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OE ,. , ' ' ?HE .SUN, 'THURSDAY, tfARGE, ), 1899. ' -
BBB1 -iyik Mm fh&$m0w& ; SEDi THUIU3DAY, MARCH 0. 1800. VSfl!W'-t Subscriptions by Mall, Postpaid. I'i DAILY, per Month SO SO HI IiAILY.per T(ir.. 0 00 IBHI StJSDAY.perTesr. BOO l PAILV AND oUNDAT. per Tear 8 00 11. DAILY AHD BfNDAT, per Month 70 'sHHbIIH' TlMi 'ToiUie to foreign countries added. M Tin Bet, New York Oltr. ssliHB")! PiMi Kiesqne No. 13, nasr Grand noUl, and saiiHSf H ( I Eloiijue Ko. 10, Boulevard dee Capuclnes. Wms- ' tRjlii, j',1 If our friendt mho favor ui with nanuuripti for BBf Er i asiMfesvlfcn iciih to hate rejected article) returned, thty IBI 1 iaJssfeniSjBSJSJJh "I Mltllll" Th0 Democrntlo Candidate in 1000. MH ' The dlBcussion tn Tammany circles ot a ' 9hHB cnndldoto for tho Presidential nomination ' HllH'' to supported at tho next Democratic fill vfl1 National Convention In opposition to Mr. mKopI BnrAN may bo said to bo Interesting rather Mffil' than Important. That It should havo con- JnKfll' Bldcrod tho posslblo availability of Gen. HUME . Milks Indicates how far removed it Is from SIB; anything appronohlnp; practical politics. HHHL Undoubtedly, Ocn. Miles Is fishing for 'flHH such a nomination, with his beef dema- ' fttHYl Rosy. and 's ready to tako It from cither : MMrBr or any party, but ho Is a load which tho MnH'' Democraoy will never carry. It will not laBnU)' ruD tl10 momentous campaign of 1000 on EjHlfl the grub lssuo. Tho suggestion of tho HHHfi brother of tho Now York Mayor na tho can- HflBIl- dldate to oppose to Mr. BnrAN Is deserving SHBll ot somowhat mora serious consideration. HHI Tho arguments for tho advisability ot Mr. 9HHj! ' Augustus Van Wyck are that when ho ran Wtm ill is unsuccessful campaign for Governor of wfm !H ow York mst ycCkT no too'c Pa'ns to avoid M jj i giving offenco to tho straight and regular ll J! 1 1 Domocraoy by refusing absolutely to cx- l9n l If press himself on tho stiver question, and III if 1 ' tna n0 commended himself to Southorn ilB 1 ij favor by serving during the civil war on tho MfE ' Ml Confcdorato sldo. Tho clrcumstanco that yffi j j ho was ttnablo to carry his own Stato so fl il l lately as 1808 Is, howovor, an Irromovablo mM hI)i stumbling block ; and, ot course, his policy i'ilhrl! of hedging on tho lssuo which most of all PiK I II r8S n0 Eomocrntio heart, could not bo re- illl fl II1 poatcd In a national canvass. Ho would bo SlP l SI compelled to confess exactly whore ho stood ?1b 'I I ! n or(er to escape from bocomlngtho laugh- irllt 4 I 'nfr 8tck of tnD l10'0 Union. f3ll '1 i' Moreover, Tammany has proved by Its IHl l w! recent proecedings that it is no longer Hill 1 il' ' primarily and distinctively an organization Ib!iJhj for political purposes, but rather a ma- Efilii chine engineered for the furtherance of 31"r!5I'' " money -making Bcheuiwb of Its leaders. rfiPl! " ' ' Consequently oven tho llttlo influenco it had SjEIII' before In national Democratic politics has ilif tlrf I ' oen 'ost t0 " erever e's0 the Domo- NB!, ' cratic party goes for a candidate In 1000, it tijijRI;! j ' may be assumed positively that the last wsBlj I ' place in which it will seek him will bo tho 'if-1 ii 1 ranks of Tammany. It will not mnko Tam- M V' 1 '' many and Its mothods a national lssuo. OH ! i I ; Nor Is tho suggestion of union upon Mr. Bjj : - S " Gorman by tho Democratic opponents of fl js Mr. BnYAN a reasonnblo probability. Mr. I , 1 II' Gohuan has demonstrated that he cannot I f' ill' carry his own Stato of Maryland, but has lj m Iff been compelled to see It pass over to tho VB II Republicans under his leadership of tho B 'I) KV Democracy. Such a man Is not likely to fl ii- II' commend himself to practical politicians jB If W" ns a possible candldato for President. Mil f Tho Domocratlo opposition to Mr. Bbyax, B i j' , therefore, has not yet been able to lay out f9 : g; any programme with a plausiblo chance 'H if! a ot being carried out successfully. Tho jB Il nuclous of it must be Tammany, neces- 'WiHl' ' sarily, but never boforo in its whole history iMKgSJLf ' has Tammany been so completely discred- flHIHj ltcd In tills city, this State, and throughout BKSJI ' tho Union ns it is now. If tho Domocratlo IHwE ''' party suffered Tammany to direct its na- i'M'Ml' f tional policy and narao Us candidate, It wBSIf '-, would bo In an even more desperate caso In jBafl I 1000 that It Is at present. Moreover, tho .B!f1 1 : Democratic National Convention will know 111 II I si very we" tnat Tammany will be obliged to HI II I support tho party whoever tho candidate- 'llfJBHi f or whatever tho polloy, and that, therefore, 'iHwul 'tB foo"nRs lu ttl0 matter aro not worth ifSIlM ii ' conslderat Ion. IjlMfS The Domocratlo party In 1800 ottractod to iHHn ! 'fc Qbout a lollHen Populist votes by adopt- '.'llCl - leg tho Chicago platform and nominating - Hl ' BltYAN, and the necessity for retaining ' IHS9 j these obtainable votes rather than tho for- ! fflSjE lorn hope of bringing back to the Dem- ' flBft '. ocracy States which havo continued slnco HSk then to stand by tho Republicans, will in- ijflft'H fluence and determlno tho Judgment of the 'BKk practical politicians In tho convention. So iBBBik-' ar thorcfore, the position of Mr. Dryan HJHf as tho logical candidate of tho Democracy 9SBai In 1000 seems to continue impregnable. uHHK SHjHp1 Sir. Henry Nelll's Ijamentable Proph- HJHSh cy ln Cotton. flflBRv Cotton is, as many people do not know, JJBBHbF our chlof and most valuablo article ot ox- HkBjI 'I port Tho cotton season runs for twelvo fHMH .'' mouths, beginning Sept. 1, nnd tbo elzeot iHfll tho' year's crop is fixed by tho amount jrHflfl ; brought Into sight within tho period iflBHi i, named. Tbo crop last year was 11,180,- mBH vj, opo bales. It vw) tho largest on record, ijBfll h, and followed other crops of largo dlmen- IsBH '" sIortB. The seabon was Ideal for tho plant- flH '18 maturing and gathering of cotton, and iHJBfl ' the amount produced and added to the re- jfHHB '' serves already accumulated wan much moro IHHH t than tho world could consume Very fa- JHHHv vorable conditions attended tho planting ot jjBHBEtJ' tho succeeding crop, which is now boing '1BHB1 gathered. As the season proceeded and no (3Bflji'v disaster occurred, bellof ln another onor- riHll' nyius cotton crop became provalent, chiefly mBHHi because of tho emphatic and reiterated ImHHhP declaration In tho mlddlo of tho summer by IHHflfl' tl)0 'amous JIr- Henhy Neill ot Now Or- lilJMiHtt . loans that tho crop which would bo gathered IfiHB ' ln tho twelvo months ending Sept. 1, 1800, jSBjflj r would bo botwoon 11,750,000 nnd 12,000,- HHJ f 000 bales. Mr, Neill, who Is tho Amcr- BHBHBI'j; lean representative ot an English cotton I IHBj Importing concern, was vary happy for tho jBHHBf last two or threo veins In Ills estimates ot ' 9Haf tho cotton crop, and his views had great HJHB weight, especially with foreign buyers. In- IHbBB' deed, tho authority with which Mr. Null's : IHHH, utterances about cotton woro invested may ) jflBflflr be described as commanding. Tho market iHH; moved up or down as ho spoke, and ho jBBBB might almost bo supposed to govern tho HBnji ' cotton 'crop himself. : HSB, Tho English' splnnors rccolved Mr. HHHJ2 Nbill's decision about tho current crop , BflH': with Joy and tho American cotton plant- HBnL7 ore with consternation. Thoy and overy BjHV1' one else were aware that, If 13,000,000 SMBJ!) bales of cotton woro to bo thrown upon jHHHB tho market following tho preceding big jjBBMsV crops, the prlco of the staplo would sink iHaHBi ' tp-a level which would Imply ruin to thoso jBJHBB who had spent tbelr money In Its produc- MHnH tion. Obviously, after demands of con- BaH' sumptlq ftmd been provided for, tho sur- IHKBjV" plus wftild bring only what anybody was willing to pay for It; and It was common ly thought that when this surplus cotton would bo marketed In tho spring of 1800 It would bo worth but botwoon 'iixt nnd 4 cents a pound ln this city. Thus It camo about that lnst fall thcro was a mad forcing of cotton to an immodlato sale such as this country had novor scon before, nnd that under this pressure tho prlco of cotton to bodollvorcdin May In tho Now York mar ket sank In tho first days of Decomber to tho lowest Ilguro ever recordod, approxi mating llvo cents a pound. It was In vain that n few pcoplo lifted up their voices against what thoy bellovcd was nn extravagant and prema ture estlmato of tho ylold of cotton. Thoy declared that no one, not oven tho grent eeorNEiLL, could with any assurance say what tho crop would bo a month boforo any of It was plokod. Thoy argued that n 12,000,000-balo crop following onoot over 11,000,000. and that ln turn succeeding a big crop year, would bo, In tho vory nature of things, unlikely. Thoy pointed out that tho cotton year was not over until It actually iras over, nnd that nil sorts of troublo might conio to It after tho cotton had been grown. But their words foil on stolid cars; thox-eply was that Mr. Neill had "hit It right" tho last two years nnd would, of course, hit It right again. Tho prophet Issued a further statement that if tho winter weathor was flno tho crop would turn out 12,150,000 bales, and later supplemented this with an estl mato of 12,250,000 bales. So tho South orn planters sold their cotton at whatovor prlco. Cotton camo to bo looked upon as somothlng that would bankrupt whomso ever had It, and tho only pcoplo who would touch It wore tho agonts hero of English splnnors nnd a few, vory tow, cool-headed speculators, who bought on n declining scale tho contracts for tho spring dollvorlos of tho staple which woro flung nt thorn by enthusiastic bears. But about tho mlddlo of December tho rush of cotton to markot ceased. It was accounted for nt first by the theory that tho cotton which had bocn sold previously was "distress" cotton, tho property of planters who had to sell It to meet press ing obligations. Tho movement thereafter, It was predicted, would not bo quite as rapid, but would bo steady and constant. But prediction had had Its day. Tho re ceipts of cotton, instead of being largely in excess of tho year before, dropped to thnt year's level and then fell below It. Tho falling off was then nttrlbutod to bad weather. Tho weather during tho Inttor putt of Decomborand In January and Feb ruary was undoubtedly bad, possibly the most trying ln tho history of tho South; that it destroyod a good deal of cotton nnd considerably Impeded tho crop movement cannot bo questioned. But no mere Dad weather could account for tho extraordi nary slump in receipts In overy quarter of tho cotton region, from Tennessee to lower Texas, nnd from tho sea islands of South Carolina to the Indian Territory, nnd which In threo months' time caused an excess of 450,000 bales over last year's movement to sink to a decrease of nearly 250,000 bales beneath It. Finally it was said that in Texas, where about one-third of tho crop is normally pro duced, enormous amounts of cotton were being held back for lower freight rates on tho railroads; but tho railway authorities in that Stato say that the visible and invis ible supplies of cotton along their different lines do not now exceed 168,000 bales, against nearly threo times that amount as estimated, and subsequently verified by tho ovont, at this time last year. Lat terly tho weather throughout tho cot ton belt has been wholly favorable for marketing cotton nnd for picking what remains In the fields, and ytt tho move ment, after nn almost Imperceptible riso following tho storm In February, still tells the same story of slackening nnd decrease. This, too, notwithstanding there has been the strongest lmpulsotoan increased move ment, namely, a vory considerable advance in 1 10 price of the staple. Tno ruth can no longer be concealed that tho diminished movement of cotton is duo to exhaustion, and that the cotton crop ot 1898-00 has been grossly overestimated; that tho prophecy of Mr. Neill of a 12,-000,000-balo crop, which was the ground for this expectation, was simply a reckless guess; and that tho fright caused by this great exaggeration led tho American cotton planter to sell his crop for millions of dol lars less than It was worth. Wo print here with from the Financial Chronicle of last week a statement showing tho amount of tho crop which has como In sight each month during tho present season compared with tho amount each month ln previous cotton years : JftmlAt. KSS-99. 1SS7-M. September 82,76H 1,000,800 October 2,:W,60t! 1. R71.AK November S.SSS.OOU 2,817.112 December. 2,08,r,ru 1.150,210 January 1.101.49U 1. 342,114.") February l)5,7 808.483 Total ilx month! 0,321,048 n.440,204 Balance aelaon 1,740,7.16 Total crop ll.180.imo MonVit. ms-uy, ms-9. September 1,2:2,287! filS.oga October 1.8DI.M2 1.722.123 November 1,(134,210 l,32l,07 December 1,040,705 1,838,030 January H80.RI3 U17,l34 February 4H4.730 488,475 Total all month 7,448,007 fl.028,042 Balance aeaaon 1,274,004 1,189,431 Total crop 8.714,01 ll 7,182,473 It will be seen that It will tako a move ment of tho rrop from this time until the end of August as uninterruptedly great as that of last year to bring the present crop oven up to lo3t year's lovel. As a matter of fact, tho receipts do not now promise a crop In excess of 10,500,000 bales. All this Is bad for Mr, Neill, but It Is worse for tbo poor planter. Mr. Neill has lost his reputation as a prophet, and it Is likely that next fall he will not endeavor to foretell tho crop until a fow bales of It, ut least, havo been picked and marketed. Ho may, Indeed, concltidonot tomako any esti mate ut all, aud I n that cuso tho cotton world will bo better off. But tho plantor bus lost money. Tho profit which was llghtfully his duo has escaped him and Is In tho pockots of cotton buyers. Hoi may for the coming season, anyway, distrust tho efforts of tho early crop guessers and conclude that tho value of America's great crop produot, raised over a territory greater than tho wholcof Europe, cannot bo predetermined Infalllblyby thoconjectures of anyono man. And If tho plantor will abandon his present system of selling his cotton for cash to the ilrst buyer who comes Into tho llela und will return to tho old method of putting It Into tho hands of an agent or factor in a large .town who cajjf work It off during thoyeot tiNaHHMHMMHMMHMHiii as Its valuo becomes apparent, ho will bo eventually tho gainer, no't tho loser,' by this year's expor lenco. Now he Is Impover ished and discouraged. Offiolal reports from tho South. Indicate what had to bo expected, that thoro will bo a decided de croaso ln tho ocrcago of tho oomlng.potlon planting, that llttlo or no raonoy has boon spent for mules, and that only about one third of tho ordinary amount ot fertilizing material has boon purchased. And yet tho outloolf for tho optton grower Is not unrellovodty block. Partly bocnuso of tho reasons Just mentioned, thoro Is a strong probability that tho'noxt crop wU bo smallor than tho present buo nnd that It will bring proportionately a much htghor prlco. Tho planter has tho grim satisfac tion of knowing that ovor 1,000,000. bales of "short" cotton, or contracts to do llvor that amount, that havo accumulated In tho Now York markot as tho re sult of oonfldont oporntlons for tho do cllno by English speculators who boUovod ln Mr. Netll's 12,250,000-balo crop will, ln all probability, hnvo to bo cancelled nt a heavy loss to tho sollors and at nn equally heavy profit to American buyers who did not bcllovo ln Neill. Certainly no other result con happen while tho prlco of spot cotton In tho Southorncltlcs remains but slightly below the prlco hero, and that prlco in turn Is far nbovo that ot tho op tions for future dollvory. But tho great thing which will benefit tho cotton grower Is tho extraordinary and peremptory domand which has arisen for manufactured cotton nil oyer tho world, and especially In this country, bidding fair to continue for twelvo months at least. Tho prosperity of tho cotton manufacturing business is, in fact, at present unmatched by that of anyothor Am6rlcan Industry, ox cept tho mnnUfacturo of Iron and, Blcel. Within four yenrs, indeed, the world's con sumption of cotton has Increased 1,000,000 bales. The vast stores of cotton fabrics which cumbered tho warehouses of Fall River and Provldenco havo boon swept nwny. Ninety thousand operatives In tho cotton mills hero havo had tbelr wages raised 10 por cent, within two wooks. A million spindles which were silent In Now England last summer aro busy to-day nnd before long, wo venture to nfflrm, will be singing as merrily ln tho small hours of tho morning ns now thoy do at noon. If tho current crop is but between 10,500,000 nnd 10,750,000 bales, this crop nnd tho reserve stock will bo barely sufficient forconsumptlon Until the winter. Should, In addition to this, tbocrop of 1800 1000 provo to bo small or oven of only fair size, nnd Its prospect of being great is steadily declining, tho planter will get prices for his raw cotton which wjll more than re pair tho havoc caused by the mal-prophetio Netll, and he will see again tho better times of tho past. The Marino Corps. Although tho navy has reason to feel hap py ovor what it received from Congress, tho legislation for tho Marino Corps Is in some respects still moro remarkable. To the navy 00 now officers were added, but to the Marino Corps 120, on a much smaller total. Tho navy lino nnd engineers for merly had 021 officers and now havo 1,020, an addition of a llttlo over one-tenth; but tho Marino Corps, with a maximum on tho old basis of 85, is to have 211. Even dur ing tbo war it had only 1 16 officers, so that its now peace basis Is to bo nearly double the war basis. Of theso Increases, too, many are in tho higher grades. Tho Commandant Is to bo a Brigadier-General, Instead of a Colonel, as hitherto for a quarter of a century There was one other Colonel before tho wnr, nnd now there nro flvo ; there are llvo Lieutenant-Colonels where there woro two; ten Majors where there were four ; sixty Cap tains where there were twenty ; sixty First Lieutenants where there were thirty, and sixty Second Lieutenants where there woro twelvo or less. Tn tho staff, tho officers who were Majors nro now mndo Colonels nnd tho Captains becomo Majors. In tho lino there are no First Lieutenants left, or even Second Lloutenants. They havo all become Captains, at least. Although only throe-fourths of the officers provided for in tho three lowor grades nro to bo appointed this year, the remaining fourth going over until after Jan. 1, 1000, yet a hundred now nppointmonts must bo mndo, or moro than tho total of tho former officers. It la obvi ous what an unprecedented rlso In rank and therewith in pay has been provided by Congress for the Marine Corps. In its increase ot enlisted strength tho leg islation for tho M&rino Corps is hardly less remarkable. Tho corps numbered before tho war 3,071 enlisted men, lnoludlng the non commlsslonod officers ; but now 2,028 nro ndded, making 0,000. Thisdoubllng of tho enlisted force is all tbo moro striking It wo note how tho navy fared. The navy had, wo think, 11,050 monandboyson thooldpeaco basis, and naked for 10,300 moro. It actu ally received about 7,300, which was tt very liberal addition, yot 3,000 short of what the bill proposed by tho Navy Departmont called for. But tho Marino Corps not only nearly doubled Its old enllstod strength, where tho navy recoivod an addition of about throe-fifths, but got every man asked for. Ii has a band of sixty musicians, with a first nnd second leader, on liberal pay. Tho now enlisted force contains the ad ditional grado of Gunnery Sorgcants, of whom there are 72, with tho pay of $30 per month. Thoro nro now, also, no fewer than 20 Quartermaster Sergeants, 00 First Sergeants, 210 Sergeants, and 480 Corpo rals, so giving many promotions In the corps, whllo piovlslon is made for giving somo commissions to meritorious non-com-mlsslonod officers after tho graduates of tho Navnl Academy and tho extra Second Lieutenants for tho wnr are provided for. It was only a few yoara ngo that a strong movement was made In tho navy to abolish tho Marine Corps as a seagoing force, and to givo Its guard duties on shipboard to the bluojackets, who, under tholr own potty ofilcors, It was urged, would thoreby nc qulro moro solf-rcspcct, whllo tho spaco taken up by tho marines could bo used to bettor advantage by tho seamen, who could perform all tho duties of tho ship instead ot only a small part. A board beaded by Com modore GitEEit, after long consideration, formally adopted this vlow, urging that tho marines should bo relegated to the navy yards und shore btatlous. At that time tho enlisted strength ot tho corps was less than 2,000, It shows an enormous guln when now there is not only no further talk ot confining tho corps to the land or turning It ovor to tbo army us heavy artillery, but a trebling ot its officers and men. Tho splondid record of tho mnrlnes at Guantanoino, which won thorn bo much popular favor, was only what might havo been expected from their history, Dutlng its origin back to 1775, tho corps ns early as 1777 won a battle against tho British ln tho Bahamas, and It served with renown under John Paul Jones )n his victories oyer the Drake and the Berapls. From that tlmo forward through ,tho war ot 18J2, tbo Moxlean'war, tho civil war, and many minor operations and expeditions, it dis tinguished Itself alike In land campaigns nnd sea fights, proving Its .valuo as a fighting force Ithaa now, howovor, reaohod a growth and prosperity It could hardly havo hoped for a fow years ngo, -when Its very oxlstoncc, at loast as a sea faring forco, was threatened. Tho provision mndo for It In tho Personnel bill, at an In creased oxpenso of $1,228,838 a year, was questioned nolthorln the Senate nor" tho Houso, although In tho same bill somo of tho outlays for tho always popular navy woro cut down. Tho Anglicized Ba mum's. When tho lato Phineab Tayloh Bahnok took tho smallest man on earth to England and Introduced him to royalty and others, It novcr occurred to his fortllo Conneatlout mind to incorporate Tou Thumb thcro un dor tho Limited Liability act as a pormanont British institution. Ho brought him book, and Tom died an unadulterated Aroorlcan citizen. So did Baknum. How different 1b tho destiny of tho Great est Show on Earth, tho entorrjrlso which was tho creation ot Bahnum's genius In Its raaturcr phnso, nnd constituted botli his monument and his legacy to tho great and gay American pcoplo 1 Wo havo before us tho prospectus of "Burnum & Bailey, Limited," a company now being Hosted on tho London markot In tho ordinary, that Is to say, tho non Barnum fashion. Tho Greatest Show on Earth Is to bo oxpatrlatod. Its headquar ters aro to bo removed from Bridgeport, Conn., to Stokc-on-Tront. Its elophants aro to bocomo British elephants, its mon keys British monkeys, Its simultaneous performances ln four rings British per formances ln British rings ; all capi talized at 400,000, In 400,000 shares of ono pound sterling each. Tho pro grammo of Its future operations ignores tho contlnont which produced Bar num. Provincial tours in Albion aro .sot down for 1800 and 1000. Then will occur a Continental tour occupying nt least two years. Nothing definite Is said ln the purely British prospectus of this now purely Brit ish grand aggregation of Its return at any tlmo to tho shores w hero reposo the bones of Barnum. As an American grand aggre gation It has passed, perhaps forever, be neath tho Eastern horizon. It Is not surprising that tho accomplished Mr. Tody Hamilton, whoso soul-stirring advertisements havo appealed so often nnd never ln vain to tho Imagination and tho pockots of tho American public, should at tempt to break the forco of this nntlonal misfortune by tho statement with which he hns favored us. Wo noto a chnngo already In Tody Hamilton's style. Tho tono is apologetic, nottrlumnhant; tho ad jectives aro at least threo octaves under tho old pitch ; nnd will it bo bolioved ? ho re fers to Bridgeport as "Bridgeport, Conn., U. S. A." Tody's old American heart is not ln this proclamation. It is in vain that ho attempts to dismiss cheerfully the sadder international aspects of tho expatriation of the Greatest Show on Earth by calling it "tho latest gift of Amor lea to England, adding another link to tho friendly chain binding tlio two Anglo-Saxon countries together." It Is in vain that Tody holds out this vnguo prospect: " It is farther stated that one of these days the bit affair will revisit thelandoftbe free and the brave, vrhcre the biff show was born, reopen some fine sprintc day ln Madison Square Garden, and make the usual tour of the United States but with an abso lutely new. srand and mostsmaznlflcent show, with every department augmented, with new animals, new acts, new attractions, new everything, to again capture the plaudits of the people of America, and reinstate Itself once more in their hearts." Pathetic, indeed, is this effort, coming as It does from ono who was so recently at the head of his profession I It only remains for tho Wild West show to reorganize nt Berlin ns tho Mltbe schrdnkterhaf nun g u n g o b I ldetowestllche woltgesellschaft, or somothlng of that sort, and to promise to reappear somo day in tho United States "to again capture tho plau ditsof tho people of America and reinstate Itself once moro ln tholr hearts," with tho Sioux braves all smoking long-stemmed porcelain pipes, and the Arapaboes slash ing with blunt swords at each other's im passive countenances, under tho rules ob taining just across the river from Heldel-borg. The Harburgcr BUI to Prevent Get ting Uptown. It is tho fato of the Hon. Julics Habbur oer to Introduce into tho Assembly many bills that havo to bo content with his ap proval and never mako tholr way into tho statuto book. Ho seems to have a gift for bills born to die. It is natural that private persons with projects of now laws should seek Mr. Harbcroeb. His mind Is hospi table as well as constructive, and ho Is not jealous of tho measures of others becauso his own nro not always appreciated. When, therefore, somo nmlablo citizens whoso zeal for tho public comfort has led them to form the Leaguo of Passengers of Now York City wantod to got tho Legislature to prevent overcrowding in tho street cars and ele vated trains, Mr. HutnuitOEn was tho pre dostined vehicle of tholr Ideas on tho sub ject. At tho request ot tho Leaguo ho has brought In a bill providing that tho railroad corporations hero shall causo to bo orocted at each entrance 'of their cars "a gate for tho exclusion of passengers, and it shall bo tho duty of any person employed as con ductor to closo tho gates thereon when all tho seats ln said cars shall be occupied by passengers and to keep said gates closed and to deny Ingress to said cars to any por son If all of said seats shall bo occupied." Legislation ot this kind has been proposed often enough, and doubtless tho League of Passengers and Mr. HAnnuBOER are anx ious to mako themselves and everybody elso comfortable, but It can't bo done. Tho only way to prevent overcrowding Is to prevent tho crowds, and tho town Is too thickly settlod for oven the wisdom of tho Legislature to do that. Tho people have got to bo carried, principally downtown and up, in a regrettably shaped city, but even tho wisdom ot tho Legislature cannot reform thu figure of New York and Improvo Its circulation nnd distribute its crowds more evenly. Peihaps a lino of sky-scraping cars, whose roofs should bo oven with those ot the cottages on Broadway might do tho business, but nothing elso will. Tho growth ot the population Is unlimited and out of all proportion to the posslblo means of transportation. Mr. Harbubcjer's gates for the exoluslon of passengers would be broken down by the oxcluded. Tho spectacle of a number ot members of the Leaguo ot Passengers, seated at their ease whllo tho crowd waited in vain for a car that was not full of seated passengers, would not bo borne. But sup pose the multitudes patient and justly reverencing the reforms of Mr, Habbub qeb. About halt of us would havo towalk homo. It Is Impossible to provtdo oars enough to glvo everybody a seat. It might bo a llttlo moro rcasonabloto attempt, but purely as an experiment, to re strict tho number ot passengers on tho rear platform and to d I root tho conductor not to tako on any moro passongers whllo say twenty nro standing In tho car. Thoro must bd crowding, but tho crowds might, perhaps, bo sometimes divided with Just a llttlo moro evenness. Standing In tho open cars should bo prohibited savo on thu platforms, a regulation which would bo In tho Interests of safety nnd decency, and might Induco more personB to bo satisfied with tho closo cars, which, with tho front door open, nro aotually coolor than tho other kinds. Wo doubt, howovor, If anything will bo dono or can bo dono that will relievo tho situation much. Thoro aro too mnny people nnd that is all thoro Is about it. Foreign examplo is often lightly urged, but It does not apply. Tho topographical sldo of tho problem makes most of tho troublo. Tho tedious waiting that you aro exposed to in Paris, for Instance, whoso omnibus system is much lauded by cursory trav ellers who havo novor used It much, would not bo endured ln Now York. Thoro Is somo jamming of toes and tempers, but tho Amorlcans get to work and got homo ln loss than an age. If tho Hon. Julius Har burger should bo anxious to arrlvo at tho Grand Central Station on his way to Albany and tho building of bills, ho might think that It Is somotlmas moro necessary to get a rido than to get a seat. Delaware. Tho Republican statesmen who havo called tho attention of tho Republicans of Delaware to tho Importance of electing a United States Senator did woll, of course, but it must bo said frankly that it will bo better forthe gentlemen addressed as mem bers of their party to compel a vacancy In their State's Senatorial representation than to flU ono with ncandldato of tho nature ot Addicks. Addices entered Dolawarobut recently, possessed himself of enough Republican legislators ln 1800 to prevent tho election ot any othor candidate, and again Is a candidate for Senator with moro legislators, and equal determination to havo himself or nobody elected. An onterprlso of this nature can succeed only at tho fatal exponse of tho party Identified with it. Delaware will bo Republican on tho morlts of the Republican policy, or it will not bo so at all with either credit or advantago to the Republican party. The genuine Republicans ot Delaware had better leave tho Addicks people to their shamo than tako their man. Besides being barred by tho Now England Trotting Horse BreedorR Association hopples are not to be tolerated by the Empire City Trottlnc Clubot Yonlcers. whose track Is being prepared la Yonkers. and the Kentucky Trot ting Horso Breeders' Association of Lexington. The more luck to both these organizations. What other trotting hone company Is ready to put the National Trotting Association to shame for Kb failure to put hopples off the track ? Let 'em all come. Exponents of Omar Khnyynm. To tub EoiTon or Th 8u! Sir: Somewhere, I forget now Just where, a story la told of the times gone by when it was not so easy to get around the world as it la now. It Is about a man who was lec turing ln London on Russia. In thoso days a terra incognita to western Europe. Some person, more Inquisitive than dlscrui, aaatd how many years the lecturer had spent ln gathering all this information. "My dear fellow," was the response, "not a day of my life, but I've a brother who plays exquisitely on the Russian fiddle." I'm reminded of this llttlo story by cssually seeing that yet another exponent and " translator" of Omar Khayyam and his philosophy la over here to en lighten the American public. If the spirit ot my old master In Shlraz, Thirza Bakker Kerbelal peace to his ashes Is hovering round I can imagine his feelings of distress. May I ksk you to print this In Tub Sun to let him know how I sympathize with bim, for he will certainly see The Sox. In truth, Omar's philosophy contains no mys teries. St. Paul, a thousand years before, and others some thousands of years earlier, wrote It all down ln other words If people would only look for It. The alleged " mysticism" is simply a fundamental element of the spiritual aide of human nature that he who runs may read. F. T, Mew Yobi, March 7. Toozoonln. To the Enrron or The Suf Sir: Will you please Inform us why tho city of Toozoonln Is not on the map of the world ? Toozoonln Is a large place, and known to be the blgzest slave market ln Central Africa. We have looked over several popular maps, but it is not there. Respectfully yours, Toozoomx Abam. The geography trmst has not dared to suppress Toozoonln, but It has tried to hide it away under the form Tushnnln. If these distressed Arabs want to find out where tbey came from, the place la marked ln both the Timti and the Ctntury atlases on the Afri can west coast. Resistance to Expansion Useless. From the YoutKt Companion When a subject la "In the air" everything seems to speak of It. Tommy came running Into the bouse In great ex citement. "What's the matter?" asked his mother. " Found two double-yolked eggs ln the bant" he exrlaimed breathlessly, "Have you ever found any before 1" Inquired his fathsr, looking up from his newspaper. "Never!" aald the excited boy. "We've been keeping chickens three years, tool" "Well," says Tommy's paternal ancestor, shaking his head lugubriously, " when even the barnyard fowls declare in favor of the policy of expansion I may as well give in!" Missouri's Offer of a Deraoorntlo Leader. fVom tht St. Louit Republic. Missouri offers for Democratic leadership ln the next House Dald A. De Armond. His fourteen years of active political service, eight of which have been passed in illschsrclng the duties of a member ef Congress, have given blm a wealth of experience. lie Is able, modest, fearless, uncompromising where party principle Is involved, lnelslve, ready, a thor ough pirllaroentarlan. askllful organizer and a mas ter of all the resources of debate. Ills selecUon will Insure the greatest possible amount of advantage out of every situation that comes up and a leader who will harass the Republican majority and oppose Its invasion of popular rights. Chose a White Woman Medicine Man. From the Cincinnati Enquirer. Wichita, Kan., March 5, The Kiowa Indians have just elected a white woman as their "medicine man." Her name Is Mrs. Poor Buffalo, or Belle Per kins, tier husband, who wss the medicine man of the tribe, died recently, and she was elected to take his place. Mrs. Poor Buffalo Is a white woman, end baa lived among the Kiowaa for the past thirty years, She la now 40 years old, She Is tho first white wo man to hold this kind of a position. Uf r duties are to supply the Indlsns with news from heaven. A Praiseworthy Alabama Ueglment. From A ilolile Daily ReoiiUr. The men of the Third Alabama Volunteers, that la to sty a Urge proportion of tbelr number, want to volunteer under the new Army bill. The regiment will be mustered nut of the service by the end of this month, but so well pleased are most of them that they feel they have a vocation for military life. We think that the record they have made aa soldiers entitles them to consideration at the hands of the War Department. Similar 1'unctlons. rem (As CKlcaao Tribune. "Are you ths toaatmaatsrl" Inquired the guest who had arrived early. " Norvexactly, sir," answered the Imposlag person eg la the dress auit. "I serve It." co.vniTo.v op xna trbabuht, . . ' ' Secretnry Oae and Mr. Cannon Think It Can Oo Through tlieVearWItHoutrtorVrmlnpj. WAsniNOTbH. March 8. 8enator Allison and Itoprenentatlvo Cann6n.the roepeetlve Chair men of tho Bonato and Houso Commltloos on Appropriations, hod a conference with Secre tary Oago this morning. In which tho condition ot the Government fltioncos wero discussed In view of the In'rgo appropriation mado by Con 1 grass during tho closing week of tho session. J Mr. CanUon said this afternoon that tho result ' of a thoroUBhoxamlnatlon of tho situation was to show clontly that tho Government will bo ' nblo to nay its obligations forthe prosont wlth I out borrowing money. Mr. Cannon said ho was confident that It would be poMiblo to go through tho proseht fiscal year. If not through tho oalondnr year. without borrowing monoy In any way. In any ovont ho agreed with Bocrotary Gago that it I would not bo necessary to lssuo bonds, but I that the uso of certificates of deposit would ' Btifflcu for such small sums on might possibly ho required outstdo tho regular resources of the Government. , , . Becretary.Gaso Is openly committed to this form ot borrowing in case any loan ehall ho oouie necessary. Ho points to section 32 of tho War Revenue lawns covering any emorgonoy likely to orlso. This section provides ' that tho Secretary of the Treasury Is authorized to borrow from tlmo to tlmo, at a rato of Interest 1 not exceeding 3 per eont. per annum, such sum or sums as In his judgment mny be necessary to meot iubllo expenses, nml to lssuo thorefor cortiflcntes or Indebtedness In such torm as ho may prescribe, and In denominations of $51) or somo multiple of that sum: and such certificate so Issued shall ho payable, with tho Interest accrued thereon, at suoh tlmo. not oxeeodlng ono year from tho date of Its Issue, ns tho Secretary vot the Treasury may prescrlbo : provided that tho amount ot such cortlllcntos outstanding slinll nt no tlmo exceed S100.000.000: and the pro visions of existing law respecting counterfeit ing and other fraudulent practices are hereby extendod to the bonds and certificates ot in debtedness authorized by this act.1 It Is Bccrotary Gage's opinion that even this safe expedient will not havo to be resortsa to: but If the Trt-aiury finds Itself In a closo place tho amount neodod to roliiVo the situation can beobtalned in n Way that will not derango busi ness or glvo any cause for alarm in any quarter. nnjiYioN xres's 1,000 noon. Gilbert Ellis Sivenra Thnt Tier Relieves It to Be Genuine 14D3 Print. The ovidenco of Banker Brayton Ives In his action to recovor tho $4,374 ho paid Gilbert H. Ellis for a book contatnlngacooy In Spanish of a letter of Columbus about his first voyage went on boforo Justice Lovontrltt of tho Su preme Court yesterday with tho testimony of Theodore L. Do Vlnno. author of a book on tho history ot printing. Mr. De Vlnno testified that tho book is not printed from movable type nnd is not genuine old Spanish typography. Mr. Ives says that Ellis ropresentod that the book was printed from movable typo In 140.'!. Mr, Do Vlnno testified thatwhllo letters Impinged upon each othor and the alignment wns irreg ular In somo fifteenth century prints, as In tho book In dispute, typography had so advanced by 1403 that theso defects had been eliminated. An offer was made by the defonce on cross-examination to Introduce sovoral specimens ot fllteeiilh century printing having such defeats, but the Court ruled them out, holding that tholr introduction would load to the trial of collateral Issues. Gilbert H. Kills, in his own defence, testified thnt hn camo from London in 1800 with this look and other old books to sell. He called at tho houso of Mr. Ives with the book In suit and told him that he had compared tho book with another printed copy of tho letter In tho Am broslan Library In Milan and believed It to bo frenuine. Mr. Ellis wanted 1,000 for the book, mt could not agree with Mr. Ives on terms He saw Mr. les agnlnndnyor two later, and tho book was sold for iOOO. He told Mr. Ives that when ho showed his book to Father Cherl ano at tho Ambroslnn Library and naked It his book was genulno the father's only roply was to shrug his shoulders. 0.i hat did Mr. Ives say whon you told him this ? A Ho looked ox or the book and said he could boliexe his own oyes. Mr. Ellis said that he had the opinion of sev eral experts that tho book Is printed from movable typo and Is genuine, and ho still be llo es so. The case was not conoluded. ZIBItAltTAX OF COXOItESS. The President Again Appoints Samuel J. Barrpws, but lie llecllnes. WAsmsoTON. March 8. The announcement was mado to-day that President MeKinley on Monday last again tendorod tho office ot Librarian of Congress to Samuel June Barrows ot Massachusetts, notwithstanding tho virtual rejection of tho nomination by the Senate on Saturday last. To-day this letter ot declination was made public at the White House: "To the Prendent: 'Termlt mo to express my sincere thanks to you for again tendering mo tho appointment of Librarian of Congress and thus renewing vour expression of confidence in my ability to fill the office. I feel, howovor. that It would be Impossible for me to meet your expectations or to do justice to your wise and enlightened pMicy concerning the library without the hearty support which tho Senate, by its failure to act on my previous nomination, has not given. Thanking you for this evidence ot your very kind consideration I feel constrained to decline the honor, and remain with tho most cordial regard. SamuklJunk lUnnows." So far as can be learned the President has as yet taken no action toward making the ap- fiointmentof a Librarian Tho general opinion s that Herbert Putnnm, Librarian ot the Bos ton Publlo Library, will be appointed and will accept tho place, although this not admitted at tho White House. MIT. MOFFETT IS niSailUXTLED. Will Probably lleslgn ns Deputy Water Supply Commissioner -tn Brooklyn. It Is understood that Deputy Water Commis sioner James Moffett of the borough of Brook lyn has becomo disgusted with his $5,000 a year official Job and will glvo It up just as soon as ex-Register Hugh McLaughlin, tho Demo cratic manager, gets back from Florida. It Is said that Mr. Moffett has already made out his resignation, and that it Is only owing to Mr. McLaughlin's absence that It Is not already in the hands of Mayor Van Wyck. Ever since he gave up his luorathe law practice to assume charge of the .Brooklyn Water Department Mr. Moffett has had almost constant worrJmont on his hands. First of all. he had trouble with the Domocratlo politicians over tho minor appointments In his bureau, and then friction occurred with Commlhslonor William Dalton, his chief. Ills plans for the much-needed ex tension of the water supply system ware Ig nored until ho began to realize that ho was a mere flurehead. Ho told his friends that It seemed to him that his ofQco was a superfluous ono under the olrcumstances. and that It was his intention to give It up and resume his law practice which ho will now probably do ln a month or so. Mr, Moffett Is the Chairman of the Democratic General Committee and hns long taken an nctlvo Interest lu politics. His present nflUlaliob is the only one he has ever held, although he had boea a candidate for ju dicial honors, JVJSir MESWEST OF WEr.LKSLEY. Miss Caroline Ifaaard of Peacedale, B. I., to Surrerd Mrs. Irvine, Bobtos, March 8. The trustees of Wellesley College hae elected Miss Caroline Hazard of Peacedale. II. I., to the Presidency ot tho col lege to succeed the present Incumbent, Mrs. Julia J. Irvine. Miss Hazard Is 42 yeais of age. fiho Is the granddaughtor of Roland G. Hazard, a woollen manufacturer of Peacedale, and a writer on philosophical subjects. Miss Hazard collected and edited her grandfather's writings. She is not n collego.brod woman, but In her student days enjoyed at Provldenco her father being a member ot the corpora tion of Jlrown university the seml-colluglnto privileges granted there, especially under tho tuition of Prof. Dlman, whoso memoirs she wrote In 18WI Among hor best-known lltorary works nro "Thomas H'izard, son of Itobort. cnlled' College Tom ;'"" A Study of Life In Kar ragansot In tho Eighteenth Century" and Nurragansott ballads." EX-ArPJIAlSElt 31 AY OO TO T.AW. Talk of Shurtleff ltetiilnlnc Ex-Pmsldeut llarrlson to Contest Ills Removal, It was reported last night that Ferdinand N. Bhurtloff, who was appointed a member ot tho Board of Goneral Appraisers during President Harrison's Administration and whoso sue. censor bus been appointed by President Mo Kinley, had retained Gon. Harrison as his counsel and would contest his removal. Mr. Bhurtlorrsaid ho had not et decided what po sition be occupied slnco the appointment of his successor. ex-Congressmnn Bliermiin, and that ho had not communicated with Gt. Harrison n regard to the matter at all. He added that if he deckled to make a contest there was no perbon to whom ho would, rather trust his lu. iereststhau tho ex-Presldont. He added that Gen. Harrison had been In his mind, but that he had not yet taken any steps In the matter. t;..l .-fy. 4frW, v j4ftaftw xmT xonn. fctizia xrnnnr. Progress Made Toward Erecting the Pro posed Mew Building In llrynnt Pnrk. A meeting ot the Board of Trusteoa of th New York rubllo Library was held yesterday afternoon atthoAstor Library. onLotamte place. Comptroller Color, who was elootM member ot the board at the last meeting. w,n present Tho Exeoutlre Committeo presented a report, mado inivlow of f ho facts that an ap. rroprlatlon of funds is about to bo made iy the city, and the work of tho demolition of ths reservoir Tand tho construction of tho new building Is about to bo begun. In referring to tho proposed library building, tho rutort says: "It may bo romarkfd that tho means ad nt ed by tho board resulted not only In nrodm. Ing plans for what your committeo beln0 win bo tho most satisfactory building for llhrnrr purposes in this country, and nt the tame tlmo second to none In thls'city in architec tural boauty. but tho particular schemo of competition adopted has met with universal approval and has slnco boon teconimended and used as n modol In competitions nf this character olsowhoro, being generally accented, ns a marked step tn advance In securing 'he best results in an architectural coiniciltluti. "Thecausos for dolay In tho nctual com. moncomontof tho work nro well known t are now assured, howovor, that tho Hoird nf Estimate and Apportionment will probably l able to appropriate $1,000,000 forthe wult during tho prosont year and r00 000 thereof as soon as a requisition from tlio Department of Public Parks In duo form Is presented v are, however, of opinion thnt no time Ins la reality been lost, and that tno lntennl slnca the adoption of tho plans has been most valu able as giving an opportunity for tholr sludv and development." Slnco July 1, 1800. according to the report. 80.000 volumes and a similar number of pam phlets have been added to the collections of tho library, llv tho end of the llseal year tits library will contain 40.1,000 olume and Ini,. 000 pamphlets. Including the Ford collection ot some 40,000 books. As to the project cf opening tho library for a few hours each oen Ing the oommittoo disapproves it. as It would result in an increase ot S15.0U0 a year in ex penses. The report ends with the following: "Looking .baok four yours, tho experience of that period has plainly Justified the previs ion of tho trustees of tho throe consolidating corporations. The added endowment, vrhl h has come from tho Tllden benefaction. tn enabled tho existing store of books to be made accessible to readers; it has given onportunl ty for keeping the collections fairly up to the times, and It has supplied tho means for reit ly Increasing the comfort and conenleneo of readers. Beyond nnd moro important than all this, the consolidation and chance of name hns enabled thoso conducting the .Now ork Public Library to present it to the publlo nnd to tin city authorities as an Institution existing for the welfare of ull tho citizens of the metropolis and appealing for support to all who nrn In terested tn the spread ot learning. What the result of Buch a policy may prove tn bo ln tu tu ro can only be conjectured. In the four years which have passed the fact that the city authorities, with the unanimous approbation of the Legislature, have set apart a site and have agreed to expend two nnd a half millions of dollars of money In erecting an adequate and permanent home for the library, abun dantly fulfils tho hopes with which the con solidation was undertaken." WIXTEH FOOTBALL. A Grand Game Among One Expert and Three Scrubs In Chlcngo's Streets. From the Chicago Inter Ocean. Phil Wellington, the noted half back of ths Chicago Athletic Association, nsUheie.i 3, new football record Saturday night nhout 8 o'clock. Six downs were scored by the athletic clubman In about three minutes amid th cheers of assembled cab drhors and street fakirs who crowd Congress street opposite tho Auditorium Theatre. A riot call was sent In by an unappreclativo spectator who happened to be a policeman, and n patrol wagon full of officers stopped the game just as an ambulance appeared to carry off tho injured. The balls with which Wellington mad lib six suecesslvo dowiiH on tho hard stone of the pavements wero tho heads of his threo friend. Frank Sprague. Gcorgo Hammill and A. W. Pixley. with whom he had beon dining in the chophouse of Tom Chandler, opposito thu Auditorium Theatre entrance, a fow minutes before. Tho game was tho result of a differ ence which arose in Chandler's placo, and ths action was spirited. Speetatorssay that Wellington was n whnla team In himself. When tho action began he was lined up on the walk against Plxloy. who is also n member of the Athlctlo Assoeintlon team: Spraguo and Hammill Pixley plajed centre, whllo Spraguo and Hammill played ends. Wellington bucked the line with a etlff right hander. which caught Sprague in th mouth, nnd when his head struck the pave ment ho yelled. " Down 1" Pixley Interfered to sae a touchdown, but his interference was poor. Wellington's right again shot out and Pixley's head scored th4 second touchdown. Hammill was unable to defend his end against the infuriated half back, nnd ho went down in tho scrimmage with his two companions. Wellington neglected to jump on the pile in true football style) but his blood was warmed to the game, and ho eontlnued to score. Sprague emerged from the pile with blood flowing from his mouth, and as ho staggered to his feet Wellington's right again mot his un-, guarded features, and he fell heavily in the gutter and was retired from the game. As no substitute was offered the game was continued without him. At this juncture H llam Carpenter Camp, who had been watching the game from the side lines, broke forenver and sought refuge ln the Auditorium Annex Pixley arose plucklly, but tho terrllle on slaught of tho half back was too mueli for even his trained muscles. As Wellington again hit the lino, the same right hand connected with Pixley's chin, nnd tho fifth down was scored Wellington had just gono through Hammlll's end for tho sixth down when Officer Kalis, who presides over tho front ontraneo of the Audito rium Theatre, called time. He had delayed just long enough to turn In a riot call, and with raised club dosconded on tho football players, Tho club was too much for Wellington and the officer was master of the situation. A Profitnhlo Customer. From the Detroit Tribune. A stranger dropped Jcto ono of the Wood ward avenue groceries the other dav and in quired of tho clerk If ho had any nuts. Ths clerk answered In the affirmative. "What kind do you want?" hn asked "I don't know. Just name them over to me. will your" "Well, we have hickory nuts, pecans, beech walnuts, almonds, peanuts." nnd he rattled off a numherof other varieties, but the strang er shook his head. "Filberts." suggested the clerk. "No. something llko that, but not filberts. "Butternuts ' The stranger smiled. "That's it. thank you " "How mony do you want?" asked the clerk. I don't want any. I'vo been trvinc to think of the name of that street for an huur. and thought tnat would bo a good schemo to helu me out. I want to get to Buttornut s'reet. What car do I take?" Preaches, Does Chores, nnd Ills Own Den tistry. From the Pahlonean, (la., tiugg't. .The Rev. D. 31. Edwards, pastor of the Methodist Church. Is the most Industrious preacher we ever had here. He does not ex pect the people to wait on him simply !ecau-s be Is a preacher, but does his own work He chops his wood, builds his own llres, ml ks the cow. nnd when his wlfo Is gone doe Ills own cooking, nud the othor day, after suTer Ing with the toothache twenty-four hours. sent to the dentist nnd got tho neeenMrf grabs" and pulled bis own tooth. Terribly Cold lu Porto Blco. ( From the San Juan .Vw, Fib. H. The cold snap hns reached Han Juan Al though we are a little lato In point of time wt get there just tne same. Kl 1:15 o'clock tin morning tho thermometer dropped t ' ' t., according to the ofllcinl minimum tl" r mometor of tho Weather llurenu, The 1 est that has heretofore been recorded In ts bureau slnco It was established here last lad was 07.4. nnd as the meroury goes dnivn to tl8 or 70' every ulgbt of tho winter tins tremendous lowering of the inruury is ex. truordlnary. Slxtv-ono Ilubles In S8 Days In One Tuvtii. From the Spokane Ci roniele. Spokane's population is growing fast More babies made their appearnnco in tl n city last month tnan In any month since "-i"' kune had its big demonstration over tho nrs baby born in tho town. Dr, l'otter has cm pi ed Ills health report for February It h as follows: "Hixty-one blrthb," Hlxty-one 1 1 bles, and February is tho shortest month the year. too. Of tho little people ho glad dened sixty-one of the homes In Spokane list mouth thirty-four were boys and tvventy-sevi.n were girls. Digger Than the Oceanic. From the IlirmlngSam Foil London. Fob. 'JS. I am able to state that I -fore tho Ocoaulo was launched nt Belfast, 11 compotlng company had given orders forthe 1 conhttuctlon of a steamer which will o.v end f.M-'il V.,a enormous proportions of the new White Star iluer. All tho detulls of the desiirii are being got out. and there Is little doubt thit .5,hBe?.,l.re.of the next fow months thuoo waot will be let. .