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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, January 29, 1899, 1, Image 6

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Hf G THE SUN, SUNDAY, JAWUAKY 2, 1809. u
III SfljjeSiytM,
i hi '
I i SUNDAY, JANUARY 20, 1800.
Hi : Iff '
I 4 ) - Subscriptions by Mall, rostpald.
rt i II BATLY, ptr Monlh SO 00
I JD DAILY, per Year 1100
f J I tH BCNDA. per Tear a 00
! Ufj E DAILY ASD SUNDAY, per Year MOO
i fi''W DAtLY AND 8UNUAY, per Month 70
I UN BE roitage tii foreign countries ad Jed.
Hi! If ' The Huh, Xew York Ollr.
MP fi '
i Ml SI . rums-Klosijuo No. 13, near Grand Hotel, and
IK H Klosu,uo No. 10. Boulevard Ues Capacities.
tM Iff our Hindi ioo favor m w((A nanuKrlctt or
E&ff publication with foAars r'jtclnt arlMti rilurnid, ltv
jut 9 ciu'l in oil tcutt lend itamvi or lhal jutrpoM.
B
ft', 9f Stick to tho l'olnt.
''I'M Bcforo comincndlnir lo oilier Stato3 tho
1 lill resolution panned by tlio Michigan LokIh-
J I lattiro in favor of tho treaty's rallllcntlon It
I I'i 'w"1 " woH lo Btrl) off wm,t Ia "1' vltn1,
I II) For example, tlio clause praising "our
1 J ' i bravo, generous and mnp;niuilinoim rrosl-
Ijjji. dent, Major William MoKikley," tlio
lljjil " patriotic services of tlio members of tlio
Ulii I Cablnot," pnrtlculnily tlio "Secretary of
Ijfif War," and tho "l'cnro Coinmlnsloii," would
Jill I havo been bettor left out.
J5m The persounl qualities of tho Trcddcnt,
!j tho patriotism of his Cabinet and tho nbll-
f Jty of tho l'eaco Couiiiiisslon aro not con-
HISi ncotcd with ratification.
lift II . It ia also desirable that tho Issuo on tho
lfl$ treaty bo kept so free of fcollne; townid
B, other thinifs that It can bo presented In
Hl Biibstnutlnlly tho same words In Georgia
lll'i nnt' in Arkansas and In Mississippi as in
III'! States Hko Michigan.
iMl nj Ratification Is tho ono question bcforo
Jli U tho Senate, and unless It can bo shown that
ml Wk in arranging for poaco tho Trcsldont Bac
illi rlllccd his country's dignity or political ad
HlH vantngo or right to some material prizo of
Iff f yraT' rutilicntion is tho Senate's plain and
Uj undcbatablo duly.
IB f In urging tho Sonate, therofoie, to relievo
Ileal '10 country from a condition of war with
13 Spain, Stato Legislatures should furnish a
mti model for tho obstructionists by speaking
jgjp - to tho point, adding nothing to it and rc-
n serving expressions upon cxtranoous topics
HP for other occasions.
8 1 At tho samo tlmo it is proper to point out
Oil tho radical dlfferonco between going beyond
the ratification question In Slato heglsln-
gf tures and in tho Washington Senate.
&m Praise of tho President tacked on to a dc-
HHjj llvornnco upon tho treaty can do no harm.
BS3 But no ono knows what troublo may como
niji from an antl-oxpansion resolution adopted
anil y tho Senato In connection with ratlQca-
Hyl tlon. Whilo a Senato resolution on tho po-
jjyl liticnl future of tlio Philippines Is wasto
Si paper In America, it may bring disaster on
agi us boyond our bordors.
fill Spanish Soldiers nnd Some American
BJj Senators.
i A Manila correspondent of Harper's
jSE J Weekly writes that tho Spanish privates in
HI tho Philippines aro enlisting under Aaui-
fif J jtaldo. They sco in him tho elastic and
H i versatile adventurer who is now as ready to
III J , mako war against tho United States as ho
fl 'was to i. iko war against Spain boforo his
JH!j. thlrfat lor "liberty" and "independence"
Jj had been satisfied by Spanish dollars.
Ifjf! Thcso former soldiers of Spain see tho op-
fi portunlty to gratify their still unsatisfied
fijj hatred of tho United States by sorvlng in
i III ' 1 ho ranks of AauixALDO. They know him
Hij for tho enemy of tho Unitod States, and so
I j are glad to follow him.
SBohlnd this Knight of tho Post and his
Spanish allies, giving him tho oncourngo
mont that has swelled him from a humblo
camp follower to very nearly an open foo
HfVI of tho United States, stand Senators of tho
P United States! Their mark is on tho
51 guns now aimed at our soldlors in tho Phll-
Ipptncs. They aro tho fomenters of tho
Jj threatened war. They aro tho real Iead-
IjjsS ers of tho Spaniards and tho Filipinos
j 1 whom AauiNALDO is drilling to attack tho
Ijl j! Amorlcans.
JP Not Aquinai.do, but Jones, Goiwian,
Hi Hale and II o Ait aro tho real lcadors of tho
H i ontl-Amorican movement in tho Phllip-
j j pines. Hale, the unblushing advocato and
II friend of Spain, is at his old tricks. IIoaii,
Jlg whoso pious soul was so perturbed by tho
ijwl beginning of tho wnr with Spain, is uotwlll
lj lng that that war should end and is doing
fjljj his best to start another.
Tlio French Attempt to Glorify a
kJI Forger.
9 Nothing could moro signally exhibit tho
!! desperation of Anti-Kovlslonlsts, who fear
that tho Court of Cassation may shortly
. proclaim DltEirus innocent, than their con-
I trlbutlon8 to a fund, to ennblo tho widow of
SIT Col. IlENKY to bUO 31. JOSEl'U B.EINACU
i for pointing out in a Paris newspaper
l that her liusband had confessed hlm-
h eolf n forger nnd had sealed his con-
fjl fcsslon by sulcldo. It is truo that M.
ijl ItEiNACU mado certain observations on
tlio Bcoundrellsm that did not hesitate
, to concoct documents for tho purposo of
If j tightening tho chains of n guiltless pris-
g , oner, but they wero such comments as
I would commend themselves to all upright
nnd decent men, und could only offend
thoso who profess to think that the crimes
of tho hendquarters staff cannot bo ex
posed without impeaching tho honor of tho
Whole French Army. Wo should mention
another fact, which perhaps is not foreign
to tho prosecution, namely, that 31. IIri
Kacii happens to bo a Jow.
Tho Duko of Orleans has given tho meas
uro of his illness to rulo over a people,
which, except in rare moments of aborra
; tlon, believes In tho enforcomont of tho
i laws, by writing u letter, in which ho ex
presses cordial approval of tho prosecution
of IIeinacu, and endeavors to lehabllltnto
tho memory of Heniiy on tho giound that
tlio lnttor committed forgery, not from self
ish motives, but In order to render umis
Ballablo whiit ho believed to bo tho just sen
tence pronounced by tho court-martial
agulnst DnEYrns. If tho Bhallow and un
scrupulous character of tlio Unite of Orleans
wero jiot well known, It would soem incred
ible thnt tho representative of an illustrious
dynasty and an aspirant for tho possession
of supromo power In Franco should publicly
f jtihtlfy tho perpetration of forgery for any
1 purposo whntover. Tho avowal of bucIi
H views, however, does not shock his suppoi t-
S! ers, for threo of tho most roputablo among
thom, MM. de IjUn-SALUOES, dh 3Iu.v
5 and n'Auim'i'itKT-l'ABQUiEit, havo followed
jjl his examplo and subscribed to tlio Henry
I !$ fund.
It j Prince Vicroit Nuoi.ro.N, on tho other
I ft' hand, tho btniulnrd bonier of tho llona-
Kj j partist fuctlon, has moro native boiiw, or
fl I lias boen hotter udvl6ed, for in his latest
H j declaration ho declines to assume that to
1 glorify tho author of a forgery is to vlndl-
I P 4 'cttto tll bonor oi tll rncU Arm. "Tho
if -
Iftag,"li said, "Bhould bonbovoovorythlnsr.
Hut tlio army," ho added, "cannot bo
responsible for tho conduct of certain
omccrs so unmindful of tho traditions of
honor and loyalty ns deliberately to tamper
with truth, whalovor tho motUcs which
thoy may liao alleged thomsclvos to havo
obeyed. I do not admit that patriotism is
an fxcuso for forgery." In tlio samo tutor
view ho l ef erred to tho Antl-Semitlo ques
tion and said that " hostllo to nil wars of
laeo and religion, nnd Imbued with tho
principles of tho Kovolutlou, ho did not
understand demuiids for tho expulsion of
any puitleulnr rasto; that, tho Jews onco
driven out, thero would bo no reason for
not attacking tho Protestants." For his
own part, ho would nuver undo whnt was
dono in 1801 by Nai-oleon I. in giving tho
Jews tlio right of citizens.
Unluckily for tho roputntlon of tlio French
Judiciary, boiiio of Its members do not tako
tho reasonable view expressed by Princo
Virroit Navolmn regarding tlio relation
of foignry to military honor. When tho
suit In ought by 3Imo. Henhy against
Josni'H ltin.NAOii was called up in tho
assize coui t of tho Department of tho Helno
last Friday, 3Iuitio Ladoiii, counsel for
tho defence, argued that tho trial should bo
postponed until after tho Court of Cassa
tion should havo rendered n decision in tho
Droyfus caso. Tlio ground of tho appli
cation is obvious enough; it is qulto pos
sible that tho Court of Cassation may not
only pronounco DltnYFU3 Innocent, but
declnro IIknuy to havo been ono of tho
criminals for whom DREYFC3 was niado a
scapegoat. Under tho clrcumstnncoa it
would acorn monstrous to nssumo that tho
forger could bo slandorod, nnd on that as
sumption to insist upon trying Reinacii at
this tlmo. Nevertheless, tho Judges of tho
nsslzo court said tliat tho F.cinnch trial must
go on, nnd it was not until 3Iaitro Laiiori
announced that ho would appeal to tho
Couit of Cassation, that tho subordlnato
court reconsidered its decision nnd grantod
tho request for on adjournment.
What a dcspioablo thing must bo tho
honor of an army that demands tho
apotheosis of a forgor, and what is to bo
thought of Jurists, statcsmou and men of
letters who applaud such riotous demon
strations ns tho prosecution of ItniNAcn
orovoked ?
Tho City us It Is nnd ns It Will Bo.
Tho rapid growth of great cities during
this century, and moro especially during
tho last generation, has caused much anx
iety to certain political philosophers nnd
produced many evils, In their estimation,
which mako tho problem of municipal gov
ernment tho most serious in modern times.
Accordingly, looking to that Held as tho
most promising for tho display of supoilor
wisdom, such spirits havo organized them
selves into a 31unlclpal League, beforo
which to read their solemn disquisitions on
the subject, and even tho fashion of estab
lishing chairs in colleges and unlvorsltloa
to teach theories of municipal government
has been Introduced.
Meantime, however, tho elements of tho
" problem" seem to bo destined to a chango
which will como rapidly and rondor tho
learning of theso professors largely if not
wholly obsolete, oven if It has any practical
valuo now. Tills chango will bo brought
about chiefly by tho application of tho dis
coveries and inventions of physical scienco
nnd mechanics, moro especially In elec
tricity, but also in motors genorally. Tho
subject Is discussed In tho London Spectator
with reference to English towns moro par
ticularly, without any largo grasp of It, but
In a way which suggests a comprehensivo
vlow ; for It Is obvious that tho great city is
about to ontor upon a now stage of Its do
volopmcnt, and that tho possibilities boforo
It aro full of fascination for tho imagina
tion. Tho theoretical city of tlio 3Iunicipal
Lcaguo and tho " Municipal Sclonco" pro
fessor is a dreary subject for dreary minds,
but this practical city of tho future, radi
cally transformed from tho town of tho
past, has tho interest of complete novelty.
Tho Spectator remarks that tho nccossity
for "largo cIToi ts to abato tho ovlls that re
sult from our town life" has becomo widely
apparent, and it proceeds to recapltulato
some of tho most obvious of them as thoy
appear In English towns. Theso aro narrow
Btrocts, brought down from a comparative
ly renioto poriod of tho past, " mero dingy
lanes," tho deficiency in open spaces nnd
tho nuisance of smoke. Nono of theso ovlls
is bo notablo hero as In England, unless
perhaps tho absenco of ndequato parks, nor
is tlio Spectator's domand for ohoapor and
moro rapid transit so pressing in our cities
ns tho London paper describes it to bo In
England. Tho progress in that direction,
mado in Now York, for instance, during tho
last fow years moro especially, has already
given It tho choapest and best rapid transit
systom of any city in tho world, yet it Is
only the beginning of tho progress to which
mechanical engineering expects to attain
in tho early futuro.
Only tho llrst step In tho use of oleo
trlclty nnd compressed air as motors has
yet been taken. Tho introduction of tho
nutomobllo carrlago points tho way to a
transformation in urban conditions which
is likely to bo revolutionary, and to occur
very early in tho next contury. In an ex
ceedingly interesting articlo publlshod
olsowliero in this paper thoro Is a forecast
of tho now development that will occur, and
it is not fanciful merely.
Tho purchnso of tho Fifth avenuo omni
bus lino by tho Third Avenuo Itallroad
Company indicates possibilities of radical
changes as great as any that can bo con
ceived by tho most extravagant imagina
tion, tho purposo of tho purchasor being to
Introduco nutomobllo conveyances, which
will affoid comparatively rapid transit
without tho necessity of Iron rails. Another
promise of transformation comes from tho
organization of a company to do tho truck
ing of tlio town, tho transportation of
heavy merchandise, by means of nutomobllo
trucRs. Tho complete success of theso two
undertakings would bo followed, obviously,
by tho entlro disusoof tho horso fordraught
purposes, and ultimately tho disappearance
of the nnlmul fiom tho city for any uso
whatever, and it would bo a far-reaching
involution.
It would involve a revolution in tho sys
tem of pavements, of street cleaning, and,
to a Inrgo extent, in tlio methods of publlo
and private business, anil In tho habits and
pursuits of tho Inhabitants. Tlio elimina
tion of tho horso would mako unnecessary
tho rough btono pavements, so productlvo
of Intolerable noise, nnd would permit of
tho universal introduction of nsphult or iron
pavements, which could bo cleansed of tho
vastly lessened amount of dirt by Hushing
t lienifiom tho hydrants, thus dec renslngnnd
simplifying the task of the Street t'leunlng
Depmtiiii'iit, to un enormous extent. Tim .
automobile ti ticks would cat ry loads ho.iwnr
by ihoorlon times than thooo which can bo
drawn by horses. Autoraoblloconvoynnces
holding as many passengers as tlio pros
cut street care, would bo moving la all
directions, and tho greater capacity of tho
vehicles would lessen tho number of thom
required, as compared wlththomultitudoot
small vehicles now omployed' in tlio trans
portation of passengers and morchandlso.
Evou tho practical possibility of a tlmo
when Btrcot cars shall bo no longer con
fined (o rails is concotvablo, and moro easily
of a tlmo when tho driving of a horso within
tho limits of tho city will bo forbidden by
municipal ordinance.
Tho introduction of this automobllo
muthod of transportation would work
changes not less revolutionary in rural life.
Country and town would bo brought into
closer equality In tho enjoymont of tho ad
vantages of modern civilization; nnd In
cidentally there might occur tho means of
reliof from mi evil which promises to be
como intoleiable, and that Is tlio congestion
of peoplo In the lower part of this town
caused by tho multiplication of lofty
ofllco buildings, each accommodating hun
dreds of tenants uud occupants. This con
gestion already is getting obstruclho In
tlio district to tho south of tho City Hall.
During tho busy hours of tho day tho sido
walks aro almost blocked with tho crowds
pouring into or from thoso great hives of
industry. Obviously now centres of busi
ness must bo created, bo that only n com
paratively small part of tho actlvo popula
tion will fcol any necessity to ewoll tho
crowds lnloworllroadwayor Wall Btroot.
Tho posslblo changes which will bo
brought about by tho now motors ore al
most Illimitable, and, as wo havo Bald, tho
liveliest imagination may not bo ablo to go
too far In picturing thom as they will occur
actually in a futuro which Is separated from
tho prosont by a fow years only.
A Specimen of Antl-Expaiialon.
Thodoolslon of tho govornora of tho 3Ian
hattan Club to remove It from its prosont
homo in tho Fifth avenuo to tho quarters
at tho corner of Twenty-sixth street and
Madison avenuo, which nro Boon to bo
abandoned by tho University Club, is un
doubtedly an Immediate consoquonco of tho
rivalry and opposition which it has encoun
tered from tho Democratic Club. Mr.
Choker used his powerful Influence nnd
even his uuthority to build up this rival
club, on tho ground that tho 3Iauhattan had
ceased to bo representative of genuino De
mocracy, but had becomo rather an obsta
olo to Its ndvancomeut In Now York ; nnd
tho older association, nlready tottering
under its honvy expenditures, was Boon
reduced to a condition which mado neces
sary their sharp reduction to savo tho club
from epcody dissolution.
Tho Manhattan Club malntalnod a vigor
ous cxistenco nnd was poworful as a politi
cal centre whilo it inhabited its old quarters
in tho Benkard mansion, at tho corner of
Fifth avenuo and Fifteenth street. It had
the reputation of being tho headquarters
of tho "silk stocking" varloty of Democ
racy, or tho " bettor clement," to uso tho
Mugwump designation, but in thoso days
it profited rathor than lost by tho distinc
tion, for itcontalnod In Us membership and
included among its most habitual attend
ants many men who wero actually promi
nent In tho party management and In ths
shaping of Democratic policies. Morcovor,
tho Manhattan Club was celebrated for its
good cookery, bo that Democratlo states
men could fortify themselves thero with
triumphs of tho gastronomlo art whilo thoy
discussed political strategy and mado or
unmado tho fortunes of aspirants for tlio
honors of tho party. Then, tho Manhattan
Club was a Now York association of real
distinction and extensive political Influence
of ono sort or another. It was tho centre
to which tho better dressed, tho "silk
stocking" Democratlo leaders from other
States tended when visiting New York. Of
course, its power was practically a shadow
as compared with that of Tammany Hall,
but as tho two wero generally on amlcablo
terms it managed indirectly to mako Iteolf
a power in Democratlo politics.
When, howovor, it moved up Fifth avenuo
to occupy tho old Stownrt houso at tho cor
ner of Thirty-fourth street It assumed a
vastly greater burden of rent, nnd to bring
up its general state to correspond with tho
magnlUcenco of its surroundings It was
compelled also to increnso proportionately
its other running expenses. Tho cost of
belonging to it was greater than at tho run
of clubs, but looking on Manhattan mem
bership as an avenuo to political advance
ment, many aspiring men wero glad to pay
tho prioo. Consequently, for a tlmo, tho
club Beomod to bo going ahead swimmingly
In 1 t-a nan. n n -ma A nnnunlnna 4-s lla w nm
IU 1L9UUW (JUU1 bUllS. AUWCE39IUU3 LUllO LUUU1-
bershlp came from fashlonablo olrcles to
Bomo extent, for oven into that sphere tho
notion of playing with politics had entered,
and tho only road to anything like a suc
cessful political carcor In Now York was
Bupposod to bo through tho Democratlo
party.
Tho campaign of 1800, so disastrous to
tho Democratlo party gonorally, brought
disturbanco to tho Slanhnttan Club, for tho
majority of it abominated Bryanism. Then
camo Mr. Choker's oponly declared deter
mination to destroy oven tho little of po
litical lnlluonco that remained to it, on tho
ground that It was an organization
onjy harmful to tho Domocratlo party, a
political nuisanco, a sham, a representative
of tho cheaper sort of snobbishness. Ho
mado tho Domocratlo Club his Beat and tho
social centre of thoparty, and spoodlly from
a feoblo and lnslgnlllcant concern It roso to
great consideration, 3Ion looking forDom
ocratio advancement transferred to it tho
membership thoy had obtained In tho Man
hattan. Tho reason for tho cxistenco of
tlio older club was thus destroyod. It lost
all political conecquenco ; Mr. Choicer de
nied Its right to call Itself Domocratlo In
any senso, and nothing remained to it ex
cept competition with far superior clubs as
a purely social organization.
Now, of lato yours, oven tho most success
ful, tho most fashlonablo of such social clubs
In Now York havo becomo of much less con
sequence ieativoly than thoy usod to bo.
It Is truo that thoy keep up tholr rolls of
membership and may huva lncreuscd them
greatly, but proportionately tholr fro
quontors aro much four than thoy wero
formerly. Tho competition of outsldo so
cial attractions and obligations bus becomo
vastly greater. Tho wholo social llfo of tho
town has undergone a radical chango dur
ing tho tlmo tho Manhattan Club has boon
struggling vainly to mako both ends meet
at Its costly Fifth avenuo establishment,
and it lias suffered seriously by reason of
tho revolution, moro especially slnco Mr.
Choicer put upon It tho ban of Domocratlo
disapproval. Having been destroyed po
litically it lias lost Its only tltlo to social
favor. Iiibtead of membership helping an
aspiring Democrat it rather puts him under
Buspleiou ns a 3Iiigwuuiplsh ehuracter.
A'vordlngly, tho iluuhnttim Club boon
got. Into llnaiiclal btraits, which mnuu neces
sary tho severest possible tux on tho en
duranco of buoh an association, or tho levy
ing of un assessment on tho members to
pay the accumulating and menacing dobts,
Evon that sovoro measure was not enough
to savo It, and now it has boen forced to
abandon its magnificent Fifth nvonuo es
tablishment and go into tho comparatively
humblo quarters from which the University
Club is to movo to occupy tho very im
posing houso it has built in Fifth
avonuo. Such n loss In exterior Im
portance is likely to toll against it oven dis
astrously. When a man is forced to step
down from a big nnd gorgeous houso on n
fashlonablo street to go into a narrow nnd
modest dwelling removed from tho current
of fashion, his social omlnenco is likely to
suffer a corresponding fall, ospoclally among
thoso whoso standard of appreciation of
lilui is his outwnrd stato only.
Tho career of tho Mnnhnttan Club as ono
of tho most important of New York clubs
may, therefore, bo said to havo ended.
Even if it manages to proBorvo a semblanco
of cxistenco for a fow years to como, it will
boonlyathlrd-rntoorfourth-ratoclub. Its
glory has departed, novor to return. Nor
Is thoro anything loft of tho dignity which
it onco derived from tho Democratlo party.
Tito fato of tho ono is typical of the fato of
tho other. Instead of expanding tho club Is
contracting. Tlio nation has outored on
a now and more glorious era, but tho Domo
cratlo party llkowlso Is con trao ting rathor
than expanding.
Tho Democracy is making itsolf rcpre
sontattvo of tho very spirit of reaction
through resisting and overcoming whioh it
galnod tho ronown that endoarod It to a
majority of tho Amorloan people during a
long and illustrious period of our history.
Tho party of Jekfehson, tho great loader
and forerunnor In national oxpanston, has
retreated from that foremost position to
tako up a position at tho rear, from which
to train Its guns on tho advanolug hosts of
its victorious countrymon.
A Scientific Food Wanted.
Tlio controversy over tho merits of tho
beef supplied to our army nnd navy during
tho recent war, brings up a prior and under
lying question, whioh has not rccoived tho
attention it deserves. It Is assumed, as it
thoro wore no doubt about it, that tho flosh
of animals, of somo sort, is an indispensable
clomont of human food, and that the only
thing to bo considered is what that flosh
shall bo, and how it may best bo rendorod
fit for use. That othor substances equally
Borvlceabie, but cheaper and moro con
veniently handled, may bo substituted for
it, nobody, except tho fow fanatical vego
tarlans, has ventured to suggest.
Without espousing the vegetarian cause,
or adopting their reasoning, it may still bo
said on tholr behalf, that animal flesh is tho
most costly, and as wo boo, tho most per
ishable kind of nutriment for the human
frame. To produce a given quantity of it.
ten times tho quantity of othor oqually
nutritious substances must pass through
tho stomach of tho animal, and bo sub
jected to a process that occupies a year or
more. In the rearing und fattening of
boovos and swlno thero is consumed an
amount of grass and grain that in tholr
original form, possess vastly moro nutri
tious power.
Of courso, It must bo conceded that
flosh has advantages of somo kind ovor
vegotablo food. Otherwise, tho consump
tion of it would not bo so groat as It is, nor
tho domand for It so genoral. Theso advan
tages aro, its easier digestibility, its stimu
lating power and its concentration of bulk.
Could all those qualities bo secured for veg
otablo food by a speedier and choapor
process than passing It through tho stom
achs of animals, tho days of tho butcher
and the beof and pork packerwouldspeodlly
bo numbered.
A Eclentlflo problem of great Interest to
mankind is, therefore, tho treating of vogo
tablo substances bo as to glvo thom tho
usefulness of animal flosh without convert
ing thom into animal fat and musale. An
approaoh to the solution of this problem
has boen mado In Germany, where an army
ration has boon dovlsed, consisting chiefly
of beans, but of this ration flesh is, still, a
considerable component part. It needs
only for somo Ingenious inventor to carry
on tho experiment until flesh is entirely
eliminated and a ration sooured which shall
be ofivegetables only, so prepared that thoy
shall havo tho qualities which render flesh
desirable, or of any othor substance thoy
may And or create. Wo consumo only half
as much flesh as our savago, and oven our
clvlllzod forefathers used to, and it is not
Impossible that our posterity may rcduco
tho quantity to nothing at alb
Dewey's lions Trial.
Tho personal history of George Dewey,
from tho day ho fought tho battlo of Ma
nila to tho day relief arrlvod from tho
Unitod States, will probably nover bo writ
ton in detail. How Intense his anxieties
were, how Btrained his every faculty as
commander, and how weighted down ho
was with tho trying consciousness that his
forces wero weak and ill equipped in com
parison with thoso threatening him, will
not bo found In Dewey's reports.
But to-day evory Amorlcan, oxcopt tho
madmen In tho Senato, must remember tho
profound concern with which this country
watched the slow progress of our troops
on their way from San Francisco to tlio
Philippines, and how great was tho senso of
rollof as tho Charleston, tho Monterey and
tho Monadnock reached tho harbor of
Manila. Think what tholr arrival meant to
Dewey, who with his small armorlcss fleet
had watched anxiously tho progress of
Spain's battloshlp, tho Pelayo, through tho
isthmus of Suez, and had lived for days
boforo tho heavy and angry guns of tho
Gormans, whoso hostility had gone to tlio
vory gato of wnr.
Tho obstructionists in tho Senato, com
posed mainly of Demoorats, are making
last summer's troubled situation ovor again.
Our men and ships in Manila have becomo
too strong to bo in danger of annihilation,
but at any momont they may bo plunged
Into war with tho Agulnaldo army, and tho
cortainty of victory will not keep death
out of tholr ranks.
Yet tho bulk of the Democratlo party in
tho Sonate, headed by Jones and Gorman,
and followed by tho Itopubllcans Hoar and
Hale, aro deliberately holding back tho
only succor of which our men in tho Philip
pines aro in need.
Ouosort of teinforcomont only will calm
tho excited pnssions of tho natives and
bring thom to reason and peacefulnoss,
namely, tho news that tho Treaty of Fails
has been rntllled nnd that tho sovereignty
of tho Philippines Is in tho Unitod Stntes.
Truly this Is a llendlsh Bort of folly tho i
niiti-rutillciitiou Senators aro engaged In.
Instead of putting off tho votoon tho treaty i
until Fob, 0, It should bo paswd to-morrow,
with ono voire.
Mr. MoLauciilan (Dom.) nrosu In tho i
Illinois House und began to emit whernasea, I
It 6cema that our sraclle friend, the Hon.
Bills Mason, bu "endeared nlmsilf t4h J
hearts of evorr true llborty-lovlng Amorlcan
citizen" br his speeches opposing tho an
nexation of tho Philippines. It is Btranto
that tho numbor of llbortr-lovlnp citi
zens Is so small. For "thooncmlos of civ
ilization cvorywhoro aro denouncing" Wil
liam "becatno of his splendid dofonen of
human liberty In othor lands than his own."
Whoroforo, bo It resohod, that n copy of Mr.
SIcLauchlan's resolution bo engrossed and
nenttollbortv's Inst dcfoiulor. Wo shuddor at
tho enemies of clvtllratlon, but Mr. Mahon Is u
modest man and has alromlv.i surplus of dory.
A Chicago admirer has named a ham after
htm. Can ho bo so much of an expansionist as
to want moro?
Senator Wellington of 3iurylnnd is be
coming n rival of Senator Hdaii, In tho Ronnto
Wednesday ho presented one of thellon. Bnv- .
ino Winslow's aiitl-lmpcrlallst petitions. It
was signed by tho llev. T. .H. Bacon nnd eight
other citizens. Thu usual maximum of a
Wlnslow petition is ten, hut it was found Im
possible to got n tenth r.lr :ure. Mr. Wel
lington lias tho happiness i.. know lug that ho
Is supported by exactly nlno eltlzeiis of Mniy
laiid. It must bo a proud sensation to feel
ouo's self girdlod with sueh a slienglli.
niiYAS's Assni:n to vhokek
IVIien the Tniiininny Clilef Snlil "Drop
Tree blUer" In lHUS-Kutti (mil Niiuml.
When. In Siai-oh, 18P8. it was proposed that
Bryan should mnko n speech hero undor tho
ausploos of Tammany Hall. Willis J. Abbot
wont to seo ltlchard Crokor about It. Mr.
Abbot said yesterday:
"Mr. Crokor asked mo to wrlto llr. DrTan
and find out whethor ho would ho wllllnR to
gnenk In Now York but refrain from discuss
ing tho money ciuostlon. I wrote 3Ir. Ilryan
accordingly and received a letter In reply.
This loiter I road to Mr. CroLor in order that
ho might havo no Illusion concerning Mr.
Bryan's oosltlon. As 3lr. Crokor has uow iloll
nltelr antagonized tho Demoorats who hold to
the Chicago platform, it Is the belief ot many
friends of Mr. Bryan that this lottor. In which
ho declares that Now York Democrats should
Bhow tholrlhands ortccopt tho hostlllty.of tho
membersTof tho party In tho South aud West,
should bo mado public."
This la tho lottor of Jlr. Brsan.datod March
1C. 1803:
My Df.aii Mr. Aiinor: I am just in receipt
of your lcttor. l'lenso say lo Mr. Crokor that
I shall not be able to coma Bast until about
April HI.
At thut time I slnll bo pleased to meet him
and talk over tlio political situation. If, as I
liavo Heard, he Is couipollofl to loae for
Buropo before that time, expie.-.s my regret to
him.
1 appreciate his Invitation to spoak there,
but ho will, upon iellci'tion. realize that I
could not afford to make a speech upon the
lines suggested. Tlio national platform do
clares.tbo moiiov question to be tlip paramount
Issue and 1 fully Indorso that declaration. So
behoving. I could not dlrootly or Indirectly
encourage any Btnto to abandon tlio national
Platform. While tho Democrats of tlio West
and bouth hao no right to force tho national
platform upon tho peoplo of Now York, yet the
Democracy of tho nation does havo a right to
expect tho Demoorats of New York to stand by
tho platform or announce tholr hostility. Vo
ought to know whether the Now York Domoc
roy means neaco or war.
To Ignnio.the national platform In the State
Convention will bo notice that the Demo
crats of New York are hostile to that platform,
but lack tho courage to deid ire it openly.
The platform of "M will ho reafllrmed in
lOOU, and I. for one. would like lo know as
soon as possible whothor wo aro to regard tho
Now York Democrats as utiles or as enemies.
If the Democrats of New York invite mo to
speak In Now York city while In tho K.ist. I
shall accent the invitation with pleasuie. but it
must bo with Iho understanding that I shall
not bu restricted as to subjects discussed. I
do not care to bo a guest wharo tho Chicago
platform Is denied a hearing.
I believe that tho restoration of bimetal
lism is necessary nnd tiat 111 to 1 is tho only
ratio at which bimetallism can be lestored.
and I havo no right to expect favots from
those who are hostilo to this doctriuo. 1 can
say to bimetallism at 10 to 1 an ltuth said to
Naomi: 'Tntreiit mo not to leave tlieo or to
return from following after thee: for whither
thou goest I will go; and where thou lodgest
I will lodge: thy pooplo shall bo my people,
nnd thy Uod my Ood. Where thou dlest will
I (He. and thora will I bo buried: the Lord do
so to me. and moro also, if aught but death
part iheo nnd mo."
No one is compelled to accent my judgment,
but I must mrself bo guided by it. and In my
judgment the attempt to chain tho nation to
a gold standard Is so cruel and wicked that I
would bo beneath contempt if I should trado
my oonvlctlous upon tills subject for any po
litical advantngo which tho New York Demo
crats might be willing to olTor.
Lot mo add another word: It Is not only
right that tho Now York Ktato Convention
ihonld stand by tho Chicago platform, but It is
good politics. Bimetallism will bo as strong
In New York when It is fully understood as it
Is now in tho West and (South, aud tlio sooner
tno Democracy of Now York begins tlio
defenco of tho Chicago platform the soonor
will tho work of education be completed To
ignore tho platform when nll:th Ktato3 West
and tiouth indorse it will hao all tho forco
of a declaiation ngalnst tho platform, and
such a courso will mako it moro diflicult to
lndorso tho platlorm hereafter.
We wore ombarrassed In tho last campaign
by the fact that tho Democrats of your Jtato
went to C'hlcaco to opposo tlio platform which
was adopted. Unless tho party In Now York
expects to ropoat this experiment In 1000, It
should lose no time in taking a firm stand
upon the Chicago platform. In urging this
courso upon Tammany and tho Demooraevof
Now York I ought to suggest that the party
in Now Yoik has something at stake as well
as the party In tho nation.
Tammany needs the Democracy of the na
tion as much as tho national party needs Tam
many, aud Tammany should recocaiza thin
fact.
Democratic principles havo too firm a hold
upon tho plain peoplo to give tho party In any
section any promise of success by.ubandonlng
them.
Democracy was defined at Chicago, nnd tho
dollnltlon is so satisfactory that no material
change will be mado in that dellnition for
years to come. 1 bono tho New Yoik Demo
cratsfor their own good as well as for iho
good of tho party nnd country at large will
SDoedllr bring themselves within tho dollnl
tlon by giving an unaualillod Indorsement to
tho Chicago platform. Yours truly.
V. J. BrtTAV.
A New TrnuinK Company on tho Ohatrnrt
lug Senators.
ToTnicEnrroB ovThe Bus .Vir- Tho company In
dicated on thla letter head was formed a ehurt time
ago or tho jiurposoof promatlu.: trade between tho
Philippine Inlands, Cuba, l'urto l'.lco, Ac. If tlio
"Auutle"anduuirugrci.sho Henntnrn ut Wnnbing
ton would take the trouble to commit with Iho Amer
ican manufactuiera regarding their feollngn about
permanently leUlning tho above mentioned IsWli.U
wo aro sure that tlioy would not cnntlnuo tholr un
patriotic attltmlo.
Tlila company haa received hundreds of letters
from various manufacturers In all pulls of iheUnlird
States requesting that wo aocept tholr agencies and
displnyaamplesof their goods in Iho now popses
Ionn. Ia It not Usui, m to ay that with such a spirit
of enterprise on behalf uf the American manufactur
ers that It will not bu long ero these countries uro
thoroughly Americanized?
I venture to predlit that beforo ten jura have
pasiod tho nun who wuuld propose tho with,
drawalof IhoAlr.erli'an flag from tho aforesaid men
tioned islands will bo lookoj upon la Hip samo senso
as ono who would suguist tho viitbdiawal of tho da.'
from the Capitol at Washington,
Cium.i s i". fiiim.iji-i,
TieslJcnt tho American Colonial Trading Company,
New Yoiik, Jan. 2d.
A Wiirkliigmnn Cinisldeiiiig llijnn.
To this rniTnii ok Tin: His .S'ir- I havo bem
reading of llryan's reu-ptiou in Duivcr-how tlio
woralnmen mihsert their siippirs for A ihaueo to
look al him, Ac aud I urn astonished, What has
this Individual donu lor tho poor people? lloprom
lsca us a cheap dollar, )a the vai:o oiruers rsnllo
themeuulngof uihc.ip dollar? Of iouiso, ho means
a silver dollar. Well, tuling tho pio-ont pi Ire of
liver as a basis, II means tlut the hirrel uf Honor
now sold for $r, will rest (lo. Ihu tho mat now
old for tio 1H cost :'0, that ullyroi erics ami all
articles of clothing will doublu In value. IPr.i cm
wollvo? Mailing tho dollar cheaper may incrcaso
tho income of tho w.igo payer, hut under m, con
ceivablo conditions can it be no thing but robbery lo
tho waueioeetver.
No great aiuo, lit of muturmaticil ability Is nicis
saiy toprovuthat lmrr.ti.iug tho pric c uf gieeeiies
and clothing is r due.ng .pi. aid Hut p ducli g
tin price ot thniM mil li"ri,ncrNi lie vvumaj
Herevu huvu lie ao. u ii . i !.,.! .1' m.Mia.in 1
(it Ijhnurt tr in-- ! ix. 1 u u o i r :u aluivvi i
1 In lr ailnil u.nm i.ji ih. iu.ihIio ,,, m,,,,,',,, ,
il.it i ilMir Ats Nuiwm tin . i,iii ut lliu.i
a.. 1S s. w in la ,11 cvtij alle.iti" . ll IJ.yali s
lileapmull, that is, if liu a i u ty l-es t iho
sllvir siauduid, emy rlt h uimiwi. owns a gold r
liver luiue nrHWliidilaira will mor i man tpmlilu
his usual protlts. and ev. ty dollar uf tho eitra gains
will como from tho wscs uf hu cuipl ; cia.
t VTujuiixuiUiJ,
i
w
aitAis CAiinxixa nr oavada.
A Determined Effort to Take hei Trade
from Us Changes In the Dominion
Cnnnls Which Will Uarm Our Hnilneii.
To Tim T.niTon or Tub Sum Sir i rermltmo
to call tho attention of thoso who aro interested
in the foreign commorco of New York to the
following facts, which havo a direct bearing
upon tho Imoorts and exports at thM port:
rirst An Kncllah syndlcatoof creat wealth
and Influence hni offered to construct a cannl
from the doorclnn Hay to tho Ottawa lllver,
provldod tho Government of Canada will cuar
nnteo Interest upon Ha bonds at 2 por cent, for
n sum not oxecoding $20,000,000. Such a canal
will open the shortest and most direct all-water
roulofrom Chicago, Dulutli nnd Fort William
to lldownlornt Montreal. Ilythls routowhent
will bo cntrlod from Dulutli or Chicago to
Montreal for two cents por bushel. Aroutowns
opened from Chicago and Duluth io Montreal
In 1WI7 by tho way of Tarry Bound. DurlnB
the season of 18!8 10.705.000 bushels of craln
woroenrriod to Montreal from Chicago and Du
luth by this route. Tho ehnrgo for tronsportn
tlon did not exceed four cents per bushel from
tho elevator at Duluth to tho ocean vessel at
Montreal. Tlio Canada and Atlantic Hallway,
which extends from Montrcnl to Parry Sound,
Is diverting west-bound trnfJlo from this city
ami the Now Knglnnd Ktntcs to Chicago by tho
wayol l'nrry Kountl. The success of this line
IniMIHIs stimulating ninny plans for tlio di
version of trafllo from nil port to tho port of
Montienl. hi 181)8 Montreal rocoivod L'0,000.
OUll bushels ot grain moro than sho rocelved
in 1MI7. , ,
Hooond During the coming season of navi
gation the enlargement of tlio Bt. Lnwrenco
canals will bo completed, nud thou vessels
enrrylng 70.000 bushels, of grain can pass from
Chicago and Duluth through tho Wollnnd Canal
to Montronl without breaking bulk. Grain can
bocarrlodby huuIi vessels nt a chargo not ox
oeotllngtliroa cents por bushel from Chicago
or Dnhith to tlio ship's side nt Montroal.
Third A proposition is bolng considered Tor
(he construction of a double-track railway
fiom Collingwootl. on (loorglnn Bay, to Toron
to, a distance or 70 mllos. Cars aro to bo con
si rucleti of steel capable of carrying 2.000 bush
els with radial trucks, which enable thom
to carry an Inereasobf weight equal to 20 nor
eont. around curves. Tho railway from Col
lingwootl to Toronto can bo constructed in an
air line, with n maximum up grado com lug
southward between Colllngwood nnd Toronto
of 20 feet to a mile. It Is proposed that the
Government shall construct this railway nnd
build olovntors at Colllngwood and Toronto as
a supplement to thn Kt. Lawrence canals. His
estimated thnt such a railway can transport
during tho season of navigation 100.000.000
bushels ot wheat. Tho chargo from Duluth or
Chicago to Colllngwood will bo throo-nunrtors
of a eont per bushel. The chargo from Col
llngwood lo Toronto, including transfer
chai ges at both ports, will bo tliroo-tiuartersof a
cent per busliul. l'rom Toronto vessels carry
ing 70.000 bushels can pass to Montreal with
out hroaklng bulk. Tho chargo from Toronto
to tho ship's hldo at Montreal will bo three
quarters ot a cent por htishol, making a total
charge from Duluth or Chicago to Montreal not
exceeding Lni cents per bushel
l'rom Duluth to buffalo is 1.000 miles by wa
ter Wheat was carried during the past season
from Duluth to Buffalo for nlno-tontlis of a eont
per bushel. Atnn earlytlav tho exports of grain
from Manltobannd tho Noi thwost Territories of
Canada will oxcoed 100.000,000 bushels pernn
num. Our Ilrltlsh cousins In Canada not only
Intend to dlvoit this grnln to Montreal forox
port to Europe, but nn equal quantity of grnln
grown undor our Hag to tho samo port. Of tho
10.70,'i,000 bushels of grain canletl by the Can
ada Atlantic Hall vvny In 1MJ8, only 50.000 bush
ols wns produced lu Canada,
If tho export of grain In 1000 from tho At
lantic ports Is as large as It was In 1808, 1 pre
dict that tho exporiH of grain from Montreal
will exceed 100.000.000 bushels. Sooner or
later the American peoplo will discover that
Great Britain and Canada aro determined to
maintain a military nnd commercial highway
from the Atlantic to tho Paelllo through British
America, and that, undor the bonding priv
ileges. vn aro contributing S'JO.OUO.OOO of rail
way trafllo earnings annually to aid In making
this route self-sustaining.
Out llritlsh-Amorlcnn cousins nro preparing
to gather American englos by tiausporting our
surplus products to Lurope by tho way of
Montrenl.
Sir Wilfrid Laurier has indorsed tho propo
sition for the construction of the Georgian Bay
Canal, nntl therefore it is probable that the
Parliament of Canada will accent, at tho com
ing session, the offer of tho English syndicate
for Its construction
Tlio dlstanco fiom tho Sanlt Ste. Marie or
tho btraits of Mackinaw to Montreal by tho
Georgian Bay Canal does not exceed i80 miles,
whilo tho dl-tnnco from tho tjault Bte. Marin
Canal by lluilnloand tho Krio Cannl and tho
Hutl-on Uiver to Now Y'ork is not less than
1.150 miles.
Tho low rata of Interest and the abundance
of capital will enable tho Canadian Govern
ment to finance any scheme which Is foaslble to
promote tho diversion of the products of our
Western nud Northwestern States to Montroal
for export to Europe.
FnANCIS WATtASD Gl.EW.
Nnw York, Jan. 24.
The Saloon and tlio Siilvntion Army.
To Tnn Editor of Tiir Sun Sir: The
saloon is not a noccsslty. Thoro is no need of
man that tho saloon Alls. This very agitation
is evidence that tho people's conscience is bolng
pricked becauso of tho publlo toleration of an
awful ovil that is daily porpotratlne tho most
horriblo curso upon humanity, and spoclally
upon the workingman. and still moro, cruelly
treating tho Innocont wlfo and ohlldrcn.
Necessity? Why? Becauso thero Is money
In tho business, money for thoso who fatten
upon tho lifoblood sappod from tho vitals of
tho tollers of our land, and this selfish Interest
simply purchases tho privilege for the saloon
to exist for tho furthor gain of Its promoters.
Tho curso. tho blighting, devastating curso of
thb saloon cannot be hidden by tho assertion
that tho saloon is tho workingman's club. If It
Is his club, it is used only by him to brain his
wife and beat all tho joy, hopo and honor from
flirt lienrto nntl llvna nt lita nffenrlni. ...t.n V.n..A
u i Iglit by I be sacredness ot birth to tho shelter
ing enro nnd protection of n father in the full
control of his senses, ami of tho home fellow
ship of faithful parouts Tho saloon robs them
of thii enjoymont
Tho saloon Is not philanthropic It does not
exlbt for tho sake o' providing social relaxa
tion for tho weary. Any association It affords
only servos its tloadly purposo tho more. The
wlfo nntl children need not only social relaxa
tion, but relaxation from dlsgraco and dis
honor, abuse and pinched poverty, and from
tlio moro trying nccossity of wearing poor if
not raggod clothes, and from tho harrowing
nccossity of eating hardened crustH whilo tho
saloon keepers wlfo nnd children rovol in their
purple nnd lino llnon and faro sumptuously
everyday.
A necessity ? An Institution a necessity that
rtV,.J,;V",tl,on ,f ov,,r n hllllon a year, sends
100.000 tlriiiiknnls to their graves, mnkes 50,
000 orphans, 20,000 widows, causes 2.000 sul
fides, a loss to tho nation of $10,000,000
thioughilro ami violence, and causos parents
under ItB deadly, Btupofylmr Influences to over
lay 2.50(1 little Innocont children evory tlmo wo
count llfty-tvvo Saturday nights In the United
btates and Is tho euuso of 07 por eont. of uil
ci lines!
A nccossity? Novcrl Revolution moves
slowly, but just assure as tho sun shines, just
so surely Is public opinion closing in on tho
saloon. ou may not seo It ami I may not.
but what sometimes will not linnpon in 100
years happens in n tiny, anil somo day. and that
day Is not so far distant eithor, tho tide of sen
timent will ho moused against tho saloon and
distiller)', becauso of their constant menacn to
society, nnd this fearful Institution will be lilted
from our body politic and dropped to tho noth
ermost hull.
bntll then, welcome, thrlco welcome to any
agency that has for its purposo tho lessening
of Intemperance, whether it bo through tho
colleo wagon, the moiey sent ortho ballot box.
But hall to tho glad day when It shall be no
more!
I det-lro to hnvoitclcarlyuudorstoodthattho
foiogolngls notln nny way Intended as a crit
icism to tho lemarks of lllshop Potter. 1 ro
giiul his it-marks as Intended to bo a robuko to
tho piofessed friends of humanity nntl tho
morals of the people whoso duty It Is to restrict
the saloon nntl to provide plncos of roHiieetablo
resort for tho laboring ninn.
i. i . , .c . Wii.i.iam Blir-WKK,
Ldi or-ln-Chlef of Salvation Army Publieat ons
in thn United States.
JlN.'JU.
A Gniernnrs' Dinner nt thn 'Willi o Ilnusp.
To tii r IhiiTon or Tur 8n. sir: I Iisto been
thinking wlmt agruud outburst of harmonious influ
ence It would can.o to bo felt thronKhtnu this broad
I uid of ours for tho riesidtnt of tho Uultod Statos
tnuivlla tho (lovirnore of t'te different States to a
bnnuiiot or dinner to bo held In Washington.
Would it not liiing tho Btalo and notion Into a
uully that would belter tlio American republic,
regardless of polltlm ? Would not some sug.-esllon
thrown out tin ro bo a. tod upon to tho betterment of
thojieoploV , Ai
ll.tooM.VN, K, V Jan. S7.
Milliter Weds Nurse,
j torn ttt f'htrttito TtnuM'ltfralJ,
I 11. ill. Well' and la I iiuiettu II uuintl met for
tlio i. .. li. Aiu i i oi t le tati.'.t ship I'utt
ar ml nib 1 hi to ll 1. 1 inn nut ii tun ,i ..uvi )iiii
sisliniH Hum. ii uasauuitaiht tifthc i oiiu.i.asloit,
thn olln r a b.aiu lli4n . .-trl to.ug lo s. rtimt ihi
nick bids In al'onca hospital. It is ssld tne pa.r
woro in.'L.'id mo Torto ltito wa rcichcd, Lieut,
and lira. Vfcm wlU he hue about Veb, X,
llMMlSll'ril iHSIMIlSSSIlllBIIISMl'llMllF" L IT. ,"V '-
ABX NOZS3.
The Monet Cihlbltton nt the I.otoi Club
Mr. Tnlmer's Water Colors nt Avory's.
Tho art gallery of the Lotos Club In filled with
a wpll-arranged collection of twenty-two Me
tures by Claiido Monet, nnd visitors who re
cetvo cards ot admission from any motnber ot
tho Art Committee William T.Evans. Chair
man, nnd Ilonry W. Hanger, Secretary, may
seo tlio exhibition until Tuesday evening, Jan,
31. when It closes. The cataloguo is prefaced
by a monograph by William II. Fuller, ia
whioh this woll-known nmatour, whose
Barblzon pictures were sold by tho American
Art Association last wlntor, scorns to ronounca
his allcgianco to that famous school and writes,
with cloardlctlon butratherillloglcal nrguraont,
most enthusiastically of Monot. But Monet'a
place In tlio art of to-day is now pretty well
settled, and it is gonorally concodod that his
work Is losing ground Instead of gaining. Hi,
originality ot method, his strongth and hii
ability to Invest many of his canvases
with rare quality of lumlnousncss aro
granted by all Intelligent nrtlsts nnd amateurs,
but tho conviction thot beauties of form and
composition nro factors ho can never obtain
lias been forcod upon them, and thoy recogni q
that with nil his power ho is Incomplete. Jnt
what his plaeo will bo In tho futuro it ts Impm.
slble to predict, but It seems likely that he
will bo accordod a position in the nrt nt
our time thnt will bo a vory honorable,
one, but that he will neither bo considered such
a lcador as Manet was, nor that his pictures
will bo valuod in nny such sense as aro the
works of Corot, Itousseau or Daubigny. Monot's
temperament Is an artlstlo one, but. Judged
from his work. It is singularly one-sided and
prono to cherish brutal facts unroflned by mora
than a slight sonso of what all great painters
havo considered the prlmo qualities In pic
torial art.
Tho present Interesting and instructive ex
hibition contains throo works that aro truly
fine from whntovor point of vlow they may be
considered. These nro tho "Bridge" No. 8;
"Floating Ico on the Selno," Np. 15. and
" Wlntor on tho Relno," No. 13. Very good, but
loss good than theso, nro " Tho Cliff Near Pmir
vlllo." No. 3; "The Wheat Field." No. 4; the
" Vlllngo." No. 0 : " Bollo Islo."No. G. and " rium
Blossoms," No. 10. Among tho others which
contain good qualities and poor qualities to
cothor nro Nos. 0. 7, 11. 18 and 21. If the
exhibition contained only the plcturos so far
namod, It would mako n far bolter impression. V
As It Is. wo turn from those and aro confronted a
with such muddy mixtures as "Fog at Pour- 1
vllle."N"o. 1; such a completely flat and cheap I
plocoof painting as "Autumn on the Seine." I
No. 14; such a falso-lookinc transcript I
as "Sunsot at Etrotut,"No. 10, or such an en- I
tlrely unattractive, nay. ugly, canvas as
"1'alalsesu, Dieppe," No. 12. And there are a
few others qulto as uninspiring. Including
"The Coast Guards' Houso." No. 22, whlcli.
with its tlnsol and mica-roofed cabin in ths
foreground. Illustrates what may hnppen to a
painter whose vision Is narrowed by a theory
and who pushes his theory to absurdity.
But if ono closes ono's eyes in passing
theso curious canvases, thero Is much enjoy
mont to be found in looking well at the others.
"Floating Ico on the Solne." for instance. Is
such a good, manly, truthful, righteous sort of
a picture that It docs much to heal the wounds
caused by the wicked aggressiveness ot soma
of tho others.
At tho Avery galleries. 363 Fifth avenue, the
annual exhibition of water colors by Walter
Launt Palmer is in progress. Tho tltlo for the
collection this year is " Snow Pictures," nnd
the exhibition will be open until Fob. 11. Five
of the twonty-flvo picturos depict bu tu
mor landscapes or views In Venice. All
tho others presont various effects ot
morning, noon, evening or night on snow
covered stretches of country, forests,
streams or mountains. Tho subjects as usual
have boen found In tho Cntskllls on tho
Hudson or In tho hilly country In the neighbor
hood of Albany. The pnly general comment
that may bo made on the exhibition is that tho
pictures aro hotter than in previous years, good
as the former exhibitions havo been, and that
Mr. Palmer, instead of painting himself out In
tho almost constant pursuit of tho samo classof
subjects, gains In forco. In apparent truthful
ness of ronditlon nnd In clovorness of handling.
"After tho Snow." No. 3; "Tho Rod Bridge."
No. 22; "The First Hays." No. 17; "Twilight '
No. 7, and "Sundown," No. 18. merit tho
highest prafso, though possibly In the last
namod composition tho wator of tho mill
pond reflecting the part of tho sky out
sldo of tho picture is too light for pic
torial unity. Almost equally if not quite as
excellent nre "In the Woods at Santanoni."
No. 14 ; " Know nnd Open Water." No. 0. and "A
Btono Bridge," No. 13. "La Salute at Night."
No. 24, is tho more convincing ot the two Inter-,
protatlons otthat subject, the other being "L
Saluto at Noon." No. 23, but both are very plo
turcsquo in arrangement and clovor in execu
tion. The Carneglo Institute of Pittsburg an
nounces that at its rocontly closed third annual
exhibition pictures representing a total value
of $20,800 were sold. Tho purchases consisted
of eighteen works, of which four wore by
Amorlcan artists. Thoro must bo something
l A m rt tf ah vipfl Mn hkA J.Awlf Jta. 4&
uiu inuuur wun mo promoters in mat
ambitious art centre, for tlio proportion leaves
much to bo dcslrod. Last yoar the sale of
sixteen pictures amounted to $20,819. and six
wore by Amorlcans, at homo or abroad.
Hurricane TVnrnlngs.
In July nnd August last ton woather observ
ing stations were established in tho West In
dies from Santo Domingo to Trinidad, and on
tho coasts ot Colombia at Barranqullla and
Colon. Congress authorized these stations
with tho special low of disseminating infor
mation of tho approach of tropical storms.
Within four months aftor tholr establishment
tho most southern of theso now stations wa
ablo on ono occasion to distribute most timely
nnd Important Information, and tho most
northern station sont still moro vital warning.
On tho morning of Sept. 10 tlio reports from
Port of Bpaln, Trinidad, showed that a hurrl
cano centro had dovolopod to tho south of the
Lesser Antilles nnd was moving northward.
Tho warnings Immediately sont out roaoheJ
Bridgetown, Barbados, about sevon houis be
fore tho arrival of tlio storm, which proved to
be the most torrlblo slnoo 1831, and seventeen
hours bcforo It burst upon Rt. Vlneent and Bt.
Lucia. It was long since Barbados had been
visited by n very destructive hurrlcano. and
many porsons had no faith In the reliability of
tho wnrnlng spread through Brldgotown.
whoro practically all tho shipping and com
mercial intoiests of tho Island aro centred. H
Those who acted Upon tho Information wore H
ublo to protect some of tho property that other- H
wise might havo beon lost. A numborof vessels fl
put to sea nnd escaped tho dancer of being torn H
from tholr moorings and wrecked on tho shore, Hj
as was tho case, with a considerable amount of jfl
shipping. Ah Bt. Vincent nnd Bt. Lucia had Hi
longer notice, tho warning was more helpful M
in those Islands than In Barbados, H
Tho second oceasioti was on bopt. 30, when a JS
ftorm doveloped near Banlo Domingo and
moved northwest to the hoiilh Atlantic coast fjS
of the I nlted Btntos, where it raged will
unusuai violence on Oct 2 Scores ot vest-is (
from Now Yoik to Charleston remained In p nt
until the storm, which did enormous dumnco fM
on thn Bouth Atl-intic coast, had subsl'l'l. !
Tho ilnnihlu Wrathrr Ileviir has printed vi ry em
Interesting facts on the distribution of the' H
warnings und tholr effects on the preservation
of properly HJ
Weather prognostication will require mu"h H
further development bcfoio reaching a high H
degree of OMictltudo; hut a cyclone ceniri B
may ho rcoognlznd in tho early stage ' fl
formation, nnd tho recent extension of ' !
vwather Horvlco, at no largo expense thr uu" flj
tlio tin rltory whore these great Hon- - H
lunto will provo one of its most useful fi-.it n H
Dr. Nntliaii V.. 'Wiind of llnston for Itnivvii f flj
Boston, Jan 28. -Thn llov. Nathan V. V I. H
1). 1) . past, i of tho l'lrnt Baptist Church u flj
Commonwealth avenue, has been munti'n d JMj
within the past few ikos life Hkoly to becunm I
thu next l'resiiliintuf Brown Unlveisity Hen 9
a man of ilioioiigh education, and in i linagi '
and New Virk lius been iileiillrted with m ty
ducatluniil ami pliilanthropluuntoriuihu l'J
has been connected In tiu past with educa
tional institutions as a teacher.
1

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