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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, March 19, 1899, 2, Image 17

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,' THE SUN, SUNDAY, MARCH 19, ,1899. 5 1
ft tavmn ! i " ' p lllr ,(., b ono com-
,i il 'am . , tit it Iip" tl'n, practical!
&' f?,"Tl v mil loieland llnkiti
S,.(! 'I"1 ' ", in tin- l'i Ice link-
., r . '",",', ,,,,, J.14IUJIH).
', i Ii i iluMnlin;nrlH -JJ5rt'"
', V ne intor.n it on Ii oh
Ski 1, . I ihui' nitigof Match 'ihe
iViril11 ' ,,. e.l .n March nt Troll-
,'t ri '":;" ' , t tin' iii'Mii ii..kniL'
.( n,'rm .? "I" " 'fii"" : ,f -",;
(,!' ?V ll i " l'ret.;rreil snvk.
iX '. voters .' I .hiii.'I 11 Lawrence.
StKlil Ml, mil nohiare-tof
EV ' . -1 i. ii. .rporitors lloth
Ailari1 f,r , ii it. t eon rUul In tho
iStK,wi..! vl.iothe Price ( oinpnny
" ",' i 10 ' ket .f the WW.
'"l',, I -,ihe(ieiiprnlCIiml-
i"i,hl'SJ V i- "! ' ' ''. "." i1 !)1,nl
if ftiifW,, ,, , i I mnls of chemicals
,0 toaalce-" me t , e prcfeiied tlper
ill"",1.', II mliinvs l'il?Hl
t?1 "?.te it IM l-t'ii. N If 1 III
tis '" .', Hi.' ' i ' '! ii.imo.l In tlie
rW KL . JW lcnv:i,. Charles
'lof'iVli ii'i l M. ruin Jr. Louis
f".1 Her er' I ilk. f Hilt elv. I'll
"ih , 1 IkM i.l Mil- n. ircderhk
,l'', Vl i I J'len.if I'ltt-
Jt4r0,1 III. ' " "' '""' " W'
i'C f. . i ii I f '. .1 1 ''ll I liiongo It has
'"""Sir. I tli it " nc I irgo dieml. al
" Tt 1 v' '"" ''' itla tho trust.
la .,-.,1. i. ii.t f the inenrns lu It hs
liM I lie IM includes. It Is
1 wl,Zotl,-r.t i. N h U ( heml.-nl Com-
l!, i wVcnVi tlieniiiuleeChrmleM
"-1"Vr,,miiii HiBlihn.le ( hem c.U Com
W , ii l i iiip-iiiv. Moro l'hil
FSf.ii I'lii'iJelfhln Clieinl
tent anil iho N'.itloiial ( hemle.il Com-
i :T ?LiUiewn.s.mmnv tn the fnlteil Rtnten
ft CoriWT e.l'ttni: filllkHHMKI. i.ilf
TwUn 1 tin'' '"'' 'f ,",l0l!k- ,orl,,r'1 i0,
' TC.. thole iillni: irn " i i-nmi'anli! of
t? imnni: tl-w iiitereoteil ill olTfPtllic
"'f'T-HS" n I h- " -mi' m l ilJ to In-iieill'-n
rnl-ti .mtnnlc tthl.-h t-ontrot
CTlSnM" er romnin. Ineor
i?..i li.t Noreml'.-r i forme I to nciulrn
ErtiM teorfontiiiL' nl.unt 7" rer cent ot
r-.i,Vr!jTtiWPrMi.'t if the I nlte.l Stnte.
Vn5 i r"" Tn" inie of the lerllnir fill
1Bi?tli "in'e the eoiiooliihtlon of tha
Swnl.5 nr.t liken In which InWu.leil the.
iihori WiMrbiirv (nun . llarlMiiir silver
3 itiMnl William llocenMnnufne.
JtmTl "" '""!. Mnnh ittan silver
SVcmnnv Imns. V W itrous Mnim-
iy?rHtWT Cimt'inv 1 -irtfoiil: SlerMi-n
mi am Verl'I'-n "'onn ItotersA Ilninllton
i ,Hr I ive I'orai' in J W i orhury, Conn. : Nor
,rh nit'orr r.minnv Norwich. Conn :
.llril slh" riite I oiniiain Toronto. f)nf .
,i1 'b llolrrei A IMw.i-iN sllmr Comiiiinj.
L . tt, Tonn. th 'nut Ins aenulreil the
. ' N tr Coirnnv f Unrliv anil the Hhiin-
kl "ilier ( onn -uiv anil shnpoon. Mall.
' itr ( C) of W illlnfonl Siimuol DoiM Is
.lrfH(ntin.li'" s iinui'l Thomee Trens
ii 'Tie Mfiril iiithirlri'il Is J!.0(H).IHK)
-rrM in. I Jlliki'iiin oinmon tnek. Tho
mmi'ii v rlno'l n the unlisted (leoart
ittrf the Me k 1 vohanire e irlv List month
HRITIM. iriMtllTI S MUiHts
Tho m'rl'in l'i I i v rnrnpanv was Ineor
mttllnNoif Joi-cs let. 14llh JlDlxX).
Iiniltil. Iiall f i' 7 per cent eiinmlatlve
Hfsrrt.1 itnct It is iinnnsml 1 1 ho arillliiteJ
itlilhNalli.nl sioe' I niniuuy an. I merfr.-s
n-'t ct'n li'ittmi: iiiivir-itus inaiiufietorr
(llbPl Tie lire -t r n.tim-il are lohn II.
ilf flljtTi ..I Iwi .I sumnMr. riurenoe
Viorlor Vi s hnssrll nii.l I W All.lilnuhof
itroit Jnh i fe t ciiml I L ili'Mimev Of 11
nllo Ii lie run W l'lrke-'.f -t. I.ouK
tti I'.W'I. ' ' ienee M W id'ei, Frank O.
ivjm ml Wl mi T Uakar of I'hlf'aco;
ifrrt R.1H I ol ItmTilo. II Hill of Fast Oraniro
rtJjmo. II Pill Thocoiii..mv ias broucht
il 'a Ci('a."in.l wis ih scribe I ns an ex
ijkn t tho I uinss .f the ohl mcrlc.iu
latitnr '' mnmi ( Illltmis wlii.'h vfa or
;ul;M Id I1!'-' 1 Ii" iiii.lerwrltlnu ivis ile-
rite 1 m fiur t mn- I'ersuDscrilie.l. What
nidtlirel an nfll hi innoiinceroeDt sal.l
Jitthoi'imMni w. ii 1 eoitrol nlniut 7.1 per
mt of the out i ut nf stemi ami water heattni;
(iilu nf ll.e 1 intp.l states, n production
ii. a It iva. i'd to ironi 1 ."lIKMUKM) to IK..
iOii foot nf mlntlon ler annum. The
eewaTst'lin's iticlii li that f the ohl eom-
T of the .vne mm- at Chlcmo, the Staml
sM Fji I aK r (omnanv it DiirTalo. the TUus
rti Irrai I'tTiinnv it 1 ituUlle. I'a.. anil the
lojis Lallitor lourany at St Louis,
imwinr virtu of Fi.rrTBiciTY.
IV Goni-rii 1 loi'tric Compiinv. organized
W a vfl il i'li irter of the State of New
Ilk in April INC. owns the 1'illson and
(jMothorMtontsfor'ele.'tric llshtinc. In the
( sSw flilo. nn J In some other tuuntrios. It
sruj. aa I. well known, eiclii.lii" franchises
ijhul enmiwiies for restricted territories.
Kit .oils eKtri' supplli.s of all sortH anil
i tno Mulr-rncnts for rallw.us. llghtlne. Ac.
tomout wis nia.le in IMSHt by the (ien
onlLoo'rlaan.l WastinKhoiiee companies to
Wl tholr Mtents Tim Gemini Electrio
lJ07 Mhl ii 4 rer cent illiilend in lKt.'.
JtCNnt in lis 11. and nruo tliercnfter on
5fmmtn .took of the company Tho tlll
CW.dof on the preferred mock were also in
lyi-aaJ to hrliii; aliout a resumption of
4Jinn Mh el.nses ot stock theeanltal
JJoi Jut- li list, reduce.! from J.M.71'..-'$3l.'eJ7.-.tN).
of which JIH.WI.OOO Is
JJS- S"?'1..""'.1 ,-,-",'-,,w Preferred The
pauhto.1 .lliulemls due on tho old pro
S7i"!!ars up to Uie 1.1 last acureirated
u, t.,4 ,.iii.t ,'i Kit per cent, on tho pre
AMi.ll..r2,u "' '" tliat 1'iontli a bit later.
gthiiiHiterci'iit. IO.S.V, percent. I?l.
2J 7 B1MiJ In ten weeks enilitik' with
fo i0"'!: ''""ii"- l-arly in February
.lLu. n 'he Preferred stock van declared
K . h.l"h completlni; the back dlI
owi on tint htnok, nhici, eles tb0 way
SSfSfJ tfi'mption nf di iilendtt oa the com
Mk$tk 'ttr the reluctioii of capital
jMhi 1 , "'V'1 'liatthe back dlldends
Binjlil meats, alone with tho tuvment of
lu'JSJ '".tr"' llvl'lends on the nvlueed
lin7!r,.Mll '.lu' tliehaek p uments should
ivyvViJPi i ,or'' 'l' Wends on the common
ffiiri M ,t',r,""'""'l The reduced cap
Mn re mire, fl.'J7.-144 annually to
ikat onfk. Cllt on th" froferro.1 and (I Per
r2il0M'-n ,,,?ck Tl1" ret,ort nt th0
Ml'tiM0rr,.l','.,l"lne'1 ro'", earnlncs
B3i.Hi lIt,?'-,r-.'' "".'"' "'her Income
lr rimrl.1 ri'."l.('nt of "' fieneral Elec
Renri Wr t? i ( ( nl11' "", Treasurer
sSw" Via1".', usi. iJrjsj ,shj-
III '' .liro.'tnn are- r. H. Coster.
nn. "' ,' , " i"tlm,'. .1. 1'ieriKint Mcr
5Jf.rl5i,t,,ni" "ni1 "'orue Foster 1'ea-
0vili5UTrk' I?'1 f- Coffin. T. JefTer
lipi Mf ,f'll I Hlk-clnon. Oliver
fonrlel'KI. l-Uno-,-''l Oordon Abbott and
Th. u '.''fl'r "f Iloston
hriBcJmr'1ml,i0UV 11,,'l, nnd Slannfao
seilr .mKl'' ,tn ' enn-jlsanla corporation
i Win '"?" a"'1 'hiMcter to the (len
lln tffn.0,"",l!lf . lt "wnR exclusJvo
'" 1 i' '''Tents on alternntlnc cur-
pnrair 1?,, '" v4,1" the ease of the other
FoofS ? ' '"t0 ?reement with tha
rlMter.r,r ".'"""'iny In Mareh. lWHl. to
kerwi I,,,. ?""' ?;'"nn the Westlnchoupo
likaW' V'H '.'"'tl'ill all of thocapi.
J h M ' ' ""5 l"ent e'l uonils of
ktto iViniffiL'if, Ji.1 authorlud copltal
"' fn.m ii,.. ' "hl.'h represents an In
IlairVS,!" '"""". the oriKlnnl capital.
ti?r,i.;:!,'s '''.' I" lne. 1MI.1. The
wmalitivJ .1,., ' H!"ltlpil to 7 Per cent.
""mS lm ii len'?- ',,h t"e rik-httopar-fklrhJro
V 0,l"'r 8t0"k "'"" the
? wr !?Jt V. ...0,i ' .rer c?nt l' Mnfo of
Sit'".?. U'1'.' ".n tl10 rrflferred stock
WriS i' r'f'anuary.lWKi tieorxo
id the T. lfclent of tne eomnany.
Mreaami p i,,,,;n,,s,"re !" 'annlsfer. ft.
r" Ives " ci?. "'. "' ,Tl1",r',,tor'"-' "rav
""lllfn "'"' .C I'arleiiTrantls Adams.
S'usfM.I i'iVi, V"k',.l.,t Ilelmnnt. N. V.
I'Hebhnrd iiV. Ilvrl!, J!"-,111' Hartley, O.
'Tl,... "TloN4i, I EH).
1 1" the ewn!V I "nu'iM. orcanled un
S.MI.naTlJ,?' r ,lws ''! ,H"1' euc-to.led
& C, ', Jr,lst and controls twentv
Swht. o.in ''0,u'"'1 htntes. manufnc
5ny V. , . . J ".''"'her products The
il"l Km. t'1 r,r lK1'7 h"ed totalaskots
pl'Wixi) r.,,,Lh? t'a,',"t'11 authoiized Is
itt'nL Lx ' r"0''" or rirererri-.l and
"it ,i,.,,,r f weterre! 1 entit ed to
Lwiit i Vr.'1 T1' nr 'lli'lenil In imi'j.
feta lw r ! ' ' 'V '""t I" 1KIU. 1 rsir
ito" 1 1, , ' " l ehruary of this veur 1
H&,1; J He net cirnlnss In 1k(i7 wero
i?"rn,'r,',n1';,,h1 7'imnany Is a Kentucky
Slwrine m . .'l '" 1K.M.' for ,1,e ""two
S'i-i-. ,,'' rrl capil.le of rroducinn
SS1' l n. t, L.1:1""1'0' "tarrh a onr. It
bS" " iir . "'I'Vl' ?etorlev It has nn
Barter, V i ,S "'"" ,.KM' moro t'1""
Kteof, i,',' V'!1"'. has len losiiod In
I ' trrflts iK1"' '"l eoinmon shares.
S'sini '" 1S1'7 ero J4K,ih)0. At the
to1"""! fir . ,I';"r "i8 '"!J''nds were In
i-toisj..',J1 1.,'; I,l"'f",, "t ! ,,r i'"t Vroni
Rlesnr In N.1,."Jrer,'rrl1 ''l,l M "ercont.
ifjJW, a , '' '.r cent, uothlns in
h UUsh' ,r.'-:',nt l'il"liin.l,.tliesam
iK'ftnt ,r :"'.'; bconi1 1'referred raid
e "he o, , , no,l'l!e 'ho only divl.
I' ko. """" wn" 1 I'crtent. in 1HH.
ijMlsc,, V" rAIK1,''-l'Tl.l'hTH.
y "rtomied to tako oer the prou-
ertloi owned by the United Btatei Conlafte
Compnny.land last year the Union Helllna Com
pany ivas oruanlod to act as nelllntc agent for
It find finance) It. The Proceeds of sales In
1MI7 ivere SJ.nil.'irkl nnd In 1WW JJ.lOO.lla,
jmt n ilvilclt of SHI7.KJO in J W7 wbb converted
In lwif into n surplus uf L"-M.G0.'l. Thocapi
t.il is SllMJtXMXW. v
...Tho American Htraw Hoard Company, an
Ill'nois cotDorntlon with $tf.UHl.0tM capital.
Paid dividends ot 1! por cent In March and
.nine. IfflKJ. und none hnvo been paid since.
Ilie half dozen strnw board faetorlos which
lime been outside, the trust are about orenn
Iriiii; a combination of their own Ulth J5.1HJ0,
OlHicni.ltal Tlie American Soda Fountain Company, or
k'.inl7fil lu New .lersev in lmil, paid ilMdonil
in full up to 1NMI on the common stock 10 per
tent yearly, n prollt of . ,7'J7 In IWiS was
chaiiKOil to n loss of FL'."7.!Ci4 In lHHl, In which
year lli.H7.' was paid IndMdends from the
ncciitnulated surplus: In 1M7 the loss was
$.ii.:iU4 and in lMt5-l.'i4,(U.I, nccurdlnc to the
annual report of operations, tho j cur ondlnc
with Auuust.
Tlie American Tvne Foundors' Company, or
ganised In lrOi'2 for tho manufacture of tl no
and printer' rmtcrlnls. witli .r.l)OO.O0 com
mon stock and $4.1Hh),(Kh) preferred reduced
Its capital In lmxJ to J4,K)0.lW common stock.
Last jear showed gross pmllts of S'.Mf,44tJ.
Tho L ul.tu TiiKiwilter CoiXpany. organized
In lKli.1. has oiiutnndlim UiJlHMKX) of com
mon stock, $4.()M)!tM)(i of 7 per cent, first pro
furred nnd $4,015,000 of 8 tr ceut second
preferred
Tlie Diamond Match Company, with a capi
tal of 11.d00.U00 (Increased fiom $.. 100.0001.
was organised In Illinois In UM. and hae fac
tories nt lloston, St l.ouis. Detroit. l!arlerton.
l) and Oshkosli and store properties nt I'hlln
delphla and llaltlmore. It has sawmills at
Atliol. Miu.s . and Ureon bay. W1f.. and own
also extensive pine stumpago.
Tho Americnn llrass Company has been or
ganized In Connecticut with u cnvltnl of 1!0.
JO0.000 to eftect, as is supposed, n combination
ot brass manufacturers Tho l'aclllc Amerl
can lisherles Cominny lias beon chartered by
New Jersey with ."),tHH).iHK) capital and has
bought tho salmon fishing ami canning Inter
ests nhout I'uget hound and Is said to be ne
uotlatlng tor Al.iskan interests. The Fnltod
htates Cast lion l'lun and Foundry Coiupnny
has been incorporated nt.Tienton with S30,
(HMi.000 capital, nnd there is to be Incortsirnted
there shortly th Natlonnl Tube Company,
with UHO.OOO.OOO.'enplul. whloh will control the
loading wioitght Iron pipe factories In tho
United States. 1 he formntiou'of this company
wag arranged by J. 1'iorpont Morgan A Co.
The sixteen companies included In lt hnvo a
capacity f l.llHi.OUOtoDH.Tho rnlonl'nporllag
Com ran v has been Incorporated In New .lersey.
capital. $l!7,(XH).ox. with the purpose indicated
In its title. The I'ntted hhoo Mnchlnerv Com
pany, who!..! nature is also Indicated In Its
name, lias been formed with S'JO.lHHl.OOU cnpl
tal. the stock being listed on the lloston Stock
F.xchange It includes soieu companies ot
this country and of Canada.
.IKKir TllL'HTM IS Ml'MllI'il, FIFI.11.
Some organlatlons with a purely municipal
field, ilka tne gas or electric lighting com
panies of largo cities, have a capitalization ns
great as or greater than that of some of the
trusts. One of these, the l'entisjlinnla Manu
facturing Light end Power Company, orgun
bedlist year with ilo.OOO.OOO capital (of
which only Sl.tiOtMiOO was culled and n dlil
dcn.l was paid on tliat I. for tho purpose of con
trolling the elect rle light eomintiles of Philadel
phia ha, branched out and under the name of
the llectrlc Company of Vmciien. capital J'J.'i.
(Hiil.HKi. Is hutng up Illuminating companies
outside of that citv. mnnr these are the. Fa
maica iTajng Island) Kleettie Light nnd Power
rouipany. companies in Camden. Atlantic Citi
and Scranton and tome others In the Lacka
wanna Valley in tlie neighborhood of Scranton.
lt is said.
To attempt to toll of tlie tmsts In process of
formation wouldlre.iuire altogether too much
space, and tho consolidated companies ac
tually Incorporated are increasing almost ei
erv ilav.as the columns of the .lolls press show.
Of the cmblnations tnlke.l of as likelv to tna
terlillze. tho biggest In point of i u.itnl is the
Proposed copper comiumi with Slmi.iHXMKX).
A proposed f:tl,(X) .ix)u mist, tho merlcan
Cereal Company, a combination of l.1 1 er cent
of the mill cpaciti of the country, which was
all but established a few dais ago. was aban
doned, for the time being at any rate, owing to
lltlgationbeeun against the principal com
panj couierned to prevent the consolidation.
ECUS.
The Varied Sources from Which Supplies
for This Market Are Now Drnwn.
A man who eata an egg or two for his break
fast might perhaps not realize tha number of
eggs that It takes to supply the aggregato
wants of tho peonla ot this town and ot the
cities and towns of the surrounding territory
that draw more or less ot their egg supplies
from here. There wore received lu New York
from Jan. 1 to Marcli 11 of the present year
'JT'.i.HXS cases of eggi, as against 3fcSH,!!38 casei
fjr tlie corresponding period last year. Tho
receipt of eggs hero last sear wero .tJ42.'-T2
cases. Tho great falling off in recoipts In the
early period mentioned this year, as distin
guished from the corresponding period of last
sear, was due to the widespread, long-continued
and unusual seierlti of this i ear's winter.
There are two standard commercial pack
ages for eggs, ono a case of thirty dozen and
the other a caso of thirty-six dozen. There are
about as many shipped in one sloloaso as In
the other, so that tho nierage of tho egg pace
agos would bo about thirty-three dozen to the
case, or, say, 400 egg.!, so tli it tho receipts
Ironi .Tan 1 to March 11 of this year, a period
of seventy days, amounted to about lll.tiiKj.
'JOO egga. or an aierage. approximately, of
1 .ilOO.i xx) eggs daili. lt will bo borne in mind
hat this was a stason ot unusual restriction in
the supclv. and. moreover, tint the great egg
sensou lu tho year Is not winter, but spring.
1 1- to ab ut fifteen leais.igo Indiana and
Illinois were nlsiiit tlie Western limit ot tlie
sources of supply of eggs for this market, eggs
coining from those and from all the Interven
ing. Mates, and more or less from tho South,
as welt as from familiar lo'al sources of sup
ply. Fags come to this market now from sub
stantially the entire countrrwest ot here and
east of a line drawn down through North Da
kota. South Dakota. Nebraska. Kansas nnd
into Texas. F-gss are recelied here from
Texas dally in tho season. Bomo eggs come
from Oklahoma. Kggs eomeractlcally from
eieiywhcru east of the tin indicated, from
Iowa and Alabama. .Michigan and Missouri,
Ohio oud Arkansas. Mississippi and Pennsil
T.inlu Teunossee nn.l Kntuns. Scattered
throughout this region theie are now thou
siuds ot egg-shipping place', large and small,
at which eggs are collected and shipped. The
egg shipping season nt various plaies depends
on the locality. From the North moro or less
eggs come the icar round: from tho bouth
none or practically none, in summer, and tho
boutiieru hi. li. plug season becomes more nnd
more limited the further South the place,
until at the extreme Southern points ot ship
ment tho shipping is substantially confined to
tne winter season.
Tlie wldu extension In recent yean of the
sources of tho egg supply for this market is. of
course, duo primarily to tho enormously in
creased domand. It Is due. also, in erv largo
measure to the greit improvement In the egg
shipping package and tha great increasi and
lmproiement lu tlie facilities for transporta
tion. Kaes come nowadavs from tho most dis
tant points with remarkablo quickness; from
Texas, for instance, lu throe dais, so that dis
tance scarcely counts. a get f reh eggs from
men the remotest localities. Tho shipping
package Is e . ery where the same as to tlie mim
nerjot Its construction. The cases are pro
vided with what arecallod fillers, the flllor
being racks of cardboard placed in the box in
tiers, with sheet i of cardboard between tho
tiers, each egg occnpilng a aonarato pigeon
hole or compaitment in a tier.
Kgg raising is carrlod on now not only far
moro extensively, but far more systematically,
than ever beforo. The breeds of chickens
everj where have been Improved, though more
in sciuo parts ot '.ho country than in others,
and the Improvement even nhori continues.
There aro many great chicken farms, and
many chicken raisers thai conllno themselves
to special breeds. The common itock also has
boon Improved everywhoro moro or less.
Without legnrd to their actual price at tho
moment, commercial eggs may vary In i alue ns
much as live cents a dozen: handsome, large,
selected, high-grade eggs may be worth (lis
coutsadozen more thin ordinary eggs. These,
juperlor ercs mav be the produotlou of speoitil
breeds ot stook. but tho eggs ot comparatively
ordinary stock packed with care might bring
half a cent or n cent more'n dozen than tho
same eggs packod as.they run. More and more
egg raisers give attention to such details now
adays, culling out eggs that aro dlrtv or dis
colored nnd packing tliem bv themselves to sell,
though they may bo as big and heavy and good
as tho othors.'at less than regular. prlce..buf
more than making this good by tlie added
prko obtained for the others, due In great
measure 'o their slghtllneis of appearance.
Moro handsome eges may bo seen for lalo In
retail stores now tlisn ever before.
Modorn cold storage provides n meam of
keapiiiKlthoeggsot tho.plentltulisoason ngalnsf
the season of senut supply, and Improved
methods of refrigeration nnd f plckiliiir make
it possible to keep them now belter than ever.
A Word About hrailrkneii.
V A. Chapman, lato surgeon of the Holland
America line, writing to tho .UfJicof Itecorti,
fays- . , ...
"Justnword about seasickness. If you in
tend to take u sea voyage hav.j your friends
coiiui Ihoevonlne before jour departure dot
theni to stay half tho night ut least Open sev
eral bottles ot 'boil voago' oheer: eatplonty
ol cake, leu cream. Ac , and If you are not good
nnd seasick when jou get out upon thowators.
then ou never will ho sick.
"It those about to depart upon n voyage
would tako eight hourly doses of ono-fourth
grain olcalomeleachon thodny before embark
ation, goto ued early that evening and take
two or three doses ot ono-Mtietn grain of
strychnine nitrate the next forenoon, about
nne-lmlt tho case of suaslckni&a would be
nvertad."
ETHICAL CULTURE SCHOOL
eso itArrr cuir.oRKy ntio Attn
TAqaiiT nr .vitir methods.
Alma nnd flytteru of the School ntnbllhrd
by l'ellx Aider's Society Experiment
in Bdiicntlou HUidy mid Mnnnnl Trebl
ing Interwoven Tile Workshop,
If anybody wants to aeo 250 children having
a beautiful time let him no to 10!) West Fifty
fourth streot, Let him btgullo somebody Into
taking him to evorvroneof the twenty rooms
In the building, and 'especially Into tho one
which Is labelled "Third Orad." lloolnson
Crusoe, alnsl may be gone by that timo, but
there's sure to bo mmii Interesting pereonago
on hand. However, it won't do to plunge into
the third grade so recklessly. In order to work
up to tt properly It might be wcll'to begin, as
tho reporter did. outside tho door of the school.
The building at 101) Is a largo one ot red
brick, known originally as the Worklmtman's
School, but now known as tho Lthlcnl Culture
School. Its real start was made on Jan 1.
1878. when tho Society for Fthtcal Culture
opened n freo klndoigart"n. tho first tn the city
of New York. Two years later, when many of
tho children woro ready to loavo the Muder
garton, those at the head ot tho work were
confronted with a problem. Fithor tho chil
dren mustrao to thotPuhlic schools, where en
tirely different methods prevailed, or somo
means must be found ot continuing their edu
cation on the same principles on which tt had
been begun. Tho latter course was chosen
and the Worktngmnn's School was started
8ln:o lHtH) tho pupils have been of two
classes. About three-fourths ofZthe number
either enter on free scholarships or are Ireo
pupils in the kindergarten, and go from there
Into the elementary school. A fourth of the
pupils pay for tholr tuition, the foes vury.ne.
acoording to grade, from $75 to $200 a year.
Probably the chango In the name ot tho school
resulted from this action. While the Institu
tion Is not literally carried on by the Kthlcal
Culture Society, lt is practically so. Folk
Adlor Is Chairman of the School Committee
and most ot the Individuals Interested In tho
work belong to tho society.
That the Ethical Culture School is n pioneer
In improved methods and that It Is ono of the
most Interesting object lessons In tho best
ways ot teaching few educators will dony. The
ordinary outsider does not kuow this lie
has a vague Impression that it Is a trad school
for tho education of aitlsans or meuly a man
ual training school. Ho know nothing of tho
broader methods and alm of the managers
Ono of thorn put tho whole thing Into a nut
shell when he said:
"The school alms to bo a model public sctiool
and to serve as an exi.ertnient.il Held la which
new methods of education may bo tried for
tho benefit of the entire public s.'hool si stem
It hopes to remain tn constant touch with tho
public schools and to try new educational Ideas,
which can be tested under more favorable con
ditions by an institution outside of tlie sistem
than by one which forms part ot tt. lt aims
not merely to teach the throe It's, nor to en
able pupils to earn a living, nor to endow them
with accomplishments, but. to build up man
hood and womanhood It li believed tli.it If
the highest aim be achieved, the lesser also
will be attained Incidentally "
"Peoplo have demanded a reason." said an
other Interested person, "tor tho existence of
tho school. People have a way of demanding
reasons, but their domnndsnro not nlwais as
gonerously answered as they can be In this
case. In tho first place, the Fthical Culture
School Is one of the ploneors in the progress of
education all over tho country It doesn't do
any good to say. If there is a need for experi
mental stations In education, so to speak, let
the publiolscliool system inaugurate them
The publlo school ss stem Is a great and an un
welldy body. Of necessity lt moves slowli.
and thero would be a great hue nnd erv of pro
test If It did otherwise. So. you see. ono of tho
most valuable results of the school's exlstenco
is shared by thousands of children, not merely
by the few hundred pupils In actual attendance.
"In tho second place, there Is the direct gat n
V) thaes boys and gtrli themselv es. The bene
fits of the methods we uso ought to and do fol
low them through life To begin with, the
classes here are only half as large sometimes
not even half as those In the public schools.
There fifty or sixty pupils are undir tho care
of ono teacher. You can't expect that teacher
to accomplish as much wilh!them as one ot
our Instructors can with only twenty-live chil
dren. Then there is anothur thine A publlo
school class, except la rare cases, goes plod
ding along as tin inseparable whole No mat
ter whether there are bright und dull pupils
side by side, ono straining a' the leash, the
other hanging back like so raucn dead weight,
tha class Is approximately indivisible Our
Masses are so much smaller that the Individual
abllllj or lack of ability of each child shows
more eleariy And our system Is so much less
rigid and unwlldy:that we can gradually sep
arate tho bright ouos from the duller ones and
let them work ahead nt their own gait
"The methods applied hnvo been variously
called the "creative method' and 'learning by
doing' Ilesides suppliiug the elements of a
broad and general culture. It is tho particular
aim of the school to discover the Individual
bent ol ouch pup'I. to tralnlhlm along the lines
of his natural aptitude, and thus to proinro
htm mentally and rnomly for his future voca
tion. At tho same time, the superintendent
d.s.'s not often Inlluence a buy In the choice of
avocation Just because a boy shows, in ap
titude tor drawing he Is not forthwith im
pressed with the Idea that he Is au artist born.
lie merely gets an opportunity to develop In
that direction."
Tub Sun reporter spent an hour or two go
ing from classroom to classroom. Superintend
ent Iltigart showing the way First cimo tho
kindergarten classes, one lu a brluht. sunny
trout room, tho other In the big gymnasium,
for the building la by no means adequate to
th needs of tho school, nnd classes must be
uuartereu tn every available room Children of
fourvears'old aro admitted to the kindergarten.
In connection with which W a tialnlug ilass
for ktndorgarton teachers
At six years ot age, on an average, tha little
folks go from their low tables to tho desks or
the first grade, and right hero begin certain
methods which are seldom found In primnrv
grades When manual training wns intro
duced into some of tlie pubiio echools ot tho
country, oniv tho high schools were favored,
the Idea being that the now feature would
Xradually vvorkdown through the lower grade',
t tho ethical culture school manual training
begins in the kindergarten and continues with
out Interruption through the entire course
When tho reporter wept Into tho llrst-grado
classroom tho other dny the children were not
gliding tho Illy, but painting i plcturo of a
turnip which had a lovelv hectic Hush on one
side and a vigorous tall twisting oft on tho
other. They mixed tholr own colors, and somo
of them came urettv near'reproiluclne tlie flush,
while not ono ot them forgot tho tall
Then they hud a reading lesson, ltlght there
the advantage ot giving tlie brighter pupils a
freer rolu wns at ones apparent The more
backward worked at one side of the room,
while tho others had a little, lesson of their
own. Studies aro not pursued hore In tho
old-fashioned arbitrary wny. For instance,
there la an Interrelation betweou the dllTer
nt lines which makes each a heln to the other
This beslus to be more apparent In tlie sec
ond grade, where tho children aio now read
ing Hiawatha." Instead of arbitrary und
senieless reading leisous. they take some
thing which has a real vnluo, llterury or his
torical With this they Interweave their man
ual training work.
For Instance, In ono corner of tho second
classroom was an Inclosed spaco on the Moor,
Here was a miniature representational a sceuo
from "Hiawatha." Sand was banked in hills
and valleys lendlsg down to a river which ran
Into a lake : a glas lake, ot course. In among
the small ttees were wigwams and clav figure,
of Indians and ot the various animals men
tioned in the poem. A paper cauoo, in which
sat a painted Indian, Hunted on the lako. In
a case near this silvan icene wero a Rood many
clay llgurcstof the snmo types Indians, pipes,
and so on all modelled and colored bv the
children, who had also mado wigwams ot can
vas which tfley hemmed and appropriately
painted. Another collection Illustrated some
thing they bad read apropos ot the Lsklmos.
There wero olav figures of the people, isolar
boars, walruses, huts and dogs, ns well as very
clever little snowslioes, kmaks and bledges,
tt was most Ingenious, and as for the knowl
edge it gave the children of practical geog
raphy, of natural hlstorv and ot racial condi
tions It .van both comprehensive aud not soon
to be forgotten.
Hut it was across tho hall. In th third grade
classroom, that the visitors lingered nn.l
would fain have been children nguln. There
was another siiunre inclosur here, containing
hills which supported palmi and tropical vege
tation, and plunged down to tho margin ot a
looking-glass sea. There on tho kan.lv shore
stood th cross whloh linhlnsoii Crusoe set up
when he landed there. And half way up the
hills, against a bold blulT, was his stockade.
Around a point of laud were tho sea turtles he
used to take. In short, it was all there: C'ai
soe himself, the fine old boy 1 and the goats aud
Friday and all the rest ol It. As foi the till r 1
irraden thoy wor about H years old nnJ their
eyei shone they had been making clay fig
ures of Ciusoe. Crusoe standing, Crusoe on
tils UK kne. Crusoe un his tight knte, Cruao
t
In overy position whloh ho might have as
sumod for tho purpose ot shooting with a
murderous toothpick -at tho goats,
They woro having n beautiful time, and
somehow that beloved t.il had boon tnnde to
lead thorn through the weary wins of geo
grnnliy nnd natural hlstoiy and clav modelling
and color work and moral iuotructlou yes.
moral Instruction I'nsectnrlnii moral In
itructlon Is part of the rcgulnr coiirno lt Isii t
dealt out to them in cold lumps, but is woven
Into tho fnbrlo of the wholo lurrlcultim lor
instance. In tho Ilraticar tho original, nnturo
mrths are uboiI. stories such ivsoue finds In
"Mother Oooe." Andersen and Orlnim Next
ci.me fables aud books llko "Hiawatha." show
ing man lu conflict with nature Next conio
( ni"oe. John Smith nip' other men who con
ducted nnturo For this vcar there is a nor
Ion of John Smith's own dlnty, which tho su
perintendent luil mimeographed I'hen coino
Columbus and the other discoverers, thucolo
nlzcis. early American hl-tory. nnd so pn
tlirouuh (Ireeco and Hum and Furopo and
even thing . ...
Music and art uro taught throughout the en
tire cours. The eighth grade, cointrood of
bovs and girls of iibout foiirteon, wero design
In ,i i over for tho pai-rs they havu boon writ
ing about W hlttlor. Fach design was original
und there weie somo vcrv clover ones
Tho classroom for scientlllo studies is nt the
top of the house There was no class in It
when th reporter was there, but the evi
dences of practical work in botnnj. 'homlstry.
iilolugi, all the o'ogles. In fact, weio there,
Tho room, luwever. is too small to meet tho
needs ot the school. Tliisiluinanil for. moto
spaco was ovldsut on all. sides, nlthough tho
HOhnol i handled as woll ns Itcnn be As it Is
suiuiortcd almost entirely by private contribu
tions the tow paying pupils, of com su. do not
bring a very 1 irgo Income- tho work should
have moro funds in order to boainplllled ns tho
projectois wish
In the baement is tho workslnp. with its
lathes and benches. Its tools foi -an cntri and
Iron work. In .'onnocMon with this wcrk
:oines mechanical diawlng. The piactlcnl re
sult ot tlie tiainiugciiu bo testified toby hois
who havo left tho bdiool to become mechani
cal engineers, expert draughtsmen and V) fill
other p.ists of tli.it kind In Plaio of tlino
b.-anches for the boy. tho girls nro taught
ewing and designing The le un to sow by
hnnd and bi machine, to draught patterns,
cut and lit. Ilefore they leave tho school they
make a set ot underclothing, uslilit waist and
a dress skirt. They nlso learn to make tho
Blmpler forms of milllnerv.
There Is a librarr and reading mom In the
basement, ami. wiia. is an unusuii feature,
thero Is a pluslcian'a olll. . where tho plivst
eal condition ot the children Is vvntehod nnd
their health generally lined for. There is a
branch school nt mi Mndison avenue, and lioro
a high school course of four vears is can led out
on the samo methods Of course the reporter
cannot giin, .i complete list of the studies
taken up nor nnv'.lilug more thi.iu nieio
glimpsoof tho methods used and the ends de
sired. Tlie two buildings ate as busv ns bee
hives aril theie is something Interesting going
on lu every room. There wns ono Impression
galucd everywhere, however Nobody ever
saw a moro nlort. Interested. Iiappv crowd of
little folks I'heio was lint one tinhappv look
ing smell youngster, nnd ho was wrest ling with
the norfect subject and the perfect predicate ot
n sentence Nobodv could M.ime him for Mug
bored There are no grounds in ouni'-tlon
with the school, hut the President nt the Man
hattan btornge Company tins given thu chil
dren tho free use of some vacant lots near bv.
nnd there, nt 2 P. M.. they go to play basket
bull and other games.
1 ho members of tlie F.xecutlvn Commlttco
In control of tho schools are Piof. Felix dler.
Alfred lt WoliT. Douglas olk. Prof. . 11
llrlntol. D Franz, iio is. Frank li.imrosch. Dt
It. i) W loner. Leo O. Itosenblntt. John 1 . Hel
u.irt and Fcrciial Chubb.
nr.cottATioxs or ha iisaiio rai.T.rat.
Itlllhnnk llnll Adorned vvlthllany I'lctnrrs
MfR. Audnrson's Muiilllini .'.
rtirnnul Collcgo has recently received an
other very acceptable gift from Mitt. n.lerson,
tho donor of Mllbank Hall hen the building
was finished tuiil turned ovci to tlm trustees
Mrs And"TW.n supplemented her gift by
equipping tho building thioiighout. and last
leni. by her orders. Mllbank was turned ovir
ton linn of well-known artists and beautifully
decoiutcl. The llrst tloor Is finished In tv hit j
marble, with a vvhlto mo-ulo lloor, even tho
stairways with their balustrades being in
white to correspond with the lest of tho hall.
So g i en l an e pan-oof whlto produced asomo
whtt glaring effect This was greatly dimin
ished when the decorations worn completed,
but to sonic critical porsons thero still snemed
to bo nn atmosphere ot colduoss nhout tho
halls, the coldness that pervades thu Interiors
of museums aud art galleries. It was nlways a
portot Mrs. Anderson's design to let pictures
give tho finishing touch to the echomo of deco
ration, and a few weeks ago the entire lower
corridor was hung with beautiful photograph',
reproductions of famous F.uiopcan cathedrals
Riid historic places.
Tho pictures are uniformly set In frames of
dnrk brown wood, cacli bearing Its pro) or
Iab)l Among the collection, for thnroaic over
fifty, aro vervtlno copies ot the cathedrals at
Amiens. Hlielms and of Cordova, width has
grown so familiar to us b the. close resem
bl.inco whlcli our own M.idlsnn Hiiimrn tower
boars to the campanile or the Spanish cathe
dral. Westminster Abtiej, tho cathedral nt To
ledo und York Minstor Them lire a group of
three pictures, fraiui'iirni tun, of tlieiuinsof
ancient it me and nuclont (ircco Tho sp ice
on iia.'h side of the reception room h is boon
allotttd to nliio Piraiiesi etchings uf Itoiini
ruins. The works of this nitlst nro now
mile rare, these having been picked up in
F.uicipe. They ,ir llnely preserved prints
and attract attention nt onco by tho bold
ness ot thcii workmanship On the second
corridor, in tho centre mid on each side
of the Hlla Weed reading room, hang many
sninllci pictures, mostli llguie studios, repre
senting mpies ot famous pictures b Ml. h.icl
Angolo, ltuph.iol. Vandiko, Hals and ltctn
brandt. In addition to tho pictures a large and
beautiful collection of casts and bas-reliefs,
mostly eccltsln-tiial In de-dgii, havo been un
packed nnd iiio awaiting the necessary tinting
and retouching These .in fortlio uppereor
ridorsot the building and will h.irmunio well
with tho architectural scbenii' The balls now
gecin to belong ton building that Is Inhabited
and lived in d lily, and the pictures havo called
forth the most cnthuslastlocommcntB from tho
students
HI.ATIX I'A SUA IZETIKKS.
The Itlinlltn's Old Primmer Alintit to Iavc
the l'gvptltin Set view.
Rlatln Tasha. ono of tho most promlnont
figures in the hl'tory of the F.gjptlin Sudan
for tho last twenty vcars. has decided to re
sign his commission In the Anglo-Kgvpthn
army nnd return to his homo In Austria. With
the ie:onitiost of tho Sudan he feels that his
talk is at an end. In September last ho wit
nessed the cipturo of Omdurman, where he
was for elovou vearsacloso captive. He has
taken part In the past three years' operations
which led to tho fall of the Khalifa, and now ho
Intends to retire to the aulot of his nativeland,
after his many lears of adventure, peril and
hardship in tiorical Africa,
A man's life In seldom so illlod with vlci'sl
'udeaas thatof Slatln. In all hii careor In the
Sudan ho was either tho victim of Mnhdlsm or
its too in tho field. Ho had been Governor of
tlie Darfur province scarcely eight .months
when th Btream of Mahdlsinlthat had already
oveirun Kordofan drilled Into his territory.
He fought tno Mnhdt until his ammunition
was gone and ho had loit the mct of his troops.
Father Olirwalder sajs tliat In this campaign
with an enemy that outnumbered his force ten
to. ono Slatln'.wastoftenlln tho saddle twenty
four hours at a timo with little or no food. Ho
slept on the ground beside his native troops
and lived on dhurru soaked in water. His
tsiwors of enduranco were wonderful, nnd In
action ho was mo it heroic. One day al.ull.it
shuttered ono ot his fingers He seized the
hanging remnant with his other hum' ordered
the man standing next to him to cut It oft
with his knife and then joined again Inthe
lighting, lint bmond the reach of all succor,
as lie was, lie could not hold out when troops
nnd nmmiinltlou failed him, nnd he was f jrce.l
to surrender after tweuty-eoven hard light.
Nearly fifteen ean ago Slatln was 'aken
Into the Mahdls presence a lutsouei The
.Mali. II had much reaped for brave men aud
pel tonally treated tlie fallen Governor of Dai
fur with kindness, but Abdullah, in whoin
custody ho was placed, threw Slatln into
prison, where he was kept In chains for about
a sear He suffered tenibly from hunger and
Ill-treatment, nnd was fre.iuoutly Infi rnied
that h would soon be put to death. Hut Hnally
tl.o Kha'ir.i rehired hs leverltv and told sla
tin ho might thank his stars that he was a pris
oner when Khartoum wui taken, for otherwivo
he would have shared the tato of Gordon
In the Hints remaining years of his captivity
Rlutln wns ivlwavs undertlio hlinllfasoyo, und
woneot Ids bod) guard It was his duo to ren
der pi'isonul service, und he vvus treated as i
servent. lie was lodgod lu a house next to that
of the Khalifa, and It was npsolutoli forbidden
lilintolexchaiikoi word Willi nnv one except In
permission of Ids master. Like all the other
white prisoners, ho was compelled nominally to
embrnceMohammedlsm and unless hcSliaddouo
so ho would nut have been permitted to live. He
was watched so vigllautlv that It waa extremely
dllUcult'for him tu escaim.aud, though secret
neents from Cairo wore reisiatedly sent to Om
durman to help him to get away, no opportu
nity promising success presented itself till
lob. 20. IwCi, when he contrived to get out of
l ho ct 111 the night to tho rendezvous where
cnmls nnd itten. hints wore waiting for him,
and then began the forced marches down tho
Nile that soon placed liliu out of reach of the
Khalifa pursuers, lis has earned Ids rest.
1
THIS CENTURY'S GLOMES.
LOT.. ISaKRSOT.T. SAT1 THAT ITS
LAVltKL IS O.V DAltniX'S llttOW.
The Nineteenth Century Ilns Kxcelled All
l'.xcept lu tho Mnrlilrsof Greece and the
l'lny of Literature Darwin the Great
l.lbcrntor I.itornturs nf the I.ust Half
of tho Century llrtter Thau Tliat nt
the l'll.t The Ports mid Novelist..
"The laurol of the nlnotoouth century Is on
Darwin's brow,", unld Hubert O. Iligetsolt tho
other day. "ThLs century has linen tho great
est of nil. Tho Inventions, tho discoveries, tlie
victories on the Holds nt thought, tho ad
vance. In neatly everv dlrcotlon of human
effort nro without parallel In human history.
In only two directions liavm tho nchlcvemonts
of this eontury been e.xcoUed. The marblos
of Orcece havo not boon eijtiallcd. They still
occupy the nlchos dedicated to perfc-ilou. The
sculptois of our centtry stnr.d before the
miracles ot tho Greeks in liiitotcnt wonder.
They cannot even copy. Thoy cannot give tho
breath ot life to Mono nnd make tho marble
feci and. think. Tho plays of Shakespeare
have never been npproached. He reached tho
summit, illlod tho horizon. In tho direction
ot ths dramatic, the pootic. tho human mind,
in my Judgment., in Mtnkesyeaie's plavi
reached Its limit. Tho Held vv.u. hnrvosted, all
the secrots of tho heart wereltold. The buds
of nil hones blossomod, all seas wero crossed
ami nil tho shores were touched.
"With these two exceptions, tho "fireclnn
marbles and the Shikosucnre plnis, the nine
teenth century .has produced moro for the
benelU ot mnu than nil tho centuries of the
past, lu tills ccuturi. in ono direction, I
think tlie mlud has reached the limit. I do
not believe tho music of Winner will ever bo
excelled. Ho changed nil Passions, longings,
momorieii and aspirations Into tones, nnd with
siibtllo harmonlos wovo tnpostnos of Bound,
whereon wore pictured the past and future,
(ho hMory aud Prophecy nf tho human heart.
OT course Copernicus. Galileo. Nivvtoii and
Koplor laid the foundations ot astronomy. It
mas bo that tho three laws of Konler mark (ho
highest isilnt in that direction that the mind
has reached
"In the other centuries thorj Is now nnd
then a peak, but through ours thero runs a
mountain range with Alp on Alp -tho steam-"
ship that has couiiiiored all the seas; tho l.iil
way.vvlth Its steeds of steel with brenthofillanio.
covers tho land: tho cables and telegraphs,
uloug nhlch lightning is tho enrriorof thought,
hnvo mado tho nations neighbors and brought
tho world to every home; the making of paper
from wood, tho printing presses that mado It
posslblo to give tho htstoiy or tlie human race
rneh da) : tho reapers, mowois and threshers
that super1 edod tho cradles, loythes annlalls:
the lighting of streets amUhousos with gas nnd
Incandescent lamps, changing night Into day;
the invention ot matches that made 11 ro tho
companion of man ; tho process ot.mnklng steel,
discovered by llcssctncr. saving for tho world
hundreds of millions n yoar: tlie dlscoveri of
uniisthetlch, changing pain to happy dreams
and making surgery a science: the spectrum
nnalisis, that told us the secrets of the suns;
the telephone, tliat transports speech, uniting
His and cars, tho Phonograph, that holds In
dots and marks tho echoes of our words, tho
marvellous machines that spin and weave,
tliat ninnufi'ture the countless things of use.
tho marvellous machines, whose wheels and
levors seem to think; the discoveries in cliem
litiy. tlie wavo theory of light, tho Indestruct
ibility ot matter and tone; the discovery of
microbes nnd bacilli, so that now the plr.cuo
can be stai od w Ithout tho assistance of priests.
' Tlie art of photography became known, the
sun became nn artist, gave us tho faces of our
frlcwKeople-of the gi eat paintings nnd statues,
pictures of tho world's wondeis. nndentiched
tho cics nf poverty with the spoil of travel,
tho wealth of art The cell theory was ad
vanced, omlrrvolccy wasstulied and sclenco
entered tho secret house oi life. The biolo
gists, guided bv fossil fotms. followed the
paths of llf from protoplnsm up to man Then
camo Darwin vv II h the 'Origin of Suedes,' 'Nnt
ural Selection.' and tho 'Survlvul of the I Ittest '
From his brain there cntno n Hood of light. Tlio
old theories glow foolish and absurd. The
temple of oven scienco wns rebuilt. That
whiuli Iml been -nllel philosophy becamo
childish superstition Tlio prison doors wero
opened and millions of comlits.of unconscious
slaves, loved with joy over tho fcnceloss Helds
of freedom Darwin and Hnockeiand Huxley
and their follow workers tilled the night of Ig
norance with the glittering stars of truth This
is Darwin's centuiy. He gained tlio greatest
victor), the grandest triumph Tho laurel of
tho nineteenth centuri is on Ids brow"
"How docs the litorntureof to-day compare
witli that of tho first halt ot the century. In
j our opinion?" was asked.
"There Is now no poet of laughter and tears,
ofcomody and pathos, tho o.iual of Hood.
There is none with the lubtlo delicacy, tho
noil.il footstep, tlie Hame-llke motion of Shel
lej ; none with tho amplitude, sweep and pas
sion, witli the strength and beauty, the cour
age nnd lojal recklossuess of llyron. Tho
novelists of oftr day nro not (ho equals of
Dickens. In my judgment Dickens wrote tho
greatest of all novols. 'Tho Tale of Two
Cities' Is the supremo work of fiction. Its
philosophy is perfect. Tho clinrndcis stand
out like living statues In Its pages ou Unit
tlio blood and ilamc, the ferocity nnd self-sac-rlHco
of tho French devolution In tlie bosom
ol tho Vengeance Is the heart of the horror
In lofi, North Tower, sits one whom rorrow
droio beiond the verge, rescued from dentil
by insanity, and we see tho spirit of Dr Man
ette tremblingly cross the great gulf that lies
betwceultho night of dreams and tlio blessed
duv, where tilings uro ns thev scm. as a trots
of golden hair, while on his hands aud cheoks
full l.ui le's blessed tears. The story Is filled
with lights ami shadows, with thu tragic and
grotcs.iue. While tho woman knits, while tha
he ids fall, Jeriy Cruncher unnvrs his rusty
nails nnd hi poor wife "flops" against Ills
business, and pilm Miss Pross, who In thodes
pointlou and teiror of love held Mine Defarge
in her anus and who in the flash and crnsii
found that hor burden was dead, Is drawn bv
the hand ot a master Aud what shall I sar ot
Sidney Cm ton Uf Ilia lust will'.' Of his Inst
rldc, holding the poor girl by the hand? is
there a more wonderful character In nli tlie
lealui of fiction Sidney Carton, tho perfect
lover, going to his dnth for tlm love of on
who loves nnothor. To me th three greatest
novels aio "Tlie Tale of Two Cltlo' by Dickens,
'Les Mlserublcs, by Hugo aud 'Ariadne' by
Oui.l-i
" 'Les Miserable' Is full of faults and ner
fectious Tlie trairio is somotlinea pushed to
tlie giotei'iue, but from tlie depths it brings
tlie j.'earls of truth A com let becomes holler
than the saint, a prostituto purer than the nun
This book tills the gutter wlthtjho glory of
heaven, while tho waters of tho sewer rolled
tlie stars
"in 'Ariadne' you And the aroma of all art It
is a classic dream And there, loo, i ou will
Hud (ho hot; blood of full and ample life Oulda
Is tho greatost llilng writer of notion Somo
of her books I do not llko If you wish to
know what Oulda renlly l, read 'Wanda,'
'The Dog of Flanders ' 'The I'af in a Storm '
In tliem. vou will hear the beating of her tart.
"Most of tlio novelists of our time write good
stories. Thoy are Ingenious, tlm chaiacters
nre woll drawn, but thei lack life, euargy.
They do not appear to act for themselves. Im
pulled by Inner (nice, They seem to bo pushed
und pulled. Tho samu may bo said ot the
poets. Tentusin belongs to the latter halt of
our centur). Ho was undoubtedly a great
writer. He had no Mime or storm, no tidal
wave, nothing volcanic. He ncvor ovcrllowcd
tho bunks He wrote nothing ns Intent,, as
noble nnd pathetic as the 'Prisoner of Chll
Ion," nothing ns purely poctlo as 'Tho Sky
lull.:' nothing as perfect as the 'Grecian I in,'
and yet lie was una of tho greatest ot poets.
Viewed from all sides lin wns far greater than
Shelley, far nobler than Ko.its. In a few poems
Shelley reached almost the perfect, but many
are weak, fooble, fragmentary, almost mean
iugloss. So Keats in three pyems reached a
groat height -in 'SLIAgnes's F.vo," "The tiro
olnii Irn' nnd 'Tho Nightingale but most of
his Potry is insipid, without thought, beauty
or sincerity
"We have had some poets oursolvos Tmor
son wrote ninny poetic und rlillosophlc linos.
He novel violated any rule. lie kept his pas
sions under control und generally 'kept off tho
crass Hut he ntteied borne groat und splen
did truths nnd sowed countless soods ot sug
gestion. W lien wo remauibei that he camo of
a linn of New Fngl.iud preachers wo nro amazed
at tho breadth, the depth and (ho freedom of
Ids thought
"Walt Whitman wrote a few great poems,
elemental, naturil poems that seem to be a
part of nature, ample as the sky, having the
rhvthm of the tldos, the swing of n planet.
''Whltcomh Itlley has written looms of
hearth aud home, of lovo ud labor worthy of
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Address COOK REMEDY CO., 19S6 Masonic Temple, Chicago, III.
Ilobert Hums. Ho Is tho sweotest, strongest
singer in our country nnd I do not know his
eiiuul lu nnv land.
"Hut when wo compare tlio literature of the
flrst half of this century with that of tlio Lf-t,
wo nre compelled to say tint tlie List, token
ns'a whole. Is licit. Thlnklof tho volumes that
scienco lias given to tho world. In the Hist
I half of this century sermons, oithodov ser
mons, wore published and read. Now, lead
ing sermons is ono of thu last habits. Taken
,ns n whole the literature of thelitterh lit of our
century is better than the llrst. 1 llko tho es
says of Prof. Clllloid. They uro o clear, so
lo'Iciil that they are poolie. Herbert Si oncer
U not slmpl) instructive, lie h i harming. Ho
1 Is full .of tiuo Imagl.iiiiii.n Ho It not the
i slave or Imagination. Imagination is ids ser
vant. Huxley wroto llko a trained sniudsmnii.
Ills thrusts were never pirrlc.i. Ho had
BUporb courngo. Ho novur apologized for
having nnoilulon. There was nnvoi on his
soul tho stain nt evasion. Ho was as c itnlld
ns the truth Haeckcl Is n great iirldr be
cause he reveres a fact, nnd would not lor his
life deny or mUlntorpiel one. He lei's what
ho knows witli tho candor of n child ui.d de
fends his conclusions like u scientist. a philoso
pher. Ho stands next to Dai win.
"Coming back to fiction and p .etry. I hivo
ire.it admiration for 1 dg.ir Fawcett 1 hero lj
in Ids poetry thought, benut) and philosophy
Ho has tho courage of his thought itckiiovvs
our language, tlie energy of verb, tlie color of
adjectives Ho is In tlie highest eciiscuii ar
tist. 1 think Kipling Is a mail of real genius
He has tha freedom of winds and wave.-, nnd
ho knows the heart of man "
Col Ingcrsoli is Inclined to innko merry over
Mr. Caluo's wooing or tho clergy by means of
, the sock and buskin He was asked:
"What do ion think of Hall ('nine's recent
efforts to bring about n clocr union Ictween
tho stage and pulpit '
'Or couisc." said Col Ingersoll, "I am not
certain ns to the Intentions of Mr C.ilno I
saw "I ho Chilstlan." and It did nut seem to mo
that the uuilim was tiling to cateli the clergy
'1 here is ccitnlnly no iilug in tlio i.tav calcu
lated to please tho nalpit Theie is a cleig
mnn who Is Pious and lie it ties .ooi ,'.... ...
is tho only Christian. and lie is eruzi When
lilm'u ilC'epts him at Inst, jou not onll feci
but ion know Hint she has acted the f..ul 'I ho
lord in the i leco Is u do.;, aud tlio real guntlc
mnii is tliKChapth.il inns tlio music ball How
'tlio plui can pie io tli" pulpit I do not i-ee
.v.ii uu.' whole e.i'eoris a failure Ills fol
lowers tilin on him like wild bu.lsts His re
ligion Is a divine and diabolical dream With
him murder Is one of the mo ms of inlvntlcm
Mi Caliiu lias struck Christianity a stinging
Plow between tho oes Ho has put two preach
ers on tho stage, ono n heartlo's bipocrite and
the othci a madman Certainly 1 atn not pieju
i.licd in favor of llirlstlmltv. and lot 1 en
joj.mI tlio pin) If Mr (nltio'sivs cli.it bo is
tiling to bring tlio stage and the pulpit to
gotlmt, then hols a humorist, with tho humor
of It.lliel.lls "
"Mil it do rieont exhibitions In this city of
s. cues fiom the life id hi 1st Indicate with re
ga -d to the tendencies of modern ait' '
"Nothing. Somo urtists love thu sombre,
tho mclauehoiy. the" bowlegs. 1 hey enjoy
piilntlug.llin bowed form, tho tenr-nlled eies
'lu them grief is a festival There ato peoplo
who tlnd pleasure In funcials Thev loie to
wateh.the mourners Tho falling clods mako
music Thoy loyo tlie silence, tho heavy odors,
the toriowful iivmnsiind the preacher's 10
nuirks Tho feelings of such i eoplc do not in
dicate the general trend ot the human mind
Lien a isior artist mai liopn for success If ho
represents something In which manv millions
nro deeoly Interoi-te.l. around which their c no
tions ding llko vines A man need not le an
orator to make a patriotic speech, nsteech
lint Hatters his audience. So. an artist need
not he great in older to sntlsfi, if Ids subject
in peils.to the prejudice of.tlioso who look nt
his pictures
"I havo never seen a giod painting of Christ.
All tho Chilsts tint I liav i m pa Lck strength
and character 'I licv irok weak nml despair
ing 'I lies are nil iinhcnlthv Thoy havo tlio
attitude of apo'o-y. tlio sickly snillo of non-ru-slhtunce.
I Invei'Cici seen heroic, serenn
and triumphant Christ To tell the truth. I
liovor'nw a civat religions picture Thoi lek
sincerity All tho ni.gels look almost idiotic
In their eics Is no thought, onl) tha innocence
of Ignorant e
"I think that art Is leaving the cclestl.il. tho
sngdie. and is getting in lovo with the natural,
the human Tioyon put more zculus in
the reprisentatlon 'of cattle than Angelo
and lt ifacl did lu angels No plot iro his
been pilntel ot heaven that 1st is luautlful
as u landscipe by i mot The aim of art
is to represent the loilitles, tlio highest and
noblest, tlio most beautllul The (Ineks dll
not try to innko men like gods, but they undo
gods like men So tho great artists of our d ii'
go to nature '
"Is It not stianro tint, with ono exception,
tho tuo-.t notable operas w-ittcn since W agucr
am by Italian composers instead of Oorimnr"'
"For main icats Oernnn musicians Insisted
that Wagner was nor n compeer They de
clued tint ho produced only a succession of
discordant noises 1 nceount for this by tho
fact tint the music of Wugner was not Oci
nnn His ciiur.trvineii could nil understand
It. Thev had to bo educatod Thero was no
orchestra in ficrinnnr that could i pally p! ly
'Tristan and Isoldo ' Its eloquence, its pathos,
its shoreless passion i.js bevond llum There
is no reason to suppo-e that llerpntiv Is to
produce another Wagner Is Lrglund ex
pected to give us another Shnkcsparc"
zitFi'onir r.4Xi.
A New urk Artist's Description ot tho
Cliiiriiis of tlie .scllly Islands.
A letter written by a Now York urIUt who Is
painting there glvos nn enthusiastic descrip
tion ot tho Si Illy Islands, which havo, so far,
boon comparatively unknown (o American
touilsts. Kven tlio Fuglish hnvo been slow in
realizing (ho chnrm of thu islands so near their
own shores, but it poems that, this spring,
many urtists havocono to "daffodil land," and
tho winter exhibitions will probably bo Hooded
with pictures of tho islands. Daffodils have
nlways grown lu great profusion In tho Scllly
Islands. February and Mai eh aro tho height
ot their blossominc time, and, to quoto the artist'-letter-
" Tho w hole land Is n blazing sea ot brilliant
yellow daffodils, surging up upon era) iO"ks
nnd falling back in foaml.iirsls of white nar
cissus. Kven t ho tulip Holds in Hull iml don't
give Rtieli goigcouH effects of color, lou
should stand on one of tho little hills hro and
look across the sunlit fields If you want tos.io
tho loveliest things In the vvoild; yet. some
times I think tlio llnwer-iliiftcd land is moro
U'lititiful undor moonlight than In the .1 iv
llght: nnd, daitiini or nighttime, tho air is
scented us though it blew btralght from Aiaby
tho blest."
YALE MOXVMEXT TO T. IT. 3tILt.KJt.
He Graduated in 181)7 and tVui Wounded
Tatally While with the Hough Itlders.
New IUvkv, Mmcli 17 Tho class of Yalo
'1)7 has been conducting a ijulet canvass of
tholr mom bors for sovcral wooks to becuro sub
scriptions for what is known ns tho Theodora
V. Miller fund. Already SI, 000 has been rnlsod.
which is, approximately, tlio sum doslrcd. Tho
lcadors In the movement hnvo boon A. F. Judd
and Knox Maddox. two ot Mlller'H classmates
and close friends Judd Is a son of tho Chief
Justice of Hawaii and Maddox is from San
Finnclsco.
The commlttco in oblige of the Miller me
morial fund has decidi d to er 'Ct in ai li en tho
cnmpiiu lt will stand on Kim str.'t beivvteu
Durlee llnll ami Hattell Chanel, mid will h.'iip
propliat"l Iti-ciibcd A rough drift of the
plans was scut to President Dwlgbt the ut
week Work on thu construction oi tin arch I
will be begun inn few wtoks mid will proba
bly bo completed by thu bc'lniilngof tho fall !
term in September,
Miller imiiio to nli from krrn () He was I
the Mill of Dr Miller and wusu In.. throf Mrs
Thomas A Fdlsoii W'hilo at Yale ho vvn n
subslltuteof tho varsity crew and tho footlall
Huiei.. Ho eo iche.1 two lalo freshman i Ihiuiis.
He enlisted Tilth tho rough i Iders and was fa
tally wounded ut San Juan Hill.
t
1 J
I'lirrtn: .smith's n ickkd vitoir. j
An Abandoned Mnlne Illrd Tlmt Was Trie 1 '
at Last by CiiurtOInrllnl. ;
Mvi.sHiu. Mc. March 17-When Trivate
Oorge Smith of Company J,. First Mnlno ol-
utiteors. wont to AugusLi last Jul to bo mite- if
tercd into tho scrvlco of tlie Vid'cd Mutes, he
took along aiming crow The crow was hard- l
ly two months old at the time, a sauoy. greedy 1
blid with ngro.it deslro tu advertise himself 1
and au uncontrollablo fondness for steallnu 3
briss buttons, tings and bllvcr money. Ae- 3
coidlng to a tlmo-honorcd custom In Main
tlio ciovv wis named Jim For n week or so 1
ho was called "donr Jim" or "saucy Jim" or J
"dandy Jim," nccordlng to tho way his con-
duct Impressed tho soldier who addressed him. I
Later, when his gluttonous and thievish pro-
. I en itles had become prominent his Christian
ii.imo wns undo tlio centrepiece or variou
Ptofatio words whlcli attempted to convoy the I
contempt in ivhi-di the regiment held htm. 8
After being In Camp Powers two weeks l'rl- !
I xatc Smith was taken down with measles, apt
I tv as scut to the hosplt.il. w hereupon Jim. freed
from all moral restraint, pursued his vicious J
' courso so industrious! that nearly nvcry man I
in tho regiment had n heavy hill of damages 3
lig dust Smith by tho time ho had recovered fi
1 eint Piy It. Lois. ' wild be. as he looked 1
ov cr tho lone list or at tides vvhieli tho crow lind S
stolen, Whats more, I wouldn't pnv If I J
could. fntrhJJm nnd gim him a military
I Ilia . nnd if ).iu ilnd him gulltv. shoot him " 1
.. . . '"-.u ''fy ,llm ,uls 'f'"'1 hy couit-mnr-
till, loiind guilty on evpry count nnd sentenced '
to be diot In tho presence of the regiment,
rhcy titissod his wlngs'to his sides. Iiauled a I
glovo over Ids head to blindfold him. and tied i
hii feet to the head of a cracker barrel which 6
was l'la'cd tvicnt) lods down tlie held .lust S
as tho .bull was marching nut to shoot him. t
l.rlg-Oen New-comb asked for a halt hour I
del iy. saving that tho Ctovernor intended to I
Brant n rnrdon A few minutes later the par- i
i!,n arrived, and Jim was taken back to camp i
In tilumnh nnd gorged with hardtack and mo- I
. lasses until he was tou heavy to lly
Private Smith was still weak liom the ef
fects of mc.i'lcs when his regiment was or-
i ilcrc.l to lhi"kamniigii. so lie was transferred I
to a comi.iin of light artillery nn.l sent to j
I nrt lViplUm, nc ir tho mouth of the Kenttickv
i i.lver. Willie stationed hero Jim becamo su
immersed In tho delights or clam digging that
belorgottobtpiil lu December, when tlieeom
piiuy was ordered to Savannah. Oa .Jim went
I nlpn.-, und between that time and February,
when tho 'moii were sent to Havana, ho stole !
p'ipiiBli to m ike up for ten vears of rlghteou i
behavior, in Cuba he stolo n go), watch be-
l lo'iging ton stall otllcor.nnd was shot and bndlv 1
wounded In tin. side nhllo tr)ing to get atrnr
vv-ith his plunder Lvori body admitted 'that
tho punishment was just. but. ns It hud not
been tiJni nlsiorcd in due milltaiy form. Jim 1
was piaci id in it care nnd nut out to hoard with i
n colored family until lie recovered. Late In i
lohruary the members of thelicht artillery 1
I conn any were dlhcharred and sent homo.
I Ivn jvvlng the norths or deprnvlty which Jim
aoi.M dlspliy upon slight Provocation, Smith i
I refused to take Ids crow bck to Malno, nnd. as
(he colored fnmllv had become nttaelio.l to tho
Mr I. he very gin lly left him with them, 'lho
' iliii Smith reached homo his father uddrogsed
him thus: "See bore. Oeorgo. vou ve beon
' nvv.iy hnviiiga good time for nearly u iear. j
ion ve son Cuba and Havana, nnd lou'vn
1 worn goo 1 clothes and talked to a whole lot of
big bugs Now. lou'll lust strip off those stor
duds of vours und go out and Up tho muplo or
chard "
hi tno dnis 1m had tapped nnd Inserted
spigots In more thai JIOO trees. At first the
harvest was bad. but altera rainstorm, which
I bared the hills, tho sap flowed freely, keeping
I him emp'oicd all dnv nnd far Into the night.
Ono vynrm morning this week, when he was
vcrv tired and sleepy, he heard some newly nr- !
I rived crows inning nnd scolding among the E
veins '1 Ills led him to remember the alian- 1
dotied sini.or which ho bud left in Cuba a few I
ireeks Lerore. Ho .vhlstled a tow bars of mill- I
t.irv music, and then gavo u fairly good Imlta-
Hon of taps. Ill the crows but one How aloft 8
l nml mado whin circles overhead. The solitary A
' exception croaked suspiciously for a minute. j
and, spreading his wings, (low down and 1
I nlik'litp.l unon Smith's shoulder. I
I ''Hello. Ilm." said Smith, patting the prodl- 5
gal upon tho head "Wc are both In disgrace. 3
so I ro'knn wo'd bettor light It out together. H
lets to home and tec if thoy'll uso you a S
tough as they have mo." 5
At least, this is the way Smith accounts for 3
his action in bringing a crow homo. 3
2
wish jir.i:s- at his oh ate. s
Ilniiniihnn Atkrd Tlint They He I'tnyrd n
Mldiilcht-ripo nnd Tnlmccii I.clt There. 3 i
llEiniMi. IM . March IH.-Tho first nnntior-
sar of tho death of Thomas C. Hannnhoe. for- j
morMaiorof Irlshtown. wns celebrated in the i
cemetery last night nt midnight. Hunn.ihoo's
last reiiucst was th it on each night of St Tat- '
lick's day four of his fiiends sliouLI come to
Ins grain tit T' o'clock nnd. with buglo. cornet I
ni.dd irionct. play n immber of Irish airs. He ' ;
nlso wanted a clay pipe stuck Into the turf nt
tho head of his gi aio and a pouch of tobacco
plnced beside It
Ilannalio.i wns proprietor of n snloon known
ns tlie Stars and Stripes, which, alter hl denth. ;
wont nut of business for tlui want of a lleonso.
To-nuht tMir old friends went to the grave.
and vi hen tho clock -trm k I'J they .la).'d the
following tunes "Trumpet Call," "I akesof
Ivlll.irue, "Ireland Is My Home." "Lass or i
tialav".inil "Irish National Hymn " 1
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