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vmday, MAiton a, isoo. Subscriptions by Stall, Fostpald. PAn.T.PtrUnnth SO BO DAILY, psr Tear 0 00 UNDAY, per Veer 00 DAILY AND BtWPAY. per Year 8 00 DAILY AND 8IJNDAY, pr Month 70 Postage to foreign cauntrlei added, Tn Bo, Raw York City. ranis Klosn,ue No. 12, ntir Grand Hotel, and Ilosque No, 10, PoaleTard dli Capuolne. 1 our frlevtt favor hi ritS manuseHpfl or ptiMicahon uti to on rtjteltd artkltl relurntd. thtu pil n all taul lend ttampl for Ualpurpois. f The Army Until 1001. If, Tho makeshift military establishment L' provided by tliu Sonnto nnd roliictnntiy I ft consented to by tho Houso in ordor to avoid ' , an extra session, is full of defects and a Bourceeof trouble Its fnultaconcornfundn j montal features as wall as points of detail. H Mr. Hull, In his speech advising: Its ! B acoeptanco as tho loss of two ovils, m pointed out tlmt even on tho important J jjj question of Its lncreaso of tho regular , r nrmy to 05,000 men, tho Attornoy-acnoral f and tho Judgo Advocnto Gcnoral dllTored. S ftl - Again, it is feared that tho amendment HJ . fastened on the bill by Senator Gon- . MAN, by breaking up tho army In 1001, 'tm tintcy exposo hundreds of officers who m havo been promoted meantime to tho i jjj vacancies created by it, to becoming f ffj supernumerary and being thrown out nl- 1 m together. Of course, Congress can como to t W their relief In some way, but tho risk, ijS , meanwhile, may prevent competent officers Pi from accepting promotion or worry them 5 If thoynccopt. It. '5 Tho provisional army calls for slx- i teen moro regiments than tho Hull bill required for nearly tho snmo numnor f P of men, besides a volunteer staff and j i the general ofllcors. It also opens many i I ' moro offices to tho rush from civil life. In I fl various less Important matters this hasty j I ploco of legislation contains fault aftor t fault, whllo It costs moro In proportion to j what It gives than the Hull bill for por- I la manontly enlarging and roorgantelng tho S army. Yet, as this bill will now becomo a 10 law, tho House having accepted It by a voto in of 203 against .'IS, It only remains to seo t ji what it will givo us during tho two years I y , and four months for which it provides. j ; j To begin with, it furnishes to tho Presi- t j dent an adequato force, as Mr. Hull said, , j for present needs, nnd In fact a numerl- js cnlly stronger army than tho Hull bill pro- !' .1 ' posed. That measure provided, at tho maxi- ! mum, 04,or2 enlisted men, whilo tho now lawwlllallow 100,000. Of these 05,000 may bo regulars and :15,000 volunteers, tho lnt- I tor organized Into twenty-seven regiments of Infantry and thrco of cavalry, with a Mb- If Jor-Goneral for each 12,000 volunteers and II a Brigadier for each 4,000. In tho regulars 11 the lncreaso of 3,000 enlisted men nbovo II tho present authorized war maximum of II 62,000 allows additions to each of tho ar I tlllery regiments, and Mr. Gorman's !I vicious amendment, which reducos tho H8 ' army after July 1, 1001, to tho num. !' ber authorized prior to April 1, 1809, fl --- excepts additions to tho artillery underthls nfl act. Tho regular army, also, secures its SJH, three-battalion organization for tho in- All' fantry, and whllo Its permanent promo- tj ; tions havo been cut down from thoso of tho .1 H Hull bill, tho now volunteer army will fur- f 1 1 nlsh many temporary ones, Including all ' I flj abovo tho grado of Major and a share of , fl , thoso below. "IB Another gnln will bo that of allowing the i H' Government to keep fnlth with the regulars Jj H and volunteers who nro entitled to their fl m dischargo at tho end of tho war with Bpuln. il II Tho bill also allows tho refc'ullstment, ns l 1 j volunteers, of troops now In tho Philippine (1 a " Islands, for six mouths or for such less II J , tlmo ns may bo necessary to roplaco them. yj I j Tho provision for a hundred additional 1 ji West Point cadets, including ten moro for ij I , tho President nnd ono for each Senator, is Ijll commondnblo, provldod tho next Congress V, 1 ' substitutes for tho present makeshift a yjl I j permanently enlarged and properly organ- II j) ; lzed regular nrmy. Wi3 F ft : Tho Trade of the Philippines. ftl In Consul Andhf.'s talk with a Sdn re- I J f porter, the other day, ho gave a striking Si i ! account of tho natural resources of tho Phll- fj U i Ipplnos, Tho possibilities of tho islands, jS I : ho said, oro tremendous. Although only Kj'j I ono-tcnth of Luzon Is now under eultivn- T I tlon, It produces nearly $10,000,000 a $j , year, and witii such careful development l&l :jj as Belgium has could produco twenty W , times as much. In tho Interior nro enor- ijij mous valleys luxuriant with vegetation; ; ) ! there aro precious metals, too, vast de- (' ij posits of coal, and great forests of vnltm- j bio woods. M. Andhe's estimate of tho I i present products of tho Island exceeds tho Jjj ' 'official figures, but ho Is confident tlmt the I 1 lntter aro too low. Of courso only a part A 2 'j of tho products aro exported. 1 J According to statistics compiled In tho H H f Agricultural Department, tho Imports of J J i tho Philippines for 1R04 wero $14,250,717 I' j and tho exports $10,541,812, whllo tho ex- i-v "j ports for tho fifteen years from 1880 to ij 1804, Inclusive, averaged $17,030,044 and I 'ij !, tho exports $20,520,001. In tho first third ti i c of this porlod the nggrognto of exports nnd , ,fJ k ,, Imports was $10,3.18,500 nnd In the Inst i( IJ f third only $35,578,087, so that tho decllno . I J ' oflntomaybofronklyndmltted. Mnnllacon- II I "- ducted nlwut three-fotnthsof thocommorce gl I nnd Hollo about n fifth, leaving only a 3J 'I twentieth for the remnlnlng ports, prlnci- j J pally Celiu nnd Znmbonngn, the port of jHj Mindanao, Great Britain alworlwd over a jj.jj third of the foreign trade, with over a sixth Jrj .; more for Hong Kong nnd other ports In 3i j China. Spain had over a sixth, while tho wS . United Stntes had nlout a tenth. These y.Wt ' four countries accounted for all but 15 per ij j rent, ofthetrndo; for whllo Germany occu- Itltif t plod tho fourth place in exports to tho Islnnds sho had only tho sixth place In Imports from thorn, According to Mr. Ahrtin, of tho Treasury .,.., Department, In 1800 Great Britain's Im- ,' j' s ports from tlm Philippines were valued nt ' n . $7,407,500; those of tho United States nt M 9 $ 1,082,857; Spnln'satS 1,500,000; Franco's i ,' at $1,087,000;. Japan's at $l,3R7,0O0;nor- ! Jjj s manv's nt $223,700, anil so down. Spain id j i was llrst In ixports to tho islands, with i i ' $7,700,000, followed by Great Britain, with iff $2,407,000; France, with $1,705,000 ;Ger. ijf t many, with $744,028; Belgium, with Am t $272,240; theUnltedStntes, wlth$ltl2,440; !,' ? China, with $08,782. Thus Spain, with ' J Jaws mado In hor own Interest, Imposed her 'H goods on tho Islands, but lought littlo jj from thom, whereas wo sent thorn llttlonnd ' H bought much. Hereafter our products and JL 7 i& manufactures Trill stand a bettor ehanco ot finding their way thither, whllo wo shall lncreaso our Imports. Turning to 1807, wo find tho estimates of exports for that year put atovor $41,000, 000, Including over $18,000,000 forhomp, about $13,000,000 for sugar, nearly $4, 500,000 for copra, nnd about tho snmo for tobacco, cigars nnd cigarettes, leaving about $1,000,000 for miscellaneous prod ucts, bucIi ns coffeo. Indigo, dyowood, cordage, gums and mothor-of-pcarl shells. Tho rolotlvo values woro thus not greatly changed from 1804, whon homp and sugar constituted fully three-fourths of tho ox ports, copra, tobacco, cigars and cigarettes one-fifth, nnd other products, among them coffeo and hides, tho remnlnlng twentieth. In 1804 two-fifths of tho Imports woro cot ton manufactures and one-fourth agricul tural products, chlotly wines, rice, flournnd canned goods. As for our own commorco with tho Philip pines, it has fallen off of Into years. In 1884 It renched a maximum of over $12, 500,000, nnd six years later It again wont up to $11,714,002; but in 1807 it hnd dropped to $4,478,337 for oxports nnd Im ports combined, tho lowest on record for nearly thirty years. Taking tho ton years from 1888 to 1807, tho last llvo show nn avcrago of $0,188,400, against $8,010,050 for tho llrst llvo. Eyon at that tho trado has been mostly ono of imports, moro than nlnoteen-twentleths ot thom sugar nnd homp, although wo havo taken small quan tity of coffee, Indigo, tobacco and cigars, hats, hides, and so on. Our maximum ex ports In nny ono year amounted to $304, 008, und that nearly twoscoro years ago, whllo In 1884, whon our maximum of Im ports, $12,330,531, was reached, wo ex ported less than $200,000 to tho Islnnds. In 1807, when our Imports had fallen to $4, 383,740, our oxports were only $0 1,507. AH this should now bo chnnged. Our Manila correspondent hns written of tho days when "nearly nil tho business of tho Islnnds was In tho hands of Amerlcnns tho great flrmsof IIusselii it Co., Pef.le, Hun iiRiiii & Co., and Waiinbr, Blodoett it Co. handled nearly nil tho hemp and sugnr produced." With laws mado by Spain In her own interest overthrown nnd American enterprise revived wo may expect a return of our formor trade there. For many years mineral oil has been our only export of consequenco to tho Philippines, but hence forth wo shall send many products to' them. Wo shnll also develop their re sources, and not only w 111 sugar and homp bo produced moro abundantly, but coffeo will probably bo grown far moro freoly, whllo coal, Iron and copper may bo put to good nccount, nnd tho tropical fruits, grains nnd forests made to yield their wealth. In tho hands of America, said tho Soleil of Purls, " Manila, with Its magnificent bay, will become tho rival of Hong Kong." Wo may hope, that all tho Islands will show a development worthy of their chief port. The Truo Story of Important Recent Kvcnts In Samoa. Tho reports of German policy respecting Samoa aro alternately of outrageous ng gression on tho part of tho Berlin Govern ment's agents nnd of apparently Im pulsively generous demonstrations on tho part of thnt Govornment Itself, like tho sudden withdrawal of tho KalScrin Augusta, for Instance, and tho conciliatory request that tho United States shall look out for German Interosts nt Apia. It Is as Impossiblo to Ignoro tho signifi cance of tho acts of tho German Govern ment's agents autl servants in Samoa as It Is unpleasant to discredit tho sincerity of tho protestations of tho German Govern ment through Its higher diplomatic repre sentatives. Tho results nro confusing, in consistent, contradictory. Tho truo motive of Germany, tho mainspring of German action in Samoa, Is likely to remain in dark ness until illiimlnntcd by fututo events; and the same thing may bo said of the Ger man performances at Mnnlla, and somo other Incidents of tno general policy of Berlin In the Puclilc. Tho recent conflict of interests at Samoa has been overshadowed In somo degree by tho larger International questions occupy ing tho attention of our Government and people. Yot for two reasons tho Apia nfTuir of 1800 deserves tho most careful investiga tion and the closest study at Washington. One renson Is that tho assortlon of Amer ican rights in, Samoa, ten years ago, at tho timo whon tho proper maintenance of thoso rights brought us mighty near to actual war with Germany, was our first notice to tho world that this nation considered thnt its ting had a placo in tho great ocenn west of us. The original Samoan question wus tho preludo to tho annexation of Hawaii, to tho acquisition of a foothold in tho Ladrones, to tho retention of tho Philip pines, and to tlio whole policy of expansion which lias now been so clearly foinulated by President McKinley, Admiral Dewey and tho fortune of war. Tho other renson for keeping Samoa In sight is that this nation is directly responsible for tho peace and good government of Uioro Islnnds, under tho trlpnrtlto agreement omlxxlled in tho treaty of Berlin; nnd thnt fio responsibility and duty of Mr. McKi.s iiEY's Administration uro In no way raodl flod by tho circumstance that Mr. Cleve land and his Secretary of State, Judge Gkesiiam, did their utmoht, during tho second term of Cleveland, to uvudo the responsibility nnd Ignoro tho duty. Fioiii two prominent participants In tho occurrences following Chief Justice Ciiam HEits'H decision in favor of Maliltoa. Tanu und against Mataapa and his Gorman promoters nnd supporters, wo havo ro rceolved elaborate narratives. Ono tor sion comes from n person, strongly im pressed with tho justice of tho deci sion which led to the outbreak, and tho rightfulness of the attitude assumed by American nnd British officers, civil and na val. Tim other vet slon comes from u souroo not Gorman, but hyuipatlil.lng otrongly with Mataai'a and Hie (ionium side of tho present controvert As might Im sup posed, tho two htorlcs conflict frequently with regard to mutters of fact, and abso lutely and Irreconcllubly with regard to matters of Infnrenco or opinion. Neverthe less, they nro both usoful In separating from the tangle tho main facts ubout which there Is no question, On tho last day of last year Chief Jtrntleo CllAMUEiw decided, ufter an investigation nnd judicial hearing lasting for cloven days, thnt although Mataai'a hud received a ma jority of tho natlvo votes for King of iho islnnds ho wus ineligible, und tlmt young Malietoa Tanu, tho bon of Mametoa Lauvefa, wiis tho rightful King. It may bo romombered that tho Berlin treaty of 1880, to which our Govornment, Great Britain and Germnny wero tho par ties, recognized Malietoa IiAurEi'A ns King of Samoa, und provldod thnt his suc cessors should bo " duly elected according to tho luws nnd customs of Samoa." It established a Supreme Court of Justice, and provided tho, way fn whioh tho Chief Justlco should bo Bolocted. At present tho Chief Justlco happens to bo an American, Judgo CitA.tnr.ns; ho holds that offico, howovor, not as a roprosonta ttvo of tho United States, but ns tho repre sentative of tho tronty and tho threo sig natory powers. His jurisdiction with re gard to tho election of a King Is sot forth In tho sixth section ot Artlclo 3: "In cut nr qne-tlon shnll htreattxr ri In Bmo rriptictlni the rightful appointment and election ot Ktnm or nr other chief claiming thoritr OTtr the ItUnde, or respecting the-villdltr of the power which the Klngor nr chief mar olAltn In the eierclee of lit office, inch qneitlon thill not lead to war, but ibalt be presented for declelon to tha Chief Jnitlce ot Samoa, who ahall decide It In writing conformably to the I rottalona of this act and.to the laws and cuitomi of Samoa not In con flict therewith, and tha ilgnatorr Oorernmcnta wilt accept and abide bjr ench declnlon." And the second section of tho samo article provides: "Ills (the Ohief Juttlce'el drclilon upon qnettloni within his jurisdiction shall be Onal," Upon tho submission to Chief Justlco CiiAMnmm of tho question respecting tho rightful election or a King, both contost nnts ngroed In writing to nbldo by tho de cision. Tho judicial grounds upon which ho decided against Mataafa and for Malie toa Tanu nro not strlotly pertinent to tho question nt present, If tho question was within his jurisdiction and his jurisdiction was final. His decision of Doc. 81 wns communicated in writing to tho Consuls of tho United States, of Grent Britain nnd of Gormnny. Tho Biltlsh Consul and tho Amorlcnn Consul acknowledged tho receipt of tho decision for their respective Govern ments, nnd recognized Malietoa Tanu ns tho lawful King of Samoa. Tho copy sent to the Gorman Consul was never acknowl edged, nnd tho German Consul, Von BOlow, nnd tho German President of tho Munici pality of Apia, lUrriiL, refused to recognlzo Malietoa. Thorenf tor they mndo common causo witii tho Mntaafa faction. This old Snmonn chief !? somewhat of a horolc flguru in Sumonn history on nccount of his efforts to save tho lives of tho Bailors on tho foreign warships nt tho tlmo of tho memorable hurricano In Apia Bay. In tho troubles of ten years ago ho. wns regarded by tho Gormnns us their chief enemy nmong tho native lenders, nnd at tliu time of tho negotiation of tho Berlin treaty Count HunnEKT Birjiaiick insisted that Mataafa should bo regarded forever as ineligible- for tho throno ot Samoa. Itoccntly, howovor, Mataafa scorns to havo supplnnted Tam asere ns tho chief natlvo representative of German influence nnd Gorman interests. As n claimant of the throno ho has hnd tho support of tho old followers of Tamasese, whllo tho Gorman officials at Apia havo been open and even delimit in promoting his Insurrection ngnlnst tho authority or tho Supromo Court of Justice. It is proper to add thnt, very unfortunntely, religious differences of opinion havo entered Into tho factional divisions nmong tho natives. Tho population ot Samoa is ubout 35,000. Roughly speaking, thero nro about 5,000 Wesloynns, ubout 25,000 who nro nttachod to tho London Mission ohurches and ubout 5,000 Roman Catholics. Malietoa Lau tepa was n Protestant, and so is his son Malietoa Tanu. Mataafa has beca a Catholic sinco his childhood. All these religious nnd political consider ations aro apart from tho question whether tho decision of tho Chief Justlco is or Is not final, according to tho treaty of Berlin, nnd whether tho refusal of the German repre sentatives In Samoa to accept that decision was or was not a direct violation of tho Bnmo treaty. Tho next step of tho Mataafa party was tho Insurrection of Dec. 31 und of Jan. 1 and 2. Ono of our Informants nsserts posi tively that tho armed assault of Mataafa's troops upon the central portion of Apia was led In person by the German Consul, Von Bulow. Our other Informant, ho who has sympathized with Mataafa and tho Germans, denies squarely that Von Bulow participated in any nttack on tho Tivoll Hotel, near tlb shore, where tho Chief Justice aud tho newly proclaimed King had taken refuge. We shnll allow our Informnnt on Mataa fa's bUIo to toll tho story of tho formation of tho so-called Provisional Government, nnd tho attempted overthrow of tho Su premo Court established by the treaty ; " At daylight Ion Jan. 21 the Invadlim force entered the town with a mall, and looting became pencr.il. Many hous belonging to piopln especially ob noxious to the Mataafa party were burnod to the ground and other houses were marked to be carried vvay bodily later on. The women and children of thedrfcat'd pirty had taken refuge in tho diurch opposite the hotel aad on the Uisalon grounds. Pil lagora were kept out of the church during tho 'Jd. but un the ad they entered tho church and took awiy pretty much all that was of any value to its orenpants. "On the 3d a provisional government was pro claimed, consisting of Mataafa and thirteen of Ills priniipat chiefs, with President IU ki. as Executiv e. This Government wus rucogulzcd by all tho Consuls, On the nth Pre.i lent IltFFr.L, acting for tho Provisional Government, nflfialtu cloud tht supreme t'aur . and on the morning of the 7th ho received a notice signed by (.'apt. Htvhdtf. and Consul Maxse Illritisbl saving that at midday the. court would bo reopened by Mr. CiUMiirns. and that the ship would protect htm with a guard aud would nre on the town If any reslstanco was male. "At noun Ciiasiiikkk, Consul Mixsic and tha Ameri can Consul, Osnnitn, appeared, accompanied by a guard 41 r tuentv.rtvc men, demanding the koys of tho Court House. Dr. It it rF.u said Uo would not give them up; that by un irijurrrrMon rAe itupU htui oeer thrown tht rn.ion tft court anil the Chi Jultc with it; that in dilngso a va"ancy hat been created, which, according to the treaty, he was commissioned to fill; that now, as Acting Chief Jnstlru, ho llUriri.) had tbe right to the kovs of tho Court House." The proclamation of Dr. Raffel's Pro visional Government closing tho Supromo Court which tho Berlin treaty erected had been plucnrded 011 Jan. 0, In English, on tho same poster containing tho Insurrectionist proclamation In Knmnnn. Here it Is; runi.io noticf. "It is made kuuwn herewith that the Supreme Court is clohtid and shall nut 1 leopened until further order f rim tbeO ivernment. "The I'Rorisiusti. (iovr.HNMr.NT or Samoa, " AriA, .la 1. 11, isim," " I lc fmag-tlo o lo Main n Samoa :ia f sattilna I net ona po, iu faiMila-ilaatu net uafaapea; "0 la Fale n Fuuma lnoga Hill, ua punltla uel, ua le tod titalama so la iloga o bj poloalga a le Malo o Hamoa ua faatuinv i ona po net. " () le Male Samoa ua faatnlua 1 nel ona po. "MtiMNUC, .lanuarl 11, t8li." The weuk point, nnd tho only weak point in tliu course of tho American nnd British Consuls, seems ut this distutico to huvo been their recognition of tho Provisional Government, so called. Wo believe thnt Judgo CiiAMiiEitH has explained to tho several Governments concerned thnt this rocognitlon was duo to u desire to preserve peaco and order In municipal ufTuirs tempo rarily wlillo the troops of Mataafa were lit nctuiil occupation of Apia and to avert further bloodshed und plunder; und thnt It wns dlbtiuctly understood by the British nnd American Consuls thnt such recognition did not in any wny ntToct the Bupromucy of tho Berlin treaty or tho poworof the Chief Justlco orofuny other offiv'f noting under the treaty. Vtt the lirstuctof thoPtovlglunalUovcrn- mentwas tho armed solr.uro of tho Imporinl Court HotiBO and the attempted dismissal Of tho treaty Chief Justice, Dr. Raffel proclaiming himself ns Chlof Justlco on tho strength of Mataafa's nrmed rebellion ngnlnst tho lawful authorities. Supported by sailors from tho British mnn-of-wnr In tho harbor, Chlof Justlco Chambers took possession of tho Court House nnd declared Ids court still open. Thoso nro tho vital facts In tho case Af ter ronding thom, oven as stated abovo by ono of tho most prominent non-German up holders of tho Insurrection, can nny Amorl cnn doubt that Mr. Chambers Is still tho Chlof Justlnoof Samoa, that Malietoa Tanu r tho lawful Klngof Samoa, thatlf an Amer ican vessel hnd been present Its commnnder would havo noted precisely ns tho English Captain, SromiEE, acted, and In coopera tion with him, or that Germnny owes to tho other slgnntory powers adequato repa ration for tho Insolent and outrageous acts of Itn agents in helping to upset by vlolcnco tho Government established In Samoa by tho treaty to which Germany is a party? Nicaragua's Rebellion. Tho rovolt of Reyes ngnlnst tho Govern ment ot President Zf.laya hns beon short lived. Gen. Estrada found no difficulty In dofcntlng aud dispersing tho Insurgent forces around Blueflelds, whore tho rebel lion broko out, and Gen. Reyes, their lender, surrendered voluntarily to Cnpt. Burnt of the British cruisor Intrepid and Commander Symonds of our gunboat Mari etta, who hnd asked tho Govornment to ngreo to spuro tho lives nnd property ot tho rebels on their capitulating. This result Is satisfactory to our author ities on sovcral accounts. Tho revolt was on tho Gulf const, not far from tho lino of tho Nicaragua canal, nnd It wns feared thnt damage might bo dono to , American property nt Greytown. Again, nt Blueflelds thero Is vnlunblo property, In cluding wharves nnd buildings, belonging to American fruit companies, und Reyes was also, It Is said, ubout to eolzo a steamer in tho fruit trndo, whon Commnnder Sy monds interfered nnd nllowed her to tnnko her trip to Now Orleans. It was found dif ficult, too, for our Government to commu nicate with tho Mnriettn, nnd stops hnd to bo tnkon to find whothor our messages woro interfered with by the Government or by tho robots. Tho whole nffnlr, In fact, dovcloped strik ingly tho importanco of our rotations with Nicaragua. Tho Hull of Kecords. There wns submitted for approval to tho Municipal Assembly, which has boon other wise engaged with matters of no public Importance, nt its meeting of Tuesday, a lioiid issue authorized by tho Board ot Estimate and Apportionment on Fob. 3 of S2, 100,000 for tho construction (In con formity with tho provision of chapter 50 of the Laws of 1807) of a new Hall of Rec ords. It is just thrco years ago, (n March, 1800, that tho Grand Jury of that term, after a careful examination into the matter, mado n formal presentment against tho present Hull of Records, condemned, in turn, by tho Firo Department, tho Health Department, tho Building Department, by Judges, lawyers, litigants nnd nil per sons having official business there, as dan gerous, unsanitary, and unsuttcd for tho Important uses to which It Is still put. Tho nrchnic charactor of tho primitive structure wns forcibly pointed out. It was "a build ing constructed with wooden ceiling," nl thougli for tho safekeeping of tho deeds nnd records and mortgages of Now York, aggregating thousands nf millions of dol lars. The public was told of tho "stor ing in wooden cases nnd on wooden shelves (without nny pretcnen of precau tion against fire) of tho lnvnlunblo real estate records;" tho "stairway leading from ono floor of thisbuildlug to another of wood, nil material In uso seeming to bo of Inllnmmnblo character nnd tho entire build ing so constructed thnt It will bo Impos siblo to snvo nny of tho records of which it Is the storehouse" The Grand Jury con cluded: "When It is remembered that the muniments of titles to the real estate of this city and county aro stored in this building, it is appalling to coiiiem jilato tho Incalculable loss and irremediable con tusion and uncertainty over titles which would be Involved in its destruction." Not until a month ago, nearly threo years after tho presentment from which wo havo quoted, was anything dono to savo tho records of real estate conveyances, mortgages nnd cancellations which tho vast real estnto Interests of New York demand bhould be in a 11 reproof building. In answer to on Inquiry from a corre spondent, whether the Secretary of tho Treas ury, by paylnu tho domain! obligations of the Government In silver, has tho power to put the country on n silver bnsls, the Krrning Post nravoly Informs its remlors "Ifeeould. Sliver Is legally nsgood as gold." This is absolutely untrue. Silver is not legally as good as gold, because It la not colnablo In unlimited quan tities n9 gold Is. Silver dollars nre. Indeed, legally as good as gold coin, hut their colnngo being limited, they possess a llatvalue, making them equal to cold coin, and far exceeding that of the Mlvnr they contain, l'.iyment In thom. Instead of In gold coin, by the Government, would be moroly a suspension of gold pay ments, nnd would be far from putting tho coun try on a sliver basis. Action in furthornnco of building tho Nicaragua Canal is the moat Important work still undone, by Congress. It should not he left undono. Wo cannot speak for England, but wo think vvo can speak for America In saying that there Is 110 living man out of ofllco for whom nn entire community, doctors, morchants, law yers, snllors. soldiers, policemen, flromon and elevator boys, loafors and laborers of nil aces, sizes. Kinds nnd circumstances, would havo foil tho personal nnxloty and concern excited in this country by tho illness of Hudyaud Kipi.iko. Tho satisfaction at tha prospect of Kin.lNo's recovery Is, therefore. Intense nnd general I'.nvlablo Indeed In the man of whom this can bo said. Doetot E. Benjamin Andrews, lately Pres ident of Drown University, nnd now the Super intendent of the Chicago schools, confronts his critics In that city In this peculiar tempor; "I admit that I am gulltrnf almost every crime that can bn charged to man, but I am tntltcly Inno cent of Iho ch.irgo that I prevented the salary In ert ase this year." One has to conclude that Doctor Anphews needs looking after. Hurt lint Spelling. To nir KniTon or Tub Su.v sir- In Tht Sun of Feb. 27, In speaking of Fino Arts Throe. "X" ears. "'Ihls class in flue art-. Iiimo iv the Urgent in tho unlvortlly, having fully aoo mumlxirs. ' IIU siate im'iit U'lUlto untrue, fur etactly lTcl Members nf lh university niyseir Include.! ate enrolled In tho I'airse this y ar. Fine Arts Tuuw hat lost Us vaunted ptest go since Prof. Norton loctuiei no more. Let us nope, for the ssku or Harvard s high stand ard of English. a well" fort he. inuili of Auirrlca and his long cnctlshed spelling iiooa. that " X ' Is as inUisken about his spelling autistic as ho is slxiul the size and popularity of Flue Arts Three A Mi-unr.n or I'im. Aura ruuiE. Oauubidoi:, Mass , Feb. 2a, V TRBTIlta A Tftur qvx. It Is or 10 Inches Cnllbrc, and Hnrla A Hlchlr Kxplnslve Projectile. Inthocoutse of tho discission of tho Naval Approptlatlon bill In tho Sonnte on Wodnoday flonntor Hunnn ofTorod nn amendment appro priating WfiO.OOO nnd authorizing tho Secre tary of tho Navy to purchnoe from tho Gnth mnnn Gun Company of Chicago two guns ot 10-Inch calibre nnd capable ot throwing shells containing MM) pounds or moro of wot guncot ton. The guns and their equipment, according to fionntor Ilnnnn. wero especially adapted for harbor dofonca monitors. Each gun was to cost not moro than $02,500. Tho amendment was finally chanced so ns to lenvo the matter to tho discretion of tho Bcerotnry of tho Navy, and It wns passed, with the rostot tho bill, In thnt form. Tho Gnthmnnn gnu Is n now Idea, and It was put to test first sovornl months neo at Indian Head and nt tho Sandy Hook proving grounds. 80 far as enn bo learned. Mr. Gnthmnnn novor hnd a gun built according to his plans, but shells or torpedoes embodying the principles thnt tho inventor wishes to establish wero tested In the ordinary cuns ut tho testing grounds. The new gun contemplates tho uso of n torpedo or explosive projectile nt grent de structive powor. Ono of tho drawbacks to tho uso of high explosives hnH been thnt It Is noc ossary to uso gront powor to give tho shnll nil cqunto muzzlo velocity Another drawback Is the necessity of making the shell thick so that it mny not burst premnturely. Tho thickness ot tho walls of tho shell limits tho quantity of explosive material that can bo placed Insldo. Mr. Gnthmann's object, thoroloro. Is to pro vid a nrojectllo having a sholl of minimum weight and containing n maximum quantity ot explosivo material to bo thrown moro ncou rutoly and to a creator dlstaneo than It hns boon possible to hurl such explosives In tho past WBAinKR xtvnvAV cnop bvlkkiix. Winter tVhent Injured by ttin Febmnry Frreieiln Jinny Htntes. WAsniNOTON. March 2. A spoclnl VTcathor Bureau crop bulletin Issued to-day snys: Summaries relating principally to tho condi tion of wlnter-whoat nt tho closoof l'obruary nnd based upon n large number of reports collected by officials in charge of Stnto eontros of tho climate and crop service indicate that ovor a Inrgo part of tho principal winter wheat niea tho crop wns exposed to very unfavorable weather conditions. Tho reports Indlcnto that tho early sown wns In bettor condition nt tho closo of February than thnt soeded Into. Tho crop soems to hnve experienced most unfavor able conditions In Oklahoma, Iowa. Michigan and New York, the northern iiortlon of Mis souri, Illinois nnd Indiana, northwestern Ohio, ntul renttul and enstcrn Tennessee. In Toxus tho eiop made but littlo growth, nnd the dam age resulting from the severe freeze will bo bo grent thut many lleh's will bo ploughed up. " In Knnsas tho early sown hns been but lit tlo injured, nnd over tho southern portions of Missouri. Illinois, Indiana nnd Ohio tho condi tion ot the crop Is generally promising, while In West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland nnd Virginia, owing to nmplo protection afforded bv snow, the icporls ns to tho condition of wheat nre encouraging. "In Oregon nnd Wnshlnetonthocoldwenthor of tho llr-t hnlf of the month was unfavorable. In northern California tho condition ot tho crop Is promising, but rain Is now urpontly needed to save It over a large part of thobtnte. CLAIMS AHAiyST sl'.lf.V. Thoso tho United Mntrs Sflll IIrtv to Settle Now Amount In SSS9, (100,009. Washington. March 2. In'nntlclpntfon of the perfection of the peaco treaty by the ex change of ratifications, the Hollcitorof the Stnto Department U prerarlng a list of claims rre sented to the department by American cltl rens for damages on nccount of Injuries to lives and property received in tho formor In sular possessions of Spain. Since tho ending of the war these claims have Increased In amount from S2il.000.000 to $20,000,000. L'ndsr tho terms of the peace ttcaty all claims of American citizens againHt Spain nre to be settled by tho United Stntes Government nnd all claims of Spanish subjects against tho United Stntes will bo settled by tho Govern ment of Spain. Tho explanation mude recent ly In Thk Sun in connection with the liability of the United States for damogo caused by tho Manila II ro applies to claims made by Ameri can cltlzonx against Spain for Injuries In dicted by tho Cuban Insurgents. Unlets It can be shown thnt the Spanish troops ejuld hno prevented damaso Inflicted on Amerlcnn Interests, this Government, in assuming Span ish obligations for indemnity, will not be ro sjvon&ible for payment of sucn claims. To facilitate the preparation nnil disposition of claims cases tho State Department has pre pared a circular fur tho Information of ?lalm unts, which explains how claims should bo prepared and prosented. The cireulnr con tains a set of rules directing how the memo rial ot n claimant eliould be prepared. nn: Aiir.rsaToy estate. A Proposition to Ilnve It Ceded Ilnrk to the Government by VJrclnlti. Washington. March 2. Senator McMillan, Chairman of tho Senate Oommltteo on tho Dis trict of Columbia, has submitted to tho Sen ators from Virginia n proposition which It Is hoped will he considered and acted upon by tlie Legislature of that Stnte bororo tho meet ing of tho Fifty-sixth Congress In Decembor next. The Senator's suggestion In one that ho embodied in a bill two years ago. but tho Vir ginia Congress delegation were not at thnt time disposed to recolvo It favorably. Tho proposition Is to hnve tho Virginia Legislature eedo back to tho United Stntes a portion of the tract of the Virginia land which formerly formed a part of the District of Colum bia. Tho Potomac Itiver Is at present tho southern boundary of tho District, or rntlier the Virginia thoru of tho river, nndSenutor McMillan's plan would place the line just fnr enough south to take In the Arlington estate, where the Federal cemetery is located, and which Is now owned by tho Government. It is argued thnt if Virginia should adopt tho sug gestion Improvements would result in tho wny of better ronds. Ac, thnt would greatly en hance tho taxable value of the contiguous land and amply repay the State tor hor saciifleo. Help for Victims of the Indian I'lncue. To Titr F.niTon or Tins Kun .Vi'r May I ask, In tha namo of humanity, for the Insertion of tho fol lowing appeal: The dreadful diseasa known as the " Iiubonio Plague " broke out nvo or six months ago In tho town of Uangalnre (South India), Since tlmt tlmo it has been racing, and la still raging. In the, kingdom of Mysore, with a fierceness that batScn description. More than 24,000 people hare been carried off by it in tho city of ltsngaloro alune. To glvo tho exact numbers of tbe victims through out the kingdom of Mysore is an abolute Impossi bility. How many poor littlo children havo thus become orphans and are exposed to misery and starvattonl Thoso who know India understand what Iualan misery means. Will any generous snd kind hearted people of New York corns to tho assistance of those. poor crestnres and preventthem from dying of starvation I Their reward will be great in heav en. Subscriptions will be tbsnkfully received by the IlBV. B. HCIIMITT, M, A. ejfl Wmt 14.0th iTBErr, Naw York, March 2, A Ilninrd Orange Grower Offera Advice, To the Etiiion or Tint Box .Vir Wo havo lost our orange groves and It is doubtful if Florida will ever produco or.inges ouough to supply tho demand, I would llkn tocotnmunicate withpariios who might wish to cnao In that Industry in Cuba, I could give them points which would unable them to make a fortune. Have had fifteen jian' etperieuce and on furnish tho best of refereui os. C I.. Smith. 1'jhona, Fta., 1 eb. I'd, I'nrk Department Sinecures. To Tiir F.niTon or Tint ttSir: I noticed an article In your cntrrprUing new sjupor last Sunday relative to tbe many almcures now held by many omteholdors under tho pre sen tl'ark Coin mission ers, and the little return given by the men who draw such large salaries. Tho Uliorcrs of thn Park Dj jiartiniut are oily paid $).',) per daj. Home sal ar.is. ruughig imiu l,'Jotu Jil.too per annum, ar iuvrasid whllea laborer who givis an bouesi latum lora meau pay la sulijected to loiluctlnu Wh is not t le l'srk If ard compelled to anolish 1011011I tlm o . llui s wl i uarool no bouelit tot lib piulic. itndlustia I of thuUruappiuprUtion btlng t ipundcd 011 so mui) orrue wider wmis" services a:a uo, required, win not give tlm Fark labon r, who Is iho only one thit nally isrnshls utile pa, steady empljjinent aim jiayi.ient ath law ducts, namo ly. t'i per day a C issr.M Hcaiier. Mtm II 1 Mnllm.m, To THr Kuitiii oi I'iik Hut ,S"if It's all very well, and If this Mohneux fi How did the poisoning, by all means let him In snufTid out, as jnu Yan kees phrase it; but If his p-nmauship is the con clusite eviileme sgainut lum.lt Is worth recalling that Sir Henry llasrk. us mow Lord llrampton., unu ot tho greatest criunusl jurists thas-tiio world has known, iuVlii to ssy mat horn w..r Mireo grades of jaeudaclous persons liais, d d liars, snd ci lert wituess s. C. Uolll.0.1, tiny Yuan, t'eb. at). w TllK PARTT- OP CANADA. ' A New nnd Aggressive t'ollllent Develop ment In the Dominion, Monthkau March 1, As tho dlsausslon over tho fnlluro ot thn Joint High Commission to nrrivoat nny sottlomont proceeds, the moro It rovenlsjho growing dlssntlstnctlon with both tho old political parties and their loaders. It Is Impossiblo to dignity with tho title of argu ments tho fn qnogum which tho old party Jour nals nro freely throwing nt each other, and from which tho now generation of Canadians nro turning In disgust. Tho Internal nnd et tornnl nffnira alike of this country hnve beon brought Into such n slnto ot contusion thnt somo Issue will havo to bo found botoro very long If troublo Is to bo averted. Yet. with all that Is facing thom. tho party lenders havo only tho old thrcndbnro speeches with which to meet n grnvo nntlnnnl emergency. Doth tho old political partlos In Cnnndn aro disintegrating. I might go evon furthor and say thnt one, tho old Tory, Is disintegrated ; tho other, tho Littoral, Is In process. The younger men of Canada whoso carcors hnvo been blocked by tho results of Tory rulo nnd subservlonce to alien Influences am looking about them, and aio apparently getting rendy tostriko out on now linos for themselves, nnd to form a now pnrty whoso watchword will bo "Canada for Canadians." This was to be ox pectod after tho com pic to failure ot Sir Wilfrid Laurior to respond to tho high expectations ho raised throughout the country during tho olectoral camKilcn ot 1800. It is truo that many thon doubted whether circumstances would permit him to carry out In Its Integrity tho policy which ho devoloped In his numerous nnd highly npplnuded spooches nnd thoro was an Inclination to bo charitable toward his pos sible shortcomings, but vory few woropropared for the almost cynical abandonment by him of alt effort to enrry out tho pledges ho mndo in ordor to gain tho popular suffrage. Whether hosnwthntanynttomptto change tho eourso of tho ship of State Into n smoother chnnnol would bo fruitless, and thnt tho only ehanco to kcopstoorngo way on It was to aceolorato thn speed through tho rnplds In which Cannda Is now tossing, must bo left to tho future to ro veal. As things nro It needs n skilful hand to guide the country through tho troubled water In which tho adjournment of tho Joint High Commission has left it. It may bo said that tho Interest In tho pro posed meeting ot tho commission In August is purely academic. Tho general impression Is thnt It will not meet again, certainly not under the snmn circumstances ns whon it adjourned. Tho feeling fs that tho opportunity is now nllordod Canada of taking entirely In hand tho control of Its own destiny. On this point I will uuoto a passage from nn artlclo In tholastuum bor of Ertnl. a vigorously written organ of tho nung Nationalist party published in Ottawn. Speaking ot tho failure of the commission. It Bays: If a treaty could bo concluded that would be hon orable and credltablo to both countrle-t. ono that would result in mutual beneut and mutual respect on tho jiart of the American and Canadian peoples. It should be welcomed in this country as a blessing nndna tliu oarncst of an International friendship; but there appeara to bo littlo hope of such a treaty at present or In the near future. Of coune, it is al most treason to express the ojiinlou. but it Is moro than probable that a settlement would bo more easily reached could Canada go to Washington with berownfrio and plcnlpotent'ary credei.t'als to ar range a treaty. Hvcn tho Ciuadlin peoplo them selves or a goodly portion of them aro unduly Jealous of their interests being sacrificed on account of tho well-known and ofteu-expressed desiro of the Imperial authorities to secure a treaty at any cost. This Is i fairly accurate statement of Cana dian feeling on th.- matter, ns woll among French ns among English-speaking Canadians. One requires to havo lived some time In this country to understnnd how completely Impe rial considerations have had preeedenco over colonial interests of latn jears. The sacrifices that this policy hns entailed huve bepn heavy, nnd the people aro no longor Inclined oven It they woro in a position to continuuto mako thom. Tho wisest courso for the British Govern ment to pursue at this juncturo would appear to bo to como to eome direct understanding with tho Canadian by which the latter could treat independently with Washington, without tho intervention of a third party. Tho regret table accident which has deprived the British Government of tho services and'exporieneo of Lord Mernchcll affords tho opportunity for allowing the next meeting of tho commission, if it is to Hike place, to bo a purely Amorican C'amullaii delegation. Such an arrangement would bo Aory fivorably considered on this side of tho hnundarv. nnd might avert conse quences which tho too urgent lnslhtenco of alien tutelage Is not uulikoly to produco. Tlie Aincricnnlzntlon of Santiago. George Kennan in the Outlook. I was grraily interested In seeing how rapidly the town is becoming Americanired. A ragged Cuban bootblack shoutod at me, "Shine? Shine 'em up?" How these Sautlago street araba have acquired pro rlsely tho words, voice, tone and pronunciation of the ferrj boat bootblacks in Now York I dou't know; but they have. Many of thom can also count in Kuglish, and, I am sorry to ssy. swear fluently lti the same language. Half tbe street boys In tho city can whistle our buglo calls, "After the Ball" and "Tho Star-Bpaugled Banner." I hajipenei, a night or two ngo, Just before sunset, to tie standing on the edge of the parade ground In front of tho Fifth Infantry barracks when "Re treat" wss sounded and the national colors were slowly lowered to tho rnuslo of "The btar-Bpangled Banner." A largo number of dirty, raggod street urchins, of all ages, sUes and complexions, hsd as sembled to watch tho drill and the dress parade. Tho Instant that the band struck up "The Star Hjiangled Banner" and the Meg began to descend slowly from Its staff every boy who woro a hat or a cap promptly took It off and stood bareheaded In irspectfnl silence until the ceremony ended. I don't know what they thought nor how much they under stood, '.ut I am told that they begun this practice months ago of their own accord, when they first no ticed that American bystanders followed it, and that they havo strictly observed the custom ever since, Thero can be 110 doubt, I thluk, that American cus toms, American Ideas and Amtiican methods are beginning already to influence not only theboys, but the men and women of this city. In dreas, in social habits, in commercial transactions and in a growing regard for neatucssand cleanliness, onesees everywhere the slow but sure working of tbe leaven of civilization und enlightenment. Ono year ago, under the Spanish regime, thero was not a public schoolbouse in tho city that la, a build ing orlginslly inttxidtd for educational purposes nor was there nuythlng like as) stem of free piibllo instruction. Now thero are seventeen elementary aud grammar schools aud a high school, with an average number of J,b22 liuplls, and tho private houses rented for temporary uao as school buildings are wholly inadequate to accommodate tho number of childron who huvo opplkd for admission, Msjor BaccardI, who is cx-ofncio President of tho Hoard of Public Instruction, has Just recommeuded that thirty more schools, with accommodations for J.&OO moro scholars, be established wltbln the limits ot the municipality, as soon as there Is money available. Old Slavery Times. From the Wivcheitor Herald. This Interesting Item of forty years ajo was re published in tbe Columbia (S. C.) Herald last week: "Negroes sell as high aa heretofore, but they are hired out at loner rates. I'or a !2--.ear-old girl .',0 Is given, and an Uyiar-nld boy goes at $1. I'eter, belonging to tho Mary Shock estate. Is hired out for iiOi: J. S, Clarksou's Mary, 3,1 years old, sold for 1 1,100; Alex, belonging to the estate of the ltev. Dr. Mall, brings :10) , 1, II, Waugh buys Willis f.rtJIO; negroes of W II, Iiwln aruaold 011 twelve months' credit, and T. ('. I-arker buys Kltta and child for 1.111; Hobirt I.emon buys John, a 10 year old, for M0, and Jack, a o-ycat-old, for U0d; II, It. C. C J den pays 1 , 100 for A, Subletfa Mary." Dr. Ilrlggs's Companion Heretic. from the Outlook, Another chapter in Preib) terlan history is closed. A few months ago the ltev. Charles A. Hriggs, V. 1) , entered the Kpiscopalian Ciurrh, and now his com panion In heresy, according to Southwestern stand ards of orthodoxy, tho ltev. Henry Presernd Smith, I). I)., has lierome a Congregatiousllst. Prof, llrlggs remains a professor in Union Samlnary, whero his twenty-five j ears of splendid service have recently been appropriately recognized, and l'r if. Smith oc cupies tho chilr of biblical hist ry snd interpreta tlonat Ambtrst College, lie was welcnmed unani mously and hcaitlly Into fell iwship b. iho Hampshire Association, which met at N irlhMnplou, Mass., un l'cb. T. Don't Have to JIIovt It, from the Vhilade'phia Ledaer. A glass of Schuylkill water, In Its present condi tion, can be distinguished from a glava of beer by the fact that It haa no froth on top ttAnSltATX'S TllinUTlt TO CT.AT. Old FolltlcM Opponent's Eulogy Stopped thn Collection nf n Fund for n .Monument, 'rem tht LouUrille Ktentna Vif. A Kcntuoklin, who lias scon a good tnnny years of active, busy life, told nt tho Onlt Hoiks this morning a story of an event which ho vnt nesscd n long whllo ngo, nnd which ho had never forgotten: "My father, hearing the nowsof Henry Clav's death, hnd tnkon mo from our home In bovio county to Loxlngton. Hundreds of other bhio crass farmers had also como post hasto nton re cnlpt'of tliesad Intelligence. Amonstormeiing wns being held nt tho old Court House to tnko notion for tho building of n splendid monu ment to tho memory o! thn great conimnnar Thero was grief upon every face. Hpo"i after speech had boon mado Ono oltlrnn after nnothorhnd pledged himself to subscribe fir a monument fund Suddenly tho cry wont up lor Mnrshnll to speak. Old Tom Marshall wns ono of t'lny's greatest iiolltleal enemies, but, like overv Kentucltlan. lie had n deep ad miration for 'Harry of the West ' 'Marshall! Miii-shall I Mnrshalll' tho crow I kept calling " My fattier was on tho platform, and I -i 0,1 near behind his clinlr, peeping over at the ,-. rowful nssemtilngo with wide open eyes v f looked n man began to rise, or rather to unf .1 1 himself from tho sent In which he hud 1 o.mi doubled up. sucking the head of a cum To me, as ho ntrnlghtened out, he seeme 1 iho longest man I hnd over scon A hoarse cheer rnn through tho crowd. It wns Marshall lie raised his arm. and, ns silence fell noon Mm multitude, lie sokn In n deep, rolling voice. Young ns 1 wns I realized that this wns nlm 1st a hlstorv-mnklnc moment for our Htnte.nnd so deep wns tho Impress upon my mind I hnvo never forgotten his words. " 'The friends of Mister Clay,' ho said, 'have nsked that I speak upon this sad occasion. Men of Kentucky 'and his nlco fnlrly rnng 'tlm mnn who lies dead to-day needs no monu ments, lie wants no shafts ot carven stone to commemorate his doeds. As long ns henrts throb the sweet memory of Henry Clay will llvo and hreatho In Kentucky.' "Thnt wns nil. He slowly doubled up ngnln. And the crowd dlsporsed. nnd everybody went homo. Thero were no moro snonkors. And for the time thorowasnomorotnlkof a monument tollonry Clay." nvnmiA's tooth anrs to ci;rr,o.v, Itlrli Old Iturinese I.ndy Rlts on It fnr Snfa Keeping All tlm Wny from llnncoon. From the London standard. During tlie past week thoro havo been many Ituddhlst ceremonies nt Colombo and In Knndy in connection with tho landing of tho golden casket, presented by tho Duddhlsts ot llurmnli for Inclosing tho famous tooth of IltnMha. whoso resting placo Is tho grent Mahignwa Templo nt Knndy. Tho vnltto of this rnng. nlflcent casket Is a lakh and a half of rupees (10.000). It Is a wonderful ploco of workman ship In thn shapo of a dngoba. Tho body Is of massive gold and Is garlanded with strings of jowols and surmounted by a splendid ruby It is covered by n sliver canopy Inlaid with precious stones, nnd tho wholo stands about six feet high. With It enmo from Itnngoon thirteen hundred Burmese of whom .'170 wero priests. An Interesting mem ber of tho party wns nn old Indy worth 2.10,X'0 In worldly goods, who lind horself contributed over 11.1)00 townrd the gift It wns kept In hor enbln during tho voyngo. and It Is said sho sat upon It all tlie way I Tho Archbishop and several Hurmeso princo9es were also of the party Tlie ardor of tho local Duddhlsts was somowliit dnraponed whon they found they hnd to nay .'180 duty on their now treasure. The casket hns not vet been moved to Knndy, ns it will go in grent stnto on Saturday next, hut that place is frightfully overcrowded with pilgrims awaiting its arrival, all eagor to view tho Tooth Itcllu so much so thnt thn military hnvo been called out to preserve ordor in tha precincts of tho Templo. llllss on the Mnuntalntops. From the Atlantic Jionthlu. Such peoplo nre so far out of touch with modern life that thoy surprise and disappoint somo who. without Intimate acquaintance, try to give them nsslstanco. I recall a breezy mountalntop nnd a young hunter, whoso woodcraft had won my admiration. Dellcatoly I touched upon tho question of oducation. "Can you wrlto numbers?" Theanswercamo slow and guarded. "Reck on I can wrlto somo numbers." Then on a pleco of bnrk I drew tho nine dig its. Ho rend them all. Next camo the combl nntlon of figures, and I Included tho dato 1897. " I don t guess I can tell that thar." I explained it. And thon a new test occurred to me. "Do you know what 1807 moans?" " Hit's tho year, hain't hit ?" " Dut why is this year callod 1807 ? It Is 1807 years sinco whnt?" " I never heard toll." 80. too, it Is pitiful to see how helpless thoso peoplo nro In estimating tho things of the out side world Tho story Is nulto credible of tho mountaineer In Georgia who Inquired why thn folks of the county town woro not moro ' tore up" over tlie Spanish war. "It hav been glv out In our settlement," said be. "thot thom Spanish hns Ilyln' squadroons. and wo 'low tnet If one of them things should light In our parts thoy would bo as hard onus as V't robs." Foreign Notes of Real Interest. A Polish waiter In Posen has been lined 1B0 marks br a German court for signing his name Szlndlcr la stead of Schllnder. Dr. Uarnctt, keeper of the printed books In the British Museum and editor of the great catalogue, has resigned after forty-eight yeara' aervlce. Mme. Wadln. a canalboat woman on the 8eine.wha has lived all her life on tho rlv er, having attains! the age of 102 years, haa retired to a home on the river bank. Charterhouse School's oldest scholar Is Mr. Charles Abbott of Ipswich, aged 101 years, and still active and sound. Ho has survived twenty-two brother! and sisters and all his six children. Reuss has a musical composer among its Prince nenrys. The "Third Symphony," by Prlnoe Helnrlch XXIV. of Beuss-Schleli-K&strltz, is to be performed at tho Munich ltoyal Academy of Music "Blrchthlrsty" Is a recent contribution to the English language by a woman member of the Ion don School Board, who objected to the board's atti tude toward the corporal punishment of schoolboys. Ernest Legouvt-, the senior member of the French , Academy, has entered upon his ninety-third year. He received a prlro from the academy for a poem seventy) ears ago, and has been a member of that body since 18M. People with conscientious objections to vaccina tion are now allowed to expose their children to smallpox in England. Tha argument of a rerent objector in tho Marylebone oollre court wss that "if God Almighty thought that vaccination was necessary or even desirable He would have per formed tho operation beforo the child was born " Mammon is highly honored by some portions of the Church of E igland. At a recent Liverpool church conference ona clergyman opposed free sit tings in churihes on tbe ground "that It places side by side thoso whom (lod has made to differ aud ds prives tho wealthy of that deference and respect which Is their divine right and is accorded to them in all tho walks of life." Mine. Demont Ilrcton received 28 votes at tha election of tho lulutors' Jury for tho Champs Elysoi s aalon, being tho first woman honored with a nomi nation. She was not elected, the persons chosen bo. ing.MM. Bonnat, 'Connon, J, P. Laurens, Detallln, Hcnner, Jules Li febvre, Ilenjamln Constant, Bou. guereau, Harplgnles and (Jerome. In 18H7 tbe sculptors not only nominated but elected a woman, Mnic. Leon Ilertaux, Mr, I'arfon's new Turblnla will. It Is hoped, be ready for trial In two months, Sho Is 520 feet I'm.: and of 31:0 tous burden, moro than double the i" of the first best, 'the chief intero-t. however will bo in the result of Mr. I'arsens's modifications in the machinery and his new arrangements for obtaining greaterspeed fn going astern. The now host will havo eight jiropellcrs actli g on four cranks Insteal of nine projieilcrs 03 tin en cranks, ai in tha first Turblnla, I ady Wimboroe's donkey has become a personage m-ondonly to Mr. Ktnalt In tho autl ritualist di. turbance In England. Lady Wlmborno wroto to tha newspapers 11 story of a donkey s bolug used 111 procession on Talni Hunduy las do of a rltuihH"i church, lattlr, without naming the cliup h Inbg. nsut denials of the truth of tlm "lory wero tl n jiriotad from several chunhis which had been ao cuscdatsomo time or other since tho early ritual Is ic das of being the scene of the o.currence. Since then belief or disbelief in the authenticity of tho donkey haa bcionin a tiuehstone of religious opinion among the contestants. Nine tons of poultry, untitling of .! g"'se, tinkers, chickens ami dinks, fiom II sum, weia lauded recently at a L mil u dock, where It wss found that they had dccived on the voyage. The could not bo cniilciiiimd.'li wever, I II they t been loaded on wagoua .111 1 c irto 1 to a poll v on 1, where a Police Magistiatorame out. listened 10 tha inspector's story, satisfied hluis.df by his M n.-s that the fowls were unvouud and ordered thein 10 be destroyed. A Police Magistrate is apjareutly tna only Kngllih official who can condemn had meat, and this be can do only after listening to a com plaint and examining the corpui delect! personally to his own courtroom. ii Mm iici iimmii 11 1 Mini 1 miff ii 111 1 11 iM