etho
rle forces nnd "triune currents of a polnr
How of force" and other blocks of similar
condensed nonsense. He vins an actor, nnd a
good ono. and was so earnest, so enthusiastic
that peoplo who fell under his influence had
conviction carried to tholr minds, and then
enmo successful sympathet'o outreaches"
after cash His victims' minds seemed to hnvo
becomo turned by psychological forces akin to
spiritualism. Indeed, It Is a quoetlon If tho
whole subject Is not rather a study for tho
alienist than the psychologist. Keely hnd a
curious habit of mating startling statements
anil furtively watching to see tholr effect,
standing ready to reeedo or advance according
to the gullibility of tho auditor. This Is very
much In tho line or procedure of tho spiritual
istic medium. i
Keely hail the Instinct of the showman,
which, combined with nover falling lanafrnlil,
carried him through innumerable tight places.
He nlso affected the autocrat, and nt any at
tempt to unmask the adventurer thero was
sure to be a stormy scene. In which n
consiaoraoie amount or rh'htoous Indigna
tion was exponded by Keely. With tho
ntd of tho concealed traps and tubes
In lils laboratory, llttlo jlgums moved up
nnd down, wheels revolved, and enor
mous pressures were developed, and tho select
fowwhoweie admitted tn tho holy of hollos
were struck by the mystory nnd tho unennnl
nessof forces vvhleh were set freo nnd mas
tered by tho tuning .fork, violin nnd mouth
organ. It was Keely's iiolieyto talk n great
deal nndmnkouhlg noise rill tlm time with
musical Instruments. Knowing, ns a professor
of experimental psychology should know, that
nil these things tend to dull tlm mental pnreou
tonof other things His tactics worn exactly
thnsamoos those used by omlnontprostldlgl
tatours of our acquaintance. No true sclentfilo
mnn would ever descend to such tricks, which
savor of the footlights and the sawdust ring.
All renders of Keely literature must havo
been deeply Inlorestod to know Mint "In motor
ntnxyn differentiation of tho minor thirds of
the posterior pnrlotal lobule prodiieestlm same
condition betvvcontlio retrnefors nnd nxtonsois
of tho leg and fi-ot " Prof, (loo Ispned cites an
other, passnto from "Keelv and His Discov
eries," in whudi n definition is given nf
Insanity "Thoro Is gooJ reason for be
lieving. Hint Insanity Is simply n condi
tion of differentiation of tho mass-ehoids
of tho convolutions which create an
antagonists molecular bombardment toward
tho ventral or attractive centres of such convo
lutions." Prof Wit irier says, after noting tho
unsoundness of Kfelylsm-tho mud doctrines
striking the fundamental tones of delusion
that vibrato In Ill-balanced mental systems
that "llttlo more Is needed to bring Keolylsm
In Its proper- place In a museum of pathological
mental products "
Piof Carl Herlng, a mnn of excellent judg
ment and hclontlflo training, saysi "Ihnvo
often wondered whether lVly was n fool or a
knnvei by wlrch I menn whether ho wns Igno
rant of the well-established Inw s of nature, nml
was. theref.... irr.'plug in t In- dark, orwhelber
bo practiced deception in order to get money
from his supporters I am, now satis
fled that ho vyns both n fool nnd a knavo," It
would Indeed be Interesting to know whether
Eoely over took himself seriously. I am In
clined tn believe that ho did not
Nw Yojis, Jan. '.'0, I'sxoaoixxiisT,
Blimrniwwn iriiiiiiiill I
A $300,000 FLYING WEDGE.
jiAitnAnr.iy ntoir.v anrs ueavt
VAM.UlVJi IX Till: TltASNrAAlM
lie 1'orinril Ills IWtlgo In n fluid Itush In
the lliiiid Wns Pushed Tlirouxti it Mob
of Thousands, unit ltcnrhrd the Ciimnils
loner 1'lrsl Only to l.onc Ills Itlghts,
.loiisNNFsnt'no, Dec.l. "Barbarian" Brown,
otherwise It E. Browb, an Amorlean, hns just
received mi award of damagos amounting to
nearly tiMi.ooofronitlioTrnnsvanl Government
It is the sequel of lho wildest gold-faun rush
of South Africa. In which Brown puisiied the
(netfes of tho football Held, and had himself
driven through mi liuiiieiiHo mob of lawless
rushers by allying wedge of 300 armed men.
It was an exploit of a foolball captain and
"Barbarian" Brown camo lo South Africa
with n leputnllon for nervo gained In tho fa
tuous Occur d'Alene stilkes, whclo bo took the
pail of tho initio owners nnd Hover receded
f min his stand, though dally threatened with
death. Ho oven edited a papor enunciating his
opinions, called tho llarbarian. This fur
nished tho Robilquot which clung to him vv lieu
ho reached Johannesburg.
Once here Brown secured a place with ono of
tho most Important mining companies on thu
Rand. Ho vvasnn export, consulting engineer,
nnd soon mndo hlniM'lf valuable to tho cum
winy by gobbling up tho von richest claims
on the Murehison Range. It was ns their
roir'se!iliillvo nlso that Brown planum!
nml cnrrlod out tho mighty football rush,
Twelve thousand miners, the very roughest
mnn In thu gold Ileitis, mado up from nearly
every nation on tho globe, took prut In this
lush, which occurred on n level stretch of
ground In Soptmuboi. 18SO. and tho goal wasn
galvanized I ron shanty, six feet Minn re. wherein
Mood a Government Mining Commissioner.
whn.o business it was tosell licenses forclalms
on tho Wltfonteln farm.
This farm lay directly on tho gold reef and
belonged to tho Government It wns onof
tho last of tho rich farms whorcon tho old
Boei shad for j ears been raising their crops of
mealies, all unconscious of the hidden wealth.
The exodus began ton days boforo tho opening.
Tho Rnnd was ln mi uproar. Every mining
company thoro prepared for tho occnslon. It
was well known that tho Wltfonteln lay along
the richest part of tho reof. and that a claim
thero would yield foi tunes.
Tho Prelorlan Government know this, too,
but had not counted on nny such demonstra
tion ns followed, or tho claims would haw beon
disposed of by lottery, tho plan afterward
ndnptcd. Tho proclamation in tho Protnrla
prcs gave permission to any ono tn prospect
the farm, so that all buyers had nn opportunity
for locating tho host claims. But first they
must obtain a license nt tlio llttlo Iron shanty
three miles from tho farm. Consequently,
ovorr vnliieln tn .Tnlinnnpslmri hnil linnn lili-ml
i--,. i) ti'iuuiu in uuiiuuucsuurK miu oeou llireu
or bought to transport men to the snot.
The mad from Johannesburg to Klorksdorp.
which lies near tlio Wltfonteln. looked llko tho
routo of nn nrmy transportation. Touts, cook
ing outfits, casus of whiskey and rouletto tablos
were all jumbled together on a wagon. It wns
estimated that on tho day of tho opening U.
000 men occupied the camp, in addition to
many Boers who camo rrom all parts of tho
Transvaal to witness tlm scene.
John IIiiyH Hammond was then consulting
engineer for tho Consolidated Gold FleldsCom
pany. nnd ho assumed direction over nearly
1,000 men. who woro oxpocted to tear a
hole right through tho mass and smash every
thing. The wholo camp was armod to tho teeth.
Every man cnrrlod at least ono revolver and
expected to uso It for it was a light for big
stakes, and each company promised protection
to its men. Thero was practically no danger
of nrrost, however, for the Znrps. or Boer po
licemen, trembled with fenratthat nrmedmob.
Tho plans of each company to effect the coup
were much the samo. Barney Barnato. J. 11.
Robinson Belt, tlio Jools and everyone inter
ested in gold mining In Johannesburg, great
or small, took a vital Interest in the struggle
nnd put forth ovory effort tn gain the prize.
l'.ach company hoped to push its man up to
tho window first, purchase tho license, hand it
to nn armed rider and hurry It off to tho fnrrn,
I where the englnoois nnd poggors were waiting
tojump In nnd .stako off tlio richest claims.
Six firms even went so fnrns to sink strong
wooden posts justbytho window nnd to theso
lashed men with ropos. so that thoy could ndt
bo imllod nwny. But these precautions nvalled
nothing, for when tho strugglo began sharp
knives severed tho thongs and both men and
posts landed on tho outskirts of tho crowd.
Personally. Brown was not formidable With
(i feet 8 inches of height nnd Bmootli. boyish
eountonanco. ho was not dangerous IooL-Iml
tuiuiuHmuu, itu n liUL Ultllljerous lOOKItlg,
But thoso who had scon him glance down tho
barrel of a .45 Colt without so much as moving
nn eyelid know him ns absolutely fearless.
Brown was on speaking terms with the rough
element rind he utilized these to form a flying
wedge, which at that period had just been de
veloped by tho American football teams.
To got all theso men under ono Hag ho hired
tho seven most desperate characters on tho
Rand Alec Eoye Jim nnd Jack Malonoy.
Munny Gnrchol. "Butch" Wilson. Jack Illldo
brandt and Danger. Thoy wore men who
vvould tight at tho drop of a hat. nnd cut your
throat nnd tako chances on escaping punish
ment Ixivo, who is now toning a sentence
for highway robbery, was a good-looking man.
well educated und qulto gentlemanly when
sober. Ho had received a college training In
the States. Ho had red hair and n red mus
tache, wus very handsome and mnsslvoly built.
Brown selocted him for Ids captain and gavo
h(m carto blnncliollnnnclally. Each ringleader
brought his particular friends, and Brown
promised them S'.Ti a day and good bonus If
they pushed him through. When this regi
ment of toughs mndo its first appearance in
the little town of Klorksdorp tlio citizens fled
for their lives. Whon this company reached
tho camp many firms Immediately mndo over
tures to the mon and tried to win thorn over
with drink and money A number of Ameri
cans started for John Hays Ilnmmond'scamp.
but Alee Love stood In front with n drawn re
volver and threatenod to shoot tho first man
Brown found that the only way to hold his
men was to keop them drunk, i-o for live days
previous to tho oponlng whiskey llowod llko
water and the. ringleaders boosted up their co
horts with bad liquor. On the day of tlio rush,
however, no man wns so drunk as to forgot
about tho Hying wodgo. whloh had boen thor
oughly explained und illustrated. At tlio
very poop of dawn tho groat mass bo
gan to push though the salo wns not
until It o clock. Lh.es were formod. nnd
tho entire gat herlng was soon encaged
In a vicious freo 1 ght. Men emerged with enrs
bitten off. eyes blnckoned. noses broken and
teeth loosened As soon ns a company got Its
man to tho window ho wns drnggod away and
either passed back overhead or nearly tram
pled to death. Many suecoeded In reaching
tho spot, butltwaslmposslblo to hold a man
thoro long, for ho was soon borne down by
. Brown und his honchmon. In the meantime,
held their position, on tlio outskirts. It was
not until half nn hour before tho tlmn ap
polntoil to open tlm window that ho began to
form bis wodgo Probnbly 0,000 men were
in.iHsed between hltn nnd tho goal at that mo
ment, but this never feared tlm indomitable
Yankee. ith thongs of, raw hide ho lashod
himself to Alee Love and Jim Muloi.oy. nnd,
with his feet barely touching tlio earth, gave
the signal to move.
At tho first iiiipjetwlth tho human wall there
was n teirille hoyrl of pain, followed by im
piecntlons and u mnn staggered nut of the
ejowdwlh tho blood spurting from his leg.
Maonoyhad run his knife Into him several
Inches. In u few minutes theso cries echoed
on till hides nml tlm nttentlon of the mob bo-
ennin divided, some turning to face the wedge,
which hung together without a break unci
seemed to gain velocity us It neaiedthe goal.
Maloney and Love, with beads down, darted
Into every opuii'iig, and whore theie vnis none,
made It with tlio jab of n knife Brown was
hustled along, lucathless anil bleeding, until
wu bin a dozen imN of the window
I or,- s..v,.ral hundred Curnlshinon. great
hulking fellows, with plenty of strength und
gilt, inado a Maud that bade fair to spoil tlm
rush. Thny stnashed tlmupov und were mow
Ing ilovvn tlm pugilists when tho rostof tho
vyedgo bioko thiough nnd ileurod tho way.
Brown, though badly bruised, continued to
Blioiit out promlse-of reward to his men If they
pushed him up on time. Thero worn but a fow
minutes left then, and the ollle.) wus rocking
to rind fro with tho tide of humanity.
Pounded mid beaten on every bicIo, the great
Hying wedge mndo ono last effort, and with n
zigzag movement and many, knife thrusts
llii, illy broke Ibr nigh ami fuuly hurled Brown
npint tlm ..nice With a good right-hand
blow a pigllist smashed in tlio window and
Brown elutelicltlie trail P n tit ion with u deal Ii
grip At tin; same inonietit u gnu was Ilrcd,
nuiHiiiiioini: It o'clock, nnd the whole mass, ns
ono mnn. hoavod up, lignum tho little g.ilvan
Ized lion booth, crushing Brown almost Unt.
Surrounded by a remnant Ms thing wodgo.
hovyever, io continued to hi .j . the window
and was Just getting at hU i ., , of llvo-poumj
notes when tho Government commissioner
tlirowoncii the door nnd announced President
hrugorH oider suspending tho opening, it
nearly cost hltn bis life, for bullets rnmod In
tho shanty from nil sides, and tho mob pushed
Imrdoi than over, and Brown was on tlm point
of giving up ins po-ition when ono of those
happy Inspirations whii'hiKvur to in. hi of quick
Giought und uetloii uiged him to demand a
"Hern I am." he yelled tit the frightened
(ominlsslonpr. st eking through tlio window a
faro covered with blood " Bore's my good,
hard-earned moiioy Now give mo my license
or I'll buo thu (lovorumcnt for 1,000,000
A sudden pitch of the mob nearly pushed the
Plucky follow through the window and shot
fared bin ohc-ulder blade, but lie waited to hear
tho refusal and have It witnessed, and then al
lowed himself to bo passed out on the veldt
Outof tho thousands thoro ho was tho only
ono who hnd tho foresight to do this, and
though It took a lnmr tlmo. ho finally received
Ills Indemnity. This amount has boon kept
secret, but It Is vnrlotisly eslmnted by tho '
Johannesburg paiwrs between JCitUXJO nnd
7.".tK)0. . .
During tlio entire tlmo. that tho suit was
being tried, nnd it pa wd through n number of
courts, tlio Hying wedgohovored iilsiut Brown,
tunny of thom not doing n stroke of work, nil
existing nn tho hope of receiving their slum of
tlm award, but ns Brown left Johannesburg
before It wns granted these clioico spirits wore
doomed to disappointment. I
xotj:s or tiik ovr.itA.
Tho reniilrotnonts of the oporns In tho Ring
of thoNlbclungen can rarely bo satisfactorily
mot oiitsldo of n theatre devoted exclusively to
tholr performance. Tho completeness of tho
recent presentations nt tho Metiopolllnn was
remnrkablo when oiu considers that the ri'ir
tolie of lho Metropolitan contaiiia about thirty
operas nnd tho theatre Is not provldod with tho
coiiiplctosconlomechntilsm found In subsidized
theatres in Europe. Tho Rhino dauglitors ln
Das Rholtigold." ns well n In "Ootter
d.lmmorutig." arc managed with wonder
ful skill, nnd tlieli mnniimvivs In the
first scono of "D.is Rhoingold" should
Interest a person looking for merely tho pcc
tncular without regard to tho musknl and
dramatic features of tho work. Nothing i Isn
In theatrical spectacles has over been so ingen
ious us IliatK'one. Tho s.uno could bo said of
tho iliacon In "Siegfried" and 111 moro
modest associate In "Das Rhelngold." All
thoso different effects nro crentod witli n skill
nnd n certainty that mako them Impressive
when thoy might leadllj bo ridiculous. Tho
sconerv of "Das Rholtigold" Is better painted
than the Metropolitan's stock usually Is, and
this Is especially ttuo of tlio Nebelhoim. But
there ate somo episodes lu the opein that
havo been beyond tho power of tho stage intin
ligot's stnlT. This was to be expected III nn I
episode ilomniidiiig such colossal effects us the
lastscetiii In ' GOtterdummernng," when tho '
Rhino Is supposed to overflow Us banks. That
was n dismal failure. The canvas waves woro
tossed about In a manner which seemed ex
plicable only on lho ground that tranc hnd
fnllou ln and wus trying to extrlcnto himself.
No attompt whatevor to show tho gods In
Wnlhalla wns mndC and tho destitu
tion of tho hall was not n torrlfylng
sight, Mmo. Nordlca hurled her torch in a
mnnnertlint kept It some feet nwav from tho
funeral pyie, und when the Hamcs began to
risen mammoth hand was seen In slindow on
the background, njiparontly dropping Into tho
lire the elements which were emsliig tho
flames. In tho management of so dlfllculln
scene mucli can bo forgiven. Some of tho
scenery for "GOttcnlnnimcriins" was not I
finished until Inst Tuesday morning, although i
the dnto of thu performance was announced !
Inst Hoptemhor. Future performances will
doubtless present theso episodes with greater
eiloctivoneBB. In "Das Itheinuold" sonm of
the mistakes could bo remedied with littlo
trouble. When David Bispham as Atbrrich
turns himself into a toad no ellortis made to
Bhow tho diminutive animal, but Mr. Bispham.
whon ho hides behind tlio rock. I" in sight of
half tlio nudlenco. In view of tho splendid
effect produced in tlio difficult sceno that pie
codes this there is uo excuso for negligence
in so slmplo a detail.
The Wagner cyclos nt tho opera will proba
bly not bo repented ngain. Tho flrst was
profitable to the management nnd tho soeond
is likely to be. but thoro wns no such intense in
terest taken In tho series as London showed
last year when three series of performances
were given. Now York Iibb had tho Nibo
lungcn Ring many times before last woek,
and tho performance of "GOttordnm
morung" was tho thirtieth tlmo heard
here. The greatest interest was shown In
this Inst production. This was probably duo to
Jean do Reszko's first appearanco as tho ma
ture Siegfried, and interest, in his appearances ln
that part will doubtless contlnuo throughout
the season. But the audiences at the Metro
politan will undoubtedly want tholr Wagner
with the customary abridgement during the
rust of tho soason. In "Gotterdammorung,"
which is to be repeated noxt week, tho inter
view between Mme. Schumnnn-nelnk and
Mmo. Lohmnnn. who this tlmo sings Urllnn
hilile. will, be given again, nnd only tho pro
logue, showing tho three Norns. will
I a nmlttiifl Kn Inni an 1lTr,A Unites ....
' e omiiteu. ,q long ns Mmo. Behumnnti
Heink sings ltaltraute. New Yorkers will de
mand tho retention of that scoiih. Thero seemed
to bo signs of ono decided change in tho de
meanor of tho audlonces brought about by the
cyclo performances. The boxes yloldod up
their occupunts to the confectioner on tho sec
ond floor with a liberality never witnessed
before. Tho parterro boxes were nevor sup
posed boforo to bo cognizant of tho exist
ence of Ico cream and lemonade on tho
tier above them. But thoy suddenly l,o
caino awnro of this fact on tlio night
that Dlo VVnlktlro" was sung first In tho
series, Aftor that night tho room was throngod
nnd tho nlnk and yellow drinking wntorB dls
nppenied as rapidly ns thev generally do at
Saturday , matinees only. Whether or not this
Infoi mality will continue can bo told only after
subsequent performances. Tho domocratio
influences of Wagner have long boen recog
nized, and it is tho Inclination to attribute the
unusual phenomena as to tho confectionery
entirely to this effect. As tho long Intorrais
slons are not to be repented there is but littlo
chuneo tlio demand for the wares will over
again bo so great
Ono of tho most Interesting; sights at tho
Metropolitan Opera llonso In these days is of
to domestic a nature that tho publlo would
nevor dare to intrude to witness it. even if It
could. Only ono person Bits in tho great nudl
torium nnd only ono nings on tho stage. This
audience, which oxnresscs Its nporoval with
the greatest unanimity, is Mmo. Nordlcn, while
tho performor who nrouses hor enthuslastlo
approval is nobody other than her husband,
Zoltan Doohmo, who expects to return
at somo early day to tlio oiiorntlo Btngo.
With tho piano and hor husband on
tho stago Mmo. Nordlca can evidently get
more enjoyment out of nn hour in tho opera
houso than tho nvornge nudlenco does out of a
Sunday night concert M. Doclime's present
plan is to return to tho operatic stage next
spring at Carlsruho, and as lie is to conflno
blmsolf to tho Wagner ropoitolro. It Is that
music which dollghts Mmo. Nordlca's ears ns
6hoslts In tho empty auditorium. Lucklly.lt
Is possible. In the qulot of the theatre, for hor
to express her approval aloud, nnd the enthu
slastlo outbreaks of "First ratol" "That's
good!" and similar sentiments nro as genu
ine in their intensity If thoy are not so
loud as the old-ilmo hurrahs of Slgnor Tamag
nos cohorts. There nre otlior private per
formances given fioni tlmo to tlmo In tho
Moiropo itnn. One of theso took i.lneo on
Wednesday afternoon. A young slngur of
whom much has been heard during the past
few years was thero to havo her voico heard
by Maurice (.rail. Ho sat lu tho audience
end a few othor .persons wore scattered
through tho great building. Horr Saar ao-
compunled thu young .girl on tho plnno
and spmo of hor colleaguos wore with
hor. Slgnor Mnnelnolll bad boen Invited by
Mr Giau to glvo his opinion on tho
glr s voice and Bulging. Tlu-su niplltlonn nro
trying, as thev nro without any elrcumstaneo
Inspiring to tlio suitor Thero are too few p..r
fcoiiM In tlio riudleneo room to applaud, nnd
when thoy try to do so tho result is not en
couraging. Tliopatrerof a few pairs of bauds
It, scarcely heaid. Tho murmur which follows
tho end of every song has nlvvajs a tone of
approval In it, but that rarely reaches tho
siiiuer on the stage. At, tho most It cheers tlio
parents and relatives who may bo within roach
Blcnor ManclnolH's " Ero e Lenudro," which
will bo civon bore early In March, wns sung
last week at Genoa with success. It will em
ploy horo practically tho same singers that gavo
It In London. Future productions nt tho Met
ropolltan Inoludo "Ln Julve." with Joan and
Edouurd do Reszfco nnd Mmos. Lohmnnn and
Adams In tlio cast. Mllka Ternlnn. who camo
horo to sing Wagnerian rolos with tho Ellis
company, will return to Europo without having
onco apimored in opera. She snug In a concert,
but her throat has boon In so bad condition
over slnoo her arrival that alio is going to
',? the hope of recovering. In Europe
Mile. .Ternlnn has frequently b?on rompulle,
to miss performances on account of the condi.
Hon of her throat, but there was never beloro
fJ?I?afliritVi durlDC which shS waii nib
to sing. It is tho uncertainty of hor uppoar
anoea, that Is thought to hove Interfere I with
herl.uropenn success. Tho Ellis caninnnv I
to return to Philadelphia and tlmre a or
fonnnnco of "Carmen," In order that the sub
sertbera may hoar, M Alvarez, ono of thl. stars
ofthocompuny. who wns not In Philadelphia
during the soafcoii there One of tho sii g rs
In the late Royal Italian Opera Coup any" which
lilahaiidod hem somo weeks ago,1 has lii.elj) I
been in such need hat u subscription list his
been passed around umong the artists of 'the
company. Theso lists are not infrequently on
h'2 "m8' uth0. m,,11 rartlr hours o" I
them. Mme. havllla has postponed her de
parture for Europe until March i.
BARNARD JUNIOR RAIL.
iron amoxo atnr. sTtrni:Ti orr.n
tiu; comjiitti:i:'h nvi.tsu,
A Ttestrlvtcil Invltntloii 1,1st Derided t'pnn
In Orllrr tn Insure Plenty of ltnnni fr
the Dnnrers I.utertnlninrnt for Thnn
Who Do Nnt Dnnco Exnlulnalliin.
All ndvaneo work for lho first torm nt lhr- i
nard ended je.sterdny nftornoon. This was
tho eauso of much quiet rejoicing on Hie part
of some studontsnnd ovon n bit of llvnir
ilomotiBtratroti on tho patt of others. 1 U0
unsophisticated freshmen noior know exactly
what lino of conduct to follow; whnther It
mako n frank display of tholr greenness nnd
inoxperlciico or whether to Mmulnto com
pletc Indlfforeiico nnd oien contempt fr ,.ri
ordeal which thoy more than half believe lm,
been painted for them in exaggerated ..int.
What with the varus spun li the ol ler u rls
on the absolutely devitalizing tiowcr of exami.
nations and thrlr own anticipations of tin,
coming ordeal: what with tho dcslro to n.
bend and let thlngjtnko their couir-o nnd th
very prudont resolve to work ovory mlnuto if
tho time, tho freshmen experience tho whole
gamut of emotions boforo tho flrt written tet
la cone thiough with. Good breeding makes
them nretoud to belluvo every story told about;
the examinations, no matter Inw Improbable
i It scorns, nnd by tho time thoy nro ready 'or
the first ono thev are In n state of nervous ap
prehension corresiKin ling to stage flight it
I seems to bo tacitly agreed by those ivlinhiv
. onco passed through the crisis that this kind
of shock Is goon for freshmen, teaching thcin
nelf-control nnd giving thom proper mental
I values, nnd thnt tho occasional let-down win h
I cvniuliMtlons lu Ing. slnco realization ne'er
I quite equals Anticipation, ercntes n healthful
. reaction. Mid-years begin punctually nt'i nk
A. M. to-morrow nnd continue until Friday.
1 Feb. It).
To tho "coody-goodles." who never shin, r
cut or depond on "hots" or other unhallowed
bolus, this period Is n season of sacrificial ex
altation, throughout which thoy assume tie)
cenultio innrtrr noso; but o tho liappj go
lucky ones, und there aro n fow such at B.u
nard, who draw C's nnd sometimes even II .
tho mld-ycars tako on tho chnractor of send
holldays, nml us ench examination Is out of
tho way they glvo nn exultant llttlo whoop, re
lax n bit. try to demorallzo their nnxlous and
careworn sisters, and, falling In this, ta:,s
themselves off to study out to-morrow's poi
tion until nbout midnight, for it Is n pail of
tlio Micrlllelal period to brag nbcut how late
they sat up tho night before each examlnatl m.
As thoro is no work on cither Saturday, and ns
each girl usually has threo or four days of rest
boforo the work of tho now term begins, tlm
old theory that ono must poso ns a martyr
ibould be exploded, and the vigorous twontlcth
century girl ought to be classed as belonging
to tho weaker box If alio can't tako two exami
nations a day without feeling herself abused.
Work Is work, and every kind of work occa
sionally needs pressure, nnd n person Is of
small nccouut who always gives out ut tlisi
But In spite of lho wear of exnmlnntiors.
there nie compensations for Bornehodj., I. r
just boforo Lent und lifter ten days of drudg
ery the juniors and seniors and such under
graduates ns nre lucky enough to hare friends
in the upper classes enjoy a burst of gnym
in tho junior ball, which comes off on the night
of Feb. Hi. As this Is u holiday, on account
or Lincoln's Birthday coming on Sunday, tin
I Committee of Arrangement has the wlmln
day in which to get the building resdy for tlio
evening. The members seem to have planned
things very wisely this year nnd to have out
lined tlio whole schomoior tho entertainment
with n view to Boeurlug the maximum amount,
of pleasure for every one. They hnve. as.
usual, had to stand the complaints that have,
goao forth on account of the restricted Invi
tntion list, but they have shown n united front
and have borne all adverse criticism with
Btolcism. But the juniors hnve ftrong moral
convictions, and nre a hardy class, too. so time
when they onco decided that a dancing party
wns a function where people should be r,'
to dance ln peace and comfort that meant a.
restricted Ilnvltatlon Jllst. Tho committee
measured tho Uoor space and calculated
the exact number that could dance and re
verse without collision, and aftor Btormy srs
sionB carried the day for limited numbers. As
a matter of fact, tho undergraduates at Bar
nard have beon spoiled. While the college
was small, and nn audience a necessity, ther
WAN) Ini'ltMl tr niro rvr h I ,, r, K,,f f,. ,!. ..n.r
were inviteu to everything, but for the pac
year or so the junior bnll has boon ruined for
every ono by tho crowds that have wedged
tbemeclves Into the dancing room, and bo the
decision to keep It strictly a olass nffalr seoms
a v ery wise ono. Tho juniors number twentj -six
and thesenlors twenty-two. To each Junior i
is allottod five Invitations and to each senior
ono. so that tho total dancing number shom.1 I
not exceed 200. To this list must be ndilcd
tho mombers of the faculty, the founders, the
In order to guard against the cuprlelousness
of tho elements, which have played havoo with
many of Barnard's best-luld Mihemes this year,
tho Boulovard cntranco will bo the only one
used, tlio stuirwuy at that end loading to ths
cloakrooms on tho seoond nnd third floors.
The parlor floor of both Brinckerhoff and Mil
bank, with the exooptlon of the trustees'
room. Is to be thrown open for dancing, mu
slo being provided at two places sufllclcntlr '
ar npart not to Interfere. The matter of dec
orations has taxed the powors of the commit
tee more than nny other question, but the de.
eislon flnnlly arrived at was that garlands of
laurel should be used exclusively for the hall
nnd stairway" of the mnln building.
Another question that has puzzled the com
mittee was what to do with thoBO who do nit
dauci). Thoso unfortunntoa aro generally left
to their own devices, and thoso always lend
them to thedatico room, whore they ore sad'v
out of place. But ono girl bad a vorltable Illu
mination on this point As rlio expressed U:
"Oh. girls. I have It! Let's fix the Ella Weed
rending; room nnd some of tho other rooms on
that floor Into palm rooms, with lots of divans
and things, so that tho superior attractiveness
of the places will simply keep tho poople In
thorn.'" It was agreed that this fine Idea should
beloatontod. and It Is confidently oxpecied that
the dancing rooms will bo left to tho dancer
During tho evening a buffet supper will na
served In tho large room directly under tho
theatre, and in ordor to stnmn the function ns
n eollego affair this will bo decorated In th
college colors, blue and whlto. with the time
honored and well-worn bunting nnd banner'
As thoro is a good deal of floor space In th'i
room It is expected thnt poople will be able to
Bit while eating, for 'Uil it going to havo a sup
per what is n supper.
All tho year thoro hns boon a stream of visi
tors to tho college wishing ospoclully to see tlm
now dormitory, so that th6 reception whlc'i
tlio trustee nnvo nlannod for Miss Walker,
tho mistress of Flske Hall, on Fob 1, from t
until 7, Beems to come most opportunely Tins
reception Is to bo given In Flske nail, and ths
whole dormitory will be on dress parade T)i
nliimnn'. graduates nnd undergraduates'are n
vited.nnd asked to come In caps and gowns srd
net ns guides to show cuosts through all tin
TEACHERS' CUT.I.IXB VOlXdH.
Surcess of tlm Alliance with Columbia-Tab-Irnux
in the Gymnasium.
The now Columbia catalogue, just lssue-l.
recognizes fully tlio union between the uni
voraltr arid tho Teachers' College by Including,
for tho first time, tho names of all regular
Toaehcrs' Collego studonts, fellows ond schol
ars. Tho two Institutions were united about
a year ago, and tho nrrangomont has proved
most dCBlrablo nnd convenient for the stu
dents of Columbia and Bnrnard, ns well as f r
thoso of tho Tenders' Collego. Including
1,'JOl) extension students nnd 21 auditors. Hi
whole number of students in the Teachers
College I) 1.271.
The annual winter meeting of the Alumni
Association, bold a few days ngo In Mdbanlt
Chapel, proved very Interesting to the moi'
bf re tho Board of TruBtooa of the Teachers
College and the guests. Dr. Charles Cu'l '
Hall delivered a lecture on "Somo Fsfcii't l
Elements of tho TruoAcademlo Spirit " Af'er
the lecture an Informal reception was he. 1 n H
the Urge klndorgarlen room, tho olficors "Ii II
association, with Dr. nnd Mrs. Hall reef,.
the guests. Tho afternoon closed w ii s
pleasant social hour over the teacups.
The basketball teams of the Horace Miftt
School, both boys and girls, havo been c
Ing themselves with glory. The girls' t.ain
has won every game it has played this i""r
Among the vanquished is the Barnard C ics
toam, which soored nothing at all In the irame, ,
Mrs. Margaret Stanton Laurence, dliect r 'f
physical training, has planned to give a 4lii
ner this week to the two vjotorlou teu.ii s
Last Thursday evening an entertao me I
wns held lu the gymnasium or the bee. '
tho Students' Club fund. Gibson tn' o x ,
. occupied the main place on tho progiai n " ,
Jlehearsnla for these were in progress r
some time, aud tho results worn most -. - ,
I factory Among the pictures represented w
'Golf Isn't the Only Gamo on Earth, I 1 ,
American. .Bodyguard," "Selecting i-n 1 ' ; I
ployer," "Is a Caddy Always jrcessr I I
There were also some puzzle plotures, one f II
5.'i,.'?f T 4K.'.nd.tha..Q". Who'u Bean Ms I I
, Within To Want," j 1 J
mSmmiS' .- . atH
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