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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, March 19, 1899, 1, Image 6

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ftjjj I if SUNDAY, MAHC1I in. 1800.
Sj" ' JS Situsi rlptlons by Mail, l'ostimld.
, L! H DAILY, per Month 0 80
' S j IV DAILY, per Year I) )()
1 1 '. ft Bt'NWY, per Wr 'JOII
Hi jH DAILY AND HfNl)Y, per Year 3 00
f 1 j JS DAILY AND BfNDAY, pi r Munlli..., 10
I Hi I !2 Postage to forclgu countries added,
' la! I j Tiik Bus, Now York City.
r IIJ I ! 8 Paiiiii Klnsiue Nn. 12, nesr Orand Hotel, and
i' I t1 Klosque No. lu, lloulovard di s Cipuclnea.
alMi ifrf ' eivr nendi vho Jnvor ui with tiiamijcrtifl for
si 1 US pvhlvation vith In have rejected arttcttn returned, they
f ill' V,l niuiluidil mm and tlamin or (Ant purpose,
I M ' ttt .
31 ' liS Advice to Amsterdam Avenue.
j wl, S If tho pntnoso of the re)iedentnUve of
I Hlii'i fj tho Amsterdam nvcnuecitlzonnvvcro merely
Wh W nB8'b'' "'" Metropolitan TincUon (.'om-
' ' 11 m1 P-itiy I" iTowilhiB a competitor olT thai
i' Si ' W etreet, tlicy would continue, to oppono tho
J Ml ., ' SB Bo-callcrt Lnuturbach nmeiiilinent to tlio
P ' bill already paused ty tho Assembly and
! tl1 '' ' '-JF nintlo u special oulur In the Senate for to-
1 !f it morrow night.
1 ill ' ' S Hut If thoy want to accomplish the orlu;-
I lj , 'SS Inal purposoof their agitation, namely, to
J jijC limit the number of tracks in Amsterdam
Si jj . ,& ovenuo to two, and to secure, for that thor-
' il ' S oiiRlifaro tho j;reiitest pobsiblo amount of
j j railway accommodation with tho lenst pon-
." i! , '!0 Bible jeopardy to llfo and limb, they will
m ' ( M support tho Lnuterbaeh amciidineut, and
f. ; L Js tlm1- obtain all they aro after at Albany.
; &!'! S3 Wo assurao that tho people HvIiik in tho
I a 1 ' S etvenuo care as llttlo as wo do about tlm
! & j 1 w rivalry of tho two companies po&he--sIiiK
ill Sa rlghtM in that stieet. AVliat they demand
ffl ' ffl Ib two tracks Instead of four, with cum-
ii' I ' &' parativo mfely foi persons croe-dtiB tho
1? ' t 0 Btreot, HtiJ plenty of loadway for orJInury
ij ( m vehicles between tracks and nutters.
a ' , ffl That thoy get OiiuiikIi tho Lauterbach
U; I jS Binendinent. Uythupas-,a;eof the oilnlnal
i ', Fallows or Ford bill thus amonded, they
J (j. 1 j S3 v 111 accomplish tlmlr purpose and win their
' m I ! lil victory, without being guilty of injustice.
j j ,8, The I'rncc Treaty Signed liy tho Queen
'll !' S '" 00"r'llinco with tho advlco of her
1 ' W TvUno Minister, Heflor SlI,VEl,, tho Queen
J! ' S Itegent of Spain has signed tho treaty of
' 'P b peace without waiting lor tho latilleatlon
: m j, ( M of the ce-sion of tho Philippines by tho
.li V I HI Coiten. How will tho absenco of such rati-
l J Hi fleatlon nlTect tho United Stutes on the one
'!' fit hand and tho btabillty of tho Alfousliio dy-
' ' I f'J M nasty on tho other
! lj J j Let us look, llrst.nt tho grounds on which
r 'li ' la Beflor Sii,vi:r, may dofeml tho counsel
i ' jl 1 1( Kg tendered by him to tho Quccu llcgent. It
j ji !( being "well understood that Ida motive is
li 'il K tho deslro to securo as quickly as posslblo
j ,i M tho $'JO,000,000 which wu havoagiced to
I , J , m B'vf 'or "u Philippines, with which ho
l 'ji 1 m will bo able to slbn'o tho clamors of
I : v I'l vl '10 ,lnPn'1' Bohllcrs brought back from
S :!j ! Bfi tho hurrenderod dependencies. Ho may
'i II. I 13 Bay that tho clause of tlio bpanlsh Consti
! I III '! tut Ion forbidding tho dismemberment of
: ? fjj .ft the national teirltory without tho consent
fljlj ' of tho Coitcsdoea not Imply thut tho con
fill 'II 60n'' must UQ BlV(,n b" n Cortes existing at
r-. Oil hi tho tlmo when tho dlsmomberment is made;
I U ;k It will suftleo if tho consont is given by a
f i j ' Cortes elected oftor tho trcuty making tho
t I J jf dismemberment Is signed. In view of tho
. 1 t Jf i ' Irresistible pre-suro exercised at the ballot-
: ( R jii box In Spain by those contiolllng for tho
ji I J' ' moment tho electoral machinery, there is
' J. jl J I no doubt that the neit Chamber of Depu
j . rj ft I ties will contain an oenhelming majoi-
i! Ill Ji lty of C'on-eratles who will sanction
, j '! tho act performed by the Queen Itegent,
j j ij 1 nnd should Sertor Silm:i,a reipie-t it,
I Ji ; ! pass an act of Indemnity a!i-.ohiiig him
1 llj , from blamo for hisiuHice to thnsoMuelgu.
5.1 p Then again tho Pilmo Minister may hold
1 ; 4 that ho needs no act of indemnity, on tho
,: 'J theoiy that when the Coites. comoked
j ! 1 ,'n Bfter tho signing of tlio protocol, aeccptod
1 j fl that document Including tin) rcferenco of
j fi the future dlspuiltlou and contiol of tho
I 1 ,' Philippines to a Joint commlshlon, it ratl-
j Ti nod In advance any ugicement of tho com-
J, E tnlsslon on that biibject, including one for
j! j ' lio oossion of tho whole archipelago.
I j i These views certulnly will boiepudlated
jj it by tho Carlists, on tho 0110 hand, and by
I lj ' tho Ilepublleans on tho otlier, nor will they
I ft ; commend themseUes to thoso Llhemlc, in
p ft deforonoo to whoso constitutional wruplcs
1 ji ig touching tho power to allen.ito the rhllip-
I: 'o pines without explicit winetlon Sefior Sv-
ijj! OABTA Biibmitted tho treaty to tho Coites
,j Just dissolved. Strict constiuctionlntfl aio
J ii likely to contend thut tho consent of tho
j I Cortoa is n condition precedent to tho sign-
j II Ingof a treaty illsmembci lug the national
i f territory, nud that the violation of the Con-
! ! Btltutlonal provision pi escribing that con-
! dltlou cannot bo cured by a subsequent
pj j , Bbbent secured from another Cortes elected
,j . j for the purpose. They may orguo that It
J .lj!' Is as if the Presulent of t lie United States
j : ' Bhould negotiate a treaty ceding Hawaii to
! j ; . Great lliltnlii, ami then, uolwithstandliig
J ; .C I I tho rejection of the treaty by the Senate,
1 'Hi I '' Bhould proceed to execute it, counting on a
, W j j ,, prospoctlvo Himetion of his net In a later
B , fl; j ! ; ecsslon of tho Senate, w Men his pattKins
B i S I 1 !; Vero expected to Iiiim' tho requited 111:1-
1 i m I j Jorlty. It is b yoiid qiii-tnm that an
i I fii li ' '! Ainerlean President who should take such
I lj J j a step wouhl be impr ached. As for tho
I ij.j i other plea that the Coites whlc'i sn copl
mtk SI i cd tho piotorol Mituaily asenteil in
Ri j K 1 advance to the n ssion of the I'hlllp
IL, 1 B pines, tho C.iiiints, ltepublliaiis and many
BCa 1 B Liberals will say, that had the sur
B''j Hi ' render of all the Philippines been mooted
HJ j ! ' In tho Coites eight mniiths ago, the proto
HJ I Kt col would have he. in injected, This is proli
Hj. B! I ably true; at all events Sefior S(,asta
( Bi practically odiulti ed that no sanction had
It ' ' Bfl ' boon given In aih, nice, when he nihlscd tho
H fjji 1 Queen Itegent that befoio hlgning tho
M la , fi treaty sho must obtain from the Coites a
iU I Bpeoitlc ratillnitiou of the aitielo relating to
I H ijj the Philippine aiehipelago.
! li !l While, thcrefoie, Sefior Silver. , If ho
I I IS 1 thinks It worth while to ask for It, can uu-
r II' '1 doubtodly procure fiom tho next Cortes,
j l a which, so far as the Chamber of Deputies Is
I 'Plfl ookoorned, will consist mainly of his fol-
t It m lowers, an ex pout facto ratlllcation of tho j
R 1 lj, 19 cession of tliel'liillpplncs, hewlll hiuoghen
K ' ' lj iJi tho onoinles of tho dynasty a much inmo
B 1 ,B plausible pretext for assailing tlm throne
E l than nuy they lmo potscsied liltheito.
I ,'i ! Ho will lmvn enabled them to clmrgn tlint
K 13 I tho Alfonslno dynasty has not only buf
H -Ml forod Spain to bo deprived of almost all the
& 1 ' 1 I last rcmiuiits of tier colonial empire, but
H IS J. that In its ha&to to set the bcal of treaty on
Hf F Hr l! tlIJ ,lat'on"l dlbiucmbermcut it has not
f ' Ill's eoruplcd to violate tho most sacred pro-
j . r 5 'fjf vision of Spain's fundamental law.
Hf J 1 (lj To tho American people, of course, tho
B I I! (tjf fato of tho Alfousliio dynasty is u matter
WL : U jl'J of supremo Indlfferenco. Whether in sign
A. j 'I'1 big the peaco treaty tho Queen Itegent has
BBft I fll or baa not violated tho Spanish Coustitu-
tlon is a qufstlonthnt she andhorPrlmo
Minister must settlo with hor subjects.
Wo nro already In possession, so far aa
Spain can glvo possession, of all tho terri
tories to which tho treaty entitles us, and
when tho signatures of tho Queen ond of
the President shall havo been exchanged wo
shall bo ready to fullll nil tho obligations
binding upon us, Including tho payment of
$1:0,000,000. When tho Cat lists or lie
publicans attain to power In Madrid, they
may allege, lf thoy choose, that tho Philip
pines were never legally ceded to tho United
States and that thoy still havo a de Jure tltlo
to the Islands. Thoy will never find a pur
chaser for that legal ilctlon, and, so far as
practical consequences go, mlghtaa well set
up a claim to territory in tho moon.
Gen. Miles on tho Kirth of July.
Among tho ofilclal communications of
Mnjor-Clen. Nulson A. Milct, command
ing tho United States Army, to tho Secre
tary of War just after tho destruction of
Ui.uvkiia's licet by Admiral Sa.mpson, aro
two which deseno attention.
Tho naval victory off Santiago occurred
on July H. Tho despatch from Sampson rc
poitlng tho cent was received at Washing
ton at noon on July 4. It was, theicfore,
after about twenty-four hours' deliberation
as to tho most Judicious plan of further
opciatlons by tho military arm that tho
Miijor-Cioneral, Commanding, 8at down and
indited tho bubjolucd note, and forwarded
tho same to tho War Department:
" Ilr.MiyuATirciis or tiik Anur, 1
WAmniutuH, D C, July 6, 1898.)
" Tht Ifanorablt, the iterttary 0 War,
" Sir. At tho object far toklch the Army war sent
to &ad11aio do Cub Am betn ccoi;iuA'J, vlr.. tha
forcing of tho fiinlh diet out of tho hsrbor and lt
lf strut tlon by the nAVy, I diem the jinnem time
niont (uMiialilo for proci clltii: Jtinnidlat'l) to l'otto
lino. I touMder It vt th hffcihi'&t lmijortance that
we should take and l.bcti that lkland, whlih li tho
uati way tn tile beaiilAh icsL!t,ioni vu thuVicstern
Ili'iniipticrc, and It 1 also Important that our troops
should bo lauded thtio as early as possible during
this month. 'J hire are now about 4,(00 men on
tiannports at Key West, approximately 7,t00 will
soon bo at Charleston, b. C. and then are alrtadu
tO.cOOat AiiiiImiik. If thin for.'ols not sufilcieut, the
tranfcports can return for more, lf resulted. Very
rcspeittully, Nlu.on A Miif.
" faJoraelleral. Couiiuandlnc."
What Gen. Milks recommended on July ,"
was not merely the transfer of SnAnn:it's
20,000 men to Porto ltieo at bomeliulellnlto
future date, nftcr tho campaign at Santiago
should havo been completed, but tho lm
mediato and actual cessation of military
operations In Cuba and tho abandonment
of the position before Santiago without
further attack on tho Spanish lines. This
Is manifest fiom a second letter written by
Gen. SlliiCS later on tho tamo day:
"Headquarters or tmf Arut. i
Wahiisutom, I). C , July 6, 1S08. I
" The Hi niraMe, the Aeeretaru 0 War.
" Slit: I do not wish to be misunderstood In recard
to my two notta sent you thU morninc. You in
f -innod mo that jou had threo propotitlous to make
In regard to Santlajco. I replied that I would be glad
If any one nf them could be executed, and certatnh
no one lould be more gratified than nijelf to luar
that our navy had entered tho harbor of Santiago to
slleiue the batteries that aro now turned upon our
bru e olneers and men. It so hapj ened that one of my
stafl orhcers olunteered his fi. r let s without the
leat kuoulede of what you nil.l to me, and I sent
noilco of thli to ou for personal information.
"I alto informed jou that in cao It should not be
thought Advisable to ad.pt the succestious uh In
dlcatfdln our memorandum uuduubtLdly plaun
for the reduction of Santiago , I had another to
sutfint. haiui! lu mind at the time the lanKtiao of
Oon. SiiAi-rin'ri depateli of Ht niuht referring to
the numberoftroops te.iulied. m.: 'If we have not
to try and reduce thetouu, now that the fleet In de
stroyed, which was stall .1 to bctheihtef object of
the expedition, there must bo no d.dav In aettlnn
larce bodlis of troops here,' anil also realizing the
fact that miuh llmo w.uld bo ucctntiry to get
20,000 more troops to that place, it occurred n me
lAal thoulil tl not be t'ouo'tl advi 'able to eonlinu e ( era
tiont auauut the gajritou at Santiago, it uv,uM lea
good time ( mne on to 1'olto fli'o, the rapture of
which plain seemed to me of treat importance at
this time.
Thcio notes mro addrrne.l to you with the ex
penatlon that lf they were of any arnica, and met
your approval, you could make such use uf them as
you thoiik'btadi liable, but not otherwise, and I re
uuist that tUs communication be forwarded to the
Piesldcnt. in order to dispossess his mind of what
mubt be a luisat prehension. Very respectfully,
I "IF.LM)N A. Miifs,
"Major General, Commandiu."
Tliia, then, was tho situation at Army
Headquarters "n July t of lost year : Tho
Major-General commanding tho army wa6
recommending to the War Department and
tho Administration tho abandonment of tho
attempt to reduce Santiago by land oper
ations and the withdrawal of the army
from Cuba to Porto ltico; and he was
quoting in stippott of his plan of campaign
Gen. SiiAl'n.n's f-ornewhnt querulous re
minder to Washington that the destruction
of tho fleet had been "stated to bo tho
chief object of the expedition," and his dls
heni toned call for heavy reinforcements
"if wo havo got to try and reduce the town
now thut the fleet is destroyed."
Somebody overruled both Shaftkii and
Mli.us ; and twelve days later Shaitfji
enteied Santiago, and tho American Hag
went up theio.
What would havo boon tho course of
ccnts In July, nnd when would tho war
havo ended, if tho udvico of tho Major
Geneial commanding tho army had been
conclusive In determining the Administra
tion's military policy?
-v- Our Task In Cuba.
Tho arriwil at Havuna of tho $3,000,000
for the Cuban army will tend to bring to a
head the di--putn between Gomez and tho
Assembly. Hut tho disbursement will hao
to bo m.idn by our own oflleers, who will
take Individual receipts from thoso to whom
payments 111 e made, while Gen. Gomez will
doubtless bo consulted as an authority on
tho payrolls,
It should bo remembered that, In declin
ing to lecognlzo tho Cuban Assembly as a
governing bo.ly dining tho military occu
pation of tho Island, and especially whllo
Gen, Bisiioki: Is intrusted with tho powers
of a Governor-General, our Government
nevertheless looks forward to tho conven
ing, In duo time, of a genuinely represent
ative n.-seinbly. IJut tho first step must bo
the dlshandmcut of tho Cuban arnioii forces,
as a preliminary to civil government. Our
Government, as guardian of tho Island, ad
vances enough money to provldo J100 per
man, us a payment on account, In order to
securo dlsbaiiduient.
Then there Is likely to follow a census of
Cuba, taken under our supervision, to bo
begun, piobably, as boon ns tho dlsbund
inent of the Cuban army is completed.
After thatwlll 001110 a call fora popular elec
tion as ail expression of tho Cuban peoplo
upon tho soit of government thoy desiro.
Tho needs of tho futuio would bo provided
for, the pecuniary obligations of tho Island
to our country studied and defined, and
means for thuir discharge arranged; finally,
the method by which tho caround govern
ment of Cuba bhould bo blurted fiom our
shoulders to those of Its peoplo would bo
agreed on. After all this process tho Fed
eral troops would bo withdrawn, uud Cuba
would bo launched on her own career.
Quo troublo with tho present Cuban As
sembly Is In falling: to approclato that this
work requires tlmo and patience. It does
not soo why, tho moment Spanish authority
goos down, Cuban authority should not
take Its placo. Tho samo dlfllculty occurred
at tho capitulation of Santiago, whoro it
was with surprise bewilderment and indig
nation that tho Cuban troops found them
selves hold back by us, instead of bolng
allowed to rush in and tako entire chnrgo
of tho city; and yet at tho tlmo there had
been no ogrcomont with Spain oven to glvo
up tho Island. Our methods ns to munici
pal and othor local governments may also
havo led tho Assombly to forget that mili
tary ruto must bo supromo whllo It lasts.
Our task has been not only to redeem
Cuba from tho cruol yoke of Spain, but to
provent It from falling Into disorder aftor
that redemption.
Gamaliel on tho Kond.
In all kindness wo warn Col. Biiyan that
ho improvo or tako In his antl-expanslon
performances. A rival Is In tho Hold.
Whllo tho Colonel Is trying to attract rural
audiences by pictures of Moses, Ahaii, Na
iiotii and DixsHAzzAR, a greater artist has
opened a show. In a wlde-opon letter to
tho Hou. Enviso Winsi.ow, Secretary of
tho Antl-Imperlallst League, tho Hon. Oa
malii:i, liitAinonu drafts hlmsolf Into tho
public services, for tho good that ho can do
and oxpenscs. Ho begins his advertise
ment with tho novel Information that "Con
gress has dispersed," whoreupon ha reas
sembles. 1'or tho next nine months, ho
fears, "Fodoral affairs will bo covered by a
veil of silence." Ho Is going to rend that
veil. Silence and Gamaliel havo novor
been friends.
In six monthsaftertbo nlno sllentmonths
thoro Is to bo an election "which will go far
to decide tho future fato of tho republic."
This Is puzzling, for the futuro fate of tho
republic has already been decldod by Mr.
UliALTonD. What will tho election amount
to V At any rate, " tho work of enlightenment
cannot begin too goon," and Mr. Bkadfoiuj
aches to begin it now; for " volunteers for
tho publio service aro more neoded now
than at the outbreak of tho war with Spain."
Consequently Mr. Bradford makes this
unprecedented offer:
" I hereby make the offer to a;o anywhere, as faru
my strtnizth will permit, and upon payment of tra
ellinc expeuae", to take part, either by slnulo address
or In joint debate, with any opponent of adequate
standing in the discussion of the most momentous
question of tLa time. Imperialism la too vacuo a
word. Ihc subject which 1 propose is 'Tha Foreign
Volley of the Fifty-fifth Congress and the Adminis
tration since Jan. 1 , 18Dd.' "
No agents. To sae disappointment, per
sons desiring to avail themselves of Mr.
Bradford's services should Invite him to
appear in single address only. Ills talents
are not suited for joint debate. He scorns
to divide time. Ho needs all tho tlmo thero
Is, and bis momentum when he tackles mo
mentous questions can only be checked by
turning off tho lights.
Again, in tho kindest manner, wo wain
Col. Brvav to get a new company or with
draw fiom tho circuit. Ho wants gale
money, whereas Mr. Biudford is content
with expenses. And Moses, Aitar, N'a-
linvAN all together cunnot muko up a world
defying concatenated contractionlst show
that will compare for threo hours and a half
with tho Hon. Gamaliel Bradford.
The Most Striking Manifestation of St.
Tutrlck's I)uy.
Tho sentiments expressed by tho speak
ers at tho many celebrations of St. Pat
rick's Day last week, and tho manner in
which they weie received by tho enthuslaa
tio sous of Ireland, had n peculiar signifi
cance, for naturally tho themo which was
uppermost In all thoughts was tho now de
velopment of America as n coi6equeiico of
tho war. Universally tho feeling expressed
and manifested was of tho most hopeful
patriotism, and It Is inconceivable that it
could havo been otherwise, for tho Irish
temperament Is always sanguine and ag
gressive. It is tho temperament of a war
like race, which enters with tho moro zest
Into any undertaking for tho very reason
that it is surrounded by dangers and beset
with diflkultlcs.
This was tlio prevailing sentiment uttered
and oppluuded at these gatherings. It is
truo that Judge Morgan J. O'Brien, In his
opening speech ns President at the dinner
In New Yoik of tho Friendly Sons of St.
Patrick, opposed a policy of conquest, but
that Is not now and novor has been an
American policy, and he showed his sym
pathy with our necessary and inevitable
piogress as a conscqucnco of tho war by
welcoming tho friendship of every nutlon
disposed to assist us in It. " Whether 6uch
friendly overtures como from Eng
land, Germany, Russia, Franco or any
other country," said Judgo O'Brien,
"thoy should bo cheerfully recognized
by tho American people." Tlio ex
pression of such a sentiment ut an Irish
gatheilug by so distinguished a representa
tive of that race is significant; it pioves
that pride In America and loyalty to It aro
more masterful In broad and generous Irish
minds than oven tho bitterness of their in
heiltiid animosity against England. As
good and truo Americans they aro solici
tous, first of all, for tho welfare of this
country. Judgo O'Brien referred to tho
subject again by saying that although "any
formal alliauco with a foreign power"
would bo " necessarily entangling," we can
not wisely reject "any support which wo
may rceelvo from any countiy which may
ciiablo us to advance tho Ideas for which wo
stand, in favor of liborty, democracy and
unlversul emancipation." That Is a senti
ment strictly In accordance with the spirit
of Washington's Farewell Address as right
ly Interpreted.
Another Judgo of tho Supremo Court of
Now York, Justice John Woodward, was
tho prluclpal speaker at tho dinner of tho
Friendly Sons of St. Tatrlek of Brooklyn.
Amid tho cheers of his Irish audience ho
celebrated this as tho period when tho
country Is moro uulted than ever before,
and lib progress most inspiring to patriot
ism. " Wo aro on tho threshold of a cos
mopolitan future," ho said, "with varied
and complex conditions which must bo
mot," but wo ore facing tho duty with
on enthusiastic eonfldenco and deter
mination that wo shall not fall In
its discharge, though it bo "an enthusiasm
which Is ridiculed by those who would per
suade us that we aro entering tho shadows
of sculllty, that wo aro trembling on tho
vorgo of dissolution nn exuberance that fills
the bosom of tho croaker with apprehension
for tho future." It Is, as Judgo Woodward
said," a propelling umbltlonandan uplifting
usptration that is tho leaven of democracy
and the saving grace of our complex civili
zation." This unquestioning fulth was re
bpomled to by tho loud and frequent cheors
of tho St. Putrlck'a Day company.
At tho colebratlon in Hoboken Mr. J. JI.
Wall of Brooklyn provokod llko applauso
for like sentiments. He compared tho lead
ers of tho antl-expanslon faction, which
"takes tho side of Its enemies whllo its
armies aro in tho field," with "their antl
expanslon ancestors who fought against
Amorlcan liberty."
Tho feeling of Amorlcans of Irish birth
or blood could not bo dlfloront unless they
hnd lost tho spirit which Is distinctive of
their nvco. It is truo that Mr. Patrick
Eo.vn could not avoid giving vent to his
natural and reasonablo hatred of England
at tho dlivNer of an Irish society In New
York formed for tho fostering of tlio Gaollo
language, by denouncing tho suggestion of
any aort of alllanco or understanding
betwocn tho United States and England,
for his mind Is not of tho Judicial tcrapor
of Judgo O'Brien's ; but ho was no less
confident In our ability to dlschargo ovory
duty and solvo ovory difficulty in tho puth
of progress beforo ub. So far as wo havo
seon tho St. Patrick's Day addresses, thoy
wore generally imbued with tho spirit of
sanguine Americanism. Tho Irish cannot
be frightened by tho visions of troublo and
danger from " Imperialism" which aro rest
ing llko a nightmare on tho timid breasts of
tho antl-expanBlonlst prophets of ovll.
South America.
Most of tho South American States havo
incroasod their population several fold elnco
thoy threw off tho Spanish yoke. Only In
a fow States has foreign Immigration been
a very Important factor In tho Increase,
though all tlio republics promote immigra
tion by all means In their power. Even
Paraguay, which la commonly rogardod as
the least enterprising among them, pays
tho passage of Immigrants from Buenos
Ayres, and supplies oxen and farming tools,
to bo paid for In produco or labor. All
tho republics havo vast, unoccupied spaces
that somo day will contrlbuto largely to tho
national weulth. But at present there nro
not enough hands to till tho soil or start
tho wheels of manufacture. Even In
Chill, ono of tho most prosperous States,
thero Is no densely peopled region ex
cept tho provinces around Valparaiso
and Santiago. If any part of tho civilized
world has reason to declare that tho human
race Is not equitably and rationally distrib
uted It Is South Ameilca.
With Europe overcrowded and tho Unltod
States no longer clamoring for foreign la
bor, thero Is no moro inviting Hold than
South America, and tho coming century is
certain to witness 6uch a vast addition to
the producing and consuming elements of
tho continent as to glo it a high placo in
tho world's industry. This fact is now un
doubted, and It ufllrms tho wisdom of thoso
nations who aro now laying broadly tho
foundations for tho futuro development
of their commercial relations with South
Only 10,000 foreigners havo mado new
homes In Colombia, whero tho land now
wasto would support In comfort a rural
population twenty times as largo as It
Is to-day. It Is a land not only of trop
ical heat, but of rich, productive plains
thousands of feet abovo sea level, whero tho
air Is braoing and salubrious. Tho icpub
lle has earned the leputatlon of protecting
tho propoity and rights of foreigners.
1 here Is a German colony in tho Cordilleras
of Ecuador around the sources of tho Bio
Toaciil, and a few other colonists have set
tled in Guayaquil. Ecuador will bo moro
attractive to foreigners when good high
ways replace tho bridlo paths that aro now
Impassablo for about half tho year.
LeBs than 1,000 Europeans and Ameri
cans as yet aro settled in Bolivia,
About onc-slxth of tho population of
Lima, tho capital of Peru, r.ro Euro
pean immigrants. Itullans carry on tho
greater ptit of tho small retail trade,
whllo some of the most piominent whole
sale dealers aro Englishmen and Germans,
and about 25,000 foreigners llvo In Peru.
The great need of the country Is labor. No
country produces liner sugar than her nar
row coast strip, but labor In tho cane fields
Is costly and inefficient. Tlio finest part of
tho country stretches along tho upper
waters of tho Amazon on tlio eastern slopo
of tho Andes, a region of rich soil and
healthful und temperato climate, whero
Europeans aro ablo to engage in field work.
This region has llttlo development, as yet.
JIujor Sears, In a lecture beforo tho Amer
ican Geographical Society, has 6ald that
Peru, moro than any other nation, Is copy
ing our laws and methods. Wo havo im
portant Interests there, for Ameiicnn oapl
tal la invented In tho mines, in shipping, in
railroad building and In agriculture. Tho
most extenslvo sugar machinery plant In
tho world is at Lurlflco, near tho coast, and
is tho property of an Amerlcun. Whon tho
peoplo wore suffenng from tho Chilian in
vaslon tho property of foreigners was sa
credly guarded from spoliation, and tho
considerable foreign olement In the country
testifies to the adequate protection given to
forolgn Interests.
Chill has grown in population more rap
idly than any other Andino rogion. Thero
are about 100,000 foreigners in tho coun
try, but tho annual immigration is smull,
though pteodlly encouraged by tho Govern
ment. Vust stretches of good land still
nwalt tho farmer, and considerable colo
nies, chiefly Germans and Swiss, havo sot
tlod in tho southern provinces. Of late
years tho Italians havo headed tho list of
noweomcrs. Tho mining industries of tho
north and Santiago and other manufactur
ing and trading centres havo especially
attracted Immigration.
In tho next century Argentina's growth
bids fair to bo commensurate with hor vast
resources, and nowcomers from over tho
sea will bo a mighty factor In tho results
achlovcd. Already thero aro over 1,000,000
foreigners in tho republic, a third of whom
llvo In tho city of Buenos Ayres, und tho
census of 1805 showed that the total
population of tho Stato had moro than
doubled in twenty-six years, which Is com
mensurate with our own enormous growth
In tho most flourishing period of immigra
tion Into our country.
With its siilubriouscllmato and fertllosoll
Faroguay cannot always remain stagnant
for lack of labor to turn Its resources to ac
count. Over 90,000,000 people llvo In Italy,
whoso aroa is about tho samo as that of
Paraguay, whero scarcely 300,000 persons
havo tholr homes. It Is a land that grows
English vegetables as well as coffee, largo
crops of muizo and tho fliiest timber, and
now that stable government bus bucceodod
tho days of roolution ond turmoil tho way
of tho republic to wealth and power should
not bo doubtful.
Ever 6lnco Brazil emancipated her slaves
in 1880 tho labor problem has been of tho
first importance, nnd the Government has
tried to soho It by promoting Immigration.
Tho ellinnto of tho Boutheru States of
Parana, Santa Catliarlnn, Itio Grando do
Sul and Sao Paulo makes them moro bulta
blo than any other part of Brazil for settle
ment by Europeans. Hero tho most suc
cessful colonies havo been planted, nnd
Mr. Beaumont of tho British Legation at
11 ' ' '
Bio do Janeiro, who hoa recently re
turned from Parana ond Santa Catharlna,
says that ho was much Impressed by tholr
nlr of prosperity. About 60,000 Foles,
Austrians nnd Italians aro sottlcd In tho
nlnoty-throo centres of colonization In
Parana. In Bantn- Catharlna, German in
fluenco Is paramount, and tho RO.000
Germans thero export n largo amount
of produco, chiefly agricultural. In lllo
Grando do Sul tho foreign colonists, threo
years ago, numlorod 108,000, nnd over
1,000,000 Immigrants havo entorod Brazil
elnco 1871. Better transpoit facilities aro
ono of tho chief noods of tho country.
Jinny articles of food now Imported might
bo profitably raised at homo If cosy access
to markets were available.
Tho pastoral country of Uruguay has
nttrnctod about 100,000 Immigrants lu
eighteen years, but labor is still scarce, for
with growing population moro lands aro
taken up. Venezuela has recently con
cluded nrrangomenta which, It is expected,
will bring many Italian farmers to tho
country. Tho facts glvon hero are sufficient
to show that tho Southern republics aro
gradually gaining tho population which
thoy need to Increase or dovolop tholr pros
perity. A study of tho progress thoy havo
already mado and of tho elements of de
velopment to bo found In their natural
sources of wealth affords abundant ovldonco
that a splendid futuro Is In storo for tho
southern part of the western world.
Admiral IJevrey's Force.
Tho clear conception whloh Admiral
Dewey has of tho work that lies beforo him
in tho Philippines, and the thoroughness
with which ho goes about it, are shown In
his repeated requests for light-draught ves
sola. Theso will havo two uses, ono being
that of getting clpso inshoro for shelling
Insurgents operating near tho seaboard,
and tho other that of patrolling all ports
through which they could rceelvo muni
tions of war.
As a result, wo shall soon have an ex
traordinary floot In Asiatic; waters, remark
able both for numbers and for aggregate
efficiency. It will Ineludo of nrmorclads tho
battleship Oregon and tho monitors Monte
rey and Monadnock, nnd wo could add tho
Iowa, now at San Franolsco, vhen icpalicd.
Tho cruisers will bo tho Olympla, Balti
more, Boston, Buffalo, Charleston ; tho
gunboats, some of them clussod as smull
cruisers, tho Concord, Bennington, York
town, Jlonocacy, Helona, Princeton, Wheel
ing, Castlno, Petrel, Don Juan do Austria,
Isla do Luzon, Isla de Cuba and Vixen,
whllo tho JIayflower may join them. Of
miscellaneous vessels thero will bo tho
Callao, Culgoa, Ids', JIunila, Naushan, Solace
and Zaflro, whllo tho Scindia, at Honolulu,
belongs to tho squadron. Thero aro also
tho Brutus and Celtlo that go to and from
JIunila, and tho Yoscmlto will go first to
Manila and then to Guam. Ocean tugs, It is
said, aro also to bo sent to Manila.
Tho Philippine navy Is a very varied and
Interesting force.
Glory to tho Oregon 1
Of course, the Oregon has arrived at
JIunila, "In fit condition for any duty," as
Admiral Dewey reports. That has been
her way sinoo tho day when she first was
put in commission.
Sho ran from San Frnnclsco to tho West
Indies last year, pushing ahead without
cessation, und when sho enmo to tho end of
hor voyage, unexampled In tho history of
great battleships, sho was "In fit condition
for uny duty" uud in tho nick of tlmo. Tho
duty which fell to hor lot was to be fore
most In the destruction of tho fleet of Ceu
VKiit at Santiago.
That duty done, the war over, the Oregon
started on another voyage, a return voyago
around tho world, and promptly on time,
as usual, in porfect fighting shape, she Is
now at Jlauiln.
All hall to the Oregon, tho stoutest, tho
bravest, the most famous ship of the navies
of the world 1
Tho bill In tho Albany Legislature to pre
vent the "slx-dnr" contests is a ornnk and
yollow measure, which common senso will re
fuse to pass.
film!! HoruriT b renominated for Yice-Frel-deut
Probably not. It Is not the custom. Spring
field L'nion.
Then tho custom shpuld felicitate Itself upon
beinc ruptured by the renomlna'.ion of so ad
mirable? a President of the Senate nnd so valu
able a counsellor of his party as Oaiiuet
Auqvstus HaniuT.
There Is much that In uplifting in the sooloty
of cows.Kaniai Lily Journal
Especially If thoy are "hookers."
nnd Tnate In tlio Library of Contrast.
To the Editor or The Svn Sir ; Your edi
torial article of yesterday on tho National Li
brary was to mo nnd many anothor artist, no
doubt, as a voice In the wlldernehs pro paring tho
way for a period o! " hotter taste, of moderation,
aisthotlc sobriety, and refined judgment."
That an authoritative journal should havo
exprossod what so many persons of roaturo
judgment havo been grieved to have to think
of this vulsar prodigality of ornamentation is
indeed oncouraclns.
Much talk of the lileh expert knowledce or
dorinc this juvenile viclousness exalted It as n
standard, but If your initiative is followed It
will presently Fene as a warning and an ex
am nlo of w hat not to do.
It is to bo hoped us we see more of the work
of tlio painters nnd sculptors hero ft may bo
found Injs objectionable than the end It is to
subserve nnd less reminiscent of ill-dlirested
French teaching. Otherwise "expert" opinion
will fall Into contempt nnd laymen will full
UKiiln Into the bollef that they, holng outside
of it. know moro nf art than artists. While, ns
a matter nf fact, laymen aro a lone tlmo Und
ine the hlcheit In art, they are more apt In the
finding of foolish thtiik's. and tho saturnalia in
which expert " authority has of late Indulged
at tho exponse of art nnd of th taxpayer rr.sy
bring Itself to a quick ending, and "o'sthetlo
sobriety" be uihorcil In. AN ABTIST,
New Voiik. March 17.
To rnr. Euitok orTin Sim Sir: Allow ma to say
that tho word Miami U puraly aboriginal, and oldar
than the ctriliratlou of America. Aremnantof atrlba
of Indians, tho Mlarnln, yet remain In Miami county,
Counties, tow ns and rivers In the Middle and soma
of tho Western Slates aro named Miami, and somo of
them are Generations old, and the local pronunda
Uon doca " reulata correct usairo."
The remnant of the aboriginal tribe of Iudians, as
well aa the State and county officials, and the profes
sors and teachers In the various Institutions of
learning, lmarlably pronounce the word Miami with
tho "I" as In hluti or site, the "a" as In ham or
ram. and the aci cut on tho ' a."
It la the same hound and the same accent aa ere
used by a iritain beacon Amml of Indiana, who
look aloat i f pio.luro to town In a ttairun li,iwn by
a yoke of oxen. lianas Induced to remain in town
lati r than u l'iJ diacnn should, and lu wiudluK tils
wai homo In the darK ihiiuuh a tortuous track In
the woods his w aeon struck a stump and tho oxen
went away an 1 left blm. Whm the deacon reix.4ned
partial ronitclouaue bo solllo inUod thus:
" Am I Ainiui or am l not Annul V If I am Amml I
hae lot a joku of oien, but If lam not Amml I
have found ft wagon." J, Y. Biulou.
WibULNOTo, U.C., March IS.
Merciful Children.
To Tnr. KniTon or Tub fics Sir; Twenty-two
years aco the writer printed some labels for Smau
lar Gallyhawk of Naucatuck, Conn. In 187',', in
Hartford, Conn., I set type In the same alley with
J'rucned Hosklns, btranpe to say, neither or thi-ja
ueutlemeu murdered the parenta who christened
them. Cuuu is 11. Cociuusr,
lua Fcltok STnr.iT, Nrvr Yum, March la.
Ex-Oonrressninn Thomas ritch'i Tribute to
llrttlah Friendliness.
To talk British-American alliance at an
Irish-American Catherine and cat array in
tact is somethlnir of a feat, but ex-Congress-man
Thomas Pitch, ono of the best-known era- '
tors of the Pacific, coast, did It on Friday nlnl't
at the dinner of the Friendly Suns of St. Pat
rick, held at Delmonleoa, and did mote, for
he not only cot away InUot, but his remarks
were cheered. Mr. Fitch first got Ids audi
ence cood-htimorcd by tulllna a number of
port stories: then h roused their patriotism i
by a really eloiititnt tribute tn the men who
won the war. and final ly he sprung the Annlo
Baxon brotherhood on the company with
some suddauuess and oarrled it through tri
umphantly. After speaking of soma of the
war's results he said:
"Wo have mado. and Ireland has made, and
the world has mado, auother meat sain from
this war In the development which tho Kuc
lUh poople have exhibited alonz the lines of
fraternity for freedom and juttico. It is not
for me to ciltlciho anv utterances of hatred
of Fnirlaml wiilcli a review of her action toward
Irolaml In yuars cone may havo wrung from
tho llpa of any vpeuker to-alcht. but I nin aa
American, and tlio toast to xtlihii 1 tespond is
lho Vnlted btatw.' and ou. oh. tons ct tit.
Patrick, you also.are Americans. who-,c!Meo-tlon
to urndoptud country no man may aub
tion. tihall I thou trausgress ilia promletles
of tlio occasion if I say that while in eurs gone
I have helped to twist tho tall of thn Jlrltlsh
lion, as It deponed to be twisted for Ida ncttuli
coucoraliiR Ireland, jet 1 cannot forget that
In tho hour of our peril, when l'rance biieered
and Itussia stood aloof and Germany scowled
and Austria almost menaced, and we stood In
great danger ot an nllluau of the great pow
ers of continental Furnpe auulust us. then
from Ireland, from 6colland, from Wales, from
Fugland tlio great heart of the people welled
in Bmpathy tun.ird us. lApplauee.i Then
the British Government robed Itself In the er
mine of the Hlc.ii L'huiicoilor of Nations and
outstretched tho stromrriKht arm of lti Injuno
tivo power und Bald to tlm vr.illltii: count. ha
ters, 'Wo forbid you to Klvo ant to the dying
despotism of Hnala in Its contest with the
United rjtutes. Mo bid you take lastant heed
of our injunction, for if ynu ally youraehes
nKitliiHt the Americans we will aJ.r ourselves
with them and
"Wherovor we come, we twain.
Tho thione of tho tj rant slia'l reel and rock.
And his menace bo void and sln
for ye aie lords of a ftto.:.; younj land
And w e are lords of the main.
Enthusiastic, and long-continued eheers.l
"Uelluve ma, mat one of the best results of
th late war is the cementing of ties between
all branches of the I'.iiLilsli-HreaVIni; ruce.
lletloce me, that the avowed sentiment of en
thusiasm for Justice und liberty which whs
stronc enoueh to reach acrota the Atlantlo will
soon bestrone enouuh tnreach ocrostlie Irish
Channol, (Applause . Tho hope of the Irish
people for justice, for home rule, for autonomy
will not bo found In seeklncto blow Into ac
tive life tho ember, of the tires of hatred that
had best be covered with the ashes of time,
but it will lie found In the arnuied senFe ot jus
tice and or lovo of liberty of tlio Kugllsh ieo
pie, and from Hint source shall come riirht
epecdlly to Ireland a redress of every (rrlav
ance, a rlchtlnu of every wrong, a complete
ness of local rule and a concession of overy
right and avoiy privilege that Ireland may
ask." Great applause. I
AMKItlCjy AVTOXATIO coupi.ixao.
llrlllsh llnlhny Men Arrive Chnrced with
.SlmlvliiR Them.
Among the passonccra arriving on tho Cu
nard liner Cnmpanla yesterday were four
prominent Kngllsh railroad ofllclaK who have
been sent here to study tho American auto
matic, coupling ejntem. They are 11. P. Fills.
Assistant rluporiutendent of tho Great Kastern
Railway: If. J. Ivatis. Chief Locomotive Super
intendent of tho GrcatNortliern HullwayjT 0.
Meln, Assistant Suporlntondvnt of tho Oroat
Pattern Hallway, and J. Constantlne, Assistant
(Superintendent of the Midland Hallway.
Mr Ivatts wont to Philadelphia, but tho other
members of tho party will atay In this city for
some days. The causo of their coming Is a
new Halhv ay llngulatloni bill, which has been
prepared by PreMdont Hltehle of the Hoard of
Trade, mid which is now pending in Parlia
ment, One of the chief features of the bill Is
to mnko tlio Introduction of the Amorlcan
automatic coupling nystem compulsory for all
railroads. Tho change will be very expensive.
It is estimated that It will cost S'J.UOU.OUO to
r '0 road only, tlm Midland Hallway. Conse
quently, tho railways do not look very kindly
on tho bill
Mr. Conhtantine. the representative of tho
West Midland Jtallwav ayateni, said josterdny,
whon seen at the Waldoif-Astoria, that no de
cisive dtep liiid been taken ko far. Tho pond
Inc bill, ho sntd, Is favored by the Government.
Tho oris In nf most of Its piovlsioiis, but espe
cially the one prescribing automatic coupling,
may bx tiaeeil luck to the experiences of
Amorlcan rnllwiiju. The members of the party
havo como lino to learn us much us possible
about these experiences on tho spot where they
have been made.
Fifty Giants on Kach Side, and All la Fair
but 1'lgtnil Fulling.
Fi-om t Chiespo Tunei-Ilerald,
Chinamen are generally not credited with be
ing quick to accept innovations, so that when
it is said that northern China boasts of sev
eral football teams a crood deal of surprise will
be evinced. Yet football Is no now enme among
the Celestials, at least among those who In
habit northern China, and hat been In ex
istence a number of years.
Of course, tho game Is not played exactly ac
cording to Intercollegiate rules, and a basket,
or Eomothing which looks like one, replaces
the modern football, The Chinamen, besides,
have no coals, and the gridiron is replaced by
the streets of tho town in which tho deadly
combat is waged with titty lusty Celestials ou
a side.
There Is not amanamonc them, however,
who Is not six feet high, and several of them
are threo inches taller, while their nvernca
weight Is about "00 pounds. Tho men who
form the team are inhabitants of noithem
China and are typical of the lace of giants pro
duced in that purt of the world.
Lined un against thm the knights of the
orldlrou of a mid l'riuceton would appear
as a team ot Plumles. und tho Chlncso slants
would give the eullucians a battle roval lf they
could be Induced to appear ou an American
football field. A club with a collective vreltrlit
of "J.ooo pounds could carry everything be
fore It.
Tho main idea in the Chinese came of foot
ball, aa In the American. Is io carry the wlokor
work basket Into the opponents' ond of the
town, nnd this is often douo by tdoulth as well
as by brute force. Ihere aro no twenty-minute
halves, but tlio gamo is continued until one
fidu aecomullshes Its purpose, and it oft on
lasts for days.
The hundred combatants are scattered over
thai town, and are each provided with whistles,
which they blow In order to bring assistance.
When a scrimmage occurs the ( hinumen jrivo
vent to their feelings in the most peculiar
noises, freiurntly shrieking with dellcht.
Iheir yells of triumph, which resound through
the air when the hall it dlscnvcied, um likened
by one who has beard them to the "plaintive
cry of a pl that has been spe.irea." Tho
chamlng is generally dono with the bead.
The only piecautlon tuken by them on the
football field Is for tho preservation of their
pigtails, which are cared for as though they
wore worth a thousand times tholr value.
With this exceptlcu they throw caution tn the)
winds and devote themselves with all iheir
Btrength to the plav. Any gamo where bruto
strength is required they would excel In.
. On the day when a football match Is to take
place the streets of the town aro cleared and
the non-partlclnants sit at their w.ndows to
watch the gamo It it should oome the'r wav
A consldeiable quantity of opium is given to
tho winning team.
The II r own Gun Tested.
From IAi .aflanta Journal.
A The Government Is conducting a series of
tests of the llrown gun. Ono of these wns
rondeatlllrdsboroH few days ago with most
interesting results. A C-inch gun was used
With smokeless powder this gun developed a
foree of more than .(5,00'.) pounds to the siiunro
Inch. Tho gun was mounted on nn open rail
road enr, and so great was tho force of the
concussion tint the bed-plate of the mount
was broken and bolts two Inches thick, whluh
fastened it to tho foundation, were snapped olT.
from the Florida Timei-Vmcn and Cit :tn.
Miami. March 14 -W, K. Vnnderbllt and
party arrived in Miami yestoiriay morning In
Mr andurbllt's pri'atocar. They tuuk car
riages and vvora driven to the Casino, where
they enjoyed a swim in the pool. Thoro was a
largo number of spectator" pre-ent. Thn
whole party wero expert swimmers. An old
lady sat watching them with gnat Interest,
P.".'.'. turning to a puty eloso by sho said.
Ihetu vandorblltbii.jsvvim to boat all."
Not n New Supposition.
From the Cctuml uf Journal.
"Johnny." said a teacher to a South S.do
groceryman's n-ycar old. " a lie can bo acted as
well autnld. Now. If your father should put
bund In his sugar nnd Bull It. ho would bo uctlng
a He and doing very w rong."
'That's what innthur told him." ludd Johnny.
lmpitujusly, "and. hu said lie didn't sr."
..-,3 m
BUjiEAU or A&iicnicAX iinruniics, M
rtutcs Adopted for Its Fermnnent It'iilueii Jj
Management. i
WisniNOTOK. March IB.-At the !nvltvrn i
of the Bccrotary of State aconteren ; n,, 'I
diplomatic- representatives of the La'm liner-
'lean countries, composing, with tho I n oj
States, the International Union of Amer, aa j"
Republics, was held this morning In the .'.in. '.
lomatlo room of the Department of State . in ft
, object of the conference was to cunn.Js- , l,
1 plan for the permanent government . ' n,8
i liureau ef the American Hepubllcs, whl h ',al
been submitted to the Executive C'omnutw,. ,(
, the Union .by the provisional director, Mr, f
i l'redsrlo I'.mory. Secretary 1'jy. asm- "' .9
I Chairman of the lixeoutivo Committee, i re
i sided, and the following weie preset.! ir.
Andrade. Minister from Yonezuc. i.Mi (.,r.
, claMetou, Mlnlstnr.from tho Argentine 1 e, , .
lie; Mr. Calvo. Minister from Costa lu, M
Do Asala llr&sil, Minister trou. Jlin.i, -'
Laio Anlaga. Mlulstor from (ir.Ve'. ' i M
Morla Vicuna, Minister from Chdl. Mr 1 ".-er.
Minister from Ilaytl: Mr. CaMeron, M .8;
from Colombia; llr. Godoy. ChargiV d' , nj
of Mexico; Mr. Cores, Charg d'Affs ns s.c
aragua; Mr. Woz y Gil. Charge d AfTans ,f
tho Dominican Republic, and Mr htewari, t , n-Mil-General
of Puraguay. Consul-Ueuerat
Murgucondo of Uruguay sent his regrets at be.
lug unablo to attend.
The Mlulsteis from Ilollvia. Ecuador aal
Peru are absent from Washington
Dlreotor Emory etplalnod the details tf the
plan, whioh. after consideration by tho Confer
enco, was unanimously adopted. Tho ni;i em
inent replaces a similar oempaut adopted J,mt
4, mix). It contlnuos the arrange incut lata
entered Into by which the coneral e u i jf
the bureau Is lodged with an Executiv ( ,r.
mittee, composed of the Secietary ! Mi's
and the diplomatic representatives of the 1 via
American countries, ahosea In lilt hul.ctl.'al
order, a new member being elected at the on J
of evorr year.
The present Executlvo C.-.mmlt'ee Is pt.
tfuued. The Director of the llurcaa of the
American Republics, the heoretury an 1 the
permanent translators are to be chosen y 11,4
Executive Committee, acting t'.nouch the -ds
retary of State as Chairman, who is o u w.
red to select one of three names . ' i erf ns
recommended t hlta bv tho e. uvu !! ' .
each of these onions, nffM.rws li .i on .f
the qualifications nf all the am ie,u is r.i
poner la given the Director of the lluieau of
apt ointment and dismissal fr .ill 'hei i i e
lu the bureau, and ts author! ed tn "x tho
rates of compensation for service. A The
Director must l.e a citizen of the I'nit. d S'.ites,
ih- compact nlno provides that the a i
mission of advertisements In tho put ,i .ne
of the buieau continues to bu all.. wed I ut
not the solicitation of such adTcitlsumcnts or
of purchase of the bureau imblliMh.mu in n
commissions paid to agents, unless -re' HV.
ally authorized by the Executive (omm.tiee.
All moneys received bv tho buieau Iroin al-vertlslng.-wiles
of publications, Ac, are t he
paid as uromptly as possible to Um Secietary
of fctate for deposit In the Treasury r.f Hie
United States to the credit of tho I tne.ui fu'i I,
and "no pavraenta shall bo made bv the !'i
rector or any other official of tho ltuienu of the
American Republics, except upon n ehci k or
craft diuwn or indorse. 1 to the ruder .flhe
Secretary of Stato, or upon nu?hers il'.uvu
upon the disbursing olllcer of the lJci,:uliitit
of btale " ihese provisions for the buli.e
management of tho bureau have been in f r"t
elnce Feb. L'H. 1H0S,. and aro now adoptoJ aa
permanent rules
Immediately after the adjournment nf tlm
conference Direolor Eniorv Informed Se-re-tary
Hav that the work of reoigaulzlng the
affairs of the bureau, to which he was as.
slsned by the Department of htate, with tne
approval of tho Latin-American members nf
the Union on Feb. 5. IHnH. had been complet
ed, and requested that he bo relieved of fur
ther charge of tho bureau ns soon ns practica
ble and that a permanent Director be appoint
ed It is understood (hat the Executlvo Com
mittee will meet to choose a Director early
Ftfteon Millions In Col. Hay's Insldo rocket.
From La Vatrlt (Parii).
Prom January to August, ISIifl, Co, Ilay.the mr
Iran Ambassador In London, spent more than nf t, en
millions on the Ilrittsh press. He opened an un
limited credit at the city of London branch of agieat
American bank: the Spanish Ambassador has given
some valuable information which leans no duubton
this point. Itwasnotthe newspapers which wire
paid. The llrlllsh uewpupera, it must be admitted,
rarely tako money, but, as they have endleis columns
tonll, they havo recourse to tho t legrapblcacreticlea,
and that eiplatns how during the Cuban ir th.v
English newspapers received dally serines nf live
snd six tuouiand words by mi aus of a ape. lal ap
paratus installed In the editorial office, and wbi. h
turned from morning to night like n windmill.
All this matter was supplied to the Drilli.li news
papers at the cost of their ordinary subscription to
the telcgraphlo agency, and it was matetially im
possible for the agencies to recoup themselvts with
out Immense subventions from the Washington ilov.
ernment. That explains the steady and rjatematln
hostility toward Spain, ot all the false nuwa winch
has enabled the Americans to deceive the w. lid.
Without the employment ot such moans tho Unite 1
btates would never havosucceeded tiicr.uhlng Fpaln
In the face of a Europe liutlnrllvil) hostile to tholr
The Hon. John E. Itrilmom! nn the State
of Irish I'olltlcs.
Frtm tht lotion Uailv GUV'.
Dinui, March T, 1RDH.
1V Dear Mr, CCallaahan:
Allow nae to send you a fow wnids by nay of v Ht
Patrick's Day greeting, lho political sky u cl'irii t
over the old Oountry. and I feel couriduit the day e
not far distant wheu the movement for our nan ral
rights will once more be strong and vUoioiis cno-itfh
to attract the sympathy of all loien, of freed ra.
We have passed through u terrible ordeal since the
downfall of I'amcll. With his dlsappearan.o cur
mov ement seemed to fall I ack tu ei.t ears in a 1 v.
The old Ideas of a generation ao, that li eland s
only hope lay in the friendship and I eiev W e of
English Whig politicians, veto rivmd, and I r a
time swayed the majority of our people. Or, em as
the folly of these ldeae has b en proved an 1 Ire
land ha been overwhelmed lu humlllalluu in.l li
We have, however, passed through the crisis, sal
now again the real national spirit which v.n l'ar
noil's strength U rapidly reviving, and I h po ihs
new century will dawn over a determined aul ,t,i
clpllaed Irish nation boldly battling for us lilieriy.
Very truly jours, J. K. IttUJun.
A Methodist Minister nn thn Itlhle.
Thl Rev. Dr, Cadman in the Zion'i Herald
I said, and I thoroughly believe, that the also' .ts
Inerrancy and Infallibility of the lllble aro r.n 1 nr'r
possible of belief among reasoning men I I 1 i t
try to reduce the Infinite to a 1 glc.il pr r ' "
Why.lfyi.u could get a fair undeiatai ding f "'"
trend of religious thought today It wjull n sks
what Is tailed In.'enolllim seem antiai lie j 's
up lllilj linanes ol' the Gurfet'anlty uf rent .i s s.e
simply tor the sake of iDiiJl.lnj them for the ami. le
nient of his audience.
I never touched upon the ago of J-tl ,i ir, he
temptation of Eve, the lostr of Ual.o' thin. I
thn Hood and a doten ether dlputed Ihl.l eel tra 11
tlons. I did talk about Jonah.md th i,i. 1 i H
F.wald,Xcan,terand Bliek, t u...dup nilva-i s
explanations they had to off. r. said thvi 1 c u 1 I I
accept tbilr opinions as cone, isive. ni. 1 . 1. ilnea ' 1
personal position as one of suj on i l.i .'.u'-i t 1 1
assert that tho essential i or'nn of Chr.-tnmt i " I
In any book or creed, but lu the i er jt.,,1 t ,'Ju 4 -J
Christ as the rtTelatlon of Ool. I.,cj t'.n . -" 1
the Dlble Is eubordli'ate to tho teicis..,'. t II I
aa tcld by Ht. Paul. Half tho pa-es of t tOI. 'a- IP
mentare of unknown authorship, and th" ve
ticment contains contradlc tions.
Ifew riinrtimtlon Murk,
iVom Literature.
Vo mil in the columns of r cn-reirp . i '' '?
peal of a young Tiench rov 1 t. A i 'r '
Urahms. for a mw i.urk if pun. t , n
Trench writer points out that. nui,s n i I iv '
of eiclauut.ou and lull ir gallon, tt.i re -i t 'i
to denote lronr, so that tn luun, out i- ' " '
follow Doiu bwlft thro igh his mu le-t p '
utilizing tho lab.es if Ik land foi inn ,t t
conriiu that he i u t in earnest 'o t'i- ' " '
Eiuland idlior npl.es that " no du.lt - '
Ir ny thus . Ti would bo a a!ui.' i . ' '
readers of tl at class, I ut the din ru.ij .
liidiue wnler. t use It."
The Plumber's Ilultle Against I'literty.
From the .V.nr3,1t d H'l'Ul'ir in.
The niastir plunibeis f this cm ln,u r '
f irnied an i ii.jniatiuii to secu.o br't. r i i ' nt
thele work, and to regulate competition 1 ' "
that thoy have cud to meet a "cutthr. at' kit
.omiictltion frjto what they call "mibst ne ji
plumbers thas has called, pre, tlcally, all piucuu.n U
Wijxtn haXijtwi'.luiutproat, I

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